Queen - la reine, reine, dame, folle, chatte, promouvoir, mener a dame

Tale - conte, récit

Christian - chrétien, chrétienne, Christian


Chapter - chapitre, branche, section

deals - des affaires, marché, affaire

mirror - glace, miroir, copie, refléter

fragments - fragments, fragment, fragmenter

Now we are about to begin, and you must attend; and when we get to the end of the story, you will know more than you do now about a very wicked hobgoblin. He was one of the worst kind; in fact he was a real demon. One day he was in a high state of delight because he had invented a mirror with this peculiarity, that every good and pretty thing reflected in it shrank away to almost nothing.

attend - assister, visiter, soigner

wicked - méchante, chicaneur, torve, (wick) méchante

hobgoblin - hobgobelin, lutin

demon - démon, diable

state - l'État

delight - plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

invented - inventé, inventer

peculiarity - singularité, bizarrerie, étrangeté, particularité, distinction

reflected - réfléchie, refléter, réfléchir

shrank - s'est rétréci, se réduire, rétrécir, se resserrer

almost - presque, quasiment

On the other hand, every bad and good-for-nothing thing stood out and looked its worst. The most beautiful landscapes reflected in it looked like boiled spinach, and the best people became hideous, or else they were upside down and had no bodies. Their faces were distorted beyond recognition, and if they had even one freckle it appeared to spread all over the nose and mouth.

good-for-nothing - (good-for-nothing) bon a rien

landscapes - paysages, paysage

boiled - bouillie, bouillir

spinach - épinards

hideous - hideux, strident, atroce, répugnant

distorted - déformé, déformer, distordre

beyond - au-dela, au-dela, par-dela

recognition - reconnaissance

freckle - tache de rousseur

appeared - est apparu, apparaître, paraître, sembler

spread - se propager, étaler, écarter, disperser, répandre, éparpiller

The demon thought this immensely amusing. If a good thought passed through any one's mind, it turned to a grin in the mirror, and this caused real delight to the demon. All the scholars in the demon's school, for he kept a school, reported that a miracle had taken place: now for the first time it had become possible to see what the world and mankind were really like.

immensely - immensément

amusing - amusant, amuser

passed through - Passé a travers

mind - l'esprit, esprit, raison, intelligence, mémoire

grin - sourire, rictus

caused - causée, cause, raison, causer

scholars - des universitaires, étudiant, expert, savant, érudit

miracle - miracle

mankind - l'humanité, humanité, genre humain, hommes

They ran about all over with the mirror, till at last there was not a country or a person which had not been seen in this distorting mirror.

Last - derniere, dernier, durer, dernierere, durez, passé, durent

distorting mirror - miroir déformant

They even wanted to fly up to heaven with it to mock the angels; but the higher they flew, the more it grinned, so much so that they could hardly hold it, and at last it slipped out of their hands and fell to the earth, shivered into hundreds of millions and billions of bits. Even then it did more harm than ever.

Heaven - le paradis, ciel, paradis, au-dela, cieux

Mock - se moquer, imitation, succédané, moquerie, examen blanc

angels - anges, ange

grinned - ricané, avoir un grand sourire

hardly - a peine, dur, durement, guere, a peine

hold - tenir, stopper, tiens, tiennent, tenons

slipped - a glissé, glisser

earth - terre, terrier, relier a la terre, tmettre a la terre, enterrer

shivered - frissonné, frissonner

billions - milliards, milliard, qualifier

bits - bits, (petit) morceau

harm - le mal, mal, tort, dommage, nuire a, faire du mal a

Some of these bits were not as big as a grain of sand, and these flew about all over the world, getting into people's eyes, and, once in, they stuck there, and distorted everything they looked at, or made them see everything that was amiss. Each tiniest grain of glass kept the same power as that possessed by the whole mirror.

grain of sand - grain de sable

stuck - coincé, enfoncer

tiniest - le plus petit, minuscule

power - pouvoir, puissance, électricité, courant, alimenter

possessed - possédé, posséder, s'emparer de

Some people even got a bit of the glass into their hearts, and that was terrible, for the heart became like a lump of ice. Some of the fragments were so big that they were used for window panes, but it was not advisable to look at one's friends through these panes. Other bits were made into spectacles, and it was a bad business when people put on these spectacles meaning to be just.

bit - bit, mordis, mordit, mordîmes, mordirent, (bite), mordre

hearts - des cours, coeur

lump - lump, masse, tas, protubérance, renflement

panes - vitres, vitre

advisable - est-il souhaitable

spectacles - lunettes, spectacle

The bad demon laughed till he split his sides; it tickled him to see the mischief he had done. But some of these fragments were still left floating about the world, and you shall hear what happened to them.

split - divisé, fissure, division, fragment, morceau, grand écart

sides - côtés, côté

tickled - chatouillé, chatouiller

mischief - méfaits, espieglerie, betise, polissonnerie, méfait

floating - flottant, (float), flotter, flotteur, taloche, char

shall - doit, rench: 'shall' followed by the infinitive is translated using the future tense'


In a big town crowded with houses and people, where there is no room for gardens, people have to be content with flowers in pots instead. In one of these towns lived two children who managed to have something bigger than a flower pot for a garden. They were not brother and sister, but they were just as fond of each other as if they had been.

crowded - encombré, foule

content with - etre satisfait de

pots - des casseroles, pot

instead - a la place, a la place, au lieu de

managed - gérée, gérer, ménager, diriger, manier, parvenir, réussir

flower pot - pot de fleurs

fond - fond, tendre, amoureux

Their parents lived opposite each other in two attic rooms. The roof of one house just touched the roof of the next one, with only a rain-water gutter between them. They each had a little dormer window, and one only had to step over the gutter to get from one house to the other. Each of the parents had a large window-box, in which they grew pot herbs and a little rose-tree.

