The Count of Monte Cristo with English-French Dictionary by Alexandre Dumas (online free books)

Le Comte de Monte-Cristo avec un dictionnaire anglais-français pratique (best ebooks to read)

Table of Content

Chapter 1. Marseilles—The Arrival
Chapter 2. Father and Son
Chapter 3. The Catalans
Chapter 4. Conspiracy
Chapter 5. The Marriage Feast
Chapter 6. The Deputy Procureur du Roi
Chapter 7. The Examination
Chapter 8. The Château d'If
Chapter 9. The Evening of the Betrothal
Chapter 10. The King's Closet at the Tuileries
Chapter 11. The Corsican Ogre
Chapter 12. Father and Son
Chapter 13. The Hundred Days
Chapter 14. The Two Prisoners
Chapter 15. Number 34 and Number 27
Chapter 16. A Learned Italian
Chapter 17. The Abbé's Chamber
Chapter 18. The Treasure
Chapter 19. The Third Attack
Chapter 20. The Cemetery of the Château d'If
Chapter 21. The Island of Tiboulen
Chapter 22. The Smugglers
Chapter 23. The Island of Monte Cristo
Chapter 24. The Secret Cave
Chapter 25. The Unknown
Chapter 26. The Pont du Gard Inn
Chapter 27. The Story
Chapter 28. The Prison Register
Chapter 29. The House of Morrel & Son
Chapter 30. The Fifth of September
Chapter 31. Italy: Sinbad the Sailor
Chapter 32. The Waking
Chapter 33. Roman Bandits
Chapter 34. The Colosseum
Chapter 35. La Mazzolata
Chapter 36. The Carnival at Rome
Chapter 37. The Catacombs of Saint Sebastian
Chapter 38. The Rendezvous
Chapter 39. The Guests
Chapter 40. The Breakfast
Chapter 41. The Presentation
Chapter 42. Monsieur Bertuccio
Chapter 43. The House at Auteuil
Chapter 44. The Vendetta
Chapter 45. The Rain of Blood
Chapter 46. Unlimited Credit
Chapter 47. The Dappled Grays
Chapter 48. Ideology
Chapter 49. Haydée
Chapter 50. The Morrel Family
Chapter 51. Pyramus and Thisbe
Chapter 52. Toxicology
Chapter 53. Robert le Diable
Chapter 54. A Flurry in Stocks
Chapter 55. Major Cavalcanti
Chapter 56. Andrea Cavalcanti
Chapter 57. In the Lucern Patch
Chapter 58. M. Noirtier de Villefort
Chapter 59. The Will
Chapter 60. The Telegraph
Chapter 61. How a Gardener May Get Rid of the Dormice that Eat His Peaches
Chapter 62. Ghosts
Chapter 63. The Dinner
Chapter 64. The Beggar
Chapter 65. A Conjugal Scene
Chapter 66. Matrimonial Projects
Chapter 67. The Office of the King's Attorney
Chapter 68. A Summer Ball
Chapter 69. The Inquiry
Chapter 70. The Ball
Chapter 71. Bread and Salt
Chapter 72. Madame de Saint-MĂ©ran
Chapter 73. The Promise
Chapter 74. The Villefort Family Vault
Chapter 75. A Signed Statement
Chapter 76. Progress of Cavalcanti the Younger
Chapter 77. Haydée
Chapter 78. We hear From Yanina
Chapter 79. The Lemonade
Chapter 80. The Accusation
Chapter 81. The Room of the Retired Baker
Chapter 82. The Burglary
Chapter 83. The Hand of God
Chapter 84. Beauchamp
Letters had been despatched to M. Cavalcanti, as the count's father, who highly approved of the union, regretted his inability to leave Parma at that time, and promised a wedding gift of a hundred and fifty thousand livres. It was agreed that the three millions should be intrusted to Danglars to invest; some persons had warned the young man of the circumstances of his future father-in-law, who had of late sustained repeated losses; but with sublime disinterestedness and confidence the young man refused to listen, or to express a single doubt to the baron.
Chapter 85. The Journey
Chapter 86. The Trial
Chapter 87. The Challenge
Chapter 88. The Insult
Chapter 89. The Night
Chapter 90. The Meeting
Chapter 91. Mother and Son
Chapter 92. The Suicide
Chapter 93. Valentine
Chapter 94. Maximilian's Avowal
Chapter 95. Father and Daughter
Chapter 96. The Contract
Chapter 97. The Departure for Belgium
Chapter 98. The Bell and Bottle Tavern
Chapter 99. The Law
Chapter 100. The Apparition
Chapter 101. Locusta
Chapter 102. Valentine
Chapter 103. Maximilian
Chapter 104. Danglars' Signature
Chapter 105. The Cemetery of Père-Lachaise
Chapter 106. Dividing the Proceeds
Chapter 107. The Lions' Den
Chapter 108. The Judge
Chapter 109. The Assizes
Chapter 110. The Indictment
Chapter 111. Expiation
Chapter 112. The Departure
Chapter 113. The Past
Chapter 114. Peppino
Chapter 115. Luigi Vampa's Bill of Fare
Chapter 116. The Pardon
Chapter 117. The Fifth of October

The Count of Monte Cristo Text

count - compter, comptent, comptez, comptons, comte

Dumas - dumas, douma


volume - volume, tome

Chapter 1. Marseilles"The Arrival

Chapter - chapitre, branche, section

arrival - arrivée, arrivant, arrivante

On the 24th of February, 1815, the look-out at Notre-Dame de la Garde signalled the three-master, the Pharaon from Smyrna, Trieste, and Naples.

la - La

signalled - signalée, signal, signaler

Master - maître, patron, maîtriser, maitre, maîtrisent

Naples - naples

As usual, a pilot put off immediately, and rounding the Château d'If, got on board the vessel between Cape Morgiou and Rion island.

usual - habituel/habituelle

pilot - pilote, programme pilote

put off - Mettre de côté

immediately - immédiatement, tout de suite, aussitôt

rounding - l'arrondi, arrondi, (round) l'arrondi

board - conseil d'administration, planche

vessel - navire, vaisseau, vase

Cape - le cap, cap

Immediately, and according to custom, the ramparts of Fort Saint-Jean were covered with spectators; it is always an event at Marseilles for a ship to come into port, especially when this ship, like the Pharaon, has been built, rigged, and laden at the old Phocee docks, and belongs to an owner of the city.

according - selon, entente, accorder

custom - coutume, us, connaissance, droit de douane, sur mesure

ramparts - des remparts, rempart

fort - fort

Saint - Saint

covered - couverts, couvercle, couverture, couvert

spectators - spectateurs, spectateur, spectatrice, badaud, badaude

ship - navire, manipuler, expédier, vaisseau

port - port, connexion

especially - spécialement, particulierement, surtout, en particulier

rigged - truqué, gréer

laden - laden, chargé, chargée, (lade) laden

docks - les quais, basin, dock

belongs - appartient, appartenir a

The ship drew on and had safely passed the strait, which some volcanic shock has made between the Calasareigne and Jaros islands; had doubled Pomègue, and approached the harbor under topsails, jib, and spanker, but so slowly and sedately that the idlers, with that instinct which is the forerunner of evil, asked one another what misfortune could have happened on board.

safely - prudemment, en toute sécurité

passed - passé, passer (devant), dépasser

Strait - le détroit, détroit

volcanic - volcanique

shock - choc, choquons, offusquer, choquez, choquer, secouer

doubled - doublé, double, sosie, doublon

approached - approché, (s')approcher (de)

harbor - port

topsails - les huniers, hunier

jib - fleche, foc

spanker - fessée, fesseur, fesseuse

slowly - lentement

sedately - sédentairement

idlers - les roues folles, fainéant, fainéante

instinct - l'instinct, instinct

forerunner - précurseur, rench: prédécesseur avant coureur

evil - le mal, mauvais, torve

misfortune - malchance, mésaventure, malheur

However, those experienced in navigation saw plainly that if any accident had occurred, it was not to the vessel herself, for she bore down with all the evidence of being skilfully handled, the anchor a-cockbill, the jib-boom guys already eased off, and standing by the side of the pilot, who was steering the Pharaon towards the narrow entrance of the inner port, was a young man, who, with activity and vigilant eye, watched every motion of the ship, and repeated each direction of the pilot.

those - ceux-ci, ces, celles-la, ceux-la

experienced - expérimenté, expérience

navigation - navigation

plainly - en toute clarté, simplement, clairement

accident - accident

occurred - s'est produite, produire

bore - l'alésage, rencontrer, naquis, ennuyer, acabit, lasser

evidence - des preuves, preuve, prouver, démontrer

skilfully - habilement

handled - manipulé, anse, poignée, manche

anchor - l'ancre, ancre, ancrons, ancrent, portant, ancrez

cockbill - cockbill

boom - boom, forte hausse

guys - les gars, type

eased - assoupli, facilité, repos, abaisser, abréger, amoindrir

standing by - en attente

side - côté, parti, flanc

steering - la direction, direction, (steer) la direction

towards - vers, envers, pour, pres de

narrow - étroite, pressé, étroit

entrance - entrée, cochere

vigilant - vigilant

motion - mouvement, motion

direction - direction

The vague disquietude which prevailed among the spectators had so much affected one of the crowd that he did not await the arrival of the vessel in harbor, but jumping into a small skiff, desired to be pulled alongside the Pharaon, which he reached as she rounded into La RĂ©serve basin.

vague - vague

disquietude - inquiétude, angoisse, affres, anxiété, stress

prevailed - a prévalu, dominer, prévaloir, l'emporter, prédominer

among - parmi

affected - affectée, affecter

crowd - foule, acculer, amas, marée humaine

await - attendre, s'attendre a, servir, guetter

jumping - sauter, (faire) sauter

skiff - skiff

desired - souhaitée, désirer, désir

pulled - tiré, tirer, retirer, tirer un coup, influence

alongside - a côté, a côté, a côté de, le long de

reached - atteint, arriver/parvenir a

rounded - arrondi, rond

basin - bassin, cuvette, bassine, lavabo

When the young man on board saw this person approach, he left his station by the pilot, and, hat in hand, leaned over the ship's bulwarks.

approach - approche, approchons, abordent, abordez, rapprochons

leaned - penché, pencher

bulwarks - les pavois, rempart, bastingage, pavois

He was a fine, tall, slim young fellow of eighteen or twenty, with black eyes, and hair as dark as a raven's wing; and his whole appearance bespoke that calmness and resolution peculiar to men accustomed from their cradle to contend with danger.

slim - mince, svelte, maigrir, mincir

fellow - un camarade, ensemble, mâle

raven - corbeau

Wing - aile, ailier, improviser

appearance - l'apparence, apparition, apparence, comparution

calmness - le calme, calme

resolution - conviction, résolution, détermination

peculiar - particulier, extraordinaire, bizarre, curieux

accustomed - habitué, accoutumer

cradle - berceau, bers, bercer

danger - danger, péril

"Ah, is it you, Dantès?" cried the man in the skiff. "What's the matter? and why have you such an air of sadness aboard?"

cried - pleuré, pleurer, crier, hurler, gueuler, pleur, cri

What's the matter? - Qu'est-ce qu'il y a ?

such - tel, tellement, ainsi

sadness - tristesse, malheur

aboard - a bord, a bord, a bord de

"A great misfortune, M. Morrel," replied the young man, "a great misfortune, for me especially! Off Civita Vecchia we lost our brave Captain Leclere."

replied - a répondu, répondre, réponse

Brave - courageux

captain - capitaine, capitaine de vaisseau, agir en capitaine, piloter

"And the cargo?" inquired the owner, eagerly.

cargo - cargo, cargaison

inquired - a demandé, enqueter, renseigner

eagerly - avec empressement, avidement

"Is all safe, M. Morrel; and I think you will be satisfied on that head. But poor Captain Leclere"""

safe - sur, en sécurité, o longer in danger, sans danger, sur, sauf

be satisfied - etre satisfait

"What happened to him?" asked the owner, with an air of considerable resignation. "What happened to the worthy captain?"

considerable - considérable

resignation - démission, résignation

worthy - digne

"He died."

"Fell into the sea?"

"No, sir, he died of brain-fever in dreadful agony." Then turning to the crew, he said, "Bear a hand there, to take in sail!"

brain - cerveau, or when used as food, tete, processeur

fever - de la fievre, fievre

dreadful - épouvantable, redoutable, affreux, terrible

agony - l'agonie, agonie, angoisse

crew - l'équipage, équipage

bear - ours, endurer, naîs, produire, souffrir, subir

sail - naviguer, voile, cingler

All hands obeyed, and at once the eight or ten seamen who composed the crew, sprang to their respective stations at the spanker brails and outhaul, topsail sheets and halyards, the jib downhaul, and the topsail clewlines and buntlines. The young sailor gave a look to see that his orders were promptly and accurately obeyed, and then turned again to the owner.

obeyed - obéi, obéir, obtempérer

seamen - marins, matelot

composed - composé, composer

respective - respectifs

outhaul - l'hale-bas

topsail - le hunier, hunier

sheets - feuilles, feuille, plaque, écoute

halyards - les drisses, drisse

downhaul - le hale-bas

sailor - marin, matelot, matelote, femme matelot, femme-matelot

promptly - rapidement

accurately - avec précision

"And how did this misfortune occur?" inquired the latter, resuming the interrupted conversation.

occur - se produisent, produire

resuming - la reprise, reprendre

interrupted - interrompu, interrompre, couper

"Alas, sir, in the most unexpected manner. After a long talk with the harbor-master, Captain Leclere left Naples greatly disturbed in mind. In twenty-four hours he was attacked by a fever, and died three days afterwards. We performed the usual burial service, and he is at his rest, sewn up in his hammock with a thirty-six-pound shot at his head and his heels, off El Giglio island.

Alas - hélas, hélas!, (ala) hélas

most unexpected - le plus inattendu

manner - maniere, maniere, façon, mode

greatly - grandement

disturbed - perturbé, déranger, perturber, gener

mind - l'esprit, esprit, raison, intelligence, mémoire

attacked - attaqué, attaque, attaquer, apostropher

performed - réalisée, exécuter, performer, jouer ('actor')

burial - l'enterrement, enterrement, inhumation, sépulture

service - service, messe

rest - se reposer, reposent, reposez, reposons, se, reposer, débris

sewn up - cousu

hammock - hamac, hammock

shot - tir, tirai, tiré, tirâmes, tirerent, tira

heels - talons, talon

We bring to his widow his sword and cross of honor. It was worth while, truly," added the young man with a melancholy smile, "to make war against the English for ten years, and to die in his bed at last, like everybody else."

widow - veuve

sword - l'épée, épée, glaive, épéiste

Cross - croix, signe de croix, direct du bras arriere, transversal

honor - l'honneur, honneur, honorer

worth - valeur

truly - vraiment

melancholy - mélancolie

smile - sourire

war - guerre, bataille, entrer en guerre, tfaire la guerre

against - contre, face a, pour

Last - derniere, dernier, durer, dernierere, durez, passé, durent

"Why, you see, Edmond," replied the owner, who appeared more comforted at every moment, "we are all mortal, and the old must make way for the young. If not, why, there would be no promotion; and since you assure me that the cargo"""

appeared - est apparu, apparaître, paraître, sembler

comforted - réconforté, confort, consoler

mortal - mortel, mortelle

promotion - promotion

Since - depuis lors, depuis, depuis que, puisque, vu que

assure - assurer, rassurer

"Is all safe and sound, M. Morrel, take my word for it; and I advise you not to take 25,000 francs for the profits of the voyage."

advise - conseiller, renseigner

francs - francs, franc

profits - des bénéfices, profit, gain, bénéfice, profitable

Voyage - voyage

Then, as they were just passing the Round Tower, the young man shouted: "Stand by there to lower the topsails and jib; brail up the spanker!"

passing - en passant, passager, éminent, rapide, extremement

round - ronde, cyclo, arrondissent, arrondis, arrondir

tower - tour

shouted - crié, cri

lower - plus bas, abaisser, en privé, rabattre, baissent

brail - braille

The order was executed as promptly as it would have been on board a man-of-war.

executed - exécuté, exécuter, mettre a mort

"Let go"and clue up!" At this last command all the sails were lowered, and the vessel moved almost imperceptibly onwards.

clue - indice, piste, idée, informer

Command - commandement, ordre, maîtrise, commande, commander, ordonner

sails - voiles, voile

lowered - abaissé, (s')assombrir

almost - presque, quasiment

imperceptibly - imperceptiblement

onwards - a partir de, en avant

"Now, if you will come on board, M. Morrel," said Dantès, observing the owner's impatience, "here is your supercargo, M. Danglars, coming out of his cabin, who will furnish you with every particular. As for me, I must look after the anchoring, and dress the ship in mourning."

observing - l'observation, observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

Impatience - impatience

supercargo - supercargo, subrécargue

cabin - cabane, cabine

furnish - meubler, fournir, livrer

particular - particulier

look after - s'occuper

anchoring - l'ancrage, ancre

mourning - le deuil, deuil, (mourn), déplorer, porter le deuil

The owner did not wait for a second invitation. He seized a rope which Dantès flung to him, and with an activity that would have done credit to a sailor, climbed up the side of the ship, while the young man, going to his task, left the conversation to Danglars, who now came towards the owner.

invitation - invitation

seized - saisi, saisir

rope - corde, funiculaire

flung - jeté, lancer

credit - crédit, mérite, reconnaissance, attribution, générique

climbed up - grimpé

task - tâche

He was a man of twenty-five or twenty-six years of age, of unprepossessing countenance, obsequious to his superiors, insolent to his subordinates; and this, in addition to his position as responsible agent on board, which is always obnoxious to the sailors, made him as much disliked by the crew as Edmond Dantès was beloved by them.

unprepossessing - sans allure

countenance - visage, approuver

obsequious - obséquieux

superiors - supérieurs, supérieur

insolent - insolent

subordinates - des subordonnés, subordonné, subordonnée, subordonnés-p

Addition - addition, ajout

position - position, poste

responsible - responsable

agent - agent, espion, complément d'agent

obnoxious - odieux

Sailors - marins, matelot, matelote, femme matelot, femme-matelot, marin

disliked - n'a pas aimé, antipathie, ne pas aimer

beloved - bien-aimé, chéri, amant, amante, (belove)

"Well, M. Morrel," said Danglars, "you have heard of the misfortune that has befallen us?"

"Yes"yes: poor Captain Leclere! He was a brave and an honest man."

honest - honnete, honnete, (hon) honnete

"And a first-rate seaman, one who had seen long and honorable service, as became a man charged with the interests of a house so important as that of Morrel & Son," replied Danglars.

first-rate - (first-rate) de premier ordre

seaman - matelot

honorable - honorable

charged - chargé, frais-p, charge, chef d’accusation, chef d’inculpation

"But," replied the owner, glancing after Dantès, who was watching the anchoring of his vessel, "it seems to me that a sailor needs not be so old as you say, Danglars, to understand his business, for our friend Edmond seems to understand it thoroughly, and not to require instruction from anyone."

glancing - un coup d'oil, (glance), jeter un coup d’oil

Seems - semble-t-il, sembler, paraître, avoir l'air

thoroughly - a fond, absolument, completement

require - exiger, demander, avoir besoin de, requérir, nécessiter

instruction - l'instruction, instruction

"Yes," said Danglars, darting at Edmond a look gleaming with hate. "Yes, he is young, and youth is invariably self-confident. Scarcely was the captain's breath out of his body when he assumed the command without consulting anyone, and he caused us to lose a day and a half at the Island of Elba, instead of making for Marseilles direct."

darting - darting, dard, fleche

gleaming - étincelante, brillant, (gleam) étincelante

youth - la jeunesse, jeunesse, jeune, jeune homme, les jeunes

invariably - invariablement

self-confident - (self-confident) Confiance en soi

scarcely - a peine, a peine, guere

breath - respiration, souffle, haleine

assumed - supposé, supposer, présupposer, présumer, assumer, adopter

consulting - consultation, concerter

caused - causée, cause, raison, causer

Elba - elba, Elbe

instead - a la place, a la place, au lieu de

Direct - direct, mettre en scene, ordonner


"As to taking command of the vessel," replied Morrel, "that was his duty as captain's mate; as to losing a day and a half off the Island of Elba, he was wrong, unless the vessel needed repairs."

Duty - le devoir, devoir, obligation, service, travail, taxe

mate - compagnon, appareiller

Unless - a moins que, a moins que, sauf si

repairs - des réparations, réparer

"The vessel was in as good condition as I am, and as, I hope you are, M. Morrel, and this day and a half was lost from pure whim, for the pleasure of going ashore, and nothing else."

condition - condition

pure - pure, pur, pudique

whim - caprice

pleasure - plaisir, volupté, désir

ashore - a terre

"Dantès," said the shipowner, turning towards the young man, "come this way!"

shipowner - armateur, armatrice

"In a moment, sir," answered Dantès, "and I'm with you." Then calling to the crew, he said, "Let go!"

The anchor was instantly dropped, and the chain ran rattling through the port-hole. Dantès continued at his post in spite of the presence of the pilot, until this manĹ"uvre was completed, and then he added, "Half-mast the colors, and square the yards!"

instantly - instantanément, instamment

dropped - a déposé, goutte

chain - chaîne, enchaîner

rattling - le cliquetis, (rattle) le cliquetis

hole - trou, réduit, fosse

continued - suite, continuer

spite - dépit, rancune

presence - présence

mast - mât

square - carré, équerre, place, case, carreau, rench: perpendiculaire a

"You see," said Danglars, "he fancies himself captain already, upon my word."

fancies - des fantaisies, envie, caprice

upon - sur, a

"And so, in fact, he is," said the owner.

"Except your signature and your partner's, M. Morrel."

Except - sauf, faire une exception

signature - signature

"And why should he not have this?" asked the owner; "he is young, it is true, but he seems to me a thorough seaman, and of full experience."

thorough - approfondi, minutieux, soigné, exhaustif

Experience - expérience, éprouver, vivre

A cloud passed over Danglars'brow.

cloud - nuage, s'obscurcir

passed over - Passé par-dessus

brow - sourcils, andouiller d'oil, maître andouiller

"Your pardon, M. Morrel," said Dantès, approaching, "the vessel now rides at anchor, and I am at your service. You hailed me, I think?"

Pardon - pardon, grâce, pardonner, gracier, désolé, excusez-moi

approaching - en approche, (s')approcher (de)

hailed - salué, grele

Danglars retreated a step or two. "I wished to inquire why you stopped at the Island of Elba?"

retreated - s'est retirée, battre en retraite

step - étape, marche

wished - souhaité, souhait, souhaiter, espérer

inquire - demander, enqueter

"I do not know, sir; it was to fulfil the last instructions of Captain Leclere, who, when dying, gave me a packet for Marshal Bertrand."

fulfil - remplir, accomplir

instructions - instructions, instruction

dying - teignant, mourant, (dye) teignant

packet - paquet, colis

Marshal - maréchal, marshal, canaliser

"Then did you see him, Edmond?"


"The marshal."


Morrel looked around him, and then, drawing Dantès on one side, he said suddenly"

suddenly - soudain, soudainement, tout d'un coup

"And how is the emperor?"

Emperor - l'empereur, empereur

"Very well, as far as I could judge from the sight of him."

judge - juge, juger

sight - vue, quelque chose a voir, truc a voir, mire, viseur

"You saw the emperor, then?"

"He entered the marshal's apartment while I was there."

entered - a pénétré, entrer, rench: -neededr, taper, saisir

"And you spoke to him?"

"Why, it was he who spoke to me, sir," said Dantès, with a smile.

he who - Il qui

"And what did he say to you?"

"Asked me questions about the vessel, the time she left Marseilles, the course she had taken, and what was her cargo. I believe, if she had not been laden, and I had been her master, he would have bought her. But I told him I was only mate, and that she belonged to the firm of Morrel & Son. ˜Ah, yes,'he said, ˜I know them.

belonged - a appartenu, appartenir a

firm - ferme, social, robuste, maison de commerce, solide

The Morrels have been shipowners from father to son; and there was a Morrel who served in the same regiment with me when I was in garrison at Valence.'"

shipowners - les armateurs, armateur, armatrice

served - servi, service, servir, signifier, purger

regiment - régiment

garrison - garnison

Valence - Valence

"Pardieu! and that is true!" cried the owner, greatly delighted. "And that was Policar Morrel, my uncle, who was afterwards a captain. Dantès, you must tell my uncle that the emperor remembered him, and you will see it will bring tears into the old soldier's eyes.

delighted - ravie, plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

Tears - des larmes, larme

soldier - soldat, mouillette

Come, come," continued he, patting Edmond's shoulder kindly, "you did very right, Dantès, to follow Captain Leclere's instructions, and touch at Elba, although if it were known that you had conveyed a packet to the marshal, and had conversed with the emperor, it might bring you into trouble."

patting - la caresse, petite tape

kindly - avec bienveillance

touch - toucher, émouvoir, contact

although - bien que, combien que, encore que, nonobstant que

conveyed - transmis, transporter, véhiculer, communiquer

conversed - conversé, converser

trouble - des problemes, peine, mal, probleme, emmerde, checksouci


"How could that bring me into trouble, sir?" asked Dantès; "for I did not even know of what I was the bearer; and the emperor merely made such inquiries as he would of the first comer. But, Pardon me, here are the health officers and the customs inspectors coming alongside." And the young man went to the gangway. As he departed, Danglars approached, and said,"

bearer - porteur, porteuse

merely - simplement, uniquement, seulement

inquiries - des demandes de renseignements, enquete

comer - comer

Pardon me - Pardon

officers - des agents, fonctionnaire, officier

customs - les douanes, coutume, us, connaissance

gangway - passerelle, passage, passavant, écartez-vous, laissez passer

departed - parti, partir, s’en aller, dévier, quitter

"Well, it appears that he has given you satisfactory reasons for his landing at Porto-Ferrajo?"

Appears - apparaît, apparaître, paraître, sembler

satisfactory - satisfaisante, satisfaisant

"Yes, most satisfactory, my dear Danglars."

"Well, so much the better," said the supercargo; "for it is not pleasant to think that a comrade has not done his duty."

pleasant - agréable, plaisant

comrade - camarade f, camarade

"Dantès has done his," replied the owner, "and that is not saying much. It was Captain Leclere who gave orders for this delay."

delay - délai, ajourner, décélération, surseoir, retard, retarder

"Talking of Captain Leclere, has not Dantès given you a letter from him?"

"To me?"no"was there one?"

"I believe that, besides the packet, Captain Leclere confided a letter to his care."

besides - d'ailleurs, aupres

confided - confiée, faire confiance, confier

care - soins, s'occuper, soin, souci

"Of what packet are you speaking, Danglars?"

"Why, that which Dantès left at Porto-Ferrajo."

"How do you know he had a packet to leave at Porto-Ferrajo?"

Danglars turned very red.

"I was passing close to the door of the captain's cabin, which was half open, and I saw him give the packet and letter to Dantès."

half open - a moitié ouvert

"He did not speak to me of it," replied the shipowner; "but if there be any letter he will give it to me."

Danglars reflected for a moment. "Then, M. Morrel, I beg of you," said he, "not to say a word to Dantès on the subject. I may have been mistaken."

reflected - réfléchie, refléter, réfléchir

beg - mendier, implorer, prier

At this moment the young man returned; Danglars withdrew.

withdrew - s'est retiré, (se) retirer

"Well, my dear Dantès, are you now free?" inquired the owner.

"Yes, sir."

"You have not been long detained."

detained - détenu, détenir, arreter

"No. I gave the custom-house officers a copy of our bill of lading; and as to the other papers, they sent a man off with the pilot, to whom I gave them."

custom-house - (custom-house) Bureau de douane

copy - copie, exemplaire, copier, imiter, recevoir

bill of lading - le connaissement

whom - que, qui

"Then you have nothing more to do here?"

"No"everything is all right now."

"Then you can come and dine with me?"

dine - dîner

"I really must ask you to excuse me, M. Morrel. My first visit is due to my father, though I am not the less grateful for the honor you have done me."

Excuse - pardon, excuser, pardonner, justifier, prétexte, excuse

due - due, du

though - mais, néanmoins, cependant, malgré, bien que

grateful - reconnaissant


"Right, Dantès, quite right. I always knew you were a good son."

"And," inquired Dantès, with some hesitation, "do you know how my father is?"

hesitation - hésitation

"Well, I believe, my dear Edmond, though I have not seen him lately."

lately - dernierement

"Yes, he likes to keep himself shut up in his little room."

shut - fermé, fermer

little room - petite piece

"That proves, at least, that he has wanted for nothing during your absence."

proves - prouve, prouver

absence - absence, manque, absence du fer

Dantès smiled. "My father is proud, sir, and if he had not a meal left, I doubt if he would have asked anything from anyone, except from Heaven."

smiled - souriait, sourire

proud - fiers, fier, orgueilleux

doubt - des doutes, douter, doute

Heaven - le paradis, ciel, paradis, au-dela, cieux

"Well, then, after this first visit has been made we shall count on you."

shall - doit, rench: 'shall' followed by the infinitive is translated using the future tense'

"I must again excuse myself, M. Morrel, for after this first visit has been paid I have another which I am most anxious to pay."

myself - moi-meme, me, m'

anxious - anxieux, désireux

"True, Dantès, I forgot that there was at the Catalans someone who expects you no less impatiently than your father"the lovely Mercédès."

Catalans - les catalans, Catalan, Catalane

expects - s'attend a, attendre, s'attendre a

impatiently - avec impatience

lovely - charmant, beau, cher, irritant, amene, délicieux

Dantès blushed.

blushed - rougi, rougeur

"Ah, ha," said the shipowner, "I am not in the least surprised, for she has been to me three times, inquiring if there were any news of the Pharaon. Peste! Edmond, you have a very handsome mistress!"

surprised - surpris, surprise, surprendre, étonner

inquiring - en quete de renseignements, enqueter, renseigner

handsome - beau

Mistress - madame, maîtresse, amante

"She is not my mistress," replied the young sailor, gravely; "she is my betrothed."

gravely - gravement

betrothed - fiancés, fiancé, fiancée, (betroth), fiancer

"Sometimes one and the same thing," said Morrel, with a smile.

"Not with us, sir," replied Dantès.

"Well, well, my dear Edmond," continued the owner, "don't let me detain you. You have managed my affairs so well that I ought to allow you all the time you require for your own. Do you want any money?"

detain - détenir, arreter

managed - gérée, gérer, ménager, diriger, manier, parvenir, réussir

affairs - affaires, aventure, liaison

allow - laisser, accorder, permettre

"No, sir; I have all my pay to take"nearly three months'wages."

nearly - presque

wages - les salaires, s'engager dans

"You are a careful fellow, Edmond."

careful - prudent, soigneux, attentif

"Say I have a poor father, sir."

"Yes, yes, I know how good a son you are, so now hasten away to see your father. I have a son too, and I should be very wroth with those who detained him from me after a three months'voyage."

hasten - se hâter, dépecher

wroth - colere, courroucé

"Then I have your leave, sir?"

"Yes, if you have nothing more to say to me."


"Captain Leclere did not, before he died, give you a letter for me?"

"He was unable to write, sir. But that reminds me that I must ask your leave of absence for some days."

unable - incapable, inapte, inhabile

reminds - rappelle, rappeler

"To get married?"

"Yes, first, and then to go to Paris."

"Very good; have what time you require, Dantès. It will take quite six weeks to unload the cargo, and we cannot get you ready for sea until three months after that; only be back again in three months, for the Pharaon," added the owner, patting the young sailor on the back, "cannot sail without her captain."

unload - décharger

ready for sea - pret pour la mer

"Without her captain!" cried Dantès, his eyes sparkling with animation; "pray mind what you say, for you are touching on the most secret wishes of my heart. Is it really your intention to make me captain of the Pharaon?"

sparkling - étincelante, pétillant

animation - animation, invigoration

Pray - prier, prions, priez, prient

touching - toucher, attendrissant, (touch), émouvoir

most secret - le plus secret

wishes - souhaits, souhait, souhaiter, espérer

heart - cour

intention - intention

"If I were sole owner we'd shake hands on it now, my dear Dantès, and call it settled; but I have a partner, and you know the Italian proverb"Chi ha compagno ha padrone"˜He who has a partner has a master.'But the thing is at least half done, as you have one out of two votes. Rely on me to procure you the other; I will do my best."

sole - unique, seul, semelle, plante, sole

shake hands - serrer la main

settled - réglée, (s')installer

Italian - italien, italophone, Italienne

proverb - proverbe

chi - chi

padrone - padrone

half done - a moitié fait

votes - votes, voix, vote, votation, voter

rely - s'appuyer, compter sur

procure - se procurer, acquérir, obtenir, proxénétisme, procurer

"Ah, M. Morrel," exclaimed the young seaman, with tears in his eyes, and grasping the owner's hand, "M. Morrel, I thank you in the name of my father and of Mercédès."

exclaimed - s'est exclamé, exclamer

grasping - saisir, agripper, comprendre

"That's all right, Edmond. There's a providence that watches over the deserving. Go to your father; go and see Mercédès, and afterwards come to me."

That's all right - C'est d'accord

Providence - la providence, Providence

"Shall I row you ashore?"

Row - rangée, tintamarre, canoter, ramer

"No, thank you; I shall remain and look over the accounts with Danglars. Have you been satisfied with him this voyage?"

remain - reste, rester, demeurer

look over - examiner

accounts - comptes, compte

satisfied - satisfaits, satisfaire

"That is according to the sense you attach to the question, sir. Do you mean is he a good comrade? No, for I think he never liked me since the day when I was silly enough, after a little quarrel we had, to propose to him to stop for ten minutes at the island of Monte Cristo to settle the dispute"a proposition which I was wrong to suggest, and he quite right to refuse.

sense - sens, acception, sentir

attach - attacher

silly - stupide, sot, insensé, idiot, bete

quarrel - querelle, bagarrer, noise, algarade, dispute

propose - proposer, demander en mariage

settle - régler, décréter

dispute - dispute, litige, discuter, argumenter, évaluer, contester

proposition - proposition

suggest - proposer, suggérer

refuse - refuser, refusons, refusent, refusez

If you mean as responsible agent when you ask me the question, I believe there is nothing to say against him, and that you will be content with the way in which he has performed his duty."

content with - etre satisfait de

"But tell me, Dantès, if you had command of the Pharaon should you be glad to see Danglars remain?"

be glad - etre heureux

"Captain or mate, M. Morrel, I shall always have the greatest respect for those who possess the owners'confidence."

respect - respect, respecter

possess - posséder, s'emparer de

owners - propriétaires, propriétaire

confidence - assurance, confiance en soi, confiance, confidence

"that's right, that's right, Dantès! I see you are a thoroughly good fellow, and will detain you no longer. Go, for I see how impatient you are."

that's right - c'est bien ça

impatient - impatient

"Then I have leave?"

"Go, I tell you."

"May I have the use of your skiff?"


Certainly - certainement, surement, sans nul doute, sans aucun doute

"Then, for the present, M. Morrel, farewell, and a thousand thanks!"

Farewell - adieu, prendre congé, dire adieu, faire ses adieux

"I hope soon to see you again, my dear Edmond. Good luck to you."

luck - la chance, chance, veine

The young sailor jumped into the skiff, and sat down in the stern sheets, with the order that he be put ashore at La Canebière. The two oarsmen bent to their work, and the little boat glided away as rapidly as possible in the midst of the thousand vessels which choke up the narrow way which leads between the two rows of ships from the mouth of the harbor to the Quai d'Orléans.

jumped - a sauté, (faire) sauter

stern - sévere, poupe

bent - plié, courba, courbai, courbés, courbé, cambrai

glided - glissé, glisser, planer

rapidly - rapidement

midst - centre, milieu

vessels - navires, vaisseau, recipient

choke - l'étranglement, étouffer, étouffez, suffoquer, laminer

leads - des pistes, conduire, mener

rows - rangées, rang(ée)

ships - navires, navire

Quai - quai

The shipowner, smiling, followed him with his eyes until he saw him spring out on the quay and disappear in the midst of the throng, which from five o'clock in the morning until nine o'clock at night, swarms in the famous street of La Canebière,"a street of which the modern Phocéens are so proud that they say with all the gravity in the world, and with that accent which gives so much character to what is said, "If Paris had La Canebière, Paris would be a second Marseilles." On turning round the owner saw Danglars behind him, apparently awaiting orders, but in reality also watching the young sailor,"but there was a great difference in the expression of the two men who thus followed the movements of Edmond Dantès.

smiling - souriant, (smile), sourire

quay - quai

disappear - disparaître

throng - essaim, foule

swarms - essaims, essaim (flying insects)

gravity - la gravité, gravité, pesanteur

accent - accent, emphase, souligner, accentuer

character - caractere, personnage, caractere

turning round - faire demi-tour

apparently - apparemment, évidemment, en apparence

awaiting - en attente, attendre, s'attendre a, servir, guetter

reality - la réalité, réalité, vérité

expression - expression

thus - donc, ainsi, tellement, pour cette raison, également

movements - mouvements, mouvement

Chapter 2. Father and Son

We will leave Danglars struggling with the demon of hatred, and endeavoring to insinuate in the ear of the shipowner some evil suspicions against his comrade, and follow Dantès, who, after having traversed La Canebière, took the Rue de Noailles, and entering a small house, on the left of the Allées de Meilhan, rapidly ascended four flights of a dark staircase, holding the baluster with one hand, while with the other he repressed the beatings of his heart, and paused before a half-open door, from which he could see the whole of a small room.

struggling with - Lutter avec

demon - démon, diable

hatred - la haine, haine

endeavoring - s'efforcer, effort, entreprise, tenter, s’efforcer

insinuate - insinuer

suspicions - des soupçons, suspicion, soupçon

traversed - traversé, franchir, traverser

rue - rue

entering - entrant, (enter), entrer, rench: t-needed r, taper

small house - petite maison

ascended - ascensionné, monter

staircase - escalier

holding - en attente, possession, (hold) en attente

baluster - balustre

repressed - réprimée, réprimer

beatings - des coups, battage, battement

paused - en pause, pauser, pause

small room - petite piece

This room was occupied by Dantès'father. The news of the arrival of the Pharaon had not yet reached the old man, who, mounted on a chair, was amusing himself by training with trembling hand the nasturtiums and sprays of clematis that clambered over the trellis at his window. Suddenly, he felt an arm thrown around his body, and a well-known voice behind him exclaimed, "Father"dear father!"

occupied - occupée, occuper, habiter

mounted - monté, monter

amusing - amusant, amuser

nasturtiums - les capucines, capucine

sprays - sprays, (nuage de) gouttelettes, pulvérisation

clematis - la clématite, clématite

clambered - escaladé, grimper

trellis - treillis, treillage, espalier, treille

thrown - jeté, jeter, lancer

voice - voix

The old man uttered a cry, and turned round; then, seeing his son, he fell into his arms, pale and trembling.

uttered - prononcée, complet, total

cry - pleurer, crier, hurler, gueuler, pleur, cri

pale - pâle, hâve

"What ails you, my dearest father? Are you ill?" inquired the young man, much alarmed.

ails - ails, souffrir

ill - malade, écouré, écourée

alarmed - alarmé, alarme, réveille-matin, réveil, alarmer, fr

"No, no, my dear Edmond"my boy"my son!"no; but I did not expect you; and joy, the surprise of seeing you so suddenly"Ah, I feel as if I were going to die."

expect - s'attendre a, attendre, s'attendre a

joy - joie

surprise - surprise, surprendre, étonner

"Come, come, Cheer up, my dear father! 'Tis I"really I! They say joy never hurts, and so I came to you without any warning. Come now, do smile, instead of looking at me so solemnly. Here I am back again, and we are going to be happy."

Cheer up - encourager

Tis - tis, (Ti) tis

hurts - fait mal, faire mal, blesser, blessé

warning - l'avertissement, avertissement, attention, (warn), avertir

Come now - viens/venez maintenant

"Yes, yes, my boy, so we will"so we will," replied the old man; "but how shall we be happy? Shall you never leave me again? Come, tell me all the good fortune that has befallen you."

Fortune - la fortune, destin, bonne chance, fortune

"God forgive me," said the young man, "for rejoicing at happiness derived from the misery of others, but, Heaven knows, I did not seek this good fortune; it has happened, and I really cannot pretend to lament it. The good Captain Leclere is dead, father, and it is probable that, with the aid of M. Morrel, I shall have his place. Do you understand, father?

God - dieu, idolâtrer, déifier

forgive - pardonner

aid - l'aide, aider, aide, assister, secourir

rejoicing - se réjouir, réjouissant, gaieté, (rejoice), réjouir

Happiness - le bonheur, bonheur

derived - dérivés, tirer, trouver, déduire, conclure, dériver

misery - la misere, misere

seek - chercher

pretend - prétendre, prétendre a, feindre, faire semblant

lament - une complainte

dead - morts, mort, milieu, cour, profondeurs

probable - probable

Only imagine me a captain at twenty, with a hundred louis pay, and a share in the profits! Is this not more than a poor sailor like me could have hoped for?"

share in - partager

hoped for - espéré

"Yes, my dear boy," replied the old man, "it is very fortunate."

"Well, then, with the first money I touch, I mean you to have a small house, with a garden in which to plant clematis, nasturtiums, and honeysuckle. But what ails you, father? Are you not well?"

honeysuckle - chevrefeuille, chevrefeuille

"'Tis nothing, nothing; it will soon pass away""and as he said so the old man's strength failed him, and he fell backwards.

pass away - passer

strength - la force, force, vigueur, effectif, point fort

failed - a échoué, échouer (a)

backwards - a l'envers, arriéré, en arriere, a reculons

"Come, come," said the young man, "a glass of wine, father, will revive you. Where do you keep your wine?"

"No, no; thanks. You need not look for it; I do not want it," said the old man.

"Yes, yes, father, tell me where it is," and he opened two or three cupboards.

cupboards - armoires, placard, armoire, buffet

"It is no use," said the old man, "there is no wine."

"What, no wine?" said Dantès, turning pale, and looking alternately at the hollow cheeks of the old man and the empty cupboards. "What, no wine? Have you wanted money, father?"

turning pale - pâlir

alternately - en alternance

hollow - creux, cavez, caver, cavent, cavons

cheeks - joues, joue, fesse, culot, toupet, potence de bringuebale

empty - vide, vider, cadavre

"I want nothing now that I have you," said the old man.

"Yet," stammered Dantès, wiping the perspiration from his brow,""yet I gave you two hundred francs when I left, three months ago."

stammered - balbutié, balbutier, bégayer, bégaiement

wiping - essuyant, (wipe) essuyant

perspiration - la transpiration, transpiration

"Yes, yes, Edmond, that is true, but you forgot at that time a little debt to our neighbor, Caderousse. He reminded me of it, telling me if I did not pay for you, he would be paid by M. Morrel; and so, you see, lest he might do you an injury"""

debt - de la dette, dette

neighbor - voisin

reminded - rappelée, rappeler

injury - blessure


"Why, I paid him."

"But," cried Dantès, "it was a hundred and forty francs I owed Caderousse."

owed - du, devoir

"Yes," stammered the old man.

"And you paid him out of the two hundred francs I left you?"

The old man nodded.

nodded - hoché la tete, dodeliner, hocher, hochement

"So that you have lived for three months on sixty francs," muttered Edmond.

muttered - marmonné, marmonner

"You know how little I require," said the old man.

"Heaven pardon me," cried Edmond, falling on his knees before his father.

"What are you doing?"

"You have wounded me to the heart."

"Never mind it, for I see you once more," said the old man; "and now It's all over"everything is all right again."

It's all over - C'est fini


"Yes, here I am," said the young man, "with a promising future and a little money. Here, father, here!" he said, "take this"take it, and send for something immediately." And he emptied his pockets on the table, the contents consisting of a dozen gold pieces, five or six five-franc pieces, and some smaller coin. The countenance of old Dantès brightened.

promising - prometteur, vou, promesse, promettre

send for - envoyer pour

emptied - vidée, vide, vider, cadavre

pockets - poches, poche, empocher, de poche

Contents - contenu, satisfait

consisting - consistant, consister (en)

dozen - douzaine, dizaine

gold - l'or, or

franc - franc

coin - piece de monnaie, piece de monnaie, jeton

"Whom does this belong to?" he inquired.

belong - appartiennent, appartenons, faire partie de, appartiens

"To me, to you, to us! Take it; buy some provisions; be happy, and tomorrow we shall have more."

Provisions - dispositions, provision, provisionner

"Gently, gently," said the old man, with a smile; "and by your leave I will use your purse moderately, for they would say, if they saw me buy too many things at a time, that I had been obliged to await your return, in order to be able to purchase them."

purse - sac a main, bourse, portemonnaie, portefeuille, sac a main

moderately - modérément

obliged - obligée, imposer, obliger, rendre service

purchase - l'achat, achat, acquisition, acheter, acquérir

"Do as you please; but, first of all, pray have a servant, father. I will not have you left alone so long. I have some smuggled coffee and most capital tobacco, in a small chest in the hold, which you shall have tomorrow. But, hush, here comes somebody."

servant - serviteur, domestique, servante, checkserviteur

alone - seul

smuggled - en contrebande, passer en contrebande, contrebander

tobacco - le tabac, tabac

chest - poitrine, sein, commode, coffre

hold - tenir, stopper, tiens, tiennent, tenons

Hush - chut !, silence

"'Tis Caderousse, who has heard of your arrival, and no doubt comes to congratulate you on your fortunate return."

congratulate - féliciter

"Ah, lips that say one thing, while the heart thinks another," murmured Edmond. "But, never mind, he is a neighbor who has done us a service on a time, so he's welcome."

lips - levres, levre

murmured - murmuré, murmure, rumeur, souffle, murmurer

As Edmond paused, the black and bearded head of Caderousse appeared at the door. He was a man of twenty-five or six, and held a piece of cloth, which, being a tailor, he was about to make into a coat-lining.

bearded - barbu, barbe

held - détenus, (main)tenir

cloth - tissu, étoffe, tenue

tailor - tailleur, tailleuse, adapter

"What, is it you, Edmond, back again?" said he, with a broad Marseillaise accent, and a grin that displayed his ivory-white teeth.

broad - large

marseillaise - marseillaise

grin - sourire, rictus

displayed - affichée, représentation, spectacle, moniteur, écran

ivory - ivoire

"Yes, as you see, neighbor Caderousse; and ready to be agreeable to you in any and every way," replied Dantès, but ill-concealing his coldness under this cloak of civility.

agreeable - agréable, complaisant

concealing - dissimuler, cacher

coldness - froideur, froid

cloak - cape, pelisse, pelerine

civility - civilité, politesse

"Thanks"thanks; but, fortunately, I do not want for anything; and it chances that at times there are others who have need of me." Dantès made a gesture. "I do not allude to you, my boy. No!"no! I lent you money, and you returned it; that's like good neighbors, and we are quits."

fortunately - heureusement, par bonheur, par chance

chances - chances, hasard

gesture - geste, signe

allude - alluder, faire allusion, suggérer

lent - preté, pretés, preta, pretâmes, pretai, pretées, (lend) preté

neighbors - voisins, voisin/-ine

quits - démissionne, quitter, abandonner

"We are never quits with those who oblige us," was Dantès'reply; "for when we do not owe them money, we owe them gratitude."

oblige - imposer, obliger, etre redevable a

reply - répondre, réponse

owe - doit, devoir

gratitude - la gratitude, gratitude

"What's the use of mentioning that? What is done is done. Let us talk of your happy return, my boy. I had gone on the quay to match a piece of mulberry cloth, when I met friend Danglars. ˜You at Marseilles?'"˜Yes,'says he.

mentioning - mentionnant, mentionner

match - match, s'entremettre, allumette, concorder

mulberry - mure, murier, mure, mure écrasée

"˜I thought you were at Smyrna.'"˜I was; but am now back again.'

"˜And where is the dear boy, our little Edmond?'

"˜Why, with his father, no doubt,'replied Danglars. And so I came," added Caderousse, "as fast as I could to have the pleasure of shaking hands with a friend."

shaking - tremblant, (shake), secouer, agiter, se serrer la main, secousse


"Worthy Caderousse!" said the old man, "he is so much attached to us."

attached - attachée, attacher

"Yes, to be sure I am. I love and esteem you, because honest folks are so rare. But it seems you have come back rich, my boy," continued the tailor, looking askance at the handful of gold and silver which Dantès had thrown on the table.

esteem - estime, respect, respecter

folks - des gens, populaire, peuple

rare - rares, rare

askance - l'interrogation, avec méfiance, de travers

handful - poignée, manipule

silver - l'argent, argent

The young man remarked the greedy glance which shone in the dark eyes of his neighbor. "Eh," he said, negligently, "this money is not mine. I was expressing to my father my fears that he had wanted many things in my absence, and to convince me he emptied his purse on the table.

remarked - remarqué, remarque

greedy - avaricieux, cupide, avide, gourmand

glance - regard, jeter un coup d’oil

shone - briller, éclairer

eh - eh

negligently - par négligence

mine - la mienne, mienne, miniere

expressing - exprimant, exprimer

fears - des craintes, peur

convince - convaincre, persuader

Come, father" added Dantès, "put this money back in your box"unless neighbor Caderousse wants anything, and in that case it is at his service."

case - cas, affaire, fouille, étui, chose

"No, my boy, no," said Caderousse. "I am not in any want, thank God, my living is suited to my means. Keep your money"keep it, I say;"one never has too much;"but, at the same time, my boy, I am as much obliged by your offer as if I took advantage of it."

suited - adapté, complet, costume, tailleur, combinaison, costard

advantage - avantage, avantager, favoriser

"It was offered with good will," said Dantès.

offered - proposé, offrir, proposer

good will - bonne volonté

"No doubt, my boy; no doubt. Well, you stand well with M. Morrel I hear,"you insinuating dog, you!"

insinuating - insinuer

"M. Morrel has always been exceedingly kind to me," replied Dantès.

exceedingly - excessivement, extremement, énormément

"Then you were wrong to refuse to dine with him."

"What, did you refuse to dine with him?" said old Dantès; "and did he invite you to dine?"

invite - inviter, invitent, invitez, invetera, invitons

"Yes, my dear father," replied Edmond, smiling at his father's astonishment at the excessive honor paid to his son.

astonishment - l'étonnement, étonnement

excessive - excessif

"And why did you refuse, my son?" inquired the old man.

"That I might the sooner see you again, my dear father," replied the young man. "I was most anxious to see you."

"But it must have vexed M. Morrel, good, worthy man," said Caderousse. "And when you are looking forward to be captain, it was wrong to annoy the owner."

vexed - contrarié, ennuyer, énerver, vexer 'informal', tourmenter, vexer

forward - avant, acheminent, acheminer, avanten, acheminons

annoy - gener, ennuyer, embeter, agacer

"But I explained to him the cause of my refusal," replied Dantès, "and I hope he fully understood it."

cause - cause, raison, causer

refusal - refus

fully - pleinement, entierement, completement

"Yes, but to be captain one must do a little flattery to one's patrons."

flattery - la flatterie, flatterie

patrons - patrons, mécene, client

"I hope to be captain without that," said Dantès.

"So much the better"so much the better! Nothing will give greater pleasure to all your old friends; and I know one down there behind the saint Nicolas citadel who will not be sorry to hear it."

saint - Saint

Nicolas - nicolas, Nicole

citadel - citadelle

be sorry - etre désolé

"Mercédès?" said the old man.

"Yes, my dear father, and with your permission, now I have seen you, and know you are well and have all you require, I will ask your consent to go and pay a visit to the Catalans."

permission - autorisation, permission, permis

consent - consentir, approuver, agréer, consentement, approbation

pay a visit - rendre visite

"Go, my dear boy," said old Dantès; "and Heaven Bless you in your wife, as it has blessed me in my son!"

Bless you - Vous bénir

blessed - bienheureux, béni, (bless)

"His wife!" said Caderousse; "why, how fast you go on, father Dantès; she is not his wife yet, as it seems to me."

"No, but according to all probability she soon will be," replied Edmond.

probability - probabilité

"Yes"yes," said Caderousse; "but you were right to return as soon as possible, my boy."

"And why?"

"Because Mercédès is a very fine girl, and fine girls never lack followers; she particularly has them by dozens."

lack - manque

followers - des adeptes, disciple, follower, poursuivant, fr

particularly - en particulier

dozens - douzaines, douzaine, dizaine

"Really?" answered Edmond, with a smile which had in it traces of slight uneasiness.

traces - des traces, trace

Slight - insignifiant, léger


"Ah, yes," continued Caderousse, "and capital offers, too; but you know, you will be captain, and who could refuse you then?"

offers - offres, offrir, proposer

"Meaning to say," replied Dantès, with a smile which but ill-concealed his trouble, "that if I were not a captain"""

concealed - dissimulée, dissimuler, cacher

"Eh"eh!" said Caderousse, shaking his head.

"Come, come," said the sailor, "I have a better opinion than you of women in general, and of Mercédès in particular; and I am certain that, captain or not, she will remain ever faithful to me."

general - général, communal, en chef, universal, d'ensemble

Certain - certain, quelconque

faithful - fidele, fidele, loyal

"So much the better"so much the better," said Caderousse. "When one is going to be married, there is nothing like implicit confidence; but never mind that, my boy,"go and announce your arrival, and let her know all your hopes and prospects."

implicit - implicite

announce - annoncer

prospects - des perspectives, perspective

"I will go directly," was Edmond's reply; and, embracing his father, and nodding to Caderousse, he left the apartment.

directly - directement, checktout droit

embracing - embrasser, étreindre, accolade

nodding to - en faisant un signe de tete

Caderousse lingered for a moment, then taking leave of old Dantès, he went downstairs to rejoin Danglars, who awaited him at the corner of the Rue Senac.

lingered - s'est attardé, s'installer, stagner, s'incruster, s'éteindre

went downstairs - est descendu en bas

rejoin - rejoins, rejoignons, rejoignez, rejoignent

awaited - attendue, attendre, s'attendre a, servir, guetter

corner - coin, rencogner, piéger, acculer, négocier un prix de gros

"Well," said Danglars, "did you see him?"

"I have just left him," answered Caderousse.

"Did he allude to his hope of being captain?"

"He spoke of it as a thing already decided."

"Indeed!" said Danglars, "he is in too much hurry, it appears to me."

indeed - certainement, vraiment, en effet, bien sur, certes

hurry - se dépecher, précipitation, hâte

"Why, it seems M. Morrel has promised him the thing."

promised - promis, vou, promesse, promettre

"So that he is quite elated about it?"

"Why, yes, he is actually insolent over the matter"has already offered me his patronage, as if he were a grand personage, and proffered me a loan of money, as though he were a banker."

actually - en fait

matter - matiere, matiere, affaire, question, cause, substance

Patronage - soutien, mécénat, parrainage, clientele, clientélisme, patronage

grand - grand, grandiose

personage - personnage

proffered - proposée, offrir, entreprendre

loan - pret, crédit, preter, emprunt, emprunter

banker - banquier

"Which you refused?"

refused - refusé, refuser de

"Most assuredly; although I might easily have accepted it, for it was I who put into his hands the first silver he ever earned; but now M. Dantès has no longer any occasion for assistance"he is about to become a captain."

assuredly - assurément

easily - facilement

accepted - acceptée, accepter, accepter (de), prendre sur soi

earned - gagnée, gagner (sa vie), rapporter

Occasion - occasion

assistance - l'assistance, assistance

"Pooh!" said Danglars, "he is not one yet."

"Ma foi! it will be as well if he is not," answered Caderousse; "for if he should be, there will be really no speaking to him."

"If we choose," replied Danglars, "he will remain what he is; and perhaps become even less than he is."

Perhaps - peut-etre, peut-etre, possiblement

"What do you mean?"

"Nothing"I was speaking to myself. And is he still in love with the Catalane?"

"Over head and ears; but, unless I am much mistaken, there will be a storm in that quarter."

storm - tempete, orage


"Explain yourself."

"Why should I?"

"It is more important than you think, perhaps. You do not like Dantès?"

"I never like upstarts."

upstarts - des nouveaux venus, parvenu, arriviste, nouveau riche

"Then tell me all you know about the Catalane."

"I know nothing for certain; only I have seen things which induce me to believe, as I told you, that the future captain will find some annoyance in the vicinity of the Vieilles Infirmeries."

induce - induire

annoyance - l'agacement, ennui, nuisance, irritation, checkagacement

vicinity - proximité, voisinage, vicinité, environs

"What have you seen?"come, tell me!"

"Well, every time I have seen Mercédès come into the city she has been accompanied by a tall, strapping, black-eyed Catalan, with a red complexion, brown skin, and fierce air, whom she calls cousin."

accompanied - accompagné, accompagner

strapping - le cerclage, (strap), sangle, courroie, laniere, bandouliere

Catalan - catalan, Catalane

complexion - le teint, teint, complexion

skin - la peau, peau, apparence, écorcher, égratigner, dépouiller

fierce - féroce

"Really; and you think this cousin pays her attentions?"

attentions - attentions, attention, attentions-p

"I only suppose so. What else can a strapping chap of twenty-one mean with a fine wench of seventeen?"

suppose - supposer, imaginer

chap - chap, fissure

wench - jeune fille, jeune femme, servante, femme facile

"And you say that Dantès has gone to the Catalans?"

"He went before I came down."

