The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes with English-French Dictionary by Arthur Conan Doyle (online free books)

Les Mémoires de Sherlock Holmes avec un dictionnaire anglais-français pratique (best ebooks to read)

Table of Content

Chapter I. Silver Blaze
Chapter II. The Yellow Face
Chapter III. The Stock-Broker's Clerk
Chapter IV. The "Gloria Scott"
Chapter V. The Musgrave Ritual
Chapter VI. The Reigate Puzzle
Chapter VII. The Crooked Man
Chapter VIII. The Resident Patient
Chapter IX. The Greek Interpreter
Chapter X. The Naval Treaty
Chapter XI. The Final Problem

The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes Text

Memoirs - mémoires, mémoires-p

Chapter I. Silver Blaze

Chapter - chapitre, branche, section

silver - l'argent, argent

blaze - flamme, feu, embrasement

"I am afraid, Watson, that I shall have to go," said Holmes, as we sat down together to our breakfast one morning.

shall - doit, rench: 'shall' followed by the infinitive is translated using the future tense'

"Go! Where to?"

"To Dartmoor; to King's Pyland."

king - roi, dame

I was not surprised. Indeed, my only wonder was that he had not already been mixed up in this extraordinary case, which was the one topic of conversation through the length and breadth of England.

surprised - surpris, surprise, surprendre, étonner

indeed - certainement, vraiment, en effet, bien sur, certes

wonder - merveille, se demander, conjecturer

mixed - mixte, mélanger

extraordinary - extraordinaire

case - cas, affaire, fouille, étui, chose

Length - longueur, durée

For a whole day my companion had rambled about the room with his chin upon his chest and his brows knitted, charging and recharging his pipe with the strongest black tobacco, and absolutely deaf to any of my questions or remarks. Fresh editions of every paper had been sent up by our news agent, only to be glanced over and tossed down into a corner.

companion - compagnon, compagne

rambled - divagué, flâner, se balader, divaguer, radoter

chin - menton

upon - sur, a

chest - poitrine, sein, commode, coffre

brows - les sourcils, (brow), andouiller d'oil, maître andouiller

knitted - tricoté, tricoter, souder, unir, se souder

recharging - rechargement, recharger

pipe - cornemuse, conduit, tuyau, barre verticale, tube, pipe

tobacco - le tabac, tabac

absolutely - absolument

deaf - sourd, les sourds

remarks - remarques, remarque

fresh - frais

editions - éditions, édition

agent - agent, espion, complément d'agent

glanced - a glissé, jeter un coup d’oil, coup d'oil

tossed - ballotté, jet, au pile ou face, tirage au sort, pile ou face

corner - coin, rencogner, piéger, acculer, négocier un prix de gros

Yet, silent as he was, I knew perfectly well what it was over which he was brooding. There was but one problem before the public which could challenge his powers of analysis, and that was the singular disappearance of the favorite for the Wessex Cup, and the tragic murder of its trainer.

silent - silencieux

perfectly - parfaitement

brooding - couvant, méditatif, (brood), couvée, couver, protéger

public - public

challenge - défi, chalenge, défier

powers - pouvoirs, pouvoir, puissance, électricité

analysis - analyse

singular - singulier

disappearance - disparition

favorite - préféré, favori

tragic - tragique

murder - meurtre, homicide, assassinat, occire

trainer - formateur, entraîneur, entraîneuse, basket

When, therefore, he suddenly announced his intention of setting out for the scene of the drama it was only what I had both expected and hoped for.

therefore - par conséquent, en conséquence, donc, pour ça

suddenly - soudain, soudainement, tout d'un coup

announced - annoncée, annoncer

intention - intention

setting out - la mise en route

scene - scene, scene, scene de ménage

drama - drame

expected - attendue, attendre, s'attendre a

hoped for - espéré

"I should be most happy to go down with you if I should not be in the way," said I.

"My dear Watson, you would confer a great favor upon me by coming. And I think that your time will not be misspent, for there are points about the case which promise to make it an absolutely unique one. We have, I think, just time to catch our train at Paddington, and I will go further into the matter upon our journey. You would oblige me by bringing with you your very excellent field-glass."

confer - se concerter, conférer, accorder, décerner

favor - favorable, faveur, favoriser

promise - vou, promesse, promettre

unique - unique

catch - attraper, prise, touche, loquet, loqueteau, verrou, hic

further - encourager, ultérieur, plus loin, de plus, (furth)

matter - matiere, matiere, affaire, question, cause, substance

oblige - imposer, obliger, etre redevable a

excellent - excellent

field-glass - (field-glass) Longue-vue

And so it happened that an hour or so later I found myself in the corner of a first-class carriage flying along en route for Exeter, while Sherlock Holmes, with his sharp, eager face framed in his ear-flapped travelling-cap, dipped rapidly into the bundle of fresh papers which he had procured at Paddington.

myself - moi-meme, me, m'

first-class - (first-class) premiere classe

carriage - transport, rench: t-needed r, carrosse, port, chariot

along - le long de, accompagné, rench: t-needed r

en - en

route - itinéraire, parcours, chemin, acheminement

sharp - pointu, affilé, coupant, affuté, tranchant

eager - enthousiaste, désireux

framed - encadré, encadrer, cadre, armature, ossature

flapped - battu, pan

cap - cap, bonnet, calotte, casquette, toque, képi

dipped - trempé, tremper

rapidly - rapidement

bundle - bundle, faisceau, fagot, paquet, ballot (of goods)

procured - procuré, acquérir, obtenir, proxénétisme, procurer

We had left Reading far behind us before he thrust the last one of them under the seat, and offered me his cigar-case.

thrust - estocade, poussée, propulser

Last - derniere, dernier, durer, dernierere, durez, passé, durent

seat - siege, place, siege, assise, séant, fond

offered - proposé, offrir, proposer

cigar - cigare

"We are going well," said he, looking out the window and glancing at his watch. "Our rate at present is fifty-three and a half miles an hour."

glancing - un coup d'oil, (glance), jeter un coup d’oil

rate - taux, taxer, évaluer, tarifaire, dividende, rang

"I have not observed the quarter-mile posts," said I.

observed - observée, observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

"Nor have I. But the telegraph posts upon this line are sixty yards apart, and the calculation is a simple one. I presume that you have looked into this matter of the murder of John Straker and the disappearance of Silver Blaze?"

nor - ni, NON-OU

Telegraph - télégraphe, télégraphier, dépecher

apart - a part, séparé, séparément, a part, en morceaux, en pieces

calculation - calcul

simple - simple

presume - présumer, supposer

"I have seen what the Telegraph and the Chronicle have to say."

chronicle - chronique

"It is one of those cases where the art of the reasoner should be used rather for the sifting of details than for the acquiring of fresh evidence. The tragedy has been so uncommon, so complete and of such personal importance to so many people, that we are suffering from a plethora of surmise, conjecture, and hypothesis.

those - ceux-ci, ces, celles-la, ceux-la

cases - cas

reasoner - raisonneur

sifting - le tamisage, tamisant, (sift), passer, tamiser, éparpiller

acquiring - l'acquisition, acquérir

evidence - des preuves, preuve, prouver, démontrer

tragedy - tragédie

such - tel, tellement, ainsi

importance - importance

suffering - la souffrance, souffrance, douleur

plethora - pléthore

surmise - présumer, supposer, suspecter

conjecture - conjecture, conjecturer

hypothesis - hypothese, hypothese

The difficulty is to detach the framework of fact"of absolute undeniable fact"from the embellishments of theorists and reporters. Then, having established ourselves upon this sound basis, it is our duty to see what inferences may be drawn and what are the special points upon which the whole mystery turns.

difficulty - difficulté

detach - se détacher, détacher

framework - structure, cadre, checkcarcasse, checkcharpente

absolute - absolue, absolu

undeniable - indéniable

theorists - théoriciens, théoricien, théoricienne

reporters - des journalistes, reporter, rapporteur, rapporteuse, journaliste

established - établie, affermir, établir

ourselves - nous-memes, nous-meme

sound basis - une base solide

Duty - le devoir, devoir, obligation, service, travail, taxe

inferences - des déductions, inférence, déduction

mystery - mystere, mystere

On Tuesday evening I received telegrams from both Colonel Ross, the owner of the horse, and from Inspector Gregory, who is looking after the case, inviting my cooperation."

received - reçu, recevoir

Telegrams - télégrammes, télégramme, dépeche

Colonel - colonel

Gregory - grégoire

looking after - surveiller

inviting - invitant, inviter (a)

cooperation - coopération, coopérative

"Tuesday evening!" I exclaimed. "And this is Thursday morning. Why didn't you go down yesterday?"

exclaimed - s'est exclamé, exclamer

"Because I made a blunder, my dear Watson"which is, I am afraid, a more common occurrence than any one would think who only knew me through your memoirs. The fact is that I could not believe it possible that the most remarkable horse in England could long remain concealed, especially in so sparsely inhabited a place as the north of Dartmoor.

blunder - une bévue, gaffe

Occurrence - occurrence

most remarkable - le plus remarquable

remain - reste, rester, demeurer

concealed - dissimulée, dissimuler, cacher

especially - spécialement, particulierement, surtout, en particulier

sparsely - de façon éparse

inhabited - habité, habiter

From hour to hour yesterday I expected to hear that he had been found, and that his abductor was the murderer of John Straker. When, however, another morning had come, and I found that beyond the arrest of young Fitzroy Simpson nothing had been done, I felt that it was time for me to take action. Yet in some ways I feel that yesterday has not been wasted."

abductor - ravisseur, abducteur

murderer - meurtrier, meurtriere, assassin, assassine

beyond - au-dela, au-dela, par-dela

arrest - l'arrestation, arrestation, arreter

take action - prendre des mesures

wasted - gaspillé, gaspiller

"You have formed a theory, then?"

theory - théorie

"At least I have got a grip of the essential facts of the case. I shall enumerate them to you, for nothing clears up a case so much as stating it to another person, and I can hardly expect your co-operation if I do not show you the position from which we start."

grip - poignée, ballot, grippe, saisir, agripper, préhension

essential - indispensable, essentiel, fondamental

enumerate - énumérer, énoncer, dénombrer

clears up - s'éclaircir

stating - en déclarant, état, Etat, déclarer

hardly - a peine, dur, durement, guere, a peine

expect - s'attendre a, attendre, s'attendre a

operation - l'opération, opération, fonctionnement, exploitation, gestion

position - position, poste

I lay back against the cushions, puffing at my cigar, while Holmes, leaning forward, with his long, thin forefinger checking off the points upon the palm of his left hand, gave me a sketch of the events which had led to our journey.

lay - laique, pondre, pose

against - contre, face a, pour

cushions - coussins, coussin, amortir

puffing - souffler, (puff) souffler

leaning - penchant, adossant, (lean) penchant

forward - avant, acheminent, acheminer, avanten, acheminons

forefinger - l'index, index

checking off - vérifier

palm - palmier, paume

sketch - croquis, croquer, esquisser, esquisse, ébauche, sketch

led - dirigé, DEL, LED, (lead) dirigé

"Silver Blaze," said he, "is from the Somomy stock, and holds as brilliant a record as his famous ancestor. He is now in his fifth year, and has brought in turn each of the prizes of the turf to Colonel Ross, his fortunate owner. Up to the time of the catastrophe he was the first favorite for the Wessex Cup, the betting being three to one on him.

stock - stock, provision, stockage

holds - tient, (main)tenir

brilliant - brillante, brillant, perle

record - record, enregistrent, enregistrez, enregistrons

ancestor - ancetre, ancetre

prizes - des prix, forcer, ouvrir de force

turf - gazon, motte de gazon, hippodrome, champ de courses, gazonner

catastrophe - catastrophe

He has always, however, been a prime favorite with the racing public, and has never yet disappointed them, so that even at those odds enormous sums of money have been laid upon him. It is obvious, therefore, that there were many people who had the strongest interest in preventing Silver Blaze from being there at the fall of the flag next Tuesday.

prime - premier

racing - la course, course, (race) la course

disappointed - déçue, décevoir, désappointer

odds - des cotes, rench: -neededr, bizarre, étrange, impair

enormous - énorme

sums - sommes, somme

laid - posé, poser

obvious - évidentes, évident

preventing - empechant, empecher

flag - drapeau, étendard, fanion, pavillon

"The fact was, of course, appreciated at King's Pyland, where the Colonel's training-stable is situated. Every precaution was taken to guard the favorite. The trainer, John Straker, is a retired jockey who rode in Colonel Ross's colors before he became too heavy for the weighing-chair.

appreciated - appréciée, etre reconnaissant de, apprécier a sa juste valeur

stable - étable, écurie, stable, ferme

situated - situé, situer

precaution - précaution

guard - garde, protection, gardien, arriere, défense, garder

retired - a la retraite, prendre sa retraite

jockey - jockey

heavy - lourd, emporté

weighing - peser, pesée, pesage, (weigh), lever l’ancre

He has served the Colonel for five years as jockey and for seven as trainer, and has always shown himself to be a zealous and honest servant. Under him were three lads; for the establishment was a small one, containing only four horses in all. One of these lads sat up each night in the stable, while the others slept in the loft. All three bore excellent characters.

served - servi, service, servir, signifier, purger

zealous - zélé

honest - honnete, honnete, (hon) honnete

servant - serviteur, domestique, servante, checkserviteur

lads - les gars, garçon, gars, jeune homme, palefrenier

establishment - établissement, systeme, classe dirigeante, establishment

containing - contenant, contenir

loft - loft, grenier

bore - l'alésage, rencontrer, naquis, ennuyer, acabit, lasser

characters - des personnages, personnage, caractere

John Straker, who is a married man, lived in a small villa about two hundred yards from the stables. He has no children, keeps one maid-servant, and is comfortably off.

villa - villa

maid - femme de ménage, demoiselle, jeune fille, bonne

comfortably - confortablement, agréablement

The country round is very lonely, but about half a mile to the north there is a small cluster of villas which have been built by a Tavistock contractor for the use of invalids and others who may wish to enjoy the pure Dartmoor air.

round - ronde, cyclo, arrondissent, arrondis, arrondir

lonely - solitaire, seul, désert, abandonné

cluster - cluster, groupe, grappe, régime, amas, rench: t-needed r

villas - villas, villa

contractor - contractant, entrepreneur, sous-traitant

invalids - invalides, non valable

wish - souhait, souhaiter, espérer

pure - pure, pur, pudique

Tavistock itself lies two miles to the west, while across the moor, also about two miles distant, is the larger training establishment of Mapleton, which belongs to Lord Backwater, and is managed by Silas Brown. In every other direction the moor is a complete wilderness, inhabited only by a few roaming gypsies. Such was the general situation last Monday night when the catastrophe occurred.

itself - elle-meme, se, soi-meme

lies - mensonges, mensonge

moor - lande, lier, attacher

distant - distante, distant, lointain, éloigné

belongs - appartient, appartenir a

Lord - châtelain, seigneur, monsieur

Backwater - les marigots, patelin, trou perdu, lâcher prise, abandonner

managed - gérée, gérer, ménager, diriger, manier, parvenir, réussir

direction - direction

wilderness - la nature sauvage, désert, naturalité, nature sauvage

roaming - l'itinérance, errer

gypsies - les gitans, gitan, tsigane, romanichel

general - général, communal, en chef, universal, d'ensemble

occurred - s'est produite, produire

"On that evening the horses had been exercised and watered as usual, and the stables were locked up at nine o'clock. Two of the lads walked up to the trainer's house, where they had supper in the kitchen, while the third, Ned Hunter, remained on guard. At a few minutes after nine the maid, Edith Baxter, carried down to the stables his supper, which consisted of a dish of curried mutton.

usual - habituel/habituelle

locked - verrouillé, serrure

supper - dîner, souper

third - troisieme, troisieme, trois, tiers, tierce

Hunter - hunter, chasseur, chien de chasse, cheval de chasse, chercheur

remained - est restée, reste, rester, demeurer

consisted - consisté, consister (en)

A dish of - un plat de

curried - au curry, curry

mutton - du mouton, mouton

She took no liquid, as there was a water-tap in the stables, and it was the rule that the lad on duty should drink nothing else. The maid carried a lantern with her, as it was very dark and the path ran across the open moor.

liquid - liquide

tap - robinet, forer, toucher, rencontrer

lad - lad, garçon, gars, jeune homme, palefrenier

on duty - en service

lantern - lanterne

path - chemin, sentier

"Edith Baxter was within thirty yards of the stables, when a man appeared out of the darkness and called to her to stop. As he stepped into the circle of yellow light thrown by the lantern she saw that he was a person of gentlemanly bearing, dressed in a gray suit of tweeds, with a cloth cap. He wore gaiters, and carried a heavy stick with a knob to it.

within - a l'intérieur, dedans, avant, d'ici

appeared - est apparu, apparaître, paraître, sembler

darkness - l'obscurité, obscurité, ténebres

stepped - en escalier, steppe

circle - cercle, disque, yeux cernés, cerne, cercler, entourer, encercler

thrown - jeté, jeter, lancer

gentlemanly - gentleman

bearing - naissant, coussinet, (bear) naissant

Gray - gris

suit - complet, costume, tailleur, combinaison, costard, enseigne

tweeds - tweeds, tweed

cloth - tissu, étoffe, tenue

stick - bâton, canne, stick

knob - poignée, bouton, pommeau, noix, noud

She was most impressed, however, by the extreme pallor of his face and by the nervousness of his manner. His age, she thought, would be rather over thirty than under it.

impressed - impressionné, impressionner

extreme - extreme, extreme, excessif, excessive

pallor - pâleur

nervousness - la nervosité, nervosité

manner - maniere, maniere, façon, mode

under it - en dessous

"'Can you tell me where I am?'he asked. 'I had almost made up my mind to sleep on the moor, when I saw the light of your lantern.'

almost - presque, quasiment

mind - l'esprit, esprit, raison, intelligence, mémoire

sleep on - Dormir sur

"'You are close to the King's Pyland training-stables,'said she.

"'Oh, indeed! What a stroke of luck!'he cried. 'I understand that a stable-boy sleeps there alone every night. Perhaps that is his supper which you are carrying to him. Now I am sure that you would not be too proud to earn the price of a new dress, would you?'He took a piece of White Paper folded up out of his waistcoat pocket.

stroke of luck - Un coup de chance

cried - pleuré, pleurer, crier, hurler, gueuler, pleur, cri

stable-boy - (stable-boy) garçon d'écurie

alone - seul

Perhaps - peut-etre, peut-etre, possiblement

proud - fiers, fier, orgueilleux

earn - gagner, gagnons, gagnez, gagnent

White Paper - Papier Blanc

folded up - plié

waistcoat - gilet

Pocket - poche, empocher, de poche

'See that the boy has this to-night, and you shall have the prettiest frock that money can buy.'

frock - robe de chambre, robe

"She was frightened by the earnestness of his manner, and ran past him to the window through which she was accustomed to hand the meals. It was already opened, and Hunter was seated at the small table inside. She had begun to tell him of what had happened, when the stranger came up again.

frightened - effrayé, effrayer, redouter, terrifier

earnestness - le sérieux

accustomed - habitué, accoutumer

seated - assis, place, siege, assise, séant, fond

inside - a l'intérieur, intérieur, dedans, au-dedans, la-dedans

Stranger - étranger, (strang) étranger

"'Good-evening,'said he, looking through the window. 'I wanted to have a word with you.'The girl has sworn that as he spoke she noticed the corner of the little paper packet protruding from his closed hand.

looking through - Regarder a travers

sworn - assermenté, jurer

noticed - remarqué, remarquer, notification, préavis

packet - paquet, colis

protruding - en saillie, dépasser, saillir

"'What business have you here?'asked the lad.

"'It's business that may put something into your pocket,'said the other. 'You've two horses in for the Wessex Cup"Silver Blaze and Bayard. Let me have the straight tip and you won't be a loser. Is it a fact that at the weights Bayard could give the other a hundred yards in five furlongs, and that the stable have put their money on him?'

Bayard - bayard

the straight tip - la pointe droite

loser - perdant, perdante

weights - poids, lest, graisse, alourdir

furlongs - furlongs, furlong, stade, sillon

"'So, you're one of those damned touts!'cried the lad. 'I'll show you how we serve them in King's Pyland.'He sprang up and rushed across the stable to unloose the dog. The girl fled away to the house, but as she ran she looked back and saw that the stranger was leaning through the window.

damned - foutu, maudit, condamné, (damn), condamner, réprouver

touts - les voyous, solliciter

serve - service, servir, signifier, purger

sprang up - a surgi

rushed - précipité, se précipiter, emmener d'urgence

unloose - détacher

fled - fui, s'enfuir, prendre la fuite, fuir, échapper

A minute later, however, when Hunter rushed out with the hound he was gone, and though he ran all round the buildings he failed to find any trace of him."

hound - chien de chasse, chien (de chasse)

though - mais, néanmoins, cependant, malgré, bien que

failed - a échoué, échouer (a)

trace - trace, projection horizontale, décalquer

"One moment," I asked. "Did the stable-boy, when he ran out with the dog, leave the door unlocked behind him?"

One moment - Un moment

unlocked - déverrouillé, déverrouiller, débloquer

"Excellent, Watson, excellent!" murmured my companion. "The importance of the point struck me so forcibly that I sent a special wire to Dartmoor yesterday to clear the matter up. The boy locked the door before he left it. The window, I may add, was not large enough for a man to get through.

murmured - murmuré, murmure, rumeur, souffle, murmurer

struck - frappé, biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre

forcibly - de force

wire - fil de fer, fil

clear - clair, transparent, libre, dégagé, sans ambiguité, s'éclaircir

"Hunter waited until his fellow-grooms had returned, when he sent a message to the trainer and told him what had occurred. Straker was excited at hearing the account, although he does not seem to have quite realized its true significance. It left him, however, vaguely uneasy, and Mrs. Straker, waking at one in the morning, found that he was dressing.

fellow - un camarade, ensemble, mâle

grooms - mariés, garçon d'écurie

account - compte, supputation, demande

although - bien que, combien que, encore que, nonobstant que

Seem - sembler, paraître, avoir l'air

realized - réalisé, réaliser, se rendre compte, prendre conscience

significance - importance (1), signification (2)

vaguely - vaguement

uneasy - mal a l'aise, inquiet

In reply to her inquiries, he said that he could not sleep on account of his anxiety about the horses, and that he intended to walk down to the stables to see that all was well. She begged him to remain at home, as she could hear the rain pattering against the window, but in spite of her entreaties he pulled on his large mackintosh and left the house.

reply - répondre, réponse

inquiries - des demandes de renseignements, enquete

on account - sur le compte

anxiety - l'anxiété, anxiété, inquiétude, angoisse

intended - prévu, planifié, voulu, (intend), avoir l'intention

walk down - descendre

begged - supplié, mendier

pattering - le patinage, crépiter

spite - dépit, rancune

entreaties - des supplications, supplication

pulled - tiré, tirer, retirer, tirer un coup, influence

mackintosh - mackintosh, imperméable

"Mrs. Straker awoke at seven in the morning, to find that her husband had not yet returned. She dressed herself hastily, called the maid, and set off for the stables. The door was open; inside, huddled together upon a chair, Hunter was sunk in a state of absolute stupor, the favorite's stall was empty, and there were no signs of his trainer.

awoke - s'est réveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller

hastily - hâtivement, précipitamment, a la hâte

set - set, Seth

huddled - blottis, foule dense et désordonnée, se blottir

sunk - coulé, enfoncés, enfoncé, enfoncées, enfoncée

state - l'État

stupor - stupeur

stall - décrochage, écurie, standing, étable

empty - vide, vider, cadavre

signs - des signes, signe

"The two lads who slept in the chaff-cutting loft above the harness-room were quickly aroused. They had heard nothing during the night, for they are both sound sleepers. Hunter was obviously under the influence of some powerful drug, and as no sense could be got out of him, he was left to sleep it off while the two lads and the two women ran out in search of the absentees.

chaff - des paillettes, balle, bale

harness - harnais, harnacher

aroused - excité, émoustiller, exciter

Obviously - clairement, évidemment

influence - influence, influencer, influer

powerful - puissant

drug - médicament, droque, drogue

sense - sens, acception, sentir

search - recherche, chercher, fouiller

absentees - absents, absent

They still had hopes that the trainer had for some reason taken out the horse for early exercise, but on ascending the knoll near the house, from which all the neighboring moors were visible, they not only could see no signs of the missing favorite, but they perceived something which warned them that they were in the presence of a tragedy.

ascending - ascendante, monter

knoll - nid d'abeilles

neighboring - voisins, voisin/-ine

moors - landes, lande

visible - visible

perceived - perçue, percevoir

warned - averti, avertir, alerter, prévenir

presence - présence

"About a quarter of a mile from the stables John Straker's overcoat was flapping from a furze-bush. Immediately beyond there was a bowl-shaped depression in the moor, and at the bottom of this was found the dead body of the unfortunate trainer.

overcoat - pardessus, manteau

flapping - battre des ailes, pan

furze - furze

bush - buisson, arbuste, brousse

immediately - immédiatement, tout de suite, aussitôt

bowl - bol, globuleux, bassine, cuvette, jatte

shaped - en forme, forme

depression - la dépression, dépression

bottom - fond, bas, dessous, arriere-train, cul

dead body - un corps

unfortunate - malheureux, infortuné, malencontreux

His head had been shattered by a savage blow from some heavy weapon, and he was wounded on the thigh, where there was a long, clean cut, inflicted evidently by some very sharp instrument.

shattered - brisé, fracasser, réduire en miettes, mettre en pieces, briser

savage - barbare, féroce, sauvage

blow - souffler, soufflons, soufflent, soufflez, coup

weapon - arme

thigh - cuisse

inflicted - infligé, infliger

evidently - évidemment, de toute évidence, manifestement

instrument - instrument, acte

It was clear, however, that Straker had defended himself vigorously against his assailants, for in his right hand he held a small knife, which was clotted with blood up to the handle, while in his left he clasped a red and black silk cravat, which was recognized by the maid as having been worn on the preceding evening by the stranger who had visited the stables.

defended - défendue, défendre

vigorously - vigoureusement

assailants - des assaillants, agresseur, assaillant

held - détenus, (main)tenir

knife - couteau, frapper d'un coup de couteau

clotted - coagulé, caillot, thrombus, imbécile, idiot, coaguler, cailler

handle - poignée, crosse, manions, traiter, manient, maniez

clasped - serré, fermoir, serrer

silk - soie

cravat - cravate, foulard

recognized - reconnu, reconnaître

preceding - précédent, précéder

Hunter, on recovering from his stupor, was also quite positive as to the ownership of the cravat. He was equally certain that the same stranger had, while standing at the window, drugged his curried mutton, and so deprived the stables of their watchman.

recovering from - dont vous vous remettez

ownership - propriété

equally - également

Certain - certain, quelconque

drugged - droguée, médicament

deprived - privés, priver

watchman - gardien, guetteur, sentinelle

As to the missing horse, there were abundant proofs in the mud which lay at the bottom of the fatal hollow that he had been there at the time of the struggle. But from that morning he has disappeared, and although a large reward has been offered, and all the gypsies of Dartmoor are on the alert, no news has come of him.

abundant - abondante

proofs - preuves, preuve, épreuve

mud - de la boue, boue, bourbe, vase

fatal - fatale, fatal

hollow - creux, cavez, caver, cavent, cavons

Struggle - lutte, lutter, s'efforcer, combattre

disappeared - a disparu, disparaître

Reward - récompense, récompenser

on the alert - sur le qui-vive

Finally, an analysis has shown that the remains of his supper left by the stable-lad contain an appreciable quantity of powdered opium, while the people at the house partook of the same dish on the same night without any ill effect.

finally - enfin, définitivement

remains - reste, rester, demeurer

contain - contenir

appreciable - appréciable

quantity - quantité

powdered - en poudre, poudre, réduire en poudre, pulvériser, poudrer

opium - l'opium, opium

partook - ont participé, participer

ill - malade, écouré, écourée

effect - effet, effets, effectuer

"Those are the main facts of the case, stripped of all surmise, and stated as baldly as possible. I shall now recapitulate what the police have done in the matter.

stripped - dépouillé, enlever

stated - a déclaré, état, Etat, déclarer

baldly - chauve

recapitulate - récapituler

"Inspector Gregory, to whom the case has been committed, is an extremely competent officer. Were he but gifted with imagination he might rise to great heights in his profession. On his arrival he promptly found and arrested the man upon whom suspicion naturally rested. There was little difficulty in finding him, for he inhabited one of those villas which I have mentioned.

whom - que, qui

committed - engagé, confier, commettre, remettre, consigner

extremely - extremement, extremement, vachement

competent - compétent

officer - agent, fonctionnaire, officier, officiere

gifted - doué, présent, cadeau, don, talent, donner, faire don de

imagination - l'imagination, imagination

rise - hausse, remonte, élévation, débout, surcroît

heights - les hauteurs, hauteur, taille

profession - profession, métier, corps de métier

arrival - arrivée, arrivant, arrivante

promptly - rapidement

arrested - arreté, arrestation, arreter

suspicion - suspicion, soupçon

naturally - naturellement

mentioned - mentionnée, mentionner

His name, it appears, was Fitzroy Simpson. He was a man of excellent birth and education, who had squandered a fortune upon the turf, and who lived now by doing a little quiet and genteel book-making in the sporting clubs of London. An examination of his betting-book shows that bets to the amount of five thousand pounds had been registered by him against the favorite.

Appears - apparaît, apparaître, paraître, sembler

birth - naissance

education - l'éducation, éducation, enseignement

squandered - dilapidée, gâcher, gaspiller, dilapider

A fortune - une fortune

genteel - gentillesse, a la mode

examination - l'examen, examen

bets - paris, parier (sur)

amount - montant, quantité, monter, correspondre

registered - enregistré, registre, inscription

On being arrested he volunteered the statement that he had come down to Dartmoor in the hope of getting some information about the King's Pyland horses, and also about Desborough, the second favorite, which was in charge of Silas Brown at the Mapleton stables.

volunteered - volontaire, bénévole

charge - frais, charge, chef d’accusation, chef d’inculpation, meuble

He did not attempt to deny that he had acted as described upon the evening before, but declared that he had no sinister designs, and had simply wished to obtain first-hand information. When confronted with his cravat, he turned very pale, and was utterly unable to account for its presence in the hand of the murdered man.

attempt - tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat

deny - refuser

acted - agi, acte, loi, action, agir

declared - déclarée, expliquer, déclarer

sinister - sinistre

Simply - tout simplement, simplement

wished - souhaité, souhait, souhaiter, espérer

obtain - obtenir, se procurer, réussir, avoir succes, s'établir

confronted with - confronté a

pale - pâle, hâve

utterly - tout a fait

unable - incapable, inapte, inhabile

murdered - assassiné, meurtre, homicide, assassinat, occire

His wet clothing showed that he had been out in the storm of the night before, and his stick, which was a Penang-lawyer weighted with lead, was just such a weapon as might, by repeated blows, have inflicted the terrible injuries to which the trainer had succumbed.

wet - humide, mouillé, mouiller, se mouiller

clothing - vetements, vetements, habits, (cloth), tissu, étoffe, tenue

storm - tempete, orage

lawyer - juriste, homme de loi, femme de loi, avocat

weighted - pondéré, poids, lest, graisse, alourdir

lead - du plomb

blows - coups, (blow) coups

injuries - blessures, blessure

succumbed - succombé, succomber

On the other hand, there was no wound upon his person, while the state of Straker's knife would show that one at least of his assailants must bear his mark upon him. There you have it all in a nutshell, Watson, and if you can give me any light I shall be infinitely obliged to you."

wound - blessons, blessent, blessez, blessure, blesser

state - l'état, état, Etat, déclarer, indiquer

bear - ours, endurer, naîs, produire, souffrir, subir

mark - marque, Marc

nutshell - en quelques mots, coque, coquille

infinitely - a l'infini

obliged - obligée, imposer, obliger, rendre service

I had listened with the greatest interest to the statement which Holmes, with characteristic clearness, had laid before me. Though most of the facts were familiar to me, I had not sufficiently appreciated their relative importance, nor their connection to each other.

characteristic - caractéristique

clearness - clarté

familiar - familier, esprit familier

sufficiently - suffisamment

relative - relative, relatif, parent, géniteur, génitrice

connection - connexion, liaison, lien, rapport, complicité, correspondance

"Is it not possible," I suggested, "that the incised wound upon Straker may have been caused by his own knife in the convulsive struggles which follow any brain injury?"

suggested - suggéré, proposer, suggérer

caused - causée, cause, raison, causer

convulsive - convulsif

struggles - des luttes, lutte, lutter, s'efforcer, combattre

brain - cerveau, or when used as food, tete, processeur

injury - blessure

"It is more than possible; it is probable," said Holmes. "In that case one of the main points in favor of the accused disappears."

probable - probable

accused - accusé, accuser

disappears - disparaît, disparaître

"And yet," said I, "even now I fail to understand what the theory of the police can be."

fail - échouer

"I am afraid that whatever theory we state has very grave objections to it," returned my companion. "The police imagine, I take it, that this Fitzroy Simpson, having drugged the lad, and having in some way obtained a duplicate key, opened the stable door and took out the horse, with the intention, apparently, of kidnapping him altogether.

whatever - quoi qu'il en soit, quel que soit, n'importe quel

grave - tombe

objections - objections, objection

obtained - obtenu, obtenir, se procurer, réussir, avoir succes, avoir

duplicate - dupliqué, dupliquée, copier, dupliquer, duplicata, double

apparently - apparemment, évidemment, en apparence

kidnapping - l'enlevement, enlevement, kidnapping, (kidnap), enlever

altogether - tout a fait, completement, en meme temps, quoi qu'il en soit

His bridle is missing, so that Simpson must have put this on. Then, having left the door open behind him, he was leading the horse away over the moor, when he was either met or overtaken by the trainer. A row naturally ensued.

bridle - bride, brider, refréner, etre susceptible

leading - dirigeante, (lead) dirigeante

either - chaque, non plus, ou, soit

overtaken - dépassé, dépasser, doubler, surprendre

Row - rangée, tintamarre, canoter, ramer

ensued - s'ensuivit, résulter, découler

Simpson beat out the trainer's brains with his heavy stick without receiving any injury from the small knife which Straker used in self-defence, and then the thief either led the horse on to some secret hiding-place, or else it may have bolted during the struggle, and be now wandering out on the moors.

beat - battre

brains - cerveau, qualifierejorative or when used as food

receiving - recevant, recevoir

self - soi, soi-meme

defence - la défense, défense

thief - voleur, voleuse

secret - secret

hiding-place - (hiding-place) Une cachette

bolted - boulonné, verrou

wandering - l'errance, errement, errance, divagation, (wander), errer

That is the case as it appears to the police, and improbable as it is, all other explanations are more improbable still. However, I shall very quickly test the matter when I am once upon the spot, and until then I cannot really see how we can get much further than our present position."

explanations - des explications, explication

more improbable - plus improbable

spot - spot, tache, bouton, peu, endroit, zone, détecter, trouver

It was evening before we reached the little town of Tavistock, which lies, like the boss of a shield, in the middle of the huge circle of Dartmoor.

reached - atteint, arriver/parvenir a

boss - patron, dabe, entreprenneur

shield - bouclier, enseigne

Middle - au milieu, milieu, moyen, central

huge - énorme

Two gentlemen were awaiting us in the station"the one a tall, fair man with lion-like hair and beard and curiously penetrating light blue eyes; the other a small, alert person, very neat and dapper, in a frock-coat and gaiters, with trim little side-whiskers and an eye-glass.

gentlemen - messieurs, gentilhomme, monsieur, messieurs-p

awaiting - en attente, attendre, s'attendre a, servir, guetter

fair - équitable, blond, exposition, foire, marché, kermesse, juste

beard - barbe

curiously - curieusement

penetrating - pénétrant, pénétrer

light blue - bleu clair

alert - alerte, alarme, vif

neat - soigné, parure

dapper - pimpant, chic

frock-coat - (frock-coat) redingote

trim - de l'habillage, tailler, compenser, compensation

side - côté, parti, flanc

whiskers - moustaches, favoris-p, poil de barbe, moustache, vibrisse

The latter was Colonel Ross, the well-known sportsman; the other, Inspector Gregory, a man who was rapidly making his name in the English detective service.

sportsman - sportif, athlete

Detective - détective, détective f, enqueteur, enqueteuse

service - service, messe

"I am delighted that you have come down, Mr. Holmes," said the Colonel. "The Inspector here has done all that could possibly be suggested, but I wish to leave no stone unturned in trying to avenge poor Straker and in recovering my horse."

delighted - ravie, plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

Mr - monsieur

Possibly - peut-etre, possiblement, peut-etre

stone - pierre, roche, caillou, roc

avenge - venger, rench: t-needed r

recovering - en cours de rétablissement, recouvrer (la santé)

"Have there been any fresh developments?" asked Holmes.

developments - développements, développement

"I am sorry to say that we have made very little progress," said the Inspector. "We have an open carriage outside, and as you would no doubt like to see the place before the light fails, we might talk it over as we drive."

progress - progres, progressent, progresser, progressons, progrés

doubt - des doutes, douter, doute

fails - échoue, échouer (a)

A minute later we were all seated in a comfortable landau, and were rattling through the quaint old Devonshire city. Inspector Gregory was full of his case, and poured out a stream of remarks, while Holmes threw in an occasional question or interjection.

comfortable - confortable

landau - landau

rattling - le cliquetis, (rattle) le cliquetis

quaint - pittoresque, singulier, intéressant, curieux

poured out - versée

stream - flux, ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant

threw in - jeté dedans

occasional - occasionnel

interjection - interjection

Colonel Ross leaned back with his arms folded and his hat tilted over his eyes, while I listened with interest to the dialogue of the two detectives. Gregory was formulating his theory, which was almost exactly what Holmes had foretold in the train.

leaned - penché, pencher

folded - plié, plier

tilted - incliné, pencher

Detectives - détectives, détective, détectivef, enqueteur, enqueteuse

formulating - la formulation, formuler

exactly - exactement

foretold - prédit, prédire

"The net is drawn pretty close round Fitzroy Simpson," he remarked, "and I believe myself that he is our man. At the same time I recognize that the evidence is purely circumstantial, and that some new development may upset it."

net - net, réseau, filet

remarked - remarqué, remarque

recognize - reconnaître, reconnaissons, homologuer, reconnaitre, retrouve

purely - purement

new development - un nouveau développement

upset - fâché, dérangé, perturbé, bouleversé, remué, énerver

"How about Straker's knife?"

"We have quite come to the conclusion that he wounded himself in his fall."

conclusion - conclusion, fin

"My friend Dr. Watson made that suggestion to me as we came down. If so, it would tell against this man Simpson."

suggestion - suggestion, proposition

against this - contre cela

"Undoubtedly. He has neither a knife nor any sign of a wound. The evidence against him is certainly very strong. He had a great interest in the disappearance of the favorite. He lies under suspicion of having poisoned the stable-boy, he was undoubtedly out in the storm, he was armed with a heavy stick, and his cravat was found in the dead man's hand.

Undoubtedly - sans doute

neither - ni l'un ni l'autre, aucun des deux, ni X ni Y, non plus

sign - signe, signent, signez, placard, caractériser

Certainly - certainement, surement, sans nul doute, sans aucun doute

poisoned - empoisonné, poison, empoisonner

dead - morts, mort, milieu, cour, profondeurs

I really think we have enough to go before a jury."

jury - jury

Holmes shook his head. "A clever counsel would tear it all to rags," said he. "Why should he take the horse out of the stable? If he wished to injure it why could he not do it there? Has a duplicate key been found in his possession? What chemist sold him the powdered opium? Above all, where could he, a stranger to the district, hide a horse, and such a horse as this?

shook - secoué, (shake), secouer, agiter, se serrer la main, secousse

clever - habile, agile, adroit, adroite, talentueux, malin, intelligent

counsel - conseil, expertise, plan, projet, conseiller

tear - déchirure, déchirer, fissure, larme, pleur

rags - chiffons, chiffon

injure - blesser

possession - bien, possession, propriété, possessions

chemist - chimiste

district - district, checkrégion

hide - cacher, planquer, peau, fourrure

What is his own explanation as to the paper which he wished the maid to give to the stable-boy?"

explanation - explication

"He says that it was a ten-pound note. One was found in his purse. But your other difficulties are not so formidable as they seem. He is not a stranger to the district. He has twice lodged at Tavistock in the summer. The opium was probably brought from London. The key, having served its purpose, would be hurled away. The horse may be at the bottom of one of the pits or old mines upon the moor."

purse - sac a main, bourse, portemonnaie, portefeuille, sac a main

difficulties - des difficultés, difficulté

formidable - formidable

lodged - déposé, cabane, maison du portier, loge, rench: -neededr, loger

purpose - objectif, dgssein, dessein, finalité, but

hurled - lancé, projeter, débecter, débecqueter

pits - fosses, fosse

mines - mines, mien/-ienne, les miens/-iennes

"What does he say about the cravat?"

"He acknowledges that it is his, and declares that he had lost it. But a new element has been introduced into the case which may account for his leading the horse from the stable."

acknowledges - reconnaît, reconnaître, accuser réception, certifier

declares - déclare, expliquer, déclarer

element - élément, membre, point

Holmes pricked up his ears.

pricked - piqué, piquer, percer

"We have found traces which show that a party of gypsies encamped on Monday night within a mile of the spot where the murder took place. On Tuesday they were gone. Now, presuming that there was some understanding between Simpson and these gypsies, might he not have been leading the horse to them when he was overtaken, and may they not have him now?"

traces - des traces, trace

presuming - présumer, supposer

"It is certainly possible."

"The moor is being scoured for these gypsies. I have also examined every stable and out-house in Tavistock, and for a radius of ten miles."

scoured - nettoyée, récurer

examined - examinés, examiner

radius - radius, rayon

"There is another training-stable quite close, I understand?"

"Yes, and that is a factor which we must certainly not neglect. As Desborough, their horse, was second in the betting, they had an interest in the disappearance of the favorite. Silas Brown, the trainer, is known to have had large bets upon the event, and he was no friend to poor Straker. We have, however, examined the stables, and there is nothing to connect him with the affair."

factor - facteur, factoriser

neglect - négliger, négligence

connect - se connecter, accoupler, connecter, brancher

affair - affaire, aventure, liaison

"And nothing to connect this man Simpson with the interests of the Mapleton stables?"

"Nothing at all."

Holmes leaned back in the carriage, and the conversation ceased. A few minutes later our driver pulled up at a neat little red-brick villa with overhanging eaves which stood by the road. Some distance off, across a paddock, lay a long gray-tiled out-building.

ceased - cessé, cesser, s'arreter, cesser de + 'infinitive'

brick - brique, soutien, rouge brique, en brique, briquer

overhanging - en surplomb, surplomber, surplomb

stood by - Se tenir a côté

distance - distance, éloigner, checks'éloigner

paddock - paddock, enclos

tiled - carrelé, tuile, carreau

In every other direction the low curves of the moor, bronze-colored from the fading ferns, stretched away to the sky-line, broken only by the steeples of Tavistock, and by a cluster of houses away to the westward which marked the Mapleton stables.

low - faible, inférieure

curves - courbes, courbe, courber

bronze - le bronze, bronze, airain, hâlé, bronzé, tanné (par le soleil)

fading - s'estomper, déteignant, (fad), mode, lubie

ferns - des fougeres, fougere

stretched - étiré, étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

sky - ciel, nue

steeples - les clochers, clocher

marked - marqué, Marc

We all sprang out with the exception of Holmes, who continued to lean back with his eyes fixed upon the sky in front of him, entirely absorbed in his own thoughts. It was only when I touched his arm that he roused himself with a violent start and stepped out of the carriage.

exception - exception

continued - suite, continuer

lean - maigre, adossons, adossent, appuyer, adossez

fixed - fixé, réparer, fixer, préparer, truquer, tricher, réparation

entirely - entierement, entierement, entierement (1)

absorbed in - absorbée

thoughts - réflexions, idée, pensée

touched - touché, toucher, émouvoir, contact

roused - réveillé, réveiller

violent - violent, vif

stepped out - sorti

"Excuse me," said he, turning to Colonel Ross, who had looked at him in some surprise. "I was day-dreaming." There was a gleam in his eyes and a suppressed excitement in his manner which convinced me, used as I was to his ways, that his hand was upon a clue, though I could not imagine where he had found it.

Excuse - pardon, excuser, pardonner, justifier, prétexte, excuse

surprise - surprise, surprendre, étonner

dreaming - en train de rever, revant, (dream), reve, songe, voeu

gleam - briller, luisent, luisez, brillant, luisons

suppressed - supprimée, contenir, fr

excitement - l'excitation, excitation

Convinced - convaincu, convaincre, persuader

clue - indice, piste, idée, informer

"Perhaps you would prefer at once to go on to the scene of the crime, Mr. Holmes?" said Gregory.

crime - délit (max 10 years imprisonment according to law) crime (15 years and more) (nothing strictly between 10 and 15)

"I think that I should prefer to stay here a little and go into one or two questions of detail. Straker was brought back here, I presume?"

brought back - ramené

"Yes; he lies upstairs. The inquest is to-morrow."

inquest - enquete (criminelle)

morrow - lendemain, matin

"He has been in your service some years, Colonel Ross?"

"I have always found him an excellent servant."

"I presume that you made an inventory of what he had in his pockets at the time of his death, Inspector?"

inventory - inventaire, inventorier

pockets - poches, poche, empocher, de poche

Death - mort, déces, camarde, la mort, l'arcane sans nom

"I have the things themselves in the sitting-room, if you would care to see them."

themselves - eux-memes, se, eux-memes, elles-memes

sitting-room - (sitting-room) le salon

care - soins, s'occuper, soin, souci

"I should be very glad." We all filed into the front room and sat round the central table while the Inspector unlocked a square tin box and laid a small heap of things before us.

Glad - heureux, heureuse

filed - classée, file

central - central

square - carré, équerre, place, case, carreau, rench: perpendiculaire a

tin - l'étain, étain, conserve, boîte de conserve, moule, gamelle

heap - tas, pile, monceau

There was a box of vestas, two inches of tallow candle, an A D P brier-root pipe, a pouch of seal-skin with half an ounce of long-cut Cavendish, a silver watch with a gold chain, five sovereigns in gold, an aluminum pencil-case, a few papers, and an ivory-handled knife with a very delicate, inflexible blade marked Weiss & Co., London.

vestas - vestas, Vesta

inches - pouces, pouce

tallow candle - bougie de suif

brier - brier

root - racine, enraciner, enracinez, enracinons, enracinent, rave

pouch - pochette, sachet, petit sac, or tobacco, poche, marsupium

seal - sceau, scellez, phoque, cacheter, scellent

skin - la peau, peau, apparence, écorcher, égratigner, dépouiller

ounce - once

gold - l'or, or

chain - chaîne, enchaîner

sovereigns - souverains, souverain

aluminum - l'aluminium, aluminium

pencil-case - (pencil-case) étui a crayons

ivory - ivoire

handled - manipulé, anse, poignée, manche

delicate - délicate, délicat, délicat (1, 2)

inflexible - inflexible

blade - lame

"This is a very singular knife," said Holmes, lifting it up and examining it minutely. "I presume, as I see blood-stains upon it, that it is the one which was found in the dead man's grasp. Watson, this knife is surely in your line?"

lifting - de levage, soulever

examining - l'examen, examiner

minutely - minutieusement

stains - taches, tache, souillure, colorant, tacher, entacher, colorer

grasp - saisir, agripper, comprendre

surely - surement, surement, assurément

"It is what we call a cataract knife," said I.

cataract - cataracte

"I thought so. A very delicate blade devised for very delicate work. A strange thing for a man to carry with him upon a rough expedition, especially as it would not shut in his pocket."

devised - conçu, concevoir, élaborer

strange - étrange, anormal, inconnu, étranger

rough - rude, rugueux, brut, approximatif, difficile, brutal, ébaucher

expedition - expédition

shut - fermé, fermer

"The tip was guarded by a disk of cork which we found beside his body," said the Inspector. "His wife tells us that the knife had lain upon the dressing-table, and that he had picked it up as he left the room. It was a poor weapon, but perhaps the best that he could lay his hands on at the moment."

tip - pourboire, pronostic, indication, terminaison

guarded - gardé, garde, protection, gardien, arriere

disk - disque

beside - a côté, aupres

lain - lain, mensonge

picked - choisi, pioche, passe-partout, choix, écran, prendre, cueillir

"Very possible. How about these papers?"

"Three of them are receipted hay-dealers'accounts. One of them is a letter of instructions from Colonel Ross. This other is a milliner's account for thirty-seven pounds fifteen made out by Madame Lesurier, of Bond Street, to William Derbyshire. Mrs. Straker tells us that Derbyshire was a friend of her husband's and that occasionally his letters were addressed here."

receipted - reçu, réception

Hay - foin

accounts - comptes, compte

instructions - instructions, instruction

milliner - modiste

Madame - madame

bond - lien, sautiller

William - william, Guillaume

Occasionally - occasionnellement

"Madam Derbyshire had somewhat expensive tastes," remarked Holmes, glancing down the account. "Twenty-two guineas is rather heavy for a single costume. However there appears to be nothing more to learn, and we may now go down to the scene of the crime."

madam - madame, mere maquerelle, tenanciere

somewhat - en quelque sorte, assez, quelque peu

tastes - gouts, gout, saveur, avant-gout, gouter, avoir un gout

guineas - guinées, Guinée

single - seul, célibataire f, célibataire, simple

costume - costume, déguisement

As we emerged from the sitting-room a woman, who had been waiting in the passage, took a step forward and laid her hand upon the Inspector's sleeve. Her face was haggard and thin and eager, stamped with the print of a recent horror.

emerged - a émergé, émerger, sortir

passage - passage, corridoir, couloir

step forward - faire un pas en avant

sleeve - manche, chemise (inner), gaine (outer), manchon

haggard - hagard, émacié

stamped - estampillé, affranchi, (stamp), cachet, tampon, timbre

print - imprimer, imprimé, empreinte, estampe

recent - récente, récent

horror - l'horreur, horreur, effroi, dégout, aversion

"Have you got them? Have you found them?" she panted.

panted - paniqué, haleter

"No, Mrs. Straker. But Mr. Holmes here has come from London to help us, and we shall do all that is possible."

"Surely I met you in Plymouth at a garden-party some little time ago, Mrs. Straker?" said Holmes.

"No, sir; you are mistaken."

are mistaken - Se tromper

"Dear me! Why, I could have sworn to it. You wore a costume of dove-colored silk with ostrich-feather trimming."

Dear me - Cher moi

dove - colombe, pigeon, (dive) colombe

ostrich-feather - (ostrich-feather) Plume d'autruche

trimming - le rognage, émondage, (trim), tailler, compenser, compensation

"I never had such a dress, sir," answered the lady.

lady - dame, madame, lady

"Ah, that quite settles it," said Holmes. And with an apology he followed the Inspector outside. A short walk across the moor took us to the hollow in which the body had been found. At the brink of it was the furze-bush upon which the coat had been hung.

settles - s'installe, (s')installer

apology - des excuses, excuse, apologie

brink - au bord du gouffre, bord, lisiere

hung - accroché, suspendre, etre accroché

"There was no wind that night, I understand," said Holmes.

wind - vent, emmailloter, détortiller, langer, enrouler

"None; but very heavy rain."

none - aucun, ne nulle

heavy rain - une forte pluie

"In that case the overcoat was not blown against the furze-bush, but placed there."

blown - soufflé, coup

"Yes, it was laid across the bush."

"You fill me with interest, I perceive that the ground has been trampled up a good deal. No doubt many feet have been here since Monday night."

perceive - percevoir

ground - sol, foncierere, terre, terrain, (grind) sol

trampled - piétiné, fouler, piétiner

deal - accord, dispenser, distribuer

Since - depuis lors, depuis, depuis que, puisque, vu que

"A piece of matting has been laid here at the side, and we have all stood upon that."

matting - le matage, (mat) le matage


"In this bag I have one of the boots which Straker wore, one of Fitzroy Simpson's shoes, and a cast horseshoe of Silver Blaze."

cast - casting, jeter, diriger, lancer, additionner, sommer, muer

horseshoe - fer a cheval, fer a cheval, ferrer

"My dear Inspector, you surpass yourself!" Holmes took the bag, and, descending into the hollow, he pushed the matting into a more central position. Then stretching himself upon his face and leaning his chin upon his hands, he made a careful study of the trampled mud in front of him. "Hullo!" said he, suddenly. "What's this?

surpass - surpasser, dépasser, excéder

descending - descendant, descendre

pushed - poussé, pousser

more central - plus central

stretching - l'étirement, étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

careful - prudent, soigneux, attentif

Hullo - bonjour, salut !

" It was a wax vesta half burned, which was so coated with mud that it looked at first like a little chip of wood.

wax - la cire, cirons, cirez, cire, cirer, cirent

vesta - Vesta

burned - brulé, bruler

chip - puce, ébrécher

wood - du bois, (de) bois

"I cannot think how I came to overlook it," said the Inspector, with an expression of annoyance.

overlook - vue, panorama, surplomber, négliger, louper, passer outre

expression - expression

annoyance - l'agacement, ennui, nuisance, irritation, checkagacement

"It was invisible, buried in the mud. I only saw it because I was looking for it."

invisible - invisible, caché

buried - enterré, enterrer

"What! You expected to find it?"

"I thought it not unlikely."

unlikely - peu probable, improbable, improbablement

He took the boots from the bag, and compared the impressions of each of them with marks upon the ground. Then he clambered up to the rim of the hollow, and crawled about among the ferns and bushes.

impressions - impressions, impression

marks - marques, Marc

clambered - escaladé, grimper

rim - jante

crawled - rampé, ramper

among - parmi

bushes - buissons, buisson

"I am afraid that there are no more tracks," said the Inspector. "I have examined the ground very carefully for a hundred yards in each direction."

tracks - pistes, trace, marque, sillon, empreinte, sentier

carefully - attentivement, soigneusement

"Indeed!" said Holmes, rising. "I should not have the impertinence to do it again after what you say. But I should like to take a little walk over the moor before it grows dark, that I may know my ground to-morrow, and I think that I shall put this horseshoe into my pocket for luck."

after what - apres quoi

luck - la chance, chance, veine

Colonel Ross, who had shown some signs of impatience at my companion's quiet and systematic method of work, glanced at his watch. "I wish you would come back with me, Inspector," said he. "There are several points on which I should like your advice, and especially as to whether we do not owe it to the public to remove our horse's name from the entries for the Cup."

Impatience - impatience

systematic - systématique

method - méthode, modalité

several - plusieurs

whether - si, que, soit, si oui ou non

owe - doit, devoir

remove - supprimer, enlever

entries - entrées, entrée, acces

"Certainly not," cried Holmes, with decision. "I should let the name stand."

decision - décision

The Colonel bowed. "I am very glad to have had your opinion, sir," said he. "You will find us at poor Straker's house when you have finished your walk, and we can drive together into Tavistock."

bowed - incliné, (s')incliner devant, saluer d'un signe de tete

He turned back with the Inspector, while Holmes and I walked slowly across the moor. The sun was beginning to sink behind the stables of Mapleton, and the long, sloping plain in front of us was tinged with gold, deepening into rich, ruddy browns where the faded ferns and brambles caught the evening light.

slowly - lentement

sink - couler, s'enfoncer, évier, lavabo

sloping - en pente, renverser, déborder

plain - simple, unie, net, plaine

tinged - teinté, teinte, touche, nuance, teindre

deepening - l'approfondissement, approfondir, intensifier

ruddy - ruddy, rougeâtre

faded - fanée, (s')affaiblir, diminuer

caught - pris, prise, touche, loquet, loqueteau, verrou, hic, couille

But the glories of the landscape were all wasted upon my companion, who was sunk in the deepest thought.

glories - gloires, gloire

landscape - paysage

deepest - le plus profond, profond, épais, grave, foncé, foncée

"It's this way, Watson," said he at last. "We may leave the question of who killed John Straker for the instant, and confine ourselves to finding out what has become of the horse. Now, supposing that he broke away during or after the tragedy, where could he have gone to? The horse is a very gregarious creature.

killed - tué, tuer

instant - instantanée, moment

confine - enfermer, confiner, limite

finding out - a découvrir

supposing - supposer, supposant, (suppose), imaginer

broke away - Se détacher

gregarious - grégaire

creature - créature, etre

If left to himself his instincts would have been either to return to King's Pyland or go over to Mapleton. Why should he run wild upon the moor? He would surely have been seen by now. And why should gypsies kidnap him? These people always clear out when they hear of trouble, for they do not wish to be pestered by the police. They could not hope to sell such a horse.

instincts - instincts, instinct

run wild - se déchaîner

kidnap - enlever, kidnapper, ravir, enlevement, kidnapping

clear out - Vider

hear of - Entendre parler de

trouble - des problemes, peine, mal, probleme, emmerde, checksouci

They would run a great risk and gain nothing by taking him. Surely that is clear."

Risk - risque

gain - gain, gagner, produit

"Where is he, then?"

"I have already said that he must have gone to King's Pyland or to Mapleton. He is not at King's Pyland. Therefore he is at Mapleton. Let us take that as a working hypothesis and see what it leads us to. This part of the moor, as the Inspector remarked, is very hard and dry.

leads - des pistes, conduire, mener

dry - sec, anhydre, sécher, tfaire sécher

But it falls away towards Mapleton, and you can see from here that there is a long hollow over yonder, which must have been very wet on Monday night. If our supposition is correct, then the horse must have crossed that, and there is the point where we should look for his tracks."

towards - vers, envers, pour, pres de

yonder - la-bas, la-bas

supposition - hypothese, supposition, conjecture

crossed - croisé, crosse

We had been walking briskly during this conversation, and a few more minutes brought us to the hollow in question. At Holmes'request I walked down the bank to the right, and he to the left, but I had not taken fifty paces before I heard him give a shout, and saw him waving his hand to me.

briskly - rapidement, vivement

request - demander, prier, requete, demande

paces - des allures, pas

shout - crier, cri, jacasser, crient, criez, crions

waving - en faisant signe de la main, (wave) en faisant signe de la main

The track of a horse was plainly outlined in the soft earth in front of him, and the shoe which he took from his pocket exactly fitted the impression.

track - piste, trace, marque, sillon, empreinte, sentier, chemin

plainly - en toute clarté, simplement, clairement

outlined - esquissé, contour, silhouette, esquisse, aperçu, résumé

soft - souple, moelleux, alcoolsans, mou, doux

earth - terre, terrier, relier a la terre, tmettre a la terre, enterrer

fitted - adapté, en forme

impression - impression

"See the value of imagination," said Holmes. "It is the one quality which Gregory lacks. We imagined what might have happened, acted upon the supposition, and find ourselves justified. Let us proceed."

value - valeur, évaluer, valoriser

quality - qualité

lacks - manque, manquer de qqch

justified - justifiée, justifier

proceed - avancer, procéder

We crossed the marshy bottom and passed over a quarter of a mile of dry, hard turf. Again the ground sloped, and again we came on the tracks. Then we lost them for half a mile, but only to pick them up once more quite close to Mapleton. It was Holmes who saw them first, and he stood pointing with a look of triumph upon his face. A man's track was visible beside the horse's.

crossed - croisé, croix, signe de croix

marshy - marécageux

passed over - Passé par-dessus

sloped - en pente, pente, inclinaison

pick - pioche, passeartout, choix, écran, prendre, cueillir, choisir

triumph - triomphe, triomphal

"The horse was alone before," I cried.