attic - grenier, combles, mansarde

roof - toit

touched - touché, toucher, émouvoir, contact

gutter - gouttiere, rigole

dormer window - lucarne

step - étape, marche

pot - l'herbe, pot

herbs - des herbes, herbe, herbes-p, plante médicinale

rose-tree - (rose-tree) un rosier

There was one in each box, and they both grew splendidly. Then it occurred to the parents to put the boxes across the gutter, from house to house, and they looked just like two banks of flowers. The pea vines hung down over the edges of the boxes, and the roses threw out long creepers which twined round the windows. It was almost like a green triumphal arch.

splendidly - magnifiquement

occurred - s'est produite, produire

pea - pois

vines - vignes, grimpante

hung - accroché, suspendre, etre accroché

edges - des bords, bord, côté, arete, carre

roses - des roses, Rose

threw out - Jeter

creepers - des lianes, plante grimpante

twined - torsadé, ficelle

round - ronde, cyclo, arrondissent, arrondis, arrondir

triumphal - triomphal, de triomphe

arch - arch, dôme

The boxes were high, and the children knew they must not climb up on to them, but they were often allowed to have their little stools out under the rose-trees, and there they had delightful games. Of course in the winter there was an end to these amusements.

climb up - monter

allowed - autorisé, laisser, accorder, permettre

stools - tabourets, tabouret

rose - Rose, (rise)

delightful - délicieux

amusements - divertissements, amusement

The windows were often covered with hoar-frost; then they would warm coppers on the stove and stick them on the frozen panes, where they made lovely peep-holes, as round as possible. Then a bright eye would peep through these holes, one from each window. The little boy's name was Kay, and the little girl's Gerda.

covered - couverts, couvercle, couverture, couvert

hoar - le chaume, blanc-gris

frost - givre, gel

coppers - les cuivres, cuivre

stove - poele, fourneau, cuisiniere, (stave), douve, fuseau

stick - bâton, canne, stick

frozen - gelé, geler

lovely - charmant, beau, cher, irritant, amene, délicieux

holes - trous, trou

bright - lumineux, éclatant, clair

peep through - regarder a travers

boy's name - Le nom du garçon

Kay - kay, ka

In the summer they could reach each other with one bound, but in the winter they had to go down all the stairs in one house and up all the stairs in the other, and outside there were snowdrifts.

reach - atteindre, parviens, allonge, parvenir, préhension

bound - lié, entrain, (bind), lier, attacher, nouer, connecter, coupler

stairs - escaliers, marche, escalier, volée

snowdrifts - des congeres, congere

'Look! the white bees are swarming,'said the old grandmother.

bees - abeilles, abeille

swarming - l'essaimage, (swarm), essaim (flying insects)

'Have they a queen bee, too?'asked the little boy, for he knew that there was a queen among the real bees.

queen bee - reine des abeilles

among - parmi

'Yes, indeed they have,'said the grandmother. 'She flies where the swarm is thickest. She is biggest of them all, and she never remains on the ground. She always flies up again to the sky. many a winter's night she flies through the streets and peeps in at the windows, and then the ice freezes on the panes into wonderful patterns like flowers.'

indeed - certainement, vraiment, en effet, bien sur, certes

swarm - essaim (flying insects), grouillement (crawling insects), nuée

thickest - le plus épais, épais, gros, dense

remains - reste, rester, demeurer

ground - sol, foncierere, terre, terrain, (grind) sol

sky - ciel, nue

many a - Beaucoup de

peeps - des personnes, regarder qqch a la dérobée

freezes - se fige, geler

patterns - des modeles, modele, motif, régularité, tendance, schéma, patron

'Oh yes, we have seen that,'said both children, and then they knew it was true.

'Can the Snow Queen come in here?'asked the little girl.

'Just let her come,'said the boy, 'and I will put her on the stove, where she will melt.'

melt - la fonte, fondre (1), se dissoudre (2)

But the grandmother smoothed his hair and told him more stories.

smoothed - lissé, lisse, doux, facile, sophistiqué, naturel, souple

In the evening when little Kay was at home and half undressed, he crept up on to the chair by the window, and peeped out of the little hole. A few snow-flakes were falling, and one of these, the biggest, remained on the edge of the window-box. It grew bigger and bigger, till it became the figure of a woman, dressed in the finest white gauze, which appeared to be made of millions of starry flakes.

undressed - déshabillé, déshabiller

crept - rampé, ramper, rampement, fatigue, fluage, reptation

peeped - épié, regarder qqch a la dérobée

hole - trou, réduit, fosse

snow-flakes - (snow-flakes) des flocons de neige

remained - est restée, reste, rester, demeurer

edge - bord, côté, arete, carre

figure - figure, forme, personnage, personnalité, chiffre

gauze - gaze

starry - étoilé

She was delicately lovely, but all ice, glittering, dazzling ice. Still she was alive, her eyes shone like two bright stars, but there was no rest or peace in them. She nodded to the window and waved her hand. The little boy was frightened and jumped down off the chair, and then he fancied that a big bird flew past the window.

delicately - délicatement

glittering - scintillant, étincelant, (glitter), étincellement, paillette

alive - en vie, vivant

shone - briller, éclairer

rest - se reposer, reposent, reposez, reposons, se, reposer, débris

peace - la paix, paix, tranquillité

nodded to - fait un signe de tete

waved - salué, vague

frightened - effrayé, effrayer, redouter, terrifier

jumped - a sauté, (faire) sauter

fancied - aimée, envie, caprice

The next day was bright and frosty, and then came the thaw-and after that the spring. The sun shone, green buds began to appear, the swallows built their nests, and people began to open their windows. The little children began to play in their garden on the roof again.

frosty - froid, gelé, givré, glacial

thaw - dégeler, dégel

buds - bourgeons, bourgeon

appear - apparaître, sembler

swallows - hirondelles, avaler

nests - nids, nid

The roses were in splendid bloom that summer; the little girl had learnt a hymn, and there was something in it about roses, and that made her think of her own. She sang it to the little boy, and then he sang it with her-

splendid - splendide, fameux

bloom - fleurir, fleur

hymn - hymne

'Where roses deck the flowery vale,

deck - Le pont

flowery - fleuri

vale - vale, vallée

There, Infant Jesus, we thee hail!'