"Let us go the same way; we will stop at La RĂ©serve, and we can drink a glass of La Malgue, whilst we wait for news."

whilst - tout en

"Come along," said Caderousse; "but you pay the score."

along - le long de, accompagné, rench: t-needed r

score - nombre de point oints, score, note, vingtaine

"Of course," replied Danglars; and going quickly to the designated place, they called for a bottle of wine, and two glasses.

designated - désignée, désigner

Père Pamphile had seen Dantès pass not ten minutes before; and assured that he was at the Catalans, they sat Down Under the budding foliage of the planes and sycamores, in the branches of which the birds were singing their welcome to one of the first days of spring.

pass - passer, doubler, passe, dépasser, passez, passons, passage

assured - assurée, assurerent, assura, assurai

Down Under - Australie, Nouvelle Zelande

budding - en herbe, (bud)

foliage - le feuillage, feuillage

sycamores - les sycomores, platane, sycomore, figuier sycomore

branches - branches, branche, t+rameau, affluent, filiale

Chapter 3. The Catalans

Beyond a bare, weather-worn wall, about a hundred paces from the spot where the two friends sat looking and listening as they drank their wine, was the village of the Catalans. Long ago this mysterious colony quitted Spain, and settled on the tongue of land on which it is to this day. Whence it came no one knew, and it spoke an unknown tongue.

beyond - au-dela, au-dela, par-dela

bare - a nu, dénudé, dégarnir, nu

paces - des allures, pas

spot - spot, tache, bouton, peu, endroit, zone, détecter, trouver

mysterious - mystérieux

colony - colonie

quitted - a démissionné, quitter, abandonner

Spain - espagne

tongue - langue, languette

whence - pourquoi, d'ou

an unknown - un inconnu

One of its chiefs, who understood Provençal, begged the commune of Marseilles to give them this bare and barren promontory, where, like the sailors of old, they had run their boats ashore. The request was granted; and three months afterwards, around the twelve or fifteen small vessels which had brought these gypsies of the sea, a small village sprang up.

chiefs - chefs, chef

begged - supplié, mendier

commune - commune, communauté

barren - stérile

promontory - promontoire

request - demander, prier, requete, demande

granted - accordée, accorder, admettre

gypsies - les gitans, gitan, tsigane, romanichel

sprang up - a surgi

This village, constructed in a singular and picturesque manner, half Moorish, half Spanish, still remains, and is inhabited by descendants of the first comers, who speak the language of their fathers.

constructed - construit, construction, construire

singular - singulier

picturesque - pittoresque

Moorish - mauresque

Spanish - espagnol, castillan

remains - reste, rester, demeurer

inhabited - habité, habiter

descendants - descendants, descendant, descendante

For three or four centuries they have remained upon this small promontory, on which they had settled like a flight of seabirds, without mixing with the Marseillaise population, intermarrying, and preserving their original customs and the costume of their mother-country as they have preserved its language.

remained - est restée, reste, rester, demeurer

seabirds - oiseaux de mer, oiseau de mer, oiseau marin

mixing - mélange, mélanger

population - population

intermarrying - les mariages mixtes, (se) marier (entre soi)

preserving - préserver, confiture, conserve, réserve naturelle

original - originel, original

costume - costume, déguisement

mother-country - (mother-country) la mere patrie

preserved - préservée, confiture, conserve, réserve naturelle

Our readers will follow us along the only street of this little village, and enter with us one of the houses, which is sunburned to the beautiful dead-leaf color peculiar to the buildings of the country, and within coated with whitewash, like a Spanish posada.

enter - entrer, rench: t-needed r, taper, saisir

sunburned - des coups de soleil, coup de soleil, actinite

leaf - feuille, rallonge, battant, ouvrant, vantail, feuiller

within - a l'intérieur, dedans, avant, d'ici

whitewash - blanchiment, lait de chaux, badigeon, blanchir, badigeonner

posada - posada

A young and beautiful girl, with hair as black as jet, her eyes as velvety as the gazelle's, was leaning with her back against the wainscot, rubbing in her slender delicately moulded fingers a bunch of heath blossoms, the flowers of which she was picking off and strewing on the floor; her arms, bare to the elbow, brown, and modelled after those of the Arlesian Venus, moved with a kind of restless impatience, and she tapped the earth with her arched and supple foot, so as to display the pure and full shape of her well-turned leg, in its red cotton, gray and blue clocked, stocking. At three paces from her, seated in a chair which he balanced on two legs, leaning his elbow on an old worm-eaten table, was a tall young man of twenty, or two-and-twenty, who was looking at her with an air in which vexation and uneasiness were mingled. He questioned her with his eyes, but the firm and steady gaze of the young girl controlled his look.

beautiful girl - belle fille

jet - jet, avion a réaction, jais

gazelle - gazelle

leaning - penchant, adossant, (lean) penchant

wainscot - lambris, panneau

rubbing - le frottement, frottage, froissement, lessivage

slender - svelte, mince

delicately - délicatement

moulded - moulé, terreau, humus

fingers - doigts, pointer, tripoter, doigter

bunch - bunch, groupe, bouquet, botte, grappe, bande, peloton, tas

Heath - heath, lande, bruyere

blossoms - fleurs, fleur, floraison, fleurir, s'épanouir

picking - le prélevement, (pic) le prélevement

strewing - strewing, (strew), parsemer, joncher

elbow - coude, coup de coude, jouer des coudes

Arlesian - Arlésienne

Venus - venus, Vénus

restless - inquiet, agité, checkimpatient

tapped - taraudé, petit coup

earth - terre, terrier, relier a la terre, tmettre a la terre, enterrer

arched - en arc de cercle, voute, arche

supple - souple

display - l'affichage, représentation, spectacle, moniteur, écran

shape - forme

cotton - coton

Gray - gris

stocking - bas, collante, (stock) bas

seated - assis, place, siege, assise, séant, fond

balanced - équilibré, contrepoids, équilibre, solde, balancier

worm - ver, vermine, scarabée, vis sans fin, dragon, remords, ramper

vexation - vexation, tracas, tracasserie, contrariété

mingled - mélangés, mélanger

steady - stable, lisse, régulier

controlled - contrôlé, contrôler, maîtrise, contrôle, commandes-p

"You see, Mercédès," said the young man, "here is Easter come round again; tell me, is this the moment for a wedding?"

wedding - mariage, (wed), marier, épouser

"I have answered you a hundred times, Fernand, and really you must be very stupid to ask me again."

stupid - stupide, bete

"Well, repeat it,"repeat it, I beg of you, that I may at last believe it! Tell me for the hundredth time that you refuse my love, which had your mother's sanction. Make me understand once for all that you are trifling with my happiness, that my life or death are nothing to you.

hundredth - centieme, centieme

sanction - approbation, validation, sanction, décret, autoriser, ratifier

once for all - une fois pour toutes

trifling - insignifiant, futile, (trifle), bagatelle, broutille, babiole

Death - mort, déces, camarde, la mort, l'arcane sans nom

Ah, to have dreamed for ten years of being your husband, Mercédès, and to lose that hope, which was the only stay of my existence!"

dreamed - revé, reve, t+songe, t+voeu, t+souhait, t+vou

existence - l'existence, existence

"At least it was not I who ever encouraged you in that hope, Fernand," replied MercĂ©dès; "you cannot reproach me with the slightest coquetry. I have always said to you, ˜I love you as a brother; but do not ask from me more than sisterly affection, for my heart is another's.'Is not this true, Fernand?"

encouraged - encouragé, encourager

reproach - des reproches, reproche, opprobre, reprocher

slightest - le moins du monde, insignifiant, léger

coquetry - coquetterie, coquetisme

sisterly - entre sours, sour

"Yes, that is very true, Mercédès," replied the young man, "Yes, you have been cruelly frank with me; but do you forget that it is among the Catalans a sacred law to intermarry?"

cruelly - cruellement

frank - franche, franc

sacred - sacrée, sacré, saint

law - loi

intermarry - se marier, (se) marier (entre soi)


"You mistake, Fernand; it is not a law, but merely a custom, and, I pray of you, do not cite this custom in your favor. You are included in the conscription, Fernand, and are only at liberty on sufferance, liable at any moment to be called upon to take up arms.

cite - citer, alléguer

favor - favorable, faveur, favoriser

conscription - la conscription, conscription, service militaire obligatoire

liberty - liberté

on sufferance - a titre gracieux

liable - responsable

Once a soldier, what would you do with me, a poor orphan, forlorn, without fortune, with nothing but a half-ruined hut and a few ragged nets, the miserable inheritance left by my father to my mother, and by my mother to me? She has been dead a year, and you know, Fernand, I have subsisted almost entirely on public charity.

orphan - orphelin, orpheline

forlorn - délaissée, abandonné, perdu, miserable, désespéré

ruined - ruiné, ruine, ruiner, abîmer, foutre en l'air

hut - hutte, chaumiere, cabane

ragged - dépenaillé, loqueteuxse, (rag) dépenaillé

nets - filets, (de/au) filet

miserable - misérable

inheritance - l'héritage, héritage

subsisted - subsisté, subsister

entirely - entierement, entierement, entierement (1)

public - public

charity - la charité, charité, organisme de charité

Sometimes you pretend I am useful to you, and that is an excuse to share with me the produce of your fishing, and I accept it, Fernand, because you are the son of my father's brother, because we were brought up together, and still more because it would give you so much pain if I refuse.

produce - produire, produits

Accept - accepter, accepter (de), prendre sur soi, endurer patiemment

pain - douleur, mal, diuleur

But I feel very deeply that this fish which I go and sell, and with the produce of which I buy the flax I spin,"I feel very keenly, Fernand, that this is charity."

deeply - profondément

flax - le lin, lin

spin - l'essorage, tournoyer, (faire) tourner

keenly - vivement

"And if it were, Mercédès, poor and lone as you are, you suit me as well as the daughter of the first shipowner or the richest banker of Marseilles! What do such as we desire but a good wife and careful housekeeper, and where can I look for these better than in you?"

Lone - solitaire, seul, isolé, unique

suit - complet, costume, tailleur, combinaison, costard, enseigne

desire - désirer, désir

housekeeper - femme de ménage, gouvernante, ménagere

"Fernand," answered Mercédès, shaking her head, "a woman becomes a bad manager, and who shall say she will remain an honest woman, when she loves another man better than her husband? Rest content with my friendship, for I say once more that is all I can promise, and I will promise no more than I can bestow."

manager - directeur

content - contenu, satisfait, contentement

friendship - l'amitié, amitié

promise - vou, promesse, promettre

bestow - disposer de, accorder, remettre, conférer, donner en mariage

"I understand," replied Fernand, "you can endure your own wretchedness patiently, but you are afraid to share mine. Well, Mercédès, beloved by you, I would tempt fortune; you would bring me good luck, and I should become rich. I could extend my occupation as a fisherman, might get a place as clerk in a warehouse, and become in time a dealer myself."

endure - endurer, perdurer, supporter

wretchedness - la misere

patiently - patiemment

tempt - tenter, attirer

extend - étendre, prolonger

occupation - profession, occupation

fisherman - pecheur, pecheur, pecheuse

clerk - greffier

warehouse - entrepôt, dépôt

"You could do no such thing, Fernand; you are a soldier, and if you remain at the Catalans it is because there is no war; so remain a fisherman, and contented with my friendship, as I cannot give you more."

contented with - etre satisfait de

"Well, I will do better, Mercédès. I will be a sailor; instead of the costume of our fathers, which you despise, I will wear a varnished hat, a striped shirt, and a blue jacket, with an anchor on the buttons. Would not that dress please you?"

despise - mépriser, dédaigner

varnished - vernis, vernir

striped - rayé, rayure, galon, rayer

buttons - boutons, (button) boutons

"What do you mean?" asked Mercédès, with an angry glance,""what do you mean? I do not understand you?"

"I mean, Mercédès, that you are thus harsh and cruel with me, because you are expecting someone who is thus attired; but perhaps he whom you await is inconstant, or if he is not, the sea is so to him."

harsh - sévere, sévere, rude, cruel, dur, checkdure

cruel - cruel

inconstant - inconstant

"Fernand," cried Mercédès, "I believed you were good-hearted, and I was mistaken! Fernand, you are wicked to call to your aid jealousy and the anger of God! Yes, I will not deny it, I do await, and I do love him of whom you speak; and, if he does not return, instead of accusing him of the inconstancy which you insinuate, I will tell you that he died loving me and me only.

hearted - cour

wicked - méchante, chicaneur, torve, (wick) méchante

jealousy - jalousie, envie

anger - la colere, colere, ire, courroux, rage

deny - refuser

accusing - accuser

inconstancy - l'inconstance, inconstance

" The young girl made a gesture of rage. "I understand you, Fernand; you would be revenged on him because I do not love you; you would cross your Catalan knife with his dirk. What end would that answer? To lose you my friendship if he were conquered, and see that friendship changed into hate if you were victor.

rage - rage, furie, fureur, courroux, rager, faire rage

revenged - vengé, vengeance, revanche, venger

knife - couteau, frapper d'un coup de couteau

Dirk - dirk

conquered - conquis, conquérir

Victor - Victor

Believe me, to seek a quarrel with a man is a bad method of pleasing the woman who loves that man. No, Fernand, you will not thus give way to evil thoughts.

method - méthode, modalité

give way - céder le passage

thoughts - réflexions, idée, pensée

Unable to have me for your wife, you will content yourself with having me for your friend and sister; and besides," she added, her eyes troubled and moistened with tears, "wait, wait, Fernand; you said just now that the sea was treacherous, and he has been gone four months, and during these four months there have been some terrible storms."

troubled - troublé, peine, mal, probleme, emmerde, fr

moistened - humidifié, humidifier, mouiller

treacherous - perfide

storms - tempetes, orage, tempete

Fernand made no reply, nor did he attempt to check the tears which flowed down the cheeks of Mercédès, although for each of these tears he would have shed his heart's blood; but these tears flowed for another.

nor - ni, NON-OU

attempt - tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat

flowed - s'est écoulée, couler

shed - hangar, verser, stand, kiosque, échoppe

He arose, paced a while up and down the hut, and then, suddenly stopping before Mercédès, with his eyes glowing and his hands clenched,""Say, Mercédès," he said, "once for all, is this your final determination?"

arose - s'est élevé, se lever, relever

paced - rythmée, pas

glowing - rayonnante, briller, luire, irradier, lueur

clenched - serré, serrer, prise (en main) ferme, poigne ferme

determination - détermination

"I love Edmond Dantès," the young girl calmly replied, "and none but Edmond shall ever be my husband."

calmly - calmement, paisiblement

none - aucun, ne nulle

"And you will always love him?"

"As long as I live."

Fernand let fall his head like a defeated man, heaved a sigh that was like a groan, and then suddenly looking her full in the face, with clenched teeth and expanded nostrils, said,""But if he is dead"""

defeated - vaincu, battre, vaincre

heaved - heaved, hisser

sigh - soupir

groan - gémir, râle, râlement, gémissement, grognement, grondement

expanded - élargi, agrandir, développer, élaborer, (s')éteindre

nostrils - narines, narine, qualifier

"If he is dead, I shall die too."

"If he has forgotten you"""

"Mercédès!" called a joyous voice from without,""Mercédès!"

joyous - joyeux

"Ah," exclaimed the young girl, blushing with delight, and fairly leaping in excess of love, "you see he has not forgotten me, for here he is!" And rushing towards the door, she opened it, saying, "Here, Edmond, here I am!"

blushing - rougir, (blush) rougir

delight - plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

fairly - équitable, justement, assez

leaping - sauter, bondir

excess - l'exces, exces, franchise, en exces, en trop, excessif

rushing - se précipiter, (rush) se précipiter

Fernand, pale and trembling, drew back, like a traveller at the sight of a serpent, and fell into a chair beside him. Edmond and Mercédès were clasped in each other's arms. The burning Marseilles sun, which shot into the room through the open door, covered them with a flood of light. At first they saw nothing around them.

serpent - serpent

beside - a côté, aupres

clasped - serré, fermoir, serrer

burning - bruler, brulant, ardent, brulage, (burn) bruler

flood - inondation, inonder, submerger, noyer

Their intense happiness isolated them from all the rest of the world, and they only spoke in broken words, which are the tokens of a joy so extreme that they seem rather the expression of sorrow. Suddenly Edmond saw the gloomy, pale, and threatening countenance of Fernand, as it was defined in the shadow.

intense - intense

isolated - isolée, isoler, esseuler

tokens - des jetons, symbole, jeton, symbolique

extreme - extreme, extreme, excessif, excessive

Seem - sembler, paraître, avoir l'air

sorrow - peine, chagrin

gloomy - morose, lugubre, sombre, terne, maussade

threatening - menaçante, menaçant, (threaten), menacer

defined - défini, déterminer, définir

shadow - l'ombre, ombre, prendre en filature, filer

By a movement for which he could scarcely account to himself, the young Catalan placed his hand on the knife at his belt.

movement - mouvement

account - compte, supputation, demande

belt - ceinture, courroie, région

"Ah, your pardon," said Dantès, frowning in his turn; "I did not perceive that there were three of us." Then, turning to Mercédès, he inquired, "Who is this gentleman?"

frowning - froncer les sourcils

perceive - percevoir

gentleman - gentilhomme, monsieur, messieurs

"One who will be your best friend, Dantès, for he is my friend, my cousin, my brother; it is Fernand"the man whom, after you, Edmond, I love the best in the world. Do you not remember him?"

"Yes!" said Dantès, and without relinquishing Mercédès'hand clasped in one of his own, he extended the other to the Catalan with a cordial air. But Fernand, instead of responding to this amiable gesture, remained mute and trembling. Edmond then cast his eyes scrutinizingly at the agitated and embarrassed Mercédès, and then again on the gloomy and menacing Fernand.

relinquishing - renoncer, abandonner, lâcher, relâcher, laisser

extended - étendu, étendre, prolonger

cordial - cordial, sirop

responding - répondre

amiable - aimable, avenant, affable

mute - muet

cast - casting, jeter, diriger, lancer, additionner, sommer, muer

scrutinizingly - de façon minutieuse

embarrassed - embarrassé, embarrasser, gener

menacing - menaçante, menace

This look told him all, and his anger waxed hot.

waxed - ciré, cire

"I did not know, when I came with such haste to you, that I was to meet an enemy here."

haste - hâte

enemy - l'ennemi, ennemi, ennemie

"An enemy!" cried Mercédès, with an angry look at her cousin. "An enemy in my house, do you say, Edmond! If I believed that, I would place my arm under yours and go with you to Marseilles, leaving the house to return to it no more."

Fernand's eye darted lightning. "And should any misfortune occur to you, dear Edmond," she continued with the same calmness which proved to Fernand that the young girl had read the very innermost depths of his sinister thought, "if misfortune should occur to you, I would ascend the highest point of the Cape de Morgiou and cast myself headlong from it."

darted - dardé, dard, fleche

lightning - la foudre, éclair, éloise, foudre

proved - prouvé, prouver

innermost - le plus profond

depths - profondeurs, profondeur, épaisseur

sinister - sinistre

ascend - s'élever, monter

headlong - tete baissée, la tete la premiere

Fernand became deadly pale. "But you are deceived, Edmond," she continued. "You have no enemy here"there is no one but Fernand, my brother, who will grasp your hand as a devoted friend."

deadly - mortelle, mortel, fatal, létal

deceived - trompé, tromper, leurrer, séduire

grasp - saisir, agripper, comprendre

devoted - dévouée, consacrer, vouer

And at these words the young girl fixed her imperious look on the Catalan, who, as if fascinated by it, came slowly towards Edmond, and offered him his hand. His hatred, like a powerless though furious wave, was broken against the strong ascendancy which Mercédès exercised over him.

fixed - fixé, réparer, fixer, préparer, truquer, tricher, réparation

imperious - impérieux

fascinated - fasciné, fasciner

powerless - impuissante, impuissant

furious - furieux

wave - vague, brandir, onde, flottge

ascendancy - l'ascendant, ascendant

Scarcely, however, had he touched Edmond's hand when he felt he had done all he could do, and rushed hastily out of the house.

touched - touché, toucher, émouvoir, contact

rushed - précipité, se précipiter, emmener d'urgence

hastily - hâtivement, précipitamment, a la hâte

"Oh," he exclaimed, running furiously and tearing his hair""Oh, who will deliver me from this man? Wretched"wretched that I am!"

furiously - furieusement

tearing - déchirure, larme

deliver - accoucher, livrer, remettre

wretched - misérable

"Hallo, Catalan! Hallo, Fernand! where are you running to?" exclaimed a voice.

Hallo - bonjour, salut

The young man stopped suddenly, looked around him, and perceived Caderousse sitting at table with Danglars, under an arbor.

perceived - perçue, percevoir

arbor - longeron, tonnelle

"Well", said Caderousse, "why don't you come? Are you really in such a hurry that you have no time to pass the time of day with your friends?"

"Particularly when they have still a full bottle before them," added Danglars. Fernand looked at them both with a stupefied air, but did not say a word.

stupefied - stupéfait, stupéfier, abrutir, hébéter, sidérer, abasourdir

"He seems besotted," said Danglars, pushing Caderousse with his knee. "Are we mistaken, and is Dantès triumphant in spite of all we have believed?"

pushing - poussant, pousser

triumphant - triomphant, triomphal

"Why, we must inquire into that," was Caderousse's reply; and turning towards the young man, said, "Well, Catalan, can't you make up your mind?"

Fernand wiped away the perspiration steaming from his brow, and slowly entered the arbor, whose shade seemed to restore somewhat of calmness to his senses, and whose coolness somewhat of refreshment to his exhausted body.

wiped - essuyé, essuyer

steaming - a la vapeur, cuisson a la vapeur, (steam), vapeur d'eau

whose - a qui, de qui, dont, duquel (de + lequel), duquel

shade - ombre, store, nuance, ton, esprit, ombrager, faire de l'ombre

seemed - semblait, sembler, paraître, avoir l'air

restore - restaurer, rétablir, rendre, restituer

somewhat - en quelque sorte, assez, quelque peu

senses - sens, acception, sentir

coolness - de la fraîcheur, frais

refreshment - un rafraîchissement, rafraîchissement

exhausted - épuisé, épuiser, échappement

"Good-day," said he. "You called me, didn't you?" And he fell, rather than sat down, on one of the seats which surrounded the table.

seats - sieges, place, siege, assise, séant, fond

surrounded - entouré, entourer, enceindre

"I called you because you were running like a madman, and I was afraid you would throw yourself into the sea," said Caderousse, laughing. "Why, when a man has friends, they are not only to offer him a glass of wine, but, moreover, to prevent his swallowing three or four pints of water unnecessarily!"

madman - fou, insensé

throw - lancer, jetent, jetez, jetons, mise bas

Moreover - de plus, en plus, au surplus, en outre

prevent - prévenir, empecher

swallowing - avaler

pints - pintes, chopine, chopine de lait, pinte, sérieux, q

unnecessarily - inutilement

Fernand gave a groan, which resembled a sob, and dropped his head into his hands, his elbows leaning on the table.

resembled - ressemblait, ressembler

sob - sanglot, fdp

elbows - coudes, coude, coup de coude, jouer des coudes

"Well, Fernand, I must say," said Caderousse, beginning the conversation, with that brutality of the common people in which curiosity destroys all diplomacy, "you look uncommonly like a rejected lover;" and he burst into a hoarse laugh.

brutality - brutalité

curiosity - curiosité

destroys - détruit, détruire, euthanasier

diplomacy - diplomatie

uncommonly - de maniere inhabituelle

rejected - rejetée, rejeter

lover - amante, amant, maîtresse

burst - l'éclatement, éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser

hoarse - rauque, rugueux

"Bah!" said Danglars, "a lad of his make was not born to be unhappy in love. You are laughing at him, Caderousse."

Bah - bah

lad - lad, garçon, gars, jeune homme, palefrenier

unhappy - malheureux, triste, mécontent

"No," he replied, "only hark how he sighs! Come, come, Fernand," said Caderousse, "hold up your head, and answer us. It's not polite not to reply to friends who ask news of your health."

Hark - hark

sighs - soupirs, soupirer

polite - polie, poli

"My health is well enough," said Fernand, clenching his hands without raising his head.

clenching - la crispation, serrer, prise (en main) ferme, poigne ferme

"Ah, you see, Danglars," said Caderousse, winking at his friend, "this is how it is; Fernand, whom you see here, is a good and brave Catalan, one of the best fishermen in Marseilles, and he is in love with a very fine girl, named Mercédès; but it appears, unfortunately, that the fine girl is in love with the mate of the Pharaon; and as the Pharaon arrived today"why, you understand!"

winking - clin d'oil, (wink) clin d'oil

fishermen - pecheurs, pecheur, pecheuse

unfortunately - malheureusement, malencontreusement

"No; I do not understand," said Danglars.

"Poor Fernand has been dismissed," continued Caderousse.

dismissed - licencié, renvoyer, limoger, licencier, démettre

"Well, and what then?" said Fernand, lifting up his head, and looking at Caderousse like a man who looks for someone on whom to vent his anger; "Mercédès is not accountable to any person, is she? Is she not free to love whomsoever she will?"

lifting - de levage, soulever

looks for - cherche

vent - évent

accountable - responsable

whomsoever - qui que ce soit

"Oh, if you take it in that sense," said Caderousse, "it is another thing. But I thought you were a Catalan, and they told me the Catalans were not men to allow themselves to be supplanted by a rival. It was even told me that Fernand, especially, was terrible in his vengeance."

themselves - eux-memes, se, eux-memes, elles-memes

supplanted - supplanté, supplanter, détrôner, déposer, dézinguer, renverser

rival - rival, rivale, rivaliser

vengeance - vengeance

Fernand smiled piteously. "A lover is never terrible," he said.

piteously - piteusement

"Poor fellow!" remarked Danglars, affecting to pity the young man from the bottom of his heart. "Why, you see, he did not expect to see Dantès return so suddenly"he thought he was dead, perhaps; or perchance faithless! These things always come on us more severely when they come suddenly."

affecting - affectant, affecter

pity - compassion, pitié, dommage, honte, plaindre, avoir pitié de

bottom - fond, bas, dessous, arriere-train, cul

perchance - par hasard

faithless - sans foi ni loi

severely - séverement

"Ah, ma foi, under any circumstances!" said Caderousse, who drank as he spoke, and on whom the fumes of the wine began to take effect,""under any circumstances Fernand is not the only person put out by the fortunate arrival of Dantès; is he, Danglars?"

circumstances - circonstances, circonstance

fumes - des fumées, fulminer

take effect - prendre effet

"No, you are right"and I should say that would bring him ill-luck."

"Well, never mind," answered Caderousse, pouring out a glass of wine for Fernand, and filling his own for the eighth or ninth time, while Danglars had merely sipped his. "Never mind"in the meantime he marries Mercédès"the lovely Mercédès"at least he returns to do that."

pouring out - qui se déverse

Eighth - huitieme, huitieme

ninth - neuvieme, neuvieme ('before the noun'), ('in names of monarchs and popes') neuf ('after the name') ('abbreviation' IX)

sipped - siroté, gorgée, siroter

meantime - entre-temps, pendant ce temps

marries - se marie, épouser, se marier

During this time Danglars fixed his piercing glance on the young man, on whose heart Caderousse's words fell like molten lead.

piercing - piercing, perçant, (pierce)

molten - fondu, incandescent, (melt), fondre (1), se dissoudre (2)

lead - du plomb

"And when is the wedding to be?" he asked.

"Oh, it is not yet fixed!" murmured Fernand.

"No, but it will be," said Caderousse, "as surely as Dantès will be captain of the Pharaon"eh, Danglars?"

surely - surement, surement, assurément

Danglars shuddered at this unexpected attack, and turned to Caderousse, whose countenance he scrutinized, to try and detect whether the blow was premeditated; but he read nothing but envy in a countenance already rendered brutal and stupid by drunkenness.

shuddered - a tremblé, tremblement, frisson, frissonner, trembler

unexpected - inattendu

attack - attaque, attaquer, apostropher, invectiver

scrutinized - examinés, scruter, dépouiller

detect - détecter, détectez, détectent, dénicher, détectons

whether - si, que, soit, si oui ou non

blow - souffler, soufflons, soufflent, soufflez, coup

envy - l'envie, envie, jalousie, convoitise, envier

rendered - rendu, rendre

brutal - brutal

drunkenness - l'ivresse, ébriété, ivresse

"Well," said he, filling the glasses, "let us drink to Captain Edmond Dantès, husband of the beautiful Catalane!"

drink to - boire a

Caderousse raised his glass to his mouth with unsteady hand, and swallowed the contents at a gulp. Fernand dashed his on the ground.

raised - soulevée, (sou)lever

unsteady - instable, branlant, fébrile

swallowed - avalé, avaler

gulp - gulp, gorgée, trait

dashed - en pointillés, tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter

ground - sol, foncierere, terre, terrain, (grind) sol

"Eh, eh, eh!" stammered Caderousse. "What do I see down there by the wall, in the direction of the Catalans? Look, Fernand, your eyes are better than mine. I believe I see double. You know wine is a deceiver; but I should say it was two lovers walking side by side, and hand in hand. Heaven forgive me, they do not know that we can see them, and they are actually embracing!"

double - double, sosie, doublon, doubler

deceiver - trompeur, trompeuse

actually - en fait, effectivement

Danglars did not lose one pang that Fernand endured.

pang - pang, douleur (soudaine)

endured - enduré, endurer, perdurer, supporter

"Do you know them, Fernand?" he said.

"Yes," was the reply, in a low voice. "It is Edmond and Mercédès!"

low - faible, inférieure

"Ah, see there, now!" said Caderousse; "and I did not recognize them! Hallo, Dantès! hello, lovely damsel! Come this way, and let us know when the wedding is to be, for Fernand here is so obstinate he will not tell us."

recognize - reconnaître, reconnaissons, homologuer, reconnaitre, retrouve

damsel - demoiselle, jeune femme, jeune fille

obstinate - obstiné

"Hold your tongue, will you?" said Danglars, pretending to restrain Caderousse, who, with the tenacity of drunkards, leaned out of the arbor. "Try to stand upright, and let the lovers make love without interruption. See, look at Fernand, and follow his example; he is well-behaved!"

Hold your tongue - Tenir sa langue

pretending - faire semblant, prétendre, prétendre a, feindre

restrain - retenir, contraignez, contraignons, gouverner, contrains

tenacity - la ténacité, ténacité

leaned out - se pencher

upright - debout, integre, montant

make love - faire l'amour

interruption - interruption

behaved - s'est-elle comportée, comporter


Fernand, probably excited beyond bearing, pricked by Danglars, as the bull is by the bandilleros, was about to rush out; for he had risen from his seat, and seemed to be collecting himself to dash headlong upon his rival, when Mercédès, smiling and graceful, lifted up her lovely head, and looked at them with her clear and bright eyes.

bearing - naissant, coussinet, (bear) naissant

pricked - piqué, piquer, percer

Bull - le taureau, taureau

rush - rush, ruée, affluence, gazer, galoper, bousculer

risen - ressuscité, augmenter, monter, lever

seat - siege, place, siege, assise, séant, fond

collecting - la collecte, collection, (collect) la collecte

Dash - dash, tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter

graceful - gracieux

lifted - soulevée, soulever

clear - clair, transparent, libre, dégagé, sans ambiguité, s'éclaircir

bright - lumineux, éclatant, clair

At this Fernand recollected her threat of dying if Edmond died, and dropped again heavily on his seat. Danglars looked at the two men, one after the other, the one brutalized by liquor, the other overwhelmed with love.

recollected - rappelée, se souvenir de

threat - menace

heavily - lourdement

liquor - l'alcool, spiritueux

overwhelmed - débordé, abreuver, accabler, envahir

"I shall get nothing from these fools," he muttered; "and I am very much afraid of being here between a drunkard and a coward. Here's an envious fellow making himself boozy on wine when he ought to be nursing his wrath, and here is a fool who sees the woman he loves stolen from under his nose and takes on like a big baby.

fools - des imbéciles, dinde, fou, bouffon, mat, duper, tromper

drunkard - ivrogne

coward - lâche, couard, couarde, poltron, poltronne

envious - envieux

boozy - alcoolisé

wrath - colere, fureur, courroux, ire, colere

stolen from - Voler de

takes on - prend

Yet this Catalan has eyes that glisten like those of the vengeful Spaniards, Sicilians, and Calabrians, and the other has fists big enough to crush an ox at one blow. Unquestionably, Edmond's star is in the ascendant, and he will marry the splendid girl"he will be captain, too, and laugh at us all, unless""a sinister smile passed over Danglars'lips""unless I take a hand in the affair," he added.

glisten - briller, reluire

vengeful - vengeur

Spaniards - les espagnols, Espagnol, Espagnole

Sicilians - les siciliens, sicilien, Sicilienne

Calabrians - les calabrais, calabrais

fists - poings, poing

crush - le coup de foudre, barricade, béguin, amourette, faible

ox - ox, boeuf

unquestionably - incontestablement

ascendant - ascendant

marry - se marier, marions, marient, épousez, mariez

splendid - splendide, fameux

affair - affaire, aventure, liaison

"Hallo!" continued Caderousse, half-rising, and with his fist on the table, "hallo, Edmond! do you not see your friends, or are you too proud to speak to them?"

fist - poing

"No, my dear fellow!" replied Dantès, "I am not proud, but I am happy, and happiness blinds, I think, more than pride."

blinds - des stores, aveugle, mal-voyant, mal-voyante, store, blind

pride - l'orgueil, orgueil, fierté

"Ah, very well, that's an explanation!" said Caderousse. "How do you do, Madame Dantès?"

explanation - explication

Madame - madame

Mercédès courtesied gravely, and said""That is not my name, and in my country it bodes ill fortune, they say, to call a young girl by the name of her betrothed before he becomes her husband. So call me Mercédès, if you please."

courtesied - courtisé, courtoisie, politesse, indulgence

bodes - bodes, présager

"We must excuse our worthy neighbor, Caderousse," said Dantès, "he is so easily mistaken."

"So, then, the wedding is to take place immediately, M. Dantès," said Danglars, bowing to the young couple.

bowing - s'incliner, (bow) s'incliner

couple - couple, paire, époux, quelques, deux ou trois., coupler

"As soon as possible, M. Danglars; today all preliminaries will be arranged at my father's, and tomorrow, or next day at latest, the wedding festival here at La RĂ©serve. My friends will be there, I hope; that is to say, you are invited, M. Danglars, and you, Caderousse."

preliminaries - préliminaires, préliminaire

arranged - arrangé, arranger, organiser

invited - invités, inviter (a)

"And Fernand," said Caderousse with a chuckle; "Fernand, too, is invited!"

chuckle - glousser

"My wife's brother is my brother," said Edmond; "and we, Mercédès and I, should be very sorry if he were absent at such a time."

absent - absente, absent

Fernand opened his mouth to reply, but his voice died on his lips, and he could not utter a word.

utter - l'utérus, émettre

"Today the preliminaries, tomorrow or next day the ceremony! You are in a hurry, captain!"

ceremony - cérémonie

"Danglars," said Edmond, smiling, "I will say to you as MercĂ©dès said just now to Caderousse, ˜Do not give me a title which does not belong to me'; that may bring me bad luck."

bad luck - la malchance

"Your pardon," replied Danglars, "I merely said you seemed in a hurry, and we have lots of time; the Pharaon cannot be under weigh again in less than three months."

weigh - peser, lever l’ancre

"We are always in a hurry to be happy, M. Danglars; for when we have suffered a long time, we have great difficulty in believing in good fortune. But it is not selfishness alone that makes me thus in haste; I must go to Paris."

suffered - souffert, souffrir, souffrir de, pâtir de, endurer

difficulty - difficulté

selfishness - l'égoisme, égocentrisme, égoisme

"Ah, really?"to Paris! and will it be the first time you have ever been there, Dantès?"


"Have you business there?"

"Not of my own; the last commission of poor Captain Leclere; you know to what I allude, Danglars"it is sacred. Besides, I shall only take the time to go and return."

commission - commission, commission d'agent immobilier, courtage, charger

"Yes, yes, I understand," said Danglars, and then in a low tone, he added, "To Paris, no doubt to deliver the letter which the grand marshal gave him. Ah, this letter gives me an idea"a capital idea! Ah; Dantès, my friend, you are not yet registered number one on board the good ship Pharaon;" then turning towards Edmond, who was walking away, "A pleasant journey," he cried.

tone - ton, tonalité, tonale

registered - enregistré, registre, inscription

"Thank you," said Edmond with a friendly nod, and the two lovers continued on their way, as calm and joyous as if they were the very elect of heaven.

nod - hochement de tete, dodeliner, hocher, hochement

Calm - calme, tranquille, calme plat, calmer, apaiser

elect - élu, élue, choisir, décider, élire

Chapter 4. Conspiracy

conspiracy - conspiration, complot

Danglars followed Edmond and Mercédès with his eyes until the two lovers disappeared behind one of the angles of Fort Saint Nicolas; then, turning round, he perceived Fernand, who had fallen, pale and trembling, into his chair, while Caderousse stammered out the words of a drinking-song.

disappeared - a disparu, disparaître

"Well, my dear sir," said Danglars to Fernand, "here is a marriage which does not appear to make everybody happy."

marriage - mariage, noces

appear - apparaître, sembler

"It drives me to despair," said Fernand.

despair - le désespoir, désespérer, désespoir

"Do you, then, love Mercédès?"

"I adore her!"

adore - adorer

"For long?"

"As long as I have known her"always."

"And you sit there, tearing your hair, instead of seeking to remedy your condition; I did not think that was the way of your people."

seeking - a la recherche, chercher

remedy - remede, remede, recours, remédier

"What would you have me do?" said Fernand.

"How do I know? Is it my affair? I am not in love with Mademoiselle Mercédès; but for you"in the words of the gospel, seek, and you shall find."

Mademoiselle - mademoiselle

gospel - l'évangile, évangile

"I have found already."


"I would stab the man, but the woman told me that if any misfortune happened to her betrothed, she would kill herself."

stab - poignard, piquer

kill - tuer, tuent, tuons, dézinguer, tuez

"Pooh! Women say those things, but never do them."

"You do not know Mercédès; what she threatens she will do."

Threatens - menace, menacer

"Idiot!" muttered Danglars; "whether she kill herself or not, what matter, provided Dantès is not captain?"

idiot - idiot, idiote

provided - fourni, fournir, procurer, pourvoir

"Before Mercédès should die," replied Fernand, with the accents of unshaken resolution, "I would die myself!"

accents - des accents, accent

unshaken - inébranlable

"That's what I call love!" said Caderousse with a voice more tipsy than ever. "That's love, or I don't know what love is."

tipsy - éméché, égayé, gris, pompette

"Come," said Danglars, "you appear to me a good sort of fellow, and hang me, I should like to help you, but"""

sort - tri, assortir, esrece, assortis, sorte

hang - pendre, planement

"Yes," said Caderousse, "but how?"

"My dear fellow," replied Danglars, "you are three parts drunk; finish the bottle, and you will be completely so. Drink then, and do not meddle with what we are discussing, for that requires all one's wit and cool judgment."

completely - completement, completement

meddle - s'immiscer, s'ingérer, se meler

requires - exige, exiger, demander, avoir besoin de, requérir, nécessiter

wit - wit, esprit

judgment - jugement, sentence, verdict, jugement dernier

"I"drunk!" said Caderousse; "well that's a good one! I could drink four more such bottles; they are no bigger than cologne flasks. Père Pamphile, more wine!"

Cologne - Cologne

flasks - flacons, flacon, flasque, fiole

And Caderousse rattled his glass upon the table.

rattled - secouée, (faire) cliqueter

"You were saying, sir""" said Fernand, awaiting with great anxiety the end of this interrupted remark.

anxiety - l'anxiété, anxiété, inquiétude, angoisse

remark - remarque, remarquent, remarquez, remarquons

"What was I saying? I forget. This drunken Caderousse has made me lose the thread of my sentence."

drunken - ivre

thread - fil, processus léger, exétron, fil de discussion, filer

"Drunk, if you like; so much the worse for those who fear wine, for it is because they have bad thoughts which they are afraid the liquor will extract from their hearts;" and Caderousse began to sing the two last lines of a song very popular at the time:

fear - peur, angoisse, craignent, crainte, crains, craignons

extract - extrait, extraire

hearts - des cours, coeur

˜Tous les mĂ©chants sont buveurs d'eau;

les - les, (LE) les

eau - eau

C'est bien prouvé par le déluge.'[1]

est - est, HNE, STA

par - par, égalité

le - LE

"You said, sir, you would like to help me, but"""

"Yes; but I added, to help you it would be sufficient that Dantès did not marry her you love; and the marriage may easily be thwarted, methinks, and yet Dantès need not die."

sufficient - suffisante, suffisant

thwarted - contrecarrée, contrecarrer, contrarier, banc

methinks - pensez-vous, il me semble

"Death alone can separate them," remarked Fernand.

separate - séparés, séparé, séparée, séparer

"You talk like a noodle, my friend," said Caderousse; "and here is Danglars, who is a wide-awake, clever, deep fellow, who will prove to you that you are wrong. Prove it, Danglars. I have answered for you. Say there is no need why Dantès should die; it would, indeed, be a pity he should. Dantès is a good fellow; I like Dantès. Dantès, your health."

Noodle - nouille, nouille(s)

wide - large

awake - éveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller

clever - habile, agile, adroit, adroite, talentueux, malin, intelligent

deep - profond, épais, grave, foncé, foncée, profondeurs

Prove - prouver, éprouvent, éprouvons, éprouvez, prouvent

Fernand rose impatiently. "Let him run on," said Danglars, restraining the young man; "drunk as he is, he is not much out in what he says. Absence severs as well as death, and if the walls of a prison were between Edmond and Mercédès they would be as effectually separated as if he lay under a tombstone."

rose - Rose, (rise)

restraining - de contention, (se) contenir/retenir

severs - severs, rompre, trancher, sectionner

prison - prison

effectually - efficacement

separated - séparée, séparé, séparer

lay - laique, pondre, pose

tombstone - pierre tombale


"Yes; but one gets out of prison," said Caderousse, who, with What sense was left him, listened eagerly to the conversation, "and when one gets out and one's name is Edmond Dantès, one seeks revenge"""

gets out - Sortir

What sense - Quel sens

seeks - cherche, chercher

revenge - la vengeance, vengeance, revanche, venger

"What matters that?" muttered Fernand.

matters - questions, matiere, affaire, question, cause

"And why, I should like to know," persisted Caderousse, "should they put Dantès in prison? he has neither robbed, nor killed, nor murdered."

persisted - persisté, persister

neither - ni l'un ni l'autre, aucun des deux, ni X ni Y, non plus

robbed - volé, voler, dévaliser

killed - tué, tuer

murdered - assassiné, meurtre, homicide, assassinat, occire

"Hold your tongue!" said Danglars.

"I won't hold my tongue!" replied Caderousse; "I say I want to know why they should put Dantès in prison; I like Dantès; Dantès, your health!" and he swallowed another glass of wine.


Danglars saw in the muddled look of the tailor the progress of his intoxication, and turning towards Fernand, said, "Well, you understand there is no need to kill him."

muddled - embrouillé, confondre, mélanger, embrouiller, rendre confus

progress - progres, progressent, progresser, progressons, progrés

intoxication - l'intoxication, intoxication

"Certainly not, if, as you said just now, you have the means of having Dantès arrested. Have you that means?"

arrested - arreté, arrestation, arreter

"It is to be found for the searching. But why should I meddle in the matter? it is no affair of mine."

searching - a la recherche, recherche, chercher, fouiller

"I know not why you meddle," said Fernand, seizing his arm; "but this I know, you have some motive of personal hatred against Dantès, for he who himself hates is never mistaken in the sentiments of others."

seizing - la saisie, emparant, (seize), saisir, emparer

motive - motif, mobile, theme, motiver, moteur, mouvant

sentiments - sentiments, sentiment

"I! motives of hatred against Dantès? None, on my word! I saw you were unhappy, and your unhappiness interested me; that's all; but since you believe I act for my own account, adieu, my dear friend, get out of the affair as best you may;" and Danglars rose as if he meant to depart.

motives - motivations, motif, mobile, theme, motiver

unhappiness - le malheur, tristesse, malheur

act for - agir pour

adieu - adieu, farewell

depart - partir, s’en aller, dévier, quitter

"No, no," said Fernand, restraining him, "stay! It is of very little consequence to me at the end of the matter whether you have any angry feeling or not against Dantès. I hate him! I confess it openly. Do you find the means, I will execute it, provided it is not to kill the man, for Mercédès has declared she will kill herself if Dantès is killed."

consequence - conséquence

confess - avouer, confesser

openly - ouvertement

execute - exécuter, mettre a mort

declared - déclarée, expliquer, déclarer

Caderousse, who had let his head drop on the table, now raised it, and looking at Fernand with his dull and fishy eyes, he said, "Kill Dantès! who talks of killing Dantès? I won't have him killed"I won't! He's my friend, and this morning offered to share his money with me, as I shared mine with him. I won't have Dantès killed"I won't!"

drop - chute, goutte, tomber

dull - émoussé, ennuyeux, barbant, mat, terne, sot, obtus

fishy - poissonneux, petit poisson, ichthyique, suspect

killing - tuer, meurtre, (kill) tuer

"And who has said a word about killing him, muddlehead?" replied Danglars. "We were merely joking; drink to his health," he added, filling Caderousse's glass, "and do not interfere with us."

muddlehead - tete de noeud

joking - plaisanter, plaisanterie, blague, joke

interfere - meler

"Yes, yes, Dantès'good health!" said Caderousse, emptying his glass, "here's to his health! his health"hurrah!"

emptying - vidange, vidant, (empty), vide, vider, cadavre

Hurrah - hourra !, hourra

"But the means"the means?" said Fernand.

"Have you not hit upon any?" asked Danglars.

hit upon - Draguer

"No!"you undertook to do so."

undertook - a entrepris, entreprendre

"True," replied Danglars; "the French have the superiority over the Spaniards, that the Spaniards ruminate, while the French invent."

French - français, tlangue française, t+Français

superiority - supériorité

ruminate - ruminer

invent - inventer

"Do you invent, then," said Fernand impatiently.

"Waiter," said Danglars, "pen, ink, and paper."

ink - encre

"Pen, ink, and paper," muttered Fernand.

"Yes; I am a supercargo; pen, ink, and paper are my tools, and without my tools I am fit for nothing."

tools - des outils, outil, mouton, façonner

fit for - adapté a

"Pen, ink, and paper, then," called Fernand loudly.

loudly - bruyamment, fort, a voix haute, a haute voix

"There's what you want on that table," said the waiter.

"Bring them here." The waiter did as he was desired.


"When one thinks," said Caderousse, letting his hand drop on the paper, "there is here wherewithal to kill a man more sure than if we waited at the corner of a wood to assassinate him! I have always had more dread of a pen, a bottle of ink, and a sheet of paper, than of a sword or pistol."

wherewithal - des moyens, moyens

wood - du bois, (de) bois

assassinate - assassiner

dread - peur, redouter, craindre, crainte

sheet - feuille, plaque, écoute

pistol - pistolet

"The fellow is not so drunk as he appears to be," said Danglars. "Give him some more wine, Fernand." Fernand filled Caderousse's glass, who, like the confirmed toper he was, lifted his hand from the paper and seized the glass.

confirmed - confirmée, confirmer

toper - toper, (top), dessus, sommet, couvercle, hune

The Catalan watched him until Caderousse, almost overcome by this fresh assault on his senses, rested, or rather dropped, his glass upon the table.

overcome - vaincre, surmonter, envahir

fresh - frais

assault - d'agression, assaut, agression, attaquer, agresser

rested - reposé, repos

"Well!" resumed the Catalan, as he saw the final glimmer of Caderousse's reason vanishing before the last glass of wine.

resumed - reprise, reprendre

glimmer - l'éclat, lueur, émettre une lueur

vanishing - en voie de disparition, (vanish), disparaître, s'évanouir

"Well, then, I should say, for instance," resumed Danglars, "that if after a voyage such as Dantès has just made, in which he touched at the Island of Elba, someone were to denounce him to the king's procureur as a Bonapartist agent"""

instance - instance

denounce - dénoncer

king - roi, dame

procureur - procureur

Bonapartist - Bonapartiste

"I will denounce him!" exclaimed the young man hastily.

"Yes, but they will make you then sign your declaration, and confront you with him you have denounced; I will supply you with the means of supporting your accusation, for I know the fact well. But Dantès cannot remain forever in prison, and one day or other he will leave it, and the day when he comes out, woe betide him who was the cause of his incarceration!"

sign - signe, signent, signez, placard, caractériser

declaration - déclaration

confront - confronter

denounced - dénoncé, dénoncer, qualifier

supply - l'approvisionnement, livraison, fournir, pourvoir, provision

supporting - appuyant, soutenant, (support) appuyant

accusation - accusation

forever - a jamais, pour toujours, éternellement, checktoujours

woe - tristesse, douleur, misere, malheur, hélas

incarceration - l'incarcération, incarcération

"Oh, I should wish nothing better than that he would come and seek a quarrel with me."

wish - souhait, souhaiter, espérer

"Yes, and Mercédès! Mercédès, who will detest you if you have only the misfortune to scratch the skin of her dearly beloved Edmond!"

detest - détester, mépriser

scratch - gratter, égratigner, piquer, rayer, biffer, oblitérer

Dearly - cherement

"True!" said Fernand.

"No, no," continued Danglars; "if we resolve on such a step, it would be much better to take, as I now do, this pen, dip it into this ink, and write with the left hand (that the writing may not be recognized) the denunciation we propose.

resolve - résoudre, résolvons, résolvent, résolvez

dip - trempette, immersion

recognized - reconnu, reconnaître

" And Danglars, uniting practice with theory, wrote with his left hand, and in a writing reversed from his usual style, and totally unlike it, the following lines, which he handed to Fernand, and which Fernand read in an undertone:

uniting - s'unir, adjoignant, liguant, unissant, englobant, (unit), unité

theory - théorie

reversed - inversé, faire marche arriere, inverser

totally - totalement

unlike - contrairement a, différent

undertone - sous-entendu, nuance

"The honorable, the king's attorney, is informed by a friend of the throne and religion, that one Edmond Dantès, mate of the ship Pharaon, arrived this morning from Smyrna, after having touched at Naples and Porto-Ferrajo, has been intrusted by Murat with a letter for the usurper, and by the usurper with a letter for the Bonapartist committee in Paris.

attorney - juriste, avocat, avocate, mandataire

informed - informé, informer, avertir (de)

throne - trône

religion - religion

usurper - usurpateur, usurpatrice

committee - de la commission, comité, commission

Proof of this crime will be found on arresting him, for the letter will be found upon him, or at his father's, or in his cabin on board the Pharaon."

Proof - la preuve, preuve, épreuve

crime - délit (max 10 years imprisonment according to law) crime (15 years and more) (nothing strictly between 10 and 15)

arresting - l'arrestation, arrestation, arreter

"Very good," resumed Danglars; "now your revenge looks like common sense, for in no way can it revert to yourself, and the matter will thus work its own way; there is nothing to do now but fold the letter as I am doing, and write upon it, ˜To the king's attorney,'and that's all settled." And Danglars wrote the address as he spoke.

revert to - revenir a

fold - plier, pliez, pli, plient, plions, plissons

address as - Comme

"Yes, and that's all settled!" exclaimed Caderousse, who, by a last effort of intellect, had followed the reading of the letter, and instinctively comprehended all the misery which such a denunciation must entail. "Yes, and that's all settled; only it will be an infamous shame;" and he stretched out his hand to reach the letter.

effort - l'effort, effort

comprehended - compris, comprendre

entail - impliquer, comporter

infamous - infâme

shame - la honte, honte, vergogne

stretched - étiré, étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

reach - atteindre, parviens, allonge, parvenir, préhension

"Yes," said Danglars, taking it from beyond his reach; "and as what I say and do is merely in jest, and I, amongst the first and foremost, should be sorry if anything happened to Dantès"the worthy Dantès"look here!" And taking the letter, he squeezed it up in his hands and threw it into a corner of the arbor.

jest - jest, plaisanter

amongst - entre, parmi

foremost - avant tout

look here - regarder ici

squeezed - pressé, presser, comprimer, tasser, serrer

threw - jeté, jeter, lancer

"All right!" said Caderousse. "Dantès is my friend, and I won't have him ill-used."

"And who thinks of using him ill? Certainly neither I nor Fernand," said Danglars, rising and looking at the young man, who still remained seated, but whose eye was fixed on the denunciatory sheet of paper flung into the corner.

denunciatory - dénonciateur

"In this case," replied Caderousse, "let's have some more wine. I wish to drink to the health of Edmond and the lovely Mercédès."

"You have had too much already, drunkard," said Danglars; "and if you continue, you will be compelled to sleep here, because unable to stand on your legs."

continue - continuer

compelled - contraint, contraindre, forcer, obliger

"I?" said Caderousse, rising with all the offended dignity of a drunken man, "I can't keep on my legs? Why, I'll wager I can go up into the belfry of the Accoules, and without staggering, too!"

offended - offensée, offenser, déplaire, blesser, fr

dignity - dignité, forme, rang

wager - pari, parier

belfry - le beffroi, beffroi

"Done!" said Danglars, "I'll take your bet; but tomorrow"today it is time to return. Give me your arm, and let us go."

bet - parier, paria, pariai, pari, parié, parions, pariez

"Very well, let us go," said Caderousse; "but I don't want your arm at all. Come, Fernand, won't you return to Marseilles with us?"

"No," said Fernand; "I shall return to the Catalans."

"You're wrong. Come with us to Marseilles"come along."

"I will not."

"What do you mean? you will not? Well, just as you like, my prince; there's liberty for all the world. Come along, Danglars, and let the young gentleman return to the Catalans if he chooses."

prince - prince

Danglars took advantage of Caderousse's temper at the moment, to take him off towards Marseilles by the Porte Saint-Victor, staggering as he went.

temper - caractere, tempérament, humeur, état d'esprit, recuit

porte - Porte

When they had advanced about twenty yards, Danglars looked back and saw Fernand stoop, pick up the crumpled paper, and putting it into his pocket then rush out of the arbor towards Pillon.

advanced - avancé, élever, avancer, avancée, progression, progres

stoop - s'arreter, s'incliner, incliner

pick - pioche, passeartout, choix, écran, prendre, cueillir, choisir

crumpled - froissé, chiffonner, froisser, se froisser, s'effondrer

Pocket - poche, empocher, de poche

"Well," said Caderousse, "why, what a lie he told! He said he was going to the Catalans, and he is going to the city. Hallo, Fernand! You are coming, my boy!"

lie - mentir, mensonge, mentez, gésir, gis, mentons

"Oh, you don't see straight," said Danglars; "he's gone right by the road to the Vieilles Infirmeries."

straight - droit, rectiligne, comme il faut, pur, pure, hétéro, tout droit

"Well," said Caderousse, "I should have sworn that he turned to the right"how treacherous wine is!"

sworn - assermenté, jurer

"Come, come," said Danglars to himself, "now the thing is at work and it will effect its purpose unassisted."

effect - effet, effets, effectuer

purpose - objectif, dgssein, dessein, finalité, but

unassisted - sans assistance

Chapter 5. The Marriage Feast

feast - la fete, délibéré

The morning's sun rose clear and resplendent, touching the foamy waves into a network of ruby-tinted light.

resplendent - resplendissante

foamy - mousseux

waves - des vagues, vague

network - tissus, réseau, réseau informatique, réseauter

ruby - rubis

tinted - teinté, nuance, teinte

The feast had been made ready on the second floor at La RĂ©serve, with whose arbor the reader is already familiar.

second floor - Le deuxieme étage

familiar - familier, esprit familier

The apartment destined for the purpose was spacious and lighted by a number of windows, over each of which was written in golden letters for some inexplicable reason the name of one of the principal cities of France; beneath these windows a wooden balcony extended the entire length of the house.

spacious - spacieux, ample, grand, logeable

inexplicable - inexplicable

principal - principal, directeur, directrice

France - la france, France

beneath - dessous

wooden - en bois, boisé, raide

balcony - balcon

entire - entiere, entier, entiere

Length - longueur, durée

And although the entertainment was fixed for twelve o'clock, an hour previous to that time the balcony was filled with impatient and expectant guests, consisting of the favored part of the crew of the Pharaon, and other personal friends of the bridegroom, the whole of whom had arrayed themselves in their choicest costumes, in order to do greater honor to the occasion.

entertainment - divertissement

previous - précédente, préalable

expectant - en attente, expectatif

guests - invités, invité, invitée, hôte, client

favored - favorisé, faveur, favoriser

bridegroom - l'époux, jeune marié, futur marié, futur époux

arrayed - en tableau, gamme, kyrielle, ribambelle, éventail, tableau

choicest - le plus choisi, choix, morceau de choix, de choix

costumes - des costumes, costume, déguisement

Various rumors were afloat to the effect that the owners of the Pharaon had promised to attend the nuptial feast; but all seemed unanimous in doubting that an act of such rare and exceeding condescension could possibly be intended.

various - divers

Rumors - rumeurs, rumeur, bruit

afloat - a flot, a flot

attend - assister, visiter, soigner

nuptial - nuptiale, nuptial

unanimous - a l'unanimité

doubting - douter, doutant, (doubt), doute

act - acte, loi, action, agir, faire, jouer, se comporter, faire (1)

exceeding - dépassant, excéder, dépasser

condescension - condescendance

Possibly - peut-etre, possiblement, peut-etre

intended - prévu, planifié, voulu, (intend), avoir l'intention

Danglars, however, who now made his appearance, accompanied by Caderousse, effectually confirmed the report, stating that he had recently conversed with M. Morrel, who had himself assured him of his intention to dine at La RĂ©serve.

stating - en déclarant, état, Etat, déclarer

recently - dernierement, récemment, ces derniers temps

In fact, a moment later M.

