The History of Don Quixote with English-French Dictionary by Miguel de Cervantes (online free books)

Don Quichotte avec un dictionnaire anglais-français pratique (best ebooks to read)

Table of Content

Volume I
Volume II

The History of Don Quixote Text

Quixote - Quixote

Volume I

volume - volume, tome


Chapter - chapitre, branche, section

treats - des friandises, négocier, traiter, régaler

character - caractere, personnage, caractere

pursuits - des activités, poursuite

gentleman - gentilhomme, monsieur, messieurs

la - La

In a village of La Mancha, the name of which I have no desire to call to mind, there lived not long since one of those gentlemen that keep a lance in the lance-rack, an old buckler, a lean hack, and a greyhound for coursing.

desire - désirer, désir

mind - l'esprit, esprit, raison, intelligence, mémoire

Since - depuis lors, depuis, depuis que, puisque, vu que

those - ceux-ci, ces, celles-la, ceux-la

gentlemen - messieurs, gentilhomme, monsieur, messieurs-p

lance - lance

rack - rack, bâti

buckler - bouclier, bocle

lean - maigre, adossons, adossent, appuyer, adossez

hack - hack, pic, hacher

greyhound - lévrier, levrette

An olla of rather more beef than mutton, a salad on most nights, scraps on Saturdays, lentils on Fridays, and a pigeon or so extra on Sundays, made away with three-quarters of his income. The rest of it went in a doublet of fine cloth and velvet breeches and shoes to match for holidays, while on week-days he made a brave figure in his best homespun.

olla - olla

beef - bouf, bouf

mutton - du mouton, mouton

scraps - des déchets, bout

on Saturdays - le samedi

lentils - des lentilles, lentille

pigeon - pigeon, sourde, colombe

income - revenus, revenu, recette

rest - se reposer, reposent, reposez, reposons, se, reposer, débris

doublet - doublet

cloth - tissu, étoffe, tenue

velvet - du velours, velours, duvet (on skin), velours (on antlers)

breeches - culotte, culasse

match - match, s'entremettre, allumette, concorder

Brave - courageux

figure - figure, forme, personnage, personnalité, chiffre

He had in his house a housekeeper past forty, a niece under twenty, and a lad for the field and market-place, who used to saddle the hack as well as handle the bill-hook. The age of this gentleman of ours was bordering on fifty; he was of a hardy habit, spare, gaunt-featured, a very early riser and a great sportsman.

housekeeper - femme de ménage, gouvernante, ménagere

niece - niece, niece

lad - lad, garçon, gars, jeune homme, palefrenier

field - champ, campo, terrain, corps, rubrique, attraper

saddle - selle, ensellement

handle - poignée, crosse, manions, traiter, manient, maniez

Hook - crochet, agrafe, hook, accrocher

bordering - frontalier, frontiere, bord, bordure, délimiter, border

hardy - robuste, rustique

habit - habitude, configuration

spare - de rechange, épargner, loisirs, économiser

gaunt - décharné, maigre, osseux, anguleux, émacié

featured - en vedette, caractéristique, particularité, spécialité

early riser - leve-tôt

sportsman - sportif, athlete

They will have it his surname was Quixada or Quesada (for here there is some difference of opinion among the authors who write on the subject), although from reasonable conjectures it seems plain that he was called Quexana. This, however, is of but little importance to our tale; it will be enough not to stray a hair's breadth from the truth in the telling of it.

surname - nom, patronyme, nom de famille

among - parmi

authors - auteurs, auteur, auteure, autrice, écrire, créer

although - bien que, combien que, encore que, nonobstant que

reasonable - raisonnable

conjectures - des conjectures, conjecture, conjecturer

Seems - semble-t-il, sembler, paraître, avoir l'air

plain - simple, unie, net, plaine

importance - importance

Tale - conte, récit

stray - égaré, écartez, écartent, écartons, écarter

truth - la vérité, vérité

You must know, then, that the above-named gentleman whenever he was at leisure (which was mostly all the year round) gave himself up to reading books of chivalry with such ardour and avidity that he almost entirely neglected the pursuit of his field-sports, and even the management of his property; and to such a pitch did his eagerness and infatuation go that he sold many an acre of tillageland to buy books of chivalry to read, and brought home as many of them as he could get. But of all there were none he liked so well as those of the famous Feliciano de Silva's composition, for their lucidity of style and complicated conceits were as pearls in his sight, particularly when in his reading he came upon courtships and cartels, where he often found passages like "the reason of the unreason with which my reason is afflicted so weakens my reason that with reason I murmur at your beauty;" or again, "the high heavens, that of your divinity divinely fortify you with the stars, render you deserving of the desert your greatness deserves." Over conceits of this sort the poor gentleman lost his wits, and used to lie awake striving to understand them and worm the meaning out of them; what Aristotle himself could not have made out or extracted had he come to life again for that special purpose. He was not at all easy about the wounds which Don Belianis gave and took, because it seemed to him that, great as were the surgeons who had cured him, he must have had his face and body covered all over with seams and scars. He commended, however, the author's way of ending his book with the promise of that interminable adventure, and many a time was he tempted to take up his pen and finish it properly as is there proposed, which no doubt he would have done, and made a successful piece of work of it too, had not greater and more absorbing thoughts prevented him.

whenever - chaque fois que

leisure - les loisirs, loisir, temps libre

mostly - surtout, majoritairement

round - ronde, cyclo, arrondissent, arrondis, arrondir

chivalry - chevalerie, galanterie

such - tel, tellement, ainsi

ardour - l'ardeur, ivresse

almost - presque, quasiment

entirely - entierement, entierement, entierement (1)

neglected - négligé, négliger, négligence

pursuit - poursuite

management - la gestion

property - propriété, accessoire

pitch - de l'emplacement, dresser

infatuation - l'engouement, engouement, béguin, amourette

Acre - acre

none - aucun, ne nulle

composition - composition, ouvre

lucidity - lucidité

complicated - compliqué, compliquer

conceits - des idées préconçues, vanité, orgueil, concept

pearls - perles, perle, joyau, perlure, parisienne, sédanoise

sight - vue, quelque chose a voir, truc a voir, mire, viseur

particularly - en particulier

upon - sur, a

courtships - les fréquentations, cour

cartels - cartels, cartel

passages - passages, passage

unreason - déraison

weakens - s'affaiblit, affaiblir

murmur - murmure, rumeur, souffle, murmurer

beauty - la beauté, beauté

heavens - les cieux, ciel, paradis, au-dela, cieux-p

divinity - la divinité, déité, divinité

divinely - divinement

fortify - fortifier, renforcer, supplémenter

render - l'équarrissage, rendre

desert - désert, désertez, quitter, désertons, désertent, déserter

greatness - la grandeur, grandeur

deserves - mérite, mériter

sort - tri, assortir, esrece, assortis, sorte

wits - l'esprit, esprit

lie - mentir, mensonge, mentez, gésir, gis, mentons

awake - éveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller

striving - en quete d'une solution, (strive) en quete d'une solution

worm - ver, vermine, scarabée, vis sans fin, dragon, remords, ramper

Aristotle - aristote

extracted - extraites, extrait, extraire

purpose - objectif, dgssein, dessein, finalité, but

seemed - semblait, sembler, paraître, avoir l'air

surgeons - chirurgiens, chirurgien, chirurgienne

cured - guérie, clébard, corniaud, roquet, clebs, chien

covered - couverts, couvercle, couverture, couvert

seams - les coutures, couture

scars - cicatrices, cicatrice

commended - félicité, féliciter, recommander

author - auteur, auteure, autrice, écrire, créer

promise - vou, promesse, promettre

interminable - interminable

adventure - l'aventure, aventure

tempted - tentés, tenter, attirer

properly - proprement, correctement, convenablement

proposed - proposée, proposer, demander en mariage

doubt - des doutes, douter, doute

successful - réussie, ayant du succes, marqué de succes, couronné de succes

absorbing - absorbant, absorber, éponger

thoughts - réflexions, idée, pensée

prevented - empeché, empecher

Many an argument did he have with the curate of his village (a learned man, and a graduate of Siguenza) as to which had been the better knight, Palmerin of England or Amadis of Gaul.

curate - conservateur, vicaire

graduate - licencié, licenciée, diplômé, diplômée

Knight - chevalier

Gaul - la gaule, Gaule, Gaulois, Gauloise

Master Nicholas, the village barber, however, used to say that neither of them came up to the Knight of PhĹ"bus, and that if there was any that could compare with him it was Don Galaor, the brother of Amadis of Gaul, because he had a spirit that was equal to every occasion, and was no finikin knight, nor lachrymose like his brother, while in the matter of valour he was not a whit behind him.

Master - maître, patron, maîtriser, maitre, maîtrisent

barber - coiffeur, coiffeuse, barbier

neither - ni l'un ni l'autre, aucun des deux, ni X ni Y, non plus

spirit - l'esprit, esprit, moral, élan, spiritueux

Equal - l'égalité, égal, égaler a, égale

Occasion - occasion

nor - ni, NON-OU

lachrymose - lachrymose, lacrymal

matter - matiere, matiere, affaire, question, cause, substance

valour - la bravoure, héroisme, courage

whit - whit

In short, he became so absorbed in his books that he spent his nights from sunset to sunrise, and his days from dawn to dark, poring over them; and what with little sleep and much reading his brains got so dry that he lost his wits.

absorbed in - absorbée

sunset - coucher de soleil, crépuscule

sunrise - lever du soleil, potron-minet

dawn - l'aube, se lever, naître, aube, lever du soleil, aurore

poring - poring, pore

brains - cerveau, qualifierejorative or when used as food

dry - sec, anhydre, sécher, tfaire sécher

His fancy grew full of what he used to read about in his books, enchantments, quarrels, battles, challenges, wounds, wooings, loves, agonies, and all sorts of impossible nonsense; and it so possessed his mind that the whole fabric of invention and fancy he read of was true, that to him no history in the world had more reality in it.

fancy - fantaisie, imaginer, songer

enchantments - les enchantements, enchantement, ensorcellement

quarrels - querelles, dispute

battles - batailles, bataille, combat

challenges - défis, défi, chalenge, défier

agonies - agonies, agonie, angoisse

sorts - sortes, sorte

impossible - impossible, insupportable

nonsense - des absurdités, betise, absurdité, sottise (s)

possessed - possédé, posséder, s'emparer de

fabric - structure, tissu, textile

invention - invention

reality - la réalité, réalité, vérité

He used to say the Cid Ruy Diaz was a very good knight, but that he was not to be compared with the Knight of the Burning Sword who with one back-stroke cut in half two fierce and monstrous giants.

burning - bruler, brulant, ardent, brulage, (burn) bruler

sword - l'épée, épée, glaive, épéiste

stroke - accident vasculaire cérébral, caresser

fierce - féroce

monstrous - monstrueux

giants - géants, géant

He thought more of Bernardo del Carpio because at Roncesvalles he slew Roland in spite of enchantments, availing himself of the artifice of Hercules when he strangled Antæus the son of Terra in his arms. He approved highly of the giant Morgante, because, although of the giant breed which is always arrogant and ill-conditioned, he alone was affable and well-bred.

slew - slew, déraper, (slay) slew

spite - dépit, rancune

availing - disponible, profiter, saisir, servir

artifice - artifice, feinte

Hercules - hercule

strangled - étranglé, étrangler

terra - terra

approved - approuvée, approuver

highly - hautement, extremement

giant - géant

breed - se reproduire, engendrer, élever, race

ill - malade, écouré, écourée

conditioned - conditionné, condition

alone - seul

affable - affable, aimable, doux

bred - élevé, (breed), se reproduire, engendrer, élever, race

But above all he admired Reinaldos of Montalban, especially when he saw him sallying forth from his castle and robbing everyone he met, and when beyond the seas he stole that image of Mahomet which, as his history says, was entirely of gold. To have a bout of kicking at that traitor of a Ganelon he would have given his housekeeper, and his niece into the bargain.

admired - admiré, admirer

especially - spécialement, particulierement, surtout, en particulier

sallying - sallying, sortie

forth - avant, en avant

castle - château, château-fort, roquer

robbing - vol, voler, dévaliser

beyond - au-dela, au-dela, par-dela

Stole - volé, volâmes, volai, vola, volerent, (steal), voler, vol

image - image

Mahomet - Mahomet

gold - l'or, or

bout - bout, acces

kicking - coups de pied, donner un coup de pied (a, dans)

traitor - traître, traîtresse, trahir

into the bargain - dans la négociation

In short, his wits being quite gone, he hit upon the strangest notion that ever madman in this world hit upon, and that was that he fancied it was right and requisite, as well for the support of his own honour as for the service of his country, that he should make a knight-errant of himself, roaming the world over in full armour and on horseback in quest of adventures, and putting in practice himself all that he had read of as being the usual practices of knights-errant; righting every kind of wrong, and exposing himself to peril and danger from which, in the issue, he was to reap eternal renown and fame. Already the poor man saw himself crowned by the might of his arm Emperor of Trebizond at least; and so, led away by the intense enjoyment he found in these pleasant fancies, he set himself forthwith to put his scheme into execution.

hit upon - Draguer

Strangest - le plus étrange, étrange, anormal, inconnu, étranger

notion - notion

madman - fou, insensé

fancied - aimée, envie, caprice

requisite - nécessaire

support - soutien, soutenez, appuyez, appuyons, appuyent, soutiens

honour - l'honneur, honorer

service - service, messe

errant - errant

roaming - l'itinérance, errer

armour - armure, blindez, blinder, blindons, cuirass, blindent

on horseback - a cheval

quest - quete, recherche

adventures - aventures, (adventure) aventures

putting in - Mettre en

usual - habituel/habituelle

Knights - chevaliers, chevalier

exposing - exposer, dénoncer

peril - péril, risque

danger - danger, péril

issue - question, sortie, émission, livraison, délivrance, drain

reap - récolter

eternal - éternelle, éternel

renown - renommée, renom

fame - la notoriété, gloire, célébrité

poor man - pauvre homme

crowned - couronné, couronne

Emperor - l'empereur, empereur

led - dirigé, DEL, LED, (lead) dirigé

intense - intense

enjoyment - jouissance, plaisir

pleasant - agréable, plaisant

fancies - des fantaisies, envie, caprice

set - set, Seth

forthwith - immédiatement, aussitôt, séance tenante, de ce pas

scheme - le projet, plan, combine, machination, schéma, systeme

execution - l'exécution, exécution

The first thing he did was to clean up some armour that had belonged to his great-grandfather, and had been for ages lying forgotten in a corner eaten with rust and covered with mildew. He scoured and polished it as best he could, but he perceived one great defect in it, that it had no closed helmet, nothing but a simple morion.

belonged - a appartenu, appartenir a

great-grandfather - (great-grandfather) arriere-grand-pere

lying - gisant, sis, mentant, (lie) gisant

corner - coin, rencogner, piéger, acculer, négocier un prix de gros

rust - rouille, se rouiller

mildew - de la moisissure, mildiou

scoured - nettoyée, récurer

polished - polie, polonais

perceived - perçue, percevoir

defect - défaut, déserter, passer a, rench: t-needed r

helmet - casque

simple - simple

morion - morion

This deficiency, however, his ingenuity supplied, for he contrived a kind of half-helmet of pasteboard which, fitted on to the morion, looked like a whole one. It is true that, in order to see if it was strong and fit to stand a cut, he drew his sword and gave it a couple of slashes, the first of which undid in an instant what had taken him a week to do.

deficiency - déficience, carence

ingenuity - l'ingéniosité, ingéniosité

supplied - fourni, fournir, approvisionner

contrived - artificiel, combiner, inventer

fitted - adapté, en forme

couple - couple, paire, époux, quelques, deux ou trois., coupler

slashes - les barres obliques, taillader

undid - défait, défaire

instant - instantanée, moment

The ease with which he had knocked it to pieces disconcerted him somewhat, and to guard against that danger he set to work again, fixing bars of iron on the inside until he was satisfied with its strength; and then, not caring to try any more experiments with it, he passed it and adopted it as a helmet of the most perfect construction.

ease - l'aisance, facilité, repos, abaisser, abréger, amoindrir

knocked - frappé, coup, frapper

disconcerted - déconcerté, déconcerter, fr

somewhat - en quelque sorte, assez, quelque peu

guard - garde, protection, gardien, arriere, défense, garder

against - contre, face a, pour

fixing - la fixation, fortification, fixant, (fix), réparer, fixer

bars - bars, barre, tablette

of iron - de fer

inside - a l'intérieur, intérieur, dedans, au-dedans, la-dedans

satisfied - satisfaits, satisfaire

strength - la force, force, vigueur, effectif, point fort

experiments - des expériences, expérience, expérimenter

passed - passé, passer (devant), dépasser

adopted - adoptée, adopter

most perfect - le plus parfait

construction - construction

He next proceeded to inspect his hack, which, with more quartos than a real and more blemishes than the steed of Gonela, that "tantum pellis et ossa fuit," surpassed in his eyes the Bucephalus of Alexander or the Babieca of the Cid.

proceeded - a procédé, avancer, procéder

blemishes - des taches, tache, imperfection, défaut

steed - steed, coursier

et - et

surpassed - surpassé, surpasser, dépasser, excéder

Alexander - alexandre

Four days were spent in thinking what name to give him, because (as he said to himself) it was not right that a horse belonging to a knight so famous, and one with such merits of his own, should be without some distinctive name, and he strove to adapt it so as to indicate what he had been before belonging to a knight-errant, and what he then was; for it was only reasonable that, his master taking a new character, he should take a new name, and that it should be a distinguished and full-sounding one, befitting the new order and calling he was about to follow. And so, after having composed, struck out, rejected, added to, unmade, and remade a multitude of names out of his memory and fancy, he decided upon calling him Rocinante, a name, to his thinking, lofty, sonorous, and significant of his condition as a hack before he became what he now was, the first and foremost of all the hacks in the world.

belonging - appartenant, (belong) appartenant

merits - mérites, mérite, mériter

distinctive - distinctif

strove - s'efforcer, s'efforcer de

adapt - adapter, s'adapter, adapté

indicate - indiquer, signaler

distinguished - distingué, distinguer

befitting - convenable, convenir a, etre approprié pour

composed - composé, composer

struck out - a frappé

rejected - rejetée, rejeter

remade - refait, refaits, refaites, refaite, refîmes

multitude - multitude

memory - mémoire, souvenir

lofty - noble, haut

sonorous - sonore

significant - significative, significatif

condition - condition

foremost - avant tout

hacks - hacks, tailler, hacher

Having got a name for his horse so much to his taste, he was anxious to get one for himself, and he was eight days more pondering over this point, till at last he made up his mind to call himself "Don Quixote," whence, as has been already said, the authors of this veracious history have inferred that his name must have been beyond a doubt Quixada, and not Quesada as others would have it.

taste - gout, gout, saveur, avant-gout, gouter, avoir un gout

anxious - anxieux, désireux

pondering - réfléchir, songer, interroger

Last - derniere, dernier, durer, dernierere, durez, passé, durent

whence - pourquoi, d'ou

veracious - véridique

inferred - déduit, déduire, inférer

Recollecting, however, that the valiant Amadis was not content to call himself curtly Amadis and nothing more, but added the name of his kingdom and country to make it famous, and called himself Amadis of Gaul, he, like a good knight, resolved to add on the name of his, and to style himself Don Quixote of La Mancha, whereby, he considered, he described accurately his origin and country, and did honour to it in taking his surname from it.

recollecting - se souvenir de

valiant - vaillant, preux

content - contenu, satisfait, contentement

curtly - sechement

Kingdom - royaume, regne

resolved - résolu, prendre la résolution de

add on - ajouter

whereby - par laquelle, par quoi, par lequel

considered - envisagée, considérer, examiner, réfléchir, songer

accurately - avec précision

origin - origine, source

So then, his armour being furbished, his morion turned into a helmet, his hack christened, and he himself confirmed, he came to the conclusion that nothing more was needed now but to look out for a lady to be in love with; for a knight-errant without love was like a tree without leaves or fruit, or a body without a soul.

christened - baptisé, baptiser, nommer

confirmed - confirmée, confirmer

conclusion - conclusion, fin

lady - dame, madame, lady

soul - âme

As he said to himself, "If, for my sins, or by my good fortune, I come across some giant hereabouts, a common occurrence with knights-errant, and overthrow him in one onslaught, or cleave him asunder to the waist, or, in short, vanquish and subdue him, will it not be well to have someone I may send him to as a present, that he may come in and fall on his knees before my sweet lady, and in a humble, submissive voice say, ˜I am the giant Caraculiambro, lord of the island of Malindrania, vanquished in single combat by the never sufficiently extolled knight Don Quixote of La Mancha, who has commanded me to present myself before your Grace, that your Highness dispose of me at your pleasure'?" Oh, how our good gentleman enjoyed the delivery of this speech, especially when he had thought of someone to call his Lady! There was, so the story goes, in a village near his own a very good-looking farm-girl with whom he had been at one time in love, though, so far as is known, she never knew it nor gave a thought to the matter. Her name was Aldonza Lorenzo, and upon her he thought fit to confer the title of Lady of his Thoughts; and after some search for a name which should not be out of harmony with her own, and should suggest and indicate that of a princess and great lady, he decided upon calling her Dulcinea del Toboso"she being of El Toboso"a name, to his mind, musical, uncommon, and significant, like all those he had already bestowed upon himself and the things belonging to him.

sins - péchés, péché, mal

Fortune - la fortune, destin, bonne chance, fortune

Occurrence - occurrence

overthrow - renverser

onslaught - l'assaut, assaut, offensive

cleave - clivage, fendre

asunder - de l'homme, de la femme et de l'enfant

waist - taille, ceinture

subdue - soumettre, subjuguer, assujettir

sweet - doux, doucement, friandise, bonbon, sucreries

humble - humble

submissive - soumis

voice - voix

Lord - châtelain, seigneur, monsieur

vanquished - vaincu, vaincre

single combat - Combat singulier

sufficiently - suffisamment

extolled - vantée, louer, faire l'éloge de

commanded - commandée, commandement, ordre, maîtrise

myself - moi-meme, me, m'

grace - bénédicité, grâces, grâce, miséricorde

Highness - altesse

dispose of - Se débarrasser de

pleasure - plaisir, volupté, désir

delivery - livraison, accouchement, parturition, naissance, administration

Speech - parole, discours

whom - que, qui

though - mais, néanmoins, cependant, malgré, bien que

fit - s'adapter, adapter

confer - se concerter, conférer, accorder, décerner

search - recherche, chercher, fouiller

harmony - l'harmonie, harmonie

suggest - proposer, suggérer

princess - princesse

musical - musical, musicale, musicien, musicienne, comédie musicale

bestowed - accordé, disposer de, accorder, remettre, conférer


sally - sally, sortie

ingenious - ingénieux

These preliminaries settled, he did not care to put off any longer the execution of his design, urged on to it by the thought of all the world was losing by his delay, seeing what wrongs he intended to right, grievances to redress, injustices to repair, abuses to remove, and duties to discharge.

preliminaries - préliminaires, préliminaire

settled - réglée, (s')installer

care - soins, s'occuper, soin, souci

put off - Mettre de côté

urged - pressé, pulsion, pousser, inciter, provoquer, insister

delay - délai, ajourner, décélération, surseoir, retard, retarder

intended - prévu, planifié, voulu, (intend), avoir l'intention

grievances - griefs, grief

redress - réparation, supprimer

injustices - injustices, injustice

repair - réparation, dépannage, réparent, rhabiller, dépanner, réparer

abuses - abus, abuser (de)

remove - supprimer, enlever

duties - fonctions, devoir, obligation, service, travail, taxe

discharge - décharge, licenciement, débit

So, without giving notice of his intention to anyone, and without anybody seeing him, one morning before the dawning of the day (which was one of the hottest of the month of July) he donned his suit of armour, mounted Rocinante with his patched-up helmet on, braced his buckler, took his lance, and by the back door of the yard sallied forth upon the plain in the highest contentment and satisfaction at seeing with what ease he had made a beginning with his grand purpose. But scarcely did he find himself upon the open plain, when a terrible thought struck him, one all but enough to make him abandon the enterprise at the very outset. It occurred to him that he had not been dubbed a knight, and that according to the law of chivalry he neither could nor ought to bear arms against any knight; and that even if he had been, still he ought, as a novice knight, to wear white armour, without a device upon the shield until by his prowess he had earned one. These reflections made him waver in his purpose, but his craze being stronger than any reasoning, he made up his mind to have himself dubbed a knight by the first one he came across, following the example of others in the same case, as he had read in the books that brought him to this pass. As for white armour, he resolved, on the first opportunity, to scour his until it was whiter than an ermine; and so comforting himself he pursued his way, taking that which his horse chose, for in this he believed lay the essence of adventures.

giving notice - donner un préavis

intention - intention

Anybody - quelqu'un, n’importe qui (1), checkn’importe qui (2

dawning - l'aube, (dawn), se lever, naître, aube, lever du soleil, aurore

suit - complet, costume, tailleur, combinaison, costard, enseigne

mounted - monté, monter

patched-up - (patched-up) rafistolé

braced - entretoisé, toise, fiche, doublé, retenir

sallied - salué, sortie

contentment - le contentement, contentement

satisfaction - satisfaction

grand - grand, grandiose

scarcely - a peine, a peine, guere

struck - frappé, biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre

abandon - abandonner, renoncer, abandonnent, abandonnons, délaisser

enterprise - l'entreprise, entreprise, venture, initiative

outset - départ, début

occurred - s'est produite, produire

dubbed - doublée, doubler

according - selon, entente, accorder

law - loi

bear - ours, endurer, naîs, produire, souffrir, subir

device - appareil, dispositif, stratageme, ruse, manouvre

shield - bouclier, enseigne

prowess - prouesses, habileté, dextérité, adresse, prouesse, héroisme

earned - gagnée, gagner (sa vie), rapporter

reflections - réflexions, réflexion, reflet, qualifiereaning 4

waver - vaciller

craze - l'engouement, engouement

case - cas, affaire, fouille, étui, chose

pass - passer, doubler, passe, dépasser, passez, passons, passage

opportunity - occasion, opportunité, occasion favorable, chance

scour - récurer

ermine - l'hermine, hermine

comforting - réconfortant, confort, consoler

pursued - poursuivie, poursuivre, rechercher

lay - laique, pondre, pose

essence - essence

Thus setting out, our new-fledged adventurer paced along, talking to himself and saying, "Who knows but that in time to come, when the veracious history of my famous deeds is made known, the sage who writes it, when he has to set forth my first sally in the early morning, will do it after this fashion?

thus - donc, ainsi, tellement, pour cette raison, également

setting out - la mise en route

adventurer - aventurier, aventuriere

paced - rythmée, pas

along - le long de, accompagné, rench: t-needed r

deeds - des actes, acte, action, ouvre, exploit, haut fait, prouesse

made known - fait connaître

sage - sage, sauge, sensé

set forth - Mettre en avant

fashion - la mode, mode, vogue, façon, façonner

˜Scarce had the rubicund Apollo spread o'er the face of the broad spacious earth the golden threads of his bright hair, scarce had the little birds of painted plumage attuned their notes to hail with dulcet and mellifluous harmony the coming of the rosy Dawn, that, deserting the soft couch of her jealous spouse, was appearing to mortals at the gates and balconies of the Manchegan horizon, when the renowned knight Don Quixote of La Mancha, quitting the lazy down, mounted his celebrated steed Rocinante and began to traverse the ancient and famous Campo de Montiel;'" which in fact he was actually traversing. "Happy the age, happy the time," he continued, "in which shall be made known my deeds of fame, worthy to be moulded in brass, carved in marble, limned in pictures, for a memorial for ever. And thou, O sage magician, whoever thou art, to whom it shall fall to be the chronicler of this wondrous history, forget not, I entreat thee, my good Rocinante, the constant companion of my ways and wanderings." Presently he broke out again, as if he were love-stricken in earnest, "O Princess Dulcinea, lady of this captive heart, a grievous wrong hast thou done me to drive me forth with scorn, and with inexorable obduracy banish me from the presence of thy beauty. O lady, deign to hold in remembrance this heart, thy vassal, that thus in anguish pines for love of thee."

scarce - rare

Apollo - apollo, apollon

spread - se propager, étaler, écarter, disperser, répandre, éparpiller

broad - large

spacious - spacieux, ample, grand, logeable

earth - terre, terrier, relier a la terre, tmettre a la terre, enterrer

threads - fils, fil, processus léger, exétron

bright - lumineux, éclatant, clair

plumage - plumage, plume (pars pro toto), plumée, pennage

attuned - en phase, accorder

hail - grele

dulcet - dulcet, suave, doux

mellifluous - mélodieux

rosy - rose

deserting - déserter, abandonner

soft - souple, moelleux, alcoolsans, mou, doux

couch - canapé, divan

jealous - jaloux, jalouse, envieux, rench:

spouse - conjoint, époux, épouse

appearing - apparaissant, apparaître, paraître, sembler

mortals - mortels, mortel, mortelle

gates - portes, porte, barriere

balconies - balcons, balcon

Manchegan - Manchegan

horizon - horizon

renowned - renommée, renom

quitting - démissionner, quitter, abandonner

lazy - paresseux, fainéant

celebrated - célébré, rendre hommage, célébrer, feter

traverse - franchir, traverser

ancient - ancienne, antique

actually - en fait

traversing - la traversée, (traverse), franchir, traverser

continued - suite, continuer

shall - doit, rench: 'shall' followed by the infinitive is translated using the future tense'

worthy - digne

moulded - moulé, terreau, humus

brass - laiton, airain

marble - marbre, bille, grillot, marbrer

limned - chaulé, dessiner, peindre, dépeindre, enluminer

memorial - mémorial, mémoriel

for ever - pour toujours

thou - tu

magician - magicien

Whoever - quiconque, qui que ce soit qui

fall to - Tomber

chronicler - chroniqueur

wondrous - merveilleux

thee - toi

constant - constant, constante

companion - compagnon, compagne

wanderings - errances, errement, errance, divagation

broke out - a éclaté

earnest - sérieux, (earn) sérieux

captive - captif, captive

heart - cour

grievous - grave

scorn - mépriser, dédaigner, mépris, dédain

inexorable - inexorable

obduracy - l'obstination

banish - bannir

presence - présence

deign - deign, daigner, condescendre

hold - tenir, stopper, tiens, tiennent, tenons

vassal - vassal, vassaliser

anguish - l'angoisse, angoissons, angoissez, angoisser, angoissent

pines - des pins, pin

So he went on stringing together these and other absurdities, all in the style of those his books had taught him, imitating their language as well as he could; and all the while he rode so slowly and the sun mounted so rapidly and with such fervour that it was enough to melt his brains if he had any.

stringing - le cordage, (string), corde, suite, série, chaîne de caracteres

imitating - l'imitation, imiter

slowly - lentement

rapidly - rapidement

fervour - ferveur, zele

melt - la fonte, fondre (1), se dissoudre (2)

Nearly all day he travelled without anything remarkable happening to him, at which he was in despair, for he was anxious to encounter someone at once upon whom to try the might of his strong arm.

nearly - presque

remarkable - remarquable

despair - le désespoir, désespérer, désespoir

encounter - rencontre

Writers there are who say the first adventure he met with was that of Puerto Lapice; others say it was that of the windmills; but what I have ascertained on this point, and what I have found written in the annals of La Mancha, is that he was on the road all day, and towards nightfall his hack and he found themselves dead tired and hungry, when, looking all around to see if he could discover any castle or shepherd's shanty where he might refresh himself and relieve his sore wants, he perceived not far out of his road an inn, which was as welcome as a star guiding him to the portals, if not the palaces, of his redemption; and quickening his pace he reached it just as night was setting in. At the door were standing two young women, girls of the district as they call them, on their way to Seville with some carriers who had chanced to halt that night at the inn; and as, happen what might to our adventurer, everything he saw or imagined seemed to him to be and to happen after the fashion of what he read of, the moment he saw the inn he pictured it to himself as a castle with its four turrets and pinnacles of shining silver, not forgetting the drawbridge and moat and all the belongings usually ascribed to castles of the sort. To this inn, which to him seemed a castle, he advanced, and at a short distance from it he checked Rocinante, hoping that some dwarf would show himself upon the battlements, and by sound of trumpet give notice that a knight was approaching the castle. But seeing that they were slow about it, and that Rocinante was in a hurry to reach the stable, he made for the inn door, and perceived the two gay damsels who were standing there, and who seemed to him to be two fair maidens or lovely ladies taking their ease at the castle gate.

windmills - des moulins a vent, moulin a vent

ascertained - vérifié, constater, définir

towards - vers, envers, pour, pres de

nightfall - a la tombée de la nuit, tombée de la nuit

themselves - eux-memes, se, eux-memes, elles-memes

dead tired - épuisé

discover - découvrir

shepherd - berger, bergere, pasteur, pâtre

shanty - bicoque, baraque

refresh - revigorer, rafraîchir

relieve - soulager, relayer, faire ses besoins, se soulager

sore - douloureux, ulcere

far out - loin

guiding - guidant, dirigeant, (guid) guidant

portals - portails, portique, portail, veine porte

palaces - des palais, palais

redemption - la rédemption, rédemption

quickening - l'accélération, (quicken) l'accélération

pace - rythme, pas

reached - atteint, arriver/parvenir a

setting in - S'installer

district - district, checkrégion

Seville - séville

carriers - des transporteurs, porteuse

chanced - hasardeux, hasard

halt - halte, s'arreter, stop, stopper

turrets - tourelles, tourelle

pinnacles - des pinacles, cime, pic, pinacle

shining - brillant, briller, éclairer

silver - l'argent, argent

Drawbridge - pont-levis

moat - douves, douve

ascribed - attribuée, imputer, attribuer, preter

castles - châteaux, château, château-fort, roquer

advanced - avancé, élever, avancer, avancée, progression, progres

distance - distance, éloigner, checks'éloigner

dwarf - nain, naine

battlements - les créneaux, rempart

trumpet - trompette, trompettiste, barrissement, jouer de la trompette

give notice - donner un préavis

approaching - en approche, (s')approcher (de)

hurry - se dépecher, précipitation, hâte

stable - étable, écurie, stable, ferme

gay - gay, gai

damsels - des demoiselles, demoiselle, jeune femme, jeune fille

fair - équitable, blond, exposition, foire, marché, kermesse, juste

maidens - vierges, jeune fille, jeune femme, demoiselle, pucelle, vierge

lovely - charmant, beau, cher, irritant, amene, délicieux

ladies - mesdames, dame, madame, lady

Gate - la porte, porte

At this moment it so happened that a swineherd who was going through the stubbles collecting a drove of pigs (for, without any apology, that is what they are called) gave a blast of his horn to bring them together, and forthwith it seemed to Don Quixote to be what he was expecting, the signal of some dwarf announcing his arrival; and so with prodigious satisfaction he rode up to the inn and to the ladies, who, seeing a man of this sort approaching in full armour and with lance and buckler, were turning in dismay into the inn, when Don Quixote, guessing their fear by their flight, raising his pasteboard visor, disclosed his dry dusty visage, and with courteous bearing and gentle voice addressed them, "Your ladyships need not fly or fear any rudeness, for that it belongs not to the order of knighthood which I profess to offer to anyone, much less to highborn maidens as your appearance proclaims you to be." The girls were looking at him and straining their eyes to make out the features which the clumsy visor obscured, but when they heard themselves called maidens, a thing so much out of their line, they could not restrain their laughter, which made Don Quixote wax indignant, and say, "Modesty becomes the fair, and moreover laughter that has little cause is great silliness; this, however, I say not to pain or anger you, for my desire is none other than to serve you."

swineherd - porcher, porchere

stubbles - des poils, barbe de trois jours, éteule

collecting - la collecte, collection, (collect) la collecte

apology - des excuses, excuse, apologie

blast - explosion, souffle

horn - corne, cor, klaxon, cuivres

signal - signal, signaler

announcing - annonçant, annoncer

arrival - arrivée, arrivant, arrivante

prodigious - prodigieux

Inn - l'auberge, auberge

turning in - de se transformer

dismay - affliger, mortifier, avoir peur, désarroi, consternation

fear - peur, angoisse, craignent, crainte, crains, craignons

visor - visiere, visiere

disclosed - divulguée, découvrir, laisser voir, révéler, divulguer

dusty - poussiéreux

courteous - courtois, poli

bearing - naissant, coussinet, (bear) naissant

gentle - gentil, doux

ladyships - mesdames et messieurs, Madame

rudeness - l'impolitesse, impolitesse

belongs - appartient, appartenir a

highborn - haut-né, bien né

appearance - l'apparence, apparition, apparence, comparution

proclaims - proclame-t-il, proclamer, déclarer

straining - la tension, (strain) la tension

features - caractéristiques, caractéristique, particularité, spécialité

clumsy - empoté, gauche, lourd, maladroit

obscured - obscurci, obscur, sibyllin, obscurcir

restrain - retenir, contraignez, contraignons, gouverner, contrains

laughter - rires, rire

wax - la cire, cirons, cirez, cire, cirer, cirent

indignant - indigné

modesty - la modestie, modestie

Moreover - de plus, en plus, au surplus, en outre

cause - cause, raison, causer

silliness - la betise, betise, stupidité

pain - douleur, mal, diuleur

anger - la colere, colere, ire, courroux, rage

serve - service, servir, signifier, purger

The incomprehensible language and the unpromising looks of our cavalier only increased the ladies'laughter, and that increased his irritation, and matters might have gone farther if at that moment the landlord had not come out, who, being a very fat man, was a very peaceful one.

incomprehensible - incompréhensible

unpromising - peu prometteur

cavalier - nonchalant, cavalier, chevalier

increased - augmenté, augmenter, croître, accroître, augmentation

irritation - l'irritation, irritation

matters - questions, matiere, affaire, question, cause

landlord - propriétaire, patron

peaceful - paisible

He, seeing this grotesque figure clad in armour that did not match any more than his saddle, bridle, lance, buckler, or corselet, was not at all indisposed to join the damsels in their manifestations of amusement; but, in truth, standing in awe of such a complicated armament, he thought it best to speak him fairly, so he said, "Señor Caballero, if your worship wants lodging, bating the bed (for there is not one in the inn) there is plenty of everything else here." Don Quixote, observing the respectful bearing of the Alcaide of the fortress (for so innkeeper and inn seemed in his eyes), made answer, "Sir Castellan, for me anything will suffice, for

grotesque - grotesque

clad - vetu, nippé, (clothe), vetir, habiller

bridle - bride, brider, refréner, etre susceptible

corselet - corselet, combiné

manifestations - manifestations, manifestation

amusement - l'amusement, amusement

in truth - en vérité

awe - la stupeur, crainte, révérence, admiration

armament - l'armement, force de frappe, forces armées, armement

fairly - équitable, justement, assez

caballero - caballero

worship - culte, adoration, vénération, vénérer, adorer

lodging - l'hébergement, logement, hébergement, verse, (lodge), cabane

bating - bating, batte, raquette

plenty - l'abondance, abondance

observing - l'observation, observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

respectful - respectueux

fortress - forteresse

innkeeper - l'aubergiste, tavernier, hôtelier, aubergiste

castellan - castellan, châtelain

suffice - suffisent, suffire, suffire 2

˜My armour is my only wear,

My only rest the fray.'"

fray - s'effilocher, rixe

The host fancied he called him Castellan because he took him for a "worthy of Castile," though he was in fact an Andalusian, and one from the strand of San Lucar, as crafty a thief as Cacus and as full of tricks as a student or a page. "In that case," said he,

Host - l'hôte, hote, hôte

Castile - Castille

Andalusian - andalouse, andalou, Andaloue, Pure race espagnole

Strand - strand, cordon

crafty - artisanal, rusé, madré

thief - voleur, voleuse

tricks - des astuces, tour, astuce, truc, rench: -neededr, pli

"˜Your bed is on the flinty rock,

Rock - le rocher, bercer, balancer, rupestre, rocher, roc

Your sleep to watch alway;'

alway - toujours

and if so, you may dismount and safely reckon upon any quantity of sleeplessness under this roof for a twelvemonth, not to say for a single night.

dismount - démonter, descendre

safely - prudemment, en toute sécurité

reckon - le reconnaître, considérer

quantity - quantité

sleeplessness - insomnie

roof - toit

twelvemonth - douze mois

single - seul, célibataire f, célibataire, simple

" So saying, he advanced to hold the stirrup for Don Quixote, who got down with great difficulty and exertion (for he had not broken his fast all day), and then charged the host to take great care of his horse, as he was the best bit of flesh that ever ate bread in this world.

stirrup - étrier

difficulty - difficulté

exertion - l'effort, effort, dépense

charged - chargé, frais-p, charge, chef d’accusation, chef d’inculpation

bit - bit, mordis, mordit, mordîmes, mordirent, (bite), mordre

flesh - de la chair, chair, peau, viande, corps, pulpe

The landlord eyed him over but did not find him as good as Don Quixote said, nor even half as good; and putting him up in the stable, he returned to see what might be wanted by his guest, whom the damsels, who had by this time made their peace with him, were now relieving of his armour.

guest - invité, invitée, hôte, rench: invité(e) g

peace - la paix, paix, tranquillité

relieving - soulageant, soulager, relayer, faire ses besoins, se soulager

They had taken off his breastplate and backpiece, but they neither knew nor saw how to open his gorget or remove his make-shift helmet, for he had fastened it with green ribbons, which, as there was no untying the knots, required to be cut.

taken off - enlevé

breastplate - cuirasse, poitrail, plastron

backpiece - le sac a dos

gorget - gorget, gorgerin, hausse-col, gorgerette

shift - changement, quart, équipe, poste, décalage, vitesse

fastened - fixé, attacher, fixer

ribbons - rubans, ruban

untying - le détachement, détacher, délier

knots - nouds, noeud

required - nécessaires, exiger, demander, avoir besoin de, requérir

This, however, he would not by any means consent to, so he remained all the evening with his helmet on, the drollest and oddest figure that can be imagined; and while they were removing his armour, taking the baggages who were about it for ladies of high degree belonging to the castle, he said to them with great sprightliness:

consent - consentir, approuver, agréer, consentement, approbation

remained - est restée, reste, rester, demeurer

drollest - le plus drôle, fantaisiste

oddest - le plus étrange, rench: -neededr, bizarre, étrange, impair

removing - l'enlevement, enlever

baggages - bagages

degree - diplôme, degré, ordre

sprightliness - la luminosité

"Oh, never, surely, was there knight

surely - surement, surement, assurément

So served by hand of dame,

served - servi, service, servir, signifier, purger

by hand - a la main

As served was he, Don Quixote hight,

hight - hauteur

When from his town he came;

With maidens waiting on himself,

Princesses on his hack"

princesses - princesses, princesse

"or Rocinante, for that, ladies mine, is my horse's name, and Don Quixote of La Mancha is my own; for though I had no intention of declaring myself until my achievements in your service and honour had made me known, the necessity of adapting that old ballad of Lancelot to the present occasion has given you the knowledge of my name altogether prematurely.

mine - la mienne, mienne, miniere

declaring - déclarer, expliquer

achievements - les réalisations, réalisation, accomplissement, haut fait

necessity - nécessité, besoin

adapting - s'adapter, adapter

ballad - ballade

Lancelot - lancelot

knowledge - connaissance, science, connaissances, savoir

altogether - tout a fait, completement, en meme temps, quoi qu'il en soit

prematurely - prématurément

A time, however, will come for your ladyships to command and me to obey, and then the might of my arm will show my desire to serve you."

Command - commandement, ordre, maîtrise, commande, commander, ordonner

obey - obéir, obtempérer

The girls, who were not used to hearing rhetoric of this sort, had nothing to say in reply; they only asked him if he wanted anything to eat. "I would gladly eat a bit of something," said Don Quixote, "for I feel it would come very seasonably.

rhetoric - rhétorique

reply - répondre, réponse

gladly - heureusement, volontiers

seasonably - de façon saisonniere

" The day happened to be a Friday, and in the whole inn there was nothing but some pieces of the fish they call in Castile "abadejo," in Andalusia "bacallao," and in some places "curadillo," and in others "troutlet;" so they asked him if he thought he could eat troutlet, for there was no other fish to give him.

call in - appeler

Andalusia - andalousie

troutlet - troutlet

"If there be troutlets enough," said Don Quixote, "they will be the same thing as a trout; for it is all one to me whether I am given eight reals in small change or a piece of eight; moreover, it may be that these troutlets are like veal, which is better than beef, or kid, which is better than goat.

trout - truite

whether - si, que, soit, si oui ou non

reals - Vraiment

small change - un petit changement

veal - veau

kid - enfant, gamin

goat - chevre, chevre, bouc, bique

But whatever it be let it come quickly, for the burden and pressure of arms cannot be borne without support to the inside.

whatever - quoi qu'il en soit, quel que soit, n'importe quel

burden - charge, accablement, alourdissons, alourdir, alourdissez

pressure - pression

borne - porté, supporter

" They laid a table for him at the door of the inn for the sake of the air, and the host brought him a portion of ill-soaked and worse cooked stockfish, and a piece of bread as black and mouldy as his own armour; but a laughable sight it was to see him eating, for having his helmet on and the beaver up, he could not with his own hands put anything into his mouth unless someone else placed it there, and this service one of the ladies rendered him. But to give him anything to drink was impossible, or would have been so had not the landlord bored a reed, and putting one end in his mouth poured the wine into him through the other; all which he bore with patience rather than sever the ribbons of his helmet.

laid - posé, poser

sake - du saké, dans l'intéret de qqn

portion - part, portion

soaked - trempé, tremper, faire tremper, immerger, éponger

stockfish - le stockfish, merluche

mouldy - moisi

laughable - risible, ridicule

beaver - castor

Unless - a moins que, a moins que, sauf si

rendered - rendu, rendre

reed - roseau

poured - versé, verser, se déverser

bore - l'alésage, rencontrer, naquis, ennuyer, acabit, lasser

patience - la patience, patience

sever - sévere, rompre, trancher, sectionner

While this was going on there came up to the inn a sowgelder, who, as he approached, sounded his reed pipe four or five times, and thereby completely convinced Don Quixote that he was in some famous castle, and that they were regaling him with music, and that the stockfish was trout, the bread the whitest, the wenches ladies, and the landlord the castellan of the castle; and consequently he held that his enterprise and sally had been to some purpose. But still it distressed him to think he had not been dubbed a knight, for it was plain to him he could not lawfully engage in any adventure without receiving the order of knighthood.

sowgelder - sowgelder

approached - approché, (s')approcher (de)

pipe - cornemuse, conduit, tuyau, barre verticale, tube, pipe

thereby - et donc, ainsi, de ce fait, par la

completely - completement, completement

Convinced - convaincu, convaincre, persuader

regaling - régaler

wenches - les femmes, jeune fille, jeune femme, fille, servante

consequently - en conséquence

held - détenus, (main)tenir

distressed - en détresse, détresse

lawfully - légalement

engage - s'engager, attirer l'attention, engager, embrayer

receiving - recevant, recevoir


wherein - ou

related - en rapport, raconter, relater

droll - drolatique, fantaisiste

Harassed by this reflection, he made haste with his scanty pothouse supper, and having finished it called the landlord, and shutting himself into the stable with him, fell on his knees before him, saying, "From this spot I rise not, valiant knight, until your courtesy grants me the boon I seek, one that will redound to your praise and the benefit of the human race.

harassed - harcelés, harceler

reflection - réflexion, reflet, eaning 4

haste - hâte

scanty - maigre, insuffisant

pothouse - pothouse

supper - dîner, souper

shutting - la fermeture, fermer

spot - spot, tache, bouton, peu, endroit, zone, détecter, trouver

rise - hausse, remonte, élévation, débout, surcroît

courtesy - courtoisie, politesse, indulgence

grants - des subventions, accorder, admettre

boon - boon, aubaine

seek - chercher

Praise - des louanges, louange, louer, féliciter, prôner, vénérer

benefit - avantages, avantage, bénéfice, subvention, profiter

human - humain

race - course, race

" The landlord, seeing his guest at his feet and hearing a speech of this kind, stood staring at him in bewilderment, not knowing what to do or say, and entreating him to rise, but all to no purpose until he had agreed to grant the boon demanded of him.

bewilderment - la perplexité, ahurissement, confusion, perplexité

Entreating - l'offrande, supplier

no purpose - sans but

Grant - la subvention, accorder, admettre

demanded - demandée, demande, exigence, exiger

"I looked for no less, my lord, from your High Magnificence," replied Don Quixote, "and I have to tell you that the boon I have asked and your liberality has granted is that you shall dub me knight to-morrow morning, and that to-night I shall watch my arms in the chapel of this your castle; thus to-morrow, as I have said, will be accomplished what I so much desire, enabling me lawfully to roam through all the four quarters of the world seeking adventures on behalf of those in distress, as is the duty of chivalry and of knights-errant like myself, whose ambition is directed to such deeds."

looked for - cherché

magnificence - magnificence

replied - a répondu, répondre, réponse

liberality - générosité

granted - accordée, accorder, admettre

Dub - dub, doubler

morrow - lendemain, matin

chapel - chapelle

accomplished - accompli, accomplir

enabling - habilitant, autoriser, permettre, activer

roam - errer

seeking - a la recherche, chercher

distress - la détresse, détresse

Duty - le devoir, devoir, obligation, service, travail, taxe

whose - a qui, de qui, dont, duquel (de + lequel), duquel

Ambition - l'ambition, ambition, ambition (1-5)

directed - dirigée, direct, mettre en scene, ordonner

The landlord, who, as has been mentioned, was something of a wag, and had already some suspicion of his guest's want of wits, was quite convinced of it on hearing talk of this kind from him, and to make sport for the night he determined to fall in with his humour.

mentioned - mentionnée, mentionner

wag - wag, frétiller, remuer, sécher, faire l’école buissonniere

suspicion - suspicion, soupçon

determined - déterminé, déterminer

humour - l'humour, humour, humeur, disposition, amadouer

So he told him he was quite right in pursuing the object he had in view, and that such a motive was natural and becoming in cavaliers as distinguished as he seemed and his gallant bearing showed him to be; and that he himself in his younger days had followed the same honourable calling, roaming in quest of adventures in various parts of the world, among others the Curing-grounds of Malaga, the Isles of Riaran, the Precinct of Seville, the Little Market of Segovia, the Olivera of Valencia, the Rondilla of Granada, the Strand of San Lucar, the Colt of Cordova, the Taverns of Toledo, and divers other quarters, where he had proved the nimbleness of his feet and the lightness of his fingers, doing many wrongs, cheating many widows, ruining maids and swindling minors, and, in short, bringing himself under the notice of almost every tribunal and court of justice in Spain; until at last he had retired to this castle of his, where he was living upon his property and upon that of others; and where he received all knights-errant of whatever rank or condition they might be, all for the great love he bore them and that they might share their substance with him in return for his benevolence. He told him, moreover, that in this castle of his there was no chapel in which he could watch his armour, as it had been pulled down in order to be rebuilt, but that in a case of necessity it might, he knew, be watched anywhere, and he might watch it that night in a courtyard of the castle, and in the morning, God willing, the requisite ceremonies might be performed so as to have him dubbed a knight, and so thoroughly dubbed that nobody could be more so. He asked if he had any money with him, to which Don Quixote replied that he had not a farthing, as in the histories of knights-errant he had never read of any of them carrying any. On this point the landlord told him he was mistaken; for, though not recorded in the histories, because in the author's opinion there was no need to mention anything so obvious and necessary as money and clean shirts, it was not to be supposed therefore that they did not carry them, and he might regard it as certain and established that all knights-errant (about whom there were so many full and unimpeachable books) carried well-furnished purses in case of emergency, and likewise carried shirts and a little box of ointment to cure the wounds they received. For in those plains and deserts where they engaged in combat and came out wounded, it was not always that there was someone to cure them, unless indeed they had for a friend some sage magician to succour them at once by fetching through the air upon a cloud some damsel or dwarf with a vial of water of such virtue that by tasting one drop of it they were cured of their hurts and wounds in an instant and left as sound as if they had not received any damage whatever. But in case this should not occur, the knights of old took care to see that their squires were provided with money and other requisites, such as lint and ointments for healing purposes; and when it happened that knights had no squires (which was rarely and seldom the case) they themselves carried everything in cunning saddle-bags that were hardly seen on the horse's croup, as if it were something else of more importance, because, unless for some such reason, carrying saddle-bags was not very favourably regarded among knights-errant. He therefore advised him (and, as his godson so soon to be, he might even command him) never from that time forth to travel without money and the usual requirements, and he would find the advantage of them when he least expected it.

pursuing - poursuivre, poursuivant, (pursue), rechercher

view - vue, vision, regard, point de vue, opinion, regarder

motive - motif, mobile, theme, motiver, moteur, mouvant

cavaliers - les cavaliers, nonchalant, cavalier, chevalier

gallant - galant, brave, vaillant

honourable - honorable

various - divers

curing - le durcissement, clébard, corniaud, roquet, clebs, chien

Malaga - Malaga

Isles - isles, île

precinct - circonscription, enceinte, district

Valencia - valence, Valencia

Granada - grenade

Colt - colt, poulain, jeunot

taverns - tavernes, taverne

divers - des plongeurs, plongeur, plongeuse

proved - prouvé, prouver

lightness - aisance

fingers - doigts, pointer, tripoter, doigter

cheating - tricherie, tricher

widows - les veuves, veuve

ruining - la ruine, ruinant, (ruin), ruine, ruiner, abîmer

maids - servantes, demoiselle, jeune fille, bonne, bonne a tout faire

swindling - escroquerie, escroquant, (swindle), escroquer, entourlouper

minors - mineurs, mineur

notice - remarquer, notification, préavis, s'apercevoir

tribunal - tribunal

justice - justice, équité, conseiller

Spain - espagne

retired - a la retraite, prendre sa retraite

received - reçu, recevoir

rank - rang, rangée, unie, standing

substance - substance, fond, biens

benevolence - la bienveillance, bienveillance, bénévolence

pulled down - tiré vers le bas

rebuilt - reconstruit, reconstruire

anywhere - n'importe ou, n'importe ou, ou que ce soit, nulle part

courtyard - cour

ceremonies - cérémonies, cérémonie

be performed - etre effectuée

thoroughly - a fond, absolument, completement

farthing - farthing

recorded in - Enregistré dans

mention - mentionner

obvious - évidentes, évident

necessary - nécessaire

supposed - supposé, supposer, imaginer

therefore - par conséquent, en conséquence, donc, pour ça

Certain - certain, quelconque

established - établie, affermir, établir

unimpeachable - irréprochable

furnished - meublé, meubler, fournir, livrer

purses - sacs a main, bourse, portemonnaie, portefeuille, sac a main

case of emergency - un cas d'urgence

likewise - de meme

plains - plaines, simple

deserts - déserts, abandonner

engaged - engagé, attirer l'attention, engager, embrayer

combat - combat, bataille, lutte, combattre

indeed - certainement, vraiment, en effet, bien sur, certes

succour - secours, secourir

fetching - fetching, aller chercher

cloud - nuage, s'obscurcir

damsel - demoiselle, jeune femme, jeune fille

vial - flacon, fiole

virtue - la vertu, vertu

tasting - la dégustation, goutant, (taste), gout, saveur, avant-gout

drop - chute, goutte, tomber

cured - guérie, guérir, soigner

hurts - fait mal, faire mal, blesser, blessé

damage - dommages, dégât, dommage, endommager, abîmer

occur - se produisent, produire

took care - a pris soin

squires - écuyers, (squire) écuyers

provided with - Fourni avec

requisites - conditions requises, nécessaire

lint - peluches, charpie

ointments - pommades, pommade, onguent

healing - la guérison, (heal) la guérison

purposes - objectifs, but, objet

rarely - rarement

seldom - rarement

cunning - astucieux, rusé

hardly - a peine, dur, durement, guere, a peine

croup - croup

favourably - favorablement

regarded - considérée, considérer

advised - conseillé, conseiller, renseigner

godson - filleul

requirements - exigences, exigence, besoin, demande, contrainte

advantage - avantage, avantager, favoriser

expected - attendue, attendre, s'attendre a

Don Quixote promised to follow his advice scrupulously, and it was arranged forthwith that he should watch his armour in a large yard at one side of the inn; so, collecting it all together, Don Quixote placed it on a trough that stood by the side of a well, and bracing his buckler on his arm he grasped his lance and began with a stately air to march up and down in front of the trough, and as he began his march night began to fall.

promised - promis, vou, promesse, promettre

scrupulously - scrupuleusement

arranged - arrangé, arranger, organiser

side - côté, parti, flanc

trough - l'auge, auge (for food), abreuvoir (for drinking), gouttiere

stood by - Se tenir a côté

grasped - saisi, saisir, agripper, comprendre

stately - majestueux, imposant

The landlord told all the people who were in the inn about the craze of his guest, the watching of the armour, and the dubbing ceremony he contemplated.

dubbing - le doublage, doublage, (dub) le doublage

ceremony - cérémonie

contemplated - envisagée, envisager, étudier, contempler

Full of wonder at so strange a form of madness, they flocked to see it from a distance, and observed with what composure he sometimes paced up and down, or sometimes, leaning on his lance, gazed on his armour without taking his eyes off it for ever so long; and as the night closed in with a light from the moon so brilliant that it might vie with his that lent it, everything the novice knight did was plainly seen by all.

wonder - merveille, se demander, conjecturer

strange - étrange, anormal, inconnu, étranger

madness - la folie, folie

flocked - floqué, troupeau

observed - observée, observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

composure - le sang-froid, calme, quiétude

leaning - penchant, adossant, (lean) penchant

gazed - regardé, fixer

moon - lune

brilliant - brillante, brillant, perle

vie - vie, concourir, rivaliser, etre en compétition pour

lent - preté, pretés, preta, pretâmes, pretai, pretées, (lend) preté

plainly - en toute clarté, simplement, clairement

Meanwhile one of the carriers who were in the inn thought fit to water his team, and it was necessary to remove Don Quixote's armour as it lay on the trough; but he seeing the other approach hailed him in a loud voice, "O thou, whoever thou art, rash knight that comest to lay hands on the armour of the most valorous errant that ever girt on sword, have a care what thou dost; touch it not unless thou wouldst lay down thy life as the penalty of thy rashness." The carrier gave no heed to these words (and he would have done better to heed them if he had been heedful of his health), but seizing it by the straps flung the armour some distance from him. Seeing this, Don Quixote raised his eyes to heaven, and fixing his thoughts, apparently, upon his lady Dulcinea, exclaimed, "Aid me, lady mine, in this the first encounter that presents itself to this breast which thou holdest in subjection; let not thy favour and protection fail me in this first jeopardy;" and, with these words and others to the same purpose, dropping his buckler he lifted his lance with both hands and with it smote such a blow on the carrier's head that he stretched him on the ground, so stunned that had he followed it up with a second there would have been no need of a surgeon to cure him. This done, he picked up his armour and returned to his beat with the same serenity as before.