"quite so. It was alone before. Hullo, what is this?"

quite so - tout a fait

The double track turned sharp off and took the direction of King's Pyland. Holmes whistled, and we both followed along after it. His eyes were on the trail, but I happened to look a little to one side, and saw to my surprise the same tracks coming back again in the opposite direction.

double - double, sosie, doublon, doubler

whistled - sifflé, sifflet, siffler, sifflement, sifflements-p

trail - pister, suivre, traîner, piste, traces, sentier, chasse

my surprise - ma surprise

opposite direction - dans la direction opposée

"One for you, Watson," said Holmes, when I pointed it out. "You have saved us a long walk, which would have brought us back on our own traces. Let us follow the return track."

saved - sauvée, sauver, sauvegarder, épargner, préserver, protéger

We had not to go far. It ended at the paving of asphalt which led up to the gates of the Mapleton stables. As we approached, a groom ran out from them.

paving - le pavage, dallage, (pave), paver

asphalt - l'asphalte, asphalte

gates - portes, porte, barriere

approached - approché, (s')approcher (de)

groom - marié, garçon d'écurie

"We don't want any loiterers about here," said he.

"I only wished to ask a question," said Holmes, with his finger and thumb in his waistcoat pocket. "Should I be too early to see your master, Mr. Silas Brown, if I were to call at five o'clock to-morrow morning?"

finger - doigt, pointer, tripoter, doigter

thumb - pouce, feuilleter

Master - maître, patron, maîtriser, maitre, maîtrisent

"Bless you, sir, if any one is about he will be, for he is always the first stirring. But here he is, sir, to answer your questions for himself. No, sir, no; it is as much as my place is worth to let him see me touch your money. Afterwards, if you like."

Bless you - Vous bénir

stirring - l'agitation, passionnant

worth - valeur

touch - toucher, émouvoir, contact

As Sherlock Holmes replaced the half-crown which he had drawn from his pocket, a fierce-looking elderly man strode out from the gate with a hunting-crop swinging in his hand.

replaced - remplacés, remplacer

crown - couronne, couronner

fierce - féroce

elderly - personnes âgées, vieux, ancien, âgé

strode - strode, marcher a grands pas

Gate - la porte, porte

hunting - la chasse, (hunt), chasser, chercher, chasse

crop - culture, récolte, produits agricoles

swinging - l'échangisme, pivotant, (swing), osciller, se balancer

"What's this, Dawson!" he cried. "No gossiping! Go about your business! And you, what the devil do you want here?"

gossiping - des ragots, bavardage, (gossip), commere, commérage, ragot

devil - Diable, Satan, type

"Ten minutes'talk with you, my good sir," said Holmes in the sweetest of voices.

sweetest - le plus doux, doucement, friandise, bonbon, sucreries-p

voices - voix

"I've no time to talk to every gadabout. We want no stranger here. be off, or you may find a dog at your heels."

gadabout - gadget

be off - etre éteint

heels - talons, talon

Holmes leaned forward and whispered something in the trainer's ear. He started violently and flushed to the temples.

whispered - chuchoté, chuchotement, chuchoter, susurrer, murmurer

violently - violemment

flushed - rincé, rougeur

temples - temples, temple

"It's a lie!" he shouted, "an infernal lie!"

lie - mentir, mensonge, mentez, gésir, gis, mentons

shouted - crié, cri

infernal - infernal

"Very good. Shall we argue about it here in public or talk it over in your parlor?"

argue - argumenter, affirmer, débattre, se disputer, se quereller

parlor - parloir, salon, salle de traite

"Oh, come in if you wish to."

Holmes smiled. "I shall not keep you more than a few minutes, Watson," said he. "Now, Mr. Brown, I am quite at your disposal."

smiled - souriait, sourire

disposal - l'élimination, disposition, élimination

It was twenty minutes, and the reds had all faded into grays before Holmes and the trainer reappeared. Never have I seen such a change as had been brought about in Silas Brown in that short time. His face was ashy pale, beads of perspiration shone upon his brow, and his hands shook until the hunting-crop wagged like a branch in the wind.

faded - fanée, mode, lubie

reappeared - réapparaît, réapparaître

brought about - Engendré

beads - perles, grain, perle, gouttelette

perspiration - la transpiration, transpiration

shone - briller, éclairer

brow - sourcils, andouiller d'oil, maître andouiller

wagged - remué, frétiller, remuer, sécher, faire l’école buissonniere

branch - branche, rameau, affluent, filiale, succursale

His bullying, overbearing manner was all gone too, and he cringed along at my companion's side like a dog with its master.

bullying - l'intimidation, brimeur, brute, tyran, intimider, tourmenter

cringed - froissé, grincer des dents, gener, se faire tout petit

"Your instructions will be done. It shall all be done," said he.

"There must be no mistake," said Holmes, looking round at him. The other winced as he read the menace in his eyes.

winced - a fait un clin d'oil, grimacer

menace - menace, menacer

"Oh no, there shall be no mistake. It shall be there. Should I change it first or not?"

Holmes thought a little and then burst out laughing. "No, don't," said he; "I shall write to you about it. No tricks, now, or""

burst - l'éclatement, éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser

tricks - des astuces, tour, astuce, truc, rench: -neededr, pli

"Oh, you can trust me, you can trust me!"

trust - confiance, trust, faire confiance, avoir foi en quelqu’un

"Yes, I think I can. Well, you shall hear from me to-morrow." He turned upon his heel, disregarding the trembling hand which the other held out to him, and we set off for King's Pyland.

heel - talon, alinéa

disregarding - le non-respect, mépris, ignorer, mépriser

"A more perfect compound of the bully, coward, and sneak than Master Silas Brown I have seldom met with," remarked Holmes as we trudged along together.

more perfect - plus parfaite

compound - composé

bully - Brute

coward - lâche, couard, couarde, poltron, poltronne

sneak - sournois, resquilleur, faucher, piquer, resquiller, cacher

seldom - rarement

trudged - trudged, marcher, crapahuter

"He has the horse, then?"

"He tried to bluster out of it, but I described to him so exactly what his actions had been upon that morning that he is convinced that I was watching him. Of course you observed the peculiarly square toes in the impressions, and that his own boots exactly corresponded to them. Again, of course no subordinate would have dared to do such a thing.

peculiarly - de façon particuliere

toes - orteils, orteil, doigt de pied

corresponded - ont correspondu, correspondre (...a qqchose)

subordinate - subordonné, subordonnée, subordonnés, subordonnées

dared - osé, oser

I described to him how, when according to his custom he was the first down, he perceived a strange horse wandering over the moor. How he went out to it, and his astonishment at recognizing, from the white forehead which has given the favorite its name, that chance had put in his power the only horse which could beat the one upon which he had put his money.

according - selon, entente, accorder

custom - coutume, us, connaissance, droit de douane, sur mesure

astonishment - l'étonnement, étonnement

recognizing - reconnaître

forehead - front

chance - chance, hasard

power - pouvoir, puissance, électricité, courant, alimenter

beat - battre, abats, battement, battirent, battent, abattîmes

Then I described how his first impulse had been to lead him back to King's Pyland, and how the devil had shown him how he could hide the horse until the race was over, and how he had led it back and concealed it at Mapleton. When I told him every detail he gave it up and thought only of saving his own skin."

impulse - impulsion

lead - plomb, guider, conduire, mener

race - course, race

saving - sauver, économie, épargne, (save), sauvegarder

"But his stables had been searched?"

searched - recherchée, recherche, chercher, fouiller

"Oh, an old horse-faker like him has many a dodge."

faker - faussaire, (fake) faussaire

many a - Beaucoup de

Dodge - dodge, éviter, contourner, esquiver, éluder

"But are you not afraid to leave the horse in his power now, since he has every interest in injuring it?"

injuring - blesser

"My dear fellow, he will guard it as the apple of his eye. He knows that his only hope of mercy is to produce it safe."

mercy - la pitié, miséricorde, pitié

produce - produire, produits

safe - sur, en sécurité, o longer in danger, sans danger, sur, sauf

"Colonel Ross did not impress me as a man who would be likely to show much mercy in any case."

impress - impressionner

Likely - probable

"The matter does not rest with Colonel Ross. I follow my own methods, and tell as much or as little as I choose. That is the advantage of being unofficial. I don't know whether you observed it, Watson, but the Colonel's manner has been just a trifle cavalier to me. I am inclined now to have a little amusement at his expense. Say nothing to him about the horse."

rest - se reposer, reposent, reposez, reposons, se, reposer, débris

methods - méthodes, méthode

advantage - avantage, avantager, favoriser

unofficial - non officielle

trifle - bagatelle, broutille, babiole, bricole

cavalier - nonchalant, cavalier, chevalier

amusement - l'amusement, amusement

expense - dépenses, dépense

"Certainly not without your permission."

permission - autorisation, permission, permis

"And of course this is all quite a minor point compared to the question of who killed John Straker."

minor - mineur

"And you will devote yourself to that?"

devote - dévote, consacrer, vouer

"On the contrary, we both go back to London by the night train."

contrary - contraire, contrepied

I was thunderstruck by my friend's words. We had only been a few hours in Devonshire, and that he should give up an investigation which he had begun so brilliantly was quite incomprehensible to me. Not a word more could I draw from him until we were back at the trainer's house. The Colonel and the Inspector were awaiting us in the parlor.

investigation - enquete, investigation

incomprehensible - incompréhensible

"My friend and I return to town by the night-express," said Holmes. "We have had a charming little breath of your beautiful Dartmoor air."

express - express, exprimons, exprimez, exprimer, expriment

charming - charmant, (charm)

breath - respiration, souffle, haleine

The Inspector opened his eyes, and the Colonel's lip curled in a sneer.

lip - levre, levre

curled - frisé, boucle, rotationnel, boucler

sneer - ricaner

"So you despair of arresting the murderer of poor Straker," said he.

despair - le désespoir, désespérer, désespoir

arresting - l'arrestation, arrestation, arreter

Holmes shrugged his shoulders. "There are certainly grave difficulties in the way," said he. "I have every hope, however, that your horse will start upon Tuesday, and I beg that you will have your jockey in readiness. Might I ask for a photograph of Mr. John Straker?"

shrugged - haussé les épaules, haussement d'épaules, hausser les épaules

beg - mendier, implorer, prier

readiness - l'état de préparation, préparation

The Inspector took one from an envelope and handed it to him.

envelope - enveloppe

"My dear Gregory, you anticipate all my wants. If I might ask you to wait here for an instant, I have a question which I should like to put to the maid."

anticipate - anticiper, prévoir

"I must say that I am rather disappointed in our London consultant," said Colonel Ross, bluntly, as my friend left the room. "I do not see that we are any further than when he came."

consultant - consultant, consultante

bluntly - sans détour, abruptement, a bruleourpoint, sans ménagement

"At least you have his assurance that your horse will run," said I.

assurance - l'assurance, assurance, culot

"Yes, I have his assurance," said the Colonel, with a shrug of his shoulders. "I should prefer to have the horse."

shrug - haussement d'épaules, hausser les épaules

I was about to make some reply in defence of my friend when he entered the room again.

entered - a pénétré, entrer, rench: -neededr, taper, saisir

"Now, gentlemen," said he, "I am quite ready for Tavistock."

As we stepped into the carriage one of the stable-lads held the door open for us. A sudden idea seemed to occur to Holmes, for he leaned forward and touched the lad upon the sleeve.

stepped - en escalier, pas

sudden - soudain, soudaine, subit

seemed - semblait, sembler, paraître, avoir l'air

occur - se produisent, produire

"You have a few sheep in the paddock," he said. "Who attends to them?"

attends - assiste, assister a, suivre

"I do, sir."

"Have you noticed anything amiss with them of late?"

"Well, sir, not of much account; but three of them have gone lame, sir."

lame - boiteux

I could see that Holmes was extremely pleased, for he chuckled and rubbed his hands together.

chuckled - ricané, glousser

rubbed - frotté, friction, hic, frotter, polir

"A long shot, Watson; a very long shot," said he, pinching my arm. "Gregory, let me recommend to your attention this singular epidemic among the sheep. drive on, coachman!"

long shot - long terme

pinching - le pincement, (pinch), pincer, chiper, pincement, pincée

recommend - recommander, adviser, checkconseiller, checkrecommander

attention - attention, attentions, garde a vous

epidemic - épidémie, épidémique

drive on - conduire

coachman - cocher

Colonel Ross still wore an expression which showed the poor opinion which he had formed of my companion's ability, but I saw by the Inspector's face that his attention had been keenly aroused.

ability - capacité, pouvoir, habileté

keenly - vivement

"You consider that to be important?" he asked.

Consider - envisager, considérer, examiner, réfléchir, songer

"Exceedingly so."

exceedingly - excessivement, extremement, énormément

"Is there any point to which you would wish to draw my attention?"

"To the curious incident of the dog in the night-time."

Curious - vous etes curieux, curieux, intéressant, singulier

incident - incident, checkfait-divers, checkaccident

"The dog did nothing in the night-time."

"That was the curious incident," remarked Sherlock Holmes.

Four days later Holmes and I were again in the train, bound for Winchester to see the race for the Wessex Cup. Colonel Ross met us by appointment outside the station, and we drove in his drag to the course beyond the town. His face was grave, and his manner was cold in the extreme.

bound - lié, entrain, (bind), lier, attacher, nouer, connecter, coupler

Winchester - winchester, rench:

by appointment - sur rendez-vous

drag - draguer, transbahuter, traîner

"I have seen nothing of my horse," said he.

"I suppose that you would know him when you saw him?" asked Holmes.

suppose - supposer, imaginer

The Colonel was very angry. "I have been on the turf for twenty years, and never was asked such a question as that before," said he. "A child would know Silver Blaze, with his white forehead and his mottled off-foreleg."

foreleg - rench: patte de devant g, patte avant g

"How is the betting?"

"Well, that is the curious part of it. You could have got fifteen to one yesterday, but the price has become shorter and shorter, until you can hardly get three to one now."

"Hum!" said Holmes. "Somebody knows something, that is clear."

Hum - hum, fredonner, bourdonner, fourmiller

As the drag drew up in the enclosure near the grand stand I glanced at the card to see the entries.

enclosure - l'enfermement, piece jointe, encloitrer, encloîtrer, enclos

grand stand - grande tribune

Wessex Plate [it ran] 50 sovs each h ft with 1000 sovs added for four and five year olds. Second, L300. Third, L200. New course (one mile and five furlongs). Mr. Heath Newton's The Negro. Red cap. Cinnamon jacket. Colonel Wardlaw's Pugilist. Pink cap. Blue and black jacket. Lord Backwater's Desborough. Yellow cap and sleeves. Colonel Ross's Silver Blaze. Black cap. Red jacket.

plate - assiette, plaque, écriteau

ft - ft, pied

Heath - heath, lande, bruyere

Newton - newton

negro - negre, negre

cinnamon - cannelier, cannelle

Pugilist - pugiliste, boxeur

sleeves - manches, manche, chemise (inner), gaine (outer), manchon

Duke of Balmoral's Iris. Yellow and black stripes. Lord Singleford's Rasper. Purple cap. Black sleeves.

Duke - duke, duc

Balmoral - Balmoral

iris - iris

stripes - des rayures, rayure, galon, rayer

Rasper - râpeux

"We scratched our other one, and put all hopes on your word," said the Colonel. "Why, what is that? Silver Blaze favorite?"

scratched - égratigné, gratter, égratigner, piquer, rayer, biffer

"Five to four against Silver Blaze!" roared the ring. "Five to four against Silver Blaze! Five to fifteen against Desborough! Five to four on the field!"

roared - a rugi, rugir, hurler, s'esclaffer, rire aux éclats

ring - anneau, cerne, ring, tinter

field - champ, campo, terrain, corps, rubrique, attraper

"There are the numbers up," I cried. "They are all six there."

"All six there? Then my horse is running," cried the Colonel in great agitation. "But I don't see him. My colors have not passed."

agitation - l'agitation, agitation

passed - passé, passer (devant), dépasser

"Only five have passed. This must be he."

As I spoke a powerful bay horse swept out from the weighing enclosure and cantered past us, bearing on its back the well-known black and red of the Colonel.

bay - baie

swept - balayé, balayer, balayage

cantered - cantonné, petit galop

"That's not my horse," cried the owner. "That beast has not a white hair upon its body. What is this that you have done, Mr. Holmes?"

beast - bete, bete, bete sauvage

"Well, well, let us see how he gets on," said my friend, imperturbably. For a few minutes he gazed through my field-glass. "Capital! An excellent start!" he cried suddenly. "There they are, coming round the curve!"

gets on - monte

imperturbably - imperturbablement

gazed - regardé, fixer

curve - courbe, courbes, courber

From our drag we had a superb view as they came up the straight. The six horses were so close together that a carpet could have covered them, but half way up the yellow of the Mapleton stable showed to the front.

superb - superbe

view - vue, vision, regard, point de vue, opinion, regarder

straight - droit, rectiligne, comme il faut, pur, pure, hétéro, tout droit

carpet - tapis, moquette, tapisser

covered - couverts, couvercle, couverture, couvert

Before they reached us, however, Desborough's bolt was shot, and the Colonel's horse, coming away with a rush, passed the post a good six lengths before its rival, the Duke of Balmoral's Iris making a bad third.

bolt - boulon, verrouiller, pene

shot - tir, tirai, tiré, tirâmes, tirerent, tira

rush - rush, ruée, affluence, gazer, galoper, bousculer

lengths - des longueurs, longueur, durée

rival - rival, rivale, rivaliser

"It's my race, anyhow," gasped the Colonel, passing his hand over his eyes. "I confess that I can make neither head nor tail of it. Don't you think that you have kept up your mystery long enough, Mr. Holmes?"

anyhow - d'une maniere ou d'une autre, de toute maniere

gasped - haletant, retenir son souffle, haleter, ahaner, haletement

passing - en passant, passager, éminent, rapide, extremement

confess - avouer, confesser

tail - queue

kept up - maintenu

"Certainly, Colonel, you shall know everything. Let us all go round and have a look at the horse together. Here he is," he continued, as we made our way into the weighing enclosure, where only owners and their friends find admittance. "You have only to wash his face and his leg in spirits of wine, and you will find that he is the same old Silver Blaze as ever."

go round - faire le tour

owners - propriétaires, propriétaire

spirits of wine - Esprits de vin

"You take my breath away!"

"I found him in the hands of a faker, and took the liberty of running him just as he was sent over."

liberty - liberté

"My dear sir, you have done wonders. The horse looks very fit and well. It never went better in its life. I owe you a thousand apologies for having doubted your ability. You have done me a great service by recovering my horse. You would do me a greater still if you could lay your hands on the murderer of John Straker."

wonders - s'interroge, merveille, étonner

fit - s'adapter, adapter

apologies - des excuses, excuse, apologie

doubted - douté, douter, doute

"I have done so," said Holmes quietly.

quietly - paisablement, tranquillement, quietement

The Colonel and I stared at him in amazement. "You have got him! Where is he, then?"

amazement - l'étonnement, stupéfaction, stupeur

"He is here."

"Here! Where?"

"In my company at the present moment."

The Colonel flushed angrily. "I quite recognize that I am under obligations to you, Mr. Holmes," said he, "but I must regard what you have just said as either a very bad joke or an insult."

obligations - obligations, obligation, engagement, fr

regard - regard, considérer, égard, estime

joke - plaisanterie, blague, joke, raté

insult - insultes, insulter, insulte

Sherlock Holmes laughed. "I assure you that I have not associated you with the crime, Colonel," said he. "The real murderer is standing immediately behind you." He stepped past and laid his hand upon the glossy neck of the thoroughbred.

assure - assurer, rassurer

associated - associés, fréquenter, associer

glossy - luisant, brillant

neck - cou, kiki

thoroughbred - Pur-sang

"The horse!" cried both the Colonel and myself.

"Yes, the horse. And it may lessen his guilt if I say that it was done in self-defence, and that John Straker was a man who was entirely unworthy of your confidence. But there goes the bell, and as I stand to win a little on this next race, I shall defer a lengthy explanation until a more fitting time."

lessen - amoindrir, atténuer, diminuer, réduire

guilt - culpabilité

unworthy - indigne

confidence - assurance, confiance en soi, confiance, confidence

bell - cloche, sonnette

I stand to win - J'ai des chances de gagner

defer - reporter, différons, différez, (def) reporter

lengthy - longue, long, longuet

fitting - l'appareillage, approprié, conforme, convenable, coupleur

We had the corner of a Pullman car to ourselves that evening as we whirled back to London, and I fancy that the journey was a short one to Colonel Ross as well as to myself, as we listened to our companion's narrative of the events which had occurred at the Dartmoor training-stables upon the Monday night, and the means by which he had unravelled them.

whirled - tourbillonné, tourbillonner

fancy - fantaisie, imaginer, songer

narrative - narratif, récit

unravelled - démelé, dénouer, démeler, résoudre

"I confess," said he, "that any theories which I had formed from the newspaper reports were entirely erroneous. And yet there were indications there, had they not been overlaid by other details which concealed their true import. I went to Devonshire with the conviction that Fitzroy Simpson was the true culprit, although, of course, I saw that the evidence against him was by no means complete.

theories - théories, théorie

erroneous - erroné

indications - indications, indication

import - l'importation, implanter, importons, importent, importez

culprit - coupable

It was while I was in the carriage, just as we reached the trainer's house, that the immense significance of the curried mutton occurred to me. You may remember that I was distrait, and remained sitting after you had all alighted. I was marvelling in my own mind how I could possibly have overlooked so obvious a clue."

immense - immense

distrait - distrait

alighted - descendus, descendre (de)

marvelling - l'émerveillement, (marvel), etre

overlooked - négligé, vue, panorama, surplomber, négliger, louper

"I confess," said the Colonel, "that even now I cannot see how it helps us."

"It was the first link in my chain of reasoning. Powdered opium is by no means tasteless. The flavor is not disagreeable, but it is perceptible. Were it mixed with any ordinary dish the eater would undoubtedly detect it, and would probably eat no more. A curry was exactly the medium which would disguise this taste.

link - lien, liaison

tasteless - insipide, fade

flavor - gout, saveur, style, assaisonner

disagreeable - incompatible, désagréable

perceptible - perceptible

ordinary - piece, ordinaire, quelconque

eater - mangeur

detect - détecter, détectez, détectent, dénicher, détectons

curry - le curry, étriller

medium - milieu, médium, support, média, moyen, demi-anglais

disguise - déguisement, déguiser

By no possible supposition could this stranger, Fitzroy Simpson, have caused curry to be served in the trainer's family that night, and it is surely too monstrous a coincidence to suppose that he happened to come along with powdered opium upon the very night when a dish happened to be served which would disguise the flavor. That is unthinkable.

monstrous - monstrueux

coincidence - coincidence, coincidence

unthinkable - incroyable, inconcevable, impensable, inimaginable

Therefore Simpson becomes eliminated from the case, and our attention centers upon Straker and his wife, the only two people who could have chosen curried mutton for supper that night. The opium was added after the dish was set aside for the stable-boy, for the others had the same for supper with no ill effects. Which of them, then, had access to that dish without the maid seeing them?

eliminated - éliminé, éliminer, tuer, rench: -neededr

centers - centres, centre, milieu, centre de masse

aside - a part, a côté, en passant, aparté

effects - effets, effet, effets-p, effectuer

access - l'acces, attaque, accéder, intelligence, entrée, accés

"Before deciding that question I had grasped the significance of the silence of the dog, for one true inference invariably suggests others. The Simpson incident had shown me that a dog was kept in the stables, and yet, though some one had been in and had fetched out a horse, he had not barked enough to arouse the two lads in the loft.

grasped - saisi, saisir, agripper, comprendre

silence - le silence, silence

inference - inférence, déduction

invariably - invariablement

suggests - suggere, proposer, suggérer

fetched - fouillé, aller chercher

barked - aboyé, aboiement

arouse - éveiller, émoustiller, exciter

Obviously the midnight visitor was some one whom the dog knew well.

"I was already convinced, or almost convinced, that John Straker went down to the stables in the dead of the night and took out Silver Blaze. For what purpose? For a dishonest one, obviously, or why should he drug his own stable-boy? And yet I was at a loss to know why.

dishonest - malhonnete

Loss - perte, déperdition, perdition, déchet, coulage

There have been cases before now where trainers have made sure of great sums of money by laying against their own horses, through agents, and then preventing them from winning by fraud. Sometimes it is a pulling jockey. Sometimes it is some surer and subtler means. What was it here? I hoped that the contents of his pockets might help me to form a conclusion.

trainers - des formateurs, entraîneur, entraîneuse, basket

laying - pose, (lay) pose

agents - agents, agent, espion

fraud - fraude, imposteur, charlatan, fraudeur

pulling - tirant, (pull), tirer, retirer, tirer un coup, influence

subtler - plus subtil, subtil, délicat, astucieux

Contents - contenu, satisfait

"And they did so. You cannot have forgotten the singular knife which was found in the dead man's hand, a knife which certainly no sane man would choose for a weapon. It was, as Dr. Watson told us, a form of knife which is used for the most delicate operations known in surgery. And it was to be used for a delicate operation that night.

sane - sain, sain d'esprit

most delicate - le plus délicat

operations - des opérations, opération, fonctionnement, exploitation

surgery - chirurgie, opération, salle opératoire

You must know, with your wide experience of turf matters, Colonel Ross, that it is possible to make a slight nick upon the tendons of a horse's ham, and to do it subcutaneously, so as to leave absolutely no trace. A horse so treated would develop a slight lameness, which would be put down to a strain in exercise or a touch of rheumatism, but never to foul play."

wide - large

Experience - expérience, éprouver, vivre

matters - questions, matiere, affaire, question, cause

Slight - insignifiant, léger

nick - nick, Nico

tendons - les tendons, tendon

Ham - le jambon, jambon

subcutaneously - par voie sous-cutanée

treated - traité, négocier, traiter, régaler, guérir

develop - se développer, créer

lameness - boiterie

strain - souche, accablement

rheumatism - les rhumatismes, rhumatisme

foul - la faute, infâme

"Villain! Scoundrel!" cried the Colonel.

villain - scélérat, méchant, vilain, paysan

scoundrel - canaille, scélérat, scélérate, gredin, gredine

"We have here the explanation of why John Straker wished to take the horse out on to the moor. So spirited a creature would have certainly roused the soundest of sleepers when it felt the prick of the knife. It was absolutely necessary to do it in the open air."

spirited - fougueux, esprit, moral, élan

prick - con, piquer, percer

necessary - nécessaire

open air - a l'air libre

"I have been blind!" cried the Colonel. "Of course that was why he needed the candle, and struck the match."

blind - aveugle, mal-voyant, mal-voyante, store, blind, aveugler

candle - bougie, chandelle

match - match, s'entremettre, allumette, concorder

"Undoubtedly. But in examining his belongings I was fortunate enough to discover not only the method of the crime, but even its motives. As a man of the world, Colonel, you know that men do not carry other people's bills about in their pockets. We have most of us quite enough to do to settle our own. I at once concluded that Straker was leading a double life, and keeping a second establishment.

discover - découvrir

motives - motivations, motif, mobile, theme, motiver

settle - régler, décréter

concluded - conclu, conclure

The nature of the bill showed that there was a lady in the case, and one who had expensive tastes. Liberal as you are with your servants, one can hardly expect that they can buy twenty-guinea walking dresses for their ladies. I questioned Mrs.

nature - nature

liberal - libéral, large, généreux, de gauche

servants - serviteurs, serviteur, domestique, servante, fr

guinea - Guinée

ladies - mesdames, dame, madame, lady

Straker as to the dress without her knowing it, and having satisfied myself that it had never reached her, I made a note of the milliner's address, and felt that by calling there with Straker's photograph I could easily dispose of the mythical Derbyshire.

satisfied - satisfaits, satisfaire

easily - facilement

dispose of - Se débarrasser de

mythical - mythique

"From that time on all was plain. Straker had led out the horse to a hollow where his light would be invisible. Simpson in his flight had dropped his cravat, and Straker had picked it up"with some idea, perhaps, that he might use it in securing the horse's leg.

dropped - a déposé, goutte

securing - sécurisation, sur, sécuriser

Once in the hollow, he had got behind the horse and had struck a light; but the creature frightened at the sudden glare, and with the strange instinct of animals feeling that some mischief was intended, had lashed out, and the steel shoe had struck Straker full on the forehead.

glare - éblouissement, éclat

instinct - l'instinct, instinct

mischief - méfaits, espieglerie, betise, polissonnerie, méfait

lashed - fouetté, cil

steel - l'acier, acier

He had already, in spite of the rain, taken off his overcoat in order to do his delicate task, and so, as he fell, his knife gashed his thigh. Do I make it clear?"

taken off - enlevé

task - tâche

gashed - gazéifié, entaille, balafre

"Wonderful!" cried the Colonel. "Wonderful! You might have been there!"

"My final shot was, I confess a very long one. It struck me that so astute a man as Straker would not undertake this delicate tendon-nicking without a little practice. What could he practice on? My eyes fell upon the sheep, and I asked a question which, rather to my surprise, showed that my surmise was correct.

astute - astucieux, avisé, sagace

undertake - entreprendre

tendon - tendon

nicking - l'entaille, entaille, encorchure

"When I returned to London I called upon the milliner, who had recognized Straker as an excellent customer of the name of Derbyshire, who had a very dashing wife, with a strong partiality for expensive dresses. I have no doubt that this woman had plunged him over head and ears in debt, and so led him into this miserable plot."

dashing - fringant, tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter

partiality - partialité

plunged - plongé, plonger

debt - de la dette, dette

miserable - misérable

plot - intrigue, lopin, diagramme, graphique, complot, comploter

"You have explained all but one thing," cried the Colonel. "Where was the horse?"

"Ah, it bolted, and was cared for by one of your neighbors. We must have an amnesty in that direction, I think. This is Clapham Junction, if I am not mistaken, and we shall be in Victoria in less than ten minutes. If you care to smoke a cigar in our rooms, Colonel, I shall be happy to give you any other details which might interest you."

cared for - pris en charge

neighbors - voisins, voisin/-ine

amnesty - l'amnistie, amnistie, amnistier

junction - jonction

Victoria - victoria, Victoire

smoke - la fumée, fumons, griller, fumer, fument, fumée, fumez

Chapter II. The Yellow Face

[In publishing these short sketches based upon the numerous cases in which my companion's singular gifts have made us the listeners to, and eventually the actors in, some strange drama, it is only natural that I should dwell rather upon his successes than upon his failures.

sketches - des croquis, croquer, esquisser, esquisse, ébauche

based - sur la base, base

numerous - nombreux

gifts - des cadeaux, présent, cadeau, don, talent, donner

listeners - des auditeurs, auditeur, auditrice, écouteur, écouteuse

dwell - s'attarder, résider, s'appesantir sur

failures - les échecs, échec, daube, flop, panne

And this not so much for the sake of his reputation"for, indeed, it was when he was at his wits'end that his energy and his versatility were most admirable"but because where he failed it happened too often that no one else succeeded, and that the tale was left forever without a conclusion. Now and again, however, it chanced that even when he erred, the truth was still discovered.

sake - du saké, dans l'intéret de qqn

reputation - réputation, renommée (more slang)

wits - l'esprit, esprit

energy - l'énergie, énergie, courage

versatility - la polyvalence, polyvalence

admirable - admirable

succeeded - a réussi, succéder, réussir, avoir du succes

Tale - conte, récit

forever - a jamais, pour toujours, éternellement, checktoujours

chanced - hasardeux, hasard

erred - erré, (se) tromper

truth - la vérité, vérité

discovered - découvert, découvrir

I have noted of some half-dozen cases of the kind; the Adventure of the Musgrave Ritual and that which I am about to recount are the two which present the strongest features of interest.]

dozen - douzaine, dizaine

adventure - l'aventure, aventure

Ritual - rituel

recount - recomptage, recompter

features - caractéristiques, caractéristique, particularité, spécialité

Sherlock Holmes was a man who seldom took exercise for exercise's sake. Few men were capable of greater muscular effort, and he was undoubtedly one of the finest boxers of his weight that I have ever seen; but he looked upon aimless bodily exertion as a waste of energy, and he seldom bestirred himself save when there was some professional object to be served.

capable - capable

muscular - musculaire, musclé, musculeux

effort - l'effort, effort

boxers - caleçon, boxeur, boxer

weight - poids, lest, graisse, alourdir, lester, appesantir

bodily - corporel

exertion - l'effort, effort, dépense

waste - déchets, pelée, gaspiller, gâcher

save - sauver, sauvegarder, épargner, préserver, protéger

professional - professionnel, professionnelle

object to - s'opposer a

Then he was absolutely untiring and indefatigable. That he should have kept himself in training under such circumstances is remarkable, but his diet was usually of the sparest, and his habits were simple to the verge of austerity.

untiring - inlassable

indefatigable - infatigable

circumstances - circonstances, circonstance

remarkable - remarquable

sparest - le plus économe, se passer de

habits - habitudes, habitude

verge - verge, bord

austerity - l'austérité, austérité

Save for the occasional use of cocaine, he had no vices, and he only turned to the drug as a protest against the monotony of existence when cases were scanty and the papers uninteresting.

cocaine - cocaine, cocaine

vices - vices, étau

protest - protester, protestation, manifestation

monotony - monotonie

existence - l'existence, existence

scanty - maigre, insuffisant

One day in early spring he had so far relaxed as to go for a walk with me in the Park, where the first faint shoots of green were breaking out upon the elms, and the sticky spear-heads of the chestnuts were just beginning to burst into their five-fold leaves. For two hours we rambled about together, in silence for the most part, as befits two men who know each other intimately.

faint - évanouissement, s'évanouir, défailles, défaillez, défaillir

shoots - des prises de vue, tirer

breaking out - S'échapper

elms - les ormes, orme

sticky - collant, gluant

spear - lance, javelot

chestnuts - des châtaignes, châtaigne, marron, châtain, châtaigner

fold - plier, pliez, pli, plient, plions, plissons

befits - convient-il, convenir a, etre approprié pour

intimately - intimement

It was nearly five before we were back in Baker Street once more.

nearly - presque

Baker - baker, boulanger, boulangere

"beg pardon, sir," said our page-boy, as he opened the door. "There's been a gentleman here asking for you, sir."

beg pardon - Je vous demande pardon

gentleman - gentilhomme, monsieur, messieurs

Holmes glanced reproachfully at me. "So much for afternoon walks!" said he. "Has this gentleman gone, then?"

reproachfully - des reproches

"Yes, sir."

"Didn't you ask him in?"

"Yes, sir; he came in."

"How long did he wait?"

"Half an hour, sir. He was a very restless gentleman, sir, a-walkin'and a-stampin'all the time he was here. I was waitin'outside the door, sir, and I could hear him. At last he outs into the passage, and he cries, 'Is that man never goin'to come?'Those were his very words, sir. 'You'll only need to wait a little longer,'says I. 'Then I'll wait in the open air, for I feel half choked,'says he.

restless - inquiet, agité, checkimpatient

walkin - marcher

stampin - stampin

waitin - attendre

cries - pleure, pleurer, crier, hurler, gueuler, pleur, cri

goin - aller

choked - étouffé, suffoquer, étouffer

'I'll be back before long.'And with that he ups and he outs, and all I could say wouldn't hold him back."

before long - bientôt

hold - tenir, stopper, tiens, tiennent, tenons

"Well, well, you did your best," said Holmes, as we walked into our room. "It's very annoying, though, Watson. I was badly in need of a case, and this looks, from the man's impatience, as if it were of importance. Hullo! That's not your pipe on the table. He must have left his behind him. A nice old brier with a good long stem of what the tobacconists call amber.

annoying - ennuyeux, gener, ennuyer, embeter, agacer, asticoter

badly - mal, mauvaisement

tobacconists - les buralistes, buraliste

amber - l'ambre, ambre, ambre jaune, couleur d'ambre, feu orange

I wonder how many real amber mouthpieces there are in London? Some people think that a fly in it is a sign. Well, he must have been disturbed in his mind to leave a pipe behind him which he evidently values highly."

mouthpieces - embouchures, microphone, micro, embouchure, porte-parole-p-p

disturbed - perturbé, déranger, perturber, gener

values - valeurs, valeur

highly - hautement, extremement

"How do you know that he values it highly?" I asked.

"Well, I should put the original cost of the pipe at seven and sixpence. Now it has, you see, been twice mended, once in the wooden stem and once in the amber. Each of these mends, done, as you observe, with silver bands, must have cost more than the pipe did originally. The man must value the pipe highly when he prefers to patch it up rather than buy a new one with the same money."

sixpence - six pence, sixpence

mended - réparé, réparer, raccommoder, rapiécer, s'améliorer

wooden - en bois, boisé, raide

mends - des réparations, réparer, raccommoder, rapiécer, s'améliorer

observe - observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

originally - a l'origine

patch - patch, rapiécer

"Anything else?" I asked, for Holmes was turning the pipe about in his hand, and staring at it in his peculiar pensive way.

peculiar - particulier, extraordinaire, bizarre, curieux

pensive - pensif, chagrin, mélancolique

He held it up and tapped on it with his long, thin fore-finger, as a professor might who was lecturing on a bone.

tapped - taraudé, petit coup

professor - professeur, professeure, prof, professeuse

lecturing - des cours magistraux, conférence, cours magistral

bone - os

"Pipes are occasionally of extraordinary interest," said he. "Nothing has more individuality, save perhaps watches and bootlaces. The indications here, however, are neither very marked nor very important. The owner is obviously a muscular man, left-handed, with an excellent set of teeth, careless in his habits, and with no need to practise economy."

pipes - des tuyaux, cornemuse, conduit, tuyau, barre verticale, tube

individuality - l'individualité

set of teeth - des dents

careless - négligent, étourdi, distrait

economy - l'économie, économie

My friend threw out the information in a very offhand way, but I saw that he cocked his eye at me to see if I had followed his reasoning.

threw out - Jeter

offhand - a l'improviste, spontanément, sur-le-champ, négligent

cocked - armé, oiseau mâle, coq

"You think a man must be well-to-do if he smokes a seven-shilling pipe," said I.

smokes - fumées, fumée

shilling - shilling, (shill), homme de paille, prete-nom

"This is Grosvenor mixture at eightpence an ounce," Holmes answered, knocking a little out on his palm. "As he might get an excellent smoke for half the price, he has no need to practise economy."

mixture - mélange, mixture

eightpence - huit pence

knocking - frapper, frappant, (knock), coup

"And the other points?"

"He has been in the habit of lighting his pipe at lamps and gas-jets. You can see that it is quite charred all down one side. Of course a match could not have done that. Why should a man hold a match to the side of his pipe? But you cannot light it at a lamp without getting the bowl charred. And it is all on the right side of the pipe. From that I gather that he is a left-handed man.

habit - habitude, configuration

jets - jets, (de) jais

charred - carbonisé, carboniser

I gather that - J'en déduis que..

You hold your own pipe to the lamp, and see how naturally you, being right-handed, hold the left side to the flame. You might do it once the other way, but not as a constancy. This has always been held so. Then he has bitten through his amber. It takes a muscular, energetic fellow, and one with a good set of teeth, to do that.

flame - flamme, polémique

constancy - constance

bitten through - mordu a travers

energetic - énergique, énergétique

But if I am not mistaken I hear him upon the stair, so we shall have something more interesting than his pipe to study."

stair - l'escalier, marche, escalier, volée

An instant later our door opened, and a tall young man entered the room. He was well but quietly dressed in a dark-gray suit, and carried a brown wide-awake in his hand. I should have put him at about thirty, though he was really some years older.

awake - éveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller

"I beg your pardon," said he, with some embarrassment; "I suppose I should have knocked. Yes, of course I should have knocked. The fact is that I am a little upset, and you must put it all down to that." He passed his hand over his forehead like a man who is half dazed, and then fell rather than sat down upon a chair.

Pardon - pardon, grâce, pardonner, gracier, désolé, excusez-moi

embarrassment - de l'embarras, embarras, (etre la) honte (de)

knocked - frappé, coup, frapper

dazed - étourdi, stupéfaction, étourdir, abasourdir

"I can see that you have not slept for a night or two," said Holmes, in his easy, genial way. "That tries a man's nerves more than work, and more even than pleasure. May I ask how I can help you?"

genial - génial, aimable, chaleureux

nerves - des nerfs, nerf, nervure, toupet, culot, cran

pleasure - plaisir, volupté, désir

"I wanted your advice, sir. I don't know what to do and my whole life seems to have gone to pieces."

Seems - semble-t-il, sembler, paraître, avoir l'air

gone to pieces - en morceaux

"You wish to employ me as a consulting detective?"

employ - employer, embaucher, recruter

consulting - consultation, concerter

"Not that only. I want your opinion as a judicious man"as a man of the world. I want to know what I ought to do next. I hope to God you'll be able to tell me."

judicious - judicieux

God - dieu, idolâtrer, déifier

He spoke in little, sharp, jerky outbursts, and it seemed to me that to speak at all was very painful to him, and that his will all through was overriding his inclinations.

jerky - de la viande séchée

outbursts - des débordements, explosion

painful - douloureux, laborieux

inclinations - inclinations, inclinaison, fr

"It's a very delicate thing," said he. "One does not like to speak of one's domestic affairs to strangers. It seems dreadful to discuss the conduct of one's wife with two men whom I have never seen before. It's horrible to have to do it. But I've got to the end of my tether, and I must have advice."

domestic - domestique, amily, intérieur

affairs - affaires, aventure, liaison

dreadful - épouvantable, redoutable, affreux, terrible

conduct - comportement, conduite, se comporter, conduire, mener

horrible - horrible, affreux, épouvantable

tether - l'attache, longe, attacher

"My Dear Mr. Grant Munro"" began Holmes.

Dear Mr - Cher Monsieur

Grant - la subvention, accorder, admettre

Our visitor sprang from his chair. "What!" he cried, "you know my name?"

"If you wish to preserve your incognito," said Holmes, smiling, "I would suggest that you cease to write your name upon the lining of your hat, or else that you turn the crown towards the person whom you are addressing. I was about to say that my friend and I have listened to a good many strange secrets in this room, and that we have had the good fortune to bring peace to many troubled souls.

preserve - confiture, conserve, réserve naturelle, domaine réservé

smiling - souriant, (smile), sourire

suggest - proposer, suggérer

cease - cesser, s'arreter, cesser de + 'infinitive'

secrets - secrets, secret

Fortune - la fortune, destin, bonne chance, fortune

peace - la paix, paix, tranquillité

troubled - troublé, peine, mal, probleme, emmerde, fr

souls - âmes, âme

I trust that we may do as much for you. Might I beg you, as time may prove to be of importance, to furnish me with the facts of your case without further delay?"

Prove - prouver, éprouvent, éprouvons, éprouvez, prouvent

furnish - meubler, fournir, livrer

delay - délai, ajourner, décélération, surseoir, retard, retarder

Our visitor again passed his hand over his forehead, as if he found it bitterly hard. From every gesture and expression I could see that he was a reserved, self-contained man, with a dash of pride in his nature, more likely to hide his wounds than to expose them. Then suddenly, with a fierce gesture of his closed hand, like one who throws reserve to the winds, he began.

bitterly - amerement, amerement

gesture - geste, signe

reserved - réservé, réservation, réserve, réserves-p

contained - contenu, contenir

Dash - dash, tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter

pride - l'orgueil, orgueil, fierté

expose - exposer, dénoncer

throws - jets, jeter, lancer

winds - vents, vent

"The facts are these, Mr. Holmes," said he. "I am a married man, and have been so for three years. During that time my wife and I have loved each other as fondly and lived as happily as any two that ever were joined. We have not had a difference, not one, in thought or word or deed.

fondly - affectieux

Happily - heureux, heureusement, par bonheur, joyeusement, gaiement

deed - acte, action, ouvre, exploit, haut fait, (dee)

And now, since last Monday, there has suddenly sprung up a barrier between us, and I find that there is something in her life and in her thought of which I know as little as if she were the woman who brushes by me in the street. We are estranged, and I want to know why.

barrier - barriere, barriere, limite, frontiere

brushes - brosses, brosse, brossage, accrochage, brosser

estranged - séparé(e), éloigner, aliéner

"Now there is one thing that I want to impress upon you before I go any further, Mr. Holmes. Effie loves me. Don't let there be any mistake about that. She loves me with her whole heart and soul, and never more than now. I know it. I feel it. I don't want to argue about that. A man can tell easily enough when a woman loves him.

heart - cour

soul - âme

But there's this secret between us, and we can never be the same until it is cleared."

cleared - autorisé, clair, transparent, libre, dégagé

"Kindly let me have the facts, Mr. Munro," said Holmes, with some impatience.

kindly - avec bienveillance

"I'll tell you what I know about Effie's history. She was a widow when I met her first, though quite young"only twenty-five. Her name then was Mrs. Hebron. She went out to America when she was young, and lived in the town of Atlanta, where she married this Hebron, who was a lawyer with a good practice.

widow - veuve

Atlanta - atlanta

They had one child, but the yellow fever broke out badly in the place, and both husband and child died of it. I have seen his death certificate. This sickened her of America, and she came back to live with a maiden aunt at Pinner, in Middlesex.

fever - de la fievre, fievre

broke out - a éclaté

death certificate - le certificat de déces

sickened - malade, rendre malade

maiden - jeune fille, jeune femme, demoiselle, pucelle, vierge

Pinner - pinner

I may mention that her husband had left her comfortably off, and that she had a capital of about four thousand five hundred pounds, which had been so well invested by him that it returned an average of seven per cent. She had only been six months at Pinner when I met her; we fell in love with each other, and we married a few weeks afterwards.

mention - mentionner

five hundred - cinq cents

invested - investi, investir, placer

average - moyenne

per - par, dans

"I am a hop merchant myself, and as I have an income of seven or eight hundred, we found ourselves comfortably off, and took a nice eighty-pound-a-year villa at Norbury. Our little place was very countrified, considering that it is so close to town.

hop - hop, sauter a cloche-pied

merchant - marchand, marchande

income - revenus, revenu, recette

little place - petit endroit

countrified - countrifié

considering - en tenant compte, compte tenu de, vu, étant donné

We had an inn and two houses a little above us, and a single cottage at the other side of the field which faces us, and except those there were no houses until you got half way to the station. My business took me into town at certain seasons, but in summer I had less to do, and then in our country home my wife and I were just as happy as could be wished.

Inn - l'auberge, auberge

cottage - chalet, cottage

Except - sauf, faire une exception

seasons - saisons, saison

I tell you that there never was a shadow between us until this accursed affair began.

shadow - l'ombre, ombre, prendre en filature, filer

"There's one thing I ought to tell you before I go further. When we married, my wife made over all her property to me"rather against my will, for I saw how awkward it would be if my business affairs went wrong. However, she would have it so, and it was done. Well, about six weeks ago she came to me.

property - propriété, accessoire

awkward - maladroit, gauche, embarrassant, inconvenant

"'Jack,'said she, 'when you took my money you said that if ever I wanted any I was to ask you for it.'

Jack - Jeannot, Jacques, Jacob, Jack

"'Certainly,'said I. 'It's all your own.'

"'Well,'said she, 'I want a hundred pounds.'

"I was a bit staggered at this, for I had imagined it was simply a new dress or something of the kind that she was after.

bit - bit, mordis, mordit, mordîmes, mordirent, (bite), mordre

staggered - en décalé, tituber

"'What on earth for?'I asked.

"'Oh,'said she, in her playful way, 'you said that you were only my banker, and bankers never ask questions, you know.'

playful - ludique, folâtre, enjoué, joueur

banker - banquier

"'If you really mean it, of course you shall have the money,'said I.

"'Oh, yes, I really mean it.'

"'And you won't tell me what you want it for?'

"'some day, perhaps, but not just at present, Jack.'

some day - un jour

"So I had to be content with that, though it was the first time that there had ever been any secret between us. I gave her a check, and I never thought any more of the matter. It may have nothing to do with what came afterwards, but I thought it only right to mention it.

content with - etre satisfait de

"Well, I told you just now that there is a cottage not far from our house. There is just a field between us, but to reach it you have to go along the road and then turn down a lane. Just beyond it is a nice little grove of Scotch firs, and I used to be very fond of strolling down there, for trees are always a neighborly kind of things.

reach - atteindre, parviens, allonge, parvenir, préhension

turn down - refuser

lane - chemin

grove - bosquet

Scotch - du scotch, Écossais, scotch

firs - les sapins, sapin

fond - fond, tendre, amoureux

strolling - se promener, (stroll), promenade, flânerie, balade, promener

neighborly - de voisinage, amical

The cottage had been standing empty this eight months, and it was a pity, for it was a pretty two-storied place, with an old-fashioned porch and honeysuckle about it. I have stood many a time and thought what a neat little homestead it would make.

pity - compassion, pitié, dommage, honte, plaindre, avoir pitié de

old-fashioned - (old-fashioned) Démodé

porch - porche, véranda, portique

honeysuckle - chevrefeuille, chevrefeuille

homestead - la propriété familiale, propriété, foyer, demeure

"Well, last Monday evening I was taking a stroll down that way, when I met an empty van coming up the lane, and saw a pile of carpets and things lying about on the grass-plot beside the porch. It was clear that the cottage had at last been let. I walked past it, and wondered what sort of folk they were who had come to live so near us.

stroll - promenade, flânerie, balade, promener

van - van, (de) camion(nette)

pile - pile, tapée, pilotis, foule, amas

carpets - tapis, moquette, tapisser

lying - gisant, sis, mentant, (lie) gisant

grass - l'herbe, herbe, pelouse, gazon, beuh, balance, moucharder

wondered - s'est demandé, merveille, étonner

sort - tri, assortir, esrece, assortis, sorte

folk - folklorique, populaire, peuple

And as I looked I suddenly became aware that a face was watching me out of one of the upper windows.

aware - conscient, attentif, vigilant, en éveil, en alerte

"I don't know what there was about that face, Mr. Holmes, but it seemed to send a chill right down my back. I was some little way off, so that I could not make out the features, but there was something unnatural and inhuman about the face. That was the impression that I had, and I moved quickly forwards to get a nearer view of the person who was watching me.

chill - refroidissement, froid

unnatural - contre nature

inhuman - inhumaine

forwards - pour l'avancement, en avant

But as I did so the face suddenly disappeared, so suddenly that it seemed to have been plucked away into the darkness of the room. I stood for five minutes thinking the business over, and trying to analyze my impressions. I could not tell if the face were that of a man or a woman. It had been too far from me for that. But its color was what had impressed me most.

plucked - plumé, tirer, pincer, plumer, voler, abats-p, persévérance

stood for - représentait

analyze - analyser, analysent, analysons, analysez

It was of a livid chalky white, and with something set and rigid about it which was shockingly unnatural. So disturbed was I that I determined to see a little more of the new inmates of the cottage. I approached and knocked at the door, which was instantly opened by a tall, gaunt woman with a harsh, forbidding face.

livid - livide, furieux

chalky - plâtreux, crétacé

rigid - rigide

shockingly - de maniere choquante

determined - déterminé, déterminer

inmates - détenus, détenu, détenue, codétenu, codétenue, résident

knocked at - frappé

instantly - instantanément, instamment

gaunt - décharné, maigre, osseux, anguleux, émacié

harsh - sévere, sévere, rude, cruel, dur, checkdure

"'What may you be wantin'?'she asked, in a Northern accent.

wantin - vouloir

Northern - nord, septentrional, boréal, bise

accent - accent, emphase, souligner, accentuer

"'I am your neighbor over yonder,'said I, nodding towards my house. 'I see that you have only just moved in, so I thought that if I could be of any help to you in any"'

neighbor - voisin

nodding - hochement de tete, (nod), dodeliner, hocher, hochement

only just - Tout juste

"'Ay, we'll just ask ye when we want ye,'said she, and shut the door in my face. Annoyed at the churlish rebuff, I turned my back and walked home. All evening, though I tried to think of other things, my mind would still turn to the apparition at the window and the rudeness of the woman.

Ay - il est vrai que

annoyed - agacé, gener, ennuyer, embeter, agacer, asticoter

rebuff - rebuffade

apparition - apparition

rudeness - l'impolitesse, impolitesse

I determined to say nothing about the former to my wife, for she is a nervous, highly strung woman, and I had no wish that she would share the unpleasant impression which had been produced upon myself. I remarked to her, however, before I fell asleep, that the cottage was now occupied, to which she returned no reply.

former - ancien, ancienne, ci devant

nervous - nerveux

highly strung - tres tendu

unpleasant - déplaisant, pénible, désagréable

produced - produit, produire, produits-p

asleep - endormi

occupied - occupée, occuper, habiter

"I am usually an extremely sound sleeper. It has been a standing jest in the family that nothing could ever wake me during the night. And yet somehow on that particular night, whether it may have been the slight excitement produced by my little adventure or not I know not, but I slept much more lightly than usual.

sleeper - wagon lit, dormant

jest - jest, plaisanter

somehow - d'une maniere ou d'une autre

particular - particulier

lightly - légerement, légerement

Half in my dreams I was dimly conscious that something was going on in the room, and gradually became aware that my wife had dressed herself and was slipping on her mantle and her bonnet.

dreams - reves, reve, t+songe, t+voeu, t+souhait, t+vou

dimly - faiblement, obscurément, vaguement, confusément

conscious - conscient

gradually - progressivement

slipping - glissement, glisser

mantle - manteau, les renes, manchon

bonnet - bonnet, orth America, casquette, béret, capot

My lips were parted to murmur out some sleepy words of surprise or remonstrance at this untimely preparation, when suddenly my half-opened eyes fell upon her face, illuminated by the candle-light, and astonishment held me dumb. She wore an expression such as I had never seen before"such as I should have thought her incapable of assuming.

lips - levres, levre

murmur - murmure, rumeur, souffle, murmurer

sleepy - somnolent, ensommeillé, ensuqué, endormi

untimely - inopportun, intempestif, vert

preparation - préparation, concoction

illuminated - éclairé, illuminer

dumb - stupide, muet

incapable - incapable

assuming - en supposant, assumant, (assume), supposer, présupposer

She was deadly pale and breathing fast, glancing furtively towards the bed as she fastened her mantle, to see if she had disturbed me. Then, thinking that I was still asleep, she slipped noiselessly from the room, and an instant later I heard a sharp creaking which could only come from the hinges of the front door.

deadly - mortelle, mortel, fatal, létal

breathing - respirer, respiration, (breath), souffle, haleine

furtively - furtivement

fastened - fixé, attacher, fixer

slipped - a glissé, glisser

noiselessly - sans bruit

creaking - grincement, craquement, craquer

hinges - charnieres, gond, charniere, dépendre

I sat up in bed and rapped my knuckles against the rail to make certain that I was truly awake. Then I took my watch from under the pillow. It was three in the morning. What on this earth could my wife be doing out on the country road at three in the morning?

rapped - rappé, coup sec

knuckles - poings américains, articulation du doigt, articulation

rail - ferroviaire, rail

truly - vraiment

pillow - oreiller, tetiere

country road - route de campagne

"I had sat for about twenty minutes turning the thing over in my mind and trying to find some possible explanation. The more I thought, the more extraordinary and inexplicable did it appear. I was still puzzling over it when I heard the door gently close again, and her footsteps coming up the stairs.

inexplicable - inexplicable

appear - apparaître, sembler

Footsteps - des pas, empreinte, trace de pas, pas, bruit de pas, marche

stairs - escaliers, marche, escalier, volée

"'Where in the world have you been, Effie?'I asked as she entered.

"She gave a violent start and a kind of gasping cry when I spoke, and that cry and start troubled me more than all the rest, for there was something indescribably guilty about them. My wife had always been a woman of a frank, open nature, and it gave me a chill to see her slinking into her own room, and crying out and wincing when her own husband spoke to her.

gasping - haletant, (gasp), retenir son souffle, haleter, ahaner

indescribably - de maniere indescriptible

guilty - coupable

frank - franche, franc

crying out - crier

wincing - se blesser, se pincer, (wince), grimacer

"'You awake, Jack!'she cried, with a nervous laugh. 'Why, I thought that nothing could awake you.'

"'Where have you been?'I asked, more sternly.

sternly - séverement

"'I don't wonder that you are surprised,'said she, and I could see that her fingers were trembling as she undid the fastenings of her mantle. 'Why, I never remember having done such a thing in my life before. The fact is that I felt as though I were choking, and had a perfect longing for a breath of fresh air. I really think that I should have fainted if I had not gone out.

fingers - doigts, pointer, tripoter, doigter

undid - défait, défaire

choking - l'étouffement, suffoquer, étouffer

longing for - Avoir envie de

fainted - s'est évanoui, faible, léger

gone out - sorti

I stood at the door for a few minutes, and now I am quite myself again.'

"All the time that she was telling me this story she never once looked in my direction, and her voice was quite unlike her usual tones. It was evident to me that she was saying what was false. I said nothing in reply, but turned my face to the wall, sick at heart, with my mind filled with a thousand venomous doubts and suspicions. What was it that my wife was concealing from me?

never once - Pas une seul fois

looked in - regardé

voice - voix

unlike - contrairement a, différent

tones - tons, ton

evident - évidentes, évident

at heart - au cour

venomous - venimeux

doubts - des doutes, douter, doute

suspicions - des soupçons, suspicion, soupçon

concealing - dissimuler, cacher

Where had she been during that strange expedition? I felt that I should have no peace until I knew, and yet I shrank from asking her again after once she had told me what was false. All the rest of the night I tossed and tumbled, framing theory after theory, each more unlikely than the last.

shrank - s'est rétréci, se réduire, rétrécir, se resserrer

tumbled - culbuté, culbute, dégringoler, culbuter

framing - l'encadrement, encadrement, (frame), encadrer, cadre, armature

"I should have gone to the City that day, but I was too disturbed in my mind to be able to pay attention to business matters. My wife seemed to be as upset as myself, and I could see from the little questioning glances which she kept shooting at me that she understood that I disbelieved her statement, and that she was at her wits'end what to do.

glances - regards, jeter un coup d’oil, coup d'oil

shooting - le tir, tir, fusillade, (shoot) le tir

disbelieved - incrédules, croire

We hardly exchanged a word during breakfast, and immediately afterwards I went out for a walk, that I might think the matter out in the fresh morning air.

exchanged - échangé, (é)changer

"I went as far as the Crystal Palace, spent an hour in the grounds, and was back in Norbury by one o'clock. It happened that my way took me past the cottage, and I stopped for an instant to look at the windows, and to see if I could catch a glimpse of the strange face which had looked out at me on the day before. As I stood there, imagine my surprise, Mr.

crystal - cristal, de cristal, en cristal

Palace - le palais, palais

Glimpse - aperçu, entrevoir

Holmes, when the door suddenly opened and my wife walked out.

"I was struck dumb with astonishment at the sight of her; but my emotions were nothing to those which showed themselves upon her face when our eyes met. She seemed for an instant to wish to shrink back inside the house again; and then, seeing how useless all concealment must be, she came forward, with a very white face and frightened eyes which belied the smile upon her lips.

sight - vue, quelque chose a voir, truc a voir, mire, viseur

emotions - des émotions, émotion

shrink back - se rétracter

useless - inutile, inutilisable, bon a rien

concealment - dissimulation

belied - démentie, démentir

smile - sourire

"'Ah, Jack,'she said, 'I have just been in to see if I can be of any assistance to our new neighbors. Why do you look at me like that, Jack? You are not angry with me?'

assistance - l'assistance, assistance

"'So,'said I, 'this is where you went during the night.'

"'What do you mean?'she cried.