Morrel appeared and was saluted with an enthusiastic burst of applause from the crew of the Pharaon, who hailed the visit of the shipowner as a sure indication that the man whose wedding feast he thus delighted to honor would ere long be first in command of the ship; and as Dantès was universally beloved on board his vessel, the sailors put no restraint on their tumultuous joy at finding that the opinion and choice of their superiors so exactly coincided with their own.

saluted - salué, saluer, faire un salut

enthusiastic - enthousiaste

applause - applaudissements, applaudissement, acclamation

indication - indication

ere - ici

universally - universellement

restraint - la retenue, contention, frein, retenue

tumultuous - tumultuaire, tumultueux, tumultueuse, orageux

choice - choix, morceau de choix

exactly - exactement

coincided - ont coincidé, coincider

With the entrance of M. Morrel, Danglars and Caderousse were despatched in search of the bridegroom to convey to him the intelligence of the arrival of the important personage whose coming had created such a lively sensation, and to beseech him to Make haste.

search - recherche, chercher, fouiller

convey - transmettre, transporter, véhiculer, communiquer

intelligence - l'intelligence, intelligence, renseignements

lively - fringant, spirituel

sensation - sensation

beseech - prier, implorer, supplier

Make haste - Se hâter

Danglars and Caderousse set off upon their errand at full speed; but ere they had gone many steps they perceived a group advancing towards them, composed of the betrothed pair, a party of young girls in attendance on the bride, by whose side walked Dantès'father; the whole brought up by Fernand, whose lips wore their usual sinister smile.

set - set, Seth

errand - course, commission

Speed - la vitesse, galoper, vitesse

steps - étapes, pas

advancing - l'avancement, élever, avancer, avancée, progression

the betrothed - les fiancés

attendance - l'assiduité, présence

bride - mariée, fiancée, prétendu

Neither Mercédès nor Edmond observed the strange expression of his countenance; they were so happy that they were conscious only of the sunshine and the presence of each other.

observed - observée, observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

strange - étrange, anormal, inconnu, étranger

conscious - conscient

sunshine - soleil, lumiere du soleil

Having acquitted themselves of their errand, and exchanged a hearty shake of the hand with Edmond, Danglars and Caderousse took their places beside Fernand and old Dantès,"the latter of whom attracted universal notice.

acquitted - acquittée, innocenter

exchanged - échangé, (é)changer

hearty - cordial, copieux

shake - secouer, agiter, se serrer la main, secousse

attracted - attiré, attirer

universal - universel

notice - remarquer, notification, préavis, s'apercevoir

The old man was attired in a suit of glistening watered silk, trimmed with steel buttons, beautifully cut and polished. His thin but wiry legs were arrayed in a pair of richly embroidered clocked stockings, evidently of English manufacture, while from his three-cornered hat depended a long streaming knot of white and blue ribbons.

attired in - habiller

glistening - scintillant, reluire

silk - soie

trimmed - rognée, tailler, compenser, compensation, compensateur, assiette

steel - l'acier, acier

beautifully - magnifique

polished - polie, polonais

embroidered - brodée, broder

stockings - bas

evidently - évidemment, de toute évidence, manifestement

manufacture - fabrication, production, produit, fabriquer, produire

cornered - coincé, coin, rencogner, piéger, acculer

depended - dépendait, dépendre, pendre

streaming - streaming, (stream), ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant

knot - noud, nodale

ribbons - rubans, ruban

Thus he came along, supporting himself on a curiously carved stick, his aged countenance lit up with happiness, looking for all the world like one of the aged dandies of 1796, parading the newly opened gardens of the Luxembourg and Tuileries.

curiously - curieusement

stick - bâton, canne, stick

dandies - dandys, dandy, tres bien

parading - défiler, défilé

newly - nouvellement, récemment

Luxembourg - le luxembourg, Luxembourg

Beside him glided Caderousse, whose desire to partake of the good things provided for the wedding party had induced him to become reconciled to the Dantès, father and son, although there still lingered in his mind a faint and unperfect recollection of the events of the preceding night; just as the brain retains on waking in the morning the dim and misty outline of a dream.

partake - participer

induced - induite, induire

reconciled - réconciliés, réconcilier, concilier

faint - évanouissement, s'évanouir, défailles, défaillez, défaillir

unperfect - imparfaites

recollection - mémoire

preceding - précédent, précéder

retains - conserve, retenir, conserver, maintenir

dim - dim, faible, vague

misty - brumeux

outline - les grandes lignes, contour, silhouette, esquisse, aperçu

dream - reve, reve, songe, voeu


As Danglars approached the disappointed lover, he cast on him a look of deep meaning, while Fernand, as he slowly paced behind the happy pair, who seemed, in their own unmixed content, to have entirely forgotten that such a being as himself existed, was pale and abstracted; occasionally, however, a deep flush would overspread his countenance, and a nervous contraction distort his features, while, with an agitated and restless gaze, he would glance in the direction of Marseilles, like one who either anticipated or foresaw some great and important event.

disappointed - déçue, décevoir, désappointer

existed - a existé, exister

abstracted - abstraites, résumé, abstrait

Occasionally - occasionnellement

flush - la chasse d'eau, vidanger, rougeur

overspread - se répandre

nervous - nerveux

contraction - contraction

distort - déformer, distordre

features - caractéristiques, caractéristique, particularité, spécialité

gaze - regard, fixer

either - chaque, non plus, ou, soit

anticipated - anticipée, anticiper, prévoir

foresaw - prévoyait, prévoir, anticiper

Dantès himself was simply, but becomingly, clad in the dress peculiar to the merchant service"a costume somewhat between a military and a civil garb; and with his fine countenance, radiant with joy and happiness, a more perfect specimen of manly beauty could scarcely be imagined.

Simply - tout simplement, simplement

becomingly - de maniere élégante

clad - vetu, nippé, (clothe), vetir, habiller

merchant - marchand, marchande

military - militaire (1, 2), armée, troupes

civil - civile, civil

garb - vetements

radiant with joy - rayonnant de joie

more perfect - plus parfaite

specimen - spécimen, exemple

manly - viril

beauty - la beauté, beauté

Lovely as the Greek girls of Cyprus or Chios, Mercédès boasted the same bright flashing eyes of jet, and ripe, round, coral lips. She moved with the light, free step of an Arlesienne or an Andalusian.

Greek - grec, grecque, grecques

Cyprus - chypre

Chios - chios, Chio

boasted - se vanter (de)

ripe - mur, pruine

coral - corail, corallien

Andalusian - andalouse, andalou, Andaloue, Pure race espagnole

One more practiced in the arts of great cities would have hid her blushes beneath a veil, or, at least, have cast down her thickly fringed lashes, so as to have concealed the liquid lustre of her animated eyes; but, on the contrary, the delighted girl looked around her with a smile that seemed to say: "If you are my friends, rejoice with me, for I am very happy."

hid - caché, (hide) caché

blushes - des fards a joues, rougeur

veil - voile, voiler

thickly - épais, épaissement

fringed - a franges, frange, périphérie, radicaux

lashes - cils, cil

liquid - liquide

lustre - l'éclat, lustre, éclat

animated - animée, animé, animer

contrary - contraire, contrepied

rejoice - se réjouir, réjouir

As soon as the bridal party came in sight of La Réserve, M. Morrel descended and came forth to meet it, followed by the soldiers and sailors there assembled, to whom he had repeated the promise already given, that Dantès should be the successor to the late Captain Leclere. Edmond, at the approach of his patron, respectfully placed the arm of his affianced bride within that of M.

descended - descendu, descendre

forth - avant, en avant

soldiers - soldats, soldat, mouillette

assembled - assemblés, assembler, rassembler

successor - successeur, successeuse, successrice

patron - patron, mécene, client

respectfully - respectueusement

Morrel, who, forthwith conducting her up the flight of wooden steps leading to the chamber in which the feast was prepared, was gayly followed by the guests, beneath whose heavy tread the slight structure creaked and groaned for the space of several minutes.

forthwith - immédiatement, aussitôt, séance tenante, de ce pas

conducting - la conduite, comportement, conduite, se comporter, conduire

leading - dirigeante, (lead) dirigeante

chamber - chambre, piece, salle

gayly - gayly

heavy - lourd, emporté

tread - la bande de roulement, piétiner, escabeau

structure - structure

creaked - a grincé, craquement, craquer

groaned - gémi, râle, râlement, gémissement, grognement, grondement

several - plusieurs

"Father," said Mercédès, stopping when she had reached the centre of the table, "sit, I pray you, on my right hand; on my left I will place him who has ever been as a brother to me," pointing with a soft and gentle smile to Fernand; but her words and look seemed to inflict the direst torture on him, for his lips became ghastly pale, and even beneath the dark hue of his complexion the blood might be seen retreating as though some sudden pang drove it back to the heart.

soft - souple, moelleux, alcoolsans, mou, doux

gentle - gentil, doux

inflict - infliger

direst - le plus direct, funeste, sinistre, pressant, extreme, terrible

torture - la torture, torture, torturer

ghastly - épouvantable, effrayant, affreux, horrible

hue - teinte, nuance

retreating - se retirer, battre en retraite

sudden - soudain, soudaine, subit

During this time, Dantès, at the opposite side of the table, had been occupied in similarly placing his most honored guests. M. Morrel was seated at his right hand, Danglars at his left; while, at a sign from Edmond, the rest of the company ranged themselves as they found it most agreeable.

opposite side - du côté opposé

similarly - de la meme maniere

honored - honoré, honneur, honorer

ranged - rangé, chaîne (de montagnes), cuisiniere, sélection, gamme

Then they began to pass around the dusky, piquant, Arlesian sausages, and lobsters in their dazzling red cuirasses, prawns of large size and brilliant color, the echinus with its prickly outside and dainty morsel within, the clovis, esteemed by the epicures of the South as more than rivalling the exquisite flavor of the oyster, North.

dusky - crépusculaire

piquant - piquant

sausages - saucisses, saucisse, saucisson

lobsters - des homards, homard

cuirasses - cuirasses, cuirasse

prawns - des crevettes, crevette rose

large size - grande taille

brilliant - brillante, brillant, perle

echinus - echinus

prickly - épineux, irritable, irascible

dainty - délicate, délicat, mignon

morsel - morceau

esteemed - estimé, estime, respect, respecter

rivalling - en rivalité, (rival), rival, rivale, rivaliser

exquisite - exquis

flavor of - la saveur de

oyster - huître, huitre, sot-l’y-laisse

All the delicacies, in fact, that are cast up by the wash of waters on the sandy beach, and styled by the grateful fishermen "fruits of the sea."

delicacies - délices, délicatesse, gourmandise

sandy beach - une plage de sable

"A pretty silence truly!" said the old father of the bridegroom, as he carried to his lips a glass of wine of the hue and brightness of the topaz, and which had just been placed before Mercédès herself. "Now, would anybody think that this room contained a happy, merry party, who desire nothing better than to laugh and dance the hours away?"

silence - le silence, silence

brightness - brillance, luminosité, intelligence

topaz - topaze

Anybody - quelqu'un, n’importe qui (1), checkn’importe qui (2

contained - contenu, contenir

merry - joyeux, gai, heureuse, jovial

"Ah," sighed Caderousse, "a man cannot always feel happy because he is about to be married."

sighed - soupiré, soupirer

"The truth is," replied Dantès, "that I am too happy for noisy mirth; if that is what you meant by your observation, my worthy friend, you are right; joy takes a strange effect at times, it seems to oppress us almost the same as sorrow."

truth - la vérité, vérité

noisy - bruyante, bruyant, tonitruant

mirth - l'humour, gaieté

observation - observation, remarque

oppress - opprimer, oppresser

Danglars looked towards Fernand, whose excitable nature received and betrayed each fresh impression.

excitable - excitable

nature - nature

received - reçu, recevoir

betrayed - trahi, trahir, livrer

impression - impression

"Why, what ails you?" asked he of Edmond. "Do you fear any approaching evil? I should say that you were the happiest Man alive at this instant."

Man alive - Un homme en vie

instant - instantanée, moment

"And that is the very thing that alarms me," returned Dantès. "Man does not appear to me to be intended to enjoy felicity so unmixed; happiness is like the enchanted palaces we read of in our childhood, where fierce, fiery dragons defend the entrance and approach; and monsters of all shapes and kinds, requiring to be overcome ere victory is ours.

alarms - alarmes, alarme, réveille-matin, réveil, alarmer, fr

Felicity - felicity, Félicité

enchanted - enchantée, enchanter

palaces - des palais, palais

childhood - l'enfance, enfance

fiery - ardente, ardent, brulant, flamboyant, enflammé

dragons - des dragons, dragon

defend - défendre

monsters - des monstres, monstre, bete, monstrueux

shapes - formes, forme

requiring - exigeant, requérant, (require), exiger, demander

victory - victoire

I own that I am lost in wonder to find myself promoted to an honor of which I feel myself unworthy"that of being the husband of Mercédès."

wonder - merveille, se demander, conjecturer

promoted - promu, promouvoir, faire la promotion de.

unworthy - indigne

"Nay, nay!" cried Caderousse, smiling, "you have not attained that honor yet. Mercédès is not yet your wife. Just assume the tone and manner of a husband, and see how she will remind you that your hour is not yet come!"

Nay - nay, ou plutôt, voire, que dis-je

attained - atteint, atteindre

assume - supposer, présupposer, présumer, assumer, adopter, prendre

remind - rappeler

The bride blushed, while Fernand, restless and uneasy, seemed to start at every fresh sound, and from time to time wiped away the large drops of perspiration that gathered on his brow.

uneasy - mal a l'aise, inquiet

drops - gouttes, goutte

gathered - rassemblés, rassembler, ramasser, recueillir

"Well, never mind that, neighbor Caderousse; it is not worthwhile to contradict me for such a trifle as that. 'Tis true that Mercédès is not actually my wife; but," added he, drawing out his watch, "in an hour and a half she will be."

worthwhile - qui en vaut la peine, de valeur, valant la peine

contradict - contredire

trifle - bagatelle, broutille, babiole, bricole

A general exclamation of surprise ran round the table, with the exception of the elder Dantès, whose laugh displayed the still perfect beauty of his large white teeth. Mercédès looked pleased and gratified, while Fernand grasped the handle of his knife with a convulsive clutch.

exclamation - exclamation

exception - exception

gratified - gratifié, gratifier

grasped - saisi, saisir, agripper, comprendre

handle - poignée, crosse, manions, traiter, manient, maniez

convulsive - convulsif

clutch - embrayage, agriffons, couplage, saisir, agriffez, agriffent

"In an hour?" inquired Danglars, turning pale. "How is that, my friend?"

"Why, thus it is," replied Dantès. "Thanks to the influence of M. Morrel, to whom, next to my father, I owe every blessing I enjoy, every difficulty has been removed. We have purchased permission to waive the usual delay; and at half-past two o'clock the Mayor of Marseilles will be waiting for us at the city hall.

influence - influence, influencer, influer

blessing - la bénédiction, bénédiction, grâce, troupeau, harde

removed - supprimée, enlever

purchased - achetée, achat, acquisition, acheter

waive - renoncer (a)

mayor - maire, mairesse, bourgmestre

hall - couloir, corridor, salle, salon, manoir, foyer

Now, as a quarter-past one has already struck, I do not consider I have asserted too much in saying, that, in another hour and thirty minutes Mercédès will have become Madame Dantès."

struck - frappé, biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre

Consider - envisager, considérer, examiner, réfléchir, songer

asserted - affirmée, affirmer, attester, asseoir


Fernand closed his eyes, a burning sensation passed across his brow, and he was compelled to support himself by the table to prevent his falling from his chair; but in spite of all his efforts, he could not refrain from uttering a deep groan, which, however, was lost amid the noisy felicitations of the company.

support - soutien, soutenez, appuyez, appuyons, appuyent, soutiens

efforts - efforts, effort

refrain from - s'abstenir

uttering - prononcer, (utter) prononcer

amid - amid, au milieu de, parmi, entre

"Upon my word," cried the old man, "you make short work of this kind of affair. Arrived here only yesterday morning, and married today at three o'clock! Commend me to a sailor for going the quick way to work!"

only yesterday - Hier seulement

commend - féliciter, recommander

"But," asked Danglars, in a timid tone, "how did you manage about the other formalities"the contract"the settlement?"

timid - timide, craintif

manage - gérer, ménager, diriger, manier, parvenir, réussir, accomplir

formalities - des formalités, formalité

contract - contrat, contractez, contractent, contractons

settlement - reglement, reglement, solution, colonie, agglomération

"The contract," answered Dantès, laughingly, "it didn't take long to fix that. Mercédès has no fortune; I have none to settle on her. So, you see, our papers were quickly written out, and certainly do not come very expensive." This joke elicited a fresh burst of applause.

laughingly - en riant

Fix - réparer, fixer, préparer, truquer, tricher, réparation, dose

written out - écrit

joke - plaisanterie, blague, joke, raté

elicited - suscitée, susciter, causer, réaliser, obtenir, raisonner

"So that what we presumed to be merely the betrothal feast turns out to be the actual wedding dinner!" said Danglars.

presumed - présumée, présumer, supposer

betrothal - les fiançailles, accordailles, fiançailles

actual - réel, effectif, checkeffectif, checkprésent

"No, no," answered Dantès; "don't imagine I am going to put you off in that shabby manner. Tomorrow morning I start for Paris; four days to go, and the same to return, with one day to discharge the commission entrusted to me, is all the time I shall be absent. I shall be back here by the first of March, and on the second I give my real marriage feast."

shabby - râpé, usé, élimé, miteux, minable

start for - pour commencer

discharge - décharge, licenciement, débit

entrusted - confiés, confier

be absent - etre absent

This prospect of fresh festivity redoubled the hilarity of the guests to such a degree, that the elder Dantès, who, at the commencement of the repast, had commented upon the silence that prevailed, now found it difficult, amid the general din of voices, to obtain a moment's tranquillity in which to drink to the health and prosperity of the bride and bridegroom.

prospect - prospect, perspective, prospecter

festivity - festivité, réjouissances

redoubled - redoublée, redoubler

hilarity - l'hilarité, hilarité

degree - diplôme, degré, ordre

commencement - l'inauguration, commencement, début

repast - repas

commented - commenté, commentaire, remarque

din - din, vacarme

voices - voix

obtain - obtenir, se procurer, réussir, avoir succes, s'établir

tranquillity - la tranquillité, tranquillité

prosperity - la prospérité, prospérité

Dantès, perceiving the affectionate eagerness of his father, responded by a look of grateful pleasure; while Mercédès glanced at the clock and made an expressive gesture to Edmond.

perceiving - percevoir, apercevant, (perceive)

affectionate - affectueux

responded - a répondu, répondre

glanced - a glissé, jeter un coup d’oil, coup d'oil

expressive - expressif

Around the table reigned that noisy hilarity which usually prevails at such a time among people sufficiently free from the demands of social position not to feel the trammels of etiquette. Such as at the commencement of the repast had not been able to seat themselves according to their inclination rose unceremoniously, and sought out more agreeable companions.

reigned - régnait, regne, régner

prevails - l'emporte, dominer, prévaloir, l'emporter, prédominer

sufficiently - suffisamment

demands - demandes, demande, exigence, exiger

social - sociale, social

trammels - les trémails, crémaillere

etiquette - l'étiquette, étiquette

inclination - inclinaison, checktendance

unceremoniously - sans cérémonie

sought - recherchée, chercher

Companions - compagnons, compagnon, compagne

Everybody talked at once, without waiting for a reply and each one seemed to be contented with expressing his or her own thoughts.

contented - satisfait

Fernand's paleness appeared to have communicated itself to Danglars. As for Fernand himself, he seemed to be enduring the tortures of the damned; unable to rest, he was among the first to quit the table, and, as though seeking to avoid the hilarious mirth that rose in such deafening sounds, he continued, in utter silence, to pace the farther end of the salon.

paleness - pâleur

communicated - communiquée, communiquer, communier

itself - elle-meme, se, soi-meme

enduring - durable, endurer, perdurer, supporter

tortures - tortures, torture, torturer

damned - foutu, maudit, condamné, (damn), condamner, réprouver

quit - démissionner, quittons, quittez, démissioner, quittent

avoid - éviter, fuir

hilarious - hilarant

deafening - assourdissante, assourdissant, (deafen), assourdir

pace - rythme, pas

salon - salon, salon de coiffure, salon de beauté, institut de beauté

Caderousse approached him just as Danglars, whom Fernand seemed most anxious to avoid, had joined him in a corner of the room.

"Upon my word," said Caderousse, from whose mind the friendly treatment of Dantès, united with the effect of the excellent wine he had partaken of, had effaced every feeling of envy or jealousy at Dantès'good fortune,""upon my word, Dantès is a downright good fellow, and when I see him sitting there beside his pretty wife that is so soon to be.

treatment - traitement

United - unis, unir

excellent - excellent

partaken - participé, participer

effaced - effacé, effacer, s'effacer

downright - franchement, vraiment, carrément

I cannot help thinking it would have been a great pity to have served him that trick you were planning yesterday."

trick - tour, astuce, truc, rench: t-needed r, pli, levée, quart, duper

"Oh, there was No harm meant," answered Danglars; "at first I certainly did feel somewhat uneasy as to what Fernand might be tempted to do; but when I saw how completely he had mastered his feelings, even so far as to become one of his rival's attendants, I knew there was no further cause for apprehension." Caderousse looked full at Fernand"he was ghastly pale.

No harm meant - Il n'y a pas de mal

be tempted - etre tenté

mastered - maîtrisée, maître/-tresse

feelings - sentiments

further - encourager, ultérieur, plus loin, de plus, (furth)

"Certainly," continued Danglars, "the sacrifice was no trifling one, when the beauty of the bride is concerned. Upon my soul, that future captain of mine is a lucky dog! Gad! I only wish he would let me take his place."

sacrifice - sacrifier, sacrifice, offrande

concerned - préoccupé, inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation

soul - âme

lucky - chanceux, heureux, veinard, fortuné

Gad - gad, vadrouiller

"Shall we not set forth?" asked the sweet, silvery voice of Mercédès; "two o'clock has just struck, and you know we are expected in a quarter of an hour."

set forth - Mettre en avant

sweet - doux, doucement, friandise, bonbon, sucreries

silvery - argenté, argentin

expected - attendue, attendre, s'attendre a


"To be sure!"to be sure!" cried Dantès, eagerly quitting the table; "let us go directly!"

quitting - démissionner, quitter, abandonner

His words were re-echoed by the whole party, with vociferous cheers.

echoed - en écho, écho

vociferous - vociférant

Cheers - a votre santé, a plus, salut, ciao

At this moment Danglars, who had been incessantly observing every change in Fernand's look and manner, saw him stagger and fall back, with an almost convulsive spasm, against a seat placed near one of the open windows.

incessantly - sans cesse

stagger - tituber, (stag), cerf, bouf

fall back - se replier

spasm - spasme

At the same instant his ear caught a sort of indistinct sound on the stairs, followed by the measured tread of soldiery, with the clanking of swords and military accoutrements; then came a hum and buzz as of many voices, so as to deaden even the noisy mirth of the bridal party, among whom a vague feeling of curiosity and apprehension quelled every disposition to talk, and almost instantaneously the most deathlike stillness prevailed.

caught - pris, prise, touche, loquet, loqueteau, verrou, hic, couille

indistinct - indistinct

stairs - escaliers, marche, escalier, volée

measured - mesurée, mesure, mesurer

clanking - cliquetis, (clank) cliquetis

swords - épées, épée, glaive, épéiste

Hum - hum, fredonner, bourdonner, fourmiller

buzz - buzz, coup de fil, bourdonner, raser, tondre

deaden - mort, endormir, assourdir, isoler

quelled - étouffée, réprimer

disposition - disposition, tempérament

instantaneously - instantanément

stillness - l'immobilité, calme, immobilité

The sounds drew nearer. Three blows were struck upon the panel of the door. The company looked at each other in consternation.

blows - coups, (blow) coups

panel - panel, panneau, table ronde, case, vignette, g

consternation - consternation, sidération, accablement, prostration

"I demand admittance," said a loud voice outside the room, "in the name of the law!" As no attempt was made to prevent it, the door was opened, and a magistrate, wearing his official scarf, presented himself, followed by four soldiers and a corporal. Uneasiness now yielded to the most extreme dread on the part of those present.

demand - demande, exigence, exiger

loud - bruyante, fort

magistrate - magistrat

official - officielle, officiel, cadre, fonctionnaire

scarf - écharpe, cache nez, éventé, fichu, foulard

corporal - caporal, cabot

yielded - cédé, céder

"May I venture to inquire the reason of this unexpected visit?" said M. Morrel, addressing the magistrate, whom he evidently knew; "there is doubtless some mistake easily explained."

Venture - venture, s'aventurer, risquer, oser

doubtless - sans doute, sans aucun doute, sans nul doute, indubitablement

"If it be so," replied the magistrate, "rely upon every reparation being made; meanwhile, I am the bearer of an order of arrest, and although I most reluctantly perform the task assigned me, it must, nevertheless, be fulfilled. Who among the persons here assembled answers to the name of Edmond Dantès?"

reparation - réparation

Meanwhile - pendant ce temps

arrest - l'arrestation, arrestation, arreter

reluctantly - a contrecour

perform - exécuter, performer, jouer ('actor'), danser ('dancer')

assigned - assigné, désigner, assigner, attribuer

nevertheless - néanmoins, toutefois, pourtant, malgré tout

fulfilled - satisfaits, accomplir

Every eye was turned towards the young man who, spite of the agitation he could not but feel, advanced with dignity, and said, in a firm voice:

agitation - l'agitation, agitation

"I am he; what is your pleasure with me?"

"Edmond Dantès," replied the magistrate, "I arrest you in the name of the law!"

"Me!" repeated Edmond, slightly changing color, "and wherefore, I pray?"

slightly - légerement, finement, délicatement, légerement

wherefore - pourquoi, d'ou

"I cannot inform you, but you will be duly acquainted with the reasons that have rendered such a step necessary at the preliminary examination."

inform - informer, renseignent, faire savoir, renseignons, informez

duly - dument, dument, ponctuellement

necessary - nécessaire

preliminary examination - examen préliminaire

M. Morrel felt that further resistance or remonstrance was useless. He saw before him an officer delegated to enforce the law, and perfectly well knew that it would be as unavailing to seek pity from a magistrate decked with his official scarf, as to address a petition to some cold marble effigy. Old Dantès, however, sprang forward.

resistance - résistance

useless - inutile, inutilisable, bon a rien

officer - agent, fonctionnaire, officier, officiere

delegated - déléguée, délégué, déléguer

enforce - faire respecter, renforcer, intensifier, imposer, obliger

perfectly - parfaitement

unavailing - sans succes

decked - en pontée, pont

petition - pétition, pétitionner

marble - marbre, bille, grillot, marbrer

effigy - effigie

There are situations which the heart of a father or a mother cannot be made to understand. He prayed and supplicated in terms so moving, that even the officer was touched, and, although firm in his duty, he kindly said, "My worthy friend, let me beg of you to calm your apprehensions.

prayed - prié, prier

supplicated - supplié, supplier

terms - conditions, peine, mandat, période

Your son has probably neglected some prescribed form or attention in registering his cargo, and it is more than probable he will be set at liberty directly he has given the information required, whether touching the health of his crew, or the value of his freight."

neglected - négligé, négliger, négligence

prescribed - prescrite, prescrire, indiquer, ordonner

attention - attention, attentions, garde a vous

registering - s'inscrire, registre, inscription

required - nécessaires, exiger, demander, avoir besoin de, requérir

value - valeur, évaluer, valoriser

freight - le fret, fret

"What is the meaning of all this?" inquired Caderousse, frowningly, of Danglars, who had assumed an air of utter surprise.

Frowningly - en fronçant les sourcils


"How can I tell you?" replied he; "I am, like yourself, utterly bewildered at all that is going on, and cannot in the least make out what it is about." Caderousse then looked around for Fernand, but he had disappeared.

utterly - tout a fait

bewildered - déconcertés, abasourdir, confondre, déconcerter, dérouter

The scene of the previous night now came back to his mind with startling clearness. The painful catastrophe he had just witnessed appeared effectually to have rent away the veil which the intoxication of the evening before had raised between himself and his memory.

scene - scene, scene, scene de ménage

clearness - clarté

painful - douloureux, laborieux

catastrophe - catastrophe

witnessed - témoins, témoignage, témoin, preuve, témoigner

rent - loyer, louez, louons, arrentez, accensons

memory - mémoire, souvenir

"So, so," said he, in a hoarse and choking voice, to Danglars, "this, then, I suppose, is a part of the trick you were concerting yesterday? All I can say is, that if it be so, 'tis an ill turn, and well deserves to bring double evil on those who have projected it."

choking - l'étouffement, suffoquer, étouffer

deserves - mérite, mériter

"Nonsense," returned Danglars, "I tell you again I have nothing whatever to do with it; besides, you know very well that I tore the paper to pieces."

nonsense - des absurdités, betise, absurdité, sottise (s)

whatever - quoi qu'il en soit, quel que soit, n'importe quel

tore - a la déchirure

"No, you did not!" answered Caderousse, "you merely threw it by"I saw it lying in a corner."

lying - gisant, sis, mentant, (lie) gisant

"Hold your tongue, you fool!"what should you know about it?"why, you were drunk!"

fool - idiot, dinde, fou, bouffon, mat, duper, tromper

"Where is Fernand?" inquired Caderousse.

"How do I know?" replied Danglars; "gone, as every prudent man ought to be, to look after his own affairs, most likely. Never mind where he is, let you and I go and see what is to be done for our poor friends."

Prudent - prudent

Likely - probable

During this conversation, Dantès, after having exchanged a cheerful shake of the hand with all his sympathizing friends, had surrendered himself to the officer sent to arrest him, merely saying, "Make yourselves quite easy, my good fellows, there is some little mistake to clear up, that's all, depend upon it; and very likely I may not have to go so far as the prison to effect that."

cheerful - joyeux, content, de bonne humeur

sympathizing - sympathiser, compatir, apitoyer

surrendered - s'est rendu, capituler, rendre

fellows - des camarades, homme, type

clear up - s'éclaircir

Depend - dépendre


"Oh, to be sure!" responded Danglars, who had now approached the group, "nothing more than a mistake, I feel quite certain."

Dantès descended the staircase, preceded by the magistrate, and followed by the soldiers. A carriage awaited him at the door; he got in, followed by two soldiers and the magistrate, and the vehicle drove off towards Marseilles.

preceded - précédé, précéder

carriage - transport, rench: t-needed r, carrosse, port, chariot

vehicle - véhicule, moyen de transport

"Adieu, adieu, dearest Edmond!" cried Mercédès, stretching out her arms to him from the balcony.

stretching - l'étirement, étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

The prisoner heard the cry, which sounded like the sob of a broken heart, and leaning from the coach he called out, "Good-bye, Mercédès"we shall soon meet again!" Then the vehicle disappeared round one of the turnings of Fort Saint Nicholas.

prisoner - prisonnier, prisonniere

coach - entraîneur, coche, voiture, entraineur, entraineuse, autocar

Good-bye - (Good-bye) Au revoir

meet again - se revoir

"Wait for me here, all of you!" cried M. Morrel; "I will take the first conveyance I find, and hurry to Marseilles, whence I will bring you word how all is going on."

"That's right!" exclaimed a multitude of voices, "go, and return as quickly as you can!"

multitude - multitude

This second departure was followed by a long and fearful state of terrified silence on the part of those who were left behind. The old father and Mercédès remained for some time apart, each absorbed in grief; but at length the two poor victims of the same blow raised their eyes, and with a simultaneous burst of feeling rushed into each other's arms.

departure - départ, déviation

fearful - effrayant, redoutable, peureux, craintif, terrible, affreux

state - l'État

apart - a part, séparé, séparément, a part, en morceaux, en pieces

absorbed in - absorbée

grief - le chagrin, douleur, peine

at length - longuement

victims - victimes, victime

simultaneous - simultanées

Meanwhile Fernand made his appearance, poured out for himself a glass of water with a trembling hand; then hastily swallowing it, went to sit down at the first vacant place, and this was, by mere chance, placed next to the seat on which poor Mercédès had fallen half fainting, when released from the warm and affectionate embrace of old Dantès. Instinctively Fernand drew back his chair.

poured out - versée

vacant - vacant, vide, niais

mere - simple

chance - chance, hasard

Fainting - l'évanouissement, syncope

released - libéré, libérer

Embrace - étreindre, embrasser, accolade, embrassement, embrassade

"He is the cause of all this misery"I am quite sure of it," whispered Caderousse, who had never taken his eyes off Fernand, to Danglars.

whispered - chuchoté, chuchotement, chuchoter, susurrer, murmurer

"I don't think so," answered the other; "he's too stupid to imagine such a scheme. I only hope the mischief will fall upon the head of whoever wrought it."

I don't think so - Je ne pense pas.

scheme - le projet, plan, combine, machination, schéma, systeme

mischief - méfaits, espieglerie, betise, polissonnerie, méfait

Whoever - quiconque, qui que ce soit qui

"You don't mention those who aided and abetted the deed," said Caderousse.

mention - mentionner

aided - aidée, aide

abetted - encouragé, encourager

deed - acte, action, ouvre, exploit, haut fait, (dee)

"Surely," answered Danglars, "one cannot be held responsible for every chance arrow shot into the air."

arrow - fleche, fleche

"You can, indeed, when the arrow lights point downward on somebody's head."

Meantime the subject of the arrest was being canvassed in every different form.

canvassed - sollicité, faire campagne pour

"What think you, Danglars," said one of the party, turning towards him, "of this event?"

"Why," replied he, "I think it just possible Dantès may have been detected with some trifling article on board ship considered here as contraband."

detected - détecté, détecter

on board ship - a bord du navire

considered - envisagée, considérer, examiner, réfléchir, songer

contraband - la contrebande, contrebande

"But how could he have done so without your knowledge, Danglars, since you are the ship's supercargo?"

knowledge - connaissance, science, connaissances, savoir

"Why, as for that, I could only know what I was told respecting the merchandise with which the vessel was laden. I know she was loaded with cotton, and that she took in her freight at Alexandria from Pastret's warehouse, and at Smyrna from Pascal's; that is all I was obliged to know, and I beg I may not be asked for any further particulars."

respecting - respecter, respect

merchandise - la marchandise, denrée, marchandise

loaded - chargé, charge, chargement

took in - pris

Alexandria - alexandrie

Pascal - pascal

particulars - détails, particulier

"Now I recollect," said the afflicted old father; "my poor boy told me yesterday he had got a small case of coffee, and another of tobacco for me!"

recollect - se souvenir, se ressaisir

"There, you see," exclaimed Danglars. "Now the mischief is out; depend upon it the custom-house people went rummaging about the ship in our absence, and discovered poor Dantès'hidden treasures."

rummaging - fouiller

discovered - découvert, découvrir

hidden - caché, (se) cacher

treasures - des trésors, trésor, garder précieusement

Mercédès, however, paid no heed to this explanation of her lover's arrest. Her grief, which she had hitherto tried to restrain, now burst out in a violent fit of hysterical sobbing.

heed - attention, observer, surveiller, preter attention

hitherto - jusqu'a présent, jusqu'ici, jusqu'alors, jusqu'a maintenant

violent - violent, vif

fit - s'adapter, adapter

hysterical - hystérique

sobbing - sanglots, sanglotement, sanglotant, sanglotante, (sob), fdp

"Come, come," said the old man, "be comforted, my poor child; there is still hope!"

"Hope!" repeated Danglars.

"Hope!" faintly murmured Fernand, but the word seemed to die away on his pale agitated lips, and a convulsive spasm passed over his countenance.

faintly - faiblement

die away - s'éteindre

"Good news! good news!" shouted forth one of the party stationed in the balcony on the lookout. "Here comes M. Morrel back. No doubt, now, we shall hear that our friend is released!"

lookout - poste de guet, sentinelle, guetteur

Mercédès and the old man rushed to meet the shipowner and greeted him at the door. He was very pale.

greeted - salué, saluer, accueillir

"What news?" exclaimed a general burst of voices.

"Alas, my friends," replied M. Morrel, with a mournful shake of his head, "the thing has assumed a more serious aspect than I expected."

mournful - triste, affligé, éploré, mélancolique, lugubre

serious - sérieux

aspect - aspect, rench: t-needed r

"Oh, indeed"indeed, sir, he is innocent!" sobbed forth Mercédès.

innocent - innocent

sobbed - sangloté, fdp-p

"That I believe!" answered M. Morrel; "but still he is charged"""

"With what?" inquired the elder Dantès.

"With being an agent of the Bonapartist faction!" Many of our readers may be able to recollect how formidable such an accusation became in the period at which our story is dated.

faction - faction, parti

formidable - formidable

A despairing cry escaped the pale lips of Mercédès; the old man sank into a chair.

despairing - désespéré, désespérer, désespoir

escaped - s'est échappé, échapper, s'échapper, éviter, tirer

the pale - la pâleur

sank - a coulé, couler, s'enfoncer, évier, lavabo

"Ah, Danglars!" whispered Caderousse, "you have deceived me"the trick you spoke of last night has been played; but I cannot suffer a poor old man or an innocent girl to die of grief through your fault. I am determined to tell them all about it."

suffer - souffrir, souffrir de, pâtir de, endurer, supporter, subir

fault - défaut, faute, faille

determined - déterminé, déterminer

"be silent, you simpleton!" cried Danglars, grasping him by the arm, "or I will not answer even for your own safety. Who can tell whether Dantès be innocent or guilty? The vessel did touch at Elba, where he quitted it, and passed a whole day in the island.

be silent - se taire

simpleton - simplet, nigaud, niais, naif

safety - la sécurité, sécurité, sureté

guilty - coupable

Now, should any letters or other documents of a compromising character be found upon him, will it not be taken for granted that all who uphold him are his accomplices?"

documents - documents, document, écrit, documenter

compromising - compromettante, compromis, concession, compromettre

uphold - maintenir, soutenir

accomplices - des complices, complice, comparse, compere

With the rapid instinct of selfishness, Caderousse readily perceived the solidity of this mode of reasoning; he gazed, doubtfully, wistfully, on Danglars, and then caution supplanted generosity.

rapid - rapide, rapides

readily - facilement, volontiers, aisément

solidity - solidité

mode - mode, maniere

gazed - regardé, fixer

doubtfully - douteux, douteusement

wistfully - avec nostalgie

caution - prudence, admonition, checkavertissement, checkmise en garde

generosity - la générosité, générosité, bonté

"Suppose we wait a while, and see what comes of it," said he, casting a bewildered look on his companion.

casting - casting, moulage, (cast), jeter, diriger, lancer, additionner

companion - compagnon, compagne

"To be sure!" answered Danglars. "Let us wait, by all means. If he be innocent, of course he will be set at liberty; if guilty, why, it is no use involving ourselves in a conspiracy."

involving - impliquant, nécessiter, impliquer

ourselves - nous-memes, nous-meme

"Let us go, then. I cannot stay here any longer."

"With all my heart!" replied Danglars, pleased to find the other so tractable. "Let us take ourselves out of the way, and leave things for the present to take their course."

tractable - traçable, docile, conciliant, malléable

After their departure, Fernand, who had now again become the friend and protector of Mercédès, led the girl to her home, while some friends of Dantès conducted his father, nearly lifeless, to the Allées de Meilhan.

protector - protecteur, guardien

led - dirigé, DEL, LED, (lead) dirigé

conducted - conduite, comportement, se comporter, conduire, mener

lifeless - sans vie

The rumor of Edmond's arrest as a Bonapartist agent was not slow in circulating throughout the city.

rumor - rumeur, bruit

circulating - en circulation, circuler

throughout - tout au long de l'année, tout au long de, durant

"Could you ever have credited such a thing, my dear Danglars?" asked M. Morrel, as, on his return to the port for the purpose of gleaning fresh tidings of Dantès, from M. de Villefort, the assistant procureur, he overtook his supercargo and Caderousse. "Could you have believed such a thing possible?"

credited - crédité, crédit, mérite, reconnaissance, attribution, générique

gleaning - le glanage, glanage, (glean) le glanage

tidings - des nouvelles, nouvelle

assistant - assistant, aide, auxiliaire

overtook - dépasser, doubler, surprendre

"Why, you know I told you," replied Danglars, "that I considered the circumstance of his having anchored at the Island of Elba as a very suspicious circumstance."

circumstance - circonstances, circonstance

anchored - ancré, ancre

suspicious - suspect, méfiant, soupçonneux, suspicieux

"And did you mention these suspicions to any person beside myself?"


"Certainly not!" returned Danglars. Then added in a low whisper, "You understand that, on account of your uncle, M. Policar Morrel, who served under the other government, and who does not altogether conceal what he thinks on the subject, you are strongly suspected of regretting the abdication of Napoleon.

whisper - chuchotement, chuchoter, susurrer, murmurer

on account - sur le compte

government - le gouvernement

altogether - tout a fait, completement, en meme temps, quoi qu'il en soit

conceal - dissimuler, cacher

strongly - fort, fortement

suspected - soupçonné, suspecter, soupçonner

regretting - regretter, regret

abdication - abdication

I should have feared to injure both Edmond and yourself, had I divulged my own apprehensions to a soul. I am too well aware that though a subordinate, like myself, is bound to acquaint the shipowner with everything that occurs, there are many things he ought most carefully to conceal from all else."

feared - craint, peur

injure - blesser

divulged - divulguée, divulguer, rendre public, ébruiter

aware - conscient, attentif, vigilant, en éveil, en alerte

subordinate - subordonné, subordonnée, subordonnés, subordonnées

bound - lié, entrain, (bind), lier, attacher, nouer, connecter, coupler

occurs - se produit, produire

carefully - attentivement, soigneusement

"'Tis well, Danglars"'tis well!" replied M. Morrel. "You are a worthy fellow; and I had already thought of your interests in the event of poor Edmond having become captain of the Pharaon."

"Is it possible you were so kind?"

"Yes, indeed; I had previously inquired of Dantès what was his opinion of you, and if he should have any reluctance to continue you in your post, for somehow I have perceived a sort of coolness between you."

previously - autrefois, auparavant, antérieurement, précédemment

reluctance - réticence, réluctance

somehow - d'une maniere ou d'une autre

"And what was his reply?"

"That he certainly did think he had given you offence in an affair which he merely referred to without entering into particulars, but that whoever possessed the good opinion and confidence of the ship's owners would have his preference also."

offence - offense, insulte

entering into - dans lequel vous entrez

possessed - possédé, posséder, s'emparer de

preference - préférence

"The hypocrite!" murmured Danglars.

hypocrite - hypocrite, pharisien, pharisienne, tartufe

"Poor Dantès!" said Caderousse. "No one can deny his being a noble-hearted young fellow."

deny - nier, démentir, refuser

noble - noble, aristocrate, aristocratique

"But meanwhile," continued M. Morrel, "here is the Pharaon without a captain."

"Oh," replied Danglars, "since we cannot leave this port for the next three months, let us hope that ere the expiration of that period Dantès will be set at liberty."

expiration - expiration

"No doubt; but in the meantime?"

"I am entirely at your service, M. Morrel," answered Danglars. "You know that I am as capable of managing a ship as the most experienced captain in the service; and it will be so far advantageous to you to accept my services, that upon Edmond's release from prison no further change will be requisite on board the Pharaon than for Dantès and myself each to resume our respective posts."

capable - capable

managing - la gestion, gérer, ménager, diriger, manier, parvenir, réussir

advantageous - avantageux

services - services, (de) service

release - libération, lâcher, laisser, acquitement, libérent

requisite - nécessaire

resume - cv, resume, reprendent, reprends, reprenez, reprenons

"Thanks, Danglars"that will smooth over all difficulties. I fully authorize you at once to assume the command of the Pharaon, and look carefully to the unloading of her freight. Private misfortunes must never be allowed to interfere with business."

smooth - lisse, doux, facile, sophistiqué, naturel, souple, régulier

difficulties - des difficultés, difficulté

authorize - autoriser

unloading - déchargement, (unload), décharger

private - personnel, personnelle, privé, privée

misfortunes - malheurs, malchance, mésaventure, malheur

allowed - autorisé, laisser, accorder, permettre

"Be easy on that score, M. Morrel; but do you think we shall be permitted to see our poor Edmond?"

permitted - autorisé, permettre

"I will let you know that directly I have seen M. de Villefort, whom I shall endeavor to interest in Edmond's favor. I am aware he is a furious royalist; but, in spite of that, and of his being king's attorney, he is a man like ourselves, and I fancy not a bad sort of one."

endeavor - effort, entreprise, tenter, s’efforcer, tâcher

Royalist - royaliste

fancy - fantaisie, imaginer, songer

"Perhaps not," replied Danglars; "but I hear that he is ambitious, and that's rather against him."

ambitious - ambitieux

"Well, well," returned M. Morrel, "we shall see. But now hasten on board, I will join you there ere long."

So saying, the worthy shipowner quitted the two allies, and proceeded in the direction of the Palais de Justice.

allies - alliés, s'allier (a, avec)

proceeded - a procédé, avancer, procéder

justice - justice, équité, conseiller


"You see," said Danglars, addressing Caderousse, "the turn things have taken. Do you still feel any desire to stand up in his defence?"

defence - la défense, défense

"Not the slightest, but yet it seems to me a shocking thing that a mere joke should lead to such consequences."

shocking - choquant, choc

lead - plomb, guider, conduire, mener

consequences - conséquences, conséquence

"But who perpetrated that joke, let me ask? neither you nor myself, but Fernand; you knew very well that I threw the paper into a corner of the room"indeed, I fancied I had destroyed it."

perpetrated - perpétrés, perpétrer, commettre

fancied - aimée, envie, caprice

destroyed - détruite, détruire, euthanasier

"Oh, no," replied Caderousse, "that I can answer for, you did not. I only wish I could see it now as plainly as I saw it lying all crushed and crumpled in a corner of the arbor."

answer for - réponse pour

crushed - écrasé, barricade, béguin, amourette, faible, coup de cour

"Well, then, if you did, depend upon it, Fernand picked it up, and either copied it or caused it to be copied; perhaps, even, he did not take the trouble of recopying it. And now I think of it, by Heavens, he may have sent the letter itself! Fortunately, for me, the handwriting was disguised."

picked - choisi, pioche, passe-partout, choix, écran, prendre, cueillir

copied - copié, copie, exemplaire, copier

take the trouble - prendre la peine

heavens - les cieux, ciel, paradis, au-dela, cieux-p

handwriting - l'écriture, écriture de main

disguised - déguisé, déguisement, déguiser

"Then you were aware of Dantès being engaged in a conspiracy?"

engaged - engagé, attirer l'attention, engager, embrayer

"Not I. As I before said, I thought the whole thing was a joke, nothing more. It seems, however, that I have unconsciously stumbled upon the truth."

unconsciously - inconsciemment

stumbled - en état de choc, chute, faux pas, bourde, trébucher

"Still," argued Caderousse, "I would give a great deal if nothing of the kind had happened; or, at least, that I had had no hand in it. You will see, Danglars, that it will turn out an unlucky job for both of us."

argued - argumenté, affirmer, débattre, se disputer, se quereller

deal - accord, dispenser, distribuer

unlucky - malchanceux, poissard

"Nonsense! If any harm come of it, it should fall on the guilty person; and that, you know, is Fernand. How can we be implicated in any way? All we have got to do is, to keep our own counsel, and remain perfectly quiet, not breathing a word to any living soul; and you will see that the storm will pass away without in the least affecting us."

harm - le mal, mal, tort, dommage, nuire a, faire du mal a

implicated - impliqué, impliquer

counsel - conseil, expertise, plan, projet, conseiller

breathing - respirer, respiration, (breath), souffle, haleine

"Amen!" responded Caderousse, waving his hand in token of adieu to Danglars, and bending his steps towards the Allées de Meilhan, moving his head to and fro, and muttering as he went, after the manner of one whose mind was overcharged with one absorbing idea.

Amen - amen

waving - en faisant signe de la main, (wave) en faisant signe de la main

token - de jeton, symbole, jeton, symbolique

bending - de flexion, flexion, (bend), courber, tordre, tourner

fro - fro

muttering - marmonner, grommellement, (mutter) marmonner

overcharged - surtaxé, faire payer trop cher

absorbing - absorbant, absorber, éponger

"So far, then," said Danglars, mentally, "all has gone as I would have it. I am, temporarily, commander of the Pharaon, with the certainty of being permanently so, if that fool of a Caderousse can be persuaded to hold his tongue. My only fear is the chance of Dantès being released. But, there, he is in the hands of Justice; and," added he with a smile, "she will take her own.

mentally - mentalement

temporarily - temporairement

commander - commandant, commandante, commandeur

certainty - certitude

permanently - de façon permanente, en permanence, en tous temps, toujours

persuaded - persuadé, persuader, convaincre

" So saying, he leaped into a boat, desiring to be rowed on board the Pharaon, where M. Morrel had agreed to meet him.

leaped - a sauté, sauter, bondir

desiring - désirant, désirer, désir

rowed - a l'aviron, rang(ée)

Chapter 6. The Deputy Procureur du Roi

deputy - adjoint, adjointe, suppléant, suppléante, député

In one of the aristocratic mansions built by Puget in the Rue du Grand Cours opposite the Medusa fountain, a second marriage feast was being celebrated, almost at the same hour with the nuptial repast given by Dantès. In this case, however, although the occasion of the entertainment was similar, the company was strikingly dissimilar.

aristocratic - aristocratique

mansions - des hôtels particuliers, manoir, demeure

Medusa - Méduse

fountain - fontaine

celebrated - célébré, rendre hommage, célébrer, feter

dissimilar - dissemblables, dissemblable, différent

Instead of a rude mixture of sailors, soldiers, and those belonging to the humblest grade of life, the present assembly was composed of the very flower of Marseilles society,"magistrates who had resigned their office during the usurper's reign; officers who had deserted from the imperial army and joined forces with Condé; and younger members of families, brought up to hate and execrate the man whom five years of exile would convert into a martyr, and fifteen of restoration elevate to the rank of a god.

rude - grossier, impoli, malpoli

mixture - mélange, mixture

belonging - appartenant, (belong) appartenant

humblest - le plus humble, humble

grade - mention, note, année, classe, niveau, grade, noter

assembly - l'assemblée, groupe, bloc, assemblage, assemblée

Society - la société, société

magistrates - magistrats, magistrat

resigned - résigné, démissionner

reign - regne, regne, régner

deserted - désertée, abandonner

Imperial - impérial, royal

army - l'armée, armée

forces - forces, force

execrate - exécuter, exécrer

exile - l'exil, exil, exilé, exiler

convert - se convertir, convertir, reconverti

martyr - martyr, martyre, chahîd, chahid

restoration - restauration

elevate - élever, augmenter

rank - rang, rangée, unie, standing

The guests were still at table, and the heated and energetic conversation that prevailed betrayed the violent and vindictive passions that then agitated each dweller of the South, where unhappily, for five centuries religious strife had long given increased bitterness to the violence of party feeling.

heated - chauffé, température

energetic - énergique, énergétique

vindictive - vindicatif

passions - passions, passion

dweller - habitant

Unhappily - malheuresement

religious - religieux

strife - des conflits, dispute, querelle

increased - augmenté, augmenter, croître, accroître, augmentation

bitterness - l'amertume, amertume

violence - la violence, violence

The emperor, now king of the petty Island of Elba, after having held sovereign sway over one-half of the world, counting as his subjects a small population of five or six thousand souls,"after having been accustomed to hear the "Vive Napoléons" of a hundred and twenty millions of human beings, uttered in ten different languages,"was looked upon here as a ruined man, separated forever from any fresh connection with France or claim to her throne.

petty - petit, insignifiant, mesquin

sovereign - souveraine, souverain

sway - se balancer, autorité, poids, influence, prépondérance

counting - compter, comte

souls - âmes, âme

vive - vive

human - humain

beings - etres, etre, créature, existence

connection - connexion, liaison, lien, rapport, complicité, correspondance

claim - réclamation, titre, affirmation, revendication, demande

The magistrates freely discussed their political views; the military part of the company talked unreservedly of Moscow and Leipsic, while the women commented on the divorce of Josephine.

freely - librement

political - politique

views - vues, vue, q

unreservedly - sans réserve

Moscow - moscou

divorce - divorce, divorcer

It was not over the downfall of the man, but over the defeat of the Napoleonic idea, that they rejoiced, and in this they foresaw for themselves the bright and cheering prospect of a revivified political existence.

Downfall - la chute, chute

defeat - la défaite, vainqent, vainquez, défaite, vaincre, vainqons

rejoiced - s'est réjoui, réjouir

cheering - des applaudissements, acclamation(s)

An old man, decorated with the cross of Saint Louis, now rose and proposed the health of King Louis XVIII. It was the Marquis de Saint-MĂ©ran.

decorated - décoré, décorer, orner

proposed - proposée, proposer, demander en mariage

This toast, recalling at once the patient exile of Hartwell and the peace-loving King of France, excited universal enthusiasm; glasses were elevated in the air Ă  l'Anglaise, and the ladies, snatching their bouquets from their fair bosoms, strewed the table with their floral treasures. In a word, an almost poetical fervor prevailed.

toast - toast, rôtir

recalling - rappelant, rappeler, souvenir

patient - patient, patiente, malade

peace - la paix, paix, tranquillité

enthusiasm - l'enthousiasme, enthousiasme, passion

elevated - élevé, (elevate), élever, augmenter

ladies - mesdames, dame, madame, lady

snatching - vol a l'arraché, empoigner, happer, saisir, arracher, enlever

bouquets - bouquets, bouquet

fair - équitable, blond, exposition, foire, marché, kermesse, juste

bosoms - seins, sein, intime

strewed - parsemée, parsemer, joncher

floral - floral

poetical - poétique

fervor - ferveur, ferveur (f), checkémoi (m)

"Ah," said the Marquise de Saint-MĂ©ran, a woman with a stern, forbidding eye, though still noble and distinguished in appearance, despite her fifty years""ah, these revolutionists, who have driven us from those very possessions they afterwards purchased for a mere trifle during the Reign of Terror, would be compelled to own, were they here, that all true devotion was on our side, since we were content to follow the fortunes of a falling monarch, while they, on the contrary, made their fortune by worshipping the rising sun; yes, yes, they could not help admitting that the king, for whom we sacrificed rank, wealth, and station was truly our ˜Louis the well-beloved,'while their wretched usurper has been, and ever will be, to them their evil genius, their ˜Napoleon the accursed.'Am I not right, Villefort?"

marquise - marquise

distinguished - distingué, distinguer

despite - en dépit de, malgré

possessions - possessions, bien, possession, propriété, possessions-p

terror - la terreur, terreur, effroi, terrorisme

devotion - la dévotion, dévouement, dévotion

fortunes - fortune, destin, bonne chance

monarch - monarque

worshipping - culte, adoration, vénération, vénérer

Admitting - admettre, avouer, reconnaître

sacrificed - sacrifié, sacrifier, sacrifice, offrande

wealth - la richesse, richesse, profusion, abondance, checkfortune

genius - génie

"I beg your pardon, madame. I really must pray you to excuse me, but"in truth"I was not attending to the conversation."

in truth - en vérité

"Marquise, marquise!" interposed the old nobleman who had proposed the toast, "let the young people alone; let me tell you, on one's wedding day there are more agreeable subjects of conversation than dry politics."

interposed - interposée, interposer, intercaler, interrompre, couper

nobleman - noble

dry - sec, anhydre, sécher, tfaire sécher

"Never mind, dearest mother," said a young and lovely girl, with a profusion of light brown hair, and eyes that seemed to float in liquid crystal, "'tis all my fault for seizing upon M. de Villefort, so as to prevent his listening to what you said. But there"now take him"he is your own for as long as you like. M. Villefort, I beg to remind you my mother speaks to you."

lovely girl - belle fille

light brown - brun clair

float - flotter, flotteur, taloche, char, flottant, float

crystal - cristal, de cristal, en cristal

"If the marquise will deign to repeat the words I but imperfectly caught, I shall be delighted to answer," said M. de Villefort.

deign - deign, daigner, condescendre

imperfectly - imparfaitement

"Never mind, Renée," replied the marquise, with a look of tenderness that seemed out of keeping with her harsh dry features; but, however all other feelings may be withered in a woman's nature, there is always one bright smiling spot in the desert of her heart, and that is the shrine of maternal love. "I forgive you.

tenderness - tendresse

withered - flétrie, (se) faner

desert - désert, désertez, quitter, désertons, désertent, déserter

shrine - sanctuaire, lieu saint, châsse

maternal - maternelle

What I was saying, Villefort, was, that the Bonapartists had not our sincerity, enthusiasm, or devotion."

sincerity - la sincérité, sincérité

"They had, however, what supplied the place of those fine qualities," replied the young man, "and that was fanaticism. Napoleon is the Mahomet of the West, and is worshipped by his commonplace but ambitious followers, not only as a leader and lawgiver, but also as the personification of equality."

supplied - fourni, fournir, approvisionner

qualities - qualités, qualité

fanaticism - le fanatisme, fanatisme

Mahomet - Mahomet

worshipped - vénéré, culte, adoration, vénération, vénérer

commonplace - ordinaire, banal, lieu commun

leader - chef, leader, dirigeant

personification - personnification

equality - l'égalité, égalité

"He!" cried the marquise: "Napoleon the type of equality! For mercy's sake, then, what would you call Robespierre? Come, come, do not strip the latter of his just rights to bestow them on the Corsican, who, to my mind, has usurped quite enough."

mercy - la pitié, miséricorde, pitié

sake - du saké, dans l'intéret de qqn

strip - de la bande, bandeau, dégarnir, dépouillons, frange, dépouillez

Corsican - la corse, corse

usurped - usurpé, usurper


"Nay, madame; I would place each of these heroes on his right pedestal"that of Robespierre on his scaffold in the Place Louis Quinze; that of Napoleon on the column of the Place VendĂ´me.

heroes - héros, protagoniste

pedestal - piédestal

scaffold - échafaudage, échafaud, échafauder

column - colonne, colonne (1, 3)

The only difference consists in the opposite character of the equality advocated by these two men; one is the equality that elevates, the other is the equality that degrades; one brings a king within reach of the guillotine, the other elevates the people to a level with the throne.

consists - consiste, consister (en)

advocated - préconisée, avocat, avocate, porte-parole, plaider, préconiser

elevates - s'éleve, élever, augmenter

brings a - Apporter un / une

guillotine - guillotine

level - plat, a ras, au meme niveau, constant, niveau, profondeur

Observe," said Villefort, smiling, "I do not mean to deny that both these men were revolutionary scoundrels, and that the 9th Thermidor and the 4th of April, in the year 1814, were lucky days for France, worthy of being gratefully remembered by every friend to monarchy and civil order; and that explains how it comes to pass that, fallen, as I trust he is forever, Napoleon has still retained a train of parasitical satellites. Still, marquise, it has been so with other usurpers"Cromwell, for instance, who was not half so bad as Napoleon, had his partisans and advocates."

observe - observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

revolutionary - révolutionnaire

scoundrels - canailles, scélérat, scélérate, gredin, gredine, canaille

Thermidor - thermidor

gratefully - avec gratitude

monarchy - monarchie

trust - confiance, trust, faire confiance, avoir foi en quelqu’un

retained - retenue, retenir, conserver, maintenir

parasitical - parasitaire

satellites - des satellites, satellite

usurpers - des usurpateurs, usurpateur, usurpatrice

partisans - partisans, partisan/-ane

advocates - des défenseurs, avocat, avocate, porte-parole, plaider

"Do you know, Villefort, that you are talking in a most dreadfully revolutionary strain? But I excuse it, it is impossible to expect the son of a Girondin to be free from a small spice of the old leaven." A deep crimson suffused the countenance of Villefort.

dreadfully - terriblement

strain - souche, accablement

impossible - impossible, insupportable

Girondin - Girondin

spice - épice, épicer, épicent, assaisonner, épiçons, épicez

Leaven - le levain, levain, ferment, faire lever, faire fermenter

crimson - cramoisi, carmin, pourpre

"'Tis true, madame," answered he, "that my father was a Girondin, but he was not among the number of those who voted for the king's death; he was an equal sufferer with yourself during the Reign of Terror, and had well-nigh lost his head on the same scaffold on which your father perished."

voted - votée, voix, vote, votation, voter

Equal - l'égalité, égal, égaler a, égale

sufferer - souffrant, malade

nigh - nuit, proche, pres

perished - a péri, périr

"True," replied the marquise, without wincing in the slightest degree at the tragic remembrance thus called up; "but bear in mind, if you please, that our respective parents underwent persecution and proscription from diametrically opposite principles; in proof of which I may remark, that while my family remained among the staunchest adherents of the exiled princes, your father lost no time in joining the new government; and that while the Citizen Noirtier was a Girondin, the Count Noirtier became a senator."

wincing - se blesser, se pincer, (wince), grimacer

tragic - tragique

underwent - a subi, subir

persecution - la persécution, persécution

diametrically - diamétralement

principles - principes, principe

staunchest - le plus ferme, fervent, étancher

adherents - des adhérents, adhérent

exiled - exilé, exil, exiler

princes - princes, (prince), prince

Government - le gouvernement, gouvernement, rection

citizen - citoyen, citoyenne, habitant

senator - sénateur, sénatrice

"Dear mother," interposed Renée, "you know very well it was agreed that all these disagreeable reminiscences should forever be laid aside."

disagreeable - incompatible, désagréable

reminiscences - des réminiscences, réminiscence

laid - posé, poser

aside - a part, a côté, en passant, aparté

"Suffer me, also, madame," replied Villefort, "to add my earnest request to Mademoiselle de Saint-MĂ©ran's, that you will kindly allow the veil of oblivion to cover and conceal the past. What avails recrimination over matters wholly past recall? For my own part, I have laid aside even the name of my father, and altogether disown his political principles.

earnest - sérieux, (earn) sérieux

oblivion - l'oubli, oubli, néant

cover - une couverture

avails - disponibles, profiter, saisir, servir

wholly - entierement

recall - rappeler

disown - renier

He was"nay, probably may still be"a Bonapartist, and is called Noirtier; I, on the contrary, am a staunch royalist, and style myself de Villefort.

staunch - ferme, fervent, étancher

Let what may remain of revolutionary sap exhaust itself and die away with the old trunk, and condescend only to regard the young shoot which has started up at a distance from the parent tree, without having the power, any more than the wish, to separate entirely from the stock from which it sprung."