Meanwhile - pendant ce temps

lay on - s'allonger

approach - approche, approchons, abordent, abordez, rapprochons

hailed - salué, grele

loud - bruyante, fort

comest - vient

valorous - valeureux

girt - girt, (gird) girt

touch - toucher, émouvoir, contact

wouldst - serait

thy - de l'homme, ton/ta, tes

penalty - pénalité, penalisation, peine

rashness - témérité, irréflexion

carrier - transporteur, porteuse

heedful - attentif

seizing - la saisie, emparant, (seize), saisir, emparer

straps - sangles, sangle, courroie, laniere, bandouliere

flung - jeté, lancer

raised - soulevée, (sou)lever

Heaven - le paradis, ciel, paradis, au-dela, cieux

apparently - apparemment, évidemment, en apparence

exclaimed - s'est exclamé, exclamer

aid - l'aide, aider, aide, assister, secourir

encounter - rencontrer, rencontre

itself - elle-meme, se, soi-meme

breast - sein, poitrine, cour, poitrail, blanc

subjection - l'assujettissement, soumission

favour - favorable, faveur, complaisance, favoriser

protection - protection

fail - échouer

jeopardy - en péril, danger, péril, risque

dropping - de la chute, crotte, fiente, (drop) de la chute

lifted - soulevée, soulever

smote - smote, frapper

blow - souffler, soufflons, soufflent, soufflez, coup

stretched - étiré, étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

ground - sol, foncierere, terre, terrain, (grind) sol

stunned - stupéfait, étourdir, étonner, époustoufler

surgeon - chirurgien, chirurgienne

cure - guérir, guérissez, guérissent, cicatriser, guérison

picked - choisi, pioche, passe-partout, choix, écran, prendre, cueillir

beat - battre

serenity - la sérénité, sérénité

as before - comme avant

Shortly after this, another, not knowing what had happened (for the carrier still lay senseless), came with the same object of giving water to his mules, and was proceeding to remove the armour in order to clear the trough, when Don Quixote, without uttering a word or imploring aid from anyone, once more dropped his buckler and once more lifted his lance, and without actually breaking the second carrier's head into pieces, made more than three of it, for he laid it open in four. At the noise all the people of the inn ran to the spot, and among them the landlord. Seeing this, Don Quixote braced his buckler on his arm, and with his hand on his sword exclaimed, "O Lady of Beauty, strength and support of my faint heart, it is time for thee to turn the eyes of thy greatness on this thy captive knight on the brink of so mighty an adventure." By this he felt himself so inspired that he would not have flinched if all the carriers in the world had assailed him. The comrades of the wounded perceiving the plight they were in began from a distance to shower stones on Don Quixote, who screened himself as best he could with his buckler, not daring to quit the trough and leave his armour unprotected. The landlord shouted to them to leave him alone, for he had already told them that he was mad, and as a madman he would not be accountable even if he killed them all. Still louder shouted Don Quixote, calling them knaves and traitors, and the lord of the castle, who allowed knights-errant to be treated in this fashion, a villain and a low-born knight whom, had he received the order of knighthood, he would call to account for his treachery. "But of you," he cried, "base and vile rabble, I make no account; fling, strike, come on, do all ye can against me, ye shall see what the reward of your folly and insolence will be." This he uttered with so much spirit and boldness that he filled his assailants with a terrible fear, and as much for this reason as at the persuasion of the landlord they left off stoning him, and he allowed them to carry off the wounded, and with the same calmness and composure as before resumed the watch over his armour.

shortly - dans peu de temps, rapidement, brievement

mules - mules, mulet/mule

proceeding - la poursuite de la procédure, acte, (proceed), avancer

clear - clair, transparent, libre, dégagé, sans ambiguité, s'éclaircir

uttering - prononcer, (utter) prononcer

dropped - a déposé, goutte

actually - en fait, effectivement

noise - bruit, vacarme, brouhaha, boucan

faint - évanouissement, s'évanouir, défailles, défaillez, défaillir

brink - au bord du gouffre, bord, lisiere

mighty - puissant

inspired - inspirée, inspirer

flinched - a tressailli, tressaillir

assailed - assailli, assaillir

comrades - camarades, camaradef, camarade

perceiving - percevoir, apercevant, (perceive)

plight - situation difficile, situation critique

stones - des pierres, pierre, t+roche, t+caillou, t+roc

screened - filtrée, paravent, écran

daring - audacieux, courageux, checktéméraire, checkhardi

quit - démissionner, quittons, quittez, démissioner, quittent

shouted - crié, cri

mad - fou, folle, fol, fâché, en colere

accountable - responsable

killed - tué, tuer

louder - plus fort, fort

knaves - des chevaliers, page, voyou, fourbe, valet

traitors - des traîtres, traître, traîtresse, trahir

allowed - autorisé, laisser, accorder, permettre

treated - traité, négocier, traiter, régaler, guérir

villain - scélérat, méchant, vilain, paysan

treachery - trahison, traîtrise

cried - pleuré, pleurer, crier, hurler, gueuler, pleur, cri

base - base, baser, basent, socle, basez, Assise, basons

vile - vil

rabble - la populace, cohue

fling - flirt, brandir

strike - greve, biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre, faire greve

ye - ou, lequel

Reward - récompense, récompenser

folly - folie, sottise

insolence - insolence

uttered - prononcée, complet, total

boldness - l'audace, audace

assailants - des assaillants, agresseur, assaillant

persuasion - la persuasion, persuasion

stoning - la lapidation, pierre, t+roche, t+caillou, t+roc

carry off - emporter

calmness - le calme, calme

resumed - reprise, reprendre

But these freaks of his guest were not much to the liking of the landlord, so he determined to cut matters short and confer upon him at once the unlucky order of knighthood before any further misadventure could occur; so, going up to him, he apologised for the rudeness which, without his knowledge, had been offered to him by these low people, who, however, had been well punished for their audacity. As he had already told him, he said, there was no chapel in the castle, nor was it needed for what remained to be done, for, as he understood the ceremonial of the order, the whole point of being dubbed a knight lay in the accolade and in the slap on the shoulder, and that could be administered in the middle of a field; and that he had now done all that was needful as to watching the armour, for all requirements were satisfied by a watch of two hours only, while he had been more than four about it. Don Quixote believed it all, and told him he stood there ready to obey him, and to make an end of it with as much despatch as possible; for, if he were again attacked, and felt himself to be dubbed knight, he would not, he thought, leave a soul alive in the castle, except such as out of respect he might spare at his bidding.

freaks - des monstres, monstre, anormal

unlucky - malchanceux, poissard

further - encourager, ultérieur, plus loin, de plus, (furth)

misadventure - mésaventure

offered - proposé, offrir, proposer

low - faible, inférieure

punished - puni, punir, châtier

audacity - l'audace, audace, toupet, culot

ceremonial - cérémonial

lay in - s'allonger

slap - gifle, claque, gifler

administered - administré, administrer, gérer

Middle - au milieu, milieu, moyen, central

needful - nécessaire

despatch - expédition

attacked - attaqué, attaque, attaquer, apostropher

alive - en vie, vivant

Except - sauf, faire une exception

respect - respect, respecter

bidding - impératifs, (bid) impératifs

Thus warned and menaced, the castellan forthwith brought out a book in which he used to enter the straw and barley he served out to the carriers, and, with a lad carrying a candle-end, and the two damsels already mentioned, he returned to where Don Quixote stood, and bade him kneel down.

warned - averti, avertir, alerter, prévenir

menaced - menacé, menace

brought out - Mis en évidence

enter - entrer, rench: t-needed r, taper, saisir

straw - paille, fétu, jaune paille

barley - de l'orge, orge

candle - bougie, chandelle

bade - Bade

kneel - s'agenouiller

Then, reading from his account-book as if he were repeating some devout prayer, in the middle of his delivery he raised his hand and gave him a sturdy blow on the neck, and then, with his own sword, a smart slap on the shoulder, all the while muttering between his teeth as if he was saying his prayers.

account - compte, supputation, demande

prayer - oraison, priere

sturdy - solide, costaud, robuste

neck - cou, kiki

smart - intelligent, rusé, bath, fringant, roublard, maligne

muttering - marmonner, grommellement, (mutter) marmonner

Having done this, he directed one of the ladies to gird on his sword, which she did with great self-possession and gravity, and not a little was required to prevent a burst of laughter at each stage of the ceremony; but what they had already seen of the novice knight's prowess kept their laughter within bounds.

gird - gird

self - soi, soi-meme

possession - bien, possession, propriété, possessions

gravity - la gravité, gravité, pesanteur

prevent - prévenir, empecher

burst of laughter - un éclat de rire

stage - scene, étape, phase, scene, caleche, platine, mettre en scene

within - a l'intérieur, dedans, avant, d'ici

On girding him with the sword the worthy lady said to him, "May God make your worship a very fortunate knight, and grant you success in battle." Don Quixote asked her name in order that he might from that time forward know to whom he was beholden for the favour he had received, as he meant to confer upon her some portion of the honour he acquired by the might of his arm.

girding - Ceinture, (gird) Ceinture

God - dieu, idolâtrer, déifier

battle - bataille, combat

forward - avant, acheminent, acheminer, avanten, acheminons

beholden - redevable

acquired - acquis, acquérir

She answered with great humility that she was called La Tolosa, and that she was the daughter of a cobbler of Toledo who lived in the stalls of Sanchobienaya, and that wherever she might be she would serve and esteem him as her lord. Don Quixote said in reply that she would do him a favour if thenceforward she assumed the "Don" and called herself Doña Tolosa.

humility - l'humilité, humilité

cobbler - un cordon ombilical

stalls - des décrochages, stalle

wherever - ou

esteem - estime, respect, respecter

Thenceforward - a l'avenir

assumed - supposé, supposer, présupposer, présumer, assumer, adopter

She promised she would, and then the other buckled on his spur, and with her followed almost the same conversation as with the lady of the sword.

buckled - bouclé, boucle

spur - éperon, eperon

He asked her name, and she said it was La Molinera, and that she was the daughter of a respectable miller of Antequera; and of her likewise Don Quixote requested that she would adopt the "Don" and call herself Doña Molinera, making offers to her further services and favours.

respectable - respectable, convenable

miller - miller, Meunier, Dumoulin

requested - demandée, demander, prier, requete, demande

adopt - adopter

offers to - proposer

services - services, (de) service

favours - des faveurs, service

Having thus, with hot haste and speed, brought to a conclusion these never-till-now-seen ceremonies, Don Quixote was on thorns until he saw himself on horseback sallying forth in quest of adventures; and saddling Rocinante at once he mounted, and embracing his host, as he returned thanks for his kindness in knighting him, he addressed him in language so extraordinary that it is impossible to convey an idea of it or report it. The landlord, to get him out of the inn, replied with no less rhetoric though with shorter words, and without calling upon him to pay the reckoning let him go with a Godspeed.

thorns - épines, épine, thorn

horseback - a cheval, a cheval

saddling - la mise en selle, selle

embracing - embrasser, étreindre, accolade

kindness - la gentillesse, bonté

knighting - l'adoubement, chevalier

extraordinary - extraordinaire

convey - transmettre, transporter, véhiculer, communiquer

reckoning - le calcul, calculer, estimer

Godspeed - godspeed, bonne chance, bon courage


Day was dawning when Don Quixote quitted the inn, so happy, so gay, so exhilarated at finding himself now dubbed a knight, that his joy was like to burst his horse-girths.

quitted - a démissionné, quitter, abandonner

joy - joie

burst - l'éclatement, éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser

girths - les circonférences, circonférence, maille

However, recalling the advice of his host as to the requisites he ought to carry with him, especially that referring to money and shirts, he determined to go home and provide himself with all, and also with a squire, for he reckoned upon securing a farm-labourer, a neighbour of his, a poor man with a family, but very well qualified for the office of squire to a knight.

recalling - rappelant, rappeler, souvenir

provide - fournir, procurer, pourvoir

squire - chaperonner

reckoned - a calculé, considérer

securing - sécurisation, sur, sécuriser

farm-labourer - (farm-labourer) ouvrier agricole

qualified for - qualifié pour

With this object he turned his horse's head towards his village, and Rocinante, thus reminded of his old quarters, stepped out so briskly that he hardly seemed to tread the earth.

reminded - rappelée, rappeler

stepped out - sorti

briskly - rapidement, vivement

tread - la bande de roulement, piétiner, escabeau

He had not gone far, when out of a thicket on his right there seemed to come feeble cries as of someone in distress, and the instant he heard them he exclaimed, "Thanks be to heaven for the favour it accords me, that it so soon offers me an opportunity of fulfilling the obligation I have undertaken, and gathering the fruit of my ambition.

thicket - fourré, maquis

feeble - faible

cries - pleure, pleurer, crier, hurler, gueuler, pleur, cri

accords - accords, entente, accorder

offers - offres, offrir, proposer

fulfilling - épanouissant, profondément satisfaisant

obligation - obligation, engagement, checkobligation

undertaken - entrepris, entreprendre

gathering - rassemblement, cueillant, amassant, ramassage

These cries, no doubt, come from some man or woman in want of help, and needing my aid and protection;" and wheeling, he turned Rocinante in the direction whence the cries seemed to proceed. He had gone but a few paces into the wood, when he saw a mare tied to an oak, and tied to another, and stripped from the waist upwards, a youth of about fifteen years of age, from whom the cries came.

wheeling - rouler, Le roulage, (wheel), roue, barre

direction - direction

proceed - avancer, procéder

paces - des allures, pas

wood - du bois, (de) bois

mare - jument

tied - attachée, attacher

oak - chene, chene, chenes

stripped - dépouillé, enlever

youth - la jeunesse, jeunesse, jeune, jeune homme, les jeunes

Nor were they without cause, for a lusty farmer was flogging him with a belt and following up every blow with scoldings and commands, repeating, "Your mouth shut and your eyes open!" while the youth made answer, "I won't do it again, master mine; by God's passion I won't do it again, and I'll take more care of the flock another time."

lusty - lascive

flogging - la flagellation, flagellation, (flog) la flagellation

belt - ceinture, courroie, région

commands - des commandes, commandement, ordre, maîtrise

shut - fermé, fermer

passion - passion

flock - troupeau

another time - une autre fois

Seeing what was going on, Don Quixote said in an angry voice, "Discourteous knight, it ill becomes you to assail one who cannot defend himself; mount your steed and take your lance" (for there was a lance leaning against the oak to which the mare was tied), "and I will make you know that you are behaving as a coward.

discourteous - discourtois

assail - agresser, assaillir

defend - défendre

mount - monter, montent, montez, montons

behaving - se comporter, comporter

coward - lâche, couard, couarde, poltron, poltronne

" The farmer, seeing before him this figure in full armour brandishing a lance over his head, gave himself up for dead, and made answer meekly, "Sir Knight, this youth that I am chastising is my servant, employed by me to watch a flock of sheep that I have hard by, and he is so careless that I lose one every day, and when I punish him for his carelessness and knavery he says I do it out of niggardliness, to escape paying him the wages I owe him, and before God, and on my soul, he lies."

brandishing - brandir

dead - morts, mort, milieu, cour, profondeurs

meekly - docilement, humblement

chastising - des réprimandes, chatier

servant - serviteur, domestique, servante, checkserviteur

employed - employés, employer, embaucher, recruter

flock of sheep - un troupeau de moutons

punish - punir, châtier

carelessness - l'insouciance, négligence, incurie

knavery - l'esclavage, coup

niggardliness - la nigardise

escape - échapper, s'échapper, éviter, échapper (a quelqu'un), évasion

wages - les salaires, s'engager dans

owe - doit, devoir

lies - mensonges, mensonge

"Lies before me, base clown!" said Don Quixote. "By the sun that shines on us I have a mind to run you through with this lance. Pay him at once without another word; if not, by the God that rules us I will make an end of you, and annihilate you on the spot; release him instantly."

clown - clown, clownesse, pitre, bouffon

shines - brille, briller, éclairer

annihilate - annihiler, anéantir

release - libération, lâcher, laisser, acquitement, libérent

instantly - instantanément, instamment

The farmer hung his head, and without a word untied his servant, of whom Don Quixote asked how much his master owed him.

hung - accroché, suspendre, etre accroché

untied - détaché, détacher, délier

owed - du, devoir

He replied, nine months at seven reals a month. Don Quixote added it up, found that it came to sixty-three reals, and told the farmer to pay it down immediately, if he did not want to die for it.

immediately - immédiatement, tout de suite, aussitôt

The trembling clown replied that as he lived and by the oath he had sworn (though he had not sworn any) it was not so much; for there were to be taken into account and deducted three pairs of shoes he had given him, and a real for two blood-lettings when he was sick.

oath - serment, juron, jurer

sworn - assermenté, jurer

deducted - déduit, décompter, déduire

"All that is very well," said Don Quixote; "but let the shoes and the blood-lettings stand as a setoff against the blows you have given him without any cause; for if he spoiled the leather of the shoes you paid for, you have damaged that of his body, and if the barber took blood from him when he was sick, you have drawn it when he was sound; so on that score he owes you nothing."

setoff - compensation

blows - coups, (blow) coups

spoiled - gâté, gâter, gâcher, tourner, dévoiler, révéler

leather - cuir, de cuir

damaged - endommagé, dégât, dommage, endommager, abîmer

score - nombre de point oints, score, note, vingtaine

owes - doit, devoir

"The difficulty is, Sir Knight, that I have no money here; let Andres come home with me, and I will pay him all, real by real."

"I go with him!" said the youth. "Nay, God forbid! No, señor, not for the world; for once alone with me, he would flay me like a saint Bartholomew."

Nay - nay, ou plutôt, voire, que dis-je

forbid - interdire, nier, dénier

flay - écorces

saint - Saint

"He will do nothing of the kind," said Don Quixote; "I have only to command, and he will obey me; and as he has sworn to me by the order of knighthood which he has received, I leave him free, and I guarantee the payment."

guarantee - garantie, garantir

payment - paiement, payement

"Consider what you are saying, señor," said the youth; "this master of mine is not a knight, nor has he received any order of knighthood; for he is Juan Haldudo the Rich, of Quintanar."

Consider - envisager, considérer, examiner, réfléchir, songer

"That matters little," replied Don Quixote; "there may be Haldudos knights; moreover, everyone is the son of his works."

"That is true," said Andres; "but this master of mine"of what works is he the son, when he refuses me the wages of my sweat and labour?"

refuses - refuse, refuser de

sweat - de la sueur, transpirer, suer, transpiration

labour - le travail, effort, travail, labeur, besogne, travailleurs

"I do not refuse, brother Andres," said the farmer, "be good enough to come along with me, and I swear by all the orders of knighthood there are in the world to pay you as I have agreed, real by real, and perfumed."

refuse - refuser, refusons, refusent, refusez

swear - jurer, blasphémer, jurez, jurons, jurent

perfumed - parfumé, parfum, fragrance, parfumer

"For the perfumery I excuse you," said Don Quixote; "give it to him in reals, and I shall be satisfied; and see that you do as you have sworn; if not, by the same oath I swear to come back and hunt you out and punish you; and I shall find you though you should lie closer than a lizard.

perfumery - parfumerie

Excuse - pardon, excuser, pardonner, justifier, prétexte, excuse

be satisfied - etre satisfait

hunt - chasser, chercher, chasse

Lizard - lézard

And if you desire to know who it is lays this command upon you, that you be more firmly bound to obey it, know that I am the valorous Don Quixote of La Mancha, the undoer of wrongs and injustices; and so, God be with you, and keep in mind what you have promised and sworn under those penalties that have been already declared to you."

lays - les mensonges, poser

bound - lié, entrain, (bind), lier, attacher, nouer, connecter, coupler

undoer - défaire

penalties - des sanctions, penalisation, peine

declared - déclarée, expliquer, déclarer

So saying, he gave Rocinante the spur and was soon out of reach. The farmer followed him with his eyes, and when he saw that he had cleared the wood and was no longer in sight, he turned to his boy Andres, and said, "Come here, my son, I want to pay you what I owe you, as that undoer of wrongs has commanded me."

reach - atteindre, parviens, allonge, parvenir, préhension

cleared - autorisé, clair, transparent, libre, dégagé

"My oath on it," said Andres, "your worship will be well advised to obey the command of that good knight"may he live a thousand years"for, as he is a valiant and just judge, by Roque, if you do not pay me, he will come back and do as he said."

judge - juge, juger

"My oath on it, too," said the farmer; "but as I have a strong affection for you, I want to add to the debt in order to add to the payment;" and seizing him by the arm, he tied him up again, and gave him such a flogging that he left him for dead.

debt - de la dette, dette

"Now, Master Andres," said the farmer, "call on the undoer of wrongs; you will find he won't undo that, though I am not sure that I have quite done with you, for I have a good mind to flay you alive." But at last he untied him, and gave him leave to go look for his judge in order to put the sentence pronounced into execution.

call on - Appeler

undo - annuler, défaisons, défont, défais

pronounced - prononcée, déclarer, prononcer, déclamer, lire

Andres went off rather down in the mouth, swearing he would go to look for the valiant Don Quixote of La Mancha and tell him exactly what had happened, and that all would have to be repaid him sevenfold; but for all that, he went off weeping, while his master stood laughing.

swearing - jurant, (swear) jurant

exactly - exactement

repaid - remboursé, rembourser, rendre

sevenfold - septuple

weeping - pleurant, (weep) pleurant

Thus did the valiant Don Quixote right that wrong, and, thoroughly satisfied with what had taken place, as he considered he had made a very happy and noble beginning with his knighthood, he took the road towards his village in perfect self-content, saying in a low voice, "Well mayest thou this day call thyself fortunate above all on earth, O Dulcinea del Toboso, fairest of the fair!

noble - noble, aristocrate, aristocratique

mayest - peut

thyself - toi-meme

fairest - le plus juste, blond

since it has fallen to thy lot to hold subject and submissive to thy full will and pleasure a knight so renowned as is and will be Don Quixote of La Mancha, who, as all the world knows, yesterday received the order of knighthood, and hath to-day righted the greatest wrong and grievance that ever injustice conceived and cruelty perpetrated: who hath to-day plucked the rod from the hand of yonder ruthless oppressor so wantonly lashing that tender child."

fallen to - Tomber

grievance - grief

injustice - l'injustice, injustice

conceived - conçu, concevoir, tomber enceinte

cruelty - la cruauté, cruauté

perpetrated - perpétrés, perpétrer, commettre

plucked - plumé, tirer, pincer, plumer, voler, abats-p, persévérance

rod - tige, canne a peche, verges, bite, paf, pine, queue, vit, zob

yonder - la-bas, la-bas

ruthless - impitoyable

oppressor - oppresseur

wantonly - a tort et a travers

lashing - amarrant, (lash) amarrant

tender - l'appel d'offres, doux, adjudication, affectieux

He now came to a road branching in four directions, and immediately he was reminded of those cross-roads where knights-errant used to stop to consider which road they should take.

branching - la ramification, (branch), branche, rameau, affluent, filiale

directions - des directions, direction

Cross - croix, signe de croix, direct du bras arriere, transversal

In imitation of them he halted for a while, and after having deeply considered it, he gave Rocinante his head, submitting his own will to that of his hack, who followed out his first intention, which was to make straight for his own stable.

imitation - imitation

halted - arreté, (s')arreter

deeply - profondément

submitting - se soumettre, soumettant, (submit), soumettre, présenter

straight - droit, rectiligne, comme il faut, pur, pure, hétéro, tout droit

After he had gone about two miles Don Quixote perceived a large party of people, who, as afterwards appeared, were some Toledo traders, on their way to buy silk at Murcia. There were six of them coming along under their sunshades, with four servants mounted, and three muleteers on foot.

appeared - est apparu, apparaître, paraître, sembler

traders - commerçants, commerçant, trader, marchand

silk - soie

coming along - Avance

sunshades - les parasols, ombrelle, parasol

servants - serviteurs, serviteur, domestique, servante, fr

muleteers - les muletiers, muletier

Scarcely had Don Quixote descried them when the fancy possessed him that this must be some new adventure; and to help him to imitate as far as he could those passages he had read of in his books, here seemed to come one made on purpose, which he resolved to attempt.

descried - décrite, percevoir

imitate - imiter

on purpose - a dessein

attempt - tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat

So with a lofty bearing and determination he fixed himself firmly in his stirrups, got his lance ready, brought his buckler before his breast, and planting himself in the middle of the road, stood waiting the approach of these knights-errant, for such he now considered and held them to be; and when they had come near enough to see and hear, he exclaimed with a haughty gesture, "All the world stand, unless all the world confess that in all the world there is no maiden fairer than the Empress of La Mancha, the peerless Dulcinea del Toboso."

determination - détermination

fixed - fixé, réparer, fixer, préparer, truquer, tricher, réparation

stirrups - étriers, étrier

come near - s'approcher

haughty - hautain, suffisant

gesture - geste, signe

confess - avouer, confesser

maiden - jeune fille, jeune femme, demoiselle, pucelle, vierge

fairer - plus équitable, blond

peerless - sans égal, hors pair, sans pareil

The traders halted at the sound of this language and the sight of the strange figure that uttered it, and from both figure and language at once guessed the craze of their owner; they wished, however, to learn quietly what was the object of this confession that was demanded of them, and one of them, who was rather fond of a joke and was very sharp-witted, said to him, "Sir Knight, we do not know who this good lady is that you speak of; show her to us, for, if she be of such beauty as you suggest, with all our hearts and without any pressure we will confess the truth that is on your part required of us."

wished - souhaité, souhait, souhaiter, espérer

quietly - paisablement, tranquillement, quietement

confession - confession

fond - fond, tendre, amoureux

joke - plaisanterie, blague, joke, raté

sharp - pointu, affilé, coupant, affuté, tranchant

witted - d'esprit

hearts - des cours, coeur

"If I were to show her to you," replied Don Quixote, "what merit would you have in confessing a truth so manifest?

merit - mérite, mériter

confessing - confesser, avouer

manifest - manifeste, bordereau, profession de foi, proclamation

The essential point is that without seeing her you must believe, confess, affirm, swear, and defend it; else ye have to do with me in battle, ill-conditioned, arrogant rabble that ye are; and come ye on, one by one as the order of knighthood requires, or all together as is the custom and vile usage of your breed, here do I bide and await you relying on the justice of the cause I maintain."

essential - indispensable, essentiel, fondamental

requires - exige, exiger, demander, avoir besoin de, requérir, nécessiter

custom - coutume, us, connaissance, droit de douane, sur mesure

usage - l'utilisation, usage, coutume

bide - bide, attendre (le bon moment)

await - attendre, s'attendre a, servir, guetter

relying - en se fiant, compter sur

maintain - entretenir, maintenir

"Sir Knight," replied the trader, "I entreat your worship in the name of this present company of princes, that, to save us from charging our consciences with the confession of a thing we have never seen or heard of, and one moreover so much to the prejudice of the Empresses and Queens of the Alcarria and Estremadura, your worship will be pleased to show us some portrait of this lady, though it be no bigger than a grain of wheat; for by the thread one gets at the ball, and in this way we shall be satisfied and easy, and you will be content and pleased; nay, I believe we are already so far agreed with you that even though her portrait should show her blind of one eye, and distilling vermilion and sulphur from the other, we would nevertheless, to gratify your worship, say all in her favour that you desire."

trader - négociant, commerçant, trader, marchand, (trade), commerce

princes - princes, (prince), prince

save - sauver, sauvegarder, épargner, préserver, protéger

charging - charge, frais-p, chef d’accusation, chef d’inculpation

consciences - consciences, conscience

prejudice - préjugés, préjugé, idée préconçue, préjudice

Queens - Les reines, (queen), reine, dame, folle, chatte, promouvoir

portrait - portrait

grain - céréales, grain, graine

wheat - du blé, blé, rench: t-needed r

thread - fil, processus léger, exétron, fil de discussion, filer

blind - aveugle, mal-voyant, mal-voyante, store, blind, aveugler

distilling - la distillation, distillant, (distil), distiller

vermilion - vermillon, vermeil

sulphur - le soufre, soufre

nevertheless - néanmoins, toutefois, pourtant, malgré tout

gratify - gratifier

"She distils nothing of the kind, vile rabble," said Don Quixote, burning with rage, "nothing of the kind, I say, only ambergris and civet in cotton; nor is she one-eyed or humpbacked, but straighter than a Guadarrama spindle: but ye must pay for the blasphemy ye have uttered against beauty like that of my lady."

distils - distille, distiller

rage - rage, furie, fureur, courroux, rager, faire rage

ambergris - ambre gris

Civet - civette

cotton - coton

humpbacked - a bosse

straighter - plus droit, droit, rectiligne, comme il faut, pur, pure, hétéro

spindle - broche, fuseau, essieu

blasphemy - blaspheme, blaspheme

And so saying, he charged with levelled lance against the one who had spoken, with such fury and fierceness that, if luck had not contrived that Rocinante should stumble midway and come down, it would have gone hard with the rash trader.

levelled - nivelé, plat, a ras, au meme niveau, constant, niveau

fierceness - férocité, acharnement

luck - la chance, chance, veine

stumble - chute, faux pas, bourde, trébucher

midway - a mi-parcours, a mi-chemin

rash - éruption cutanée, déviation

Down went Rocinante, and over went his master, rolling along the ground for some distance; and when he tried to rise he was unable, so encumbered was he with lance, buckler, spurs, helmet, and the weight of his old armour; and all the while he was struggling to get up he kept saying, "Fly not, cowards and caitiffs! stay, for not by my fault, but my horse's, am I stretched here."

rolling - rouler, enroulant, roulant, (roll) rouler

unable - incapable, inapte, inhabile

spurs - les éperons, éperon

weight - poids, lest, graisse, alourdir, lester, appesantir

struggling - en difficulté, luttant, (struggle), lutte, lutter, s'efforcer

cowards - des lâches, couard, couarde, poltron, poltronne, froussard

fault - défaut, faute, faille

One of the muleteers in attendance, who could not have had much good nature in him, hearing the poor prostrate man blustering in this style, was unable to refrain from giving him an answer on his ribs; and coming up to him he seized his lance, and having broken it in pieces, with one of them he began so to belabour our Don Quixote that, notwithstanding and in spite of his armour, he milled him like a measure of wheat. His masters called out not to lay on so hard and to leave him alone, but the muleteer's blood was up, and he did not care to drop the game until he had vented the rest of his wrath, and gathering up the remaining fragments of the lance he finished with a discharge upon the unhappy victim, who all through the storm of sticks that rained on him never ceased threatening heaven, and earth, and the brigands, for such they seemed to him. At last the muleteer was tired, and the traders continued their journey, taking with them matter for talk about the poor fellow who had been cudgelled. He when he found himself alone made another effort to rise; but if he was unable when whole and sound, how was he to rise after having been thrashed and well-nigh knocked to pieces? And yet he esteemed himself fortunate, as it seemed to him that this was a regular knight-errant's mishap, and entirely, he considered, the fault of his horse. However, battered in body as he was, to rise was beyond his power.

attendance - l'assiduité, présence

good nature - bonne nature

prostrate - prostrée, prosterner

refrain from - s'abstenir

ribs - des côtes, côte

seized - saisi, saisir

belabour - bélabour

notwithstanding - nonobstant

milled - broyé, millieme

measure - mesure, mesurer

masters - maîtres, maître/-tresse

muleteer - muletier

vented - ventilé, évent

wrath - colere, fureur, courroux, ire, colere

remaining - restant, reste, rester, demeurer

fragments - fragments, fragment, fragmenter

unhappy - malheureux, triste, mécontent

victim - victime

storm - tempete, orage

sticks - bâtons, enfoncer

ceased - cessé, cesser, s'arreter, cesser de + 'infinitive'

threatening - menaçante, menaçant, (threaten), menacer

brigands - des brigands, brigand, bandit

fellow - un camarade, ensemble, mâle

cudgelled - cudgelled, gourdin

effort - l'effort, effort

thrashed - battu, passer a tabac, rosser

nigh - nuit, proche, pres

esteemed - estimé, estime, respect, respecter

regular - réguliere, régulier, habitué, habituée, habitués, habituées

mishap - mésaventure, adversité

battered - battu, battre

power - pouvoir, puissance, électricité, courant, alimenter


narrative - narratif, récit

Finding, then, that, in fact he could not move, he thought himself of having recourse to his usual remedy, which was to think of some passage in his books, and his craze brought to his mind that about Baldwin and the Marquis of Mantua, when Carloto left him wounded on the mountainside, a story known by heart by the children, not forgotten by the young men, and lauded and even believed by the old folk; and for all that not a whit truer than the miracles of Mahomet. This seemed to him to fit exactly the case in which he found himself, so, making a show of severe suffering, he began to roll on the ground and with feeble breath repeat the very words which the wounded knight of the wood is said to have uttered:

recourse - recours

remedy - remede, remede, recours, remédier

passage - passage, corridoir, couloir

Baldwin - baldwin, Baudouin

mantua - mantua, Mantoue

by heart - par cour

lauded - loué, glorifier, célébrer, exalter

folk - folklorique, populaire, peuple

miracles - des miracles, miracle

severe - sévere, grave, sévere

suffering - la souffrance, souffrance, douleur

roll on - rouler

breath - respiration, souffle, haleine

Where art thou, lady mine, that thou

my sorrow dost not rue?

my sorrow - mon chagrin

rue - rue

Thou canst not know it, lady mine,

Or else thou art untrue.

And so he went on with the ballad as far as the lines:

O noble Marquis of Mantua,

My Uncle and liege lord!

Liege - liege, suzerain, vassal, lige

As chance would have it, when he had got to this line there happened to come by a peasant from his own village, a neighbour of his, who had been with a load of wheat to the mill, and he, seeing the man stretched there, came up to him and asked him who he was and what was the matter with him that he complained so dolefully.

chance - chance, hasard

peasant - paysan, paysanne, rustique

load - charge, chargement, fardeau

Mill - moulin, bahut, moulons, mouds, moulez, moulent

complained - s'est plaint, se plaindre, porter plainte

dolefully - avec tristesse

Don Quixote was firmly persuaded that this was the Marquis of Mantua, his uncle, so the only answer he made was to go on with his ballad, in which he told the tale of his misfortune, and of the loves of the Emperor's son and his wife all exactly as the ballad sings it.

persuaded - persuadé, persuader, convaincre

misfortune - malchance, mésaventure, malheur

The peasant stood amazed at hearing such nonsense, and relieving him of the visor, already battered to pieces by blows, he wiped his face, which was covered with dust, and as soon as he had done so he recognised him and said, "Señor Quixada" (for so he appears to have been called when he was in his senses and had not yet changed from a quiet country gentleman into a knight-errant), "who has brought your worship to this pass?" But to all questions the other only went on with his ballad.

amazed - stupéfait, stupéfier

wiped - essuyé, essuyer

dust - la poussiere, poussiere, épousseter, pulvériser

Appears - apparaît, apparaître, paraître, sembler

senses - sens, acception, sentir

Seeing this, the good man removed as well as he could his breastplate and backpiece to see if he had any wound, but he could perceive no blood nor any mark whatever.

removed - supprimée, enlever

wound - blessons, blessent, blessez, blessure, blesser

perceive - percevoir

mark - marque, Marc

He then contrived to raise him from the ground, and with no little difficulty hoisted him upon his ass, which seemed to him to be the easiest mount for him; and collecting the arms, even to the splinters of the lance, he tied them on Rocinante, and leading him by the bridle and the ass by the halter he took the road for the village, very sad to hear what absurd stuff Don Quixote was talking.

raise - augmenter, levent, arborent, entonner, levez, élever, levons

hoisted - hissé, hisser

ass - cul, aliboron, ane, âne

leading - dirigeante, (lead) dirigeante

halter - licou, (halt) licou

absurd - absurde

stuff - trucs, truc, substance (1), checkmachin (2), checktruc (2)

Nor was Don Quixote less so, for what with blows and bruises he could not sit upright on the ass, and from time to time he sent up sighs to heaven, so that once more he drove the peasant to ask what ailed him.

bruises - des bleus, contusionner, meurtrir, taler, cotir, se taler

upright - debout, integre, montant

sighs - soupirs, soupirer

ailed - ailed, souffrir

And it could have been only the devil himself that put into his head tales to match his own adventures, for now, forgetting Baldwin, he bethought himself of the Moor Abindarraez, when the Alcaide of Antequera, Rodrigo de Narvaez, took him prisoner and carried him away to his castle; so that when the peasant again asked him how he was and what ailed him, he gave him for reply the same words and phrases that the captive Abindarraez gave to Rodrigo de Narvaez, just as he had read the story in the "Diana" of Jorge de Montemayor where it is written, applying it to his own case so aptly that the peasant went along cursing his fate that he had to listen to such a lot of nonsense; from which, however, he came to the conclusion that his neighbour was mad, and so made all haste to reach the village to escape the wearisomeness of this harangue of Don Quixote's; who, at the end of it, said, "Señor Don Rodrigo de Narvaez, your worship must know that this fair Xarifa I have mentioned is now the lovely Dulcinea del Toboso, for whom I have done, am doing, and will do the most famous deeds of chivalry that in this world have been seen, are to be seen, or ever shall be seen."

devil - Diable, Satan, type

tales - contes, conte, récit

moor - lande, lier, attacher

prisoner - prisonnier, prisonniere

Diana - diana, Diane

applying - s'appliquant, appliquer (sur)

cursing - maudissant, (curs) maudissant

fate - le destin, destin, destinée, sort

wearisomeness - la lassitude

harangue - harangue, sermon, remontrance, sermonner

To this the peasant answered, "Señor"sinner that I am!"cannot your worship see that I am not Don Rodrigo de Narvaez nor the Marquis of Mantua, but Pedro Alonso your neighbour, and that your worship is neither Baldwin nor Abindarraez, but the worthy gentleman Señor Quixada?"

sinner - pécheur, pécheresse

"I know who I am," replied Don Quixote, "and I know that I may be not only those I have named, but all the Twelve Peers of France and even all the Nine Worthies, since my achievements surpass all that they have done all together and each of them on his own account."

peers - des pairs, pair

France - la france, France

surpass - surpasser, dépasser, excéder

With this talk and more of the same kind they reached the village just as night was beginning to fall, but the peasant waited until it was a little later that the belaboured gentleman might not be seen riding in such a miserable trim.

miserable - misérable

trim - de l'habillage, tailler, compenser, compensation

When it was what seemed to him the proper time he entered the village and went to Don Quixote's house, which he found all in confusion, and there were the curate and the village barber, who were great friends of Don Quixote, and his housekeeper was saying to them in a loud voice, "What does your worship think can have befallen my master, Señor Licentiate Pero Perez?

proper - appropriée, approprié, convenable, exact, juste, propre

entered - a pénétré, entrer, rench: -neededr, taper, saisir

in confusion - dans la confusion

licentiate - licencié, diplomé, diplomée

" for so the curate was called; "it is three days now since anything has been seen of him, or the hack, or the buckler, lance, or armour. Miserable me!

I am certain of it, and it is as true as that I was born to die, that these accursed books of chivalry he has, and has got into the way of reading so constantly, have upset his reason; for now I remember having often heard him saying to himself that he would turn knight-errant and go all over the world in quest of adventures.

constantly - constamment, en boucle

upset - fâché, dérangé, perturbé, bouleversé, remué, énerver

To the devil and Barabbas with such books, that have brought to ruin in this way the finest understanding there was in all La Mancha!"

ruin - la ruine, ruine, ruiner, abîmer, foutre en l'air

The niece said the same, and, more: "You must know, Master Nicholas""for that was the name of the barber""it was often my uncle's way to stay two days and nights together poring over these unholy books of misventures, after which he would fling the book away and snatch up his sword and fall to slashing the walls; and when he was tired out he would say he had killed four giants like four towers; and the sweat that flowed from him when he was weary he said was the blood of the wounds he had received in battle; and then he would drink a great jug of cold water and become calm and quiet, saying that this water was a most precious potion which the sage Esquife, a great magician and friend of his, had brought him. But I take all the blame upon myself for never having told your worships of my uncle's vagaries, that you might put a stop to them before things had come to this pass, and burn all these accursed books"for he has a great number"that richly deserve to be burned like heretics."

unholy - impie, maléfique, sacré

snatch up - arracher

slashing - la réduction des effectifs, (slash) la réduction des effectifs

tired out - fatigué

towers - tours, tour

flowed - s'est écoulée, couler

weary - fatigué, las, lasser

jug - carafe, pot, récipient, broc, cruche

Calm - calme, tranquille, calme plat, calmer, apaiser

most precious - le plus précieux

potion - potion

blame - blâme, gronder, blâment, blâmons, blâmez, blâmer

worships - vénere, culte, adoration, vénération, vénérer

vagaries - vagabondage, extravagance, caprice

deserve - mériter

burned - brulé, bruler

heretics - hérétiques, hérétique

"So say I too," said the curate, "and by my faith to-morrow shall not pass without public judgment upon them, and may they be condemned to the flames lest they lead those that read to behave as my good friend seems to have behaved."

Faith - la foi, foi, rench:, confiance

public - public

judgment - jugement, sentence, verdict, jugement dernier

condemned - condamnée, condamner, déclarer coupable

flames - flammes, flamme, polémique

lead - du plomb

behaved - s'est-elle comportée, comporter

All this the peasant heard, and from it he understood at last what was the matter with his neighbour, so he began calling aloud, "Open, your worships, to Señor Baldwin and to Señor the Marquis of Mantua, who comes badly wounded, and to Señor Abindarraez, the Moor, whom the valiant Rodrigo de Narvaez, the Alcaide of Antequera, brings captive."

aloud - a haute voix, a voix haute, a haute voix, fort

badly - mal, mauvaisement

At these words they all hurried out, and when they recognised their friend, master, and uncle, who had not yet dismounted from the ass because he could not, they ran to embrace him.

hurried - pressé, précipitation, hâte, dépecher

dismounted - a pied, démonter, descendre

Embrace - étreindre, embrasser, accolade, embrassement, embrassade

"Hold!" said he, "for I am badly wounded through my horse's fault; carry me to bed, and if possible send for the wise Urganda to cure and see to my wounds."

if possible - si possible

send for - envoyer pour

wise - sage, sensé, genre, raisonnable

see to - Voir a

"See there! plague on it!" cried the housekeeper at this: "did not my heart tell the truth as to which foot my master went lame of? To bed with your worship at once, and we will contrive to cure you here without fetching that Hurgada. A curse I say once more, and a hundred times more, on those books of chivalry that have brought your worship to such a pass."

plague - peste, fléau, plaie, calamité, affliger

lame - boiteux

contrive - de l'argent, combiner, inventer

curse - malédiction, maudire, maudisent, maudisons, blasphémer

They carried him to bed at once, and after searching for his wounds could find none, but he said they were all bruises from having had a severe fall with his horse Rocinante when in combat with ten giants, the biggest and the boldest to be found on earth.

searching - a la recherche, recherche, chercher, fouiller

boldest - le plus audacieux, hardi, audacieux

"So, so!" said the curate, "are there giants in the dance? By the sign of the Cross I will burn them to-morrow before the day is over."

sign - signe, signent, signez, placard, caractériser

burn - bruler, s'allumer, brulons, brulez, bruler, cuite, griller

They put a host of questions to Don Quixote, but his only answer to all was"give him something to eat, and leave him to sleep, for that was what he needed most. They did so, and the curate questioned the peasant at great length as to how he had found Don Quixote.

Length - longueur, durée

He told him, and the nonsense he had talked when found and on the way home, all which made the licentiate the more eager to do what he did the next day, which was to summon his friend the barber, Master Nicholas, and go with him to Don Quixote's house.

more eager - plus enthousiaste

summon - convoquer, appeler, convoquez, convoquons


diverting - détourner, dévier, divertir

He was still sleeping; so the curate asked the niece for the keys of the room where the books, the authors of all the mischief, were, and right willingly she gave them. They all went in, the housekeeper with them, and found more than a hundred volumes of big books very well bound, and some other small ones.

mischief - méfaits, espieglerie, betise, polissonnerie, méfait

willingly - volontairement, volontiers

volumes - volumes, volume, tome

The moment the housekeeper saw them she turned about and ran out of the room, and came back immediately with a saucer of holy water and a sprinkler, saying, "Here, your worship, señor licentiate, sprinkle this room; don't leave any magician of the many there are in these books to bewitch us in revenge for our design of banishing them from the world."

turned about - a changé de direction

saucer - soucoupe, sous-tasse

holy water - de l'eau bénite

sprinkler - arroseur, asperseur, gicleur d'incendie, sprinkleur

bewitch - ensorceler, envouter

in revenge - pour se venger

banishing - le bannissement, bannir

The simplicity of the housekeeper made the licentiate laugh, and he directed the barber to give him the books one by one to see what they were about, as there might be some to be found among them that did not deserve the penalty of fire.

simplicity - la simplicité, simplicité

"No," said the niece, "there is no reason for showing mercy to any of them; they have every one of them done mischief; better fling them out of the window into the court and make a pile of them and set fire to them; or else carry them into the yard, and there a bonfire can be made without the smoke giving any annoyance.

mercy - la pitié, miséricorde, pitié

Court - la cour, cour, tribunal, court de tennis, court, courtiser

pile - pile, tapée, pilotis, foule, amas

bonfire - feu de joie, bucher

smoke - la fumée, fumons, griller, fumer, fument, fumée, fumez

annoyance - l'agacement, ennui, nuisance, irritation, checkagacement

" The housekeeper said the same, so eager were they both for the slaughter of those innocents, but the curate would not agree to it without first reading at any rate the titles.

eager - enthousiaste, désireux

slaughter - l'abattage, abattage, carnage, tuerie, massacre, massacrer

innocents - innocents, innocent

rate - taux, taxer, évaluer, tarifaire, dividende, rang

The first that Master Nicholas put into his hand was "The four books of Amadis of Gaul." "This seems a mysterious thing," said the curate, "for, as I have heard say, this was the first book of chivalry printed in Spain, and from this all the others derive their birth and origin; so it seems to me that we ought inexorably to condemn it to the flames as the founder of so vile a sect."

mysterious - mystérieux

printed - imprimée, imprimer, imprimé, empreinte, estampe

derive - tirer, trouver, déduire, conclure, dériver

birth - naissance

inexorably - inexorablement

condemn - condamner, déclarer coupable

founder - fondateur

sect - secte

"Nay, sir," said the barber, "I too, have heard say that this is the best of all the books of this kind that have been written, and so, as something singular in its line, it ought to be pardoned."

singular - singulier

pardoned - gracié, pardon, grâce, pardonner, gracier

"True," said the curate; "and for that reason let its life be spared for the present. Let us see that other which is next to it."

be spared - etre épargnée

"It is," said the barber, "the ˜Sergas de Esplandian,'the lawful son of Amadis of Gaul."

lawful - légale, légal

"Then verily," said the curate, "the merit of the father must not be put down to the account of the son. Take it, mistress housekeeper; open the window and fling it into the yard and lay the foundation of the pile for the bonfire we are to make."

verily - en vérité, vraiment, véritablement, sans aucun doute

Mistress - madame, maîtresse, amante

foundation - fondation, fondement, fond de teint

The housekeeper obeyed with great satisfaction, and the worthy "Esplandian" went flying into the yard to await with all patience the fire that was in store for him.

obeyed - obéi, obéir, obtempérer

in store - en magasin

"Proceed," said the curate.

"This that comes next," said the barber, "is ˜Amadis of Greece,'and, indeed, I believe all those on this side are of the same Amadis lineage."

Greece - la grece, Grece

lineage - la lignée, descendance, lignée, lignage

"Then to the yard with the whole of them," said the curate; "for to have the burning of Queen Pintiquiniestra, and the shepherd Darinel and his eclogues, and the bedevilled and involved discourses of his author, I would burn with them the father who begot me if he were going about in the guise of a knight-errant."

Queen - la reine, reine, dame, folle, chatte, promouvoir, mener a dame

eclogues - les éclogues, églogue

bedevilled - déconcertés, tourmenter, harceler

Involved - impliqué, nécessiter, impliquer

Discourses - discours, conversation

begot - engendré, engendrer, procréer

guise - guise, configuration

"I am of the same mind," said the barber.

"And so am I," added the niece.

"In that case," said the housekeeper, "here, into the yard with them!"

They were handed to her, and as there were many of them, she spared herself the staircase, and flung them down out of the window.

spared - épargnée, espar

staircase - escalier

"Who is that tub there?" said the curate.

tub - baignoire, bassine, rafiot

"This," said the barber, "is ˜Don Olivante de Laura.'"

Laura - laura, Laure

"The author of that book," said the curate, "was the same that wrote ˜The Garden of Flowers,'and truly there is no deciding which of the two books is the more truthful, or, to put it better, the less lying; all I can say is, send this one into the yard for a swaggering fool."

truly - vraiment

more truthful - plus véridique

swaggering - en train de plastronner, (swagger) en train de plastronner

fool - idiot, dinde, fou, bouffon, mat, duper, tromper

"This that follows is ˜Florismarte of Hircania,'" said the barber.

"Señor Florismarte here?" said the curate; "then by my faith he must take up his quarters in the yard, in spite of his marvellous birth and visionary adventures, for the stiffness and dryness of his style deserve nothing else; into the yard with him and the other, mistress housekeeper."

marvellous - merveilleux

visionary - visionnaire, illusoire, imaginaire, prophétique, utopique

stiffness - rigidité, raideur, inflexibilité

dryness - la sécheresse, siccité, sécheresse

"With all my heart, señor," said she, and executed the order with great delight.

executed - exécuté, exécuter, mettre a mort

delight - plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

"This," said the barber, "is ˜The Knight Platir.'"

"An old book that," said the curate, "but I find no reason for clemency in it; send it after the others without appeal;" which was done.

clemency - la clémence, clémence, compassion, pitié, miséricorde

appeal - appel, manifeste, vocation, pourvoi

Another book was opened, and they saw it was entitled, "The Knight of the Cross."

entitled - habilité, intituler

"For the sake of the holy name this book has," said the curate, "its ignorance might be excused; but then, they say, ˜behind the cross there's the devil;'to the fire with it."

holy - saint, sacré, bénit, checksainte

ignorance - l'ignorance, ignorance

excused - excusé, excuser, pardonner, justifier

taking down another book, the barber said, "This is ˜The Mirror of Chivalry.'"

taking down - descendre

mirror - glace, miroir, copie, refléter

"I know his worship," said the curate; "that is where Señor Reinaldos of Montalvan figures with his friends and comrades, greater thieves than Cacus, and the Twelve Peers of France with the veracious historian Turpin; however, I am not for condemning them to more than perpetual banishment, because, at any rate, they have some share in the invention of the famous Matteo Boiardo, whence too the Christian poet Ludovico Ariosto wove his web, to whom, if I find him here, and speaking any language but his own, I shall show no respect whatever; but if he speaks his own tongue I will put him upon my head."

figures - chiffres, figure, forme, personnage, personnalité

thieves - voleurs, voleur, voleuse

historian - historien, historienne

condemning - condamner, déclarer coupable

perpetual - perpétuel

banishment - le bannissement, bannissement

share in - partager

Christian - chrétien, chrétienne, Christian

poet - poete, poete

wove - tisser

web - réseau, panier, poche, âme, âme (de rail), palmure, bobine

tongue - langue, languette

"Well, I have him in Italian," said the barber, "but I do not understand him."

Italian - italien, italophone, Italienne

"Nor would it be well that you should understand him," said the curate, "and on that score we might have excused the Captain if he had not brought him into Spain and turned him into Castilian.

captain - capitaine, capitaine de vaisseau, agir en capitaine, piloter

Castilian - le castillan, castillan, Castillane

He robbed him of a great deal of his natural force, and so do all those who try to turn books written in verse into another language, for, with all the pains they take and all the cleverness they show, they never can reach the level of the originals as they were first produced.

robbed - volé, voler, dévaliser

deal - accord, dispenser, distribuer

force - force, forcez, contrainte, forçons, contraindre, forcent

verse - vers, strophe

pains - douleurs, douleur

cleverness - l'ingéniosité

level - plat, a ras, au meme niveau, constant, niveau, profondeur

originals - les originaux, originel, original

produced - produit, produire, produits-p

In short, I say that this book, and all that may be found treating of those French affairs, should be thrown into or deposited in some dry well, until after more consideration it is settled what is to be done with them; excepting always one ˜Bernardo del Carpio'that is going about, and another called ˜Roncesvalles;'for these, if they come into my hands, shall pass at once into those of the housekeeper, and from hers into the fire without any reprieve."

treating - traiter, traitant, (treat), négocier, régaler, guérir

French - français, tlangue française, t+Français

affairs - affaires, aventure, liaison

thrown - jeté, jeter, lancer

deposited - déposé, dépôt, gisement, acompte, arrhes-p

consideration - considération, checkraison, checkmotif, checkrécompense

excepting - a l'exception de, faire une exception

reprieve - sursis, grâce

To all this the barber gave his assent, and looked upon it as right and proper, being persuaded that the curate was so staunch to the Faith and loyal to the Truth that he would not for the world say anything opposed to them.

assent - l'assentiment, assentir, assentiment

staunch - ferme, fervent, étancher

loyal - loyal, fidele

opposed - opposée, s'opposer a, opposer

Opening another book he saw it was "Palmerin de Oliva," and beside it was another called "Palmerin of England," seeing which the licentiate said, "Let the Olive be made firewood of at once and burned until no ashes even are left; and let that Palm of England be kept and preserved as a thing that stands alone, and let such another case be made for it as that which Alexander found among the spoils of Darius and set aside for the safe keeping of the works of the poet Homer. This book, gossip, is of authority for two reasons, first because it is very good, and secondly because it is said to have been written by a wise and witty king of Portugal. All the adventures at the Castle of Miraguarda are excellent and of admirable contrivance, and the language is polished and clear, studying and observing the style befitting the speaker with propriety and judgment. So then, provided it seems good to you, Master Nicholas, I say let this and ˜Amadis of Gaul'be remitted the penalty of fire, and as for all the rest, let them perish without further question or query."

beside it - a côté

palm - palmier, paume

olive - olive

firewood - du bois de chauffage, bois de chauffage

ashes - des cendres, cendre

preserved - préservée, confiture, conserve, réserve naturelle

spoils - le gâchis, gâter, gâcher, tourner, dévoiler

aside - a part, a côté, en passant, aparté

safe - sur, en sécurité, o longer in danger, sans danger, sur, sauf

gossip - des ragots, commere, commérage, ragot, cancan

authority - l'autorité, autorité

secondly - deuxiemement, deuxiemement

witty - de l'esprit, fin

king - roi, dame

excellent - excellent

admirable - admirable

contrivance - artifice, appareil, dispositif, stratageme

speaker - l'orateur, parleur, parleuse

propriety - la bienséance, décence, correction, bienséance, convenances

provided - fourni, fournir, procurer, pourvoir

remitted - remis, remettre

perish - périr

query - demande, question, requete

"Nay, gossip," said the barber, "for this that I have here is the famous ˜Don Belianis.'"

"Well," said the curate, "that and the second, third, and fourth parts all stand in need of a little rhubarb to purge their excess of bile, and they must be cleared of all that stuff about the Castle of Fame and other greater affectations, to which end let them be allowed the over-seas term, and, according as they mend, so shall mercy or justice be meted out to them; and in the mean time, gossip, do you keep them in your house and let no one read them."

third - troisieme, troisieme, trois, tiers, tierce

rhubarb - rhubarbe

purge - épuration, purge, éliminer

excess - l'exces, exces, franchise, en exces, en trop, excessif

bile - bile, fiel

affectations - affectations, affectation

term - terme, ajournement, listing

mend - réparer, raccommoder, rapiécer, s'améliorer

"With all my heart," said the barber; and not caring to tire himself with reading more books of chivalry, he told the housekeeper to take all the big ones and throw them into the yard. It was not said to one dull or deaf, but to one who enjoyed burning them more than weaving the broadest and finest web that could be; and seizing about eight at a time, she flung them out of the window.

tire - fatiguer, pneu, pneumatique

throw - lancer, jetent, jetez, jetons, mise bas

dull - émoussé, ennuyeux, barbant, mat, terne, sot, obtus

deaf - sourd, les sourds

weaving - le tissage, tissage, (weave) le tissage

broadest - le plus large, large

In carrying so many together she let one fall at the feet of the barber, who took it up, curious to know whose it was, and found it said, "History of the Famous Knight, Tirante el Blanco."

Curious - vous etes curieux, curieux, intéressant, singulier

"God bless me!" said the curate with a shout, "˜Tirante el Blanco'here! Hand it over, gossip, for in it I reckon I have found a treasury of enjoyment and a mine of recreation.

bless - bénir, bénis, bénissez, bénissent, bénissons

shout - crier, cri, jacasser, crient, criez, crions

treasury - trésor public, trésorerie

recreation - récréation, pacification

Here is Don Kyrieleison of Montalvan, a valiant knight, and his brother Thomas of Montalvan, and the knight Fonseca, with the battle the bold Tirante fought with the mastiff, and the witticisms of the damsel Placerdemivida, and the loves and wiles of the widow Reposada, and the empress in love with the squire Hipolito"in truth, gossip, by right of its style it is the best book in the world.

bold - audacieux, gros, épais

fought - combattu, (se) battre

mastiff - mastiff, dogue

witticisms - des traits d'esprit, mot d'esprit, trait d'esprit

widow - veuve

Here knights eat and sleep, and die in their beds, and make their wills before dying, and a great deal more of which there is nothing in all the other books. Nevertheless, I say he who wrote it, for deliberately composing such fooleries, deserves to be sent to the galleys for life. Take it home with you and read it, and you will see that what I have said is true."

dying - teignant, mourant, (dye) teignant

he who - Il qui

deliberately - délibérément

composing - la composition, composer

fooleries - des folies, folie

galleys - les galeres, galere, galée, cambuse

"As you will," said the barber; "but what are we to do with these little books that are left?"

"These must be, not chivalry, but poetry," said the curate; and opening one he saw it was the "Diana" of Jorge de Montemayor, and, supposing all the others to be of the same sort, "these," he said, "do not deserve to be burned like the others, for they neither do nor can do the mischief the books of chivalry have done, being books of entertainment that can hurt no one."

poetry - de la poésie, poésie

supposing - supposer, supposant, (suppose), imaginer

entertainment - divertissement

hurt - faire mal, blesser, blessé

"Ah, señor!" said the niece, "your worship had better order these to be burned as well as the others; for it would be no wonder if, after being cured of his chivalry disorder, my uncle, by reading these, took a fancy to turn shepherd and range the woods and fields singing and piping; or, what would be still worse, to turn poet, which they say is an incurable and infectious malady."

disorder - désordre, trouble

range - chaîne (de montagnes), cuisiniere, sélection, gamme, champ

woods - bois, (de) bois

fields - champs, champ, t+campo, terrain, corps

piping - tuyauterie, (pip) tuyauterie

incurable - incurable

infectious - infectieux

malady - maladie

"The damsel is right," said the curate, "and it will be well to put this stumbling-block and temptation out of our friend's way. To begin, then, with the ˜Diana'of Montemayor.

stumbling-block - (stumbling-block) une pierre d'achoppement

temptation - la tentation, tentation

I am of opinion it should not be burned, but that it should be cleared of all that about the sage Felicia and the magic water, and of almost all the longer pieces of verse: let it keep, and welcome, its prose and the honour of being the first of books of the kind."

magic - la magie, magie, magique, sorcelerie, checkensorcelé

prose - prose

"This that comes next," said the barber, "is the ˜Diana,'entitled the ˜Second Part, by the Salamancan,'and this other has the same title, and its author is Gil Polo."

polo - polo

"As for that of the Salamancan," replied the curate, "let it go to swell the number of the condemned in the yard, and let Gil Polo's be preserved as if it came from Apollo himself: but get on, gossip, and Make haste, for it is growing late."

swell - gonfler, déferlement, se tuméfier

Make haste - Se hâter

"This book," said the barber, opening another, "is the ten books of the ˜Fortune of Love,'written by Antonio de Lofraso, a Sardinian poet."

Sardinian - sarde

"By the orders I have received," said the curate, "since Apollo has been Apollo, and the Muses have been Muses, and poets have been poets, so droll and absurd a book as this has never been written, and in its way it is the best and the most singular of all of this species that have as yet appeared, and he who has not read it may be sure he has never read what is delightful.

muses - muses, muse

poets - poetes, poete

as yet - a ce jour

delightful - délicieux

Give it here, gossip, for I make more account of having found it than if they had given me a cassock of Florence stuff."

cassock - soutane

Florence - florence

He put it aside with extreme satisfaction, and the barber went on, "These that come next are ˜The Shepherd of Iberia,'˜Nymphs of Henares,'and ˜The Enlightenment of Jealousy.'"

extreme - extreme, extreme, excessif, excessive

Iberia - Iberia

nymphs - nymphes, nymphe

enlightenment - l'illumination, illumination

jealousy - jalousie, envie

"Then all we have to do," said the curate, "is to hand them over to the secular arm of the housekeeper, and ask me not why, or we shall never have done."

secular - laique, séculier, laique, mondain, séculaire, profane

"This next is the ˜Pastor de FĂ­lida.'"

pastor - pasteur

"No Pastor that," said the curate, "but a highly polished courtier; let it be preserved as a precious jewel."

courtier - courtisan

precious - précieux

jewel - joyau, bijou, pierre d'horlogerie, rubis

"This large one here," said the barber, "is called ˜The Treasury of various Poems.'"

poems - poemes, poeme

"If there were not so many of them," said the curate, "they would be more relished: this book must be weeded and cleansed of certain vulgarities which it has with its excellences; let it be preserved because the author is a friend of mine, and out of respect for other more heroic and loftier works that he has written."

relished - savouré, relish, savourer, délecter

weeded - désherbé, mauvaise herbe

cleansed - nettoyée, purifier

vulgarities - des vulgarités, vulgarité, grossiereté

excellences - excellences, excellence

more heroic - plus héroique

loftier - plus élevé, haut

"This," continued the barber, "is the ˜Cancionero'of Lopez de Maldonado."

"The author of that book, too," said the curate, "is a great friend of mine, and his verses from his own mouth are the admiration of all who hear them, for such is the sweetness of his voice that he enchants when he chants them: it gives rather too much of its eclogues, but what is good was never yet plentiful: let it be kept with those that have been set apart. But what book is that next it?"

verses - versets, strophe

admiration - l'admiration, admiration

enchants - enchante, enchanter

plentiful - abondante, abondant, copieux, ample

apart - a part, séparé, séparément, a part, en morceaux, en pieces

"The ˜Galatea'of Miguel de Cervantes," said the barber.

"That Cervantes has been for many years a great friend of mine, and to my knowledge he has had more experience in reverses than in verses.

my knowledge - mes connaissances

Experience - expérience, éprouver, vivre

reverses - inverse, faire marche arriere, inverser

His book has some good invention in it, it presents us with something but brings nothing to a conclusion: we must wait for the Second Part it promises: perhaps with amendment it may succeed in winning the full measure of grace that is now denied it; and in the mean time do you, señor gossip, keep it shut up in your own quarters."

promises - des promesses, vou, promesse, promettre

Perhaps - peut-etre, peut-etre, possiblement

amendment - amendement, avenant

Succeed - succéder, réussir, avoir du succes

denied - refusée, nier, démentir, refuser

"Very good," said the barber; "and here come three together, the ˜Araucana'of Don Alonso de Ercilla, the ˜Austriada'of Juan Rufo, Justice of Cordova, and the ˜Montserrate'of Christobal de ViruĂ©s, the Valencian poet."

"These three books," said the curate, "are the best that have been written in Castilian in heroic verse, and they may compare with the most famous of Italy; let them be preserved as the richest treasures of poetry that Spain possesses."

heroic - héroique, héroique

Italy - l'italie, Italie

treasures - des trésors, trésor, garder précieusement

possesses - possede, posséder, s'emparer de

The curate was tired and would not look into any more books, and so he decided that, "contents uncertified," all the rest should be burned; but just then the barber held open one, called "The Tears of Angelica."

Contents - contenu, satisfait

uncertified - non certifié

Tears - des larmes, larme

Angelica - angelica, angélique

"I should have shed tears myself," said the curate when he heard the title, "had I ordered that book to be burned, for its author was one of the famous poets of the world, not to say of Spain, and was very happy in the translation of some of Ovid's fables."

shed tears - verser des larmes

translation - traduction, translation, transmission

fables - fables, conte, fable


At this instant Don Quixote began shouting out, "Here, here, valiant knights! here is need for you to put forth the might of your strong arms, for they of the Court are gaining the mastery in the tourney!

gaining - l'acquisition, (gain) l'acquisition

mastery - maîtrise

tourney - tourney, tournoi

" Called away by this noise and outcry, they proceeded no farther with the scrutiny of the remaining books, and so it is thought that "The Carolea," "The Lion of Spain," and "The Deeds of the Emperor," written by Don Luis de Ávila, went to the fire unseen and unheard; for no doubt they were among those that remained, and perhaps if the curate had seen them they would not have undergone so severe a sentence.

outcry - tollé, levée de boucliers

unseen - invisible

unheard - non entendue

undergone - subi, subir

When they reached Don Quixote he was already out of bed, and was still shouting and raving, and slashing and cutting all round, as wide awake as if he had never slept.

raving - divagations

wide - large

They closed with him and by force got him back to bed, and when he had become a little calm, addressing the curate, he said to him, "Of a truth, Señor Archbishop Turpin, it is a great disgrace for us who call ourselves the Twelve Peers, so carelessly to allow the knights of the Court to gain the victory in this tourney, we the adventurers having carried off the honour on the three former days."

by force - par la force

archbishop - archeveque, archeveque

disgrace - la disgrâce, honte, disgrâce, ignominie

ourselves - nous-memes, nous-meme

carelessly - négligemment

allow - laisser, accorder, permettre

gain - gain, gagner, produit

victory - victoire

adventurers - aventuriers, aventurier, aventuriere

carried off - emportés

former - ancien, ancienne, ci devant

"Hush, gossip," said the curate; "please God, the luck may turn, and what is lost to-day may be won to-morrow; for the present let your worship have a care of your health, for it seems to me that you are over-fatigued, if not badly wounded."