"'You came here. I am sure of it. Who are these people, that you should visit them at such an hour?'

"'I have not been here before.'

"'How can you tell me what you know is false?'I cried. 'Your very voice changes as you speak. When have I ever had a secret from you? I shall enter that cottage, and I shall probe the matter to the bottom.'

enter - entrer, rench: t-needed r, taper, saisir

probe - Une sonde

"'No, no, Jack, For God's sake!'she gasped, in uncontrollable emotion. Then, as I approached the door, she seized my sleeve and pulled me back with convulsive strength.

For God's sake - Pour l'amour de Dieu

uncontrollable - incontrôlable

emotion - l'émotion, émotion

seized - saisi, saisir

strength - la force, force, vigueur, effectif, point fort

"'I implore you not to do this, Jack,'she cried. 'I swear that I will tell you everything some day, but nothing but misery can come of it if you enter that cottage.'Then, as I tried to shake her off, she clung to me in a frenzy of entreaty.

swear - jurer, blasphémer, jurez, jurons, jurent

misery - la misere, misere

shake - secouer, agiter, se serrer la main, secousse

clung to - a laquelle il s'est accroché

frenzy - frénésie

entreaty - demande, supplication

"'Trust me, Jack!'she cried. 'Trust me only this once. You will never have cause to regret it. You know that I would not have a secret from you if it were not for your own sake. Our whole lives are at stake in this. If you come home with me, all will be well. If you force your way into that cottage, all is over between us.'

this once - cette fois-ci

cause - cause, raison, causer

regret - regretter, regret

stake - enjeu, pieu, pal, tuteur, jalon

force - force, forcez, contrainte, forçons, contraindre, forcent

"There was such earnestness, such despair, in her manner that her words arrested me, and I stood irresolute before the door.

irresolute - irrésolu

"'I will trust you on one condition, and on one condition only,'said I at last. 'It is that this mystery comes to an end from now. You are at liberty to preserve your secret, but you must promise me that there shall be no more nightly visits, no more doings which are kept from my knowledge. I am willing to forget those which are passed if you will promise that there shall be no more in the future.

condition - condition

nightly - tous les soirs

my knowledge - mes connaissances


"'I was sure that you would trust me,'she cried, with a great sigh of relief. 'It shall be just as you wish. Come away"oh, come away up to the house.'

sigh - soupir

relief - secours, allégement, relief, soulagement

"Still pulling at my sleeve, she led me away from the cottage. As we went I glanced back, and there was that yellow livid face watching us out of the upper window. What link could there be between that creature and my wife? Or how could the coarse, rough woman whom I had seen the day before be connected with her?

coarse - grossier, brut, vulgaire

be connected with - etre connecté avec

It was a strange puzzle, and yet I knew that my mind could never know ease again until I had solved it.

puzzle - mystere, énigme, puzzle, casse-tete, jeu de patience, devinette

ease - l'aisance, facilité, repos, abaisser, abréger, amoindrir

solved - résolu, résoudre, régler, solutionner

"For two days after this I stayed at home, and my wife appeared to abide loyally by our engagement, for, as far as I know, she never stirred out of the house. On the third day, however, I had ample evidence that her solemn promise was not enough to hold her back from this secret influence which drew her away from her husband and her duty.

abide - se maintenir, endurer, tolérer, supporter, souffrir, rester

loyally - loyalement

engagement - l'engagement, fiançailles

stirred - remué, brasser, agiter

ample - ample

solemn promise - promesse solennelle

"I had gone into town on that day, but I returned by the 2.40 instead of the 3.36, which is my usual train. As I entered the house the maid ran into the hall with a startled face.

gone into - entré dans

instead - a la place, a la place, au lieu de

hall - couloir, corridor, salle, salon, manoir, foyer

startled - surpris, sursauter, surprendre

"'Where is your mistress?'I asked.

Mistress - madame, maîtresse, amante

"'I think that she has gone out for a walk,'she answered.

"My mind was instantly filled with suspicion. I rushed upstairs to make sure that she was not in the house. As I did so I happened to glance out of one of the upper windows, and saw the maid with whom I had just been speaking running across the field in the direction of the cottage. Then of course I saw exactly what it all meant.

glance - regard, jeter un coup d’oil

My wife had gone over there, and had asked the servant to call her if I should return. Tingling with anger, I rushed down and hurried across, determined to end the matter once and forever. I saw my wife and the maid hurrying back along the lane, but I did not stop to speak with them. In the cottage lay the secret which was casting a shadow over my life.

tingling - picotements, picotement, (tingle), picoter

anger - la colere, colere, ire, courroux, rage

hurried - pressé, précipitation, hâte, dépecher

hurrying - se dépecher, dépechant, (hurry), précipitation, hâte

casting - casting, moulage, (cast), jeter, diriger, lancer, additionner

I vowed that, come what might, it should be a secret no longer. I did not even knock when I reached it, but turned the handle and rushed into the passage.

vowed - s'est engagé, voeu, vou, jurer

knock - coup, frapper

"It was all still and quiet upon the ground floor. In the kitchen a kettle was singing on the fire, and a large black cat lay coiled up in the basket; but there was no sign of the woman whom I had seen before. I ran into the other room, but it was equally deserted. Then I rushed up the stairs, only to find two other rooms empty and deserted at the top. There was no one at all in the whole house.

ground floor - le rez-de-chaussée

kettle - bouilloire, chaudron

coiled - enroulé, enrouler

basket - panier

deserted - désertée, abandonner

top - haut, dessus, sommet, couvercle, hune, premiere demi-manche

The furniture and pictures were of the most common and vulgar description, save in the one chamber at the window of which I had seen the strange face. That was comfortable and elegant, and all my suspicions rose into a fierce bitter flame when I saw that on the mantelpiece stood a copy of a full-length photograph of my wife, which had been taken at my request only three months ago.

furniture - mobilier, meubles

vulgar - vulgaire, obscene

chamber - chambre, piece, salle

rose - Rose, (rise)

Bitter - amere, amer, saumâtre

mantelpiece - tablette de cheminée

copy - copie, exemplaire, copier, imiter, recevoir

full-length - (full-length) pleine longueur

"I stayed long enough to make certain that the house was absolutely empty. Then I left it, feeling a weight at my heart such as I had never had before. My wife came out into the hall as I entered my house; but I was too hurt and angry to speak with her, and pushing past her, I made my way into my study. She followed me, however, before I could close the door.

hurt - faire mal, blesser, blessé

pushing - poussant, pousser

"'I am sorry that I broke my promise, Jack,'said she; 'but if you knew all the circumstances I am sure that you would forgive me.'

forgive - pardonner

"'Tell me everything, then,'said I.

"'I cannot, Jack, I cannot,'she cried.

"'Until you tell me who it is that has been living in that cottage, and who it is to whom you have given that photograph, there can never be any confidence between us,'said I, and breaking away from her, I left the house. That was yesterday, Mr. Holmes, and I have not seen her since, nor do I know anything more about this strange business.

breaking away - se détacher

It is the first shadow that has come between us, and it has so shaken me that I do not know what I should do for the best. Suddenly this morning it occurred to me that you were the man to advise me, so I have hurried to you now, and I place myself unreservedly in your hands. If there is any point which I have not made clear, pray question me about it.

shaken - secoué, secouer, agiter

advise - conseiller, renseigner

unreservedly - sans réserve

made clear - claire

Pray - prier, prions, priez, prient

But, above all, tell me quickly what I am to do, for this misery is more than I can bear."

Holmes and I had listened with the utmost interest to this extraordinary statement, which had been delivered in the jerky, broken fashion of a man who is under the influence of extreme emotions. My companion sat silent for some time, with his chin upon his hand, lost in thought.

utmost - le plus important, extreme, plus grand, supreme, maximum

delivered - livrée, accoucher, livrer, remettre

fashion - la mode, mode, vogue, façon, façonner

"Tell me," said he at last, "could you swear that this was a man's face which you saw at the window?"

"Each time that I saw it I was some distance away from it, so that it is impossible for me to say."

impossible - impossible, insupportable

"You appear, however, to have been disagreeably impressed by it."

disagreeably - désagréable

"It seemed to be of an unnatural color, and to have a strange rigidity about the features. When I approached, it vanished with a jerk."

rigidity - la rigidité, rigidité, raideur

vanished - disparue, disparaître, s'évanouir, s'annuler

jerk - con, par secousse, soubresaut

"How long is it since your wife asked you for a hundred pounds?"

"Nearly two months."

"Have you ever seen a photograph of her first husband?"

"No; there was a great fire at Atlanta very shortly after his death, and all her papers were destroyed."

fire at - tirer sur

shortly - dans peu de temps, rapidement, brievement

destroyed - détruite, détruire, euthanasier

"And yet she had a certificate of death. You say that you saw it."

certificate - document, certificat, diplôme

"Yes; she got a duplicate after the fire."

"Did you ever meet any one who knew her in America?"


"Did she ever talk of revisiting the place?"

revisiting - en cours de révision, revoir


"Or get letters from it?"


"Thank you. I should like to think over the matter a little now. If the cottage is now permanently deserted we may have some difficulty. If, on the other hand, as I fancy is more likely, the inmates were warned of your coming, and left before you entered yesterday, then they may be back now, and we should clear it all up easily.

think over - réfléchir

permanently - de façon permanente, en permanence, en tous temps, toujours

Let me advise you, then, to return to Norbury, and to examine the windows of the cottage again. If you have reason to believe that it is inhabited, do not force your way in, but send a wire to my friend and me. We shall be with you within an hour of receiving it, and we shall then very soon get to the bottom of the business."

examine - examiner

"And if it is still empty?"

"In that case I shall come out to-morrow and talk it over with you. Good-by; and, above all, do not fret until you know that you really have a cause for it."

good-by - (good-by) bien par

fret - fret, (se) tracasser (pour)

"I am afraid that this is a bad business, Watson," said my companion, as he returned after accompanying Mr. Grant Munro to the door. "What do you make of it?"

accompanying - accompagnant, accompagner

What do you make of it? - Qu'en pensez-vous ?

"It had an ugly sound," I answered.

ugly - laid, moche, vilain

"Yes. There's blackmail in it, or I am much mistaken."

blackmail - le chantage, chantage, faire du chantage, faire chanter

"And who is the blackmailer?"

blackmailer - maître-chanteur, maitre-chanteur, maître chanteur

"Well, it must be the creature who lives in the only comfortable room in the place, and has her photograph above his fireplace. Upon my word, Watson, there is something very attractive about that livid face at the window, and I would not have missed the case for worlds."

fireplace - âtre, foyer, cheminée

attractive - attrayante

"You have a theory?"

"Yes, a provisional one. But I shall be surprised if it does not turn out to be correct. This woman's first husband is in that cottage."

provisional - provisoire, temporaire

"Why do you think so?"

"How else can we explain her frenzied anxiety that her second one should not enter it? The facts, as I read them, are something like this: This woman was married in America. Her husband developed some hateful qualities; or shall we say that he contracted some loathsome disease, and became a leper or an imbecile?

frenzied - frénétique, frénésie

developed - développé, se développer, développer

hateful - haineux

qualities - qualités, qualité

contracted - sous contrat, contracter

loathsome - détestable, odieux, dégoutant

disease - maladie, mal

leper - léprosé, lépreux

imbecile - imbécile

She flies from him at last, returns to England, changes her name, and starts her life, as she thinks, afresh.

afresh - nouveau, a nouveau

She has been married three years, and believes that her position is quite secure, having shown her husband the death certificate of some man whose name she has assumed, when suddenly her whereabouts is discovered by her first husband; or, we may suppose, by some unscrupulous woman who has attached herself to the invalid. They write to the wife, and threaten to come and expose her.

secure - sécurisé, sur, sécuriser

whose - a qui, de qui, dont, duquel (de + lequel), duquel

assumed - supposé, supposer, présupposer, présumer, assumer, adopter

whereabouts - ou se trouve-t-il, jusque la

unscrupulous - sans scrupules

attached - attachée, attacher

invalid - invalide, périmé

threaten - menacer

She asks for a hundred pounds, and endeavors to buy them off. They come in spite of it, and when the husband mentions casually to the wife that there are new-comers in the cottage, she knows in some way that they are her pursuers. She waits until her husband is asleep, and then she rushes down to endeavor to persuade them to leave her in peace.

asks for - demande

endeavors - des entreprises, effort, entreprise, tenter, s’efforcer

mentions - mentions, mentionner

casually - de rencontre

pursuers - poursuivants, poursuivant

rushes - des joncs, se précipiter, emmener d'urgence

persuade - persuader

Having no success, she goes again next morning, and her husband meets her, as he has told us, as she comes out. She promises him then not to go there again, but two days afterwards the hope of getting rid of those dreadful neighbors was too strong for her, and she made another attempt, taking down with her the photograph which had probably been demanded from her.

promises - des promesses, vou, promesse, promettre

rid - rid, débarrasser

taking down - descendre

demanded from - Demander a

In the midst of this interview the maid rushed in to say that the master had come home, on which the wife, knowing that he would come straight down to the cottage, hurried the inmates out at the back door, into the grove of fir-trees, probably, which was mentioned as standing near. In this way he found the place deserted.

midst - centre, milieu

fir-trees - (fir-trees) des sapins

I shall be very much surprised, however, if it is still so when he reconnoitres it this evening. What do you think of my theory?"

reconnoitres - reconnoitres, reconnaître (le terrain)

"It is all surmise."

"But at least it covers all the facts. When new facts come to our knowledge which cannot be covered by it, it will be time enough to reconsider it. We can do nothing more until we have a message from our friend at Norbury."

covers - couvertures, couvercle, couverture, couvert

knowledge - connaissance, science, connaissances, savoir

reconsider - reconsidérer

But we had not a very long time to wait for that. It came just as we had finished our tea. "The cottage is still tenanted," it said. "Have seen the face again at the window. Will meet the seven o'clock train, and will take no steps until you arrive."

tenanted - en location, (de) locataire

steps - étapes, pas

He was waiting on the platform when we stepped out, and we could see in the light of the station lamps that he was very pale, and quivering with agitation.

platform - plate-forme, scene, podium, quai, plateforme

quivering - tremblant, frémir

"They are still there, Mr. Holmes," said he, laying his hand hard upon my friend's sleeve. "I saw lights in the cottage as I came down. We shall settle it now once and for all."

"What is your plan, then?" asked Holmes, as he walked down the dark tree-lined road.

"I am going to force my way in and see for myself who is in the house. I wish you both to be there as witnesses."

witnesses - des témoins, témoignage, témoin, preuve, témoigner

"You are quite determined to do this, in spite of your wife's warning that it is better that you should not solve the mystery?"

warning - l'avertissement, avertissement, attention, (warn), avertir

solve - résoudre, régler, solutionner

"Yes, I am determined."

"Well, I think that you are in the right. Any truth is better than indefinite doubt. We had better go up at once. Of course, legally, we are putting ourselves hopelessly in the wrong; but I think that it is worth it."

legally - légalement

hopelessly - sans espoir

It was a very dark night, and a thin rain began to fall as we turned from the high road into a narrow lane, deeply rutted, with hedges on either side. Mr. Grant Munro pushed impatiently forward, however, and we stumbled after him as best we could.

narrow - étroite, pressé, étroit

deeply - profondément

rutted - ornieres, orniere

hedges - des haies, haie

impatiently - avec impatience

stumbled - en état de choc, chute, faux pas, bourde, trébucher

"There are the lights of my house," he murmured, pointing to a glimmer among the trees. "And here is the cottage which I am going to enter."

glimmer - l'éclat, lueur, émettre une lueur

We turned a corner in the lane as he spoke, and there was the building close beside us. A yellow bar falling across the black foreground showed that the door was not quite closed, and one window in the upper story was brightly illuminated. As we looked, we saw a dark blur moving across the blind.

bar - bar, barrent, barrons, barrer, barrez, tringle

foreground - au premier plan, premier plan, avantlan

brightly - brillante, clairement, précisément

blur - estomper, brouiller, s'estomper, flou, tache, salissure, marque

"There is that creature!" cried Grant Munro. "You can see for yourselves that some one is there. Now follow me, and we shall soon know all."

We approached the door; but suddenly a woman appeared out of the shadow and stood in the golden track of the lamp-light. I could not see her face in the darkness, but her arms were thrown out in an attitude of entreaty.

attitude - posture, état d'esprit, attitude

"For God's sake, don't Jack!" she cried. "I had a presentiment that you would come this evening. Think better of it, dear! Trust me again, and you will never have cause to regret it."

had a presentiment - avoir un pressentiment

"I have trusted you too long, Effie," he cried, sternly. "Leave go of me! I must pass you. My friends and I are going to settle this matter once and forever!" He pushed her to one side, and we followed closely after him. As he threw the door open an old woman ran out in front of him and tried to bar his passage, but he thrust her back, and an instant afterwards we were all upon the stairs.

trusted - de confiance, confiance, trust, faire confiance

pass - passer, doubler, passe, dépasser, passez, passons, passage

closely - de pres, étroitement, pres

threw - jeté, jeter, lancer

Grant Munro rushed into the lighted room at the top, and we entered at his heels.

It was a cosey, well-furnished apartment, with two candles burning upon the table and two upon the mantelpiece. In the corner, stooping over a desk, there sat what appeared to be a little girl. Her face was turned away as we entered, but we could see that she was dressed in a red frock, and that she had long white gloves on. As she whisked round to us, I gave a cry of surprise and horror.

cosey - cosey

furnished - meublé, meubler, fournir, livrer

candles - bougies, bougie, chandelle

burning - bruler, brulant, ardent, brulage, (burn) bruler

stooping - se baisser

gloves - gants, gant

whisked - au fouet, aller a toute allure, emmener immédiatement

cry - pleurer, crier, hurler, gueuler, pleur, cri

The face which she turned towards us was of the strangest livid tint, and the features were absolutely devoid of any expression. An instant later the mystery was explained. Holmes, with a laugh, passed his hand behind the child's ear, a mask peeled off from her countenance, and there was a little coal black negress, with all her white teeth flashing in amusement at our amazed faces.

Strangest - le plus étrange, étrange, anormal, inconnu, étranger

tint - teinte, nuance, teindre

devoid - dépourvu

mask - masque

peeled off - décollé

countenance - visage, approuver

coal - charbon, houille, tisons, checkhouille

negress - négresse, noire

amazed - stupéfait, stupéfier

I burst out laughing, out of sympathy with her merriment; but Grant Munro stood staring, with his hand clutching his throat.

sympathy - compassion, sympathie, condoléance

merriment - la gaieté, gaieté

clutching - l'embrayage, se raccrocher (a)

throat - gorge, goulot

"My God!" he cried. "What can be the meaning of this?"

"I will tell you the meaning of it," cried the lady, sweeping into the room with a proud, set face. "You have forced me, against my own judgment, to tell you, and now we must both make the best of it. My husband died at Atlanta. My child survived."

sweeping - balayage, a l'emporteiece, radical, complet

forced - forcée, force

judgment - jugement, sentence, verdict, jugement dernier

survived - a survécu, survivre

"Your child?"

She drew a large silver locket from her bosom. "You have never seen this open."

locket - médaillon

bosom - poitrine, sein, intime

"I understood that it did not open."

She touched a spring, and the front hinged back. There was a portrait within of a man strikingly handsome and intelligent-looking, but bearing unmistakable signs upon his features of his African descent.

hinged - a charniere, gond, charniere, dépendre

portrait - portrait

handsome - beau

intelligent - intelligent

African - africains, africain, Africaine

descent - descente, origine, ascendance

"That is John Hebron, of Atlanta," said the lady, "and a nobler man never walked the earth. I cut myself off from my race in order to wed him, but never once while he lived did I for an instant regret it. It was our misfortune that our only child took after his people rather than mine. It is often so in such matches, and little Lucy is darker far than ever her father was.

nobler - plus noble, noble, aristocrate, aristocratique

wed - mariage, marier, épouser

misfortune - malchance, mésaventure, malheur

only child - enfant unique

took after - a pris apres

mine - la mienne, mienne, miniere

matches - des correspondances, allumette

Lucy - lucy, Lucie

But dark or fair, she is my own dear little girlie, and her mother's pet." The little creature ran across at the words and nestled up against the lady's dress. "When I left her in America," she continued, "it was only because her health was weak, and the change might have done her harm. She was given to the care of a faithful Scotch woman who had once been our servant.

girlie - gosse

pet - animal de compagnie, dorloter, choyer

nestled - niché, se pelotonner, se nicher

weak - faible, débile

harm - le mal, mal, tort, dommage, nuire a, faire du mal a

faithful - fidele, fidele, loyal

Never for an instant did I dream of disowning her as my child. But when chance threw you in my way, Jack, and I learned to love you, I feared to tell you about my child. God forgive me, I feared that I should lose you, and I had not the courage to tell you. I had to choose between you, and in my weakness I turned away from my own little girl.

dream - reve, reve, songe, voeu

disowning - reniement, renier

feared - craint, peur

courage - bravoure, courage, cour, vaillance

weakness - faiblesse, point faible

For three years I have kept her existence a secret from you, but I heard from the nurse, and I knew that all was well with her. At last, however, there came an overwhelming desire to see the child once more. I struggled against it, but in vain. Though I knew the danger, I determined to have the child over, if it were but for a few weeks.

overwhelming - écrasante, abreuver, accabler, envahir

desire - désirer, désir

struggled - en difficulté, lutte, lutter, s'efforcer, combattre

in vain - en vain

danger - danger, péril

I sent a hundred pounds to the nurse, and I gave her instructions about this cottage, so that she might come as a neighbor, without my appearing to be in any way connected with her.

appearing - apparaissant, apparaître, paraître, sembler

connected - connecté, accoupler, connecter, brancher

I pushed my precautions so far as to order her to keep the child in the house during the daytime, and to cover up her little face and hands so that even those who might see her at the window should not gossip about there being a black child in the neighborhood. If I had been less cautious I might have been more wise, but I was half crazy with fear that you should learn the truth.

precautions - des précautions, précaution

daytime - journée, jour

cover up - couvrir

gossip - des ragots, commere, commérage, ragot, cancan

neighborhood - voisinage, environs, quartier, checkvoisinage

cautious - prudent

wise - sage, sensé, genre, raisonnable

crazy - fou, insensé, avoir une araignée au plafond, chtarbé

fear - peur, angoisse, craignent, crainte, crains, craignons

"It was you who told me first that the cottage was occupied. I should have waited for the morning, but I could not sleep for excitement, and so at last I slipped out, knowing how difficult it is to awake you. But you saw me go, and that was the beginning of my troubles. Next day you had my secret at your mercy, but you nobly refrained from pursuing your advantage.

troubles - des problemes, peine, mal, probleme, emmerde, fr

nobly - noblement

refrained - s'est abstenu, refrain

pursuing - poursuivre, poursuivant, (pursue), rechercher

Three days later, however, the nurse and child only just escaped from the back door as you rushed in at the front one. And now to-night you at last know all, and I ask you what is to become of us, my child and me?" She clasped her hands and waited for an answer.

escaped - s'est échappé, échapper, s'échapper, éviter, tirer

It was a long ten minutes before Grant Munro broke the silence, and when his answer came it was one of which I love to think. He lifted the little child, kissed her, and then, still carrying her, he held his other hand out to his wife and turned towards the door.

lifted - soulevée, soulever

kissed - embrassée, (s')embrasser

hand out - distribuer

"We can talk it over more comfortably at home," said he. "I am not a very good man, Effie, but I think that I am a better one than you have given me credit for being."

credit - crédit, mérite, reconnaissance, attribution, générique

Holmes and I followed them down the lane, and my friend plucked at my sleeve as we came out.

"I think," said he, "that we shall be of more use in London than in Norbury."

Not another word did he say of the case until late that night, when he was turning away, with his lighted candle, for his bedroom.

turning away - se détourner

"Watson," said he, "if it should ever strike you that I am getting a little over-confident in my powers, or giving less pains to a case than it deserves, kindly whisper 'Norbury'in my ear, and I shall be infinitely obliged to you."

strike - greve, biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre, faire greve

confident - assuré, confiant

pains - douleurs, douleur

deserves - mérite, mériter

whisper - chuchotement, chuchoter, susurrer, murmurer

Chapter III. The Stock-Broker's Clerk

broker - courtier, coutier

clerk - greffier

Shortly after my marriage I had bought a connection in the Paddington district. Old Mr. Farquhar, from whom I purchased it, had at one time an excellent general practice; but his age, and an affliction of the nature of St. Vitus's dance from which he suffered, had very much thinned it.

marriage - mariage, noces

purchased - achetée, achat, acquisition, acheter

affliction - affliction, détresse

suffered - souffert, souffrir, souffrir de, pâtir de, endurer

The public not unnaturally goes on the principle that he who would heal others must himself be whole, and looks askance at the curative powers of the man whose own case is beyond the reach of his drugs. Thus as my predecessor weakened his practice declined, until when I purchased it from him it had sunk from twelve hundred to little more than three hundred a year.

unnaturally - de façon non naturelle

principle - principe

he who - Il qui

heal - guérir, cicatriser

askance - l'interrogation, avec méfiance, de travers

curative - curatif

drugs - des drogues, médicament

thus - donc, ainsi, tellement, pour cette raison, également

predecessor - prédécesseur, prédécesseuse, prédécessrice, précédent

weakened - affaibli, affaiblir

declined - refusé, déclin

I had confidence, however, in my own youth and energy, and was convinced that in a very few years the concern would be as flourishing as ever.

youth - la jeunesse, jeunesse, jeune, jeune homme, les jeunes

concern - inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation, concerner

flourishing - l'épanouissement, fleurir, brandir

For three months after taking over the practice I was kept very closely at work, and saw little of my friend Sherlock Holmes, for I was too busy to visit Baker Street, and he seldom went anywhere himself save upon professional business.

anywhere - n'importe ou, n'importe ou, ou que ce soit, nulle part

I was surprised, therefore, when, one morning in June, as I sat reading the British Medical Journal after breakfast, I heard a ring at the bell, followed by the high, somewhat strident tones of my old companion's voice.

British - Britannique, anglais britannique

medical - médicale, médical

journal - journal, revue

strident - strident, criard

"Ah, my dear Watson," said he, striding into the room, "I am very delighted to see you! I trust that Mrs. Watson has entirely recovered from all the little excitements connected with our adventure of the Sign of Four."

striding - a grandes enjambées, marcher a grands pas

recovered - récupéré, recouvrer (la santé)

excitements - des excitants, excitation

"Thank you, we are both very well," said I, shaking him warmly by the hand.

shaking - tremblant, (shake), secouer, agiter, se serrer la main, secousse

warmly - chaleureusement, chaudement

"And I hope, also," he continued, sitting down in the rocking-chair, "that the cares of medical practice have not entirely obliterated the interest which you used to take in our little deductive problems."

sitting down - assis

rocking-chair - (rocking-chair) un fauteuil a bascule

medical practice - la pratique médicale

obliterated - anéantie, annihiler, effacer

deductive - déductif

"On the contrary," I answered, "it was only last night that I was looking over my old notes, and classifying some of our past results."

classifying - classer, classifier

"I trust that you don't consider your collection closed."

collection - collection, ramassage

"Not at all. I should wish nothing better than to have some more of such experiences."

experiences - expériences, expérience

"To-day, for example?"

"Yes, to-day, if you like."

"And as far off as Birmingham?"

"Certainly, if you wish it."

"And the practice?"

"I do my neighbor's when he goes. He is always ready to work off the debt."

work off - éliminer

"Ha! Nothing could be better," said Holmes, leaning back in his chair and looking keenly at me from under his half closed lids. "I perceive that you have been unwell lately. Summer colds are always a little trying."

ha - HA

lids - couvercles, couvercle

unwell - malaise, souffrant

lately - dernierement

"I was confined to the house by a severe chill for three days last week. I thought, however, that I had cast off every trace of it."

confined - confiné, confiner, limite

severe - sévere, grave, sévere

"So you have. You look remarkably robust."

remarkably - remarquablement

robust - robuste

"How, then, did you know of it?"

"My dear fellow, you know my methods."

"You deduced it, then?"

deduced - déduit, déduire


"And from what?"

"From your slippers."

slippers - des pantoufles, chausson, pantoufle

I glanced down at the new patent leathers which I was wearing. "How on earth"" I began, but Holmes answered my question before it was asked.

patent - brevet

leathers - les cuirs, cuir, de cuir

"Your slippers are new," he said. "You could not have had them more than a few weeks. The soles which you are at this moment presenting to me are slightly scorched. For a moment I thought they might have got wet and been burned in the drying. But near the instep there is a small circular wafer of paper with the shopman's hieroglyphics upon it. Damp would of course have removed this.

soles - semelles, plante (du pied)

slightly - légerement, finement, délicatement, légerement

scorched - brulé, roussir, bruler

instep - cou-de-pied, cou-deied

circular - circulaire, rond

wafer - gaufrette, hostie, oublie, pain a cacheter, wafer

shopman - commerçant

hieroglyphics - des hiéroglyphes, hiéroglyphique

damp - humide, moite, mouillé, humidité, grisou, amortir

removed - supprimée, enlever

You had, then, been sitting with your feet outstretched to the fire, which a man would hardly do even in so wet a June as this if he were in his full health."

Like all Holmes's reasoning the thing seemed simplicity itself when it was once explained. He read the thought upon my features, and his smile had a tinge of bitterness.

simplicity - la simplicité, simplicité

tinge - teinte, touche, nuance, teindre

bitterness - l'amertume, amertume

"I am afraid that I rather give myself away when I explain," said he. "Results without causes are much more impressive. You are ready to come to Birmingham, then?"

causes - causes, cause, raison, causer

more impressive - plus impressionnante

"Certainly. What is the case?"

"You shall hear it all in the train. My client is outside in a four-wheeler. Can you come at once?"

client - client, cliente

wheeler - véhicule

"In an instant." I scribbled a note to my neighbor, rushed upstairs to explain the matter to my wife, and joined Holmes upon the door-step.

scribbled - griffonné, griffonner

step - étape, marche

"Your neighbor is a doctor," said he, nodding at the brass plate.

brass - laiton, airain

"Yes; he bought a practice as I did."

"An old-established one?"

"Just the same as mine. Both have been ever since the houses were built."

"Ah! Then you got hold of the best of the two."

"I think I did. But how do you know?"

"By the steps, my boy. Yours are worn three inches deeper than his. But this gentleman in the cab is my client, Mr. Hall Pycroft. Allow me to introduce you to him. Whip your horse up, cabby, for we have only just time to catch our train."

deeper - plus profond, profond, épais, grave, foncé, foncée

allow - laisser, accorder, permettre

whip - fouet, whip, fouetter, flageller, défaire, battre

cabby - cabby

The man whom I found myself facing was a well built, fresh-complexioned young fellow, with a frank, honest face and a slight, crisp, yellow mustache.

complexioned - teint, complexion

crisp - net, croustillant, croquant

mustache - moustache

He wore a very shiny top hat and a neat suit of sober black, which made him look what he was"a smart young City man, of the class who have been labeled cockneys, but who give us our crack volunteer regiments, and who turn out more fine athletes and sportsmen than any body of men in these islands.

shiny - brillant

sober - sobre, cuver

smart - intelligent, rusé, bath, fringant, roublard, maligne

labeled - étiqueté, étiquette, étiqueter

cockneys - les cockneys, Cockney

crack - crack, croustiller, fissure, craquement, fracas, craquer

volunteer - volontaire, bénévole, se porter volontaire, etre bénévole

regiments - régiments, régiment

athletes - athletes, athlete, sportif, sportive

sportsmen - sportifs, sportif, athlete

His round, ruddy face was naturally full of cheeriness, but the corners of his mouth seemed to me to be pulled down in a half-comical distress. It was not, however, until we were all in a first-class carriage and well started upon our journey to Birmingham that I was able to learn what the trouble was which had driven him to Sherlock Holmes.

cheeriness - enjouement

corners - coins, coin, rencogner, piéger, acculer

pulled down - tiré vers le bas

comical - comique

distress - la détresse, détresse

"We have a clear run here of seventy minutes," Holmes remarked. "I want you, Mr. Hall Pycroft, to tell my friend your very interesting experience exactly as you have told it to me, or with more detail if possible. It will be of use to me to hear the succession of events again.

if possible - si possible

succession - succession

It is a case, Watson, which may prove to have something in it, or may prove to have nothing, but which, at least, presents those unusual and outré features which are as dear to you as they are to me. Now, Mr. Pycroft, I shall not interrupt you again."

unusual - inhabituel, insolite, inusuel

interrupt - interrompre, couper

Our young companion looked at me with a twinkle in his eye.

Twinkle - twinkle, briller, cligner, virevolter

"The worst of the story is," said he, "that I show myself up as such a confounded fool. Of course it may work out all right, and I don't see that I could have done otherwise; but if I have lost my crib and get nothing in exchange I shall feel what a soft Johnnie I have been. I'm not very good at telling a story, Dr. Watson, but it is like this with me:

fool - idiot, dinde, fou, bouffon, mat, duper, tromper

otherwise - autrement

crib - berceau, huche, antiseche

Exchange - l'échange, échangent, échangeons, échanger, échangez, échange

"I used to have a billet at Coxon & Woodhouse's, of Draper's Gardens, but they were let in early in the spring through the Venezuelan loan, as no doubt you remember, and came a nasty cropper. I had been with them five years, and old Coxon gave me a ripping good testimonial when the smash came, but of course we clerks were all turned adrift, the twenty-seven of us.

billet - billettes, logement (chez l'habitant)

Woodhouse - woodhouse

let in - laisser entrer

Venezuelan - Vénézuélien, Vénézuélienne

loan - pret, crédit, preter, emprunt, emprunter

cropper - cropper

ripping - déchirer, (se) déchirer

smash - smash, fracasser, percuter, écraser

clerks - commis, greffier

adrift - a la dérive, a la dérive

I tried here and tried there, but there were lots of other chaps on the same lay as myself, and it was a perfect frost for a long time. I had been taking three pounds a week at Coxon's, and I had saved about seventy of them, but I soon worked my way through that and out at the other end.

chaps - les chaps, type

frost - givre, gel

I was fairly at the end of my tether at last, and could hardly find the stamps to answer the advertisements or the envelopes to stick them to. I had worn out my boots paddling up office stairs, and I seemed just as far from getting a billet as ever.

fairly - équitable, justement, assez

stamps - timbres, cachet, tampon, timbre, taper du pied

advertisements - des publicités, publicité, pub, annonce, avis

envelopes - enveloppes, enveloppe

paddling - pagayer, (paddle) pagayer

"At last I saw a vacancy at Mawson & Williams's, the great stock-broking firm in Lombard Street. I dare say E. C. is not much in your line, but I can tell you that this is about the richest house in London. The advertisement was to be answered by letter only. I sent in my testimonial and application, but without the least hope of getting it.

vacancy - poste vacant, vacance, chambre libre

Williams - williams, Guillaume, William

broking - le courtage

firm - ferme, social, robuste, maison de commerce, solide

Lombard - lombard, longobard

dare - oser, aventurer

advertisement - la publicité, publicité, pub, annonce, avis

sent in - envoyé

application - l'application, application, programme, candidature, demande

Back came an answer by return, saying that if I would appear next Monday I might take over my new duties at once, provided that my appearance was satisfactory. No one knows how these things are worked. Some people say that the manager just plunges his hand into the heap and takes the first that comes. Anyhow it was my innings that time, and I don't ever wish to feel better pleased.

by return - par retour

duties - fonctions, devoir, obligation, service, travail, taxe

provided that - a condition que

appearance - l'apparence, apparition, apparence, comparution

satisfactory - satisfaisante, satisfaisant

manager - directeur

plunges - plonge, plonger

The screw was a pound a week rise, and the duties just about the same as at Coxon's.

screw - vis, hélice, visser, baiser, coucher avec, fourrer, foutre

"And now I come to the queer part of the business. I was in diggings out Hampstead way, 17 Potter's Terrace. Well, I was sitting doing a smoke that very evening after I had been promised the appointment, when up came my landlady with a card which had 'Arthur Pinner, Financial Agent,'printed upon it.

queer - pédé, étrange, bizarre

Potter - potter, potier/-iere

terrace - toit-terrasse, terrasse, gradins

promised - promis, vou, promesse, promettre

appointment - nomination, rendez-vous, rance

landlady - propriétaire

financial - financiere, financier

printed - imprimée, imprimer, imprimé, empreinte, estampe

I had never heard the name before and could not imagine what he wanted with me; but, of course, I asked her to show him up. In he walked, a middle-sized, dark-haired, dark-eyed, black-bearded man, with a touch of the Sheeny about his nose. He had a brisk kind of way with him and spoke sharply, like a man who knew the value of time."

sized - dimensionné, taille, dimension(s)

haired - cheveux

bearded - barbu, barbe

Sheeny - brillant

brisk - animé, vif, stimulant

sharply - brusquement

"'Mr. Hall Pycroft, I believe?'" said he.

"'Yes, sir,'I answered, pushing a chair towards him.

"'Lately engaged at Coxon & Woodhouse's?'

engaged - engagé, attirer l'attention, engager, embrayer

"'Yes, sir.'

"'And now on the staff of Mawson's.'

staff - le personnel, personnelle

"'Quite so.'

"'Well,'said he, 'the fact is that I have heard some really extraordinary stories about your financial ability. You remember Parker, who used to be Coxon's manager? He can never say enough about it.'

"Of course I was pleased to hear this. I had always been pretty sharp in the office, but I had never dreamed that I was talked about in the City in this fashion.

dreamed - revé, reve, t+songe, t+voeu, t+souhait, t+vou

"'You have a good memory?'said he.

memory - mémoire, souvenir

"'Pretty fair,'I answered, modestly.

modestly - modestement

"'Have you kept in touch with the market while you have been out of work?'he asked.

"'Yes. I read the stock exchange list every morning.'

stock exchange list - liste de la bourse

"'Now that shows real application!'he cried. 'That is the way to prosper! You won't mind my testing you, will you? Let me see. How are Ayrshires?'

Prosper - prospérer

"'A hundred and six and a quarter to a hundred and five and seven-eighths.'

eighths - huitiemes, huitieme

"'And New Zealand consolidated?'

consolidated - consolidée, consolider

"'A hundred and four.

"'And British Broken Hills?'

hills - collines, colline, côte

"'Seven to seven-and-six.'

"'Wonderful!'he cried, with his Hands up. 'This quite fits in with all that I had heard. My boy, my boy, you are very much too good to be a clerk at Mawson's!'

Hands up - Les mains en l'air

fits - s'adapte, en forme

"This outburst rather astonished me, as you can think. 'Well,'said I, 'other people don't think quite so much of me as you seem to do, Mr. Pinner. I had a hard enough fight to get this berth, and I am very glad to have it.'

outburst - explosion, transport

astonished - étonné, étonner, surprendre

fight - combattre, combattons, rixe, combattez, combattent

berth - couchette, marge de manouvre

"'Pooh, man; you should soar above it. You are not in your true sphere. Now, I'll tell you how it stands with me. What I have to offer is little enough when measured by your ability, but when compared with Mawson's, it's light to dark. Let me see. When do you go to Mawson's?'

soar - s'envoler, planer, monter, s'élever, grimper en fleche

sphere - sphere, sphere, boule

measured - mesurée, mesure, mesurer

"'On Monday.'

"'Ha, ha! I think I would risk a little sporting flutter that you don't go there at all.'

flutter - flottement, faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement

"'Not go to Mawson's?'

"'No, sir. By that day you will be the business manager of the Franco-Midland Hardware Company, Limited, with a hundred and thirty-four branches in the towns and villages of France, not counting one in Brussels and one in San Remo.'

Hardware - le matériel, matériel, quincaillerie, arme a feu

limited - limitée, limité, (limit) limitée

branches - branches, branche, t+rameau, affluent, filiale

France - la france, France

counting - compter, comte

Brussels - bruxelles

"This took my breath away. 'I never heard of it,'said I.

"'Very likely not. It has been kept very quiet, for the capital was all privately subscribed, and it's too good a thing to let the public into. My brother, Harry Pinner, is promoter, and joins the board after allotment as managing director. He knew I was in the swim down here, and asked me to pick up a good man cheap. A young, pushing man with plenty of snap about him.

privately - en privé

subscribed - abonné(e), abonner, s'abonner, souscrire

Harry - Harry

promoter - promoteur

board - conseil d'administration, planche

allotment - l'allotissement, jardin ouvrier

managing director - directeur général

plenty - l'abondance, abondance

snap - snap, claquer, claquement de doigts, photographie, photo

Parker spoke of you, and that brought me here to-night. We can only offer you a beggarly five hundred to start with.'

beggarly - mendiant

"'Five hundred a year!'I shouted.

"'Only that at the beginning; but you are to have an overriding commission of one per cent on all business done by your agents, and you may take my word for it that this will come to more than your salary.'

commission - commission, commission d'agent immobilier, courtage, charger

business done - les affaires sont faites

salary - salaire

"'But I know nothing about hardware.'

"'Tut, my boy; you know about figures.'

figures - chiffres, figure, forme, personnage, personnalité

"My head buzzed, and I could hardly sit still in my chair. But suddenly a little chill of doubt came upon me.

buzzed - sonné, coup de fil, bourdonner, raser, tondre

"'I must be frank with you,'said I. 'Mawson only gives me two hundred, but Mawson is safe. Now, really, I know so little about your company that"'

"'Ah, smart, smart!'he cried, in a kind of ecstasy of delight. 'You are the very man for us. You are not to be talked over, and quite right, too. Now, here's a note for a hundred pounds, and if you think that we can do business you may just slip it into your pocket as an advance upon your salary.'

ecstasy - l'ecstasy, extase, ecstasy, exta

delight - plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

do business - faire des affaires

slip - glisser, fiche, lapsus, patiner

advance - élever, avancer, avancée, progression, avance, souscription

"'That is very handsome,'said I. 'When should I take over my new duties?'

"'Be in Birmingham to-morrow at one,'said he. 'I have a note in my pocket here which you will take to my brother. You will find him at 126b Corporation Street, where the temporary offices of the company are situated. Of course he must confirm your engagement, but between ourselves it will be all right.'

corporation - société anonyme

temporary - temporaire, provisoire, intérimaire

confirm - confirmer

"'Really, I hardly know how to express my gratitude, Mr. Pinner,'said I.

gratitude - la gratitude, gratitude

"'Not at all, my boy. You have only got your deserts. There are one or two small things"mere formalities"which I must arrange with you. You have a bit of paper beside you there. Kindly write upon it "I am perfectly willing to act as business manager to the Franco-Midland Hardware Company, Limited, at a minimum salary of L500."'

deserts - déserts, abandonner

mere - simple

formalities - des formalités, formalité

arrange - arranger

act - acte, loi, action, agir, faire, jouer, se comporter, faire (1)

minimum - minimum

"I did as he asked, and he put the paper in his pocket.

"'There is one other detail,'said he. 'What do you intend to do about Mawson's?'

intend - l'intention de, avoir l'intention, envisager, concevoir

"I had forgotten all about Mawson's in my joy. 'I'll write and resign,'said I.

joy - joie

resign - démissionner, résignent, résignez, résignons, abdiquer, résigner

"'Precisely what I don't want you to do. I had a row over you with Mawson's manager. I had gone up to ask him about you, and he was very offensive; accused me of coaxing you away from the service of the firm, and that sort of thing. At last I fairly lost my temper. "If you want good men you should pay them a good price," said I.'

precisely - précisément

gone up - Monter

offensive - offensant, offensif, offensive

coaxing - la cajolerie, amadouer

temper - caractere, tempérament, humeur, état d'esprit, recuit

"'He would rather have our small price than your big one,'said he.

"'I'll lay you a fiver,'said I, 'that when he has my offer you'll never so much as hear from him again.'

"'Done!'said he. 'We picked him out of the gutter, and he won't leave us so easily.'Those were his very words."

gutter - gouttiere, rigole

"'The impudent scoundrel!'I cried. 'I've never so much as seen him in my life. Why should I consider him in any way? I shall certainly not write if you would rather I didn't.'

impudent - impudent

"'Good! That's a promise,'said he, rising from his chair. 'Well, I'm delighted to have got so good a man for my brother. Here's your advance of a hundred pounds, and here is the letter. Make a note of the address, 126b Corporation Street, and remember that one o'clock to-morrow is your appointment. Good-night; and may you have all the fortune that you deserve!'

deserve - mériter

"That's just about all that passed between us, as near as I can remember. You can imagine, Dr. Watson, how pleased I was at such an extraordinary bit of good fortune. I sat up half the night hugging myself over it, and next day I was off to Birmingham in a train that would take me in plenty time for my appointment.

hugging - étreinte, embrassade, câlin, accolade, étreindre

I took my things to a hotel in New Street, and then I made my way to the address which had been given me.

"It was a quarter of an hour before my time, but I thought that would make no difference. 126b was a passage between two large shops, which led to a winding stone stair, from which there were many flats, let as offices to companies or professional men. The names of the occupants were painted at the bottom on the wall, but there was no such name as the Franco-Midland Hardware Company, Limited.

winding - bobinage, (wind) bobinage

occupants - occupants, occupant, habitant

I stood for a few minutes with my heart in my boots, wondering whether the whole thing was an elaborate hoax or not, when up came a man and addressed me. He was very like the chap I had seen the night before, the same figure and voice, but he was clean shaven and his hair was lighter.

wondering - se demander, (wonder), merveille, conjecturer

elaborate - élaborer, approfondir

hoax - duper, berner, canular, mystification, intox

chap - chap, fissure

figure - figure, forme, personnage, personnalité, chiffre

shaven - rasé, (shave)

"'Are you Mr. Hall Pycroft?'he asked.

"'Yes,'said I.

"'Oh! I was expecting you, but you are a trifle before your time. I had a note from my brother this morning in which he sang your praises very loudly.'

praises - des louanges, louange, louer, féliciter, prôner

loudly - bruyamment, fort, a voix haute, a haute voix

"'I was just looking for the offices when you came.

"'We have not got our name up yet, for we only secured these temporary premises last week. Come up with me, and we will talk the matter over.'

secured - sécurisé, sur, sécuriser

premises - locaux, prémisse, local

"I followed him to the top of a very lofty stair, and there, right under the slates, were a couple of empty, dusty little rooms, uncarpeted and uncurtained, into which he led me.

lofty - noble, haut

slates - ardoises, (d')ardoise

couple - couple, paire, époux, quelques, deux ou trois., coupler

dusty - poussiéreux

uncarpeted - non recouvert

I had thought of a great office with shining tables and rows of clerks, such as I was used to, and I dare say I stared rather straight at the two deal chairs and one little table, which, with a ledger and a waste paper basket, made up the whole furniture.

shining - brillant, briller, éclairer

rows - rangées, rang(ée)

ledger - le grand livre, grand livre, longrine, moise, registre

"'Don't be disheartened, Mr. Pycroft,'said my new acquaintance, seeing the length of my face. 'Rome was not built in a day, and we have lots of money at our backs, though we don't cut much dash yet in offices. Pray sit down, and let me have your letter.'

disheartened - découragé, décourager

acquaintance - une connaissance, relation

Rome - rome

"I gave it to him, and he read it over very carefully.

"'You seem to have made a vast impression upon my brother Arthur,'said he; 'and I know that he is a pretty shrewd judge. He swears by London, you know; and I by Birmingham; but this time I shall follow his advice. Pray consider yourself definitely engaged."

vast - vaste

shrewd - astucieux, perspicace, sagace, habile, roublard, futé

judge - juge, juger

swears - jure, jurer

definitely - définitivement

"'What are my duties?'I asked.

"'You will eventually manage the great depot in Paris, which will pour a flood of English crockery into the shops of a hundred and thirty-four agents in France. The purchase will be completed in a week, and meanwhile you will remain in Birmingham and make yourself useful.'

manage - gérer, ménager, diriger, manier, parvenir, réussir, accomplir

depot - dépôt

pour - verser a boire, versons, verser, versez, versent

flood - inondation, inonder, submerger, noyer

crockery - vaisselle

purchase - l'achat, achat, acquisition, acheter, acquérir

Meanwhile - pendant ce temps


"For answer, he took a big red book out of a drawer.

drawer - tiroir, souscripteur

"'This is a directory of Paris,'said he, 'with the trades after the names of the people. I want you to take it home with you, and to mark off all the hardware sellers, with their addresses. It would be of the greatest use to me to have them.'

Directory - annuaire, dossier, répertoire

trades - métiers, commerce, magasin, négoce, corps de métier

mark off - Délimiter

sellers - vendeurs, vendeur/-deuse

"'Surely there are classified lists?'I suggested.

classified - classée, classa, classifiai, classifiés

"'Not reliable ones. Their system is different from ours. Stick at it, and let me have the lists by Monday, at twelve. Good-day, Mr. Pycroft. If you continue to show zeal and intelligence you will find the company a good master.'

reliable - fiable, sur

system - systeme, systeme

continue - continuer

zeal - le zele, zele, assiduité

intelligence - l'intelligence, intelligence, renseignements

"I went back to the hotel with the big book under my arm, and with very conflicting feelings in my breast. On the one hand, I was definitely engaged and had a hundred pounds in my pocket; on the other, the look of the offices, the absence of name on the wall, and other of the points which would strike a business man had left a bad impression as to the position of my employers.

conflicting - contradictoires, conflit, incompatibilité

feelings - sentiments

breast - sein, poitrine, cour, poitrail, blanc

absence - absence, manque, absence du fer

employers - les employeurs, employeur, employeuse

However, come what might, I had my money, so I settled down to my task. All Sunday I was kept hard at work, and yet by Monday I had only got as far as H. I went round to my employer, found him in the same dismantled kind of room, and was told to keep at it until Wednesday, and then come again. On Wednesday it was still unfinished, so I hammered away until Friday"that is, yesterday.

settled - réglée, (s')installer

employer - l'employeur, employeur, employeuse

dismantled - démantelé, démonter, démanteler

unfinished - inachevé

hammered - martelée, marteau, chien, malléus, t+marteau, marteler

Then I brought it round to Mr. Harry Pinner.

"'Thank you very much,'said he; 'I fear that I underrated the difficulty of the task. This list will be of very material assistance to me.'

underrated - sous-estimé, sous-estimer

material - matériel, matériau, matiere, étoffe, tissu

"'It took some time,'said I.

"'And now,'said he, 'I want you to make a list of the furniture shops, for they all sell crockery.'

"'Very good.'

"'And you can come up to-morrow evening, at seven, and let me know how you are getting on. Don't overwork yourself. A couple of hours at Day's Music Hall in the evening would do you no harm after your labors.'He laughed as he spoke, and I saw with a thrill that his second tooth upon the left-hand side had been very badly stuffed with gold."

getting on - monter

overwork - le surmenage, surmenage

labors - travaux, travail

thrill - l'excitation, exciter

stuffed - empaillé, truc, substance (1), frachin (2), fr

Sherlock Holmes rubbed his hands with delight, and I stared with astonishment at our client.

"You may well look surprised, Dr. Watson; but it is this way," said he: "When I was speaking to the other chap in London, at the time that he laughed at my not going to Mawson's, I happened to notice that his tooth was stuffed in this very identical fashion. The glint of the gold in each case caught my eye, you see.

laughed at - dont on se moque

notice - remarquer, notification, préavis, s'apercevoir

identical - identique, meme

When I put that with the voice and figure being the same, and only those things altered which might be changed by a razor or a wig, I could not doubt that it was the same man. Of course you expect two brothers to be alike, but not that they should have the same tooth stuffed in the same way. He bowed me out, and I found myself in the street, hardly knowing whether I was on my head or my heels.

altered - modifié, transformer, changer, altérer

razor - rasoir

wig - perruque

alike - comme, semblable, pareil, analogue, pareillement

Back I went to my hotel, put my head in a basin of cold water, and tried to think it out. Why had he sent me from London to Birmingham? Why had he got there before me? And why had he written a letter from himself to himself? It was altogether too much for me, and I could make no sense of it. And then suddenly it struck me that what was dark to me might be very light to Mr. Sherlock Holmes.

basin - bassin, cuvette, bassine, lavabo

I had just time to get up to town by the night train to see him this morning, and to bring you both back with me to Birmingham."

There was a pause after the stock-broker's clerk had concluded his surprising experience. Then Sherlock Holmes cocked his eye at me, leaning back on the cushions with a pleased and yet critical face, like a connoisseur who has just taken his first sip of a comet vintage.

pause - pauser, pause

surprising - surprenant, étonnant, surprenante

critical - critique

connoisseur - connaisseur, connaisseuse

sip - gorgée, siroter

comet - comete, comete

vintage - vintage, vendange, récolte, cru

"Rather fine, Watson, is it not?" said he. "There are points in it which please me. I think that you will agree with me that an interview with Mr. Arthur Harry Pinner in the temporary offices of the Franco-Midland Hardware Company, Limited, would be a rather interesting experience for both of us."

"But how can we do it?" I asked.

"Oh, easily enough," said Hall Pycroft, cheerily. "You are two friends of mine who are in want of a billet, and what could be more natural than that I should bring you both round to the managing director?"

cheerily - heureuse

more natural - plus naturel

managing - la gestion, gérer, ménager, diriger, manier, parvenir, réussir

director - directeur, régisseur

"Quite so, of course," said Holmes. "I should like to have a look at the gentleman, and see if I can make anything of his little game. What qualities have you, my friend, which would make your services so valuable? or is it possible that"" He began biting his nails and staring blankly out of the window, and we hardly drew another word from him until we were in New Street.

services - services, (de) service

valuable - de valeur, précieux, valeur

nails - clous, ongle

blankly - en blanc

At seven o'clock that evening we were walking, the three of us, down Corporation Street to the company's offices.

"It is no use our being at all before our time," said our client. "He only comes there to see me, apparently, for the place is deserted up to the very hour he names."

"That is suggestive," remarked Holmes.

suggestive - suggestif

"By Jove, I told you so!" cried the clerk. "That's he walking ahead of us there."

Jove - jove, Jupin

ahead - a l'avance, devant

He pointed to a smallish, dark, well-dressed man who was bustling along the other side of the road. As we watched him he looked across at a boy who was bawling out the latest edition of the evening paper, and running over among the cabs and busses, he bought one from him. Then, clutching it in his hand, he vanished through a door-way.

bustling - en pleine effervescence, animé

bawling - brailler, (bawl), hurler

edition - édition

evening paper - le journal du soir

running over - en cours d'exécution

cabs - cabs, taxi

"There he goes!" cried Hall Pycroft. "These are the company's offices into which he has gone. Come with me, and I'll fix it up as easily as possible."

Fix - réparer, fixer, préparer, truquer, tricher, réparation, dose

Following his lead, we ascended five stories, until we found ourselves outside a half-opened door, at which our client tapped. A voice within bade us enter, and we entered a bare, unfurnished room such as Hall Pycroft had described.

ascended - ascensionné, monter

bade - Bade

bare - a nu, dénudé, dégarnir, nu

At the single table sat the man whom we had seen in the street, with his evening paper spread out in front of him, and as he looked up at us it seemed to me that I had never looked upon a face which bore such marks of grief, and of something beyond grief"of a horror such as comes to few men in a lifetime.

spread - se propager, étaler, écarter, disperser, répandre, éparpiller

grief - le chagrin, douleur, peine

lifetime - a vie, durée de vie (objects), vie (persons), éternité

His brow glistened with perspiration, his cheeks were of the dull, dead white of a fish's belly, and his eyes were wild and staring. He looked at his clerk as though he failed to recognize him, and I could see by the astonishment depicted upon our conductor's face that this was by no means the usual appearance of his employer.

glistened - a brillé, reluire

cheeks - joues, joue, fesse, culot, toupet, potence de bringuebale

dull - émoussé, ennuyeux, barbant, mat, terne, sot, obtus

belly - ventre

wild - sauvage, pétulant, grose

depicted - représenté, représenter, décrire

conductor - chef d'orchestre, contrôleur, poinçonneur (ancient, in bus)

"You look ill, Mr. Pinner!" he exclaimed.

You look ill - Vous avez l'air malade

"Yes, I am not very well," answered the other, making obvious efforts to pull himself together, and licking his dry lips before he spoke. "Who are these gentlemen whom you have brought with you?"

efforts - efforts, effort

pull - tirer, retirer, tirer un coup, influence

licking - lécher, léchage, (lick) lécher

"One is Mr. Harris, of Bermondsey, and the other is Mr. Price, of this town," said our clerk, glibly. "They are friends of mine and gentlemen of experience, but they have been out of a place for some little time, and they hoped that perhaps you might find an opening for them in the company's employment."

glibly - avec désinvolture

employment - l'emploi, emploi, travail

"Very possibly! Very possibly!" cried Mr. Pinner with a ghastly smile. "Yes, I have no doubt that we shall be able to do something for you. What is your particular line, Mr. Harris?"

ghastly - épouvantable, effrayant, affreux, horrible

"I am an accountant," said Holmes.

accountant - comptable

"Ah yes, we shall want something of the sort. And you, Mr. Price?"

"A clerk," said I.

"I have every hope that the company may accommodate you. I will let you know about it as soon as we come to any conclusion. And now I beg that you will go. For God's sake leave me to myself!"

accommodate - d'accueil, héberger, accommoder, s'accommoder

These last words were shot out of him, as though the constraint which he was evidently setting upon himself had suddenly and utterly burst asunder. Holmes and I glanced at each other, and Hall Pycroft took a step towards the table.

constraint - contrainte

setting - de l'environnement, réglage, configuration

burst asunder - éclater en morceaux

"You forget, Mr. Pinner, that I am here by appointment to receive some directions from you," said he.

receive - recevoir

directions - des directions, direction

"Certainly, Mr. Pycroft, certainly," the other resumed in a calmer tone. "You may wait here a moment; and there is no reason why your friends should not wait with you. I will be entirely at your service in three minutes, if I might trespass upon your patience so far.

resumed - reprise, reprendre

calmer - plus calme, calme, tranquille, calme plat, calmer

tone - ton, tonalité, tonale

trespass - l'intrusion, déborder

patience - la patience, patience

" He rose with a very courteous air, and, bowing to us, he passed out through a door at the farther end of the room, which he closed behind him.

courteous - courtois, poli

bowing - s'incliner, (bow) s'incliner

"What now?" whispered Holmes. "Is he giving us the slip?"

"Impossible," answered Pycroft.

"Why so?"

"That door leads into an inner room."

"There is no exit?"

exit - sortie, débouché, trémie de sortie


"Is it furnished?"

"It was empty yesterday."

"Then what on earth can he be doing? There is something which I don't understand in this manner. If ever a man was three parts mad with terror, that man's name is Pinner. What can have put the shivers on him?"

I don't understand - Je ne comprends pas

mad - fou, folle, fol, fâché, en colere

terror - la terreur, terreur, effroi, terrorisme

shivers - des frissons, frissonner

"He suspects that we are detectives," I suggested.

suspects - suspects, suspecter, soupçonner

"That's it," cried Pycroft.

Holmes shook his head. "He did not turn pale. He was pale when we entered the room," said he. "It is just possible that""

turn pale - pâlir

His words were interrupted by a sharp rat-tat from the direction of the inner door.

interrupted - interrompu, interrompre, couper

rat - rat

tat - tat

"What the deuce is he knocking at his own door for?" cried the clerk.