infant - nourrisson, enfant en bas âge, poupon

thee - toi

hail - grele

The children took each other by the hands, kissed the roses, and rejoiced in God's bright sunshine, and spoke to it as if the Child Jesus were there. What lovely summer days they were, and how delightful it was to sit out under the fresh rose-trees, which seemed never tired of blooming.

kissed - embrassée, (s')embrasser

rejoiced - s'est réjoui, réjouir

God - dieu, idolâtrer, déifier

sunshine - soleil, lumiere du soleil

fresh - frais

seemed - semblait, sembler, paraître, avoir l'air

blooming - la floraison, fleur

Kay and Gerda were looking at a picture book of birds and animals one day-it had just struck five by the church clock-when Kay said, 'Oh, something struck my heart, and I have got something in my eye!'

picture book - livre d'images

struck - frappé, biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre

church - église, culte, misse

heart - cour

The little girl put her arms round his neck, he blinked his eye; there was nothing to be seen.

neck - cou, kiki

blinked - clignoté, ciller, cligner des yeux, clignoter

'I believe it is gone,'he said; but it was not gone. It was one of those very grains of glass from the mirror, the magic mirror. You remember that horrid mirror, in which all good and great things reflected in it became small and mean, while the bad things were magnified, and every flaw became very apparent.

those - ceux-ci, ces, celles-la, ceux-la

grains - céréales, grain

magic - la magie, magie, magique, sorcelerie, checkensorcelé

horrid - horribles, affreux, horrible, exécrable, désagréable

magnified - amplifié, agrandir

flaw - défaut, félure

apparent - apparente, apparent, visible, manifeste, criant, évident

Poor Kay! a grain of it had gone straight to his heart, and would soon turn it to a lump of ice. He did not feel it any more, but it was still there.

grain - céréales, grain, graine

straight - droit, rectiligne, comme il faut, pur, pure, hétéro, tout droit

'Why do you cry?'he asked; 'it makes you look ugly; there's nothing the matter with me. How horrid!'he suddenly cried; 'there's a worm in that rose, and that one is quite crooked; after all, they are nasty roses, and so are the boxes they are growing in!'He kicked the box and broke off two of the roses.

cry - pleurer, crier, hurler, gueuler, pleur, cri

ugly - laid, moche, vilain

matter - matiere, matiere, affaire, question, cause, substance

suddenly - soudain, soudainement, tout d'un coup

cried - pleuré, pleurer, crier, hurler, gueuler, pleur, cri

worm - ver, vermine, scarabée, vis sans fin, dragon, remords, ramper

crooked - tortu, (crook) tortu

kicked - botté, donner un coup de pied (a, dans)

'What are you doing, Kay?'cried the little girl. When he saw her alarm, he broke off another rose, and then ran in by his own window, and left dear little Gerda alone.

alarm - alarme, réveille-matin, réveil, alarmer, donner/sonner l'alerte

alone - seul

When she next got out the picture book he said it was only fit for babies in long clothes. When his grandmother told them stories he always had a but-, and if he could manage it, he liked to get behind her chair, put on her spectacles and imitate her. He did it very well and people laughed at him.

fit for - adapté a

manage it - le gérer

imitate - imiter

laughed at - dont on se moque

He was soon able to imitate every one in the street; he could make fun of all their peculiarities and failings. 'He will turn out a clever fellow,'said people. But it was all that bit of glass in his heart, that bit of glass in his eye, and it made him tease little Gerda who was so devoted to him. He played quite different games now; he seemed to have grown older.

make fun - s'amuser

peculiarities - particularités, singularité, bizarrerie, étrangeté

clever - habile, agile, adroit, adroite, talentueux, malin, intelligent

fellow - un camarade, ensemble, mâle

tease - taquiner

devoted - dévouée, consacrer, vouer

One winter's day, when the snow was falling fast, he brought in a big magnifying glass; he held out the tail of his blue coat, and let the snow flakes fall upon it.

magnifying glass - une loupe

held - détenus, (main)tenir

tail - queue

flakes - flocons, flocon

upon - sur, a

'Now look through the glass, Gerda!'he said; every snowflake was magnified, and looked like a lovely flower, or a sharply pointed star.

look through - regarder a travers

snowflake - rench: flocon de neige g

sharply - brusquement

'Do you see how cleverly they are made?'said Kay. 'Much more interesting than looking at real flowers. And there is not a single flaw in them; they are perfect, if only they would not melt.'

cleverly - intelligemment

single - seul, célibataire f, célibataire, simple

Shortly after, he appeared in his thick gloves, with his sledge on his back. He shouted right into Gerda's ear, 'I have got leave to drive in the big square where the other boys play!'and away he went.

shortly - dans peu de temps, rapidement, brievement

thick - épais, gros, dense, opaque, incompréhensible, lourd

gloves - gants, gant

sledge - luge, patiner

shouted - crié, cri

drive in - conduire

square - carré, équerre, place, case, carreau, rench: perpendiculaire a

In the big square the bolder boys used to tie their little sledges to the farm carts and go a long way in this fashion. They had no end of fun over it. Just in the middle of their games a big sledge came along; it was painted white, and the occupant wore a white fur coat and cap. The sledge drove twice round the square, and Kay quickly tied his sledge on behind.

bolder - plus audacieux, hardi, audacieux

sledges - traîneaux, luge, traîneau

carts - chariots, charrette

fashion - la mode, mode, vogue, façon, façonner

Middle - au milieu, milieu, moyen, central

along - le long de, accompagné, rench: t-needed r

occupant - l'occupant, occupant, habitant

fur coat - manteau de fourrure

cap - cap, bonnet, calotte, casquette, toque, képi

tied - attachée, attacher

Then off they went, faster, and faster, into the next street. The driver turned round and nodded to Kay in the most friendly way, just as if they knew each other. Every time Kay wanted to loose his sledge the person nodded again, and Kay stayed where he was, and they drove right out through the town gates.