Hush - chut !, silence

fatigued - fatigué, fatigue, épuisement, corvée, fatiguer

"Wounded no," said Don Quixote, "but bruised and battered no doubt, for that bastard Don Roland has cudgelled me with the trunk of an oak tree, and all for envy, because he sees that I alone rival him in his achievements. But I should not call myself Reinaldos of Montalvan did he not pay me for it in spite of all his enchantments as soon as I rise from this bed.

bruised - contusionné, contusionner, meurtrir, taler, cotir, se taler

bastard - bâtard, bâtarde, croisé, fils de pute, salopard

trunk - tronc, malle, coffre, trompe, coffre (de voiture), valise

envy - l'envie, envie, jalousie, convoitise, envier

rival - rival, rivale, rivaliser

For the present let them bring me something to eat, for that, I feel, is what will be more to my purpose, and leave it to me to avenge myself."

avenge - venger, rench: t-needed r

They did as he wished; they gave him something to eat, and once more he fell asleep, leaving them marvelling at his madness.

asleep - endormi

marvelling - l'émerveillement, (marvel), etre

That night the housekeeper burned to ashes all the books that were in the yard and in the whole house; and some must have been consumed that deserved preservation in everlasting archives, but their fate and the laziness of the examiner did not permit it, and so in them was verified the proverb that the innocent suffer for the guilty.

consumed - consommée, consommer, consumer, rench: -neededr

deserved - mérité, mériter

preservation - préservation

everlasting - éternel, permanent

archives - archives, archives-p, archiver

laziness - la paresse, paresse, flemme

Examiner - l'examinateur, examinateur, examinatrice

permit - permis, permettre, permets, permettons, permettez

verified - vérifié, vérifier

proverb - proverbe

innocent - innocent

suffer - souffrir, souffrir de, pâtir de, endurer, supporter, subir

guilty - coupable

One of the remedies which the curate and the barber immediately applied to their friend's disorder was to wall up and plaster the room where the books were, so that when he got up he should not find them (possibly the cause being removed the effect might cease), and they might say that a magician had carried them off, room and all; and this was done with all despatch.

remedies - des remedes, remede, recours, remédier

applied - appliquée, appliquer (sur)

wall up - Emmurer

plaster - le plâtre, onguent, plâtre, enduit, enduire, plâtrer

Possibly - peut-etre, possiblement, peut-etre

effect - effet, effets, effectuer

cease - cesser, s'arreter, cesser de + 'infinitive'

Two days later Don Quixote got up, and the first thing he did was to go and look at his books, and not finding the room where he had left it, he wandered from side to side looking for it.

wandered - erré, errer, vaguer, divaguer

He came to the place where the door used to be, and tried it with his hands, and turned and twisted his eyes in every direction without saying a word; but after a good while he asked his housekeeper whereabouts was the room that held his books.

twisted - tordu, twist, torsion, entortiller, tordre

whereabouts - ou se trouve-t-il, jusque la

The housekeeper, who had been already well instructed in what she was to answer, said, "What room or what nothing is it that your worship is looking for? There are neither room nor books in this house now, for the devil himself has carried all away."

instructed - instruit, instruire, enseigner, apprendre

"It was not the devil," said the niece, "but a magician who came on a cloud one night after the day your worship left this, and dismounting from a serpent that he rode he entered the room, and what he did there I know not, but after a little while he made off, flying through the roof, and left the house full of smoke; and when we went to see what he had done we saw neither book nor room: but we remember very well, the housekeeper and I, that on leaving, the old villain said in a loud voice that, for a private grudge he owed the owner of the books and the room, he had done mischief in that house that would be discovered by-and-by: he said too that his name was the Sage Muñaton."

dismounting - le démontage, démonter, descendre

serpent - serpent

made off - Partir en courant

flying through - Voler a travers

private - personnel, personnelle, privé, privée

grudge - rancune

discovered - découvert, découvrir

"He must have said Friston," said Don Quixote.

"I don't know whether he called himself Friston or Friton," said the housekeeper, "I only know that his name ended with ˜ton.'"

ton - ton, tonne

"So it does," said Don Quixote, "and he is a sage magician, a great enemy of mine, who has a spite against me because he knows by his arts and lore that in process of time I am to engage in single combat with a knight whom he befriends and that I am to conquer, and he will be unable to prevent it; and for this reason he endeavours to do me all the ill turns that he can; but I promise him it will be hard for him to oppose or avoid what is decreed by Heaven."

enemy - l'ennemi, ennemi, ennemie

lore - lore, traditions

process - processus, procédé

befriends - se lier d'amitié

conquer - conquérir

endeavours - des efforts, s'efforcer (de)

oppose - s'opposer a

avoid - éviter, fuir

decreed - décrété, décret, ordonnance, décréter

"Who doubts that?" said the niece; "but, uncle, who mixes you up in these quarrels? Would it not be better to remain at peace in your own house instead of roaming the world looking for better bread than ever came of wheat, never reflecting that many go for wool and come back shorn?"

doubts - des doutes, douter, doute

mixes - des mélanges, mélanger

remain - reste, rester, demeurer

instead - a la place, a la place, au lieu de

reflecting - réfléchissant, refléter, réfléchir

Wool - laine

Shorn - tondus, (shear), couper, tondre, cisailler, cisailles, cisaille

"Oh, niece of mine," replied Don Quixote, "how much astray art thou in thy reckoning: ere they shear me I shall have plucked away and stripped off the beards of all who dare to touch only the tip of a hair of mine."

ere - ici

shear - couper, tondre, cisailler, cisailles, cisaille, tondeuse, tonte

stripped off - dépouillé

beards - barbes, barbe

dare - oser, aventurer

tip - pourboire, pronostic, indication, terminaison

The two were unwilling to make any further answer, as they saw that his anger was kindling.

kindling - du bois d'allumage, petit bois, (kindle) du bois d'allumage

In short, then, he remained at home fifteen days very quietly without showing any signs of a desire to take up with his former delusions, and during this time he held lively discussions with his two gossips, the curate and the barber, on the point he maintained, that knights-errant were what the world stood most in need of, and that in him was to be accomplished the revival of knight-errantry.

signs - des signes, signe

delusions - des illusions, illusion, délire

lively - fringant, spirituel

discussions - des discussions, discussion

gossips - des ragots, commere, commérage, ragot, cancan, qu'en-dira-t-on

maintained - maintenue, entretenir, maintenir

revival - renouveau, renaissance, résurrection, réveil

errantry - errance

The curate sometimes contradicted him, sometimes agreed with him, for if he had not observed this precaution he would have been unable to bring him to reason.

contradicted - contredit, contredire

precaution - précaution

Meanwhile Don Quixote worked upon a farm labourer, a neighbour of his, an honest man (if indeed that title can be given to him who is poor), but with very little wit in his pate. In a word, he so talked him over, and with such persuasions and promises, that the poor clown made up his mind to sally forth with him and serve him as esquire.

Labourer - ouvrier

honest - honnete, honnete, (hon) honnete

wit - wit, esprit

pate - pâté, tete

persuasions - persuasions, persuasion

Esquire - Esquire

Don Quixote, among other things, told him he ought to be ready to go with him gladly, because any moment an adventure might occur that might win an island in the twinkling of an eye and leave him governor of it. On these and the like promises Sancho Panza (for so the labourer was called) left wife and children, and engaged himself as esquire to his neighbour.

in the twinkling of an eye - en un clin d'oil

governor - gouverneur, gouverneure

Don Quixote next set about getting some money; and selling one thing and pawning another, and making a bad bargain in every case, he got together a fair sum.

set about - a propos de

pawning - la mise en gage, mettre en gage

bargain - marché, accord, affaire, bonne affaire, marchander

got together - se sont réunis

A fair sum - une somme équitable

He provided himself with a buckler, which he begged as a loan from a friend, and, restoring his battered helmet as best he could, he warned his squire Sancho of the day and hour he meant to set out, that he might provide himself with what he thought most needful. Above all, he charged him to take alforjas with him.

begged - supplié, mendier

as a loan - Sous forme de pret

restoring - la restauration, restaurer, rétablir, rendre

The other said he would, and that he meant to take also a very good ass he had, as he was not much given to going on foot. About the ass, Don Quixote hesitated a little, trying whether he could call to mind any knight-errant taking with him an esquire mounted on ass-back, but no instance occurred to his memory.

hesitated - hésité, hésiter

instance - instance

For all that, however, he determined to take him, intending to furnish him with a more honourable mount when a chance of it presented itself, by appropriating the horse of the first discourteous knight he encountered.

intending - l'intention, avoir l'intention, envisager, concevoir, prévoir

furnish - meubler, fournir, livrer

more honourable - plus honorable

appropriating - s'approprier, approprié, idoine, approprier

encountered - rencontré, rencontrer, rencontre

Himself he provided with shirts and such other things as he could, according to the advice the host had given him; all which being done, without taking leave, Sancho Panza of his wife and children, or Don Quixote of his housekeeper and niece, they sallied forth unseen by anybody from the village one night, and made such good way in the course of it that by daylight they held themselves safe from discovery, even should search be made for them.

daylight - la lumiere du jour, jour, lumiere du jour

safe from - a l'abri de

discovery - découverte

Sancho rode on his ass like a patriarch, with his alforjas and bota, and longing to see himself soon governor of the island his master had promised him.

patriarch - patriarche

bota - bota

Don Quixote decided upon taking the same route and road he had taken on his first journey, that over the Campo de Montiel, which he travelled with less discomfort than on the last occasion, for, as it was early morning and the rays of the sun fell on them obliquely, the heat did not distress them.

route - itinéraire, parcours, chemin, acheminement

discomfort - malaise, inconfort

rays - rayons, rayon

obliquely - de maniere indirecte

heat - chaleur, ardeur, chauffer

And now said Sancho Panza to his master, "Your worship will take care, Señor Knight-errant, not to forget about the island you have promised me, for be it ever so big I'll be equal to governing it."

governing - gouvernant, gouverner

To which Don Quixote replied, "Thou must know, friend Sancho Panza, that it was a practice very much in vogue with the knights-errant of old to make their squires governors of the islands or kingdoms they won, and I am determined that there shall be no failure on my part in so liberal a custom; on the contrary, I mean to improve upon it, for they sometimes, and perhaps most frequently, waited until their squires were old, and then when they had had enough of service and hard days and worse nights, they gave them some title or other, of count, or at the most marquis, of some valley or province more or less; but if thou livest and I live, it may well be that before six days are over, I may have won some kingdom that has others dependent upon it, which will be just the thing to enable thee to be crowned king of one of them. Nor needst thou count this wonderful, for things and chances fall to the lot of such knights in ways so unexampled and unexpected that I might easily give thee even more than I promise thee."

vogue - vogue, mode

governors - gouverneurs, gouverneur, gouverneure

kingdoms - royaumes, royaume, regne

failure - l'échec, échec, daube, flop, panne

liberal - libéral, large, généreux, de gauche

contrary - contraire, contrepied

frequently - fréquemment

count - compter, comptent, comptez, comptons, comte

Valley - la vallée, vallée, val

province - province

dependent - dépendant, dépendante

enable - autoriser, permettre, activer

needst - besoin

chances - chances, hasard

unexampled - sans exemple

unexpected - inattendu

easily - facilement

"In that case," said Sancho Panza, "if I should become a king by one of those miracles your worship speaks of, even Juana Gutierrez, my old woman, would come to be queen and my children infantes."

infantes - enfants, infant

"Well, who doubts it?" said Don Quixote.

"I doubt it," replied Sancho Panza, "because for my part I am persuaded that though God should shower down kingdoms upon earth, not one of them would fit the head of Mari Gutierrez. Let me tell you, señor, she is not worth two maravedis for a queen; countess will fit her better, and that only with God's help."

worth - valeur

Countess - comtesse

"Leave it to God, Sancho," returned Don Quixote, "for he will give her what suits her best; but do not undervalue thyself so much as to come to be content with anything less than being governor of a province."

suits - des combinaisons, complet, costume, tailleur, combinaison

content with - etre satisfait de

"I will not, señor," answered Sancho, "specially as I have a man of such quality for a master in your worship, who will know how to give me all that will be suitable for me and that I can bear."

specially - particulierement, spécialement

quality - qualité

be suitable - convenir


Undreamt - insoupçonné

occurrences - des événements, occurrence

fitly - convenablement

recorded - enregistré, rapport écrit

At this point they came in sight of thirty or forty windmills that there are on that plain, and as soon as Don Quixote saw them he said to his squire, "Fortune is arranging matters for us better than we could have shaped our desires ourselves, for look there, friend Sancho Panza, where thirty or more monstrous giants present themselves, all of whom I mean to engage in battle and slay, and with whose spoils we shall begin to make our fortunes; for this is righteous warfare, and it is God's good service to sweep so evil a breed from off the face of the earth."

arranging - l'organisation, arranger, organiser

shaped - en forme, forme

desires - désirs, désirer, désir

look there - regarde la

slay - tuer, dézinguer

fortunes - fortune, destin, bonne chance

righteous - vertueux, juste, moral

warfare - guerre, combat

sweep - balayer, balayage

evil - le mal, mauvais, torve

"What giants?" said Sancho Panza.

"Those thou seest there," answered his master, "with the long arms, and some have them nearly two leagues long."

leagues - ligues, ligue

"Look, your worship," said Sancho; "what we see there are not giants but windmills, and what seem to be their arms are the sails that turned by the wind make the millstone go."

Seem - sembler, paraître, avoir l'air

sails - voiles, voile

wind - vent, emmailloter, détortiller, langer, enrouler

millstone - pierre meuliere, meule, meuliere

"It is easy to see," replied Don Quixote, "that thou art not used to this business of adventures; those are giants; and if thou art afraid, away with thee out of this and betake thyself to prayer while I engage them in fierce and unequal combat."

betake - prendre

So saying, he gave the spur to his steed Rocinante, heedless of the cries his squire Sancho sent after him, warning him that most certainly they were windmills and not giants he was going to attack.

heedless - sans se soucier des autres, insouciant, inattentif, négligent

warning - l'avertissement, avertissement, attention, (warn), avertir

Certainly - certainement, surement, sans nul doute, sans aucun doute

attack - attaque, attaquer, apostropher, invectiver

He, however, was so positive they were giants that he neither heard the cries of Sancho, nor perceived, near as he was, what they were, but made at them shouting, "Fly not, cowards and vile beings, for a single knight attacks you."

beings - etres, etre, créature, existence

attacks - des attaques, attaque, attaquer, apostropher

A slight breeze at this moment sprang up, and the great sails began to move, seeing which Don Quixote exclaimed, "Though ye flourish more arms than the giant Briareus, ye have to reckon with me."

Slight - insignifiant, léger

breeze - brise

sprang up - a surgi

flourish - s'épanouir, fleurir, brandir, gesticulation, fioriture

So saying, and commending himself with all his heart to his lady Dulcinea, imploring her to support him in such a peril, with lance in rest and covered by his buckler, he charged at Rocinante's fullest gallop and fell upon the first mill that stood in front of him; but as he drove his lance-point into the sail the wind whirled it round with such force that it shivered the lance to pieces, sweeping with it horse and rider, who went rolling over on the plain, in a sorry condition. Sancho hastened to his assistance as fast as his ass could go, and when he came up found him unable to move, with such a shock had Rocinante fallen with him.

commending - recommander, féliciter

gallop - galop, galoper

sail - naviguer, voile, cingler

whirled - tourbillonné, tourbillonner

shivered - frissonné, frissonner

sweeping - balayage, a l'emporteiece, radical, complet

rider - cavalier, cavaliere

hastened to - s'est empressé de faire

assistance - l'assistance, assistance

shock - choc, choquons, offusquer, choquez, choquer, secouer

"God bless me!" said Sancho, "did I not tell your worship to mind what you were about, for they were only windmills? and no one could have made any mistake about it but one who had something of the same kind in his head."

"Hush, friend Sancho," replied Don Quixote, "the fortunes of war more than any other are liable to frequent fluctuations; and moreover I think, and it is the truth, that that same sage Friston who carried off my study and books, has turned these giants into mills in order to rob me of the glory of vanquishing them, such is the enmity he bears me; but in the end his wicked arts will avail but little against my good sword."

war - guerre, bataille, entrer en guerre, tfaire la guerre

liable - responsable

frequent - fréquents, fréquenter

fluctuations - fluctuations, fluctuation

mills - moulins, moulin

rob - rob, ravir, piller

glory - gloire

vanquishing - vaincre

enmity - inimitié

bears - ours, supporter

wicked - méchante, chicaneur, torve, (wick) méchante

avail - avail, profiter, saisir, servir

"God order it as he may," said Sancho Panza, and helping him to rise got him up again on Rocinante, whose shoulder was half out; and then, discussing the late adventure, they followed the road to Puerto Lapice, for there, said Don Quixote, they could not fail to find adventures in abundance and variety, as it was a great thoroughfare.

fail - échouer, faillent, faillons, taper a côté

in abundance - en abondance

variety - variété

thoroughfare - voie de circulation, passage, grand-rue, voie principale

For all that, he was much grieved at the loss of his lance, and saying so to his squire, he added, "I remember having read how a Spanish knight, Diego Perez de Vargas by name, having broken his sword in battle, tore from an oak a ponderous bough or branch, and with it did such things that day, and pounded so many Moors, that he got the surname of Machuca, and he and his descendants from that day forth were called Vargas y Machuca. I mention this because from the first oak I see I mean to rend such another branch, large and stout like that, with which I am determined and resolved to do such deeds that thou mayest deem thyself very fortunate in being found worthy to come and see them, and be an eyewitness of things that will with difficulty be believed."

grieved - en deuil, avoir du chagrin

Loss - perte, déperdition, perdition, déchet, coulage

Spanish - espagnol, castillan

by name - par nom

tore - a la déchirure

ponderous - lourd, pesant, maladroit, béotien, grossier

bough - rameau, branche

branch - branche, rameau, affluent, filiale, succursale

moors - landes, lande

descendants - descendants, descendant, descendante

rend - rend, rompre, déchirer

stout - stout, solide

resolved to do - résolu a faire

deem - estimer, croire, considérer

eyewitness - témoin oculaire

"Be that as God will," said Sancho, "I believe it all as your worship says it; but straighten yourself a little, for you seem all on one side, may be from the shaking of the fall."

straighten - redresser

shaking - tremblant, (shake), secouer, agiter, se serrer la main, secousse

"That is the truth," said Don Quixote, "and if I make no complaint of the pain it is because knights-errant are not permitted to complain of any wound, even though their bowels be coming out through it."

complaint - plainte, réclamation, porter plainte

permitted - autorisé, permettre

bowels - les intestins, gros intestin, boyaux-p, entrailles-p

"If so," said Sancho, "I have nothing to say; but God knows I would rather your worship complained when anything ailed you. For my part, I confess I must complain however small the ache may be; unless this rule about not complaining extends to the squires of knights-errant also."

ache - mal, diuleur

complaining - se plaindre, (complain), porter plainte

extends - s'étend, étendre, prolonger

Don Quixote could not help laughing at his squire's simplicity, and he assured him he might complain whenever and however he chose, just as he liked, for, so far, he had never read of anything to the contrary in the order of knighthood.

assured - assurée, assurerent, assura, assurai

complain - se plaindre, porter plainte

Sancho bade him remember it was dinner-time, to which his master answered that he wanted nothing himself just then, but that he might eat when he had a mind.

With this permission Sancho settled himself as comfortably as he could on his beast, and taking out of the alforjas what he had stowed away in them, he jogged along behind his master munching deliberately, and from time to time taking a pull at the bota with a relish that the thirstiest tapster in Malaga might have envied; and while he went on in this way, gulping down draught after draught, he never gave a thought to any of the promises his master had made him, nor did he rate it as hardship but rather as recreation going in quest of adventures, however dangerous they might be. Finally they passed the night among some trees, from one of which Don Quixote plucked a dry branch to serve him after a fashion as a lance, and fixed on it the head he had removed from the broken one. All that night Don Quixote lay awake thinking of his lady Dulcinea, in order to conform to what he had read in his books, how many a night in the forests and deserts knights used to lie sleepless supported by the memory of their mistresses. Not so did Sancho Panza spend it, for having his stomach full of something stronger than chicory water he made but one sleep of it, and, if his master had not called him, neither the rays of the sun beating on his face nor all the cheery notes of the birds welcoming the approach of day would have had power to waken him. On getting up he tried the bota and found it somewhat less full than the night before, which grieved his heart because they did not seem to be on the way to remedy the deficiency readily. Don Quixote did not care to break his fast, for, as has been already said, he confined himself to savoury recollections for nourishment.

permission - autorisation, permission, permis

comfortably - confortablement, agréablement

beast - bete, bete, bete sauvage

taking out - a retirer

stowed away - rangé

jogged - joggé, rench: -neededr, remuer, faire du jogging

pull - tirer, retirer, tirer un coup, influence

relish - relish, savourer, parfumer

tapster - tapster

envied - envié, envie, jalousie, convoitise, envier

gulping - goulot d'étranglement, gorgée, trait

hardship - difficultés, misere

finally - enfin, définitivement

passed the night - passé la nuit

conform - conforme, s'aligner, se conformer (a)

many a - Beaucoup de

Forests - les forets, foret, t+brousse, t+sylve, t+bois, t+bosquet

sleepless - l'insomnie, insomniaque

supported - soutenue, (sup)porter, soutenir

mistresses - maîtresses, maîtresse, amante

stomach - l'estomac, estomac, ventre, bedon (pot belly), digérer

chicory - la chicorée, chicorée, endive, chicon

beating - battre, battage, battement, (beat) battre

cheery - heureuse

waken - se réveiller

getting up - se lever

readily - facilement, volontiers, aisément

confined - confiné, confiner, limite

savoury - salé

nourishment - l'alimentation, nourriture

They returned to the road they had set out with, leading to Puerto Lapice, and at three in the afternoon they came in sight of it.

"Here, brother Sancho Panza," said Don Quixote when he saw it, "we may plunge our Hands up to the elbows in what they call adventures; but observe, even shouldst thou see me in the greatest danger in the world, thou must not put a hand to thy sword in my defence, unless indeed thou perceivest that those who assail me are rabble or base folk; for in that case thou mayest very properly aid me; but if they be knights it is on no account permitted or allowed thee by the laws of knighthood to help me until thou hast been dubbed a knight."

plunge - plonger

Hands up - Les mains en l'air

elbows - coudes, coude, coup de coude, jouer des coudes

observe - observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

shouldst - devrait

defence - la défense, défense

perceivest - perçoit

on no account - a aucun prix

laws - des lois, loi(s), législation

"Most certainly, señor," replied Sancho, "your worship shall be fully obeyed in this matter; all the more as of myself I am peaceful and no friend to mixing in strife and quarrels: it is true that as regards the defence of my own person I shall not give much heed to those laws, for laws human and divine allow each one to defend himself against any assailant whatever."

fully - pleinement, entierement, completement

mixing - mélange, mélanger

strife - des conflits, dispute, querelle

regards - regards, considérer

heed - attention, observer, surveiller, preter attention

divine - divine, divin

assailant - l'agresseur, agresseur, assaillant

"That I grant," said Don Quixote, "but in this matter of aiding me against knights thou must put a restraint upon thy natural impetuosity."

aiding - l'aide, aide

restraint - la retenue, contention, frein, retenue

impetuosity - l'impétuosité

"I will do so, I promise you," answered Sancho, "and will keep this precept as carefully as Sunday."

precept - précepte

carefully - attentivement, soigneusement

While they were thus talking there appeared on the road two friars of the order of St. Benedict, mounted on two dromedaries, for not less tall were the two mules they rode on. They wore travelling spectacles and carried sunshades; and behind them came a coach attended by four or five persons on horseback and two muleteers on foot.

friars - freres, frere

Benedict - benedict, Benoît

dromedaries - dromadaires, dromadaire

spectacles - lunettes, spectacle

coach - entraîneur, coche, voiture, entraineur, entraineuse, autocar

attended - a assisté, assister a, suivre

In the coach there was, as afterwards appeared, a Biscay lady on her way to Seville, where her husband was about to take passage for the Indies with an appointment of high honour.

appointment - nomination, rendez-vous, rance

The friars, though going the same road, were not in her company; but the moment Don Quixote perceived them he said to his squire, "Either I am mistaken, or this is going to be the most famous adventure that has ever been seen, for those black bodies we see there must be, and doubtless are, magicians who are carrying off some stolen princess in that coach, and with all my might I must undo this wrong."

either - chaque, non plus, ou, soit

doubtless - sans doute, sans aucun doute, sans nul doute, indubitablement

Magicians - les magiciens, magicien, qualifier

carrying off - a emporter

stolen - volé, voler, vol

"This will be worse than the windmills," said Sancho. "Look, señor; those are friars of St. Benedict, and the coach plainly belongs to some travellers: I tell you to mind well what you are about and don't let the devil mislead you."

travellers - voyageurs, voyageur, voyageuse

mislead - égarer, mésinformer, induire en erreur

"I have told thee already, Sancho," replied Don Quixote, "that on the subject of adventures thou knowest little. What I say is the truth, as thou shalt see presently."

knowest - sait

shalt - shalt, rench: 'shall' followed by the infinitive is translated using the future tense'

So saying, he advanced and posted himself in the middle of the road along which the friars were coming, and as soon as he thought they had come near enough to hear what he said, he cried aloud, "Devilish and unnatural beings, release instantly the highborn princesses whom you are carrying off by force in this coach, else prepare to meet a speedy death as the just punishment of your evil deeds."

devilish - diabolique

unnatural - contre nature

speedy - prompt, rapide

Death - mort, déces, camarde, la mort, l'arcane sans nom

punishment - punition, châtiment

The friars drew rein and stood wondering at the appearance of Don Quixote as well as at his words, to which they replied, "Señor Caballero, we are not devilish or unnatural, but two brothers of St. Benedict following our road, nor do we know whether or not there are any captive princesses coming in this coach."

rein - rein, frein

wondering - se demander, (wonder), merveille, conjecturer

"No soft words with me, for I know you, lying rabble," said Don Quixote, and without waiting for a reply he spurred Rocinante and with levelled lance charged the first friar with such fury and determination, that, if the friar had not flung himself off the mule, he would have brought him to the ground against his will, and sore wounded, if not killed outright.

spurred - éperonné, éperon

friar - frere, frere

mule - mule, mulet

outright - carrément, completement, ouvertement, immédiatement

The second brother, seeing how his comrade was treated, drove his heels into his castle of a mule and made off across the country faster than the wind.

comrade - camarade f, camarade

heels - talons, talon

Sancho Panza, when he saw the friar on the ground, dismounting briskly from his ass, rushed towards him and began to strip off his gown. At that instant the friars'muleteers came up and asked what he was stripping him for. Sancho answered them that this fell to him lawfully as spoil of the battle which his lord Don Quixote had won.

rushed - précipité, se précipiter, emmener d'urgence

strip off - se dépouiller

gown - robe, toge (general term, especially Roman Antiquity)

stripping - dépouillant, (strip) dépouillant

spoil - gâter, gâcher, tourner, dévoiler, révéler

The muleteers, who had no idea of a joke and did not understand all this about battles and spoils, seeing that Don Quixote was some distance off talking to the travellers in the coach, fell upon Sancho, knocked him down, and leaving hardly a hair in his beard, belaboured him with kicks and left him stretched breathless and senseless on the ground; and without any more delay helped the friar to mount, who, trembling, terrified, and pale, as soon as he found himself in the saddle, spurred after his companion, who was standing at a distance looking on, watching the result of the onslaught; then, not caring to wait for the end of the affair just begun, they pursued their journey making more crosses than if they had the devil after them.

beard - barbe

kicks - coups de pied, donner un coup de pied (a, dans)

pale - pâle, hâve

affair - affaire, aventure, liaison

crosses - croisements, croix, signe de croix

Don Quixote was, as has been said, speaking to the lady in the coach: "Your beauty, lady mine," said he, "may now dispose of your person as may be most in accordance with your pleasure, for the pride of your ravishers lies prostrate on the ground through this strong arm of mine; and lest you should be pining to know the name of your deliverer, know that I am called Don Quixote of La Mancha, knight-errant and adventurer, and captive to the peerless and beautiful lady Dulcinea del Toboso: and in return for the service you have received of me I ask no more than that you should return to El Toboso, and on my behalf present yourself before that lady and tell her what I have done to set you free."

dispose - débarrasser

accordance - accord, accordance

pride - l'orgueil, orgueil, fierté

pining - se languir, pin

deliverer - le livreur

One of the squires in attendance upon the coach, a Biscayan, was listening to all Don Quixote was saying, and, perceiving that he would not allow the coach to go on, but was saying it must return at once to El Toboso, he made at him, and seizing his lance addressed him in bad Castilian and worse Biscayan after his fashion, "Begone, caballero, and ill go with thee; by the God that made me, unless thou quittest coach, slayest thee as art here a Biscayan."

Biscayan - Biscaye

begone - cesser

quittest - le plus élevé

slayest - le plus beau

Don Quixote understood him quite well, and answered him very quietly, "If thou wert a knight, as thou art none, I should have already chastised thy folly and rashness, miserable creature." To which the Biscayan returned, "I no gentleman!

chastised - châtié, chatier

creature - créature, etre

"I swear to God thou liest as I am Christian: if thou droppest lance and drawest sword, soon shalt thou see thou art carrying water to the cat: Biscayan on land, hidalgo at sea, hidalgo at the devil, and look, if thou sayest otherwise thou liest."

liest - liest, al, a.l

droppest - droppest

drawest - dessiner

otherwise - autrement

"˜"You will see presently," said Agrajes,'" replied Don Quixote; and throwing his lance on the ground he drew his sword, braced his buckler on his arm, and attacked the Biscayan, bent upon taking his life.

throwing - jetant, (throw) jetant

bent - plié, courba, courbai, courbés, courbé, cambrai

The Biscayan, when he saw him coming on, though he wished to dismount from his mule, in which, being one of those sorry ones let out for hire, he had no confidence, had no choice but to draw his sword; it was lucky for him, however, that he was near the coach, from which he was able to snatch a cushion that served him for a shield; and they went at one another as if they had been two mortal enemies. The others strove to make peace between them, but could not, for the Biscayan declared in his disjointed phrase that if they did not let him finish his battle he would kill his mistress and everyone that strove to prevent him. The lady in the coach, amazed and terrified at what she saw, ordered the coachman to draw aside a little, and set herself to watch this severe struggle, in the course of which the Biscayan smote Don Quixote a mighty stroke on the shoulder over the top of his buckler, which, given to one without armour, would have cleft him to the waist. Don Quixote, feeling the weight of this prodigious blow, cried aloud, saying, "O lady of my soul, Dulcinea, flower of beauty, come to the aid of this your knight, who, in fulfilling his obligations to your beauty, finds himself in this extreme peril." To say this, to lift his sword, to shelter himself well behind his buckler, and to assail the Biscayan was the work of an instant, determined as he was to venture all upon a single blow. The Biscayan, seeing him come on in this way, was convinced of his courage by his spirited bearing, and resolved to follow his example, so he waited for him keeping well under cover of his cushion, being unable to execute any sort of manoeuvre with his mule, which, dead tired and never meant for this kind of game, could not stir a step.

let out - Laisser sortir

for hire - a louer

confidence - assurance, confiance en soi, confiance, confidence

choice - choix, morceau de choix

lucky - chanceux, heureux, veinard, fortuné

snatch - l'arrachage, empoigner, happer, saisir, arracher, enlever

cushion - coussin, amortir

mortal - mortel, mortelle

enemies - ennemis, ennemi, ennemie

make peace - faire la paix

kill - tuer, tuent, tuons, dézinguer, tuez

coachman - cocher

Struggle - lutte, lutter, s'efforcer, combattre

top - haut, dessus, sommet, couvercle, hune, premiere demi-manche

cleft - fente, crevassé

obligations - obligations, obligation, engagement, fr

lift - l'ascenseur, élevons, élevez, ascenseur, lever, ennoblir

shelter - l'abri, abri, refuge, abriter

Venture - venture, s'aventurer, risquer, oser

courage - bravoure, courage, cour, vaillance

spirited - fougueux, esprit, moral, élan

cover - une couverture

execute - exécuter, mettre a mort

manoeuvre - manouvre, manoeuvrer

stir - remuer, affecter

step - étape, marche

On, then, as aforesaid, came Don Quixote against the wary Biscayan, with uplifted sword and a firm intention of splitting him in half, while on his side the Biscayan waited for him sword in hand, and under the protection of his cushion; and all present stood trembling, waiting in suspense the result of blows such as threatened to fall, and the lady in the coach and the rest of her following were making a thousand vows and offerings to all the images and shrines of Spain, that God might deliver her squire and all of them from this great peril in which they found themselves. But it spoils all, that at this point and crisis the author of the history leaves this battle impending, giving as excuse that he could find nothing more written about these achievements of Don Quixote than what has been already set forth. It is true the second author of this work was unwilling to believe that a history so curious could have been allowed to fall under the sentence of oblivion, or that the wits of La Mancha could have been so undiscerning as not to preserve in their archives or registries some documents referring to this famous knight; and this being his persuasion, he did not despair of finding the conclusion of this pleasant history, which, heaven favouring him, he did find in a way that shall be related in the Second Part.

aforesaid - précité

wary - méfiance, méfiant, circonspect

uplifted - élevé, élever, transcender, promouvoir, exalter, soulevement

firm - ferme, social, robuste, maison de commerce, solide

splitting - le fractionnement, fendant, (split), divisé, fissure, division

suspense - suspension, suspense, angoisse, anxiété, appréhension

threatened - menacé, menacer

vows - voux, voeu, vou, jurer

offerings - offres, offre, offrande

images - images, image

shrines - sanctuaires, sanctuaire, lieu saint, châsse

deliver - accoucher, livrer, remettre

crisis - crise

oblivion - l'oubli, oubli, néant

undiscerning - sans discernement

preserve - confiture, conserve, réserve naturelle, domaine réservé

registries - registres, enregistrement, registre, base de registre

documents - documents, document, écrit, documenter

favouring - favoriser, service


concluded - conclu, conclure

terrific - formidable, fantastique

In the First Part of this history we left the valiant Biscayan and the renowned Don Quixote with drawn swords uplifted, ready to deliver two such furious slashing blows that if they had fallen full and fair they would at least have split and cleft them asunder from top to toe and laid them open like a pomegranate; and at this so critical point the delightful history came to a stop and stood cut short without any intimation from the author where what was missing was to be found.

swords - épées, épée, glaive, épéiste

furious - furieux

split - divisé, fissure, division, fragment, morceau, grand écart

toe - l'orteil, orteil, doigt de pied

pomegranate - grenade, grenadier

critical - critique

cut short - coupé court

intimation - intimation

This distressed me greatly, because the pleasure derived from having read such a small portion turned to vexation at the thought of the poor chance that presented itself of finding the large part that, so it seemed to me, was missing of such an interesting tale.

greatly - grandement

derived - dérivés, tirer, trouver, déduire, conclure, dériver

vexation - vexation, tracas, tracasserie, contrariété

It appeared to me to be a thing impossible and contrary to all precedent that so good a knight should have been without some sage to undertake the task of writing his marvellous achievements; a thing that was never wanting to any of those knights-errant who, they say, went after adventures; for every one of them had one or two sages as if made on purpose, who not only recorded their deeds but described their most trifling thoughts and follies, however secret they might be; and such a good knight could not have been so unfortunate as not to have what Platir and others like him had in abundance. And so I could not bring myself to believe that such a gallant tale had been left maimed and mutilated, and I laid the blame on Time, the devourer and destroyer of all things, that had either concealed or consumed it.

precedent - précédent, décision de principe

undertake - entreprendre

task - tâche

sages - sages, sauge

trifling - insignifiant, futile, (trifle), bagatelle, broutille, babiole

follies - folies, folie, sottise

secret - secret

unfortunate - malheureux, infortuné, malencontreux

abundance - l'abondance, abondance

maimed - mutilés, mutiler, estropier

mutilated - mutilés, mutiler

devourer - dévoreur, avaleur

destroyer - destructeur, destructrice, destroyer

concealed - dissimulée, dissimuler, cacher

On the other hand, it struck me that, inasmuch as among his books there had been found such modern ones as "the Enlightenment of Jealousy" and the "Nymphs and Shepherds of Henares," his story must likewise be modern, and that though it might not be written, it might exist in the memory of the people of his village and of those in the neighbourhood.

the Enlightenment - le siecle des Lumieres

shepherds - bergers, berger, bergere, pasteur, pâtre, qualifier

exist - existent, exister

in the neighbourhood - dans le quartier

This reflection kept me perplexed and longing to know really and truly the whole life and wondrous deeds of our famous Spaniard, Don Quixote of La Mancha, light and mirror of Manchegan chivalry, and the first that in our age and in these so evil days devoted himself to the labour and exercise of the arms of knight-errantry, righting wrongs, succouring widows, and protecting damsels of that sort that used to ride about, whip in hand, on their palfreys, with all their virginity about them, from mountain to mountain and valley to valley"for, if it were not for some ruffian, or boor with a hood and hatchet, or monstrous giant, that forced them, there were in days of yore damsels that at the end of eighty years, in all which time they had never slept a day under a roof, went to their graves as much maids as the mothers that bore them. I say, then, that in these and other respects our gallant Don Quixote is worthy of everlasting and notable praise, nor should it be withheld even from me for the labour and pains spent in searching for the conclusion of this delightful history; though I know well that if Heaven, chance and good fortune had not helped me, the world would have remained deprived of an entertainment and pleasure that for a couple of hours or so may well occupy him who shall read it attentively. The discovery of it occurred in this way.

perplexed - perplexe, déconcerter, troubler, dérouter

Spaniard - Espagnol, Espagnole

devoted - dévouée, consacrer, vouer

succouring - le successeur, secours, secourir

protecting - protéger

ride about - Parcourir

whip - fouet, whip, fouetter, flageller, défaire, battre

palfreys - palfreys, palefroi

virginity - la virginité, virginité

ruffian - ruffian, rufian, voyou, brute

boor - rustre, plouc, beauf, mufle, pignouf

hood - capot, capuchon, couverture

hatchet - hachette

forced - forcée, force

yore - autrefois, jadis, antan

graves - tombes, tombe

respects - respecte, respect, respecter

notable - remarquable, notable, personnage

withheld - retenu, retenir

deprived of - privé de

occupy - occuper, habiter

attentively - attentivement

One day, as I was in the Alcana of Toledo, a boy came up to sell some pamphlets and old papers to a silk mercer, and, as I am fond of reading even the very scraps of paper in the streets, led by this natural bent of mine I took up one of the pamphlets the boy had for sale, and saw that it was in characters which I recognised as Arabic, and as I was unable to read them though I could recognise them, I looked about to see if there were any Spanish-speaking Morisco at hand to read them for me; nor was there any great difficulty in finding such an interpreter, for even had I sought one for an older and better language I should have found him. In short, chance provided me with one, who when I told him what I wanted and put the book into his hands, opened it in the middle and after reading a little in it began to laugh. I asked him what he was laughing at, and he replied that it was at something the book had written in the margin by way of a note. I bade him tell it to me; and he still laughing said, "In the margin, as I told you, this is written: ˜This Dulcinea del Toboso so often mentioned in this history, had, they say, the best hand of any woman in all La Mancha for salting pigs.'"

pamphlets - des brochures, pamphlet

mercer - mercer, mercier

I am fond of reading - J'aime lire..

sale - vente, écouler

characters - des personnages, personnage, caractere

Arabic - l'arabe, arabe, alphabet arabe

recognise - reconnaître

Morisco - Morisco

interpreter - interprete, interprete, interpréteur

sought - recherchée, chercher

margin - marge

When I heard Dulcinea del Toboso named, I was struck with surprise and amazement, for it occurred to me at once that these pamphlets contained the history of Don Quixote. With this idea I pressed him to read the beginning, and doing so, turning the Arabic offhand into Castilian, he told me it meant, "History of Don Quixote of La Mancha, written by Cid Hamete Benengeli, an Arab historian.

surprise - surprise, surprendre, étonner

amazement - l'étonnement, stupéfaction, stupeur

contained - contenu, contenir

pressed - pressé, appuyer sur, presser

offhand - a l'improviste, spontanément, sur-le-champ, négligent

Arab - arabe

" It required great caution to hide the joy I felt when the title of the book reached my ears, and snatching it from the silk mercer, I bought all the papers and pamphlets from the boy for half a real; and if he had had his wits about him and had known how eager I was for them, he might have safely calculated on making more than six reals by the bargain.

caution - prudence, admonition, checkavertissement, checkmise en garde

hide - cacher, planquer, peau, fourrure

snatching - vol a l'arraché, empoigner, happer, saisir, arracher, enlever

calculated - calculée, calculer

I withdrew at once with the Morisco into the cloister of the cathedral, and begged him to turn all these pamphlets that related to Don Quixote into the Castilian tongue, without omitting or adding anything to them, offering him whatever payment he pleased.

withdrew - s'est retiré, (se) retirer

cloister - cloître, (la vie des) cloîtres

cathedral - cathédrale, coupole

omitting - omettre

offering - offre, offrande, (offer)

He was satisfied with two arrobas of raisins and two bushels of wheat, and promised to translate them faithfully and with all despatch; but to make the matter easier, and not to let such a precious find out of my hands, I took him to my house, where in little more than a month and a half he translated the whole just as it is set down here.

raisins - des raisins secs, raisin sec

bushels - boisseaux, boisseau

translated - traduit, traduire, translater

set down - mettre en place

In the first pamphlet the battle between Don Quixote and the Biscayan was drawn to the very life, they planted in the same attitude as the history describes, their swords raised, and the one protected by his buckler, the other by his cushion, and the Biscayan's mule so true to nature that it could be seen to be a hired one a bowshot off.

pamphlet - brochure, pamphlet

attitude - posture, état d'esprit, attitude

protected - protégé, protéger

nature - nature

hired - embauché, louer

bowshot - tir a l'arc

The Biscayan had an inscription under his feet which said, "Don Sancho de Azpeitia," which no doubt must have been his name; and at the feet of Rocinante was another that said, "Don Quixote.

inscription - inscription, légende, dédicace

" Rocinante was marvellously portrayed, so long and thin, so lank and lean, with so much backbone and so far gone in consumption, that he showed plainly with what judgment and propriety the name of Rocinante had been bestowed upon him.

marvellously - merveilleusement

portrayed - représenté, dépeindre, représenter, portraire, décrire

lank - lank, plats

backbone - l'épine dorsale, colonne vertébrale, rachis, épine dorsale

consumption - la consommation, consommation

Near him was Sancho Panza holding the halter of his ass, at whose feet was another label that said, "Sancho Zancas," and according to the picture, he must have had a big belly, a short body, and long shanks, for which reason, no doubt, the names of Panza and Zancas were given him, for by these two surnames the history several times calls him.

holding - en attente, possession, (hold) en attente

label - l'étiquette, étiquette, étiqueter

belly - ventre

shanks - les jarrets, jambe, jarret, tringle

surnames - noms de famille, nom, patronyme, nom de famille

several - plusieurs

Some other trifling particulars might be mentioned, but they are all of slight importance and have nothing to do with the true relation of the history; and no history can be bad so long as it is true.

particulars - détails, particulier

relation - relation, parent, parente

If against the present one any objection be raised on the score of its truth, it can only be that its author was an Arab, as lying is a very common propensity with those of that nation; though, as they are such enemies of ours, it is conceivable that there were omissions rather than additions made in the course of it.

objection - objection

propensity - propension, tendance

nation - nation, peuple

conceivable - concevable

omissions - des omissions, omission, oubli

additions - des ajouts, addition, ajout

And this is my own opinion; for, where he could and should give freedom to his pen in praise of so worthy a knight, he seems to me deliberately to pass it over in silence; which is ill done and worse contrived, for it is the business and duty of historians to be exact, truthful, and wholly free from passion, and neither interest nor fear, hatred nor love, should make them swerve from the path of truth, whose mother is history, rival of time, storehouse of deeds, witness for the past, example and counsel for the present, and warning for the future. In this I know will be found all that can be desired in the pleasantest, and if it be wanting in any good quality, I maintain it is the fault of its hound of an author and not the fault of the subject. To Be brief, its Second Part, according to the translation, began in this way:

freedom - la liberté, liberté

silence - le silence, silence

historians - les historiens, historien, historienne

exact - exact, précis, exiger

truthful - véridique, sincere

wholly - entierement

hatred - la haine, haine

swerve - dévier, se détourner, faire une embardée, esquive

path - chemin, sentier

witness - témoin

counsel - conseil, expertise, plan, projet, conseiller

desired - souhaitée, désirer, désir

pleasantest - le plus agréable, agréable, plaisant

hound - chien de chasse, chien (de chasse)

Be brief - Etre bref

With trenchant swords upraised and poised on high, it seemed as though the two valiant and wrathful combatants stood threatening heaven, and earth, and hell, with such resolution and determination did they bear themselves.

trenchant - tranchant

poised - en place, assurance, aisance, sang-froid, aplomb, poise

wrathful - courroucé

combatants - combattants, combattant, combattante

hell - l'enfer, enfer

resolution - conviction, résolution, détermination

The fiery Biscayan was the first to strike a blow, which was delivered with such force and fury that had not the sword turned in its course, that single stroke would have sufficed to put an end to the bitter struggle and to all the adventures of our knight; but that good fortune which reserved him for greater things, turned aside the sword of his adversary, so that although it smote him upon the left shoulder, it did him no more harm than to strip all that side of its armour, carrying away a great part of his helmet with half of his ear, all which with fearful ruin fell to the ground, leaving him in a sorry plight.

fiery - ardente, ardent, brulant, flamboyant, enflammé

delivered - livrée, accoucher, livrer, remettre

turned in - rendu

sufficed - suffisent, suffire, suffire 2, fr

Bitter - amere, amer, saumâtre

reserved - réservé, réservation, réserve, réserves-p

adversary - adversaire, ennemi, ennemie

harm - le mal, mal, tort, dommage, nuire a, faire du mal a

strip - de la bande, bandeau, dégarnir, dépouillons, frange, dépouillez

carrying away - a emporter

fearful - effrayant, redoutable, peureux, craintif, terrible, affreux

Good God! Who is there that could properly describe the rage that filled the heart of our Manchegan when he saw himself dealt with in this fashion?

dealt - traité, marché, affaire

All that can be said is, it was such that he again raised himself in his stirrups, and, grasping his sword more firmly with both hands, he came down on the Biscayan with such fury, smiting him full over the cushion and over the head, that"even so good a shield proving useless"as if a mountain had fallen on him, he began to bleed from nose, mouth, and ears, reeling as if about to fall backwards from his mule, as no doubt he would have done had he not flung his arms about its neck; at the same time, however, he slipped his feet out of the stirrups and then unclasped his arms, and the mule, taking fright at the terrible blow, made off across the plain, and with a few plunges flung its master to the ground. Don Quixote stood looking on very calmly, and, when he saw him fall, leaped from his horse and with great briskness ran to him, and, presenting the point of his sword to his eyes, bade him surrender, or he would cut his head off. The Biscayan was so bewildered that he was unable to answer a word, and it would have gone hard with him, so blind was Don Quixote, had not the ladies in the coach, who had hitherto been watching the combat in great terror, hastened to where he stood and implored him with earnest entreaties to grant them the great grace and favour of sparing their squire's life; to which Don Quixote replied with much gravity and dignity, "In truth, fair ladies, I am well content to do what ye ask of me; but it must be on one condition and understanding, which is that this knight promise me to go to the village of El Toboso, and on my behalf present himself before the peerless lady Dulcinea, that she deal with him as shall be most pleasing to her."

grasping - saisir, agripper, comprendre

smiting - la bastonnade, frapper

proving - prouvant, prouver

useless - inutile, inutilisable, bon a rien

bleed - saigner, purger, prélever, fond perdu

backwards - a l'envers, arriéré, en arriere, a reculons

slipped - a glissé, glisser

unclasped - sans fermoir, dégrafer

taking fright - prendre peur

plunges - plonge, plonger

calmly - calmement, paisiblement

leaped - a sauté, sauter, bondir

briskness - brillance

surrender - la reddition, capituler, capitulation, reddition

bewildered - déconcertés, abasourdir, confondre, déconcerter, dérouter

hitherto - jusqu'a présent, jusqu'ici, jusqu'alors, jusqu'a maintenant

terror - la terreur, terreur, effroi, terrorisme

hastened - s'est hâté, dépecher

entreaties - des supplications, supplication

sparing - épargnant, se passer de

dignity - dignité, forme, rang

most pleasing - le plus agréable

The terrified and disconsolate ladies, without discussing Don Quixote's demand or asking who Dulcinea might be, promised that their squire should do all that had been commanded.

disconsolate - inconsolable

demand - demande, exigence, exiger

"Then, on the faith of that promise," said Don Quixote, "I shall do him no further harm, though he well deserves it of me."


discourse - discours, conversation, checkdiscussion, checkexposé

Now by this time Sancho had risen, rather the worse for the handling of the friars'muleteers, and stood watching the battle of his master, Don Quixote, and praying to God in his heart that it might be his will to grant him the victory, and that he might thereby win some island to make him governor of, as he had promised.

risen - ressuscité, augmenter, monter, lever

handling - maniement, manipulation, maniant

praying - priant, (pray) priant

Seeing, therefore, that the struggle was now over, and that his master was returning to mount Rocinante, he approached to hold the stirrup for him, and, before he could mount, he went on his knees before him, and taking his hand, kissed it saying, "May it please your worship, Señor Don Quixote, to give me the government of that island which has been won in this hard fight, for be it ever so big I feel myself in sufficient force to be able to govern it as much and as well as anyone in the world who has ever governed islands."

kissed - embrassée, (s')embrasser

government - le gouvernement

fight - combattre, combattons, rixe, combattez, combattent

sufficient - suffisante, suffisant

governed - gouverné, gouverner

To which Don Quixote replied, "Thou must take notice, brother Sancho, that this adventure and those like it are not adventures of islands, but of cross-roads, in which nothing is got except a broken head or an ear the less: have patience, for adventures will present themselves from which I may make you, not only a governor, but something more."

Sancho gave him Many thanks, and again kissing his hand and the skirt of his hauberk, helped him to mount Rocinante, and mounting his ass himself, proceeded to follow his master, who at a brisk pace, without taking leave, or saying anything further to the ladies belonging to the coach, turned into a wood that was hard by.

Many thanks - Merci beaucoup.

kissing - s'embrasser, (s')embrasser

hauberk - hauberk, haubert

mounting - montant, monture, ajustage, (mount) montant

brisk - animé, vif, stimulant

Sancho followed him at his ass's best trot, but Rocinante stepped out so that, seeing himself left behind, he was forced to call to his master to wait for him.

trot - trot, trotter

stepped - en escalier, steppe

Don Quixote did so, reining in Rocinante until his weary squire came up, who on reaching him said, "It seems to me, señor, it would be prudent in us to go and take refuge in some church, for, seeing how mauled he with whom you fought has been left, it will be no wonder if they give information of the affair to the Holy Brotherhood and arrest us, and, faith, if they do, before we come out of gaol we shall have to sweat for it."

reining - le reining, rene

reaching - atteindre, arriver/parvenir a

Prudent - prudent

refuge - refuge

church - église, culte, misse

mauled - malmené, merlin, maltraiter, amocher

brotherhood - la fraternité, fraternité, confrérie

arrest - l'arrestation, arrestation, arreter

gaol - prison

"Peace," said Don Quixote; "where hast thou ever seen or heard that a knight-errant has been arraigned before a court of justice, however many homicides he may have committed?"

arraigned - mis en accusation, traduire en justice, accuser

homicides - homicides, homicide ('murder'), meurtre ('murder')

committed - engagé, confier, commettre, remettre, consigner

"I know nothing about omecils," answered Sancho, "nor in my life have had anything to do with one; I only know that the Holy Brotherhood looks after those who fight in the fields, and in that other matter I do not meddle."

looks after - Prendre soin de

meddle - s'immiscer, s'ingérer, se meler

"Then thou needst have no uneasiness, my friend," said Don Quixote, "for I will deliver thee out of the hands of the Chaldeans, much more out of those of the Brotherhood.

Chaldeans - chaldéens, Chaldéen, Chaldéenne

But tell me, as thou livest, hast thou seen a more valiant knight than I in all the known world; hast thou read in history of any who has or had higher mettle in attack, more spirit in maintaining it, more dexterity in wounding or skill in overthrowing?"

mettle - courage, prouesse

maintaining - le maintien, entretenir, maintenir

dexterity - dextérité

wounding - blessant, (wound) blessant

overthrowing - renverser

"The truth is," answered Sancho, "that I have never read any history, for I can neither read nor write, but what I will venture to bet is that a more daring master than your worship I have never served in all the days of my life, and God grant that this daring be not paid for where I have said; what I beg of your worship is to dress your wound, for a great deal of blood flows from that ear, and I have here some lint and a little white ointment in the alforjas."

bet - parier, paria, pariai, pari, parié, parions, pariez

beg - mendier, implorer, prier

flows - flux, couler

ointment - pommade, onguent

"All that might be well dispensed with," said Don Quixote, "if I had remembered to make a vial of the balsam of Fierabras, for time and medicine are saved by one single drop."

dispensed - distribué, émettre, distribuer, partager, dispenser, doser

balsam - pommade, baume, balsamine

Medicine - la médecine, médicament, officinal, médecine

saved - sauvée, sauver, sauvegarder, épargner, préserver, protéger

"What vial and what balsam is that?" said Sancho Panza.

"It is a balsam," answered Don Quixote, "the receipt of which I have in my memory, with which one need have No fear of death, or dread dying of any wound; and so when I make it and give it to thee thou hast nothing to do when in some battle thou seest they have cut me in half through the middle of the body"as is wont to happen frequently"but neatly and with great nicety, ere the blood congeal, to place that portion of the body which shall have fallen to the ground upon the other half which remains in the saddle, taking care to fit it on evenly and exactly. Then thou shalt give me to drink but two drops of the balsam I have mentioned, and thou shalt see me become sounder than an apple."

receipt - réception, reçu

No fear - Pas de peur

dread - peur, redouter, craindre, crainte

wont - de la volonté

neatly - proprement, élégamment

nicety - nicety, délicatesse, subtilité

remains - reste, rester, demeurer

evenly - de maniere uniforme, uniformément, également, équitablement

drops - gouttes, goutte

"If that be so," said Panza, "I renounce henceforth the government of the promised island, and desire nothing more in payment of my many and faithful services than that your worship give me the receipt of this supreme liquor, for I am persuaded it will be worth more than two reals an ounce anywhere, and I want no more to pass the rest of my life in ease and honour; but it remains to be told if it costs much to make it."

renounce - renoncer

Government - le gouvernement, gouvernement, rection

faithful - fidele, fidele, loyal

supreme - supreme, supreme

liquor - l'alcool, spiritueux

"With less than three reals, six quarts of it may be made," said Don Quixote.

quarts - quarts, pinte

"Sinner that I am!" said Sancho, "then why does your worship put off making it and teaching it to me?"

"Peace, friend," answered Don Quixote; "greater secrets I mean to teach thee and greater favours to bestow upon thee; and for the present let us see to the dressing, for my ear pains me more than I could wish."

secrets - secrets, secret

bestow - disposer de, accorder, remettre, conférer, donner en mariage

wish - souhait, souhaiter, espérer

Sancho took out some lint and ointment from the alforjas; but when Don Quixote came to see his helmet shattered, he was like to lose his senses, and clapping his hand upon his sword and raising his eyes to heaven, he said, "I swear by the Creator of all things and the four Gospels in their fullest extent, to do as the great Marquis of Mantua did when he swore to avenge the death of his nephew Baldwin (and that was not to eat bread from a table-cloth, nor embrace his wife, and other points which, though I cannot now call them to mind, I here grant as expressed) until I take complete vengeance upon him who has committed such an offence against me."

shattered - brisé, fracasser, réduire en miettes, mettre en pieces, briser

creator - créateur, créatrice, rench: t-needed r

Gospels - les évangiles, évangile

extent - mesure, étendue

swore - juré, jurer

nephew - neveu

table-cloth - (table-cloth) une nappe

expressed - exprimée, exprimer

vengeance - vengeance

offence - offense, insulte

Hearing this, Sancho said to him, "Your worship should bear in mind, Señor Don Quixote, that if the knight has done what was commanded him in going to present himself before my lady Dulcinea del Toboso, he will have done all that he was bound to do, and does not deserve further punishment unless he commits some new offence."

commits - s'engage, confier, commettre, remettre, consigner

"Thou hast said well and hit the point," answered Don Quixote; and so I recall the oath in so far as relates to taking fresh vengeance on him, but I make and confirm it anew to lead the life I have said until such time as I take by force from some knight another helmet such as this and as good; and think not, Sancho, that I am raising smoke with straw in doing so, for I have one to imitate in the matter, since the very same thing to a hair happened in the case of Mambrino's helmet, which cost Sacripante so dear."

hit - frappé, frapper, battement, battre, succes

recall - rappeler

relates - se rapporte, raconter, relater

fresh - frais

confirm - confirmer

anew - a nouveau, a nouveau, derechef

lead - plomb, guider, conduire, mener

"Señor," replied Sancho, "let your worship send all such oaths to the devil, for they are very pernicious to salvation and prejudicial to the conscience; just tell me now, if for several days to come we fall in with no man armed with a helmet, what are we to do?

oaths - serments, serment, juron, jurer

pernicious - pernicieux

Salvation - le salut, salut

prejudicial - préjudiciable

conscience - conscience

Is the oath to be observed in spite of all the inconvenience and discomfort it will be to sleep in your clothes, and not to sleep in a house, and a thousand other mortifications contained in the oath of that old fool the Marquis of Mantua, which your worship is now wanting to revive?

inconvenience - inconvénients, dérangement, désagrément

Let your worship observe that there are no men in armour travelling on any of these roads, nothing but carriers and carters, who not only do not wear helmets, but perhaps never heard tell of them all their lives."

travelling on - Voyager sur

helmets - casques, casque

"Thou art wrong there," said Don Quixote, "for we shall not have been above two hours among these cross-roads before we see more men in armour than came to Albraca to win the fair Angelica."

"Enough," said Sancho; "so be it then, and God grant us success, and that the time for winning that island which is costing me so dear may soon come, and then let me die."

"I have already told thee, Sancho," said Don Quixote, "not to give thyself any uneasiness on that score; for if an island should fail, there is the kingdom of Denmark, or of Sobradisa, which will fit thee as a ring fits the finger, and all the more that, being on terra firma, thou wilt all the better enjoy thyself.

Denmark - le danemark, Danemark

ring - anneau, cerne, ring, tinter

fits - s'adapte, en forme

finger - doigt, pointer, tripoter, doigter

wilt - flétrir, flétris, flétrissons, flétrissez

But let us leave that to its own time; see if thou hast anything for us to eat in those alforjas, because we must presently go in quest of some castle where we may lodge to-night and make the balsam I told thee of, for I swear to thee by God, this ear is giving me great pain."

eat in - Manger sur place

Lodge - cabane, maison du portier, loge, rench: t-needed r, loger

"I have here an onion and a little cheese and a few scraps of bread," said Sancho, "but they are not victuals fit for a valiant knight like your worship."

fit for - adapté a

"How little thou knowest about it," answered Don Quixote; "I would have thee to know, Sancho, that it is the glory of knights-errant to go without eating for a month, and even when they do eat, that it should be of what comes first to hand; and this would have been clear to thee hadst thou read as many histories as I have, for, though they are very many, among them all I have found no mention made of knights-errant eating, unless by accident or at some sumptuous banquets prepared for them, and the rest of the time they passed in dalliance. And though it is plain they could not do without eating and performing all the other natural functions, because, in fact, they were men like ourselves, it is plain too that, wandering as they did the most part of their lives through woods and wilds and without a cook, their most usual fare would be rustic viands such as those thou now offer me; so that, friend Sancho, let not that distress thee which pleases me, and do not seek to make a new world or pervert knight-errantry."

been clear - etre clair

by accident - par accident

sumptuous - somptueux

banquets - des banquets, banquet, festin

dalliance - dalliance, flirt, conter fleurette, coquetage, baguenaudage

do without - s'en passer

performing - en cours d'exécution, effectuant, (perform), exécuter

functions - fonctions, fonction, en fonction de

wandering - l'errance, errement, errance, divagation, (wander), errer

wilds - sauvages, sauvage

most usual - le plus habituel

fare - tarif, aller, tarifaire

pervert - déviant, pervers

"Pardon me, your worship," said Sancho, "for, as I cannot read or write, as I said just now, I neither know nor comprehend the rules of the profession of chivalry: henceforward I will stock the alforjas with every kind of dry fruit for your worship, as you are a knight; and for myself, as I am not one, I will furnish them with poultry and other things more substantial."