What the deuce - Qu'est-ce que c'est que ça

knocking at - a frapper

Again and much louder came the rat-tat-tat. We all gazed expectantly at the closed door. Glancing at Holmes, I saw his face turn rigid, and he leaned forward in intense excitement. Then suddenly came a low guggling, gargling sound, and a brisk drumming upon woodwork. Holmes sprang frantically across the room and pushed at the door. It was fastened on the inner side.

louder - plus fort, fort

expectantly - dans l'expectative

intense - intense

gargling - se gargariser

drumming - le tambour, tambour

woodwork - le travail du bois, charpenterie, checkmenuiserie

frantically - frénétiquement

Following his example, we threw ourselves upon it with all our weight. One hinge snapped, then the other, and down came the door with a crash. Rushing over it, we found ourselves in the inner room. It was empty.

hinge - charniere, gond, charniere

snapped - cassé, claquer, claquement de doigts, photographie, photo

crash - crash, fracas

rushing - se précipiter, (rush) se précipiter

But it was only for a moment that we were at fault. At one corner, the corner nearest the room which we had left, there was a second door. Holmes sprang to it and pulled it open. A coat and waistcoat were lying on the floor, and from a hook behind the door, with his own braces round his neck, was hanging the managing director of the Franco-Midland Hardware Company.

fault - défaut, faute, faille

Hook - crochet, agrafe, hook, accrocher

braces - les appareils dentaires, toise, fiche, doublé, retenir

hanging - suspension, (hang) suspension

His knees were drawn up, his head hung at a dreadful angle to his body, and the clatter of his heels against the door made the noise which had broken in upon our conversation. In an instant I had caught him round the waist, and held him up while Holmes and Pycroft untied the elastic bands which had disappeared between the livid creases of skin.

clatter - claquer, craquer, claquement, craquement, vacarme

noise - bruit, vacarme, brouhaha, boucan

broken in - Cassé en

waist - taille, ceinture

untied - détaché, détacher, délier

elastic bands - des bandes élastiques

creases - des plis, pli

Then we carried him into the other room, where he lay with a clay-colored face, puffing his purple lips in and out with every breath"a dreadful wreck of all that he had been but five minutes before.

clay - l'argile, argile, terre battue

wreck - épave, carcasse, accident, bousiller, ruiner

"What do you think of him, Watson?" asked Holmes.

I stooped over him and examined him. His pulse was feeble and intermittent, but his breathing grew longer, and there was a little shivering of his eyelids, which showed a thin white slit of ball beneath.

stooped - vouté, se baisser

pulse - l'impulsion, pouls

feeble - faible

intermittent - intermittent

shivering - des frissons, (shiver) des frissons

eyelids - paupieres, paupiere

slit - fente, vulve

beneath - dessous

"It has been touch and go with him," said I, "but he'll live now. Just open that window, and hand me the water carafe." I undid his collar, poured the cold water over his face, and raised and sank his arms until he drew a long, natural breath. "It's only a question of time now," said I, as I turned away from him.

carafe - carafe, carafon

collar - col, collier

poured - versé, verser, se déverser

raised - soulevée, (sou)lever

sank - a coulé, couler, s'enfoncer, évier, lavabo

Holmes stood by the table, with his hands deep in his trouser's pockets and his chin upon his breast.

deep - profond, épais, grave, foncé, foncée, profondeurs

trouser - pantalon

"I suppose we ought to call the police in now," said he. "And yet I confess that I'd like to give them a complete case when they come."

"It's a blessed mystery to me," cried Pycroft, scratching his head. "Whatever they wanted to bring me all the way up here for, and then""

blessed - bienheureux, béni, (bless)

scratching - grattage, éraflant, (scratch), gratter, égratigner, piquer

"Pooh! All that is clear enough," said Holmes impatiently. "It is this last sudden move."

"You understand the rest, then?"

"I think that it is fairly obvious. What do you say, Watson?"

I shrugged my shoulders. "I must confess that I am out of my depths," said I.

depths - profondeurs, profondeur, épaisseur

"Oh surely if you consider the events at first they can only point to one conclusion."

"What do you make of them?"

"Well, the whole thing hinges upon two points. The first is the making of Pycroft write a declaration by which he entered the service of this preposterous company. Do you not see how very suggestive that is?"

declaration - déclaration

preposterous - absurde

"I am afraid I miss the point."

"Well, why did they want him to do it? Not as a business matter, for these arrangements are usually verbal, and there was no earthly business reason why this should be an exception. Don't you see, my young friend, that they were very anxious to obtain a specimen of your handwriting, and had no other way of doing it?"

arrangements - des arrangements, arrangement, disposition, composition

verbal - verbal, oral

earthly - terrestre

anxious - anxieux, désireux

specimen - spécimen, exemple

handwriting - l'écriture, écriture de main

"And why?"

"Quite so. Why? When we answer that we have made some progress with our little problem. Why? There can be only one adequate reason. Some one wanted to learn to imitate your writing, and had to procure a specimen of it first. And now if we pass on to the second point we find that each throws light upon the other.

adequate - adéquat

imitate - imiter

procure - se procurer, acquérir, obtenir, proxénétisme, procurer

pass on - transmettre

That point is the request made by Pinner that you should not resign your place, but should leave the manager of this important business in the full expectation that a Mr. Hall Pycroft, whom he had never seen, was about to enter the office upon the Monday morning."

expectation - attentes, attente

"My God!" cried our client, "what a blind beetle I have been!"

Beetle - coccinelle, coléoptere

"Now you see the point about the handwriting. Suppose that some one turned up in your place who wrote a completely different hand from that in which you had applied for the vacancy, of course the game would have been up. But in the interval the rogue had learned to imitate you, and his position was therefore secure, as I presume that nobody in the office had ever set eyes upon you."

completely - completement, completement

applied for - demandé

interval - intervalle

rogue - canaille, fripouille, coquin, voyou, garnement, vagabond

"Not a soul," groaned Hall Pycroft.

groaned - gémi, râle, râlement, gémissement, grognement, grondement

"Very good. Of course it was of the utmost importance to prevent you from thinking better of it, and also to keep you from coming into contact with any one who might tell you that your double was at work in Mawson's office.

prevent - prévenir, empecher

contact - contact, lentille, connaissance, toucher, contacter

Therefore they gave you a handsome advance on your salary, and ran you off to the Midlands, where they gave you enough work to do to prevent your going to London, where you might have burst their little game up. That is all plain enough."

"But why should this man pretend to be his own brother?"

pretend - prétendre, prétendre a, feindre, faire semblant

"Well, that is pretty clear also. There are evidently only two of them in it. The other is impersonating you at the office. This one acted as your engager, and then found that he could not find you an employer without admitting a third person into his plot. That he was most unwilling to do.

impersonating - l'usurpation d'identité, imiter

engager - engager

Admitting - admettre, avouer, reconnaître

He changed his appearance as far as he could, and trusted that the likeness, which you could not fail to observe, would be put down to a family resemblance. But for the happy chance of the gold stuffing, your suspicions would probably never have been aroused."

fail - échouer, faillent, faillons, taper a côté

resemblance - ressemblance, comparaison, probabilité

stuffing - rembourrage, farce, (stuff), truc, substance (1)

Hall Pycroft shook his clinched hands in the air. "Good Lord!" he cried, "while I have been fooled in this way, what has this other Hall Pycroft been doing at Mawson's? What should we do, Mr. Holmes? Tell me what to do."

clinched - conclu, agrafer, attache, fixation, clinch

fooled - trompés, dinde, fou, bouffon, mat, duper, tromper

"We must wire to Mawson's."

"They shut at twelve on Saturdays."

on Saturdays - le samedi

"Never mind. There may be some door-keeper or attendant""

keeper - gardien, gardienne, perle, conservateur, conservatrice

"Ah yes, they keep a permanent guard there on account of the value of the securities that they hold. I remember hearing it talked of in the City."

permanent - permanent, permanente

securities - des titres, sécurité, sécurisant, titre négociable

"Very good; we shall wire to him, and see if all is well, and if a clerk of your name is working there. That is clear enough; but what is not so clear is why at sight of us one of the rogues should instantly walk out of the room and hang himself."

at sight - a vue

rogues - des voyous, canaille, fripouille, coquin, voyou, garnement

hang - pendre, planement

"The paper!" croaked a voice behind us. The man was sitting up, blanched and ghastly, with returning reason in his eyes, and hands which rubbed nervously at the broad red band which still encircled his throat.

croaked - croassé, coassement, coasser, croasser, crever

sitting up - assis

nervously - nerveusement

broad - large

encircled - encerclé, encercler

"The paper! Of course!" yelled Holmes, in a paroxysm of excitement. "Idiot that I was! I thought so much of our visit that the paper never entered my head for an instant. To be sure, the secret must be there." He flattened it out upon the table, and a cry of triumph burst from his lips. "Look at this, Watson," he cried. "It is a London paper, an early edition of the Evening Standard.

yelled - hurlé, hurlement

idiot - idiot, idiote

head for - tete pour

flattened - aplatie, aplatir

Standard - standard, étalon, étendard

Here is what we want. Look at the headlines: 'Crime in the City. Murder at Mawson & Williams's. Gigantic attempted Robbery. Capture of the Criminal.'Here, Watson, we are all equally anxious to hear it, so kindly read it aloud to us."

headlines - les titres, titre, manchette

gigantic - gigantesque, colossal

attempted - tenté, tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat

robbery - brigandage, vol a main armée, banditisme, braquage

capture - capture, prisonnier, saisir, capturer, enregistrer, prendre

criminal - criminel, criminelle

aloud - a haute voix, a voix haute, a haute voix, fort

It appeared from its position in the paper to have been the one event of importance in town, and the account of it ran in this way:

"A desperate attempt at robbery, culminating in the death of one man and the capture of the criminal, occurred this afternoon in the City. For some time back Mawson & Williams, the famous financial house, have been the guardians of securities which amount in the aggregate to a sum of considerably over a million sterling.

desperate - désespérée, désespéré

culminating - le point culminant, aboutir a, conduire a, déboucher sur

guardians - gardiens, gardien, tuteur, tutrice, curateur, curatrice

aggregate - l'agrégat, agrégat, granulats, skandha, agréger

sum - somme

Considerably - considérablement, largement

So conscious was the manager of the responsibility which devolved upon him in consequence of the great interests at stake that safes of the very latest construction have been employed, and an armed watchman has been left day and night in the building. It appears that last week a new clerk named Hall Pycroft was engaged by the firm.

responsibility - responsabilité

consequence - conséquence

safes - les coffres-forts, en sécurité, qualifier

construction - construction

employed - employés, employer, embaucher, recruter

This person appears to have been none other than Beddington, the famous forger and cracksman, who, with his brother, had only recently emerged from a five years'spell of penal servitude.

forger - faux-monnayeur, faussaire, forgeron, forgeronne

cracksman - cracksman

recently - dernierement, récemment, ces derniers temps

penal servitude - la servitude pénale

By some means, which are not yet clear, he succeeded in winning, under a false name, this official position in the office, which he utilized in order to obtain moulding of various locks, and a thorough knowledge of the position of the strong room and the safes.

official - officielle, officiel, cadre, fonctionnaire

utilized - utilisé, utiliser

moulding - moulage, (mould) moulage

various - divers

locks - des serrures, serrure

thorough - approfondi, minutieux, soigné, exhaustif

strong room - salle forte

"It is customary at Mawson's for the clerks to leave at midday on Saturday. Sergeant Tuson, of the City Police, was somewhat surprised, therefore to see a gentleman with a carpet bag come down the steps at twenty minutes past one. His suspicions being aroused, the sergeant followed the man, and with the aid of Constable Pollock succeeded, after a most desperate resistance, in arresting him.

customary - coutumier, habituel, d'usage

midday - midi, (de) midi

sergeant - sergent

aid - l'aide, aider, aide, assister, secourir

constable - gendarme, constable, connétable

resistance - résistance

It was at once clear that a daring and gigantic robbery had been committed. Nearly a hundred thousand pounds'worth of American railway bonds, with a large amount of scrip in mines and other companies, was discovered in the bag.

daring - audacieux, courageux, checktéméraire, checkhardi

Railway - chemins de fer, chemin de fer, réseau ferroviaire, voie ferrée

Bonds - les obligations, lien

scrip - scripts

On examining the premises the body of the unfortunate watchman was found doubled up and thrust into the largest of the safes, where it would not have been discovered until Monday morning had it not been for the prompt action of Sergeant Tuson. The man's skull had been shattered by a blow from a poker delivered from behind.

doubled - doublé, double, sosie, doublon

prompt - rapide, ponctuel, indicateur, invite de commande, inciter

skull - crâne, crane

poker - poker, tisonnier

There could be no doubt that Beddington had obtained entrance by pretending that he had left something behind him, and having murdered the watchman, rapidly rifled the large safe, and then made off with his booty. His brother, who usually works with him, has not appeared in this job as far as can at present be ascertained, although the police are making energetic inquiries as to his whereabouts.

entrance - entrée, cochere

pretending - faire semblant, prétendre, prétendre a, feindre

rifled - rayé, fusil

made off - Partir en courant

booty - cul, butin

ascertained - vérifié, constater, définir


"Well, we may save the police some little trouble in that direction," said Holmes, glancing at the haggard figure huddled up by the window. "Human nature is a strange mixture, Watson. You see that even a villain and murderer can inspire such affection that his brother turns to suicide when he learns that his neck is forfeited. However, we have no choice as to our action.

huddled up - blottis

human - humain

inspire - inspirer

suicide - le suicide, suicide, suicidé, suicidée, suicidant, suicidante

forfeited - perdue, gage, perdre, abandonner, déclarer forfait

choice - choix, morceau de choix

The doctor and I will remain on guard, Mr. Pycroft, if you will have the kindness to step out for the police."

kindness - la gentillesse, bonté

step out - sortir

Chapter IV. The "Gloria Scott"

"I have some papers here," said my friend Sherlock Holmes, as we sat one winter's night on either side of the fire, "which I really think, Watson, that it would be worth your while to glance over. These are the documents in the extraordinary case of the Gloria Scott, and this is the message which struck Justice of the Peace Trevor dead with horror when he read it."

documents - documents, document, écrit, documenter

justice - justice, équité, conseiller

He had picked from a drawer a little tarnished cylinder, and, undoing the tape, he handed me a short note scrawled upon a half-sheet of slate-gray paper.

tarnished - terni, ternir

cylinder - cylindre, bonbonne, cylindre phonographique, barillet

undoing - défaisant, (undo) défaisant

tape - ruban adhésif, bande

scrawled - griffonné, griffonner

sheet - feuille, plaque, écoute

slate - l'ardoise, schisteux, ardoise

"The supply of game for London is going steadily up," it ran. "Head-keeper Hudson, we believe, has been now told to receive all orders for fly-paper and for preservation of your hen-pheasant's life."

supply - l'approvisionnement, livraison, fournir, pourvoir, provision

steadily - régulierement

preservation - préservation

hen - poule, poulet, poularde

pheasant - faisan

As I glanced up from reading this enigmatical message, I saw Holmes chuckling at the expression upon my face.

enigmatical - énigmatique

chuckling - rires, (chuckle) rires

"You look a little bewildered," said he.

bewildered - déconcertés, abasourdir, confondre, déconcerter, dérouter

"I cannot see how such a message as this could inspire horror. It seems to me to be rather grotesque than otherwise."

grotesque - grotesque

"Very likely. Yet the fact remains that the reader, who was a fine, robust old man, was knocked clean down by it as if it had been the butt end of a pistol."

butt - de fesses, crosse

pistol - pistolet

"You arouse my curiosity," said I. "But why did you say just now that there were very particular reasons why I should study this case?"

curiosity - curiosité

"Because it was the first in which I was ever engaged."

I had often endeavored to elicit from my companion what had first turned his mind in the direction of criminal research, but had never caught him before in a communicative humor. Now he sat forward in this arm-chair and spread out the documents upon his knees. Then he lit his pipe and sat for some time smoking and turning them over.

endeavored - s'est efforcé, effort, entreprise, tenter, s’efforcer

elicit - éliciter, susciter, causer, réaliser, obtenir, raisonner

research - recherche, rechercher, examiner, explorer, fouiller

humor - l'humour, humour, humeur

arm-chair - (arm-chair) fauteuil

smoking - fumant, (smoke) fumant

"You never heard me talk of Victor Trevor?" he asked. "He was the only friend I made during the two years I was at college. I was never a very sociable fellow, Watson, always rather fond of moping in my rooms and working out my own little methods of thought, so that I never mixed much with the men of my year.

Victor - Victor

sociable - sociable

moping - se morfondre, serpilliere, qualifier

Bar fencing and boxing I had few athletic tastes, and then my line of study was quite distinct from that of the other fellows, so that we had no points of contact at all. Trevor was the only man I knew, and that only through the accident of his bull terrier freezing on to my ankle one morning as I went down to chapel.

fencing - clôture, escrime, recel, (fence), cloison, recéleur

athletic - athlétique, sportif

distinct - distinct, intelligible, reconnaissable

fellows - des camarades, homme, type

accident - accident

Bull - le taureau, taureau

terrier - terrier, (fox-)terrier, (terry) terrier

freezing on - Geler

ankle - cheville

chapel - chapelle

"It was a prosaic way of forming a friendship, but it was effective. I was laid by the heels for ten days, but Trevor used to come in to inquire after me. At first it was only a minute's chat, but soon his visits lengthened, and before the end of the term we were close friends.

friendship - l'amitié, amitié

effective - efficace, décisif, en vigueur

inquire after - demander apres

chat - chat, causerie, bavarder

lengthened - allongé, rallonger

term - terme, ajournement, listing

He was a hearty, full-blooded fellow, full of spirits and energy, the very opposite to me in most respects, but we had some subjects in common, and it was a bond of union when I found that he was as friendless as I. Finally, he invited me down to his father's place at Donnithorpe, in Norfolk, and I accepted his hospitality for a month of the long vacation.

hearty - cordial, copieux

full of spirits - plein d'esprits

opposite to - en face de

respects - respecte, respect, respecter

Union - l'union, union, groupement, connexion, réunion

invited - invités, inviter (a)

Norfolk - Norfolk

accepted - acceptée, accepter, accepter (de), prendre sur soi

hospitality - l'hospitalité, hospitalité, hôtellerie-restauration

"Old Trevor was evidently a man of some wealth and consideration, a J.P., and a landed proprietor. Donnithorpe is a little hamlet just to the north of Langmere, in the country of the Broads. The house was an old-fashioned, wide-spread, oak-beamed brick building, with a fine lime-lined avenue leading up to it.

wealth - la richesse, richesse, profusion, abondance, checkfortune

consideration - considération, checkraison, checkmotif, checkrécompense

Proprietor - propriétaire

hamlet - hameau

Broads - broads, large

fashioned - a la mode, mode, vogue, façon, façonner

oak - chene, chene, chenes

beamed - téléporté, madrier, poutre, merrain, perche, limon, timon, age

lime - chaux, calcaire

avenue - avenue

There was excellent wild-duck shooting in the fens, remarkably good fishing, a small but select library, taken over, as I understood, from a former occupant, and a tolerable cook, so that he would be a fastidious man who could not put in a pleasant month there.

Duck - canard, cane

fens - fens, marais, marécage

select - sélect, choisir, sélectionner

occupant - l'occupant, occupant, habitant

tolerable - tolérable

fastidious - fastidieux, pointilleux, minutieux, méticuleux, exigeant

pleasant - agréable, plaisant

"Trevor senior was a widower, and my friend his only son.

senior - senior, aîné, supérieur

widower - veuf

"There had been a daughter, I heard, but she had died of diphtheria while on a visit to Birmingham. The father interested me extremely. He was a man of little culture, but with a considerable amount of rude strength, both physically and mentally. He knew hardly any books, but he had traveled far, had seen much of the world. And had remembered all that he had learned.

diphtheria - la diphtérie, diphtérie

considerable - considérable

rude - grossier, impoli, malpoli

physically - physiquement

mentally - mentalement

In person he was a thick-set, burly man with a shock of grizzled hair, a brown, weather-beaten face, and blue eyes which were keen to the verge of fierceness. Yet he had a reputation for kindness and charity on the country-side, and was noted for the leniency of his sentences from the bench.

thick - épais, gros, dense, opaque, incompréhensible, lourd

burly - costaud, robuste

shock - choc, choquons, offusquer, choquez, choquer, secouer

beaten - battu, battre

keen - enthousiaste, désireux, poivré, vif

fierceness - férocité, acharnement

charity - la charité, charité, organisme de charité

leniency - l'indulgence, indulgence, clémence

Bench - banc, établi, banquette

"One evening, shortly after my arrival, we were sitting over a glass of port after dinner, when young Trevor began to talk about those habits of observation and inference which I had already formed into a system, although I had not yet appreciated the part which they were to play in my life.

port - port, connexion

observation - observation, remarque

The old man evidently thought that his son was exaggerating in his description of one or two trivial feats which I had performed.

exaggerating - exagérer, outrer

trivial - insignifiante, trivial, anodin, banal

feats - des exploits, exploit

performed - réalisée, exécuter, performer, jouer ('actor')

"'Come, now, Mr. Holmes,'said he, laughing good-humoredly. 'I'm an excellent subject, if you can deduce anything from me.'

humoredly - avec humour

deduce - déduire

"'I fear there is not very much,'I answered; 'I might suggest that you have gone about in fear of some personal attack within the last twelvemonth.'

attack - attaque, attaquer, apostropher, invectiver

twelvemonth - douze mois

"The laugh faded from his lips, and he stared at me in great surprise.

"'Well, That's true enough,'said he. 'You know, Victor,'turning to his son, 'when we broke up that poaching gang they swore to knife us, and Sir Edward Holly has actually been attacked. I've always been on my guard since then, though I have no idea how you know it.'

That's true - C'est vrai

poaching - braconnage, (poach)

gang - gang, tierce, bande

swore - juré, jurer

Edward - edward, Édouard

holly - du houx, houx

actually - en fait

attacked - attaqué, attaque, attaquer, apostropher

"'You have a very handsome stick,'I answered. 'By the inscription I observed that you had not had it more than a year. But you have taken some pains to bore the head of it and pour melted lead into the hole so as to make it a formidable weapon. I argued that you would not take such precautions unless you had some danger to fear.'

inscription - inscription, légende, dédicace

melted - fondu, fondre (1), se dissoudre (2)

hole - trou, réduit, fosse

argued - argumenté, affirmer, débattre, se disputer, se quereller

Unless - a moins que, a moins que, sauf si

"'Anything else?'he asked, smiling.

"'You have boxed a good deal in your youth.'

"'Right again. How did you know it? Is my nose knocked a little out of the straight?'

"'No,'said I. 'It is your ears. They have the peculiar flattening and thickening which marks the boxing man.'

flattening - l'aplatissement, aplatir

thickening - épaississement, épaississant, (thicken), épaissir, lier

"'Anything else?'

"'You have done a good deal of digging by your callosities.'

digging - creusant, (dig) creusant

"'Made all my money at the gold fields.'

fields - champs, champ, t+campo, terrain, corps

"'You have been in New Zealand.'

"'Right again.'

"'You have visited Japan.'

Japan - le japon, Japon

"'Quite true.'

"'And you have been most intimately associated with some one whose initials were J. A., and whom you afterwards were eager to entirely forget.'

initials - initiales, initial, lettrine, initiale

"Mr. Trevor stood slowly up, fixed his large blue eyes upon me with a strange wild stare, and then pitched forward, with his face among the nutshells which strewed the cloth, in a dead faint.

stare - fixer, regarder (fixement), dévisager

pitched - lancé, dresser

nutshells - coquilles de noix, coque, coquille

strewed - parsemée, parsemer, joncher

"You can imagine, Watson, how shocked both his son and I were. His attack did not last long, however, for when we undid his collar, and sprinkled the water from one of the finger-glasses over his face, he gave a gasp or two and sat up.

shocked - choqué, choc

sprinkled - saupoudré, saupoudrer, asperger

gasp - haletant, retenir son souffle, haleter, ahaner, haletement

"'Ah, boys,'said he, forcing a smile, 'I hope I haven't frightened you. Strong as I look, there is a weak place in my heart, and it does not take much to knock me over. I don't know how you manage this, Mr. Holmes, but it seems to me that all the detectives of fact and of fancy would be children in your hands.

forcing - le forçage, force

That's your line of life, sir, and you may take the word of a man who has seen something of the world.'

"And that recommendation, with the exaggerated estimate of my ability with which he prefaced it, was, if you will believe me, Watson, the very first thing which ever made me feel that a profession might be made out of what had up to that time been the merest hobby. At the moment, however, I was too much concerned at the sudden illness of my host to think of anything else.

recommendation - recommandation

exaggerated - exagéré, exagérer, outrer

estimate - estimation, devis, estimer

prefaced - préfacé, préface, préfacer

merest - plus, simple

concerned - préoccupé, inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation

illness - maladie

Host - l'hôte, hote, hôte

"'I hope that I have said nothing to pain you?'said I.

pain - douleur, mal, diuleur

"'Well, you certainly touched upon rather a tender point. Might I ask how you know, and how much you know?'He spoke now in a half-jesting fashion, but a look of terror still lurked at the back of his eyes.

tender - l'appel d'offres, doux, adjudication, affectieux

jesting - plaisanterie, (jest) plaisanterie

lurked - s'est caché, se cacher, s'embusquer, se dissimuler

"'It is simplicity itself,'said I. 'When you bared your arm to draw that fish into the boat I saw that J. A. had been tattooed in the bend of the elbow. The letters were still legible, but it was perfectly clear from their blurred appearance, and from the staining of the skin round them, that efforts had been made to obliterate them.

bared - n'a pas été rasé, barre, tablette

tattooed - tatoué, tatouer

bend - plier, courber, tordre, tourner

elbow - coude, coup de coude, jouer des coudes

legible - lisible

blurred - floue, estomper, brouiller, s'estomper, flou, tache, salissure

staining - la coloration, (stain), tache, souillure, colorant, tacher

obliterate - oblitérer, annihiler, effacer

It was obvious, then, that those initials had once been very familiar to you, and that you had afterwards wished to forget them.'

"What an eye you have!" he cried, with a sigh of relief. 'It is just as you say. But we won't talk of it. Of all ghosts the ghosts of our old lovers are the worst. Come into the billiard-room and have a quiet cigar.'

ghosts - fantômes, fantôme, t+spectre, t+esprit, t+revenant

billiard - billard

"From that day, amid all his cordiality, there was always a touch of suspicion in Mr. Trevor's manner towards me. Even his son remarked it. 'You've given the governor such a turn,'said he, 'that he'll never be sure again of what you know and what you don't know.'He did not mean to show it, I am sure, but it was so strongly in his mind that it peeped out at every action.

amid - amid, au milieu de, parmi, entre

cordiality - cordialité

governor - gouverneur, gouverneure

strongly - fort, fortement

peeped - épié, regarder qqch a la dérobée

At last I became so convinced that I was causing him uneasiness that I drew my visit to a close. On the very day, however, before I left, an incident occurred which proved in the sequel to be of importance.

causing - causant, cause, raison, causer

proved - prouvé, prouver

sequel - suite

"We were sitting out upon the lawn on garden chairs, the three of us, basking in the sun and admiring the view across the Broads, when a maid came out to say that there was a man at the door who wanted to see Mr. Trevor.

lawn - pelouse, gazon, gazer

basking - se prélasser, lézarder, baigner

admiring - admiratif, admirer

"'What is his name?'asked my host.

"'He would not give any.'

"'What does he want, then?'

"'He says that you know him, and that he only wants a moment's conversation.'

"'Show him round here.'An instant afterwards there appeared a little wizened fellow with a cringing manner and a shambling style of walking. He wore an open jacket, with a splotch of tar on the sleeve, a red-and-black check shirt, dungaree trousers, and heavy boots badly worn.

cringing - se froisser, (cringe), grincer des dents, gener

shambling - shambling, (shamble) shambling

splotch - tache

tar - goudron, goudronneuxse

check shirt - chemise a carreaux

His face was thin and brown and crafty, with a perpetual smile upon it, which showed an irregular line of yellow teeth, and his crinkled hands were half closed in a way that is distinctive of sailors. As he came slouching across the lawn I heard Mr. Trevor make a sort of hiccoughing noise in his throat, and jumping out of his chair, he ran into the house.

crafty - artisanal, rusé, madré

perpetual - perpétuel

irregular - irréguliere, irrégulier

crinkled - froissé, froisser, froufrouter

distinctive - distinctif

Sailors - marins, matelot, matelote, femme matelot, femme-matelot, marin

slouching - avachie, empoté

hiccoughing - hoquet

jumping out - en train de sauter

He was back in a moment, and I smelt a strong reek of brandy as he passed me.

smelt - l'éperlan, fondre, (smell), odeur, parfum, gout, odorat, sentir

reek - reek, sentir, puanteur

brandy - du brandy, cognac, brandy, eau-de-vie

"'Well, my man,'said he. 'What can I do for you?'

What can I do for you? - Que puis-je faire pour vous ?

"The sailor stood looking at him with puckered eyes, and with the same loose-lipped smile upon his face.

sailor - marin, matelot, matelote, femme matelot, femme-matelot

puckered - froncé, (se) plisser

loose - en vrac, ample, desserré

lipped - lippée, levre

"'You don't know me?'he asked.

"'Why, dear me, it is surely Hudson,'said Mr. Trevor in a tone of surprise.

"'Hudson it is, sir,'said the seaman. 'Why, it's thirty year and more since I saw you last. Here you are in your house, and me still picking my salt meat out of the harness cask.'

seaman - matelot

picking - le prélevement, (pic) le prélevement

salt meat - de la viande salée

cask - tonneau, fut, barrique

"'Tut, you will find that I have not forgotten old times,'cried Mr. Trevor, and, walking towards the sailor, he said something in a low voice. 'Go into the kitchen,'he continued out loud, 'and you will get food and drink. I have no doubt that I shall find you a situation.'

loud - bruyante, fort

"'Thank you, sir,'said the seaman, touching his fore-lock. 'I'm just off a two-yearer in an eight-knot tramp, short-handed at that, and I wants a rest. I thought I'd get it either with Mr. Beddoes or with you.'

touching - toucher, attendrissant, (touch), émouvoir

lock - serrure, clôturer, cerrure, arret, obturer, pene

yearer - l'année

knot - noud, nodale

tramp - piéton, clochard, va-nuieds, traînée, garce

"'Ah!'cried Trevor. 'You know where Mr. Beddoes is?'

"'Bless you, sir, I know where all my old friends are,'said the fellow with a sinister smile, and he slouched off after the maid to the kitchen. Mr. Trevor mumbled something to us about having been shipmate with the man when he was going back to the diggings, and then, leaving us on the lawn, he went indoors.

bless - bénir, bénis, bénissez, bénissent, bénissons

slouched - avachi, empoté

mumbled - marmonné, marmonner

shipmate - compagnon de route

indoors - a l'intérieur, intérieur, salle

An hour later, when we entered the house, we found him stretched dead drunk upon the dining-room sofa. The whole incident left a most ugly impression upon my mind, and I was not sorry next day to leave Donnithorpe behind me, for I felt that my presence must be a source of embarrassment to my friend.

dead drunk - ivre mort

dining - dîner, vacarme

sofa - canapé, sofa

source - source

"All this occurred during the first month of the long vacation. I went up to my London rooms, where I spent seven weeks working out a few experiments in organic chemistry.

experiments - des expériences, expérience, expérimenter

organic - organique, bio, biologique

chemistry - chimie

One day, however, when the autumn was far advanced and the vacation drawing to a close, I received a telegram from my friend imploring me to return to Donnithorpe, and saying that he was in great need of my advice and assistance. Of course I dropped everything and set out for the North once more.

advanced - avancé, élever, avancer, avancée, progression, progres

telegram - télégramme, dépeche

"He met me with the dog-cart at the station, and I saw at a glance that the last two months had been very trying ones for him. He had grown thin and careworn, and had lost the loud, cheery manner for which he had been remarkable.

cart - chariot, charrette

careworn - usé par le temps

cheery - heureuse

"'The governor is dying,'were the first words he said.

dying - teignant, mourant, (dye) teignant

"'Impossible!'I cried. 'What is the matter?'

"'Apoplexy. Nervous shock, He's been on the verge all day. I doubt if we shall find him alive.'

Apoplexy - apoplexie

alive - en vie, vivant

"I was, as you may think, Watson, horrified at this unexpected news.

unexpected - inattendu

"'What has caused it?'I asked.

"'Ah, that is the point. Jump in and we can talk it over while we drive. You remember that fellow who came upon the evening before you left us?'

jump - sauter, sautent, sautiller, sautons, félure


"'Do you know who it was that we let into the house that day?'

"'I have no idea.'

"'It was the devil, Holmes,'he cried.

"I stared at him in astonishment.

"'Yes, it was the devil himself. We have not had a peaceful hour since"not one. The governor has never held up his head from that evening, and now the life has been crushed out of him and his heart broken, all through this accursed Hudson.'

peaceful - paisible

crushed - écrasé, barricade, béguin, amourette, faible, coup de cour

"'What power had he, then?'

"'Ah, that is what I would give so much to know. The kindly, charitable, good old governor"how could he have fallen into the clutches of such a ruffian! But I am so glad that you have come, Holmes. I trust very much to your judgment and discretion, and I know that you will advise me for the best.'

charitable - charitable

clutches - embrayages, se raccrocher (a)

ruffian - ruffian, rufian, voyou, brute

discretion - discrétion

"We were dashing along the smooth white country road, with the long stretch of the Broads in front of us glimmering in the red light of the setting sun. From a grove upon our left I could already see the high chimneys and the flag-staff which marked the squire's dwelling.

smooth - lisse, doux, facile, sophistiqué, naturel, souple, régulier

stretch - étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

glimmering - scintillant, (glimmer), lueur, émettre une lueur

setting sun - le soleil couchant

chimneys - les cheminées, cheminée

squire - chaperonner

dwelling - logement, demeure, (dwell), résider, s'appesantir sur

"'My father made the fellow gardener,'said my companion, 'and then, as that did not satisfy him, he was promoted to be butler. The house seemed to be at his mercy, and he wandered about and did what he chose in it. The maids complained of his drunken habits and his vile language. The dad raised their wages all round to recompense them for the annoyance.

gardener - jardinier, jardiniere

satisfy - satisfaire

promoted - promu, promouvoir, faire la promotion de.

butler - sommelier, majordome

wandered - erré, errer, vaguer, divaguer

maids - servantes, demoiselle, jeune fille, bonne, bonne a tout faire

complained - s'est plaint, se plaindre, porter plainte

drunken - ivre

vile - vil

wages - les salaires, s'engager dans

recompense - compensation, restituer

The fellow would take the boat and my father's best gun and treat himself to little shooting trips. And all this with such a sneering, leering, insolent face that I would have knocked him down twenty times over if he had been a man of my own age.

gun - pistolet, as, rigolo, fusil

treat - négocier, traiter, régaler, guérir, soigner

sneering - ricaner, ricaneur, gouailleur, (sneer)

leering - lécher, (leer) lécher

insolent - insolent

I tell you, Holmes, I have had to keep a tight hold upon myself all this time; and now I am asking myself whether, if I had let myself go a little more, I might not have been a wiser man.

tight - serré, tendu, ivre, bien

wiser - plus sage, sage

"'Well, matters went from bad to worse with us, and this animal Hudson became more and more intrusive, until at last, on making some insolent reply to my father in my presence one day, I took him by the shoulders and turned him out of the room. He slunk away with a livid face and two venomous eyes which uttered more threats than his tongue could do.

intrusive - intrusif

uttered - prononcée, complet, total

threats - des menaces, menace

tongue - langue, languette

I don't know what passed between the poor dad and him after that, but the dad came to me next day and asked me whether I would mind apologizing to Hudson. I refused, as you can imagine, and asked my father how he could allow such a wretch to take such liberties with himself and his household.

apologizing - s'excuser, présenter des excuses

refused - refusé, refuser de

wretch - malheureux, malheureux/-euse

liberties - libertés, liberté

household - foyer, ménage, maisonnée, domestique

"'"Ah, my boy," said he, "it is all very well to talk, but you don't know how I am placed. But you shall know, Victor. I'll see that you shall know, come what may. You wouldn't believe harm of your poor old father, would you, lad?" He was very much moved, and shut himself up in the study all day, where I could see through the window that he was writing busily.

see through - voir a travers

busily - avec activité

"'That evening there came what seemed to me to be a grand release, for Hudson told us that he was going to leave us. He walked into the dining-room as we sat after dinner, and announced his intention in the thick voice of a half-drunken man.

grand - grand, grandiose

release - libération, lâcher, laisser, acquitement, libérent

dining - dîner

"'"I've had enough of Norfolk," said he. "I'll run down to Mr. Beddoes in Hampshire. He'll be as glad to see me as you were, I dare say."

run down - écrasé

Hampshire - hampshire

"'"You're not going away in an unkind spirit, Hudson, I hope," said my father, with a tameness which made my blood boil.

going away - Partir

unkind - pas aimable, déplaisant

spirit - l'esprit, esprit, moral, élan, spiritueux

tameness - l'apprivoisement, mansuétude

boil - l'ébullition, bouillez, bous, bouillent, bouillons, bouillir

"'"I've not had my 'pology," said he sulkily, glancing in my direction.

pology - pologie

sulkily - boudeur

"'"Victor, you will acknowledge that you have used this worthy fellow rather roughly," said the dad, turning to me.

acknowledge - reconnaître, accuser réception, certifier

worthy - digne

roughly - en gros, rudement, approximativement

"'"On the contrary, I think that we have both shown extraordinary patience towards him," I answered.

"'"Oh, you do, do you?" he snarls. "Very good, mate. We'll see about that!"

snarls - des grognements, gronder (en montrant les dents)

mate - compagnon, appareiller

We'll see about that - Nous verrons cela

"'He slouched out of the room, and half an hour afterwards left the house, leaving my father in a state of pitiable nervousness. Night after night I heard him pacing his room, and it was just as he was recovering his confidence that the blow did at last fall.'

pitiable - pitoyable

pacing - le rythme, pas

"'And how?'I asked eagerly.

eagerly - avec empressement, avidement

"'In a most extraordinary fashion. A letter arrived for my father yesterday evening, bearing the Fordingbridge post-mark. My father read it, clapped both his hands to his head, and began running round the room in little circles like a man who has been driven out of his senses.

clapped - applaudi, applaudir, battre des mains

circles - cercles, cercle, disque, yeux cernés-p, cerne

driven out - chassé

senses - sens, acception, sentir

When I at last drew him down on to the sofa, his mouth and eyelids were all puckered on one side, and I saw that he had a stroke. Dr. Fordham came over at once. We put him to bed; but the paralysis has spread, he has shown no sign of returning consciousness, and I think that we shall hardly find him alive.'

stroke - accident vasculaire cérébral, caresser

paralysis - la paralysie, paralysie

consciousness - la conscience, conscience

"'You horrify me, Trevor!'I cried. 'What then could have been in this letter to cause so dreadful a result?'

"'Nothing. There lies the inexplicable part of it. The message was absurd and trivial. Ah, my God, it is as I feared!'

absurd - absurde

"As he spoke we came round the curve of the avenue, and saw in the fading light that every blind in the house had been drawn down. As we dashed up to the door, my friend's face convulsed with grief, a gentleman in black emerged from it.

dashed - en pointillés, tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter

convulsed - convulsé, convulser

"'When did it happen, doctor?'asked Trevor.

"'Almost immediately after you left.'

"'Did he recover consciousness?'

recover - récupérer, captons, capter, recouvrent, recouvrer, recouvrons

"'For an instant before the end.'

"'Any message for me.'

"'Only that the papers were in the back drawer of the Japanese cabinet.'

Japanese - japonais, Japonaise, Nippon, Nippone

cabinet - armoire, cabinet

"My friend ascended with the doctor to the chamber of death, while I remained in the study, turning the whole matter over and over in my head, and feeling as sombre as ever I had done in my life. What was the past of this Trevor, pugilist, traveler, and gold-digger, and how had he placed himself in the power of this acid-faced seaman?

sombre - sombre

acid - aigre, acide

Why, too, should he faint at an allusion to the half-effaced initials upon his arm, and die of fright when he had a letter from Fordingham? Then I remembered that Fordingham was in Hampshire, and that this Mr. Beddoes, whom the seaman had gone to visit and presumably to blackmail, had also been mentioned as living in Hampshire.

allusion - allusion

effaced - effacé, effacer, s'effacer

fright - d'effroi, anxiété, peur, frayeur

presumably - vraisemblablement

The letter, then, might either come from Hudson, the seaman, saying that he had betrayed the guilty secret which appeared to exist, or it might come from Beddoes, warning an old confederate that such a betrayal was imminent. So far it seemed clear enough. But then how could this letter be trivial and grotesque, as described by the son? He must have misread it.

betrayed - trahi, trahir, livrer

exist - existent, exister

Confederate - confédérés, confédéré, confédérée

betrayal - trahison

imminent - imminent

If so, it must have been one of those ingenious secret codes which mean one thing while they seem to mean another. I must see this letter. If there were a hidden meaning in it, I was confident that I could pluck it forth.

ingenious - ingénieux

codes - codes, morue

hidden - caché, (se) cacher

pluck - tirer, pincer, plumer, voler, abats, persévérance, (du) cour

forth - avant, en avant

For an hour I sat pondering over it in the gloom, until at last a weeping maid brought in a lamp, and close at her heels came my friend Trevor, pale but composed, with these very papers which lie upon my knee held in his grasp. He sat down opposite to me, drew the lamp to the edge of the table, and handed me a short note scribbled, as you see, upon a single sheet of gray paper.

pondering - réfléchir, songer, interroger

gloom - obscurité, pénombre, grisaille, morosité, noirceur

weeping - pleurant, (weep) pleurant

composed - composé, composer

edge - bord, côté, arete, carre

'The supply of game for London is going steadily up,'it ran. 'Head-keeper Hudson, we believe, has been now told to receive all orders for fly-paper and for preservation of your hen-pheasant's life.'

"I dare say my face looked as bewildered as yours did just now when first I read this message. Then I reread it very carefully. It was evidently as I had thought, and some secret meaning must lie buried in this strange combination of words. Or could it be that there was a prearranged significance to such phrases as 'fly-paper'and 'hen-pheasant'?

reread - relire

combination - combinaison, sélection, association, groupement, side-car

Such a meaning would be arbitrary and could not be deduced in any way. And yet I was loath to believe that this was the case, and the presence of the word Hudson seemed to show that the subject of the message was as I had guessed, and that it was from Beddoes rather than the sailor. I tried it backwards, but the combination 'life pheasant's hen'was not encouraging.

arbitrary - arbitraire, quelconque

loath - détester

backwards - a l'envers, arriéré, en arriere, a reculons

encouraging - encourageant, encourager

Then I tried alternate words, but neither 'the of for'nor 'supply game London'promised to throw any light upon it.

alternate - alternatif, alternative, alterner

throw - lancer, jetent, jetez, jetons, mise bas

"And then in an instant the key of the riddle was in my hands, and I saw that every third word, beginning with the first, would give a message which might well drive old Trevor to despair.

riddle - énigme

"It was short and terse, the warning, as I now read it to my companion:

Terse - laconique, lapidaire

"'The game is up. Hudson has told all. Fly for your life.'

"Victor Trevor sank his face into his shaking hands. 'It must be that, I suppose,'said he. "This is worse than death, for it means disgrace as well. But what is the meaning of these "head-keepers" and "hen-pheasants"?'

disgrace - la disgrâce, honte, disgrâce, ignominie

keepers - les gardiens, gardien, gardienne, perle, conservateur

pheasants - des faisans, faisan

"'It means nothing to the message, but it might mean a good deal to us if we had no other means of discovering the sender. You see that he has begun by writing "," and so on. Afterwards he had, to fulfill the prearranged cipher, to fill in any two words in each space.

discovering - découvrir

sender - l'expéditeur, expéditeur, expéditrice

fulfill - remplir, combler, satisfaire

cipher - chiffrer, chiffre, tranche

He would naturally use the first words which came to his mind, and if there were so many which referred to sport among them, you may be tolerably sure that he is either an ardent shot or interested in breeding. Do you know anything of this Beddoes?'

tolerably - de maniere tolérable

ardent - ardent, gloss

breeding - l'élevage, (breed), se reproduire, engendrer, élever, race

"'Why, now that you mention it,'said he, 'I remember that my poor father used to have an invitation from him to shoot over his preserves every autumn.'

invitation - invitation

shoot - tirer, larguer, tirent, tirons, tirez

preserves - conserves, confiture, conserve, réserve naturelle

"'Then it is undoubtedly from him that the note comes,'said I. 'It only remains for us to find out what this secret was which the sailor Hudson seems to have held over the heads of these two wealthy and respected men.'

wealthy - riches, riche, nanti

respected - respecté, respect, respecter

"'Alas, Holmes, I fear that it is one of sin and shame!'cried my friend. 'But from you I shall have no secrets. Here is the statement which was drawn up by my father when he knew that the danger from Hudson had become imminent. I found it in the Japanese cabinet, as he told the doctor. Take it and read it to me, for I have neither the strength nor the courage to do it myself.'

Alas - hélas, hélas!, (ala) hélas

sin - péché, mal

shame - la honte, honte, vergogne

"These are the very papers, Watson, which he handed to me, and I will read them to you, as I read them in the old study that night to him. They are endorsed outside, as you see, 'Some particulars of the voyage of the bark Gloria Scott, from her leaving Falmouth on the 8th October, 1855, to her destruction in N. Lat. 15 degrees 20', W. Long. 25 degrees 14'on Nov. 6th.

endorsed - approuvée, soutenir, approuver, endosser

particulars - détails, particulier

Voyage - voyage

bark - l'écorce, écorce, coque, aboyer

destruction - la destruction, destruction

Lat - lat

degrees - degrés, diplôme, degré, ordre

Nov - nov

'It is in the form of a letter, and runs in this way:

"'My dear, dear son, now that approaching disgrace begins to darken the closing years of my life, I can write with all truth and honesty that it is not the terror of the law, it is not the loss of my position in the county, nor is it my fall in the eyes of all who have known me, which cuts me to the heart; but it is the thought that you should come to blush for me"you who love me and who have seldom, I hope, had reason to do other than respect me. But if the blow falls which is forever hanging over me, then I should wish you to read this, that you may know straight from me how far I have been to blame. On the other hand, if all should go well (which may kind God Almighty grant!), then if by any chance this paper should be still undestroyed and should fall into your hands, I conjure you, by all you hold sacred, by the memory of your dear mother, and by the love which had been between us, to hurl it into the fire and to never give one thought to it again.

approaching - en approche, (s')approcher (de)

darken - s'assombrir, obscurcir, assombrir, foncer

honesty - l'honneteté, honneteté

law - loi

county - comté

blush - rougir

respect - respect, respecter

hanging over - en suspens

blame - blâme, gronder, blâment, blâmons, blâmez, blâmer

Almighty - tout-puissant, toutuissant

undestroyed - non détruite

sacred - sacrée, sacré, saint

hurl - hurler, projeter, débecter, débecqueter

"'If then your eye goes on to read this line, I know that I shall already have been exposed and dragged from my home, or as is more likely, for you know that my heart is weak, by lying with my tongue sealed forever in death. In either case the time for suppression is past, and every word which I tell you is the naked truth, and this I swear as I hope for mercy.

exposed - exposée, exposer, dénoncer

dragged - traîné, tirer, entraîner

sealed - scellé, sceau

naked - nue, nu, a poil, dénudé

"'My name, dear lad, is not Trevor. I was James Armitage in my younger days, and you can understand now the shock that it was to me a few weeks ago when your college friend addressed me in words which seemed to imply that he had surprised my secret.

James - james, Jacques

imply - impliquer, insinuer, sous-entendre

As Armitage it was that I entered a London banking-house, and as Armitage I was convicted of breaking my country's laws, and was sentenced to transportation. Do not think very harshly of me, laddie.

convicted - condamnés, condamner, criminel, bagnard

laws - des lois, loi(s), législation

transportation - le transport, transport, transportation

It was a debt of honor, so called, which I had to pay, and I used money which was not my own to do it, in the certainty that I could replace it before there could be any possibility of its being missed. But the most dreadful ill-luck pursued me. The money which I had reckoned upon never came to hand, and a premature examination of accounts exposed my deficit.

honor - l'honneur, honneur, honorer

so called - ainsi appelé

certainty - certitude

replace - remplacer

possibility - possibilité

most dreadful - Le plus effrayant

pursued - poursuivie, poursuivre, rechercher

reckoned - a calculé, considérer

premature - prématurée, prématuré

deficit - déficit budgétaire

The case might have been dealt leniently with, but the laws were more harshly administered thirty years ago than now, and on my twenty-third birthday I found myself chained as a felon with thirty-seven other convicts in 'tween-decks of the bark Gloria Scott, bound for Australia.

dealt - traité, marché, affaire

leniently - indulgent

administered - administré, administrer, gérer

chained - enchaîné, chaîne, enchaîner

felon - criminel, criminel/-elle

convicts - des condamnés, condamner, criminel, bagnard

decks - ponts, pont

Australia - l'australie, Australie

"'It was the year '55 when the Crimean war was at its height, and the old convict ships had been largely used as transports in the Black Sea. The government was compelled, therefore, to use smaller and less suitable vessels for sending out their prisoners.

war - guerre, bataille, entrer en guerre, tfaire la guerre

height - hauteur, taille

convict - condamner, criminel, bagnard

ships - navires, navire

largely - en grande partie, largement, en général, pour la plupart

transports - des transports, reporter, transporter, transport

government - le gouvernement

compelled - contraint, contraindre, forcer, obliger

suitable - adapté, approprié, convenable, opportun, idoine

vessels - navires, vaisseau, recipient

prisoners - prisonniers, prisonnier, prisonniere

The Gloria Scott had been in the Chinese tea-trade, but she was an old-fashioned, heavy-bowed, broad-beamed craft, and the new clippers had cut her out. She was a five-hundred-ton boat; and besides her thirty-eight jail-birds, she carried twenty-six of a crew, eighteen soldiers, a captain, three mates, a doctor, a chaplain, and four warders.

Chinese - chinois, langue chinoise

trade - le commerce, commerce, magasin, négoce, corps de métier

craft - l'artisanat, ruse, métier, nef

clippers - tondeuses, clipper

ton - ton, tonne

besides - d'ailleurs, aupres

jail - prison, geôle

crew - l'équipage, équipage

soldiers - soldats, soldat, mouillette

captain - capitaine, capitaine de vaisseau, agir en capitaine, piloter

mates - les copains, (s')accoupler

chaplain - aumônier, chapelain

Nearly a hundred souls were in her, all told, when we set sail from Falmouth.

all told - Tout compte fait

sail - naviguer, voile, cingler

"'The partitions between the cells of the convicts, instead of being of thick oak, as is usual in convict-ships, were quite thin and frail. The man next to me, upon the aft side, was one whom I had particularly noticed when we were led down the quay. He was a young man with a clear, hairless face, a long, thin nose, and rather nut-cracker jaws.

partitions - partitions, partition, division, fr

cells - cellules, cellule

frail - fragile, souffreteuxse

aft - aft

particularly - en particulier

quay - quai

hairless - sans poils, glabre

Nut - noix, écrou, maternel

cracker - cracker

jaws - mâchoires, mâchoire

He carried his head very jauntily in the air, had a swaggering style of walking, and was, above all else, remarkable for his extraordinary height. I don't think any of our heads would have come up to his shoulder, and I am sure that he could not have measured less than six and a half feet. It was strange among so many sad and weary faces to see one which was full of energy and resolution.

swaggering - en train de plastronner, (swagger) en train de plastronner

weary - fatigué, las, lasser

resolution - conviction, résolution, détermination

The sight of it was to me like a fire in a snow-storm. I was glad, then, to find that he was my neighbor, and gladder still when, in the dead of the night, I heard a whisper close to my ear, and found that he had managed to cut an opening in the board which separated us.

snow-storm - (snow-storm) tempete de neige

gladder - plus heureux, joyeux, heureux

separated - séparée, séparé, séparer

"'"Hullo, chummy!" said he, "what's your name, and what are you here for?"

"'I answered him, and asked in turn who I was talking with.

"'"I'm Jack Prendergast," said he, "and by God! You'll learn to bless my name before you've done with me."

"'I remembered hearing of his case, for it was one which had made an immense sensation throughout the country some time before my own arrest. He was a man of good family and of great ability, but of incurably vicious habits, who had by an ingenious system of fraud obtained huge sums of money from the leading London merchants.

sensation - sensation

throughout - tout au long de l'année, tout au long de, durant

incurably - incurable

vicious - rench: t-needed r, vicieux

merchants - marchands, marchand, marchande

"'"Ha, ha! You remember my case!" said he proudly.

proudly - fierement, fierement

"'"Very well, indeed."

"'"Then maybe you remember something queer about it?"

"'"What was that, then?"

"'"I'd had nearly a quarter of a million, hadn't I?"

"'"So it was said."

"'"But none was recovered, eh?"

eh - eh


"'"Well, where d'ye suppose the balance is?" he asked.

ye - ou, lequel

balance - l'équilibre, contrepoids, équilibre, solde, balancier, apurer

"'"I have no idea," said I.

"'"Right between my finger and thumb," he cried. "By God! I've got more pounds to my name than you've hairs on your head. And if you've money, my son, and know how to handle it and spread it, you can do anything.

Now, you don't think it likely that a man who could do anything is going to wear his breeches out sitting in the stinking hold of a rat-gutted, beetle-ridden, mouldy old coffin of a China coaster. No, sir, such a man will look after himself and will look after his chums. You may lay to that! You hold on to him, and you may kiss the book that he'll haul you through."

breeches - culotte, culasse

stinking - puant, (stink), puer, empester, puanteur, tapage

gutted - vidée, panse, boyaux-p, cordes de boyau-p, vider, éviscérer

mouldy - moisi

coffin - cercueil

China - la chine, Chine

coaster - montagnes russes

look after - s'occuper

chums - les copains, copain/copine

kiss - baiser, baisent, biser, baisons, baisez, bécot, bise

haul - de l'eau de pluie, haler, trainer, butin, magot

"'That was his style of talk, and at first I thought it meant nothing; but after a while, when he had tested me and sworn me in with all possible solemnity, he let me understand that there really was a plot to gain command of the vessel. A dozen of the prisoners had hatched it before they came aboard, Prendergast was the leader, and his money was the motive power.

solemnity - solennité

Command - commandement, ordre, maîtrise, commande, commander, ordonner

vessel - navire, vaisseau, vase

hatched - éclos, passe-plats

aboard - a bord, a bord, a bord de

leader - chef, leader, dirigeant

motive power - la puissance motrice

"'"I'd a partner," said he, "a rare good man, as true as a stock to a barrel. He's got the dibbs, he has, and where do you think he is at this moment? Why, he's the chaplain of this ship"the chaplain, no less! He came aboard with a black coat, and his papers right, and money enough in his box to buy the thing right up from keel to main-truck. The crew are his, body and soul.

rare - rares, rare

barrel - tonneau, barrique, baril, canon, barillet, embariller

ship - navire, manipuler, expédier, vaisseau

keel - quille

truck - camion, camiono

He could buy 'em at so much a gross with a cash discount, and he did it before ever they signed on. He's got two of the warders and Mereer, the second mate, and he'd get the captain himself, if he thought him worth it."

Gross - brut, dégoutant, dégueulasse, grossier, grossiere, grosse

cash discount - Remise en especes

signed - signé, signe

"'"What are we to do, then?" I asked.

"'"What do you think?" said he. "We'll make the coats of some of these soldiers redder than ever the tailor did."

tailor - tailleur, tailleuse, adapter

"'"But they are armed," said I.

"'"And so shall we be, my boy. There's a brace of pistols for every mother's son of us, and if we can't carry this ship, with the crew at our back, it's time we were all sent to a young misses'boarding-school. You speak to your mate upon the left to-night, and see if he is to be trusted."

brace - l'orthese, toise, fiche, doublé, brasser, consolider

pistols - pistolets, pistolet

boarding-school - (boarding-school) l'internat

"'I did so, and found my other neighbor to be a young fellow in much the same position as myself, whose crime had been forgery. His name was Evans, but he afterwards changed it, like myself, and he is now a rich and prosperous man in the south of England.