Sap - seve, jus, suc

exhaust - épuiser, échappement, gaz d'échappement

trunk - tronc, malle, coffre, trompe, coffre (de voiture), valise

regard - regard, considérer, égard, estime

shoot - tirer, larguer, tirent, tirons, tirez

started up - a démarré

distance - distance, éloigner, checks'éloigner

power - pouvoir, puissance, électricité, courant, alimenter

stock - stock, provision, stockage

"Bravo, Villefort!" cried the marquis; "excellently well said! Come, now, I have hopes of obtaining what I have been for years endeavoring to persuade the marquise to promise; namely, a perfect amnesty and forgetfulness of the past."

Bravo - bravo, Berthe

excellently - parfaitement

obtaining - l'obtention, obtenir, se procurer, réussir, avoir succes, avoir

persuade - persuader

namely - a savoir, nommément, c'est-a-dire, a savoir

amnesty - l'amnistie, amnistie, amnistier

"With all my heart," replied the marquise; "let the past be forever forgotten. I promise you it affords me as little pleasure to revive it as it does you. All I ask is, that Villefort will be firm and inflexible for the future in his political principles.

affords - permet, permettre

inflexible - inflexible

Remember, also, Villefort, that we have pledged ourselves to his majesty for your fealty and strict loyalty, and that at our recommendation the king consented to forget the past, as I do" (and here she extended to him her hand)""as I now do at your entreaty.

pledged - promis, promettre, mettre en gage, serment, gage

Majesty - majesté

fealty - la loyauté, fidélité, loyauté, serment

strict - stricte, strict

loyalty - la loyauté, loyauté

recommendation - recommandation

consented - a consenti, consentir, approuver, agréer, consentement

entreaty - demande, supplication

But bear in mind, that should there fall in your way anyone guilty of conspiring against the government, you will be so much the more bound to visit the offence with rigorous punishment, as it is known you belong to a suspected family."

rigorous - rigoureux

punishment - punition, châtiment

"Alas, madame," returned Villefort, "my profession, as well as the times in which we live, compels me to be severe. I have already successfully conducted several public prosecutions, and brought the offenders to merited punishment. But we have not done with the thing yet."

profession - profession, métier, corps de métier

compels - contraint, contraindre, forcer, obliger

severe - sévere, grave, sévere

successfully - avec succes

prosecutions - des poursuites, parquet, vindicte

offenders - délinquants, contrevenant

merited - mérité, mérite, mériter


"Do you, indeed, think so?" inquired the marquise.

"I am, at least, fearful of it. Napoleon, in the Island of Elba, is too near France, and his proximity keeps up the hopes of his partisans. Marseilles is filled with half-pay officers, who are daily, under one frivolous pretext or other, getting up quarrels with the royalists; from hence arise continual and fatal duels among the higher classes of persons, and assassinations in the lower."

proximity - proximité

keeps up - Tenir le coup

daily - quotidien, journellement

frivolous - frivole

pretext - prétexte

getting up - se lever

quarrels - querelles, dispute

royalists - royalistes, royaliste

hence - d'ou, d'ici, ainsi, donc, d'ou

arise - se lever, surgir, apparaitre, naitre

continual - continuelle

fatal - fatale, fatal

duels - duels, duel, croiser le fer

assassinations - des assassinats, assassinat

"You have heard, perhaps," said the Comte de Salvieux, one of M. de Saint-MĂ©ran's oldest friends, and chamberlain to the Comte d'Artois, "that the Holy Alliance purpose removing him from thence?"

chamberlain - chamberlain, chambellan

Artois - Artois

holy - saint, sacré, bénit, checksainte

alliance - l'alliance, alliance

removing - l'enlevement, enlever

thence - d'ou, des lors

"Yes; they were talking about it when we left Paris," said M. de Saint-MĂ©ran; "and where is it decided to transfer him?"

transfer - transférer, transfert

"To Saint Helena."

"For heaven's sake, where is that?" asked the marquise.

For heaven's sake - Pour l'amour du ciel

"An island situated on the other side of the equator, at least two thousand leagues from here," replied the count.

situated - situé, situer

Equator - l'équateur, équateur

leagues - ligues, ligue

"So much the better. As Villefort observes, it is a great act of folly to have left such a man between Corsica, where he was born, and Naples, of which his brother-in-law is king, and face to face with Italy, the sovereignty of which he coveted for his son."

observes - observe, observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

folly - folie, sottise

Corsica - la corse, Corse

Italy - l'italie, Italie

sovereignty - souveraineté

coveted - convoitée, convoiter, désirer, guigner

"Unfortunately," said Villefort, "there are the treaties of 1814, and we cannot molest Napoleon without breaking those compacts."

treaties - traités, traité

molest - molester, embeter, violer, abuser

compacts - compacts, compact

"Oh, well, we shall find some way out of it," responded M. de Salvieux. "There wasn't any trouble over treaties when it was a question of shooting the poor Duc d'Enghien."

wasn - n'était

shooting - le tir, tir, fusillade, (shoot) le tir

"Well," said the marquise, "it seems probable that, by the aid of the Holy Alliance, we shall be rid of Napoleon; and we must trust to the vigilance of M. de Villefort to purify Marseilles of his partisans.

rid - rid, débarrasser

vigilance - vigilance

purify - purifier

The king is either a king or no king; if he be acknowledged as sovereign of France, he should be upheld in peace and tranquillity; and this can best be effected by employing the most inflexible agents to put down every attempt at conspiracy"'tis the best and surest means of preventing mischief."

acknowledged - reconnu, reconnaître, accuser réception, certifier

upheld - maintenue, soutenir

effected - affectée, effet, effets-p, effectuer

employing - l'emploi, employer, embaucher, recruter

most inflexible - le plus inflexible

agents - agents, agent, espion

preventing - empechant, empecher

"Unfortunately, madame," answered Villefort, "the strong arm of the law is not called upon to interfere until the evil has taken place."

"Then all he has got to do is to endeavor to repair it."

repair - réparation, dépannage, réparent, rhabiller, dépanner, réparer

"Nay, madame, the law is frequently powerless to effect this; all it can do is to avenge the wrong done."

frequently - fréquemment

avenge - venger, rench: t-needed r

"Oh, M. de Villefort," cried a beautiful young creature, daughter to the Comte de Salvieux, and the cherished friend of Mademoiselle de Saint-MĂ©ran, "do try and get up some famous trial while we are at Marseilles. I never was in a law-court; I am told it is so very amusing!"

creature - créature, etre

cherished - chérie, chérir, tenir

trial - proces, manipulation

Court - la cour, cour, tribunal, court de tennis, court, courtiser

"Amusing, certainly," replied the young man, "inasmuch as, instead of shedding tears as at the fictitious tale of woe produced at a theatre, you behold in a law-court a case of real and genuine distress"a drama of life.

shedding - la mue, (shed) la mue

fictitious - fictif

Tale - conte, récit

produced - produit, produire, produits-p

behold - regarder, voir, observer, voici, voila

genuine - authentique

distress - la détresse, détresse

drama - drame

The prisoner whom you there see pale, agitated, and alarmed, instead of"as is the case when a curtain falls on a tragedy"going home to sup peacefully with his family, and then retiring to rest, that he may recommence his mimic woes on the morrow,"is removed from your sight merely to be reconducted to his prison and delivered up to the executioner.

curtain - rideau

tragedy - tragédie

sup - sup

peacefully - pacifiquement

retiring - a la retraite, prendre sa retraite

recommence - recommencer

woes - malheurs, tristesse, douleur, misere, malheur, hélas

morrow - lendemain, matin

reconducted - reconduite

delivered - livrée, accoucher, livrer, remettre

executioner - exécuteur des hautes ouvres, bourreau

I leave you to judge how far your nerves are calculated to bear you through such a scene. Of this, however, be assured, that should any favorable opportunity present itself, I will not fail to offer you the choice of being present."

nerves - des nerfs, nerf, nervure, toupet, culot, cran

calculated - calculée, calculer

favorable - favorable

opportunity - occasion, opportunité, occasion favorable, chance

fail - échouer

"For shame, M. de Villefort!" said Renée, becoming quite pale; "don't you see how you are frightening us?"and yet you laugh."

frightening - effrayant, effrayer, redouter, terrifier

"What would you have? 'Tis like a duel. I have already recorded sentence of death, five or six times, against the movers of political conspiracies, and who can say how many daggers may be ready sharpened, and only waiting a favorable opportunity to be buried in my heart?"

duel - duel, croiser le fer

recorded - enregistré, rapport écrit

sentence of death - la condamnation a mort

movers - déménageurs, déménageur, déménageuse

conspiracies - des complots, conspiration, complot

daggers - poignards, poignard

sharpened - aiguisé, affiler, affuter, aiguiser

buried - enterré, enterrer

"Gracious heavens, M. de Villefort," said Renée, becoming more and more terrified; "you surely are not in earnest."

"Indeed I am," replied the young magistrate with a smile; "and in the interesting trial that young lady is anxious to witness, the case would only be still more aggravated.

lady - dame, madame, lady

witness - témoin

Suppose, for instance, the prisoner, as is more than probable, to have served under Napoleon"well, can you expect for an instant, that one accustomed, at the word of his commander, to rush fearlessly on the very bayonets of his foe, will scruple more to drive a stiletto into the heart of one he knows to be his personal enemy, than to slaughter his fellow-creatures, merely because bidden to do so by one he is bound to obey? Besides, one requires the excitement of being hateful in the eyes of the accused, in order to lash one's self into a state of sufficient vehemence and power. I would not choose to see the man against whom I pleaded smile, as though in mockery of my words. No; my pride is to see the accused pale, agitated, and as though beaten out of all composure by the fire of my eloquence." Renée uttered a smothered exclamation.

fearlessly - sans crainte

bayonets - baionnettes, baionnette

foe - ennemi, ennemi/-ie

scruple - scrupule

stiletto - stiletto, stylet, talon aiguille

slaughter - l'abattage, abattage, carnage, tuerie, massacre, massacrer

creatures - créatures, créature, etre

bidden - interdites, faire une enchere (de)

obey - obéir, obtempérer

excitement - l'excitation, excitation

hateful - haineux

accused - accusé, accuser

lash - cils, amarrons, amarrez, amarrent, fustiger

self - soi, soi-meme

state - l'état, état, Etat, déclarer, indiquer

pleaded - plaidée, plaider

beaten - battu, battre

composure - le sang-froid, calme, quiétude

eloquence - l'éloquence, éloquence

smothered - étouffé, étouffer

"Bravo!" cried one of the guests; "that is what I call talking to some purpose."

"Just the person we require at a time like the present," said a second.

"What a splendid business that last case of yours was, my dear Villefort!" remarked a third; "I mean the trial of the man for murdering his father. Upon my word, you killed him ere the executioner had laid his hand upon him."

third - troisieme, troisieme, trois, tiers, tierce

murdering - assassiner, meurtre, homicide, assassinat, occire

"Oh, as for parricides, and such dreadful people as that," interposed Renée, "It matters very little what is done to them; but as regards poor unfortunate creatures whose only crime consists in having mixed themselves up in political intrigues"""

parricides - parricides, parricide

It matters - C'est important

regards - regards, considérer

unfortunate - malheureux, infortuné, malencontreux

mixed - mixte, mélanger

intrigues - intrigues, intrigue, intriguer, conspirer

"Why, that is the very worst offence they could possibly commit; for, don't you see, Renée, the king is the father of his people, and he who shall plot or contrive aught against the life and safety of the parent of thirty-two millions of souls, is a parricide upon a fearfully great scale?"

commit - s'engager, confier, commettre, remettre, consigner, commit

plot - intrigue, lopin, diagramme, graphique, complot, comploter

contrive - de l'argent, combiner, inventer

aught - rien

parricide - parricide

fearfully - avec crainte

scale - échelle, escaladez, escalader, escaladent, gravir, bareme

"I don't know anything about that," replied Renée; "but, M. de Villefort, you have promised me"have you not?"always to show mercy to those I plead for."

plead for - plaider pour

"Make yourself quite easy on that point," answered Villefort, with one of his sweetest smiles; "you and I will always consult upon our verdicts."

sweetest - le plus doux, doucement, friandise, bonbon, sucreries-p

smiles - sourires, sourire

consult - consulter

verdicts - verdicts, verdict

"My love," said the marquise, "attend to your doves, your lap-dogs, and embroidery, but do not meddle with what you do not understand. Nowadays the military profession is in abeyance and the magisterial robe is the badge of honor. There is a wise Latin proverb that is very much in point."

attend to - s'occuper

doves - colombes, colombe

lap - tour, clapoter

embroidery - la broderie, broderie

nowadays - actuellement, de nos jours, aujourd'hui, présentement

in abeyance - en suspens

robe - robe de chambre, robe

badge - badge, plaque, insigne, décoration, macaron, porte-nom

wise - sage, sensé, genre, raisonnable

Latin - latine

"Cedant arma togæ," said Villefort with a bow.

bow - l'arc, arc

"I cannot speak Latin," responded the marquise.

"Well," said Renée, "I cannot help regretting you had not chosen some other profession than your own"a physician, for instance. Do you know I always felt a shudder at the idea of even a destroying angel?"

physician - médecin, femme médecin, docteur

shudder - frémir, tremblement, frisson, frissonner, trembler

destroying - détruisant, détruire, euthanasier

angel - ange

"Dear, good Renée," whispered Villefort, as he gazed with unutterable tenderness on the lovely speaker.

unutterable - indicible

speaker - l'orateur, parleur, parleuse

"Let us hope, my child," cried the marquis, "that M. de Villefort may prove the moral and political physician of this province; if so, he will have achieved a noble work."

moral - moral, moralité, morale

province - province

achieved - atteint, accomplir, réaliser

"And one which will go far to efface the recollection of his father's conduct," added the incorrigible marquise.

efface - effacer, s'effacer

conduct - comportement, conduite, se comporter, conduire, mener

incorrigible - incorrigible

"Madame," replied Villefort, with a mournful smile, "I have already had the honor to observe that my father has"at least, I hope so"abjured his past errors, and that he is, at the present moment, a firm and zealous friend to religion and order"a better royalist, possibly, than his son; for he has to atone for past dereliction, while I have no other impulse than warm, decided preference and conviction." Having made this well-turned speech, Villefort looked carefully around to mark the effect of his oratory, much as he would have done had he been addressing the bench in open court.

abjured - abjuré, abjurer

errors - erreurs, erreur, vice, etre en erreur, planter

zealous - zélé

atone - expier

dereliction - prévarication, déréliction

impulse - impulsion

Speech - parole, discours

mark - marque, Marc

oratory - L'art oratoire

Bench - banc, établi, banquette

"Do you know, my dear Villefort," cried the Comte de Salvieux, "that is exactly what I myself said the other day at the Tuileries, when questioned by his majesty's principal chamberlain touching the singularity of an alliance between the son of a Girondin and the daughter of an officer of the Duc de CondĂ©; and I assure you he seemed fully to comprehend that this mode of reconciling political differences was based upon sound and excellent principles. Then the king, who, without our suspecting it, had overheard our conversation, interrupted us by saying, ˜Villefort'"observe that the king did not pronounce the word Noirtier, but, on the contrary, placed considerable emphasis on that of Villefort"˜Villefort,'said his majesty, ˜is a young man of great judgment and discretion, who will be sure to make a figure in his profession; I like him much, and it gave me great pleasure to hear that he was about to become the son-in-law of the Marquis and Marquise de Saint-MĂ©ran. I should myself have recommended the match, had not the noble marquis anticipated my wishes by requesting my consent to it.'"

Singularity - singularité, point de fuite

comprehend - comprendre

reconciling - réconciliation, réconcilier, concilier

based - sur la base, base

suspecting - soupçonner, suspecter

pronounce - déclarer, prononcer, déclamer, lire

emphasis - l'accent, accent, emphase, graisse (4)

discretion - discrétion

figure - figure, forme, personnage, personnalité, chiffre

recommended - recommandé, recommander, adviser, fr

requesting - demandant, demander, prier, requete, demande

"Is it possible the king could have condescended so far as to express himself so favorably of me?" asked the enraptured Villefort.

express - express, exprimons, exprimez, exprimer, expriment

favorably - favorablement

"I give you his very words; and if the marquis chooses to be candid, he will confess that they perfectly agree with what his majesty said to him, when he went six months ago to consult him upon the subject of your espousing his daughter."

candid - sincere, spontané, candide

espousing - l'épouser, épouser, adopter


"That is true," answered the marquis.

"How much do I owe this gracious prince! What is there I would not do to evince my earnest gratitude!"

evince - evince, montrer, prouver

"That is right," cried the marquise. "I love to see you thus. Now, then, were a conspirator to fall into your hands, he would be most welcome."

conspirator - conspirateur, conspiratrice

most welcome - sont les bienvenues

"For my part, dear mother," interposed Renée, "I trust your wishes will not prosper, and that Providence will only permit petty offenders, poor debtors, and miserable cheats to fall into M. de Villefort's hands,"then I shall be contented."

Prosper - prospérer

permit - permis, permettre, permets, permettons, permettez

debtors - débiteurs, débiteur, débitrice

cheats - tricheurs, tricher

"Just the same as though you prayed that a physician might only be called upon to prescribe for headaches, measles, and the stings of wasps, or any other slight affection of the epidermis. If you wish to see me the king's attorney, you must desire for me some of those violent and dangerous diseases from the cure of which so much honor redounds to the physician."

prescribe - prescrire, indiquer, ordonner

headaches - des maux de tete, mal de tete, casse-tete

stings - piqures, piquant, dard

wasps - des guepes, guepe

epidermis - l'épiderme, épiderme

diseases - les maladies, maladie, mal

cure - guérir, guérissez, guérissent, cicatriser, guérison

At this moment, and as though the utterance of Villefort's wish had sufficed to effect its accomplishment, a servant entered the room, and whispered a few words in his ear. Villefort immediately rose from table and quitted the room upon the plea of urgent business; he soon, however, returned, his whole face beaming with delight.

utterance - énoncé

sufficed - suffisent, suffire, suffire 2, fr

accomplishment - l'accomplissement, accomplissement

plea - plaidoyer, supplication, appel

urgent - urgent

beaming - la téléportation, (beam), madrier, poutre, merrain, perche

Renée regarded him with fond affection; and certainly his handsome features, lit up as they then were with more than usual fire and animation, seemed formed to excite the innocent admiration with which she gazed on her graceful and intelligent lover.

regarded - considérée, considérer

fond - fond, tendre, amoureux

excite - exciter

admiration - l'admiration, admiration

intelligent - intelligent

"You were wishing just now," said Villefort, addressing her, "that I were a doctor instead of a lawyer. Well, I at least resemble the disciples of Esculapius in one thing [people spoke in this style in 1815], that of not being able to call a day my own, not even that of my betrothal."

wishing - souhaitant, désirant, (wish), souhait, souhaiter, espérer

lawyer - juriste, homme de loi, femme de loi, avocat

resemble - ressembler

disciples - disciples, disciple

"And wherefore were you called away just now?" asked Mademoiselle de Saint-MĂ©ran, with an air of deep interest.

"For a very serious matter, which bids fair to make work for the executioner."

bids - offres, faire une enchere (de)

"How dreadful!" exclaimed Renée, turning pale.

"Is it possible?" burst simultaneously from all who were near enough to the magistrate to hear his words.

simultaneously - simultanément

"Why, if my information prove correct, a sort of Bonapartist conspiracy has just been discovered."

"Can I believe my ears?" cried the marquise.

"I will read you the letter containing the accusation, at least," said Villefort:

containing - contenant, contenir

"˜The king's attorney is informed by a friend to the throne and the religious institutions of his country, that one named Edmond Dantès, mate of the ship Pharaon, this day arrived from Smyrna, after having touched at Naples and Porto-Ferrajo, has been the bearer of a letter from Murat to the usurper, and again taken charge of another letter from the usurper to the Bonapartist club in Paris.

institutions - institutions, institution

charge - frais, charge, chef d’accusation, chef d’inculpation, meuble

Ample corroboration of this statement may be obtained by arresting the above-mentioned Edmond Dantès, who either carries the letter for Paris about with him, or has it at his father's abode. Should it not be found in the possession of father or son, then it will assuredly be discovered in the cabin belonging to the said Dantès on board the Pharaon.'"

ample - ample

corroboration - corroboration

obtained - obtenu, obtenir, se procurer, réussir, avoir succes, avoir

the above-mentioned - le susmentionné

abode - domicile, demeure, (abide), endurer, tolérer

possession - bien, possession, propriété, possessions

"But," said Renée, "this letter, which, after all, is but an anonymous scrawl, is not even addressed to you, but to the king's attorney."

anonymous - anonyme

scrawl - gribouillis, griffonner


"True; but that gentleman being absent, his secretary, by his orders, opened his letters; thinking this one of importance, he sent for me, but not finding me, took upon himself to give the necessary orders for arresting the accused party."

being absent - etre absent

secretary - secrétaire, messager serpentaire

importance - importance

"Then the guilty person is absolutely in custody?" said the marquise.

absolutely - absolument

custody - la garde, garde, détention, garde a vue, custodie

"Nay, dear mother, say the accused person. You know we cannot yet pronounce him guilty."

"He is in safe custody," answered Villefort; "and rely upon it, if the letter is found, he will not be likely to be trusted abroad again, unless he goes forth under the especial protection of the headsman."

in safe custody - sous bonne garde

trusted - de confiance, confiance, trust, faire confiance

abroad - a l'étranger, a l'étranger, de tous côtés

especial - particulier

protection - protection

headsman - chef d'établissement

"And where is the unfortunate being?" asked Renée.

"He is at my house."

"Come, come, my friend," interrupted the marquise, "do not neglect your duty to linger with us. You are the king's servant, and must go wherever that service calls you."

neglect - négliger, négligence

linger - s'attarder, s'installer, stagner, s'incruster, s'éteindre

wherever - ou

"Oh, Villefort!" cried Renée, clasping her hands, and looking towards her lover with piteous earnestness, "be merciful on this the day of our betrothal."

clasping - de l'agrippement, (clasp), fermoir, serrer

piteous - piteux, pitoyable

earnestness - le sérieux

merciful - miséricordieux

The young man passed round to the side of the table where the fair pleader sat, and leaning over her chair said tenderly:

pleader - plaideur

tenderly - tendrement

"To give you pleasure, my sweet Renée, I promise to show all the lenity in my power; but if the charges brought against this Bonapartist hero prove correct, why, then, you really must give me leave to order his head to be cut off."

lenity - l'indulgence

charges - charges, frais-p, charge, chef d’accusation, chef d’inculpation

against this - contre cela

hero - héros, protagoniste

Renée shuddered at the word cut, for the growth in question had a head.

growth - croissance

"Never mind that foolish girl, Villefort," said the marquise. "She will soon get over these things." So saying, Madame de Saint-Méran extended her dry bony hand to Villefort, who, while imprinting a son-in-law's respectful salute on it, looked at Renée, as much as to say, "I must try and fancy 'tis your dear hand I kiss, as it should have been."

foolish - sot, stupide, bete, idiot

bony - osseux

imprinting - l'impression, (imprint) l'impression

respectful - respectueux

salute - saluer, faire un salut

kiss - baiser, baisent, biser, baisons, baisez, bécot, bise

"These are mournful auspices to accompany a betrothal," sighed poor Renée.

auspices - les auspices, auspices, auspice

accompany - accompagner

"Upon my word, child!" exclaimed the angry marquise, "your folly exceeds all bounds. I should be glad to know what connection there can possibly be between your sickly sentimentality and the affairs of the state!"

exceeds - dépasse, excéder, dépasser

Glad - heureux, heureuse

sickly - malade, maladif, souffreteux, chétif, valétudinaire, douçâtre

sentimentality - sentimentalité

"Oh, mother!" murmured Renée.

"Nay, madame, I pray you pardon this little traitor. I promise you that to make up for her want of loyalty, I will be most inflexibly severe;" then casting an expressive glance at his betrothed, which seemed to say, "Fear not, for your dear sake my justice shall be tempered with mercy," and receiving a sweet and approving smile in return, Villefort departed with paradise in his heart.

traitor - traître, traîtresse, trahir

inflexibly - de maniere inflexible

tempered - tempéré, caractere, tempérament, humeur, état d'esprit, recuit

receiving - recevant, recevoir

approving - approuver

paradise - le paradis, paradis, cieux

Chapter 7. The Examination

examination - l'examen, examen

No sooner had Villefort left the salon, than he assumed the grave air of a man who holds the balance of life and death in his hands. Now, in spite of the nobility of his countenance, the command of which, like a finished actor, he had carefully studied before the glass, it was by no means easy for him to assume an air of judicial severity.

grave - tombe

holds - tient, (main)tenir

balance - l'équilibre, contrepoids, équilibre, solde, balancier, apurer

nobility - la noblesse, noblesse

judicial - judiciaire

severity - la sévérité, sévérité, gravité

Except the recollection of the line of politics his father had adopted, and which might interfere, unless he acted with the greatest prudence, with his own career, GĂ©rard de Villefort was as happy as a man could be. Already rich, he held a high official situation, though only twenty-seven.

adopted - adoptée, adopter

acted - agi, acte, loi, action, agir

high official - haut fonctionnaire

He was about to marry a young and charming woman, whom he loved, not passionately, but reasonably, as became a deputy attorney of the king; and besides her personal attractions, which were very great, Mademoiselle de Saint-MĂ©ran's family possessed considerable political influence, which they would, of course, exert in his favor.

charming - charmant, (charm)

passionately - passionnément

reasonably - raisonnablement

attractions - des attractions, attraction, attirance

exert - exercer

The dowry of his wife amounted to fifty thousand crowns, and he had, besides, the prospect of seeing her fortune increased to half a million at her father's death. These considerations naturally gave Villefort a feeling of such complete felicity that his mind was fairly dazzled in its contemplation.

dowry - la dot, dot

amounted to - s'est élevé a

crowns - couronnes, couronne

considerations - considérations, considération, fr

naturally - naturellement

dazzled - éblouie, éblouir

contemplation - contemplation

At the door he met the commissary of police, who was waiting for him. The sight of this officer recalled Villefort from the third heaven to earth; he composed his face, as we have before described, and said, "I have read the letter, sir, and you have acted rightly in arresting this man; now inform me what you have discovered concerning him and the conspiracy."

commissary - l'économat

recalled - rappelée, rappeler, souvenir

rightly - a juste titre

concerning - concernant, inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation

"We know nothing as yet of the conspiracy, monsieur; all the papers found have been sealed up and placed on your desk. The prisoner himself is named Edmond Dantès, mate on board the three-master the Pharaon, trading in cotton with Alexandria and Smyrna, and belonging to Morrel & Son, of Marseilles."

as yet - a ce jour

monsieur - Monsieur

sealed up - scellé

trading - le commerce, (trad) le commerce

"Before he entered the merchant service, had he ever served in the marines?"

marines - marines, marin, maritime, marinier

"Oh, no, monsieur, he is very young."

"How old?"

"Nineteen or twenty at the most."

At this moment, and as Villefort had arrived at the corner of the Rue des Conseils, a man, who seemed to have been waiting for him, approached; it was M. Morrel.

des - DES

"Ah, M. de Villefort," cried he, "I am delighted to see you. Some of your people have committed the strangest mistake"they have just arrested Edmond Dantès, mate of my vessel."

committed - engagé, confier, commettre, remettre, consigner

Strangest - le plus étrange, étrange, anormal, inconnu, étranger

"I know it, monsieur," replied Villefort, "and I am now going to examine him."

examine - examiner

"Oh," said Morrel, carried away by his friendship, "you do not know him, and I do. He is the most estimable, the most trustworthy creature in the world, and I will venture to say, there is not a better seaman in all the merchant service. Oh, M. de Villefort, I beseech your indulgence for him."

carried away - emportée

most estimable - le plus estimable

most trustworthy - le plus digne de confiance

indulgence - indulgence

Villefort, as we have seen, belonged to the aristocratic party at Marseilles, Morrel to the plebeian; the first was a royalist, the other suspected of Bonapartism. Villefort looked disdainfully at Morrel, and replied coldly:

plebeian - plébéien

Bonapartism - le bonapartisme, bonapartisme

disdainfully - avec dédain

coldly - froidement

"You are aware, monsieur, that a man may be estimable and trustworthy in private life, and the best seaman in the merchant service, and yet be, politically speaking, a great criminal. Is it not true?"

estimable - estimable

trustworthy - de confiance, digne de confiance, digne de foi, fiable

private life - la vie privée

politically - politiquement

criminal - criminel, criminelle

The magistrate laid emphasis on these words, as if he wished to apply them to the owner himself, while his eyes seemed to plunge into the heart of one who, interceding for another, had himself need of indulgence.

apply - s'appliquent, applique, solicitez, solicitent, appliquent

plunge - plonger

Morrel reddened, for his own conscience was not quite clear on politics; besides, what Dantès had told him of his interview with the grand-marshal, and what the emperor had said to him, embarrassed him. He replied, however, in a tone of deep interest:

reddened - rougis, rougir, faire rougir

conscience - conscience

"I entreat you, M. de Villefort, be, as you always are, kind and equitable, and give him back to us soon." This give us sounded revolutionary in the deputy's ears.

equitable - équitable

"Ah, ah," murmured he, "is Dantès then a member of some Carbonari society, that his protector thus employs the collective form? He was, if I recollect, arrested in a tavern, in company with a great many others.

employs - emplois, employer, embaucher, recruter

collective - collectif

tavern - taverne

" Then he added, "Monsieur, you may rest assured I shall perform my duty impartially, and that if he be innocent you shall not have appealed to me in vain; should he, however, be guilty, in this present epoch, impunity would furnish a dangerous example, and I must do my duty."

impartially - de maniere impartiale

appealed - a fait l'objet d'un appel, en appeler (a), supplier

in vain - en vain

epoch - époque, ere, période, singularité, évenement

impunity - l'impunité, impunité


As he had now arrived at the door of his own house, which adjoined the Palais de Justice, he entered, after having, coldly saluted the shipowner, who stood, as if petrified, on the spot where Villefort had left him. The antechamber was full of police agents and gendarmes, in the midst of whom, carefully watched, but calm and smiling, stood the prisoner.

adjoined - adjacents, adjoindre, toucher

Petrified - pétrifié, pétrifier

antechamber - antichambre

gendarmes - gendarmes, gendarme

Villefort traversed the antechamber, cast a side glance at Dantès, and taking a packet which a gendarme offered him, disappeared, saying, "Bring in the prisoner."

side glance - un regard de côté

gendarme - gendarme

Rapid as had been Villefort's glance, it had served to give him an idea of the man he was about to interrogate. He had recognized intelligence in the high forehead, courage in the dark eye and bent brow, and frankness in the thick lips that showed a set of pearly teeth.

interrogate - interroger

forehead - front

courage - bravoure, courage, cour, vaillance

frankness - la franchise, franchise

thick lips - des levres épaisses

pearly - nacré

Villefort's first impression was favorable; but he had been so often warned to mistrust first impulses, that he applied the maxim to the impression, forgetting the difference between the two words. He stifled, therefore, the feelings of compassion that were rising, composed his features, and sat down, grim and sombre, at his desk. An instant after Dantès entered.

warned - averti, avertir, alerter, prévenir

mistrust - méfiance, défiance

impulses - des impulsions, impulsion

applied - appliquée, appliquer (sur)

maxim - maxime, sentence

stifled - étouffé, étouffer

therefore - par conséquent, en conséquence, donc, pour ça

compassion - la compassion, compassion

grim - sinistre

sombre - sombre

He was pale, but calm and collected, and saluting his judge with easy politeness, looked round for a seat, as if he had been in M. Morrel's salon. It was then that he encountered for the first time Villefort's look,"that look peculiar to the magistrate, who, while seeming to read the thoughts of others, betrays nothing of his own.

collected - collectés, (se) rassembler

saluting - saluer, faire un salut

politeness - la politesse, politesse

encountered - rencontré, rencontrer, rencontre

seeming - en apparence, paraissant, (seem), sembler, paraître, avoir l'air

Betrays - trahir, livrer

"Who and what are you?" demanded Villefort, turning over a pile of papers, containing information relative to the prisoner, that a police agent had given to him on his entry, and that, already, in an hour's time, had swelled to voluminous proportions, thanks to the corrupt espionage of which "the accused" is always made the victim.

demanded - demandée, demande, exigence, exiger

turning over - Tourner

pile - pile, tapée, pilotis, foule, amas

relative - relative, relatif, parent, géniteur, génitrice

entry - entrée, acces, vestibule, article

swelled - gonflé, enfler, gonfler

voluminous - volumineux

proportions - proportions, proportion

corrupt - corrompu, dévoyé, corrompre

espionage - l'espionnage, espionnage

victim - victime

"My name is Edmond Dantès," replied the young man calmly; "I am mate of the Pharaon, belonging to Messrs. Morrel & Son."

"Your age?" continued Villefort.

"Nineteen," returned Dantès.

"What were you doing at the moment you were arrested?"

"I was at the festival of my marriage, monsieur," said the young man, his voice slightly tremulous, so great was the contrast between that happy moment and the painful ceremony he was now undergoing; so great was the contrast between the sombre aspect of M. de Villefort and the radiant face of Mercédès.

tremulous - tremblant

contrast - contraste, contraster

undergoing - en cours, subir

"You were at the festival of your marriage?" said the deputy, shuddering in spite of himself.

shuddering - tremblant, (shudder), tremblement, frisson, frissonner, trembler

"Yes, monsieur; I am on the point of marrying a young girl I have been attached to for three years.

marrying - se marier, épouser

" Villefort, impassive as he was, was struck with this coincidence; and the tremulous voice of Dantès, surprised in the midst of his happiness, struck a sympathetic chord in his own bosom"he also was on the point of being married, and he was summoned from his own happiness to destroy that of another. "This philosophic reflection," thought he, "will make a great sensation at M.

impassive - impassible

coincidence - coincidence, coincidence

sympathetic - sympathique

chord - accord, corde

bosom - poitrine, sein, intime

summoned - convoqué, convoquer

destroy - détruire, euthanasier

philosophic - philosophique

reflection - réflexion, reflet, eaning 4

de Saint-Méran's;" and he arranged mentally, while Dantès awaited further questions, the antithesis by which orators often create a reputation for eloquence. When this speech was arranged, Villefort turned to Dantès.

antithesis - antithese, antithese

orators - orateurs, orateur, oratrice

reputation - réputation, renommée (more slang)


"Go on, sir," said he.

"What would you have me say?"

"Give all the information in your power."

"Tell me on which point you desire information, and I will tell all I know; only," added he, with a smile, "I warn you I know very little."

warn - avertir, alerter, prévenir

"Have you served under the usurper?"

"I was about to be mustered into the Royal Marines when he fell."

mustered - rassemblés, rassembler

Royal - royal, royale, trochure, cacatois

"It is reported your political opinions are extreme," said Villefort, who had never heard anything of the kind, but was not sorry to make this inquiry, as if it were an accusation.

is reported - est signalé

inquiry - demande, enquete

"My political opinions!" replied Dantès. "Alas, sir, I never had any opinions. I am hardly nineteen; I know nothing; I have no part to play. If I obtain the situation I desire, I shall owe it to M. Morrel. Thus all my opinions"I will not say public, but private"are confined to these three sentiments,"I love my father, I respect M. Morrel, and I adore Mercédès.

hardly - a peine, dur, durement, guere, a peine

confined - confiné, confiner, limite

This, sir, is all I can tell you, and you see how uninteresting it is." As Dantès spoke, Villefort gazed at his ingenuous and open countenance, and recollected the words of Renée, who, without knowing who the culprit was, had besought his indulgence for him. With the deputy's knowledge of crime and criminals, every word the young man uttered convinced him more and more of his innocence.

gazed at - Regarder

ingenuous - ingénue

culprit - coupable

besought - demandé, prier, implorer, supplier

criminals - criminels, criminel, criminelle

Convinced - convaincu, convaincre, persuader

innocence - l'innocence, innocence, candeur

This lad, for he was scarcely a man,"simple, natural, eloquent with that eloquence of the heart never found when sought for; full of affection for everybody, because he was happy, and because happiness renders even the wicked good"extended his affection even to his judge, spite of Villefort's severe look and stern accent. Dantès seemed full of kindness.

simple - simple

eloquent - éloquent

renders - les rendus, rendre

kindness - la gentillesse, bonté

"Pardieu!" said Villefort, "he is a noble fellow. I hope I shall gain Renée's favor easily by obeying the first command she ever imposed on me. I shall have at least a pressure of the hand in public, and a sweet kiss in private." Full of this idea, Villefort's face became so joyous, that when he turned to Dantès, the latter, who had watched the change on his physiognomy, was smiling also.

gain - gain, gagner, produit

obeying - obéir, obtempérer

imposed - imposée, imposer

pressure - pression

physiognomy - la physionomie, physiognomonie

"Sir," said Villefort, "have you any enemies, at least, that you know."

enemies - ennemis, ennemi, ennemie

"I have enemies?" replied Dantès; "my position is not sufficiently elevated for that. As for my disposition, that is, perhaps, somewhat too hasty; but I have striven to repress it. I have had ten or twelve sailors under me, and if you question them, they will tell you that they love and respect me, not as a father, for I am too young, but as an elder brother."

hasty - hâtive, hâtif

striven - strivées, s'efforcer de

repress - réprimer

"But you may have excited jealousy. You are about to become captain at nineteen"an elevated post; you are about to marry a pretty girl, who loves you; and these two pieces of good fortune may have excited the envy of someone."

"You are right; you know men better than I do, and what you say may possibly be the case, I confess; but if such persons are among my acquaintances I prefer not to know it, because then I should be forced to hate them."

acquaintances - des connaissances, relation, qualifier

forced - forcée, force

"You are wrong; you should always strive to see clearly around you. You seem a worthy young man; I will depart from the strict line of my duty to aid you in discovering the author of this accusation. Here is the paper; do you know the writing?" As he spoke, Villefort drew the letter from his pocket, and presented it to Dantès. Dantès read it. A cloud passed over his brow as he said:

strive - s'efforcer, s'efforcer de

Clearly - en clair, clairement

discovering - découvrir

author - auteur, auteure, autrice, écrire, créer

"No, monsieur, I do not know the writing, and yet it is tolerably plain. Whoever did it writes well. I am very fortunate," added he, looking gratefully at Villefort, "to be examined by such a man as you; for this envious person is a real enemy." And by the rapid glance that the young man's eyes shot forth, Villefort saw how much energy lay hid beneath this mildness.

tolerably - de maniere tolérable

plain - simple, unie, net, plaine

examined - examinés, examiner

energy - l'énergie, énergie, courage

beneath this - en dessous de ça

"Now," said the deputy, "answer me frankly, not as a prisoner to a judge, but as one man to another who takes an interest in him, what truth is there in the accusation contained in this anonymous letter?" And Villefort threw disdainfully on his desk the letter Dantès had just given back to him.

frankly - franchement

given back - rendu

"None at all. I will tell you the real facts. I swear by my honor as a sailor, by my love for Mercédès, by the life of my father"""

swear - jurer, blasphémer, jurez, jurons, jurent

"Speak, monsieur," said Villefort. Then, internally, "If Renée could see me, I hope she would be satisfied, and would no longer call me a decapitator."

internally - en interne

decapitator - décapiteur

"Well, when we quitted Naples, Captain Leclere was attacked with a brain fever. As we had no doctor on board, and he was so anxious to arrive at Elba, that he would not touch at any other port, his disorder rose to such a height, that at the end of the third day, feeling he was dying, he called me to him.

disorder - désordre, trouble

height - hauteur, taille

˜My dear Dantès,'said he, ˜swear to perform what I am going to tell you, for it is a matter of the deepest importance.'

deepest - le plus profond, profond, épais, grave, foncé, foncée

"˜I swear, captain,'replied I.

"˜Well, as after my death the command devolves on you as mate, assume the command, and Bear up for the Island of Elba, disembark at Porto-Ferrajo, ask for the grand-marshal, give him this letter"perhaps they will give you another letter, and charge you with a commission. You will accomplish what I was to have done, and derive all the honor and profit from it.'

Bear up - Tenir le coup

disembark - débarquer

accomplish - accomplir

derive - tirer, trouver, déduire, conclure, dériver

profit from - en tirer profit

"˜I will do it, captain; but perhaps I shall not be admitted to the grand-marshal's presence as easily as you expect?'

admitted - admis, admettre, avouer, reconnaître

"˜Here is a ring that will obtain audience of him, and remove every difficulty,'said the captain. At these words he gave me a ring. It was time"two hours after he was delirious; the next day he died."

ring - anneau, cerne, ring, tinter

audience - assistance, public, auditoire, lectorat, audience

remove - supprimer, enlever

delirious - délirant

"And what did you do then?"

"What I ought to have done, and what everyone would have done in my place. Everywhere the last requests of a dying man are sacred; but with a sailor the last requests of his superior are commands. I sailed for the Island of Elba, where I arrived the next day; I ordered everybody to remain on board, and went on shore alone.

everywhere - partout

requests - demandes, demander, prier, requete, demande

superior - supérieur

commands - des commandes, commandement, ordre, maîtrise

Sailed - navigué, voile

on shore - sur le rivage

As I had expected, I found some difficulty in obtaining access to the grand-marshal; but I sent the ring I had received from the captain to him, and was instantly admitted. He questioned me concerning Captain Leclere's death; and, as the latter had told me, gave me a letter to carry on to a person in Paris. I undertook it because it was what my captain had bade me do.

access - l'acces, attaque, accéder, intelligence, entrée, accés

bade - Bade

I landed here, regulated the affairs of the vessel, and hastened to visit my affianced bride, whom I found more lovely than ever. Thanks to M.

regulated - réglementé, régler

hastened to - s'est empressé de faire

Morrel, all the forms were got over; in a word I was, as I told you, at my marriage feast; and I should have been married in an hour, and tomorrow I intended to start for Paris, had I not been arrested on this charge which you as well as I now see to be unjust."

got over - surmonter

see to - Voir a

unjust - injuste

"Ah," said Villefort, "this seems to me the truth. If you have been culpable, it was imprudence, and this imprudence was in obedience to the orders of your captain. Give up this letter you have brought from Elba, and pass your word you will appear should you be required, and go and rejoin your friends.

culpable - coupable

obedience - l'obéissance, obéissance

"I am free, then, sir?" cried Dantès joyfully.

"Yes; but first give me this letter."

"You have it already, for it was taken from me with some others which I see in that packet."

"Stop a moment," said the deputy, as Dantès took his hat and gloves. "To whom is it addressed?"

gloves - gants, gant

"To Monsieur Noirtier, Rue Coq-HĂ©ron, Paris." Had a thunderbolt fallen into the room, Villefort could not have been more stupefied. He sank into his seat, and hastily turning over the packet, drew forth the fatal letter, at which he glanced with an expression of terror.

thunderbolt - coup de tonnerre

"M. Noirtier, Rue Coq-HĂ©ron, No. 13," murmured he, growing still paler.

paler - plus pâle, copain/-ine

"Yes," said Dantès; "do you know him?"

"No," replied Villefort; "a faithful servant of the king does not know conspirators."

conspirators - des conspirateurs, conspirateur, conspiratrice


"It is a conspiracy, then?" asked Dantès, who after believing himself free, now began to feel a tenfold alarm. "I have, however, already told you, sir, I was entirely ignorant of the contents of the letter."

tenfold - décuplé, décuple, décupler

alarm - alarme, réveille-matin, réveil, alarmer, donner/sonner l'alerte

ignorant - ignorant

"Yes; but you knew the name of the person to whom it was addressed," said Villefort.

"I was forced to read the address to know to whom to give it."

address to - S'adresser a

"Have you shown this letter to anyone?" asked Villefort, becoming still more pale.

"To no one, on my honor."

"Everybody is ignorant that you are the bearer of a letter from the Island of Elba, and addressed to M. Noirtier?"

"Everybody, except the person who gave it to me."

"And that was too much, far too much," murmured Villefort. Villefort's brow darkened more and more, his white lips and clenched teeth filled Dantès with apprehension. After reading the letter, Villefort covered his face with his hands.

darkened - assombri, obscurcir, assombrir, foncer

"Oh," said Dantès timidly, "what is the matter?" Villefort made no answer, but raised his head at the expiration of a few seconds, and again perused the letter.

timidly - timidement

perused - consultés, examiner, jeter un coup d'oil, survoler, feuilleter

"And you say that you are ignorant of the contents of this letter?"

"I give you my word of honor, sir," said Dantès; "but what is the matter? You are ill"shall I ring for assistance?"shall I call?"

"No," said Villefort, rising hastily; "stay where you are. It is for me to give orders here, and not you."

"Monsieur," replied Dantès proudly, "it was only to summon assistance for you."

proudly - fierement, fierement

summon - convoquer, appeler, convoquez, convoquons

"I want none; it was a temporary indisposition. Attend to yourself; answer me." Dantès waited, expecting a question, but in vain. Villefort fell back on his chair, passed his hand over his brow, moist with perspiration, and, for the third time, read the letter.

temporary - temporaire, provisoire, intérimaire

vain - vaine, rench: vaniteux, frivole, vain, futile

moist - humide, moite

"Oh, if he knows the contents of this!" murmured he, "and that Noirtier is the father of Villefort, I am lost!" And he fixed his eyes upon Edmond as if he would have penetrated his thoughts.

penetrated - pénétré, pénétrer

"Oh, it is impossible to doubt it," cried he, suddenly.

"In heaven's name!" cried the unhappy young man, "if you doubt me, question me; I will answer you." Villefort made a violent effort, and in a tone he strove to render firm:

strove - s'efforcer, s'efforcer de

render - l'équarrissage, rendre

"Sir," said he, "I am no longer able, as I had hoped, to restore you immediately to liberty; before doing so, I must consult the trial justice; what my own feeling is you already know."

"Oh, monsieur," cried Dantès, "you have been rather a friend than a judge."


"Well, I must detain you some time longer, but I will strive to make it as short as possible. The principal charge against you is this letter, and you see""" Villefort approached the fire, cast it in, and waited until it was entirely consumed.

consumed - consommée, consommer, consumer, rench: -neededr

"You see, I destroy it?"

"Oh," exclaimed Dantès, "you are goodness itself."

goodness - la bonté, bonté, bonté divine, corbleu, crebleu, jarnibleu

"Listen," continued Villefort; "you can now have confidence in me after what I have done."

after what - apres quoi

"Oh, command, and I will obey."

"Listen; this is not a command, but advice I give you."

"Speak, and I will follow your advice."

"I shall detain you until this evening in the Palais de Justice. Should anyone else interrogate you, say to him what you have said to me, but do not breathe a word of this letter."

breathe - respirer, inspirer, expirer, reprendre son souffle

"I promise." It was Villefort who seemed to entreat, and the prisoner who reassured him.

reassured - rassuré, tranquilliser, rassurer, réassurer

"You see," continued he, glancing toward the grate, where fragments of burnt paper fluttered in the flames, "the letter is destroyed; you and I alone know of its existence; should you, therefore, be questioned, deny all knowledge of it"deny it boldly, and you are saved."

toward - vers, envers, pour, pres de

grate - grilles, grille, crisser, grincer, râper

fragments - fragments, fragment, fragmenter

burnt - brulé, brulé, (burn) brulé

fluttered - flotté, faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement

flames - flammes, flamme, polémique

boldly - hardiment

saved - sauvée, sauver, sauvegarder, épargner, préserver, protéger

"Be satisfied; I will deny it."

"It was the only letter you had?"

"It was."

"Swear it."

"I swear it."

Villefort rang. A police agent entered. Villefort whispered some words in his ear, to which the officer replied by a motion of his head.

"Follow him," said Villefort to Dantès. Dantès saluted Villefort and retired. Hardly had the door closed when Villefort threw himself half-fainting into a chair.

retired - a la retraite, prendre sa retraite

"Alas, alas," murmured he, "if the procureur himself had been at Marseilles I should have been ruined. This accursed letter would have destroyed all my hopes. Oh, my father, must your past career always interfere with my successes?" Suddenly a light passed over his face, a smile played round his set mouth, and his haggard eyes were fixed in thought.

haggard - hagard, émacié

"This will do," said he, "and from this letter, which might have ruined me, I will make my fortune. Now to the work I have in hand." And after having assured himself that the prisoner was gone, the deputy procureur hastened to the house of his betrothed.

hastened - s'est hâté, dépecher


Chapter 8. The Château d'If

The commissary of police, as he traversed the antechamber, made a sign to two gendarmes, who placed themselves one on Dantès'right and the other on his left. A door that communicated with the Palais de Justice was opened, and they went through a long range of gloomy corridors, whose appearance might have made even the boldest shudder.

range - chaîne (de montagnes), cuisiniere, sélection, gamme, champ

corridors - couloirs, couloir, corridor, couloir aérien

boldest - le plus audacieux, hardi, audacieux

The Palais de Justice communicated with the prison,"a sombre edifice, that from its grated windows looks on the clock-tower of the Accoules. After numberless windings, Dantès saw a door with an iron wicket. The commissary took up an iron mallet and knocked thrice, every blow seeming to Dantès as if struck on his heart.

edifice - l'édifice, édifice, école de pensée

grated - râpé, grille (de foyer)

numberless - innombrable

iron - le fer, fer, repasser

wicket - guichet

mallet - maillet, mailloche

knocked - frappé, coup, frapper

thrice - trois fois

The door opened, the two gendarmes gently pushed him forward, and the door closed with a loud sound behind him. The air he inhaled was no longer pure, but thick and mephitic,"he was in prison.

pushed - poussé, pousser

inhaled - inhalé, inspirer, aspirer, inhaler, ingurgiter

thick - épais, gros, dense, opaque, incompréhensible, lourd

mephitic - méphitique

He was conducted to a tolerably neat chamber, but grated and barred, and its appearance, therefore, did not greatly alarm him; besides, the words of Villefort, who seemed to interest himself so much, resounded still in his ears like a promise of freedom. It was four o'clock when Dantès was placed in this chamber.

neat - soigné, parure

barred - interdit, barre

resounded - a retenti, retentir

freedom - la liberté, liberté

It was, as we have said, the 1st of March, and the prisoner was soon buried in darkness. The obscurity augmented the acuteness of his hearing; at the slightest sound he rose and hastened to the door, convinced they were about to liberate him, but the sound died away, and Dantès sank again into his seat.

darkness - l'obscurité, obscurité, ténebres

obscurity - l'obscurité, obscurité

augmented - augmentée, augmenter, accroître

liberate - libérer

At last, about ten o'clock, and just as Dantès began to despair, steps were heard in the corridor, a key turned in the lock, the bolts creaked, the massy oaken door flew open, and a flood of light from two torches pervaded the apartment.

lock - serrure, clôturer, cerrure, arret, obturer, pene

corridor - couloir, corridor, couloir aérien

turned in - rendu

bolts - boulons, verrou

massy - massy

torches - torches, torche, flambeau, incendier

pervaded - imprégné, saturer, pénétrer, envahir

By the torchlight Dantès saw the glittering sabres and carbines of four gendarmes. He had advanced at first, but stopped at the sight of this display of force.

torchlight - torchlight

glittering - scintillant, étincelant, (glitter), étincellement, paillette

sabres - sabres, sabre

carbines - carabines, carabine

force - force, forcez, contrainte, forçons, contraindre, forcent

"Are you come to fetch me?" asked he.

fetch - chercher, apporter, aveignez, amener, aveignent, apportons

"Yes," replied a gendarme.

"By the orders of the deputy procureur?"

"I believe so." The conviction that they came from M. de Villefort relieved all Dantès'apprehensions; he advanced calmly, and placed himself in the centre of the escort. A carriage waited at the door, the coachman was on the box, and a police officer sat beside him.

relieved - soulagé, soulager, relayer, faire ses besoins, se soulager

escort - escorte, escorter

coachman - cocher

"Is this carriage for me?" said Dantès.

"It is for you," replied a gendarme.

Dantès was about to speak; but feeling himself urged forward, and having neither the power nor the intention to resist, he mounted the steps, and was in an instant seated inside between two gendarmes; the two others took their places opposite, and the carriage rolled heavily over the stones.

urged - pressé, pulsion, pousser, inciter, provoquer, insister

resist - résister

inside - a l'intérieur, intérieur, dedans, au-dedans, la-dedans

rolled - roulé, rouleau

stones - des pierres, pierre, t+roche, t+caillou, t+roc

The prisoner glanced at the windows"they were grated; he had changed his prison for another that was conveying him he knew not whither. Through the grating, however, Dantès saw they were passing through the Rue Caisserie, and by the Rue Saint-Laurent and the Rue Taramis, to the quay. Soon he saw the lights of La Consigne.

conveying - transmettre, transporter, véhiculer, communiquer

whither - ou

grating - grinçant, grille, (grate) grinçant

passing through - Passer a travers

The carriage stopped, the officer descended, approached the guardhouse, a dozen soldiers came out and formed themselves in order; Dantès saw the reflection of their muskets by the light of the lamps on the quay.

guardhouse - maison de garde

muskets - mousquets, mousquet

"Can all this force be summoned on my account?" thought he.