Pardon me - Pardon

comprehend - comprendre

profession - profession, métier, corps de métier

henceforward - désormais

stock - stock, provision, stockage

poultry - de la volaille, volaille, volailles, basse-cour

more substantial - plus substantielle

"I do not say, Sancho," replied Don Quixote, "that it is imperative on knights-errant not to eat anything else but the fruits thou speakest of; only that their more usual diet must be those, and certain herbs they found in the fields which they knew and I know too."

imperative - impératif, essentiel, indispensable

speakest - parlez-vous

more usual - plus habituel

herbs - des herbes, herbe, herbes-p, plante médicinale

"A good thing it is," answered Sancho, "to know those herbs, for to my thinking it will be needful some day to put that knowledge into practice."

some day - un jour

And here taking out what he said he had brought, the pair made their repast peaceably and sociably.

repast - repas

peaceably - pacifiquement

sociably - socialement

But anxious to find quarters for the night, they with all despatch made an end of their poor dry fare, mounted at once, and made haste to reach some habitation before night set in; but daylight and the hope of succeeding in their object failed them close by the huts of some goatherds, so they determined to pass the night there, and it was as much to Sancho's discontent not to have reached a house, as it was to his master's satisfaction to sleep under the open heaven, for he fancied that each time this happened to him he performed an act of ownership that helped to prove his chivalry.

succeeding - réussir, succéder, avoir du succes

failed - a échoué, échouer (a)

huts - huttes, hutte

goatherds - les chevriers, chevrier, chevriere

pass the night - passer la nuit

discontent - mécontentement, checkprotestation

performed - réalisée, exécuter, performer, jouer ('actor')

act - acte, loi, action, agir, faire, jouer, se comporter, faire (1)

ownership - propriété

Prove - prouver, éprouvent, éprouvons, éprouvez, prouvent


He was cordially welcomed by the goatherds, and Sancho, having as best he could put up Rocinante and the ass, drew towards the fragrance that came from some pieces of salted goat simmering in a pot on the fire; and though he would have liked at once to try if they were ready to be transferred from the pot to the stomach, he refrained from doing so as the goatherds removed them from the fire, and laying sheepskins on the ground, quickly spread their rude table, and with signs of hearty good-will invited them both to share what they had. Round the skins six of the men belonging to the fold seated themselves, having first with rough politeness pressed Don Quixote to take a seat upon a trough which they placed for him upside down. Don Quixote seated himself, and Sancho remained standing to serve the cup, which was made of horn. Seeing him standing, his master said to him:

cordially - cordialement

fragrance - parfum, fragrance

simmering - mijoter, (faire) mijoter

pot - l'herbe, pot

transferred - transféré, transférer, transfert

refrained - s'est abstenu, refrain

laying - pose, (lay) pose

sheepskins - peaux de mouton, peau de mouton

rude - grossier, impoli, malpoli

hearty - cordial, copieux

good-will - (good-will) bonne volonté

invited - invités, inviter (a)

fold - plier, pliez, pli, plient, plions, plissons

seated - assis, place, siege, assise, séant, fond

rough - rude, rugueux, brut, approximatif, difficile, brutal, ébaucher

politeness - la politesse, politesse

"That thou mayest see, Sancho, the good that knight-errantry contains in itself, and how those who fill any office in it are on the high road to be speedily honoured and esteemed by the world, I desire that thou seat thyself here at my side and in the company of these worthy people, and that thou be one with me who am thy master and natural lord, and that thou eat from my plate and drink from whatever I drink from; for the same may be said of knight-errantry as of love, that it levels all."

contains - contient, contenir

speedily - rapidement

honoured - honoré, honneur

seat - siege, place, siege, assise, séant, fond

plate - assiette, plaque, écriteau

levels - niveaux, plat, a ras, au meme niveau, constant, niveau

"Great thanks," said Sancho, "but I may tell your worship that provided I have enough to eat, I can eat it as well, or better, standing, and by myself, than seated alongside of an emperor.

alongside - a côté, a côté, a côté de, le long de

And indeed, if the truth is to be told, what I eat in my corner without form or fuss has much more relish for me, even though it be bread and onions, than the turkeys of those other tables where I am forced to chew slowly, drink little, wipe my mouth every minute, and cannot sneeze or cough if I want or do other things that are the privileges of liberty and solitude.

fuss - l'agitation, agitation, histoires, s’agiter, s’empresser

turkeys - dindes, dinde, dindon, viande de dinde

chew - mâcher, mordiller, mastiquer

wipe - essuyer, essuyez, essuyent, essuyons

sneeze - éternuer, éternuement, atchoum

cough - tousser, toux

privileges - privileges, privilege, privilégier

liberty - liberté

solitude - la solitude, solitude

So, señor, as for these honours which your worship would put upon me as a servant and follower of knight-errantry, exchange them for other things which may be of more use and advantage to me; for these, though I fully acknowledge them as received, I renounce from this moment to the end of the world."

honours - des honneurs, honneur

follower - disciple, follower, poursuivant, checksuivant, suiveur

Exchange - l'échange, échangent, échangeons, échanger, échangez, échange

acknowledge - reconnaître, accuser réception, certifier

renounce - renoncer, renoncez, renonçons, renoncent, désister

"For all that," said Don Quixote, "thou must seat thyself, because him who humbleth himself God exalteth;" and seizing him by the arm he forced him to sit down beside himself.

humbleth - l'humilité

exalteth - exalte

beside - a côté, aupres

The goatherds did not understand this jargon about squires and knights-errant, and all they did was to eat in silence and stare at their guests, who with great elegance and appetite were stowing away pieces as big as one's fist.

jargon - jargon

stare - fixer, regarder (fixement), dévisager

guests - invités, invité, invitée, hôte, client

elegance - l'élégance, élégance, grâce, finesse

appetite - l'appétit, appétit

stowing away - a ranger

fist - poing

The course of meat finished, they spread upon the sheepskins a great heap of parched acorns, and with them they put down a half cheese harder than if it had been made of mortar. All this while the horn was not idle, for it went round so constantly, now full, now empty, like the bucket of a water-wheel, that it soon drained one of the two wine-skins that were in sight.

skins - peaux, peau, apparence, écorcher, égratigner

heap - tas, pile, monceau

parched - desséché, assoiffer

acorns - des glands, gland

mortar - mortier

idle - au ralenti, fainéant

empty - vide, vider, cadavre

bucket - seau

wheel - roue, barre, rouler

drained - drainé, drain, bonde, hémorragie, gouffre, drainer

When Don Quixote had quite appeased his appetite he took up a handful of the acorns, and contemplating them attentively delivered himself somewhat in this fashion:

appeased - apaisé, apaiser

handful - poignée, manipule

contemplating - contempler, envisager, étudier

"Happy the age, happy the time, to which the ancients gave the name of golden, not because in that fortunate age the gold so coveted in this our iron one was gained without toil, but because they that lived in it knew not the two words "mine" and "thine"!

ancients - des anciens, ancien, antique

coveted - convoitée, convoiter, désirer, guigner

iron - le fer, fer, repasser

Gained - gagné, gagner

toil - labeur, travailler

thine - ton, ta, tes, le tien, la tienne

In that blessed age all things were in common; to win the daily food no labour was required of any save to stretch forth his hand and gather it from the sturdy oaks that stood generously inviting him with their sweet ripe fruit. The clear streams and running brooks yielded their savoury limpid waters in noble abundance.

blessed - bienheureux, béni, (bless)

daily - quotidien, journellement

stretch - étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

gather - rassembler, ramasser, recueillir, déduire

oaks - chenes, chene, chenes-p

inviting - invitant, inviter (a)

ripe - mur, pruine

streams - flux, ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant, torrent

brooks - brooks, ruisseau

yielded - cédé, céder

limpid - limpide

The busy and sagacious bees fixed their republic in the clefts of the rocks and hollows of the trees, offering without usance the plenteous produce of their fragrant toil to every hand. The mighty cork trees, unenforced save of their own courtesy, shed the broad light bark that served at first to roof the houses supported by rude stakes, a protection against the inclemency of heaven alone.

sagacious - sagace

bees - abeilles, abeille

republic - république

clefts - fentes, fissure

rocks - des rochers, rocher, roc

hollows - creux

usance - usance

plenteous - abondant

produce - produire, produits

fragrant - parfumée, odorant, aromatique

unenforced - non appliquée

shed - hangar, verser, stand, kiosque, échoppe

bark - l'écorce, écorce, coque, aboyer

stakes - enjeux, pieu, pal, tuteur, jalon, piquet, poteau

inclemency - inclémence

Then all was peace, all friendship, all concord; as yet the dull share of the crooked plough had not dared to rend and pierce the tender bowels of our first mother that without compulsion yielded from every portion of her broad fertile bosom all that could satisfy, sustain, and delight the children that then possessed her.

friendship - l'amitié, amitié

Concord - concord, entente

crooked - tortu, (crook) tortu

plough - charrue, araire, labourer, pilonner

dared - osé, oser

pierce - percer, perforage

fertile - fertile

bosom - poitrine, sein, intime

satisfy - satisfaire

sustain - soutenir, maintenir, subvenir

Then was it that the innocent and fair young shepherdess roamed from vale to vale and hill to hill, with flowing locks, and no more garments than were needful modestly to cover what modesty seeks and ever sought to hide.

shepherdess - bergere, bergere

roamed - a erré, errer

vale - vale, vallée

Hill - hill, colline, côte

flowing - en cours d'exécution, couler

locks - des serrures, serrure

garments - vetements, vetement

modestly - modestement

cover - couvercle, couverture, couvert, couvrir, reprendre, parcourir

seeks - cherche, chercher

Nor were their ornaments like those in use to-day, set off by Tyrian purple, and silk tortured in endless fashions, but the wreathed leaves of the green dock and ivy, wherewith they went as bravely and becomingly decked as our Court dames with all the rare and far-fetched artifices that idle curiosity has taught them.

ornaments - ornements, ornement, ornement musical

in use - en cours d'utilisation

tortured - torturé, torture, torturer

endless - sans fin, infini, interminable, perpétuel

fashions - de la mode, mode, vogue, façon, façonner

wreathed - couronné, rayonnant

Dock - quai, dock

ivy - le lierre, lierre

wherewith - avec quoi

bravely - courageusement, bravement

becomingly - de maniere élégante

decked - en pontée, pont

dames - dames, dame

rare - rares, rare

fetched - fouillé, aller chercher

artifices - des artifices, artifice, feinte

curiosity - curiosité

Then the love-thoughts of the heart clothed themselves simply and naturally as the heart conceived them, nor sought to commend themselves by forced and rambling verbiage. Fraud, deceit, or malice had then not yet mingled with truth and sincerity. Justice held her ground, undisturbed and unassailed by the efforts of favour and of interest, that now so much impair, pervert, and beset her.

clothed - habillé, tissu, étoffe, tenue

Simply - tout simplement, simplement

naturally - naturellement

commend - féliciter, recommander

verbiage - verbiage

fraud - fraude, imposteur, charlatan, fraudeur

deceit - la tromperie, tromperie, ruse, fraude

malice - malveillance, méchanceté

mingled - mélangés, mélanger

sincerity - la sincérité, sincérité

undisturbed - sans etre dérangé

unassailed - inébranlable

efforts - efforts, effort

impair - de l'affaiblissement des capacités, détériorer, abîmer

beset - assiégé, assaillir

Arbitrary law had not yet established itself in the mind of the judge, for then there was no cause to judge and no one to be judged. Maidens and modesty, as I have said, wandered at will alone and unattended, without fear of insult from lawlessness or libertine assault, and if they were undone it was of their own will and pleasure.

arbitrary - arbitraire, quelconque

judged - jugée, juger

at will - a volonté

unattended - sans surveillance

insult - insultes, insulter, insulte

lawlessness - l'anarchie, anarchie

libertine - libertin, paillard

assault - d'agression, assaut, agression, attaquer, agresser

undone - défait, défaire

But now in this hateful age of ours not one is safe, not though some new labyrinth like that of Crete conceal and surround her; even there the pestilence of gallantry will make its way to them through chinks or on the air by the zeal of its accursed importunity, and, despite of all seclusion, lead them to ruin.

hateful - haineux

labyrinth - labyrinthe

Crete - crete, Crete

conceal - dissimuler, cacher

surround - entourer, enceindre

pestilence - la peste, peste

gallantry - la galanterie, courage, galanterie

chinks - les chinetoques, fente, fissure

zeal - le zele, zele, assiduité

despite - en dépit de, malgré

seclusion - l'isolement, isolement, séclusion

In defence of these, as time advanced and wickedness increased, the order of knights-errant was instituted, to defend maidens, to protect widows and to succour the orphans and the needy.

wickedness - méchanceté, perversité, iniquité, mauvaise action

instituted - institué, institut

protect - protéger

Orphans - les orphelins, orphelin, orpheline

needy - dans le besoin, nécessiteux

To this order I belong, brother goatherds, to whom I return thanks for the hospitality and kindly welcome ye offer me and my squire; for though by natural law all living are bound to show favour to knights-errant, yet, seeing that without knowing this obligation ye have welcomed and feasted me, it is right that with all the good-will in my power I should thank you for yours."

belong - appartiennent, appartenons, faire partie de, appartiens

hospitality - l'hospitalité, hospitalité, hôtellerie-restauration

kindly - avec bienveillance

feasted - festoyé, festin

All this long harangue (which might very well have been spared) our knight delivered because the acorns they gave him reminded him of the golden age; and the whim seized him to address all this unnecessary argument to the goatherds, who listened to him gaping in amazement without saying a word in reply.

spared - épargnée, se passer de

whim - caprice

unnecessary - inutile

gaping - béante, (gap) béante

Sancho likewise held his peace and ate acorns, and paid repeated visits to the second wine-skin, which they had hung up on a cork tree to keep the wine cool.

skin - la peau, peau, apparence, écorcher, égratigner, dépouiller

Don Quixote was longer in talking than the supper in finishing, at the end of which one of the goatherds said, "That your worship, señor knight-errant, may say with more truth that we show you hospitality with ready good-will, we will give you amusement and pleasure by making one of our comrades sing: he will be here before long, and he is a very intelligent youth and deep in love, and what is more he can read and write and play on the rebeck to perfection."

before long - bientôt

intelligent - intelligent

deep - profond, épais, grave, foncé, foncée, profondeurs

rebeck - rebeck

perfection - la perfection, perfection

The goatherd had hardly done speaking, when the notes of the rebeck reached their ears; and shortly after, the player came up, a very good-looking young man of about two-and-twenty. His comrades asked him if he had supped, and on his replying that he had, he who had already made the offer said to him:

goatherd - chevrier, chevriere

replying - répondre, réponse

"In that case, Antonio, thou mayest as well do us the pleasure of singing a little, that the gentleman, our guest, may see that even in the mountains and woods there are musicians: we have told him of thy accomplishments, and we want thee to show them and prove that we say true; so, as thou livest, pray sit down and sing that ballad about thy love that thy uncle the prebendary made thee, and that was so much liked in the town."

musicians - musiciens, musicien, musicienne

accomplishments - des réalisations, accomplissement

Pray - prier, prions, priez, prient

prebendary - prébendier

"With all my heart," said the young man, and without waiting for more pressing he seated himself on the trunk of a felled oak, and tuning his rebeck, presently began to sing to these words.

pressing - pressant, (pres) pressant

tuning - l'accord, réglage, accordage, paramétrage


Thou dost love me well, Olalla;

Well I know it, even though

Love's mute tongues, thine eyes, have never

mute - muet

tongues - langues, langue, languette

By their glances told me so.

glances - regards, jeter un coup d’oil, coup d'oil

For I know my love thou knowest,

Therefore thine to claim I dare:

claim - réclamation, titre, affirmation, revendication, demande

Once it ceases to be secret,

ceases - cesse, cesser, s'arreter, cesser de + 'infinitive'

Love need never feel despair.

True it is, Olalla, sometimes

Thou hast all too plainly shown

That thy heart is brass in hardness,

hardness - dureté

And thy snowy bosom stone.

snowy - enneigée, neigeux

stone - pierre, roche, caillou, roc

Yet for all that, in thy coyness,

And thy fickle fits between,

fickle - inconstant

Hope is there"at least the border

border - frontiere, frontiere, bord, bordure, délimiter, border

Of her garment may be seen.

garment - de l'habillement, vetement

Lures to faith are they, those glimpses,

lures - leurres, attrait

glimpses - des aperçus, aperçu, entrevoir

And to faith in thee I hold;

Kindness cannot make it stronger,

Coldness cannot make it cold.

coldness - froideur, froid

If it be that love is gentle,

In thy gentleness I see

gentleness - la douceur, rench:

Something holding out assurance

holding out - Tenir bon

assurance - l'assurance, assurance, culot

To the hope of winning thee.

If it be that in devotion

devotion - la dévotion, dévouement, dévotion

Lies a power hearts to move,

That which every day I show thee,

Helpful to my suit should prove.

helpful - utile, serviable

Many a time thou must have noticed"

noticed - remarqué, remarquer, notification, préavis

If to notice thou dost care"

How I go about on Monday

Dressed in all my Sunday wear.

Love's eyes love to look on brightness;

brightness - brillance, luminosité, intelligence

Love loves what is gaily drest;

gaily - gaiement

Sunday, Monday, all I care is

Thou shouldst see me in my best.

No account I make of dances,

Or of strains that pleased thee so,

strains - les souches, tendre fortement

Keeping thee awake from midnight

Till the cocks began to crow;

cocks - bites, oiseau mâle, coq

crow - corbeau, corneille

Or of how I roundly swore it

roundly - cyclo

That there's none so fair as thou;

True it is, but as I said it,

By the girls I'm hated now.

For Teresa of the hillside

hillside - colline, flanc de coteau

At my praise of thee was sore;

Said, "You think you love an angel;

angel - ange

It's a monkey you adore;

monkey - singe, guenon

adore - adorer

"Caught by all her glittering trinkets,

caught - pris, prise, touche, loquet, loqueteau, verrou, hic, couille

glittering - scintillant, étincelant, (glitter), étincellement, paillette

trinkets - bibelots, colifichet, bibelot, breloque, babiole, bricole

And her borrowed braids of hair,

borrowed - emprunté, emprunter

braids - tresses, tresser

And a host of made-up beauties

beauties - des beautés, beauté

That would Love himself ensnare."

ensnare - piéger, empetrer

'Twas a lie, and so I told her,

And her cousin at the word

Gave me his defiance for it;

defiance - défiance, défi

And what followed thou hast heard.

Mine is no high-flown affection,

Mine no passion par amours"

par - par, égalité

As they call it"what I offer

Is an honest love, and pure.

pure - pure, pur, pudique

Cunning cords the holy Church has,

cords - cordons, corde, cordon

Cords of softest silk they be;

softest - le plus doux, mou

Put thy neck beneath the yoke, dear;

beneath - dessous

yoke - joug

Mine will follow, thou wilt see.

Else"and once for all I swear it

once for all - une fois pour toutes

By the saint of most renown"

Saint - Saint

If I ever quit the mountains,

'Twill be in a friar's gown.

twill - sergé, armure

Here the goatherd brought his song to an end, and though Don Quixote entreated him to sing more, Sancho had no mind that way, being more inclined for sleep than for listening to songs; so said he to his master, "Your worship will do well to settle at once where you mean to pass the night, for the labour these good men are at all day does not allow them to spend the night in singing."

entreated - demandé, supplier

settle - régler, décréter

"I understand thee, Sancho," replied Don Quixote; "I perceive clearly that those visits to the wine-skin demand compensation in sleep rather than in music."

Clearly - en clair, clairement

demand compensation - exiger une compensation

"It's sweet to us all, blessed be God," said Sancho.

"I do not deny it," replied Don Quixote; "but settle thyself where thou wilt; those of my calling are more becomingly employed in watching than in sleeping; still it would be as well if thou wert to dress this ear for me again, for it is giving me more pain than it need."

deny - refuser

Sancho did as he bade him, but one of the goatherds, seeing the wound, told him not to be uneasy, as he would apply a remedy with which it would be soon healed; and gathering some leaves of rosemary, of which there was a great quantity there, he chewed them and mixed them with a little salt, and applying them to the ear he secured them firmly with a bandage, assuring him that no other treatment would be required, and so it proved.

uneasy - mal a l'aise, inquiet

apply - s'appliquent, applique, solicitez, solicitent, appliquent

healed - guéri, guérir, (se) cicatriser

Rosemary - rosemary, romarin

chewed - mâché, mâcher, mordiller, mastiquer

mixed - mixte, mélanger

secured - sécurisé, sur, sécuriser

bandage - bandage, pansement, panser

assuring - assurer, rassurer

treatment - traitement


Just then another young man, one of those who fetched their provisions from the village, came up and said, "Do you know what is going on in the village, comrades?"

then another - puis un autre

Provisions - dispositions, provision, provisionner

"How could we know it?" replied one of them.

"Well, then, you must know," continued the young man, "this morning that famous student-shepherd called Chrysostom died, and it is rumoured that he died of love for that devil of a village girl the daughter of Guillermo the Rich, she that wanders about the wolds here in the dress of a shepherdess."

rumoured - rumeur

wanders - erre, errer, vaguer, divaguer

"You mean Marcela?" said one.

"Her I mean," answered the goatherd; "and the best of it is, he has directed in his will that he is to be buried in the fields like a Moor, and at the foot of the rock where the Cork-tree spring is, because, as the story goes (and they say he himself said so), that was the place where he first saw her.

buried - enterré, enterrer

And he has also left other directions which the clergy of the village say should not and must not be obeyed because they savour of paganism.

clergy - le clergé, clergé

savour - savourer, déguster

paganism - le paganisme, paganisme

To all which his great friend Ambrosio the student, he who, like him, also went dressed as a shepherd, replies that everything must be done without any omission according to the directions left by Chrysostom, and about this the village is all in commotion; however, report says that, after all, what Ambrosio and all the shepherds his friends desire will be done, and to-morrow they are coming to bury him with great ceremony where I said. I am sure it will be something worth seeing; at least I will not fail to go and see it even if I knew I should not return to the village to-morrow."

replies - des réponses, répondre, réponse

done without - sans

omission - omission, oubli

bury - enterrer, enterrez, enterrent, enterrons

"We will do the same," answered the goatherds, "and cast lots to see who must stay to mind the goats of all."

cast - casting, jeter, diriger, lancer, additionner, sommer, muer

goats - chevres, chevre, bouc, bique

"Thou sayest well, Pedro," said one, "though there will be no need of taking that trouble, for I will stay behind for all; and don't suppose it is virtue or want of curiosity in me; it is that the splinter that ran into my foot the other day will not let me walk."

trouble - des problemes, peine, mal, probleme, emmerde, checksouci

stay behind - rester derriere

suppose - supposer, imaginer

splinter - écharde, éclat

"For all that, we thank thee," answered Pedro.

Don Quixote asked Pedro to tell him who the dead man was and who the shepherdess, to which Pedro replied that all he knew was that the dead man was a wealthy gentleman belonging to a village in those mountains, who had been a student at Salamanca for many years, at the end of which he returned to his village with the reputation of being very learned and deeply read.

wealthy - riches, riche, nanti

reputation - réputation, renommée (more slang)

"Above all, they said, he was learned in the science of the stars and of what went on yonder in the heavens and the sun and the moon, for he told us of the cris of the sun and moon to exact time."

cris - cris

"Eclipse it is called, friend, not cris, the darkening of those two luminaries," said Don Quixote; but Pedro, not troubling himself with trifles, went on with his story, saying, "Also he foretold when the year was going to be one of abundance or estility."

eclipse - éclipse, éclipser

darkening - l'assombrissement, obscurcir, assombrir, foncer

luminaries - luminaires, lumiere, astre, luminaire

troubling - troublant, génant, (trouble), peine, mal, probleme, emmerde

trifles - des broutilles, bagatelle, broutille, babiole, bricole

foretold - prédit, prédire

estility - estilité

"Sterility, you mean," said Don Quixote.

"Sterility or estility," answered Pedro, "it is all the same in the end. And I can tell you that by this his father and friends who believed him grew very rich because they did as he advised them, bidding them ˜sow barley this year, not wheat; this year you may sow pulse and not barley; the next there will be a full oil crop, and the three following not a drop will be got.'"

sow - semer, semons, ensemencez, sement, ensemençons

pulse - l'impulsion, pouls

oil - huile

crop - culture, récolte, produits agricoles

"That science is called astrology," said Don Quixote.

astrology - l'astrologie, astrologie

"I do not know what it is called," replied Pedro, "but I know that he knew all this and more besides.

besides - d'ailleurs, aupres

But, to make an end, not many months had passed after he returned from Salamanca, when one day he appeared dressed as a shepherd with his crook and sheepskin, having put off the long gown he wore as a scholar; and at the same time his great friend, Ambrosio by name, who had been his companion in his studies, took to the shepherd's dress with him.

crook - escroc

sheepskin - peau de mouton

scholar - étudiant, expert, savant, érudit

I forgot to say that Chrysostom, who is dead, was a great man for writing verses, so much so that he made carols for Christmas Eve, and plays for Corpus Christi, which the young men of our village acted, and all said they were excellent.

Carols - des chants, chant de Noël

Christmas Eve - La veille de Noël

Corpus Christi - Corps du Christ

acted - agi, acte, loi, action, agir

When the villagers saw the two scholars so unexpectedly appearing in shepherd's dress, they were lost in wonder, and could not guess what had led them to make so extraordinary a change.

villagers - villageois, villageoise

scholars - des universitaires, étudiant, expert, savant, érudit

unexpectedly - de maniere inattendue, surprenamment

About this time the father of our Chrysostom died, and he was left heir to a large amount of property in chattels as well as in land, no small number of cattle and sheep, and a large sum of money, of all of which the young man was left dissolute owner, and indeed he was deserving of it all, for he was a very good comrade, and kind-hearted, and a friend of worthy folk, and had a countenance like a benediction. Presently it came to be known that he had changed his dress with no other object than to wander about these wastes after that shepherdess Marcela our lad mentioned a while ago, with whom the deceased Chrysostom had fallen in love. And I must tell you now, for it is well you should know it, who this girl is; perhaps, and even without any perhaps, you will not have heard anything like it all the days of your life, though you should live more years than sarna."

heir - héritier, héritiere, successeur, successeuse

amount - montant, quantité, monter, correspondre

cattle - du bétail, bétail, bovins

sum - somme

dissolute - dissolue, dissolu

hearted - cour

countenance - visage, approuver

benediction - bénédiction

wander about - errer

wastes - des déchets, gaspiller

deceased - décédé, déces, décéder, expirer, mourir, trépasser

"Say Sarra," said Don Quixote, unable to endure the goatherd's confusion of words.

endure - endurer, perdurer, supporter

confusion - confusion, désordre, malentendu

"The sarna lives long enough," answered Pedro; "and if, señor, you must go finding fault with words at every step, we shall not make an end of it this twelvemonth."

"Pardon me, friend," said Don Quixote; "but, as there is such a difference between sarna and Sarra, I told you of it; however, you have answered very rightly, for sarna lives longer than Sarra: so continue your story, and I will not object any more to anything."

Pardon - pardon, grâce, pardonner, gracier, désolé, excusez-moi

rightly - a juste titre

continue - continuer

"I say then, my dear sir," said the goatherd, "that in our village there was a farmer even richer than the father of Chrysostom, who was named Guillermo, and upon whom God bestowed, over and above great wealth, a daughter at whose birth her mother died, the most respected woman there was in this neighbourhood; I fancy I can see her now with that countenance which had the sun on one side and the moon on the other; and moreover active, and kind to the poor, for which I trust that at the present moment her soul is in bliss with God in the other world. Her husband Guillermo died of grief at the death of so good a wife, leaving his daughter Marcela, a child and rich, to the care of an uncle of hers, a priest and prebendary in our village. The girl grew up with such beauty that it reminded us of her mother's, which was very great, and yet it was thought that the daughter's would exceed it; and so when she reached the age of fourteen to fifteen years nobody beheld her but blessed God that had made her so beautiful, and the greater number were in love with her past redemption. Her uncle kept her in great seclusion and retirement, but for all that the fame of her great beauty spread so that, as well for it as for her great wealth, her uncle was asked, solicited, and importuned, to give her in marriage not only by those of our town but of those many leagues round, and by the persons of highest quality in them. But he, being a good Christian man, though he desired to give her in marriage at once, seeing her to be old enough, was unwilling to do so without her consent, not that he had any eye to the gain and profit which the custody of the girl's property brought him while he put off her marriage; and, faith, this was said in praise of the good priest in more than one set in the town. For I would have you know, Sir Errant, that in these little villages everything is talked about and everything is carped at, and rest assured, as I am, that the priest must be over and above good who forces his parishioners to speak well of him, especially in villages."

wealth - la richesse, richesse, profusion, abondance, checkfortune

respected - respecté, respect, respecter

neighbourhood - quartier

active - active, actif

trust - confiance, trust, faire confiance, avoir foi en quelqu’un

bliss - bonheur, béatitude, félicité

grief - le chagrin, douleur, peine

priest - pretre, pretre, pretresse, sacrificateur

exceed - excéder, dépasser

beheld - a été observée, regarder, voir, observer, voici, voila

retirement - la retraite, retraite

marriage - mariage, noces

profit - profit, gain, bénéfice, servir, profiter

custody - la garde, garde, détention, garde a vue, custodie

carped - carpé, carpe

forces - forces, force

parishioners - paroissiens, paroissien, paroissienne

"That is the truth," said Don Quixote; "but go on, for the story is very good, and you, good Pedro, tell it with very good grace."

"May that of the Lord not be wanting to me," said Pedro; "that is the one to have.

To proceed; you must know that though the uncle put before his niece and described to her the qualities of each one in particular of the many who had asked her in marriage, begging her to marry and make a choice according to her own taste, she never gave any other answer than that she had no desire to marry just yet, and that being so young she did not think herself fit to bear the burden of matrimony. At these, to all appearance, reasonable excuses that she made, her uncle ceased to urge her, and waited till she was somewhat more advanced in age and could mate herself to her own liking. For, said he"and he said quite right"parents are not to settle children in life against their will. But when one least looked for it, lo and behold! one day the demure Marcela makes her appearance turned shepherdess; and, in spite of her uncle and all those of the town that strove to dissuade her, took to going a-field with the other shepherd-lasses of the village, and tending her own flock. And so, since she appeared in public, and her beauty came to be seen openly, I could not well tell you how many rich youths, gentlemen and peasants, have adopted the costume of Chrysostom, and go about these fields making love to her. One of these, as has been already said, was our deceased friend, of whom they say that he did not love but adore her. But you must not suppose, because Marcela chose a life of such liberty and independence, and of so little or rather no retirement, that she has given any occasion, or even the semblance of one, for disparagement of her purity and modesty; on the contrary, such and so great is the vigilance with which she watches over her honour, that of all those that court and woo her not one has boasted, or can with truth boast, that she has given him any hope however small of obtaining his desire. For although she does not avoid or shun the society and conversation of the shepherds, and treats them courteously and kindly, should any one of them come to declare his intention to her, though it be one as proper and holy as that of matrimony, she flings him from her like a catapult. And with this kind of disposition she does more harm in this country than if the plague had got into it, for her affability and her beauty draw on the hearts of those that associate with her to love her and to court her, but her scorn and her frankness bring them to the brink of despair; and so they know not what to say save to proclaim her aloud cruel and hard-hearted, and other names of the same sort which well describe the nature of her character; and if you should remain here any time, señor, you would hear these hills and valleys resounding with the laments of the rejected ones who pursue her. Not far from this there is a spot where there are a couple of dozen of tall beeches, and there is not one of them but has carved and written on its smooth bark the name of Marcela, and above some a crown carved on the same tree as though her lover would say more plainly that Marcela wore and deserved that of all human beauty. Here one shepherd is sighing, there another is lamenting; there love songs are heard, here despairing elegies. One will pass all the hours of the night seated at the foot of some oak or rock, and there, without having closed his weeping eyes, the sun finds him in the morning bemused and bereft of sense; and another without relief or respite to his sighs, stretched on the burning sand in the full heat of the sultry summer noontide, makes his appeal to the compassionate heavens, and over one and the other, over these and all, the beautiful Marcela triumphs free and careless. And all of us that know her are waiting to see what her pride will come to, and who is to be the happy man that will succeed in taming a nature so formidable and gaining possession of a beauty so supreme. All that I have told you being such well-established truth, I am persuaded that what they say of the cause of Chrysostom's death, as our lad told us, is the same. And so I advise you, señor, fail not to be present to-morrow at his burial, which will be well worth seeing, for Chrysostom had many friends, and it is not half a league from this place to where he directed he should be buried."

put before - mis avant

qualities - qualités, qualité

particular - particulier

begging - la mendicité, (beg) la mendicité

marry - se marier, marions, marient, épousez, mariez

just yet - pour le moment

matrimony - le mariage, mariage

excuses - des excuses, excuser, pardonner, justifier

urge - envie, pulsion, pousser, inciter, provoquer, insister

mate - compagnon, appareiller

behold - regarder, voir, observer, voici, voila

demure - démonstratif, réservé, discret, sobre, sérieux

dissuade - dissuader

Lasses - les jeunes filles, demoiselle, fille, jeune fille

tending - de l'entretien, garder

openly - ouvertement

youths - les jeunes, jeunesse, jeune, jeune homme

peasants - paysans, paysan, paysanne, rustique

costume - costume, déguisement

Independence - l'indépendance, indépendance

purity - la pureté, pureté

vigilance - vigilance

woo - woo, racoler

boasted - se vanter (de)

obtaining - l'obtention, obtenir, se procurer, réussir, avoir succes, avoir

shun - shun, éviter, rejeter, fuir, esquiver

Society - la société, société

declare - expliquer, déclarer

flings - flings, lancer

catapult - catapulte, catapulter

disposition - disposition, tempérament

affability - l'affabilité, affabilité, liant

draw on - Dessiner sur

associate with - s'associer avec

frankness - la franchise, franchise

proclaim - proclamer, déclarer

cruel - cruel

hills - collines, colline, côte

valleys - vallées, vallée, val

resounding - retentissant, retentir

laments - lamentations, lamentation, complainte, se lamenter, plaindre

pursue - poursuivre, rechercher

dozen - douzaine, dizaine

Beeches - hetes, hetre

smooth - lisse, doux, facile, sophistiqué, naturel, souple, régulier

crown - couronne, couronner

lover - amante, amant, maîtresse

sighing - soupirer

lamenting - se lamenter, lamentant, (lament), lamentation, complainte

despairing - désespéré, désespérer, désespoir

Elegies - élégies, élégie

bemused - déconcerté, déconcerter, stupéfier

bereft - perdue, privé de, (bereave), arracher

sense - sens, acception, sentir

relief - secours, allégement, relief, soulagement

respite - un répit, répit

sand - sable, sableuxse

sultry - sulfureux, étouffant, torride

noontide - midi

compassionate - compatissant

triumphs - triomphes, triomphe

careless - négligent, étourdi, distrait

taming - l'apprivoisement, (tam) l'apprivoisement

formidable - formidable

advise - conseiller, renseigner

be present - etre présent

burial - l'enterrement, enterrement, inhumation, sépulture

League - ligue, confédérer

"I will make a point of it," said Don Quixote, "and I thank you for the pleasure you have given me by relating so interesting a tale."

relating - en relation, raconter, relater

"Oh," said the goatherd, "I do not know even the half of what has happened to the lovers of Marcela, but perhaps to-morrow we may fall in with some shepherd on the road who can tell us; and now it will be well for you to go and sleep under cover, for the night air may hurt your wound, though with the remedy I have applied to you there is no fear of an untoward result."

untoward - fâcheux

Sancho Panza, who was wishing the goatherd's loquacity at the devil, on his part begged his master to go into Pedro's hut to sleep. He did so, and passed all the rest of the night in thinking of his lady Dulcinea, in imitation of the lovers of Marcela.

wishing - souhaitant, désirant, (wish), souhait, souhaiter, espérer

loquacity - loquacité

hut - hutte, chaumiere, cabane

Sancho Panza settled himself between Rocinante and his ass, and slept, not like a lover who had been discarded, but like a man who had been soundly kicked.

discarded - jeté, rejeter, écarter, défausser

soundly - fortement, solidement

kicked - botté, donner un coup de pied (a, dans)


Incidents - incidents, incident, frait-divers, fr

But hardly had day begun to show itself through the balconies of the east, when five of the six goatherds came to rouse Don Quixote and tell him that if he was still of a mind to go and see the famous burial of Chrysostom they would bear him company.

rouse - rouse, ameutez, ameutent, évocation, irriter, ameutons

Don Quixote, who desired nothing better, rose and ordered Sancho to saddle and pannel at once, which he did with all despatch, and with the same they all set out forthwith. They had not gone a quarter of a league when at the meeting of two paths they saw coming towards them some six shepherds dressed in black sheepskins and with their heads crowned with garlands of cypress and bitter oleander.

rose - Rose, (rise)

paths - chemins, sentier

garlands - des guirlandes, guirlande, rench: -neededr

cypress - cypres

oleander - laurier-rose, oléandre

Each of them carried a stout holly staff in his hand, and along with them there came two men of quality on horseback in handsome travelling dress, with three servants on foot accompanying them. Courteous salutations were exchanged on meeting, and inquiring one of the other which way each party was going, they learned that all were bound for the scene of the burial, so they went on all together.

holly - du houx, houx

staff - le personnel, personnelle

handsome - beau

accompanying - accompagnant, accompagner

salutations - salutations, titre

exchanged - échangé, (é)changer

inquiring - en quete de renseignements, enqueter, renseigner

scene - scene, scene, scene de ménage

One of those on horseback addressing his companion said to him, "It seems to me, Señor Vivaldo, that we may reckon as well spent the delay we shall incur in seeing this remarkable funeral, for remarkable it cannot but be judging by the strange things these shepherds have told us, of both the dead shepherd and homicide shepherdess."

incur - incurable, encourir, s'attirer, subir, impliquer, occasioner

funeral - funérailles, obseques

judging - juger

homicide - homicide ('murder'), meurtre ('murder'), assassinat ('murder')

"So I think too," replied Vivaldo, "and I would delay not to say a day, but four, for the sake of seeing it."

Don Quixote asked them what it was they had heard of Marcela and Chrysostom.

The traveller answered that the same morning they had met these shepherds, and seeing them dressed in this mournful fashion they had asked them the reason of their appearing in such a guise; which one of them gave, describing the strange behaviour and beauty of a shepherdess called Marcela, and the loves of many who courted her, together with the death of that Chrysostom to whose burial they were going. In short, he repeated all that Pedro had related to Don Quixote.

mournful - triste, affligé, éploré, mélancolique, lugubre

behaviour - manieres

courted - courtisé, cour, tribunal

This conversation dropped, and another was commenced by him who was called Vivaldo asking Don Quixote what was the reason that led him to go armed in that fashion in a country so peaceful.

commenced - commencé, commencer

To which Don Quixote replied, "The pursuit of my calling does not allow or permit me to go in any other fashion; easy life, enjoyment, and repose were invented for soft courtiers, but toil, unrest, and arms were invented and made for those alone whom the world calls knights-errant, of whom I, though unworthy, am the least of all."

repose - repos

invented - inventé, inventer

courtiers - courtisans, courtisan

unrest - le malaise, agitation

unworthy - indigne

The instant they heard this all set him down as mad, and the better to settle the point and discover what kind of madness his was, Vivaldo proceeded to ask him what knights-errant meant.

"Have not your worships," replied Don Quixote, "read the annals and histories of England, in which are recorded the famous deeds of King Arthur, whom we in our popular Castilian invariably call King Artus, with regard to whom it is an ancient tradition, and commonly received all over that kingdom of Great Britain, that this king did not die, but was changed by magic art into a raven, and that in process of time he is to return to reign and recover his kingdom and sceptre; for which reason it cannot be proved that from that time to this any Englishman ever killed a raven? Well, then, in the time of this good king that famous order of chivalry of the Knights of the Round Table was instituted, and the amour of Don Lancelot of the Lake with the Queen Guinevere occurred, precisely as is there related, the go-between and confidante therein being the highly honourable dame Quintañona, whence came that ballad so well known and widely spread in our Spain"

invariably - invariablement

regard - regard, considérer, égard, estime

tradition - tradition

commonly - communément, fréquemment

Great Britain - La Grande-Bretagne

magic art - de l'art magique

raven - corbeau

reign - regne, regne, régner

recover - récupérer, captons, capter, recouvrent, recouvrer, recouvrons

sceptre - sceptre

Englishman - Anglais

amour - béguin

lake - lac, marin

Guinevere - guenievre, Guenievre

precisely - précisément

Therein - dans

widely - largement, généralement, fréquemment, communément

O never surely was there knight

So served by hand of dame,

As served was he Sir Lancelot hight

When he from Britain came"

with all the sweet and delectable course of his achievements in love and war.

delectable - délectable, délicieux, savoureux, délice

Handed down from that time, then, this order of chivalry went on extending and spreading itself over many and various parts of the world; and in it, famous and renowned for their deeds, were the mighty Amadis of Gaul with all his sons and descendants to the fifth generation, and the valiant Felixmarte of Hircania, and the never sufficiently praised Tirante el Blanco, and in our own days almost we have seen and heard and talked with the invincible knight Don Belianis of Greece. This, then, sirs, is to be a knight-errant, and what I have spoken of is the order of his chivalry, of which, as I have already said, I, though a sinner, have made profession, and what the aforesaid knights professed that same do I profess, and so I go through these solitudes and wilds seeking adventures, resolved in soul to oppose my arm and person to the most perilous that fortune may offer me in aid of the weak and needy."

extending - s'étendant, étendre, prolonger

generation - génération, création, generation

Praised - loué, louange, louer, féliciter, prôner, vénérer

invincible - invincible

solitudes - solitudes, solitude

most perilous - le plus périlleux

weak - faible, débile

By these words of his the travellers were able to satisfy themselves of Don Quixote's being out of his senses and of the form of madness that overmastered him, at which they felt the same astonishment that all felt on first becoming acquainted with it; and Vivaldo, who was a person of great shrewdness and of a lively temperament, in order to beguile the short journey which they said was required to reach the mountain, the scene of the burial, sought to give him an opportunity of going on with his absurdities. So he said to him, "It seems to me, Señor Knight-errant, that your worship has made choice of one of the most austere professions in the world, and I imagine even that of the Carthusian monks is not so austere."

astonishment - l'étonnement, étonnement

shrewdness - l'astuce

temperament - tempérament

beguile - séduire, duper, tromper, induire en erreur, exalter, emporter

austere - austere, austere

professions - professions, profession, métier

Carthusian - chartreux, cartusien

monks - moines, moine

"As austere it may perhaps be," replied our Don Quixote, "but so necessary for the world I am very much inclined to doubt. For, if the truth is to be told, the soldier who executes what his captain orders does no less than the captain himself who gives the order.

soldier - soldat, mouillette

executes - s'exécute, exécuter, mettre a mort

My meaning, is, that churchmen in peace and quiet pray to Heaven for the welfare of the world, but we soldiers and knights carry into effect what they pray for, defending it with the might of our arms and the edge of our swords, not under shelter but in the open air, a target for the intolerable rays of the sun in summer and the piercing frosts of winter.

pray to - prier

welfare - l'aide sociale, bien-etre, aide sociale

soldiers - soldats, soldat, mouillette

defending - défendre

edge - bord, côté, arete, carre

open air - a l'air libre

target - cible, objectif, but, cibler, viser

intolerable - intolérable

piercing - piercing, perçant, (pierce)

frosts - les gelées, givre, gel

Thus are we God's ministers on earth and the arms by which his justice is done therein. And as the business of war and all that relates and belongs to it cannot be conducted without exceeding great sweat, toil, and exertion, it follows that those who make it their profession have undoubtedly more labour than those who in tranquil peace and quiet are engaged in praying to God to help the weak.

ministers - ministres, ministre

conducted - conduite, comportement, se comporter, conduire, mener

exceeding - dépassant, excéder, dépasser

Undoubtedly - sans doute

tranquil - tranquille

I do not mean to say, nor does it enter into my thoughts, that the knight-errant's calling is as good as that of the monk in his cell; I would merely infer from what I endure myself that it is beyond a doubt a more laborious and a more belaboured one, a hungrier and thirstier, a wretcheder, raggeder, and lousier; for there is no reason to doubt that the knights-errant of yore endured much hardship in the course of their lives. And if some of them by the might of their arms did rise to be emperors, in faith it cost them dear in the matter of blood and sweat; and if those who attained to that rank had not had magicians and sages to help them they would have been completely baulked in their ambition and disappointed in their hopes."

enter into - entrer

monk - moine, religieux

cell - cellule, cachot

merely - simplement, uniquement, seulement

infer - déduire, inférer

laborious - laborieux

wretcheder - plus misérable, misérable

lousier - plus lousier, pouilleux, minable, pourri, a chier, de merde

endured - enduré, endurer, perdurer, supporter

emperors - empereurs, empereur

attained - atteint, atteindre

disappointed - déçue, décevoir, désappointer

"That is my own opinion," replied the traveller; "but one thing among many others seems to me very wrong in knights-errant, and that is that when they find themselves about to engage in some mighty and perilous adventure in which there is manifest danger of losing their lives, they never at the moment of engaging in it think of commending themselves to God, as is the duty of every good Christian in like peril; instead of which they commend themselves to their ladies with as much devotion as if these were their gods, a thing which seems to me to savour somewhat of heathenism."

perilous - périlleux

engaging - engageant, attirer l'attention, engager, embrayer

gods - dieux, idolâtrer, déifier

"Sir," answered Don Quixote, "that cannot be on any account omitted, and the knight-errant would be disgraced who acted otherwise: for it is usual and customary in knight-errantry that the knight-errant, who on engaging in any great feat of arms has his lady before him, should turn his eyes towards her softly and lovingly, as though with them entreating her to favour and protect him in the hazardous venture he is about to undertake, and even though no one hear him, he is bound to say certain words between his teeth, commending himself to her with all his heart, and of this we have innumerable instances in the histories. Nor is it to be supposed from this that they are to omit commending themselves to God, for there will be time and opportunity for doing so while they are engaged in their task."

omitted - omis, omettre

disgraced - déshonorée, honte, disgrâce, ignominie

customary - coutumier, habituel, d'usage

feat - feat, fait

softly - en douceur, doucement

lovingly - avec amour

hazardous - dangereux

innumerable - innombrables

instances - instances, instance

"For all that," answered the traveller, "I feel some doubt still, because often I have read how words will arise between two knights-errant, and from one thing to another it comes about that their anger kindles and they wheel their horses round and take a good stretch of field, and then without any more ado at the top of their speed they come to the charge, and in mid-career they are wont to commend themselves to their ladies; and what commonly comes of the encounter is that one falls over the haunches of his horse pierced through and through by his antagonist's lance, and as for the other, it is only by holding on to the mane of his horse that he can help falling to the ground; but I know not how the dead man had time to commend himself to God in the course of such rapid work as this; it would have been better if those words which he spent in commending himself to his lady in the midst of his career had been devoted to his duty and obligation as a Christian. Moreover, it is my belief that all knights-errant have not ladies to commend themselves to, for they are not all in love."

arise - se lever, surgir, apparaitre, naitre

comes about - se produit

kindles - des livres de poche, allumer, enflammer

ado - ado, cérémonies, manieres, bruit, histoire

Speed - la vitesse, galoper, vitesse

charge - frais, charge, chef d’accusation, chef d’inculpation, meuble

pierced - percé, percer

antagonist - antagoniste

holding on - Tenir bon

mane - criniere, criniere

falling to - Tomber

rapid - rapide, rapides

midst - centre, milieu

belief - croyance, conviction, foi

"That is impossible," said Don Quixote: "I say it is impossible that there could be a knight-errant without a lady, because to such it is as natural and proper to be in love as to the heavens to have stars: most certainly no history has been seen in which there is to be found a knight-errant without an amour, and for the simple reason that without one he would be held no legitimate knight but a bastard, and one who had gained entrance into the stronghold of the said knighthood, not by the door, but over the wall like a thief and a robber."

entrance - entrée, cochere

stronghold - bastion, place forte, fief

robber - voleur, brigand, bandit

"Nevertheless," said the traveller, "if I remember rightly, I think I have read that Don Galaor, the brother of the valiant Amadis of Gaul, never had any special lady to whom he might commend himself, and yet he was not the less esteemed, and was a very stout and famous knight."

To which our Don Quixote made answer, "Sir, one solitary swallow does not make summer; moreover, I know that knight was in secret very deeply in love; besides which, that way of falling in love with all that took his fancy was a natural propensity which he could not control.

solitary - solitaire, seul, un a un

swallow - avaler, avalons, empiffrer, hirondelle, avalez

in secret - en secret

control - contrôler, maîtrise, contrôle, commandes

But, in short, it is very manifest that he had one alone whom he made mistress of his will, to whom he commended himself very frequently and very secretly, for he prided himself on being a reticent knight."

secretly - secretement, secretement, en cachette

prided - fierté, orgueil

reticent - réticent

"Then if it be essential that every knight-errant should be in love," said the traveller, "it may be fairly supposed that your worship is so, as you are of the order; and if you do not pride yourself on being as reticent as Don Galaor, I entreat you as earnestly as I can, in the name of all this company and in my own, to inform us of the name, country, rank, and beauty of your lady, for she will esteem herself fortunate if all the world knows that she is loved and served by such a knight as your worship seems to be."

earnestly - sincerement, sérieusement

inform - informer, renseignent, faire savoir, renseignons, informez

At this Don Quixote heaved a deep sigh and said, "I cannot say positively whether my sweet enemy is pleased or not that the world should know I serve her; I can only say in answer to what has been so courteously asked of me, that her name is Dulcinea, her country El Toboso, a village of La Mancha, her rank must be at least that of a princess, since she is my queen and lady, and her beauty superhuman, since all the impossible and fanciful attributes of beauty which the poets apply to their ladies are verified in her; for her hairs are gold, her forehead Elysian fields, her eyebrows rainbows, her eyes suns, her cheeks roses, her lips coral, her teeth pearls, her neck alabaster, her bosom marble, her hands ivory, her fairness snow, and what modesty conceals from sight such, I think and imagine, as rational reflection can only extol, not compare."

heaved - heaved, hisser

sigh - soupir

positively - positivement

fanciful - fantaisiste

attributes - attributs, attribut, épithete or déterminant

forehead - front

Elysian - elysien, élyséen

eyebrows - sourcils, sourcil

rainbows - arc-en-ciel, iridescent, frulticolore, polychromer

cheeks - joues, joue, fesse, culot, toupet, potence de bringuebale

roses - des roses, Rose

lips - levres, levre

coral - corail, corallien

alabaster - l'albâtre, albâtre

ivory - ivoire

fairness - l'équité, justice

conceals - dissimule, dissimuler, cacher

rational - rationnelle, rationnel

extol - vanter, louer, faire l'éloge de

"We should like to know her lineage, race, and ancestry," said Vivaldo.

ancestry - l'ascendance, ascendance

To which Don Quixote replied, "She is not of the ancient Roman Curtii, Caii, or Scipios, nor of the modern Colonnas or Orsini, nor of the Moncadas or Requesenes of Catalonia, nor yet of the Rebellas or Villanovas of Valencia; Palafoxes, Nuzas, Rocabertis, Corellas, Lunas, Alagones, Urreas, Foces, or Gurreas of Aragon; Cerdas, Manriques, Mendozas, or Guzmans of Castile; Alencastros, Pallas, or Meneses of Portugal; but she is of those of El Toboso of La Mancha, a lineage that though modern, may furnish a source of gentle blood for the most illustrious families of the ages that are to come, and this let none dispute with me save on the condition that Zerbino placed at the foot of the trophy of Orlando's arms, saying,

Catalonia - la catalogne, Catalogne

Pallas - pallas

source - source

illustrious - illustre

dispute - dispute, litige, discuter, argumenter, évaluer, contester

trophy - trophée

These let none move

Who dareth not his might with Roland prove."

dareth - oser

"Although mine is of the Cachopins of Laredo," said the traveller, "I will not venture to compare it with that of El Toboso of La Mancha, though, to tell the truth, no such surname has until now ever reached my ears."

"What!" said Don Quixote, "has that never reached them?"

The rest of the party went along listening with great attention to the conversation of the pair, and even the very goatherds and shepherds perceived how exceedingly out of his wits our Don Quixote was.

attention - attention, attentions, garde a vous

exceedingly - excessivement, extremement, énormément

Sancho Panza alone thought that what his master said was the truth, knowing who he was and having known him from his birth; and all that he felt any difficulty in believing was that about the fair Dulcinea del Toboso, because neither any such name nor any such princess had ever come to his knowledge though he lived so close to El Toboso.

They were going along conversing in this way, when they saw descending a gap between two high mountains some twenty shepherds, all clad in sheepskins of black wool, and crowned with garlands which, as afterwards appeared, were, some of them of yew, some of cypress.

going along - Aller avec

conversing - en train de converser, converser

descending - descendant, descendre

gap - l'écart, breche, créneau, breche

high mountains - des hautes montagnes

yew - oui, if

Six of the number were carrying a bier covered with a great variety of flowers and branches, on seeing which one of the goatherds said, "Those who come there are the bearers of Chrysostom's body, and the foot of that mountain is the place where he ordered them to bury him.

branches - branches, branche, t+rameau, affluent, filiale

bearers - porteurs, porteur, porteuse

" They therefore made haste to reach the spot, and did so by the time those who came had laid the bier upon the ground, and four of them with sharp pickaxes were digging a grave by the side of a hard rock.

pickaxes - pioches, pioche, piocher

digging - creusant, (dig) creusant

grave - tombe

They greeted each other courteously, and then Don Quixote and those who accompanied him turned to examine the bier, and on it, covered with flowers, they saw a dead body in the dress of a shepherd, to all appearance of one thirty years of age, and showing even in death that in life he had been of comely features and gallant bearing.

greeted - salué, saluer, accueillir

accompanied - accompagné, accompagner

examine - examiner

dead body - un corps

comely - agréable, avenant

Around him on the bier itself were laid some books, and several papers open and folded; and those who were looking on as well as those who were opening the grave and all the others who were there preserved a strange silence, until one of those who had borne the body said to another, "Observe carefully, Ambrosio if this is the place Chrysostom spoke of, since you are anxious that what he directed in his will should be so strictly complied with."

folded - plié, plier

strictly - strictement

complied - s'est-elle conformée, se conformer, respecter, acquiescer

"This is the place," answered Ambrosio "for in it many a time did my poor friend tell me the story of his hard fortune.

Here it was, he told me, that he saw for the first time that mortal enemy of the human race, and here, too, for the first time he declared to her his passion, as honourable as it was devoted, and here it was that at last Marcela ended by scorning and rejecting him so as to bring the tragedy of his wretched life to a close; here, in memory of misfortunes so great, he desired to be laid in the bowels of eternal oblivion." Then turning to Don Quixote and the travellers he went on to say, "That body, sirs, on which you are looking with compassionate eyes, was the abode of a soul on which Heaven bestowed a vast share of its riches. That is the body of Chrysostom, who was unrivalled in wit, unequalled in courtesy, unapproached in gentle bearing, a phĹ"nix in friendship, generous without limit, grave without arrogance, gay without vulgarity, and, in short, first in all that constitutes goodness and second to none in all that makes up misfortune. He loved deeply, he was hated; he adored, he was scorned; he wooed a wild beast, he pleaded with marble, he pursued the wind, he cried to the wilderness, he served ingratitude, and for reward was made the prey of death in the mid-course of life, cut short by a shepherdess whom he sought to immortalise in the memory of man, as these papers which you see could fully prove, had he not commanded me to consign them to the fire after having consigned his body to the earth."

scorning - mépris, (scorn), mépriser, dédaigner, dédain

rejecting - rejeter

tragedy - tragédie

wretched - misérable

misfortunes - malheurs, malchance, mésaventure, malheur

laid in - mis en place

abode - domicile, demeure, (abide), endurer, tolérer

vast - vaste

unrivalled - inégalée

unequalled - inégalée

unapproached - sans etre approché

generous - généreux

limit - limite, circonscrivez, limitons, circonscrivons, limitez

arrogance - l'arrogance, arrogance

vulgarity - la vulgarité, vulgarité, grossiereté

constitutes - constitue, constituer

goodness - la bonté, bonté, bonté divine, corbleu, crebleu, jarnibleu

makes up - invente

adored - adorée, adorer

scorned - bafouée, mépriser, dédaigner, mépris, dédain

wooed - courtisé, faire la cour (a)

pleaded - plaidée, plaider

wilderness - la nature sauvage, désert, naturalité, nature sauvage

ingratitude - l'ingratitude, ingratitude

prey - la proie, butin, prise, proie

mid - moyenne, mi-, au milieu de, en plein

immortalise - immortaliser

consigned - consigné, confier

"You would deal with them more harshly and cruelly than their owner himself," said Vivaldo, "for it is neither right nor proper to do the will of one who enjoins what is wholly unreasonable; it would not have been reasonable in Augustus Cæsar had he permitted the directions left by the divine Mantuan in his will to be carried into effect.

cruelly - cruellement

enjoins - enjoint, enjoindre

unreasonable - déraisonnable

Augustus - auguste

Mantuan - Mantouan

So that, Señor Ambrosio while you consign your friend's body to the earth, you should not consign his writings to oblivion, for if he gave the order in bitterness of heart, it is not right that you should irrationally obey it.

consign - consigner, consignent, consignez, consignons

writings - Des écrits, (writing) Des écrits

bitterness - l'amertume, amertume

irrationally - de façon irrationnelle

On the contrary, by granting life to those papers, let the cruelty of Marcela live for ever, to serve as a warning in ages to come to all men to shun and avoid falling into like danger; or I and all of us who have come here know already the story of this your love-stricken and heart-broken friend, and we know, too, your friendship, and the cause of his death, and the directions he gave at the close of his life; from which sad story may be gathered how great was the cruelty of Marcela, the love of Chrysostom, and the loyalty of your friendship, together with the end awaiting those who pursue rashly the path that insane passion opens to their eyes. Last night we learned the death of Chrysostom and that he was to be buried here, and out of curiosity and pity we left our direct road and resolved to come and see with our eyes that which when heard of had so moved our compassion, and in consideration of that compassion and our desire to prove it if we might by condolence, we beg of you, excellent Ambrosio, or at least I on my own account entreat you, that instead of burning those papers you allow me to carry away some of them."

granting - l'octroi, accorder, admettre

gathered - rassemblés, rassembler, ramasser, recueillir

loyalty - la loyauté, loyauté

awaiting - en attente, attendre, s'attendre a, servir, guetter

rashly - de maniere irréfléchie, étourdiment, imprudemment

insane - dérangé, délirant, fou, dément, dérangeant

pity - compassion, pitié, dommage, honte, plaindre, avoir pitié de

Direct - direct, mettre en scene, ordonner

compassion - la compassion, compassion

in consideration of - en considération de

condolence - réconfort, condoléances

carry away - emporter

And without waiting for the shepherd's answer, he stretched out his hand and took up some of those that were nearest to him; seeing which Ambrosio said, "Out of courtesy, señor, I will grant your request as to those you have taken, but it is idle to expect me to abstain from burning the remainder."

request - demander, prier, requete, demande

expect - s'attendre a, attendre, s'attendre a

abstain - s'abstenir

remainder - reste, restant, checkreste, checkrésidu, checkinvendu

Vivaldo, who was eager to see what the papers contained, opened one of them at once, and saw that its title was "Lay of Despair."

Ambrosio hearing it said, "That is the last paper the unhappy man wrote; and that you may see, señor, to what an end his misfortunes brought him, read it so that you may be heard, for you will have time enough for that while we are waiting for the grave to be dug."

dug - creusée, creusâmes, creusé, creusa, creuserent, (dig) creusée

"I will do so very willingly," said Vivaldo; and as all the bystanders were equally eager they gathered round him, and he, reading in a loud voice, found that it ran as follows.

bystanders - des passants, passant, badaud

equally - également


inserted - inséré, insérer, introduire, insinuer, in texte, illustration


Since thou dost in thy cruelty desire

The ruthless rigour of thy tyranny

rigour - la rigueur, rigueur

tyranny - la tyrannie, tyrannie

From tongue to tongue, from land to land proclaimed,

proclaimed - proclamé, proclamer, déclarer

The very Hell will I constrain to lend

constrain - contraindre

lend - preter, pretons, conférer, pretent, emprunter

This stricken breast of mine deep notes of woe

woe - tristesse, douleur, misere, malheur, hélas

To serve my need of fitting utterance.

fitting - l'appareillage, approprié, conforme, convenable, coupleur

utterance - énoncé

And as I strive to body forth the tale

strive - s'efforcer, s'efforcer de

Of all I suffer, all that thou hast done,

Forth shall the dread voice roll, and bear along

roll - rouler, petit pain, enroulez, roulons, enroulent, roulez

Shreds from my vitals torn for greater pain.

shreds - en lambeaux, lambeau

vitals - les constantes, vital

torn - déchiré, larme

Then listen, not to dulcet harmony,

But to a discord wrung by mad despair

discord - discorde, désaccord

wrung - tordus, essorer

Out of this bosom's depths of bitterness,

depths - profondeurs, profondeur, épaisseur

To ease my heart and plant a sting in thine.

sting - piqure, morsure, aiguillon, piquons, piquer, piquent

The lion's roar, the fierce wolf's savage howl,

roar - rugir, hurler, s'esclaffer, rire aux éclats

wolf - loup, tombeur, dévorer, engloutir

savage - barbare, féroce, sauvage

howl - hurlement, hurler

The horrid hissing of the scaly snake,

horrid - horribles, affreux, horrible, exécrable, désagréable

scaly - écailleux

The awesome cries of monsters yet unnamed,

awesome - génial

monsters - des monstres, monstre, bete, monstrueux

unnamed - sans nom

The crow's ill-boding croak, the hollow moan

boding - présageant, (bod) présageant

croak - coassement, coasser, croasser, crever, clamser, buter

hollow - creux, cavez, caver, cavent, cavons

moan - gémissement, se plaindre, geindre, gémir, mugir

Of wild winds wrestling with the restless sea,

wild - sauvage, pétulant, grose

winds - vents, vent

wrestling - la lutte, lutte, catch, (wrestle), lutter

restless - inquiet, agité, checkimpatient

The wrathful bellow of the vanquished bull,

bellow - souffler, mugir, beugler

Bull - le taureau, taureau

The plaintive sobbing of the widowed dove,

sobbing - sanglots, sanglotement, sanglotant, sanglotante, (sob), fdp

widowed - veuve

dove - colombe, pigeon, (dive) colombe

The envied owl's sad note, the wail of woe

Owl - hibou, chouette

wail - gémir, se lamenter

That rises from the dreary choir of Hell,

rises - s'éleve, augmenter, monter, lever

dreary - lugubre, terne, insipide, maussade

choir - chour, chorale, classe

Commingled in one sound, confusing sense,

confusing - confus, rendre perplexe, confondre

Let all these come to aid my soul's complaint,

For pain like mine demands new modes of song.

demands - demandes, demande, exigence, exiger

modes - modes, mode, maniere

No echoes of that discord shall be heard

Echoes - les échos, écho

Where Father Tagus rolls, or on the banks

Tagus - tagus, Tage

rolls - rouleaux, rouleau

Of olive-bordered Betis; to the rocks

bordered - bordé, frontiere, bord, bordure, délimiter, border

Or in deep caverns shall my plaint be told,

caverns - cavernes, caverne, grotte

plaint - plaint

And by a lifeless tongue in living words;

lifeless - sans vie

Or in dark valleys or on lonely shores,

lonely - solitaire, seul, désert, abandonné

shores - rivages, rivage

Where neither foot of man nor sunbeam falls;

sunbeam - rayon de soleil

Or in among the poison-breathing swarms

poison - poison, empoisonner

breathing - respirer, respiration, (breath), souffle, haleine

swarms - essaims, essaim (flying insects)

Of monsters nourished by the sluggish Nile.

nourished - nourri, nourrir

sluggish - léthargique, poussif, faiblard, rétamé

Nile - le nil, Nil

For, though it be to solitudes remote

remote - a distance, distant, éloigné, télécommande

The hoarse vague echoes of my sorrows sound

hoarse - rauque, rugueux

vague - vague

sorrows - chagrins, peine, chagrin

Thy matchless cruelty, my dismal fate

matchless - inégalable

dismal - lamentable, misérable, morne, lugubre, déprimant

Shall carry them to all the spacious world.

Disdain hath power to kill, and patience dies

disdain - dédain, mépris, dédaigner, mépriser

Slain by suspicion, be it false or true;

slain - tué, tuer

And deadly is the force of jealousy;

deadly - mortelle, mortel, fatal, létal

Long absence makes of life a dreary void;

absence - absence, manque, absence du fer

void - vide, vacuum

No hope of happiness can give repose

Happiness - le bonheur, bonheur

To him that ever fears to be forgot;

fears - des craintes, peur

And death, inevitable, waits in hall.

inevitable - inévitable

hall - couloir, corridor, salle, salon, manoir, foyer

But I, by some strange miracle, live on

miracle - miracle

A prey to absence, jealousy, disdain;

Racked by suspicion as by certainty;

racked - en rack, porte-outils, étagere, porte-bagages, etc

certainty - certitude

Forgotten, left to feed my flame alone.

feed - l'alimentation, nourrir, alimentent, alimentez, alimentons

flame - flamme, polémique

And while I suffer thus, there comes no ray

ray - rayon, émission

Of hope to gladden me athwart the gloom;

gladden - se réjouir, réjouir

athwart - l'athmosphere, a travers, d'un coté a l'autre

gloom - obscurité, pénombre, grisaille, morosité, noirceur

Nor do I look for it in my despair;

But rather clinging to a cureless woe,

clinging to - s'accrocher a

cureless - sans remede

All hope do I abjure for evermore.

abjure - abjurer

evermore - toujours

Can there be hope where fear is? Were it well,

When far more certain are the grounds of fear?