Forgery - contrefaçon, checkfalsification, checkfaux, checkinvention

prosperous - prospere

He was ready enough to join the conspiracy, as the only means of saving ourselves, and before we had crossed the Bay there were only two of the prisoners who were not in the secret. One of these was of weak mind, and we did not dare to trust him, and the other was suffering from jaundice, and could not be of any use to us.

conspiracy - conspiration, complot

jaundice - la jaunisse, jaunisse, en faire une jaunisse

"'From the beginning there was really nothing to prevent us from taking possession of the ship. The crew were a set of ruffians, specially picked for the job.

taking possession of - prendre possession de

ruffians - ruffians, rufian, voyou, brute

specially - particulierement, spécialement

The sham chaplain came into our cells to exhort us, carrying a black bag, supposed to be full of tracts, and so often did he come that by the third day we had each stowed away at the foot of our beds a file, a brace of pistols, a pound of powder, and twenty slugs. Two of the warders were agents of Prendergast, and the second mate was his right-hand man.

sham - simulacre, simili

exhort - exhorter

supposed - supposé, supposer, imaginer

tracts - tracts, étendue

stowed away - rangé

file - fichier, ranger, dossier, classement, limer, lime, rangée

powder - poudre, réduire en poudre, pulvériser, poudrer

slugs - limaces, limace

The captain, the two mates, two warders, Lieutenant Martin, his eighteen soldiers, and the doctor were all that we had against us. Yet, safe as it was, we determined to neglect no precaution, and to make our attack suddenly by night. It came, however, more quickly than we expected, and in this way.

lieutenant - lieutenant

Martin - martin

by night - la nuit

"'One evening, about the third week after our start, the doctor had come down to see one of the prisoners who was ill, and putting his hand down on the bottom of his bunk he felt the outline of the pistols.

hand down - Transmettre

bunk - bunk, couchette

outline - les grandes lignes, contour, silhouette, esquisse, aperçu

If he had been silent he might have blown the whole thing, but he was a nervous little chap, so he gave a cry of surprise and turned so pale that the man knew what was up in an instant and seized him. He was gagged before he could give the alarm, and tied down upon the bed. He had unlocked the door that led to the deck, and we were through it in a rush.

gagged - bâillonné, bâillon, haut-le-coeur, haut-le-cour, bâillonner

alarm - alarme, réveille-matin, réveil, alarmer, donner/sonner l'alerte

tied - attachée, attacher

deck - Le pont

The two sentries were shot down, and so was a corporal who came running to see what was the matter. There were two more soldiers at the door of the state-room, and their muskets seemed not to be loaded, for they never fired upon us, and they were shot while trying to fix their bayonets.

sentries - des sentinelles, sentinelle

shot down - abattu

corporal - caporal, cabot

muskets - mousquets, mousquet

loaded - chargé, charge, chargement

bayonets - baionnettes, baionnette

Then we rushed on into the captain's cabin, but as we pushed open the door there was an explosion from within, and there he lay with his brains smeared over the chart of the Atlantic which was pinned upon the table, while the chaplain stood with a smoking pistol in his hand at his elbow. The two mates had both been seized by the crew, and the whole business seemed to be settled.

cabin - cabane, cabine

pushed open - Ouvrir

explosion - explosion

smeared - étalé, badigeonner, couvrir, diffamer, trace, traînée

Atlantic - atlantique

pinned - épinglé, épingle

be settled - etre réglée

"'The state-room was next the cabin, and we flocked in there and flopped down on the settees, all speaking together, for we were just mad with the feeling that we were free once more. There were lockers all round, and Wilson, the sham chaplain, knocked one of them in, and pulled out a dozen of brown sherry.

flocked - floqué, troupeau

flopped - a fait un flop, (s')affaler

settees - canapés, canapé

lockers - les casiers, casier

sherry - sherry, xéres, jerez, verre de xéres, verre de jerez

We cracked off the necks of the bottles, poured the stuff out into tumblers, and were just tossing them off, when in an instant without warning there came the roar of muskets in our ears, and the saloon was so full of smoke that we could not see across the table. When it cleared again the place was a shambles.

cracked - fissuré, (se) feler

necks - cou

stuff - trucs, truc, substance (1), checkmachin (2), checktruc (2)

tumblers - gobelets, tumbler

tossing - le lancer, (toss), jet, au pile ou face, tirage au sort, lancer

roar - rugir, hurler, s'esclaffer, rire aux éclats

saloon - saloon

Wilson and eight others were wriggling on the top of each other on the floor, and the blood and the brown sherry on that table turn me sick now when I think of it. We were so cowed by the sight that I think we should have given the job up if it had not been for Prendergast. He bellowed like a bull and rushed for the door with all that were left alive at his heels.

wriggling - se tortiller, (wriggle), remuer

bellowed - a beuglé, mugir, beugler

Out we ran, and there on the poop were the lieutenant and ten of his men. The swing skylights above the saloon table had been a bit open, and they had fired on us through the slit. We got on them before they could load, and they stood to it like men; but we had the upper hand of them, and in five minutes it was all over. My God! Was there ever a slaughter-house like that ship!

poop - caca

swing - swing, osciller, se balancer, swinguer, pendre, changer

Skylights - puits de lumiere, fenetre de toit, lucarne, vélux, verriere

load - charge, chargement, fardeau

upper hand - avoir lavantage

slaughter - l'abattage, abattage, carnage, tuerie, massacre, massacrer

Prendergast was like a raging devil, and he picked the soldiers up as if they had been children and threw them overboard alive or dead. There was one sergeant that was horribly wounded and yet kept on swimming for a surprising time, until some one in mercy blew out his brains. When the fighting was over there was no one left of our enemies except just the warders, the mates, and the doctor.

raging - enragée, rage, furie, fureur, courroux, rager, faire rage

overboard - a la mer

horribly - horriblement

blew out - a explosé

fighting - combattre, combat, bagarre, (fight) combattre

enemies - ennemis, ennemi, ennemie

"'It was over them that the great quarrel arose. There were many of us who were glad enough to win back our freedom, and yet who had no wish to have murder on our souls. It was one thing to knock the soldiers over with their muskets in their hands, and it was another to stand by while men were being killed in cold blood.

quarrel - querelle, bagarrer, noise, algarade, dispute

arose - s'est élevé, se lever, relever

freedom - la liberté, liberté

Eight of us, five convicts and three sailors, said that we would not see it done. But there was no moving Prendergast and those who were with him. Our only chance of safety lay in making a clean job of it, said he, and he would not leave a tongue with power to wag in a witness-box.

safety - la sécurité, sécurité, sureté

lay in - s'allonger

wag - wag, frétiller, remuer, sécher, faire l’école buissonniere

witness - témoignage, témoin, preuve, témoigner

It nearly came to our sharing the fate of the prisoners, but at last he said that if we wished we might take a boat and go. We jumped at the offer, for we were already sick of these bloodthirsty doings, and we saw that there would be worse before it was done. We were given a suit of sailor togs each, a barrel of water, two casks, one of junk and one of biscuits, and a compass.

fate - le destin, destin, destinée, sort

jumped - a sauté, (faire) sauter

bloodthirsty - assoiffé de sang, sanguinaire

casks - futs, tonneau, fut, barrique

junk - de la camelote, bric-a-brac

biscuits - des biscuits, biscuit

compass - boussole, compas

Prendergast threw us over a chart, told us that we were shipwrecked mariners whose ship had foundered in Lat. 15 degrees and Long 25 degrees west, and then cut the painter and let us go.

shipwrecked - naufragés, épave, naufrage, naufrager

mariners - marins, marin

painter - peintre, peintre en bâtiments

"'And now I come to the most surprising part of my story, my dear son. The seamen had hauled the fore-yard aback during the rising, but now as we left them they brought it square again, and as there was a light wind from the north and east the bark began to draw slowly away from us.

seamen - marins, matelot

hauled - transporté, haler, trainer, butin, magot

aback - en colere, étonné

Our boat lay, rising and falling, upon the long, smooth rollers, and Evans and I, who were the most educated of the party, were sitting in the sheets working out our position and planning what coast we should make for. It was a nice question, for the Cape de Verdes were about five hundred miles to the north of us, and the African coast about seven hundred to the east.

rollers - rouleaux, rouleau, rollier

most educated - Le plus instruit

sheets - feuilles, feuille, plaque, écoute

coast - côte, cordonlittoral, borde

Cape - le cap, cap

On the whole, as the wind was coming round to the north, we thought that Sierra Leone might be best, and turned our head in that direction, the bark being at that time nearly hull down on our starboard quarter. Suddenly as we looked at her we saw a dense black cloud of smoke shoot up from her, which hung like a monstrous tree upon the sky line.

Sierra Leone - Sierra Leone

hull - coque, Hull

starboard - a tribord, tribord

dense - dense, obscur, bouché

cloud of smoke - nuage de fumée

A few seconds later a roar like thunder burst upon our ears, and as the smoke thinned away there was no sign left of the Gloria Scott. In an instant we swept the boat's head round again and pulled with all our strength for the place where the haze still trailing over the water marked the scene of this catastrophe.

thunder - le tonnerre, tonnerre, tonitruer

haze - brume, chicaner, fumées

trailing - en queue de peloton, pister, suivre, traîner, piste, traces-p

"'It was a long hour before we reached it, and at first we feared that we had come too late to save any one.

A splintered boat and a number of crates and fragments of spars rising and falling on the waves showed us where the vessel had foundered; but there was no sign of life, and we had turned away in despair when we heard a cry for help, and saw at some distance a piece of wreckage with a man lying stretched across it.

crates - caisses, caisse

fragments - fragments, fragment, fragmenter

spars - les espars, (Spar) les espars

waves - des vagues, vague

sign of life - un signe de vie

wreckage - épave

When we pulled him aboard the boat he proved to be a young seaman of the name of Hudson, who was so burned and exhausted that he could give us no account of what had happened until the following morning.

exhausted - épuisé, épuiser, échappement

"'It seemed that after we had left, Prendergast and his gang had proceeded to put to death the five remaining prisoners. The two warders had been shot and thrown overboard, and so also had the third mate. Prendergast then descended into the 'tween-decks and with his own hands cut the throat of the unfortunate surgeon. There only remained the first mate, who was a bold and active man.

proceeded - a procédé, avancer, procéder

remaining - restant, reste, rester, demeurer

descended - descendu, descendre

surgeon - chirurgien, chirurgienne

bold - audacieux, gros, épais

active - active, actif

When he saw the convict approaching him with the bloody knife in his hand he kicked off his bonds, which he had somehow contrived to loosen, and rushing down the deck he plunged into the after-hold.

bloody - sanglante

kicked off - a débuté

contrived - artificiel, combiner, inventer

loosen - se desserrer, desserrer

deck - pont

A dozen convicts, who descended with their pistols in search of him, found him with a match-box in his hand seated beside an open powder-barrel, which was one of a hundred carried on board, and swearing that he would blow all hands up if he were in any way molested.

swearing - jurant, (swear) jurant

molested - molesté, embeter, violer, abuser

An instant later the explosion occurred, though Hudson thought it was caused by the misdirected bullet of one of the convicts rather than the mate's match. Be the cause what it may, it was the end of the Gloria Scott and of the rabble who held command of her.

misdirected - mal orienté, mal renseigner

bullet - balle, projectile

rabble - la populace, cohue

"'Such, in a few words, my dear boy, is the history of this terrible business in which I was involved. Next day we were picked up by the brig Hotspur, bound for Australia, whose captain found no difficulty in believing that we were the survivors of a passenger ship which had foundered.

Involved - impliqué, nécessiter, impliquer

brig - brig

Hotspur - hotspur

survivors - survivants, survivant, survivante, rescapé, rescapée

passenger - passager

The transport ship Gloria Scott was set down by the Admiralty as being lost at sea, and no word has ever leaked out as to her true fate. After an excellent voyage the Hotspur landed us at Sydney, where Evans and I changed our names and made our way to the diggings, where, among the crowds who were gathered from all nations, we had no difficulty in losing our former identities.

transport ship - un vaisseau de transport

set down - mettre en place

Admiralty - l'amirauté, amirauté

leaked out - a été divulguée

Sydney - sydney

crowds - des foules, foule

gathered - rassemblés, rassembler, ramasser, recueillir

nations - nations, nation

identities - les identités, identité

The rest I need not relate. We prospered, we traveled, we came back as rich colonials to England, and we bought country estates. For more than twenty years we have led peaceful and useful lives, and we hoped that our past was forever buried. Imagine, then, my feelings when in the seaman who came to us I recognized instantly the man who had been picked off the wreck.

relate - se rapporter, concerner

prospered - prospéré, prospérer

colonials - coloniaux, colonial

estates - les successions, patrimoine, noblesse, proprieté, , biens-p

He had tracked us down somehow, and had set himself to live upon our fears. You will understand now how it was that I strove to keep the peace with him, and you will in some measure sympathize with me in the fears which fill me, now that he has gone from me to his other victim with threats upon his tongue.'

tracked - suivi, trace, marque, sillon, empreinte, sentier

fears - des craintes, peur

strove - s'efforcer, s'efforcer de

measure - mesure, mesurer

sympathize with - sympathiser avec

victim - victime

"Underneath is written in a hand so shaky as to be hardly legible, 'Beddoes writes in cipher to say H. has told all. Sweet Lord, have mercy on our souls!'

underneath - dessous, en dessous, du dessous, d'en dessous

shaky - tremblant, instable

sweet - doux, doucement, friandise, bonbon, sucreries

"That was the narrative which I read that night to young Trevor, and I think, Watson, that under the circumstances it was a dramatic one. The good fellow was heart-broken at it, and went out to the Terai tea planting, where I hear that he is doing well. As to the sailor and Beddoes, neither of them was ever heard of again after that day on which the letter of warning was written.

dramatic - dramatique, spectaculaire

Terai - terai

They both disappeared utterly and completely. No complaint had been lodged with the police, so that Beddoes had mistaken a threat for a deed. Hudson had been seen lurking about, and it was believed by the police that he had done away with Beddoes and had fled. For myself I believe that the truth was exactly the opposite.

complaint - plainte, réclamation, porter plainte

threat - menace

lurking - se cacher, (lurk), s'embusquer, se dissimuler

I think that it is most probable that Beddoes, pushed to desperation and believing himself to have been already betrayed, had revenged himself upon Hudson, and had fled from the country with as much money as he could lay his hands on. Those are the facts of the case, Doctor, and if they are of any use to your collection, I am sure that they are very heartily at your service."

most probable - le plus probable

desperation - le désespoir, désespoir

revenged - vengé, vengeance, revanche, venger

heartily - chaleureusement

Chapter V. The Musgrave Ritual

An anomaly which often struck me in the character of my friend Sherlock Holmes was that, although in his methods of thought he was the neatest and most methodical of mankind, and although also he affected a certain quiet primness of dress, he was none the less in his personal habits one of the most untidy men that ever drove a fellow-lodger to distraction.

anomaly - anomalie

character - caractere, personnage, caractere

neatest - le plus beau, propre, bien tenu

methodical - méthodique

mankind - l'humanité, humanité, genre humain, hommes

affected - affectée, affecter

primness - primauté

untidy - débraillé, négligé, désordonné, bordélique

lodger - locataire, sows locataire

Distraction - distraction, folie

Not that I am in the least conventional in that respect myself. The rough-and-tumble work in Afghanistan, coming on the top of a natural Bohemianism of disposition, has made me rather more lax than befits a medical man.

conventional - conventionnelle

tumble - culbute, dégringoler, culbuter

Afghanistan - l'afghanistan, Afghanistan

Bohemianism - La boheme

disposition - disposition, tempérament

lax - lax, relâché, laxiste

But with me there is a limit, and when I find a man who keeps his cigars in the coal-scuttle, his tobacco in the toe end of a Persian slipper, and his unanswered correspondence transfixed by a jack-knife into the very centre of his wooden mantelpiece, then I begin to give myself virtuous airs.

limit - limite, circonscrivez, limitons, circonscrivons, limitez

cigars - des cigares, cigare

scuttle - s'éclipser, saborder, sabordez, sabordent, sabordons

toe - l'orteil, orteil, doigt de pied

Persian - Persan

slipper - chausson, pantoufle

unanswered - sans réponse

correspondence - correspondance, chronique

virtuous - vertueux

I have always held, too, that pistol practice should be distinctly an open-air pastime; and when Holmes, in one of his queer humors, would sit in an arm-chair with his hair-trigger and a hundred Boxer cartridges, and proceed to adorn the opposite wall with a patriotic V. R. done in bullet-pocks, I felt strongly that neither the atmosphere nor the appearance of our room was improved by it.

distinctly - distinctement

pastime - passe-temps

humors - les humeurs, humour

trigger - détente, gâchette, actionneur, activateur, gâchette (1)

boxer - boxeur, boxer

cartridges - cartouches, cartouche

adorn - décorer, orner, parer

patriotic - patriotique

atmosphere - atmosphere, atmosphere, ambience, ambiance

Our chambers were always full of chemicals and of criminal relics which had a way of wandering into unlikely positions, and of turning up in the butter-dish or in even less desirable places. But his papers were my great crux.

chambers - chambres, chambre, piece, salle

chemicals - des produits chimiques, chimique, produit chimique

relics - des reliques, reliquat, relique

positions - positions, position, poste

turning up - apparaitre

desirable - souhaitable, désirable

He had a horror of destroying documents, especially those which were connected with his past cases, and yet it was only once in every year or two that he would muster energy to docket and arrange them; for, as I have mentioned somewhere in these incoherent memoirs, the outbursts of passionate energy when he performed the remarkable feats with which his name is associated were followed by reactions of lethargy during which he would lie about with his violin and his books, hardly moving save from the sofa to the table. Thus month after month his papers accumulated, until every corner of the room was stacked with bundles of manuscript which were on no account to be burned, and which could not be put away save by their owner. One winter's night, as we sat together by the fire, I ventured to suggest to him that, as he had finished pasting extracts into his common-place book, he might employ the next two hours in making our room a little more habitable. He could not deny the justice of my request, so with a rather rueful face he went off to his bedroom, from which he returned presently pulling a large tin box behind him. This he placed in the middle of the floor and, squatting down upon a stool in front of it, he threw back the lid. I could see that it was already a third full of bundles of paper tied up with red tape into separate packages.

destroying - détruisant, détruire, euthanasier

arrange - arranger, organiser

somewhere - quelque part

incoherent - incohérent

passionate - passionné

reactions - réactions, réaction

lethargy - léthargie, nonchalance, langueur

violin - violon

accumulated - accumulés, accumuler

stacked - empilés, pile, empiler

bundles - des liasses, faisceau, fagot, paquet, ballot (of goods)

manuscript - manuscrit

on no account - a aucun prix

put away - mis de côté

ventured - s'est aventuré, s'aventurer, risquer, oser

extracts - extraits, extrait, extraire

habitable - habitable

deny - nier, démentir, refuser

squatting - le squat, s'accroupir

stool - tabouret

lid - couvercle

red tape - Bureaucratie

separate - séparés, séparé, séparée, séparer

packages - paquets, paquet, paquetage, empaqueter, emballer

"There are cases enough here, Watson," said he, looking at me with mischievous eyes. "I think that if you knew all that I had in this box you would ask me to pull some out instead of putting others in."

mischievous - espiegle

"These are the records of your early work, then?" I asked. "I have often wished that I had notes of those cases."

records - dossiers, rapport écrit

early work - les premiers travaux

"Yes, my boy, these were all done prematurely before my biographer had come to glorify me." He lifted bundle after bundle in a tender, caressing sort of way. "They are not all successes, Watson," said he. "But there are some pretty little problems among them.

prematurely - prématurément

biographer - biographe

glorify - glorifier

caressing - caressant, (cares) caressant

Here's the record of the Tarleton murders, and the case of Vamberry, the wine merchant, and the adventure of the old Russian woman, and the singular affair of the aluminium crutch, as well as a full account of Ricoletti of the club-foot, and his abominable wife. And here"ah, now, this really is something a little recherché."

murders - meurtres, meurtre, homicide, assassinat, occire

Russian - russe, ruthénien, langue russe, langue de Tolstoi

aluminium - l'aluminium, aluminium

crutch - béquille, soutien, support

abominable - abominable

He dived his arm down to the bottom of the chest, and brought up a small wooden box with a sliding lid, such as children's toys are kept in. From within he produced a crumpled piece of paper, an old-fashioned brass key, a peg of wood with a ball of string attached to it, and three rusty old disks of metal.

dived - plongé, plonger

sliding - glissant, (slid) glissant

toys - jouets, jouet, jouer (avec), amuser

crumpled - froissé, chiffonner, froisser, se froisser, s'effondrer

peg - piquet, cheville, porte-manteau, patere, cheviller, épingler

string - corde, suite, série, chaîne de caracteres, cordes, cannabis

rusty - rubigineux

disks - disques, disque

metal - métal, metal

"Well, my boy, what do you make of this lot?" he asked, smiling at my expression.

"It is a curious collection."

"Very curious, and the story that hangs round it will strike you as being more curious still."

hangs - pendu, suspendre, etre accroché

more curious - plus curieux

"These relics have a history then?"

"So much so that they are history."

"What do you mean by that?"

Sherlock Holmes picked them up one by one, and laid them along the edge of the table. Then he reseated himself in his chair and looked them over with a gleam of satisfaction in his eyes.

satisfaction - satisfaction

"These," said he, "are all that I have left to remind me of the adventure of the Musgrave Ritual."

remind - rappeler

I had heard him mention the case more than once, though I had never been able to gather the details. "I should be so glad," said I, "if you would give me an account of it."

gather - rassembler, ramasser, recueillir, déduire

"And leave the litter as it is?" he cried, mischievously. "Your tidiness won't bear much strain after all, Watson. But I should be glad that you should add this case to your annals, for there are points in it which make it quite unique in the criminal records of this or, I believe, of any other country.

litter - litiere, litiere, portée, détritus

mischievously - malicieusement

be glad - etre heureux

criminal records - Casier judiciaire

A collection of my trifling achievements would certainly be incomplete which contained no account of this very singular business.

trifling - insignifiant, futile, (trifle), bagatelle, broutille, babiole

achievements - les réalisations, réalisation, accomplissement, haut fait

incomplete - incomplete

"You may remember how the affair of the Gloria Scott, and my conversation with the unhappy man whose fate I told you of, first turned my attention in the direction of the profession which has become my life's work.

unhappy - malheureux, triste, mécontent

You see me now when my name has become known far and wide, and when I am generally recognized both by the public and by the official force as being a final court of appeal in doubtful cases. Even when you knew me first, at the time of the affair which you have commemorated in 'A Study in Scarlet,'I had already established a considerable, though not a very lucrative, connection.

generally - en général

court of appeal - la cour d'appel

doubtful - douteux, douteuse

commemorated - commémorée, commémorer

scarlet - écarlate

lucrative - lucratif

You can hardly realize, then, how difficult I found it at first, and how long I had to wait before I succeeded in making any headway.

realize - réaliser, se rendre compte, prendre conscience

"When I first came up to London I had rooms in Montague Street, just round the corner from the British Museum, and there I waited, filling in my too abundant leisure time by studying all those branches of science which might make me more efficient.

round the corner - au coin de la rue

filling in - a remplir

leisure - les loisirs, loisir, temps libre

efficient - efficace

Now and again cases came in my way, principally through the introduction of old fellow-students, for during my last years at the University there was a good deal of talk there about myself and my methods.

principally - principalement

introduction - introduction, présentation

fellow-students - (fellow-students) camarades de classe

The third of these cases was that of the Musgrave Ritual, and it is to the interest which was aroused by that singular chain of events, and the large issues which proved to be at stake, that I trace my first stride towards the position which I now hold.

issues - questions, sortie, émission, livraison, délivrance

be at stake - etre en jeu

stride - foulée, marcher a grands pas

"Reginald Musgrave had been in the same college as myself, and I had some slight acquaintance with him. He was not generally popular among the undergraduates, though it always seemed to me that what was set down as pride was really an attempt to cover extreme natural diffidence.

undergraduates - les étudiants de premier cycle, étudiant de licence

cover - une couverture

diffidence - la défiance, timidité

In appearance he was a man of exceedingly aristocratic type, thin, high-nosed, and large-eyed, with languid and yet courtly manners.

aristocratic - aristocratique

languid - langoureux, languissant

courtly - courtois

manners - les bonnes manieres, maniere, façon, mode

He was indeed a scion of one of the very oldest families in the kingdom, though his branch was a cadet one which had separated from the northern Musgraves some time in the sixteenth century, and had established itself in western Sussex, where the Manor House of Hurlstone is perhaps the oldest inhabited building in the county.

scion - descendant, descendante, héritier d'un trône, scion

Kingdom - royaume, regne

cadet - cadet, puîné

Sixteenth - seizieme, seizieme ('before the noun'), seize ('after the name')

Western - occidentale, occidental, western

Manor - manoir, maison-forte, seigneurie

Something of his birth place seemed to cling to the man, and I never looked at his pale, keen face or the poise of his head without associating him with gray archways and mullioned windows and all the venerable wreckage of a feudal keep. Once or twice we drifted into talk, and I can remember that more than once he expressed a keen interest in my methods of observation and inference.

cling to - s'accrocher a

poise - l'équilibre, assurance, aisance, sang-froid, aplomb, poise

associating - s'associer, fréquenter, associer

archways - des arcs, arcade

mullioned - a meneaux, meneau

feudal - féodal

drifted - a la dérive, dérive, dériver, errer, dévier

expressed - exprimée, exprimer

"For four years I had seen nothing of him until one morning he walked into my room in Montague Street. He had changed little, was dressed like a young man of fashion"he was always a bit of a dandy"and preserved the same quiet, suave manner which had formerly distinguished him.

dandy - dandy, tres bien

preserved - préservée, confiture, conserve, réserve naturelle

Formerly - auparavant, autrefois, anciennement

distinguished - distingué, distinguer

"'How has all gone with you Musgrave?'I asked, after we had cordially shaken hands.

gone with - Parti avec

cordially - cordialement

"'You probably heard of my poor father's death,'said he; 'he was carried off about two years ago. Since then I have of course had the Hurlstone estates to manage, and as I am member for my district as well, my life has been a busy one. But I understand, Holmes, that you are turning to practical ends those powers with which you used to amaze us?'

carried off - emportés

practical - pratique

amaze - étonner, stupéfier

"'Yes,'said I, 'I have taken to living by my wits.'

"'I am delighted to hear it, for your advice at present would be exceedingly valuable to me. We have had some very strange doings at Hurlstone, and the police have been able to throw no light upon the matter. It is really the most extraordinary and inexplicable business.'

"You can imagine with what eagerness I listened to him, Watson, for the very chance for which I had been panting during all those months of inaction seemed to have come within my reach. In my inmost heart I believed that I could succeed where others failed, and now I had the opportunity to test myself.

panting - haletant, (pant) haletant

inaction - l'inaction, inaction

inmost - intimes

Succeed - succéder, réussir, avoir du succes

opportunity - occasion, opportunité, occasion favorable, chance

"'Pray, let me have the details,'I cried.

"Reginald Musgrave sat down opposite to me, and lit the cigarette which I had pushed towards him.

cigarette - cigarette

pushed towards - poussé vers

"'You must know,'said he, 'that though I am a bachelor, I have to keep up a considerable staff of servants at Hurlstone, for it is a rambling old place, and takes a good deal of looking after. I preserve, too, and in the pheasant months I usually have a house-party, so that it would not do to be short-handed. Altogether there are eight maids, the cook, the butler, two footmen, and a boy.

bachelor - célibataire, licence

footmen - les valets de pied, laquais

The garden and the stables of course have a separate staff.

"'Of these servants the one who had been longest in our service was Brunton the butler. He was a young school-master out of place when he was first taken up by my father, but he was a man of great energy and character, and he soon became quite invaluable in the household.

taken up - pris en charge

invaluable - inestimable

He was a well-grown, handsome man, with a splendid forehead, and though he has been with us for twenty years he cannot be more than forty now.

splendid - splendide, fameux

With his personal advantages and his extraordinary gifts"for he can speak several languages and play nearly every musical instrument"it is wonderful that he should have been satisfied so long in such a position, but I suppose that he was comfortable, and lacked energy to make any change. The butler of Hurlstone is always a thing that is remembered by all who visit us.

advantages - avantages, avantage, avantager

musical instrument - instrument de musique

lacked - manquée, manquer de qqch

"'But this paragon has one fault. He is a bit of a Don Juan, and you can imagine that for a man like him it is not a very difficult part to play in a quiet country district. When he was married it was all right, but since he has been a widower we have had no end of trouble with him.

paragon - parangon, petitarangon, parangonner

A few months ago we were in hopes that he was about to settle down again for he became engaged to Rachel Howells, our second house-maid; but he has thrown her over since then and taken up with Janet Tregellis, the daughter of the head game-keeper.

settle down - s'installer

became engaged - se sont fiancés

Rachel"who is a very good girl, but of an excitable Welsh temperament"had a sharp touch of brain-fever, and goes about the house now"or did until yesterday"like a black-eyed shadow of her former self. That was our first drama at Hurlstone; but a second one came to drive it from our minds, and it was prefaced by the disgrace and dismissal of butler Brunton.

excitable - excitable

Welsh - gallois, Gallois-p

temperament - tempérament

minds - les esprits, esprit, t+raison, t+intelligence, mémoire

dismissal - limogeage, licenciement, non-lieu

"'This was how it came about. I have said that the man was intelligent, and this very intelligence has caused his ruin, for it seems to have led to an insatiable curiosity about things which did not in the least concern him. I had no idea of the lengths to which this would carry him, until the merest accident opened my eyes to it.

came about - arriva

ruin - la ruine, ruine, ruiner, abîmer, foutre en l'air

insatiable - insatiable

"'I have said that the house is a rambling one. One day last week"on Thursday night, to be more exact"I found that I could not sleep, having foolishly taken a cup of strong café noir after my dinner. After struggling against it until two in the morning, I felt that it was quite hopeless, so I rose and lit the candle with the intention of continuing a novel which I was reading.

more exact - plus précis

foolishly - betement

noir - noir

struggling - en difficulté, luttant, (struggle), lutte, lutter, s'efforcer

hopeless - sans espoir, désespéré

continuing - en continuant, continuer

novel - roman, nouveau

The book, however, had been left in the billiard-room, so I pulled on my dressing-gown and started off to get it.

dressing-gown - (dressing-gown) robe de chambre

"'In order to reach the billiard-room I had to descend a flight of stairs and then to cross the head of a passage which led to the library and the gun-room. You can imagine my surprise when, as I looked down this corridor, I saw a glimmer of light coming from the open door of the library. I had myself extinguished the lamp and closed the door before coming to bed.

descend - descendre

Cross - croix, signe de croix, direct du bras arriere, transversal

corridor - couloir, corridor, couloir aérien

extinguished - éteinte, éteindre

Naturally my first thought was of burglars. The corridors at Hurlstone have their walls largely decorated with trophies of old weapons. From one of these I picked a battle-axe, and then, leaving my candle behind me, I crept on tiptoe down the passage and peeped in at the open door.

burglars - des cambrioleurs, cambrioleur, cambrioleuse

corridors - couloirs, couloir, corridor, couloir aérien

decorated - décoré, décorer, orner

trophies - trophées, trophée

weapons - des armes, arme

battle - bataille, combat

axe - hache

crept - rampé, ramper, rampement, fatigue, fluage, reptation

on tiptoe - sur la pointe des pieds

"'Brunton, the butler, was in the library. He was sitting, fully dressed, in an easy-chair, with a slip of paper which looked like a map upon his knee, and his forehead sunk forward upon his hand in deep thought. I stood dumb with astonishment, watching him from the darkness. A small taper on the edge of the table shed a feeble light which sufficed to show me that he was fully dressed.

fully - pleinement, entierement, completement

taper - de l'effilage, cierge, (tape), bande

shed - hangar, verser, stand, kiosque, échoppe

sufficed - suffisent, suffire, suffire 2, fr

Suddenly, as I looked, he rose from his chair, and walking over to a bureau at the side, he unlocked it and drew out one of the drawers. From this he took a paper, and returning to his seat he flattened it out beside the taper on the edge of the table, and began to study it with minute attention.

bureau - bureau, agence, secrétaire, chiffonnier, commode

drawers - tiroirs, tiroir

My indignation at this calm examination of our family documents overcame me so far that I took a step forward, and Brunton, looking up, saw me standing in the doorway. He sprang to his feet, his face turned livid with fear, and he thrust into his breast the chart-like paper which he had been originally studying.

indignation - l'indignation, indignation

Calm - calme, tranquille, calme plat, calmer, apaiser

overcame - surmonté, vaincre, surmonter, envahir

doorway - l'embrasure de la porte, embrasure de la porte

"'"So!" said I. "This is how you repay the trust which we have reposed in you. You will leave my service to-morrow."

repay - rembourser

reposed - reposé, repos

"'He bowed with the look of a man who is utterly crushed, and slunk past me without a word. The taper was still on the table, and by its light I glanced to see what the paper was which Brunton had taken from the bureau. To my surprise it was nothing of any importance at all, but simply a copy of the questions and answers in the singular old observance called the Musgrave Ritual.

observance - l'observation, observance

It is a sort of ceremony peculiar to our family, which each Musgrave for centuries past has gone through on his coming of age"a thing of private interest, and perhaps of some little importance to the archaeologist, like our own blazonings and charges, but of no practical use whatever.'

ceremony - cérémonie

private interest - intéret privé

archaeologist - archéologue, archéologiste

charges - charges, frais-p, charge, chef d’accusation, chef d’inculpation

"'We had better come back to the paper afterwards,'said I.

"'If you think it really necessary,'he answered, with some hesitation. 'To continue my statement, however: I relocked the bureau, using the key which Brunton had left, and I had turned to go when I was surprised to find that the butler had returned, and was standing before me.

hesitation - hésitation

"'"Mr. Musgrave, sir," he cried, in a voice which was hoarse with emotion, "I can't bear disgrace, sir. I've always been proud above my station in life, and disgrace would kill me. My blood will be on your head, sir"it will, indeed"if you drive me to despair. If you cannot keep me after what has passed, then for God's sake let me give you notice and leave in a month, as if of my own free will.

hoarse - rauque, rugueux

kill - tuer, tuent, tuons, dézinguer, tuez

free will - le libre arbitre

I could stand that, Mr. Musgrave, but not to be cast out before all the folk that I know so well."

"'"You don't deserve much consideration, Brunton," I answered. "Your conduct has been most infamous. However, as you have been a long time in the family, I have no wish to bring public disgrace upon you. A month, however is too long. Take yourself away in a week, and give what reason you like for going."

most infamous - le plus infâme

"'"Only a week, sir?" he cried, in a despairing voice. "A fortnight"say at least a fortnight!"

despairing - désespéré, désespérer, désespoir

fortnight - quinze jours, deux semaines, quinzaine

"'"A week," I repeated, "and you may consider yourself to have been very leniently dealt with."

"'He crept away, his face sunk upon his breast, like a broken man, while I put out the light and returned to my room.

"'"For two days after this Brunton was most assiduous in his attention to his duties. I made no allusion to what had passed, and waited with some curiosity to see how he would cover his disgrace. On the third morning, however he did not appear, as was his custom, after breakfast to receive my instructions for the day. As I left the dining-room I happened to meet Rachel Howells, the maid.

assiduous - assidu

cover - couvercle, couverture, couvert, couvrir, reprendre, parcourir

I have told you that she had only recently recovered from an illness, and was looking so wretchedly pale and wan that I remonstrated with her for being at work.

wretchedly - misérablement

wan - wan, pâle, blafard

"'"You should be in bed," I said. "Come back to your duties when you are stronger."

"'She looked at me with so strange an expression that I began to suspect that her brain was affected.

suspect - suspecter, soupçonner, suspect

"'"I am strong enough, Mr. Musgrave," said she.

"'"We will see what the doctor says," I answered. "You must stop work now, and when you go downstairs just say that I wish to see Brunton."

go downstairs - descendre en bas

"'"The butler is gone," said she.

"'"Gone! Gone where?"

"'"He is gone. No one has seen him. He is not in his room. Oh, yes, he is gone, he is gone!" She fell back against the wall with shriek after shriek of laughter, while I, horrified at this sudden hysterical attack, rushed to the bell to summon help. The girl was taken to her room, still screaming and sobbing, while I made inquiries about Brunton.

shriek - cri, hurlement, crier

laughter - rires, rire

hysterical - hystérique

summon - convoquer, appeler, convoquez, convoquons

screaming - des cris, cri, crier

sobbing - sanglots, sanglotement, sanglotant, sanglotante, (sob), fdp

There was no doubt about it that he had disappeared. His bed had not been slept in, he had been seen by no one since he had retired to his room the night before, and yet it was difficult to see how he could have left the house, as both windows and doors were found to be fastened in the morning.

His clothes, his watch, and even his money were in his room, but the black suit which he usually wore was missing. His slippers, too, were gone, but his boots were left behind. Where then could butler Brunton have gone in the night, and what could have become of him now?

"'Of course we searched the house from cellar to garret, but there was no trace of him. It is, as I have said, a labyrinth of an old house, especially the original wing, which is now practically uninhabited; but we ransacked every room and cellar without discovering the least sign of the missing man.

cellar - cave

garret - garret, galetas

labyrinth - labyrinthe

original - originel, original

Wing - aile, ailier, improviser

practically - pratiquement, quasiment

uninhabited - inhabité

ransacked - saccagé, mettre a sac, saccager, fouiller

It was incredible to me that he could have gone away leaving all his property behind him, and yet where could he be? I called in the local police, but without success. Rain had fallen on the night before and we examined the lawn and the paths all round the house, but in vain. Matters were in this state, when a new development quite drew our attention away from the original mystery.

gone away - est parti

paths - chemins, sentier

vain - vaine, rench: vaniteux, frivole, vain, futile

development - développement

"'For two days Rachel Howells had been so ill, sometimes delirious, sometimes hysterical, that a nurse had been employed to sit up with her at night. On the third night after Brunton's disappearance, the nurse, finding her patient sleeping nicely, had dropped into a nap in the arm-chair, when she woke in the early morning to find the bed empty, the window open, and no signs of the invalid.

delirious - délirant

sit up - s'asseoir

patient - patient, patiente, malade

nicely - joliment, agréablement

nap - sieste, petit somme

I was instantly aroused, and, with the two footmen, started off at once in search of the missing girl. It was not difficult to tell the direction which she had taken, for, starting from under her window, we could follow her footmarks easily across the lawn to the edge of the mere, where they vanished close to the gravel path which leads out of the grounds.

starting from - a partir de

gravel path - chemin de gravier

The lake there is eight feet deep, and you can imagine our feelings when we saw that the trail of the poor demented girl came to an end at the edge of it.

lake - lac, marin

"'Of course, we had the drags at once, and set to work to recover the remains, but no trace of the body could we find. On the other hand, we brought to the surface an object of a most unexpected kind. It was a linen bag which contained within it a mass of old rusted and discolored metal and several dull-colored pieces of pebble or glass.

drags - traîne, tirer, entraîner

surface - surface, faire surface

most unexpected - le plus inattendu

linen - le linge, toile, lin, linge

mass - masse, foule, amas

rusted - rouillé, rouille

pebble - galet, gravillon

This strange find was all that we could get from the mere, and, although we made every possible search and inquiry yesterday, we know nothing of the fate either of Rachel Howells or of Richard Brunton. The county police are at their wits'end, and I have come up to you as a last resource.'

inquiry - demande, enquete

Richard - richard

resource - ressource, ressource(s)

"You can imagine, Watson, with what eagerness I listened to this extraordinary sequence of events, and endeavored to piece them together, and to devise some common thread upon which they might all hang. The butler was gone. The maid was gone. The maid had loved the butler, but had afterwards had cause to hate him. She was of Welsh blood, fiery and passionate.

sequence - suite, séquence

devise - concevoir, élaborer

thread - fil, processus léger, exétron, fil de discussion, filer

fiery - ardente, ardent, brulant, flamboyant, enflammé

She had been terribly excited immediately after his disappearance. She had flung into the lake a bag containing some curious contents. These were all factors which had to be taken into consideration, and yet none of them got quite to the heart of the matter. What was the starting-point of this chain of events? There lay the end of this tangled line.

Terribly - terriblement

flung - jeté, lancer

factors - facteurs, facteur, factoriser

tangled - enchevetrés, désordre, enchevetrement

"'I must see that paper, Musgrave,'said I, 'which this butler of yours thought it worth his while to consult, even at the risk of the loss of his place.'

consult - consulter

"'It is rather an absurd business, this ritual of ours,'he answered. 'But it has at least the saving grace of antiquity to excuse it. I have a copy of the questions and answers here if you care to run your eye over them.'

grace - bénédicité, grâces, grâce, miséricorde

antiquity - l'antiquité, Antiquité

"He handed me the very paper which I have here, Watson, and this is the strange catechism to which each Musgrave had to submit when he came to man's estate. I will read you the questions and answers as they stand.

catechism - catéchisme

submit - se soumettre

estate - patrimoine, noblesse, proprieté, biens, domaine, propriété

"'Whose was it?'

"'His who is gone.'

"'Who shall have it?'

"'He who will come.'

"'Where was the sun?'

"'Over the oak.'

"'Where was the shadow?'

"'Under the elm.'

elm - l'orme, orme

"How was it stepped?'

"'North by ten and by ten, east by five and by five, south by two and by two, west by one and by one, and so under.'

"'What shall we give for it?'

"'All that is ours.'

"'Why should we give it?'

"'For the sake of the trust.'

"'The original has no date, but is in the spelling of the middle of the seventeenth century,'remarked Musgrave. 'I am afraid, however, that it can be of little help to you in solving this mystery.'

no date - Pas de date

seventeenth - dix-septieme, dix-septieme ('before the noun'), ('in names of monarchs and popes') dix-sept ('after the name') ('abbreviation' XVII)

solving - résoudre, régler, solutionner

"'At least,'said I, 'it gives us another mystery, and one which is even more interesting than the first. It may be that the solution of the one may prove to be the solution of the other. You will excuse me, Musgrave, if I say that your butler appears to me to have been a very clever man, and to have had a clearer insight than ten generations of his masters.'

solution - solution

clearer - plus clair, sou, (clear), clair, transparent, libre, dégagé

insight - de la perspicacité, introspection, perspicacité, aperçu

generations - générations, génération, création

masters - maîtres, maître/-tresse

"'I hardly follow you,'said Musgrave. 'The paper seems to me to be of no practical importance.'

"'But to me it seems immensely practical, and I fancy that Brunton took the same view. He had probably seen it before that night on which you caught him.'

immensely - immensément

"'It is very possible. We took no pains to hide it.'

"'He simply wished, I should imagine, to refresh his memory upon that last occasion. He had, as I understand, some sort of map or chart which he was comparing with the manuscript, and which he thrust into his pocket when you appeared.'

refresh - revigorer, rafraîchir

Occasion - occasion

"'That is true. But what could he have to do with this old family custom of ours, and what does this rigmarole mean?'

rigmarole - rigmarole, charabia

"'I don't think that we should have much difficulty in determining that,'said I; 'with your permission we will take the first train down to Sussex, and go a little more deeply into the matter upon the spot.'

determining - déterminant, déterminer

"The same afternoon saw us both at Hurlstone. Possibly you have seen pictures and read descriptions of the famous old building, so I will confine my account of it to saying that it is built in the shape of an L, the long arm being the more modern portion, and the shorter the ancient nucleus, from which the other had developed.

old building - ancien bâtiment

shape - forme

more modern - plus moderne

portion - part, portion

ancient - ancienne, antique

nucleus - noyau

Over the low, heavily-lintelled door, in the centre of this old part, is chiseled the date, 1607, but experts are agreed that the beams and stone-work are really much older than this. The enormously thick walls and tiny windows of this part had in the last century driven the family into building the new wing, and the old one was used now as a store-house and a cellar, when it was used at all.

heavily - lourdement

lintelled - linteau

chiseled - ciselé, ciseau

experts - des experts, expert

beams - poutres, madrier, poutre, merrain, perche, limon, timon, age

enormously - énormément

tiny - minuscule

store - magasin, entrepôt, stock, stocker, conserver

A splendid park with fine old timber surrounds the house, and the lake, to which my client had referred, lay close to the avenue, about two hundred yards from the building.

timber - le bois, bois de construction

surrounds - les environs, entourer, enceindre

"I was already firmly convinced, Watson, that there were not three separate mysteries here, but one only, and that if I could read the Musgrave Ritual aright I should hold in my hand the clue which would lead me to the truth concerning both the butler Brunton and the maid Howells. To that then I turned all my energies. Why should this servant be so anxious to master this old formula?

mysteries - mysteres, mystere

aright - n'est-ce pas

concerning - concernant, inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation

energies - énergies, énergie, courage

formula - formule, aliment lacté pour nourrissons

Evidently because he saw something in it which had escaped all those generations of country squires, and from which he expected some personal advantage. What was it then, and how had it affected his fate?

squires - écuyers, (squire) écuyers

"It was perfectly obvious to me, on reading the ritual, that the measurements must refer to some spot to which the rest of the document alluded, and that if we could find that spot, we should be in a fair way towards finding what the secret was which the old Musgraves had thought it necessary to embalm in so curious a fashion. There were two guides given us to start with, an oak and an elm.

measurements - mesures, mesure

refer - référent, référons, référer, référez

document - document, écrit, documenter

alluded - allusion, alluder, faire allusion, suggérer

embalm - embaumer

guides - guides, guider

As to the oak there could be no question at all. Right in front of the house, upon the left-hand side of the drive, there stood a patriarch among oaks, one of the most magnificent trees that I have ever seen.

patriarch - patriarche

oaks - chenes, chene, chenes-p

magnificent - magnifique

"'That was there when your ritual was drawn up,'said I, as we drove past it.

"'It was there at the Norman Conquest in all probability,'he answered. 'It has a girth of twenty-three feet.'

Norman - norman, Normand, qualifieremale

conquest - conquete, conquete

probability - probabilité

girth - la circonférence, circonférence, maille

"'Have you any old elms?'I asked.

"'There used to be a very old one over yonder but it was struck by lightning ten years ago, and we cut down the stump.'

lightning - la foudre, éclair, éloise, foudre

cut down - réduit

stump - souche, moignon, estompe

"'You can see where it used to be?'

"'Oh, yes.'

"'There are no other elms?'

"'No old ones, but plenty of beeches.'

Beeches - hetes, hetre

"'I should like to see where it grew.'

"We had driven up in a dog-cart, and my client led me away at once, without our entering the house, to the scar on the lawn where the elm had stood. It was nearly midway between the oak and the house. My investigation seemed to be progressing.

driven up - Fait grimper

entering - entrant, (enter), entrer, rench: t-needed r, taper

scar - cicatrice, stigmate

midway - a mi-parcours, a mi-chemin

progressing - en progres, progres

"'I suppose it is impossible to find out how high the elm was?'I asked.

"'I can give you it at once. It was sixty-four feet.'

"'How do you come to know it?'I asked, in surprise.

"'When my old tutor used to give me an exercise in trigonometry, it always took the shape of measuring heights. When I was a lad I worked out every tree and building in the estate.'

tutor - tuteur, chargé/-e de classe

trigonometry - trigonométrie

measuring - mesurer, mesurant, (measure), mesure

"This was an unexpected piece of luck. My data were coming more quickly than I could have reasonably hoped.

data - données, donnée

reasonably - raisonnablement

"'Tell me,'I asked, 'did your butler ever ask you such a question?'

"Reginald Musgrave looked at me in astonishment. 'Now that you call it to my mind,'he answered, 'Brunton did ask me about the height of the tree some months ago, in connection with some little argument with the groom.'

"This was excellent news, Watson, for it showed me that I was on the right road. I looked up at the sun. It was low in the heavens, and I calculated that in less than an hour it would lie just above the topmost branches of the old oak. One condition mentioned in the Ritual would then be fulfilled.

heavens - les cieux, ciel, paradis, au-dela, cieux-p

calculated - calculée, calculer

fulfilled - satisfaits, accomplir

And the shadow of the elm must mean the farther end of the shadow, otherwise the trunk would have been chosen as the guide. I had, then, to find where the far end of the shadow would fall when the sun was just clear of the oak."

trunk - tronc, malle, coffre, trompe, coffre (de voiture), valise

Guide - guide, conduire, guider, guident, diriger, guidez, mener

"That must have been difficult, Holmes, when the elm was no longer there."

been difficult - etre difficile

"Well, at least I knew that if Brunton could do it, I could also. Besides, there was no real difficulty. I went with Musgrave to his study and whittled myself this peg, to which I tied this long string with a knot at each yard. Then I took two lengths of a fishing-rod, which came to just six feet, and I went back with my client to where the elm had been.

whittled - blanchi, tailler au couteau

fishing-rod - (fishing-rod) canne a peche

The sun was just grazing the top of the oak. I fastened the rod on end, marked out the direction of the shadow, and measured it. It was nine feet in length.

grazing - le pâturage, (graze), éraflure, faire paître, brouter, pâturer

rod - tige, canne a peche, verges, bite, paf, pine, queue, vit, zob

"Of course the calculation now was a simple one. If a rod of six feet threw a shadow of nine, a tree of sixty-four feet would throw one of ninety-six, and the line of the one would of course be the line of the other. I measured out the distance, which brought me almost to the wall of the house, and I thrust a peg into the spot.

measured out - mesurée

You can imagine my exultation, Watson, when within two inches of my peg I saw a conical depression in the ground. I knew that it was the mark made by Brunton in his measurements, and that I was still upon his trail.

exultation - exultation

conical - conique

"From this starting-point I proceeded to step, having first taken the cardinal points by my pocket-compass. Ten steps with each foot took me along parallel with the wall of the house, and again I marked my spot with a peg. Then I carefully paced off five to the east and two to the south. It brought me to the very threshold of the old door.

cardinal - cardinal, rouge cardinal

parallel - parallele, parallele, parallele a, parallelement

paced off - s'est éloigné

threshold - seuil, seuil de tolérance

Two steps to the west meant now that I was to go two paces down the stone-flagged passage, and this was the place indicated by the Ritual.

flagged - signalée, drapeau

indicated - indiqué, indiquer, signaler

"Never have I felt such a cold chill of disappointment, Watson. For a moment is seemed to me that there must be some radical mistake in my calculations. The setting sun shone full upon the passage floor, and I could see that the old, foot-worn gray stones with which it was paved were firmly cemented together, and had certainly not been moved for many a long year. Brunton had not been at work here.

disappointment - déception

radical - radical, génial, super, radicale, racine, clé

calculations - calculs, calcul

stones - des pierres, pierre, t+roche, t+caillou, t+roc

paved - pavé, paver

cemented - cimenté, ciment, colle, adhésif, cimenter

I tapped upon the floor, but it sounded the same all over, and there was no sign of any crack or crevice. But, fortunately, Musgrave, who had begun to appreciate the meaning of my proceedings, and who was now as excited as myself, took out his manuscript to check my calculation.

crevice - crevasse, fissure

fortunately - heureusement, par bonheur, par chance

appreciate - etre reconnaissant de, apprécier a sa juste valeur

proceedings - procédures, acte

"'And under,'he cried. 'You have omitted the "and under."'

omitted - omis, omettre

"I had thought that it meant that we were to dig, but now, of course, I saw at once that I was wrong. 'There is a cellar under this then?'I cried.

dig - creuser, creusez, creusons, creusent

"'Yes, and as old as the house. Down here, through this door.'

"We went down a winding stone stair, and my companion, striking a match, lit a large lantern which stood on a barrel in the corner. In an instant it was obvious that we had at last come upon the true place, and that we had not been the only people to visit the spot recently.

striking - frappant, éclatant, (strike), biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper

"It had been used for the storage of wood, but the billets, which had evidently been littered over the floor, were now piled at the sides, so as to leave a clear space in the middle. In this space lay a large and heavy flagstone with a rusted iron ring in the centre to which a thick shepherd's-check muffler was attached.

storage - stockage, mémorisation

billets - billets, logement (chez l'habitant)

littered - jonché, litiere, portée, détritus

piled - empilés, pile, tas

sides - côtés, côté

flagstone - dalle, lauze

iron - le fer, fer, repasser

ring in - sonner

shepherd - berger, bergere, pasteur, pâtre

muffler - pot d'échappement, silencieux d'échappement

"'By Jove!'cried my client. 'That's Brunton's muffler. I have seen it on him, and could swear to it. What has the villain been doing here?'

"At my suggestion a couple of the county police were summoned to be present, and I then endeavored to raise the stone by pulling on the cravat. I could only move it slightly, and it was with the aid of one of the constables that I succeeded at last in carrying it to one side. A black hole yawned beneath into which we all peered, while Musgrave, kneeling at the side, pushed down the lantern.

summoned - convoqué, convoquer

be present - etre présent

raise - augmenter, levent, arborent, entonner, levez, élever, levons

pulling on - Tirer sur

constables - les gendarmes, agent/-e de police, gendarme

yawned - bâillé, bâiller, béer, bâillement

peered - regardé, pair

kneeling - a genoux, (kneel)

"A small chamber about seven feet deep and four feet square lay open to us. At one side of this was a squat, brass-bound wooden box, the lid of which was hinged upwards, with this curious old-fashioned key projecting from the lock. It was furred outside by a thick layer of dust, and damp and worms had eaten through the wood, so that a crop of livid fungi was growing on the inside of it.

lay open - s'ouvrir

squat - squat, s'accroupir

furred - a fourrure, poil, pelage

layer - couche, (lay) couche

dust - la poussiere, poussiere, épousseter, pulvériser

worms - des vers, ver, vermine, scarabée, vis sans fin, dragon

fungi - Les champignons, (fungus), fongus

Several discs of metal, old coins apparently, such as I hold here, were scattered over the bottom of the box, but it contained nothing else.

discs - disques, disque

coins - pieces de monnaie, piece de monnaie, jeton

scattered - dispersé, disperser, se disperser, éparpiller, parsemer

"At the moment, however, we had no thought for the old chest, for our eyes were riveted upon that which crouched beside it. It was the figure of a man, clad in a suit of black, who squatted down upon his hams with his forehead sunk upon the edge of the box and his two arms thrown out on each side of it.

riveted - rivetés, rivet, riveter

crouched - accroupi, s'accroupir

beside it - a côté

clad - vetu, nippé, (clothe), vetir, habiller

squatted - s'est accroupi, s'accroupir

hams - jambons, jambon

The attitude had drawn all the stagnant blood to the face, and no man could have recognized that distorted liver-colored countenance; but his height, his dress, and his hair were all sufficient to show my client, when we had drawn the body up, that it was indeed his missing butler.

distorted - déformé, déformer, distordre

sufficient - suffisante, suffisant

He had been dead some days, but there was no wound or bruise upon his person to show how he had met his dreadful end. When his body had been carried from the cellar we found ourselves still confronted with a problem which was almost as formidable as that with which we had started.

bruise - ecchymoses, contusionner, meurtrir, taler, cotir, se taler

confronted - confronté, confronter

"I confess that so far, Watson, I had been disappointed in my investigation. I had reckoned upon solving the matter when once I had found the place referred to in the Ritual; but now I was there, and was apparently as far as ever from knowing what it was which the family had concealed with such elaborate precautions.

It is true that I had thrown a light upon the fate of Brunton, but now I had to ascertain how that fate had come upon him, and what part had been played in the matter by the woman who had disappeared. I sat down upon a keg in the corner and thought the whole matter carefully over.

ascertain - vérification, constater, définir

keg - tonneau, tonnelet, baril

"You know my methods in such cases, Watson. I put myself in the man's place and, having first gauged his intelligence, I try to imagine how I should myself have proceeded under the same circumstances. In this case the matter was simplified by Brunton's intelligence being quite first-rate, so that it was unnecessary to make any allowance for the personal equation, as the astronomers have dubbed it.

gauged - mesuré, gabarit, étalon, mesurer, estimer, jauger

simplified - simplifiée, simplifier

first-rate - (first-rate) de premier ordre

unnecessary - inutile

allowance - l'allocation, indemnité, jeu

equation - équation

astronomers - des astronomes, astronome

dubbed - doublée, doubler

He knew that something valuable was concealed. He had spotted the place. He found that the stone which covered it was just too heavy for a man to move unaided. What would he do next? He could not get help from outside, even if he had some one whom he could trust, without the unbarring of doors and considerable risk of detection. It was better, if he could, to have his helpmate inside the house.

spotted - repéré, tache, bouton, peu, endroit, zone, détecter, trouver

unaided - sans aide

unbarring - débarrer

detection - détection

helpmate - aide, compagnon, compagne

But whom could he ask? This girl had been devoted to him. A man always finds it hard to realize that he may have finally lost a woman's love, however badly he may have treated her. He would try by a few attentions to make his peace with the girl Howells, and then would engage her as his accomplice.

devoted - dévouée, consacrer, vouer

attentions - attentions, attention, attentions-p

engage - s'engager, attirer l'attention, engager, embrayer

accomplice - complice, comparse, compere

Together they would come at night to the cellar, and their united force would suffice to raise the stone. So far I could follow their actions as if I had actually seen them.

United - unis, unir

suffice - suffisent, suffire, suffire 2

actually - en fait, effectivement

"But for two of them, and one a woman, it must have been heavy work the raising of that stone. A burly Sussex policeman and I had found it no light job. What would they do to assist them? Probably what I should have done myself. I rose and examined carefully the different billets of wood which were scattered round the floor. Almost at once I came upon what I expected.

assist - assister, aider, passe décisive

One piece, about three feet in length, had a very marked indentation at one end, while several were flattened at the sides as if they had been compressed by some considerable weight.

indentation - l'indentation, indentation, tiret

compressed - comprimée, comprimer, condenser

Evidently, as they had dragged the stone up they had thrust the chunks of wood into the chink, until at last, when the opening was large enough to crawl through, they would hold it open by a billet placed lengthwise, which might very well become indented at the lower end, since the whole weight of the stone would press it down on to the edge of this other slab. So far I was still on safe ground.

chunks - morceaux, piece, morceau, bloc, fragment

chink - chink, interstice, cliquetis

crawl - ramper

lengthwise - dans le sens de la longueur, le long de

lower - plus bas, abaisser, en privé, rabattre, baissent

press - presse, pressons, serre, pressent, pressez, serrer

slab - dalle, bloc, pavé

"And now how was I to proceed to reconstruct this midnight drama? Clearly, only one could fit into the hole, and that one was Brunton. The girl must have waited above. Brunton then unlocked the box, handed up the contents presumably"since they were not to be found"and then"and then what happened?

Clearly - en clair, clairement

"What smouldering fire of vengeance had suddenly sprung into flame in this passionate Celtic woman's soul when she saw the man who had wronged her"wronged her, perhaps, far more than we suspected"in her power? Was it a chance that the wood had slipped, and that the stone had shut Brunton into what had become his sepulchre? Had she only been guilty of silence as to his fate?

smouldering fire - feu couvant

vengeance - vengeance

Celtic - celtique, celte

suspected - soupçonné, suspecter, soupçonner

sepulchre - sépulcre

Or had some sudden blow from her hand dashed the support away and sent the slab crashing down into its place?

support - soutien, soutenez, appuyez, appuyons, appuyent, soutiens

crashing - se bloquer, fracas

Be that as it might, I seemed to see that woman's figure still clutching at her treasure trove and flying wildly up the winding stair, with her ears ringing perhaps with the muffled screams from behind her and with the drumming of frenzied hands against the slab of stone which was choking her faithless lover's life out.

treasure trove - un trésor

wildly - sauvage, sauvagement

muffled - étouffé, assourdir

screams - des cris, cri, crier

faithless - sans foi ni loi

lover - amante, amant, maîtresse

"Here was the secret of her blanched face, her shaken nerves, her peals of hysterical laughter on the next morning. But what had been in the box? What had she done with that? Of course, it must have been the old metal and pebbles which my client had dragged from the mere. She had thrown them in there at the first opportunity to remove the last trace of her crime.

peals - peaux, carillon

pebbles - des cailloux, galet, gravillon

"For twenty minutes I had sat motionless, thinking the matter out. Musgrave still stood with a very pale face, swinging his lantern and peering down into the hole.

motionless - immobile

peering - peering, pair

"'These are coins of Charles the First,'said he, holding out the few which had been in the box; 'you see we were right in fixing our date for the Ritual.'

Charles - charles

holding out - Tenir bon

fixing - la fixation, fortification, fixant, (fix), réparer, fixer

"'We may find something else of Charles the First,'I cried, as the probable meaning of the first two questions of the Ritual broke suddenly upon me. 'Let me see the contents of the bag which you fished from the mere.'

"We ascended to his study, and he laid the debris before me. I could understand his regarding it as of small importance when I looked at it, for the metal was almost black and the stones lustreless and dull. I rubbed one of them on my sleeve, however, and it glowed afterwards like a spark in the dark hollow of my hand.

debris - débris

regarding - concernant, considérer

lustreless - sans éclat

glowed - a brillé, briller, luire, irradier, lueur, éclat

spark - l'étincelle, flammeche, étincelle

The metal work was in the form of a double ring, but it had been bent and twisted out of its original shape.

bent - plié, courba, courbai, courbés, courbé, cambrai

twisted - tordu, twist, torsion, entortiller, tordre

"'You must bear in mind,'said I, 'that the royal party made head in England even after the death of the king, and that when they at last fled they probably left many of their most precious possessions buried behind them, with the intention of returning for them in more peaceful times.'

Royal - royal, royale, trochure, cacatois

most precious - le plus précieux

possessions - possessions, bien, possession, propriété, possessions-p

more peaceful - plus pacifique

"'My ancestor, Sir Ralph Musgrave, was a prominent Cavalier and the right-hand man of Charles the Second in his wanderings,'said my friend.

Ralph - ralph, Raoul

wanderings - errances, errement, errance, divagation

"'Ah, indeed!'I answered. 'Well now, I think that really should give us the last link that we wanted. I must congratulate you on coming into the possession, though in rather a tragic manner of a relic which is of great intrinsic value, but of even greater importance as an historical curiosity.'

congratulate - féliciter

relic - reliquat, relique

intrinsic value - la valeur intrinseque

historical - historique

"'What is it, then?'he gasped in astonishment.

"'It is nothing less than the ancient crown of the kings of England.'

Kings - les rois, roi

"'The crown!'