The officer opened the door, which was locked, and, without speaking a word, answered Dantès'question; for he saw between the ranks of the soldiers a passage formed from the carriage to the port. The two gendarmes who were opposite to him descended first, then he was ordered to alight and the gendarmes on each side of him followed his example.

locked - verrouillé, serrure

ranks - rangs, rang

passage - passage, corridoir, couloir

opposite to - en face de

alight - s'enflammer, amerrissent, amerris, amerrissons, amerrissez

They advanced towards a boat, which a custom-house officer held by a chain, near the quay.

The soldiers looked at Dantès with an air of stupid curiosity. In an instant he was placed in the stern-sheets of the boat, between the gendarmes, while the officer stationed himself at the bow; a shove sent the boat adrift, and four sturdy oarsmen impelled it rapidly towards the Pilon.

shove - pousser, enfoncer

adrift - a la dérive, a la dérive

sturdy - solide, costaud, robuste

impelled - poussé, motiver, inciter, pousser, propulser, éjecter

At a shout from the boat, the chain that closes the mouth of the port was lowered and in a second they were, as Dantès knew, in the Frioul and outside the inner harbor.

shout - crier, cri, jacasser, crient, criez, crions

The prisoner's first feeling was of joy at again breathing the pure air"for air is freedom; but he soon sighed, for he passed before La Réserve, where he had that morning been so happy, and now through the open windows came the laughter and revelry of a ball. Dantès folded his hands, raised his eyes to heaven, and prayed fervently.

laughter - rires, rire

folded - plié, plier

fervently - avec ferveur, fervemment


The boat continued her voyage. They had passed the TĂŞte de Mort, were now off the Anse du Pharo, and about to double the battery. This manĹ"uvre was incomprehensible to Dantès.

mort - mort

Battery - pile, coups et blessures, batterie

incomprehensible - incompréhensible

"Whither are you taking me?" asked he.

"You will soon know."

"But still"""

"We are forbidden to give you any explanation." Dantès, trained in discipline, knew that nothing would be more absurd than to question subordinates, who were forbidden to reply; and so he remained silent.

forbidden - interdites, interdire, nier, dénier

discipline - discipline, pénalité, branche

more absurd - plus absurde

silent - silencieux

The most vague and wild thoughts passed through his mind. The boat they were in could not make a long voyage; there was no vessel at anchor outside the harbor; he thought, perhaps, they were going to leave him on some distant point. He was not bound, nor had they made any attempt to handcuff him; this seemed a good augury.

wild - sauvage, pétulant, grose

passed through - Passé a travers

distant - distante, distant, lointain, éloigné

handcuff - menottes, menotte, menotter

augury - l'augure, augure

Besides, had not the deputy, who had been so kind to him, told him that provided he did not pronounce the dreaded name of Noirtier, he had nothing to apprehend? Had not Villefort in his presence destroyed the fatal letter, the only proof against him?

dreaded - redouté, redouter, craindre, crainte

apprehend - appréhender, comprendre, arreter

He waited silently, striving to pierce through the darkness.

silently - en silence, silencieusement

striving - en quete d'une solution, (strive) en quete d'une solution

pierce - percer, perforage

They had left the Ile Ratonneau, where the lighthouse stood, on the right, and were now opposite the Point des Catalans. It seemed to the prisoner that he could distinguish a feminine form on the beach, for it was there Mercédès dwelt. How was it that a presentiment did not warn Mercédès that her lover was within three hundred yards of her?

lighthouse - phare

distinguish - distinguer

feminine - féminine, féminin, féminin (2)

dwelt - a habité, résider, s'appesantir sur

presentiment - pressentiment

One light alone was visible; and Dantès saw that it came from Mercédès'chamber. Mercédès was the only one awake in the whole settlement. A loud cry could be heard by her. But pride restrained him and he did not utter it. What would his guards think if they heard him shout like a madman?

visible - visible

restrained - retenue, (se) contenir/retenir

guards - gardiens, garde, protection, gardien, arriere

He remained silent, his eyes fixed upon the light; the boat went on, but the prisoner thought only of Mercédès. An intervening elevation of land hid the light. Dantès turned and perceived that they had got out to sea. While he had been absorbed in thought, they had shipped their oars and hoisted sail; the boat was now moving with the wind.

intervening - intervenir

elevation - l'élévation, élévation

absorbed in thought - absorbé dans ses pensées

shipped - expédié, navire

oars - rames, rame, aviron

hoisted - hissé, hisser

wind - vent, emmailloter, détortiller, langer, enrouler

In spite of his repugnance to address the guards, Dantès turned to the nearest gendarme, and taking his hand,

repugnance - répugnance

"Comrade," said he, "I adjure you, as a Christian and a soldier, to tell me where we are going. I am Captain Dantès, a loyal Frenchman, thought accused of treason; tell me where you are conducting me, and I promise you on my honor I will submit to my fate."

adjure - ajuster

Christian - chrétien, chrétienne, Christian

loyal - loyal, fidele

Frenchman - Français

treason - trahison

submit - se soumettre

fate - le destin, destin, destinée, sort

The gendarme looked irresolutely at his companion, who returned for answer a sign that said, "I see no great harm in telling him now," and the gendarme replied:

irresolutely - irrésolument

"You are a native of Marseilles, and a sailor, and yet you do not know where you are going?"

native of - originaire de

"On my honor, I have no idea."

"Have you no idea whatever?"

"None at all."

"That is impossible."

"I swear to you it is true. Tell me, I entreat."

"But my orders."

"Your orders do not forbid your telling me what I must know in ten minutes, in half an hour, or an hour. You see I cannot escape, even if I intended."

forbid - interdire, nier, dénier

escape - échapper, s'échapper, éviter, échapper (a quelqu'un), évasion

"Unless you are blind, or have never been outside the harbor, you must know."

blind - aveugle, mal-voyant, mal-voyante, store, blind, aveugler

"I do not."

"look round you then." Dantès rose and looked forward, when he saw rise within a hundred yards of him the black and frowning rock on which stands the Château d'If. This gloomy fortress, which has for more than three hundred years furnished food for so many wild legends, seemed to Dantès like a scaffold to a malefactor.

look round - regarder autour

rise - hausse, remonte, élévation, débout, surcroît

Rock - le rocher, bercer, balancer, rupestre, rocher, roc

fortress - forteresse

furnished - meublé, meubler, fournir, livrer

legends - légendes, légende

malefactor - malfaiteur, malfaitrice

"The Château d'If?" cried he, "what are we going there for?"

going there - Aller la-bas

The gendarme smiled.

"I am not going there to be imprisoned," said Dantès; "it is only used for political prisoners. I have committed no crime. Are there any magistrates or judges at the Château d'If?"

imprisoned - emprisonné, emprisonner, mettre en prison

prisoners - prisonniers, prisonnier, prisonniere

judges - juges, juger

"There are only," said the gendarme, "a governor, a garrison, turnkeys, and good thick walls. Come, come, do not look so astonished, or you will make me think you are laughing at me in return for my good nature."

governor - gouverneur, gouverneure

turnkeys - les tourniquets, clé en main, clés en main

astonished - étonné, étonner, surprendre

good nature - bonne nature

Dantès pressed the gendarme's hand as though he would crush it.

pressed - pressé, appuyer sur, presser

"You think, then," said he, "that I am taken to the Château d'If to be imprisoned there?"

"It is probable; but there is no occasion to squeeze so hard."

squeeze - de la compression, presser, comprimer, tasser, serrer

"Without any inquiry, without any formality?"

formality - formalité

"All the formalities have been gone through; the inquiry is already made."

"And so, in spite of M. de Villefort's promises?"

promises - des promesses, vou, promesse, promettre

"I do not know what M. de Villefort promised you," said the gendarme, "but I know we are taking you to the Château d'If. But what are you doing? Help, comrades, help!"

comrades - camarades, camaradef, camarade

By a rapid movement, which the gendarme's practiced eye had perceived, Dantès sprang forward to precipitate himself into the sea; but four vigorous arms seized him as his feet quitted the bottom of the boat. He fell back cursing with rage.

precipitate - précipité

cursing - maudissant, (curs) maudissant

"Good!" said the gendarme, placing his knee on his chest; "this is the way you keep your word as a sailor! Believe soft-spoken gentlemen again! Hark ye, my friend, I have disobeyed my first order, but I will not disobey the second; and if you move, I will blow your brains out." And he levelled his carbine at Dantès, who felt the muzzle against his temple.

gentlemen - messieurs, gentilhomme, monsieur, messieurs-p

disobeyed - désobéi, désobéir

first order - premiere commande

brains - cerveau, qualifierejorative or when used as food

levelled - nivelé, plat, a ras, au meme niveau, constant, niveau

Carbine - carabine

muzzle - la museliere, museau, museliere, museler

Temple - le temple, tempe, temple

For a moment the idea of struggling crossed his mind, and of so ending the unexpected evil that had overtaken him. But he bethought him of M. de Villefort's promise; and, besides, death in a boat from the hand of a gendarme seemed too terrible. He remained motionless, but gnashing his teeth and wringing his hands with fury.

struggling - en difficulté, luttant, (struggle), lutte, lutter, s'efforcer

crossed - croisé, crosse

overtaken - dépassé, dépasser, doubler, surprendre

motionless - immobile

gnashing - grincement, serrer les dents, grincer

wringing - tordant, (wring) tordant

At this moment the boat came to a landing with a violent shock. One of the sailors leaped on shore, a cord creaked as it ran through a pulley, and Dantès guessed they were at the end of the voyage, and that they were mooring the boat.

shore - rivage, riverain, parages, bord, rive, borde

cord - corde, cordon

pulley - poulie

mooring - l'amarrage, amarrage, (moor) l'amarrage

His guards, taking him by the arms and coat-collar, forced him to rise, and dragged him towards the steps that lead to the gate of the fortress, while the police officer carrying a musket with fixed bayonet followed behind.

collar - col, collier

dragged - traîné, tirer, entraîner

Gate - la porte, porte

musket - mousquet

bayonet - baionnette, baionnette

Dantès made no resistance; he was like a man in a dream; he saw soldiers drawn up on the embankment; he knew vaguely that he was ascending a flight of steps; he was conscious that he passed through a door, and that the door closed behind him; but all this indistinctly as through a mist.

Embankment - remblai, chaussée, talus

vaguely - vaguement

ascending - ascendante, monter

indistinctly - indistinctement

mist - brouillard, brume

He did not even see the ocean, that terrible barrier against freedom, which the prisoners look upon with utter despair.

Ocean - l'océan, océan

barrier - barriere, barriere, limite, frontiere

They halted for a minute, during which he strove to collect his thoughts. He looked around; he was in a court surrounded by high walls; he heard the measured tread of sentinels, and as they passed before the light he saw the barrels of their muskets shine.

halted - arreté, (s')arreter

collect - collecter, recueillir, recuellir, recueillez, encaisser

sentinels - des sentinelles, factionnaire, sentinelle, regarder

barrels - tonneaux, tonneau, barrique, baril, canon, barillet, embariller

shine - briller, reluisons, reluisez, reluisent, reluire

They waited upwards of ten minutes. Certain Dantès could not escape, the gendarmes released him. They seemed awaiting orders. The orders came.

"Where is the prisoner?" said a voice.

"Here," replied the gendarmes.

"Let him follow me; I will take him to his cell."

cell - cellule, cachot

"Go!" said the gendarmes, thrusting Dantès forward.

thrusting - poussée, (thrust), estocade, propulser

The prisoner followed his guide, who led him into a room almost under ground, whose bare and reeking walls seemed as though impregnated with tears; a lamp placed on a stool illumined the apartment faintly, and showed Dantès the features of his conductor, an under-jailer, ill-clothed, and of sullen appearance.

Guide - guide, conduire, guider, guident, diriger, guidez, mener

reeking - puant, puanteur

impregnated - fécondée, rendre enceinte, mettre enceinte, enceinter

stool - tabouret

conductor - chef d'orchestre, contrôleur, poinçonneur (ancient, in bus)

jailer - geôlier, geôliere, gâfe

clothed - habillé, tissu, étoffe, tenue

sullen - maussade, morose, morne, lent


"Here is your chamber for tonight," said he. "It is late, and the governor is asleep. Tomorrow, perhaps, he may change you. In the meantime there is bread, water, and fresh straw; and that is all a prisoner can wish for. Goodnight.

is late - est en retard

asleep - endormi

straw - paille, fétu, jaune paille

wish for - souhaité

goodnight - Bonne nuit

" And before Dantès could open his mouth"before he had noticed where the jailer placed his bread or the water"before he had glanced towards the corner where the straw was, the jailer disappeared, taking with him the lamp and closing the door, leaving stamped upon the prisoner's mind the dim reflection of the dripping walls of his dungeon.

noticed - remarqué, remarquer, notification, préavis

stamped - estampillé, affranchi, (stamp), cachet, tampon, timbre

dripping - goutte a goutte, dégoulinade

dungeon - oubliette, donjon, cachot

Dantès was alone in darkness and in silence"cold as the shadows that he felt breathe on his burning forehead. With the first dawn of day the jailer returned, with orders to leave Dantès where he was. He found the prisoner in the same position, as if fixed there, his eyes swollen with weeping. He had passed the night standing, and without sleep.

shadows - ombres, ombre, prendre en filature, t+filer

breathe on - respirer sur

dawn - l'aube, se lever, naître, aube, lever du soleil, aurore

swollen - gonflé, enfler, gonfler

weeping - pleurant, (weep) pleurant

passed the night - passé la nuit

The jailer advanced; Dantès appeared not to perceive him. He touched him on the shoulder. Edmond started.

"Have you not slept?" said the jailer.

"I do not know," replied Dantès. The jailer stared.

"Are you hungry?" continued he.

"I do not know."

"Do you wish for anything?"

"I wish to see the governor."

The jailer shrugged his shoulders and left the chamber.

shrugged - haussé les épaules, haussement d'épaules, hausser les épaules

Dantès followed him with his eyes, and stretched forth his hands towards the open door; but the door closed. All his emotion then burst forth; he cast himself on the ground, weeping bitterly, and asking himself what crime he had committed that he was thus punished.

emotion - l'émotion, émotion

bitterly - amerement, amerement

punished - puni, punir, châtier

The day passed thus; he scarcely tasted food, but walked round and round the cell like a wild beast in its cage.

tasted - dégustée, gout, saveur, avant-gout, gouter, avoir un gout

beast - bete, bete, bete sauvage

cage - cage, encager

One thought in particular tormented him: namely, that during his journey hither he had sat so still, whereas he might, a dozen times, have plunged into the sea, and, thanks to his powers of swimming, for which he was famous, have gained the shore, concealed himself until the arrival of a Genoese or Spanish vessel, escaped to Spain or Italy, where Mercédès and his father could have joined him.

tormented - tourmenté, tourment, tourmenter

hither - ici, ça

whereas - tandis que, alors que, compte tenu de, vu que

plunged - plongé, plonger

powers - pouvoirs, pouvoir, puissance, électricité

Gained - gagné, gagner

Genoese - Génois

He had no fears as to how he should live"good seamen are welcome everywhere.

He spoke Italian like a Tuscan, and Spanish like a Castilian; he would have been free, and happy with Mercédès and his father, whereas he was now confined in the Château d'If, that impregnable fortress, ignorant of the future destiny of his father and Mercédès; and all this because he had trusted to Villefort's promise.

Tuscan - Toscan, Toscane

Castilian - le castillan, castillan, Castillane

impregnable - imprenable

destiny - destin, destinée, sort

The thought was maddening, and Dantès threw himself furiously down on his straw. The next morning at the same hour, the jailer came again.

"Well," said the jailer, "are you more reasonable today?" Dantès made no reply.

more reasonable - plus raisonnable

"Come, cheer up; is there anything that I can do for you?"

cheer - applaudir, jubiler

"I wish to see the governor."

"I have already told you it was impossible."

"Why so?"

"Because it is against prison rules, and prisoners must not even ask for it."

"What is allowed, then?"

"Better fare, if you pay for it, books, and leave to walk about."

fare - tarif, aller, tarifaire

"I do not want books, I am satisfied with my food, and do not care to walk about; but I wish to see the governor."

"If you worry me by repeating the same thing, I will not bring you any more to eat."

worry - s'inquiéter, inquiéter, harceler, souci, angoisse

"Well, then," said Edmond, "if you do not, I shall die of hunger"that is all."

die of hunger - mourir de faim

The jailer saw by his tone he would be happy to die; and as every prisoner is worth ten sous a day to his jailer, he replied in a more subdued tone.

sous - sous, (sou) sous

subdued - atténué, soumettre, subjuguer, assujettir

"What you ask is impossible; but if you are very well behaved you will be allowed to walk about, and some day you will meet the governor, and if he chooses to reply, that is his affair."

some day - un jour

"But," asked Dantès, "how long shall I have to wait?"

"Ah, a month"six months"a year."

"It is too long a time. I wish to see him at once."

"Ah," said the jailer, "do not always brood over what is impossible, or you will be mad in a fortnight."

brood - couvée, couver, protéger, se morfondre, broyer du noir

mad - fou, folle, fol, fâché, en colere

fortnight - quinze jours, deux semaines, quinzaine

"You think so?"

"Yes; we have an instance here; it was by always offering a million of francs to the governor for his liberty that an abbé became mad, who was in this chamber before you."

offering - offre, offrande, (offer)


"How long has he left it?"

"Two years."

"Was he liberated, then?"

liberated - libéré, libérer

"No; he was put in a dungeon."

"Listen!" said Dantès. "I am not an abbé, I am not mad; perhaps I shall be, but at present, unfortunately, I am not. I will make you another offer."

"What is that?"

"I do not offer you a million, because I have it not; but I will give you a hundred crowns if, the first time you go to Marseilles, you will seek out a young girl named Mercédès, at the Catalans, and give her two lines from me."


"If I took them, and were detected, I should lose my place, which is worth two thousand francs a year; so that I should be a great fool to run such a risk for three hundred."

Risk - risque

"Well," said Dantès, "mark this; if you refuse at least to tell Mercédès I am here, I will some day hide myself behind the door, and when you enter I will dash out your brains with this stool."

hide - cacher, planquer, peau, fourrure

"Threats!" cried the jailer, retreating and putting himself on the defensive; "you are certainly going mad. The abbé began like you, and in three days you will be like him, mad enough to tie up; but, fortunately, there are dungeons here."

threats - des menaces, menace

defensive - défensif

going mad - devenir fou

tie up - s'attacher

dungeons - les donjons, oubliette, donjon, cachot

Dantès whirled the stool round his head.

whirled - tourbillonné, tourbillonner

"All right, all right," said the jailer; "all right, since you will have it so. I will send word to the governor."

"Very well," returned Dantès, dropping the stool and sitting on it as if he were in reality mad. The jailer went out, and returned in an instant with a corporal and four soldiers.

dropping - de la chute, crotte, fiente, (drop) de la chute

"By the governor's orders," said he, "conduct the prisoner to the tier beneath."

tier - niveau, rangée

"To the dungeon, then," said the corporal.

"Yes; we must put the madman with the madmen." The soldiers seized Dantès, who followed passively.

madmen - des fous, fou, insensé

passively - passivement

He descended fifteen steps, and the door of a dungeon was opened, and he was thrust in. The door closed, and Dantès advanced with outstretched hands until he touched the wall; he then sat down in the corner until his eyes became accustomed to the darkness. The jailer was right; Dantès wanted but little of being utterly mad.

thrust - estocade, poussée, propulser

Chapter 9. The Evening of the Betrothal

Villefort had, as we have said, hastened back to Madame de Saint-Méran's in the Place du Grand Cours, and on entering the house found that the guests whom he had left at table were taking coffee in the salon. Renée was, with all the rest of the company, anxiously awaiting him, and his entrance was followed by a general exclamation.

hastened back - s'est empressé de revenir

anxiously - avec anxiété, anxieusement

"Well, Decapitator, Guardian of the State, Royalist, Brutus, what is the matter?" said one. "Speak out."

guardian - gardien, tuteur, tutrice, curateur, curatrice

Brutus - Brutus

"Are we threatened with a fresh Reign of Terror?" asked another.

threatened - menacé, menacer

"Has the Corsican ogre broken loose?" cried a third.

ogre - ogre

loose - en vrac, ample, desserré

"Marquise," said Villefort, approaching his future mother-in-law, "I request your pardon for thus leaving you. Will the marquis honor me by a few moments'private conversation?"

"Ah, it is really a serious matter, then?" asked the marquis, remarking the cloud on Villefort's brow.

remarking - remarque

"So serious that I must take leave of you for a few days; so," added he, turning to Renée, "judge for yourself if it be not important."

take leave - prendre congé

"You are going to leave us?" cried Renée, unable to hide her emotion at this unexpected announcement.

announcement - annoncement, annonce

"Alas," returned Villefort, "I must!"

"Where, then, are you going?" asked the marquise.

"That, madame, is an official secret; but if you have any commissions for Paris, a friend of mine is going there tonight, and will with pleasure undertake them." The guests looked at each other.

official secret - secret officiel

commissions - des commissions, commission, fr

undertake - entreprendre

"You wish to speak to me alone?" said the marquis.

"Yes, let us go to the library, please." The marquis took his arm, and they left the salon.

"Well," asked he, as soon as they were by themselves, "tell me what it is?"

"An affair of the greatest importance, that demands my immediate presence in Paris. Now, excuse the indiscretion, marquis, but have you any landed property?"

immediate - immédiate, immédiat, proche

indiscretion - indiscrétion

property - propriété, accessoire

"All my fortune is in the funds; seven or eight hundred thousand francs."

funds - des fonds, fonds, financer

"Then sell out"sell out, marquis, or you will lose it all."

sell out - vendre


"But how can I sell out here?"

"You have a broker, have you not?"

broker - courtier, coutier


"Then give me a letter to him, and tell him to sell out without an instant's delay, perhaps even now I shall arrive too late."

"The deuce you say!" replied the marquis, "let us lose no time, then!"

deuce - deux

And, sitting down, he wrote a letter to his broker, ordering him to sell out at the market price.

sitting down - assis

"Now, then," said Villefort, placing the letter in his pocketbook, "I must have another!"

pocketbook - portefeuille, livre de poche, pocket

"To whom?"

"To the king."

"To the king?"


"I dare not write to his majesty."

dare - oser, aventurer

"I do not ask you to write to his majesty, but ask M. de Salvieux to do so. I want a letter that will enable me to reach the king's presence without all the formalities of demanding an audience; that would occasion a loss of precious time."

enable - autoriser, permettre, activer

demanding - exigeant, demande, exigence, exiger

Loss - perte, déperdition, perdition, déchet, coulage

precious - précieux

"But address yourself to the keeper of the seals; he has the right of entry at the Tuileries, and can procure you audience at any hour of the day or night."

keeper - gardien, gardienne, perle, conservateur, conservatrice

Seals - sceaux, sceau

"Doubtless; but there is no occasion to divide the honors of my discovery with him. The keeper would leave me in the background, and take all the glory to himself. I tell you, marquis, my fortune is made if I only reach the Tuileries the first, for the king will not forget the service I do him."

divide - diviser, fendre, partager, fossé

honors - les honneurs, honneur, honorer

discovery - découverte

background - arriere-plan, trame, fond

glory - gloire

"In that case go and get ready. I will call Salvieux and make him write the letter."

"Be as quick as possible, I must be on the road in a quarter of an hour."

"Tell your coachman to stop at the door."

"You will present my excuses to the marquise and Mademoiselle Renée, whom I leave on such a day with great regret."

excuses - des excuses, excuser, pardonner, justifier

regret - regretter, regret

"You will find them both here, and can make your farewells in person."

farewells - les adieux, adieu, prendre congé, dire adieu, faire ses adieux

"A thousand thanks"and now for the letter."

The marquis rang, a servant entered.

"Say to the Comte de Salvieux that I would like to see him."

"Now, then, go," said the marquis.

"I shall be gone only a few moments."

Villefort hastily quitted the apartment, but reflecting that the sight of the deputy procureur running through the streets would be enough to throw the whole city into confusion, he resumed his ordinary pace. At his door he perceived a figure in the shadow that seemed to wait for him. It was Mercédès, who, hearing no news of her lover, had come unobserved to inquire after him.

reflecting - réfléchissant, refléter, réfléchir

confusion - confusion, désordre, malentendu

ordinary - piece, ordinaire, quelconque

unobserved - non observée

inquire after - demander apres

As Villefort drew near, she advanced and stood before him. Dantès had spoken of Mercédès, and Villefort instantly recognized her. Her beauty and high bearing surprised him, and when she inquired what had become of her lover, it seemed to him that she was the judge, and he the accused.

"The young man you speak of," said Villefort abruptly, "is a great criminal, and I can do nothing for him, mademoiselle." Mercédès burst into tears, and, as Villefort strove to pass her, again addressed him.

abruptly - brusquement, abruptement, tout d'un coup, précipitamment

"But, at least, tell me where he is, that I may know whether he is alive or dead," said she.

alive - en vie, vivant


"I do not know; he is no longer in my hands," replied Villefort.

And desirous of putting an end to the interview, he pushed by her, and closed the door, as if to exclude the pain he felt. But remorse is not thus banished; like Virgil's wounded hero, he carried the arrow in his wound, and, arrived at the salon, Villefort uttered a sigh that was almost a sob, and sank into a chair.

desirous - désireux

exclude - exclure

remorse - des remords, remords, componction

banished - banni, bannir

Virgil - virgile

wound - blessons, blessent, blessez, blessure, blesser

Then the first pangs of an unending torture seized upon his heart.

pangs - des douleurs, douleur (soudaine)

unending - sans fin

The man he sacrificed to his ambition, that innocent victim immolated on the altar of his father's faults, appeared to him pale and threatening, leading his affianced bride by the hand, and bringing with him remorse, not such as the ancients figured, furious and terrible, but that slow and consuming agony whose pangs are intensified from hour to hour up to the very moment of death.

Ambition - l'ambition, ambition, ambition (1-5)

immolated - immolés, immoler, sacrifier

altar - l'autel, autel

faults - défauts, défaut, faute, faille

ancients - des anciens, ancien, antique

figured - figuré, figure, forme, personnage, personnalité

consuming - la consommation, consumant, consommant, (consume), consommer

intensified - intensifiée, intensifier, s'intensifier

Then he had a moment's hesitation. He had frequently called for capital punishment on criminals, and owing to his irresistible eloquence they had been condemned, and yet the slightest shadow of remorse had never clouded Villefort's brow, because they were guilty; at least, he believed so; but here was an innocent man whose happiness he had destroyed.

capital punishment - la peine de mort

owing to - en raison de

irresistible - irrésistible

condemned - condamnée, condamner, déclarer coupable

clouded - obscurci, s'obscurcir

In this case he was not the judge, but the executioner.

As he thus reflected, he felt the sensation we have described, and which had hitherto been unknown to him, arise in his bosom, and fill him with vague apprehensions. It is thus that a wounded man trembles instinctively at the approach of the finger to his wound until it be healed, but Villefort's was one of those that never close, or if they do, only close to reopen more agonizing than ever.

unknown - inconnu, inconnue

trembles - tremble, trembler, vibrer, tremblement, vibration

finger - doigt, pointer, tripoter, doigter

healed - guéri, guérir, (se) cicatriser

reopen - rouvrir, réouvrir, rench: se rouvrir

If at this moment the sweet voice of Renée had sounded in his ears pleading for mercy, or the fair Mercédès had entered and said, "In the name of God, I conjure you to restore me my affianced husband," his cold and trembling hands would have signed his release; but no voice broke the stillness of the chamber, and the door was opened only by Villefort's valet, who came to tell him that the travelling carriage was in readiness.

pleading for - pour laquelle vous plaidez

signed - signé, signe

valet - valet, valet de chambre, majordome, chaperon, duegne

readiness - l'état de préparation, préparation

Villefort rose, or rather sprang, from his chair, hastily opened one of the drawers of his desk, emptied all the gold it contained into his pocket, stood motionless an instant, his hand pressed to his head, muttered a few inarticulate sounds, and then, perceiving that his servant had placed his cloak on his shoulders, he sprang into the carriage, ordering the postilions to drive to M.

drawers - tiroirs, tiroir

postilions - postilions, postillon

de Saint-Méran's. The hapless Dantès was doomed.

hapless - malheureux, infortuné, malchanceux

doomed - condamnée, mort, ruine, perte, condamner

As the marquis had promised, Villefort found the marquise and Renée in waiting. He started when he saw Renée, for he fancied she was again about to plead for Dantès. Alas, her emotions were wholly personal: she was thinking only of Villefort's departure.

plead - plaider

emotions - des émotions, émotion

She loved Villefort, and he left her at the moment he was about to become her husband. Villefort knew not when he should return, and Renée, far from pleading for Dantès, hated the man whose crime separated her from her lover.

pleading - plaidoyer, (plead), plaider


Meanwhile what of Mercédès? She had met Fernand at the corner of the Rue de la Loge; she had returned to the Catalans, and had despairingly cast herself on her couch. Fernand, kneeling by her side, took her hand, and covered it with kisses that Mercédès did not even feel. She passed the night thus.

Loge - loge

despairingly - désespérément

couch - canapé, divan

kneeling - a genoux, (kneel)

kisses - des baisers, (s')embrasser

The lamp went out for want of oil, but she paid no heed to the darkness, and dawn came, but she knew not that it was day. Grief had made her blind to all but one object"that was Edmond.

oil - huile

"Ah, you are there," said she, at length, turning towards Fernand.

"I have not quitted you since yesterday," returned Fernand sorrowfully.

sorrowfully - avec tristesse

M. Morrel had not readily given up the fight.

fight - combattre, combattons, rixe, combattez, combattent

He had learned that Dantès had been taken to prison, and he had gone to all his friends, and the influential persons of the city; but the report was already in circulation that Dantès was arrested as a Bonapartist agent; and as the most sanguine looked upon any attempt of Napoleon to remount the throne as impossible, he met with nothing but refusal, and had returned home in despair, declaring that the matter was serious and that nothing more could be done.

influential - influent

Circulation - circulation

Sanguine - sanguine

remount - remontez, remontons, remontent

returned home - est rentré chez lui

declaring - déclarer, expliquer

Caderousse was equally restless and uneasy, but instead of seeking, like M. Morrel, to aid Dantès, he had shut himself up with two bottles of black currant brandy, in the hope of drowning reflection. But he did not succeed, and became too intoxicated to fetch any more drink, and yet not so intoxicated as to forget what had happened.

equally - également

black currant - du cassis

brandy - du brandy, cognac, brandy, eau-de-vie

drowning - la noyade, noyade, (drown), noyer, checksubmerger

Succeed - succéder, réussir, avoir du succes

intoxicated - en état d'ébriété, intoxiquer

With his elbows on the table he sat between the two empty bottles, while spectres danced in the light of the unsnuffed candle"spectres such as Hoffmann strews over his punch-drenched pages, like black, fantastic dust.

spectres - spectres, spectre

unsnuffed - non étouffé

candle - bougie, chandelle

strews - strews, parsemer, joncher

Punch - un coup de poing, poinçonnez, poinçonnent, poinçonner

drenched - trempé, tremper

dust - la poussiere, poussiere, épousseter, pulvériser

Danglars alone was content and joyous"he had got rid of an enemy and made his own situation on the Pharaon secure. Danglars was one of those men born with a pen behind the ear, and an inkstand in place of a heart. Everything with him was multiplication or subtraction.

secure - sécurisé, sur, sécuriser

Multiplication - multiplication

Subtraction - soustraction

The life of a man was to him of far less value than a numeral, especially when, by taking it away, he could increase the sum total of his own desires. He went to bed at his usual hour, and slept in peace.

numeral - numéral, chiffre

increase - augmenter, croître, accroître, augmentation

sum total - somme totale

desires - désirs, désirer, désir

Villefort, after having received M. de Salvieux's letter, embraced Renée, kissed the marquise's hand, and shaken that of the marquis, started for Paris along the Aix road.

embraced - embrassée, étreindre, embrasser, accolade

kissed - embrassée, (s')embrasser

shaken - secoué, secouer, agiter

Aix - Aix

Old Dantès was dying with anxiety to know what had become of Edmond. But we know very well what had become of Edmond.

Chapter 10. The King's Closet at the Tuileries

closet - placard

We will leave Villefort on the road to Paris, travelling"thanks to trebled fees"with all speed, and passing through two or three apartments, enter at the Tuileries the little room with the arched window, so well known as having been the favorite closet of Napoleon and Louis XVIII., and now of Louis Philippe.

trebled - triplé, triple

fees - honoraires, tarif

arched window - fenetre en arc de cercle

favorite - préféré, favori

There, seated before a walnut table he had brought with him from Hartwell, and to which, from one of those fancies not uncommon to great people, he was particularly attached, the king, Louis XVIII.

walnut - noyer, noix

, was carelessly listening to a man of fifty or fifty-two years of age, with gray hair, aristocratic bearing, and exceedingly gentlemanly attire, and meanwhile making a marginal note in a volume of Gryphius's rather inaccurate, but much sought-after, edition of Horace"a work which was much indebted to the sagacious observations of the philosophical monarch.

carelessly - négligemment

gentlemanly - gentleman

marginal note - note marginale

inaccurate - inexacte

edition - édition

indebted - endetté

sagacious - sagace

observations - observations, observation, remarque

philosophical - philosophique

"You say, sir""" said the king.

"That I am exceedingly disquieted, sire."

sire - sire, saillir

"Really, have you had a vision of the seven fat kine and the seven lean kine?"

vision - vision, vue, aspiration, apparition

kine - kine

lean - maigre, adossons, adossent, appuyer, adossez

"No, sire, for that would only betoken for us seven years of plenty and seven years of scarcity; and with a king as full of foresight as your majesty, scarcity is not a thing to be feared."

betoken - de la parole

plenty - l'abondance, abondance

scarcity - la rareté, manque, rareté, pénurie

foresight - la prévoyance, clairvoyance, prévoyance, prescience

"Then of what other scourge are you afraid, my dear Blacas?"

scourge - fléau, écourgée, fouet, fouetter

"Sire, I have every reason to believe that a storm is brewing in the south."

brewing - brassage, (brew)

"Well, my dear duke," replied Louis XVIII., "I think you are wrongly informed, and know positively that, on the contrary, it is very fine weather in that direction." Man of ability as he was, Louis XVIII. liked a pleasant jest.

Duke - duke, duc

wrongly - a tort, a tort, erronément

positively - positivement

ability - capacité, pouvoir, habileté

"Sire," continued M. de Blacas, "if it only be to reassure a faithful servant, will your majesty send into Languedoc, Provence, and Dauphiné, trusty men, who will bring you back a faithful report as to the feeling in these three provinces?"

reassure - tranquilliser, rassurer, réassurer

Provence - la provence, Provence

trusty - de confiance, fidele, fiable, bon vieux

provinces - provinces, province, qualifier

"Canimus surdis," replied the king, continuing the annotations in his Horace.

continuing - en continuant, continuer

annotations - annotations, annotation, commentaire

"Sire," replied the courtier, laughing, in order that he might seem to comprehend the quotation, "your majesty may be perfectly right in relying on the good feeling of France, but I fear I am not altogether wrong in dreading some desperate attempt."

courtier - courtisan

quotation - citation, devis, cotation

relying - en se fiant, compter sur

dreading - redouté, redouter, craindre, crainte

desperate - désespérée, désespéré

"By whom?"

"By Bonaparte, or, at least, by his adherents."

"My dear Blacas," said the king, "you with your alarms prevent me from working."

"And you, sire, prevent me from sleeping with your security."

Security - la sécurité, sécurité, sécurisant, titre négociable

"Wait, my dear sir, wait a moment; for I have such a delightful note on the Pastor quum traheret"wait, and I will listen to you afterwards."

delightful - délicieux

pastor - pasteur

There was a brief pause, during which Louis XVIII. wrote, in a hand as small as possible, another note on the margin of his Horace, and then looking at the duke with the air of a man who thinks he has an idea of his own, while he is only commenting upon the idea of another, said:

brief - bref, court

pause - pauser, pause

margin - marge

commenting - commentant, commentaire, remarque

"Go on, my dear duke, go on"I listen."

"Sire," said Blacas, who had for a moment the hope of sacrificing Villefort to his own profit, "I am compelled to tell you that these are not mere rumors destitute of foundation which thus disquiet me; but a serious-minded man, deserving all my confidence, and charged by me to watch over the south" (the duke hesitated as he pronounced these words), "has arrived by post to tell me that a great peril threatens the king, and so I hastened to you, sire."

sacrificing - sacrifier, sacrifice, offrande

profit - profit, gain, bénéfice, servir, profiter

destitute - sans ressources

foundation - fondation, fondement, fond de teint

minded - mentales, esprit, t+raison, t+intelligence, mémoire

hesitated - hésité, hésiter

pronounced - prononcée, déclarer, prononcer, déclamer, lire

peril - péril, risque

"Mala ducis avi domum," continued Louis XVIII., still annotating.

mala - mala

annotating - l'annotation, annoter

"Does your majesty wish me to drop the subject?"

"By no means, my dear duke; but just stretch out your hand."

stretch - étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement


"Whichever you please"there to the left."

whichever - quel qu'il soit, n'importe quel, n'importe lequel

"Here, sire?"

"I tell you to the left, and you are looking to the right; I mean on my left"yes, there. You will find yesterday's report of the minister of police. But here is M. Dandré himself;" and M. Dandré, announced by the chamberlain-in-waiting, entered.

minister - ministre, ministériel

announced - annoncée, annoncer

"Come in," said Louis XVIII., with repressed smile, "come in, Baron, and tell the duke all you know"the latest news of M. de Bonaparte; do not conceal anything, however serious,"let us see, the Island of Elba is a volcano, and we may expect to have issuing thence flaming and bristling war"bella, horrida bella."

Baron - baron

volcano - volcan

issuing - l'émission, sortie, émission, livraison, délivrance

flaming - flammes, enflammé, flambant, (flame), flamme, polémique

bristling - se hérisser, soie, poil

M. Dandré leaned very respectfully on the back of a chair with his two hands, and said:

"Has your majesty perused yesterday's report?"

"Yes, yes; but tell the duke himself, who cannot find anything, what the report contains"give him the particulars of what the usurper is doing in his islet."

contains - contient, contenir

islet - îlot, ilot

"Monsieur," said the baron to the duke, "all the servants of his majesty must approve of the latest intelligence which we have from the Island of Elba. Bonaparte"""

servants - serviteurs, serviteur, domestique, servante, fr

approve - approuver, éprouvé, approuvent, approuvez

M. Dandré looked at Louis XVIII., who, employed in writing a note, did not even raise his head. "Bonaparte," continued the baron, "is mortally wearied, and passes whole days in watching his miners at work at Porto-Longone."

employed - employés, employer, embaucher, recruter

raise - augmenter, levent, arborent, entonner, levez, élever, levons

mortally - mortellement

wearied - fatigué, las, lasser

passes - passe, passer (devant), dépasser

miners - les mineurs, mineur

"And scratches himself for amusement," added the king.

scratches - des rayures, gratter, égratigner, piquer, rayer, biffer

amusement - l'amusement, amusement

"Scratches himself?" inquired the duke, "what does your majesty mean?"

"Yes, indeed, my dear duke. Did you forget that this great man, this hero, this demigod, is attacked with a malady of the skin which worries him to death, prurigo?"

demigod - demi-dieu

malady - maladie

worries - des inquiétudes, inquiéter

prurigo - prurigo

"And, moreover, my dear duke," continued the minister of police, "we are almost assured that, in a very short time, the usurper will be insane."

insane - dérangé, délirant, fou, dément, dérangeant


"raving mad; his head becomes weaker. Sometimes he weeps bitterly, sometimes laughs boisterously, at other time he passes hours on the seashore, flinging stones in the water and when the flint makes ˜duck-and-drake'five or six times, he appears as delighted as if he had gained another Marengo or Austerlitz. Now, you must agree that these are indubitable symptoms of insanity."

raving mad - fou a lier

weaker - plus faible, faible, débile

weeps - pleure, pleurer

boisterously - bruyamment

seashore - rivage, rive, bord de mer

flinging - flingage, lancer

Flint - flint, silex, pierre a fusil, pierre a briquet

Duck - canard, cane

drake - drake, canard mâle

Marengo - Marengo

Austerlitz - Austerlitz

indubitable - indubitables

symptoms - des symptômes, symptôme

insanity - la folie, folie

"Or of wisdom, my dear baron"or of wisdom," said Louis XVIII., laughing; "the greatest captains of antiquity amused themselves by casting pebbles into the ocean"see Plutarch's life of Scipio Africanus."

wisdom - la sagesse, sagesse

captains - les capitaines, capitaine, capitaine de vaisseau

antiquity - l'antiquité, Antiquité

amused - amusé, amuser

pebbles - des cailloux, galet, gravillon

Plutarch - plutarque

Scipio - Scipion

M. de Blacas pondered deeply between the confident monarch and the truthful minister. Villefort, who did not choose to reveal the whole secret, lest another should reap all the benefit of the disclosure, had yet communicated enough to cause him the greatest uneasiness.

pondered - réfléchi, songer, réfléchir, interroger

confident - assuré, confiant

truthful - véridique, sincere

reveal - révéler, laisser voir

secret - secret

reap - récolter

benefit - avantages, avantage, bénéfice, subvention, profiter

disclosure - la divulgation, révélation, divulgation, propagation

"Well, well, Dandré," said Louis XVIII., "Blacas is not yet convinced; let us proceed, therefore, to the usurper's conversion." The minister of police bowed.

proceed - avancer, procéder

bowed - incliné, (s')incliner devant, saluer d'un signe de tete

"The usurper's conversion!" murmured the duke, looking at the king and Dandré, who spoke alternately, like Virgil's shepherds. "The usurper converted!"

shepherds - bergers, berger, bergere, pasteur, pâtre, qualifier

converted - converti, convertir

"Decidedly, my dear duke."

decidedly - résolument, décidément, clairement

"In what way converted?"

"To good principles. Tell him all about it, baron."

"Why, this is the way of it," said the minister, with the gravest air in the world: "Napoleon lately had a review, and as two or three of his old veterans expressed a desire to return to France, he gave them their dismissal, and exhorted them to ˜serve the good king.'These were his own words, of that I am certain."

gravest - le plus grave, tombe

review - relecture, critique, compte rendu, révision, revue, réviser

veterans - les anciens combattants, vétéran

expressed - exprimée, exprimer

dismissal - limogeage, licenciement, non-lieu

exhorted - exhorté, exhorter

serve - service, servir, signifier, purger

"Well, Blacas, what think you of this?" inquired the king triumphantly, and pausing for a moment from the voluminous scholiast before him.

pausing - une pause, (pause), pauser, pause

scholiast - scholiaste

"I say, sire, that the minister of police is greatly deceived or I am; and as it is impossible it can be the minister of police as he has the guardianship of the safety and honor of your majesty, it is probable that I am in error. However, sire, if I might advise, your majesty will interrogate the person of whom I spoke to you, and I will urge your majesty to do him this honor."

guardianship - la tutelle, tutelle

error - erreur, vice, etre en erreur, planter

urge - envie, pulsion, pousser, inciter, provoquer, insister

"Most willingly, duke; under your auspices I will receive any person you please, but you must not expect me to be too confiding. Baron, have you any report more recent than this, dated the 20th February, and this is the 3rd of March?"

willingly - volontairement, volontiers

receive - recevoir

confiding - se confier, faire confiance, confier

recent - récente, récent

"No, sire, but I am hourly expecting one; it may have arrived since I left my office."

"Go thither, and if there be none"well, well," continued Louis XVIII., "make one; that is the usual way, is it not?" and the king laughed facetiously.

thither - la, la, d'ici la

facetiously - de maniere facétieuse

"Oh, sire," replied the minister, "we have no occasion to invent any; every day our desks are loaded with most circumstantial denunciations, coming from hosts of people who hope for some return for services which they seek to render, but cannot; they trust to fortune, and rely upon some unexpected event in some way to justify their predictions."

denunciations - dénonciations, dénonciation

Hosts - hôtes, hôte/-esse

justify - justifier

predictions - des prévisions, prédiction

"Well, sir, go," said Louis XVIII., "and remember that I am waiting for you."

"I will but go and return, sire; I shall be back in ten minutes."

"And I, sire," said M. de Blacas, "will go and find my messenger."

messenger - messager, coursier

"Wait, sir, wait," said Louis XVIII. "Really, M. de Blacas, I must change your armorial bearings; I will give you an eagle with outstretched wings, holding in its claws a prey which tries in vain to escape, and bearing this device"Tenax."

eagle - aigle, eagle, réussir un aigle

wings - des ailes, aile, ailier

claws - griffes, griffe

prey - la proie, butin, prise, proie

device - appareil, dispositif, stratageme, ruse, manouvre


"Sire, I listen," said De Blacas, biting his nails with impatience.

nails - clous, ongle

"I wish to consult you on this passage, ˜Molli fugiens anhelitu,'you know it refers to a stag flying from a wolf. Are you not a sportsman and a great wolf-hunter? Well, then, what do you think of the molli anhelitu?"

stag - cerf, bouf

wolf - loup, tombeur, dévorer, engloutir

sportsman - sportif, athlete

Hunter - hunter, chasseur, chien de chasse, cheval de chasse, chercheur

"Admirable, sire; but my messenger is like the stag you refer to, for he has posted two hundred and twenty leagues in scarcely three days."

admirable - admirable

refer - référent, référons, référer, référez

"Which is undergoing great fatigue and anxiety, my dear duke, when we have a telegraph which transmits messages in three or four hours, and that without getting in the least out of breath."

fatigue - la fatigue, fatigue, épuisement, corvée, fatiguer

Telegraph - télégraphe, télégraphier, dépecher

transmits - transmet, transmettre (1, 2, 3, 4, 5), fr

"Ah, sire, you recompense but badly this poor young man, who has come so far, and with so much ardor, to give your majesty useful information. If only for the sake of M. de Salvieux, who recommends him to me, I entreat your majesty to receive him graciously."

recompense - compensation, restituer

badly - mal, mauvaisement

ardor - l'ardeur, ardeur, ferveur

recommends - recommande, recommander, adviser, fr

graciously - gracieusement

"M. de Salvieux, my brother's chamberlain?"

"Yes, sire."

"He is at Marseilles."

"And writes me thence."

"Does he speak to you of this conspiracy?"

"No; but strongly recommends M. de Villefort, and begs me to present him to your majesty."

begs - mendie, mendier

"M. de Villefort!" cried the king, "is the messenger's name M. de Villefort?"

"Yes, sire."

"And he comes from Marseilles?"

"In person."

"Why did you not mention his name at once?" replied the king, betraying some uneasiness.

betraying - trahir, livrer

"Sire, I thought his name was unknown to your majesty."

"No, no, Blacas; he is a man of strong and elevated understanding, ambitious, too, and, pardieu! you know his father's name!"

"His father?"

"Yes, Noirtier."

"Noirtier the Girondin?"Noirtier the senator?"

"He himself."

"And your majesty has employed the son of such a man?"

"Blacas, my friend, you have but limited comprehension. I told you Villefort was ambitious, and to attain this ambition Villefort would sacrifice everything, even his father."

limited - limitée, limité, (limit) limitée

comprehension - compréhension, entendement

attain - atteindre

"Then, sire, may I present him?"

"This instant, duke! Where is he?"

"Waiting below, in my carriage."

"Seek him at once."

"I hasten to do so."

hasten to - se hâter

The duke left the royal presence with the speed of a young man; his really sincere royalism made him youthful again. Louis XVIII. remained alone, and turning his eyes on his half-opened Horace, muttered:

sincere - sincere, sincere

royalism - le royalisme, royalisme

youthful - juvénile, jeune

"Justum et tenacem propositi virum."

et - et

M. de Blacas returned as speedily as he had departed, but in the antechamber he was forced to appeal to the king's authority. Villefort's dusty garb, his costume, which was not of courtly cut, excited the susceptibility of M. de Brezé, who was all astonishment at finding that this young man had the audacity to enter before the king in such attire.

speedily - rapidement

appeal - appel, manifeste, vocation, pourvoi

authority - l'autorité, autorité

dusty - poussiéreux

courtly - courtois

susceptibility - la susceptibilité, susceptibilité

audacity - l'audace, audace, toupet, culot

The duke, however, overcame all difficulties with a word"his majesty's order; and, in spite of the protestations which the master of ceremonies made for the honor of his office and principles, Villefort was introduced.

overcame - surmonté, vaincre, surmonter, envahir

master of ceremonies - maître de cérémonie

The king was seated in the same place where the duke had left him. On opening the door, Villefort found himself facing him, and the young magistrate's first impulse was to pause.

"Come in, M. de Villefort," said the king, "come in."

Villefort bowed, and advancing a few steps, waited until the king should interrogate him.

"M. de Villefort," said Louis XVIII., "the Duc de Blacas assures me you have some interesting information to communicate."

assures - assure, assurer, rassurer

communicate - communiquer, communier

"Sire, the duke is right, and I believe your majesty will think it equally important."


"In the first place, and before everything else, sir, is the news as bad in your opinion as I am asked to believe?"

"Sire, I believe it to be most urgent, but I hope, by the speed I have used, that it is not irreparable."

most urgent - le plus urgent

irreparable - irréparable

"Speak as fully as you please, sir," said the king, who began to give way to the emotion which had showed itself in Blacas's face and affected Villefort's voice. "Speak, sir, and pray begin at the beginning; I like order in everything."

"Sire," said Villefort, "I will render a faithful report to your majesty, but I must entreat your forgiveness if my anxiety leads to some obscurity in my language." A glance at the king after this discreet and subtle exordium, assured Villefort of the benignity of his august auditor, and he went on:

forgiveness - le pardon, pardon

discreet - discret

subtle - subtile, subtil, délicat, astucieux

exordium - exordium

benignity - bénignité

auditor - auditeur, auditrice

"Sire, I have come as rapidly to Paris as possible, to inform your majesty that I have discovered, in the exercise of my duties, not a commonplace and insignificant plot, such as is every day got up in the lower ranks of the people and in the army, but an actual conspiracy"a storm which menaces no less than your majesty's throne.

duties - fonctions, devoir, obligation, service, travail, taxe

insignificant - insignifiante

menaces - menaces, menace

Sire, the usurper is arming three ships, he meditates some project, which, however mad, is yet, perhaps, terrible. At this moment he will have left Elba, to go whither I know not, but assuredly to attempt a landing either at Naples, or on the coast of Tuscany, or perhaps on the shores of France.

meditates - médite, méditer

coast - côte, cordonlittoral, borde

Tuscany - la toscane, Toscane

shores - rivages, rivage

Your majesty is well aware that the sovereign of the Island of Elba has maintained his relations with Italy and France?"

maintained - maintenue, entretenir, maintenir

relations - relations, relation, parent, parente

"I am, sir," said the king, much agitated; "and recently we have had information that the Bonapartist clubs have had meetings in the Rue Saint-Jacques. But proceed, I beg of you. How did you obtain these details?"

"Sire, they are the results of an examination which I have made of a man of Marseilles, whom I have watched for some time, and arrested on the day of my departure. This person, a sailor, of turbulent character, and whom I suspected of Bonapartism, has been secretly to the Island of Elba.

secretly - secretement, secretement, en cachette

There he saw the grand-marshal, who charged him with an oral message to a Bonapartist in Paris, whose name I could not extract from him; but this mission was to prepare men's minds for a return (it is the man who says this, sire)"a return which will soon occur."

oral - orale, buccal, oral

mission - mission

minds - les esprits, esprit, t+raison, t+intelligence, mémoire

"And where is this man?"

"In prison, sire."

"And the matter seems serious to you?"

"So serious, sire, that when the circumstance surprised me in the midst of a family festival, on the very day of my betrothal, I left my bride and friends, postponing everything, that I might hasten to lay at your majesty's feet the fears which impressed me, and the assurance of my devotion."

postponing - le report, repousser, remettre, reporter, différer

impressed - impressionné, impressionner

assurance - l'assurance, assurance, culot

"True," said Louis XVIII., "was there not a marriage engagement between you and Mademoiselle de Saint-MĂ©ran?"

engagement - l'engagement, fiançailles

"Daughter of one of your majesty's most faithful servants."

most faithful - le plus fidele

"Yes, yes; but let us talk of this plot, M. de Villefort."

"Sire, I fear it is more than a plot; I fear it is a conspiracy."

"A conspiracy in these times," said Louis XVIII., smiling, "is a thing very easy to meditate, but more difficult to conduct to an end, inasmuch as, re-established so recently on the throne of our ancestors, we have our eyes open at once upon the past, the present, and the future. For the last ten months my ministers have redoubled their vigilance, in order to watch the shore of the Mediterranean.

meditate - méditer

established - établie, affermir, établir

ancestors - ancetres, ancetre

ministers - ministres, ministre

Mediterranean - méditerranée, méditerranéen, Bassin méditerranéen

If Bonaparte landed at Naples, the whole coalition would be on foot before he could even reach Piombino; if he land in Tuscany, he will be in an unfriendly territory; if he land in France, it must be with a handful of men, and the result of that is easily foretold, execrated as he is by the population. Take courage, sir; but at the same time rely on our royal gratitude."

coalition - coalition

unfriendly - inamicale, déplaisant

territory - territoire

foretold - prédit, prédire

execrated - exécuté, exécrer

"Ah, here is M. Dandré!" cried de Blacas. At this instant the minister of police appeared at the door, pale, trembling, and as if ready to faint. Villefort was about to retire, but M. de Blacas, taking his hand, restrained him.

retire - prendre sa retraite, retirent, retirez, se retirer, retirer

Chapter 11. The Corsican Ogre

At the sight of this agitation Louis XVIII. pushed from him violently the table at which he was sitting.

violently - violemment

"What ails you, baron?" he exclaimed. "You appear quite aghast. Has your uneasiness anything to do with what M. de Blacas has told me, and M. de Villefort has just confirmed?" M.

aghast - consterné, effaré, stupéfait, épouvanté, paniqué

de Blacas moved suddenly towards the baron, but the fright of the courtier pleaded for the forbearance of the statesman; and besides, as matters were, it was much more to his advantage that the prefect of police should triumph over him than that he should humiliate the prefect.

fright - d'effroi, anxiété, peur, frayeur

pleaded for - a plaidé pour

forbearance - l'abstention, longanimité

statesman - homme d'État

prefect - préfet

triumph - triomphe, triomphal

humiliate - humilier

"Sire,""" stammered the baron.

"Well, what is it?" asked Louis XVIII. The minister of police, giving way to an impulse of despair, was about to throw himself at the feet of Louis XVIII., who retreated a step and frowned.

giving way - céder le passage

frowned - froncé les sourcils, froncer les sourcils

"Will you speak?" he said.

"Oh, sire, what a dreadful misfortune! I am, indeed, to be pitied. I can never forgive myself!"

pitied - pitié, compassion, dommage, honte, plaindre

"Monsieur," said Louis XVIII., "I command you to speak."

"Well, sire, the usurper left Elba on the 26th February, and landed on the 1st of March."

"And where? In Italy?" asked the king eagerly.

"In France, sire,"at a small port, near Antibes, in the Gulf of Juan."

Gulf - golfe

"The usurper landed in France, near Antibes, in the Gulf of Juan, two hundred and fifty leagues from Paris, on the 1st of March, and you only acquired this information today, the 3rd of March! Well, sir, what you tell me is impossible. You must have received a false report, or you have gone mad."

acquired - acquis, acquérir

false report - faux rapport

"Alas, sire, it is but too true!" Louis made a gesture of indescribable anger and alarm, and then drew himself up as if this sudden blow had struck him at the same moment in heart and countenance.

indescribable - indescriptible

"In France!" he cried, "the usurper in France! Then they did not watch over this man. Who knows? they were, perhaps, in league with him."

League - ligue, confédérer

"Oh, sire," exclaimed the Duc de Blacas, "M. Dandré is not a man to be accused of treason! Sire, we have all been blind, and the minister of police has shared the general blindness, that is all."

blindness - la cécité, cécité

"But""" said Villefort, and then suddenly checking himself, he was silent; then he continued, "Your pardon, sire," he said, bowing, "my zeal carried me away. Will your majesty deign to excuse me?"

zeal - le zele, zele, assiduité

"Speak, sir, speak boldly," replied Louis. "You alone forewarned us of the evil; now try and aid us with the remedy."

forewarned - prévenu, précautionner

"Sire," said Villefort, "the usurper is detested in the south; and it seems to me that if he ventured into the south, it would be easy to raise Languedoc and Provence against him."

detested - détesté, détester, mépriser

ventured - s'est aventuré, s'aventurer, risquer, oser

"Yes, assuredly," replied the minister; "but he is advancing by Gap and Sisteron."

gap - l'écart, breche, créneau, breche

"Advancing"he is advancing!" said Louis XVIII. "Is he then advancing on Paris?" The minister of police maintained a silence which was equivalent to a complete avowal.

equivalent - équivalent

"And Dauphiné, sir?" inquired the king, of Villefort. "Do you think it possible to rouse that as well as Provence?"

rouse - rouse, ameutez, ameutent, évocation, irriter, ameutons

"Sire, I am sorry to tell your majesty a cruel fact; but the feeling in Dauphiné is quite the reverse of that in Provence or Languedoc. The mountaineers are Bonapartists, sire."

the reverse - l'inverse

mountaineers - les alpinistes, montagnard, montagnarde, alpiniste

"Then," murmured Louis, "he was well informed. And how many men had he with him?"

"I do not know, sire," answered the minister of police.

"What, you do not know! Have you neglected to obtain information on that point? Of course it is of no consequence," he added, with a withering smile.