nodded - hoché la tete, dodeliner, hocher, hochement

loose - en vrac, ample, desserré

gates - portes, porte, barriere

Then the snow began to fall so heavily that the little boy could not see a hand before him as they rushed along. He undid the cords and tried to get away from the big sledge, but it was no use, his little sledge stuck fast, and on they rushed, faster than the wind. He shouted aloud, but nobody heard him, and the sledge tore on through the snow-drifts.

heavily - lourdement

rushed - précipité, se précipiter, emmener d'urgence

undid - défait, défaire

cords - cordons, corde, cordon

wind - vent, emmailloter, détortiller, langer, enrouler

aloud - a haute voix, a voix haute, a haute voix, fort

tore - a la déchirure

drifts - dérives, dérive, dériver, errer, dévier

Every now and then it gave a bound, as if they were jumping over hedges and ditches. He was very frightened, and he wanted to say his prayers, but he could only remember the multiplication tables.

jumping over - en sautant par-dessus

hedges - des haies, haie

ditches - fossés, fossé

Multiplication - multiplication

The snow-flakes grew bigger and bigger, till at last they looked like big white chickens. All at once they sprang on one side, the big sledge stopped and the person who drove got up, coat and cap smothered in snow. It was a tall and upright lady all shining white, the Snow Queen herself.

side - côté, parti, flanc

smothered - étouffé, étouffer

upright - debout, integre, montant

lady - dame, madame, lady

shining - brillant, briller, éclairer

'We have come along at a good pace,'she said; 'but it's cold enough to kill one; creep inside my bearskin coat.'

pace - rythme, pas

kill - tuer, tuent, tuons, dézinguer, tuez

creep - rampant, ramper, rampement, fatigue, fluage, reptation

inside - a l'intérieur, intérieur, dedans, au-dedans, la-dedans

She took him into the sledge by her, wrapped him in her furs, and he felt as if he were sinking into a snowdrift.

wrapped - enveloppé, enrouler (autour de)

furs - fourrures, poil, pelage

sinking - en train de couler, naufrage, (sink), couler, s'enfoncer

snowdrift - congeres, congere

'Are you still cold?'she asked, and she kissed him on the forehead. Ugh! it was colder than ice, it went to his very heart, which was already more than half ice; he felt as if he were dying, but only for a moment, and then it seemed to have done him good; he no longer felt the cold.

forehead - front

Ugh - ugh, beurk

dying - teignant, mourant, (dye) teignant

'My sledge! don't forget my sledge!'He only remembered it now; it was tied to one of the white chickens which flew along behind them. The Snow Queen kissed Kay again, and then he forgot all about little Gerda, Grandmother, and all the others at home.

'Now I mustn't kiss you any more,'she said, 'or I should kiss you to death!'

mustn - ne doit pas

kiss - baiser, baisent, biser, baisons, baisez, bécot, bise

Death - mort, déces, camarde, la mort, l'arcane sans nom

Kay looked at her, she was so pretty; a cleverer, more beautiful face could hardly be imagined. She did not seem to be made of ice now, as she was outside the window when she waved her hand to him.

cleverer - plus intelligent, habile, agile, adroit, adroite, talentueux

more beautiful - plus belle

Seem - sembler, paraître, avoir l'air

In his eyes she was quite perfect, and he was not a bit afraid of her; he told her that he could do mental arithmetic, as far as fractions, and that he knew the number of square miles and the number of inhabitants of the country.

mental arithmetic - le calcul mental

Fractions - fractions, fraction

number of inhabitants - nombre d'habitants

She always smiled at him, and he then thought that he surely did not know enough, and he looked up into the wide expanse of heaven, into which they rose higher and higher as she flew with him on a dark cloud, while the storm surged around them, the wind ringing in their ears like well-known old songs.

smiled - souriait, sourire

surely - surement, surement, assurément

wide - large

cloud - nuage, s'obscurcir

storm - tempete, orage

surged - a surgi, montée, poussée, vague, afflux, houle, pompage

They flew over woods and lakes, over oceans and islands; the cold wind whistled down below them, the wolves howled, the black crows flew screaming over the sparkling snow, but up above, the moon shone bright and clear-and Kay looked at it all the long, long winter nights; in the day he slept at the Snow Queen's feet.

flew over - survoler

woods - bois, (de) bois

lakes - des lacs, lac

Oceans - les océans, océan

whistled - sifflé, sifflet, siffler, sifflement, sifflements-p

wolves - loups, loup, tombeur, dévorer, engloutir

howled - hurlé, hurlement, hurler

crows - des corbeaux, corneille

screaming - des cris, cri, crier

sparkling - étincelante, pétillant

moon - lune

clear - clair, transparent, libre, dégagé, sans ambiguité, s'éclaircir


But how was little Gerda getting on all this long time since Kay left her? Where could he be? Nobody knew, nobody could say anything about him. All that the other boys knew was, that they had seen him tie his little sledge to a splendid big one which drove away down the street and out of the town gates. Nobody knew where he was, and many tears were shed; little Gerda cried long and bitterly.

getting on - monter

Since - depuis lors, depuis, depuis que, puisque, vu que

tie - cravate, accolage, amarrer, liaison

drove away - est parti en voiture

Tears - des larmes, larme

shed - hangar, verser, stand, kiosque, échoppe

bitterly - amerement, amerement

At last, people said he was dead; he must have fallen into the river which ran close by the town. Oh, what long, dark, winter days those were!

dead - morts, mort, milieu, cour, profondeurs

At last the spring came and the sunshine.

'Kay is dead and gone,'said little Gerda.

'I don't believe it,'said the sunshine.

'He is dead and gone,'she said to the swallows.

'We don't believe it,'said the swallows; and at last little Gerda did not believe it either.

either - chaque, non plus, ou, soit

'I will put on my new red shoes,'she said one morning; 'those Kay never saw; and then I will go down to the river and ask it about him!'