"'Precisely. Consider what the Ritual says: How does it run? "Whose was it?" "His who is gone." That was after the execution of Charles. Then, "Who shall have it?" "He who will come." That was Charles the Second, whose advent was already foreseen. There can, I think, be no doubt that this battered and shapeless diadem once encircled the brows of the royal Stuarts.'

execution - l'exécution, exécution

advent - l'avenement, arrivée

foreseen - prévue, prévoir, anticiper

battered - battu, battre

diadem - diademe, diademe, couronne

Stuarts - les stuart, Stuart

"'And how came it in the pond?'

pond - étang, mare

"'Ah, that is a question that will take some time to answer.'And with that I sketched out to him the whole long chain of surmise and of proof which I had constructed. The twilight had closed in and the moon was shining brightly in the sky before my narrative was finished.

sketched - esquissé, croquer, esquisser, esquisse, ébauche

Proof - la preuve, preuve, épreuve

constructed - construit, construction, construire

twilight - demi-jour, crépuscule, entre chien et loup, pénombre, brumes

moon - lune

shining - brillant, tibia

"'And how was it then that Charles did not get his crown when he returned?'asked Musgrave, pushing back the relic into its linen bag.

pushing back - repousser

"'Ah, there you lay your finger upon the one point which we shall probably never be able to clear up. It is likely that the Musgrave who held the secret died in the interval, and by some oversight left this guide to his descendant without explaining the meaning of it.

clear up - s'éclaircir

oversight - surveillance, oubli

descendant - descendant, descendante

From that day to this it has been handed down from father to son, until at last it came within reach of a man who tore its secret out of it and lost his life in the venture.'

tore - a la déchirure

Venture - venture, s'aventurer, risquer, oser

"And that's the story of the Musgrave Ritual, Watson. They have the crown down at Hurlstone"though they had some legal bother and a considerable sum to pay before they were allowed to retain it. I am sure that if you mentioned my name they would be happy to show it to you.

legal - légale, juridique, légal

allowed - autorisé, laisser, accorder, permettre

retain - retenir, conserver, maintenir

Of the woman nothing was ever heard, and the probability is that she got away out of England and carried herself and the memory of her crime to some land beyond the seas."

got away - s'échapper

Chapter VI. The Reigate Puzzle

It was some time before the health of my friend Mr. Sherlock Holmes recovered from the strain caused by his immense exertions in the spring of '87.

exertions - des efforts, effort, dépense

The whole question of the Netherland-Sumatra Company and of the colossal schemes of Baron Maupertuis are too recent in the minds of the public, and are too intimately concerned with politics and finance to be fitting subjects for this series of sketches.

Netherland - Pays-Bas

Sumatra - sumatra

colossal - colossal

schemes - des schémas, plan, combine, machination, schéma

Baron - baron

finance - finance, finances, financer

series - suite, série

They led, however, in an indirect fashion to a singular and complex problem which gave my friend an opportunity of demonstrating the value of a fresh weapon among the many with which he waged his life-long battle against crime.

indirect - indirecte, indirect

complex - complexe

demonstrating - la démonstration, démontrer, manifester

waged - en ouvre, frétiller, remuer, sécher, faire l’école buissonniere

On referring to my notes I see that it was upon the 14th of April that I received a telegram from Lyons which informed me that Holmes was lying ill in the Hotel Dulong. Within twenty-four hours I was in his sick-room, and was relieved to find that there was nothing formidable in his symptoms.

informed - informé, informer, avertir (de)

sick-room - (sick-room) Une chambre de malade

relieved - soulagé, soulager, relayer, faire ses besoins, se soulager

symptoms - des symptômes, symptôme

Even his iron constitution, however, had broken down under the strain of an investigation which had extended over two months, during which period he had never worked less than fifteen hours a day, and had more than once, as he assured me, kept to his task for five days at a stretch.

constitution - constitution

broken down - tombe en panne

Down Under - Australie, Nouvelle Zelande

extended - étendu, étendre, prolonger

assured - assurée, assurerent, assura, assurai

at a stretch - D'affilée

Even the triumphant issue of his labors could not save him from reaction after so terrible an exertion, and at a time when Europe was ringing with his name and when his room was literally ankle-deep with congratulatory telegrams I found him a prey to the blackest depression.

triumphant - triomphant, triomphal

issue - question, sortie, émission, livraison, délivrance, drain

reaction - réaction

literally - littéralement

congratulatory - de félicitations

prey - la proie, butin, prise, proie

Even the knowledge that he had succeeded where the police of three countries had failed, and that he had outmanoeuvred at every point the most accomplished swindler in Europe, was insufficient to rouse him from his nervous prostration.

accomplished - accompli, accomplir

swindler - escroc, aigrefin, margoulin

insufficient - insuffisante, insuffisant

rouse - rouse, ameutez, ameutent, évocation, irriter, ameutons

prostration - prostration

Three days later we were back in Baker Street together; but it was evident that my friend would be much the better for a change, and the thought of a week of spring time in the country was full of attractions to me also.

attractions - des attractions, attraction, attirance

My old friend, Colonel Hayter, who had come under my professional care in Afghanistan, had now taken a house near Reigate in Surrey, and had frequently asked me to come down to him upon a visit. On the last occasion he had remarked that if my friend would only come with me he would be glad to extend his hospitality to him also.

frequently - fréquemment

extend - étendre, prolonger

A little diplomacy was needed, but when Holmes understood that the establishment was a bachelor one, and that he would be allowed the fullest freedom, he fell in with my plans and a week after our return from Lyons we were under the Colonel's roof. Hayter was a fine old soldier who had seen much of the world, and he soon found, as I had expected, that Holmes and he had much in common.

diplomacy - diplomatie

roof - toit

soldier - soldat, mouillette

On the evening of our arrival we were sitting in the Colonel's gun-room after dinner, Holmes stretched upon the sofa, while Hayter and I looked over his little armory of Eastern weapons.

armory - l'armurerie

eastern - orientale, oriental

"By the way," said he suddenly, "I think I'll take one of these pistols upstairs with me in case we have an alarm."

"An alarm!" said I.

"Yes, we've had a scare in this part lately. Old Acton, who is one of our county magnates, had his house broken into last Monday. No great damage done, but the fellows are still at large."

scare - peur, effaroucher

magnates - magnats, magnat

damage - dommages, dégât, dommage, endommager, abîmer

"No clue?" asked Holmes, cocking his eye at the Colonel.

cocking - l'arrosage, oiseau mâle, coq

"None as yet. But the affair is a petty one, one of our little country crimes, which must seem too small for your attention, Mr. Holmes, after this great international affair."

as yet - a ce jour

petty - petit, insignifiant, mesquin

crimes - crimes, délit(max 10 years imprisonment according to law) crime (15 years and more) (nothing strictly between 10 and 15)

for your attention - pour votre attention

International - international, internationale

Holmes waved away the compliment, though his smile showed that it had pleased him.

waved - salué, vague

compliment - compliment, complimenter, faire un compliment

"Was there any feature of interest?"

feature - fonction

"I fancy not. The thieves ransacked the library and got very little for their pains. The whole place was turned upside down, drawers burst open, and presses ransacked, with the result that an odd volume of Pope's 'Homer,'two plated candlesticks, an ivory letter-weight, a small oak barometer, and a ball of twine are all that have vanished."

thieves - voleurs, voleur, voleuse

burst open - éclater

presses - presses, appuyer sur, presser

odd - rench: t-needed r, bizarre, étrange, impair, a peu pres

volume - volume, tome

pope - pape

plated - plaqué, assiette

candlesticks - chandeliers, chandelier

barometer - barometre, barometre

twine - ficelle, natter, tresser, tisser

"What an extraordinary assortment!" I exclaimed.

assortment - l'assortiment, assortiment

"Oh, the fellows evidently grabbed hold of everything they could get."

grabbed - saisi, saisir

Holmes grunted from the sofa.

grunted - grogné, grognement, bidasse, troufion, grogner

"The county police ought to make something of that," said he; "why, it is surely obvious that""

But I held up a warning finger.

"You are here for a rest, my dear fellow. For heaven's sake don't get started on a new problem when your nerves are all in shreds."

For heaven's sake - Pour l'amour du ciel

shreds - en lambeaux, lambeau

Holmes shrugged his shoulders with a glance of comic resignation towards the Colonel, and the talk drifted away into less dangerous channels.

comic - comique, cocasse, comédien, bande dessinée, BD

resignation - démission, résignation

channels - chaînes, chenal

It was destined, however, that all my professional caution should be wasted, for next morning the problem obtruded itself upon us in such a way that it was impossible to ignore it, and our country visit took a turn which neither of us could have anticipated. We were at breakfast when the Colonel's butler rushed in with all his propriety shaken out of him.

caution - prudence, admonition, checkavertissement, checkmise en garde

obtruded - obtrus, empiéter, transparaître

ignore - ignorer, ne pas preter attention a, ne pas tenir compte de

anticipated - anticipée, anticiper, prévoir

at breakfast - au petit-déjeuner

propriety - la bienséance, décence, correction, bienséance, convenances

shaken out - secoué

"Have you heard the news, sir?" he gasped. "At the Cunningham's sir!"

"Burglary!" cried the Colonel, with his coffee-cup in mid-air.

burglary - cambriolage

coffee-cup - (coffee-cup) une tasse a café

mid - moyenne, mi-, au milieu de, en plein


The Colonel whistled. "By Jove!" said he. "Who's killed, then? The J.P. or his son?"

"Neither, sir. It was William the coachman. shot through the heart, sir, and never spoke again."

shot through - tiré a travers

"Who shot him, then?"

"The burglar, sir. He was off like a shot and got clean away. He'd just broke in at the pantry window when William came on him and met his end in saving his master's property."

burglar - cambrioleur, cambrioleuse

pantry - garde-manger

"What time?"

"It was last night, sir, somewhere about twelve."

"Ah, then, we'll step over afterwards," said the Colonel, coolly settling down to his breakfast again. "It's a baddish business," he added when the butler had gone; "he's our leading man about here, is old Cunningham, and a very decent fellow too. He'll be cut up over this, for the man has been in his service for years and was a good servant.

coolly - froidement

settling down - s'installer

leading man - l'homme de tete

decent - integre, décent, substantiel

be cut up - etre découpé

It's evidently the same villains who broke into Acton's."

villains - des méchants, scélérat, méchant, vilain, paysan

"And stole that very singular collection," said Holmes, thoughtfully.

Stole - volé, volâmes, volai, vola, volerent, (steal), voler, vol

thoughtfully - de maniere réfléchie


"Hum! It may prove the simplest matter in the world, but all the same at first glance this is just a little curious, is it not? A gang of burglars acting in the country might be expected to vary the scene of their operations, and not to crack two cribs in the same district within a few days.

simplest - le plus simple, simple

acting - en tant qu'acteur, intérimaire, par intérim, (act), acte, loi

vary - varier

cribs - les berceaux, berceau, huche, antiseche

When you spoke last night of taking precautions I remember that it passed through my mind that this was probably the last parish in England to which the thief or thieves would be likely to turn their attention"which shows that I have still much to learn."

passed through - Passé a travers

parish - paroisse

thieves - voleurs, voler

"I fancy it's some local practitioner," said the Colonel. "In that case, of course, Acton's and Cunningham's are just the places he would go for, since they are far the largest about here."

practitioner - praticien

"And richest?"

"Well, they ought to be, but they've had a lawsuit for some years which has sucked the blood out of both of them, I fancy. Old Acton has some claim on half Cunningham's estate, and the lawyers have been at it with both hands."

lawsuit - proces, poursuite judiciaire, proces, poursuite

sucked - aspiré, sucer, téter, etre chiant, etre nul

claim - réclamation, titre, affirmation, revendication, demande

lawyers - des avocats, juriste, homme de loi, femme de loi, avocat

"If it's a local villain there should not be much difficulty in running him down," said Holmes with a yawn. "All right, Watson, I don't intend to meddle."

yawn - bâiller, béer, bâillement

meddle - s'immiscer, s'ingérer, se meler

"Inspector Forrester, sir," said the butler, throwing open the door.

throwing - jetant, (throw) jetant

The official, a smart, keen-faced young fellow, stepped into the room. "Good-morning, Colonel," said he; "I hope I don't intrude, but we hear that Mr. Holmes of Baker Street is here."

intrude - s'immiscer, faire intrusion, etre importun

The Colonel waved his hand towards my friend, and the Inspector bowed.

"We thought that perhaps you would care to step across, Mr. Holmes."

"The fates are against you, Watson," said he, laughing. "We were chatting about the matter when you came in, Inspector. Perhaps you can let us have a few details." As he leaned back in his chair in the familiar attitude I knew that the case was hopeless.

fates - des destins, destin, destinée, sort

chatting - le bavardage, bavarder

"We had no clue in the Acton affair. But here we have plenty to go on, and there's no doubt it is the same party in each case. The man was seen."


"Yes, sir. But he was off like a deer after the shot that killed poor William Kirwan was fired. Mr. Cunningham saw him from the bedroom window, and Mr. Alec Cunningham saw him from the back passage. It was quarter to twelve when the alarm broke out. Mr. Cunningham had just got into bed, and Mr. Alec was smoking a pipe in his dressing-gown.

deer - cerf, chevreuil

gown - robe, toge (general term, especially Roman Antiquity)

They both heard William the coachman calling for help, and Mr. Alec ran down to see what was the matter. The back door was open, and as he came to the foot of the stairs he saw two men wrestling together outside. One of them fired a shot, the other dropped, and the murderer rushed across the garden and over the hedge. Mr.

ran down - s'écraser

wrestling - la lutte, lutte, catch, (wrestle), lutter

hedge - couverture, haie

Cunningham, looking out of his bedroom, saw the fellow as he gained the road, but lost sight of him at once. Mr. Alec stopped to see if he could help the dying man, and so the villain got clean away. Beyond the fact that he was a middle-sized man and dressed in some dark stuff, we have no personal clue; but we are making energetic inquiries, and if he is a stranger we shall soon find him out."

Gained - gagné, gagner

"What was this William doing there? Did he say anything before he died?"

"Not a word. He lives at the lodge with his mother, and as he was a very faithful fellow we imagine that he walked up to the house with the intention of seeing that all was right there. Of course this Acton business has put every one on their guard. The robber must have just burst open the door"the lock has been forced"when William came upon him."

Lodge - cabane, maison du portier, loge, rench: t-needed r, loger

robber - voleur, brigand, bandit

"Did William say anything to his mother before going out?"

"She is very old and deaf, and we can get no information from her. The shock has made her half-witted, but I understand that she was never very bright. There is one very important circumstance, however. Look at this!"

witted - d'esprit

bright - lumineux, éclatant, clair

circumstance - circonstances, circonstance

He took a small piece of torn paper from a note-book and spread it out upon his knee.

small piece - petite piece

torn - déchiré, larme

"This was found between the finger and thumb of the dead man. It appears to be a fragment torn from a larger sheet. You will observe that the hour mentioned upon it is the very time at which the poor fellow met his fate. You see that his murderer might have torn the rest of the sheet from him or he might have taken this fragment from the murderer. It reads almost as though it were an appointment.

fragment - fragment, fragmenter


Holmes took up the scrap of paper, a fac-simile of which is here reproduced.

scrap - de la ferraille, ferraille, chiffon, mettre au rebut

simile - simili, comparaison

reproduced - reproduit, reproduire, se reproduire

d at quarter to twelve learn what maybe

"Presuming that it is an appointment," continued the Inspector, "it is of course a conceivable theory that this William Kirwan"though he had the reputation of being an honest man, may have been in league with the thief. He may have met him there, may even have helped him to break in the door, and then they may have fallen out between themselves."

conceivable - concevable

League - ligue, confédérer

break in - Cambriolage

fallen out - tomber

"This writing is of extraordinary interest," said Holmes, who had been examining it with intense concentration. "These are much deeper waters than I had thought." He sank his head upon his hands, while the Inspector smiled at the effect which his case had had upon the famous London specialist.

concentration - concentration

"Your last remark," said Holmes, presently, "as to the possibility of there being an understanding between the burglar and the servant, and this being a note of appointment from one to the other, is an ingenious and not entirely impossible supposition. But this writing opens up"" He sank his head into his hands again and remained for some minutes in the deepest thought.

remark - remarque, remarquent, remarquez, remarquons

When he raised his face again, I was surprised to see that his cheek was tinged with color, and his eyes as bright as before his illness. He sprang to his feet with all his old energy.

cheek - joue, fesse, culot, toupet, potence de bringuebale

as before - comme avant

"I'll tell you what," said he, "I should like to have a quiet little glance into the details of this case. There is something in it which fascinates me extremely. If you will permit me, Colonel, I will leave my friend Watson and you, and I will step round with the Inspector to test the truth of one or two little fancies of mine. I will be with you again in half an hour."

fascinates - fascine, fasciner

permit - permis, permettre, permets, permettons, permettez

fancies - des fantaisies, envie, caprice

An hour and half had elapsed before the Inspector returned alone.

elapsed - s'est écoulé, passer

"Mr. Holmes is walking up and down in the field outside," said he. "He wants us all four to go up to the house together."

"To Mr. Cunningham's?"

"Yes, sir."

"What for?"

The Inspector shrugged his shoulders. "I don't quite know, sir. Between ourselves, I think Mr. Holmes had not quite got over his illness yet. He's been behaving very queerly, and he is very much excited."

got over - surmonter

behaving - se comporter, comporter

queerly - bizarrement

"I don't think you need alarm yourself," said I. "I have usually found that there was method in his madness."

madness - la folie, folie

"Some folks might say there was madness in his method," muttered the Inspector. "But he's all on fire to start, Colonel, so we had best go out if you are ready."

folks - des gens, populaire, peuple

muttered - marmonné, marmonner

We found Holmes pacing up and down in the field, his chin sunk upon his breast, and his hands thrust into his trousers pockets.

"The matter grows in interest," said he. "Watson, your country-trip has been a distinct success. I have had a charming morning."

"You have been up to the scene of the crime, I understand," said the Colonel.

"Yes; the Inspector and I have made quite a little reconnaissance together."

reconnaissance - reconnaissance

"Any success?"

"Well, we have seen some very interesting things. I'll tell you what we did as we walk. First of all, we saw the body of this unfortunate man. He certainly died from a revolver wound as reported."

revolver - revolver

"Had you doubted it, then?"

"Oh, it is as well to test everything. Our inspection was not wasted. We then had an interview with Mr. Cunningham and his son, who were able to point out the exact spot where the murderer had broken through the garden-hedge in his flight. That was of great interest."

inspection - l'inspection, inspection, rench: t-needed r

exact - exact, précis, exiger

broken through - Réussi a franchir


"Then we had a look at this poor fellow's mother. We could get no information from her, however, as she is very old and feeble."

"And what is the result of your investigations?"

investigations - des enquetes, investigation

"The conviction that the crime is a very peculiar one. Perhaps our visit now may do something to make it less obscure. I think that we are both agreed, Inspector that the fragment of paper in the dead man's hand, bearing, as it does, the very hour of his death written upon it, is of extreme importance."

obscure - obscure, obscur, sibyllin, obscurcir

"It should give a clue, Mr. Holmes."

"It does give a clue. Whoever wrote that note was the man who brought William Kirwan out of his bed at that hour. But where is the rest of that sheet of paper?"

Whoever - quiconque, qui que ce soit qui

"I examined the ground carefully in the hope of finding it," said the Inspector.

"It was torn out of the dead man's hand. Why was some one so anxious to get possession of it? Because it incriminated him. And what would he do with it? Thrust it into his pocket, most likely, never noticing that a corner of it had been left in the grip of the corpse. If we could get the rest of that sheet it is obvious that we should have gone a long way towards solving the mystery."

torn out - arraché

noticing - remarquer, notification, préavis

corpse - cadavre, corps, corps sans vie

"Yes, but how can we get at the criminal's pocket before we catch the criminal?"

"Well, well, it was worth thinking over. Then there is another obvious point. The note was sent to William. The man who wrote it could not have taken it; otherwise, of course, he might have delivered his own message by word of mouth. Who brought the note, then? Or did it come through the post?"

by word - par mot

"I have made inquiries," said the Inspector. "William received a letter by the afternoon post yesterday. The envelope was destroyed by him."

"Excellent!" cried Holmes, clapping the Inspector on the back. "You've seen the postman. It is a pleasure to work with you. Well, here is the lodge, and if you will come up, Colonel, I will show you the scene of the crime."

postman - facteur, préposé

We passed the pretty cottage where the murdered man had lived, and walked up an oak-lined avenue to the fine old Queen Anne house, which bears the date of Malplaquet upon the lintel of the door. Holmes and the Inspector led us round it until we came to the side gate, which is separated by a stretch of garden from the hedge which lines the road. A constable was standing at the kitchen door.

Queen - la reine, reine, dame, folle, chatte, promouvoir, mener a dame

bears - ours, supporter

lintel - linteau

"Throw the door open, officer," said Holmes. "Now, it was on those stairs that young Mr. Cunningham stood and saw the two men struggling just where we are. Old Mr. Cunningham was at that window"the second on the left"and he saw the fellow get away just to the left of that bush. Then Mr. Alec ran out and knelt beside the wounded man.

knelt - a genoux, agenouiller

The ground is very hard, you see, and there are no marks to guide us." As he spoke two men came down the garden path, from round the angle of the house. The one was an elderly man, with a strong, deep-lined, heavy-eyed face; the other a dashing young fellow, whose bright, smiling expression and showy dress were in strange contrast with the business which had brought us there.

showy - voyante, tape-a-l’oil

contrast with - en contraste avec

"Still at it, then?" said he to Holmes. "I thought you Londoners were never at fault. You don't seem to be so very quick, after all."

Londoners - les londoniens, Londonien, Londonienne

"Ah, you must give us a little time," said Holmes good-humoredly.

"You'll want it," said young Alec Cunningham. "Why, I don't see that we have any clue at all."

"There's only one," answered the Inspector. "We thought that if we could only find"Good heavens, Mr. Holmes! What is the matter?"

Good heavens - Grands dieux

My poor friend's face had suddenly assumed the most dreadful expression. His eyes rolled upwards, his features writhed in agony, and with a suppressed groan he dropped on his face upon the ground. Horrified at the suddenness and severity of the attack, we carried him into the kitchen, where he lay back in a large chair, and breathed heavily for some minutes.

rolled - roulé, rouleau

writhed - s'est tordu, se débattre, se démener, se tortiller

agony - l'agonie, agonie, angoisse

groan - gémir, râle, râlement, gémissement, grognement, grondement

suddenness - soudaineté

severity - la sévérité, sévérité, gravité

breathed - respiré, respirer, inspirer, expirer

Finally, with a shamefaced apology for his weakness, he rose once more.

shamefaced - honteux

"Watson would tell you that I have only just recovered from a severe illness," he explained. "I am liable to these sudden nervous attacks."

liable - responsable

attacks - des attaques, attaque, attaquer, apostropher

"Shall I send you home in my trap?" asked old Cunningham.

trap - piege

"Well, since I am here, there is one point on which I should like to feel sure. We can very easily verify it."

verify - vérifier

"What was it?"

"Well, it seems to me that it is just possible that the arrival of this poor fellow William was not before, but after, the entrance of the burglar into the house. You appear to take it for granted that, although the door was forced, the robber never got in."

not before - pas avant

granted - accordée, accorder, admettre

"I fancy that is quite obvious," said Mr. Cunningham, gravely. "Why, my son Alec had not yet gone to bed, and he would certainly have heard any one moving about."

gravely - gravement

"Where was he sitting?"

"I was smoking in my dressing-room."

dressing-room - (dressing-room) le vestiaire

"Which window is that?"

"The last on the left next my father's."

"Both of your lamps were lit, of course?"


"There are some very singular points here," said Holmes, smiling. "Is it not extraordinary that a burglar"and a burglar who had had some previous experience"should deliberately break into a house at a time when he could see from the lights that two of the family were still afoot?"

previous - précédente, préalable

deliberately - délibérément

afoot - a l'ouvre, a pied, debout, en cours

"He must have been a cool hand."

"Well, of course, if the case were not an odd one we should not have been driven to ask you for an explanation," said young Mr. Alec. "But as to your ideas that the man had robbed the house before William tackled him, I think it a most absurd notion. Wouldn't we have found the place disarranged, and missed the things which he had taken?"

robbed - volé, voler, dévaliser

tackled - abordé, tacle, combattre, affronter, tacler, plaquer

most absurd - le plus absurde

notion - notion

disarranged - désorganisé, déranger

"It depends on what the things were," said Holmes. "You must remember that we are dealing with a burglar who is a very peculiar fellow, and who appears to work on lines of his own. Look, for example, at the queer lot of things which he took from Acton's"what was it?"a ball of string, a letter-weight, and I don't know what other odds and ends."

depends - dépend, dépendre, pendre

dealing - de la négociation, (deal) de la négociation

"Well, we are quite in your hands, Mr. Holmes," said old Cunningham. "Anything which you or the Inspector may suggest will most certainly be done."

"In the first place," said Holmes, "I should like you to offer a reward"coming from yourself, for the officials may take a little time before they would agree upon the sum, and these things cannot be done too promptly. I have jotted down the form here, if you would not mind signing it. Fifty pounds was quite enough, I thought."

officials - fonctionnaires, officiel, cadre, fonctionnaire

agree upon - Sentendre sur

jotted down - noté

signing - signant, (sign) signant

"I would willingly give five hundred," said the J.P., taking the slip of paper and the pencil which Holmes handed to him. "This is not quite correct, however," he added, glancing over the document.

willingly - volontairement, volontiers

"I wrote it rather hurriedly."

hurriedly - en toute hâte, a la hâte, a la sauvette, a la va-vite

"You see you begin, 'Whereas, at about a quarter to one on Tuesday morning an attempt was made,'and so on. It was at a quarter to twelve, as a matter of fact."

whereas - tandis que, alors que, compte tenu de, vu que

I was pained at the mistake, for I knew how keenly Holmes would feel any slip of the kind. It was his specialty to be accurate as to fact, but his recent illness had shaken him, and this one little incident was enough to show me that he was still far from being himself. He was obviously embarrassed for an instant, while the Inspector raised his eyebrows, and Alec Cunningham burst into a laugh.

pained - douloureux, douleur

specialty - spécialité

accurate - exacte

embarrassed - embarrassé, embarrasser, gener

eyebrows - sourcils, sourcil

The old gentleman corrected the mistake, however, and handed the paper back to Holmes.

"Get it printed as soon as possible," he said; "I think your idea is an excellent one."

Holmes put the slip of paper carefully away into his pocket-book.

pocket-book - (pocket-book) livre de poche

"And now," said he, "it really would be a good thing that we should all go over the house together and make certain that this rather erratic burglar did not, after all, carry anything away with him."

erratic - erratique

Before entering, Holmes made an examination of the door which had been forced. It was evident that a chisel or strong knife had been thrust in, and the lock forced back with it. We could see the marks in the wood where it had been pushed in.

chisel - ciseau, ciseler, buriner

pushed in - poussé

"You don't use bars, then?" he asked.

bars - bars, barre, tablette

"We have never found it necessary."

"You don't keep a dog?"

"Yes, but he is chained on the other side of the house."

"When do the servants go to bed?"

"About ten."

"I understand that William was usually in bed also at that hour."


"It is singular that on this particular night he should have been up. Now, I should be very glad if you would have the kindness to show us over the house, Mr. Cunningham."

A stone-flagged passage, with the kitchens branching away from it, led by a wooden staircase directly to the first floor of the house. It came out upon the landing opposite to a second more ornamental stair which came up from the front hall. Out of this landing opened the drawing-room and several bedrooms, including those of Mr. Cunningham and his son.

branching - la ramification, (branch), branche, rameau, affluent, filiale

staircase - escalier

directly - directement, checktout droit

first floor - Le premier étage

ornamental - ornemental, ornementale

Holmes walked slowly, taking keen note of the architecture of the house. I could tell from his expression that he was on a hot scent, and yet I could not in the least imagine in what direction his inferences were leading him.

architecture - l'architecture, architecture

scent - parfum, odeur, odorat, sentir

"My good sir," said Mr. Cunningham with some impatience, "this is surely very unnecessary. That is my room at the end of the stairs, and my son's is the one beyond it. I leave it to your judgment whether it was possible for the thief to have come up here without disturbing us."

disturbing - dérangeant, déranger, perturber, gener

"You must try round and get on a fresh scent, I fancy," said the son with a rather malicious smile.

malicious - malveillante

"Still, I must ask you to humor me a little further. I should like, for example, to see how far the windows of the bedrooms command the front. This, I understand is your son's room""he pushed open the door""and that, I presume, is the dressing-room in which he sat smoking when the alarm was given. Where does the window of that look out to?

" He stepped across the bedroom, pushed open the door, and glanced round the other chamber.

"I hope that you are satisfied now?" said Mr. Cunningham, tartly.

tartly - avec amertume

"Thank you, I think I have seen all that I wished."

"Then if it is really necessary we can go into my room."

"If it is not too much trouble."

The J. P. shrugged his shoulders, and led the way into his own chamber, which was a plainly furnished and commonplace room. As we moved across it in the direction of the window, Holmes fell back until he and I were the last of the group. Near the foot of the bed stood a dish of oranges and a carafe of water.

commonplace - ordinaire, banal, lieu commun

As we passed it Holmes, to my unutterable astonishment, leaned over in front of me and deliberately knocked the whole thing over. The glass smashed into a thousand pieces and the fruit rolled about into every corner of the room.

unutterable - indicible

smashed - écrasé, smash, fracasser, percuter, écraser

"You've done it now, Watson," said he, coolly. "A pretty mess you've made of the carpet."

mess - le désordre, purée, fouillis, bouillie

I stooped in some confusion and began to pick up the fruit, understanding for some reason my companion desired me to take the blame upon myself. The others did the same, and set the table on its legs again.

confusion - confusion, désordre, malentendu

desired - souhaitée, désirer, désir

"Hullo!" cried the Inspector, "where's he got to?"

Holmes had disappeared.

"Wait here an instant," said young Alec Cunningham. "The fellow is off his head, in my opinion. Come with me, father, and see where he has got to!"

They rushed out of the room, leaving the Inspector, the Colonel, and me staring at each other.

"'Pon my word, I am inclined to agree with Master Alec," said the official. "It may be the effect of this illness, but it seems to me that""

His words were cut short by a sudden scream of "Help! Help! Murder!" With a thrill I recognized the voice of that of my friend. I rushed madly from the room on to the landing. The cries, which had sunk down into a hoarse, inarticulate shouting, came from the room which we had first visited. I dashed in, and on into the dressing-room beyond.

cut short - coupé court

scream - cri, crier

madly - a la folie, follement

sunk down - coulé

The two Cunninghams were bending over the prostrate figure of Sherlock Holmes, the younger clutching his throat with both hands, while the elder seemed to be twisting one of his wrists. In an instant the three of us had torn them away from him, and Holmes staggered to his feet, very pale and evidently greatly exhausted.

bending - de flexion, flexion, (bend), courber, tordre, tourner

prostrate - prostrée, prosterner

twisting - torsion, (twist), twist, entortiller, tordre

wrists - poignets, poignet

greatly - grandement

"Arrest these men, Inspector," he gasped.

"On what charge?"

"That of murdering their coachman, William Kirwan."

murdering - assassiner, meurtre, homicide, assassinat, occire

The Inspector stared about him in bewilderment. "Oh, Come now, Mr. Holmes," said he at last, "I'm sure you don't really mean to""

bewilderment - la perplexité, ahurissement, confusion, perplexité

Come now - viens/venez maintenant

"Tut, man, look at their faces!" cried Holmes, curtly.

curtly - sechement

Never certainly have I seen a plainer confession of guilt upon human countenances. The older man seemed numbed and dazed with a heavy, sullen expression upon his strongly-marked face. The son, on the other hand, had dropped all that jaunty, dashing style which had characterized him, and the ferocity of a dangerous wild beast gleamed in his dark eyes and distorted his handsome features.

plainer - plus simple, simple

confession - confession

countenances - des visages, visage, approuver

numbed - engourdi, gourd, engourdir, endormir, anesthésier

sullen - maussade, morose, morne, lent

characterized - caractérisé, caractériser, dépeindre

ferocity - férocité, acharnement

gleamed - brillait, luire

The Inspector said nothing, but, stepping to the door, he blew his whistle. Two of his constables came at the call.

stepping - en marche, pas

blew - soufflé, coup

whistle - sifflet, siffler, sifflement, sifflements

"I have no alternative, Mr. Cunningham," said he. "I trust that this may all prove to be an absurd mistake, but you can see that"Ah, would you? Drop it!" He struck out with his hand, and a revolver which the younger man was in the act of cocking clattered down upon the floor.

alternative - alternatif, autre, alternative

Drop it - Le laisser tomber

struck out - a frappé

clattered - claudiqué, claquer, craquer, claquement, craquement, vacarme

"Keep that," said Holmes, quietly putting his foot upon it; "you will find it useful at the trial. But this is what we really wanted." He held up a little crumpled piece of paper.

trial - proces, manipulation

"The remainder of the sheet!" cried the Inspector.

remainder - reste, restant, checkreste, checkrésidu, checkinvendu


"And where was it?"

"Where I was sure it must be. I'll make the whole matter clear to you presently. I think, Colonel, that you and Watson might return now, and I will be with you again in an hour at the furthest. The Inspector and I must have a word with the prisoners, but you will certainly see me back at luncheon time."

Sherlock Holmes was as good as his word, for about one o'clock he rejoined us in the Colonel's smoking-room. He was accompanied by a little elderly gentleman, who was introduced to me as the Mr. Acton whose house had been the scene of the original burglary.

accompanied - accompagné, accompagner

"I wished Mr. Acton to be present while I demonstrated this small matter to you," said Holmes, "for it is natural that he should take a keen interest in the details. I am afraid, my dear Colonel, that you must regret the hour that you took in such a stormy petrel as I am."

demonstrated - démontrée, démontrer, manifester

took in - pris

stormy - orageux

petrel - pétrel

"On the contrary," answered the Colonel, warmly, "I consider it the greatest privilege to have been permitted to study your methods of working. I confess that they quite surpass my expectations, and that I am utterly unable to account for your result. I have not yet seen the vestige of a clue."

privilege - privilege, privilege, privilégier

permitted - autorisé, permettre

expectations - attentes, attente

vestige - vestige

"I am afraid that my explanation may disillusion you but it has always been my habit to hide none of my methods, either from my friend Watson or from any one who might take an intelligent interest in them. But, first, as I am rather shaken by the knocking about which I had in the dressing-room, I think that I shall help myself to a dash of your brandy, Colonel.

disillusion - désillusionner, désillusion

My strength had been rather tried of late."

"I trust that you had no more of those nervous attacks."

Sherlock Holmes laughed heartily. "We will come to that in its turn," said he. "I will lay an account of the case before you in its due order, showing you the various points which guided me in my decision. Pray interrupt me if there is any inference which is not perfectly clear to you.

due - due, du

guided - guidé, guider

"It is of the highest importance in the art of detection to be able to recognize, out of a number of facts, which are incidental and which vital. Otherwise your energy and attention must be dissipated instead of being concentrated.

incidental - accessoire, incidental

vital - vitale, vital

dissipated - dissipée, dissiper

concentrated - concentré, concentrer

Now, in this case there was not the slightest doubt in my mind from the first that the key of the whole matter must be looked for in the scrap of paper in the dead man's hand.

slightest - le moins du monde, insignifiant, léger

looked for - cherché

"Before going into this, I would draw your attention to the fact that, if Alec Cunningham's narrative was correct, and if the assailant, after shooting William Kirwan, had instantly fled, then it obviously could not be he who tore the paper from the dead man's hand.

assailant - l'agresseur, agresseur, assaillant

But if it was not he, it must have been Alec Cunningham himself, for by the time that the old man had descended several servants were upon the scene. The point is a simple one, but the Inspector had overlooked it because he had started with the supposition that these county magnates had had nothing to do with the matter.

Now, I make a point of never having any prejudices, and of following docilely wherever fact may lead me, and so, in the very first stage of the investigation, I found myself looking a little askance at the part which had been played by Mr. Alec Cunningham.

prejudices - préjugés, préjugé, idée préconçue, préjudice

docilely - docilement

wherever - ou

stage - scene, étape, phase, scene, caleche, platine, mettre en scene

"And now I made a very careful examination of the corner of paper which the Inspector had submitted to us. It was at once clear to me that it formed part of a very remarkable document. Here it is. Do you not now observe something very suggestive about it?"

submitted - soumis, soumettre

"It has a very irregular look," said the Colonel.

"My dear sir," cried Holmes, "there cannot be the least doubt in the world that it has been written by two persons doing alternate words. When I draw your attention to the strong t's of 'at'and 'to', and ask you to compare them with the weak ones of 'quarter'and 'twelve,'you will instantly recognize the fact.

A very brief analysis of these four words would enable you to say with the utmost confidence that the 'learn'and the 'maybe'are written in the stronger hand, and the 'what'in the weaker."

brief - bref, court

enable - autoriser, permettre, activer

weaker - plus faible, faible, débile

"By Jove, it's as clear as day!" cried the Colonel. "Why on earth should two men write a letter in such a fashion?"

"Obviously the business was a bad one, and one of the men who distrusted the other was determined that, whatever was done, each should have an equal hand in it. Now, of the two men, it is clear that the one who wrote the 'at'and 'to'was the ringleader."

distrusted - méfiance, défiance, se méfier

Equal - l'égalité, égal, égaler a, égale

ringleader - chef de file, meneur, chef, leader

"How do you get at that?"

"We might deduce it from the mere character of the one hand as compared with the other. But we have more assured reasons than that for supposing it. If you examine this scrap with attention you will come to the conclusion that the man with the stronger hand wrote all his words first, leaving blanks for the other to fill up.

blanks - des ébauches, blanc, vierge, balles a blanc-p, préforme

fill up - faire le plein

These blanks were not always sufficient, and you can see that the second man had a squeeze to fit his 'quarter'in between the 'at'and the 'to,'showing that the latter were already written. The man who wrote all his words first is undoubtedly the man who planned the affair."

squeeze - de la compression, presser, comprimer, tasser, serrer

"Excellent!" cried Mr. Acton.

"But very superficial," said Holmes. "We come now, however, to a point which is of importance. You may not be aware that the deduction of a man's age from his writing is one which has been brought to considerable accuracy by experts. In normal cases one can place a man in his true decade with tolerable confidence.

superficial - superficielle, superficiel

deduction - déduction

accuracy - l'exactitude, exactitude, précision

normal - normal, ordinaire, normale

decade - décennie, dizaine, décade

I say normal cases, because ill-health and physical weakness reproduce the signs of old age, even when the invalid is a youth.

physical - physique, physiologique, visite médicale, check-up

reproduce - reproduire, se reproduire

In this case, looking at the bold, strong hand of the one, and the rather broken-backed appearance of the other, which still retains its legibility although the t's have begun to lose their crossing, we can say that the one was a young man and the other was advanced in years without being positively decrepit."

retains - conserve, retenir, conserver, maintenir

legibility - lisibilité

Crossing - carrefour, croisement, traversée, (cross), croix

positively - positivement

decrepit - décrépit

"Excellent!" cried Mr. Acton again.

"There is a further point, however, which is subtler and of greater interest. There is something in common between these hands. They belong to men who are blood-relatives. It may be most obvious to you in the Greek e's, but to me there are many small points which indicate the same thing. I have no doubt at all that a family mannerism can be traced in these two specimens of writing.

belong - appartiennent, appartenons, faire partie de, appartiens

relatives - parents, relatif, parent, géniteur, génitrice

most obvious - le plus évident

Greek - grec, grecque, grecques

indicate - indiquer, signaler

mannerism - Le maniérisme

traced - tracé, trace

specimens - spécimens, spécimen, exemple

I am only, of course, giving you the leading results now of my examination of the paper. There were twenty-three other deductions which would be of more interest to experts than to you. They all tend to deepen the impression upon my mind that the Cunninghams, father and son, had written this letter.

deductions - déductions, déduction

tend - tendent, garder

deepen - approfondir, intensifier, devenir plus profond

"Having got so far, my next step was, of course, to examine into the details of the crime, and to see how far they would help us. I went up to the house with the Inspector, and saw all that was to be seen. The wound upon the dead man was, as I was able to determine with absolute confidence, fired from a revolver at the distance of something over four yards.

determine - déterminer

There was no powder-blackening on the clothes. Evidently, therefore, Alec Cunningham had lied when he said that the two men were struggling when the shot was fired. Again, both father and son agreed as to the place where the man escaped into the road. At that point, however, as it happens, there is a broadish ditch, moist at the bottom.

blackening - le noircissement, (blacken), noircir, souiller, salir

lied - menties, gésîmes, gési, gésie, gésirent, menti

broadish - large

ditch - fossé

moist - humide, moite

As there were no indications of bootmarks about this ditch, I was absolutely sure not only that the Cunninghams had again lied, but that there had never been any unknown man upon the scene at all.

unknown - inconnu, inconnue

"And now I have to consider the motive of this singular crime. To get at this, I endeavored first of all to solve the reason of the original burglary at Mr. Acton's. I understood, from something which the Colonel told us, that a lawsuit had been going on between you, Mr. Acton, and the Cunninghams.

motive - motif, mobile, theme, motiver, moteur, mouvant

Of course, it instantly occurred to me that they had broken into your library with the intention of getting at some document which might be of importance in the case."

"Precisely so," said Mr. Acton. "There can be no possible doubt as to their intentions. I have the clearest claim upon half of their present estate, and if they could have found a single paper"which, fortunately, was in the strong-box of my solicitors"they would undoubtedly have crippled our case."

intentions - intentions, intention

clearest - le plus clair, clair, transparent, libre, dégagé

strong-box - (strong-box) boîte forte

solicitors - avocats, avocat, avoué

crippled - estropié, infirme, estropier, bridé

"There you are," said Holmes, smiling. "It was a dangerous, reckless attempt, in which I seem to trace the influence of young Alec. Having found nothing they tried to divert suspicion by making it appear to be an ordinary burglary, to which end they carried off whatever they could lay their hands upon. That is all clear enough, but there was much that was still obscure.

reckless - irresponsable, insouciant, téméraire, branque

divert - détourner, dévier, divertir

all clear - Tout est clair

What I wanted above all was to get the missing part of that note. I was certain that Alec had torn it out of the dead man's hand, and almost certain that he must have thrust it into the pocket of his dressing-gown. Where else could he have put it? The only question was whether it was still there. It was worth an effort to find out, and for that object we all went up to the house.

"The Cunninghams joined us, as you doubtless remember, outside the kitchen door. It was, of course, of the very first importance that they should not be reminded of the existence of this paper, otherwise they would naturally destroy it without delay.

doubtless - sans doute, sans aucun doute, sans nul doute, indubitablement

reminded - rappelée, rappeler

destroy - détruire, euthanasier

The Inspector was about to tell them the importance which we attached to it when, by the luckiest chance in the world, I tumbled down in a sort of fit and so changed the conversation.

luckiest - le plus chanceux, chanceux, heureux, veinard, fortuné

"Good heavens!" cried the Colonel, laughing, "do you mean to say all our sympathy was wasted and your fit an imposture?"

imposture - imposture

"Speaking professionally, it was admirably done," cried I, looking in amazement at this man who was forever confounding me with some new phase of his astuteness.

professionally - sur le plan professionnel

admirably - admirablement

looking in - Regarder dans

phase - phase

astuteness - astuce, perspicacité, sagacité

"It is an art which is often useful," said he. "When I recovered I managed, by a device which had perhaps some little merit of ingenuity, to get old Cunningham to write the word 'twelve,'so that I might compare it with the 'twelve'upon the paper."

device - appareil, dispositif, stratageme, ruse, manouvre

merit - mérite, mériter

ingenuity - l'ingéniosité, ingéniosité

"Oh, what an ass I have been!" I exclaimed.

ass - cul, aliboron, ane, âne

"I could see that you were commiserating me over my weakness," said Holmes, laughing. "I was sorry to cause you the sympathetic pain which I know that you felt. We then went upstairs together, and having entered the room and seen the dressing-gown hanging up behind the door, I contrived, by upsetting a table, to engage their attention for the moment, and slipped back to examine the pockets.

commiserating - la commisération, témoigner de la sympathie a

sympathetic - sympathique

hanging up - raccrocher

upsetting - bouleversant, (upset), fâché, dérangé, perturbé

I had hardly got the paper, however"which was, as I had expected, in one of them"when the two Cunninghams were on me, and would, I verily believe, have murdered me then and there but for your prompt and friendly aid. As it is, I feel that young man's grip on my throat now, and the father has twisted my wrist round in the effort to get the paper out of my hand.

verily - en vérité, vraiment, véritablement, sans aucun doute

wrist - poignet

They saw that I must know all about it, you see, and the sudden change from absolute security to complete despair made them perfectly desperate.

Security - la sécurité, sécurité, sécurisant, titre négociable

"I had a little talk with old Cunningham afterwards as to the motive of the crime. He was tractable enough, though his son was a perfect demon, ready to blow out his own or anybody else's brains if he could have got to his revolver. When Cunningham saw that the case against him was so strong he lost all heart and made a clean breast of everything.

tractable - traçable, docile, conciliant, malléable

demon - démon, diable

blow out - une explosion

Anybody - quelqu'un, n’importe qui (1), checkn’importe qui (2

It seems that William had secretly followed his two masters on the night when they made their raid upon Mr. Acton's, and having thus got them into his power, proceeded, under threats of exposure, to levy blackmail upon them. Mr. Alec, however, was a dangerous man to play games of that sort with.

secretly - secretement, secretement, en cachette

two masters - deux maîtres

raid - raid, razzia, descente

exposure - l'exposition, exposition

levy - prélevement, levée

It was a stroke of positive genius on his part to see in the burglary scare which was convulsing the country side an opportunity of plausibly getting rid of the man whom he feared. William was decoyed up and shot, and had they only got the whole of the note and paid a little more attention to detail in the accessories, it is very possible that suspicion might never have been aroused."

genius - génie

convulsing - des convulsions, convulser

plausibly - de maniere plausible

decoyed - leurré, leurre, appât, appâter, leurrer, piéger

accessories - accessoires, accessoire

"And the note?" I asked.

Sherlock Holmes placed the subjoined paper before us.

If you will only come around to the east gate it will

very much surprise you and be of the greatest service to you

and also to Annie Morrison. But say nothing to anyone upon

the matter.

"It is very much the sort of thing that I expected," said he. "Of course, we do not yet know what the relations may have been between Alec Cunningham, William Kirwan, and Annie Morrison. The results shows that the trap was skillfully baited. I am sure that you cannot fail to be delighted with the traces of heredity shown in the p's and in the tails of the g's.

relations - relations, relation, parent, parente

baited - appâté, appât

heredity - l'hérédité, hérédité

tails - queues, queue

The absence of the i-dots in the old man's writing is also most characteristic. Watson, I think our quiet rest in the country has been a distinct success, and I shall certainly return much invigorated to Baker Street to-morrow."

dots - points, point

Chapter VII. The Crooked Man

crooked - tortu, (crook) tortu

One summer night, a few months after my marriage, I was seated by my own hearth smoking a last pipe and nodding over a novel, for my day's work had been an exhausting one. My wife had already gone upstairs, and the sound of the locking of the hall door some time before told me that the servants had also retired.

hearth - âtre, foyer, foyers

exhausting - épuisant, épuiser, échappement

locking - verrouillage, serrure

I had risen from my seat and was knocking out the ashes of my pipe when I suddenly heard the clang of the bell.

risen - ressuscité, augmenter, monter, lever

ashes - des cendres, cendre

clang - clang, rench: ('of crane') glapissement g, ('of goose') criaillement g

I looked at the clock. It was a quarter to twelve. This could not be a visitor at so late an hour. A patient, evidently, and possibly an all-night sitting. With a wry face I went out into the hall and opened the door. To my astonishment it was Sherlock Holmes who stood upon my step.

wry - l'ironie, ironique

"Ah, Watson," said he, "I hoped that I might not be too late to catch you."

"My dear fellow, pray come in."

"You look surprised, and no wonder! Relieved, too, I fancy! Hum! You still smoke the Arcadia mixture of your bachelor days then! There's no mistaking that fluffy ash upon your coat. It's easy to tell that you have been accustomed to wear a uniform, Watson. You'll never pass as a pure-bred civilian as long as you keep that habit of carrying your handkerchief in your sleeve.

Arcadia - arcadia, Arcadie

fluffy - duveteux, pelucheux, touffu

ash - cendres, frene, cendre

uniform - uniforme

bred - élevé, (breed), se reproduire, engendrer, élever, race

civilian - civil, civile

handkerchief - mouchoir

Could you put me up to-night?"

"With pleasure."

"You told me that you had bachelor quarters for one, and I see that you have no gentleman visitor at present. Your hat-stand proclaims as much."

hat-stand - (hat-stand) Un porte-chapeaux

proclaims - proclame-t-il, proclamer, déclarer

"I shall be delighted if you will stay."

"Thank you. I'll fill the vacant peg then. Sorry to see that you've had the British workman in the house. He's a token of evil. Not the drains, I hope?"

vacant - vacant, vide, niais

workman - ouvrier

token - de jeton, symbole, jeton, symbolique

evil - le mal, mauvais, torve

drains - les drains, drain, bonde, hémorragie, gouffre, drainer

"No, the gas."

"Ah! He has left two nail-marks from his boot upon your linoleum just where the light strikes it. No, thank you, I had some supper at Waterloo, but I'll smoke a pipe with you with pleasure."

nail - clou, ongle, enclouer, clouer, caboche

linoleum - linoléum

strikes - greves, biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre

Waterloo - Waterloo

smoke a pipe - fumer une pipe

I handed him my pouch, and he seated himself opposite to me and smoked for some time in silence. I was well aware that nothing but business of importance would have brought him to me at such an hour, so I waited patiently until he should come round to it.

smoked - fumé, fumée

patiently - patiemment

"I see that you are professionally rather busy just now," said he, glancing very keenly across at me.

"Yes, I've had a busy day," I answered. "It may seem very foolish in your eyes," I added, "but really I don't know how you deduced it."

foolish - sot, stupide, bete, idiot

Holmes chuckled to himself.

"I have the advantage of knowing your habits, my dear Watson," said he. "When your round is a short one you walk, and when it is a long one you use a hansom. As I perceive that your boots, although used, are by no means dirty, I cannot doubt that you are at present busy enough to justify the hansom."

Hansom - le fiacre

justify - justifier

"Excellent!" I cried.

"Elementary," said he. "It is one of those instances where the reasoner can produce an effect which seems remarkable to his neighbor, because the latter has missed the one little point which is the basis of the deduction.

elementary - élémentaire

instances - instances, instance

basis - base

The same may be said, my dear fellow, for the effect of some of these little sketches of yours, which is entirely meretricious, depending as it does upon your retaining in your own hands some factors in the problem which are never imparted to the reader.

depending - selon, dépendre, pendre

retaining - la conservation, retenir, conserver, maintenir

imparted - transmis, donner, communiquer, transmettre

Now, at present I am in the position of these same readers, for I hold in this hand several threads of one of the strangest cases which ever perplexed a man's brain, and yet I lack the one or two which are needful to complete my theory. But I'll have them, Watson, I'll have them!" His eyes kindled and a slight flush sprang into his thin cheeks. For an instant only.

threads - fils, fil, processus léger, exétron

perplexed - perplexe, déconcerter, troubler, dérouter

lack - manque

needful - nécessaire

kindled - enflammé, allumer, enflammer

flush - la chasse d'eau, vidanger, rougeur

When I glanced again his face had resumed that red-Indian composure which had made so many regard him as a machine rather than a man.

Indian - indien, amérindien, Indienne

composure - le sang-froid, calme, quiétude

"The problem presents features of interest," said he. "I may even say exceptional features of interest. I have already looked into the matter, and have come, as I think, within sight of my solution. If you could accompany me in that last step you might be of considerable service to me."

exceptional - exceptionnel

accompany - accompagner

"I should be delighted."

"Could you go as far as Aldershot to-morrow?"

"I have no doubt Jackson would take my practice."

"Very good. I want to start by the 11.10 from Waterloo."

"That would give me time."

"Then, if you are not too sleepy, I will give you a sketch of what has happened, and of what remains to be done."

"I was sleepy before you came. I am quite wakeful now."

wakeful - éveillé

"I will compress the story as far as may be done without omitting anything vital to the case. It is conceivable that you may even have read some account of the matter. It is the supposed murder of Colonel Barclay, of the Royal Munsters, at Aldershot, which I am investigating."

compress - compresser, comprimer, comprimons, comprimez, compriment

done without - sans

omitting - omettre

investigating - enqueter, étudier, enqueter, rechercher

"I have heard nothing of it."

"It has not excited much attention yet, except locally. The facts are only two days old. Briefly they are these:

locally - localement

briefly - brievement, brievement, concisément

"The Royal Munsters is, as you know, one of the most famous Irish regiments in the British army. It did wonders both in the Crimea and the Mutiny, and has since that time distinguished itself upon every possible occasion.

Irish - irlandais, gaélique irlandais, Irlandaise

army - l'armée, armée

Crimea - la crimée, Crimée

mutiny - révolte, mutinerie

It was commanded up to Monday night by James Barclay, a gallant veteran, who started as a full private, was raised to commissioned rank for his bravery at the time of the Mutiny, and so lived to command the regiment in which he had once carried a musket.

commanded - commandée, commandement, ordre, maîtrise

gallant - galant, brave, vaillant

veteran - vétéran, war veteran: ancien combattant, ancien soldat

private - personnel, personnelle, privé, privée

commissioned - commissionné, commission, fr

rank - rang, rangée, unie, standing

bravery - la bravoure, courage

regiment - régiment

musket - mousquet

"Colonel Barclay had married at the time when he was a sergeant, and his wife, whose maiden name was Miss Nancy Devoy, was the daughter of a former color-sergeant in the same corps. There was, therefore, as can be imagined, some little social friction when the young couple (for they were still young) found themselves in their new surroundings.

maiden name - nom de jeune fille

corps - corps, (corp) corps

social - sociale, social

friction - frottement, friction, désaccord

They appear, however, to have quickly adapted themselves, and Mrs. Barclay has always, I understand, been as popular with the ladies of the regiment as her husband was with his brother officers. I may add that she was a woman of great beauty, and that even now, when she has been married for upwards of thirty years, she is still of a striking and queenly appearance.

adapted - adapté, adapter, s'adapter

officers - des agents, fonctionnaire, officier

beauty - la beauté, beauté

queenly - reine

"Colonel Barclay's family life appears to have been a uniformly happy one. Major Murphy, to whom I owe most of my facts, assures me that he has never heard of any misunderstanding between the pair. On the whole, he thinks that Barclay's devotion to his wife was greater than his wife's to Barclay. He was acutely uneasy if he were absent from her for a day.

uniformly - uniformément

Major - majeur, de taille, tres important, plus grand, plus important

assures - assure, assurer, rassurer

misunderstanding - malentendu, quiproquo, (misunderstand), mal interpréter

devotion - la dévotion, dévouement, dévotion

acutely - avec acuité

absent - absente, absent

She, on the other hand, though devoted and faithful, was less obtrusively affectionate. But they were regarded in the regiment as the very model of a middle-aged couple. There was absolutely nothing in their mutual relations to prepare people for the tragedy which was to follow.

obtrusively - de maniere ostentatoire

affectionate - affectueux

regarded - considérée, considérer

mutual - mutuelle, mutuel

"Colonel Barclay himself seems to have had some singular traits in his character. He was a dashing, jovial old soldier in his usual mood, but there were occasions on which he seemed to show himself capable of considerable violence and vindictiveness. This side of his nature, however, appears never to have been turned towards his wife.

traits - traits, trait

jovial - jovial

mood - l'humeur, humeur, changeant, ambiance, diapason

occasions - occasions, occasion

violence - la violence, violence

vindictiveness - la vindicte, revanchisme

Another fact, which had struck Major Murphy and three out of five of the other officers with whom I conversed, was the singular sort of depression which came upon him at times. As the major expressed it, the smile had often been struck from his mouth, as if by some invisible hand, when he has been joining the gayeties and chaff of the mess-table.

conversed - conversé, converser

For days on end, when the mood was on him, he has been sunk in the deepest gloom. This and a certain tinge of superstition were the only unusual traits in his character which his brother officers had observed. The latter peculiarity took the form of a dislike to being left alone, especially after dark.

superstition - superstition

peculiarity - singularité, bizarrerie, étrangeté, particularité, distinction

dislike - l'aversion, antipathie, ne pas aimer

This puerile feature in a nature which was conspicuously manly had often given rise to comment and conjecture.

puerile - puéril

feature - caractéristiques, caractéristique, particularité, spécialité

conspicuously - ostensiblement

manly - viril

comment - commentaire, commentons, commentez, commentent

"The first battalion of the Royal Munsters (which is the old 117th) has been stationed at Aldershot for some years. The married officers live out of barracks, and the Colonel has during all this time occupied a villa called Lachine, about half a mile from the north camp. The house stands in its own grounds, but the west side of it is not more than thirty yards from the high-road.

battalion - bataillon

live out - vivre

Barracks - les casernes, caserne, (barrack) les casernes

Camp - le camp, campez, camper, campent, campons

A coachman and two maids form the staff of servants. These with their master and mistress were the sole occupants of Lachine, for the Barclays had no children, nor was it usual for them to have resident visitors.

sole - unique, seul, semelle, plante, sole

resident - résident, résidente, habitant, habitante

"Now for the events at Lachine between nine and ten on the evening of last Monday."

"Mrs. Barclay was, it appears, a member of the Roman Catholic Church, and had interested herself very much in the establishment of the Guild of St. George, which was formed in connection with the Watt Street Chapel for the purpose of supplying the poor with cast-off clothing. A meeting of the Guild had been held that evening at eight, and Mrs.

Catholic - catholique

church - église, culte, misse

Guild - la guilde, guilde

George - george, Georges, Jorioz

Watt - watt

supplying - l'approvisionnement, fournir, approvisionner

Barclay had hurried over her dinner in order to be present at it. When leaving the house she was heard by the coachman to make some commonplace remark to her husband, and to assure him that she would be back before very long. She then called for Miss Morrison, a young lady who lives in the next villa, and the two went off together to their meeting.

present at - présents

It lasted forty minutes, and at a quarter-past nine Mrs. Barclay returned home, having left Miss Morrison at her door as she passed.

lasted - a duré, dernier

returned home - est rentré chez lui

"There is a room which is used as a morning-room at Lachine. This faces the road and opens by a large glass folding-door on to the lawn. The lawn is thirty yards across, and is only divided from the highway by a low wall with an iron rail above it. It was into this room that Mrs. Barclay went upon her return. The blinds were not down, for the room was seldom used in the evening, but Mrs.

folding-door - (folding-door) porte pliante

divided - divisé, diviser, fendre, partager

highway - autoroute, grand chemin, grand’route, chaussée

blinds - des stores, aveugle, mal-voyant, mal-voyante, store, blind

Barclay herself lit the lamp and then rang the bell, asking Jane Stewart, the house-maid, to bring her a cup of tea, which was quite contrary to her usual habits. The Colonel had been sitting in the dining-room, but hearing that his wife had returned he joined her in the morning-room. The coachman saw him cross the hall and enter it. He was never seen again alive.