Ought I to shut mine eyes to jealousy,

If through a thousand heart-wounds it appears?

Who would not give free access to distrust,

access - l'acces, attaque, accéder, intelligence, entrée, accés

distrust - défiance, méfiance, se méfier

Seeing disdain unveiled, and"bitter change!"

unveiled - dévoilé, dévoiler, lever le voile

All his suspicions turned to certainties,

suspicions - des soupçons, suspicion, soupçon

certainties - des certitudes, certitude

And the fair truth transformed into a lie?

transformed - transformé, transformer, transformée

Oh, thou fierce tyrant of the realms of love,

tyrant - tyran

realms - royaumes, domaine, royaume

Oh, Jealousy! put chains upon these hands,

chains - chaînes, chaîne, enchaîner

And bind me with thy strongest cord, Disdain.

bind - lier, attacher, nouer, connecter, coupler

cord - corde, cordon

But, woe is me! triumphant over all,

triumphant - triomphant, triomphal

My sufferings drown the memory of you.

sufferings - souffrances, souffrance, douleur

drown - se noyer, noyer, checksubmerger

And now I die, and since there is no hope

Of happiness for me in life or death,

Still to my fantasy I'll fondly cling.

fantasy - fantaisie, imaginaire, fantasme, fantasy

fondly - affectieux

cling - s'accrocher, s'accrocher (a)

I'll say that he is wise who loveth well,

loveth - aime

And that the soul most free is that most bound

In thraldom to the ancient tyrant Love.

thraldom - la thraldom

I'll say that she who is mine enemy

In that fair body hath as fair a mind,

And that her coldness is but my desert,

And that by virtue of the pain he sends

Love rules his kingdom with a gentle sway.

sway - se balancer, autorité, poids, influence, prépondérance

Thus, self-deluding, and in bondage sore,

deluding - illusoire, tricher, tromper

bondage - le bondage, esclavage, servitude, bondage

And wearing out the wretched shred of life

shred - déchiqueter, lambeau

To which I am reduced by her disdain,

reduced - réduite, réduire, diminuer, fr

I'll give this soul and body to the winds,

All hopeless of a crown of bliss in store.

hopeless - sans espoir, désespéré

store - magasin, entrepôt, stock, stocker, conserver

Thou whose injustice hath supplied the cause

That makes me quit the weary life I loathe,

loathe - exécrer, détester, hair

As by this wounded bosom thou canst see

How willingly thy victim I become,

Let not my death, if haply worth a tear,

haply - haply

tear - déchirure, déchirer, fissure, larme, pleur

Cloud the clear heaven that dwells in thy bright eyes;

dwells - habite, résider, s'appesantir sur

I would not have thee expiate in aught

aught - rien

The crime of having made my heart thy prey;

crime - délit (max 10 years imprisonment according to law) crime (15 years and more) (nothing strictly between 10 and 15)

But rather let thy laughter gaily ring

And prove my death to be thy festival.

Fool that I am to bid thee! well I know

bid - offre, impératifs, prier

Thy glory gains by my untimely end.

gains - gains, gagner

untimely - inopportun, intempestif, vert

And now it is the time; from Hell's abyss

abyss - l'abîme, abîme, précipice, abysse, gouffre

Come thirsting Tantalus, come Sisyphus

thirsting - la soif, soif, avoir soif, désirer

Tantalus - Tantale

Sisyphus - Sisyphe

Heaving the cruel stone, come Tityus

heaving - le déchaussement, (heave), hisser

With vulture, and with wheel Ixion come,

vulture - vautour, carencro, charognard

Ixion - Ixion

And come the sisters of the ceaseless toil;

ceaseless - incessant

And all into this breast transfer their pains,

transfer - transférer, transfert

And (if such tribute to despair be due)

tribute - hommage, tribut

due - due, du

Chant in their deepest tones a doleful dirge

chant - chant, chanter

deepest - le plus profond, profond, épais, grave, foncé, foncée

tones - tons, ton

dirge - dirge, chant funebre

Over a corse unworthy of a shroud.

corse - Corse

shroud - l'enveloppe, drap mortuaire

Let the three-headed guardian of the gate,

guardian - gardien, tuteur, tutrice, curateur, curatrice

And all the monstrous progeny of hell,

progeny - descendant, progéniture, descendance

The doleful concert join: a lover dead

Methinks can have no fitter obsequies.

methinks - pensez-vous, il me semble

fitter - plus en forme, ajusteur, (fit) plus en forme

Lay of despair, grieve not when thou art gone

grieve - faire son deuil, chagriner, affliger, affligeons, affligent

Forth from this sorrowing heart: my misery

sorrowing - chagrin, (sorrow), peine

misery - la misere, misere

Brings fortune to the cause that gave thee birth;

Then banish sadness even in the tomb.

sadness - tristesse, malheur

tomb - tombe, tombeau

The "Lay of Chrysostom" met with the approbation of the listeners, though the reader said it did not seem to him to agree with what he had heard of Marcela's reserve and propriety, for Chrysostom complained in it of jealousy, suspicion, and absence, all to the prejudice of the good name and fame of Marcela; to which Ambrosio replied as one who knew well his friend's most secret thoughts, "Señor, to remove that doubt I should tell you that when the unhappy man wrote this lay he was away from Marcela, from whom he had voluntarily separated himself, to try if absence would act with him as it is wont; and as everything distresses and every fear haunts the banished lover, so imaginary jealousies and suspicions, dreaded as if they were true, tormented Chrysostom; and thus the truth of what report declares of the virtue of Marcela remains unshaken, and with her envy itself should not and cannot find any fault save that of being cruel, somewhat haughty, and very scornful."

approbation - approbation

listeners - des auditeurs, auditeur, auditrice, écouteur, écouteuse

reserve - réservation, réserve, réserves, remplaçant

most secret - le plus secret

voluntarily - volontairement

separated - séparée, séparé, séparer

distresses - des détresses, détresse

haunts - hunts, hanter, demeurer, point de rencontre

banished - banni, bannir

imaginary - imaginaire

jealousies - des jalousies, jalousie, envie

dreaded - redouté, redouter, craindre, crainte

tormented - tourmenté, tourment, tourmenter

declares - déclare, expliquer, déclarer

unshaken - inébranlable

scornful - méprisante, méprisant}, dédaigneux

"That is true," said Vivaldo; and as he was about to read another paper of those he had preserved from the fire, he was stopped by a marvellous vision (for such it seemed) that unexpectedly presented itself to their eyes; for on the summit of the rock where they were digging the grave there appeared the shepherdess Marcela, so beautiful that her beauty exceeded its reputation.

vision - vision, vue, aspiration, apparition

summit - sommet, apogée

exceeded - dépassé, excéder, dépasser

Those who had never till then beheld her gazed upon her in wonder and silence, and those who were accustomed to see her were not less amazed than those who had never seen her before. But the instant Ambrosio saw her he addressed her, with manifest indignation:

till then - jusqu'a ce moment-la

accustomed - habitué, accoutumer

indignation - l'indignation, indignation

"Art thou come, by chance, cruel basilisk of these mountains, to see if in thy presence blood will flow from the wounds of this wretched being thy cruelty has robbed of life; or is it to exult over the cruel work of thy humours that thou art come; or like another pitiless Nero to look down from that height upon the ruin of his Rome in embers; or in thy arrogance to trample on this ill-fated corpse, as the ungrateful daughter trampled on her father Tarquin's? Tell us quickly for what thou art come, or what it is thou wouldst have, for, as I know the thoughts of Chrysostom never failed to obey thee in life, I will make all these who call themselves his friends obey thee, though he be dead."

by chance - par hasard

basilisk - basilic

flow - flux, coulons, couler, coulez, courant, écoulement

exult - exulter

humours - les humeurs, humour, humeur, disposition, amadouer

look down - regarder en bas

height - hauteur, taille

Rome - rome

trample on - piétiner

corpse - cadavre, corps, corps sans vie

ungrateful - ingrat

trampled - piétiné, fouler, piétiner

"I come not, Ambrosio for any of the purposes thou hast named," replied Marcela, "but to defend myself and to prove how unreasonable are all those who blame me for their sorrow and for Chrysostom's death; and therefore I ask all of you that are here to give me your attention, for it will not take much time or many words to bring the truth home to persons of sense.

sorrow - peine, chagrin

Heaven has made me, so you say, beautiful, and so much so that in spite of yourselves my beauty leads you to love me; and for the love you show me you say, and even urge, that I am bound to love you.

leads - des pistes, conduire, mener

By that natural understanding which God has given me I know that everything beautiful attracts love, but I cannot see how, by reason of being loved, that which is loved for its beauty is bound to love that which loves it; besides, it may happen that the lover of that which is beautiful may be ugly, and ugliness being detestable, it is very absurd to say, "I love thee because thou art beautiful, thou must love me though I be ugly." But supposing the beauty equal on both sides, it does not follow that the inclinations must be therefore alike, for it is not every beauty that excites love, some but pleasing the eye without winning the affection; and if every sort of beauty excited love and won the heart, the will would wander vaguely to and fro unable to make choice of any; for as there is an infinity of beautiful objects there must be an infinity of inclinations, and true love, I have heard it said, is indivisible, and must be voluntary and not compelled. If this be so, as I believe it to be, why do you desire me to bend my will by force, for no other reason but that you say you love me? Nay"tell me"had Heaven made me ugly, as it has made me beautiful, could I with justice complain of you for not loving me? Moreover, you must remember that the beauty I possess was no choice of mine, for, be it what it may, Heaven of its bounty gave it me without my asking or choosing it; and as the viper, though it kills with it, does not deserve to be blamed for the poison it carries, as it is a gift of nature, neither do I deserve reproach for being beautiful; for beauty in a modest woman is like fire at a distance or a sharp sword; the one does not burn, the other does not cut, those who do not come too near. Honour and virtue are the ornaments of the mind, without which the body, though it be so, has no right to pass for beautiful; but if modesty is one of the virtues that specially lend a grace and charm to mind and body, why should she who is loved for her beauty part with it to gratify one who for his pleasure alone strives with all his might and energy to rob her of it? I was born free, and that I might live in freedom I chose the solitude of the fields; in the trees of the mountains I find society, the clear waters of the brooks are my mirrors, and to the trees and waters I make known my thoughts and charms. I am a fire afar off, a sword laid aside. Those whom I have inspired with love by letting them see me, I have by words undeceived, and if their longings live on hope"and I have given none to Chrysostom or to any other"it cannot justly be said that the death of any is my doing, for it was rather his own obstinacy than my cruelty that killed him; and if it be made a charge against me that his wishes were honourable, and that therefore I was bound to yield to them, I answer that when on this very spot where now his grave is made he declared to me his purity of purpose, I told him that mine was to live in perpetual solitude, and that the earth alone should enjoy the fruits of my retirement and the spoils of my beauty; and if, after this open avowal, he chose to persist against hope and steer against the wind, what wonder is it that he should sink in the depths of his infatuation? If I had encouraged him, I should be false; if I had gratified him, I should have acted against my own better resolution and purpose. He was persistent in spite of warning, he despaired without being hated. Bethink you now if it be reasonable that his suffering should be laid to my charge. Let him who has been deceived complain, let him give way to despair whose encouraged hopes have proved vain, let him flatter himself whom I shall entice, let him boast whom I shall receive; but let not him call me cruel or homicide to whom I make no promise, upon whom I practise no deception, whom I neither entice nor receive. It has not been so far the will of Heaven that I should love by fate, and to expect me to love by choice is idle. Let this general declaration serve for each of my suitors on his own account, and let it be understood from this time forth that if anyone dies for me it is not of jealousy or misery he dies, for she who loves no one can give no cause for jealousy to any, and candour is not to be confounded with scorn. Let him who calls me wild beast and basilisk, leave me alone as something noxious and evil; let him who calls me ungrateful, withhold his service; who calls me wayward, seek not my acquaintance; who calls me cruel, pursue me not; for this wild beast, this basilisk, this ungrateful, cruel, wayward being has no kind of desire to seek, serve, know, or follow them. If Chrysostom's impatience and violent passion killed him, why should my modest behaviour and circumspection be blamed? If I preserve my purity in the society of the trees, why should he who would have me preserve it among men, seek to rob me of it? I have, as you know, wealth of my own, and I covet not that of others; my taste is for freedom, and I have no relish for constraint; I neither love nor hate anyone; I do not deceive this one or court that, or trifle with one or play with another. The modest converse of the shepherd girls of these hamlets and the care of my goats are my recreations; my desires are bounded by these mountains, and if they ever wander hence it is to contemplate the beauty of the heavens, steps by which the soul travels to its primeval abode."

attracts - attire, attirer

sides - côtés, côté

ugly - laid, moche, vilain

ugliness - la laideur, laideur

detestable - détestable

inclinations - inclinations, inclinaison, fr

alike - comme, semblable, pareil, analogue, pareillement

excites - excite, exciter

wander - errer, vaguer, divaguer

vaguely - vaguement

fro - fro

infinity - l'infini, infinité, infini

voluntary - volontaire, bénévole

compelled - contraint, contraindre, forcer, obliger

bend - plier, courber, tordre, tourner

possess - posséder, s'emparer de

bounty - don, prime

viper - vipere, vipere

kills - tue, tuer

blamed - blâmé, blâmer

gift - présent, cadeau, don, talent, donner

reproach - des reproches, reproche, opprobre, reprocher

modest - modeste, (mod)

fire at - tirer sur

pass for - passe pour

virtues - vertus, vertu

strives - s'efforce, s'efforcer de

energy - l'énergie, énergie, courage

mirrors - des miroirs, glace, miroir, copie, refléter

make known - faire connaître

charms - des breloques, charme

afar - loin, afar

deceived - trompé, tromper, leurrer, séduire

justly - a juste titre, justement

obstinacy - l'obstination, entetement, obstination

wishes - souhaits, souhait, souhaiter, espérer

yield - le rendement, rends, produit, rendement, rendons, rendent

steer - diriger, piloter

sink - couler, s'enfoncer, évier, lavabo

encouraged - encouragé, encourager

gratified - gratifié, gratifier

persistent - persistante, persistant, tenace

despaired - désespéré, désespérer, désespoir

bethink - penser

be reasonable - etre raisonnable

give way - céder le passage

vain - vaine, rench: vaniteux, frivole, vain, futile

entice - séduire, appâter, attirer

boast - se vanter, vantent, vantez, vantons, fanfaronner, vanter

receive - recevoir

deception - supercherie, tromperie

general - général, communal, en chef, universal, d'ensemble

declaration - déclaration

suitors - prétendants, plaideur, prétendant, soupirant

candour - candeur

confounded with - confondu avec

noxious - nocif

withhold - retenir

acquaintance - une connaissance, relation

Impatience - impatience

violent - violent, vif

circumspection - circonspection

covet - convoiter, désirer, guigner

constraint - contrainte

trifle - bagatelle, broutille, babiole, bricole

converse - converser, conversez, conversons, conversent

hamlets - hameaux, hameau

recreations - loisirs, divertissement

hence - d'ou, d'ici, ainsi, donc, d'ou

contemplate - envisager, étudier, contempler

steps - étapes, pas

primeval - primitif

With these words, and not waiting to hear a reply, she turned and passed into the thickest part of a wood that was hard by, leaving all who were there lost in admiration as much of her good sense as of her beauty.

thickest - le plus épais, épais, gros, dense

Some"those wounded by the irresistible shafts launched by her bright eyes"made as though they would follow her, heedless of the frank declaration they had heard; seeing which, and deeming this a fitting occasion for the exercise of his chivalry in aid of distressed damsels, Don Quixote, laying his hand on the hilt of his sword, exclaimed in a loud and distinct voice:

irresistible - irrésistible

shafts - arbres, hampe, rachis, cage, entuber

launched - lancé, lancer

frank - franche, franc

deeming - la présomption, estimer, croire, considérer

hilt - hilt, poignée

distinct - distinct, intelligible, reconnaissable

"Let no one, whatever his rank or condition, dare to follow the beautiful Marcela, under pain of incurring my fierce indignation.

incurring - encourus, encourir, s'attirer, subir, impliquer, occasioner

She has shown by clear and satisfactory arguments that little or no fault is to be found with her for the death of Chrysostom, and also how far she is from yielding to the wishes of any of her lovers, for which reason, instead of being followed and persecuted, she should in justice be honoured and esteemed by all the good people of the world, for she shows that she is the only woman in it that holds to such a virtuous resolution."

satisfactory - satisfaisante, satisfaisant

yielding - rendant, (yield) rendant

Persecuted - persécutés, persécuter

holds - tient, (main)tenir

virtuous - vertueux

Whether it was because of the threats of Don Quixote, or because Ambrosio told them to fulfil their duty to their good friend, none of the shepherds moved or stirred from the spot until, having finished the grave and burned Chrysostom's papers, they laid his body in it, not without many tears from those who stood by.

threats - des menaces, menace

fulfil - remplir, accomplir

stirred - remué, brasser, agiter

They closed the grave with a heavy stone until a slab was ready which Ambrosio said he meant to have prepared, with an epitaph which was to be to this effect:

heavy - lourd, emporté

slab - dalle, bloc, pavé

epitaph - épitaphe

Beneath the stone before your eyes

The body of a lover lies;

In life he was a shepherd swain,

In death a victim to disdain.

Ungrateful, cruel, coy, and fair,

coy - timide, (faussement) timide

Was she that drove him to despair,

And Love hath made her his ally

ally - allié, alliée, allions, alliez, se liguer, allient

For spreading wide his tyranny.

They then strewed upon the grave a profusion of flowers and branches, and all expressing their condolence with his friend Ambrosio, took their leave.

strewed - parsemée, parsemer, joncher

expressing - exprimant, exprimer

Vivaldo and his companion did the same; and Don Quixote bade farewell to his hosts and to the travellers, who pressed him to come with them to Seville, as being such a convenient place for finding adventures, for they presented themselves in every street and round every corner oftener than anywhere else.

Farewell - adieu, prendre congé, dire adieu, faire ses adieux

Hosts - hôtes, hôte/-esse

Convenient - pratique, commode

Don Quixote thanked them for their advice and for the disposition they showed to do him a favour, and said that for the present he would not, and must not go to Seville until he had cleared all these mountains of highwaymen and robbers, of whom report said they were full.

highwaymen - des bandits de grand chemin, bandit de grand chemin, brigand

robbers - des voleurs, brigand, bandit

Seeing his good intention, the travellers were unwilling to press him further, and once more bidding him farewell, they left him and pursued their journey, in the course of which they did not fail to discuss the story of Marcela and Chrysostom as well as the madness of Don Quixote.

press - presse, pressons, serre, pressent, pressez, serrer

He, on his part, resolved to go in quest of the shepherdess Marcela, and make offer to her of all the service he could render her; but things did not fall out with him as he expected, according to what is related in the course of this veracious history, of which the Second Part ends here.

fall out with - se brouiller avec


fell out with - Se brouiller avec

heartless - sans cour, sans-cour

The sage Cid Hamete Benengeli relates that as soon as Don Quixote took leave of his hosts and all who had been present at the burial of Chrysostom, he and his squire passed into the same wood which they had seen the shepherdess Marcela enter, and after having wandered for more than two hours in all directions in search of her without finding her, they came to a halt in a glade covered with tender grass, beside which ran a pleasant cool stream that invited and compelled them to pass there the hours of the noontide heat, which by this time was beginning to come on oppressively. Don Quixote and Sancho dismounted, and turning Rocinante and the ass loose to feed on the grass that was there in abundance, they ransacked the alforjas, and without any ceremony very peacefully and sociably master and man made their repast on what they found in them.

been present - était présent

present at - présents

glade - clairiere, clairiere

grass - l'herbe, herbe, pelouse, gazon, beuh, balance, moucharder

stream - flux, ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant

oppressively - de maniere oppressive

loose - en vrac, ample, desserré

ransacked - saccagé, mettre a sac, saccager, fouiller

peacefully - pacifiquement

Sancho had not thought it worth while to hobble Rocinante, feeling sure, from what he knew of his staidness and freedom from incontinence, that all the mares in the Cordova pastures would not lead him into an impropriety.

hobble - entraver, entrave, abot

staidness - l'immobilisme

incontinence - l'incontinence, incontinence

mares - juments, gâter

pastures - pâturages, pâture, pâturage, pré, prairie

Chance, however, and the devil, who is not always asleep, so ordained it that feeding in this valley there was a drove of Galician ponies belonging to certain Yanguesan carriers, whose way it is to take their midday rest with their teams in places and spots where grass and water abound; and that where Don Quixote chanced to be suited the Yanguesans'purpose very well.

feeding - l'alimentation, alimentant, (feed) l'alimentation

Galician - Galicien

ponies - poneys, poney

midday - midi, (de) midi

spots - taches, tache, bouton, peu, endroit, zone, détecter, trouver

abound - abondent, foisonner, abonder

suited - adapté, complet, costume, tailleur, combinaison, costard

It so happened, then, that Rocinante took a fancy to disport himself with their ladyships the ponies, and abandoning his usual gait and demeanour as he scented them, he, without asking leave of his master, got up a briskish little trot and hastened to make known his wishes to them; they, however, it seemed, preferred their pasture to him, and received him with their heels and teeth to such effect that they soon broke his girths and left him naked without a saddle to cover him; but what must have been worse to him was that the carriers, seeing the violence he was offering to their mares, came running up armed with stakes, and so belaboured him that they brought him sorely battered to the ground.

disport - disport, s'amuser, divertissement

Abandoning - abandon, abandonner

gait - démarche

demeanour - comportement

scented - parfumée, odeur, odorat, sentir

briskish - vif

pasture - pâture, pâturage, pré, prairie

naked - nue, nu, a poil, dénudé

violence - la violence, violence

offering to - proposer

mares - juments, jument

running up - en cours d'exécution

sorely - douloureusement

By this time Don Quixote and Sancho, who had witnessed the drubbing of Rocinante, came up panting, and said Don Quixote to Sancho:

witnessed - témoins, témoignage, témoin, preuve, témoigner

drubbing - l'humiliation, raclée

panting - haletant, (pant) haletant

"So far as I can see, friend Sancho, these are not knights but base folk of low birth: I mention it because thou canst lawfully aid me in taking due vengeance for the insult offered to Rocinante before our eyes."

"What the devil vengeance can we take," answered Sancho, "if they are more than twenty, and we no more than two, or, indeed, perhaps not more than one and a half?"

"I count for a hundred," replied Don Quixote, and without more words he drew his sword and attacked the Yanguesans and excited and impelled by the example of his master, Sancho did the same; and to begin with, Don Quixote delivered a slash at one of them that laid open the leather jerkin he wore, together with a great portion of his shoulder.

impelled - poussé, motiver, inciter, pousser, propulser, éjecter

slash - slash, taillader

laid open - ouvert

The Yanguesans, seeing themselves assaulted by only two men while they were so many, betook themselves to their stakes, and driving the two into the middle they began to lay on with great zeal and energy; in fact, at the second blow they brought Sancho to the ground, and Don Quixote fared the same way, all his skill and high mettle availing him nothing, and fate willed it that he should fall at the feet of Rocinante, who had not yet risen; whereby it may be seen how furiously stakes can pound in angry boorish hands.

assaulted - agressé, assaut, agression, attaquer, agresser

furiously - furieusement

boorish - rustre, grossier

Then, seeing the mischief they had done, the Yanguesans with all the haste they could loaded their team and pursued their journey, leaving the two adventurers a sorry sight and in sorrier mood.

loaded - chargé, charge, chargement

mood - l'humeur, humeur, changeant, ambiance, diapason

Sancho was the first to come to, and finding himself close to his master he called to him in a weak and doleful voice, "Señor Don Quixote, ah, Señor Don Quixote!"

"What wouldst thou, brother Sancho?" answered Don Quixote in the same feeble suffering tone as Sancho.

tone - ton, tonalité, tonale

"I would like, if it were possible," answered Sancho Panza, "your worship to give me a couple of sups of that potion of the fiery Blas, if it be that you have any to hand there; perhaps it will serve for broken bones as well as for wounds."

bones - os

"If I only had it here, wretch that I am, what more should we want?" said Don Quixote; "but I swear to thee, Sancho Panza, on the faith of a knight-errant, ere two days are over, unless fortune orders otherwise, I mean to have it in my possession, or my hand will have lost its cunning."

wretch - malheureux, malheureux/-euse

"But in how many does your worship think we shall have the use of our feet?" answered Sancho Panza.

"For myself I must say I cannot guess how many," said the battered knight Don Quixote; "but I take all the blame upon myself, for I had no business to put hand to sword against men who where not dubbed knights like myself, and so I believe that in punishment for having transgressed the laws of chivalry the God of battles has permitted this chastisement to be administered to me; for which reason, brother Sancho, it is well thou shouldst receive a hint on the matter which I am now about to mention to thee, for it is of much importance to the welfare of both of us. It is that when thou shalt see rabble of this sort offering us insult thou art not to wait till I draw sword against them, for I shall not do so at all; but do thou draw sword and chastise them to thy heart's content, and if any knights come to their aid and defence I will take care to defend thee and assail them with all my might; and thou hast already seen by a thousand signs and proofs what the might of this strong arm of mine is equal to""so uplifted had the poor gentleman become through the victory over the stout Biscayan.

transgressed - transgressé, franchir, transgresser, pécher

chastisement - le châtiment, châtiment

hint - indice, indication, soupçon, faire allusion

proofs - preuves, preuve, épreuve

But Sancho did not so fully approve of his master's admonition as to let it pass without saying in reply, "Señor, I am a man of peace, meek and quiet, and I can put up with any affront because I have a wife and children to support and bring up; so let it be likewise a hint to your worship, as it cannot be a mandate, that on no account will I draw sword either against clown or against knight, and that here before God I forgive the insults that have been offered me, whether they have been, are, or shall be offered me by high or low, rich or poor, noble or commoner, not excepting any rank or condition whatsoever."

approve - approuver, éprouvé, approuvent, approuvez

meek - doux, humble, modeste, soumis, faible

affront - affront, défier, jeter le gant, envoyer un cartel

mandate - commettant, mandat

forgive - pardonner

insults - des insultes, insulter, insulte

whatsoever - quel qu'il soit, du tout, d'aucune sorte

To all which his master said in reply, "I wish I had breath enough to speak somewhat easily, and that the pain I feel on this side would abate so as to let me explain to thee, Panza, the mistake thou makest.

abate - réduire, alléger, amoindrir

Come now, sinner, suppose the wind of fortune, hitherto so adverse, should turn in our favour, filling the sails of our desires so that safely and without impediment we put into port in some one of those islands I have promised thee, how would it be with thee if on winning it I made thee lord of it?

Come now - viens/venez maintenant

adverse - défavorable

turn in - se rendre

impediment - obstacle, empechement, irritant, entrave

port - port, connexion

Why, thou wilt make it well-nigh impossible through not being a knight nor having any desire to be one, nor possessing the courage nor the will to avenge insults or defend thy lordship; for thou must know that in newly conquered kingdoms and provinces the minds of the inhabitants are never so quiet nor so well disposed to the new lord that there is no fear of their making some move to change matters once more, and try, as they say, what chance may do for them; so it is essential that the new possessor should have good sense to enable him to govern, and valour to attack and defend himself, whatever may befall him."

possessing - posséder, s'emparer de

Lordship - Monsieur, le Seigneur, seigneurie

newly - nouvellement, récemment

conquered - conquis, conquérir

provinces - provinces, province, qualifier

minds - les esprits, esprit, t+raison, t+intelligence, mémoire

inhabitants - habitants, habitant, habitante, résident, résidente

disposed - disposé, débarrasser

possessor - possesseur, possessrice

govern - gouverner

"In what has now befallen us," answered Sancho, "I'd have been well pleased to have that good sense and that valour your worship speaks of, but I swear on the faith of a poor man I am more fit for plasters than for arguments. See if your worship can get up, and let us help Rocinante, though he does not deserve it, for he was the main cause of all this thrashing.

plasters - des sparadraps, onguent, plâtre, enduit, enduire

I never thought it of Rocinante, for I took him to be a virtuous person and as quiet as myself. After all, they say right that it takes a long time to come to know people, and that there is nothing sure in this life.

Who would have said that, after such mighty slashes as your worship gave that unlucky knight-errant, there was coming, travelling post and at the very heels of them, such a great storm of sticks as has fallen upon our shoulders?"

"And yet thine, Sancho," replied Don Quixote, "ought to be used to such squalls; but mine, reared in soft cloth and fine linen, it is plain they must feel more keenly the pain of this mishap, and if it were not that I imagine"why do I say imagine?

squalls - des bourrasques, grain, hurler, brailler

reared - élevé, arriere

linen - le linge, toile, lin, linge

keenly - vivement

"know of a certainty that all these annoyances are very necessary accompaniments of the calling of arms, I would lay me down here to die of pure vexation."

annoyances - des désagréments, ennui, nuisance, irritation, fr

accompaniments - des accompagnements, accompagnement

To this the squire replied, "Señor, as these mishaps are what one reaps of chivalry, tell me if they happen very often, or if they have their own fixed times for coming to pass; because it seems to me that after two harvests we shall be no good for the third, unless God in his infinite mercy helps us."

mishaps - mésaventures, mésaventure

reaps - récolte, faucher

harvests - récoltes, récolte, moisson, récolter

be no good - n'est pas bon

infinite - infini, un nombre infini de

"Know, friend Sancho," answered Don Quixote, "that the life of knights-errant is subject to a thousand dangers and reverses, and neither more nor less is it within immediate possibility for knights-errant to become kings and emperors, as experience has shown in the case of many different knights with whose histories I am thoroughly acquainted; and I could tell thee now, if the pain would let me, of some who simply by might of arm have risen to the high stations I have mentioned; and those same, both before and after, experienced divers misfortunes and miseries; for the valiant Amadis of Gaul found himself in the power of his mortal enemy Arcalaus the magician, who, it is positively asserted, holding him captive, gave him more than two hundred lashes with the reins of his horse while tied to one of the pillars of a court; and moreover there is a certain recondite author of no small authority who says that the Knight of PhĹ"bus, being caught in a certain pitfall, which opened under his feet in a certain castle, on falling found himself bound hand and foot in a deep pit underground, where they administered to him one of those things they call clysters, of sand and snow-water, that well-nigh finished him; and if he had not been succoured in that sore extremity by a sage, a great friend of his, it would have gone very hard with the poor knight; so I may well suffer in company with such worthy folk, for greater were the indignities which they had to suffer than those which we suffer. For I would have thee know, Sancho, that wounds caused by any instruments which happen by chance to be in hand inflict no indignity, and this is laid down in the law of the duel in express words: if, for instance, the cobbler strikes another with the last which he has in his hand, though it be in fact a piece of wood, it cannot be said for that reason that he whom he struck with it has been cudgelled. I say this lest thou shouldst imagine that because we have been drubbed in this affray we have therefore suffered any indignity; for the arms those men carried, with which they pounded us, were nothing more than their stakes, and not one of them, so far as I remember, carried rapier, sword, or dagger."

dangers - dangers, danger, péril, qualifier

reverses - inverse, revers

immediate - immédiate, immédiat, proche

possibility - possibilité

Kings - les rois, roi

experienced - expérimenté, expérience

miseries - miseres, misere

asserted - affirmée, affirmer, attester, asseoir

lashes - cils, cil

reins - les renes, rene

pillars - piliers, pilier, pile

being caught - d'etre pris

pitfall - écueil, piege, trappe, chausse-trape

underground - souterrain, clandestin, underground, alternatif, sous terre

of sand - de sable

succoured - succédé, secours, secourir

extremity - l'extrémité, extrémité

caused - causée, cause, raison, causer

instruments - des instruments, instrument, acte

inflict - infliger

laid down - mis en place

duel - duel, croiser le fer

express - express, exprimons, exprimez, exprimer, expriment

strikes - greves, biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre

affray - dispute

suffered - souffert, souffrir, souffrir de, pâtir de, endurer

rapier - rapiere, estoc

dagger - poignard, surin

"They gave me no time to see that much," answered Sancho, "for hardly had I laid hand on my tizona when they signed the cross on my shoulders with their sticks in such style that they took the sight out of my eyes and the strength out of my feet, stretching me where I now lie, and where thinking of whether all those stake-strokes were an indignity or not gives me no uneasiness, which the pain of the blows does, for they will remain as deeply impressed on my memory as on my shoulders."

signed - signé, signe

stretching - l'étirement, étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

stake - enjeu, pieu, pal, tuteur, jalon

strokes - coups, coup

impressed - impressionné, impressionner

"For all that let me tell thee, brother Panza," said Don Quixote, "that there is no recollection which time does not put an end to, and no pain which death does not remove."

recollection - mémoire

"And what greater misfortune can there be," replied Panza, "than the one that waits for time to put an end to it and death to remove it? If our mishap were one of those that are cured with a couple of plasters, it would not be so bad; but I am beginning to think that all the plasters in a hospital almost won't be enough to put us right."

"No more of that: pluck strength out of weakness, Sancho, as I mean to do," returned Don Quixote, "and let us see how Rocinante is, for it seems to me that not the least share of this mishap has fallen to the lot of the poor beast."

pluck - tirer, pincer, plumer, voler, abats, persévérance, (du) cour

weakness - faiblesse, point faible

"There is nothing wonderful in that," replied Sancho, "since he is a knight-errant too; what I wonder at is that my beast should have come off scot-free where we come out scotched."

come off - se détacher

scotched - scotché, Écossais-p, scotch

"Fortune always leaves a door open in adversity in order to bring relief to it," said Don Quixote; "I say so because this little beast may now supply the want of Rocinante, carrying me hence to some castle where I may be cured of my wounds.

adversity - l'adversité, malheur, adversité

supply - l'approvisionnement, livraison, fournir, pourvoir, provision

And moreover I shall not hold it any dishonour to be so mounted, for I remember having read how the good old Silenus, the tutor and instructor of the gay god of laughter, when he entered the city of the hundred gates, went very contentedly mounted on a handsome ass."

dishonour - le déshonneur, déshonneur, déshonorer

Silenus - Silenus

tutor - tuteur, chargé/-e de classe

instructor - instructeur, instructrice

contentedly - avec satisfaction

"It may be true that he went mounted as your worship says," answered Sancho, "but there is a great difference between going mounted and going slung like a sack of manure."

slung - en bandouliere, écharpe

sack - sac, ficher, résilier

manure - du fumier, fumier, purin

To which Don Quixote replied, "Wounds received in battle confer honour instead of taking it away; and so, friend Panza, say no more, but, as I told thee before, get up as well as thou canst and put me on top of thy beast in whatever fashion pleases thee best, and let us go hence ere night come on and surprise us in these wilds."

"And yet I have heard your worship say," observed Panza, "that it is very meet for knights-errant to sleep in wastes and deserts, and that they esteem it very good fortune."

"That is," said Don Quixote, "when they cannot help it, or when they are in love; and so true is this that there have been knights who have remained two years on rocks, in sunshine and shade and all the inclemencies of heaven, without their ladies knowing anything of it; and one of these was Amadis, when, under the name of Beltenebros, he took up his abode on the Peña Pobre for"I know not if it was eight years or eight months, for I am not very sure of the reckoning; at any rate he stayed there doing penance for I know not what pique the Princess Oriana had against him; but no more of this now, Sancho, and make haste before a mishap like Rocinante's befalls the ass."

sunshine - soleil, lumiere du soleil

shade - ombre, store, nuance, ton, esprit, ombrager, faire de l'ombre

penance - pénitence

pique - pique, dépit

"The very devil would be in it in that case," said Sancho; and letting off thirty "ohs," and sixty sighs, and a hundred and twenty maledictions and execrations on whomsoever it was that had brought him there, he raised himself, stopping half-way bent like a Turkish bow without power to bring himself upright, but with all his pains he saddled his ass, who too had gone astray somewhat, yielding to the excessive licence of the day; he next raised up Rocinante, and as for him, had he possessed a tongue to complain with, most assuredly neither Sancho nor his master would have been behind him.

letting off - de laisser tomber

maledictions - malédictions, malédiction

execrations - exécutions, exécration

whomsoever - qui que ce soit

Turkish - turque, turc

bow - l'arc, arc

saddled - sellé, selle

excessive - excessif

licence - licence, permis de conduire

assuredly - assurément

To be brief, Sancho fixed Don Quixote on the ass and secured Rocinante with a leading rein, and taking the ass by the halter, he proceeded more or less in the direction in which it seemed to him the high road might be; and, as chance was conducting their affairs for them from good to better, he had not gone a short league when the road came in sight, and on it he perceived an inn, which to his annoyance and to the delight of Don Quixote must needs be a castle. Sancho insisted that it was an inn, and his master that it was not one, but a castle, and the dispute lasted so long that before the point was settled they had time to reach it, and into it Sancho entered with all his team without any further controversy.

brief - bref, court

conducting - la conduite, comportement, conduite, se comporter, conduire

insisted - insisté, insister

lasted - a duré, dernier

controversy - controverse, polémique


The innkeeper, seeing Don Quixote slung across the ass, asked Sancho what was amiss with him. Sancho answered that it was nothing, only that he had fallen down from a rock and had his ribs a little bruised.

fallen down - Tomber

The innkeeper had a wife whose disposition was not such as those of her calling commonly have, for she was by nature kind-hearted and felt for the sufferings of her neighbours, so she at once set about tending Don Quixote, and made her young daughter, a very comely girl, help her in taking care of her guest.

by nature - par nature

There was besides in the inn, as servant, an Asturian lass with a broad face, flat poll, and snub nose, blind of one eye and not very sound in the other. The elegance of her shape, to be sure, made up for all her defects; she did not measure seven palms from head to foot, and her shoulders, which overweighted her somewhat, made her contemplate the ground more than she liked.

Asturian - asturien, Asturienne

Lass - lass, demoiselle, fille, jeune fille

Poll - sondage, élection

snub nose - nez retroussé

shape - forme

defects - défauts, défaut, déserter, passer a, rench: -neededr

palms - des palmiers, paume

overweighted - en surpoids

This graceful lass, then, helped the young girl, and the two made up a very bad bed for Don Quixote in a garret that showed evident signs of having formerly served for many years as a straw-loft, in which there was also quartered a carrier whose bed was placed a little beyond our Don Quixote's, and, though only made of the pack-saddles and cloths of his mules, had much the advantage of it, as Don Quixote's consisted simply of four rough boards on two not very even trestles, a mattress, that for thinness might have passed for a quilt, full of pellets which, were they not seen through the rents to be wool, would to the touch have seemed pebbles in hardness, two sheets made of buckler leather, and a coverlet the threads of which anyone that chose might have counted without missing one in the reckoning.

graceful - gracieux

garret - garret, galetas

evident - évidentes, évident

Formerly - auparavant, autrefois, anciennement

loft - loft, grenier

pack - pack, emballer, emballons, emballent, emballez, ballot

saddles - selles, selle

cloths - vetements, tissu, étoffe, tenue

consisted - consisté, consister (en)

boards - des planches, planche

trestles - tréteaux, tréteau

mattress - matelas

quilt - l'édredon, édredon, couette, courtepointe, matelasser, ouater

pellets - granulés, granule, plomb, pelote

seen through - vu a travers

Rents - les loyers, loyer

pebbles - des cailloux, galet, gravillon

sheets - feuilles, feuille, plaque, écoute

coverlet - couvre-lit

counted - compté, comte

On this accursed bed Don Quixote stretched himself, and the hostess and her daughter soon covered him with plasters from top to toe, while Maritornes"for that was the name of the Asturian"held the light for them, and while plastering him, the hostess, observing how full of wheals Don Quixote was in some places, remarked that this had more the look of blows than of a fall.

hostess - hôtesse, maîtresse de maison, hôtesse de l'air

plastering - le plâtrage, (plaster), onguent, plâtre, enduit, enduire

remarked - remarqué, remarque

It was not blows, Sancho said, but that the rock had many points and projections, and that each of them had left its mark. "Pray, señora," he added, "manage to save some tow, as there will be no want of someone to use it, for my loins too are rather sore."

projections - des projections, saillie, projection

manage - gérer, ménager, diriger, manier, parvenir, réussir, accomplir

tow - remorquer, traîner, remorquent, tirage, remorquez

loins - les reins, lombes-p, filet (in US), côtes premieres-p (in UK)

"Then you must have fallen too," said the hostess.

"I did not fall," said Sancho Panza, "but from the shock I got at seeing my master fall, my body aches so that I feel as if I had had a thousand thwacks."

aches - douleurs, douleur

"That may well be," said the young girl, "for it has many a time happened to me to dream that I was falling down from a tower and never coming to the ground, and when I awoke from the dream to find myself as weak and shaken as if I had really fallen."

dream - reve, reve, songe, voeu

falling down - en train de tomber

tower - tour

awoke - s'est réveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller

shaken - secoué, secouer, agiter

"There is the point, señora," replied Sancho Panza, "that I without dreaming at all, but being more awake than I am now, find myself with scarcely less wheals than my master, Don Quixote."

dreaming - en train de rever, revant, (dream), reve, songe, voeu

more awake - plus éveillé

"How is the gentleman called?" asked Maritornes the Asturian.

"Don Quixote of La Mancha," answered Sancho Panza, "and he is a knight-adventurer, and one of the best and stoutest that have been seen in the world this long time past."

stoutest - le plus robuste, solide

"What is a knight-adventurer?" said the lass.

"Are you so new in the world as not to know?" answered Sancho Panza. "Well, then, you must know, sister, that a knight-adventurer is a thing that in two words is seen drubbed and emperor, that is to-day the most miserable and needy being in the world, and to-morrow will have two or three crowns of kingdoms to give his squire."

most miserable - le plus malheureux

crowns - couronnes, couronne

"Then how is it," said the hostess, "that belonging to so good a master as this, you have not, to judge by appearances, even so much as a county?"

appearances - les apparences, apparition, apparence

county - comté

"It is too soon yet," answered Sancho, "for we have only been a month going in quest of adventures, and so far we have met with nothing that can be called one, for it will happen that when one thing is looked for another thing is found; however, if my master Don Quixote gets well of this wound, or fall, and I am left none the worse of it, I would not change my hopes for the best title in Spain."

hopes for - espérer

To all this conversation Don Quixote was listening very attentively, and sitting up in bed as well as he could, and taking the hostess by the hand he said to her, "Believe me, fair lady, you may call yourself fortunate in having in this castle of yours sheltered my person, which is such that if I do not myself praise it, it is because of what is commonly said, that self-praise debaseth; but my squire will inform you who I am. I only tell you that I shall preserve for ever inscribed on my memory the service you have rendered me in order to tender you my gratitude while life shall last me; and would to Heaven love held me not so enthralled and subject to its laws and to the eyes of that fair ingrate whom I name between my teeth, but that those of this lovely damsel might be the masters of my liberty."

sitting up - assis

sheltered - a l'abri, abri, refuge, abriter

self-praise - (self-praise) l'éloge de soi

debaseth - debaseth

inscribed - inscrit, graver

gratitude - la gratitude, gratitude

enthralled - captivé, captiver

The hostess, her daughter, and the worthy Maritornes listened in bewilderment to the words of the knight-errant; for they understood about as much of them as if he had been talking Greek, though they could perceive they were all meant for expressions of good-will and blandishments; and not being accustomed to this kind of language, they stared at him and wondered to themselves, for he seemed to them a man of a different sort from those they were used to, and thanking him in pothouse phrase for his civility they left him, while the Asturian gave her attention to Sancho, who needed it no less than his master.

Greek - grec, grecque, grecques

expressions - expressions, expression

blandishments - les blandices, blandice

wondered - s'est demandé, merveille, étonner

civility - civilité, politesse

The carrier had made an arrangement with her for recreation that night, and she had given him her word that when the guests were quiet and the family asleep she would come in search of him and meet his wishes unreservedly.

arrangement - arrangement, disposition, composition, préparatifs, accord

unreservedly - sans réserve

And it is said of this good lass that she never made promises of the kind without fulfilling them, even though she made them in a forest and without any witness present, for she plumed herself greatly on being a lady and held it no disgrace to be in such an employment as servant in an inn, because, she said, misfortunes and ill-luck had brought her to that position.

forest - foret, foret, brousse, sylve, bois, (fore) foret

witness - témoignage, témoin, preuve, témoigner

plumed - plume, prune

employment - l'emploi, emploi, travail

position - position, poste

The hard, narrow, wretched, rickety bed of Don Quixote stood first in the middle of this star-lit stable, and close beside it Sancho made his, which merely consisted of a rush mat and a blanket that looked as if it was of threadbare canvas rather than of wool.

narrow - étroite, pressé, étroit

rickety - bancal, branlant, délabré, boiteux, rachitique

close beside it - Proche de

rush mat - Mat de course

blanket - couverture, général, recouvrir

threadbare - filiforme, élimé

canvas - toile, canevas

Next to these two beds was that of the carrier, made up, as has been said, of the pack-saddles and all the trappings of the two best mules he had, though there were twelve of them, sleek, plump, and in prime condition, for he was one of the rich carriers of Arévalo, according to the author of this history, who particularly mentions this carrier because he knew him very well, and they even say was in some degree a relation of his; besides which Cid Hamete Benengeli was a historian of great research and accuracy in all things, as is very evident since he would not pass over in silence those that have been already mentioned, however trifling and insignificant they might be, an example that might be followed by those grave historians who relate transactions so curtly and briefly that we hardly get a taste of them, all the substance of the work being left in the inkstand from carelessness, perverseness, or ignorance. A thousand blessings on the author of "Tablante de Ricamonte" and that of the other book in which the deeds of the Conde Tomillas are recounted; with what minuteness they describe everything!

sleek - élégant, brillant, luisant, lisse

plump - dodu, douillet

prime - premier

mentions - mentions, mentionner

in some degree - dans une certaine mesure

research - recherche, rechercher, examiner, explorer, fouiller

accuracy - l'exactitude, exactitude, précision

pass over - Passer par-dessus

insignificant - insignifiante

relate - se rapporter, concerner

briefly - brievement, brievement, concisément

perverseness - perversité

blessings - des bénédictions, bénédiction, grâce

recounted - raconté, raconter

minuteness - minuscule

To proceed, then: after having paid a visit to his team and given them their second feed, the carrier stretched himself on his pack-saddles and lay waiting for his conscientious Maritornes. Sancho was by this time plastered and had lain down, and though he strove to sleep the pain of his ribs would not let him, while Don Quixote with the pain of his had his eyes as wide open as a hare's.

conscientious - consciencieux

plastered - plâtré, onguent, plâtre, enduit, enduire, plâtrer

lain - lain, mensonge

Hare - le lievre, lievre

The inn was all in silence, and in the whole of it there was no light except that given by a lantern that hung burning in the middle of the gateway.

lantern - lanterne

gateway - porte, passerelle, gateway, checkpasserelle

This strange stillness, and the thoughts, always present to our knight's mind, of the incidents described at every turn in the books that were the cause of his misfortune, conjured up to his imagination as extraordinary a delusion as can well be conceived, which was that he fancied himself to have reached a famous castle (for, as has been said, all the inns he lodged in were castles to his eyes), and that the daughter of the innkeeper was daughter of the lord of the castle, and that she, won by his high-bred bearing, had fallen in love with him, and had promised to come to his bed for a while that night without the knowledge of her parents; and holding all this fantasy that he had constructed as solid fact, he began to feel uneasy and to consider the perilous risk which his virtue was about to encounter, and he resolved in his heart to commit no treason to his lady Dulcinea del Toboso, even though the queen Guinevere herself and the dame Quintañona should present themselves before him.

stillness - l'immobilité, calme, immobilité

conjured up - imaginé

imagination - l'imagination, imagination

delusion - illusion, délire

Inns - les auberges, auberge

lodged - déposé, cabane, maison du portier, loge, rench: -neededr, loger

constructed - construit, construction, construire

solid - solide, massif, plein, continu

Risk - risque

commit - s'engager, confier, commettre, remettre, consigner, commit

treason - trahison

While he was taken up with these vagaries, then, the time and the hour"an unlucky one for him"arrived for the Asturian to come, who in her smock, with bare feet and her hair gathered into a fustian coif, with noiseless and cautious steps entered the chamber where the three were quartered, in quest of the carrier; but scarcely had she gained the door when Don Quixote perceived her, and sitting up in his bed in spite of his plasters and the pain of his ribs, he stretched out his arms to receive his beauteous damsel. The Asturian, who went all doubled up and in silence with her hands before her feeling for her lover, encountered the arms of Don Quixote, who grasped her tightly by the wrist, and drawing her towards him, while she dared not utter a word, made her sit down on the bed. He then felt her smock, and although it was of sackcloth it appeared to him to be of the finest and softest silk: on her wrists she wore some glass beads, but to him they had the sheen of precious Orient pearls: her hair, which in some measure resembled a horse's mane, he rated as threads of the brightest gold of Araby, whose refulgence dimmed the sun himself: her breath, which no doubt smelt of yesterday's stale salad, seemed to him to diffuse a sweet aromatic fragrance from her mouth; and, in short, he drew her portrait in his imagination with the same features and in the same style as that which he had seen in his books of the other princesses who, smitten by love, came with all the adornments that are here set down, to see the sorely wounded knight; and so great was the poor gentleman's blindness that neither touch, nor smell, nor anything else about the good lass that would have made any but a carrier vomit, were enough to undeceive him; on the contrary, he was persuaded he had the goddess of beauty in his arms, and holding her firmly in his grasp he went on to say in low, tender voice:

taken up - pris en charge

smock - blouse

bare - a nu, dénudé, dégarnir, nu

fustian - fustian, futaine

coif - coif

noiseless - sans bruit, silencieux

cautious - prudent

chamber - chambre, piece, salle

beauteous - belle

doubled - doublé, double, sosie, doublon

tightly - étanche, fermement

utter - l'utérus, émettre

sackcloth - le sac, toile a sac

wrists - poignets, poignet

glass beads - des perles de verre

sheen - l'éclat, lustre, brillant

Orient - orientent, orientons, orientez

resembled - ressemblait, ressembler

rated - évaluée, rat

brightest - les plus brillants, brillant, éclatant

refulgence - refulgence

dimmed - diminué, faible, vague

smelt - l'éperlan, fondre, (smell), odeur, parfum, gout, odorat, sentir

stale - périmé, rassis

diffuse - diffuse, répandre, répandez, répandent, répandons, répands

aromatic - aromatique, odorant

smitten - amoureux, frapper

adornments - des ornements, parure

blindness - la cécité, cécité

smell - odeur, parfum, gout, odorat, sentir, humer

vomit - vomir, rendre, rejeter, dégobiller, vomi

undeceive - tromper

goddess - déesse

grasp - saisir, agripper, comprendre

"Would that I found myself, lovely and exalted lady, in a position to repay such a favour as that which you, by the sight of your great beauty, have granted me; but fortune, which is never weary of persecuting the good, has chosen to place me upon this bed, where I lie so bruised and broken that though my inclination would gladly comply with yours it is impossible; besides, to this impossibility another yet greater is to be added, which is the faith that I have pledged to the peerless Dulcinea del Toboso, sole lady of my most secret thoughts; and were it not that this stood in the way I should not be so insensible a knight as to miss the happy opportunity which your great goodness has offered me."

repay - rembourser

persecuting - persécuter

inclination - inclinaison, checktendance

comply - se conformer, respecter, acquiescer

impossibility - l'impossibilité, impossibilité

be added - etre ajouté

pledged - promis, promettre, mettre en gage, serment, gage

sole - unique, seul, semelle, plante, sole

insensible - insensible

Maritornes was fretting and sweating at finding herself held so fast by Don Quixote, and not understanding or heeding the words he addressed to her, she strove without speaking to free herself.

fretting - fretting, (se) tracasser (pour)

sweating - transpiration, (sweat)

heeding - l'écoute, attention, observer, surveiller, preter attention

The worthy carrier, whose unholy thoughts kept him awake, was aware of his doxy the moment she entered the door, and was listening attentively to all Don Quixote said; and jealous that the Asturian should have broken her word with him for another, drew nearer to Don Quixote's bed and stood still to see what would come of this talk which he could not understand; but when he perceived the wench struggling to get free and Don Quixote striving to hold her, not relishing the joke he raised his arm and delivered such a terrible cuff on the lank jaws of the amorous knight that he bathed all his mouth in blood, and not content with this he mounted on his ribs and with his feet tramped all over them at a pace rather smarter than a trot. The bed which was somewhat crazy and not very firm on its feet, unable to support the additional weight of the carrier, came to the ground, and at the mighty crash of this the innkeeper awoke and at once concluded that it must be some brawl of Maritornes', because after calling loudly to her he got no answer. With this suspicion he got up, and lighting a lamp hastened to the quarter where he had heard the disturbance. The wench, seeing that her master was coming and knowing that his temper was terrible, frightened and panic-stricken made for the bed of Sancho Panza, who still slept, and crouching upon it made a ball of herself.

aware - conscient, attentif, vigilant, en éveil, en alerte

doxy - doxy

listening attentively - écouter attentivement

wench - jeune fille, jeune femme, servante, femme facile

relishing - savourer, relish, délecter

cuff - manchette

jaws - mâchoires, mâchoire

amorous - amoureuse

tramped - piétiné, clochard, va-nu-pieds, traînée, garce

smarter - plus intelligent, élégant

crazy - fou, insensé, avoir une araignée au plafond, chtarbé

additional - supplémentaires, additionnel

crash - crash, fracas

brawl - bagarre

loudly - bruyamment, fort, a voix haute, a haute voix

disturbance - perturbation, trouble, tapage

temper - caractere, tempérament, humeur, état d'esprit, recuit

frightened - effrayé, effrayer, redouter, terrifier

panic - panique

crouching - accroupi, s'accroupir

The innkeeper came in exclaiming, "Where art thou, strumpet? Of course this is some of thy work.

exclaiming - s'exclamer, exclamer

strumpet - strumpet, pute, putain, roulure

" At this Sancho awoke, and feeling this mass almost on top of him fancied he had the nightmare and began to distribute fisticuffs all round, of which a certain share fell upon Maritornes, who, irritated by the pain and flinging modesty aside, paid back so many in return to Sancho that she woke him up in spite of himself.

mass - masse, foule, amas

nightmare - cauchemar, mauvais reve, tourment

distribute - distribuer, répartir

irritated by - irrité par

flinging - flingage, lancer

paid back - remboursé

He then, finding himself so handled, by whom he knew not, raising himself up as well as he could, grappled with Maritornes, and he and she between them began the bitterest and drollest scrimmage in the world.

handled - manipulé, anse, poignée, manche

grappled with - aux prises avec

bitterest - le plus amer, amer, acide

scrimmage - scrimmage, melée

The carrier, however, perceiving by the light of the innkeeper candle how it fared with his ladylove, quitting Don Quixote, ran to bring her the help she needed; and the innkeeper did the same but with a different intention, for his was to chastise the lass, as he believed that beyond a doubt she alone was the cause of all the harmony.

chastise - châtier

And so, as the saying is, cat to rat, rat to rope, rope to stick, the carrier pounded Sancho, Sancho the lass, she him, and the innkeeper her, and all worked away so briskly that they did not give themselves a moment's rest; and the best of it was that the innkeeper's lamp went out, and as they were left in the dark they all laid on one upon the other in a mass so unmercifully that there was not a sound spot left where a hand could light.

rat - rat

rope - corde, funiculaire

stick - bâton, canne, stick

laid on - posée

unmercifully - sans pitié

It so happened that there was lodging that night in the inn a caudrillero of what they call the Old Holy Brotherhood of Toledo, who, also hearing the extraordinary noise of the conflict, seized his staff and the tin case with his warrants, and made his way in the dark into the room crying: "Hold! in the name of the Jurisdiction! Hold! in the name of the Holy Brotherhood!"

conflict - conflit, incompatibilité

tin - l'étain, étain, conserve, boîte de conserve, moule, gamelle

warrants - des mandats, garantie, mandat, mandat de conformité

crying - pleurer, pleur, (cry), crier, hurler, gueuler

jurisdiction - juridiction

The first that he came upon was the pummelled Don Quixote, who lay stretched senseless on his back upon his broken-down bed, and, his hand falling on the beard as he felt about, he continued to cry, "Help for the Jurisdiction!

pummelled - écrasé, rouer de coups, marteler

broken-down - (broken-down) tombe en panne

cry - pleurer, crier, hurler, gueuler, pleur, cri

" but perceiving that he whom he had laid hold of did not move or stir, he concluded that he was dead and that those in the room were his murderers, and with this suspicion he raised his voice still higher, calling out, "Shut the inn gate; see that no one goes out; they have killed a man here!" This cry startled them all, and each dropped the contest at the point at which the voice reached him.

murderers - meurtriers, meurtrier, meurtriere, assassin, assassine

calling out - a appeler

startled - surpris, sursauter, surprendre

contest - concours, compétition

point at - pointer du doigt

The innkeeper retreated to his room, the carrier to his pack-saddles, the lass to her crib; the unlucky Don Quixote and Sancho alone were unable to move from where they were.

retreated - s'est retirée, battre en retraite

crib - berceau, huche, antiseche

The cuadrillero on this let go Don Quixote's beard, and went out to look for a light to search for and apprehend the culprits; but not finding one, as the innkeeper had purposely extinguished the lantern on retreating to his room, he was compelled to have recourse to the hearth, where after much time and trouble he lit another lamp.

apprehend - appréhender, comprendre, arreter

culprits - coupables, coupable

purposely - a dessein, expres

extinguished - éteinte, éteindre

retreating - se retirer, battre en retraite

hearth - âtre, foyer, foyers


troubles - des problemes, peine, mal, probleme, emmerde, fr

By this time Don Quixote had recovered from his swoon; and in the same tone of voice in which he had called to his squire the day before when he lay stretched "in the vale of the stakes," he began calling to him now, "Sancho, my friend, art thou asleep? sleepest thou, friend Sancho?"

recovered - récupéré, recouvrer (la santé)

swoon - se pâmer, s'évanouir

"How can I sleep, curses on it!" returned Sancho discontentedly and bitterly, "when it is plain that all the devils have been at me this night?"

curses - des malédictions, maudire

discontentedly - avec mécontentement

bitterly - amerement, amerement

devils - diables, Diable, Satan, type

"Thou mayest well believe that," answered Don Quixote, "because, either I know little, or this castle is enchanted, for thou must know"but this that I am now about to tell thee thou must swear to keep secret until after my death."

enchanted - enchantée, enchanter

keep secret - garder le secret

"I swear it," answered Sancho.

"I say so," continued Don Quixote, "because I hate taking away anyone's good name."

taking away - a emporter

"I say," replied Sancho, "that I swear to hold my tongue about it till the end of your worship's days, and God grant I may be able to let it out to-morrow."

"Do I do thee such injuries, Sancho," said Don Quixote, "that thou wouldst see me dead so soon?"

injuries - blessures, blessure

"It is not for that," replied Sancho, "but because I hate keeping things long, and I don't want them to grow rotten with me from over-keeping."

rotten - pourri, mauvais

"At any rate," said Don Quixote, "I have more confidence in thy affection and good nature; and so I would have thee know that this night there befell me one of the strangest adventures that I could describe, and to relate it to thee briefly thou must know that a little while ago the daughter of the lord of this castle came to me, and that she is the most elegant and beautiful damsel that could be found in the wide world. What I could tell thee of the charms of her person! of her lively wit! of other secret matters which, to preserve the fealty I owe to my lady Dulcinea del Toboso, I shall pass over unnoticed and in silence! I will only tell thee that, either fate being envious of so great a boon placed in my hands by good fortune, or perhaps (and this is more probable) this castle being, as I have already said, enchanted, at the time when I was engaged in the sweetest and most amorous discourse with her, there came, without my seeing or knowing whence it came, a hand attached to some arm of some huge giant, that planted such a cuff on my jaws that I have them all bathed in blood, and then pummelled me in such a way that I am in a worse plight than yesterday when the carriers, on account of Rocinante's misbehaviour, inflicted on us the injury thou knowest of; whence conjecture that there must be some enchanted Moor guarding the treasure of this damsel's beauty, and that it is not for me."

most elegant - le plus élégant

fealty - la loyauté, fidélité, loyauté, serment

unnoticed - inaperçue

envious - envieux

probable - probable

sweetest - le plus doux, doucement, friandise, bonbon, sucreries-p

attached - attachée, attacher

huge - énorme

on account - sur le compte

misbehaviour - un mauvais comportement, mauvaise conduite

inflicted - infligé, infliger

injury - blessure

conjecture - conjecture, conjecturer

guarding - garde, protection, gardien, arriere

treasure - trésor, garder précieusement

"Not for me either," said Sancho, "for more than four hundred Moors have so thrashed me that the drubbing of the stakes was cakes and fancy-bread to it. But tell me, señor, what do you call this excellent and rare adventure that has left us as we are left now?

four hundred - quatre cents

Though your worship was not so badly off, having in your arms that incomparable beauty you spoke of; but I, what did I have, except the heaviest whacks I think I had in all my life? Unlucky me and the mother that bore me! for I am not a knight-errant and never expect to be one, and of all the mishaps, the greater part falls to my share."

incomparable - incomparable

heaviest - le plus lourd, lourd

whacks - des coups, coup, clac, frapper, claquer, fesser, buter

"Then thou hast been thrashed too?" said Don Quixote.

"didn't I say so? Worse luck to my line!" said Sancho.

didn't I - n'est-ce pas?

Worse luck - Pas de chance

"Be not distressed, friend," said Don Quixote, "for I will now make the precious balsam with which we shall cure ourselves in the twinkling of an eye."

twinkling - scintillant, (twinkle), briller, cligner, virevolter

By this time the cuadrillero had succeeded in lighting the lamp, and came in to see the man that he thought had been killed; and as Sancho caught sight of him at the door, seeing him coming in his shirt, with a cloth on his head, and a lamp in his hand, and a very forbidding countenance, he said to his master, "Señor, can it be that this is the enchanted Moor coming back to give us more castigation if there be anything still left in the ink-bottle?"

succeeded - a réussi, succéder, réussir, avoir du succes

ink - encre

"It cannot be the Moor," answered Don Quixote, "for those under enchantment do not let themselves be seen by anyone."

enchantment - l'enchantement, enchantement, ensorcellement

"If they don't let themselves be seen, they let themselves be felt," said Sancho; "if not, let my shoulders speak to the point."