"Sire, it was impossible to learn; the despatch simply stated the fact of the landing and the route taken by the usurper."

despatch - expédition

stated - a déclaré, état, Etat, déclarer

route - itinéraire, parcours, chemin, acheminement

"And how did this despatch reach you?" inquired the king. The minister bowed his head, and while a deep color overspread his cheeks, he stammered out:

"By the telegraph, sire." Louis XVIII. advanced a step, and folded his arms over his chest as Napoleon would have done.


"So then," he exclaimed, turning pale with anger, "seven conjoined and allied armies overthrew that man. A miracle of heaven replaced me on the throne of my fathers after five-and-twenty years of exile.

conjoined - conjoints, conjoindre

allied - alliés, s'allier (a, avec)

armies - armées, armée

overthrew - renversé, renverser

miracle - miracle

replaced - remplacés, remplacer

I have, during those five-and-twenty years, spared no pains to understand the people of France and the interests which were confided to me; and now, when I see the fruition of my wishes almost within reach, the power I hold in my hands bursts and shatters me to atoms!"

spared - épargnée, espar

pains - douleurs, douleur

fruition - fruition, réalisation

bursts - éclatements, éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser, éclatement

shatters - se brise, fracasser, réduire en miettes, mettre en pieces

atoms - atomes, atome

"Sire, it is fatality!" murmured the minister, feeling that the pressure of circumstances, however light a thing to destiny, was too much for any human strength to endure.

fatality - fatalité, accident mortel

"What our enemies say of us is then true. We have learnt nothing, forgotten nothing!

If I were betrayed as he was, I would console myself; but to be in the midst of persons elevated by myself to places of honor, who ought to watch over me more carefully than over themselves,"for my fortune is theirs"before me they were nothing"after me they will be nothing, and perish miserably from incapacity"ineptitude! Oh, yes, sir, you are right"it is fatality!"

console - console, consolons, consolent, consoler, consolez

perish - périr

miserably - misérablement

incapacity - l'incapacité, incapacité

ineptitude - l'ineptie, stupidité

The minister quailed before this outburst of sarcasm. M. de Blacas wiped the moisture from his brow. Villefort smiled within himself, for he felt his increased importance.

quailed - quailed, reculer (devant)

outburst - explosion, transport

sarcasm - sarcasme

moisture - l'humidité, humidité

"To fall," continued King Louis, who at the first glance had sounded the abyss on which the monarchy hung suspended,""to fall, and learn of that fall by telegraph! Oh, I would rather mount the scaffold of my brother, Louis XVI., than thus descend the staircase at the Tuileries driven away by ridicule. Ridicule, sir"why, you know not its power in France, and yet you ought to know it!"

abyss - l'abîme, abîme, précipice, abysse, gouffre

hung - accroché, suspendre, etre accroché

suspended - suspendue, suspendre

learn of - Apprendre de

mount - monter, montent, montez, montons

descend - descendre

driven away - chassé

ridicule - ridiculiser, bafouer, ridicule

"Sire, sire," murmured the minister, "for pity's"""

"Approach, M. de Villefort," resumed the king, addressing the young man, who, motionless and breathless, was listening to a conversation on which depended the destiny of a kingdom. "Approach, and tell monsieur that it is possible to know beforehand all that he has not known."

Kingdom - royaume, regne

beforehand - a l'avance

"Sire, it was really impossible to learn secrets which that man concealed from all the world."

secrets - secrets, secret

"Really impossible! Yes"that is a great word, sir. Unfortunately, there are great words, as there are great men; I have measured them. Really impossible for a minister who has an office, agents, spies, and fifteen hundred thousand francs for secret service money, to know what is going on at sixty leagues from the coast of France!

spies - espions, espion, espionne, espionner

Well, then, see, here is a gentleman who had none of these resources at his disposal"a gentleman, only a simple magistrate, who learned more than you with all your police, and who would have saved my crown, if, like you, he had the power of directing a telegraph." The look of the minister of police was turned with concentrated spite on Villefort, who bent his head in modest triumph.

resources - ressources, ressource(s)

disposal - l'élimination, disposition, élimination

crown - couronne, couronner

directing - la mise en scene, direct, mettre en scene, ordonner

concentrated - concentré, concentrer

modest - modeste, (mod)

"I do not mean that for you, Blacas," continued Louis XVIII.; "for if you have discovered nothing, at least you have had the good sense to persevere in your suspicions. Any other than yourself would have considered the disclosure of M. de Villefort insignificant, or else dictated by venal ambition.

persevere - persévérer

dictated - dicté, dicter

venal - vénal

" These words were an allusion to the sentiments which the minister of police had uttered with so much confidence an hour before.

allusion - allusion

Villefort understood the king's intent. Any other person would, perhaps, have been overcome by such an intoxicating draught of praise; but he feared to make for himself a mortal enemy of the police minister, although he saw that Dandré was irrevocably lost.

intent - l'intention, intention, résolu, déterminé, buté

intoxicating - enivrant, intoxiquer

Praise - des louanges, louange, louer, féliciter, prôner, vénérer

irrevocably - irrévocablement

In fact, the minister, who, in the plenitude of his power, had been unable to unearth Napoleon's secret, might in despair at his own downfall interrogate Dantès and so lay bare the motives of Villefort's plot. Realizing this, Villefort came to the rescue of the crest-fallen minister, instead of aiding to crush him.

plenitude - la plénitude

unearth - découvrir, déterrer

realizing - la réalisation, réaliser, se rendre compte, prendre conscience

rescue - secours, délivrer, secourir, sauver, checksauver, sauvetage

crest - l'écusson, crete, huppe, aigrette, cimier, criniere

aiding - l'aide, aide

"Sire," said Villefort, "the suddenness of this event must prove to your majesty that the issue is in the hands of Providence; what your majesty is pleased to attribute to me as profound perspicacity is simply owing to chance, and I have profited by that chance, like a good and devoted servant"that's all.

suddenness - soudaineté

issue - question, sortie, émission, livraison, délivrance, drain

attribute to - attribuer a

profound - profond

perspicacity - perspicacité

owing - owing, devoir

profited - en a profité, profit, gain, bénéfice, profitable

Do not attribute to me more than I deserve, sire, that your majesty may never have occasion to recall the first opinion you have been pleased to form of me.

attribute - attribut, épithete or déterminant

deserve - mériter

" The minister of police thanked the young man by an eloquent look, and Villefort understood that he had succeeded in his design; that is to say, that without forfeiting the gratitude of the king, he had made a friend of one on whom, in case of necessity, he might rely.

succeeded - a réussi, succéder, réussir, avoir du succes

forfeiting - le renoncement, gage, perdre, abandonner, déclarer forfait

necessity - nécessité, besoin

"'Tis well," resumed the king. "And now, gentlemen," he continued, turning towards M. de Blacas and the minister of police, "I have no further occasion for you, and you may retire; what now remains to do is in the department of the minister of war."

department - ministere, département

"Fortunately, sire," said M. de Blacas, "we can rely on the army; your majesty knows how every report confirms their loyalty and attachment."

confirms - confirme, confirmer

attachment - l'attachement, attachement, dépendance, piece jointe, saisie

"Do not mention reports, duke, to me, for I know now what confidence to place in them. Yet, speaking of reports, baron, what have you learned with regard to the affair in the Rue Saint-Jacques?"

"The affair in the Rue Saint-Jacques!" exclaimed Villefort, unable to repress an exclamation. Then, suddenly pausing, he added, "Your pardon, sire, but my devotion to your majesty has made me forget, not the respect I have, for that is too deeply engraved in my heart, but the rules of etiquette."

engraved - gravé, graver

"Go on, go on, sir," replied the king; "you have today earned the right to make inquiries here."

"Sire," interposed the minister of police, "I came a moment ago to give your majesty fresh information which I had obtained on this head, when your majesty's attention was attracted by the terrible event that has occurred in the gulf, and now these facts will cease to interest your majesty."

cease - cesser, s'arreter, cesser de + 'infinitive'

"On the contrary, sir,"on the contrary," said Louis XVIII., "this affair seems to me to have a decided connection with that which occupies our attention, and the death of General Quesnel will, perhaps, put us on the direct track of a great internal conspiracy." At the name of General Quesnel, Villefort trembled.

occupies - occupe, occuper, habiter

track - piste, trace, marque, sillon, empreinte, sentier, chemin

internal - interne

trembled - tremblait, trembler, vibrer, tremblement, vibration

"Everything points to the conclusion, sire," said the minister of police, "that death was not the result of suicide, as we first believed, but of assassination. General Quesnel, it appears, had just left a Bonapartist club when he disappeared.

conclusion - conclusion, fin

suicide - le suicide, suicide, suicidé, suicidée, suicidant, suicidante

assassination - assassinat

An unknown person had been with him that morning, and made an appointment with him in the Rue Saint-Jacques; unfortunately, the general's valet, who was dressing his hair at the moment when the stranger entered, heard the street mentioned, but did not catch the number.

appointment - nomination, rendez-vous, rance

Stranger - étranger, (strang) étranger

mentioned - mentionnée, mentionner

catch - attraper, prise, touche, loquet, loqueteau, verrou, hic

" As the police minister related this to the king, Villefort, who looked as if his very life hung on the speaker's lips, turned alternately red and pale. The king looked towards him.

related - en rapport, raconter, relater

"Do you not think with me, M. de Villefort, that General Quesnel, whom they believed attached to the usurper, but who was really entirely devoted to me, has perished the victim of a Bonapartist ambush?"

ambush - embuscade

"It is probable, sire," replied Villefort. "But is this all that is known?"

"They are on the track of the man who appointed the meeting with him."

appointed - nommés, fixer, gloss

"On his track?" said Villefort.

"Yes, the servant has given his description. He is a man of from fifty to fifty-two years of age, dark, with black eyes covered with shaggy eyebrows, and a thick moustache. He was dressed in a blue frock-coat, buttoned up to the chin, and wore at his button-hole the rosette of an officer of the Legion of Honor.

shaggy - hirsute

eyebrows - sourcils, sourcil

moustache - moustache, bacchante

frock-coat - (frock-coat) redingote

buttoned up - boutonné

chin - menton

legion - légion

Yesterday a person exactly corresponding with this description was followed, but he was lost sight of at the corner of the Rue de la Jussienne and the Rue Coq-HĂ©ron.

corresponding - correspondant, correspondre (...a qqchose)

" Villefort leaned on the back of an armchair, for as the minister of police went on speaking he felt his legs bend under him; but when he learned that the unknown had escaped the vigilance of the agent who followed him, he breathed again.

armchair - fauteuil, chaise bourrée

bend - plier, courber, tordre, tourner

breathed again - respirer a nouveau

"Continue to seek for this man, sir," said the king to the minister of police; "for if, as I am all but convinced, General Quesnel, who would have been so useful to us at this moment, has been murdered, his assassins, Bonapartists or not, shall be cruelly punished." It required all Villefort's coolness not to betray the terror with which this declaration of the king inspired him.

assassins - assassins, assassin, assassine

betray - trahir, livrer

inspired - inspirée, inspirer

"How strange," continued the king, with some asperity; "the police think that they have disposed of the whole matter when they say, ˜A murder has been committed,'and especially so when they can add, ˜And we are on the track of the guilty persons.'"

asperity - l'aspérité, aspérité

disposed of - éliminé

murder - meurtre, homicide, assassinat, occire

"Sire, your majesty will, I trust, be amply satisfied on this point at least."

amply - amplement

point at - pointer du doigt

"We shall see. I will no longer detain you, M. de Villefort, for you must be fatigued after so long a journey; go and rest. Of course you stopped at your father's?" A feeling of faintness came over Villefort.

fatigued - fatigué, fatigue, épuisement, corvée, fatiguer


"No, sire," he replied, "I alighted at the Hotel de Madrid, in the Rue de Tournon."

alighted - descendus, descendre (de)

"But you have seen him?"

"Sire, I went straight to the Duc de Blacas."

"But you will see him, then?"

"I think not, sire."

"Ah, I forgot," said Louis, smiling in a manner which proved that all these questions were not made without a motive; "I forgot you and M. Noirtier are not on the best terms possible, and that is another sacrifice made to the royal cause, and for which you should be recompensed."

recompensed - compensé, récompense, dédommagement

"Sire, the kindness your majesty deigns to evince towards me is a recompense which so far surpasses my utmost ambition that I have nothing more to ask for."

deigns - conçoit, daigner, condescendre

surpasses - surpasse, surpasser, dépasser, excéder

utmost - le plus important, extreme, plus grand, supreme, maximum

"Never mind, sir, we will not forget you; make your mind easy. In the meanwhile" (the king here detached the cross of the Legion of Honor which he usually wore over his blue coat, near the cross of St. Louis, above the order of Notre-Dame-du-Mont-Carmel and St. Lazare, and gave it to Villefort)""in the meanwhile take this cross."

detached - détaché, détacher

"Sire," said Villefort, "your majesty mistakes; this is an officer's cross."

"Ma foi!" said Louis XVIII., "take it, such as it is, for I have not the time to procure you another. Blacas, let it be your care to see that the brevet is made out and sent to M. de Villefort." Villefort's eyes were filled with tears of joy and pride; he took the cross and kissed it.

brevet - brevet

"And now," he said, "may I inquire what are the orders with which your majesty deigns to honor me?"

"Take what rest you require, and remember that if you are not able to serve me here in Paris, you may be of the greatest service to me at Marseilles."

"Sire," replied Villefort, bowing, "in an hour I shall have quitted Paris."

"Go, sir," said the king; "and should I forget you (kings'memories are short), do not be afraid to bring yourself to my recollection. Baron, send for the minister of war. Blacas, remain."

Kings - les rois, roi

memories - des souvenirs, mémoire, souvenir

"Ah, sir," said the minister of police to Villefort, as they left the Tuileries, "you entered by luck's door"your fortune is made."

"Will it be long first?" muttered Villefort, saluting the minister, whose career was ended, and looking about him for a hackney-coach. One passed at the moment, which he hailed; he gave his address to the driver, and springing in, threw himself on the seat, and gave loose to dreams of ambition.

hackney - haquenée, hackney

dreams - reves, reve, t+songe, t+voeu, t+souhait, t+vou

Ten minutes afterwards Villefort reached his hotel, ordered horses to be ready in two hours, and asked to have his breakfast brought to him. He was about to begin his repast when the sound of the bell rang sharp and loud. The valet opened the door, and Villefort heard someone speak his name.

bell - cloche, sonnette

sharp - pointu, affilé, coupant, affuté, tranchant


"Who could know that I was here already?" said the young man. The valet entered.

"Well," said Villefort, "what is it?"Who rang?"Who asked for me?"

"A stranger who will not send in his name."

send in - envoyer

"A stranger who will not send in his name! What can he want with me?"

"He wishes to speak to you."

"To me?"


"Did he mention my name?"


"What sort of person is he?"

"Why, sir, a man of about fifty."

"Short or tall?"

"About your own height, sir."

"Dark or fair?"

"Dark,"very dark; with black eyes, black hair, black eyebrows."

"And how dressed?" asked Villefort quickly.

"In a blue frock-coat, buttoned up close, decorated with the Legion of Honor."

frock - robe de chambre, robe

buttoned - boutonné, bouton

"It is he!" said Villefort, turning pale.


"Eh, pardieu!" said the individual whose description we have twice given, entering the door, "what a great deal of ceremony! Is it the custom in Marseilles for sons to keep their fathers waiting in their anterooms?"

individual - individu, individuel, checkindividuelle

"Father!" cried Villefort, "then I was not deceived; I felt sure it must be you."

"Well, then, if you felt so sure," replied the new-comer, putting his cane in a corner and his hat on a chair, "allow me to say, my dear GĂ©rard, that it was not very filial of you to keep me waiting at the door."

cane - canne, tige, bastonnade, canne blanche, bâtonner

filial - filial

"Leave us, Germain," said Villefort. The servant quitted the apartment with evident signs of astonishment.

evident - évidentes, évident

signs - des signes, signe

Chapter 12. Father and Son

M. Noirtier"for it was, indeed, he who entered"looked after the servant until the door was closed, and then, fearing, no doubt, that he might be overheard in the antechamber, he opened the door again, nor was the precaution useless, as appeared from the rapid retreat of Germain, who proved that he was not exempt from the sin which ruined our first parents. M.

looked after - pris en charge

fearing - craindre, peur

precaution - précaution

retreat - retraite

sin - péché, mal

Noirtier then took the trouble to close and bolt the antechamber door, then that of the bedchamber, and then extended his hand to Villefort, who had followed all his motions with surprise which he could not conceal.

bolt - boulon, verrouiller, pene

bedchamber - chambre a coucher

motions - motions, mouvement, motion

"Well, now, my dear GĂ©rard," said he to the young man, with a very significant look, "do you know, you seem as if you were not very glad to see me?"

significant - significative, significatif

"My dear father," said Villefort, "I am, on the contrary, delighted; but I so little expected your visit, that it has somewhat overcome me."

"But, my dear fellow," replied M. Noirtier, seating himself, "I might say the same thing to you, when you announce to me your wedding for the 28th of February, and on the 3rd of March you turn up here in Paris."

turn up - se présenter

"And if I have come, my dear father," said GĂ©rard, drawing closer to M. Noirtier, "do not complain, for it is for you that I came, and my journey will be your salvation."

complain - se plaindre, porter plainte

Salvation - le salut, salut

"Ah, indeed!" said M. Noirtier, stretching himself out at his ease in the chair. "Really, pray tell me all about it, for it must be interesting."

ease - l'aisance, facilité, repos, abaisser, abréger, amoindrir

"Father, you have heard speak of a certain Bonapartist club in the Rue Saint-Jacques?"

"No. 53; yes, I am vice-president."

vice - vice, vertu

President - le président, président, présidente

"Father, your coolness makes me shudder."

"Why, my dear boy, when a man has been proscribed by the mountaineers, has escaped from Paris in a hay-cart, been hunted over the plains of Bordeaux by Robespierre's bloodhounds, he becomes accustomed to most things. But go on, what about the club in the Rue Saint-Jacques?"

proscribed - proscrites, interdire, dénoncer, déconseiller, bannir, exclure

Hay - foin

cart - chariot, charrette

hunted - chassé, chasser, chercher, chasse

plains - plaines, simple

Bordeaux - bordeaux

bloodhounds - les limiers, limier, chien de Saint-Hubert, détective

"Why, they induced General Quesnel to go there, and General Quesnel, who quitted his own house at nine o'clock in the evening, was found the next day in the Seine."

Seine - la seine, seine, seiner


"And who told you this fine story?"

"The king himself."

"Well, then, in return for your story," continued Noirtier, "I will tell you another."

"My dear father, I think I already know what you are about to tell me."

"Ah, you have heard of the landing of the emperor?"

"Not so loud, father, I entreat of you"for your own sake as well as mine. Yes, I heard this news, and knew it even before you could; for three days ago I posted from Marseilles to Paris with all possible speed, half-desperate at the enforced delay."

enforced - appliqué, renforcer, intensifier, imposer, obliger

"Three days ago? You are crazy. Why, three days ago the emperor had not landed."

crazy - fou, insensé, avoir une araignée au plafond, chtarbé

"No matter, I was aware of his intention."

"How did you know about it?"

"By a letter addressed to you from the Island of Elba."

"To me?"

"To you; and which I discovered in the pocket-book of the messenger. Had that letter fallen into the hands of another, you, my dear father, would probably ere this have been shot." Villefort's father laughed.

pocket-book - (pocket-book) livre de poche

"Come, come," said he, "will the Restoration adopt imperial methods so promptly? Shot, my dear boy? What an idea! Where is the letter you speak of? I know you too well to suppose you would allow such a thing to pass you."

adopt - adopter

methods - méthodes, méthode

"I burnt it, for fear that even a fragment should remain; for that letter must have led to your condemnation."

fragment - fragment, fragmenter

condemnation - condamnation

"And the destruction of your future prospects," replied Noirtier; "yes, I can easily comprehend that. But I have nothing to fear while I have you to protect me."

destruction - la destruction, destruction

protect - protéger

"I do better than that, sir"I save you."

save - sauver, sauvegarder, épargner, préserver, protéger

"You do? Why, really, the thing becomes more and more dramatic"explain yourself."

dramatic - dramatique, spectaculaire

"I must refer again to the club in the Rue Saint-Jacques."

"It appears that this club is rather a bore to the police. Why didn't they search more vigilantly? they would have found"""

vigilantly - avec vigilance

"They have not found; but they are on the track."

"Yes, that the usual phrase; I am quite familiar with it. When the police is at fault, it declares that it is on the track; and the government patiently awaits the day when it comes to say, with a sneaking air, that the track is lost."

declares - déclare, expliquer, déclarer

awaits - attend, attendre, s'attendre a, servir, guetter

sneaking - en cachette, resquilleur, faucher, piquer, resquiller, cacher

"Yes, but they have found a corpse; the general has been killed, and in all countries they call that a murder."

corpse - cadavre, corps, corps sans vie

"A murder do you call it? why, there is nothing to prove that the general was murdered. People are found every day in the Seine, having thrown themselves in, or having been drowned from not knowing how to swim."

been drowned - a été noyé

"Father, you know very well that the general was not a man to drown himself in despair, and people do not bathe in the Seine in the month of January. No, no, do not be deceived; this was murder in every sense of the word."

drown - se noyer, noyer, checksubmerger

bathe - prendre un bain, se baigner, faire prendre un bain, baignade

be deceived - etre trompé

"And who thus designated it?"

"The king himself."

"The king! I thought he was philosopher enough to allow that there was no murder in politics. In politics, my dear fellow, you know, as well as I do, there are no men, but ideas"no feelings, but interests; in politics we do not kill a man, we only remove an obstacle, that is all. Would you like to know how matters have progressed? Well, I will tell you.

philosopher - philosophe

obstacle - obstacle

progressed - a progressé, progres

It was thought reliance might be placed in General Quesnel; he was recommended to us from the Island of Elba; one of us went to him, and invited him to the Rue Saint-Jacques, where he would find some friends. He came there, and the plan was unfolded to him for leaving Elba, the projected landing, etc. When he had heard and comprehended all to the fullest extent, he replied that he was a royalist.

reliance - la confiance, confiance, dépendance

unfolded - déployé, déplier, dérouler, fr

etc - etc

extent - mesure, étendue

Then all looked at each other,"he was made to take an oath, and did so, but with such an ill grace that it was really tempting Providence to swear thus, and yet, in spite of that, the general was allowed to depart free"perfectly free. Yet he did not return home. What could that mean? why, my dear fellow, that on leaving us he lost his way, that's all. A murder? really, Villefort, you surprise me.

oath - serment, juron, jurer

grace - bénédicité, grâces, grâce, miséricorde

tempting - tentant, (tempt), tenter, attirer

return home - retourner a la maison

lost his way - a perdu son chemin

You, a deputy procureur, to found an accusation on such bad premises! Did I ever say to you, when you were fulfilling your character as a royalist, and cut off the head of one of my party, ˜My son, you have committed a murder?'No, I said, ˜Very well, sir, you have gained the victory; tomorrow, perchance, it will be our turn.'"

premises - locaux, prémisse, local

fulfilling - épanouissant, profondément satisfaisant

"But, father, take care; when our turn comes, our revenge will be sweeping."

sweeping - balayage, a l'emporteiece, radical, complet

"I do not understand you."

"You rely on the usurper's return?"

"We do."

"You are mistaken; he will not advance two leagues into the interior of France without being followed, tracked, and caught like a wild beast."

are mistaken - Se tromper

advance - élever, avancer, avancée, progression, avance, souscription

interior - intérieur

tracked - suivi, trace, marque, sillon, empreinte, sentier

"My dear fellow, the emperor is at this moment on the way to Grenoble; on the 10th or 12th he will be at Lyons, and on the 20th or 25th at Paris."

"The people will rise."

"Yes, to go and meet him."

"He has but a handful of men with him, and armies will be despatched against him."

"Yes, to escort him into the capital. Really, my dear GĂ©rard, you are but a child; you think yourself well informed because the telegraph has told you, three days after the landing, ˜The usurper has landed at Cannes with several men. He is pursued.'But where is he? what is he doing? You do not know at all, and in this way they will chase him to Paris, without drawing a trigger."

pursued - poursuivie, poursuivre, rechercher

chase - poursuite, chassez, chassons, poursuivre, pousser, chasser

trigger - détente, gâchette, actionneur, activateur, gâchette (1)

"Grenoble and Lyons are faithful cities, and will oppose to him an impassable barrier."

oppose - s'opposer a

impassable - impraticable

"Grenoble will open her gates to him with enthusiasm"all Lyons will hasten to welcome him. Believe me, we are as well informed as you, and our police are as good as your own. Would you like a proof of it? well, you wished to conceal your journey from me, and yet I knew of your arrival half an hour after you had passed the barrier.

gates - portes, porte, barriere

You gave your direction to no one but your postilion, yet I have your address, and in proof I am here the very instant you are going to sit at table. Ring, then, if you please, for a second knife, fork, and plate, and we will dine together."

postilion - postilion, postillon

fork - fourchette, ramification

plate - assiette, plaque, écriteau

"Indeed!" replied Villefort, looking at his father with astonishment, "you really do seem very well informed."

"Eh? the thing is simple enough. You who are in power have only the means that money produces"we who are in expectation, have those which devotion prompts."

produces - produit, produire, produits-p

expectation - attentes, attente

prompts - des messages d'encouragement, ponctuel, indicateur

"Devotion!" said Villefort, with a sneer.

sneer - ricaner

"Yes, devotion; for that is, I believe, the phrase for hopeful ambition."

hopeful - d'espoir, encourageant

And Villefort's father extended his hand to the bell-rope, to summon the servant whom his son had not called. Villefort caught his arm.

"Wait, my dear father," said the young man, "one word more."

"Say on."

"However stupid the royalist police may be, they do know one terrible thing."

"What is that?"

"The description of the man who, on the morning of the day when General Quesnel disappeared, presented himself at his house."

"Oh, the admirable police have found that out, have they? And what may be that description?"

"Dark complexion; hair, eyebrows, and whiskers black; blue frock-coat, buttoned up to the chin; rosette of an officer of the Legion of Honor in his button-hole; a hat with wide brim, and a cane."

whiskers - moustaches, favoris-p, poil de barbe, moustache, vibrisse

button - bouton

brim - bord

"Ah, ha, that's it, is it?" said Noirtier; "and why, then, have they not laid hands on him?"

ha - HA

"Because yesterday, or the day before, they lost sight of him at the corner of the Rue Coq-HĂ©ron."

"didn't I say that your police were good for nothing?"

didn't I - n'est-ce pas?

good for nothing - bon a rien

"Yes; but they may catch him yet."

"True," said Noirtier, looking carelessly around him, "true, if this person were not on his guard, as he is;" and he added with a smile, "He will consequently make a few changes in his personal appearance.

guard - garde, protection, gardien, arriere, défense, garder

consequently - en conséquence

" At these words he rose, and put off his frock-coat and cravat, went towards a table on which lay his son's toilet articles, lathered his face, took a razor, and, with a firm hand, cut off the compromising whiskers. Villefort watched him with alarm not devoid of admiration.

cravat - cravate, foulard

toilet articles - des articles de toilette

lathered - moussé, mousse

razor - rasoir

devoid - dépourvu

His whiskers cut off, Noirtier gave another turn to his hair; took, instead of his black cravat, a colored neckerchief which lay at the top of an open portmanteau; put on, in lieu of his blue and high-buttoned frock-coat, a coat of Villefort's of dark brown, and cut away in front; tried on before the glass a narrow-brimmed hat of his son's, which appeared to fit him perfectly, and, leaving his cane in the corner where he had deposited it, he took up a small bamboo switch, cut the air with it once or twice, and walked about with that easy swagger which was one of his principal characteristics.

neckerchief - un mouchoir de poche, foulard

top - haut, dessus, sommet, couvercle, hune, premiere demi-manche

portmanteau - portmanteau

lieu - lieu

dark brown - brun foncé

tried on - essayé

brimmed - a rebord, bord

deposited - déposé, dépôt, gisement, acompte, arrhes-p

bamboo - bambou, de bambou

switch - interrupteur, aiguille, aiguillage, badine, commutateur

swagger - swagger, se pavaner

characteristics - caractéristiques, caractéristique

"Well," he said, turning towards his wondering son, when this disguise was completed, "well, do you think your police will recognize me now."

wondering - se demander, (wonder), merveille, conjecturer

disguise - déguisement, déguiser

"No, father," stammered Villefort; "at least, I hope not."

"And now, my dear boy," continued Noirtier, "I rely on your prudence to remove all the things which I leave in your care."

"Oh, rely on me," said Villefort.

"Yes, yes; and now I believe you are right, and that you have really saved my life; be assured I will return the favor hereafter."

Villefort shook his head.

shook - secoué, (shake), secouer, agiter, se serrer la main, secousse

"You are not convinced yet?"

"I hope at least, that you may be mistaken."

be mistaken - se tromper

"Shall you see the king again?"


"Would you pass in his eyes for a prophet?"

pass in - passer en

prophet - prophete, prophete, prophétesse, devin

"Prophets of evil are not in favor at the court, father."

prophets - prophetes, prophete, prophétesse, devin

"True, but some day they do them justice; and supposing a second restoration, you would then pass for a great man."

supposing - supposer, supposant, (suppose), imaginer

pass for - passe pour

"Well, what should I say to the king?"

"Say this to him: ˜Sire, you are deceived as to the feeling in France, as to the opinions of the towns, and the prejudices of the army; he whom in Paris you call the Corsican ogre, who at Nevers is styled the usurper, is already saluted as Bonaparte at Lyons, and emperor at Grenoble. You think he is tracked, pursued, captured; he is advancing as rapidly as his own eagles.

prejudices - préjugés, préjugé, idée préconçue, préjudice

captured - capturé, capture, prisonnier, saisir, capturer, enregistrer

eagles - les aigles, aigle, eagle, réussir un aigle

The soldiers you believe to be dying with hunger, worn out with fatigue, ready to desert, gather like atoms of snow about the rolling ball as it hastens onward.

hunger - la faim, faim

gather - rassembler, ramasser, recueillir, déduire

rolling - rouler, enroulant, roulant, (roll) rouler

Hastens - hâte, dépecher

onward - plus loin, en avant

Sire, go, leave France to its real master, to him who acquired it, not by purchase, but by right of conquest; go, sire, not that you incur any risk, for your adversary is powerful enough to show you mercy, but because it would be humiliating for a grandson of Saint Louis to owe his life to the man of Arcola, Marengo, Austerlitz.'Tell him this, GĂ©rard; or, rather, tell him nothing.

conquest - conquete, conquete

incur - incurable, encourir, s'attirer, subir, impliquer, occasioner

adversary - adversaire, ennemi, ennemie

powerful - puissant

humiliating - humiliant, humilier

grandson - petit-fils

Keep your journey a secret; do not boast of what you have come to Paris to do, or have done; return with all speed; enter Marseilles at night, and your house by the back-door, and there remain, quiet, submissive, secret, and, above all, inoffensive; for this time, I swear to you, we shall act like powerful men who know their enemies.

boast - se vanter, vantent, vantez, vantons, fanfaronner, vanter

submissive - soumis

inoffensive - inoffensif

Go, my son"go, my dear GĂ©rard, and by your obedience to my paternal orders, or, if you prefer it, friendly counsels, we will keep you in your place. This will be," added Noirtier, with a smile, "one means by which you may a second time save me, if the political balance should some day take another turn, and cast you aloft while hurling me down.

paternal - paternel

counsels - conseils, conseil, expertise, plan, projet

aloft - en altitude, en haut, en l'air

hurling - hurling, (hurl), projeter, débecter, débecqueter

Adieu, my dear GĂ©rard, and at your next journey alight at my door."

Noirtier left the room when he had finished, with the same calmness that had characterized him during the whole of this remarkable and trying conversation.

characterized - caractérisé, caractériser, dépeindre

remarkable - remarquable

Villefort, pale and agitated, ran to the window, put aside the curtain, and saw him pass, cool and collected, by two or three ill-looking men at the corner of the street, who were there, perhaps, to arrest a man with black whiskers, and a blue frock-coat, and hat with broad brim.

put aside - mis de côté

Villefort stood watching, breathless, until his father had disappeared at the Rue Bussy.

Then he turned to the various articles he had left behind him, put the black cravat and blue frock-coat at the bottom of the portmanteau, threw the hat into a dark closet, broke the cane into small bits and flung it in the fire, put on his travelling-cap, and calling his valet, checked with a look the thousand questions he was ready to ask, paid his bill, sprang into his carriage, which was ready, learned at Lyons that Bonaparte had entered Grenoble, and in the midst of the tumult which prevailed along the road, at length reached Marseilles, a prey to all the hopes and fears which enter into the heart of man with ambition and its first successes.

bits - bits, (petit) morceau

cap - cap, bonnet, calotte, casquette, toque, képi

tumult - tumultes, barouf, baroufe, bagarre

enter into - entrer

Chapter 13. The Hundred Days

M. Noirtier was a true prophet, and things progressed rapidly, as he had predicted. Everyone knows the history of the famous return from Elba, a return which was unprecedented in the past, and will probably remain without a counterpart in the future.

predicted - prédit, prédire

unprecedented - sans précédent

counterpart - contreartie, homologue, duplicat, checkpendant, checkéquivalent

Louis XVIII. made but a faint attempt to parry this unexpected blow; the monarchy he had scarcely reconstructed tottered on its precarious foundation, and at a sign from the emperor the incongruous structure of ancient prejudices and new ideas fell to the ground.

parry - parer, parade

tottered - chancelante, tituber, chute, écroulement

precarious - précaire

incongruous - incongru

ancient - ancienne, antique

Villefort, therefore, gained nothing save the king's gratitude (which was rather likely to injure him at the present time) and the cross of the Legion of Honor, which he had the prudence not to wear, although M. de Blacas had duly forwarded the brevet.

forwarded - transmis, en avant

Napoleon would, doubtless, have deprived Villefort of his office had it not been for Noirtier, who was all powerful at court, and thus the Girondin of '93 and the Senator of 1806 protected him who so lately had been his protector. All Villefort's influence barely enabled him to stifle the secret Dantès had so nearly divulged.

deprived - privés, priver

all powerful - tout puissant

protected - protégé, protéger

barely - a peine, a peine

enabled - activée, autoriser, permettre, activer

stifle - étouffer

The king's procureur alone was deprived of his office, being suspected of royalism.

deprived of - privé de

However, scarcely was the imperial power established"that is, scarcely had the emperor re-entered the Tuileries and begun to issue orders from the closet into which we have introduced our readers,"he found on the table there Louis XVIII.

's half-filled snuff-box,"scarcely had this occurred when Marseilles began, in spite of the authorities, to rekindle the flames of civil war, always smouldering in the south, and it required but little to excite the populace to acts of far greater violence than the shouts and insults with which they assailed the royalists whenever they ventured abroad.

snuff - tabac a priser, coryza

authorities - autorités, autorité

rekindle - rallumer, raviver

smouldering - couvant, (smoulder) couvant

populace - population, bas peuple, plebe

acts - actes, acte, loi, action, agir

shouts - crie, cri

insults - des insultes, insulter, insulte

assailed - assailli, assaillir

whenever - chaque fois que


Owing to this change, the worthy shipowner became at that moment"we will not say all powerful, because Morrel was a prudent and rather a timid man, so much so, that many of the most zealous partisans of Bonaparte accused him of "moderation""but sufficiently influential to make a demand in favor of Dantès.

moderation - modération

Villefort retained his place, but his marriage was put off until a more favorable opportunity. If the emperor remained on the throne, GĂ©rard required a different alliance to aid his career; if Louis XVIII. returned, the influence of M. de Saint-MĂ©ran, like his own, could be vastly increased, and the marriage be still more suitable.

vastly - largement, beaucoup

more suitable - plus adaptée

The deputy procureur was, therefore, the first magistrate of Marseilles, when one morning his door opened, and M. Morrel was announced.

Anyone else would have hastened to receive him; but Villefort was a man of ability, and he knew this would be a sign of weakness. He made Morrel wait in the antechamber, although he had no one with him, for the simple reason that the king's procureur always makes everyone wait, and after passing a quarter of an hour in reading the papers, he ordered M. Morrel to be admitted.

weakness - faiblesse, point faible

Morrel expected Villefort would be dejected; he found him as he had found him six weeks before, calm, firm, and full of that glacial politeness, that most insurmountable barrier which separates the well-bred from the vulgar man.

insurmountable - insurmontable

separates - des séparations, séparé, séparée, séparer

bred - élevé, (breed), se reproduire, engendrer, élever, race

vulgar - vulgaire, obscene

He had entered Villefort's office expecting that the magistrate would tremble at the sight of him; on the contrary, he felt a cold shudder all over him when he saw Villefort sitting there with his elbow on his desk, and his head leaning on his hand.

tremble - trembler, vibrer, tremblement, vibration

He stopped at the door; Villefort gazed at him as if he had some difficulty in recognizing him; then, after a brief interval, during which the honest shipowner turned his hat in his hands,

recognizing - reconnaître

interval - intervalle

"M. Morrel, I believe?" said Villefort.

"Yes, sir."

"Come nearer," said the magistrate, with a patronizing wave of the hand, "and tell me to what circumstance I owe the honor of this visit."

patronizing - condescendant, fréquenter, patrociner, prendre de haut

"Do you not guess, monsieur?" asked Morrel.

"Not in the least; but if I can serve you in any way I shall be delighted."

"Everything depends on you."

depends - dépend, dépendre, pendre

"Explain yourself, pray."

"Monsieur," said Morrel, recovering his assurance as he proceeded, "do you recollect that a few days before the landing of his majesty the emperor, I came to intercede for a young man, the mate of my ship, who was accused of being concerned in correspondence with the Island of Elba? What was the other day a crime is today a title to favor. You then served Louis XVIII.

recovering - en cours de rétablissement, recouvrer (la santé)

correspondence - correspondance, chronique

, and you did not show any favor"it was your duty; today you serve Napoleon, and you ought to protect him"it is equally your duty; I come, therefore, to ask what has become of him?"


Villefort by a strong effort sought to control himself. "What is his name?" said he. "Tell me his name."

control - contrôler, maîtrise, contrôle, commandes

"Edmond Dantès."

Villefort would probably have rather stood opposite the muzzle of a pistol at five-and-twenty paces than have heard this name spoken; but he did not blanch.

blanch - blanchir

"Dantès," repeated he, "Edmond Dantès."

"Yes, monsieur." Villefort opened a large register, then went to a table, from the table turned to his registers, and then, turning to Morrel,

registers - registres, registre, inscription

"Are you quite sure you are not mistaken, monsieur?" said he, in the most natural tone in the world.

most natural - le plus naturel

Had Morrel been a more quick-sighted man, or better versed in these matters, he would have been surprised at the king's procureur answering him on such a subject, instead of referring him to the governors of the prison or the prefect of the department. But Morrel, disappointed in his expectations of exciting fear, was conscious only of the other's condescension. Villefort had calculated rightly.

sighted - voyants, vue, quelque chose a voir, truc a voir, mire, viseur

versed - versés, strophe

governors - gouverneurs, gouverneur, gouverneure

expectations - attentes, attente

"No," said Morrel; "I am not mistaken. I have known him for ten years, the last four of which he was in my service. Do not you recollect, I came about six weeks ago to plead for clemency, as I come today to plead for justice. You received me very coldly. Oh, the royalists were very severe with the Bonapartists in those days."

came about - arriva

clemency - la clémence, clémence, compassion, pitié, miséricorde

"Monsieur," returned Villefort, "I was then a royalist, because I believed the Bourbons not only the heirs to the throne, but the chosen of the nation. The miraculous return of Napoleon has conquered me, the legitimate monarch is he who is loved by his people."

Bourbons - bourbons, bourbon

heirs - héritiers, héritier, héritiere, successeur, successeuse

nation - nation, peuple

miraculous - miraculeux

"That's right!" cried Morrel. "I like to hear you speak thus, and I augur well for Edmond from it."

augur - augur, augure, augurer

"Wait a moment," said Villefort, turning over the leaves of a register; "I have it"a sailor, who was about to marry a young Catalan girl. I recollect now; it was a very serious charge."

register - s'inscrire, registre, inscription, niveau de langue

"How so?"

"You know that when he left here he was taken to the Palais de Justice."


"I made my report to the authorities at Paris, and a week after he was carried off."

carried off - emportés

"Carried off!" said Morrel. "What can they have done with him?"

"Oh, he has been taken to Fenestrelles, to Pignerol, or to the Sainte-Marguérite islands. Some fine morning he will return to take command of your vessel."

"Come when he will, it shall be kept for him. But how is it he is not already returned? It seems to me the first care of government should be to set at liberty those who have suffered for their adherence to it."

adherence - l'adhésion, adhésion, observance

"Do not be too hasty, M. Morrel," replied Villefort. "The order of imprisonment came from high authority, and the order for his liberation must proceed from the same source; and, as Napoleon has scarcely been reinstated a fortnight, the letters have not yet been forwarded."

imprisonment - l'emprisonnement, emprisonnement

liberation - libération

source - source

reinstated - réintégrée, rétablir, réintégrer, réactiver

"But," said Morrel, "is there no way of expediting all these formalities"of releasing him from arrest?"

releasing - libérer

"There has been no arrest."


"It is sometimes essential to government to cause a man's disappearance without leaving any traces, so that no written forms or documents may defeat their wishes."

essential - indispensable, essentiel, fondamental

disappearance - disparition

"It might be so under the Bourbons, but at present"""

"It has always been so, my dear Morrel, since the reign of Louis XIV. The emperor is more strict in prison discipline than even Louis himself, and the number of prisoners whose names are not on the register is incalculable." Had Morrel even any suspicions, so much kindness would have dispelled them.

incalculable - incalculable

dispelled - dissipé, chasser, dissiper

"Well, M. de Villefort, how would you advise me to act?" asked he.

"Petition the minister."

"Oh, I know what that is; the minister receives two hundred petitions every day, and does not read three."

Receives - reçoit, recevoir

petitions - pétitions, pétition, pétitionner

"That is true; but he will read a petition countersigned and presented by me."

countersigned - contresigné, contresigner

"And will you undertake to deliver it?"

"With the greatest pleasure. Dantès was then guilty, and now he is innocent, and it is as much my duty to free him as it was to condemn him." Villefort thus forestalled any danger of an inquiry, which, however improbable it might be, if it did take place would leave him defenceless.

condemn - condamner, déclarer coupable

improbable - invraisemblable, improbable

defenceless - sans défense

"But how shall I address the minister?"

"Sit down there," said Villefort, giving up his place to Morrel, "and write what I dictate."

dictate - dicter

"Will you be so good?"

"Certainly. But lose no time; we have lost too much already."

"That is true. Only think what the poor fellow may even now be suffering."

suffering - la souffrance, souffrance, douleur

Villefort shuddered at the suggestion; but he had gone too far to draw back. Dantès must be crushed to gratify Villefort's ambition.

suggestion - suggestion, proposition

gratify - gratifier

Villefort dictated a petition, in which, from an excellent intention, no doubt, Dantès'patriotic services were exaggerated, and he was made out one of the most active agents of Napoleon's return. It was evident that at the sight of this document the minister would instantly release him. The petition finished, Villefort read it aloud.

patriotic - patriotique

exaggerated - exagéré, exagérer, outrer

most active - Le plus actif

document - document, écrit, documenter

aloud - a haute voix, a voix haute, a haute voix, fort

"That will do," said he; "leave the rest to me."

"Will the petition go soon?"


"Countersigned by you?"

"The best thing I can do will be to certify the truth of the contents of your petition." And, sitting down, Villefort wrote the certificate at the bottom.

certify - certifier

certificate - document, certificat, diplôme

"What more is to be done?"

"I will do whatever is necessary." This assurance delighted Morrel, who took leave of Villefort, and hastened to announce to old Dantès that he would soon see his son.

As for Villefort, instead of sending to Paris, he carefully preserved the petition that so fearfully compromised Dantès, in the hopes of an event that seemed not unlikely,"that is, a second restoration. Dantès remained a prisoner, and heard not the noise of the fall of Louis XVIII.'s throne, or the still more tragic destruction of the empire.

compromised - compromis, concession, compromettre

unlikely - peu probable, improbable, improbablement

noise - bruit, vacarme, brouhaha, boucan

more tragic - plus tragique

Empire - l'empire, empire

Twice during the Hundred Days had Morrel renewed his demand, and twice had Villefort soothed him with promises. At last there was Waterloo, and Morrel came no more; he had done all that was in his power, and any fresh attempt would only compromise himself uselessly.

renewed - renouvelée, renouveler

soothed - apaisé, apaiser, calmer, soulager

Waterloo - Waterloo

compromise - compromis, concession, compromettre

uselessly - inutilement

Louis XVIII. remounted the throne; Villefort, to whom Marseilles had become filled with remorseful memories, sought and obtained the situation of king's procureur at Toulouse, and a fortnight afterwards he married Mademoiselle de Saint-MĂ©ran, whose father now stood higher at court than ever.

remorseful - des remords

And so Dantès, after the Hundred Days and after Waterloo, remained in his dungeon, forgotten of earth and heaven.

Danglars comprehended the full extent of the wretched fate that overwhelmed Dantès; and, when Napoleon returned to France, he, after the manner of mediocre minds, termed the coincidence, a decree of Providence. But when Napoleon returned to Paris, Danglars'heart failed him, and he lived in constant fear of Dantès'return on a mission of vengeance. He therefore informed M.

mediocre - médiocre

termed - appelé, peine, mandat, période

decree - décret, ordonnance, décréter

constant - constant, constante

Morrel of his wish to quit the sea, and obtained a recommendation from him to a Spanish merchant, into whose service he entered at the end of March, that is, ten or twelve days after Napoleon's return. He then left for Madrid, and was no more heard of.

Fernand understood nothing except that Dantès was absent. What had become of him he cared not to inquire.

Only, during the respite the absence of his rival afforded him, he reflected, partly on the means of deceiving Mercédès as to the cause of his absence, partly on plans of emigration and abduction, as from time to time he sat sad and motionless on the summit of Cape Pharo, at the spot from whence Marseilles and the Catalans are visible, watching for the apparition of a young and handsome man, who was for him also the messenger of vengeance. Fernand's mind was made up; he would shoot Dantès, and then kill himself. But Fernand was mistaken; a man of his disposition never kills himself, for he constantly hopes.

respite - un répit, répit

afforded - de l'entreprise, permettre

partly - en partie

deceiving - trompeuse, tromper, leurrer, séduire

emigration - l'émigration, émigration

abduction - enlevement, enlevement, abduction, rapt

as from - a partir de

summit - sommet, apogée

apparition - apparition

kills - tue, tuer

constantly - constamment, en boucle

During this time the empire made its last conscription, and every man in France capable of bearing arms rushed to obey the summons of the emperor. Fernand departed with the rest, bearing with him the terrible thought that while he was away, his rival would perhaps return and marry Mercédès. Had Fernand really meant to kill himself, he would have done so when he parted from Mercédès.

summons - convoque, convocation, (summon) convoque

His devotion, and the compassion he showed for her misfortunes, produced the effect they always produce on noble minds"Mercédès had always had a sincere regard for Fernand, and this was now strengthened by gratitude.

strengthened - renforcée, renforcer, affermir, raffermir, fortifier

"My brother," said she, as she placed his knapsack on his shoulders, "be careful of yourself, for if you are killed, I shall be alone in the world." These words carried a ray of hope into Fernand's heart. Should Dantès not return, Mercédès might one day be his.

knapsack - sac a dos, sac a dos

ray of hope - Une lueur d'espoir


Mercédès was left alone face to face with the vast plain that had never seemed so barren, and the sea that had never seemed so vast. Bathed in tears she wandered about the Catalan village.

vast - vaste

wandered - erré, errer, vaguer, divaguer

Sometimes she stood mute and motionless as a statue, looking towards Marseilles, at other times gazing on the sea, and debating as to whether it were not better to cast herself into the abyss of the ocean, and thus end her woes. It was not want of courage that prevented her putting this resolution into execution; but her religious feelings came to her aid and saved her.

statue - statue

gazing - regarder, fixer

debating - débattre, débat, discussion

prevented - empeché, empecher

execution - l'exécution, exécution

Caderousse was, like Fernand, enrolled in the army, but, being married and eight years older, he was merely sent to the frontier. Old Dantès, who was only sustained by hope, lost all hope at Napoleon's downfall. Five months after he had been separated from his son, and almost at the hour of his arrest, he breathed his last in Mercédès'arms. M.

enrolled - inscrits, inscrire

frontier - frontiere, frontiere

sustained - soutenue, maintenir, subvenir

breathed - respiré, respirer, inspirer, expirer

Morrel paid the expenses of his funeral, and a few small debts the poor old man had contracted.

expenses - dépenses, dépense

funeral - funérailles, obseques

debts - des dettes, dette

contracted - sous contrat, contracter

There was more than benevolence in this action; there was courage; the south was aflame, and to assist, even on his death-bed, the father of so dangerous a Bonapartist as Dantès, was stigmatized as a crime.

benevolence - la bienveillance, bienveillance, bénévolence

aflame - en feu

assist - assister, aider, passe décisive

stigmatized - stigmatisés, stigmatiser

Chapter 14. The Two Prisoners

Ayear after Louis XVIII.'s restoration, a visit was made by the inspector-general of prisons. Dantès in his cell heard the noise of preparation,"sounds that at the depth where he lay would have been inaudible to any but the ear of a prisoner, who could hear the splash of the drop of water that every hour fell from the roof of his dungeon.

prisons - prisons, prison, qualifier

preparation - préparation, concoction

depth - profondeur, épaisseur

inaudible - inaudible

splash - splash, plouf, bruit, éclaboussure, éclabousser, asperger

drop of water - une goutte d'eau

roof - toit

He guessed something uncommon was passing among the living; but he had so long ceased to have any intercourse with the world, that he looked upon himself as dead.

ceased - cessé, cesser, s'arreter, cesser de + 'infinitive'

intercourse - les rapports sexuels, relation sexuelle

The inspector visited, one after another, the cells and dungeons of several of the prisoners, whose good behavior or stupidity recommended them to the clemency of the government. He inquired how they were fed, and if they had any request to make. The universal response was, that the fare was detestable, and that they wanted to be set free.

cells - cellules, cellule

behavior - comportement, conduite

stupidity - stupidité, idiotie, ânerie, sottise

fed - alimentée, alimentées, alimenterent

response - réponse

detestable - détestable

set free - Libérer

The inspector asked if they had anything else to ask for. They shook their heads. What could they desire beyond their liberty? The inspector turned smilingly to the governor.

smilingly - en souriant

"I do not know what reason government can assign for these useless visits; when you see one prisoner, you see all,"always the same thing,"ill fed and innocent. Are there any others?"

assign - affecter, désigner, assigner, attribuer

"Yes; the dangerous and mad prisoners are in the dungeons."

"Let us visit them," said the inspector with an air of fatigue. "We must play the farce to the end. Let us see the dungeons."

farce - farce

"Let us first send for two soldiers," said the governor. "The prisoners sometimes, through mere uneasiness of life, and in order to be sentenced to death, commit acts of useless violence, and you might fall a victim."

"Take all needful precautions," replied the inspector.

needful - nécessaire

precautions - des précautions, précaution

Two soldiers were accordingly sent for, and the inspector descended a stairway, so foul, so humid, so dark, as to be loathsome to sight, smell, and respiration.

accordingly - en conséquence, conséquemment

stairway - escalier

foul - la faute, infâme

humid - mouillé, humide

loathsome - détestable, odieux, dégoutant

smell - odeur, parfum, gout, odorat, sentir, humer

respiration - la respiration, respiration

"Oh," cried the inspector, "who can live here?"

"A most dangerous conspirator, a man we are ordered to keep the most strict watch over, as he is daring and resolute."

most dangerous - le plus dangereux

daring - audacieux, courageux, checktéméraire, checkhardi

resolute - résolu, résolue, ferme, déterminé

"He is alone?"


"How long has he been there?"

"Nearly a year."

"Was he placed here when he first arrived?"

"No; not until he attempted to kill the turnkey, who took his food to him."

attempted - tenté, tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat

turnkey - clé en main, clés en main

"To kill the turnkey?"

"Yes, the very one who is lighting us. Is it not true, Antoine?" asked the governor.

"True enough; he wanted to kill me!" returned the turnkey.

"He must be mad," said the inspector.

"He is worse than that,"he is a devil!" returned the turnkey.

devil - Diable, Satan, type

"Shall I complain of him?" demanded the inspector.

"Oh, no; it is useless. Besides, he is almost mad now, and in another year he will be quite so."

quite so - tout a fait

"So much the better for him,"he will suffer less," said the inspector. He was, as this remark shows, a man full of philanthropy, and in every way fit for his office.

philanthropy - philanthropie

"You are right, sir," replied the governor; "and this remark proves that you have deeply considered the subject. Now we have in a dungeon about twenty feet distant, and to which you descend by another stair, an old abbé, formerly leader of a party in Italy, who has been here since 1811, and in 1813 he went mad, and the change is astonishing.

stair - l'escalier, marche, escalier, volée

Formerly - auparavant, autrefois, anciennement

astonishing - étonnante, étonner, surprendre

He used to weep, he now laughs; he grew thin, he now grows fat. You had better see him, for his madness is amusing."

weep - pleurer, pleurez, pleurons, pleurent

madness - la folie, folie

"I will see them both," returned the inspector; "I must conscientiously perform my duty."

conscientiously - consciencieusement

This was the inspector's first visit; he wished to display his authority.

"Let us visit this one first," added he.

"By all means," replied the governor, and he signed to the turnkey to open the door. At the sound of the key turning in the lock, and the creaking of the hinges, Dantès, who was crouched in a corner of the dungeon, whence he could see the ray of light that came through a narrow iron grating above, raised his head.

turning in - de se transformer

creaking - grincement, craquement, craquer

hinges - charnieres, gond, charniere, dépendre

crouched - accroupi, s'accroupir

ray of light - un rayon de lumiere

Seeing a stranger, escorted by two turnkeys holding torches and accompanied by two soldiers, and to whom the governor spoke bareheaded, Dantès, who guessed the truth, and that the moment to address himself to the superior authorities was come, sprang forward with clasped hands.

escorted - escorté, escorte, escorter

bareheaded - tete nue

The soldiers interposed their bayonets, for they thought that he was about to attack the inspector, and the latter recoiled two or three steps. Dantès saw that he was looked upon as dangerous. Then, infusing all the humility he possessed into his eyes and voice, he addressed the inspector, and sought to inspire him with pity.

recoiled - a reculé, recul, reculer

infusing - infusion, infuser

humility - l'humilité, humilité

inspire - inspirer

The inspector listened attentively; then, turning to the governor, observed, "He will become religious"he is already more gentle; he is afraid, and retreated before the bayonets"madmen are not afraid of anything; I made some curious observations on this at Charenton." Then, turning to the prisoner, "What is it you want?" said he.

listened attentively - écouté attentivement

more gentle - plus doux

Curious - vous etes curieux, curieux, intéressant, singulier

"I want to know what crime I have committed"to be tried; and if I am guilty, to be shot; if innocent, to be set at liberty."

"Are you well fed?" said the inspector.

"I believe so; I don't know; it's of no consequence. What matters really, not only to me, but to officers of justice and the king, is that an innocent man should languish in prison, the victim of an infamous denunciation, to die here cursing his executioners."

languish - dépérir, se cachectiser, se rabougrir, devenir étique, languir

executioners - des bourreaux, exécuteur des hautes ouvres, bourreau

"You are very humble today," remarked the governor; "you are not so always; the other day, for instance, when you tried to kill the turnkey."

humble - humble

"It is true, sir, and I beg his pardon, for he has always been very good to me, but I was mad."

"And you are not so any longer?"

"No; captivity has subdued me"I have been here so long."

captivity - captivité

"So long?"when were you arrested, then?" asked the inspector.

"The 28th of February, 1815, at half-past two in the afternoon."

"Today is the 30th of July, 1816,"why, it is but seventeen months."

"Only seventeen months," replied Dantès. "Oh, you do not know what is seventeen months in prison!

"seventeen ages rather, especially to a man who, like me, had arrived at the summit of his ambition"to a man, who, like me, was on the point of marrying a woman he adored, who saw an honorable career opened before him, and who loses all in an instant"who sees his prospects destroyed, and is ignorant of the fate of his affianced wife, and whether his aged father be still living!

adored - adorée, adorer

Seventeen months'captivity to a sailor accustomed to the boundless ocean, is a worse punishment than human crime ever merited. Have pity on me, then, and ask for me, not intelligence, but a trial; not pardon, but a verdict"a trial, sir, I ask only for a trial; that, surely, cannot be denied to one who is accused!"

boundless - sans limites, illimité

verdict - verdict

denied - refusée, nier, démentir, refuser

"We shall see," said the inspector; then, turning to the governor, "On my word, the poor devil touches me. You must show me the proofs against him."

touches - touches, toucher, émouvoir, contact

proofs - preuves, preuve, épreuve

"Certainly; but you will find terrible charges."

"Monsieur," continued Dantès, "I know it is not in your power to release me; but you can plead for me"you can have me tried"and that is all I ask. Let me know my crime, and the reason why I was condemned. Uncertainty is worse than all."

uncertainty - l'incertitude, incertitude

"Go on with the lights," said the inspector.

"Monsieur," cried Dantès, "I can tell by your voice you are touched with pity; tell me at least to hope."

"I cannot tell you that," replied the inspector; "I can only promise to examine into your case."

"Oh, I am free"then I am saved!"

"Who arrested you?"

"M. Villefort. See him, and hear what he says."

"M. Villefort is no longer at Marseilles; he is now at Toulouse."