Jane - jane, Jeanne

"The tea which had been ordered was brought up at the end of ten minutes; but the maid, as she approached the door, was surprised to hear the voices of her master and mistress in furious altercation. She knocked without receiving any answer, and even turned the handle, but only to find that the door was locked upon the inside.

furious - furieux

altercation - altercation, dispute

Naturally enough she ran down to tell the cook, and the two women with the coachman came up into the hall and listened to the dispute which was still raging. They all agreed that only two voices were to be heard, those of Barclay and of his wife. Barclay's remarks were subdued and abrupt, so that none of them were audible to the listeners.

dispute - dispute, litige, discuter, argumenter, évaluer, contester

raging - enragée, chiffon

subdued - atténué, soumettre, subjuguer, assujettir

abrupt - abrupt, brusque, precipité

audible - audible

The lady's, on the other hand, were most bitter, and when she raised her voice could be plainly heard. 'You coward!'she repeated over and over again. 'What can be done now? What can be done now? Give me back my life. I will never so much as breathe the same air with you again! You coward! You coward!

breathe - respirer, inspirer, expirer, reprendre son souffle

'Those were scraps of her conversation, ending in a sudden dreadful cry in the man's voice, with a crash, and a piercing scream from the woman. Convinced that some tragedy had occurred, the coachman rushed to the door and strove to force it, while scream after scream issued from within.

scraps - des déchets, bout

ending in - qui se termine

piercing scream - un cri perçant

issued - émis, sortie, émission, livraison, délivrance, drain

He was unable, however, to make his way in, and the maids were too distracted with fear to be of any assistance to him. A sudden thought struck him, however, and he ran through the hall door and round to the lawn upon which the long French windows open. One side of the window was open, which I understand was quite usual in the summer-time, and he passed without difficulty into the room.

distracted - distraits, distraire

French - français, tlangue française, t+Français

His mistress had ceased to scream and was stretched insensible upon a couch, while with his feet tilted over the side of an arm-chair, and his head upon the ground near the corner of the fender, was lying the unfortunate soldier stone dead in a pool of his own blood.

insensible - insensible

couch - canapé, divan

Fender - fender, aile, garde-boue, défense

"Naturally, the coachman's first thought, on finding that he could do nothing for his master, was to open the door. But here an unexpected and singular difficulty presented itself. The key was not in the inner side of the door, nor could he find it anywhere in the room. He went out again, therefore, through the window, and having obtained the help of a policeman and of a medical man, he returned.

The lady, against whom naturally the strongest suspicion rested, was removed to her room, still in a state of insensibility. The Colonel's body was then placed upon the sofa, and a careful examination made of the scene of the tragedy.

rested - reposé, repos

insensibility - l'insensibilité

"The injury from which the unfortunate veteran was suffering was found to be a jagged cut some two inches long at the back part of his head, which had evidently been caused by a violent blow from a blunt weapon. Nor was it difficult to guess what that weapon may have been. Upon the floor, close to the body, was lying a singular club of hard carved wood with a bone handle.

jagged - dentelé, déchiqueté, (jag) dentelé

blunt - émoussé

The Colonel possessed a varied collection of weapons brought from the different countries in which he had fought, and it is conjectured by the police that his club was among his trophies. The servants deny having seen it before, but among the numerous curiosities in the house it is possible that it may have been overlooked.

possessed - possédé, posséder, s'emparer de

varied - varié, varier

fought - combattu, (se) battre

conjectured - conjecturé, conjecture, conjecturer

curiosities - curiosités, curiosité

Nothing else of importance was discovered in the room by the police, save the inexplicable fact that neither upon Mrs. Barclay's person nor upon that of the victim nor in any part of the room was the missing key to be found. The door had eventually to be opened by a locksmith from Aldershot.

locksmith - serrurier

"That was the state of things, Watson, when upon the Tuesday morning I, at the request of Major Murphy, went down to Aldershot to supplement the efforts of the police. I think that you will acknowledge that the problem was already one of interest, but my observations soon made me realize that it was in truth much more extraordinary than would at first sight appear.

supplement - supplément

observations - observations, observation, remarque

in truth - en vérité

"Before examining the room I cross-questioned the servants, but only succeeded in eliciting the facts which I have already stated. One other detail of interest was remembered by Jane Stewart, the housemaid. You will remember that on hearing the sound of the quarrel she descended and returned with the other servants.

eliciting - susciter, causer, réaliser, obtenir, raisonner

housemaid - femme de ménage

On that first occasion, when she was alone, she says that the voices of her master and mistress were sunk so low that she could hear hardly anything, and judged by their tones rather than their words that they had fallen out. On my pressing her, however, she remembered that she heard the word David uttered twice by the lady.

judged - jugée, juger

pressing - pressant, (pres) pressant

David - david

The point is of the utmost importance as guiding us towards the reason of the sudden quarrel. The Colonel's name, you remember, was James.

guiding - guidant, dirigeant, (guid) guidant

"There was one thing in the case which had made the deepest impression both upon the servants and the police. This was the contortion of the Colonel's face. It had set, according to their account, into the most dreadful expression of fear and horror which a human countenance is capable of assuming. More than one person fainted at the mere sight of him, so terrible was the effect.

contortion - contorsion

It was quite certain that he had foreseen his fate, and that it had caused him the utmost horror. This, of course, fitted in well enough with the police theory, if the Colonel could have seen his wife making a murderous attack upon him. Nor was the fact of the wound being on the back of his head a fatal objection to this, as he might have turned to avoid the blow.

murderous - meurtriere

objection - objection

avoid - éviter, fuir

No information could be got from the lady herself, who was temporarily insane from an acute attack of brain-fever.

temporarily - temporairement

insane - dérangé, délirant, fou, dément, dérangeant

acute - aigu, aiguë

"From the police I learned that Miss Morrison, who you remember went out that evening with Mrs. Barclay, denied having any knowledge of what it was which had caused the ill-humor in which her companion had returned.

denied - refusée, nier, démentir, refuser

"Having gathered these facts, Watson, I smoked several pipes over them, trying to separate those which were crucial from others which were merely incidental. There could be no question that the most distinctive and suggestive point in the case was the singular disappearance of the door-key. A most careful search had failed to discover it in the room. Therefore it must have been taken from it.

crucial - cruciale, crucial

merely - simplement, uniquement, seulement

most careful - le plus prudent

But neither the Colonel nor the Colonel's wife could have taken it. That was perfectly clear. Therefore a third person must have entered the room. And that third person could only have come in through the window. It seemed to me that a careful examination of the room and the lawn might possibly reveal some traces of this mysterious individual. You know my methods, Watson.

reveal - révéler, laisser voir

mysterious - mystérieux

individual - individu, individuel, checkindividuelle

There was not one of them which I did not apply to the inquiry. And it ended by my discovering traces, but very different ones from those which I had expected. There had been a man in the room, and he had crossed the lawn coming from the road.

apply - s'appliquent, applique, solicitez, solicitent, appliquent

I was able to obtain five very clear impressions of his foot-marks: one in the roadway itself, at the point where he had climbed the low wall, two on the lawn, and two very faint ones upon the stained boards near the window where he had entered. He had apparently rushed across the lawn, for his toe-marks were much deeper than his heels. But it was not the man who surprised me.

roadway - la chaussée, chaussée

stained - taché, tache, souillure, colorant, tacher, entacher, colorer

boards - des planches, planche

It was his companion."

"His companion!"

Holmes pulled a large sheet of tissue-paper out of his pocket and carefully unfolded it upon his knee.

tissue-paper - (tissue-paper) du papier de soie

unfolded - déployé, déplier, dérouler, fr

"What do you make of that?" he asked.

The paper was covered with the tracings of the foot-marks of some small animal. It had five well-marked foot-pads, an indication of long nails, and the whole print might be nearly as large as a dessert-spoon.

pads - tampons, coussinet

indication - indication

dessert - dessert

spoon - cuillere, cuiller

"It's a dog," said I.

"Did you ever hear of a dog running up a curtain? I found distinct traces that this creature had done so."

running up - en cours d'exécution

curtain - rideau

"A monkey, then?"

monkey - singe, guenon

"But it is not the print of a monkey."

"What can it be, then?"

"Neither dog nor cat nor monkey nor any creature that we are familiar with. I have tried to reconstruct it from the measurements. Here are four prints where the beast has been standing motionless. You see that it is no less than fifteen inches from fore-foot to hind. Add to that the length of neck and head, and you get a creature not much less than two feet long"probably more if there is any tail.

prints - empreintes, imprimer, imprimé, empreinte, estampe

hind - biche

But now observe this other measurement. The animal has been moving, and we have the length of its stride. In each case it is only about three inches. You have an indication, you see, of a long body with very short legs attached to it. It has not been considerate enough to leave any of its hair behind it.

measurement - mesure

considerate - attentionné

But its general shape must be what I have indicated, and it can run up a curtain, and it is carnivorous."

run up - courir

carnivorous - carnivore

"How do you deduce that?"

"Because it ran up the curtain. A canary's cage was hanging in the window, and its aim seems to have been to get at the bird."

ran up - a couru

Canary - canari, jaune canari

cage - cage, encager

aim - objectif, visez, dgssein, mire, visons, but, peiner, visent

"Then what was the beast?"

"Ah, if I could give it a name it might go a long way towards solving the case. On the whole, it was probably some creature of the weasel and stoat tribe"and yet it is larger than any of these that I have seen."

weasel - belette, belette d'Europe, belette pygmée, petite belette

stoat - le sanglier, hermine

tribe - tribu

"But what had it to do with the crime?"

"That, also, is still obscure. But we have learned a good deal, you perceive. We know that a man stood in the road looking at the quarrel between the Barclays"the blinds were up and the room lighted.

We know, also, that he ran across the lawn, entered the room, accompanied by a strange animal, and that he either struck the Colonel or, as is equally possible, that the Colonel fell down from sheer fright at the sight of him, and cut his head on the corner of the fender. Finally, we have the curious fact that the intruder carried away the key with him when he left."

sheer - transparent, pur

intruder - intrus, importun

carried away - emportée

"Your discoveries seem to have left the business more obscure that it was before," said I.

discoveries - découvertes, découverte

"Quite so. They undoubtedly showed that the affair was much deeper than was at first conjectured. I thought the matter over, and I came to the conclusion that I must approach the case from another aspect. But really, Watson, I am keeping you up, and I might just as well tell you all this on our way to Aldershot to-morrow."

approach - approche, approchons, abordent, abordez, rapprochons

aspect - aspect, rench: t-needed r

"Thank you, you have gone rather too far to stop."

"It is quite certain that when Mrs. Barclay left the house at half-past seven she was on good terms with her husband. She was never, as I think I have said, ostentatiously affectionate, but she was heard by the coachman chatting with the Colonel in a friendly fashion.

terms - conditions, peine, mandat, période

ostentatiously - avec ostentation

Now, it was equally certain that, immediately on her return, she had gone to the room in which she was least likely to see her husband, had flown to tea as an agitated woman will, and finally, on his coming in to her, had broken into violent recriminations. Therefore something had occurred between seven-thirty and nine o'clock which had completely altered her feelings towards him.

flown to - Voler vers

But Miss Morrison had been with her during the whole of that hour and a half. It was absolutely certain, therefore, in spite of her denial, that she must know something of the matter.

absolutely certain - absolument certain

denial - négation, dénégation, refus, déni, rejet

"My first conjecture was, that possibly there had been some passages between this young lady and the old soldier, which the former had now confessed to the wife. That would account for the angry return, and also for the girl's denial that anything had occurred. Nor would it be entirely incompatible with most of the words overheard.

passages - passages, passage

confessed - avoué, avouer, confesser

incompatible - incompatible

But there was the reference to David, and there was the known affection of the Colonel for his wife, to weigh against it, to say nothing of the tragic intrusion of this other man, which might, of course, be entirely disconnected with what had gone before.

reference - référence, recommandation, faire référence a, référencer

weigh - peser, lever l’ancre

intrusion - intrusion

disconnected - déconnecté, déconnecter

It was not easy to pick one's steps, but, on the whole, I was inclined to dismiss the idea that there had been anything between the Colonel and Miss Morrison, but more than ever convinced that the young lady held the clue as to what it was which had turned Mrs. Barclay to hatred of her husband. I took the obvious course, therefore, of calling upon Miss M.

dismiss - licencier

hatred - la haine, haine

, of explaining to her that I was perfectly certain that she held the facts in her possession, and of assuring her that her friend, Mrs. Barclay, might find herself in the dock upon a capital charge unless the matter were cleared up.

assuring - assurer, rassurer

Dock - quai, dock

cleared up - éclairci

"Miss Morrison is a little ethereal slip of a girl, with timid eyes and blond hair, but I found her by no means wanting in shrewdness and common-sense. She sat thinking for some time after I had spoken, and then, turning to me with a brisk air of resolution, she broke into a remarkable statement which I will condense for your benefit.

ethereal - éthéré

timid - timide, craintif

blond - blond, blonde

shrewdness - l'astuce

condense - condenser, se condenser

benefit - avantages, avantage, bénéfice, subvention, profiter

"'I promised my friend that I would say nothing of the matter, and a promise is a promise,'said she; 'but if I can really help her when so serious a charge is laid against her, and when her own mouth, poor darling, is closed by illness, then I think I am absolved from my promise. I will tell you exactly what happened upon Monday evening.

serious - sérieux

darling - chéri, chérie

absolved - absous, absoudre

"'We were returning from the Watt Street Mission about a quarter to nine o'clock. On our way we had to pass through Hudson Street, which is a very quiet thoroughfare. There is only one lamp in it, upon the left-hand side, and as we approached this lamp I saw a man coming towards us with his back very bent, and something like a box slung over one of his shoulders.

mission - mission

pass through - passer a travers

thoroughfare - voie de circulation, passage, grand-rue, voie principale

slung - en bandouliere, écharpe

He appeared to be deformed, for he carried his head low and walked with his knees bent. We were passing him when he raised his face to look at us in the circle of light thrown by the lamp, and as he did so he stopped and screamed out in a dreadful voice, "My God, it's Nancy!" Mrs.

deformed - déformé, déformer

screamed - crié, cri, crier

Barclay turned as white as death, and would have fallen down had the dreadful-looking creature not caught hold of her. I was going to call for the police, but she, to my surprise, spoke quite civilly to the fellow.

fallen down - Tomber

civilly - civilement

"'"I thought you had been dead this thirty years, Henry," said she, in a shaking voice.

"'"So I have," said he, and it was awful to hear the tones that he said it in. He had a very dark, fearsome face, and a gleam in his eyes that comes back to me in my dreams. His hair and whiskers were shot with gray, and his face was all crinkled and puckered like a withered apple.

awful - terrible, épouvantable, horrible

fearsome - redoutable, effroyable, effrayant

withered - flétrie, (se) faner

"'"Just walk on a little way, dear," said Mrs. Barclay; "I want to have a word with this man. There is nothing to be afraid of." She tried to speak boldly, but she was still deadly pale and could hardly get her words out for the trembling of her lips.

boldly - hardiment

"'I did as she asked me, and they talked together for a few minutes. Then she came down the street with her eyes blazing, and I saw the crippled wretch standing by the lamp-post and shaking his clenched fists in the air as if he were mad with rage. She never said a word until we were at the door here, when she took me by the hand and begged me to tell no one what had happened.

blazing - flamboyant, feu, embrasement

standing by - en attente

clenched - serré, serrer, prise (en main) ferme, poigne ferme

fists - poings, poing

rage - rage, furie, fureur, courroux, rager, faire rage

"'"It's an old acquaintance of mine who has come down in the world," said she. When I promised her I would say nothing she kissed me, and I have never seen her since. I have told you now the whole truth, and if I withheld it from the police it is because I did not realize then the danger in which my dear friend stood. I know that it can only be to her advantage that everything should be known.'

withheld - retenu, retenir

"There was her statement, Watson, and to me, as you can imagine, it was like a light on a dark night. Everything which had been disconnected before began at once to assume its true place, and I had a shadowy presentiment of the whole sequence of events. My next step obviously was to find the man who had produced such a remarkable impression upon Mrs. Barclay.

assume - supposer, présupposer, présumer, assumer, adopter, prendre

shadowy - ombrageux, sombre

presentiment - pressentiment

If he were still in Aldershot it should not be a very difficult matter. There are not such a very great number of civilians, and a deformed man was sure to have attracted attention. I spent a day in the search, and by evening"this very evening, Watson"I had run him down. The man's name is Henry Wood, and he lives in lodgings in this same street in which the ladies met him.

civilians - civils, civil, civile

attracted attention - attirer l'attention

lodgings - logements, logement, hébergement, verse

He has only been five days in the place. In the character of a registration-agent I had a most interesting gossip with his landlady. The man is by trade a conjurer and performer, going round the canteens after nightfall, and giving a little entertainment at each.

registration - l'enregistrement, enregistrement

most interesting - le plus intéressant

by trade - par métier

conjurer - prestidigitateur, conjurateur, invocateur

performer - artiste-interprete, artiste, interprete, exécutant, exécutante

going round - Aller autour

canteens - cantines, cantine, cafétéria, cafet’, gourde, bidon

nightfall - a la tombée de la nuit, tombée de la nuit

entertainment - divertissement

He carries some creature about with him in that box; about which the landlady seemed to be in considerable trepidation, for she had never seen an animal like it. He uses it in some of his tricks according to her account.

trepidation - inquiétude, crainte, appréhension, trépidation

So much the woman was able to tell me, and also that it was a wonder the man lived, seeing how twisted he was, and that he spoke in a strange tongue sometimes, and that for the last two nights she had heard him groaning and weeping in his bedroom. He was all right, as far as money went, but in his deposit he had given her what looked like a bad florin.

deposit - dépôt, gisement, acompte, arrhes, caution, déposer

florin - florin

She showed it to me, Watson, and it was an Indian rupee.

rupee - roupie

"So now, my dear fellow, you see exactly how we stand and why it is I want you. It is perfectly plain that after the ladies parted from this man he followed them at a distance, that he saw the quarrel between husband and wife through the window, that he rushed in, and that the creature which he carried in his box got loose. That is all very certain.

But he is the only person in this world who can tell us exactly what happened in that room."

"And you intend to ask him?"

"Most certainly"but in the presence of a witness."

witness - témoin

"And I am the witness?"

"If you will be so good. If he can clear the matter up, well and good. If he refuses, we have no alternative but to apply for a warrant."

refuses - refuse, refuser de

warrant - garantie, mandat, mandat de conformité

"But how do you know he'll be there when we return?"

"You may be sure that I took some precautions. I have one of my Baker Street boys mounting guard over him who would stick to him like a burr, go where he might. We shall find him in Hudson Street to-morrow, Watson, and meanwhile I should be the criminal myself if I kept you out of bed any longer."

mounting - montant, monture, ajustage, (mount) montant

burr - burr

It was midday when we found ourselves at the scene of the tragedy, and, under my companion's guidance, we made our way at once to Hudson Street.

guidance - d'orientation, guidage, conseils, direction

In spite of his capacity for concealing his emotions, I could easily see that Holmes was in a state of suppressed excitement, while I was myself tingling with that half-sporting, half-intellectual pleasure which I invariably experienced when I associated myself with him in his investigations.

capacity - capacité

intellectual - intellectuel, intellectuelle, intello

experienced - expérimenté, expérience

"This is the street," said he, as we turned into a short thoroughfare lined with plain two-storied brick houses. "Ah, here is Simpson to report."

"He's in all right, Mr. Holmes," cried a small street Arab, running up to us.

Arab - arabe

running up to - en cours d'exécution

"Good, Simpson!" said Holmes, patting him on the head. "Come along, Watson. This is the house." He sent in his card with a message that he had come on important business, and a moment later we were face to face with the man whom we had come to see. In spite of the warm weather he was crouching over a fire, and the little room was like an oven.

patting - la caresse, petite tape

crouching - accroupi, s'accroupir

little room - petite piece

oven - four

The man sat all twisted and huddled in his chair in a way which gave an indescribable impression of deformity; but the face which he turned towards us, though worn and swarthy, must at some time have been remarkable for its beauty. He looked suspiciously at us now out of yellow-shot, bilious eyes, and, without speaking or rising, he waved towards two chairs.

indescribable - indescriptible

deformity - difformité, déformité

swarthy - basané

bilious - bilieux, insuffisant hépatique, bilieuse, biliaire

"Mr. Henry Wood, late of India, I believe," said Holmes, affably. "I've come over this little matter of Colonel Barclay's death."

India - l'inde, Inde

"What should I know about that?"

"That's what I want to ascertain. You know, I suppose, that unless the matter is cleared up, Mrs. Barclay, who is an old friend of yours, will in all probability be tried for murder."

The man gave a violent start.

"I don't know who you are," he cried, "nor how you come to know what you do know, but will you swear that this is true that you tell me?"

"Why, they are only waiting for her to come to her senses to arrest her."

"My God! Are you in the police yourself?"


"What business is it of yours, then?"

"It's every man's business to see justice done."

"You can take my word that she is innocent."

innocent - innocent

"Then you are guilty."

"No, I am not."

"Who killed Colonel James Barclay, then?"

"It was a just providence that killed him. But, Mind you this, that if I had knocked his brains out, as it was in my heart to do, he would have had no more than his due from my hands. If his own guilty conscience had not struck him down it is likely enough that I might have had his blood upon my soul. You want me to tell the story.

Providence - la providence, Providence

Mind you - Attention

conscience - conscience

Well, I don't know why I shouldn't, for there's no cause for me to be ashamed of it.

shouldn - devrait

ashamed - honteux

"It was in this way, sir. You see me now with my back like a camel and my ribs all awry, but there was a time when Corporal Henry Wood was the smartest man in the 117th foot. We were in India then, in cantonments, at a place we'll call Bhurtee.

camel - chameau

ribs - des côtes, côte

awry - mal, de travers, de guingois, de traviole

smartest - le plus intelligent, élégant

Barclay, who died the other day, was sergeant in the same company as myself, and the belle of the regiment, ay, and the finest girl that ever had the breath of life between her lips, was Nancy Devoy, the daughter of the color-sergeant.

belle - belle, beauté

There were two men that loved her, and one that she loved, and you'll smile when you look at this poor thing huddled before the fire, and hear me say that it was for my good looks that she loved me.

"Well, though I had her heart, her father was set upon her marrying Barclay. I was a harum-scarum, reckless lad, and he had had an education, and was already marked for the sword-belt. But the girl held true to me, and it seemed that I would have had her when the Mutiny broke out, and all hell was loose in the country.

marrying - se marier, épouser

sword - l'épée, épée, glaive, épéiste

belt - ceinture, courroie, région

hell - l'enfer, enfer

"We were shut up in Bhurtee, the regiment of us with half a battery of artillery, a company of Sikhs, and a lot of civilians and women-folk. There were ten thousand rebels round us, and they were as keen as a set of terriers round a rat-cage. About the second week of it our water gave out, and it was a question whether we could communicate with General Neill's column, which was moving up country.

Battery - pile, coups et blessures, batterie

Artillery - l'artillerie, artillerie

Sikhs - sikhs, sikh

rebels - rebelles, rebelle

terriers - terriers, (fox-)terrier

gave out - Donner

communicate - communiquer, communier

column - colonne, colonne (1, 3)

moving up - de monter en grade

It was our only chance, for we could not hope to fight our way out with all the women and children, so I volunteered to go out and to warn General Neill of our danger. My offer was accepted, and I talked it over with Sergeant Barclay, who was supposed to know the ground better than any other man, and who drew up a route by which I might get through the rebel lines.

warn - avertir, alerter, prévenir

rebel - rebelle, cabrer

At ten o'clock the same night I started off upon my journey. There were a thousand lives to save, but it was of only one that I was thinking when I dropped over the wall that night.

"My way ran down a dried-up watercourse, which we hoped would screen me from the enemy's sentries; but as I crept round the corner of it I walked right into six of them, who were crouching down in the dark waiting for me. In an instant I was stunned with a blow and bound hand and foot.

dried-up - (dried-up) sécher

watercourse - cours d'eau, cours

screen - paravent, écran

enemy - l'ennemi, ennemi, ennemie

stunned - stupéfait, étourdir, étonner, époustoufler

But the real blow was to my heart and not to my head, for as I came to and listened to as much as I could understand of their talk, I heard enough to tell me that my comrade, the very man who had arranged the way that I was to take, had betrayed me by means of a native servant into the hands of the enemy.

comrade - camarade f, camarade

arranged - arrangé, arranger, organiser

native - maternel, autochtone, indigene, natif, endémique

"Well, there's no need for me to dwell on that part of it. You know now what James Barclay was capable of. Bhurtee was relieved by Neill next day, but the rebels took me away with them in their retreat, and it was many a long year before ever I saw a white face again. I was tortured and tried to get away, and was captured and tortured again.

retreat - retraite

tortured - torturé, torture, torturer

captured - capturé, capture, prisonnier, saisir, capturer, enregistrer

You can see for yourselves the state in which I was left. Some of them that fled into Nepaul took me with them, and then afterwards I was up past Darjeeling. The hill-folk up there murdered the rebels who had me, and I became their slave for a time until I escaped; but instead of going south I had to go north, until I found myself among the Afghans.

Darjeeling - Darjeeling

Hill - hill, colline, côte

slave - esclave, serf, serve

Afghans - les afghans, Afghan, Afghane

There I wandered about for many a year, and at last came back to the Punjab, where I lived mostly among the natives and picked up a living by the conjuring tricks that I had learned. What use was it for me, a wretched cripple, to go back to England or to make myself known to my old comrades? Even my wish for revenge would not make me do that.

Punjab - le pendjab, Penjab, Pendjab

mostly - surtout, majoritairement

natives - les autochtones, maternel, autochtone, indigene, natif

conjuring tricks - des tours de passe-passe

wretched - misérable

cripple - estropié, infirme, estropier, bridé

comrades - camarades, camaradef, camarade

wish for - souhaité

revenge - la vengeance, vengeance, revanche, venger

I had rather that Nancy and my old pals should think of Harry Wood as having died with a straight back, than see him living and crawling with a stick like a chimpanzee. They never doubted that I was dead, and I meant that they never should. I heard that Barclay had married Nancy, and that he was rising rapidly in the regiment, but even that did not make me speak.

pals - copains, copain/-ine

crawling - a quatre pattes, (crawl) a quatre pattes

Chimpanzee - chimpanzé

"But when one gets old one has a longing for home. For years I've been dreaming of the bright green fields and the hedges of England. At last I determined to see them before I died. I saved enough to bring me across, and then I came here where the soldiers are, for I know their ways and how to amuse them and so earn enough to keep me."

amuse - amuser

"Your narrative is most interesting," said Sherlock Holmes. "I have already heard of your meeting with Mrs. Barclay, and your mutual recognition. You then, as I understand, followed her home and saw through the window an altercation between her husband and her, in which she doubtless cast his conduct to you in his teeth.

recognition - reconnaissance

saw through - Voir a travers

Your own feelings overcame you, and you ran across the lawn and broke in upon them."

"I did, sir, and at the sight of me he looked as I have never seen a man look before, and over he went with his head on the fender. But he was dead before he fell. I read death on his face as plain as I can read that text over the fire. The bare sight of me was like a bullet through his guilty heart."

"And then?"

"Then Nancy fainted, and I caught up the key of the door from her hand, intending to unlock it and get help. But as I was doing it it seemed to me better to leave it alone and get away, for the thing might look black against me, and any way my secret would be out if I were taken.

intending - l'intention, avoir l'intention, envisager, concevoir, prévoir

unlock - déverrouiller, débloquer

In my haste I thrust the key into my pocket, and dropped my stick while I was chasing Teddy, who had run up the curtain. When I got him into his box, from which he had slipped, I was off as fast as I could run."

haste - hâte

chasing - chassant, (chas) chassant

Teddy - teddy, ours en peluche

"Who's Teddy?" asked Holmes.

The man leaned over and pulled up the front of a kind of hutch in the corner. In an instant out there slipped a beautiful reddish-brown creature, thin and lithe, with the legs of a stoat, a long, thin nose, and a pair of the finest red eyes that ever I saw in an animal's head.

hutch - clapier

reddish - rougeâtre

lithe - léger, agile, souple

"It's a mongoose," I cried.

mongoose - mangouste

"Well, some call them that, and some call them ichneumon," said the man. "Snake-catcher is what I call them, and Teddy is amazing quick on cobras. I have one here without the fangs, and Teddy catches it every night to please the folk in the canteen.

catcher - attrapeur, receveur, receveuse

cobras - cobras, naja, cobra

fangs - des crocs, croc

catches - captures, prise, touche, loquet, loqueteau, verrou, hic

canteen - la cantine, cantine, cafétéria, cafet’, gourde, bidon

"Any other point, sir?"

"Well, we may have to apply to you again if Mrs. Barclay should prove to be in serious trouble."

"In that case, of course, I'd come forward."

come forward - se présenter

"But if not, there is no object in raking up this scandal against a dead man, foully as he has acted. You have at least the satisfaction of knowing that for thirty years of his life his conscience bitterly reproached him for this wicked deed. Ah, there goes Major Murphy on the other side of the street. Good-by, Wood. I want to learn if anything has happened since yesterday."

raking - le ratissage, (rake) le ratissage

Scandal - scandale, esclandre

foully - infâme

reproached - des reproches, reproche, opprobre, reprocher

wicked - méchante, chicaneur, torve, (wick) méchante

We were in time to overtake the major before he reached the corner.

overtake - dépasser, doubler, surprendre

"Ah, Holmes," he said: "I suppose you have heard that all this fuss has come to nothing?"

fuss - l'agitation, agitation, histoires, s’agiter, s’empresser

come to nothing - n'aboutissent a rien

"What then?"

"The inquest is just over. The medical evidence showed conclusively that death was due to apoplexy. You see it was quite a simple case after all."

conclusively - de maniere concluante

"Oh, remarkably superficial," said Holmes, smiling. "Come, Watson, I don't think we shall be wanted in Aldershot any more."

"There's one thing," said I, as we walked down to the station. "If the husband's name was James, and the other was Henry, what was this talk about David?"

"That one word, my dear Watson, should have told me the whole story had I been the ideal reasoner which you are so fond of depicting. It was evidently a term of reproach."

Ideal - idéal, parfait

depicting - dépeint, représenter, décrire

reproach - des reproches, reproche, opprobre, reprocher

"Of reproach?"

"Yes; David strayed a little occasionally, you know, and on one occasion in the same direction as Sergeant James Barclay. You remember the small affair of Uriah and Bathsheba? My biblical knowledge is a trifle rusty, I fear, but you will find the story in the first or second of Samuel."

strayed - égaré, s'écarter de

Biblical - biblique

Chapter VIII. The Resident Patient

In glancing over the somewhat incoherent series of Memoirs with which I have endeavored to illustrate a few of the mental peculiarities of my friend Mr. Sherlock Holmes, I have been struck by the difficulty which I have experienced in picking out examples which shall in every way answer my purpose.

illustrate - illustrer

mental - mentale, affectif, mental

peculiarities - particularités, singularité, bizarrerie, étrangeté

picking out - a choisir

For in those cases in which Holmes has performed some tour de force of analytical reasoning, and has demonstrated the value of his peculiar methods of investigation, the facts themselves have often been so slight or so commonplace that I could not feel justified in laying them before the public.

Tour - tournée, voyage circulaire, circuit

analytical - analytique

On the other hand, it has frequently happened that he has been concerned in some research where the facts have been of the most remarkable and dramatic character, but where the share which he has himself taken in determining their causes has been less pronounced than I, as his biographer, could wish.

pronounced - prononcée, déclarer, prononcer, déclamer, lire

The small matter which I have chronicled under the heading of "A Study in Scarlet," and that other later one connected with the loss of the Gloria Scott, may serve as examples of this Scylla and Charybdis which are forever threatening the historian.

chronicled - chronique

Scylla - Scylla

Charybdis - Charybde

threatening - menaçante, menaçant, (threaten), menacer

historian - historien, historienne

It may be that in the business of which I am now about to write the part which my friend played is not sufficiently accentuated; and yet the whole train of circumstances is so remarkable that I cannot bring myself to omit it entirely from this series.

accentuated - accentué, accentuer

omit - omettre

It had been a close, rainy day in October. Our blinds were half-drawn, and Holmes lay curled upon the sofa, reading and re-reading a letter which he had received by the morning post. For myself, my term of service in India had trained me to stand heat better than cold, and a thermometer of 90 was no hardship. But the paper was uninteresting. Parliament had risen.

rainy day - journée pluvieuse

heat - chaleur, ardeur, chauffer

thermometer - thermometre, thermometre

hardship - difficultés, misere

Parliament - le parlement, parlement, pain d'épices

Everybody was out of town, and I yearned for the glades of the New Forest or the shingle of Southsea. A depleted bank account had caused me to postpone my holiday, and as to my companion, neither the country nor the sea presented the slightest attraction to him.

yearned - désiré, aspirer a

glades - sous-bois, clairiere

forest - foret, foret, brousse, sylve, bois, (fore) foret

shingle - bardeau, aisseau

depleted - épuisé, vider

bank account - compte bancaire

postpone - repousser, remettre, reporter, différer

Attraction - attraction, attirance

He loved to lie in the very centre of five millions of people, with his filaments stretching out and running through them, responsive to every little rumor or suspicion of unsolved crime. Appreciation of Nature found no place among his many gifts, and his only change was when he turned his mind from the evil-doer of the town to track down his brother of the country.

filaments - filaments, filament

responsive - réactif

rumor - rumeur, bruit

unsolved - non résolue

appreciation - l'appréciation, appréciation, estimation, évaluation

doer - l'auteur de l'acte, faiseur

track down - Pister

Finding that Holmes was too absorbed for conversation, I had tossed aside the barren paper, and leaning back in my chair, I fell into a brown study. Suddenly my companion's voice broke in upon my thoughts.

absorbed - absorbé, absorber, éponger

barren - stérile

"You are right, Watson," said he. "It does seem a very preposterous way of settling a dispute."

settling - la décantation, sédimentation

"Most preposterous!" I exclaimed, and then, suddenly realizing how he had echoed the inmost thought of my soul, I sat up in my chair and stared at him in blank amazement.

realizing - la réalisation, réaliser, se rendre compte, prendre conscience

echoed - en écho, écho

blank - vide, blanc, vierge, balles a blanc, préforme, espace

"What is this, Holmes?" I cried. "This is beyond anything which I could have imagined."

He laughed heartily at my perplexity.

perplexity - perplexité

"You remember," said he, "that some little time ago, when I read you the passage in one of Poe's sketches, in which a close reasoner follows the unspoken thought of his companion, you were inclined to treat the matter as a mere tour de force of the author. On my remarking that I was constantly in the habit of doing the same thing you expressed incredulity."

author - auteur, auteure, autrice, écrire, créer

remarking - remarque

constantly - constamment, en boucle

incredulity - l'incrédulité, incrédulité

"Oh, no!"

"Perhaps not with your tongue, my dear Watson, but certainly with your eyebrows. So when I saw you throw down your paper and enter upon a train of thought, I was very happy to have the opportunity of reading it off, and eventually of breaking into it, as a proof that I had been in rapport with you."

throw down - jeter

But I was still far from satisfied. "In the example which you read to me," said I, "the reasoner drew his conclusions from the actions of the man whom he observed. If I remember right, he stumbled over a heap of stones, looked up at the stars, and so on. But I have been seated quietly in my chair, and what clues can I have given you?"

conclusions - conclusions, conclusion, fin

clues - indices, indice, piste, idée, informer

"You do yourself an injustice. The features are given to man as the means by which he shall express his emotions, and yours are faithful servants."

injustice - l'injustice, injustice

"Do you mean to say that you read my train of thoughts from my features?"

train of thoughts - train de pensées

"Your features, and especially your eyes. Perhaps you cannot yourself recall how your reverie commenced?"

recall - rappeler

reverie - reverie

commenced - commencé, commencer

"No, I cannot."

"Then I will tell you. After throwing down your paper, which was the action which drew my attention to you, you sat for half a minute with a vacant expression. Then your eyes fixed themselves upon your newly-framed picture of General Gordon, and I saw by the alteration in your face that a train of thought had been started. But it did not lead very far.

throwing down - a se jeter par terre

newly - nouvellement, récemment

alteration - modification, altération, altérer

Your eyes turned across to the unframed portrait of Henry Ward Beecher which stands upon the top of your books. You then glanced up at the wall, and of course your meaning was obvious. You were thinking that if the portrait were framed it would just cover that bare space and correspond with Gordon's picture over there."

unframed - sans cadre

ward - la pupille, salle

correspond - correspondre (...a qqchose), correspondre (...avec qqun)

"You have followed me wonderfully!" I exclaimed.

wonderfully - a merveille

"So far I could hardly have gone astray. But now your thoughts went back to Beecher, and you looked hard across as if you were studying the character in his features. Then your eyes ceased to pucker, but you continued to look across, and your face was thoughtful. You were recalling the incidents of Beecher's career.

thoughtful - réfléchie, réfléchi, attentionné

recalling - rappelant, rappeler, souvenir

Incidents - incidents, incident, frait-divers, fr

I was well aware that you could not do this without thinking of the mission which he undertook on behalf of the North at the time of the Civil War, for I remember you expressing your passionate indignation at the way in which he was received by the more turbulent of our people. You felt so strongly about it that I knew you could not think of Beecher without thinking of that also.

undertook - a entrepris, entreprendre

civil - civile, civil

expressing - exprimant, exprimer

When a moment later I saw your eyes wander away from the picture, I suspected that your mind had now turned to the Civil War, and when I observed that your lips set, your eyes sparkled, and your hands clinched, I was positive that you were indeed thinking of the gallantry which was shown by both sides in that desperate struggle. But then, again, your face grew sadder; you shook your head.

wander - errer, vaguer, divaguer

sparkled - étincelait, étincellement

gallantry - la galanterie, courage, galanterie

You were dwelling upon the sadness and horror and useless waste of life. Your hand stole towards your own old wound, and a smile quivered on your lips, which showed me that the ridiculous side of this method of settling international questions had forced itself upon your mind. At this point I agreed with you that it was preposterous, and was glad to find that all my deductions had been correct."

sadness - tristesse, malheur

quivered - a tremblé, frémir

ridiculous - ridicule

"Absolutely!" said I. "And now that you have explained it, I confess that I am as amazed as before."

"It was very superficial, my dear Watson, I assure you. I should not have intruded it upon your attention had you not shown some incredulity the other day. But the evening has brought a breeze with it. What do you say to a ramble through London?"

intruded - s'est immiscé, faire intrusion, fr

breeze - brise

ramble - flâner, se balader, divaguer, radoter

I was weary of our little sitting-room and gladly acquiesced. For three hours we strolled about together, watching the ever-changing kaleidoscope of life as it ebbs and flows through Fleet Street and the Strand. His characteristic talk, with its keen observance of detail and subtle power of inference held me amused and enthralled. It was ten o'clock before we reached Baker Street again.

gladly - heureusement, volontiers

acquiesced - acquiescé, acquiescer

strolled - flâné, promenade, flânerie, balade, flâner, promener

kaleidoscope - kaléidoscope, caléidoscope

ebbs - ebbs, reflux, jusant, refluer, décliner

flows - flux, couler

Fleet - la flotte, flotte

Strand - strand, cordon

subtle - subtile, subtil, délicat, astucieux

amused - amusé, amuser

enthralled - captivé, captiver

A brougham was waiting at our door.

brougham - brougham

"Hum! A doctor's"general practitioner, I perceive," said Holmes. "Not been long in practice, but has had a good deal to do. Come to consult us, I fancy! Lucky we came back!"

general practitioner - médecin généraliste

lucky - chanceux, heureux, veinard, fortuné

I was sufficiently conversant with Holmes's methods to be able to follow his reasoning, and to see that the nature and state of the various medical instruments in the wicker basket which hung in the lamplight inside the brougham had given him the data for his swift deduction. The light in our window above showed that this late visit was indeed intended for us.

conversant - conversant

instruments - des instruments, instrument, acte

wicker - l'osier, osier

lamplight - la lumiere de la lampe

swift - rapide, martinet, dévidoir

With some curiosity as to what could have sent a brother medico to us at such an hour, I followed Holmes into our sanctum.

medico - medico

sanctum - sanctuaire

A pale, taper-faced man with sandy whiskers rose up from a chair by the fire as we entered. His age may not have been more than three or four and thirty, but his haggard expression and unhealthy hue told of a life which has sapped his strength and robbed him of his youth.

unhealthy - malsain, mauvais pour la santé

hue - teinte, nuance

sapped - sappé, seve

His manner was nervous and shy, like that of a sensitive gentleman, and the thin white hand which he laid on the mantelpiece as he rose was that of an artist rather than of a surgeon. His dress was quiet and sombre"a black frock-coat, dark trousers, and a touch of color about his necktie.

Shy - timide, gené, prudent, embarrassé

sensitive - sensible

laid on - posée

necktie - cravate

"Good-evening, doctor," said Holmes, cheerily. "I am glad to see that you have only been waiting a very few minutes."

"You spoke to my coachman, then?"

"No, it was the candle on the side-table that told me. Pray resume your seat and let me know how I can serve you."

side-table - (side-table) Une table d'appoint

resume - cv, resume, reprendent, reprends, reprenez, reprenons

"My name is Doctor Percy Trevelyan," said our visitor, "and I live at 403 Brook Street."

brook - ruisseau

"Are you not the author of a monograph upon obscure nervous lesions?" I asked.

monograph - monographie

lesions - des lésions, lésion, blesser

His pale cheeks flushed with pleasure at hearing that his work was known to me.

"I so seldom hear of the work that I thought it was quite dead," said he. "My publishers gave me a most discouraging account of its sale. You are yourself, I presume, a medical man?"

publishers - éditeurs, éditeur, maison d’édition

discouraging - décourageant, décourager, dissuader

sale - vente, écouler

"A retired army surgeon."

"My own hobby has always been nervous disease. I should wish to make it an absolute specialty, but, of course, a man must take what he can get at first. This, however, is beside the question, Mr. Sherlock Holmes, and I quite appreciate how valuable your time is.

The fact is that a very singular train of events has occurred recently at my house in Brook Street, and to-night they came to such a head that I felt it was quite impossible for me to wait another hour before asking for your advice and assistance."

Sherlock Holmes sat down and lit his pipe. "You are very welcome to both," said he. "Pray let me have a detailed account of what the circumstances are which have disturbed you."

"One or two of them are so trivial," said Dr. Trevelyan, "that really I am almost ashamed to mention them. But the matter is so inexplicable, and the recent turn which it has taken is so elaborate, that I shall lay it all before you, and you shall judge what is essential and what is not.

"I am compelled, to begin with, to say something of my own college career. I am a London University man, you know, and I am sure that you will not think that I am unduly singing my own praises if I say that my student career was considered by my professors to be a very promising one.

unduly - indument, indument

considered - envisagée, considérer, examiner, réfléchir, songer

professors - professeurs, professeur, professeure, prof, professeuse

promising - prometteur, vou, promesse, promettre

After I had graduated I continued to devote myself to research, occupying a minor position in King's College Hospital, and I was fortunate enough to excite considerable interest by my research into the pathology of catalepsy, and finally to win the Bruce Pinkerton prize and medal by the monograph on nervous lesions to which your friend has just alluded.

graduated - diplômé, licencié, licenciée, diplômée

occupying - l'occupation, occuper, habiter

excite - exciter

pathology - pathologie

catalepsy - catalepsie

prize - prix, houp, récompense

medal - médaille

I should not go too far if I were to say that there was a general impression at that time that a distinguished career lay before me.

"But the one great stumbling-block lay in my want of capital. As you will readily understand, a specialist who aims high is compelled to start in one of a dozen streets in the Cavendish Square quarter, all of which entail enormous rents and furnishing expenses. Besides this preliminary outlay, he must be prepared to keep himself for some years, and to hire a presentable carriage and horse.

stumbling-block - (stumbling-block) une pierre d'achoppement

readily - facilement, volontiers, aisément

aims - objectifs, viser, pointer

entail - impliquer, comporter

Rents - les loyers, loyer

furnishing - l'ameublement, fournissant, (furnish), meubler, fournir, livrer

expenses - dépenses, dépense

preliminary - préliminaire

outlay - dépenses, dépense, dépenser

hire - embaucher, louer

presentable - présentable

To do this was quite beyond my power, and I could only hope that by economy I might in ten years'time save enough to enable me to put up my plate. Suddenly, however, an unexpected incident opened up quite a new prospect to me.

prospect - prospect, perspective, prospecter

"This was a visit from a gentleman of the name of Blessington, who was a complete stranger to me. He came up to my room one morning, and plunged into business in an instant.

"'You are the same Percy Trevelyan who has had so distinguished a career and won a great prize lately?'said he.

"I bowed.

"'Answer me frankly,'he continued, 'for you will find it to your interest to do so. You have all the cleverness which makes a successful man. Have you the tact?'

frankly - franchement

cleverness - l'ingéniosité

successful - réussie, ayant du succes, marqué de succes, couronné de succes

tact - tact

"I could not help smiling at the abruptness of the question.

abruptness - rudesse, brusquerie, soudaineté

"'I trust that I have my share,'I said.

"'Any bad habits? Not drawn towards drink, eh?'

bad habits - de mauvaises habitudes

"'Really, sir!'I cried.

"'Quite right! That's all right! But I was bound to ask. With all these qualities, why are you not in practice?'

That's all right - C'est d'accord

"I shrugged my shoulders.

"'Come, come!'said he, in his bustling way. 'It's the old story. More in your brains than in your pocket, eh? What would you say if I were to start you in Brook Street?'

"I stared at him in astonishment.

"'Oh, it's for my sake, not for yours,'he cried. 'I'll be perfectly frank with you, and if it suits you it will suit me very well. I have a few thousands to invest, d'ye see, and I think I'll sink them in you.'

for my sake - pour mon bien

suits - des combinaisons, complet, costume, tailleur, combinaison

invest - investir, investissez, investissent, investis

"'But why?'I gasped.

"'Well, it's just like any other speculation, and safer than most.'

speculation - spéculation

safer - plus sur, en sécurité, qualifier

"'What am I to do, then?'

"'I'll tell you. I'll take the house, furnish it, pay the maids, and run the whole place. All you have to do is just to wear out your chair in the consulting-room. I'll let you have pocket-money and everything. Then you hand over to me three quarters of what you earn, and you keep the other quarter for yourself.'

wear out - s'épuiser

"This was the strange proposal, Mr. Holmes, with which the man Blessington approached me. I won't weary you with the account of how we bargained and negotiated. It ended in my moving into the house next Lady-day, and starting in practice on very much the same conditions as he had suggested. He came himself to live with me in the character of a resident patient.

proposal - proposition, demande en mariage

bargained - négocié, accord, affaire, bonne affaire, marchander, s'accorder

negotiated - négocié, négocier

moving into - Déménager dans

conditions - conditions, condition

His heart was weak, it appears, and he needed constant medical supervision. He turned the two best rooms of the first floor into a sitting-room and bedroom for himself. He was a man of singular habits, shunning company and very seldom going out. His life was irregular, but in one respect he was regularity itself.

constant - constant, constante

supervision - supervision, surveillance

shunning - l'exclusion, éviter, rejeter, fuir, esquiver

regularity - régularité

every evening, at the same hour, he walked into the consulting-room, examined the books, put down five and three-pence for every guinea that I had earned, and carried the rest off to the strong-box in his own room.

every evening - tous les soirs

earned - gagnée, gagner (sa vie), rapporter

"I may say with confidence that he never had occasion to regret his speculation. From the first it was a success. A few good cases and the reputation which I had won in the hospital brought me rapidly to the front, and during the last few years I have made him a rich man.

"So much, Mr. Holmes, for my past history and my relations with Mr. Blessington. It only remains for me now to tell you what has occurred to bring me here to-night.

"Some weeks ago Mr. Blessington came down to me in, as it seemed to me, a state of considerable agitation. He spoke of some burglary which, he said, had been committed in the West End, and he appeared, I remember, to be quite unnecessarily excited about it, declaring that a day should not pass before we should add stronger bolts to our windows and doors.

unnecessarily - inutilement

declaring - déclarer, expliquer

bolts - boulons, verrou

For a week he continued to be in a peculiar state of restlessness, peering continually out of the windows, and ceasing to take the short walk which had usually been the prelude to his dinner. From his manner it struck me that he was in mortal dread of something or somebody, but when I questioned him upon the point he became so offensive that I was compelled to drop the subject.

restlessness - l'agitation, agitation, impatience

ceasing - cesser, cessant, (cease), s'arreter

Prelude - prélude

mortal - mortel, mortelle

dread - peur, redouter, craindre, crainte

drop - chute, goutte, tomber

Gradually, as time passed, his fears appeared to die away, and he had renewed his former habits, when a fresh event reduced him to the pitiable state of prostration in which he now lies.

die away - s'éteindre

renewed - renouvelée, renouveler

reduced - réduite, réduire, diminuer, fr

"What happened was this. Two days ago I received the letter which I now read to you. Neither address nor date is attached to it.

"'A Russian nobleman who is now resident in England,'it runs, 'would be glad to avail himself of the professional assistance of Dr. Percy Trevelyan. He has been for some years a victim to cataleptic attacks, on which, as is well known, Dr. Trevelyan is an authority. He proposes to call at about quarter past six to-morrow evening, if Dr. Trevelyan will make it convenient to be at home.'

nobleman - noble

avail - avail, profiter, saisir, servir

authority - l'autorité, autorité

proposes - propose, proposer, demander en mariage

make it convenient - Rendre cela pratique

"This letter interested me deeply, because the chief difficulty in the study of catalepsy is the rareness of the disease. You may believe, then, that I was in my consulting-room when, at the appointed hour, the page showed in the patient.

chief - chef

appointed - nommés, fixer, gloss

showed in - s'est montré

"He was an elderly man, thin, demure, and commonplace"by no means the conception one forms of a Russian nobleman. I was much more struck by the appearance of his companion. This was a tall young man, surprisingly handsome, with a dark, fierce face, and the limbs and chest of a Hercules.

demure - démonstratif, réservé, discret, sobre, sérieux

conception - conception

surprisingly - surprenant

limbs - membres, membre

Hercules - hercule

He had his hand under the other's arm as they entered, and helped him to a chair with a tenderness which one would hardly have expected from his appearance.

tenderness - tendresse

"'You will excuse my coming in, doctor,'said he to me, speaking English with a slight lisp. 'This is my father, and his health is a matter of the most overwhelming importance to me.'

lisp - lisp, zézaiement, zozotement, susseyement, sesseyement

"I was touched by this filial anxiety. 'You would, perhaps, care to remain during the consultation?'said I.

filial - filial

consultation - consultation

"'Not for the world,'he cried with a gesture of horror. 'It is more painful to me than I can express. If I were to see my father in one of these dreadful seizures I am convinced that I should never survive it. My own nervous system is an exceptionally sensitive one. With your permission, I will remain in the waiting-room while you go into my father's case.'

more painful - plus douloureux

seizures - des crises d'épilepsie, saisie, attaque, crise

survive - survivre

nervous system - systeme nerveux

exceptionally - exceptionnellement

"To this, of course, I assented, and the young man withdrew. The patient and I then plunged into a discussion of his case, of which I took exhaustive notes. He was not remarkable for intelligence, and his answers were frequently obscure, which I attributed to his limited acquaintance with our language.

assented - a donné son assentiment, assentiment

withdrew - s'est retiré, (se) retirer

discussion - discussion

exhaustive - exhaustive

attributed - attribuée, attribut, épithete or déterminant

Suddenly, however, as I sat writing, he ceased to give any answer at all to my inquiries, and on my turning towards him I was shocked to see that he was sitting bolt upright in his chair, staring at me with a perfectly blank and rigid face. He was again in the grip of his mysterious malady.

bolt upright - Droit comme un i

malady - maladie

"My first feeling, as I have just said, was one of pity and horror. My second, I fear, was rather one of professional satisfaction. I made notes of my patient's pulse and temperature, tested the rigidity of his muscles, and examined his reflexes. There was nothing markedly abnormal in any of these conditions, which harmonized with my former experiences.

temperature - température

muscles - muscles, muscle

reflexes - réflexes, réflexe, continuateur

markedly - de façon marquée, nettement

abnormal - anormale, inhabituel, hors norme, exceptionnel, anormal

harmonized - harmonisée, s'accorder, harmoniser

I had obtained good results in such cases by the inhalation of nitrite of amyl, and the present seemed an admirable opportunity of testing its virtues. The bottle was downstairs in my laboratory, so leaving my patient seated in his chair, I ran down to get it. There was some little delay in finding it"five minutes, let us say"and then I returned.

inhalation - l'inhalation, inhalation

amyl - amyl, amyle

virtues - vertus, vertu

laboratory - laboratoire

Imagine my amazement to find the room empty and the patient gone.

"Of course, my first act was to run into the waiting-room. The son had gone also. The hall door had been closed, but not shut. My page who admits patients is a new boy and by no means quick. He waits downstairs, and runs up to show patients out when I ring the consulting-room bell. He had heard nothing, and the affair remained a complete mystery. Mr.

admits - admet, admettre, avouer, reconnaître

patients - patients, patient, patiente, malade

runs up - se présente

Blessington came in from his walk shortly afterwards, but I did not say anything to him upon the subject, for, to tell the truth, I have got in the way of late of holding as little communication with him as possible.

holding - en attente, possession, (hold) en attente

communication - la communication, communication, message

"Well, I never thought that I should see anything more of the Russian and his son, so you can imagine my amazement when, at the very same hour this evening, they both came marching into my consulting-room, just as they had done before.

"'I feel that I owe you a great many apologies for my abrupt departure yesterday, doctor,'said my patient.

departure - départ, déviation

"'I confess that I was very much surprised at it,'said I.

"'Well, the fact is,'he remarked, 'that when I recover from these attacks my mind is always very clouded as to all that has gone before. I woke up in a strange room, as it seemed to me, and made my way out into the street in a sort of dazed way when you were absent.'

recover from - se remettre

clouded - obscurci, s'obscurcir

"'And I,'said the son, 'seeing my father pass the door of the waiting-room, naturally thought that the consultation had come to an end. It was not until we had reached home that I began to realize the true state of affairs.'

"'Well,'said I, laughing, 'there is no harm done except that you puzzled me terribly; so if you, sir, would kindly step into the waiting-room I shall be happy to continue our consultation which was brought to so abrupt an ending.'

puzzled - perplexe, mystere, énigme, puzzle, casse-tete, jeu de patience

"'For half an hour or so I discussed that old gentleman's symptoms with him, and then, having prescribed for him, I saw him go off upon the arm of his son.

prescribed - prescrite, prescrire, indiquer, ordonner

"I have told you that Mr. Blessington generally chose this hour of the day for his exercise. He came in shortly afterwards and passed upstairs. An instant later I heard him running down, and he burst into my consulting-room like a man who is mad with panic.

panic - panique

"'Who has been in my room?'he cried.

"'No one,'said I.

"'It's a lie! He yelled. 'Come up and look!'

"I passed over the grossness of his language, as he seemed half out of his mind with fear. When I went upstairs with him he pointed to several footprints upon the light carpet.

grossness - pointure

footprints - empreintes de pas, empreinte de pied, empreinte écologique

"'D'you mean to say those are mine?'he cried.

"They were certainly very much larger than any which he could have made, and were evidently quite fresh. It rained hard this afternoon, as you know, and my patients were the only people who called. It must have been the case, then, that the man in the waiting-room had, for some unknown reason, while I was busy with the other, ascended to the room of my resident patient.

Nothing had been touched or taken, but there were the footprints to prove that the intrusion was an undoubted fact.

undoubted - incontestable

"Mr. Blessington seemed more excited over the matter than I should have thought possible, though of course it was enough to disturb anybody's peace of mind. He actually sat crying in an arm-chair, and I could hardly get him to speak coherently.

more excited - plus excité

disturb - déranger, perturber, gener

crying - pleurer, pleur, (cry), crier, hurler, gueuler

coherently - de maniere cohérente

It was his suggestion that I should come round to you, and of course I at once saw the propriety of it, for certainly the incident is a very singular one, though he appears to completely overrate its importance. If you would only come back with me in my brougham, you would at least be able to soothe him, though I can hardly hope that you will be able to explain this remarkable occurrence."

overrate - surévaluer, surestimer, surfaire, surcoter

soothe - apaiser, calmer, soulager

Sherlock Holmes had listened to this long narrative with an intentness which showed me that his interest was keenly aroused. His face was as impassive as ever, but his lids had drooped more heavily over his eyes, and his smoke had curled up more thickly from his pipe to emphasize each curious episode in the doctor's tale.

intentness - l'intention

impassive - impassible

drooped - s'est affaissée, tomber, s'affaisser, bec

curled up - recroquevillé

thickly - épais, épaissement

emphasize - souligner, accentuer

episode - épisode

As our visitor concluded, Holmes sprang up without a word, handed me my hat, picked his own from the table, and followed Dr. Trevelyan to the door. Within a quarter of an hour we had been dropped at the door of the physician's residence in Brook Street, one of those sombre, flat-faced houses which one associates with a West-End practice.

physician - médecin, femme médecin, docteur

residence - résidence, siege social

associates with - s'associer avec

A small page admitted us, and we began at once to ascend the broad, well-carpeted stair.

admitted - admis, admettre, avouer, reconnaître

ascend - s'élever, monter

carpeted - moquette, tapis, tapisser

But a singular interruption brought us to a standstill. The light at the top was suddenly whisked out, and from the darkness came a reedy, quivering voice.

interruption - interruption

standstill - l'arret, arret, immobilisation, paralysie, surplace

reedy - reedy

"I have a pistol," it cried. "I give you my word that I'll fire if you come any nearer."

"This really grows outrageous, Mr. Blessington," cried Dr. Trevelyan.

"Oh, then it is you, doctor," said the voice, with a great heave of relief. "But those other gentlemen, are they what they pretend to be?"

heave - soulevement, hisser

We were conscious of a long scrutiny out of the darkness.

"Yes, yes, it's all right," said the voice at last. "You can come up, and I am sorry if my precautions have annoyed you."

He relit the stair gas as he spoke, and we saw before us a singular-looking man, whose appearance, as well as his voice, testified to his jangled nerves. He was very fat, but had apparently at some time been much fatter, so that the skin hung about his face in loose pouches, like the cheeks of a blood-hound.

testified - a témoigné, témoigner, attester

jangled - secouée, retentir (avec un bruit de ferraille)

hung about - traîner

pouches - pochettes, sachet, petit sac, qualifieror tobacco, poche

He was of a sickly color, and his thin, sandy hair seemed to bristle up with the intensity of his emotion. In his hand he held a pistol, but he thrust it into his pocket as we advanced.

sickly - malade, maladif, souffreteux, chétif, valétudinaire, douçâtre

bristle - de poils, soie, poil, se hérisser

intensity - l'intensité, intensité

"Good-evening, Mr. Holmes," said he. "I am sure I am very much obliged to you for coming round. No one ever needed your advice more than I do. I suppose that Dr. Trevelyan has told you of this most unwarrantable intrusion into my rooms."

unwarrantable - injustifiable

"Quite so," said Holmes. "Who are these two men Mr. Blessington, and why do they wish to molest you?"

molest - molester, embeter, violer, abuser

"Well, well," said the resident patient, in a nervous fashion, "of course it is hard to say that. You can hardly expect me to answer that, Mr. Holmes."

"Do you mean that you don't know?"

"Come in here, if you please. Just have the kindness to step in here."

He led the way into his bedroom, which was large and comfortably furnished.

"You see that," said he, pointing to a big black box at the end of his bed. "I have never been a very rich man, Mr. Holmes"never made but one investment in my life, as Dr. Trevelyan would tell you. But I don't believe in bankers. I would never trust a banker, Mr. Holmes.

investment - l'investissement, investissement

Between ourselves, what little I have is in that box, so you can understand what it means to me when unknown people force themselves into my rooms."

Holmes looked at Blessington in his questioning way and shook his head.

"I cannot possibly advise you if you try to deceive me," said he.

deceive - tromper, leurrer, séduire

"But I have told you everything."

Holmes turned on his heel with a gesture of disgust. "Good-night, Dr. Trevelyan," said he.

disgust - dégout, dégouter, dégout

"And no advice for me?" cried Blessington, in a breaking voice.

"My advice to you, sir, is to speak the truth."

A minute later we were in the street and walking for home. We had crossed Oxford Street and were half way down Harley Street before I could get a word from my companion.