"Mine could speak too," said Don Quixote, "but that is not a sufficient reason for believing that what we see is the enchanted Moor."

The officer came up, and finding them engaged in such a peaceful conversation, stood amazed; though Don Quixote, to be sure, still lay on his back unable to move from pure pummelling and plasters. The officer turned to him and said, "Well, how goes it, good man?"

officer - agent, fonctionnaire, officier, officiere

pummelling - le pilonnage, (pummel), rouer de coups, marteler

"I would speak more politely if I were you," replied Don Quixote; "is it the way of this country to address knights-errant in that style, you booby?"

politely - poliment

booby - booby, nigaud

The cuadrillero finding himself so disrespectfully treated by such a sorry-looking individual, lost his temper, and raising the lamp full of oil, smote Don Quixote such a blow with it on the head that he gave him a badly broken pate; then, all being in darkness, he went out, and Sancho Panza said, "That is certainly the enchanted Moor, Señor, and he keeps the treasure for others, and for us only the cuffs and lamp-whacks."

disrespectfully - de maniere irrespectueuse

individual - individu, individuel, checkindividuelle

darkness - l'obscurité, obscurité, ténebres

cuffs - manchettes, manchette

"That is the truth," answered Don Quixote, "and there is no use in troubling oneself about these matters of enchantment or being angry or vexed at them, for as they are invisible and visionary we shall find no one on whom to avenge ourselves, do what we may; rise, Sancho, if thou canst, and call the alcaide of this fortress, and get him to give me a little oil, wine, salt, and rosemary to make the salutiferous balsam, for indeed I believe I have great need of it now, because I am losing much blood from the wound that phantom gave me."

oneself - soi-meme, soi-meme

vexed - contrarié, ennuyer, énerver, vexer 'informal', tourmenter, vexer

invisible - invisible, caché

salutiferous - salutiforme

phantom - fantôme

Sancho got up with pain enough in his bones, and went after the innkeeper in the dark, and meeting the officer, who was looking to see what had become of his enemy, he said to him, "Señor, whoever you are, do us the favour and kindness to give us a little rosemary, oil, salt, and wine, for it is wanted to cure one of the best knights-errant on earth, who lies on yonder bed wounded by the hands of the enchanted Moor that is in this inn."

When the officer heard him talk in this way, he took him for a man out of his senses, and as day was now beginning to break, he opened the inn gate, and calling the host, he told him what this good man wanted.

The host furnished him with what he required, and Sancho brought it to Don Quixote, who, with his hand to his head, was bewailing the pain of the blow of the lamp, which had done him no more harm than raising a couple of rather large lumps, and what he fancied blood was only the sweat that flowed from him in his sufferings during the late storm.

bewailing - se lamenter, (bewail), pleurer, déplorer

lumps - des grumeaux, masse, tas, protubérance, renflement, bosse

To be brief, he took the materials, of which he made a compound, mixing them all and boiling them a good while until it seemed to him they had come to perfection.

materials - matériaux, matériel, matériau, matiere

compound - composé

boiling - en ébullition, ébullition, bouillonnement

He then asked for some vial to pour it into, and as there was not one in the inn, he decided on putting it into a tin oil-bottle or flask of which the host made him a free gift; and over the flask he repeated more than eighty paternosters and as many more ave-marias, salves, and credos, accompanying each word with a cross by way of benediction, at all which there were present Sancho, the innkeeper, and the cuadrillero; for the carrier was now peacefully engaged in attending to the comfort of his mules.

pour - verser a boire, versons, verser, versez, versent

flask - flacon, flasque, fiole

paternosters - paternosters, Notre Pere

ave - Ave

salves - pommades, onguent, pommade

credos - credos, crédo

comfort - le confort, confort, consoler

This being accomplished, he felt anxious to make trial himself, on the spot, of the virtue of this precious balsam, as he considered it, and so he drank near a quart of what could not be put into the flask and remained in the pigskin in which it had been boiled; but scarcely had he done drinking when he began to vomit in such a way that nothing was left in his stomach, and with the pangs and spasms of vomiting he broke into a profuse sweat, on account of which he bade them cover him up and leave him alone. They did so, and he lay sleeping more than three hours, at the end of which he awoke and felt very great bodily relief and so much ease from his bruises that he thought himself quite cured, and verily believed he had hit upon the balsam of Fierabras; and that with this remedy he might thenceforward, without any fear, face any kind of destruction, battle, or combat, however perilous it might be.

trial - proces, manipulation

quart - quart, pinte

pigskin - peau de porc

boiled - bouillie, bouillir

pangs - des douleurs, douleur (soudaine)

spasms - spasmes, spasme

vomiting - des vomissements, (vomit), vomir, rendre, rejeter, dégobiller

bodily - corporel

destruction - la destruction, destruction

Sancho Panza, who also regarded the amendment of his master as miraculous, begged him to give him what was left in the pigskin, which was no small quantity. Don Quixote consented, and he, taking it with both hands, in good faith and with a better will, gulped down and drained off very little less than his master.

miraculous - miraculeux

consented - a consenti, consentir, approuver, agréer, consentement

gulped - avalé, gorgée, trait

drained off - drainer

But the fact is, that the stomach of poor Sancho was of necessity not so delicate as that of his master, and so, before vomiting, he was seized with such gripings and retchings, and such sweats and faintness, that verily and truly he believed his last hour had come, and finding himself so racked and tormented he cursed the balsam and the thief that had given it to him.

delicate - délicate, délicat, délicat (1, 2)

seized with - saisir

gripings - des griefs

retchings - des rougeoiements

sweats - sweats, sueur

cursed - maudis, maudite, maudites, maudits, maudit, (curs) maudis

Don Quixote seeing him in this state said, "It is my belief, Sancho, that this mischief comes of thy not being dubbed a knight, for I am persuaded this liquor cannot be good for those who are not so."

state - l'État

"If your worship knew that," returned Sancho""woe betide me and all my kindred!"why did you let me taste it?"

kindred - apparentés, tribu

At this moment the draught took effect, and the poor squire began to discharge both ways at such a rate that the rush mat on which he had thrown himself and the canvas blanket he had covering him were fit for nothing afterwards. He sweated and perspired with such paroxysms and convulsions that not only he himself but all present thought his end had come.

rush - rush, ruée, affluence, gazer, galoper, bousculer

mat - mat, mate

covering - la couverture, bâchant, couvrant, (cover), couvercle

sweated - transpiré, sueur

perspired - transpiré, transpirer

convulsions - des convulsions, convulsion

This tempest and tribulation lasted about two hours, at the end of which he was left, not like his master, but so weak and exhausted that he could not stand.

tempest - tempete, tempete, (temp) tempete

tribulation - tribulation

exhausted - épuisé, épuiser, échappement

Don Quixote, however, who, as has been said, felt himself relieved and well, was eager to take his departure at once in quest of adventures, as it seemed to him that all the time he loitered there was a fraud upon the world and those in it who stood in need of his help and protection, all the more when he had the security and confidence his balsam afforded him; and so, urged by this impulse, he saddled Rocinante himself and put the pack-saddle on his squire's beast, whom likewise he helped to dress and mount the ass; after which he mounted his horse and turning to a corner of the inn he laid hold of a pike that stood there, to serve him by way of a lance. All that were in the inn, who were more than twenty persons, stood watching him; the innkeeper's daughter was likewise observing him, and he too never took his eyes off her, and from time to time fetched a sigh that he seemed to pluck up from the depths of his bowels; but they all thought it must be from the pain he felt in his ribs; at any rate they who had seen him plastered the night before thought so.

relieved - soulagé, soulager, relayer, faire ses besoins, se soulager

departure - départ, déviation

loitered - loitered, flâner, traîner

Security - la sécurité, sécurité, sécurisant, titre négociable

afforded - de l'entreprise, permettre

impulse - impulsion

Pike - pike, brochet

As soon as they were both mounted, at the gate of the inn, he called to the host and said in a very grave and measured voice, "Many and great are the favours, Señor Alcaide, that I have received in this castle of yours, and I remain under the deepest obligation to be grateful to you for them all the days of my life; if I can repay them in avenging you of any arrogant foe who may have wronged you, know that my calling is no other than to aid the weak, to avenge those who suffer wrong, and to chastise perfidy. Search your memory, and if you find anything of this kind you need only tell me of it, and I promise you by the order of knighthood which I have received to procure you satisfaction and reparation to the utmost of your desire."

measured - mesurée, mesure, mesurer

grateful - reconnaissant

avenging - venger

foe - ennemi, ennemi/-ie

perfidy - perfidie

procure - se procurer, acquérir, obtenir, proxénétisme, procurer

reparation - réparation

utmost - le plus important, extreme, plus grand, supreme, maximum

The innkeeper replied to him with equal calmness, "Sir Knight, I do not want your worship to avenge me of any wrong, because when any is done me I can take what vengeance seems good to me; the only thing I want is that you pay me the score that you have run up in the inn last night, as well for the straw and barley for your two beasts, as for supper and beds."

run up - courir

beasts - betes, bete, bete sauvage

"Then this is an inn?" said Don Quixote.

"And a very respectable one," said the innkeeper.

"I have been under a mistake all this time," answered Don Quixote, "for in truth I thought it was a castle, and not a bad one; but since it appears that it is not a castle but an inn, all that can be done now is that you should excuse the payment, for I cannot contravene the rule of knights-errant, of whom I know as a fact (and up to the present I have read nothing to the contrary) that they never paid for lodging or anything else in the inn where they might be; for any hospitality that might be offered them is their due by law and right in return for the insufferable toil they endure in seeking adventures by night and by day, in summer and in winter, on foot and on horseback, in hunger and thirst, cold and heat, exposed to all the inclemencies of heaven and all the hardships of earth."

insufferable - insupportable

by night - la nuit

hunger - la faim, faim

thirst - soif, avoir soif, désirer

exposed - exposée, exposer, dénoncer

hardships - difficultés, difficultés-p, misere

"I have little to do with that," replied the innkeeper; "pay me what you owe me, and let us have no more talk of chivalry, for all I care about is to get my money."

"You are a stupid, scurvy innkeeper," said Don Quixote, and putting spurs to Rocinante and bringing his pike to the slope he rode out of the inn before anyone could stop him, and pushed on some distance without looking to see if his squire was following him.

stupid - stupide, bete

scurvy - le scorbut, scorbut

slope - pente, inclinaison

pushed - poussé, pousser

The innkeeper when he saw him go without paying him ran to get payment of Sancho, who said that as his master would not pay neither would he, because, being as he was squire to a knight-errant, the same rule and reason held good for him as for his master with regard to not paying anything in inns and hostelries.

At this the innkeeper waxed very wroth, and threatened if he did not pay to compel him in a way that he would not like.

waxed - ciré, cire

wroth - colere, courroucé

compel - contraindre, forcer, obliger

To which Sancho made answer that by the law of chivalry his master had received he would not pay a rap, though it cost him his life; for the excellent and ancient usage of knights-errant was not going to be violated by him, nor should the squires of such as were yet to come into the world ever complain of him or reproach him with breaking so just a privilege.

rap - rap, claque

violated - violé, violer, transgresser

privilege - privilege, privilege, privilégier

The ill-luck of the unfortunate Sancho so ordered it that among the company in the inn there were four woolcarders from Segovia, three needle-makers from the Colt of Cordova, and two lodgers from the Fair of Seville, lively fellows, tender-hearted, fond of a joke, and playful, who, almost as if instigated and moved by a common impulse, made up to Sancho and dismounted him from his ass, while one of them went in for the blanket of the host's bed; but on flinging him into it they looked up, and seeing that the ceiling was somewhat lower than what they required for their work, they decided upon going out into the yard, which was bounded by the sky, and there, putting Sancho in the middle of the blanket, they began to raise him high, making sport with him as they would with a dog at Shrovetide.

woolcarders - les cardeurs de laine

needle - aiguille, saphir, coudre, taquiner, monter

makers - les faiseurs, faiseur, fabricant, créateur

fellows - des camarades, homme, type

playful - ludique, folâtre, enjoué, joueur

instigated - instigué, inciter, susciter

ceiling - plafond, (ceil) plafond

lower - plus bas, abaisser, en privé, rabattre, baissent

sky - ciel, nue

The cries of the poor blanketed wretch were so loud that they reached the ears of his master, who, halting to listen attentively, was persuaded that some new adventure was coming, until he clearly perceived that it was his squire who uttered them.

blanketed - couvert, couverture, général, recouvrir, couvrir

halting - halte, soutenu, (halt) halte

listen attentively - écouter attentivement

Wheeling about he came up to the inn with a laborious gallop, and finding it shut went round it to see if he could find some way of getting in; but as soon as he came to the wall of the yard, which was not very high, he discovered the game that was being played with his squire.

He saw him rising and falling in the air with such grace and nimbleness that, had his rage allowed him, it is my belief he would have laughed.

He tried to climb from his horse on to the top of the wall, but he was so bruised and battered that he could not even dismount; and so from the back of his horse he began to utter such maledictions and objurgations against those who were blanketing Sancho as it would be impossible to write down accurately: they, however, did not stay their laughter or their work for this, nor did the flying Sancho cease his lamentations, mingled now with threats, now with entreaties but all to little purpose, or none at all, until from pure weariness they left off. They then brought him his ass, and mounting him on top of it they put his jacket round him; and the compassionate Maritornes, seeing him so exhausted, thought fit to refresh him with a jug of water, and that it might be all the cooler she fetched it from the well. Sancho took it, and as he was raising it to his mouth he was stopped by the cries of his master exclaiming, "Sancho, my son, drink not water; drink it not, my son, for it will kill thee; see, here I have the blessed balsam (and he held up the flask of liquor), and with drinking two drops of it thou wilt certainly be restored."

objurgations - objurgations, objurgation

blanketing - couverture, (blanket), général, recouvrir

write down - écrire

lamentations - lamentations, gémissement, fr

restored - restaurée, restaurer, rétablir, rendre, restituer

At these words Sancho turned his eyes asquint, and in a still louder voice said, "Can it be your worship has forgotten that I am not a knight, or do you want me to end by vomiting up what bowels I have left after last night? Keep your liquor in the name of all the devils, and leave me to myself!

asquint - asquint

" and at one and the same instant he left off talking and began drinking; but as at the first sup he perceived it was water he did not care to go on with it, and begged Maritornes to fetch him some wine, which she did with right good will, and paid for it with her own money; for indeed they say of her that, though she was in that line of life, there was some faint and distant resemblance to a Christian about her. When Sancho had done drinking he dug his heels into his ass, and the gate of the inn being thrown open he passed out very well pleased at having paid nothing and carried his point, though it had been at the expense of his usual sureties, his shoulders. It is true that the innkeeper detained his alforjas in payment of what was owing to him, but Sancho took his departure in such a flurry that he never missed them. The innkeeper, as soon as he saw him off, wanted to bar the gate close, but the blanketers would not agree to it, for they were fellows who would not have cared two farthings for Don Quixote, even had he been really one of the knights-errant of the Round Table.

sup - sup

fetch - chercher, apporter, aveignez, amener, aveignent, apportons

distant - distante, distant, lointain, éloigné

resemblance - ressemblance, comparaison, probabilité

expense - dépenses, dépense

sureties - des garanties, cautionnement, caution

detained - détenu, détenir, arreter

owing to - en raison de

bar - bar, barrent, barrons, barrer, barrez, tringle

blanketers - des couvertures

farthings - farthings, farthing


Sancho reached his master so limp and faint that he could not urge on his beast. When Don Quixote saw the state he was in he said, "I have now come to the conclusion, good Sancho, that this castle or inn is beyond a doubt enchanted, because those who have so atrociously diverted themselves with thee, what can they be but phantoms or beings of another world?

limp - boiteux, boitez, boitent, boitons, boiter

state - l'état, état, Etat, déclarer, indiquer

atrociously - atrocement

diverted - détourné, dévier, divertir

phantoms - fantômes, fantôme

and I hold this confirmed by having noticed that when I was by the wall of the yard witnessing the acts of thy sad tragedy, it was out of my power to mount upon it, nor could I even dismount from Rocinante, because they no doubt had me enchanted; for I swear to thee by the faith of what I am that if I had been able to climb up or dismount, I would have avenged thee in such a way that those braggart thieves would have remembered their freak for ever, even though in so doing I knew that I contravened the laws of chivalry, which, as I have often told thee, do not permit a knight to lay hands on him who is not one, save in case of urgent and great necessity in defence of his own life and person."

witnessing - le témoignage, témoignage, témoin, preuve, témoigner

acts - actes, acte, loi, action, agir

climb up - monter

avenged - vengé, venger

braggart - bravache, fanfaron, fier-a-bras, hâbleur

thieves - voleurs, voler

freak - monstre, anormal

urgent - urgent

"I would have avenged myself too if I could," said Sancho, "whether I had been dubbed knight or not, but I could not; though for my part I am persuaded those who amused themselves with me were not phantoms or enchanted men, as your worship says, but men of flesh and bone like ourselves; and they all had their names, for I heard them name them when they were tossing me, and one was called Pedro Martinez, and another Tenorio Hernandez, and the innkeeper, I heard, was called Juan Palomeque the Left-handed; so that, señor, your not being able to leap over the wall of the yard or dismount from your horse came of something else besides enchantments; and what I make out clearly from all this is, that these adventures we go seeking will in the end lead us into such misadventures that we shall not know which is our right foot; and that the best and wisest thing, according to my small wits, would be for us to return home, now that it is harvest-time, and attend to our business, and give over wandering from Zeca to Mecca and from pail to bucket, as the saying is."

amused - amusé, amuser

bone - os

tossing - le lancer, (toss), jet, au pile ou face, tirage au sort, lancer

leap - saut, sauter

misadventures - mésaventures, mésaventure

wisest - le plus sage, sage

return home - retourner a la maison

harvest-time - (harvest-time) le temps des récoltes

attend to - s'occuper

give over - céder

Mecca - la mecque

pail - seau

"How little thou knowest about chivalry, Sancho," replied Don Quixote; "hold thy peace and have patience; the day will come when thou shalt see with thine own eyes what an honourable thing it is to wander in the pursuit of this calling; nay, tell me, what greater pleasure can there be in the world, or what delight can equal that of winning a battle, and triumphing over one's enemy?

triumphing - triomphant, (triumph) triomphant

None, beyond all doubt."

"Very likely," answered Sancho, "though I do not know it; all I know is that since we have been knights-errant, or since your worship has been one (for I have no right to reckon myself one of so honourable a number) we have never won any battle except the one with the Biscayan, and even out of that your worship came with half an ear and half a helmet the less; and from that till now it has been all cudgellings and more cudgellings, cuffs and more cuffs, I getting the blanketing over and above, and falling in with enchanted persons on whom I cannot avenge myself so as to know what the delight, as your worship calls it, of conquering an enemy is like."

Likely - probable

even out - s'équilibrer

till now - jusqu'a maintenant

cudgellings - les cudgellings

conquering - a la conquete, conquérir

"That is what vexes me, and what ought to vex thee, Sancho," replied Don Quixote; "but henceforward I will endeavour to have at hand some sword made by such craft that no kind of enchantments can take effect upon him who carries it, and it is even possible that fortune may procure for me that which belonged to Amadis when he was called ˜The Knight of the Burning Sword,'which was one of the best swords that ever knight in the world possessed, for, besides having the said virtue, it cut like a razor, and there was no armour, however strong and enchanted it might be, that could resist it."

Vexes - vexes, ennuyer, énerver, vexer 'informal', tourmenter, vexer

endeavour - l'effort, peiner

craft - l'artisanat, ruse, métier, nef

take effect - prendre effet

razor - rasoir

resist - résister

"Such is my luck," said Sancho, "that even if that happened and your worship found some such sword, it would, like the balsam, turn out serviceable and good for dubbed knights only, and as for the squires, they might sup sorrow."

serviceable - entretenable, serviable, réparable, pret a l'emploi, utilisable

"Fear not that, Sancho," said Don Quixote: "Heaven will deal better by thee."

Thus talking, Don Quixote and his squire were going along, when, on the road they were following, Don Quixote perceived approaching them a large and thick cloud of dust, on seeing which he turned to Sancho and said:

thick - épais, gros, dense, opaque, incompréhensible, lourd

"This is the day, Sancho, on which will be seen the boon my fortune is reserving for me; this, I say, is the day on which as much as on any other shall be displayed the might of my arm, and on which I shall do deeds that shall remain written in the book of fame for all ages to come. Seest thou that cloud of dust which rises yonder?

Reserving - réserver, réservation, réserve, réserves-p

displayed - affichée, représentation, spectacle, moniteur, écran

Well, then, all that is churned up by a vast army composed of various and countless nations that comes marching there."

churned - baratté, baratter, agiter, baratte

army - l'armée, armée

countless - innombrables, incalculable, innombrable

nations - nations, nation

"According to that there must be two," said Sancho, "for on this opposite side also there rises just such another cloud of dust."

opposite side - du côté opposé

Don Quixote turned to look and found that it was true, and rejoicing exceedingly, he concluded that they were two armies about to engage and encounter in the midst of that broad plain; for at all times and seasons his fancy was full of the battles, enchantments, adventures, crazy feats, loves, and defiances that are recorded in the books of chivalry, and everything he said, thought, or did had reference to such things. Now the cloud of dust he had seen was raised by two great droves of sheep coming along the same road in opposite directions, which, because of the dust, did not become visible until they drew near, but Don Quixote asserted so positively that they were armies that Sancho was led to believe it and say, "Well, and what are we to do, señor?"

rejoicing - se réjouir, réjouissant, gaieté, (rejoice), réjouir

armies - armées, armée

seasons - saisons, saison

feats - des exploits, exploit

defiances - défiances, défi

reference - référence, recommandation, faire référence a, référencer

visible - visible


" said Don Quixote: "give aid and assistance to the weak and those who need it; and thou must know, Sancho, that this which comes opposite to us is conducted and led by the mighty emperor Alifanfaron, lord of the great isle of Trapobana; this other that marches behind me is that of his enemy the king of the Garamantas, Pentapolin of the Bare Arm, for he always goes into battle with his right arm bare."

opposite to - en face de

Isle - l'île, île

"But why are these two lords such enemies?"

lords - seigneurs, châtelain, seigneur, monsieur

"They are at enmity," replied Don Quixote, "because this Alifanfaron is a furious pagan and is in love with the daughter of Pentapolin, who is a very beautiful and moreover gracious lady, and a Christian, and her father is unwilling to bestow her upon the pagan king unless he first abandons the religion of his false prophet Mahomet, and adopts his own."

pagan - paien, paien, immoral, incivilisé, paienne

abandons - abandonne, abandonner

religion - religion

prophet - prophete, prophete, prophétesse, devin

Adopts - adopte, adopter

"By my beard," said Sancho, "but Pentapolin does quite right, and I will help him as much as I can."

"In that thou wilt do what is thy duty, Sancho," said Don Quixote; "for to engage in battles of this sort it is not requisite to be a dubbed knight."

"That I can well understand," answered Sancho; "but where shall we put this ass where we may be sure to find him after the fray is over? for I believe it has not been the custom so far to go into battle on a beast of this kind."

"That is true," said Don Quixote, "and what you had best do with him is to leave him to take his chance whether he be lost or not, for the horses we shall have when we come out victors will be so many that even Rocinante will run a risk of being changed for another.

be lost - etre perdue

victors - vainqueurs, vainqueur

But attend to me and observe, for I wish to give thee some account of the chief knights who accompany these two armies; and that thou mayest the better see and mark, let us withdraw to that hillock which rises yonder, whence both armies may be seen."

attend - assister, visiter, soigner

chief - chef

accompany - accompagner

withdraw - se retirer, dégarnir, claustrer

hillock - colline, monticule, tertre, mondrain, mamelon

They did so, and placed themselves on a rising ground from which the two droves that Don Quixote made armies of might have been plainly seen if the clouds of dust they raised had not obscured them and blinded the sight; nevertheless, seeing in his imagination what he did not see and what did not exist, he began thus in a loud voice:

clouds - nuages, s'obscurcir

blinded - aveuglé, aveugle, mal-voyant, mal-voyante, store, blind

"That knight whom thou seest yonder in yellow armour, who bears upon his shield a lion crowned crouching at the feet of a damsel, is the valiant Laurcalco, lord of the Silver Bridge; that one in armour with flowers of gold, who bears on his shield three crowns argent on an azure field, is the dreaded Micocolembo, grand duke of Quirocia; that other of gigantic frame, on his right hand, is the ever dauntless Brandabarbaran de Boliche, lord of the three Arabias, who for armour wears that serpent skin, and has for shield a gate which, according to tradition, is one of those of the temple that Samson brought to the ground when by his death he revenged himself upon his enemies. But turn thine eyes to the other side, and thou shalt see in front and in the van of this other army the ever victorious and never vanquished Timonel of Carcajona, prince of New Biscay, who comes in armour with arms quartered azure, vert, white, and yellow, and bears on his shield a cat or on a field tawny with a motto which says Miau, which is the beginning of the name of his lady, who according to report is the peerless Miaulina, daughter of the duke Alfeniquen of the Algarve; the other, who burdens and presses the loins of that powerful charger and bears arms white as snow and a shield blank and without any device, is a novice knight, a Frenchman by birth, Pierres Papin by name, lord of the baronies of Utrique; that other, who with iron-shod heels strikes the flanks of that nimble parti-coloured zebra, and for arms bears azure vair, is the mighty duke of Nerbia, Espartafilardo del Bosque, who bears for device on his shield an asparagus plant with a motto in Castilian that says, ˜Rastrea mi suerte'." And so he went on naming a number of knights of one squadron or the other out of his imagination, and to all he assigned off-hand their arms, colours, devices, and mottoes, carried away by the illusions of his unheard-of craze; and without a pause, he continued, "People of divers nations compose this squadron in front; here are those that drink of the sweet waters of the famous Xanthus, those that scour the woody Massilian plains, those that sift the pure fine gold of Arabia Felix, those that enjoy the famed cool banks of the crystal Thermodon, those that in many and various ways divert the streams of the golden Pactolus, the Numidians, faithless in their promises, the Persians renowned in archery, the Parthians and the Medes that fight as they fly, the Arabs that ever shift their dwellings, the Scythians as cruel as they are fair, the Ethiopians with pierced lips, and an infinity of other nations whose features I recognise and descry, though I cannot recall their names. In this other squadron there come those that drink of the crystal streams of the olive-bearing Betis, those that make smooth their countenances with the water of the ever rich and golden Tagus, those that rejoice in the fertilising flow of the divine Genil, those that roam the Tartesian plains abounding in pasture, those that take their pleasure in the Elysian meadows of Jerez, the rich Manchegans crowned with ruddy ears of corn, the wearers of iron, old relics of the Gothic race, those that bathe in the Pisuerga renowned for its gentle current, those that feed their herds along the spreading pastures of the winding Guadiana famed for its hidden course, those that tremble with the cold of the pineclad Pyrenees or the dazzling snows of the lofty Apennine; in a word, as many as all Europe includes and contains."

Bridge - le pont, carpette

argent - argent

Azure - l'azur, azur

Duke - duke, duc

gigantic - gigantesque, colossal

frame - encadrer, cadre, armature, ossature, image, manche, frame, trame

dauntless - sans souci, indomptable

Arabias - arabes, Arabie

Temple - le temple, tempe, temple

revenged - vengé, vengeance, revanche, venger

Mi - lieue

van - van, (de) camion(nette)

victorious - victorieux

prince - prince

tawny - fauve

burdens - charges, poids écrasant

presses - presses, appuyer sur, presser

powerful - puissant

charger - chargeur

blank - vide, blanc, vierge, balles a blanc, préforme, espace

Frenchman - Français

by birth - de naissance

baronies - baronnies, baronnie

flanks - les flancs, flanc, flanchet

nimble - agile, fulgurant, preste, leste, vif

parti - parti

zebra - zebre, zebre

vair - vair

Bosque - bosque

asparagus - asperges, asperge

squadron - escadron, escadre

assigned - assigné, désigner, assigner, attribuer

devices - des appareils, appareil, dispositif, stratageme, ruse, manouvre

mottoes - devises, devise

carried away - emportée

illusions - des illusions, illusion

pause - pauser, pause

compose - composer

woody - ligneuxse, ligneux

sift - passer, tamiser, éparpiller, disséminer

famed - célebre, gloire, célébrité

crystal - cristal, de cristal, en cristal

divert - détourner, dévier, divertir

faithless - sans foi ni loi

Archery - tir a l'arc, tir a l'arc, archerie

Parthians - les parthes, parthe

Arabs - les arabes, arabe

Scythians - les scythes, Scythefbysense, scythe

Ethiopians - les éthiopiens, Éthiopien

descry - décrypter, percevoir

countenances - des visages, visage, approuver

rejoice - se réjouir, réjouir

abounding - abondante, foisonner, abonder

meadows - prairies, pré

ruddy - ruddy, rougeâtre

corn - mais

relics - des reliques, reliquat, relique

Gothic - gotique, gothique

bathe - prendre un bain, se baigner, faire prendre un bain, baignade

current - courant, présent, actuel

herds - troupeaux, troupeau

winding - bobinage, (wind) bobinage

hidden - caché, (se) cacher

tremble with - trembler de

Pyrenees - les pyrénées, Pyrénées

Apennine - Les Apennins

Good God! what a number of countries and nations he named! giving to each its proper attributes with marvellous readiness; brimful and saturated with what he had read in his lying books! Sancho Panza hung upon his words without speaking, and from time to time turned to try if he could see the knights and giants his master was describing, and as he could not make out one of them he said to him:

readiness - l'état de préparation, préparation

brimful - plein

saturated - saturé, saturer

"Señor, devil take it if there's a sign of any man you talk of, knight or giant, in the whole thing; maybe it's all enchantment, like the phantoms last night."

"How canst thou say that!" answered Don Quixote; "dost thou not hear the neighing of the steeds, the braying of the trumpets, the roll of the drums?"

neighing - hennissement, hennir

steeds - steeds, coursier

braying - braire, braiement

trumpets - trompettes, trompette, trompettiste, barrissement

drums - des tambours, tambour

"I hear nothing but a great bleating of ewes and sheep," said Sancho; which was true, for by this time the two flocks had come close.

bleating - belant, (bleat), belement

ewes - brebis

flocks - des troupeaux, troupeau

"The fear thou art in, Sancho," said Don Quixote, "prevents thee from seeing or hearing correctly, for one of the effects of fear is to derange the senses and make things appear different from what they are; if thou art in such fear, withdraw to one side and leave me to myself, for alone I suffice to bring victory to that side to which I shall give my aid;" and so saying he gave Rocinante the spur, and putting the lance in rest, shot down the slope like a thunderbolt. Sancho shouted after him, crying, "Come back, Señor Don Quixote; I vow to God they are sheep and ewes you are charging! Come back! Unlucky the father that begot me! what madness is this! Look, there is no giant, nor knight, nor cats, nor arms, nor shields quartered or whole, nor vair azure or bedevilled. What are you about? Sinner that I am before God!" But not for all these entreaties did Don Quixote turn back; on the contrary he went on shouting out, "Ho, knights, ye who follow and fight under the banners of the valiant emperor Pentapolin of the Bare Arm, follow me all; ye shall see how easily I shall give him his revenge over his enemy Alifanfaron of the Trapobana."

prevents - empeche, empecher

correctly - correctement

effects - effets, effet, effets-p, effectuer

derange - brouiller

appear - apparaître, sembler

shot down - abattu

thunderbolt - coup de tonnerre

vow - vou, vou, jurer

shields - boucliers, bouclier

turn back - faire demi-tour

banners - bannieres, banniere

revenge - la vengeance, vengeance, revanche, venger

So saying, he dashed into the midst of the squadron of ewes, and began spearing them with as much spirit and intrepidity as if he were transfixing mortal enemies in earnest. The shepherds and drovers accompanying the flock shouted to him to desist; seeing it was no use, they ungirt their slings and began to salute his ears with stones as big as one's fist.

dashed - en pointillés, tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter

spearing - le harponnage, lance

intrepidity - l'intrépidité

slings - frondes, écharpe

salute - saluer, faire un salut

Don Quixote gave no heed to the stones, but, letting drive right and left kept saying:

"Where art thou, proud Alifanfaron? Come before me; I am a single knight who would fain prove thy prowess hand to hand, and make thee yield thy life a penalty for the wrong thou dost to the valiant Pentapolin Garamanta." Here came a sugar-plum from the brook that struck him on the side and buried a couple of ribs in his body.

proud - fiers, fier, orgueilleux

fain - fain

plum - prune

brook - ruisseau

Feeling himself so smitten, he imagined himself slain or badly wounded for certain, and recollecting his liquor he drew out his flask, and putting it to his mouth began to pour the contents into his stomach; but ere he had succeeded in swallowing what seemed to him enough, there came another almond which struck him on the hand and on the flask so fairly that it smashed it to pieces, knocking three or four teeth and grinders out of his mouth in its course, and sorely crushing two fingers of his hand. Such was the force of the first blow and of the second, that the poor knight in spite of himself came down backwards off his horse. The shepherds came up, and felt sure they had killed him; so in all haste they collected their flock together, took up the dead beasts, of which there were more than seven, and made off without waiting to ascertain anything further.

swallowing - avaler

almond - amande, amandier

smashed - écrasé, smash, fracasser, percuter, écraser

knocking - frapper, frappant, (knock), coup

grinders - broyeurs, molaire, aiguisoir, meuleuse, moulin, broyeur

crushing - l'écrasement, barricade, béguin, amourette, faible

collected - collectés, (se) rassembler

flock together - se regrouper

ascertain - vérification, constater, définir

All this time Sancho stood on the hill watching the crazy feats his master was performing, and tearing his beard and cursing the hour and the occasion when fortune had made him acquainted with him. Seeing him, then, brought to the ground, and that the shepherds had taken themselves off, he ran to him and found him in very bad case, though not unconscious; and said he:

tearing - déchirure, larme

unconscious - inconscient, subconscient

"Did I not tell you to come back, Señor Don Quixote; and that what you were going to attack were not armies but droves of sheep?"

"That's how that thief of a sage, my enemy, can alter and falsify things," answered Don Quixote; "thou must know, Sancho, that it is a very easy matter for those of his sort to make us believe what they choose; and this malignant being who persecutes me, envious of the glory he knew I was to win in this battle, has turned the squadrons of the enemy into droves of sheep.

alter - modifier, altérent, altérez, altérer, altérons

falsify - falsifier

malignant - maligne, malin, malveillant

persecutes - persécute, persécuter

squadrons - escadrons, escadron, escadre

At any rate, do this much, I beg of thee, Sancho, to undeceive thyself, and see that what I say is true; mount thy ass and follow them quietly, and thou shalt see that when they have gone some little distance from this they will return to their original shape and, ceasing to be sheep, become men in all respects as I described them to thee at first.

original - originel, original

ceasing - cesser, cessant, (cease), s'arreter

But go Not just yet, for I want thy help and assistance; come hither, and see how many of my teeth and grinders are missing, for I feel as if there was not one left in my mouth."

Not just yet - Pas tout de suite

hither - ici, ça

Sancho came so close that he almost put his eyes into his mouth; now just at that moment the balsam had acted on the stomach of Don Quixote, so, at the very instant when Sancho came to examine his mouth, he discharged all its contents with more force than a musket, and full into the beard of the compassionate squire.

acted on - Agir

discharged - déchargée, licenciement, débit

musket - mousquet

"Holy Mary!" cried Sancho, "what is this that has happened me?

Mary - marie

Clearly this sinner is mortally wounded, as he vomits blood from the mouth;" but considering the matter a little more closely he perceived by the colour, taste, and smell, that it was not blood but the balsam from the flask which he had seen him drink; and he was taken with such a loathing that his stomach turned, and he vomited up his inside over his very master, and both were left in a precious state. Sancho ran to his ass to get something wherewith to clean himself, and relieve his master, out of his alforjas; but not finding them, he well-nigh took leave of his senses, and cursed himself anew, and in his heart resolved to quit his master and return home, even though he forfeited the wages of his service and all hopes of the promised island.

mortally - mortellement

vomits - vomit, vomir, rendre, rejeter, dégobiller, vomi

considering - en tenant compte, compte tenu de, vu, étant donné

closely - de pres, étroitement, pres

loathing - le dégout, dégout, (loathe), exécrer, détester, hair

vomited - vomi, vomir, rendre, rejeter, dégobiller

forfeited - perdue, gage, perdre, abandonner, déclarer forfait

Don Quixote now rose, and putting his left hand to his mouth to keep his teeth from falling out altogether, with the other he laid hold of the bridle of Rocinante, who had never stirred from his master's side"so loyal and well-behaved was he"and betook himself to where the squire stood leaning over his ass with his hand to his cheek, like one in deep dejection.

falling out - tomber

cheek - joue, fesse, culot, toupet, potence de bringuebale

dejection - la déprime, abattement

Seeing him in this mood, looking so sad, Don Quixote said to him:

"Bear in mind, Sancho, that one man is no more than another, unless he does more than another; all these tempests that fall upon us are signs that fair weather is coming shortly, and that things will go well with us, for it is impossible for good or evil to last for ever; and hence it follows that the evil having lasted long, the good must be now nigh at hand; so thou must not distress thyself at the misfortunes which happen to me, since thou hast no share in them."

tempests - tempetes, tempete

"How have I not?" replied Sancho; "was he whom they blanketed yesterday perchance any other than my father's son? and the alforjas that are missing to-day with all my treasures, did they belong to any other but myself?"

perchance - par hasard

"What! are the alforjas missing, Sancho?" said Don Quixote.

"Yes, they are missing," answered Sancho.

"In that case we have nothing to eat to-day," replied Don Quixote.

"It would be so," answered Sancho, "if there were none of the herbs your worship says you know in these meadows, those with which knights-errant as unlucky as your worship are wont to supply such-like shortcomings."

shortcomings - des lacunes, défaut, lacune, carence, imperfection

"For all that," answered Don Quixote, "I would rather have just now a quarter of bread, or a loaf and a couple of pilchards'heads, than all the herbs described by Dioscorides, even with Doctor Laguna's notes.

loaf - pain, miche

Nevertheless, Sancho the Good, mount thy beast and come along with me, for God, who provides for all things, will not fail us (more especially when we are so active in his service as we are), since he fails not the midges of the air, nor the grubs of the earth, nor the tadpoles of the water, and is so merciful that he maketh his sun to rise on the good and on the evil, and sendeth rain on the unjust and on the just."

provides - fournit, fournir, procurer, pourvoir

fails - échoue, échouer (a)

midges - des moucherons, moucheron

grubs - des vers blancs, larve, bouffe, boue

tadpoles - tetards, tetard

merciful - miséricordieux

maketh - fait

sendeth - envoie

unjust - injuste

"Your worship would make a better preacher than knight-errant," said Sancho.

preacher - precheur, prédicateur, precheur

"Knights-errant knew and ought to know everything, Sancho," said Don Quixote; "for there were knights-errant in former times as well qualified to deliver a sermon or discourse in the middle of an encampment, as if they had graduated in the University of Paris; whereby we may see that the lance has never blunted the pen, nor the pen the lance."

in former times - dans le passé

qualified - qualifiés, caractériser, qualifier, définir

sermon - sermon

encampment - campement

graduated - diplômé, licencié, licenciée, diplômée

blunted - émoussé

"Well, be it as your worship says," replied Sancho; "let us be off now and find some place of shelter for the night, and God grant it may be somewhere where there are no blankets, nor blanketeers, nor phantoms, nor enchanted Moors; for if there are, may the devil take the whole concern."

be off - etre éteint

some place - quelque part

somewhere - quelque part

blankets - couvertures, couverture, général, recouvrir, couvrir

blanketeers - les porteurs de couvertures

concern - inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation, concerner

"Ask that of God, my son," said Don Quixote; and do thou lead on where thou wilt, for this time I leave our lodging to thy choice; but reach me here thy hand, and feel with thy finger, and find out how many of my teeth and grinders are missing from this right side of the upper jaw, for it is there I feel the pain."

feel with - ressentir avec

upper jaw - la mâchoire supérieure

Sancho put in his fingers, and feeling about asked him, "How many grinders used your worship have on this side?"

"Four," replied Don Quixote, "besides the back-tooth, all whole and quite sound."

back-tooth - (back-tooth) Dent du fond

"Mind what you are saying, señor."

"I say four, if not five," answered Don Quixote, "for never in my life have I had tooth or grinder drawn, nor has any fallen out or been destroyed by any decay or rheum."

grinder - molaire, aiguisoir, meuleuse, moulin, broyeur

fallen out - tomber

destroyed - détruite, détruire, euthanasier

decay - pourriture, décrépitude, déchéance, pourrir, se désintégrer

"Well, then," said Sancho, "in this lower side your worship has no more than two grinders and a half, and in the upper neither a half nor any at all, for it is all as smooth as the palm of my hand."

"Luckless that I am!" said Don Quixote, hearing the sad news his squire gave him; "I had rather they despoiled me of an arm, so it were not the sword-arm; for I tell thee, Sancho, a mouth without teeth is like a mill without a millstone, and a tooth is much more to be prized than a diamond; but we who profess the austere order of chivalry are liable to all this.

prized - prisé, forcer, ouvrir de force

diamond - diamant

Mount, friend, and lead the way, and I will follow thee at whatever pace thou wilt."

Sancho did as he bade him, and proceeded in the direction in which he thought he might find refuge without quitting the high road, which was there very much frequented.

frequented - fréquenté, fréquent

As they went along, then, at a slow pace"for the pain in Don Quixote's jaws kept him uneasy and ill-disposed for speed"Sancho thought it well to amuse and divert him by talk of some kind, and among the things he said to him was that which will be told in the following chapter.

amuse - amuser


shrewd - astucieux, perspicace, sagace, habile, roublard, futé

"It seems to me, señor, that all these mishaps that have befallen us of late have been without any doubt a punishment for the offence committed by your worship against the order of chivalry in not keeping the oath you made not to eat bread off a tablecloth or embrace the queen, and all the rest of it that your worship swore to observe until you had taken that helmet of Malandrino's, or whatever the Moor is called, for I do not very well remember."

tablecloth - nappe

"Thou art very right, Sancho," said Don Quixote, "but to tell the truth, it had escaped my memory; and likewise thou mayest rely upon it that the affair of the blanket happened to thee because of thy fault in not reminding me of it in time; but I will make amends, for there are ways of compounding for everything in the order of chivalry."

escaped - s'est échappé, échapper, s'échapper, éviter, tirer

rely - s'appuyer, compter sur

reminding - rappel, rappeler

amends - des réparations, amender

compounding - la composition, composé

"Why! have I taken an oath of some sort, then?" said Sancho.

"It makes no matter that thou hast not taken an oath," said Don Quixote; "suffice it that I see thou art not quite clear of complicity; and whether or no, it will not be ill done to provide ourselves with a remedy."

complicity - complicité

"In that case," said Sancho, "mind that your worship does not forget this as you did the oath; perhaps the phantoms may take it into their heads to amuse themselves once more with me; or even with your worship if they see you so obstinate."

obstinate - obstiné

While engaged in this and other talk, night overtook them on the road before they had reached or discovered any place of shelter; and what made it still worse was that they were dying of hunger, for with the loss of the alforjas they had lost their entire larder and commissariat; and to complete the misfortune they met with an adventure which without any invention had really the appearance of one.

overtook - dépasser, doubler, surprendre

entire - entiere, entier, entiere

larder - garde-manger, cellier

Commissariat - commissariat

It so happened that the night closed in somewhat darkly, but for all that they pushed on, Sancho feeling sure that as the road was the king's highway they might reasonably expect to find some inn within a league or two.

darkly - sombrement

highway - autoroute, grand chemin, grand’route, chaussée

reasonably - raisonnablement

Going along, then, in this way, the night dark, the squire hungry, the master sharp-set, they saw coming towards them on the road they were travelling a great number of lights which looked exactly like stars in motion.

sharp-set - (sharp-set) Ensemble pointu

motion - mouvement, motion

Sancho was taken aback at the sight of them, nor did Don Quixote altogether relish them: the one pulled up his ass by the halter, the other his hack by the bridle, and they stood still, watching anxiously to see what all this would turn out to be, and found that the lights were approaching them, and the nearer they came the greater they seemed, at which spectacle Sancho began to shake like a man dosed with mercury, and Don Quixote's hair stood on end; he, however, plucking up spirit a little, said:

taken aback - pris au dépourvu

pulled - tiré, tirer, retirer, tirer un coup, influence

anxiously - avec anxiété, anxieusement

spectacle - spectacle

shake - secouer, agiter, se serrer la main, secousse

dosed - dosé, dose

mercury - le mercure, mercure, vif-argent

plucking - plumer, tirer, pincer, voler, abats-p, persévérance

"This, no doubt, Sancho, will be a most mighty and perilous adventure, in which it will be needful for me to put forth all my valour and resolution."

"Unlucky me!" answered Sancho; "if this adventure happens to be one of phantoms, as I am beginning to think it is, where shall I find the ribs to bear it?"

"Be they phantoms ever so much," said Don Quixote, "I will not permit them to touch a thread of thy garments; for if they played tricks with thee the time before, it was because I was unable to leap the walls of the yard; but now we are on a wide plain, where I shall be able to wield my sword as I please."

ever so much - jamais autant

wield - manier, brandir, exercer

"And if they enchant and cripple you as they did the last time," said Sancho, "what difference will it make being on the open plain or not?"

enchant - enchanter

cripple - estropié, infirme, estropier, bridé

"For all that," replied Don Quixote, "I entreat thee, Sancho, to keep a good heart, for experience will tell thee what mine is."

"I will, please God," answered Sancho, and the two retiring to one side of the road set themselves to observe closely what all these moving lights might be; and very soon afterwards they made out some twenty encamisados, all on horseback, with lighted torches in their hands, the awe-inspiring aspect of whom completely extinguished the courage of Sancho, who began to chatter with his teeth like one in the cold fit of an ague; and his heart sank and his teeth chattered still more when they perceived distinctly that behind them there came a litter covered over with black and followed by six more mounted figures in mourning down to the very feet of their mules"for they could perceive plainly they were not horses by the easy pace at which they went. And as the encamisados came along they muttered to themselves in a low plaintive tone. This strange spectacle at such an hour and in such a solitary place was quite enough to strike terror into Sancho's heart, and even into his master's; and (save in Don Quixote's case) did so, for all Sancho's resolution had now broken down. It was just the opposite with his master, whose imagination immediately conjured up all this to him vividly as one of the adventures of his books.

retiring - a la retraite, prendre sa retraite

torches - torches, torche, flambeau, incendier

inspiring - inspirant, inspirer

aspect - aspect, rench: t-needed r

ague - ague, fievre

sank - a coulé, couler, s'enfoncer, évier, lavabo

chattered - bavardé, jacasser, bavarder

distinctly - distinctement

litter - litiere, litiere, portée, détritus

mourning - le deuil, deuil, (mourn), déplorer, porter le deuil

muttered - marmonné, marmonner

vividly - précise

He took it into his head that the litter was a bier on which was borne some sorely wounded or slain knight, to avenge whom was a task reserved for him alone; and without any further reasoning he laid his lance in rest, fixed himself firmly in his saddle, and with gallant spirit and bearing took up his position in the middle of the road where the encamisados must of necessity pass; and as soon as he saw them near at hand he raised his voice and said:

"Halt, knights, or whosoever ye may be, and render me account of who ye are, whence ye come, where ye go, what it is ye carry upon that bier, for, to judge by appearances, either ye have done some wrong or some wrong has been done to you, and it is fitting and necessary that I should know, either that I may chastise you for the evil ye have done, or else that I may avenge you for the injury that has been inflicted upon you."

whosoever - qui que ce soit

"We are in haste," answered one of the encamisados, "and the inn is far off, and we cannot stop to render you such an account as you demand;" and spurring his mule he moved on.

spurring - l'éperonnage, (spur) l'éperonnage

Don Quixote was mightily provoked by this answer, and seizing the mule by the bridle he said, "Halt, and be more mannerly, and render an account of what I have asked of you; else, take my defiance to combat, all of you."

mightily - puissamment

provoked - provoquée, provoquer

mannerly - de la façon la plus aimable

The mule was shy, and was so frightened at her bridle being seized that rearing up she flung her rider to the ground over her haunches.

Shy - timide, gené, prudent, embarrassé

rearing - l'élevage, arriere

An attendant who was on foot, seeing the encamisado fall, began to abuse Don Quixote, who now moved to anger, without any more ado, laying his lance in rest charged one of the men in mourning and brought him badly wounded to the ground, and as he wheeled round upon the others the agility with which he attacked and routed them was a sight to see, for it seemed just as if wings had that instant grown upon Rocinante, so lightly and proudly did he bear himself. The encamisados were all timid folk and unarmed, so they speedily made their escape from the fray and set off at a run across the plain with their lighted torches, looking exactly like maskers running on some gala or festival night. The mourners, too, enveloped and swathed in their skirts and gowns, were unable to bestir themselves, and so with entire safety to himself Don Quixote belaboured them all and drove them off against their will, for they all thought it was no man but a devil from hell come to carry away the dead body they had in the litter.

abuse - abus, défaut, abuser, insulter, tourmenter, abusons

wheeled - sur roues, roue, barre, rouler

agility - l'agilité, agilité

routed - acheminé, mettre en déroute

wings - des ailes, aile, ailier

lightly - légerement, légerement

proudly - fierement, fierement

timid - timide, craintif

gala - gala, fete

enveloped - enveloppé, envelopper

swathed - enrobé, envelopper

gowns - robes, robe, toge (general term, especially Roman Antiquity)

safety - la sécurité, sécurité, sureté

Sancho beheld all this in astonishment at the intrepidity of his lord, and said to himself, "Clearly this master of mine is as bold and valiant as he says he is."

A burning torch lay on the ground near the first man whom the mule had thrown, by the light of which Don Quixote perceived him, and coming up to him he presented the point of the lance to his face, calling on him to yield himself prisoner, or else he would kill him; to which the prostrate man replied, "I am prisoner enough as it is; I cannot stir, for one of my legs is broken: I entreat you, if you be a Christian gentleman, not to kill me, which will be committing grave sacrilege, for I am a licentiate and I hold first orders."

torch - torche, flambeau, incendier

committing - l'engagement, confier, commettre, remettre, consigner

sacrilege - sacrilege, sacrilege

"Then what the devil brought you here, being a churchman?" said Don Quixote.

Churchman - ecclésiastique

"What, señor?" said the other. "My bad luck."

bad luck - la malchance

"Then still worse awaits you," said Don Quixote, "if you do not satisfy me as to all I asked you at first."

awaits - attend, attendre, s'attendre a, servir, guetter

"You shall be soon satisfied," said the licentiate; "you must know, then, that though just now I said I was a licentiate, I am only a bachelor, and my name is Alonzo Lopez; I am a native of Alcobendas, I come from the city of Baeza with eleven others, priests, the same who fled with the torches, and we are going to the city of Segovia accompanying a dead body which is in that litter, and is that of a gentleman who died in Baeza, where he was interred; and now, as I said, we are taking his bones to their burial-place, which is in Segovia, where he was born."

bachelor - célibataire, licence

native of - originaire de

priests - pretres, pretre, pretresse, sacrificateur, sacrificatrice

fled - fui, s'enfuir, prendre la fuite, fuir, échapper

interred - enterré, enterrer

"And who killed him?" asked Don Quixote.

"God, by means of a malignant fever that took him," answered the bachelor.

fever - de la fievre, fievre

"In that case," said Don Quixote, "the Lord has relieved me of the task of avenging his death had any other slain him; but, he who slew him having slain him, there is nothing for it but to be silent, and shrug one's shoulders; I should do the same were he to slay myself; and I would have your reverence know that I am a knight of La Mancha, Don Quixote by name, and it is my business and calling to roam the world righting wrongs and redressing injuries."

be silent - se taire

shrug - haussement d'épaules, hausser les épaules

reverence - révérence

redressing - réparation, redresser

"I do not know how that about righting wrongs can be," said the bachelor, "for from straight you have made me crooked, leaving me with a broken leg that will never see itself straight again all the days of its life; and the injury you have redressed in my case has been to leave me injured in such a way that I shall remain injured for ever; and the height of misadventure it was to fall in with you who go in search of adventures."

redressed - redressé, redresser

injured - blessé, blesser

"Things do not all happen in the same way," answered Don Quixote; "it all came, Sir Bachelor Alonzo Lopez, of your going, as you did, by night, dressed in those surplices, with lighted torches, praying, covered with mourning, so that naturally you looked like something evil and of the other world; and so I could not avoid doing my duty in attacking you, and I should have attacked you even had I known positively that you were the very devils of hell, for such I certainly believed and took you to be."

surplices - les surplis, surplis

attacking - attaquant, attaque, attaquer, apostropher

"As my fate has so willed it," said the bachelor, "I entreat you, sir knight-errant, whose errand has been such an evil one for me, to help me to get from under this mule that holds one of my legs caught between the stirrup and the saddle."

errand - course, commission

"I would have talked on till to-morrow," said Don Quixote; "how long were you going to wait before telling me of your distress?"

He at once called to Sancho, who, however, had no mind to come, as he was just then engaged in unloading a sumpter mule, well laden with provender, which these worthy gentlemen had brought with them.

unloading - déchargement, (unload), décharger

sumpter - sumpter

laden - laden, chargé, chargée, (lade) laden

provender - de la provende, provende

Sancho made a bag of his coat, and, getting together as much as he could, and as the bag would hold, he loaded his beast, and then hastened to obey his master's call, and helped him to remove the bachelor from under the mule; then putting him on her back he gave him the torch, and Don Quixote bade him follow the track of his companions, and beg pardon of them on his part for the wrong which he could not help doing them.

getting together - se réunir

track - piste, trace, marque, sillon, empreinte, sentier, chemin

Companions - compagnons, compagnon, compagne

beg pardon - Je vous demande pardon

And said Sancho, "If by chance these gentlemen should want to know who was the hero that served them so, your worship may tell them that he is the famous Don Quixote of La Mancha, otherwise called the Knight of the Rueful Countenance."

hero - héros, protagoniste

The bachelor then took his departure.

I forgot to mention that before he did so he said to Don Quixote, "Remember that you stand excommunicated for having laid violent hands on a holy thing, juxta illud, si quis, suadente diabolo."

excommunicated - excommunié, excommunier, bannir

Si - SI, (Sus) SI

diabolo - diabolo

"I do not understand that Latin," answered Don Quixote, "but I know well I did not lay hands, only this pike; besides, I did not think I was committing an assault upon priests or things of the Church, which, like a Catholic and faithful Christian as I am, I respect and revere, but upon phantoms and spectres of the other world; but even so, I remember how it fared with Cid Ruy Diaz when he broke the chair of the ambassador of that king before His Holiness the Pope, who excommunicated him for the same; and yet the good Roderick of Vivar bore himself that day like a very noble and valiant knight."

Latin - latine

Catholic - catholique

revere - révérer, idolâtrer

spectres - spectres, spectre

ambassador - ambassadeur, ambassadrice

His Holiness - Sa Sainteté

pope - pape

On hearing this the bachelor took his departure, as has been said, without making any reply; and Don Quixote asked Sancho what had induced him to call him the "Knight of the Rueful Countenance" more then than at any other time.

induced - induite, induire

"I will tell you," answered Sancho; "it was because I have been looking at you for some time by the light of the torch held by that unfortunate, and verily your worship has got of late the most ill-favoured countenance I ever saw: it must be either owing to the fatigue of this combat, or else to the want of teeth and grinders."

favoured - favorisée, service

owing - owing, devoir

fatigue - la fatigue, fatigue, épuisement, corvée, fatiguer

"It is not that," replied Don Quixote, "but because the sage whose duty it will be to write the history of my achievements must have thought it proper that I should take some distinctive name as all knights of yore did; one being ˜He of the Burning Sword,'another ˜He of the Unicorn,'this one ˜He of the Damsels,'that ˜He of the PhĹ"nix,'another ˜The Knight of the Griffin,'and another ˜He of the Death,'and by these names and designations they were known all the world round; and so I say that the sage aforesaid must have put it into your mouth and mind just now to call me ˜The Knight of the Rueful Countenance,'as I intend to call myself from this day forward; and that the said name may fit me better, I mean, when the opportunity offers, to have a very rueful countenance painted on my shield."

Unicorn - licorne

griffin - griffon

designations - désignations, indication, appellation

intend - l'intention de, avoir l'intention, envisager, concevoir

"There is no occasion, señor, for wasting time or money on making that countenance," said Sancho; "for all that need be done is for your worship to show your own, face to face, to those who look at you, and without anything more, either image or shield, they will call you ˜Him of the Rueful Countenance'and believe me I am telling you the truth, for I assure you, señor (and in good part be it said), hunger and the loss of your grinders have given you such an ill-favoured face that, as I say, the rueful picture may be very well spared."

wasting - le gaspillage, (wast) le gaspillage

assure - assurer, rassurer

Don Quixote laughed at Sancho's pleasantry; nevertheless he resolved to call himself by that name, and have his shield or buckler painted as he had devised.

laughed at - dont on se moque

pleasantry - l'amabilité

devised - conçu, concevoir, élaborer

Don Quixote would have looked to see whether the body in the litter were bones or not, but Sancho would not have it, saying:

"Señor, you have ended this perilous adventure more safely for yourself than any of those I have seen: perhaps these people, though beaten and routed, may bethink themselves that it is a single man that has beaten them, and feeling sore and ashamed of it may take heart and come in search of us and give us trouble enough.

beaten - battu, battre

routed - acheminé, chemin, itinéraire

ashamed - honteux

take heart - avoir du cour

The ass is in proper trim, the mountains are near at hand, hunger presses, we have nothing more to do but make good our retreat, and, as the saying is, the dead to the grave and the living to the loaf."

retreat - retraite

And driving his ass before him he begged his master to follow, who, feeling that Sancho was right, did so without replying; and after proceeding some little distance between two hills they found themselves in a wide and retired valley, where they alighted, and Sancho unloaded his beast, and stretched upon the green grass, with hunger for sauce, they breakfasted, dined, lunched, and supped all at once, satisfying their appetites with more than one store of cold meat which the dead man's clerical gentlemen (who seldom put themselves on short allowance) had brought with them on their sumpter mule. But another piece of ill-luck befell them, which Sancho held the worst of all, and that was that they had no wine to drink, nor even water to moisten their lips; and as thirst tormented them, Sancho, observing that the meadow where they were was full of green and tender grass, said what will be told in the following chapter.

distance between - distance entre

alighted - descendus, descendre (de)

unloaded - déchargé, décharger

sauce - sauce

dined - dîné, vacarme

satisfying - satisfaisant, satisfaire

appetites - appétits, appétit

cold meat - de la viande froide

clerical - administratif, clérical

allowance - l'allocation, indemnité, jeu

moisten - humidifier, mouiller

meadow - prairie, pré


achieved - atteint, accomplir, réaliser

"It cannot be, señor, but that this grass is a proof that there must be hard by some spring or brook to give it moisture, so it would be well to move a little farther on, that we may find some place where we may quench this terrible thirst that plagues us, which beyond a doubt is more distressing than hunger."

Proof - la preuve, preuve, épreuve

moisture - l'humidité, humidité

quench - apaiser, étancher, rassasier, désaltérer, éteindre, tremper

plagues - fléaux, peste, fléau, plaie, calamité

distressing - pénible, détresse

The advice seemed good to Don Quixote, and, he leading Rocinante by the bridle and Sancho the ass by the halter, after he had packed away upon him the remains of the supper, they advanced the meadow feeling their way, for the darkness of the night made it impossible to see anything; but they had not gone two hundred paces when a loud noise of water, as if falling from great rocks, struck their ears. The sound cheered them greatly; but halting to make out by listening from what quarter it came they heard unseasonably another noise which spoiled the satisfaction the sound of the water gave them, especially for Sancho, who was by nature timid and faint-hearted. They heard, I say, strokes falling with a measured beat, and a certain rattling of iron and chains that, together with the furious din of the water, would have struck terror into any heart but Don Quixote's. The night was, as has been said, dark, and they had happened to reach a spot in among some tall trees, whose leaves stirred by a gentle breeze made a low ominous sound; so that, what with the solitude, the place, the darkness, the noise of the water, and the rustling of the leaves, everything inspired awe and dread; more especially as they perceived that the strokes did not cease, nor the wind lull, nor morning approach; to all which might be added their ignorance as to where they were.

packed away - emballé

cheered - acclamé, acclamation(s)

unseasonably - sans saison

beat - battre, abats, battement, battirent, battent, abattîmes

rattling - le cliquetis, (rattle) le cliquetis

din - din, vacarme

gentle breeze - une brise légere

ominous - de mauvais augure

rustling - bruissement, (rustle), froufrou, froufrouter

lull - l'accalmie, pause, bonace, calme, apaiser, bercer, calmer

But Don Quixote, supported by his intrepid heart, leaped on Rocinante, and bracing his buckler on his arm, brought his pike to the slope, and said, "Friend Sancho, know that I by Heaven's will have been born in this our Iron Age to revive in it the age of gold, or the golden as it is called; I am he for whom perils, mighty achievements, and valiant deeds are reserved; I am, I say again, he who is to revive the Knights of the Round Table, the Twelve of France and the Nine Worthies; and he who is to consign to oblivion the Platirs, the Tablantes, the Olivantes and Tirantes, the PhĹ"buses and Belianises, with the whole herd of famous knights-errant of days gone by, performing in these in which I live such exploits, marvels, and feats of arms as shall obscure their brightest deeds. Thou dost mark well, faithful and trusty squire, the gloom of this night, its strange silence, the dull confused murmur of those trees, the awful sound of that water in quest of which we came, that seems as though it were precipitating and dashing itself down from the lofty mountains of the Moon, and that incessant hammering that wounds and pains our ears; which things all together and each of itself are enough to instil fear, dread, and dismay into the breast of Mars himself, much more into one not used to hazards and adventures of the kind. Well, then, all this that I put before thee is but an incentive and stimulant to my spirit, making my heart burst in my bosom through eagerness to engage in this adventure, arduous as it promises to be; therefore tighten Rocinante's girths a little, and God be with thee; wait for me here three days and no more, and if in that time I come not back, thou canst return to our village, and thence, to do me a favour and a service, thou wilt go to El Toboso, where thou shalt say to my incomparable lady Dulcinea that her captive knight hath died in attempting things that might make him worthy of being called hers."

intrepid - intrépide

Iron Age - Âge du fer

perils - périls, péril, risque

herd - troupeau

gone by - passé

exploits - des exploits, exploit, exploiter

marvels - merveilles, etre

obscure - obscure, obscur, sibyllin, obscurcir

trusty - de confiance, fidele, fiable, bon vieux

confused - confus, rendre perplexe, confondre

awful - terrible, épouvantable, horrible

precipitating - précipitant, précipité

dashing - fringant, tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter

incessant - incessant

hammering - martelage, martelant, (hammer), marteau, chien

instil - inculquer (a qqn)

hazards - dangers, hasard, danger, tenter, hasarder

incentive - incitatif, intéret, motivation, récompense, prime

stimulant - excitant, stimulant

burst in - fait irruption

arduous - difficile, ardu

tighten - serrer, se resserrer, resserrer les taux

thence - d'ou, des lors

attempting - tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat

being called - etre appelé

When Sancho heard his master's words he began to weep in the most pathetic way, saying:

weep - pleurer, pleurez, pleurons, pleurent

pathetic - pathétique

"Señor, I know not why your worship wants to attempt this so dreadful adventure; it is night now, no one sees us here, we can easily turn about and take ourselves out of danger, even if we don't drink for three days to come; and as there is no one to see us, all the less will there be anyone to set us down as cowards; besides, I have many a time heard the curate of our village, whom your worship knows well, preach that he who seeks danger perishes in it; so it is not right to tempt God by trying so tremendous a feat from which there can be no escape save by a miracle, and Heaven has performed enough of them for your worship in delivering you from being blanketed as I was, and bringing you out victorious and safe and sound from among all those enemies that were with the dead man; and if all this does not move or soften that hard heart, let this thought and reflection move it, that you will have hardly quitted this spot when from pure fear I shall yield my soul up to anyone that will take it. I left home and wife and children to come and serve your worship, trusting to do better and not worse; but as covetousness bursts the bag, it has rent my hopes asunder, for just as I had them highest about getting that wretched unlucky island your worship has so often promised me, I see that instead and in lieu of it you mean to desert me now in a place so far from human reach: For God's sake, master mine, deal not so unjustly by me, and if your worship will not entirely give up attempting this feat, at least put it off till morning, for by what the lore I learned when I was a shepherd tells me it cannot want three hours of dawn now, because the mouth of the Horn is overhead and makes midnight in the line of the left arm."

tempt - tenter, attirer

dreadful - épouvantable, redoutable, affreux, terrible

turn about - faire demi-tour

out of danger - hors de danger

preach - precher, precher, proclamer

perishes - périt, périr

tremendous - formidable

delivering - livrant, accoucher, livrer, remettre

soften - s'adoucir, adoucir

trusting - la confiance, confiance, trust, faire confiance

covetousness - la convoitise, convoitise

bursts - éclatements, éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser, éclatement

rent - loyer, louez, louons, arrentez, accensons

lieu - lieu

For God's sake - Pour l'amour de Dieu

unjustly - injustement

overhead - des frais généraux, dessus, sur, au dessus, aérien, grippage

"How canst thou see, Sancho," said Don Quixote, "where it makes that line, or where this mouth or this occiput is that thou talkest of, when the night is so dark that there is not a star to be seen in the whole heaven?"

occiput - occiput

talkest - parler

"That's true," said Sancho, "but fear has sharp eyes, and sees things underground, much more above in heavens; besides, there is good reason to show that it now wants but little of day."