"I am no longer surprised at my detention," murmured Dantès, "since my only protector is removed."

detention - détention, arrestation, retenue

"Had M. de Villefort any cause of personal dislike to you?"

dislike - l'aversion, antipathie, ne pas aimer

"None; on the contrary, he was very kind to me."

"I can, then, rely on the notes he has left concerning you?"


"That is well; wait patiently, then."

wait patiently - attendre patiemment

Dantès fell on his knees, and prayed earnestly. The door closed; but this time a fresh inmate was left with Dantès"Hope.

earnestly - sincerement, sérieusement

inmate - détenu, détenue, codétenu, codétenue, résident


"Will you see the register at once," asked the governor, "or proceed to the other cell?"

"Let us visit them all," said the inspector. "If I once went up those stairs. I should never have the courage to come down again."

"Ah, this one is not like the other, and his madness is less affecting than this one's display of reason."

"What is his folly?"

"He fancies he possesses an immense treasure. The first year he offered government a million of francs for his release; the second, two; the third, three; and so on progressively. He is now in his fifth year of captivity; he will ask to speak to you in private, and offer you five millions."

possesses - possede, posséder, s'emparer de

immense - immense

treasure - trésor, garder précieusement

progressively - progressivement

"How curious!"what is his name?"

"The Abbé Faria."

"No. 27," said the inspector.

"It is here; unlock the door, Antoine."

unlock - déverrouiller, débloquer

The turnkey obeyed, and the inspector gazed curiously into the chamber of the mad abbé, as the prisoner was usually called.

In the centre of the cell, in a circle traced with a fragment of plaster detached from the wall, sat a man whose tattered garments scarcely covered him. He was drawing in this circle geometrical lines, and seemed as much absorbed in his problem as Archimedes was when the soldier of Marcellus slew him.

circle - cercle, disque, yeux cernés, cerne, cercler, entourer, encercler

traced - tracé, trace

plaster - le plâtre, onguent, plâtre, enduit, enduire, plâtrer

garments - vetements, vetement

geometrical - géométrique

absorbed - absorbé, absorber, éponger

slew - slew, déraper, (slay) slew

He did not move at the sound of the door, and continued his calculations until the flash of the torches lighted up with an unwonted glare the sombre walls of his cell; then, raising his head, he perceived with astonishment the number of persons present. He hastily seized the coverlet of his bed, and wrapped it round him.

calculations - calculs, calcul

flash - flash, clignoter

lighted up - allumé

unwonted - inhabituel

glare - éblouissement, éclat

number of persons - le nombre de personnes

coverlet - couvre-lit

wrapped - enveloppé, enrouler (autour de)

"What is it you want?" said the inspector.

"I, monsieur," replied the abbé with an air of surprise,""I want nothing."

"You do not understand," continued the inspector; "I am sent here by government to visit the prison, and hear the requests of the prisoners."

"Oh, that is different," cried the abbé; "and we shall understand each other, I hope."

"There, now," whispered the governor, "it is just as I told you."

"Monsieur," continued the prisoner, "I am the Abbé Faria, born at Rome. I was for twenty years Cardinal Spada's secretary; I was arrested, why, I know not, toward the beginning of the year 1811; since then I have demanded my liberty from the Italian and French government."

Rome - rome

cardinal - cardinal, rouge cardinal

"Why from the French government?"

"Because I was arrested at Piombino, and I presume that, like Milan and Florence, Piombino has become the capital of some French department."

presume - présumer, supposer

Florence - florence

"Ah," said the inspector, "you have not the latest news from Italy?"

"My information dates from the day on which I was arrested," returned the Abbé Faria; "and as the emperor had created the kingdom of Rome for his infant son, I presume that he has realized the dream of Machiavelli and Cæsar Borgia, which was to make Italy a united kingdom."

infant - nourrisson, enfant en bas âge, poupon

realized - réalisé, réaliser, se rendre compte, prendre conscience

Machiavelli - machiavel

United - unis, unité

"Monsieur," returned the inspector, "Providence has changed this gigantic plan you advocate so warmly."

gigantic - gigantesque, colossal

advocate - défenseur des droits de l'homme, avocat, avocate, portearole

warmly - chaleureusement, chaudement

"It is the only means of rendering Italy strong, happy, and independent."

independent - indépendant

"Very possibly; only I am not come to discuss politics, but to inquire if you have anything to ask or to complain of."

"The food is the same as in other prisons,"that is, very bad; the lodging is very unhealthful, but, on the whole, passable for a dungeon; but it is not that which I wish to speak of, but a secret I have to reveal of the greatest importance."

lodging - l'hébergement, logement, hébergement, verse, (lodge), cabane

unhealthful - malsain

"We are coming to the point," whispered the governor.

"It is for that reason I am delighted to see you," continued the abbé, "although you have disturbed me in a most important calculation, which, if it succeeded, would possibly change Newton's system. Could you allow me a few words in private."

calculation - calcul

Newton - newton

system - systeme, systeme

"What did I tell you?" said the governor.

"You knew him," returned the inspector with a smile.

"What you ask is impossible, monsieur," continued he, addressing Faria.


"But," said the abbé, "I would speak to you of a large sum, amounting to five millions."

sum - somme

amounting to - s'élevant a

"The very sum you named," whispered the inspector in his turn.

"However," continued Faria, seeing that the inspector was about to depart, "it is not absolutely necessary for us to be alone; the governor can be present."

be present - etre présent

"Unfortunately," said the governor, "I know beforehand what you are about to say; it concerns your treasures, does it not?" Faria fixed his eyes on him with an expression that would have convinced anyone else of his sanity.

concerns - préoccupations, inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation

sanity - la santé mentale, santé mentale

"Of course," said he; "of what else should I speak?"

"Mr. Inspector," continued the governor, "I can tell you the story as well as he, for it has been dinned in my ears for the last four or five years."

Mr - monsieur

dinned - dîné, vacarme

"That proves," returned the abbé, "that you are like those of Holy Writ, who having eyes see not, and having ears hear not."

"My dear sir, the government is rich and does not want your treasures," replied the inspector; "keep them until you are liberated." The abbé's eyes glistened; he seized the inspector's hand.

glistened - a brillé, reluire

"But what if I am not liberated," cried he, "and am detained here until my death? this treasure will be lost. Had not government better profit by it? I will offer six millions, and I will content myself with the rest, if they will only give me my liberty."

be lost - etre perdue

"On my word," said the inspector in a low tone, "had I not been told beforehand that this man was mad, I should believe what he says."

"I am not mad," replied Faria, with that acuteness of hearing peculiar to prisoners. "The treasure I speak of really exists, and I offer to sign an agreement with you, in which I promise to lead you to the spot where you shall dig; and if I deceive you, bring me here again,"I ask no more."

exists - existe, exister

agreement - accord, entente, pacte, contrat

dig - creuser, creusez, creusons, creusent

deceive - tromper, leurrer, séduire

The governor laughed. "Is the spot far from here?"

"A hundred leagues."

"It is not ill-planned," said the governor. "If all the prisoners took it into their heads to travel a hundred leagues, and their guardians consented to accompany them, they would have a capital chance of escaping."

guardians - gardiens, gardien, tuteur, tutrice, curateur, curatrice

escaping - s'échapper, échapper, éviter, tirer

"The scheme is well known," said the inspector; "and the abbé's plan has not even the merit of originality."

merit - mérite, mériter

originality - l'originalité, originalité

Then turning to Faria, "I inquired if you are well fed?" said he.

"Swear to me," replied Faria, "to free me if what I tell you prove true, and I will stay here while you go to the spot."

"Are you well fed?" repeated the inspector.

"Monsieur, you run no risk, for, as I told you, I will stay here; so there is No chance of my escaping."

No chance - Aucune chance

"You do not reply to my question," replied the inspector impatiently.

"Nor you to mine," cried the abbé. "You will not accept my gold; I will keep it for myself. You refuse me my liberty; God will give it me." And the abbé, casting away his coverlet, resumed his place, and continued his calculations.


"What is he doing there?" said the inspector.

"Counting his treasures," replied the governor.

Faria replied to this sarcasm with a glance of profound contempt. They went out. The turnkey closed the door behind them.

contempt - le mépris, mépris, outrage

"He was wealthy once, perhaps?" said the inspector.

wealthy - riches, riche, nanti

"Or dreamed he was, and awoke mad."

awoke - s'est réveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller

"After all," said the inspector, "if he had been rich, he would not have been here."

So the matter ended for the Abbé Faria. He remained in his cell, and this visit only increased the belief in his insanity.

belief - croyance, conviction, foi

Caligula or Nero, those treasure-seekers, those desirers of the impossible, would have accorded to the poor wretch, in exchange for his wealth, the liberty he so earnestly prayed for. But the kings of modern times, restrained by the limits of mere probability, have neither courage nor desire. They fear the ear that hears their orders, and the eye that scrutinizes their actions.

seekers - chercheurs, demandeur

accorded - accordé, entente, accorder

wretch - malheureux, malheureux/-euse

Exchange - l'échange, échangent, échangeons, échanger, échangez, échange

modern times - les temps modernes

limits - des limites, limite, limitation

scrutinizes - examine, scruter, dépouiller

Formerly they believed themselves sprung from Jupiter, and shielded by their birth; but nowadays they are not inviolable.

sprung from - d'ou il a surgi

Jupiter - jupiter

shielded - blindé, bouclier

birth - naissance

inviolable - inviolable

It has always been against the policy of despotic governments to suffer the victims of their persecutions to reappear.

policy - politique

despotic - despotique

governments - les gouvernements, gouvernement, rection

persecutions - persécutions, persécution

reappear - reparaître, réapparaître

As the Inquisition rarely allowed its victims to be seen with their limbs distorted and their flesh lacerated by torture, so madness is always concealed in its cell, from whence, should it depart, it is conveyed to some gloomy hospital, where the doctor has no thought for man or mind in the mutilated being the jailer delivers to him.

inquisition - l'inquisition, Inquisition

rarely - rarement

limbs - membres, membre

distorted - déformé, déformer, distordre

flesh - de la chair, chair, peau, viande, corps, pulpe

lacerated - lacéré, lacérer

mutilated - mutilés, mutiler

delivers - livre, accoucher, livrer, remettre

The very madness of the Abbé Faria, gone mad in prison, condemned him to perpetual captivity.

perpetual - perpétuel

The inspector kept his word with Dantès; he examined the register, and found the following note concerning him:

Edmond Dantès:

Violent Bonapartist; took an active part in the return from Elba.

active - active, actif

The greatest watchfulness and care to be exercised.

watchfulness - la vigilance, vigilance

This note was in a different hand from the rest, which showed that it had been added since his confinement. The inspector could not contend against this accusation; he simply wrote, Nothing to be done.

confinement - l'enfermement, confinement

This visit had infused new vigor into Dantès; he had, till then, forgotten the date; but now, with a fragment of plaster, he wrote the date, 30th July, 1816, and made a mark every day, in order not to lose his reckoning again. Days and weeks passed away, then months"Dantès still waited; he at first expected to be freed in a fortnight.

infused - infusé, infuser

vigor - vigueur

till then - jusqu'a ce moment-la

reckoning - le calcul, calculer, estimer

This fortnight expired, he decided that the inspector would do nothing until his return to Paris, and that he would not reach there until his circuit was finished, he therefore fixed three months; three months passed away, then six more.

expired - expiré, expirer

circuit - circuit

Finally ten months and a half had gone by and no favorable change had taken place, and Dantès began to fancy the inspector's visit but a dream, an illusion of the brain.

finally - enfin, définitivement

gone by - passé

illusion - illusion

At the expiration of a year the governor was transferred; he had obtained charge of the fortress at Ham. He took with him several of his subordinates, and amongst them Dantès'jailer. A new governor arrived; it would have been too tedious to acquire the names of the prisoners; he learned their numbers instead.

transferred - transféré, transférer, transfert

Ham - le jambon, jambon

tedious - fastidieux, laborieux

acquire - acquérir

This horrible place contained fifty cells; their inhabitants were designated by the numbers of their cell, and the unhappy young man was no longer called Edmond Dantès"he was now number 34.

horrible - horrible, affreux, épouvantable

inhabitants - habitants, habitant, habitante, résident, résidente

Chapter 15. Number 34 and Number 27

Dantès passed through all the stages of torture natural to prisoners in suspense. He was sustained at first by that pride of conscious innocence which is the sequence to hope; then he began to doubt his own innocence, which justified in some measure the governor's belief in his mental alienation; and then, relaxing his sentiment of pride, he addressed his supplications, not to God, but to man.

stages - étapes, étape, phase, scene, caleche, platine, mettre en scene

suspense - suspension, suspense, angoisse, anxiété, appréhension

sequence - suite, séquence

justified - justifiée, justifier

measure - mesure, mesurer

mental - mentale, affectif, mental

alienation - l'aliénation, aliénation

sentiment - sentiment

supplications - des supplications, supplication

God is always the last resource. Unfortunates, who ought to begin with God, do not have any hope in him till they have exhausted all other means of deliverance.

resource - ressource, ressource(s)

unfortunates - malheureux, infortuné, malencontreux

deliverance - la délivrance, délivrance

Dantès asked to be removed from his present dungeon into another, even if it were darker and deeper, for a change, however disadvantageous, was still a change, and would afford him some amusement. He entreated to be allowed to walk about, to have fresh air, books, and writing materials. His requests were not granted, but he went on asking all the same.

deeper - plus profond, profond, épais, grave, foncé, foncée

disadvantageous - désavantageux

afford - se permettre, offrir

entreated - demandé, supplier

materials - matériaux, matériel, matériau, matiere

He accustomed himself to speaking to the new jailer, although the latter was, if possible, more taciturn than the old one; but still, to speak to a man, even though mute, was something. Dantès spoke for the sake of hearing his own voice; he had tried to speak when alone, but the sound of his voice terrified him.

if possible - si possible

taciturn - taciturne

Often, before his captivity, Dantès'mind had revolted at the idea of assemblages of prisoners, made up of thieves, vagabonds, and murderers. He now wished to be amongst them, in order to see some other face besides that of his jailer; he sighed for the galleys, with the infamous costume, the chain, and the brand on the shoulder.

revolted - révoltés, révolter

assemblages - assemblages, assemblage

thieves - voleurs, voleur, voleuse

vagabonds - vagabonds, vagabond, vagabonde

murderers - meurtriers, meurtrier, meurtriere, assassin, assassine

galleys - les galeres, galere, galée, cambuse

brand - tison, marque, style, flétrir, marquer, graver, cataloguer

The galley-slaves breathed the fresh air of heaven, and saw each other. They were very happy.

galley - la cuisine, galere, galée, cambuse

slaves - esclaves, esclave, t+serf, t+serve

breathed - respiré, respiration, souffle, haleine

He besought the jailer one day to let him have a companion, were it even the mad abbé. The jailer, though rough and hardened by the constant sight of so much suffering, was yet a man.

rough - rude, rugueux, brut, approximatif, difficile, brutal, ébaucher

At the bottom of his heart he had often had a feeling of pity for this unhappy young man who suffered so; and he laid the request of number 34 before the governor; but the latter sapiently imagined that Dantès wished to conspire or attempt an escape, and refused his request. Dantès had exhausted all human resources, and he then turned to God.

sapiently - avec sapience

All the pious ideas that had been so long forgotten, returned; he recollected the prayers his mother had taught him, and discovered a new meaning in every word; for in prosperity prayers seem but a mere medley of words, until misfortune comes and the unhappy sufferer first understands the meaning of the sublime language in which he invokes the pity of heaven!

pious - pieux

medley - pot-pourri, mélange, salade, potourri, 4 nages

sublime - sublime, auguste

invokes - invoque, invoquer

He prayed, and prayed aloud, no longer terrified at the sound of his own voice, for he fell into a sort of ecstasy. He laid every action of his life before the Almighty, proposed tasks to accomplish, and at the end of every prayer introduced the entreaty oftener addressed to man than to God: "Forgive us our trespasses as we forgive them that trespass against us.

ecstasy - l'ecstasy, extase, ecstasy, exta

Almighty - tout-puissant, toutuissant

tasks - tâches, tâche

prayer - oraison, priere

trespasses - des fautes, s'introduire sans permission

" Yet in spite of his earnest prayers, Dantès remained a prisoner.

Then gloom settled heavily upon him.

gloom - obscurité, pénombre, grisaille, morosité, noirceur

Dantès was a man of great simplicity of thought, and without education; he could not, therefore, in the solitude of his dungeon, traverse in mental vision the history of the ages, bring to life the nations that had perished, and rebuild the ancient cities so vast and stupendous in the light of the imagination, and that pass before the eye glowing with celestial colors in Martin's Babylonian pictures. He could not do this, he whose past life was so short, whose present so melancholy, and his future so doubtful. Nineteen years of light to reflect upon in eternal darkness! No distraction could come to his aid; his energetic spirit, that would have exalted in thus revisiting the past, was imprisoned like an eagle in a cage. He clung to one idea"that of his happiness, destroyed, without apparent cause, by an unheard-of fatality; he considered and reconsidered this idea, devoured it (so to speak), as the implacable Ugolino devours the skull of Archbishop Roger in the Inferno of Dante.

simplicity - la simplicité, simplicité

education - l'éducation, éducation, enseignement

solitude - la solitude, solitude

traverse - franchir, traverser

nations - nations, nation

rebuild - reconstruire

stupendous - stupéfiante

imagination - l'imagination, imagination

celestial - céleste

Martin - martin

Babylonian - babylonien

past life - vie antérieure

doubtful - douteux, douteuse

reflect - refléter, réfléchir, se refléter, suivre

eternal - éternelle, éternel

Distraction - distraction, folie

spirit - l'esprit, esprit, moral, élan, spiritueux

revisiting - en cours de révision, revoir

clung to - a laquelle il s'est accroché

apparent - apparente, apparent, visible, manifeste, criant, évident

unheard - non entendue

reconsidered - reconsidérée, reconsidérer

devoured - dévorée, dévorer

implacable - implacable

devours - dévore, dévorer

skull - crâne, crane

archbishop - archeveque, archeveque

Roger - roger

Inferno - l'enfer, enfer, incendie, brasier

Dante - dante

Rage supplanted religious fervor. Dantès uttered blasphemies that made his jailer recoil with horror, dashed himself furiously against the walls of his prison, wreaked his anger upon everything, and chiefly upon himself, so that the least thing,"a grain of sand, a straw, or a breath of air that annoyed him, led to paroxysms of fury.

blasphemies - blasphemes, blaspheme

recoil - recul, reculer

horror - l'horreur, horreur, effroi, dégout, aversion

chiefly - principalement, surtout

grain of sand - grain de sable

annoyed - agacé, gener, ennuyer, embeter, agacer, asticoter

Then the letter that Villefort had showed to him recurred to his mind, and every line gleamed forth in fiery letters on the wall like the mene, mene, tekel upharsin of Belshazzar. He told himself that it was the enmity of man, and not the vengeance of Heaven, that had thus plunged him into the deepest misery.

recurred - s'est-elle reproduite, se reproduire

gleamed - brillait, luire

mene - mene

Belshazzar - Belshazzar

enmity - inimitié

He consigned his unknown persecutors to the most horrible tortures he could imagine, and found them all insufficient, because after torture came death, and after death, if not repose, at least the boon of unconsciousness.

consigned - consigné, confier

most horrible - le plus horrible

insufficient - insuffisante, insuffisant

repose - repos

boon - boon, aubaine

unconsciousness - l'inconscience, inconscience

By dint of constantly dwelling on the idea that tranquillity was death, and if punishment were the end in view other tortures than death must be invented, he began to reflect on suicide. Unhappy he, who, on the brink of misfortune, broods over ideas like these!

dint - n'a pas, bosse

dwelling - logement, demeure, (dwell), résider, s'appesantir sur

view - vue, vision, regard, point de vue, opinion, regarder

invented - inventé, inventer

brink - au bord du gouffre, bord, lisiere

broods - couvées, couvée, couver, protéger

Before him is a Dead Sea that stretches in azure calm before the eye; but he who unwarily ventures within its embrace finds himself struggling with a monster that would drag him down to perdition. Once thus ensnared, unless the protecting hand of God snatch him thence, all is over, and his struggles but tend to hasten his destruction.

Dead Sea - La mer Morte

stretches - étirements, étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

Azure - l'azur, azur

unwarily - involontairement

ventures - des entreprises, s'aventurer, risquer, oser

monster - monstre, bete, monstrueux

drag - draguer, transbahuter, traîner

perdition - la perdition, enfer

ensnared - pris au piege, piéger, empetrer

protecting - protéger

snatch - l'arrachage, empoigner, happer, saisir, arracher, enlever

struggles - des luttes, lutte, lutter, s'efforcer, combattre

tend - tendent, garder

This state of mental anguish is, however, less terrible than the sufferings that precede or the punishment that possibly will follow. There is a sort of consolation at the contemplation of the yawning abyss, at the bottom of which lie darkness and obscurity.

anguish - l'angoisse, angoissons, angoissez, angoisser, angoissent

sufferings - souffrances, souffrance, douleur

precede - précéder

consolation - consoler, consolation

yawning - bâillements, (yawn), bâiller, béer, bâillement

Edmond found some solace in these ideas. All his sorrows, all his sufferings, with their train of gloomy spectres, fled from his cell when the angel of death seemed about to enter. Dantès reviewed his past life with composure, and, looking forward with terror to his future existence, chose that middle line that seemed to afford him a refuge.

solace - consolation, réconfort, soulager, consoler

sorrows - chagrins, peine, chagrin

fled - fui, s'enfuir, prendre la fuite, fuir, échapper

reviewed - revu, relecture, critique, compte rendu, révision, revue

Middle - au milieu, milieu, moyen, central

refuge - refuge

"Sometimes," said he, "in my voyages, when I was a man and commanded other men, I have seen the heavens overcast, the sea rage and foam, the storm arise, and, like a monstrous bird, beating the two horizons with its wings. Then I felt that my vessel was a vain refuge, that trembled and shook before the tempest.

voyages - voyages, voyage

commanded - commandée, commandement, ordre, maîtrise

overcast - nuageux, couvert

foam - écume, mousse, écumer, mousser

monstrous - monstrueux

beating - battre, battage, battement, (beat) battre

horizons - horizons, horizon

tempest - tempete, tempete, (temp) tempete

Soon the fury of the waves and the sight of the sharp rocks announced the approach of death, and death then terrified me, and I used all my skill and intelligence as a man and a sailor to struggle against the wrath of God.

rocks - des rochers, rocher, roc

Struggle - lutte, lutter, s'efforcer, combattre

But I did so because I was happy, because I had not courted death, because to be cast upon a bed of rocks and seaweed seemed terrible, because I was unwilling that I, a creature made for the service of God, should serve for food to the gulls and ravens.

courted - courtisé, cour, tribunal

seaweed - des algues, algues

gulls - mouettes, mouette

ravens - les corbeaux, corbeau

But now it is different; I have lost all that bound me to life, death smiles and invites me to repose; I die after my own manner, I die exhausted and broken-spirited, as I fall asleep when I have paced three thousand times round my cell,"that is thirty thousand steps, or about ten leagues."

invites - invite, inviter (a)

spirited - fougueux, esprit, moral, élan

fall asleep - s'endormir

No sooner had this idea taken possession of him than he became more composed, arranged his couch to the best of his power, ate little and slept less, and found existence almost supportable, because he felt that he could throw it off at pleasure, like a worn-out garment. Two methods of self-destruction were at his disposal.

supportable - soutenable

garment - de l'habillement, vetement

He could hang himself with his handkerchief to the window bars, or refuse food and die of starvation. But the first was repugnant to him. Dantès had always entertained the greatest horror of pirates, who are hung up to the yard-arm; he would not die by what seemed an infamous death. He resolved to adopt the second, and began that day to carry out his resolve.

handkerchief - mouchoir

bars - bars, barre, tablette

starvation - la famine, inanition, famine, faim

repugnant - répugnant

entertained - divertis, divertir, recevoir

pirates - pirates, pirate, corsaire, boucanier, pirater

resolved - résolu, prendre la résolution de


Nearly four years had passed away; at the end of the second he had ceased to mark the lapse of time. Dantès said, "I wish to die," and had chosen the manner of his death, and fearful of changing his mind, he had taken an oath to die. "When my morning and evening meals are brought," thought he, "I will cast them out of the window, and they will think that I have eaten them."

lapse - laps de temps, erreur, faute

He kept his word; twice a day he cast out, through the barred aperture, the provisions his jailer brought him"at first gayly, then with deliberation, and at last with regret. Nothing but the recollection of his oath gave him strength to proceed.

barred - interdit, barre, tablette

aperture - ouverture

Hunger made viands once repugnant, now acceptable; he held the plate in his hand for an hour at a time, and gazed thoughtfully at the morsel of bad meat, of tainted fish, of black and mouldy bread. It was the last yearning for life contending with the resolution of despair; then his dungeon seemed less sombre, his prospects less desperate.

acceptable - acceptable

thoughtfully - de maniere réfléchie

tainted - entaché, gâter, corrompre

mouldy - moisi

yearning - désir, (yearn) désir

contending - en lice, contestant, (contend) en lice

He was still young"he was only four or five-and-twenty"he had nearly fifty years to live. What unforseen events might not open his prison door, and restore him to liberty? Then he raised to his lips the repast that, like a voluntary Tantalus, he refused himself; but he thought of his oath, and he would not break it.

unforseen - imprévu

voluntary - volontaire, bénévole

Tantalus - Tantale

He persisted until, at last, he had not sufficient strength to rise and cast his supper out of the loophole. The next morning he could not see or hear; the jailer feared he was dangerously ill. Edmond hoped he was dying.

supper - dîner, souper

loophole - une faille, meurtriere, échappatoire, breche

dangerously - dangereusement

Thus the day passed away. Edmond felt a sort of stupor creeping over him which brought with it a feeling almost of content; the gnawing pain at his stomach had ceased; his thirst had abated; when he closed his eyes he saw myriads of lights dancing before them like the will-o'-the-wisps that play about the marshes. It was the twilight of that mysterious country called Death!

stupor - stupeur

creeping - rampant, ramper, rampement, fatigue, fluage, reptation

gnawing - ronger, tenaillant, (gnaw), harceler, préoccuper

stomach - l'estomac, estomac, ventre, bedon (pot belly), digérer

thirst - soif, avoir soif, désirer

abated - supprimée, diminuer, baisser, dévaloriser (

myriads - myriades, myriade, nombreux

wisps - des feux follets, brin, fétu, touffe

marshes - marais

twilight - demi-jour, crépuscule, entre chien et loup, pénombre, brumes

Suddenly, about nine o'clock in the evening, Edmond heard a hollow sound in the wall against which he was lying.

So many loathsome animals inhabited the prison, that their noise did not, in general, awake him; but whether abstinence had quickened his faculties, or whether the noise was really louder than usual, Edmond raised his head and listened. It was a continual scratching, as if made by a huge claw, a powerful tooth, or some iron instrument attacking the stones.

abstinence - l'abstinence, abstinence, abstinence sexuelle

faculties - facultés, faculté

louder - plus fort, fort

scratching - grattage, éraflant, (scratch), gratter, égratigner, piquer

huge - énorme

claw - griffe

instrument - instrument, acte

attacking - attaquant, attaque, attaquer, apostropher

Although weakened, the young man's brain instantly responded to the idea that haunts all prisoners"liberty! It seemed to him that heaven had at length taken pity on him, and had sent this noise to warn him on the very brink of the abyss. Perhaps one of those beloved ones he had so often thought of was thinking of him, and striving to diminish the distance that separated them.

weakened - affaibli, affaiblir

haunts - hunts, hanter, demeurer, point de rencontre

diminish - réduire, rétrécir, rapetisser, diminuer, amincir

No, no, doubtless he was deceived, and it was but one of those dreams that forerun death!

forerun - en avance

Edmond still heard the sound. It lasted nearly three hours; he then heard a noise of something falling, and all was silent.

lasted - a duré, dernier

Some hours afterwards it began again, nearer and more distinct. Edmond was intensely interested. Suddenly the jailer entered.

distinct - distinct, intelligible, reconnaissable

intensely - intensément

For a week since he had resolved to die, and during the four days that he had been carrying out his purpose, Edmond had not spoken to the attendant, had not answered him when he inquired what was the matter with him, and turned his face to the wall when he looked too curiously at him; but now the jailer might hear the noise and put an end to it, and so destroy a ray of something like hope that soothed his last moments.

carrying out - l'exécution

ray - rayon, émission

The jailer brought him his breakfast. Dantès raised himself up and began to talk about everything; about the bad quality of the food, about the coldness of his dungeon, grumbling and complaining, in order to have an excuse for speaking louder, and wearying the patience of his jailer, who out of kindness of heart had brought broth and white bread for his prisoner.

quality - qualité

grumbling - grommeler, (grumble), grondement, gargouillement, grognement

complaining - se plaindre, (complain), porter plainte

wearying - lassant, las, lasser

patience - la patience, patience

broth - bouillon, soupe

Fortunately, he fancied that Dantès was delirious; and placing the food on the rickety table, he withdrew. Edmond listened, and the sound became more and more distinct.

rickety - bancal, branlant, délabré, boiteux, rachitique

"There can be no doubt about it," thought he; "it is some prisoner who is striving to obtain his freedom. Oh, if I were only there to help him!"

Suddenly another idea took possession of his mind, so used to misfortune, that it was scarcely capable of hope"the idea that the noise was made by workmen the governor had ordered to repair the neighboring dungeon.

took possession of - a pris possession de

workmen - des ouvriers, ouvrier

neighboring - voisins, voisin/-ine

It was easy to ascertain this; but how could he risk the question? It was easy to call his jailer's attention to the noise, and watch his countenance as he listened; but might he not by this means destroy hopes far more important than the short-lived satisfaction of his own curiosity? Unfortunately, Edmond's brain was still so feeble that he could not bend his thoughts to anything in particular.

ascertain - vérification, constater, définir

by this means - par ce moyen

satisfaction - satisfaction

feeble - faible

He saw but one means of restoring lucidity and clearness to his judgment. He turned his eyes towards the soup which the jailer had brought, rose, staggered towards it, raised the vessel to his lips, and drank off the contents with a feeling of indescribable pleasure.

restoring - la restauration, restaurer, rétablir, rendre

lucidity - lucidité

staggered - en décalé, tituber

He had the resolution to stop with this. He had often heard that shipwrecked persons had died through having eagerly devoured too much food. Edmond replaced on the table the bread he was about to devour, and returned to his couch"he did not wish to die. He soon felt that his ideas became again collected"he could think, and strengthen his thoughts by reasoning. Then he said to himself:

shipwrecked - naufragés, épave, naufrage, naufrager

devour - dévorer

strengthen - renforcer, affermir, raffermir, fortifier

"I must put this to the test, but without compromising anybody. If it is a workman, I need but knock against the wall, and he will cease to work, in order to find out who is knocking, and why he does so; but as his occupation is sanctioned by the governor, he will soon resume it.

workman - ouvrier

knocking - frapper, frappant, (knock), coup

sanctioned - sanctionné, approbation, validation, sanction, décret

If, on the contrary, it is a prisoner, the noise I make will alarm him, he will cease, and not begin again until he thinks everyone is asleep."

Edmond rose again, but this time his legs did not tremble, and his sight was clear; he went to a corner of his dungeon, detached a stone, and with it knocked against the wall where the sound came. He struck thrice.

stone - pierre, roche, caillou, roc

At the first blow the sound ceased, as if by magic.

magic - la magie, magie, magique, sorcelerie, checkensorcelé

Edmond listened intently; an hour passed, two hours passed, and no sound was heard from the wall"all was silent there.

intently - attentivement

Full of hope, Edmond swallowed a few mouthfuls of bread and water, and, thanks to the vigor of his constitution, found himself well-nigh recovered.

constitution - constitution

recovered - récupéré, recouvrer (la santé)

The day passed away in utter silence"night came without recurrence of the noise.

recurrence - récidive, récurrence

"It is a prisoner," said Edmond joyfully. His brain was on fire, and life and energy returned.

The night passed in perfect silence. Edmond did not close his eyes.

In the morning the jailer brought him fresh provisions"he had already devoured those of the previous day; he ate these listening anxiously for the sound, walking round and round his cell, shaking the iron bars of the loophole, restoring vigor and agility to his limbs by exercise, and so preparing himself for his future destiny.

previous day - le jour précédent

agility - l'agilité, agilité

At intervals he listened to learn if the noise had not begun again, and grew impatient at the prudence of the prisoner, who did not guess he had been disturbed by a captive as anxious for liberty as himself.

intervals - intervalles, intervalle

captive - captif, captive

Three days passed"seventy-two long tedious hours which he counted off by minutes!

counted - compté, comte

At length one evening, as the jailer was visiting him for the last time that night, Dantès, with his ear for the hundredth time at the wall, fancied he heard an almost imperceptible movement among the stones. He moved away, walked up and down his cell to collect his thoughts, and then went back and listened.

imperceptible - imperceptible

moved away - a déménagé

The matter was no longer doubtful. Something was at work on the other side of the wall; the prisoner had discovered the danger, and had substituted a lever for a chisel.

substituted - substituée, mettre, remplaçant, substitut

lever - levier, lever

chisel - ciseau, ciseler, buriner

Encouraged by this discovery, Edmond determined to assist the indefatigable laborer. He began by moving his bed, and looked around for anything with which he could pierce the wall, penetrate the moist cement, and displace a stone.

indefatigable - infatigable

laborer - travailleur, ouvrier

penetrate - pénétrer

cement - le ciment, ciment, colle, adhésif, cimenter

He saw nothing, he had no knife or sharp instrument, the window grating was of iron, but he had too often assured himself of its solidity. All his furniture consisted of a bed, a chair, a table, a pail, and a jug. The bed had iron clamps, but they were screwed to the wood, and it would have required a screw-driver to take them off.

of iron - de fer

furniture - mobilier, meubles

consisted - consisté, consister (en)

pail - seau

jug - carafe, pot, récipient, broc, cruche

clamps - pinces, attache

screwed - vissé, vis, hélice, visser, baiser, coucher avec

The table and chair had nothing, the pail had once possessed a handle, but that had been removed.


Dantès had but one resource, which was to break the jug, and with one of the sharp fragments attack the wall. He let the jug fall on the floor, and it broke in pieces.

Dantès concealed two or three of the sharpest fragments in his bed, leaving the rest on the floor. The breaking of his jug was too natural an accident to excite suspicion. Edmond had all the night to work in, but in the darkness he could not do much, and he soon felt that he was working against something very hard; he pushed back his bed, and waited for day.

sharpest - le plus pointu, affilé, coupant, affuté, tranchant, acéré

suspicion - suspicion, soupçon

pushed back - repoussé

All night he heard the subterranean workman, who continued to mine his way. Day came, the jailer entered. Dantès told him that the jug had fallen from his hands while he was drinking, and the jailer went grumblingly to fetch another, without giving himself the trouble to remove the fragments of the broken one. He returned speedily, advised the prisoner to be more careful, and departed.

subterranean - souterraine, souterrain

grumblingly - en grommelant

advised - conseillé, conseiller, renseigner

more careful - plus prudent

Dantès heard joyfully the key grate in the lock; he listened until the sound of steps died away, and then, hastily displacing his bed, saw by the faint light that penetrated into his cell, that he had labored uselessly the previous evening in attacking the stone instead of removing the plaster that surrounded it.

labored - travaillé, travail

The damp had rendered it friable, and Dantès was able to break it off"in small morsels, it is true, but at the end of half an hour he had scraped off a handful; a mathematician might have calculated that in two years, supposing that the rock was not encountered, a passage twenty feet long and two feet broad, might be formed.

damp - humide, moite, mouillé, humidité, grisou, amortir

friable - friable, cassant, lâche, désagrégable

morsels - des bouchées, morceau

scraped off - gratté

mathematician - mathématicien, mathématicienne

The prisoner reproached himself with not having thus employed the hours he had passed in vain hopes, prayer, and despondency. During the six years that he had been imprisoned, what might he not have accomplished?

reproached - des reproches, reproche, opprobre, reprocher

despondency - le découragement, désespoir, abattement

accomplished - accompli, accomplir

This idea imparted new energy, and in three days he had succeeded, with the utmost precaution, in removing the cement, and exposing the stone-work. The wall was built of rough stones, among which, to give strength to the structure, blocks of hewn stone were at intervals imbedded. It was one of these he had uncovered, and which he must remove from its socket.

imparted - transmis, donner, communiquer, transmettre

exposing - exposer, dénoncer

blocks - blocs, bloc

hewn - taillé, (hew) taillé

uncovered - a découvert, découvrir

socket - la prise, prise, douille, orbite (for the eye), cavité

Dantès strove to do this with his nails, but they were too weak. The fragments of the jug broke, and after an hour of useless toil, Dantès paused with anguish on his brow.

weak - faible, débile

toil - labeur, travailler

Was he to be thus stopped at the beginning, and was he to wait inactive until his fellow workman had completed his task? Suddenly an idea occurred to him"he smiled, and the perspiration dried on his forehead.

inactive - inactif

dried - séché, sec, anhydre, sécher, tfaire sécher

The jailer always brought Dantès'soup in an iron saucepan; this saucepan contained soup for both prisoners, for Dantès had noticed that it was either quite full, or half empty, according as the turnkey gave it to him or to his companion first.

saucepan - casserole

The handle of this saucepan was of iron; Dantès would have given ten years of his life in exchange for it.


The jailer was accustomed to pour the contents of the saucepan into Dantès'plate, and Dantès, after eating his soup with a wooden spoon, washed the plate, which thus served for every day. Now when evening came Dantès put his plate on the ground near the door; the jailer, as he entered, stepped on it and broke it.

pour - verser a boire, versons, verser, versez, versent

spoon - cuillere, cuiller

stepped - en escalier, steppe

This time he could not blame Dantès. He was wrong to leave it there, but the jailer was wrong not to have looked before him. The jailer, therefore, only grumbled. Then he looked about for something to pour the soup into; Dantès'entire dinner service consisted of one plate"there was no alternative.

blame - blâme, gronder, blâment, blâmons, blâmez, blâmer

grumbled - grommelé, grondement, gargouillement, grognement

alternative - alternatif, autre, alternative

"Leave the saucepan," said Dantès; "you can take it away when you bring me my breakfast."

This advice was to the jailer's taste, as it spared him the necessity of making another trip. He left the saucepan.

taste - gout, gout, saveur, avant-gout, gouter, avoir un gout

spared - épargnée, se passer de

Dantès was beside himself with joy. He rapidly devoured his food, and after waiting an hour, lest the jailer should change his mind and return, he removed his bed, took the handle of the saucepan, inserted the point between the hewn stone and rough stones of the wall, and employed it as a lever. A slight oscillation showed Dantès that all went well.

inserted - inséré, insérer, introduire, insinuer, in texte, illustration

Oscillation - oscillation

At the end of an hour the stone was extricated from the wall, leaving a cavity a foot and a half in diameter.

extricated - extirpée, extirper

cavity - cavité, carie

diameter - diametre, diametre

Dantès carefully collected the plaster, carried it into the corner of his cell, and covered it with earth. Then, wishing to make the best use of his time while he had the means of labor, he continued to work without ceasing. At the dawn of day he replaced the stone, pushed his bed against the wall, and lay down.

labor - travail

ceasing - cesser, cessant, (cease), s'arreter

The breakfast consisted of a piece of bread; the jailer entered and placed the bread on the table.

"Well, don't you intend to bring me another plate?" said Dantès.

intend - l'intention de, avoir l'intention, envisager, concevoir

"No," replied the turnkey; "you destroy everything. First you break your jug, then you make me break your plate; if all the prisoners followed your example, the government would be ruined. I shall leave you the saucepan, and pour your soup into that. So for the future I hope you will not be so destructive."

destructive - destructrice

Dantès raised his eyes to heaven and clasped his hands beneath the coverlet. He felt more gratitude for the possession of this piece of iron than he had ever felt for anything. He had noticed, however, that the prisoner on the other side had ceased to labor; no matter, this was a greater reason for proceeding"if his neighbor would not come to him, he would go to his neighbor.

proceeding - la poursuite de la procédure, acte, (proceed), avancer

All day he toiled on untiringly, and by the evening he had succeeded in extracting ten handfuls of plaster and fragments of stone. When the hour for his jailer's visit arrived, Dantès straightened the handle of the saucepan as well as he could, and placed it in its accustomed place.

toiled - travaillé, travailler

untiringly - inlassablement

extracting - l'extraction, extrait, extraire

handfuls - poignées, poignée, manipule

straightened - redressé, redresser

The turnkey poured his ration of soup into it, together with the fish"for thrice a week the prisoners were deprived of meat. This would have been a method of reckoning time, had not Dantès long ceased to do so. Having poured out the soup, the turnkey retired.

poured - versé, verser, se déverser

ration - ration, rationner

Dantès wished to ascertain whether his neighbor had really ceased to work. He listened"all was silent, as it had been for the last three days. Dantès sighed; it was evident that his neighbor distrusted him. However, he toiled on all the night without being discouraged; but after two or three hours he encountered an obstacle.

distrusted - méfiance, défiance, se méfier

discouraged - découragé, décourager, dissuader

The iron made no impression, but met with a smooth surface; Dantès touched it, and found that it was a beam. This beam crossed, or rather blocked up, the hole Dantès had made; it was necessary, therefore, to dig above or under it. The unhappy young man had not thought of this.

surface - surface, faire surface

beam - madrier, poutre, merrain, perche, limon, timon, age, faisceau

crossed - croisé, croix, signe de croix

blocked up - bloqué

under it - en dessous

"Oh, my God, my God!" murmured he, "I have so earnestly prayed to you, that I hoped my prayers had been heard. After having deprived me of my liberty, after having deprived me of death, after having recalled me to existence, my God, have pity on me, and do not let me die in despair!"


"Who talks of God and despair at the same time?" said a voice that seemed to come from beneath the earth, and, deadened by the distance, sounded hollow and sepulchral in the young man's ears. Edmond's hair stood on end, and he rose to his knees.

deadened - mort, endormir, assourdir, isoler

"Ah," said he, "I hear a human voice." Edmond had not heard anyone speak save his jailer for four or five years; and a jailer is no man to a prisoner"he is a living door, a barrier of flesh and blood adding strength to restraints of oak and iron.

restraints - des contraintes, contention, frein, retenue

oak - chene, chene, chenes

"In the name of Heaven," cried Dantès, "speak again, though the sound of your voice terrifies me. Who are you?"

"Who are you?" said the voice.

"An unhappy prisoner," replied Dantès, who made no hesitation in answering.

"Of what country?"

"A Frenchman."

"Your name?"

"Edmond Dantès."

"Your profession?"

"A sailor."

"How long have you been here?"

"Since the 28th of February, 1815."

"Your crime?"

"I am innocent."

"But of what are you accused?"

"Of having conspired to aid the emperor's return."

"What! For the emperor's return?"the emperor is no longer on the throne, then?"

"He abdicated at Fontainebleau in 1814, and was sent to the Island of Elba. But how long have you been here that you are ignorant of all this?"

abdicated - abdiqué, abdiquer

"Since 1811."

Dantès shuddered; this man had been four years longer than himself in prison.

"Do not dig any more," said the voice; "only tell me how high up is your excavation?"

excavation - excavation, fouille

"On a level with the floor."

"How is it concealed?"

"Behind my bed."

"Has your bed been moved since you have been a prisoner?"


"What does your chamber open on?"

"A corridor."

"And the corridor?"

"On a court."

"Alas!" murmured the voice.

"Oh, what is the matter?" cried Dantès.

"I have made a mistake owing to an error in my plans. I took the wrong angle, and have come out fifteen feet from where I intended. I took the wall you are mining for the outer wall of the fortress."

mining - l'exploitation miniere, extraction miniere

outer wall - le mur extérieur

"But then you would be close to the sea?"

"That is what I hoped."

"And supposing you had succeeded?"

"I should have thrown myself into the sea, gained one of the islands near here"the Isle de Daume or the Isle de Tiboulen"and then I should have been safe."

Isle - l'île, île

"Could you have swum so far?"

"Heaven would have given me strength; but now all is lost."


"Yes; stop up your excavation carefully, do not work any more, and wait until you hear from me."

stop up - s'arreter

"Tell me, at least, who you are?"

"I am"I am No. 27."

"You mistrust me, then," said Dantès. Edmond fancied he heard a bitter laugh resounding from the depths.

Bitter - amere, amer, saumâtre

resounding - retentissant, retentir

"Oh, I am a Christian," cried Dantès, guessing instinctively that this man meant to abandon him. "I swear to you by him who died for us that naught shall induce me to breathe one syllable to my jailers; but I conjure you do not abandon me.

abandon - abandonner, renoncer, abandonnent, abandonnons, délaisser

syllable - syllabe

jailers - geôliers, geôlier, geôliere, gâfe

If you do, I swear to you, for I have got to the end of my strength, that I will dash my brains out against the wall, and you will have my death to reproach yourself with."

"How old are you? Your voice is that of a young man."

"I do not know my age, for I have not counted the years I have been here. All I do know is, that I was just nineteen when I was arrested, the 28th of February, 1815."

"Not quite twenty-six!" murmured the voice; "at that age he cannot be a traitor."

"Oh, no, no," cried Dantès. "I swear to you again, rather than betray you, I would allow myself to be hacked in pieces!"

hacked - piraté, tailler, hacher

"You have done well to speak to me, and ask for my assistance, for I was about to form another plan, and leave you; but your age reassures me. I will not forget you. Wait."

reassures - rassure, tranquilliser, rassurer, réassurer

"How long?"

"I must calculate our chances; I will give you the signal."

calculate - calculer

signal - signal, signaler

"But you will not leave me; you will come to me, or you will let me come to you. We will escape, and if we cannot escape we will talk; you of those whom you love, and I of those whom I love. You must love somebody?"

"No, I am alone in the world."

"Then you will love me. If you are young, I will be your comrade; if you are old, I will be your son. I have a father who is seventy if he yet lives; I only love him and a young girl called Mercédès. My father has not yet forgotten me, I am sure, but God alone knows if she loves me still; I shall love you as I loved my father."

"It is well," returned the voice; "tomorrow."

These few words were uttered with an accent that left no doubt of his sincerity; Dantès rose, dispersed the fragments with the same precaution as before, and pushed his bed back against the wall. He then gave himself up to his happiness. He would no longer be alone.

dispersed - dispersé, disperser, qualifier

as before - comme avant

He was, perhaps, about to regain his liberty; at the worst, he would have a companion, and captivity that is shared is but half captivity. Plaints made in common are almost prayers, and prayers where two or three are gathered together invoke the mercy of heaven.

regain - retrouver, reconquérir, reprendre

invoke - invoquer

All day Dantès walked up and down his cell. He sat down occasionally on his bed, pressing his hand on his heart. At the slightest noise he bounded towards the door.

pressing - pressant, (pres) pressant

Once or twice the thought crossed his mind that he might be separated from this unknown, whom he loved already; and then his mind was made up"when the jailer moved his bed and stooped to examine the opening, he would kill him with his water jug. He would be condemned to die, but he was about to die of grief and despair when this miraculous noise recalled him to life.

be separated - etre séparés

stooped - vouté, se baisser

grief and despair - le chagrin et le désespoir

The jailer came in the evening. Dantès was on his bed. It seemed to him that thus he better guarded the unfinished opening. Doubtless there was a strange expression in his eyes, for the jailer said, "Come, are you going mad again?"

guarded - gardé, garde, protection, gardien, arriere

unfinished - inachevé

Dantès did not answer; he feared that the emotion of his voice would betray him. The jailer went away shaking his head. Night came; Dantès hoped that his neighbor would profit by the silence to address him, but he was mistaken. The next morning, however, just as he removed his bed from the wall, he heard three knocks; he threw himself on his knees.

went away - est parti

knocks - coups, coup, frapper

"Is it you?" said he; "I am here."

"Is your jailer gone?"

"Yes," said Dantès; "he will not return until the evening; so that we have twelve hours before us."

"I can work, then?" said the voice.

"Oh, yes, yes; this instant, I entreat you."

In a moment that part of the floor on which Dantès was resting his two hands, as he knelt with his head in the opening, suddenly gave way; he drew back smartly, while a mass of stones and earth disappeared in a hole that opened beneath the aperture he himself had formed.

resting - au repos, (rest) au repos

knelt - a genoux, agenouiller

gave way - céder le passage

smartly - roublard

mass - masse, foule, amas

Then from the bottom of this passage, the depth of which it was impossible to measure, he saw appear, first the head, then the shoulders, and lastly the body of a man, who sprang lightly into his cell.

Lastly - enfin, finalement

lightly - légerement, légerement


Chapter 16. A Learned Italian

Seizing in his arms the friend so long and ardently desired, Dantès almost carried him towards the window, in order to obtain a better view of his features by the aid of the imperfect light that struggled through the grating.

ardently - généreuxse, véhément

imperfect - imparfait

struggled - en difficulté, lutte, lutter, s'efforcer, combattre

He was a man of small stature, with hair blanched rather by suffering and sorrow than by age. He had a deep-set, penetrating eye, almost buried beneath the thick gray eyebrow, and a long (and still black) beard reaching down to his breast.

penetrating - pénétrant, pénétrer

eyebrow - sourcils, sourcil

beard - barbe

reaching - atteindre, arriver/parvenir a

breast - sein, poitrine, cour, poitrail, blanc

His thin face, deeply furrowed by care, and the bold outline of his strongly marked features, betokened a man more accustomed to exercise his mental faculties than his physical strength. Large drops of perspiration were now standing on his brow, while the garments that hung about him were so ragged that one could only guess at the pattern upon which they had originally been fashioned.

furrowed - s'est froncé, sillon, rigole, ride, sillonner, froncer

bold - audacieux, gros, épais

marked - marqué, Marc

physical - physique, physiologique, visite médicale, check-up

hung about - traîner

pattern - modele, modele, motif, régularité, tendance, schéma, patron

originally - a l'origine

fashioned - a la mode, mode, vogue, façon, façonner

The stranger might have numbered sixty or sixty-five years; but a certain briskness and appearance of vigor in his movements made it probable that he was aged more from captivity than the course of time. He received the enthusiastic greeting of his young acquaintance with evident pleasure, as though his chilled affections were rekindled and invigorated by his contact with one so warm and ardent.

briskness - brillance

greeting - l'accueil, salutation, salut, (greet) l'accueil

acquaintance - une connaissance, relation

chilled - réfrigéré, froid

rekindled - ravivée, rallumer, raviver

contact - contact, lentille, connaissance, toucher, contacter

ardent - ardent, gloss

He thanked him with grateful cordiality for his kindly welcome, although he must at that moment have been suffering bitterly to find another dungeon where he had fondly reckoned on discovering a means of regaining his liberty.

cordiality - cordialité

fondly - affectieux

reckoned - a calculé, considérer

Regaining - la reconquete, reconquérir, reprendre

"Let us first see," said he, "whether it is possible to remove the traces of my entrance here"our future tranquillity depends upon our jailers being entirely ignorant of it."

Advancing to the opening, he stooped and raised the stone easily in spite of its weight; then, fitting it into its place, he said:

weight - poids, lest, graisse, alourdir, lester, appesantir

fitting - l'appareillage, approprié, conforme, convenable, coupleur

"You removed this stone very carelessly; but I suppose you had no tools to aid you."

"Why," exclaimed Dantès, with astonishment, "do you possess any?"

"I made myself some; and with the exception of a file, I have all that are necessary,"a chisel, pincers, and lever."

file - fichier, ranger, dossier, classement, limer, lime, rangée


"Oh, how I should like to see these products of your industry and patience."

industry - l'industrie, industrie

"Well, in the first place, here is my chisel."

So saying, he displayed a sharp strong blade, with a handle made of beechwood.

blade - lame

Beechwood - le bois de hetre

"And with what did you contrive to make that?" inquired Dantès.

"With one of the clamps of my bedstead; and this very tool has sufficed me to hollow out the road by which I came hither, a distance of about fifty feet."

bedstead - le sommier, châlit

tool - outil, mouton, façonner

hollow out - creuser

"Fifty feet!" responded Dantès, almost terrified.

"Do not speak so loud, young man"don't speak so loud. It frequently occurs in a state prison like this, that persons are stationed outside the doors of the cells purposely to overhear the conversation of the prisoners."

purposely - a dessein, expres

"But they believe I am shut up alone here."

"That makes no difference."

"And you say that you dug your way a distance of fifty feet to get here?"

dug - creusée, creusâmes, creusé, creusa, creuserent, (dig) creusée

"I do; that is about the distance that separates your chamber from mine; only, unfortunately, I did not curve aright; for want of the necessary geometrical instruments to calculate my scale of proportion, instead of taking an ellipsis of forty feet, I made it fifty.

curve - courbe, courbes, courber

aright - n'est-ce pas

instruments - des instruments, instrument, acte

proportion - proportion

ellipsis - l'ellipse, points de suspension, ellipse

I expected, as I told you, to reach the outer wall, pierce through it, and throw myself into the sea; I have, however, kept along the corridor on which your chamber opens, instead of going beneath it. My labor is all in vain, for I find that the corridor looks into a courtyard filled with soldiers."

looks into - Regarder de plus pres

courtyard - cour

"That's true," said Dantès; "but the corridor you speak of only bounds one side of my cell; there are three others"do you know anything of their situation?"

That's true - C'est vrai

"This one is built against the solid rock, and it would take ten experienced miners, duly furnished with the requisite tools, as many years to perforate it. This adjoins the lower part of the governor's apartments, and were we to work our way through, we should only get into some lock-up cellars, where we must necessarily be recaptured.

solid - solide, massif, plein, continu

adjoins - est contiguë, adjoindre, toucher

lower part - la partie inférieure

lock-up - (lock-up) fermer

cellars - caves, cave

necessarily - nécessairement

recaptured - recapturé, capturer encore, capturer de nouveau, recapturer

The fourth and last side of your cell faces on"faces on"stop a minute, now where does it face?"

The wall of which he spoke was the one in which was fixed the loophole by which light was admitted to the chamber.

This loophole, which gradually diminished in size as it approached the outside, to an opening through which a child could not have passed, was, for better security, furnished with three iron bars, so as to quiet all apprehensions even in the mind of the most suspicious jailer as to the possibility of a prisoner's escape. As the stranger asked the question, he dragged the table beneath the window.

gradually - progressivement

diminished - diminué, réduire, rétrécir, rapetisser, diminuer, amincir

size - taille, ampleur, pointure

most suspicious - le plus suspect

possibility - possibilité

"climb up," said he to Dantès.

climb up - monter

The young man obeyed, mounted on the table, and, divining the wishes of his companion, placed his back securely against the wall and held out both hands.

divining - la divination, divin

securely - en toute sécurité

The stranger, whom as yet Dantès knew only by the number of his cell, sprang up with an agility by no means to be expected in a person of his years, and, light and Steady on his feet as a cat or a lizard, climbed from the table to the outstretched hands of Dantès, and from them to his shoulders; then, bending double, for the ceiling of the dungeon prevented him from holding himself erect, he managed to slip his head between the upper bars of the window, so as to be able to command a perfect view from top to bottom.

Steady on - Pret

Lizard - lézard

ceiling - plafond, (ceil) plafond

erect - en érection, fonder, érigeons, érigent, érigez, arborer, ériger

slip - glisser, fiche, lapsus, patiner

An instant afterwards he hastily drew back his head, saying, "I thought so!" and sliding from the shoulders of Dantès as dextrously as he had ascended, he nimbly leaped from the table to the ground.

sliding - glissant, (slid) glissant

dextrously - dextrement

nimbly - agilement

"What was it that you thought?" asked the young man anxiously, in his turn descending from the table.

descending from - descendant de

The elder prisoner pondered the matter. "Yes," said he at length, "it is so. This side of your chamber looks out upon a kind of open gallery, where patrols are continually passing, and sentries keep watch day and night."

looks out - regarde dehors

gallery - galerie, balcon

patrols - patrouilles, patrouiller

sentries - des sentinelles, sentinelle

"Are you quite sure of that?"

"Certain. I saw the soldier's shape and the top of his musket; that made me draw in my head so quickly, for I was fearful he might also see me."

draw in - attirer

"Well?" inquired Dantès.

"You perceive then the utter impossibility of escaping through your dungeon?"

impossibility - l'impossibilité, impossibilité

"Then""" pursued the young man eagerly.

"Then," answered the elder prisoner, "the will of God be done!" And as the old man slowly pronounced those words, an air of profound resignation spread itself over his careworn countenance. Dantès gazed on the man who could thus philosophically resign hopes so long and ardently nourished with an astonishment mingled with admiration.

spread - se propager, étaler, écarter, disperser, répandre, éparpiller

careworn - usé par le temps

philosophically - sur le plan philosophique, philosophiquement

resign - démissionner, résignent, résignez, résignons, abdiquer, résigner

nourished - nourri, nourrir

"Tell me, I entreat of you, who and what you are?" said he at length. "Never have I met with so remarkable a person as yourself."

"Willingly," answered the stranger; "if, indeed, you feel any curiosity respecting one, now, alas, powerless to aid you in any way."

"Say not so; you can console and support me by the strength of your own powerful mind. Pray let me know who you really are?"

The stranger smiled a melancholy smile. "Then listen," said he. "I am the Abbé Faria, and have been imprisoned as you know in this Château d'If since the year 1811; previously to which I had been confined for three years in the fortress of Fenestrelle. In the year 1811 I was transferred to Piedmont in France.

Piedmont - le piémont, Piémont

It was at this period I learned that the destiny which seemed subservient to every wish formed by Napoleon, had bestowed on him a son, named king of Rome even in his cradle. I was very far then from expecting the change you have just informed me of; namely, that four years afterwards, this colossus of power would be overthrown. Then who reigns in France at this moment"Napoleon II.?"

subservient - soumis, servile

bestowed - accordé, disposer de, accorder, remettre, conférer

colossus - colosse

overthrown - renversé, renverser

Reigns - reigns, regne, régner

"No, Louis XVIII."