It was very early in the morning; she kissed the old grandmother, who was still asleep, put on the red shoes, and went quite alone, out by the gate to the river.

asleep - endormi

Gate - la porte, porte

'Is it true that you have taken my little playfellow? I will give you my red shoes if you will bring him back to me again.'

playfellow - camarade de jeu

She thought the little ripples nodded in such a curious way, so she took off her red shoes, her most cherished possessions, and threw them both into the river. They fell close by the shore, and were carried straight back to her by the little wavelets; it seemed as if the river would not accept her offering, as it had not taken little Kay.

ripples - ondulations, ondulation

such - tel, tellement, ainsi

Curious - vous etes curieux, curieux, intéressant, singulier

cherished - chérie, chérir, tenir

possessions - possessions, bien, possession, propriété, possessions-p

threw - jeté, jeter, lancer

shore - rivage, riverain, parages, bord, rive, borde

wavelets - ondelettes, vaguelette, ondelette

Accept - accepter, accepter (de), prendre sur soi, endurer patiemment

offering - offre, offrande, (offer)

She only thought she had not thrown them far enough; so she climbed into a boat which lay among the rushes, then she went right out to the further end of it, and threw the shoes into the water again.

thrown - jeté, jeter, lancer

lay - laique, pondre, pose

rushes - des joncs, se précipiter, emmener d'urgence

further - encourager, ultérieur, plus loin, de plus, (furth)

But the boat was loose, and her movements started it off, and it floated away from the shore: she felt it moving and tried to get out, but before she reached the other end the boat was more than a yard from the shore, and was floating away quite quickly.

movements - mouvements, mouvement

floated - flotté, flotter

reached - atteint, arriver/parvenir a

Little Gerda was terribly frightened, and began to cry, but nobody heard her except the sparrows, and they could not carry her ashore, but they flew alongside twittering, as if to cheer her, 'We are here, we are here.

Terribly - terriblement

Except - sauf, faire une exception

sparrows - moineaux, moineau, bruant, piaf

ashore - a terre

alongside - a côté, a côté, a côté de, le long de

twittering - twitter, (twitter) twitter

cheer - applaudir, jubiler

'The boat floated rapidly away with the current; little Gerda sat quite still with only her stockings on; her little red shoes floated behind, but they could not catch up the boat, which drifted away faster and faster.

rapidly - rapidement

current - courant, présent, actuel

stockings - bas

catch - attraper, prise, touche, loquet, loqueteau, verrou, hic

drifted - a la dérive, dérive, dériver, errer, dévier

The banks on both sides were very pretty with beautiful flowers, fine old trees, and slopes dotted with sheep and cattle, but not a single person.

banks on - Miser sur

slopes - les pentes, pente, inclinaison

dotted - en pointillés, point

cattle - du bétail, bétail, bovins

single person - personne seule

'Perhaps the river is taking me to little Kay,'thought Gerda, and that cheered her; she sat up and looked at the beautiful green banks for hours.

Perhaps - peut-etre, peut-etre, possiblement

cheered - acclamé, acclamation(s)

Then they came to a big cherry garden; there was a little house in it, with curious blue and red windows, it had a thatched roof, and two wooden soldiers stood outside, who presented arms as she sailed past. Gerda called out to them; she thought they were alive, but of course they did not answer; she was quite close to them, for the current drove the boat close to the bank.

cherry - cerise

thatched roof - Un toit de chaume

wooden - en bois, boisé, raide

soldiers - soldats, soldat, mouillette

Sailed - navigué, voile

Gerda called out again, louder than before, and then an old, old woman came out of the house; she was leaning upon a big, hooked stick, and she wore a big sun hat, which was covered with beautiful painted flowers.

louder - plus fort, fort

leaning - penchant, adossant, (lean) penchant

hooked - accroché, crochet, agrafe, hook, accrocher, ferrer

sun hat - chapeau de soleil

'You poor little child,'said the old woman, 'how ever were you driven out on this big, strong river into the wide, wide world alone?'Then she walked right into the water, and caught hold of the boat with her hooked stick; she drew it ashore, and lifted little Gerda out.

driven out - chassé

caught - pris, prise, touche, loquet, loqueteau, verrou, hic, couille

lifted - soulevée, soulever

Gerda was delighted to be on dry land again, but she was a little bit frightened of the strange old woman.

delighted - ravie, plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

dry - sec, anhydre, sécher, tfaire sécher

strange - étrange, anormal, inconnu, étranger

'Come, tell me who you are, and how you got here,'said she.

When Gerda had told her the whole story and asked her if she had seen Kay, the woman said she had not seen him, but that she expected him. Gerda must not be sad, she was to come and taste her cherries and see her flowers, which were more beautiful than any picture-book; each one had a story to tell.

expected - attendue, attendre, s'attendre a

taste - gout, gout, saveur, avant-gout, gouter, avoir un gout

cherries - des cerises, cerise, qualifier

Then she took Gerda by the hand, they went into the little house, and the old woman locked the door.

locked - verrouillé, serrure

The windows were very high up, and they were red, blue, and yellow; they threw a very curious light into the room. On the table were quantities of the most delicious cherries, of which Gerda had leave to eat as many as ever she liked.

quantities - quantités, quantité

most delicious - le plus délicieux

While she was eating, the old woman combed her hair with a golden comb, so that the hair curled, and shone like gold round the pretty little face, which was as sweet as a rose.

combed - peigné, combe

curled - frisé, boucle, rotationnel, boucler

gold - l'or, or

sweet - doux, doucement, friandise, bonbon, sucreries

'I have long wanted a little girl like you!'said the old woman. 'You will see how well we shall get on together.'While she combed her hair Gerda had forgotten all about Kay, for the old woman was learned in the magic art; but she was not a bad witch, she only cast spells over people for a little amusement, and she wanted to keep Gerda.

combed - peigné, peigne

magic art - de l'art magique

witch - sorciere, ensorceleurse, sorcierere

cast - casting, jeter, diriger, lancer, additionner, sommer, muer

amusement - l'amusement, amusement

She therefore went into the garden and waved her hooked stick over all the rose-bushes, and however beautifully they were flowering, all sank down into the rich black earth without leaving a trace behind them. The old woman was afraid that if Gerda saw the roses she would be reminded of Kay, and would want to run away. Then she took Gerda into the flower garden. What a delicious scent there was!