That's true - C'est vrai

sharp eyes - des yeux vifs

"Let it want what it may," replied Don Quixote, "it shall not be said of me now or at any time that tears or entreaties turned me aside from doing what was in accordance with knightly usage; and so I beg of thee, Sancho, to hold thy peace, for God, who has put it into my heart to undertake now this so unexampled and terrible adventure, will take care to watch over my safety and console thy sorrow; what thou hast to do is to tighten Rocinante's girths well, and wait here, for I shall come back shortly, alive or dead."

console - console, consolons, consolent, consoler, consolez

Sancho perceiving it his master's final resolve, and how little his tears, counsels, and entreaties prevailed with him, determined to have recourse to his own ingenuity and compel him, if he could, to wait till daylight; and so, while tightening the girths of the horse, he quietly and without being felt, with his ass'halter tied both Rocinante's legs, so that when Don Quixote strove to go he was unable as the horse could only move by jumps. Seeing the success of his trick, Sancho Panza said:

resolve - résoudre, résolvons, résolvent, résolvez

counsels - conseils, conseil, expertise, plan, projet

prevailed - a prévalu, dominer, prévaloir, l'emporter, prédominer

tightening - le resserrement, serrer, se resserrer, resserrer les taux

jumps - des sauts, (faire) sauter

trick - tour, astuce, truc, rench: t-needed r, pli, levée, quart, duper

"See there, señor! Heaven, moved by my tears and prayers, has so ordered it that Rocinante cannot stir; and if you will be obstinate, and spur and strike him, you will only provoke fortune, and kick, as they say, against the pricks."

provoke - provoquer

kick - coup de pied, bottons, bottent, escabeau, bottez, botter

pricks - des cons, piquer, percer

Don Quixote at this grew desperate, but the more he drove his heels into the horse, the less he stirred him; and not having any suspicion of the tying, he was fain to resign himself and wait till daybreak or until Rocinante could move, firmly persuaded that all this came of something other than Sancho's ingenuity.

desperate - désespérée, désespéré

tying - la mise en place d'un lien, attacher

resign - démissionner, résignent, résignez, résignons, abdiquer, résigner

daybreak - l'aube, point du jour

So he said to him, "As it is so, Sancho, and as Rocinante cannot move, I am content to wait till dawn smiles upon us, even though I weep while it delays its coming."

smiles - sourires, sourire

delays - des retards, retarder

"There is no need to weep," answered Sancho, "for I will amuse your worship by telling stories from this till daylight, unless indeed you like to dismount and lie down to sleep a little on the green grass after the fashion of knights-errant, so as to be fresher when day comes and the moment arrives for attempting this extraordinary adventure you are looking forward to."

fresher - plus frais, étudiant de premiere année, (fresh) plus frais

"What art thou talking about dismounting or sleeping for?" said Don Quixote. "Am I, thinkest thou, one of those knights that take their rest in the presence of danger? Sleep thou who art born to sleep, or do as thou wilt, for I will act as I think most consistent with my character."

thinkest - pense

most consistent - le plus constant

"Be not angry, master mine," replied Sancho, "I did not mean to say that;" and coming close to him he laid one hand on the pommel of the saddle and the other on the cantle so that he held his master's left thigh in his embrace, not daring to separate a finger's width from him; so much afraid was he of the strokes which still resounded with a regular beat.

pommel - pommeau

cantle - cantle, troussequin

thigh - cuisse

separate - séparés, séparé, séparée, séparer

width - largeur

resounded - a retenti, retentir

Don Quixote bade him tell some story to amuse him as he had proposed, to which Sancho replied that he would if his dread of what he heard would let him; "Still," said he, "I will strive to tell a story which, if I can manage to relate it, and nobody interferes with the telling, is the best of stories, and let your worship give me your attention, for here I begin.

interferes - interfere, meler

What was, was; and may the good that is to come be for all, and the evil for him who goes to look for it"your worship must know that the beginning the old folk used to put to their tales was not just as each one pleased; it was a maxim of Cato Zonzorino the Roman, that says ˜the evil for him that goes to look for it,'and it comes as pat to the purpose now as ring to finger, to show that your worship should Keep quiet and not go looking for evil in any quarter, and that we should go back by some other road, since nobody forces us to follow this in which so many terrors affright us."

maxim - maxime, sentence

Pat - pat, petite tape

Keep quiet - Se taire

terrors - terreurs, terreur, effroi, terrorisme

affright - l'effroi

"Go on with thy story, Sancho," said Don Quixote, "and leave the choice of our road to my care."

"I say then," continued Sancho, "that in a village of Estremadura there was a goat-shepherd"that is to say, one who tended goats"which shepherd or goatherd, as my story goes, was called Lope Ruiz, and this Lope Ruiz was in love with a shepherdess called Torralva, which shepherdess called Torralva was the daughter of a rich grazier, and this rich grazier""

tended - tendu, garder

lope - lope, courir en bondissant

grazier - broutard

"If that is the way thou tellest thy tale, Sancho," said Don Quixote, "repeating twice all thou hast to say, thou wilt not have done these two days; go straight on with it, and tell it like a reasonable man, or else say nothing."

straight on - directement

"Tales are always told in my country in the very way I am telling this," answered Sancho, "and I cannot tell it in any other, nor is it right of your worship to ask me to make new customs."

customs - les douanes, coutume, us, connaissance

"Tell it as thou wilt," replied Don Quixote; "and as fate will have it that I cannot help listening to thee, go on."

"And so, lord of my soul," continued Sancho, as I have said, this shepherd was in love with Torralva the shepherdess, who was a wild buxom lass with something of the look of a man about her, for she had little moustaches; I fancy I see her now."

buxom - plantureux, bien en chair

moustaches - moustaches, moustache, bacchante, qualifier

"Then you knew her?" said Don Quixote.

"I did not know her," said Sancho, "but he who told me the story said it was so true and certain that when I told it to another I might safely declare and swear I had seen it all myself.

And so in course of time, the devil, who never sleeps and puts everything in confusion, contrived that the love the shepherd bore the shepherdess turned into hatred and ill-will, and the reason, according to evil tongues, was some little jealousy she caused him that crossed the line and trespassed on forbidden ground; and so much did the shepherd hate her from that time forward that, in order to escape from her, he determined to quit the country and go where he should never set eyes on her again. Torralva, when she found herself spurned by Lope, was immediately smitten with love for him, though she had never loved him before."

ill-will - (ill-will) mauvaise volonté

crossed - croisé, crosse

trespassed - intrusion, s'introduire sans permission

forbidden - interdites, interdire, nier, dénier

spurned - éconduit, renier, dédaigner, coup de pied

"That is the natural way of women," said Don Quixote, "to scorn the one that loves them, and love the one that hates them: go on, Sancho."

"It came to pass," said Sancho, "that the shepherd carried out his intention, and driving his goats before him took his way across the plains of Estremadura to pass over into the Kingdom of Portugal.

Torralva, who knew of it, went after him, and on foot and barefoot followed him at a distance, with a pilgrim's staff in her hand and a scrip round her neck, in which she carried, it is said, a bit of looking-glass and a piece of a comb and some little pot or other of paint for her face; but let her carry what she did, I am not going to trouble myself to prove it; all I say is, that the shepherd, they say, came with his flock to cross over the river Guadiana, which was at that time swollen and almost overflowing its banks, and at the spot he came to there was neither ferry nor boat nor anyone to carry him or his flock to the other side, at which he was much vexed, for he perceived that Torralva was approaching and would give him great annoyance with her tears and entreaties; however, he went looking about so closely that he discovered a fisherman who had alongside of him a boat so small that it could only hold one person and one goat; but for all that he spoke to him and agreed with him to carry himself and his three hundred goats across. The fisherman got into the boat and carried one goat over; he came back and carried another over; he came back again, and again brought over another"let your worship keep count of the goats the fisherman is taking across, for if one escapes the memory there will be an end of the story, and it will be impossible to tell another word of it. To proceed, I must tell you the landing place on the other side was miry and slippery, and the fisherman lost a great deal of time in going and coming; still he returned for another goat, and another, and another."

barefoot - pieds nus

pilgrim - pelerin, pelerin

scrip - scripts

comb - peigne, peignent, peigner, peignons, peignez

cross over - traverser

swollen - gonflé, enfler, gonfler

overflowing - débordant, (overflow), débordement, déborder, checktransborder

ferry - bac, ferry, transbordeur

fisherman - pecheur, pecheur, pecheuse

escapes - s'échappe, échapper, s'échapper, éviter, tirer

slippery - glissant

"Take it for granted he brought them all across," said Don Quixote, "and don't keep going and coming in this way, or thou wilt not make an end of bringing them over this twelvemonth."

"How many have gone across so far?" said Sancho.

"How the devil do I know?" replied Don Quixote.

"There it is," said Sancho, "what I told you, that you must keep a good count; well then, by God, there is an end of the story, for there is no going any farther."

"How can that be?" said Don Quixote; "is it so essential to the story to know to a nicety the goats that have crossed over, that if there be a mistake of one in the reckoning, thou canst not go on with it?"

crossed - croisé, croix, signe de croix

"No, señor, not a bit," replied Sancho; "for when I asked your worship to tell me how many goats had crossed, and you answered you did not know, at that very instant all I had to say passed away out of my memory, and, faith, there was much virtue in it, and entertainment."

"So, then," said Don Quixote, "the story has come to an end?"

"As much as my mother has," said Sancho.

"In truth," said Don Quixote, "thou hast told one of the rarest stories, tales, or histories, that anyone in the world could have imagined, and such a way of telling it and ending it was never seen nor will be in a lifetime; though I expected nothing else from thy excellent understanding. But I do not wonder, for perhaps those ceaseless strokes may have confused thy wits."

rarest - le plus rare, rare

lifetime - a vie, durée de vie (objects), vie (persons), éternité

"All that may be," replied Sancho, "but I know that as to my story, all that can be said is that it ends there where the mistake in the count of the passage of the goats begins."

"Let it end where it will, well and good," said Don Quixote, "and let us see if Rocinante can go;" and again he spurred him, and again Rocinante made jumps and remained where he was, so well tied was he.

Just then, whether it was the cold of the morning that was now approaching, or that he had eaten something laxative at supper, or that it was only natural (as is most likely), Sancho felt a desire to do what no one could do for him; but so great was the fear that had penetrated his heart, he dared not separate himself from his master by as much as the black of his nail; to escape doing what he wanted was, however, also impossible; so what he did for peace's sake was to remove his right hand, which held the back of the saddle, and with it to untie gently and silently the running string which alone held up his breeches, so that on loosening it they at once fell down round his feet like fetters; he then raised his shirt as well as he could and bared his hind quarters, no slim ones. But, this accomplished, which he fancied was all he had to do to get out of this terrible strait and embarrassment, another still greater difficulty presented itself, for it seemed to him impossible to relieve himself without making some noise, and he ground his teeth and squeezed his shoulders together, holding his breath as much as he could; but in spite of his precautions he was unlucky enough after all to make a little noise, very different from that which was causing him so much fear.

laxative - laxatif, purgatif

penetrated - pénétré, pénétrer

nail - clou, ongle, enclouer, clouer, caboche

Untie - détacher, délier

silently - en silence, silencieusement

string - corde, suite, série, chaîne de caracteres, cordes, cannabis

loosening - le relâchement, desserrer

fetters - des entraves, entrave, fers-p, obstacle, entraver

bared - n'a pas été rasé, barre, tablette

hind - biche

slim - mince, svelte, maigrir, mincir

Strait - le détroit, détroit

embarrassment - de l'embarras, embarras, (etre la) honte (de)

squeezed - pressé, presser, comprimer, tasser, serrer

precautions - des précautions, précaution

causing - causant, cause, raison, causer

Don Quixote, hearing it, said, "What noise is that, Sancho?"

"I don't know, señor," said he; "it must be something new, for adventures and misadventures never begin with a trifle." Once more he tried his luck, and succeeded so well, that without any further noise or disturbance he found himself relieved of the burden that had given him so much discomfort.

But as Don Quixote's sense of smell was as acute as his hearing, and as Sancho was so closely linked with him that the fumes rose almost in a straight line, it could not be but that some should reach his nose, and as soon as they did he came to its relief by compressing it between his fingers, saying in a rather snuffing tone, "Sancho, it strikes me thou art in great fear."

acute - aigu, aiguë

linked - liés, maillon, chaînon

fumes - des fumées, fulminer

straight line - ligne droite

compressing - la compression, comprimer, condenser

snuffing - l'étouffement, (snuff) l'étouffement

"I am," answered Sancho; "but how does your worship perceive it now more than ever?"

"Because just now thou smellest stronger than ever, and not of ambergris," answered Don Quixote.

smellest - le plus odorant

"Very likely," said Sancho, "but that's not my fault, but your worship's, for leading me about at unseasonable hours and at such unwonted paces."

unseasonable - hors saison

unwonted - inhabituel

"Then go back three or four, my friend," said Don Quixote, all the time with his fingers to his nose; "and for the future pay more attention to thy person and to what thou owest to mine; for it is my great familiarity with thee that has bred this contempt."

familiarity - familiarité

contempt - le mépris, mépris, outrage

"I'll bet," replied Sancho, "that your worship thinks I have done something I ought not with my person."

"It makes it worse to stir it, friend Sancho," returned Don Quixote.

With this and other talk of the same sort master and man passed the night, till Sancho, perceiving that daybreak was coming on apace, very cautiously untied Rocinante and tied up his breeches. As soon as Rocinante found himself free, though by nature he was not at all mettlesome, he seemed to feel lively and began pawing"for as to capering, begging his pardon, he knew not what it meant.

apace - a un rythme soutenu, rapidement

cautiously - avec prudence, précautionneusement

mettlesome - métallurgique

pawing - pattes, patte

capering - capering, gambader

Don Quixote, then, observing that Rocinante could move, took it as a good sign and a signal that he should attempt the dread adventure.

By this time day had fully broken and everything showed distinctly, and Don Quixote saw that he was among some tall trees, chestnuts, which cast a very deep shade; he perceived likewise that the sound of the strokes did not cease, but could not discover what caused it, and so without any further delay he let Rocinante feel the spur, and once more taking leave of Sancho, he told him to wait for him there three days at most, as he had said before, and if he should not have returned by that time, he might feel sure it had been God's will that he should end his days in that perilous adventure. He again repeated the message and commission with which he was to go on his behalf to his lady Dulcinea, and said he was not to be uneasy as to the payment of his services, for before leaving home he had made his will, in which he would find himself fully recompensed in the matter of wages in due proportion to the time he had served; but if God delivered him safe, sound, and unhurt out of that danger, he might look upon the promised island as much more than certain. Sancho began to weep afresh on again hearing the affecting words of his good master, and resolved to stay with him until the final issue and end of the business. From these tears and this honourable resolve of Sancho Panza's the author of this history infers that he must have been of good birth and at least an old Christian; and the feeling he displayed touched his but not so much as to make him show any weakness; on the contrary, hiding what he felt as well as he could, he began to move towards that quarter whence the sound of the water and of the strokes seemed to come.

chestnuts - des châtaignes, châtaigne, marron, châtain, châtaigner

commission - commission, commission d'agent immobilier, courtage, charger

recompensed - compensé, récompense, dédommagement

proportion - proportion

unhurt - indemne

afresh - nouveau, a nouveau

affecting - affectant, affecter

infers - déduit, déduire, inférer

touched - touché, toucher, émouvoir, contact

hiding - se cacher, (hid) se cacher

Sancho followed him on foot, leading by the halter, as his custom was, his ass, his constant comrade in prosperity or adversity; and advancing some distance through the shady chestnut trees they came upon a little meadow at the foot of some high rocks, down which a mighty rush of water flung itself.

prosperity - la prospérité, prospérité

advancing - l'avancement, élever, avancer, avancée, progression

shady - ombragé, louche

chestnut - châtaigne, marron, châtain, châtaigner, marronnier

At the foot of the rocks were some rudely constructed houses looking more like ruins than houses, from among which came, they perceived, the din and clatter of blows, which still continued without intermission.

rudely - grossierement, bourru

ruins - des ruines, ruine, ruiner, abîmer

clatter - claquer, craquer, claquement, craquement, vacarme

intermission - l'entracte, intermede, interlude, entracte

Rocinante took fright at the noise of the water and of the blows, but quieting him Don Quixote advanced step by step towards the houses, commending himself with all his heart to his lady, imploring her support in that dread pass and enterprise, and on the way commending himself to God, too, not to forget him.

took fright - a pris peur

Sancho who never quitted his side, stretched his neck as far as he could and peered between the legs of Rocinante to see if he could now discover what it was that caused him such fear and apprehension.

peered - regardé, pair

They went it might be a hundred paces farther, when on turning a corner the true cause, beyond the possibility of any mistake, of that dread-sounding and to them awe-inspiring noise that had kept them all the night in such fear and perplexity, appeared plain and obvious; and it was (if, reader, thou art not disgusted and disappointed) six fulling hammers which by their alternate strokes made all the din.

perplexity - perplexité

disgusted - dégouté, dégouter, dégout

hammers - marteaux, marteau, chien, malléus, t+marteau, marteler

alternate - alternatif, alternative, alterner

When Don Quixote perceived what it was, he was struck dumb and rigid from head to foot.

dumb - stupide, muet

rigid - rigide

Sancho glanced at him and saw him with his head bent down upon his breast in manifest mortification; and Don Quixote glanced at Sancho and saw him with his cheeks puffed out and his mouth full of laughter, and evidently ready to explode with it, and in spite of his vexation he could not help laughing at the sight of him; and when Sancho saw his master begin he let go so heartily that he had to hold his sides with both hands to keep himself from bursting with laughter. Four times he stopped, and as many times did his laughter break out afresh with the same violence as at first, whereat Don Quixote grew furious, above all when he heard him say mockingly, "Thou must know, friend Sancho, that of Heaven's will I was born in this our iron age to revive in it the golden or age of gold; I am he for whom are reserved perils, mighty achievements, valiant deeds;" and here he went on repeating the words that Don Quixote uttered the first time they heard the awful strokes.

glanced - a glissé, jeter un coup d’oil, coup d'oil

mortification - mortification

puffed - soufflé, souffle, bouffée

evidently - évidemment, de toute évidence, manifestement

explode - exploser, détoner, sauter

heartily - chaleureusement

bursting - l'éclatement, éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser

break out - S'échapper

whereat - pourquoi, a quoi

mockingly - en se moquant

Don Quixote, then, seeing that Sancho was turning him into ridicule, was so mortified and vexed that he lifted up his pike and smote him two such blows that if, instead of catching them on his shoulders, he had caught them on his head there would have been no wages to pay, unless indeed to his heirs.

ridicule - ridiculiser, bafouer, ridicule

mortified - mortifié, mortifier, macérer, tuer

catching - de capture, attrapant, (catch), prise, touche, loquet

heirs - héritiers, héritier, héritiere, successeur, successeuse

Sancho seeing that he was getting an awkward return in earnest for his jest, and fearing his master might carry it still further, said to him very humbly, "Calm yourself, sir, for by God I am only joking."

awkward - maladroit, gauche, embarrassant, inconvenant

jest - jest, plaisanter

fearing - craindre, peur

humbly - humblement

joking - plaisanter, plaisanterie, blague, joke

"Well, then, if you are joking I am not," replied Don Quixote. "look here, my lively gentleman, if these, instead of being fulling hammers, had been some perilous adventure, have I not, think you, shown the courage required for the attempt and achievement?

look here - regarder ici

achievement - de la réussite, réalisation, accomplissement, haut fait

Am I, perchance, being, as I am, a gentleman, bound to know and distinguish sounds and tell whether they come from fulling mills or not; and that, when perhaps, as is the case, I have never in my life seen any as you have, low boor as you are, that have been born and bred among them?

distinguish - distinguer

But turn me these six hammers into six giants, and bring them to beard me, one by one or all together, and if I do not knock them head over heels, then make what mockery you like of me."

knock - coup, frapper

"No more of that, señor," returned Sancho; "I own I went a little too far with the joke. But tell me, your worship, now that peace is made between us (and may God bring you out of all the adventures that may befall you as safe and sound as he has brought you out of this one), was it not a thing to laugh at, and is it not a good story, the great fear we were in?

"at least that I was in; for as to your worship I see now that you neither know nor understand what either fear or dismay is."

"I do not deny," said Don Quixote, "that what happened to us may be worth laughing at, but it is not worth making a story about, for it is not everyone that is shrewd enough to hit the right point of a thing."

deny - nier, démentir, refuser

"At any rate," said Sancho, "your worship knew how to hit the right point with your pike, aiming at my head and hitting me on the shoulders, thanks be to God and my own smartness in dodging it.

aiming at - visant

hitting - de frappes, frapper, heurter

smartness - l'intelligence

dodging - l'esquive, éviter, contourner, esquiver, éluder

But let that pass; all will come out in the scouring; for I have heard say ˜he loves thee well that makes thee weep;'and moreover that it is the way with great lords after any hard words they give a servant to give him a pair of breeches; though I do not know what they give after blows, unless it be that knights-errant after blows give islands, or kingdoms on the mainland."

scouring - le décapage, (scour) le décapage

mainland - continentale, continent

"It may be on the dice," said Don Quixote, "that all thou sayest will come true; overlook the past, for thou art shrewd enough to know that our first movements are not in our own control; and one thing for the future bear in mind, that thou curb and restrain thy loquacity in my company; for in all the books of chivalry that I have read, and they are innumerable, I never met with a squire who talked so much to his lord as thou dost to thine; and in fact I feel it to be a great fault of thine and of mine: of thine, that thou hast so little respect for me; of mine, that I do not make myself more respected. There was Gandalin, the squire of Amadis of Gaul, that was Count of the Insula Firme, and we read of him that he always addressed his lord with his cap in his hand, his head bowed down and his body bent double, more turquesco. And then, what shall we say of Gasabal, the squire of Galaor, who was so silent that in order to indicate to us the greatness of his marvellous taciturnity his name is only once mentioned in the whole of that history, as long as it is truthful? From all I have said thou wilt gather, Sancho, that there must be a difference between master and man, between lord and lackey, between knight and squire: so that from this day forward in our intercourse we must observe more respect and take less liberties, for in whatever way I may be provoked with you it will be bad for the pitcher. The favours and benefits that I have promised you will come in due time, and if they do not your wages at least will not be lost, as I have already told you."

overlook - vue, panorama, surplomber, négliger, louper, passer outre

movements - mouvements, mouvement

curb - de la bordure, restreindre, endiguer

Insula - insula, rench: t-needed r

cap - cap, bonnet, calotte, casquette, toque, képi

bowed - incliné, (s')incliner devant, saluer d'un signe de tete

double - double, sosie, doublon, doubler

silent - silencieux

lackey - laquais

intercourse - les rapports sexuels, relation sexuelle

liberties - libertés, liberté

Pitcher - cruche, broc

benefits - avantages, avantage, bénéfice, subvention, profiter

"All that your worship says is very well," said Sancho, "but I should like to know (in case the time of favours should not come, and it might be necessary to fall back upon wages) how much did the squire of a knight-errant get in those days, and did they agree by the month, or by the day like bricklayers?"

fall back - se replier

bricklayers - maçons, maçon

"I do not believe," replied Don Quixote, "that such squires were ever on wages, but were dependent on favour; and if I have now mentioned thine in the sealed will I have left at home, it was with a view to what may happen; for as yet I know not how chivalry will turn out in these wretched times of ours, and I do not wish my soul to suffer for trifles in the other world; for I would have thee know, Sancho, that in this there is no condition more hazardous than that of adventurers."

sealed - scellé, sceau

"That is true," said Sancho, "since the mere noise of the hammers of a fulling mill can disturb and disquiet the heart of such a valiant errant adventurer as your worship; but you may be sure I will not open my lips henceforward to make light of anything of your worship's, but only to honour you as my master and natural lord."

mere - simple

disturb - déranger, perturber, gener

"By so doing," replied Don Quixote, "shalt thou live long on the face of the earth; for next to parents, masters are to be respected as though they were parents."


prize - prix, houp, récompense

It now began to rain a little, and Sancho was for going into the fulling mills, but Don Quixote had taken such an abhorrence to them on account of the late joke that he would not enter them on any account; so turning aside to right they came upon another road, different from that which they had taken the night before.

abhorrence - l'horreur, aversion, répulsion, horreur

Shortly afterwards Don Quixote perceived a man on horseback who wore on his head something that shone like gold, and the moment he saw him he turned to Sancho and said:

wore on - a porté

shone - briller, éclairer

"I think, Sancho, there is no proverb that is not true, all being maxims drawn from experience itself, the mother of all the sciences, especially that one that says, ˜Where one door shuts, another opens.

maxims - maximes, maxime

from experience - de l'expérience

shuts - ferme, fermer

'I say so because if last night fortune shut the door of the adventure we were looking for against us, cheating us with the fulling mills, it now opens wide another one for another better and more certain adventure, and if I do not contrive to enter it, it will be my own fault, and I cannot lay it to my ignorance of fulling mills, or the darkness of the night.

I say this because, if I mistake not, there comes towards us one who wears on his head the helmet of Mambrino, concerning which I took the oath thou rememberest."

concerning - concernant, inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation

rememberest - se souviennent

"Mind what you say, your worship, and still more what you do," said Sancho, "for I don't want any more fulling mills to finish off fulling and knocking our senses out."

"The devil take thee, man," said Don Quixote; "what has a helmet to do with fulling mills?"

"I don't know," replied Sancho, "but, faith, if I might speak as I used, perhaps I could give such reasons that your worship would see you were mistaken in what you say."

"How can I be mistaken in what I say, unbelieving traitor?" returned Don Quixote; "tell me, seest thou not yonder knight coming towards us on a dappled grey steed, who has upon his head a helmet of gold?"

be mistaken - se tromper

dappled - pommelé, taché, tacheté

"What I see and make out," answered Sancho, "is only a man on a grey ass like my own, who has something that shines on his head."

"Well, that is the helmet of Mambrino," said Don Quixote; "stand to one side and leave me alone with him; thou shalt see how, without saying a word, to save time, I shall bring this adventure to an issue and possess myself of the helmet I have so longed for."

longed for - désiré

"I will take care to stand aside," said Sancho; "but God grant, I say once more, that it may be marjoram and not fulling mills."

stand aside - s'écarter

marjoram - marjolaine

"I have told thee, brother, on no account to mention those fulling mills to me again," said Don Quixote, "or I vow"and I say no more"I'll full the soul out of you."

Sancho held his peace in dread lest his master should carry out the vow he had hurled like a bowl at him.

hurled - lancé, projeter, débecter, débecqueter

bowl - bol, globuleux, bassine, cuvette, jatte

The fact of the matter as regards the helmet, steed, and knight that Don Quixote saw, was this.

In that neighbourhood there were two villages, one of them so small that it had neither apothecary's shop nor barber, which the other that was close to it had, so the barber of the larger served the smaller, and in it there was a sick man who required to be bled and another man who wanted to be shaved, and on this errand the barber was going, carrying with him a brass basin; but as luck would have it, as he was on the way it began to rain, and not to spoil his hat, which probably was a new one, he put the basin on his head, and being clean it glittered at half a league's distance. He rode upon a grey ass, as Sancho said, and this was what made it seem to Don Quixote to be a dapple-grey steed and a knight and a golden helmet; for everything he saw he made to fall in with his crazy chivalry and ill-errant notions; and when he saw the poor knight draw near, without entering into any parley with him, at Rocinante's top speed he bore down upon him with the pike pointed low, fully determined to run him through and through, and as he reached him, without checking the fury of his charge, he cried to him:

apothecary - apothicaire

bled - bled, saigner, purger, prélever, fond perdu

shaved - rasé, (se) raser

basin - bassin, cuvette, bassine, lavabo

glittered - pailleté, étincellement, paillette, briller

dapple - pommelé, taché, tacheté

notions - notions, notion

draw near - s'approcher

entering into - dans lequel vous entrez

parley - parley, pourparlers

top speed - la vitesse de pointe

"Defend thyself, miserable being, or yield me of thine own accord that which is so reasonably my due."

accord - accord, entente, accorder

The barber, who without any expectation or apprehension of it saw this apparition coming down upon him, had no other way of saving himself from the stroke of the lance but to let himself fall off his ass; and no sooner had he touched the ground than he sprang up more nimbly than a deer and sped away across the plain faster than the wind.

expectation - attentes, attente

apparition - apparition

saving - sauver, économie, épargne, (save), sauvegarder

fall off - tomber

nimbly - agilement

deer - cerf, chevreuil

sped - sped, vitesse

He left the basin on the ground, with which Don Quixote contented himself, saying that the pagan had shown his discretion and imitated the beaver, which finding itself pressed by the hunters bites and cuts off with its teeth that for which, by its natural instinct, it knows it is pursued.

contented - satisfait

discretion - discrétion

imitated - imité, imiter

hunters - chasseurs, chasseur, chien de chasse, cheval de chasse

bites - morsures, mordre, maintenir, garder

cuts off - se coupe

instinct - l'instinct, instinct

He told Sancho to pick up the helmet, and he taking it in his hands said:

pick - pioche, passeartout, choix, écran, prendre, cueillir, choisir

"By God the basin is a good one, and worth a real of eight if it is worth a maravedis," and handed it to his master, who immediately put it on his head, turning it round, now this way, now that, in search of fitment, and not finding it he said, "Clearly the pagan to whose measure this famous head-piece was first forged must have had a very large head; but the worst of it is half of it is wanting.

fitment - adaptation

forged - forgé, forge


When Sancho heard him call the basin a headpiece he was unable to restrain his laughter, but remembering his master's wrath he checked himself in the midst of it.

headpiece - de la tete, dessus de la tete

"What art thou laughing at, Sancho?" said Don Quixote.

"I am laughing," said he, "to think of the great head the pagan must have had who owned this helmet, for it looks exactly like a regular barber's basin."

"Dost thou know what I suspect, Sancho?

suspect - suspecter, soupçonner, suspect

" said Don Quixote; "that this wonderful piece of this enchanted helmet must by some strange accident have come into the hands of someone who was unable to recognise or realise its value, and who, not knowing what he did, and seeing it to be of the purest gold, must have melted down one half for the sake of what it might be worth, and of the other made this which is like a barber's basin as thou sayest; but be it as it may, to me who recognise it, its transformation makes no difference, for I will set it to rights at the first village where there is a blacksmith, and in such style that that helmet the god of smithies forged for the god of battles shall not surpass it or even come up to it; and in the meantime I will wear it as well as I can, for something is better than nothing; all the more as it will be quite enough to protect me from any chance blow of a stone."

accident - accident

realise - comprendre

value - valeur, évaluer, valoriser

purest - le plus pur, pur

melted down - a fondu

transformation - transformation

blacksmith - forgeron, forgeronne, sidérurgiste, maréchal-ferrant

meantime - entre-temps, pendant ce temps

"That is," said Sancho, "if it is not shot with a sling as they were in the battle of the two armies, when they signed the cross on your worship's grinders and smashed the flask with that blessed draught that made me vomit my bowels up."

shot - tir, tirai, tiré, tirâmes, tirerent, tira

sling - fronde, dérapage

"It does not grieve me much to have lost it," said Don Quixote, "for thou knowest, Sancho, that I have the receipt in my memory."

"So have I," answered Sancho, "but if ever I make it, or try it again as long as I live, may this be my last hour; moreover, I have no intention of putting myself in the way of wanting it, for I mean, with all my five senses, to keep myself from being wounded or from wounding anyone: as to being blanketed again I say nothing, for it is hard to prevent mishaps of that sort, and if they come there is nothing for it but to squeeze our shoulders together, hold our breath, shut our eyes, and let ourselves go where luck and the blanket may send us."

squeeze - de la compression, presser, comprimer, tasser, serrer

"Thou art a bad Christian, Sancho," said Don Quixote on hearing this, "for once an injury has been done thee thou never forgettest it: but know that it is the part of noble and generous hearts not to attach importance to trifles. What lame leg hast thou got by it, what broken rib, what cracked head, that thou canst not forget that jest?

forgettest - oublier le test

attach importance - attacher de l'importance

rib - côte

cracked - fissuré, (se) feler

For jest and sport it was, properly regarded, and had I not seen it in that light I would have returned and done more mischief in revenging thee than the Greeks did for the rape of Helen, who, if she were alive now, or if my Dulcinea had lived then, might depend upon it she would not be so famous for her beauty as she is;" and here he heaved a sigh and sent it aloft; and said Sancho, "Let it pass for a jest as it cannot be revenged in earnest, but I know what sort of jest and earnest it was, and I know it will never be rubbed out of my memory any more than off my shoulders. But putting that aside, will your worship tell me what are we to do with this dapple-grey steed that looks like a grey ass, which that Martino that your worship overthrew has left deserted here? for, from the way he took to his heels and bolted, he is not likely ever to come back for it; and by my beard but the grey is a good one."

revenging - vengeance, (revenge), revanche, venger

Greeks - les grecs, grec, grecque, grecques

rape - viol, (de) viol

Helen - helen, Hélene

Depend - dépendre

aloft - en altitude, en haut, en l'air

rubbed out - gommé

overthrew - renversé, renverser

deserted - désertée, abandonner

bolted - boulonné, verrou

"I have never been in the habit," said Don Quixote, "of taking spoil of those whom I vanquish, nor is it the practice of chivalry to take away their horses and leave them to go on foot, unless indeed it be that the victor have lost his own in the combat, in which case it is lawful to take that of the vanquished as a thing won in lawful war; therefore, Sancho, leave this horse, or ass, or whatever thou wilt have it to be; for when its owner sees us gone hence he will come back for it."

vanquish - vaincre

Victor - Victor

"God knows I should like to take it," returned Sancho, "or at least to change it for my own, which does not seem to me as good a one: verily the laws of chivalry are strict, since they cannot be stretched to let one ass be changed for another; I should like to know if I might at least change trappings."

strict - stricte, strict

"On that head I am not quite certain," answered Don Quixote, "and the matter being doubtful, pending better information, I say thou mayest change them, if so be thou hast urgent need of them."

doubtful - douteux, douteuse

"So urgent is it," answered Sancho, "that if they were for my own person I could not want them more;" and forthwith, fortified by this licence, he effected the mutatio capparum, and rigged out his beast to the ninety-nines and making quite another thing of it.

fortified - fortifié, fortifier, renforcer, supplémenter

effected - affectée, effet, effets-p, effectuer

rigged - truqué, gréer

This done, they broke their fast on the remains of the spoils of war plundered from the sumpter mule, and drank of the brook that flowed from the fulling mills, without casting a look in that direction, in such loathing did they hold them for the alarm they had caused them; and, all anger and gloom removed, they mounted and, without taking any fixed road (not to fix upon any being the proper thing for true knights-errant), they set out, guided by Rocinante's will, which carried along with it that of his master, not to say that of the ass, which always followed him wherever he led, lovingly and sociably; nevertheless they returned to the high road, and pursued it at a venture without any other aim.

plundered - pillés, piller, fr

casting - casting, moulage, (cast), jeter, diriger, lancer, additionner

alarm - alarme, réveille-matin, réveil, alarmer, donner/sonner l'alerte

Fix - réparer, fixer, préparer, truquer, tricher, réparation, dose

guided - guidé, guider

carried along - transporté

at a venture - a une entreprise

aim - objectif, visez, dgssein, mire, visons, but, peiner, visent

As they went along, then, in this way Sancho said to his master, "Señor, would your worship give me leave to speak a little to you? For since you laid that hard injunction of silence on me several things have gone to rot in my stomach, and I have now just one on the tip of my tongue that I don't want to be spoiled."

injunction - injonction

rot - pourriture, pourrir

"Say, on, Sancho," said Don Quixote, "and be brief in thy discourse, for there is no pleasure in one that is long."

"Well then, señor," returned Sancho, "I say that for some days past I have been considering how little is got or gained by going in search of these adventures that your worship seeks in these wilds and cross-roads, where, even if the most perilous are victoriously achieved, there is no one to see or know of them, and so they must be left untold for ever, to the loss of your worship's object and the credit they deserve; therefore it seems to me it would be better (saving your worship's better judgment) if we were to go and serve some emperor or other great prince who may have some war on hand, in whose service your worship may prove the worth of your person, your great might, and greater understanding, on perceiving which the lord in whose service we may be will perforce have to reward us, each according to his merits; and there you will not be at a loss for someone to set down your achievements in writing so as to preserve their memory for ever. Of my own I say nothing, as they will not go beyond squirely limits, though I make bold to say that, if it be the practice in chivalry to write the achievements of squires, I think mine must not be left out."

victoriously - victorieusement

untold - inédit

credit - crédit, mérite, reconnaissance, attribution, générique

perforce - perforce, forcément, nécessairement

squirely - squirely

limits - des limites, limite, limitation

"Thou speakest not amiss, Sancho," answered Don Quixote, "but before that point is reached it is requisite to roam the world, as it were on probation, seeking adventures, in order that, by achieving some, name and fame may be acquired, such that when he betakes himself to the court of some great monarch the knight may be already known by his deeds, and that the boys, the instant they see him enter the gate of the city, may all follow him and surround him, crying, ˜This is the Knight of the Sun'"or the Serpent, or any other title under which he may have achieved great deeds. ˜This,'they will say, ˜is he who vanquished in single combat the gigantic Brocabruno of mighty strength; he who delivered the great Mameluke of Persia out of the long enchantment under which he had been for almost nine hundred years.'So from one to another they will go proclaiming his achievements; and presently at the tumult of the boys and the others the king of that kingdom will appear at the windows of his royal palace, and as soon as he beholds the knight, recognising him by his arms and the device on his shield, he will as a matter of course say, ˜What ho! Forth all ye, the knights of my court, to receive the flower of chivalry who cometh hither!'At which command all will issue forth, and he himself, advancing half-way down the stairs, will embrace him closely, and salute him, kissing him on the cheek, and will then lead him to the queen's chamber, where the knight will find her with the princess her daughter, who will be one of the most beautiful and accomplished damsels that could with the utmost pains be discovered anywhere in the known world. Straightway it will come to pass that she will fix her eyes upon the knight and he his upon her, and each will seem to the other something more divine than human, and, without knowing how or why they will be taken and entangled in the inextricable toils of love, and sorely distressed in their hearts not to see any way of making their pains and sufferings known by speech. Thence they will lead him, no doubt, to some richly adorned chamber of the palace, where, having removed his armour, they will bring him a rich mantle of scarlet wherewith to robe himself, and if he looked noble in his armour he will look still more so in a doublet. When night comes he will sup with the king, queen, and princess; and all the time he will never take his eyes off her, stealing stealthy glances, unnoticed by those present, and she will do the same, and with equal cautiousness, being, as I have said, a damsel of great discretion. The tables being removed, suddenly through the door of the hall there will enter a hideous and diminutive dwarf followed by a fair dame, between two giants, who comes with a certain adventure, the work of an ancient sage; and he who shall achieve it shall be deemed the best knight in the world.

probation - probation, période d'essai, liberté conditionnelle

achieving - la réalisation, accomplir, réaliser

monarch - monarque

Mameluke - mameluke, mamelouk

Persia - la perse, Perse

proclaiming - proclamer, déclarer

achieve - atteindre, accomplir, réaliser

tumult - tumultes, barouf, baroufe, bagarre

Royal - royal, royale, trochure, cacatois

Palace - le palais, palais

beholds - se tient, regarder, voir, observer, voici, voila

cometh - vient

stairs - escaliers, marche, escalier, volée

straightway - tout de suite

entangled - enchevetrés, intriquer, empetrer, tortiller

inextricable - inextricable

toils - labeur, travailler

adorned - orné, décorer, orner, parer

mantle - manteau, les renes, manchon

scarlet - écarlate

robe - robe de chambre, robe

stealing - le vol, (steal), voler, vol

stealthy - furtif, subreptice

cautiousness - prudence

suddenly - soudain, soudainement, tout d'un coup

hideous - hideux, strident, atroce, répugnant

diminutive - minuscule, diminutif

deemed - jugée, estimer, croire, considérer

"The king will then command all those present to essay it, and none will bring it to an end and conclusion save the stranger knight, to the great enhancement of his fame, whereat the princess will be overjoyed and will esteem herself happy and fortunate in having fixed and placed her thoughts so high.

essay - essai, manipulation, these, traité, gradin

Stranger - étranger, (strang) étranger

enhancement - amélioration

And the best of it is that this king, or prince, or whatever he is, is engaged in a very bitter war with another as powerful as himself, and the stranger knight, after having been some days at his court, requests leave from him to go and serve him in the said war.

requests - demandes, demander, prier, requete, demande

The king will grant it very readily, and the knight will courteously kiss his hands for the favour done to him; and that night he will take leave of his lady the princess at the grating of the chamber where she sleeps, which looks upon a garden, and at which he has already many times conversed with her, the go-between and confidante in the matter being a damsel much trusted by the princess.

kiss - baiser, baisent, biser, baisons, baisez, bécot, bise

take leave - prendre congé

grating - grinçant, grille, (grate) grinçant

conversed - conversé, converser

trusted - de confiance, confiance, trust, faire confiance

He will sigh, she will swoon, the damsel will fetch water, much distressed because morning approaches, and for the honour of her lady he would not that they were discovered; at last the princess will come to herself and will present her white hands through the grating to the knight, who will kiss them a thousand and a thousand times, bathing them with his tears.

approaches - approches, (s')approcher (de)

It will be arranged between them how they are to inform each other of their good or evil fortunes, and the princess will entreat him to make his absence as short as possible, which he will promise to do with many oaths; once more he kisses her hands, and takes his leave in such grief that he is well-nigh ready to die.

kisses - des baisers, (s')embrasser

He betakes him thence to his chamber, flings himself on his bed, cannot sleep for sorrow at parting, rises early in the morning, goes to take leave of the king, queen, and princess, and, as he takes his leave of the pair, it is told him that the princess is indisposed and cannot receive a visit; the knight thinks it is from grief at his departure, his heart is pierced, and he is hardly able to keep from showing his pain. The confidante is present, observes all, goes to tell her mistress, who listens with tears and says that one of her greatest distresses is not knowing who this knight is, and whether he is of kingly lineage or not; the damsel assures her that so much courtesy, gentleness, and gallantry of bearing as her knight possesses could not exist in any save one who was royal and illustrious; her anxiety is thus relieved, and she strives to be of good cheer lest she should excite suspicion in her parents, and at the end of two days she appears in public. Meanwhile the knight has taken his departure; he fights in the war, conquers the king's enemy, wins many cities, triumphs in many battles, returns to the court, sees his lady where he was wont to see her, and it is agreed that he shall demand her in marriage of her parents as the reward of his services; the king is unwilling to give her, as he knows not who he is, but nevertheless, whether carried off or in whatever other way it may be, the princess comes to be his bride, and her father comes to regard it as very good fortune; for it so happens that this knight is proved to be the son of a valiant king of some kingdom, I know not what, for I fancy it is not likely to be on the map. The father dies, the princess inherits, and in two words the knight becomes king. And here comes in at once the bestowal of rewards upon his squire and all who have aided him in rising to so exalted a rank. He marries his squire to a damsel of the princess's, who will be, no doubt, the one who was confidante in their amour, and is daughter of a very great duke."

keep from - empecher

observes - observe, observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

kingly - royal

assures - assure, assurer, rassurer

anxiety - l'anxiété, anxiété, inquiétude, angoisse

cheer - applaudir, jubiler

excite - exciter

fights - combats, (se) battre

conquers - conquiert, conquérir

bride - mariée, fiancée, prétendu

inherits - hérite, hériter

bestowal - l'effusion

rewards - des récompenses, récompense

aided - aidée, aide

marries - se marie, épouser, se marier

"That's what I want, and no mistake about it!" said Sancho. "That's what I'm waiting for; for all this, word for word, is in store for your worship under the title of the Knight of the Rueful Countenance."

"Thou needst not doubt it, Sancho," replied Don Quixote, "for in the same manner, and by the same steps as I have described here, knights-errant rise and have risen to be kings and emperors; all we want now is to find out what king, Christian or pagan, is at war and has a beautiful daughter; but there will be time enough to think of that, for, as I have told thee, fame must be won in other quarters before repairing to the court. There is another thing, too, that is wanting; for supposing we find a king who is at war and has a beautiful daughter, and that I have won incredible fame throughout the universe, I know not how it can be made out that I am of royal lineage, or even second cousin to an emperor; for the king will not be willing to give me his daughter in marriage unless he is first thoroughly satisfied on this point, however much my famous deeds may deserve it; so that by this deficiency I fear I shall lose what my arm has fairly earned. True it is I am a gentleman of known house, of estate and property, and entitled to the five hundred sueldos mulet; and it may be that the sage who shall write my history will so clear up my ancestry and pedigree that I may find myself fifth or sixth in descent from a king; for I would have thee know, Sancho, that there are two kinds of lineages in the world; some there be tracing and deriving their descent from kings and princes, whom time has reduced little by little until they end in a point like a pyramid upside down; and others who spring from the common herd and go on rising step by step until they come to be great lords; so that the difference is that the one were what they no longer are, and the others are what they formerly were not. And I may be of such that after investigation my origin may prove great and famous, with which the king, my father-in-law that is to be, ought to be satisfied; and should he not be, the princess will so love me that even though she well knew me to be the son of a water-carrier, she will take me for her lord and husband in spite of her father; if not, then it comes to seizing her and carrying her off where I please; for time or death will put an end to the wrath of her parents."

manner - maniere, maniere, façon, mode

at war - en guerre

repairing - réparation, réparer

throughout - tout au long de l'année, tout au long de, durant

universe - univers

estate - patrimoine, noblesse, proprieté, biens, domaine, propriété

five hundred - cinq cents

clear up - s'éclaircir

pedigree - pedigree

sixth - sixieme, sixieme ('before the noun'), ('in names of monarchs and popes') six ('after the name') ('abbreviation' VI)

descent - descente, origine, ascendance

lineages - lignées, descendance, lignée, lignage

tracing - le traçage, (trace) le traçage

deriving - dériver, tirer, trouver, déduire, conclure

pyramid - pyramide

spring from - d'une source

investigation - enquete, investigation

"It comes to this, too," said Sancho, "what some naughty people say, ˜Never ask as a favour what thou canst take by force;'though it would fit better to say, ˜A clear escape is better than good men's prayers.

naughty - malicieux, malin, méchant, vilain, risqué

'I say so because if my lord the king, your worship's father-in-law, will not condescend to give you my lady the princess, there is nothing for it but, as your worship says, to seize her and transport her.

condescend to - de condescendance

seize - saisir, emparer

transport - reporter, transporter, transport, rench: transport g de troupes

But the mischief is that until peace is made and you come into the peaceful enjoyment of your kingdom, the poor squire is famishing as far as rewards go, unless it be that the confidante damsel that is to be his wife comes with the princess, and that with her he tides over his bad luck until Heaven otherwise orders things; for his master, I suppose, may as well give her to him at once for a lawful wife."

tides - marées, marée

"Nobody can object to that," said Don Quixote.

object to - s'opposer a

"Then since that may be," said Sancho, "there is nothing for it but to commend ourselves to God, and let fortune take what course it will."

"God guide it according to my wishes and thy wants," said Don Quixote, "and mean be he who thinks himself mean."

Guide - guide, conduire, guider, guident, diriger, guidez, mener

"In God's name let him be so," said Sancho: "I am an old Christian, and to fit me for a count that's enough."

"And more than enough for thee," said Don Quixote; "and even wert thou not, it would make no difference, because I being the king can easily give thee nobility without purchase or service rendered by thee, for when I make thee a count, then thou art at once a gentleman; and they may say what they will, but by my faith they will have to call thee ˜your lordship,'whether they like it or not."

nobility - la noblesse, noblesse

purchase - l'achat, achat, acquisition, acheter, acquérir

"Not a doubt of it; and I'll know how to support the tittle," said Sancho.

tittle - titre

"Title thou shouldst say, not tittle," said his master.

"So be it," answered Sancho. "I say I will know how to behave, for once in my life I was beadle of a brotherhood, and the beadle's gown sat so well on me that all said I looked as if I was to be steward of the same brotherhood. What will it be, then, when I put a duke's robe on my back, or dress myself in gold and pearls like a count? I believe they'll come a hundred leagues to see me."

behave - checkcomporter

beadle - bailli, bedeau, suisse

steward - steward, intendant

"Thou wilt look well," said Don Quixote, "but thou must shave thy beard often, for thou hast it so thick and rough and unkempt, that if thou dost not shave it every second day at least, they will see what thou art at the distance of a musket shot."

shave - se raser, rasent, raser, barbifier, rasez, rasons

unkempt - mal entretenu, ébouriffé

"What more will it be," said Sancho, "than having a barber, and keeping him at wages in the house? and even if it be necessary, I will make him go behind me like a nobleman's equerry."

nobleman - noble

Equerry - equerry, écuyer

"Why, how dost thou know that noblemen have equerries behind them?" asked Don Quixote.

noblemen - nobles, noble

equerries - équerres, écuyer

"I will tell you," answered Sancho. "Years ago I was for a month at the capital and there I saw taking the air a very small gentleman who they said was a very great man, and a man following him on horseback in every turn he took, just as if he was his tail.

tail - queue

I asked why this man did not join the other man, instead of always going behind him; they answered me that he was his equerry, and that it was the custom with nobles to have such persons behind them, and ever since then I know it, for I have never forgotten it."

nobles - nobles, (noble), noble, aristocrate, aristocratique

"Thou art right," said Don Quixote, "and in the same way thou mayest carry thy barber with thee, for customs did not come into use all together, nor were they all invented at once, and thou mayest be the first count to have a barber to follow him; and, indeed, shaving one's beard is a greater trust than saddling one's horse."

"Let the barber business be my look-out," said Sancho; "and your worship's be it to strive to become a king, and make me a count."

"So it shall be," answered Don Quixote, and raising his eyes he saw what will be told in the following chapter.


conferred - conféré, conférer, accorder, décerner

unfortunates - malheureux, infortuné, malencontreux

Cid Hamete Benengeli, the Arab and Manchegan author, relates in this most grave, high-sounding, minute, delightful, and original history that after the discussion between the famous Don Quixote of La Mancha and his squire Sancho Panza which is set down at the end of chapter twenty-one, Don Quixote raised his eyes and saw coming along the road he was following some dozen men on foot strung together by the neck, like beads, on a great iron chain, and all with manacles on their hands. With them there came also two men on horseback and two on foot; those on horseback with wheel-lock muskets, those on foot with javelins and swords, and as soon as Sancho saw them he said:

discussion - discussion

strung - cordée, corde, suite, série, chaîne de caracteres

beads - perles, grain, perle, gouttelette

chain - chaîne, enchaîner

lock - serrure, clôturer, cerrure, arret, obturer, pene

muskets - mousquets, mousquet

javelins - javelots, javelot

"That is a chain of galley slaves, on the way to the galleys by force of the king's orders."

galley - la cuisine, galere, galée, cambuse

slaves - esclaves, esclave, t+serf, t+serve

"How by force?" asked Don Quixote; "is it possible that the king uses force against anyone?"

"I do not say that," answered Sancho, "but that these are people condemned for their crimes to serve by force in the king's galleys."

crimes - crimes, délit(max 10 years imprisonment according to law) crime (15 years and more) (nothing strictly between 10 and 15)

"In fact," replied Don Quixote, "however it may be, these people are going where they are taking them by force, and not of their own will."

"Just so," said Sancho.

"Then if so," said Don Quixote, "here is a case for the exercise of my office, to put down force and to succour and help the wretched."

"Recollect, your worship," said Sancho, "Justice, which is the king himself, is not using force or doing wrong to such persons, but punishing them for their crimes."

recollect - se souvenir, se ressaisir

punishing - punir, châtier

The chain of galley slaves had by this time come up, and Don Quixote in very courteous language asked those who were in custody of it to be good enough to tell him the reason or reasons for which they were conducting these people in this manner.

One of the guards on horseback answered that they were galley slaves belonging to his majesty, that they were going to the galleys, and that was all that was to be said and all he had any business to know.

guards - gardiens, garde, protection, gardien, arriere

Majesty - majesté

"Nevertheless," replied Don Quixote, "I should like to know from each of them separately the reason of his misfortune;" to this he added more to the same effect to induce them to tell him what he wanted so civilly that the other mounted guard said to him:

separately - séparément

induce - induire

civilly - civilement

"Though we have here the register and certificate of the sentence of every one of these wretches, this is no time to take them out or read them; come and ask themselves; they can tell if they choose, and they will, for these fellows take a pleasure in doing and talking about rascalities."

register - s'inscrire, registre, inscription, niveau de langue

certificate - document, certificat, diplôme

wretches - misérables, malheureux/-euse

With this permission, which Don Quixote would have taken even had they not granted it, he approached the chain and asked the first for what offences he was now in such a sorry case.

He made answer that it was for being a lover.

"For that only?" replied Don Quixote; "why, if for being lovers they send people to the galleys I might have been rowing in them long ago."

rowing - aviron, (row) aviron

"The love is not the sort your worship is thinking of," said the galley slave; "mine was that I loved a washerwoman's basket of clean linen so well, and held it so close in my embrace, that if the arm of the law had not forced it from me, I should never have let it go of my own will to this moment; I was caught in the act, there was no occasion for torture, the case was settled, they treated me to a hundred lashes on the back, and three years of gurapas besides, and that was the end of it."

slave - esclave, serf, serve

washerwoman - lavandiere, blanchisseuse, lavandiere, laveuse

basket - panier

close in - se rapprocher

torture - la torture, torture, torturer

"What are gurapas?" asked Don Quixote.

"Gurapas are galleys," answered the galley slave, who was a young man of about four-and-twenty, and said he was a native of Piedrahita.

native - maternel, autochtone, indigene, natif, endémique

Don Quixote asked the same question of the second, who made no reply, so downcast and melancholy was he; but the first answered for him, and said, "He, sir, goes as a canary, I mean as a musician and a singer."

melancholy - mélancolie

Canary - canari, jaune canari

musician - musicien, musicienne

"What!" said Don Quixote, "for being musicians and singers are people sent to the galleys too?"

"Yes, sir," answered the galley slave, "for there is nothing worse than singing under suffering."

"On the contrary, I have heard say," said Don Quixote, "that he who sings scares away his woes."

scares away - Effrayer

woes - malheurs, tristesse, douleur, misere, malheur, hélas

"Here it is the reverse," said the galley slave; "for he who sings once weeps all his life."

the reverse - l'inverse

weeps - pleure, pleurer

"I do not understand it," said Don Quixote; but one of the guards said to him, "Sir, to sing under suffering means with the non sancta fraternity to confess under torture; they put this sinner to the torture and he confessed his crime, which was being a cuatrero, that is a cattle-stealer, and on his confession they sentenced him to six years in the galleys, besides two hundred lashes that he has already had on the back; and he is always dejected and downcast because the other thieves that were left behind and that march here ill-treat, and snub, and jeer, and despise him for confessing and not having spirit enough to say nay; for, say they, ˜nay'has no more letters in it than ˜yea,'and a culprit is well off when life or death with him depends on his own tongue and not on that of witnesses or evidence; and to my thinking they are not very far out."

non - non

Fraternity - fraternité

confessed - avoué, avouer, confesser

stealer - voleur

treat - négocier, traiter, régaler, guérir, soigner

snub - snub, snober, repousser

jeer - jeer, huer

despise - mépriser, dédaigner

Yea - oui

culprit - coupable

depends - dépend, dépendre, pendre

witnesses - des témoins, témoignage, témoin, preuve, témoigner

evidence - des preuves, preuve, prouver, démontrer

"And I think so too," answered Don Quixote; then passing on to the third he asked him what he had asked the others, and the man answered very readily and unconcernedly, "I am going for five years to their ladyships the gurapas for the want of ten ducats."

passing on - qui passe

unconcernedly - en toute sérénité

ducats - ducats, ducat

"I will give twenty with pleasure to get you out of that trouble," said Don Quixote.

"That," said the galley slave, "is like a man having money at sea when he is dying of hunger and has no way of buying what he wants; I say so because if at the right time I had had those twenty ducats that your worship now offers me, I would have greased the notary's pen and freshened up the attorney's wit with them, so that to-day I should be in the middle of the plaza of the Zocodover at Toledo, and not on this road coupled like a greyhound. But God is great; patience"there, that's enough of it."

Greased - greased, graisse, graisser, graisser la patte

notary - notaire, notairesse

attorney - juriste, avocat, avocate, mandataire

Plaza - plaza, place

coupled - couplé, couple, paire, époux-p, quelques

Don Quixote passed on to the fourth, a man of venerable aspect with a white beard falling below his breast, who on hearing himself asked the reason of his being there began to weep without answering a word, but the fifth acted as his tongue and said, "This worthy man is going to the galleys for four years, after having gone the rounds in ceremony and on horseback."

rounds - rondes, rond

"That means," said Sancho Panza, "as I take it, to have been exposed to shame in public."

shame - la honte, honte, vergogne

"Just so," replied the galley slave, "and the offence for which they gave him that punishment was having been an ear-broker, nay body-broker; I mean, in short, that this gentleman goes as a pimp, and for having besides a certain touch of the sorcerer about him."

broker - courtier, coutier

Pimp - proxénete

sorcerer - sorcier, sorciere

"If that touch had not been thrown in," said Don Quixote, "he would not deserve, for mere pimping, to row in the galleys, but rather to command and be admiral of them; for the office of pimp is no ordinary one, being the office of persons of discretion, one very necessary in a well-ordered state, and only to be exercised by persons of good birth; nay, there ought to be an inspector and overseer of them, as in other offices, and recognised number, as with the brokers on change; in this way many of the evils would be avoided which are caused by this office and calling being in the hands of stupid and ignorant people, such as women more or less silly, and pages and jesters of little standing and experience, who on the most urgent occasions, and when ingenuity of contrivance is needed, let the crumbs freeze on the way to their mouths, and know not which is their right hand. I should like to go farther, and give reasons to show that it is advisable to choose those who are to hold so necessary an office in the state, but this is not the fit place for it; some day I will expound the matter to someone able to see to and rectify it; all I say now is, that the additional fact of his being a sorcerer has removed the sorrow it gave me to see these white hairs and this venerable countenance in so painful a position on account of his being a pimp; though I know well there are no sorceries in the world that can move or compel the will as some simple folk fancy, for our will is free, nor is there herb or charm that can force it. All that certain silly women and quacks do is to turn men mad with potions and poisons, pretending that they have power to cause love, for, as I say, it is an impossibility to compel the will."

thrown in - jeté dedans

admiral - amiral

ordinary - piece, ordinaire, quelconque

overseer - superviseur, contremaître, chef

brokers - courtiers, courtier

evils - maux, mauvais

avoided - évitée, éviter, fuir

ignorant - ignorant

silly - stupide, sot, insensé, idiot, bete

jesters - bouffons, plaisantin

most urgent - le plus urgent

occasions - occasions, occasion

crumbs - des miettes, (crumb), miette, mie, paner

freeze on - geler

advisable - est-il souhaitable

expound - expliquer, préciser, expliciter

rectify - rectifier

painful - douloureux, laborieux

sorceries - sorciers, sorcellerie

herb - l'herbe, herbe, herbes, plante médicinale

charm - charme, excitation, grâce

quacks - des charlatans, couin-couin

potions - potions, potion

poisons - des poisons, poison, empoisonner

pretending - faire semblant, prétendre, prétendre a, feindre

"It is true," said the good old man, "and indeed, sir, as far as the charge of sorcery goes I was not guilty; as to that of being a pimp I cannot deny it; but I never thought I was doing any harm by it, for my only object was that all the world should enjoy itself and live in peace and quiet, without quarrels or troubles; but my good intentions were unavailing to save me from going where I never expect to come back from, with this weight of years upon me and a urinary ailment that never gives me a moment's ease;" and again he fell to weeping as before, and such compassion did Sancho feel for him that he took out a real of four from his bosom and gave it to him in alms.

sorcery - la sorcellerie, sorcellerie

intentions - intentions, intention

unavailing - sans succes

urinary - urinaire

ailment - maladie

alms - l'aumône, aumône

Don Quixote went on and asked another what his crime was, and the man answered with no less but rather much more sprightliness than the last one.