Oxford - oxford

"Sorry to bring you out on such a fool's errand, Watson," he said at last. "It is an interesting case, too, at the bottom of it."

errand - course, commission

"I can make little of it," I confessed.

"Well, it is quite evident that there are two men"more, perhaps, but at least two"who are determined for some reason to get at this fellow Blessington. I have no doubt in my mind that both on the first and on the second occasion that young man penetrated to Blessington's room, while his confederate, by an ingenious device, kept the doctor from interfering."

penetrated - pénétré, pénétrer

interfering - interférer, meler

"And the catalepsy?"

"A fraudulent imitation, Watson, though I should hardly dare to hint as much to our specialist. It is a very easy complaint to imitate. I have done it myself."

fraudulent - frauduleux

imitation - imitation

hint - indice, indication, soupçon, faire allusion

"And then?"

"By the purest chance Blessington was out on each occasion. Their reason for choosing so unusual an hour for a consultation was obviously to insure that there should be no other patient in the waiting-room. It just happened, however, that this hour coincided with Blessington's constitutional, which seems to show that they were not very well acquainted with his daily routine.

purest - le plus pur, pur

insure - assurer

coincided - ont coincidé, coincider

constitutional - constitutionnel, constitutionnelle

daily - quotidien, journellement

Of course, if they had been merely after plunder they would at least have made some attempt to search for it. Besides, I can read in a man's eye when it is his own skin that he is frightened for. It is inconceivable that this fellow could have made two such vindictive enemies as these appear to be without knowing of it.

plunder - le pillage, piller, checkravager, pillage, butin

inconceivable - inconcevable

vindictive - vindicatif

I hold it, therefore, to be certain that he does know who these men are, and that for reasons of his own he suppresses it. It is just possible that to-morrow may find him in a more communicative mood."

suppresses - supprime, contenir, fr

"Is there not one alternative," I suggested, "grotesquely improbable, no doubt, but still just conceivable? Might the whole story of the cataleptic Russian and his son be a concoction of Dr. Trevelyan's, who has, for his own purposes, been in Blessington's rooms?"

grotesquely - de façon grotesque

improbable - invraisemblable, improbable

purposes - objectifs, but, objet

I saw in the gaslight that Holmes wore an amused smile at this brilliant departure of mine.

gaslight - l'éclairage au gaz

smile at - sourire a

"My dear fellow," said he, "it was one of the first solutions which occurred to me, but I was soon able to corroborate the doctor's tale. This young man has left prints upon the stair-carpet which made it quite superfluous for me to ask to see those which he had made in the room.

solutions - des solutions, solution

corroborate - corroborer

superfluous - superflue, superflu

When I tell you that his shoes were square-toed instead of being pointed like Blessington's, and were quite an inch and a third longer than the doctor's, you will acknowledge that there can be no doubt as to his individuality. But we may sleep on it now, for I shall be surprised if we do not hear something further from Brook Street in the morning."

toed - a l'orteil, orteil, doigt de pied

inch - pouce

Sherlock Holmes's prophecy was soon fulfilled, and in a dramatic fashion. At half-past seven next morning, in the first glimmer of daylight, I found him standing by my bedside in his dressing-gown.

prophecy - prophétie

fulfilled - satisfaits, combler, satisfaire

daylight - la lumiere du jour, jour, lumiere du jour

bedside - au chevet du malade

"There's a brougham waiting for us, Watson," said he.

"What's the matter, then?"

"The Brook Street business."

"Any fresh news?"

"Tragic, but ambiguous," said he, pulling up the blind. "Look at this"a sheet from a note-book, with 'For God's sake come at once"P. T.,'scrawled upon it in pencil. Our friend, the doctor, was hard put to it when he wrote this. Come along, my dear fellow, for it's an urgent call."

ambiguous - ambiguë

pulling up - tirer vers le haut

urgent - urgent

In a quarter of an hour or so we were back at the physician's house. He came running out to meet us with a face of horror.

"Oh, such a business!" he cried, with his hands to his temples.

"What then?"

"Blessington has committed suicide!"

Holmes whistled.

"Yes, he hanged himself during the night."

hanged - pendu

We had entered, and the doctor had preceded us into what was evidently his waiting-room.

preceded - précédé, précéder

"I really hardly know what I am doing," he cried. "The police are already upstairs. It has shaken me most dreadfully."

dreadfully - terriblement

"When did you find it out?"

"He has a cup of tea taken in to him early every morning. When the maid entered, about seven, there the unfortunate fellow was hanging in the middle of the room. He had tied his cord to the hook on which the heavy lamp used to hang, and he had jumped off from the top of the very box that he showed us yesterday."

cord - corde, cordon

Holmes stood for a moment in deep thought.

"With your permission," said he at last, "I should like to go upstairs and look into the matter."

go upstairs - monter a l'étage

We both ascended, followed by the doctor.

It was a dreadful sight which met us as we entered the bedroom door. I have spoken of the impression of flabbiness which this man Blessington conveyed. As he dangled from the Hook it was exaggerated and intensified until he was scarce human in his appearance. The neck was drawn out like a plucked chicken's, making the rest of him seem the more obese and unnatural by the contrast.

flabbiness - la mollesse

conveyed - transmis, transporter, véhiculer, communiquer

dangled - pendue, pendre, pendouiller

Hook it - Accroche-le

intensified - intensifiée, intensifier, s'intensifier

scarce - rare

obese - obeses, obese

contrast - contraste, contraster

He was clad only in his long night-dress, and his swollen ankles and ungainly feet protruded starkly from beneath it. Beside him stood a smart-looking police-inspector, who was taking notes in a pocket-book.

swollen - gonflé, enfler, gonfler

ankles - chevilles, cheville

ungainly - disgracieux, gauche

protruded - en saillie, dépasser, saillir

starkly - brutalement

police-inspector - (police-inspector) inspecteur de police

"Ah, Mr. Holmes," said he, heartily, as my friend entered, "I am delighted to see you."

"Good-morning, Lanner," answered Holmes; "you won't think me an intruder, I am sure. Have you heard of the events which led up to this affair?"

Lanner - lanner

"Yes, I heard something of them."

"Have you formed any opinion?"

"as far as I can see, the man has been driven out of his senses by fright. The bed has been well slept in, you see. There's his impression deep enough. It's about five in the morning, you know, that suicides are most common. That would be about his time for hanging himself. It seems to have been a very deliberate affair."

as far as I can see - pour autant que je puisse voir

suicides - suicides, suicide, suicidé, suicidée, suicidant, suicidante

deliberate - délibérée, délibéré, concerté, délibérer

"I should say that he has been dead about three hours, judging by the rigidity of the muscles," said I.

judging - juger

"Noticed anything peculiar about the room?" asked Holmes.

"Found a screw-driver and some screws on the wash-hand stand. Seems to have smoked heavily during the night, too. Here are four cigar-ends that I picked out of the fireplace."

screws - vis, hélice, visser, baiser, coucher avec, fourrer

picked out - choisi

"Hum!" said Holmes, "have you got his cigar-holder?"

holder - porteur, porteuse, détenteur, détentrice

"No, I have seen none."

"His cigar-case, then?"

"Yes, it was in his coat-pocket."

Holmes opened it and smelled the single cigar which it contained.

smelled - senti, odeur, t+parfum, t+gout, odorat, sentir, t+humer

"Oh, this is an Havana, and these others are cigars of the peculiar sort which are imported by the Dutch from their East Indian colonies. They are usually wrapped in straw, you know, and are thinner for their length than any other brand." He picked up the four ends and examined them with his pocket-lens.

Havana - la havane

imported - importé, importer

Dutch - néerlandais, hollandais

colonies - colonies, colonie

wrapped - enveloppé, enrouler (autour de)

straw - paille, fétu, jaune paille

brand - tison, marque, style, flétrir, marquer, graver, cataloguer

lens - lentille, cristallin, filmer

"Two of these have been smoked from a holder and two without," said he. "Two have been cut by a not very sharp knife, and two have had the ends bitten off by a set of excellent teeth. This is no suicide, Mr. Lanner. It is a very deeply planned and cold-blooded murder."

bitten off - mordu

cold-blooded - (cold-blooded) de sang froid

"Impossible!" cried the inspector.

"And why?"

"Why should any one murder a man in so clumsy a fashion as by hanging him?"

clumsy - empoté, gauche, lourd, maladroit

"That is what we have to find out."

"How could they get in?"

"Through the front door."

"It was barred in the morning."

barred - interdit, barre

"Then it was barred after them."

barred - interdit, barre, tablette

"How do you know?"

"I saw their traces. Excuse me a moment, and I may be able to give you some further information about it."

further information - des informations supplémentaires

He went over to the door, and turning the lock he examined it in his methodical way. Then he took out the key, which was on the inside, and inspected that also.

The bed, the carpet, the chairs the mantelpiece, the dead body, and the rope were each in turn examined, until at last he professed himself satisfied, and with my aid and that of the inspector cut down the wretched object and laid it reverently under a sheet.

rope - corde, funiculaire

reverently - avec révérence

"How about this rope?" he asked.

"It is cut off this," said Dr. Trevelyan, drawing a large coil from under the bed. "He was morbidly nervous of fire, and always kept this beside him, so that he might escape by the window in case the stairs were burning."

coil - bobine, spirale

morbidly - morbide

escape - échapper, s'échapper, éviter, échapper (a quelqu'un), évasion

"That must have saved them trouble," said Holmes, thoughtfully. "Yes, the actual facts are very plain, and I shall be surprised if by the afternoon I cannot give you the reasons for them as well. I will take this photograph of Blessington, which I see upon the mantelpiece, as it may help me in my inquiries."

actual - réel, effectif, checkeffectif, checkprésent

"But you have told us nothing!" cried the doctor.

"Oh, there can be no doubt as to the sequence of events," said Holmes. "There were three of them in it: the young man, the old man, and a third, to whose identity I have no clue. The first two, I need hardly remark, are the same who masqueraded as the Russian count and his son, so we can give a very full description of them. They were admitted by a confederate inside the house.

identity - l'identité, identité

masqueraded - masqué, bal masqué, mascarade, déguiser

count - compter, comptent, comptez, comptons, comte

If I might offer you a word of advice, Inspector, it would be to arrest the page, who, as I understand, has only recently come into your service, Doctor."

"The young imp cannot be found," said Dr. Trevelyan; "the maid and the cook have just been searching for him."

imp - diablotin

searching - a la recherche, recherche, chercher, fouiller

Holmes shrugged his shoulders.

"He has played a not unimportant part in this drama," said he. "The three men having ascended the stairs, which they did on tiptoe, the elder man first, the younger man second, and the unknown man in the rear""

tiptoe - pointe des pied ieds, marcher sur la pointe des pieds

rear - arriere, verso, élever

"My dear Holmes!" I ejaculated.

ejaculated - éjaculé, éjaculer, éjaculat

"Oh, there could be no question as to the superimposing of the footmarks. I had the advantage of learning which was which last night. They ascended, then, to Mr. Blessington's room, the door of which they found to be locked. With the help of a wire, however, they forced round the key. Even without the lens you will perceive, by the scratches on this ward, where the pressure was applied.

superimposing - superposition, superposer

scratches - des rayures, gratter, égratigner, piquer, rayer, biffer

pressure - pression

applied - appliquée, appliquer (sur)

"On entering the room their first proceeding must have been to gag Mr. Blessington. He may have been asleep, or he may have been so paralyzed with terror as to have been unable to cry out. These walls are thick, and it is conceivable that his shriek, if he had time to utter one, was unheard.

proceeding - la poursuite de la procédure, acte, (proceed), avancer

gag - gag, bâillon, haut-le-coeur, haut-le-cour, bâillonner

paralyzed - paralysé, paralyser

utter - l'utérus, émettre

unheard - non entendue

"Having secured him, it is evident to me that a consultation of some sort was held. Probably it was something in the nature of a judicial proceeding. It must have lasted for some time, for it was then that these cigars were smoked. The older man sat in that wicker chair; it was he who used the cigar-holder. The younger man sat over yonder; he knocked his ash off against the chest of drawers.

judicial - judiciaire

The third fellow paced up and down. Blessington, I think, sat upright in the bed, but of that I cannot be absolutely certain.

paced - rythmée, pas

upright - debout, integre, montant

"Well, it ended by their taking Blessington and hanging him. The matter was so prearranged that it is my belief that they brought with them some sort of block or pulley which might serve as a gallows. That screw-driver and those screws were, as I conceive, for fixing it up. Seeing the hook, however they naturally saved themselves the trouble.

belief - croyance, conviction, foi

block - bloc, bloquer, bloquent, bloquons, obstruer, buche

pulley - poulie

gallows - la potence, potence, (gallow) la potence

conceive - concevoir, tomber enceinte

Having finished their work they made off, and the door was barred behind them by their confederate."

We had all listened with the deepest interest to this sketch of the night's doings, which Holmes had deduced from signs so subtle and minute that, even when he had pointed them out to us, we could scarcely follow him in his reasoning. The inspector hurried away on the instant to make inquiries about the page, while Holmes and I returned to Baker Street for breakfast.

scarcely - a peine, a peine, guere

"I'll be back by three," said he, when we had finished our meal. "Both the inspector and the doctor will meet me here at that hour, and I hope by that time to have cleared up any little obscurity which the case may still present."

obscurity - l'obscurité, obscurité

Our visitors arrived at the appointed time, but it was a quarter to four before my friend put in an appearance. From his expression as he entered, however, I could see that all had gone well with him.

appointed time - l'heure prévue

"Any news, Inspector?"

"We have got the boy, sir."

"Excellent, and I have got the men."

"You have got them!" we cried, all three.

"Well, at least I have got their identity. This so-called Blessington is, as I expected, well known at headquarters, and so are his assailants. Their names are Biddle, Hayward, and Moffat."

"The Worthingdon bank gang," cried the inspector.

"Precisely," said Holmes.

"Then Blessington must have been Sutton."

"Exactly," said Holmes.

"Why, that makes it as clear as crystal," said the inspector.

But Trevelyan and I looked at each other in bewilderment.

"You must surely remember the great Worthingdon bank business," said Holmes. "Five men were in it"these four and a fifth called Cartwright. Tobin, the care-taker, was murdered, and the thieves got away with seven thousand pounds. This was in 1875. They were all five arrested, but the evidence against them was by no means conclusive.

conclusive - concluante

This Blessington or Sutton, who was the worst of the gang, turned informer. On his evidence Cartwright was hanged and the other three got fifteen years apiece. When they got out the other day, which was some years before their full term, they set themselves, as you perceive, to hunt down the traitor and to avenge the death of their comrade upon him.

apiece - chacun, chacune

hunt - chasser, chercher, chasse

traitor - traître, traîtresse, trahir

Twice they tried to get at him and failed; a third time, you see, it came off. Is there anything further which I can explain, Dr. Trevelyan?"

"I think you have made it all remarkably clear," said the doctor. "No doubt the day on which he was perturbed was the day when he had seen of their release in the newspapers."

perturbed - perturbé, perturber, troubler

"Quite so. His talk about a burglary was the merest blind."

"But why could he not tell you this?"

"Well, my dear sir, knowing the vindictive character of his old associates, he was trying to hide his own identity from everybody as long as he could. His secret was a shameful one, and he could not bring himself to divulge it.

associates - associés, fréquenter, associer

shameful - honteux, scandaleux

divulge - divulguer, rendre public, ébruiter

However, wretch as he was, he was still living under the shield of British law, and I have no doubt, Inspector, that you will see that, though that shield may fail to guard, the sword of justice is still there to avenge."

Such were the singular circumstances in connection with the Resident Patient and the Brook Street Doctor.

From that night nothing has been seen of the three murderers by the police, and it is surmised at Scotland Yard that they were among the passengers of the ill-fated steamer Norah Creina, which was lost some years ago with all hands upon the Portuguese coast, some leagues to the north of Oporto.

murderers - meurtriers, meurtrier, meurtriere, assassin, assassine

surmised - supposé, présumer, supposer, suspecter

Scotland - l'ecosse, Écosse

passengers - des passagers, passager

steamer - vapeur

Portuguese - portugais, portugaise

leagues - ligues, ligue

The proceedings against the page broke down for want of evidence, and the Brook Street Mystery, as it was called, has never until now been fully dealt with in any public print.

broke down - tombé en panne

Chapter IX. The Greek Interpreter

interpreter - interprete, interprete, interpréteur

During my long and intimate acquaintance with Mr. Sherlock Holmes I had never heard him refer to his relations, and hardly ever to his own early life.

intimate - intime

hardly ever - presque jamais

This reticence upon his part had increased the somewhat inhuman effect which he produced upon me, until sometimes I found myself regarding him as an isolated phenomenon, a brain without a heart, as deficient in human sympathy as he was pre-eminent in intelligence.

reticence - réticence

increased - augmenté, augmenter, croître, accroître, augmentation

isolated - isolée, isoler, esseuler

phenomenon - phénomene, phénomene

pre - pré

His aversion to women and his disinclination to form new friendships were both typical of his unemotional character, but not more so than his complete suppression of every reference to his own people. I had come to believe that he was an orphan with no relatives living, but one day, to my very great surprise, he began to talk to me about his brother.

aversion - l'aversion, aversion

disinclination - la réticence, réticence

friendships - amitiés, amitié

typical - typique, représentatif

unemotional - sans émotion

orphan - orphelin, orpheline

It was after tea on a summer evening, and the conversation, which had roamed in a desultory, spasmodic fashion from golf clubs to the causes of the change in the obliquity of the ecliptic, came round at last to the question of atavism and hereditary aptitudes. The point under discussion was, how far any singular gift in an individual was due to his ancestry and how far to his own early training.

roamed - a erré, errer

desultory - désultoire

spasmodic - spasmodique

golf clubs - des clubs de golf

obliquity - obliquité

ecliptic - écliptique

atavism - atavisme

hereditary - héréditaire

gift - présent, cadeau, don, talent, donner

ancestry - l'ascendance, ascendance

"In your own case," said I, "from all that you have told me, it seems obvious that your faculty of observation and your peculiar facility for deduction are due to your own systematic training."

faculty - la faculté, faculté

facility - l'installation, facilité, infrastructure, installation

"To some extent," he answered, thoughtfully. "My ancestors were country squires, who appear to have led much the same life as is natural to their class. But, none the less, my turn that way is in my veins, and may have come with my grandmother, who was the sister of Vernet, the French artist. Art in the blood is liable to take the strangest forms."

extent - mesure, étendue

ancestors - ancetres, ancetre

veins - veines, veine

"But how do you know that it is hereditary?"

"Because my brother Mycroft possesses it in a larger degree than I do."

possesses - possede, posséder, s'emparer de

degree - diplôme, degré, ordre

This was news to me indeed. If there were another man with such singular powers in England, how was it that neither police nor public had heard of him? I put the question, with a hint that it was my companion's modesty which made him acknowledge his brother as his superior. Holmes laughed at my suggestion.

modesty - la modestie, modestie

superior - supérieur

"My dear Watson," said he, "I cannot agree with those who rank modesty among the virtues. To the logician all things should be seen exactly as they are, and to underestimate one's self is as much a departure from truth as to exaggerate one's own powers. When I say, therefore, that Mycroft has better powers of observation than I, you may take it that I am speaking the exact and literal truth."

logician - logicien, logicienne

underestimate - sous-estimer

exaggerate - exagérer, outrer

literal - littérale, littéral, épistolaire, littéraux

"Is he your junior?"

junior - junior, jeune

"Seven years my senior."

"How comes it that he is unknown?"

"Oh, he is very well known in his own circle."

"Where, then?"

"Well, in the Diogenes Club, for example."

I had never heard of the institution, and my face must have proclaimed as much, for Sherlock Holmes pulled out his watch.

Institution - l'institution, institution

proclaimed - proclamé, proclamer, déclarer

"The Diogenes Club is the queerest club in London, and Mycroft one of the queerest men. He's always there from quarter to five to twenty to eight. It's six now, so if you care for a stroll this beautiful evening I shall be very happy to introduce you to two curiosities."

queerest - le plus rapide, étrange, bizarre

Five minutes later we were in the street, walking towards Regent's Circus.

Regent - régent, régente

circus - cirque

"You wonder," said my companion, "why it is that Mycroft does not use his powers for detective work. He is incapable of it."

"But I thought you said""

"I said that he was my superior in observation and deduction. If the art of the detective began and ended in reasoning from an arm-chair, my brother would be the greatest criminal agent that ever lived. But he has no ambition and no energy. He will not even go out of his way to verify his own solutions, and would rather be considered wrong than take the trouble to prove himself right.

Ambition - l'ambition, ambition, ambition (1-5)

take the trouble - prendre la peine

Again and again I have taken a problem to him, and have received an explanation which has afterwards proved to be the correct one. And yet he was absolutely incapable of working out the practical points which must be gone into before a case could be laid before a judge or jury."

"It is not his profession, then?"

"By no means. What is to me a means of livelihood is to him the merest hobby of a dilettante. He has an extraordinary faculty for figures, and audits the books in some of the government departments. Mycroft lodges in Pall Mall, and he walks round the corner into Whitehall every morning and back every evening.

livelihood - moyens de subsistance, gagneain, subsistance

dilettante - dilettante

audits - audits, inspection, audit, audit (1)

Government - le gouvernement, gouvernement, rection

departments - départements, ministere, département

lodges - les gîtes, cabane, maison du portier, loge, rench: -neededr

Pall - pall, drap mortuaire, voile

Mall - mail, centre commercial

From year's end to year's end he takes no other exercise, and is seen nowhere else, except only in the Diogenes Club, which is just opposite his rooms."

nowhere - nulle part

"I cannot recall the name."

"Very likely not. There are many men in London, you know, who, some from shyness, some from misanthropy, have no wish for the company of their fellows. Yet they are not averse to comfortable chairs and the latest periodicals. It is for the convenience of these that the Diogenes Club was started, and it now contains the most unsociable and unclubable men in town.

shyness - timidité

misanthropy - la misanthropie, misanthropie

periodicals - périodiques, périodique

convenience - la commodité, convenance, commodité, avantage, commodités

contains - contient, contenir

most unsociable - le plus insociable

unclubable - inclassable

No member is permitted to take the least notice of any other one. Save in the Stranger's Room, no talking is, under any circumstances, allowed, and three offences, if brought to the notice of the committee, render the talker liable to expulsion. My brother was one of the founders, and I have myself found it a very soothing atmosphere."

committee - de la commission, comité, commission

render - l'équarrissage, rendre

talker - Parleur

expulsion - l'expulsion, expulsion

soothing - apaisant, pacifiant, rassurant, (sooth)

We had reached Pall Mall as we talked, and were walking down it from the St. James's end. Sherlock Holmes stopped at a door some little distance from the Carlton, and, cautioning me not to speak, he led the way into the hall.

cautioning - la mise en garde, admonition, fr

Through the glass paneling I caught a glimpse of a large and luxurious room, in which a considerable number of men were sitting about and reading papers, each in his own little nook. Holmes showed me into a small chamber which looked out into Pall Mall, and then, leaving me for a minute, he came back with a companion whom I knew could only be his brother.

paneling - panneaux, boiserie(s), (panel), panneau, table ronde, case

luxurious - luxueux, de luxe

nook - le livre, coin, angle, recoin

Mycroft Holmes was a much larger and stouter man than Sherlock. His body was absolutely corpulent, but his face, though massive, had preserved something of the sharpness of expression which was so remarkable in that of his brother.

stouter - plus corpulente, solide

corpulent - corpulent

massive - massive, massif

sharpness - la netteté, tranchant, fil, finesse, acuité, acidité, netteté

His eyes, which were of a peculiarly light, watery gray, seemed to always retain that far-away, introspective look which I had only observed in Sherlock's when he was exerting his full powers.

watery - aqueux

introspective - introspectif

exerting - exercer

"I am glad to meet you, sir," said he, putting out a broad, fat hand like the flipper of a seal. "I hear of Sherlock everywhere since you became his chronicler. By the way, Sherlock, I expected to see you round last week, to consult me over that Manor House case. I thought you might be a little out of your depth."

putting out - a mettre dehors

flipper - flipper, aileron, nageoire, palme, (flip) flipper

seal - sceau

everywhere - partout

chronicler - chroniqueur

depth - profondeur, épaisseur

"No, I solved it," said my friend, smiling.

"It was Adams, of course."

Adams - adams, Adam

"Yes, it was Adams."

"I was sure of it from the first." The two sat down together in the bow-window of the club. "To any one who wishes to study mankind this is the spot," said Mycroft. "Look at the magnificent types! Look at these two men who are coming towards us, for example."

bow - l'arc, arc

wishes - souhaits, souhait, souhaiter, espérer

"The billiard-marker and the other?"

marker - marqueur

"Precisely. What do you make of the other?"

The two men had stopped opposite the window. Some chalk marks over the waistcoat pocket were the only signs of billiards which I could see in one of them. The other was a very small, dark fellow, with his hat pushed back and several packages under his arm.

chalk - craie, magnésie

pushed back - repoussé

"An old soldier, I perceive," said Sherlock.

"And very recently discharged," remarked the brother.

discharged - déchargée, licenciement, débit

"Served in India, I see."

"And a non-commissioned officer."

non - non

"Royal Artillery, I fancy," said Sherlock.

"And a widower."

"But with a child."

"Children, my dear boy, children."

"Come," said I, laughing, "this is a little too much."

"Surely," answered Holmes, "it is not hard to say that a man with that bearing, expression of authority, and sunbaked skin, is a soldier, is more than a private, and is not long from India."

"That he has not left the service long is shown by his still wearing his ammunition boots, as they are called," observed Mycroft.

ammunition - munitions

"He had not the cavalry stride, yet he wore his hat on one side, as is shown by the lighter skin of that side of his brow. His weight is against his being a sapper. He is in the artillery."

cavalry - la cavalerie, cavalerie

sapper - sapeur

"Then, of course, his complete mourning shows that he has lost some one very dear. The fact that he is doing his own shopping looks as though it were his wife. He has been buying things for children, you perceive. There is a rattle, which shows that one of them is very young. The wife probably died in childbed.

mourning - le deuil, deuil, (mourn), déplorer, porter le deuil

rattle - cliquetis, claquer, pétarade, ferrailler

childbed - lit d'enfant

The fact that he has a picture-book under his arm shows that there is another child to be thought of."

picture-book - (picture-book) livre d'images

I began to understand what my friend meant when he said that his brother possessed even keener faculties that he did himself. He glanced across at me and smiled. Mycroft took snuff from a tortoise-shell box, and brushed away the wandering grains from his coat front with a large, red silk handkerchief.

keener - plus fort, (keen) plus fort

faculties - facultés, faculté

took snuff - a pris du tabac a priser

tortoise-shell - (tortoise-shell) carapace de tortue

brushed - brossé, brosse, brossage, accrochage, brosser

grains - céréales, grain

"By the way, Sherlock," said he, "I have had something quite after your own heart"a most singular problem"submitted to my judgment. I really had not the energy to follow it up save in a very incomplete fashion, but it gave me a basis for some pleasing speculation. If you would care to hear the facts""

"My dear Mycroft, I should be delighted."

The brother scribbled a note upon a leaf of his pocket-book, and, ringing the bell, he handed it to the waiter.

leaf - feuille, rallonge, battant, ouvrant, vantail, feuiller

"I have asked Mr. Melas to step across," said he. "He lodges on the floor above me, and I have some slight acquaintance with him, which led him to come to me in his perplexity. Mr. Melas is a Greek by extraction, as I understand, and he is a remarkable linguist.

extraction - extraction, rench: t-needed r

linguist - linguiste

He earns his living partly as interpreter in the law courts and partly by acting as guide to any wealthy Orientals who may visit the Northumberland Avenue hotels. I think I will leave him to tell his very remarkable experience in his own fashion."

earns - gagne, gagner (sa vie), rapporter

partly - en partie

law courts - Tribunaux de justice

acting as - Agir comme

A few minutes later we were joined by a short, stout man whose olive face and coal-black hair proclaimed his Southern origin, though his speech was that of an educated Englishman. He shook hands eagerly with Sherlock Holmes, and his dark eyes sparkled with pleasure when he understood that the specialist was anxious to hear his story.

stout - stout, solide

olive - olive

southern - méridionale, méridional, sud, austral, sudiste

origin - origine, source

Speech - parole, discours

educated - éduqués, éduquer

Englishman - Anglais

"I do not believe that the police credit me"on my word, I do not," said he in a wailing voice. "Just because they have never heard of it before, they think that such a thing cannot be. But I know that I shall never be easy in my mind until I know what has become of my poor man with the sticking-plaster upon his face."

wailing - gémissements, (wail) gémissements

poor man - pauvre homme

sticking - coller, (stick) coller

plaster - le plâtre, onguent, plâtre, enduit, enduire, plâtrer

"I am all attention," said Sherlock Holmes.

"This is Wednesday evening," said Mr. Melas. "Well then, it was Monday night"only two days ago, you understand"that all this happened. I am an interpreter, as perhaps my neighbor there has told you. I interpret all languages"or nearly all"but as I am a Greek by birth and with a Grecian name, it is with that particular tongue that I am principally associated.

Interpret - interpréter, traduire

by birth - de naissance

Grecian - hellénique

For many years I have been the chief Greek interpreter in London, and my name is very well known in the hotels.

"It happens not unfrequently that I am sent for at strange hours by foreigners who get into difficulties, or by travelers who arrive late and wish my services. I was not surprised, therefore, on Monday night when a Mr. Latimer, a very fashionably dressed young man, came up to my rooms and asked me to accompany him in a cab which was waiting at the door.

unfrequently - rarement

foreigners - étrangers, étranger, étrangere

travelers - voyageurs, voyageur/-euse

fashionably - a la mode

cab - cab, fiacre

A Greek friend had come to see him upon business, he said, and as he could speak nothing but his own tongue, the services of an interpreter were indispensable. He gave me to understand that his house was some little distance off, in Kensington, and he seemed to be in a great hurry, bustling me rapidly into the cab when we had descended to the street.

indispensable - indispensable

hurry - se dépecher, précipitation, hâte

"I say into the cab, but I soon became doubtful as to whether it was not a carriage in which I found myself. It was certainly more roomy than the ordinary four-wheeled disgrace to London, and the fittings, though frayed, were of rich quality. Mr. Latimer seated himself opposite to me and we started off through Charing Cross and up the Shaftesbury Avenue.

roomy - spacieux, ample, grand, logeable

wheeled - sur roues, roue, barre, rouler

fittings - les raccords, approprié, conforme, convenable, coupleur

frayed - effiloché, (s')effilocher

Charing - charing, carboniser

We had come out upon Oxford Street and I had ventured some remark as to this being a roundabout way to Kensington, when my words were arrested by the extraordinary conduct of my companion.

roundabout - rond-point, rondoint, giratoire, tourniquet, manege

"He began by drawing a most formidable-looking bludgeon loaded with lead from his pocket, and switching it backward and forward several times, as if to test its weight and strength. Then he placed it without a word upon the seat beside him.

bludgeon - matraque, matraquer, soutirer

switching - la commutation, (switch), interrupteur, aiguille, aiguillage

backward - a l'envers, arriéré, en arriere, a reculons

Having done this, he drew up the windows on each side, and I found to my astonishment that they were covered with paper so as to prevent my seeing through them.

seeing through - voir a travers

"'I am sorry to cut off your view, Mr. Melas,'said he. 'The fact is that I have no intention that you should see what the place is to which we are driving. It might possibly be inconvenient to me if you could find your way there again.'

inconvenient - genant

"As you can imagine, I was utterly taken aback by such an address. My companion was a powerful, broad-shouldered young fellow, and, apart from the weapon, I should not have had the slightest chance in a struggle with him.

taken aback - pris au dépourvu

"'This is very extraordinary conduct, Mr. Latimer,'I stammered. 'You must be aware that what you are doing is quite illegal.'

stammered - balbutié, balbutier, bégayer, bégaiement

illegal - illégal, sansapiers, clandestin, immigrant illégal

"'It is somewhat of a liberty, no doubt,'said he, 'but we'll make it up to you. I must warn you, however, Mr. Melas, that if at any time to-night you attempt to raise an alarm or do anything which is against my interests, you will find it a very serious thing.

I beg you to remember that no one knows where you are, and that, whether you are in this carriage or in my house, you are equally in my power.'

"His words were quiet, but he had a rasping way of saying them which was very menacing. I sat in silence wondering what on earth could be his reason for kidnapping me in this extraordinary fashion. Whatever it might be, it was perfectly clear that there was no possible use in my resisting, and that I could only wait to see what might befall.

rasping - râpeux, grinçant, (rasp) râpeux

menacing - menaçante, menace

resisting - résister, s'opposer, rejeter, dégouter

"For nearly two hours we drove without my having the least clue as to where we were going. Sometimes the rattle of the stones told of a paved causeway, and at others our smooth, silent course suggested asphalt; but, save by this variation in sound, there was nothing at all which could in the remotest way help me to form a guess as to where we were.

causeway - pont-jetée, chaussée

variation - variation, variante, déclinaison

remotest - le plus éloigné, distant, éloigné, télécommande

The paper over each window was impenetrable to light, and a blue curtain was drawn across the glass work in front. It was a quarter-past seven when we left Pall Mall, and my watch showed me that it was ten minutes to nine when we at last came to a standstill. My companion let down the window, and I caught a glimpse of a low, arched doorway with a lamp burning above it.

impenetrable - impénétrable

let down - déçu

arched - en arc de cercle, voute, arche

As I was hurried from the carriage it swung open, and I found myself inside the house, with a vague impression of a lawn and trees on each side of me as I entered. Whether these were private grounds, however, or bona-fide country was more than I could possibly venture to say.

swung - balancé, osciller, se balancer, balancer, swinguer

vague - vague

"There was a colored gas-lamp inside which was turned so low that I could see little save that the hall was of some size and hung with pictures. In the dim light I could make out that the person who had opened the door was a small, mean-looking, middle-aged man with rounded shoulders. As he turned towards us the glint of the light showed me that he was wearing glasses.

size - taille, ampleur, pointure

dim light - une faible lumiere

rounded - arrondi, rond

"'Is this Mr. Melas, Harold?'said he.


"'Well done, well done! No ill-will, Mr. Melas, I hope, but we could not get on without you. If you deal fair with us you'll not regret it, but if you try any tricks, God help you!'He spoke in a nervous, jerky fashion, and with little giggling laughs in between, but somehow he impressed me with fear more than the other.

ill-will - (ill-will) mauvaise volonté

giggling - ricaner, (giggle), glousser, gloussement

"'What do you want with me?'I asked.

"'Only to ask a few questions of a Greek gentleman who is visiting us, and to let us have the answers. But say no more than you are told to say, or"'here came the nervous giggle again"'you had better never have been born.'

giggle - ricaner, glousser, gloussement

"As he spoke he opened a door and showed the way into a room which appeared to be very richly furnished, but again the only light was afforded by a single lamp half-turned down. The chamber was certainly large, and the way in which my feet sank into the carpet as I stepped across it told me of its richness.

afforded - de l'entreprise, permettre

richness - richesse

I caught glimpses of velvet chairs, a high white marble mantel-piece, and what seemed to be a suit of Japanese armor at one side of it. There was a chair just under the lamp, and the elderly man motioned that I should sit in it. The younger had left us, but he suddenly returned through another door, leading with him a gentleman clad in some sort of loose dressing-gown who moved slowly towards us.

glimpses - des aperçus, aperçu, entrevoir

velvet - du velours, velours, duvet (on skin), velours (on antlers)

marble - marbre, bille, grillot, marbrer

armor - armure, cuirasse

motioned - proposé, mouvement, motion

As he came into the circle of dim light which enables me to see him more clearly I was thrilled with horror at his appearance. He was deadly pale and terribly emaciated, with the protruding, brilliant eyes of a man whose spirit was greater than his strength.

dim - dim, faible, vague

enables - permet, autoriser, permettre, activer

thrilled - ravie, exciter

emaciated - émacié, amaigrir, émacier, s'émacier, s'amaigrir

But what shocked me more than any signs of physical weakness was that his face was grotesquely criss-crossed with sticking-plaster, and that one large pad of it was fastened over his mouth.

pad - pad, pastille, bloc, lingot, rembourrons, rembourrez

"'Have you the slate, Harold?'cried the older man, as this strange being fell rather than sat down into a chair. 'Are his hands loose? Now, then, give him the pencil. You are to ask the questions, Mr. Melas, and he will write the answers. Ask him first of all whether he is prepared to sign the papers?'

"The man's eyes flashed fire.

flashed - flashé, éclair, lueur

"'Never!'he wrote in Greek upon the slate.

"'on no condition?'I asked, at the bidding of our tyrant.

on no condition - sans condition

bidding - impératifs, (bid) impératifs

tyrant - tyran

"'Only if I see her married in my presence by a Greek priest whom I know.'

priest - pretre, pretre, pretresse, sacrificateur

"The man giggled in his venomous way.

giggled - ricané, glousser, gloussement

"'You know what awaits you, then?'

awaits - attend, attendre, s'attendre a, servir, guetter

"'I care nothing for myself.'

"These are samples of the questions and answers which made up our strange half-spoken, half-written conversation. Again and again I had to ask him whether he would give in and sign the documents. Again and again I had the same indignant reply. But soon a happy thought came to me.

samples - échantillons, échantillon, extrait, exemple, échantillonner

give in - céder

indignant - indigné

I took to adding on little sentences of my own to each question, innocent ones at first, to test whether either of our companions knew anything of the matter, and then, as I found that they showed no signs I played a more dangerous game. Our conversation ran something like this:

Companions - compagnons, compagnon, compagne

more dangerous - plus dangereux

"'You can do no good by this obstinacy. Who are you?'

obstinacy - l'obstination, entetement, obstination

"'I care not. I am a stranger in London.'

"'Your fate will be upon your own head. How long have you been here?'

"'Let it be so. Three weeks.'

"'The property can never be yours. What ails you?'

ails - ails, souffrir

"'It shall not go to villains. They are starving me.'

Starving - affamés, affamant, (starve), mourir de faim, crever de faim

"'You shall go free if you sign. What house is this?'

"'I will never sign. I do not know.'

"'You are not doing her any service. What is your name?'

"'Let me hear her say so. Kratides.'

"'You shall see her if you sign. Where are you from?'

"'Then I shall never see her. Athens.'

Athens - Athenes

"Another five minutes, Mr. Holmes, and I should have wormed out the whole story under their very noses. My very next question might have cleared the matter up, but at that instant the door opened and a woman stepped into the room. I could not see her clearly enough to know more than that she was tall and graceful, with black hair, and clad in some sort of loose white gown.

wormed - vermifugé, ver, vermine, scarabée, vis sans fin, dragon

graceful - gracieux

"'Harold,'said she, speaking English with a broken accent. 'I could not stay away longer. It is so lonely up there with only"Oh, my God, it is Paul!'

Paul - paul

"These last words were in Greek, and at the same instant the man with a convulsive effort tore the plaster from his lips, and screaming out 'Sophy! Sophy!'rushed into the woman's arms.

Their embrace was but for an instant, however, for the younger man seized the woman and pushed her out of the room, while the elder easily overpowered his emaciated victim, and dragged him away through the other door. For a moment I was left alone in the room, and I sprang to my feet with some vague idea that I might in some way get a clue to what this house was in which I found myself.

Embrace - étreindre, embrasser, accolade, embrassement, embrassade

overpowered - surpuissant, soumettre

Fortunately, however, I took no steps, for looking up I saw that the older man was standing in the door-way with his eyes fixed upon me.

"'That will do, Mr. Melas,'said he. 'You perceive that we have taken you into our confidence over some very private business. We should not have troubled you, only that our friend who speaks Greek and who began these negotiations has been forced to return to the East. It was quite necessary for us to find some one to take his place, and we were fortunate in hearing of your powers.'

negotiations - négociations, négociation

"I bowed.

"'There are five sovereigns here,'said he, walking up to me, 'which will, I hope, be a sufficient fee. But remember,'he added, tapping me lightly on the chest and giggling, 'if you speak to a human soul about this"one human soul, mind"well, may God have mercy upon your soul!"

fee - frais, honoraires, tarif

tapping - l'écoute, (tap) l'écoute

human soul - l'âme humaine

"I cannot tell you the loathing and horror with which this insignificant-looking man inspired me. I could see him better now as the lamp-light shone upon him. His features were peaky and sallow, and his little pointed beard was thready and ill-nourished. He pushed his face forward as he spoke and his lips and eyelids were continually twitching like a man with St. Vitus's dance.

loathing - le dégout, dégout, (loathe), exécrer, détester, hair

insignificant - insignifiante

inspired - inspirée, inspirer

peaky - picotin

sallow - pâle, incolore, pâlot, blafard

pointed beard - Une barbe pointue

thready - filiforme

nourished - nourri, nourrir

twitching - twitching, (twitch) twitching

I could not help thinking that his strange, catchy little laugh was also a symptom of some nervous malady. The terror of his face lay in his eyes, however, steel gray, and glistening coldly with a malignant, inexorable cruelty in their depths.

catchy - accrocheur, entraînant

symptom - symptôme

steel gray - gris acier

glistening - scintillant, reluire

coldly - froidement

malignant - maligne, malin, malveillant

inexorable - inexorable

cruelty - la cruauté, cruauté

"'We shall know if you speak of this,'said he. 'We have our own means of information. Now you will find the carriage waiting, and my friend will see you on your way.'

"I was hurried through the hall and into the vehicle, again obtaining that momentary glimpse of trees and a garden. Mr. Latimer followed closely at my heels, and took his place opposite to me without a word. In silence we again drove for an interminable distance with the windows raised, until at last, just after midnight, the carriage pulled up.

vehicle - véhicule, moyen de transport

obtaining - l'obtention, obtenir, se procurer, réussir, avoir succes, avoir

momentary - momentanée

interminable - interminable

"'You will get down here, Mr. Melas,'said my companion. 'I am sorry to leave you so far from your house, but there is no alternative. Any attempt upon your part to follow the carriage can only end in injury to yourself.'

"He opened the door as he spoke, and I had hardly time to spring out when the coachman lashed the horse and the carriage rattled away. I looked around me in astonishment. I was on some sort of a heathy common mottled over with dark clumps of furze-bushes. Far away stretched a line of houses, with a light here and there in the upper windows.

rattled - secouée, (faire) cliqueter

heathy - sain

clumps - des touffes, amas, touffe, massif

On the other side I saw the red signal-lamps of a railway.

signal - signal, signaler

"The carriage which had brought me was already out of sight. I stood gazing round and wondering where on earth I might be, when I saw some one coming towards me in the darkness. As he came up to me I made out that he was a railway porter.

gazing - regarder, fixer

porter - porter, porteur, (port) porter

"'Can you tell me what place this is?'I asked.

"'Wandsworth Common,'said he.

"'Can I get a train into town?'

"'If you walk on a mile or so to Clapham Junction,'said he, 'you'll just be in time for the last to Victoria.'

"So that was the end of my adventure, Mr. Holmes. I do not know where I was, nor whom I spoke with, nor anything save what I have told you. But I know that there is foul play going on, and I want to help that unhappy man if I can. I told the whole story to Mr. Mycroft Holmes next morning, and subsequently to the police."

We all sat in silence for some little time after listening to this extraordinary narrative. Then Sherlock looked across at his brother.

"Any steps?" he asked.

Mycroft picked up the Daily News, which was lying on the side-table.

"'Anybody supplying any information to the whereabouts of a Greek gentleman named Paul Kratides, from Athens, who is unable to speak English, will be rewarded. A similar reward paid to any one giving information about a Greek lady whose first name is Sophy. X 2473.'That was in all the dailies. No answer."

rewarded - récompensée, récompense

first name - Prénom

dailies - quotidiens, quotidien

"How about the Greek Legation?"

Legation - légation

"I have inquired. They know nothing."

inquired - a demandé, enqueter, renseigner

"A wire to the head of the Athens police, then?"

"Sherlock has all the energy of the family," said Mycroft, turning to me. "Well, you take the case up by all means, and let me know if you do any good."

"Certainly," answered my friend, rising from his chair. "I'll let you know, and Mr. Melas also. In the meantime, Mr. Melas, I should certainly be on my guard, if I were you, for of course they must know through these advertisements that you have betrayed them."

meantime - entre-temps, pendant ce temps

As we walked home together, Holmes stopped at a telegraph office and sent off several wires.

telegraph office - bureau du télégraphe

wires - fils, fil

"You see, Watson," he remarked, "our evening has been by no means wasted. Some of my most interesting cases have come to me in this way through Mycroft. The problem which we have just listened to, although it can admit of but one explanation, has still some distinguishing features."

admit of - admettre

distinguishing - distinguer

"You have hopes of solving it?"

"Well, knowing as much as we do, it will be singular indeed if we fail to discover the rest. You must yourself have formed some theory which will explain the facts to which we have listened."

"In a vague way, yes."

"What was your idea, then?"

"It seemed to me to be obvious that this Greek girl had been carried off by the young Englishman named Harold Latimer."

"Carried off from where?"

"Athens, perhaps."

Sherlock Holmes shook his head. "This young man could not talk a word of Greek. The lady could talk English fairly well. Inference"that she had been in England some little time, but he had not been in Greece."

Greece - la grece, Grece

"Well, then, we will presume that she had come on a visit to England, and that this Harold had persuaded her to fly with him."

persuaded - persuadé, persuader, convaincre

"That is more probable."

more probable - plus probable

"Then the brother"for that, I fancy, must be the relationship"comes over from Greece to interfere. He imprudently puts himself into the power of the young man and his older associate. They seize him and use violence towards him in order to make him sign some papers to make over the girl's fortune"of which he may be trustee"to them. This he refuses to do.

relationship - rapport, relation

interfere - meler

imprudently - imprudemment

associate - associé, fréquenter, associer

seize - saisir, emparer

make over - une transformation

trustee - syndic, mandataire social, fiduciaire

In order to negotiate with him they have to get an interpreter, and they pitch upon this Mr. Melas, having used some other one before. The girl is not told of the arrival of her brother, and finds it out by the merest accident."

negotiate - négocier

pitch - de l'emplacement, dresser

"Excellent, Watson!" cried Holmes. "I really fancy that you are not far from the truth. You see that we hold all the cards, and we have only to fear some sudden act of violence on their part. If they give us time we must have them."

"But how can we find where this house lies?"

"Well, if our conjecture is correct and the girl's name is or was Sophy Kratides, we should have no difficulty in tracing her. That must be our main hope, for the brother is, of course, a complete stranger.

girl's name - le nom de la fille

tracing - le traçage, (trace) le traçage

It is clear that some time has elapsed since this Harold established these relations with the girl"some weeks, at any rate"since the brother in Greece has had time to hear of it and come across. If they have been living in the same place during this time, it is probable that we shall have some answer to Mycroft's advertisement."

We had reached our house in Baker Street while we had been talking. Holmes ascended the stair first, and as he opened the door of our room he gave a start of surprise. Looking over his shoulder, I was equally astonished. His brother Mycroft was sitting smoking in the arm-chair.

"Come in, Sherlock! Come in, sir," said he blandly, smiling at our surprised faces. "You don't expect such energy from me, do you, Sherlock? But somehow this case attracts me."

attracts - attire, attirer

"How did you get here?"

"I passed you in a hansom."

"There has been some new development?"

"I had an answer to my advertisement."


"Yes, it came within a few minutes of your leaving."

"And to what effect?"

Mycroft Holmes took out a sheet of paper.

"Here it is," said he, "written with a J pen on royal cream paper by a middle-aged man with a weak constitution. 'Sir,'he says, 'in answer to your advertisement of to-day's date, I beg to inform you that I know the young lady in question very well. If you should care to call upon me I could give you some particulars as to her painful history. She is living at present at The Myrtles, Beckenham.

inform - informer, renseignent, faire savoir, renseignons, informez

myrtles - myrtes, myrte

Yours faithfully, J. Davenport.'

"He writes from Lower Brixton," said Mycroft Holmes. "Do you not think that we might drive to him now, Sherlock, and learn these particulars?"

"My dear Mycroft, the brother's life is more valuable than the sister's story. I think we should call at Scotland Yard for Inspector Gregson, and go straight out to Beckenham. We know that a man is being done to death, and every hour may be vital."

straight out - directement

"Better pick up Mr. Melas on our way," I suggested. "We may need an interpreter."

"Excellent," said Sherlock Holmes. "Send the boy for a four-wheeler, and we shall be off at once." He opened the table-drawer as he spoke, and I noticed that he slipped his revolver into his pocket. "Yes," said he, in answer to my glance; "I should say from what we have heard, that we are dealing with a particularly dangerous gang."

It was almost dark before we found ourselves in Pall Mall, at the rooms of Mr. Melas. A gentleman had just called for him, and he was gone.

"Can you tell me where?" asked Mycroft Holmes.

"I don't know, sir," answered the woman who had opened the door; "I only know that he drove away with the gentleman in a carriage."

drove away - est parti en voiture

"Did the gentleman give a name?"

"No, sir."

"He wasn't a tall, handsome, dark young man?"

wasn - n'était

"Oh, no, sir. He was a little gentleman, with glasses, thin in the face, but very pleasant in his ways, for he was laughing all the time that he was talking."

"Come along!" cried Sherlock Holmes, abruptly. "This grows serious," he observed, as we drove to Scotland Yard. "These men have got hold of Melas again. He is a man of no physical courage, as they are well aware from their experience the other night. This villain was able to terrorize him the instant that he got into his presence.

abruptly - brusquement, abruptement, tout d'un coup, précipitamment

terrorize - terroriser

No doubt they want his professional services, but, having used him, they may be inclined to punish him for what they will regard as his treachery."

be inclined - etre enclin

punish - punir, châtier

treachery - trahison, traîtrise

Our hope was that, by taking train, we might get to Beckenham as soon or sooner than the carriage. On reaching Scotland Yard, however, it was more than an hour before we could get Inspector Gregson and comply with the legal formalities which would enable us to enter the house.

reaching - atteindre, arriver/parvenir a

comply - se conformer, respecter, acquiescer

It was a quarter to ten before we reached London Bridge, and half past before the four of us alighted on the Beckenham platform. A drive of half a mile brought us to The Myrtles"a large, dark house standing back from the road in its own grounds. Here we dismissed our cab, and made our way up the drive together.

Bridge - le pont, carpette

standing back - en reculant

dismissed - licencié, renvoyer, limoger, licencier, démettre

"The windows are all dark," remarked the inspector. "The house seems deserted."

"Our birds are flown and the nest empty," said Holmes.

nest - nid, patelin

"Why do you say so?"

"A carriage heavily loaded with luggage has passed out during the last hour."

luggage - bagages, bagage

The inspector laughed. "I saw the wheel-tracks in the light of the gate-lamp, but where does the luggage come in?"

wheel - roue, barre, rouler

"You may have observed the same wheel-tracks going the other way. But the outward-bound ones were very much deeper"so much so that we can say for a certainty that there was a very considerable weight on the carriage."

outward - externe

"You get a trifle beyond me there," said the inspector, shrugging his shoulder. "It will not be an easy door to force, but we will try if we cannot make some one hear us."

shrugging - hausser les épaules, haussement d'épaules

He hammered loudly at the knocker and pulled at the bell, but without any success. Holmes had slipped away, but he came back in a few minutes.

knocker - knocker

"I have a window open," said he.

"It is a mercy that you are on the side of the force, and not against it, Mr. Holmes," remarked the inspector, as he noted the clever way in which my friend had forced back the catch. "Well, I think that under the circumstances we may enter without an invitation."

One after the other we made our way into a large apartment, which was evidently that in which Mr. Melas had found himself. The inspector had lit his lantern, and by its light we could see the two doors, the curtain, the lamp, and the suit of Japanese mail as he had described them. On the table lay two glasses, and empty brandy-bottle, and the remains of a meal.

mail - courrier, postal

"What is that?" asked Holmes, suddenly.

We all stood still and listened. A low moaning sound was coming from somewhere over our heads. Holmes rushed to the door and out into the hall. The dismal noise came from upstairs. He dashed up, the inspector and I at his heels, while his brother Mycroft followed as quickly as his great bulk would permit.

moaning - gémissements, gémissement, se plaindre, geindre, gémir, mugir

dismal - lamentable, misérable, morne, lugubre, déprimant

bulk - en vrac, grosseur, gros, ensemble, vrac

Three doors faced up upon the second floor, and it was from the central of these that the sinister sounds were issuing, sinking sometimes into a dull mumble and rising again into a shrill whine. It was locked, but the key had been left on the outside. Holmes flung open the door and rushed in, but he was out again in an instant, with his hand to his throat.

second floor - Le deuxieme étage

issuing - l'émission, sortie, émission, livraison, délivrance

sinking - en train de couler, naufrage, (sink), couler, s'enfoncer

mumble - marmonner

shrill - strident, criard

whine - se plaindre, pleurnicherie, geignement, couiner, geindre

"It's charcoal," he cried. "Give it time. It will clear."

charcoal - charbon de bois, fusain

Peering in, we could see that the only light in the room came from a dull blue flame which flickered from a small brass tripod in the centre. It threw a livid, unnatural circle upon the floor, while in the shadows beyond we saw the vague loom of two figures which crouched against the wall. From the open door there reeked a horrible poisonous exhalation which set us gasping and coughing.

flickered - a clignoté, vaciller

tripod - trépied

shadows - ombres, ombre, prendre en filature, t+filer

loom - métier a tisser

reeked - empesté, puanteur

poisonous - toxiques

coughing - toux, toussant, (cough), tousser

Holmes rushed to the top of the stairs to draw in the fresh air, and then, dashing into the room, he threw up the window and hurled the brazen tripod out into the garden.

draw in - attirer

brazen - effronté, cuivreux, aigu, dur comme de la pierre

"We can enter in a minute," he gasped, darting out again. "Where is a candle? I doubt if we could strike a match in that atmosphere. Hold the light at the door and we shall get them out, Mycroft, now!"

darting - darting, dard, fleche

With a rush we got to the poisoned men and dragged them out into the well-lit hall. Both of them were blue-lipped and insensible, with swollen, congested faces and protruding eyes.

Indeed, so distorted were their features that, save for his black beard and stout figure, we might have failed to recognize in one of them the Greek interpreter who had parted from us only a few hours before at the Diogenes Club. His hands and feet were securely strapped together, and he bore over one eye the marks of a violent blow.

securely - en toute sécurité

strapped - sanglé, sangle, courroie, laniere, bandouliere

The other, who was secured in a similar fashion, was a tall man in the last stage of emaciation, with several strips of sticking-plaster arranged in a grotesque pattern over his face. He had ceased to moan as we laid him down, and a glance showed me that for him at least our aid had come too late. Mr.

emaciation - l'émaciation, émaciation, émaciement

strips - bandes, enlever

pattern - modele, modele, motif, régularité, tendance, schéma, patron

moan - gémissement, se plaindre, geindre, gémir, mugir

Melas, however, still lived, and in less than an hour, with the aid of ammonia and brandy I had the satisfaction of seeing him open his eyes, and of knowing that my hand had drawn him back from that dark valley in which all paths meet.

ammonia - ammoniaque, ammoniac

Valley - la vallée, vallée, val

It was a simple story which he had to tell, and one which did but confirm our own deductions. His visitor, on entering his rooms, had drawn a life-preserver from his sleeve, and had so impressed him with the fear of instant and inevitable death that he had kidnapped him for the second time.

preserver - conservateur

inevitable - inévitable

kidnapped - kidnappé, enlever, kidnapper, ravir, enlevement, kidnapping

Indeed, it was almost mesmeric, the effect which this giggling ruffian had produced upon the unfortunate linguist, for he could not speak of him save with trembling hands and a blanched cheek.

mesmeric - mesmeric

He had been taken swiftly to Beckenham, and had acted as interpreter in a second interview, even more dramatic than the first, in which the two Englishmen had menaced their prisoner with instant death if he did not comply with their demands.

Englishmen - des anglais, Anglais

menaced - menacé, menace

prisoner - prisonnier, prisonniere

demands - demandes, demande, exigence, exiger

Finally, finding him proof against every threat, they had hurled him back into his prison, and after reproaching Melas with his treachery, which appeared from the newspaper advertisement, they had stunned him with a blow from a stick, and he remembered nothing more until he found us bending over him.

prison - prison

reproaching - des reproches, reproche, opprobre, reprocher

And this was the singular case of the Grecian Interpreter, the explanation of which is still involved in some mystery. We were able to find out, by communicating with the gentleman who had answered the advertisement, that the unfortunate young lady came of a wealthy Grecian family, and that she had been on a visit to some friends in England.

communicating - communiquer, communier

While there she had met a young man named Harold Latimer, who had acquired an ascendancy over her and had eventually persuaded her to fly with him. Her friends, shocked at the event, had contented themselves with informing her brother at Athens, and had then washed their hands of the matter.

acquired - acquis, acquérir

ascendancy - l'ascendant, ascendant

contented - satisfait

informing - informer, avertir (de)

The brother, on his arrival in England, had imprudently placed himself in the power of Latimer and of his associate, whose name was Wilson Kemp"a man of the foulest antecedents. These two, finding that through his ignorance of the language he was helpless in their hands, had kept him a prisoner, and had endeavored by cruelty and starvation to make him sign away his own and his sister's property.

foulest - le plus grossier, infect, immonde

antecedents - antécédents, antécédent, ascendant

ignorance - l'ignorance, ignorance

helpless - sans défense, désemparé

starvation - la famine, inanition, famine, faim

They had kept him in the house without the girl's knowledge, and the plaster over the face had been for the purpose of making recognition difficult in case she should ever catch a glimpse of him. Her feminine perception, however, had instantly seen through the disguise when, on the occasion of the interpreter's visit, she had seen him for the first time.

feminine - féminine, féminin, féminin (2)

perception - perception

seen through - vu a travers

The poor girl, however, was herself a prisoner, for there was no one about the house except the man who acted as coachman, and his wife, both of whom were tools of the conspirators.

tools - des outils, outil, mouton, façonner

conspirators - des conspirateurs, conspirateur, conspiratrice

Finding that their secret was out, and that their prisoner was not to be coerced, the two villains with the girl had fled away at a few hours'notice from the furnished house which they had hired, having first, as they thought, taken vengeance both upon the man who had defied and the one who had betrayed them.

coerced - contraint, retenir, forcer, contraindre

hired - embauché, louer

defied - défié, défier, désobéir a

Months afterwards a curious newspaper cutting reached us from Buda-Pesth. It told how two Englishmen who had been traveling with a woman had met with a tragic end. They had each been stabbed, it seems, and the Hungarian police were of opinion that they had quarreled and had inflicted mortal injuries upon each other.

newspaper cutting - coupure de presse

traveling with - Voyager avec

stabbed - poignardé, poignarder

Hungarian - hongrois, Hongroise

quarreled - s'est disputé, dispute

Holmes, however, is, I fancy, of a different way of thinking, and holds to this day that, if one could find the Grecian girl, one might learn how the wrongs of herself and her brother came to be avenged.

avenged - vengé, venger

Chapter X. The Naval Treaty

naval - naval

Treaty - traité

The July which immediately succeeded my marriage was made memorable by three cases of interest, in which I had the privilege of being associated with Sherlock Holmes and of studying his methods. I find them recorded in my notes under the headings of "The Adventure of the Second Stain," "The Adventure of the Naval Treaty," and "The Adventure of the Tired Captain.

memorable - mémorable

recorded in - Enregistré dans

headings - des titres, titre, orientation, cap

stain - tache, souillure, colorant, tacher, entacher, colorer

" The first of these, h