therefore - par conséquent, en conséquence, donc, pour ça

bushes - buissons, buisson

beautifully - magnifique

sank - a coulé, couler, s'enfoncer, évier, lavabo

trace - trace, projection horizontale, décalquer

reminded - rappelée, rappeler

flower garden - jardin de fleurs

scent - parfum, odeur, odorat, sentir

and every imaginable flower for every season was in that lovely garden; no picture-book could be brighter or more beautiful. Gerda jumped for joy and played till the sun went down behind the tall cherry trees. Then she was put into a lovely bed with rose-coloured silken coverings stuffed with violets; she slept and dreamt as lovely dreams as any queen on her wedding day.

imaginable - imaginable

season - saison

brighter - plus lumineux, brillant, éclatant

joy - joie

silken - en soie, soyeux

stuffed - empaillé, truc, substance (1), frachin (2), fr

violets - des violettes, violet, violette

dreamt - revé, reve, t+songe, t+voeu, t+souhait, t+vou

dreams - reves, reve, t+songe, t+voeu, t+souhait, t+vou

wedding - mariage, (wed), marier, épouser

The next day she played with the flowers in the garden again-and many days passed in the same way. Gerda knew every flower, but however many there were, she always thought there was one missing, but which it was she did not know.

passed - passé, passer (devant), dépasser

One day she was sitting looking at the old woman's sun hat with its painted flowers, and the very prettiest one of them all was a rose. The old woman had forgotten her hat when she charmed the others away. This is the consequence of being absent-minded.

charmed - charmé, charme

consequence - conséquence

absent - absente, absent

minded - mentales, esprit, t+raison, t+intelligence, mémoire

'What!'said Gerda, 'are there no roses here?'and she sprang in among the flower-beds and sought, but in vain! Her hot tears fell on the very places where the roses used to be; when the warm drops moistened the earth the rose-trees shot up again, just as full of bloom as when they sank.

sought - recherchée, chercher

in vain - en vain

drops - gouttes, goutte

moistened - humidifié, humidifier, mouiller

shot - tir, tirai, tiré, tirâmes, tirerent, tira

Gerda embraced the roses and kissed them, and then she thought of the lovely roses at home, and this brought the thought of little Kay.

embraced - embrassée, étreindre, embrasser, accolade

'Oh, how I have been delayed,'said the little girl, 'I ought to have been looking for Kay! Don't you know where he is?'she asked the roses. 'Do you think he is dead and gone?'

delayed - retardée, retarder

'He is not dead,'said the roses. 'For we have been down underground, you know, and all the dead people are there, but Kay is not among them.'

underground - souterrain, clandestin, underground, alternatif, sous terre

'Oh, thank you!'said little Gerda, and then she went to the other flowers and looked into their cups and said, 'Do you know where Kay is?'

But each flower stood in the sun and dreamt its own dreams. Little Gerda heard many of these, but never anything about Kay.

And what said the Tiger lilies?

tiger - tigre, tigresse

lilies - des lys, lys

'Do you hear the drum? rub-a-dub, it has only two notes, rub-a-dub, always the same. The wailing of women and the cry of the preacher. The Hindu woman in her long red garment stands on the pile, while the flames surround her and her dead husband. But the woman is only thinking of the living man in the circle round, whose eyes burn with a fiercer fire than that of the flames which consume the body.

drum - tambour

Rub - rub, friction, hic, frotter, polir

Dub - dub, doubler

wailing - gémissements, (wail) gémissements

preacher - precheur, prédicateur, precheur

Hindu - hindous, hindou, hindoue

garment - de l'habillement, vetement

pile - pile, tapée, pilotis, foule, amas

flames - flammes, flamme, polémique

surround - entourer, enceindre

circle - cercle, disque, yeux cernés, cerne, cercler, entourer, encercler

whose - a qui, de qui, dont, duquel (de + lequel), duquel

burn - bruler, s'allumer, brulons, brulez, bruler, cuite, griller

fiercer - plus féroce, féroce

consume - consommer, consumer, rench: t-needed r

Do the flames of the heart die in the fire?'

'I understand nothing about that,'said little Gerda.

'That is my story,'said the Tiger lily.

Lily - lily, lys

'What does the convolvulus say?'

convolvulus - convolvulus

'An old castle is perched high over a narrow mountain path, it is closely covered with ivy, almost hiding the old red walls, and creeping up leaf upon leaf right round the balcony where stands a beautiful maiden. She bends over the balustrade and looks eagerly up the road. No rose on its stem is fresher than she; no apple blossom wafted by the wind moves more lightly.

castle - château, château-fort, roquer

perched - perché, perchoir

narrow - étroite, pressé, étroit

path - chemin, sentier

closely - de pres, étroitement, pres

ivy - le lierre, lierre

hiding - se cacher, (hid) se cacher

creeping - rampant, ramper, rampement, fatigue, fluage, reptation

leaf - feuille, rallonge, battant, ouvrant, vantail, feuiller

balcony - balcon

maiden - jeune fille, jeune femme, demoiselle, pucelle, vierge

bends - courbes, courber, tordre

balustrade - balustrade

eagerly - avec empressement, avidement

fresher - plus frais, étudiant de premiere année, (fresh) plus frais

blossom - fleur, floraison, fleurir, s'épanouir

lightly - légerement, légerement

Her silken robes rustle softly as she bends over and says, 'Will he never come?''

robes - robes, robe

rustle - bruissement, froufrou, froufrouter

softly - en douceur, doucement

'Is it Kay you mean?'asked Gerda.

'I am only talking about my own story, my dream,'answered the convolvulus.

dream - reve, reve, songe, voeu

What said the little snowdrop?