"The brother of Louis XVI.! How inscrutable are the ways of Providence"for what great and mysterious purpose has it pleased Heaven to abase the man once so elevated, and raise up him who was so abased?"

inscrutable - impénétrable

abased - abaissé, baisser, abaisser, rabaisser, humilier

Dantès'whole attention was riveted on a man who could thus forget his own misfortunes while occupying himself with the destinies of others.

riveted - rivetés, rivet, riveter

occupying - l'occupation, occuper, habiter

destinies - destins, destin

"Yes, yes," continued he, "'Twill be the same as it was in England. After Charles I., Cromwell; after Cromwell, Charles II., and then James II., and then some son-in-law or relation, some Prince of Orange, a stadtholder who becomes a king. Then new concessions to the people, then a constitution, then liberty. Ah, my friend!

twill - sergé, armure

Charles - charles

James - james, Jacques

relation - relation, parent, parente

stadtholder - stadtholder, stathouder, stadhouder

concessions - des concessions, concession

" said the abbé, turning towards Dantès, and surveying him with the kindling gaze of a prophet, "you are young, you will see all this come to pass."

kindling - du bois d'allumage, petit bois, (kindle) du bois d'allumage

"Probably, if ever I get out of prison!"

"True," replied Faria, "we are prisoners; but I forget this sometimes, and there are even moments when my mental vision transports me beyond these walls, and I fancy myself at liberty."

transports - des transports, reporter, transporter, transport

"But wherefore are you here?"

"Because in 1807 I dreamed of the very plan Napoleon tried to realize in 1811; because, like Machiavelli, I desired to alter the political face of Italy, and instead of allowing it to be split up into a quantity of petty principalities, each held by some weak or tyrannical ruler, I sought to form one large, compact, and powerful empire; and, lastly, because I fancied I had found my Cæsar Borgia in a crowned simpleton, who feigned to enter into my views only to betray me. It was the plan of Alexander VI. and Clement VII., but it will never succeed now, for they attempted it fruitlessly, and Napoleon was unable to complete his work. Italy seems fated to misfortune." And the old man bowed his head.

realize - réaliser, se rendre compte, prendre conscience

alter - modifier, altérent, altérez, altérer, altérons

allowing - permettant, laisser, accorder, permettre

split - divisé, fissure, division, fragment, morceau, grand écart

quantity - quantité

principalities - les principautés, principauté

tyrannical - tyrannique

ruler - regle, latte, dirigeant, chef

compact - compact, compacter

crowned - couronné, couronne

feigned - feint, feindre

Alexander - alexandre

Dantès could not understand a man risking his life for such matters. Napoleon certainly he knew something of, inasmuch as he had seen and spoken with him; but of Clement VII. and Alexander VI. he knew nothing.

risking - risquer, risque

"Are you not," he asked, "the priest who here in the Château d'If is generally thought to be"ill?"

priest - pretre, pretre, pretresse, sacrificateur

generally - en général

"Mad, you mean, don't you?"

don't you? - n'est-ce pas ?

"I did not like to say so," answered Dantès, smiling.

"Well, then," resumed Faria with a bitter smile, "let me answer your question in full, by acknowledging that I am the poor mad prisoner of the Château d'If, for many years permitted to amuse the different visitors with what is said to be my insanity; and, in all probability, I should be promoted to the honor of making sport for the children, if such innocent beings could be found in an abode devoted like this to suffering and despair."

acknowledging - reconnaître, accuser réception, certifier

amuse - amuser

be promoted - etre promu

Dantès remained for a short time mute and motionless; at length he said:

"Then you abandon all hope of escape?"

"I perceive its utter impossibility; and I consider it impious to attempt that which the Almighty evidently does not approve."

impious - impie

"Nay, be not discouraged. Would it not be expecting too much to hope to succeed at your first attempt? Why not try to find an opening in another direction from that which has so unfortunately failed?"

"Alas, it shows how little notion you can have of all it has cost me to effect a purpose so unexpectedly frustrated, that you talk of beginning over again.

notion - notion

unexpectedly - de maniere inattendue, surprenamment

frustrated - frustré, frustrer

In the first place, I was four years making the tools I possess, and have been two years scraping and digging out earth, hard as granite itself; then what toil and fatigue has it not been to remove huge stones I should once have deemed impossible to loosen.

scraping - grattant, (scrap) grattant

digging out - a creuser

granite - granite, granit

deemed - jugée, estimer, croire, considérer

loosen - se desserrer, desserrer

Whole days have I passed in these Titanic efforts, considering my labor well repaid if, by night-time I had contrived to carry away a square inch of this hard-bound cement, changed by ages into a substance unyielding as the stones themselves; then to conceal the mass of earth and rubbish I dug up, I was compelled to break through a staircase, and throw the fruits of my labor into the hollow part of it; but the well is now so completely choked up, that I scarcely think it would be possible to add another handful of dust without leading to discovery. Consider also that I fully believed I had accomplished the end and aim of my undertaking, for which I had so exactly husbanded my strength as to make it just hold out to the termination of my enterprise; and now, at the moment when I reckoned upon success, my hopes are forever dashed from me. No, I repeat again, that nothing shall induce me to renew attempts evidently at variance with the Almighty's pleasure."

considering - en tenant compte, compte tenu de, vu, étant donné

repaid - remboursé, rembourser, rendre

contrived - artificiel, combiner, inventer

carry away - emporter

inch - pouce

substance - substance, fond, biens

unyielding - inflexible

rubbish - des déchets, absurdités, inepties, décombres, pourri

dug up - déterré

break through - Franchir

choked - étouffé, suffoquer, étouffer

aim - objectif, visez, dgssein, mire, visons, but, peiner, visent

undertaking - l'entreprise, entreprise, (undertake), entreprendre

hold out - tenir le coup

termination - la résiliation, terminaison, fin

enterprise - l'entreprise, entreprise, venture, initiative

renew - renouveler

attempts - tentatives, tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat

variance - variance

Dantès held down his head, that the other might not see how joy at the thought of having a companion outweighed the sympathy he felt for the failure of the abbé's plans.

sympathy - compassion, sympathie, condoléance

failure - l'échec, échec, daube, flop, panne

The abbé sank upon Edmond's bed, while Edmond himself remained standing. Escape had never once occurred to him. There are, indeed, some things which appear so impossible that the mind does not dwell on them for an instant.

never once - Pas une seul fois

dwell - s'attarder, résider, s'appesantir sur

To undermine the ground for fifty feet"to devote three years to a labor which, if successful, would conduct you to a precipice overhanging the sea"to plunge into the waves from the height of fifty, sixty, perhaps a hundred feet, at the risk of being dashed to pieces against the rocks, should you have been fortunate enough to have escaped the fire of the sentinels; and even, supposing all these perils past, then to have to swim for your life a distance of at least three miles ere you could reach the shore"were difficulties so startling and formidable that Dantès had never even dreamed of such a scheme, resigning himself rather to death.

undermine - saper

devote - dévote, consacrer, vouer

successful - réussie, ayant du succes, marqué de succes, couronné de succes

precipice - le précipice, précipice

overhanging - en surplomb, surplomber, surplomb

perils - périls, péril, risque

resigning - démissionner

But the sight of an old man clinging to life with so desperate a courage, gave a fresh turn to his ideas, and inspired him with new courage. Another, older and less strong than he, had attempted what he had not had sufficient resolution to undertake, and had failed only because of an error in calculation.

clinging to - s'accrocher a

This same person, with almost incredible patience and perseverance, had contrived to provide himself with tools requisite for so unparalleled an attempt. Another had done all this; why, then, was it impossible to Dantès?

perseverance - la persévérance, persévérance

provide - fournir, procurer, pourvoir

unparalleled - inégalée

Faria had dug his way through fifty feet, Dantès would dig a hundred; Faria, at the age of fifty, had devoted three years to the task; he, who was but half as old, would sacrifice six; Faria, a priest and savant, had not shrunk from the idea of risking his life by trying to swim a distance of three miles to one of the islands"Daume, Rattonneau, or Lemaire; should a hardy sailor, an experienced diver, like himself, shrink from a similar task; should he, who had so often for mere amusement's sake plunged to the bottom of the sea to fetch up the bright coral branch, hesitate to entertain the same project? He could do it in an hour, and how many times had he, for pure pastime, continued in the water for more than twice as long! At once Dantès resolved to follow the brave example of his energetic companion, and to remember that what has once been done may be done again.

shrunk - rétréci, se réduire, rétrécir, se resserrer

hardy - robuste, rustique

diver - plongeur, plongeuse, (div)

shrink - rétrécissement, se réduire, rétrécir, se resserrer

branch - branche, rameau, affluent, filiale, succursale

hesitate - hésiter

entertain - divertir

pastime - passe-temps

done again - Encore une fois

After continuing some time in profound meditation, the young man suddenly exclaimed, "I have found what you were in search of!"

meditation - méditation

Faria started: "Have you, indeed?" cried he, raising his head with quick anxiety; "pray, let me know what it is you have discovered?"

"The corridor through which you have bored your way from the cell you occupy here, extends in the same direction as the outer gallery, does it not?"

occupy - occuper, habiter

extends - s'étend, étendre, prolonger


"It does."

"And is not above fifteen feet from it?"

"About that."

"Well, then, I will tell you what we must do. We must pierce through the corridor by forming a side opening about the middle, as it were the top part of a cross. This time you will lay your plans more accurately; we shall get out into the gallery you have described; kill the sentinel who guards it, and make our escape.

sentinel - factionnaire, sentinelle, regarder

All we require to insure success is courage, and that you possess, and strength, which I am not deficient in; as for patience, you have abundantly proved yours"you shall now see me prove mine."

insure - assurer

abundantly - abondamment

"One instant, my dear friend," replied the abbé; "it is clear you do not understand the nature of the courage with which I am endowed, and what use I intend making of my strength. As for patience, I consider that I have abundantly exercised that in beginning every morning the task of the night before, and every night renewing the task of the day.

endowed - dotés, doter, enrichir

renewing - le renouvellement, renouveler

But then, young man (and I pray of you to give me your full attention), then I thought I could not be doing anything displeasing to the Almighty in trying to set an innocent being at liberty"one who had committed No offence, and merited not condemnation."

No offence - Aucune offense

"And have your notions changed?" asked Dantès with much surprise; "do you think yourself more guilty in making the attempt since you have encountered me?"

notions - notions, notion

"No; neither do I wish to incur guilt. Hitherto I have fancied myself merely waging war against circumstances, not men. I have thought it no sin to bore through a wall, or destroy a staircase; but I cannot so easily persuade myself to pierce a heart or take away a life."

guilt - culpabilité

waging - waging, frétiller, remuer, sécher, faire l’école buissonniere

persuade - persuader, convaincre

A slight movement of surprise escaped Dantès.

"Is it possible," said he, "that where your liberty is at stake you can allow any such scruple to deter you from obtaining it?"

stake - enjeu, pieu, pal, tuteur, jalon

deter - empecher, dissuader, décourager

"Tell me," replied Faria, "what has hindered you from knocking down your jailer with a piece of wood torn from your bedstead, dressing yourself in his clothes, and endeavoring to escape?"

hindered - entravé, gener, entraver

knocking down - renverser

torn - déchiré, larme

"Simply the fact that the idea never occurred to me," answered Dantès.

"Because," said the old man, "the natural repugnance to the commission of such a crime prevented you from thinking of it; and so it ever is because in simple and allowable things our natural instincts keep us from deviating from the strict line of duty.

allowable - admissibles

instincts - instincts, instinct

deviating - s'écarter, dévier

The tiger, whose nature teaches him to delight in shedding blood, needs but the sense of smell to show him when his prey is within his reach, and by following this instinct he is enabled to measure the leap necessary to permit him to spring on his victim; but man, on the contrary, loathes the idea of blood"it is not alone that the laws of social life inspire him with a shrinking dread of taking life; his natural construction and physiological formation"""

tiger - tigre, tigresse

delight in - Se réjouir de

shedding blood - de verser du sang

leap - saut, sauter

loathes - déteste, exécrer, détester, hair

laws - des lois, loi(s), législation

shrinking - se rétrécir, se réduire, rétrécir, se resserrer

construction - construction

physiological - physiologique

Dantès was confused and silent at this explanation of the thoughts which had unconsciously been working in his mind, or rather soul; for there are two distinct sorts of ideas, those that proceed from the head and those that emanate from the heart.

confused - confus, rendre perplexe, confondre

sorts - sortes, sorte

emanate - émaner


"Since my imprisonment," said Faria, "I have thought over all the most celebrated cases of escape on record. They have rarely been successful.

cases - cas

on record - dans le dossier

Those that have been crowned with full success have been long meditated upon, and carefully arranged; such, for instance, as the escape of the Duc de Beaufort from the Château de Vincennes, that of the Abbé Dubuquoi from For l'Evêque; of Latude from the Bastille. Then there are those for which chance sometimes affords opportunity, and those are the best of all.

meditated - médité, méditer

Bastille - Bastille

Let us, therefore, wait patiently for some favorable moment, and when it presents itself, profit by it."

"Ah," said Dantès, "you might well endure the tedious delay; you were constantly employed in the task you set yourself, and when weary with toil, you had your hopes to refresh and encourage you."

weary - fatigué, las, lasser

refresh - revigorer, rafraîchir

encourage - encourager

"I assure you," replied the old man, "I did not turn to that source for recreation or support."

recreation - récréation, pacification

"What did you do then?"

"I wrote or studied."

"Were you then permitted the use of pens, ink, and paper?"

"Oh, no," answered the abbé; "I had none but what I made for myself."

"You made paper, pens and ink?"


Dantès gazed with admiration, but he had some difficulty in believing. Faria saw this.

"When you pay me a visit in my cell, my young friend," said he, "I will show you an entire work, the fruits of the thoughts and reflections of my whole life; many of them meditated over in the shades of the Colosseum at Rome, at the foot of St.

reflections - réflexions, réflexion, reflet, qualifiereaning 4

shades - nuances, alose

Colosseum - Colisée

Mark's column at Venice, and on the borders of the Arno at Florence, little imagining at the time that they would be arranged in order within the walls of the Château d'If. The work I speak of is called A Treatise on the Possibility of a General Monarchy in Italy, and will make one large quarto volume."

Venice - venise

borders - frontieres, frontiere, bord, bordure, délimiter, border

treatise - traité

quarto - quarto

"And on what have you written all this?"

"On two of my shirts. I invented a preparation that makes linen as smooth and as easy to write on as parchment."

linen - le linge, toile, lin, linge

parchment - parchemin, vélin

"You are, then, a chemist?"

chemist - chimiste

"Somewhat; I know Lavoisier, and was the intimate friend of Cabanis."

intimate - intime

"But for such a work you must have needed books"had you any?"

"I had nearly five thousand volumes in my library at Rome; but after reading them over many times, I found out that with one hundred and fifty well-chosen books a man possesses, if not a complete summary of all human knowledge, at least all that a man need really know.

volumes - volumes, volume, tome

summary - sommaire, résumé, récapitulation, compte rendu

I devoted three years of my life to reading and studying these one hundred and fifty volumes, till I knew them nearly by heart; so that since I have been in prison, a very slight effort of memory has enabled me to recall their contents as readily as though the pages were open before me.

by heart - par cour

I could recite you the whole of Thucydides, Xenophon, Plutarch, Titus Livius, Tacitus, Strada, Jornandes, Dante, Montaigne, Shakespeare, Spinoza, Machiavelli, and Bossuet. I name only the most important."

recite - réciter

Shakespeare - shakespeare

"You are, doubtless, acquainted with a variety of languages, so as to have been able to read all these?"

variety - variété

"Yes, I speak five of the modern tongues"that is to say, German, French, Italian, English, and Spanish; by the aid of ancient Greek I learned modern Greek"I don't speak it so well as I could wish, but I am still trying to improve myself."

tongues - langues, langue, languette

German - Allemand, Allemande, Germain, Germaine

"Improve yourself!" repeated Dantès; "why, how can you manage to do so?"

"Why, I made a vocabulary of the words I knew; turned, returned, and arranged them, so as to enable me to express my thoughts through their medium. I know nearly one thousand words, which is all that is absolutely necessary, although I believe there are nearly one hundred thousand in the dictionaries.

vocabulary - vocabulaire, lexique

medium - milieu, médium, support, média, moyen, demi-anglais

I cannot hope to be very fluent, but I certainly should have no difficulty in explaining my wants and wishes; and that would be quite as much as I should ever require."

fluent - fluide, parler couramment '(be fluent in)'

Stronger grew the wonder of Dantès, who almost fancied he had to do with one gifted with supernatural powers; still hoping to find some imperfection which might bring him down to a level with human beings, he added, "Then if you were not furnished with pens, how did you manage to write the work you speak of?"

gifted - doué, présent, cadeau, don, talent, donner, faire don de

supernatural - surnaturel, surnaturelle

"I made myself some excellent ones, which would be universally preferred to all others if once known. You are aware what huge whitings are served to us on maigre days.

whitings - whitings

maigre - maigre

Well, I selected the cartilages of the heads of these fishes, and you can scarcely imagine the delight with which I welcomed the arrival of each Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday, as affording me the means of increasing my stock of pens; for I will freely confess that my historical labors have been my greatest solace and relief.

selected - sélectionné, sélect, choisir, sélectionner

cartilages - les cartilages, cartilage

delight with - Se réjouir de

affording - se le permettre, permettre

increasing - en augmentation, augmentant, (increase), augmenter, croître

historical - historique

labors - travaux, travail

relief - secours, allégement, relief, soulagement

While retracing the past, I forget the present; and traversing at will the path of history I cease to remember that I am myself a prisoner."

traversing - la traversée, (traverse), franchir, traverser

at will - a volonté

path - chemin, sentier

"But the ink," said Dantès; "of what did you make your ink?"

"There was formerly a fireplace in my dungeon," replied Faria, "but it was closed up long ere I became an occupant of this prison. Still, it must have been many years in use, for it was thickly covered with a coating of soot; this soot I dissolved in a portion of the wine brought to me every Sunday, and I assure you a better ink cannot be desired.

fireplace - âtre, foyer, cheminée

occupant - l'occupant, occupant, habitant

in use - en cours d'utilisation

Soot - la suie, suie

Dissolved - dissous, dissoudre

portion - part, portion

For very important notes, for which closer attention is required, I pricked one of my fingers, and wrote with my own blood."

"And when," asked Dantès, "may I see all this?"

"Whenever you please," replied the abbé.

"Oh, then let it be directly!" exclaimed the young man.

"Follow me, then," said the abbé, as he re-entered the subterranean passage, in which he soon disappeared, followed by Dantès.

Chapter 17. The Abbé's Chamber

After having passed with tolerable ease through the subterranean passage, which, however, did not admit of their holding themselves erect, the two friends reached the further end of the corridor, into which the abbé's cell opened; from that point the passage became much narrower, and barely permitted one to creep through on hands and knees.

tolerable - tolérable

admit of - admettre

narrower - plus étroite, étroit

creep - rampant, ramper, rampement, fatigue, fluage, reptation

The floor of the abbé's cell was paved, and it had been by raising one of the stones in the most obscure corner that Faria had been able to commence the laborious task of which Dantès had witnessed the completion.

paved - pavé, paver

obscure - obscure, obscur, sibyllin, obscurcir

commence - commencer

laborious - laborieux

completion - l'achevement, achevement, exécution

As he entered the chamber of his friend, Dantès cast around one eager and searching glance in quest of the expected marvels, but nothing more than common met his view.

eager - enthousiaste, désireux

quest - quete, recherche

marvels - merveilles, etre

"It is well," said the abbé; "we have some hours before us"it is now just a quarter past twelve o'clock." Instinctively Dantès turned round to observe by what watch or clock the abbé had been able so accurately to specify the hour.

specify - préciser, spécifier

"Look at this ray of light which enters by my window," said the abbé, "and then observe the lines traced on the wall.

enters - entre, entrer, rench: -neededr, taper, saisir

Well, by means of these lines, which are in accordance with the double motion of the earth, and the ellipse it describes round the sun, I am enabled to ascertain the precise hour with more minuteness than if I possessed a watch; for that might be broken or deranged in its movements, while the sun and earth never vary in their appointed paths."

accordance - accord, accordance

ellipse - ellipse

precise - précis, préciser

minuteness - minuscule

be broken - etre brisé

vary - varier

paths - chemins, sentier

This last explanation was wholly lost upon Dantès, who had always imagined, from seeing the sun rise from behind the mountains and set in the Mediterranean, that it moved, and not the earth. A double movement of the globe he inhabited, and of which he could feel nothing, appeared to him perfectly impossible.

globe - Terre, globe

Each word that fell from his companion's lips seemed fraught with the mysteries of science, as worthy of digging out as the gold and diamonds in the mines of Guzerat and Golconda, which he could just recollect having visited during a voyage made in his earliest youth.

fraught - rempli

mysteries - mysteres, mystere

digging - creusant, (dig) creusant

Diamonds - des diamants, (de/en) diamant

mines - mines, mien/-ienne, les miens/-iennes

Golconda - golconda, Golconde, Golkonda

"Come," said he to the abbé, "I am anxious to see your treasures."

The abbé smiled, and, proceeding to the disused fireplace, raised, by the help of his chisel, a long stone, which had doubtless been the hearth, beneath which was a cavity of considerable depth, serving as a safe depository of the articles mentioned to Dantès.

hearth - âtre, foyer, foyers

serving - servir, portion, (serve), service, signifier, purger

depository - dépositaire, dépôt


"What do you wish to see first?" asked the abbé.

"Oh, your great work on the monarchy of Italy!"

Faria then drew forth from his hiding-place three or four rolls of linen, laid one over the other, like folds of papyrus.

hiding-place - (hiding-place) Une cachette

rolls - rouleaux, rouleau

folds - plis, plier

papyrus - papyrus

These rolls consisted of slips of cloth about four inches wide and eighteen long; they were all carefully numbered and closely covered with writing, so legible that Dantès could easily read it, as well as make out the sense"it being in Italian, a language he, as a Provençal, perfectly understood.

slips - glisse, glisser

inches - pouces, pouce

closely - de pres, étroitement, pres

legible - lisible

"There," said he, "there is the work complete. I wrote the word finis at the end of the sixty-eighth strip about a week ago. I have torn up two of my shirts, and as many handkerchiefs as I was master of, to complete the precious pages. Should I ever get out of prison and find in all Italy a printer courageous enough to publish what I have composed, my literary reputation is forever secured."

Finis - finis

torn up - déchiré

handkerchiefs - des mouchoirs, mouchoir

printer - imprimeur, imprimeuse, imprimante, (print), imprimer, imprimé

publish - publier

literary - littéraire

secured - sécurisé, sur, sécuriser

"I see," answered Dantès. "Now let me behold the curious pens with which you have written your work."

"Look!" said Faria, showing to the young man a slender stick about six inches long, and much resembling the size of the handle of a fine painting-brush, to the end of which was tied, by a piece of thread, one of those cartilages of which the abbé had before spoken to Dantès; it was pointed, and divided at the nib like an ordinary pen.

resembling - ressemblant, ressembler

brush - brosse, brossage, accrochage, brosser, se brosser, peindre

tied - attachée, attacher

divided - divisé, diviser, fendre, partager

nib - plume, bec

Dantès examined it with intense admiration, then looked around to see the instrument with which it had been shaped so correctly into form.

shaped - en forme, forme

correctly - correctement

"Ah, yes," said Faria; "the penknife. That's my masterpiece. I made it, as well as this larger knife, out of an old iron candlestick." The penknife was sharp and keen as a razor; as for the other knife, it would serve a double purpose, and with it one could cut and thrust.

penknife - canif

masterpiece - chef-d'ouvre, chef-d'ouvre

candlestick - chandelier

keen - enthousiaste, désireux, poivré, vif

Dantès examined the various articles shown to him with the same attention that he had bestowed on the curiosities and strange tools exhibited in the shops at Marseilles as the works of the savages in the South Seas from whence they had been brought by the different trading vessels.

curiosities - curiosités, curiosité

exhibited - exposée, exposer, exposition, piece a conviction

savages - sauvages, barbare, féroce, sauvage

"As for the ink," said Faria, "I told you how I managed to obtain that"and I only just make it from time to time, as I require it."

only just - Tout juste

"One thing still puzzles me," observed Dantès, "and that is how you managed to do all this by daylight?"

puzzles - casse-tete, mystere, énigme, puzzle, casse-tete

daylight - la lumiere du jour, jour, lumiere du jour

"I worked at night also," replied Faria.

"Night!"why, for Heaven's sake, are your eyes like cats', that you can see to work in the dark?"

"Indeed they are not; but God has supplied man with the intelligence that enables him to overcome the limitations of natural conditions. I furnished myself with a light."

enables - permet, autoriser, permettre, activer

limitations - limitations, limitation

conditions - conditions, condition

"You did? Pray tell me how."

"I separated the fat from the meat served to me, melted it, and so made oil"here is my lamp." So saying, the abbé exhibited a sort of torch very similar to those used in public illuminations.

melted - fondu, fondre (1), se dissoudre (2)

torch - torche, flambeau, incendier

illuminations - les illuminations, illumination, enluminure

"But how do you procure a light?"

"Oh, here are two flints and a piece of burnt linen."

flints - silex, pierre a fusil, pierre a briquet

"And matches?"

matches - des correspondances, allumette

"I pretended that I had a disorder of the skin, and asked for a little sulphur, which was readily supplied."

pretended - prétendu, prétendre, prétendre a, feindre, faire semblant

sulphur - le soufre, soufre

Dantès laid the different things he had been looking at on the table, and stood with his head drooping on his breast, as though overwhelmed by the perseverance and strength of Faria's mind.

drooping - en train de tomber, tomber, s'affaisser, bec


"You have not seen all yet," continued Faria, "for I did not think it wise to trust all my treasures in the same hiding-place. Let us shut this one up.

hiding - se cacher, (hid) se cacher

" They put the stone back in its place; the abbé sprinkled a little dust over it to conceal the traces of its having been removed, rubbed his foot well on it to make it assume the same appearance as the other, and then, going towards his bed, he removed it from the spot it stood in.

sprinkled - saupoudré, saupoudrer, asperger

rubbed - frotté, friction, hic, frotter, polir

Behind the head of the bed, and concealed by a stone fitting in so closely as to defy all suspicion, was a hollow space, and in this space a ladder of cords between twenty-five and thirty feet in length. Dantès closely and eagerly examined it; he found it firm, solid, and compact enough to bear any weight.

defy - défier, désobéir a

ladder - l'échelle, échelle

cords - cordons, corde, cordon

"Who supplied you with the materials for making this wonderful work?"

"I tore up several of my shirts, and ripped out the seams in the sheets of my bed, during my three years'imprisonment at Fenestrelle; and when I was removed to the Château d'If, I managed to bring the ravellings with me, so that I have been able to finish my work here."

tore up - Détruire

ripped - déchiré, (se) déchirer

seams - les coutures, couture

ravellings - des voyages

"And was it not discovered that your sheets were unhemmed?"

unhemmed - sans ourlet

"Oh, no, for when I had taken out the thread I required, I hemmed the edges over again."

hemmed - ourlé, ourlet

edges - des bords, bord, côté, arete, carre

"With what?"

"With this needle," said the abbé, as, opening his ragged vestments, he showed Dantès a long, sharp fish-bone, with a small perforated eye for the thread, a small portion of which still remained in it.

needle - aiguille, saphir, coudre, taquiner, monter

fish-bone - (fish-bone) arete de poisson

"I once thought," continued Faria, "of removing these iron bars, and letting myself down from the window, which, as you see, is somewhat wider than yours, although I should have enlarged it still more preparatory to my flight; however, I discovered that I should merely have dropped into a sort of inner court, and I therefore renounced the project altogether as too full of risk and danger.

wider - plus large, large

enlarged - élargi, agrandir, élargir, accroître

preparatory - préparatoire

renounced - renoncé, renoncer a

Nevertheless, I carefully preserved my ladder against one of those unforeseen opportunities of which I spoke just now, and which sudden chance frequently brings about."

unforeseen - imprévu

opportunities - des opportunités, occasion, opportunité, occasion favorable

brings about - Apporter

While affecting to be deeply engaged in examining the ladder, the mind of Dantès was, in fact, busily occupied by the idea that a person so intelligent, ingenious, and clear-sighted as the abbé might probably be able to solve the dark mystery of his own misfortunes, where he himself could see nothing.

examining - l'examen, examiner

busily - avec activité

ingenious - ingénieux

clear-sighted - (clear-sighted) clairvoyant

solve - résoudre, régler, solutionner

mystery - mystere, mystere

"What are you thinking of?" asked the abbé smilingly, imputing the deep abstraction in which his visitor was plunged to the excess of his awe and wonder.

imputing - l'imputation, imputer

abstraction - l'abstraction, abstraction

awe - la stupeur, crainte, révérence, admiration

"I was reflecting, in the first place," replied Dantès, "upon the enormous degree of intelligence and ability you must have employed to reach the high perfection to which you have attained. What would you not have accomplished if you had been free?"

enormous - énorme

perfection - la perfection, perfection

"Possibly nothing at all; the overflow of my brain would probably, in a state of freedom, have evaporated in a thousand follies; misfortune is needed to bring to light the treasures of the human intellect. Compression is needed to explode gunpowder.

overflow - débordement, déborder, checktransborder, checks'épancher

evaporated - s'est évaporée, évaporer

follies - folies, folie, sottise

bring to light - mettre en lumiere

compression - compression, checkréduction, checkconcision

explode - exploser, détoner, sauter

gunpowder - la poudre a canon

Captivity has brought my mental faculties to a focus; and you are well aware that from the collision of clouds electricity is produced"from electricity, lightning, from lightning, illumination."

focus - l'accent, foyer, attention, focaliser, mettre au point

collision - collision

clouds - nuages, s'obscurcir

electricity - l'électricité, électricité

illumination - l'éclairage, illumination, enluminure

"No," replied Dantès. "I know nothing. Some of your words are to me quite empty of meaning. You must be blessed indeed to possess the knowledge you have."

The abbé smiled. "Well," said he, "but you had another subject for your thoughts; did you not say so just now?"

"I did!"

"You have told me as yet but one of them"let me hear the other."

"It was this,"that while you had related to me all the particulars of your past life, you were perfectly unacquainted with mine."

unacquainted - pas connu

"Your life, my young friend, has not been of sufficient length to admit of your having passed through any very important events."

admit - admettre, avouer, reconnaître

"It has been long enough to inflict on me a great and undeserved misfortune. I would fain fix the source of it on man that I may no longer vent reproaches upon Heaven."

fain - fain

reproaches - des reproches, reproche, opprobre, reprocher

"Then you profess ignorance of the crime with which you are charged?"

ignorance - l'ignorance, ignorance

"I do, indeed; and this I swear by the two beings most dear to me upon earth,"my father and Mercédès."

"Come," said the abbé, closing his hiding-place, and pushing the bed back to its original situation, "let me hear your story."

Dantès obeyed, and commenced what he called his history, but which consisted only of the account of a voyage to India, and two or three voyages to the Levant, until he arrived at the recital of his last cruise, with the death of Captain Leclere, and the receipt of a packet to be delivered by himself to the grand marshal; his interview with that personage, and his receiving, in place of the packet brought, a letter addressed to a Monsieur Noirtier"his arrival at Marseilles, and interview with his father"his affection for Mercédès, and their nuptual feast"his arrest and subsequent examination, his temporary detention at the Palais de Justice, and his final imprisonment in the Château d'If. From this point everything was a blank to Dantès"he knew nothing more, not even the length of time he had been imprisoned. His recital finished, the abbé reflected long and earnestly.

commenced - commencé, commencer

India - l'inde, Inde

Levant - levant

recital - récital, considérant

cruise - croisiere, croiser

receipt - réception, reçu

subsequent - ultérieures, subséquent, suivant, prochain

blank - vide, blanc, vierge, balles a blanc, préforme, espace

"There is," said he, at the end of his meditations, "a clever maxim, which bears upon what I was saying to you some little while ago, and that is, that unless wicked ideas take root in a naturally depraved mind, human nature, in a right and wholesome state, revolts at crime.

meditations - méditations, méditation

bears - ours, supporter

take root - prendre racine

wholesome - salubre, sain, vertueux

revolts - révoltes, révolter

Still, from an artificial civilization have originated wants, vices, and false tastes, which occasionally become so powerful as to stifle within us all good feelings, and ultimately to lead us into guilt and wickedness.

artificial - artificiels

civilization - la civilisation, civilisation

originated - d'origine, instituer, prendre sa source

vices - vices, étau

tastes - gouts, gout, saveur, avant-gout, gouter, avoir un gout

ultimately - en fin de compte

wickedness - méchanceté, perversité, iniquité, mauvaise action

From this view of things, then, comes the axiom that if you visit to discover the author of any bad action, seek first to discover the person to whom the perpetration of that bad action could be in any way advantageous. Now, to apply it in your case,"to whom could your disappearance have been serviceable?"

axiom - axiome

discover - découvrir

serviceable - entretenable, serviable, réparable, pret a l'emploi, utilisable

"To no one, by Heaven! I was a very insignificant person."

"Do not speak thus, for your reply evinces neither logic nor philosophy; everything is relative, my dear young friend, from the king who stands in the way of his successor, to the employee who keeps his rival out of a place.

evinces - évidences, montrer, prouver

logic - logique

Philosophy - philosophie

employee - employé, employée, salarié, salariée

Now, in the event of the king's death, his successor inherits a crown,"when the employee dies, the supernumerary steps into his shoes, and receives his salary of twelve thousand livres. Well, these twelve thousand livres are his civil list, and are as essential to him as the twelve millions of a king.

inherits - hérite, hériter

supernumerary - surnuméraire, suppléant, en surnombre, en trop

salary - salaire

Everyone, from the highest to the lowest degree, has his place on the social ladder, and is beset by stormy passions and conflicting interests, as in Descartes'theory of pressure and impulsion. But these forces increase as we go higher, so that we have a spiral which in defiance of reason rests upon the apex and not on the base. Now let us return to your particular world.

lowest - le plus bas, bas

beset - assiégé, assaillir

stormy - orageux

conflicting - contradictoires, conflit, incompatibilité

impulsion - l'impulsion

spiral - spirale, hélice, spiraler

defiance - défiance, défi

rests upon - repose sur

apex - apex, sommet, apogée

base - base, baser, basent, socle, basez, Assise, basons

You say you were on the point of being made captain of the Pharaon?"


"And about to become the husband of a young and lovely girl?"


"Now, could anyone have had any interest in preventing the accomplishment of these two things? But let us first settle the question as to its being the interest of anyone to hinder you from being captain of the Pharaon. What say you?"

hinder - entraver, gener, embarrasser, (hind) entraver

"I cannot believe such was the case. I was generally liked on board, and had the sailors possessed the right of selecting a captain themselves, I feel convinced their choice would have fallen on me. There was only one person among the crew who had any feeling of ill-will towards me. I had quarelled with him some time previously, and had even challenged him to fight me; but he refused."

selecting - sélectionnant, sélect, choisir, sélectionner

ill-will - (ill-will) mauvaise volonté

quarelled - quarellé

challenged - contestée, défi, chalenge, défier

"Now we are getting on. And what was this man's name?"

getting on - monter


"What rank did he hold on board?"

"He was supercargo."

"And had you been captain, should you have retained him in his employment?"

employment - l'emploi, emploi, travail

"Not if the choice had remained with me, for I had frequently observed inaccuracies in his accounts."

inaccuracies - des inexactitudes, erreur, fraute, fr

"Good again! now then, tell me, was any person present during your last conversation with Captain Leclere?"

now then - maintenant alors

"No; we were quite alone."

"Could your conversation have been overheard by anyone?"

"It might, for the cabin door was open"and"stay; now I recollect,"Danglars himself passed by just as Captain Leclere was giving me the packet for the grand marshal."

"That's better," cried the abbé; "now we are on the right scent. Did you take anybody with you when you put into the port of Elba?"

scent - parfum, odeur, odorat, sentir


"Somebody there received your packet, and gave you a letter in place of it, I think?"

"Yes; the grand marshal did."

"And what did you do with that letter?"

"Put it into my portfolio."

portfolio - portefeuille, portfolio

"You had your portfolio with you, then? Now, how could a sailor find room in his pocket for a portfolio large enough to contain an official letter?"

contain - contenir

"You are right; it was left on board."

"Then it was not till your return to the ship that you put the letter in the portfolio?"

not till - pas avant


"And what did you do with this same letter while returning from Porto-Ferrajo to the vessel?"

"I carried it in my hand."

"So that when you went on board the Pharaon, everybody could see that you held a letter in your hand?"


"Danglars, as well as the rest?"

"Danglars, as well as others."

"Now, listen to me, and try to recall every circumstance attending your arrest. Do you recollect the words in which the information against you was formulated?"

formulated - formulée, formuler

"Oh yes, I read it over three times, and the words sank deeply into my memory."

"Repeat it to me."

Dantès paused a moment, then said, "This is it, word for word: ˜The king's attorney is informed by a friend to the throne and religion, that one Edmond Dantès, mate on board the Pharaon, this day arrived from Smyrna, after having touched at Naples and Porto-Ferrajo, has been intrusted by Murat with a packet for the usurper; again, by the usurper, with a letter for the Bonapartist Club in Paris.

This proof of his guilt may be procured by his immediate arrest, as the letter will be found either about his person, at his father's residence, or in his cabin on board the Pharaon.'"

procured - procuré, acquérir, obtenir, proxénétisme, procurer

residence - résidence, siege social

The abbé shrugged his shoulders. "The thing is clear as day," said he; "and you must have had a very confiding nature, as well as a good heart, not to have suspected the origin of the whole affair."

origin - origine, source

"Do you really think so? Ah, that would indeed be infamous."

"How did Danglars usually write?"

"In a handsome, running hand."

"And how was the anonymous letter written?"


backhanded - a l'envers, revers

Again the abbé smiled. "Disguised."

"It was very boldly written, if disguised."

"Stop a bit," said the abbé, taking up what he called his pen, and, after dipping it into the ink, he wrote on a piece of prepared linen, with his left hand, the first two or three words of the accusation. Dantès drew back, and gazed on the abbé with a sensation almost amounting to terror.

bit - bit, mordis, mordit, mordîmes, mordirent, (bite), mordre

taking up - Prendre en charge

dipping - trempage, tremper

amounting - montant, quantité, monter, correspondre

"How very astonishing!" cried he at length. "Why your writing exactly resembles that of the accusation."

resembles - ressemble, ressembler

"Simply because that accusation had been written with the left hand; and I have noticed that"""


"That while the writing of different persons done with the right hand varies, that performed with the left hand is invariably uniform."

varies - varie, varier

uniform - uniforme

"You have evidently seen and observed everything."

"Let us proceed."

"Oh, yes, yes!"

"Now as regards the second question."

"I am listening."

"Was there any person whose interest it was to prevent your marriage with Mercédès?"

"Yes; a young man who loved her."

"And his name was"""


"That is a Spanish name, I think?"

"He was a Catalan."

"You imagine him capable of writing the letter?"

"Oh, no; he would more likely have got rid of me by sticking a knife into me."

sticking - coller, (stick) coller

"That is in strict accordance with the Spanish character; an assassination they will unhesitatingly commit, but an act of cowardice, never."

unhesitatingly - sans hésitation

cowardice - lâcheté, couardise

"Besides," said Dantès, "the various circumstances mentioned in the letter were wholly unknown to him."

"You had never spoken of them yourself to anyone?"

"To no one."

"Not even to your mistress?"

"No, not even to my betrothed."

"Then it is Danglars."

"I feel quite sure of it now."

"Wait a little. Pray, was Danglars acquainted with Fernand?"

"No"yes, he was. Now I recollect"""


"To have seen them both sitting at table together under an arbor at Père Pamphile's the evening before the day fixed for my wedding. They were in earnest conversation. Danglars was joking in a friendly way, but Fernand looked pale and agitated."

"Were they alone?"

"There was a third person with them whom I knew perfectly well, and who had, in all probability made their acquaintance; he was a tailor named Caderousse, but he was very drunk. Stay!"stay!"How strange that it should not have occurred to me before! Now I remember quite well, that on the table round which they were sitting were pens, ink, and paper. Oh, the heartless, treacherous scoundrels!

heartless - sans cour, sans-cour

" exclaimed Dantès, pressing his hand to his throbbing brows.

throbbing - des palpitations, (throb), battre, palpiter, vibrer, résonner

brows - les sourcils, (brow), andouiller d'oil, maître andouiller

"Is there anything else I can assist you in discovering, besides the villany of your friends?" inquired the abbé with a laugh.

villany - villany

"Yes, yes," replied Dantès eagerly; "I would beg of you, who see so completely to the depths of things, and to whom the greatest mystery seems but an easy riddle, to explain to me how it was that I underwent no second examination, was never brought to trial, and, above all, was condemned without ever having had sentence passed on me?"

riddle - énigme

"That is altogether a different and more serious matter," responded the abbé. "The ways of justice are frequently too dark and mysterious to be easily penetrated. All we have hitherto done in the matter has been child's play. If you wish me to enter upon the more difficult part of the business, you must assist me by the most minute information on every point."

"Pray ask me whatever questions you please; for, in good truth, you see more clearly into my life than I do myself."

"In the first place, then, who examined you,"the king's attorney, his deputy, or a magistrate?"

"The deputy."

"Was he young or old?"

"About six or seven-and-twenty years of age, I should say."

"So," answered the abbé. "Old enough to be ambitious, but too young to be corrupt. And how did he treat you?"

treat - négocier, traiter, régaler, guérir, soigner

"With more of mildness than severity."

"Did you tell him your whole story?"

"I did."

"And did his conduct change at all in the course of your examination?"

"He did appear much disturbed when he read the letter that had brought me into this scrape. He seemed quite overcome by my misfortune."

scrape - gratter, racler, effleurer

"By your misfortune?"


"Then you feel quite sure that it was your misfortune he deplored?"

deplored - déploré, déplorer

"He gave me one great proof of his sympathy, at any rate."

rate - taux, taxer, évaluer, tarifaire, dividende, rang

"And that?"

"He burnt the sole evidence that could at all have criminated me."

"What? the accusation?"

"No; the letter."

"Are you sure?"

"I saw it done."

"That alters the case. This man might, after all, be a greater scoundrel than you have thought possible."

alters - modifie, transformer, changer, altérer

scoundrel - canaille, scélérat, scélérate, gredin, gredine

"Upon my word," said Dantès, "you make me shudder. Is the world filled with tigers and crocodiles?"

tigers - tigres, tigre/tigresse

crocodiles - des crocodiles, crocodile

"Yes; and remember that two-legged tigers and crocodiles are more dangerous than the others."

more dangerous - plus dangereux

"Never mind; let us go on."

"With all my heart! You tell me he burned the letter?"

burned - brulé, bruler

"He did; saying at the same time, ˜You see I thus destroy the only proof existing against you.'"

existing - existant, exister

"This action is somewhat too sublime to be natural."

"You think so?"

"I am sure of it. To whom was this letter addressed?"

"To M. Noirtier, Rue Coq-HĂ©ron, No. 13, Paris."

"Now can you conceive of any interest that your heroic deputy could possibly have had in the destruction of that letter?"

conceive of - concevoir

heroic - héroique, héroique

"Why, it is not altogether impossible he might have had, for he made me promise several times never to speak of that letter to anyone, assuring me he so advised me for my own interest; and, more than this, he insisted on my taking a solemn oath never to utter the name mentioned in the address."

assuring - assurer, rassurer

insisted - insisté, insister

solemn - solennel

"Noirtier!" repeated the abbé; "Noirtier!"I knew a person of that name at the court of the Queen of Etruria,"a Noirtier, who had been a Girondin during the Revolution! What was your deputy called?"

Queen - la reine, reine, dame, folle, chatte, promouvoir, mener a dame

revolution - révolution, coup d'état, tour

"De Villefort!" The abbé burst into a fit of laughter, while Dantès gazed on him in utter astonishment.

"What ails you?" said he at length.

"Do you see that ray of sunlight?"

sunlight - la lumiere du soleil, lumiere du soleil

"I do."

"Well, the whole thing is more clear to me than that sunbeam is to you. Poor fellow! poor young man! And you tell me this magistrate expressed great sympathy and commiseration for you?"

sunbeam - rayon de soleil

commiseration - la commisération, commisération

"He did."

"And the worthy man destroyed your compromising letter?"


"And then made you swear never to utter the name of Noirtier?"


"Why, you poor short-sighted simpleton, can you not guess who this Noirtier was, whose very name he was so careful to keep concealed? This Noirtier was his father!"

Had a thunderbolt fallen at the feet of Dantès, or hell opened its yawning gulf before him, he could not have been more completely transfixed with horror than he was at the sound of these unexpected words. Starting up, he clasped his hands around his head as though to prevent his very brain from bursting, and exclaimed, "His father! his father!"

hell - l'enfer, enfer

bursting - l'éclatement, éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser

"Yes, his father," replied the abbé; "his right name was Noirtier de Villefort."

At this instant a bright light shot through the mind of Dantès, and cleared up all that had been dark and obscure before.

shot through - tiré a travers

cleared up - éclairci

The change that had come over Villefort during the examination, the destruction of the letter, the exacted promise, the almost supplicating tones of the magistrate, who seemed rather to implore mercy than to pronounce punishment,"all returned with a stunning force to his memory.

exacted - exigé, exact, précis, exiger

supplicating - suppliante, supplier

tones - tons, ton

stunning - époustouflant, étourdir, étonner, époustoufler

He cried out, and staggered against the wall like a drunken man, then he hurried to the opening that led from the abbé's cell to his own, and said, "I must be alone, to think over all this."

hurried - pressé, précipitation, hâte, dépecher

think over - réfléchir

When he regained his dungeon, he threw himself on his bed, where the turnkey found him in the evening visit, sitting with fixed gaze and contracted features, dumb and motionless as a statue. During these hours of profound meditation, which to him had seemed only minutes, he had formed a fearful resolution, and bound himself to its fulfilment by a solemn oath.

regained - retrouvée, reconquérir, reprendre

dumb - stupide, muet

fulfilment - l'accomplissement, satisfaction

Dantès was at length roused from his reverie by the voice of Faria, who, having also been visited by his jailer, had come to invite his fellow-sufferer to share his supper. The reputation of being out of his mind, though harmlessly and even amusingly so, had procured for the abbé unusual privileges.

roused - réveillé, réveiller

reverie - reverie

fellow-sufferer - (fellow-sufferer) un compagnon d'infortune

harmlessly - sans danger, inoffensivement

amusingly - de façon amusante

unusual - inhabituel, insolite, inusuel

privileges - privileges, privilege, privilégier

He was supplied with bread of a finer, whiter quality than the usual prison fare, and even regaled each Sunday with a small quantity of wine. Now this was a Sunday, and the abbé had come to ask his young companion to share the luxuries with him.

regaled - régalé, royal

luxuries - le luxe, luxe

Dantès followed him; his features were no longer contracted, and now wore their usual expression, but there was that in his whole appearance that bespoke one who had come to a fixed and desperate resolve. Faria bent on him his penetrating eye.

bent on - Etre déterminé a

"I regret now," said he, "having helped you in your late inquiries, or having given you the information I did."

"Why so?" inquired Dantès.

"Because it has instilled a new passion in your heart"that of vengeance."

instilled - inculquée, inculquer (a qqn)

passion - passion

Dantès smiled. "Let us talk of something else," said he.

Again the abbé looked at him, then mournfully shook his head; but in accordance with Dantès'request, he began to speak of other matters.

mournfully - en deuil

The elder prisoner was one of those persons whose conversation, like that of all who have experienced many trials, contained many useful and important hints as well as sound information; but it was never egotistical, for the unfortunate man never alluded to his own sorrows.

trials - des essais, proces

hints - indices, indication, soupçon, faire allusion

egotistical - égoiste

alluded - allusion, alluder, faire allusion, suggérer

Dantès listened with admiring attention to all he said; some of his remarks corresponded with what he already knew, or applied to the sort of knowledge his nautical life had enabled him to acquire.

admiring - admiratif, admirer

remarks - remarques, remarque

corresponded - ont correspondu, correspondre (...a qqchose)

nautical - nautiques

A part of the good abbé's words, however, were wholly incomprehensible to him; but, like the aurora which guides the navigator in northern latitudes, opened new vistas to the inquiring mind of the listener, and gave fantastic glimpses of new horizons, enabling him justly to estimate the delight an intellectual mind would have in following one so richly gifted as Faria along the heights of truth, where he was so much at home.

aurora - aurore polaire

guides - guides, guider

navigator - navigateur

Northern - nord, septentrional, boréal, bise

latitudes - latitudes, latitude, parallele, marge

vistas - des panoramas, vue, point de vue

listener - l'auditeur, auditeur, auditrice, écouteur, écouteuse

glimpses - des aperçus, aperçu, entrevoir

enabling - habilitant, autoriser, permettre, activer

justly - a juste titre, justement

estimate - estimation, devis, estimer

intellectual - intellectuel, intellectuelle, intello

heights - les hauteurs, hauteur, taille

"You must teach me a small part of what you know," said Dantès, "if only to prevent your growing weary of me. I can well believe that so learned a person as yourself would prefer absolute solitude to being tormented with the company of one as ignorant and uninformed as myself. If you will only agree to my request, I promise you never to mention another word about escaping."

absolute - absolue, absolu

uninformed - mal informé

The abbé smiled.

"Alas, my boy," said he, "human knowledge is confined within very narrow limits; and when I have taught you mathematics, physics, history, and the three or four modern languages with which I am acquainted, you will know as much as I do myself. Now, it will scarcely require two years for me to communicate to you the stock of learning I possess."

"Two years!" exclaimed Dantès; "do you really believe I can acquire all these things in so short a time?"

"Not their application, certainly, but their principles you may; to learn is not to know; there are the learners and the learned. Memory makes the one, philosophy the other."

application - l'application, application, programme, candidature, demande

learners - apprenants, apprenant, apprenante

"But cannot one learn philosophy?"

"Philosophy cannot be taught; it is the application of the sciences to truth; it is like the golden cloud in which the Messiah went up into heaven."

the Messiah - le Messie

"Well, then," said Dantès, "What shall you teach me first? I am in a hurry to begin. I want to learn."

"Everything," said the abbé. And that very evening the prisoners sketched a plan of education, to be entered upon the following day.

sketched - esquissé, croquer, esquisser, esquisse, ébauche

Dantès possessed a prodigious memory, combined with an astonishing quickness and readiness of conception; the mathematical turn of his mind rendered him apt at all kinds of calculation, while his naturally poetical feelings threw a light and pleasing veil over the dry reality of arithmetical computation, or the rigid severity of geometry.

prodigious - prodigieux

combined - combinés, combiner

quickness - la rapidité, rapidité

conception - conception

mathematical - mathématique

apt - apt, doué

arithmetical - arithmétique

computation - calcul, résultat

rigid - rigide

geometry - géométrie

He already knew Italian, and had also picked up a little of the Romaic dialect during voyages to the East; and by the aid of these two languages he easily comprehended the construction of all the others, so that at the end of six months he began to speak Spanish, English, and German.

Romaic - roms, romaique

dialect - dialecte, patois

In strict accordance with the promise made to the abbé, Dantès spoke no more of escape. Perhaps the delight his studies afforded him left no room for such thoughts; perhaps the recollection that he had pledged his word (on which his sense of honor was keen) kept him from referring in any way to the possibilities of flight.

possibilities - possibilités, possibilité

Days, even months, passed by unheeded in one rapid and instructive course. At the end of a year Dantès was a new man. Dantès observed, however, that Faria, in spite of the relief his society afforded, daily grew sadder; one thought seemed incessantly to harass and distract his mind.

unheeded - non pris en compte

instructive - instructif

harass - harceler

distract - distraire

Sometimes he would fall into long reveries, sigh heavily and involuntarily, then suddenly rise, and, with folded arms, begin pacing the confined space of his dungeon. One day he stopped all at once, and exclaimed:

reveries - reveries, reverie

involuntarily - involontairement

pacing - le rythme, pas

"Ah, if there were no sentinel!"

"There shall not be one a minute longer than you please," said Dantès, who had followed the working of his thoughts as accurately as though his brain were enclosed in crystal so clear as to display its minutest operations.

operations - des opérations, opération, fonctionnement, exploitation

"I have already told you," answered the abbé, "that I loathe the idea of shedding blood."

loathe - exécrer, détester, hair

"And yet the murder, if you choose to call it so, would be simply a measure of self-preservation."

preservation - préservation

"No matter! I could never agree to it."

"Still, you have thought of it?"

"Incessantly, alas!" cried the abbé.

"And you have discovered a means of regaining our freedom, have you not?" asked Dantès eagerly.

"I have; if it were only possible to place a deaf and blind sentinel in the gallery beyond us."

deaf - sourd, les sourds

"He shall be both blind and deaf," replied the young man, with an air of determination that made his companion shudder.

"No, no," cried the abbé; "impossible!"

Dantès endeavored to renew the subject; the abbé shook his head in token of disapproval, and refused to make any further response. Three months passed away.

endeavored - s'est efforcé, effort, entreprise, tenter, s’efforcer

disapproval - désapprobation

"Are you strong?" the abbé asked one day of Dantès. The young man, in reply, took up the chisel, bent it into the form of a horseshoe, and then as readily straightened it.

horseshoe - fer a cheval, fer a cheval, ferrer

"And will you engage not to do any harm to the sentry, except as a last resort?"

engage - s'engager, attirer l'attention, engager, embrayer

sentry - sentinelle

last resort - dernier recours

"I promise on my honor."

"Then," said the abbé, "we may hope to put our design into execution."

"And how long shall we be in accomplishing the necessary work?"

accomplishing - accomplir

"At least a year."

"And shall we begin at once?"

"At once."

"We have lost a year to no purpose!" cried Dantès.

no purpose - sans but

"Do you consider the last twelve months to have been wasted?" asked the abbé.

wasted - gaspillé, gaspiller

"Forgive me!" cried Edmond, blushing deeply.

"Tut, tut!" answered the abbé, "man is but man after all, and you are about the best specimen of the genus I have ever known. Come, let me show you my plan."

genus - genre, (genu)

The abbé then showed Dantès the sketch he had made for their escape. It consisted of a plan of his own cell and that of Dantès, with the passage which united them.

sketch - croquis, croquer, esquisser, esquisse, ébauche, sketch

In this passage he proposed to drive a level as they do in mines; this level would bring the two prisoners immediately beneath the gallery where the sentry kept watch; once there, a large excavation would be made, and one of the flag-stones with which the gallery was paved be so completely loosened that at the desired moment it would give way beneath the feet of the soldier, who, stunned by his fall, would be immediately bound and gagged by Dantès before he had power to offer any resistance. The prisoners were then to make their way through one of the gallery windows, and to let themselves down from the outer walls by means of the abbé's ladder of cords.

flag - drapeau, étendard, fanion, pavillon

loosened - desserré, desserrer

stunned - stupéfait, étourdir, étonner, époustoufler

gagged - bâillonné, bâillon, haut-le-coeur, haut-le-cour, bâillonner

Dantès'eyes sparkled with joy, and he rubbed his hands with delight at the idea of a plan so simple, yet apparently so certain to succeed. That very day the miners began their labors, with a vigor and alacrity proportionate to their long rest from fatigue and their hopes of ultimate success.

sparkled - étincelait, étincellement

alacrity - alacrité, empressement, rapidité

proportionate - proportionné, proportionner

ultimate - dernier, ultime

Nothing interrupted the progress of the work except the necessity that each was under of returning to his cell in anticipation of the turnkey's visits. They had learned to distinguish the almost imperceptible sound of his footsteps as he descended towards their dungeons, and happily, never failed of being prepared for his coming.

Footsteps - des pas, empreinte, trace de pas, pas, bruit de pas, marche

Happily - heureux, heureusement, par bonheur, joyeusement, gaiement

The fresh earth excavated during their present work, and which would have entirely blocked up the old passage, was thrown, by degrees and with the utmost precaution, out of the window in either Faria's or Dantès'cell, the rubbish being first pulverized so finely that the night wind carried it far away without permitting the smallest trace to remain.

excavated - excavé, creuser

blocked - bloqué, bloc

by degrees - par degrés

pulverized - pulvérisé, pulvériser

finely - finement

permitting - l'autorisation, permettre

trace - trace, projection horizontale, décalquer

More than a year had been consumed in this undertaking, the only tools for which had been a chisel, a knife, and a wooden lever; Faria still continuing to instruct Dantès by conversing with him, sometimes in one language, sometimes in another; at others, relating to him the history of nations and great men who from time to time have risen to fame and trodden the path of glory.

instruct - instruire, enseigner, apprendre

conversing - en train de converser, converser

relating - en relation, raconter, relater

fame - la notoriété, gloire, célébrité

trodden - foulée, marcher (sur)

The abbé was a man of the world, and had, moreover, mixed in the first society of the day; he wore an air of melancholy dignity which Dantès, thanks to the imitative powers bestowed on him by nature, easily acquired, as well as that outward polish and politeness he had before been wanting in, and which is seldom possessed except by those who have been placed in constant intercourse with persons of high birth and breeding.

imitative - imitative

by nature - par nature

outward - externe

polish - polish, polonais

seldom - rarement

breeding - l'élevage, (breed), se reproduire, engendrer, élever, race

At the end of fifteen months the level was finished, and the excavation completed beneath the gallery, and the two workmen could distinctly