"I am here because I carried the joke too far with a couple of cousins of mine, and with a couple of other cousins who were none of mine; in short, I carried the joke so far with them all that it ended in such a complicated increase of kindred that no accountant could make it clear: it was all proved against me, I got no favour, I had no money, I was near having my neck stretched, they sentenced me to the galleys for six years, I accepted my fate, it is the punishment of my fault; I am a young man; let life only last, and with that all will come right. If you, sir, have anything wherewith to help the poor, God will repay it to you in heaven, and we on earth will take care in our petitions to him to pray for the life and health of your worship, that they may be as long and as good as your amiable appearance deserves."

increase - augmenter, croître, accroître, augmentation

accountant - comptable

accepted - acceptée, accepter, accepter (de), prendre sur soi

petitions - pétitions, pétition, pétitionner

amiable - aimable, avenant, affable

This one was in the dress of a student, and one of the guards said he was a great talker and a very elegant Latin scholar.

talker - Parleur

Behind all these there came a man of thirty, a very personable fellow, except that when he looked, his eyes turned in a little one towards the other.

personable - personnalisable

little one - petit

He was bound differently from the rest, for he had to his leg a chain so long that it was wound all round his body, and two rings on his neck, one attached to the chain, the other to what they call a "keep-friend" or "friend's foot," from which hung two irons reaching to his waist with two manacles fixed to them in which his hands were secured by a big padlock, so that he could neither raise his hands to his mouth nor lower his head to his hands. Don Quixote asked why this man carried so many more chains than the others. The guard replied that it was because he alone had committed more crimes than all the rest put together, and was so daring and such a villain, that though they marched him in that fashion they did not feel sure of him, but were in dread of his making his escape.

differently - différemment

rings - anneaux, anneau, bague

irons - fers a repasser, fer, repasser

padlock - cadenas, cadenasser

"What crimes can he have committed," said Don Quixote, "if they have not deserved a heavier punishment than being sent to the galleys?"

heavier - plus lourd, lourd

"He goes for ten years," replied the guard, "which is the same thing as civil death, and all that need be said is that this good fellow is the famous Gines de Pasamonte, otherwise called Ginesillo de Parapilla."

civil - civile, civil

"Gently, señor commissary," said the galley slave at this, "let us have no fixing of names or surnames; my name is Gines, not Ginesillo, and my family name is Pasamonte, not Parapilla as you say; let each one mind his own business, and he will be doing enough."

commissary - l'économat

family name - nom de famille

"Speak with less impertinence, master thief of extra measure," replied the commissary, "if you don't want me to make you Hold your tongue in spite of your teeth."

Hold your tongue - Tenir sa langue

"It is easy to see," returned the galley slave, "that man goes as God pleases, but someone shall know some day whether I am called Ginesillo de Parapilla or not."

"Don't they call you so, you liar?" said the guard.

liar - menteur, menteuse

"They do," returned Gines, "but I will make them give over calling me so, or I will be shaved, where, I only say behind my teeth.

If you, sir, have anything to give us, give it to us at once, and God speed you, for you are becoming tiresome with all this inquisitiveness about the lives of others; if you want to know about mine, let me tell you I am Gines de Pasamonte, whose life is written by these fingers."

tiresome - lassant

inquisitiveness - la curiosité, curiosité

"He says true," said the commissary, "for he has himself written his story as grand as you please, and has left the book in the prison in pawn for two hundred reals."

prison - prison

Pawn - pion, soldat, engager, nantissement

"And I mean to take it out of pawn," said Gines, "though it were in for two hundred ducats."

"Is it so good?" said Don Quixote.

"So good is it," replied Gines, "that a fig for ˜Lazarillo de Tormes,'and all of that kind that have been written, or shall be written compared with it: all I will say about it is that it deals with facts, and facts so neat and diverting that no lies could match them."

fig - fig, figue

deals - des affaires, marché, affaire

neat - soigné, parure

"And how is the book entitled?" asked Don Quixote.

"The ˜Life of Gines de Pasamonte,'" replied the subject of it.

"And is it finished?" asked Don Quixote.

"How can it be finished," said the other, "when my life is not yet finished? All that is written is from my birth down to the point when they sent me to the galleys this last time."

"Then you have been there before?" said Don Quixote.

"In the service of God and the king I have been there for four years before now, and I know by this time what the biscuit and courbash are like," replied Gines; "and it is no great grievance to me to go back to them, for there I shall have time to finish my book; I have still many things left to say, and in the galleys of Spain there is more than enough leisure; though I do not want much for what I have to write, for I have it by heart."

biscuit - biscuit

"You seem a clever fellow," said Don Quixote.

clever - habile, agile, adroit, adroite, talentueux, malin, intelligent

"And an unfortunate one," replied Gines, "for misfortune always persecutes good wit."

"It persecutes rogues," said the commissary.

rogues - des voyous, canaille, fripouille, coquin, voyou, garnement

"I told you already to go gently, master commissary," said Pasamonte; "their lordships yonder never gave you that staff to ill-treat us wretches here, but to conduct and take us where his majesty orders you; if not, by the life of"never mind"; it may be that some day the stains made in the inn will come out in the scouring; let everyone hold his tongue and behave well and speak better; and now let us march on, for we have had quite enough of this entertainment."

lordships - seigneuries, Monsieur, le Seigneur, seigneurie

conduct - comportement, conduite, se comporter, conduire, mener

stains - taches, tache, souillure, colorant, tacher, entacher, colorer

The commissary lifted his staff to strike Pasamonte in return for his threats, but Don Quixote came between them, and begged him not to ill-use him, as it was not too much to allow one who had his hands tied to have his tongue a trifle free; and turning to the whole chain of them he said:

"From all you have told me, dear brethren, I make out clearly that though they have punished you for your faults, the punishments you are about to endure do not give you much pleasure, and that you go to them very much against the grain and against your will, and that perhaps this one's want of courage under torture, that one's want of money, the other's want of advocacy, and lastly the perverted judgment of the judge may have been the cause of your ruin and of your failure to obtain the justice you had on your side. All which presents itself now to my mind, urging, persuading, and even compelling me to demonstrate in your case the purpose for which Heaven sent me into the world and caused me to make profession of the order of chivalry to which I belong, and the vow I took therein to give aid to those in need and under the oppression of the strong. But as I know that it is a mark of prudence not to do by foul means what may be done by fair, I will ask these gentlemen, the guards and commissary, to be so good as to release you and let you go in peace, as there will be no lack of others to serve the king under more favourable circumstances; for it seems to me a hard case to make slaves of those whom God and nature have made free. Moreover, sirs of the guard," added Don Quixote, "these poor fellows have done nothing to you; let each answer for his own sins yonder; there is a God in Heaven who will not forget to punish the wicked or reward the good; and it is not fitting that honest men should be the instruments of punishment to others, they being therein no way concerned. This request I make thus gently and quietly, that, if you comply with it, I may have reason for thanking you; and, if you will not voluntarily, this lance and sword together with the might of my arm shall compel you to comply with it by force."

brethren - freres

faults - défauts, défaut, faute, faille

punishments - punitions, punition, châtiment

advocacy - la défense des droits, barreau, mobilisation, promotion

Lastly - enfin, finalement

perverted - pervers, déviant

obtain - obtenir, se procurer, réussir, avoir succes, s'établir

urging - l'exhortation, exhortant, (urge), pulsion, pousser, inciter

persuading - persuader, convaincre

demonstrate - démontrer, manifester

oppression - l'oppression, oppression

foul - la faute, infâme

lack - manque

more favourable - plus favorable

circumstances - circonstances, circonstance

answer for - réponse pour

concerned - préoccupé, inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation

"Nice nonsense!" said the commissary; "a fine piece of pleasantry he has come out with at last! He wants us to let the king's prisoners go, as if we had any authority to release them, or he to order us to do so! Go your way, sir, and good luck to you; put that basin straight that you've got on your head, and don't go looking for three feet on a cat."

prisoners - prisonniers, prisonnier, prisonniere

"'Tis you that are the cat, rat, and rascal," replied Don Quixote, and acting on the word he fell upon him so suddenly that without giving him time to defend himself he brought him to the ground sorely wounded with a lance-thrust; and lucky it was for him that it was the one that had the musket.

Tis - tis, (Ti) tis

rascal - racaille, canaille, coquin, crapule, filou

acting on - Agissant sur

lance-thrust - (lance-thrust) Un coup de lance

The other guards stood thunderstruck and amazed at this unexpected event, but recovering presence of mind, those on horseback seized their swords, and those on foot their javelins, and attacked Don Quixote, who was waiting for them with great calmness; and no doubt it would have gone badly with him if the galley slaves, seeing the chance before them of liberating themselves, had not effected it by contriving to break the chain on which they were strung. Such was the confusion, that the guards, now rushing at the galley slaves who were breaking loose, now to attack Don Quixote who was waiting for them, did nothing at all that was of any use. Sancho, on his part, gave a helping hand to release Gines de Pasamonte, who was the first to leap forth upon the plain free and unfettered, and who, attacking the prostrate commissary, took from him his sword and the musket, with which, aiming at one and levelling at another, he, without ever discharging it, drove every one of the guards off the field, for they took to flight, as well to escape Pasamonte's musket, as the showers of stones the now released galley slaves were raining upon them. Sancho was greatly grieved at the affair, because he anticipated that those who had fled would report the matter to the Holy Brotherhood, who at the summons of the alarm-bell would at once sally forth in quest of the offenders; and he said so to his master, and entreated him to leave the place at once, and go into hiding in the sierra that was close by.

recovering - en cours de rétablissement, recouvrer (la santé)

liberating - libératrice, libérer

contriving - contrition, combiner, inventer

rushing - se précipiter, (rush) se précipiter

aiming - visant, viser, pointer

Levelling - le nivellement, affleurant, (level), plat, a ras

discharging - la décharge, licenciement, débit

released - libéré, libérer

anticipated - anticipée, anticiper, prévoir

summons - convoque, convocation, (summon) convoque

alarm-bell - (alarm-bell) Un signal d'alarme

offenders - délinquants, contrevenant

"That is all very well," said Don Quixote, "but I know what must be done now;" and calling together all the galley slaves, who were now running riot, and had stripped the commissary to the skin, he collected them round him to hear what he had to say, and addressed them as follows: "To be grateful for benefits received is the part of persons of good birth, and one of the sins most offensive to God is ingratitude; I say so because, sirs, ye have already seen by manifest proof the benefit ye have received of me; in return for which I desire, and it is my good pleasure that, laden with that chain which I have taken off your necks, ye at once set out and proceed to the city of El Toboso, and there present yourselves before the lady Dulcinea del Toboso, and say to her that her knight, he of the Rueful Countenance, sends to commend himself to her; and that ye recount to her in full detail all the particulars of this notable adventure, up to the recovery of your longed-for liberty; and this done ye may go where ye will, and good fortune attend you."

calling together - appeler ensemble

riot - émeute

most offensive - le plus offensif

necks - cou

recount - recomptage, recompter

recovery - récupération, rétablissement, recouvrement, guérison

Gines de Pasamonte made answer for all, saying, "That which you, sir, our deliverer, demand of us, is of all impossibilities the most impossible to comply with, because we cannot go together along the roads, but only singly and separate, and each one his own way, endeavouring to hide ourselves in the bowels of the earth to escape the Holy Brotherhood, which, no doubt, will come out in search of us. What your worship may do, and fairly do, is to change this service and tribute as regards the lady Dulcinea del Toboso for a certain quantity of ave-marias and credos which we will say for your worship's intention, and this is a condition that can be complied with by night as by day, running or resting, in peace or in war; but to imagine that we are going now to return to the flesh-pots of Egypt, I mean to take up our chain and set out for El Toboso, is to imagine that it is now night, though it is not yet ten in the morning, and to ask this of us is like asking pears of the elm tree."

impossibilities - des impossibilités, impossibilité

go together - Aller ensemble

singly - un a un

endeavouring - s'efforcer, s'efforcer (de)

resting - au repos, (rest) au repos

pots - des casseroles, pot

Egypt - l'égypte, Égypte

pears - poires, poire, poirier

elm tree - L'orme

"Then by all that's good," said Don Quixote (now stirred to wrath), "Don son of a bitch, Don Ginesillo de Paropillo, or whatever your name is, you will have to go yourself alone, with your tail between your legs and the whole chain on your back."

bitch - chienne, garce, rosse, salope, pute, saleté, saloperie, dame

Pasamonte, who was anything but meek (being by this time thoroughly convinced that Don Quixote was not quite right in his head as he had committed such a vagary as to set them free), finding himself abused in this fashion, gave the wink to his companions, and falling back they began to shower stones on Don Quixote at such a rate that he was quite unable to protect himself with his buckler, and poor Rocinante no more heeded the spur than if he had been made of brass. Sancho planted himself behind his ass, and with him sheltered himself from the hailstorm that poured on both of them. Don Quixote was unable to shield himself so well but that more pebbles than I could count struck him full on the body with such force that they brought him to the ground; and the instant he fell the student pounced upon him, snatched the basin from his head, and with it struck three or four blows on his shoulders, and as many more on the ground, knocking it almost to pieces. They then stripped him of a jacket that he wore over his armour, and they would have stripped off his stockings if his greaves had not prevented them. From Sancho they took his coat, leaving him in his shirt-sleeves; and dividing among themselves the remaining spoils of the battle, they went each one his own way, more solicitous about keeping clear of the Holy Brotherhood they dreaded, than about burdening themselves with the chain, or going to present themselves before the lady Dulcinea del Toboso. The ass and Rocinante, Sancho and Don Quixote, were all that were left upon the spot; the ass with drooping head, serious, shaking his ears from time to time as if he thought the storm of stones that assailed them was not yet over; Rocinante stretched beside his master, for he too had been brought to the ground by a stone; Sancho stripped, and trembling with fear of the Holy Brotherhood; and Don Quixote fuming to find himself so served by the very persons for whom he had done so much.

vagary - vagabondage, extravagance, caprice

abused - abusé, abuser (de)

wink - clin d'oil, ciller

falling back - se replier

heeded - pris en compte, attention, observer, surveiller

hailstorm - grele

poured on - Versé sur

pounced - s'est jeté, bondir

snatched - arraché, empoigner, happer, saisir, arracher, enlever

stockings - bas

sleeves - manches, manche, chemise (inner), gaine (outer), manchon

dividing - diviser, divisant, répartissant, (divide), fendre

among themselves - entre eux

solicitous - sollicitante

burdening - pesant, poids écrasant

drooping - en train de tomber, tomber, s'affaisser, bec

serious - sérieux

fuming - fumant, fulminer


Seeing himself served in this way, Don Quixote said to his squire, "I have always heard it said, Sancho, that to do good to boors is to throw water into the sea. If I had believed thy words, I should have avoided this trouble; but it is done now, it is only to have patience and take warning for the future."

do good - faire du bien

boors - les rustres, rustre

"Your worship will take warning as much as I am a Turk," returned Sancho; "but, as you say this mischief might have been avoided if you had believed me, believe me now, and a still greater one will be avoided; for I tell you chivalry is of no account with the Holy Brotherhood, and they don't care two maravedis for all the knights-errant in the world; and I can tell you I fancy I hear their arrows whistling past my ears this minute."

Turk - turk, Turc, Turque

arrows - fleches, fleche

whistling - siffler, (whistle), sifflet, sifflement, sifflements

this minute - a cette minute

"Thou art a coward by nature, Sancho," said Don Quixote, "but lest thou shouldst say I am obstinate, and that I never do as thou dost advise, this once I will take thy advice, and withdraw out of reach of that fury thou so dreadest; but it must be on one condition, that never, in life or in death, thou art to say to anyone that I retired or withdrew from this danger out of fear, but only in compliance with thy entreaties; for if thou sayest otherwise thou wilt lie therein, and from this time to that, and from that to this, I give thee lie, and say thou liest and wilt lie every time thou thinkest or sayest it; and answer me not again; for at the mere thought that I am withdrawing or retiring from any danger, above all from this, which does seem to carry some little shadow of fear with it, I am ready to take my stand here and await alone, not only that Holy Brotherhood you talk of and dread, but the brothers of the twelve tribes of Israel, and the Seven Maccabees, and Castor and Pollux, and all the brothers and brotherhoods in the world."

this once - cette fois-ci

dreadest - le plus redouté, redouter, craindre, crainte

compliance - la conformité, conformité, acquiescement, conformisme

not again - pas encore

withdrawing - se retirer, (se) retirer

shadow - l'ombre, ombre, prendre en filature, filer

tribes - tribus, tribu

Israel - israël

castor - ricin, Castor

Pollux - pollux

brotherhoods - les confréries, fraternité, confrérie

"Señor," replied Sancho, "to retire is not to flee, and there is no wisdom in waiting when danger outweighs hope, and it is the part of wise men to preserve themselves to-day for to-morrow, and not risk all in one day; and let me tell you, though I am a clown and a boor, I have got some notion of what they call safe conduct; so repent not of having taken my advice, but mount Rocinante if you can, and if not I will help you; and follow me, for my mother-wit tells me we have more need of legs than hands just now."

retire - prendre sa retraite, retirent, retirez, se retirer, retirer

flee - s'enfuir, prendre la fuite, échapper

wisdom - la sagesse, sagesse

repent - se repentir, repentir, repentez, repentons, repentent

Don Quixote mounted without replying, and, Sancho leading the way on his ass, they entered the side of the Sierra Morena, which was close by, as it was Sancho's design to cross it entirely and come out again at El Viso or AlmodĂłvar del Campo, and hide for some days among its crags so as to escape the search of the Brotherhood should they come to look for them.

crags - les falaises, rocher escarpé

He was encouraged in this by perceiving that the stock of provisions carried by the ass had come safe out of the fray with the galley slaves, a circumstance that he regarded as a miracle, seeing how they pillaged and ransacked.

circumstance - circonstances, circonstance

pillaged - pillés, piller, pillage

That night they reached the very heart of the Sierra Morena, where it seemed prudent to Sancho to pass the night and even some days, at least as many as the stores he carried might last, and so they encamped between two rocks and among some cork trees; but fatal destiny, which, according to the opinion of those who have not the light of the true faith, directs, arranges, and settles everything in its own way, so ordered it that Gines de Pasamonte, the famous knave and thief who by the virtue and madness of Don Quixote had been released from the chain, driven by fear of the Holy Brotherhood, which he had good reason to dread, resolved to take hiding in the mountains; and his fate and fear led him to the same spot to which Don Quixote and Sancho Panza had been led by theirs, just in time to recognise them and leave them to fall asleep: and as the wicked are always ungrateful, and necessity leads to evildoing, and immediate advantage overcomes all considerations of the future, Gines, who was neither grateful nor well-principled, made up his mind to steal Sancho Panza's ass, not troubling himself about Rocinante, as being a prize that was no good either to pledge or sell. While Sancho slept he stole his ass, and before day dawned he was far out of reach.

stores - magasins, entrepôt, stock, stocker, conserver

fatal - fatale, fatal

destiny - destin, destinée, sort

directs - dirige, direct, mettre en scene, ordonner

arranges - organise, arranger, organiser

settles - s'installe, (s')installer

knave - chevalier, page, voyou, fourbe, valet

evildoing - méchanceté

overcomes - surmonte, vaincre, surmonter, envahir

considerations - considérations, considération, fr

principled - de principe, principe

steal - voler, vol

pledge - engagement, promettre, mettre en gage, serment, gage

dawned - s'est levé, se lever, naître, aube, lever du soleil

Aurora made her appearance bringing gladness to the earth but sadness to Sancho Panza, for he found that his Dapple was missing, and seeing himself bereft of him he began the saddest and most doleful lament in the world, so loud that Don Quixote awoke at his exclamations and heard him saying, "O son of my bowels, born in my very house, my children's plaything, my wife's joy, the envy of my neighbours, relief of my burdens, and lastly, half supporter of myself, for with the six-and-twenty maravedis thou didst earn me daily I met half my charges."

aurora - aurore polaire

gladness - la joie, allégresse

lament - une complainte

exclamations - exclamations, exclamation

plaything - jouet, joujou

supporter - partisan, partisane, supporter, supporteur, (support)

earn - gagner, gagnons, gagnez, gagnent

charges - charges, frais-p, charge, chef d’accusation, chef d’inculpation

Don Quixote, when he heard the lament and learned the cause, consoled Sancho with the best arguments he could, entreating him to be patient, and promising to give him a letter of exchange ordering three out of five ass-colts that he had at home to be given to him. Sancho took comfort at this, dried his tears, suppressed his sobs, and returned thanks for the kindness shown him by Don Quixote.

lament - lamentations, lamentation, complainte, se lamenter, plaindre

consoled - consolé, consoler

be patient - etre patient

promising - prometteur, vou, promesse, promettre

colts - colts, poulain, jeunot

dried - séché, sec, anhydre, sécher, tfaire sécher

suppressed - supprimée, contenir, fr

sobs - sanglots, fdp-p

He on his part was rejoiced to the heart on entering the mountains, as they seemed to him to be just the place for the adventures he was in quest of. They brought back to his memory the marvellous adventures that had befallen knights-errant in like solitudes and wilds, and he went along reflecting on these things, so absorbed and carried away by them that he had no thought for anything else.

rejoiced - s'est réjoui, réjouir

entering - entrant, (enter), entrer, rench: t-needed r, taper

brought back - ramené

absorbed - absorbé, absorber, éponger

Nor had Sancho any other care (now that he fancied he was travelling in a safe quarter) than to satisfy his appetite with such remains as were left of the clerical spoils, and so he marched behind his master laden with what Dapple used to carry, emptying the sack and packing his paunch, and so long as he could go that way, he would not have given a farthing to meet with another adventure.

emptying - vidange, vidant, (empty), vide, vider, cadavre

packing - colisage, empaquetage, emballant, emballage, (pack) colisage

paunch - la bedaine, panse, bedaine

While so engaged he raised his eyes and saw that his master had halted, and was trying with the point of his pike to lift some bulky object that lay upon the ground, on which he hastened to join him and help him if it were needful, and reached him just as with the point of the pike he was raising a saddle-pad with a valise attached to it, half or rather wholly rotten and torn; but so heavy were they that Sancho had to help to take them up, and his master directed him to see what the valise contained. Sancho did so with great alacrity, and though the valise was secured by a chain and padlock, from its torn and rotten condition he was able to see its contents, which were four shirts of fine holland, and other articles of linen no less curious than clean; and in a handkerchief he found a good lot of gold crowns, and as soon as he saw them he exclaimed:

bulky - gros, corpulent ('of a person'), volumineux, encombrant

pad - pad, pastille, bloc, lingot, rembourrons, rembourrez

valise - valise

alacrity - alacrité, empressement, rapidité

Holland - la hollande, Hollande

handkerchief - mouchoir

"Blessed be all Heaven for sending us an adventure that is good for something!"

Searching further he found a little memorandum book richly bound; this Don Quixote asked of him, telling him to take the money and keep it for himself. Sancho kissed his hands for the favour, and cleared the valise of its linen, which he stowed away in the provision sack. Considering the whole matter, Don Quixote observed:

memorandum - mémorandum

stowed - rangé, ranger

provision - disposition, provision, provisionner

"It seems to me, Sancho"and it is impossible it can be otherwise"that some strayed traveller must have crossed this sierra and been attacked and slain by footpads, who brought him to this remote spot to bury him."

strayed - égaré, s'écarter de

"That cannot be," answered Sancho, "because if they had been robbers they would not have left this money."

"Thou art right," said Don Quixote, "and I cannot guess or explain what this may mean; but stay; let us see if in this memorandum book there is anything written by which we may be able to trace out or discover what we want to know."

trace out - tracer

He opened it, and the first thing he found in it, written roughly but in a very good hand, was a sonnet, and reading it aloud that Sancho might hear it, he found that it ran as follows:

roughly - en gros, rudement, approximativement

sonnet - sonnet


Or Love is lacking in intelligence,

lacking - manquant, manquer de qqch

intelligence - l'intelligence, intelligence, renseignements

Or to the height of cruelty attains,

attains - atteint, atteindre

Or else it is my doom to suffer pains

doom - doom, mort, ruine, perte, condamner

Beyond the measure due to my offence.

But if Love be a God, it follows thence

That he knows all, and certain it remains

No God loves cruelty; then who ordains

This penance that enthrals while it torments?

enthrals - passionne, captiver

torments - tourments, tourment, tourmenter

It were a falsehood, Chloe, thee to name;

falsehood - le mensonge, mensonge

Such evil with such goodness cannot live;

And against Heaven I dare not charge the blame,

I only know it is my fate to die.

To him who knows not whence his malady

A miracle alone a cure can give.

"There is nothing to be learned from that rhyme," said Sancho, "unless by that clue there's in it, one may draw out the ball of the whole matter."

rhyme - strophe, vers, rime, rimer, faire rimer, checkrime, rimer 'vi'

clue - indice, piste, idée, informer

"What clue is there?" said Don Quixote.

"I thought your worship spoke of a clue in it," said Sancho.

"I only said Chloe," replied Don Quixote; "and that no doubt, is the name of the lady of whom the author of the sonnet complains; and, faith, he must be a tolerable poet, or I know little of the craft."

complains - se plaint, se plaindre, porter plainte

tolerable - tolérable

"Then your worship understands rhyming too?"

rhyming - des rimes, strophe, vers, rime, rimer, faire rimer, vers-p, fr

"And better than thou thinkest," replied Don Quixote, "as thou shalt see when thou carriest a letter written in verse from beginning to end to my lady Dulcinea del Toboso, for I would have thee know, Sancho, that all or most of the knights-errant in days of yore were great troubadours and great musicians, for both of these accomplishments, or more properly speaking gifts, are the peculiar property of lovers-errant: true it is that the verses of the knights of old have more spirit than neatness in them."

Troubadours - troubadours, troubadour, trouvere, trobairitz, troubadouresse

gifts - des cadeaux, présent, cadeau, don, talent, donner

peculiar - particulier, extraordinaire, bizarre, curieux

neatness - la propreté, netteté

"Read more, your worship," said Sancho, "and you will find something that will enlighten us."

enlighten - éclairer, informer

Don Quixote turned the page and said, "This is prose and seems to be a letter."

"A correspondence letter, señor?"

correspondence - correspondance, chronique

"From the beginning it seems to be a love letter," replied Don Quixote.

love letter - lettre d'amour

"Then let your worship read it aloud," said Sancho, "for I am very fond of love matters."

"With all my heart," said Don Quixote, and reading it aloud as Sancho had requested him, he found it ran thus:

Thy false promise and my sure misfortune carry me to a place whence the news of my death will reach thy ears before the words of my complaint. Ungrateful one, thou hast rejected me for one more wealthy, but not more worthy; but if virtue were esteemed wealth I should neither envy the fortunes of others nor weep for misfortunes of my own.

What thy beauty raised up thy deeds have laid low; by it I believed thee to be an angel, by them I know thou art a woman. Peace be with thee who hast sent war to me, and Heaven grant that the deceit of thy husband be ever hidden from thee, so that thou repent not of what thou hast done, and I reap not a revenge I would not have.

reap - récolter, faucher

When he had finished the letter, Don Quixote said, "There is less to be gathered from this than from the verses, except that he who wrote it is some rejected lover;" and turning over nearly all the pages of the book he found more verses and letters, some of which he could read, while others he could not; but they were all made up of complaints, laments, misgivings, desires and aversions, favours and rejections, some rapturous, some doleful. While Don Quixote examined the book, Sancho examined the valise, not leaving a corner in the whole of it or in the pad that he did not search, peer into, and explore, or seam that he did not rip, or tuft of wool that he did not pick to pieces, lest anything should escape for want of care and pains; so keen was the covetousness excited in him by the discovery of the crowns, which amounted to near a hundred; and though he found no more booty, he held the blanket flights, balsam vomits, stake benedictions, carriers'fisticuffs, missing alforjas, stolen coat, and all the hunger, thirst, and weariness he had endured in the service of his good master, cheap at the price; as he considered himself more than fully indemnified for all by the payment he received in the gift of the treasure-trove.

turning over - Tourner

complaints - plaintes, plainte, réclamation, porter plainte

misgivings - des réticences, état d'âme

aversions - des aversions, aversion

rejections - les rejets, refus, rejet

rapturous - ravie

examined - examinés, examiner

peer - pair

explore - explorer

seam - couture

rip - déchirer, fissure

tuft - touffe

keen - enthousiaste, désireux, poivré, vif

amounted to - s'est élevé a

booty - cul, butin

benedictions - bénédictions, bénédiction

treasure-trove - (treasure-trove) un trésor

The Knight of the Rueful Countenance was still very anxious to find out who the owner of the valise could be, conjecturing from the sonnet and letter, from the money in gold, and from the fineness of the shirts, that he must be some lover of distinction whom the scorn and cruelty of his lady had driven to some desperate course; but as in that uninhabited and rugged spot there was no one to be seen of whom he could inquire, he saw nothing else for it but to push on, taking whatever road Rocinante chose"which was where he could make his way"firmly persuaded that among these wilds he could not fail to meet some rare adventure. As he went along, then, occupied with these thoughts, he perceived on the summit of a height that rose before their eyes a man who went springing from rock to rock and from tussock to tussock with marvellous agility. As well as he could make out he was unclad, with a thick black beard, long tangled hair, and bare legs and feet, his thighs were covered by breeches apparently of tawny velvet but so ragged that they showed his skin in several places.

conjecturing - des conjectures, conjecture, conjecturer

fineness - finesse, élancement

distinction - distinction, différence

uninhabited - inhabité

rugged - robuste, déchiqueté, accidenté, (rug), tapis, couverture

inquire - demander, enqueter

push - pousser, poussons, poussez, poussent, buter, acculer

occupied with - occupés par

tussock - la touffe, tussack

unclad - non vetu, (unclothe) non vetu

tangled - enchevetrés, désordre, enchevetrement

thighs - cuisses, cuisse

ragged - dépenaillé, loqueteuxse, (rag) dépenaillé

He was bareheaded, and notwithstanding the swiftness with which he passed as has been described, the Knight of the Rueful Countenance observed and noted all these trifles, and though he made the attempt, he was unable to follow him, for it was not granted to the feebleness of Rocinante to make way over such rough ground, he being, moreover, slow-paced and sluggish by nature.

bareheaded - tete nue

swiftness - rapidité

feebleness - débilité

Don Quixote at once came to the conclusion that this was the owner of the saddle-pad and of the valise, and made up his mind to go in search of him, even though he should have to wander a year in those mountains before he found him, and so he directed Sancho to take a short cut over one side of the mountain, while he himself went by the other, and perhaps by this means they might light upon this man who had passed so quickly out of their sight.

by this means - par ce moyen

"I could not do that," said Sancho, "for when I separate from your worship fear at once lays hold of me, and assails me with all sorts of panics and fancies; and let what I now say be a notice that from this time forth I am not going to stir a finger's width from your presence."

separate from - Séparer de

assails - assaille, assaillir

panics - panique

"It shall be so," said he of the Rueful Countenance, "and I am very glad that thou art willing to rely on my courage, which will never fail thee, even though the soul in thy body fail thee; so come on now behind me slowly as well as thou canst, and make lanterns of thine eyes; let us make the circuit of this ridge; perhaps we shall light upon this man that we saw, who no doubt is no other than the owner of what we found."

Glad - heureux, heureuse

lanterns - lanternes, lanterne

circuit - circuit

ridge - crete, crete, faîte, dorsale

To which Sancho made answer, "Far better would it be not to look for him, for, if we find him, and he happens to be the owner of the money, it is plain I must restore it; it would be better, therefore, that without taking this needless trouble, I should keep possession of it until in some other less meddlesome and officious way the real owner may be discovered; and perhaps that will be when I shall have spent it, and then the king will hold me harmless."

restore - restaurer, rétablir, rendre, restituer

needless - superflu, inutile

meddlesome - l'ingérence

officious - officielle

harmless - inoffensif

"Thou art wrong there, Sancho," said Don Quixote, "for now that we have a suspicion who the owner is, and have him almost before us, we are bound to seek him and make restitution; and if we do not see him, the strong suspicion we have as to his being the owner makes us as guilty as if he were so; and so, friend Sancho, let not our search for him give thee any uneasiness, for if we find him it will relieve mine."

restitution - la restitution, restitution

And so saying he gave Rocinante the spur, and Sancho followed him on foot and loaded, and after having partly made the circuit of the mountain they found lying in a ravine, dead and half devoured by dogs and pecked by jackdaws, a mule saddled and bridled, all which still further strengthened their suspicion that he who had fled was the owner of the mule and the saddle-pad.

partly - en partie

ravine - ravin, ravine

devoured - dévorée, dévorer

pecked - picoré, picorer

jackdaws - choucas

bridled - bridé, bride, brider, refréner, etre susceptible

strengthened - renforcée, renforcer, affermir, raffermir, fortifier

As they stood looking at it they heard a whistle like that of a shepherd watching his flock, and suddenly on their left there appeared a great number of goats and behind them on the summit of the mountain the goatherd in charge of them, a man advanced in years. Don Quixote called aloud to him and begged him to come down to where they stood.

whistle - sifflet, siffler, sifflement, sifflements

He shouted in return, asking what had brought them to that spot, seldom or never trodden except by the feet of goats, or of the wolves and other wild beasts that roamed around. Sancho in return bade him come down, and they would explain all to him.

trodden - foulée, marcher (sur)

wolves - loups, loup, tombeur, dévorer, engloutir

The goatherd descended, and reaching the place where Don Quixote stood, he said, "I will wager you are looking at that hack mule that lies dead in the hollow there, and, faith, it has been lying there now these six months; tell me, have you come upon its master about here?"

descended - descendu, descendre

wager - pari, parier

"We have come upon nobody," answered Don Quixote, "nor on anything except a saddle-pad and a little valise that we found not far from this."

"I found it too," said the goatherd, "but I would not lift it nor go near it for fear of some ill-luck or being charged with theft, for the devil is crafty, and things rise up under one's feet to make one fall without knowing why or wherefore."

theft - vol

rise up - se lever

wherefore - pourquoi, d'ou

"That's exactly what I say," said Sancho; "I found it too, and I would not go within a stone's throw of it; there I left it, and there it lies just as it was, for I don't want a dog with a bell."

bell - cloche, sonnette

"Tell me, good man," said Don Quixote, "do you know who is the owner of this property?"

"All I can tell you," said the goatherd, "is that about six months ago, more or less, there arrived at a shepherd's hut three leagues, perhaps, away from this, a youth of well-bred appearance and manners, mounted on that same mule which lies dead here, and with the same saddle-pad and valise which you say you found and did not touch.

manners - les bonnes manieres, maniere, façon, mode

He asked us what part of this sierra was the most rugged and retired; we told him that it was where we now are; and so in truth it is, for if you push on half a league farther, perhaps you will not be able to find your way out; and I am wondering how you have managed to come here, for there is no road or path that leads to this spot.

most rugged - le plus robuste

managed - gérée, gérer, ménager, diriger, manier, parvenir, réussir

I say, then, that on hearing our answer the youth turned about and made for the place we pointed out to him, leaving us all charmed with his good looks, and wondering at his question and the haste with which we saw him depart in the direction of the sierra; and after that we saw him no more, until some days afterwards he crossed the path of one of our shepherds, and without saying a word to him, came up to him and gave him several cuffs and kicks, and then turned to the ass with our provisions and took all the bread and cheese it carried, and having done this made off back again into the sierra with extraordinary swiftness. When some of us goatherds learned this we went in search of him for about two days through the most remote portion of this sierra, at the end of which we found him lodged in the hollow of a large thick cork tree. He came out to meet us with great gentleness, with his dress now torn and his face so disfigured and burned by the sun, that we hardly recognised him but that his clothes, though torn, convinced us, from the recollection we had of them, that he was the person we were looking for. He saluted us courteously, and in a few well-spoken words he told us not to wonder at seeing him going about in this guise, as it was binding upon him in order that he might work out a penance which for his many sins had been imposed upon him. We asked him to tell us who he was, but we were never able to find out from him: we begged of him too, when he was in want of food, which he could not do without, to tell us where we should find him, as we would bring it to him with all good-will and readiness; or if this were not to his taste, at least to come and ask it of us and not take it by force from the shepherds. He thanked us for the offer, begged pardon for the late assault, and promised for the future to ask it in God's name without offering violence to anybody. As for fixed abode, he said he had no other than that which chance offered wherever night might overtake him; and his words ended in an outburst of weeping so bitter that we who listened to him must have been very stones had we not joined him in it, comparing what we saw of him the first time with what we saw now; for, as I said, he was a graceful and gracious youth, and in his courteous and polished language showed himself to be of good birth and courtly breeding, and rustics as we were that listened to him, even to our rusticity his gentle bearing sufficed to make it plain.

charmed - charmé, charme

depart - partir, s’en aller, dévier, quitter

disfigured - défiguré, défigurer

saluted - salué, saluer, faire un salut

binding - contraignante, contraignant, reliure, liaison, (bind), lier

imposed - imposée, imposer

overtake - dépasser, doubler, surprendre

outburst - explosion, transport

courtly - courtois

breeding - l'élevage, (breed), se reproduire, engendrer, élever, race

rusticity - rusticité

"But in the midst of his conversation he stopped and became silent, keeping his eyes fixed upon the ground for some time, during which we stood still waiting anxiously to see what would come of this abstraction; and with no little pity, for from his behaviour, now staring at the ground with fixed gaze and eyes wide open without moving an eyelid, again closing them, compressing his lips and raising his eyebrows, we could perceive plainly that a fit of madness of some kind had come upon him; and before long he showed that what we imagined was the truth, for he arose in a fury from the ground where he had thrown himself, and attacked the first he found near him with such rage and fierceness that if we had not dragged him off him, he would have beaten or bitten him to death, all the while exclaiming, ˜Oh faithless Fernando, here, here shalt thou pay the penalty of the wrong thou hast done me; these hands shall tear out that heart of thine, abode and dwelling of all iniquity, but of deceit and fraud above all; and to these he added other words all in effect upbraiding this Fernando and charging him with treachery and faithlessness.

became silent - est devenu silencieux

abstraction - l'abstraction, abstraction

gaze - regard, fixer

eyelid - paupiere, paupiere

arose - s'est élevé, se lever, relever

dragged - traîné, tirer, entraîner

bitten - mordu, mordre, maintenir, garder

tear out - déchirer

dwelling - logement, demeure, (dwell), résider, s'appesantir sur

iniquity - l'iniquité, iniquité

upbraiding - le harcelement, donnée, (upbraid), gronder, reprendre

faithlessness - l'incrédulité

"We forced him to release his hold with no little difficulty, and without another word he left us, and rushing off plunged in among these brakes and brambles, so as to make it impossible for us to follow him; from this we suppose that madness comes upon him from time to time, and that someone called Fernando must have done him a wrong of a grievous nature such as the condition to which it had brought him seemed to show. All this has been since then confirmed on those occasions, and they have been many, on which he has crossed our path, at one time to beg the shepherds to give him some of the food they carry, at another to take it from them by force; for when there is a fit of madness upon him, even though the shepherds offer it freely, he will not accept it but snatches it from them by dint of blows; but when he is in his senses he begs it for the love of God, courteously and civilly, and receives it with many thanks and not a few tears. And to tell you the truth, sirs," continued the goatherd, "it was yesterday that we resolved, I and four of the lads, two of them our servants, and the other two friends of mine, to go in search of him until we find him, and when we do to take him, whether by force or of his own consent, to the town of AlmodĂłvar, which is eight leagues from this, and there strive to cure him (if indeed his malady admits of a cure), or learn when he is in his senses who he is, and if he has relatives to whom we may give notice of his misfortune. This, sirs, is all I can say in answer to what you have asked me; and be sure that the owner of the articles you found is he whom you saw pass by with such nimbleness and so naked."

plunged - plongé, plonger

brakes - freins, freiner

freely - librement

Accept - accepter, accepter (de), prendre sur soi, endurer patiemment

snatches - des arrachages de dents, empoigner, happer, saisir, arracher

dint - n'a pas, bosse

begs - mendie, mendier

Receives - reçoit, recevoir

lads - les gars, garçon, gars, jeune homme, palefrenier

admits - admet, admettre, avouer, reconnaître

relatives - parents, relatif, parent, géniteur, génitrice

pass by - Passer par

For Don Quixote had already described how he had seen the man go bounding along the mountainside, and he was now filled with amazement at what he heard from the goatherd, and more eager than ever to discover who the unhappy madman was; and in his heart he resolved, as he had done before, to search for him all over the mountain, not leaving a corner or cave unexamined until he had found him.

cave - grotte, antre, creux

unexamined - non examinée

But chance arranged matters better than he expected or hoped, for at that very moment, in a gorge on the mountain that opened where they stood, the youth he wished to find made his appearance, coming along talking to himself in a way that would have been unintelligible near at hand, much more at a distance.

gorge - gorge, ravin

unintelligible - inintelligible

His garb was what has been described, save that as he drew near, Don Quixote perceived that a tattered doublet which he wore was amber-tanned, from which he concluded that one who wore such garments could not be of very low rank.

garb - vetements

amber - l'ambre, ambre, ambre jaune, couleur d'ambre, feu orange

tanned - bronzé, tanner

Approaching them, the youth greeted them in a harsh and hoarse voice but with great courtesy. Don Quixote returned his salutation with equal politeness, and dismounting from Rocinante advanced with well-bred bearing and grace to embrace him, and held him for some time close in his arms as if he had known him for a long time.

harsh - sévere, sévere, rude, cruel, dur, checkdure

salutation - salutation, titre

The other, whom we may call the Ragged One of the Sorry Countenance, as Don Quixote was of the Rueful, after submitting to the embrace pushed him back a little and, placing his hands on Don Quixote's shoulders, stood gazing at him as if seeking to see whether he knew him, not less amazed, perhaps, at the sight of the face, figure, and armour of Don Quixote than Don Quixote was at the sight of him. To be brief, the first to speak after embracing was the Ragged One, and he said what will be told farther on.

gazing at - a regarder


The history relates that it was with the greatest attention Don Quixote listened to the ragged knight of the Sierra, who began by saying:

"Of a surety, señor, whoever you are, for I know you not, I thank you for the proofs of kindness and courtesy you have shown me, and would I were in a condition to requite with something more than good-will that which you have displayed towards me in the cordial reception you have given me; but my fate does not afford me any other means of returning kindnesses done me save the hearty desire to repay them."

surety - cautionnement, caution

requite - requite, rendre la pareille, réciproquer

cordial - cordial, sirop

reception - réception, accueil

afford - se permettre, offrir

kindnesses - bontés, bonté

"Mine," replied Don Quixote, "is to be of service to you, so much so that I had resolved not to quit these mountains until I had found you, and learned of you whether there is any kind of relief to be found for that sorrow under which from the strangeness of your life you seem to labour; and to search for you with all possible diligence, if search had been necessary.

strangeness - l'étrangeté, étrangeté

diligence - diligence

And if your misfortune should prove to be one of those that refuse admission to any sort of consolation, it was my purpose to join you in lamenting and mourning over it, so far as I could; for it is still some comfort in misfortune to find one who can feel for it.

admission - l'admission, admission

consolation - consoler, consolation

And if my good intentions deserve to be acknowledged with any kind of courtesy, I entreat you, señor, by that which I perceive you possess in so high a degree, and likewise conjure you by whatever you love or have loved best in life, to tell me who you are and the cause that has brought you to live or die in these solitudes like a brute beast, dwelling among them in a manner so foreign to your condition as your garb and appearance show. And I swear," added Don Quixote, "by the order of knighthood which I have received, and by my vocation of knight-errant, if you gratify me in this, to serve you with all the zeal my calling demands of me, either in relieving your misfortune if it admits of relief, or in joining you in lamenting it as I promised to do."

acknowledged - reconnu, reconnaître, accuser réception, certifier

brute - brute, bete, brutal

foreign - étrangers, étranger, étrangere

vocation - vocation

The Knight of the Thicket, hearing him of the Rueful Countenance talk in this strain, did nothing but stare at him, and stare at him again, and again survey him from head to foot; and when he had thoroughly examined him, he said to him:

strain - souche, accablement

survey - enquete, sondage, arpentage, reconnaissance, enquete

"If you have anything to give me to eat, for God's sake give it me, and after I have eaten I will do all you ask in acknowledgment of the goodwill you have displayed towards me."

acknowledgment - l'accusé de réception, aveu, confession, reconnaissance

goodwill - la bonne volonté, bonne volonté, bienveillance, achalandage

Sancho from his sack, and the goatherd from his pouch, furnished the Ragged One with the means of appeasing his hunger, and what they gave him he ate like a half-witted being, so hastily that he took no time between mouthfuls, gorging rather than swallowing; and while he ate neither he nor they who observed him uttered a word.

pouch - pochette, sachet, petit sac, or tobacco, poche, marsupium

appeasing - l'apaisement, apaiser

hastily - hâtivement, précipitamment, a la hâte

gorging - gorger, gorge

As soon as he had done he made signs to them to follow him, which they did, and he led them to a green plot which lay a little farther off round the corner of a rock. On reaching it he stretched himself upon the grass, and the others did the same, all keeping silence, until the Ragged One, settling himself in his place, said:

plot - intrigue, lopin, diagramme, graphique, complot, comploter

round the corner - au coin de la rue

settling - la décantation, sédimentation

"If it is your wish, sirs, that I should disclose in a few words the surpassing extent of my misfortunes, you must promise not to break the thread of my sad story with any question or other interruption, for the instant you do so the tale I tell will come to an end."

disclose - découvrir, laisser voir, révéler, divulguer, dévoiler

surpassing - surpassant, surpasser, dépasser, excéder

interruption - interruption

These words of the Ragged One reminded Don Quixote of the tale his squire had told him, when he failed to keep count of the goats that had crossed the river and the story remained unfinished; but to return to the Ragged One, he went on to say:

unfinished - inachevé

"I give you this warning because I wish to pass briefly over the story of my misfortunes, for recalling them to memory only serves to add fresh ones, and the less you question me the sooner shall I make an end of the recital, though I shall not omit to relate anything of importance in order fully to satisfy your curiosity."

serves - sert, service, servir, signifier, purger

recital - récital, considérant

omit - omettre

Don Quixote gave the promise for himself and the others, and with this assurance he began as follows:

"My name is Cardenio, my birthplace one of the best cities of this Andalusia, my family noble, my parents rich, my misfortune so great that my parents must have wept and my family grieved over it without being able by their wealth to lighten it; for the gifts of fortune can do little to relieve reverses sent by Heaven.

birthplace - lieu de naissance

wept - pleuré, pleurer

lighten - alléger

In that same country there was a heaven in which love had placed all the glory I could desire; such was the beauty of Luscinda, a damsel as noble and as rich as I, but of happier fortunes, and of less firmness than was due to so worthy a passion as mine.

firmness - la fermeté, fermeté

This Luscinda I loved, worshipped, and adored from my earliest and tenderest years, and she loved me in all the innocence and sincerity of childhood.

worshipped - vénéré, culte, adoration, vénération, vénérer

tenderest - le plus tendre, tendre

innocence - l'innocence, innocence, candeur

childhood - l'enfance, enfance

Our parents were aware of our feelings, and were not sorry to perceive them, for they saw clearly that as they ripened they must lead at last to a marriage between us, a thing that seemed almost prearranged by the equality of our families and wealth.

feelings - sentiments

ripened - muri, murir, arriver a maturité

equality - l'égalité, égalité

We grew up, and with our growth grew the love between us, so that the father of Luscinda felt bound for propriety's sake to refuse me admission to his house, in this perhaps imitating the parents of that Thisbe so celebrated by the poets, and this refusal but added love to love and flame to flame; for though they enforced silence upon our tongues they could not impose it upon our pens, which can make known the heart's secrets to a loved one more freely than tongues; for many a time the presence of the object of love shakes the firmest will and strikes dumb the boldest tongue. Ah heavens! how many letters did I write her, and how many dainty modest replies did I receive! how many ditties and love-songs did I compose in which my heart declared and made known its feelings, described its ardent longings, revelled in its recollections and dallied with its desires! at length growing impatient and feeling my heart languishing with longing to see her, I resolved to put into execution and carry out what seemed to me the best mode of winning my desired and merited reward, to ask her of her father for my lawful wife, which I did. To this his answer was that he thanked me for the disposition I showed to do honour to him and to regard myself as honoured by the bestowal of his treasure; but that as my father was alive it was his by right to make this demand, for if it were not in accordance with his full will and pleasure, Luscinda was not to be taken or given by stealth. I thanked him for his kindness, reflecting that there was reason in what he said, and that my father would assent to it as soon as I should tell him, and with that view I went the very same instant to let him know what my desires were. When I entered the room where he was I found him with an open letter in his hand, which, before I could utter a word, he gave me, saying, ˜By this letter thou wilt see, Cardenio, the disposition the Duke Ricardo has to serve thee.'This Duke Ricardo, as you, sirs, probably know already, is a grandee of Spain who has his seat in the best part of this Andalusia. I took and read the letter, which was couched in terms so flattering that even I myself felt it would be wrong in my father not to comply with the request the duke made in it, which was that he would send me immediately to him, as he wished me to become the companion, not servant, of his eldest son, and would take upon himself the charge of placing me in a position corresponding to the esteem in which he held me. On reading the letter my voice failed me, and still more when I heard my father say, ˜Two days hence thou wilt depart, Cardenio, in accordance with the duke's wish, and give thanks to God who is opening a road to thee by which thou mayest attain what I know thou dost deserve; and to these words he added others of fatherly counsel. The time for my departure arrived; I spoke one night to Luscinda, I told her all that had occurred, as I did also to her father, entreating him to allow some delay, and to defer the disposal of her hand until I should see what the Duke Ricardo sought of me: he gave me the promise, and she confirmed it with vows and swoonings unnumbered. Finally, I presented myself to the duke, and was received and treated by him so kindly that very soon envy began to do its work, the old servants growing envious of me, and regarding the duke's inclination to show me favour as an injury to themselves. But the one to whom my arrival gave the greatest pleasure was the duke's second son, Fernando by name, a gallant youth, of noble, generous, and amorous disposition, who very soon made so intimate a friend of me that it was remarked by everybody; for though the elder was attached to me, and showed me kindness, he did not carry his affectionate treatment to the same length as Don Fernando. It so happened, then, that as between friends no secret remains unshared, and as the favour I enjoyed with Don Fernando had grown into friendship, he made all his thoughts known to me, and in particular a love affair which troubled his mind a little. He was deeply in love with a peasant girl, a vassal of his father's, the daughter of wealthy parents, and herself so beautiful, modest, discreet, and virtuous, that no one who knew her was able to decide in which of these respects she was most highly gifted or most excelled. The attractions of the fair peasant raised the passion of Don Fernando to such a point that, in order to gain his object and overcome her virtuous resolutions, he determined to pledge his word to her to become her husband, for to attempt it in any other way was to attempt an impossibility. Bound to him as I was by friendship, I strove by the best arguments and the most forcible examples I could think of to restrain and dissuade him from such a course; but perceiving I produced no effect I resolved to make the Duke Ricardo, his father, acquainted with the matter; but Don Fernando, being sharp-witted and shrewd, foresaw and apprehended this, perceiving that by my duty as a good servant I was bound not to keep concealed a thing so much opposed to the honour of my lord the duke; and so, to mislead and deceive me, he told me he could find no better way of effacing from his mind the beauty that so enslaved him than by absenting himself for some months, and that he wished the absence to be effected by our going, both of us, to my father's house under the pretence, which he would make to the duke, of going to see and buy some fine horses that there were in my city, which produces the best in the world. When I heard him say so, even if his resolution had not been so good a one I should have hailed it as one of the happiest that could be imagined, prompted by my affection, seeing what a favourable chance and opportunity it offered me of returning to see my Luscinda. With this thought and wish I commended his idea and encouraged his design, advising him to put it into execution as quickly as possible, as, in truth, absence produced its effect in spite of the most deeply rooted feelings. But, as afterwards appeared, when he said this to me he had already enjoyed the peasant girl under the title of husband, and was waiting for an opportunity of making it known with safety to himself, being in dread of what his father the duke would do when he came to know of his folly. It happened, then, that as with young men love is for the most part nothing more than appetite, which, as its final object is enjoyment, comes to an end on obtaining it, and that which seemed to be love takes to flight, as it cannot pass the limit fixed by nature, which fixes no limit to true love"what I mean is that after Don Fernando had enjoyed this peasant girl his passion subsided and his eagerness cooled, and if at first he feigned a wish to absent himself in order to cure his love, he was now in reality anxious to go to avoid keeping his promise.

growth - croissance

refusal - refus

enforced - appliqué, renforcer, intensifier, imposer, obliger

impose - imposer

object of love - objet d'amour

shakes - secousses, secouer, agiter

firmest - le plus ferme, solide, ferme

dainty - délicate, délicat, mignon

ditties - des chansonnettes, chansonnette

ardent - ardent, gloss

revelled - s'est réjoui, se délecter (de)

dallied - dalliés, lambiner

at length - longuement

impatient - impatient

languishing - en souffrance, alanguissant, (languish), dépérir

mode - mode, maniere

merited - mérité, mérite, mériter

stealth - furtif, furtivité, discrétion

couched - couché, canapé

terms - conditions, peine, mandat, période

flattering - flatteur, flatter

corresponding - correspondant, correspondre (...a qqchose)

attain - atteindre

fatherly - paternel

defer - reporter, différons, différez, (def) reporter

disposal - l'élimination, disposition, élimination

unnumbered - non numérotés

regarding - concernant, considérer

intimate - intime

affectionate - affectueux

unshared - non partagé

love affair - une histoire d'amour

troubled - troublé, peine, mal, probleme, emmerde, fr

discreet - discret

gifted - doué, présent, cadeau, don, talent, donner, faire don de

excelled - excellé, dépasser

attractions - des attractions, attraction, attirance

overcome - vaincre, surmonter, envahir

resolutions - résolutions, conviction, résolution, détermination

forcible - forcé, forçable, puissant, violent, impressionnant

foresaw - prévoyait, prévoir, anticiper

apprehended - appréhendé, appréhender, comprendre

deceive - tromper, leurrer, séduire

effacing - l'effacement, effacer, s'effacer

enslaved - asservis, asservir, esclavagiser

absenting - l'absentéisme, absent

pretence - prétention

produces - produit, produire, produits-p

prompted - a demandé, ponctuel, indicateur, invite de commande, inciter

favourable - favorable

advising - conseiller, renseigner

rooted - enraciné, racine

fixes - des correctifs, réparer, fixer, préparer, truquer, tricher

subsided - s'est apaisée, tomber, calmer

feigned - feint, feindre

"The duke gave him permission, and ordered me to accompany him; we arrived at my city, and my father gave him the reception due to his rank; I saw Luscinda without delay, and, though it had not been dead or deadened, my love gathered fresh life.

deadened - mort, endormir, assourdir, isoler

To my sorrow I told the story of it to Don Fernando, for I thought that in virtue of the great friendship he bore me I was bound to conceal nothing from him. I extolled her beauty, her gaiety, her wit, so warmly, that my praises excited in him a desire to see a damsel adorned by such attractions.

in virtue of - en vertu de

warmly - chaleureusement, chaudement

praises - des louanges, louange, louer, féliciter, prôner

To my misfortune I yielded to it, showing her to him one night by the light of a taper at a window where we used to talk to one another.

taper - de l'effilage, cierge, (tape), bande

As she appeared to him in her dressing-gown, she drove all the beauties he had seen until then out of his recollection; speech failed him, his head turned, he was spell-bound, and in the end love-smitten, as you will see in the course of the story of my misfortune; and to inflame still further his passion, which he hid from me and revealed to Heaven alone, it so happened that one day he found a note of hers entreating me to demand her of her father in marriage, so delicate, so modest, and so tender, that on reading it he told me that in Luscinda alone were combined all the charms of beauty and understanding that were distributed among all the other women in the world. It is true, and I own it now, that though I knew what good cause Don Fernando had to praise Luscinda, it gave me uneasiness to hear these praises from his mouth, and I began to fear, and with reason to feel distrust of him, for there was no moment when he was not ready to talk of Luscinda, and he would start the subject himself even though he dragged it in unseasonably, a circumstance that aroused in me a certain amount of jealousy; not that I feared any change in the constancy or faith of Luscinda; but still my fate led me to forebode what she assured me against. Don Fernando contrived always to read the letters I sent to Luscinda and her answers to me, under the pretence that he enjoyed the wit and sense of both. It so happened, then, that Luscinda having begged of me a book of chivalry to read, one that she was very fond of, Amadis of Gaul""

dressing-gown - (dressing-gown) robe de chambre

inflame - s'enflammer, allumer

hid - caché, (hide) caché

revealed - révélée, révéler, laisser voir

combined - combinés, combiner

distributed - distribué, distribuer, répartir

aroused - excité, émoustiller, exciter

feared - craint, peur

constancy - constance

forebode - prévoir, prédire

Don Quixote no sooner heard a book of chivalry mentioned, than he said:

"Had your worship told me at the beginning of your story that the Lady Luscinda was fond of books of chivalry, no other laudation would have been requisite to impress upon me the superiority of her understanding, for it could not have been of the excellence you describe had a taste for such delightful reading been wanting; so, as far as I am concerned, you need waste no more words in describing her beauty, worth, and intelligence; for, on merely hearing what her taste was, I declare her to be the most beautiful and the most intelligent woman in the world; and I wish your worship had, along with Amadis of Gaul, sent her the worthy Don Rugel of Greece, for I know the Lady Luscinda would greatly relish Daraida and Garaya, and the shrewd sayings of the shepherd Darinel, and the admirable verses of his bucolics, sung and delivered by him with such sprightliness, wit, and ease; but a time may come when this omission can be remedied, and to rectify it nothing more is needed than for your worship to be so good as to come with me to my village, for there I can give you more than three hundred books which are the delight of my soul and the entertainment of my life;"though it occurs to me that I have not got one of them now, thanks to the spite of wicked and envious enchanters;"but pardon me for having broken the promise we made not to interrupt your discourse; for when I hear chivalry or knights-errant mentioned, I can no more help talking about them than the rays of the sun can help giving heat, or those of the moon moisture; pardon me, therefore, and proceed, for that is more to the purpose now."

laudation - laudation

impress - impressionner

superiority - supériorité

excellence - l'excellence, excellence

waste - déchets, pelée, gaspiller, gâcher

most intelligent - le plus intelligent

sayings - des dictons, dicton

remedied - remédié, remede, recours, remédier

occurs - se produit, produire

enchanters - les enchanteurs, enchanteur, enchanteuse

interrupt - interrompre, couper

While Don Quixote was saying this, Cardenio allowed his head to fall upon his breast, and seemed plunged in deep thought; and though twice Don Quixote bade him go on with his story, he neither looked up nor uttered a word in reply; but after some time he raised his head and said, "I cannot get rid of the idea, nor will anyone in the world remove it, or make me think otherwise"and he would be a blockhead who would hold or believe anything else than that that arrant knave Master Elisabad made free with Queen Madasima."

rid - rid, débarrasser

be a blockhead - etre une tete de mule

arrant - arrant

"That is not true, by all that's good," said Don Quixote in high wrath, turning upon him angrily, as his way was; "and it is a very great slander, or rather villainy.

Slander - diffamation (orale), calomnie (orale), calomnier verbalement

villainy - méchanceté

Queen Madasima was a very illustrious lady, and it is not to be supposed that so exalted a princess would have made free with a quack; and whoever maintains the contrary lies like a great scoundrel, and I will give him to know it, on foot or on horseback, armed or unarmed, by night or by day, or as he likes best."

quack - charlatanisme, couin-couin

maintains - maintient, entretenir, maintenir

scoundrel - canaille, scélérat, scélérate, gredin, gredine

Cardenio was looking at him steadily, and his mad fit having now come upon him, he had no disposition to go on with his story, nor would Don Quixote have listened to it, so much had what he had heard about Madasima disgusted him. strange to say, he stood up for her as if she were in earnest his veritable born lady; to such a pass had his unholy books brought him.

steadily - régulierement

strange to say - étrange a dire

veritable - véritable

Cardenio, then, being, as I said, now mad, when he heard himself given the lie, and called a scoundrel and other insulting names, not relishing the jest, snatched up a stone that he found near him, and with it delivered such a blow on Don Quixote's breast that he laid him on his back.

insulting - insultant, insulter, insulte

snatched up - arraché

Sancho Panza, seeing his master treated in this fashion, attacked the madman with his closed fist; but the Ragged One received him in such a way that with a blow of his fist he stretched him at his feet, and then mounting upon him crushed his ribs to his own satisfaction; the goatherd, who came to the rescue, shared the same fate; and having beaten and pummelled them all he left them and quietly withdrew to his hiding-place on the mountain. Sancho rose, and with the rage he felt at finding himself so belaboured without deserving it, ran to take vengeance on the goatherd, accusing him of not giving them warning that this man was at times taken with a mad fit, for if they had known it they would have been on their guard to protect themselves. The goatherd replied that he had said so, and that if he had not heard him, that was no fault of his. Sancho retorted, and the goatherd rejoined, and the altercation ended in their seizing each other by the beard, and exchanging such fisticuffs that if Don Quixote had not made peace between them, they would have knocked one another to pieces.

crushed - écrasé, barricade, béguin, amourette, faible, coup de cour

rescue - secours, délivrer, secourir, sauver, checksauver, sauvetage

hiding-place - (hiding-place) Une cachette

accusing - accuser

retorted - a rétorqué, rétorquer

altercation - altercation, dispute

exchanging - échanger, (é)changer

"Leave me alone, Sir Knight of the Rueful Countenance," said Sancho, grappling with the goatherd, "for of this fellow, who is a clown like myself, and no dubbed knight, I can safely take satisfaction for the affront he has offered me, fighting with him hand to hand like an honest man."

grappling with - aux prises avec

fighting - combattre, combat, bagarre, (fight) combattre

"That is true," said Don Quixote, "but I know that he is not to blame for what has happened."

With this he pacified them, and again asked the goatherd if it would be possible to find Cardenio, as he felt the greatest anxiety to know the end of his story. The goatherd told him, as he had told him before, that there was no knowing of a certainty where his lair was; but that if he wandered about much in that neighbourhood he could not fail to fall in with him either in or out of his senses.

pacified - pacifié, pacifier

lair - repaire, taniere