Snowdrop - perce-neige

'Between two trees a rope with a board is hanging; it is a swing. Two pretty little girls in snowy frocks and green ribbons fluttering on their hats are seated on it. Their brother, who is bigger than they are, stands up behind them; he has his arms round the ropes for supports, and holds in one hand a little bowl and in the other a clay pipe. He is blowing soap-bubbles.

board - conseil d'administration, planche

hanging - suspension, (hang) suspension

swing - swing, osciller, se balancer, swinguer, pendre, changer

snowy - enneigée, neigeux

frocks - des robes de chambre, robe

ribbons - rubans, ruban

fluttering - flottement, faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement

seated - assis, place, siege, assise, séant, fond

ropes - des cordes, corde

supports - soutiens, (sup)porter, soutenir

holds - tient, (main)tenir

bowl - bol, globuleux, bassine, cuvette, jatte

clay pipe - un tuyau en argile

blowing - souffler, coup

soap - du savon, savon

bubbles - bulles, bulle, trou, vent, ambiance, bouillonner

As the swing moves the bubbles fly upwards in all their changing colours, the last one still hangs from the pipe swayed by the wind, and the swing goes on. A little black dog runs up, he is almost as light as the bubbles, he stands up on his hind legs and wants to be taken into the swing, but it does not stop. The little dog falls with an angry bark; they jeer at it; the bubble bursts.

hangs - pendu, suspendre, etre accroché

pipe - cornemuse, conduit, tuyau, barre verticale, tube, pipe

swayed - balancés, autorité, poids, influence, prépondérance, balancer

runs up - se présente

bubble - bulle, trou, vent, ambiance, bouillonner

hind - biche

bark - l'écorce, écorce, coque, aboyer

jeer - jeer, huer

bursts - éclatements, éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser, éclatement

A swinging plank, a fluttering foam picture-that is my story!'

swinging - l'échangisme, pivotant, (swing), osciller, se balancer

plank - planche, gainage

foam - écume, mousse, écumer, mousser

'I daresay what you tell me is very pretty, but you speak so sadly and you never mention little Kay.'

daresay - oserait-on dire

sadly - tristement, malheureusement

mention - mentionner

What says the hyacinth?

hyacinth - jacinthe

'They were three beautiful sisters, all most delicate, and quite transparent. One wore a crimson robe, the other a blue, and the third was pure white. These three danced hand-in-hand, by the edge of the lake in the moonlight. They were human beings, not fairies of the wood. The fragrant air attracted them, and they vanished into the wood; here the fragrance was stronger still.

most delicate - le plus délicat

crimson - cramoisi, carmin, pourpre

robe - robe de chambre, robe

third - troisieme, troisieme, trois, tiers, tierce

pure - pure, pur, pudique

lake - lac, marin

moonlight - le clair de lune, clair de lune, travailler au noir

human - humain

beings - etres, etre, créature, existence

fairies - des fées, fée, tapette, folle

wood - du bois, (de) bois

fragrant - parfumée, odorant, aromatique

attracted - attiré, attirer

vanished - disparue, disparaître, s'évanouir, s'annuler

fragrance - parfum, fragrance

Three coffins glide out of the wood towards the lake, and in them lie the maidens. The fire-flies flutter lightly round them with their little flickering torches. Do these dancing maidens sleep, or are they dead? The scent of the flower says that they are corpses. The evening bell tolls their knell.'

coffins - cercueils, cercueil

glide - glisser, planer

towards - vers, envers, pour, pres de

lie - mentir, mensonge, mentez, gésir, gis, mentons

maidens - vierges, jeune fille, jeune femme, demoiselle, pucelle, vierge

flutter - flottement, faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement

flickering - clignotement, vaciller

torches - torches, torche, flambeau, incendier

corpses - des cadavres, cadavre, corps, corps sans vie

bell - cloche, sonnette

tolls - les péages, sonner

knell - s'écrie-t-il, sonner le glas, glas

'You make me quite sad,'said little Gerda; 'your perfume is so strong it makes me think of those dead maidens. Oh, is little Kay really dead? The roses have been down underground, and they say no.'

perfume - parfum, fragrance, parfumer

'Ding, dong,'tolled the hyacinth bells; 'we are not tolling for little Kay; we know nothing about him. We sing our song, the only one we know.'

dong - dong

tolled - a péage, sonner

bells - cloches, cloche

tolling - le péage, sonner

And Gerda went on to the buttercups shining among their dark green leaves.

buttercups - des boutons d'or, bouton-d'or, renoncule, grenouillette

shining - brillant, tibia

'You are a bright little sun,'said Gerda. 'Tell me if you know where I shall find my playfellow.'

The buttercup shone brightly and returned Gerda's glance. What song could the buttercup sing? It would not be about Kay.

buttercup - bouton d'or, bouton-d'or, renoncule, grenouillette

brightly - brillante, clairement, précisément

glance - regard, jeter un coup d’oil

'God's bright sun shone into a little court on the first day of spring. The sunbeams stole down the neighbouring white wall, close to which bloomed the first yellow flower of the season; it shone like burnished gold in the sun. An old woman had brought her arm-chair out into the sun; her granddaughter, a poor and pretty little maid-servant, had come to pay her a short visit, and she kissed her.

Court - la cour, cour, tribunal, court de tennis, court, courtiser

sunbeams - rayons de soleil, rayon de soleil

Stole - volé, volâmes, volai, vola, volerent, (steal), voler, vol

bloomed - fleuri, fleur

burnished - bruni, polir

arm-chair - (arm-chair) fauteuil

granddaughter - petite-fille

maid - femme de ménage, demoiselle, jeune fille, bonne

servant - serviteur, domestique, servante, checkserviteur

There was gold, heart's gold, in the kiss. Gold on the lips, gold on the ground, and gold above, in the early morning beams! Now that is my little story,'said the buttercup.

lips - levres, levre

beams - poutres, madrier, poutre, merrain, perche, limon, timon, age

'Oh, my poor old grandmother!'sighed Gerda. 'She will be longing to see me, and grieving about me, as she did about Kay. But I shall soon go home again and take Kay with me. It is useless for me to ask the flowers about him. They only know their own stories, and have no information to give me.'

sighed - soupiré, soupirer

grieving - le deuil, avoir du chagrin

useless - inutile, inutilisable, bon a rien

Then she tucked up her little dress, so that she might run the faster; but the narcissus blossoms struck her on the legs as she jumped over them, so she stopped and said, 'Perhaps you can tell me something.'

tucked up - rentré

narcissus - narcisse

blossoms - fleurs, fleur, floraison, fleurir, s'épanouir

jumped over - a sauté

She stooped down close to the flower and listened. What did it say?

stooped - vouté, se baisser

'I can see myself, I can see myself,'said the narcissus. 'Oh, how sweet is my scent. Up there in an attic window stands a little dancing girl half dressed; first she stands on one leg, then on the other, and looks as if she would tread the whole world under her feet. She is only a delusion. She pours some water out of a teapot on to a bit of stuff that she is holding; it is her bodice.

myself - moi-meme, me, m'

tread - la bande de roulement, piétiner, escabeau

delusion - illusion, délire

pours - versés, verser, se déverser

teapot - théiere, théiere

stuff - trucs, truc, substance (1), checkmachin (2), checktruc (2)

holding - en attente, possession, (hold) en attente

bodice - corsage

"Cleanliness is a good thing," she says. Her white dress hangs on a peg; it has been washed in the teapot, too, and dried on the roof. She puts it on, and wraps a saffron-coloured scarf round her neck, which makes the dress look whiter. See how high she carries her head, and all upon one stem. I see myself, I see myself!'

cleanliness - la propreté, propreté

peg - piquet, cheville, porte-manteau, patere, cheviller, épingler

dried - séché, sec, anhydre, sécher, tfaire sécher

wraps - enveloppes, enrouler (autour de)

saffron - le safran, safran

scarf - écharpe, cache nez, éventé, fichu, foulard

'I don't care a bit about all that,'said Gerda; 'It's no use telling me such stuff.'

care - soins, s'occuper, soin, souci

It's no use - Ça ne sert a rien

And then she ran to the end of the garden. The door was fastened, but she pressed the rusty latch, and it gave way. The door sprang open, and little Gerda ran out with bare feet into the wide world. She looked back three times, but nobody came after her. At last she could run no further, and she sat down on a big stone.

fastened - fixé, attacher, fixer

pressed - pressé, appuyer sur, presser

rusty - rubigineux

latch - le loquet, loquet

gave way - céder le passage

bare - a nu, dénudé, dégarnir, nu

stone - pierre, roche, caillou, roc

When she looked round she saw that the summer was over; it was quite late autumn. She would never have known it inside the beautiful garden, where the sun always shone, and the flowers of every season were always in bloom.

late autumn - la fin de l'automne

'Oh, how I have wasted my time,'said little Gerda. 'It is autumn. I must not rest any longer,'and she got up to go on.

wasted - gaspillé, gaspiller

Oh, how weary and sore were her little feet, and everything round looked so cold and dreary. The long willow leaves were quite yellow. The damp mist fell off the trees like rain, one leaf dropped after another from the trees, and only the sloe-thorn still bore its fruit; but the sloes were sour and set one's teeth on edge. Oh, how grey and sad it looked, out in the wide world.

weary - fatigué, las, lasser

sore - douloureux, ulcere

dreary - lugubre, terne, insipide, maussade

willow - le saule, saule

damp - humide, moite, mouillé, humidité, grisou, amortir

mist - brouillard, brume

dropped - a déposé, goutte

thorn - épine, thorn

bore - l'alésage, rencontrer, naquis, ennuyer, acabit, lasser

sloes - prunelles, prunelle

sour - aigre, sur, rance, tourné, acerbe, acariâtre

set - set, Seth


princess - princesse

Gerda was soon obliged to rest again. A big crow hopped on to the snow, just in front of her. It had been sitting looking at her for a long time and wagging its head. Now it said, 'Caw, caw; good-day, good-day,'as well as it could; it meant to be kind to the little girl, and asked her where she was going, alone in the wide world.

obliged - obligée, imposer, obliger, rendre service

crow - corbeau, corneille

hopped - sautée, sauter a cloche-pied

wagging - en train de s'agiter, frétiller, remuer, sécher

caw - caw, croassement, croasser

Gerda understood the word 'alone'and knew how much there was in it, and she told the crow the whole story of her life and adventures, and asked if it had seen Kay.

adventures - aventures, (adventure) aventures

The crow nodded its head gravely and said, 'May be I have, may be I have.'

gravely - gravement

'What, do you really think you have?'cried the little girl, nearly smothering him with her kisses.

nearly - presque

smothering - l'étouffement, étouffer

kisses - des baisers, (s')embrasser

'Gently, gently!'said the crow. 'I believe it may have been Kay, but he has forgotten you by this time, I expect, for the Princess.'

expect - s'attendre a, attendre, s'attendre a

'Does he live with a Princess?'asked Gerda.

'Yes, listen,'said the crow; 'but it is so difficult to speak your language. If you understand "crow's language,"1 I can tell you about it much better.'

'No, I have never learnt it,'said Gerda; 'but grandmother knew it, and used to speak it. If only I had learnt it!'

'It doesn't matter,'said the crow. 'I will tell you as well as I can, although I may do it rather badly.'

It doesn't matter - Ça n'a pas d'importance

although - bien que, combien que, encore que, nonobstant que

badly - mal, mauvaisement

Then he told her what he had heard.

'In this kingdom where we are now,'said he, 'there lives a Princess who is very clever. She has read all the newspapers in the world, and forgotten them again, so clever is she. One day she was sitting on her throne, which is not such an amusing thing to do either, they say; and she began humming a tune, which happened to be

Kingdom - royaume, regne

throne - trône

humming - fredonner, (hum), bourdonner, fourmiller

tune - l'accord, mélodie, air, tube, accorder, syntoniser

"Why should I not be married, oh why?"

"Why not indeed?" said she. And she made up her mind to marry, if she could find a husband who had an answer ready when a question was put to him. She called all the court ladies together, and when they heard what she wanted they were delighted.

marry - se marier, marions, marient, épousez, mariez

court ladies - des dames de cour

'"I like that now," they said. "I was thinking the same thing myself the other day."

'Every word I say is true,'said the crow, 'for I have a tame sweetheart who goes about the palace whenever she likes. She told me the whole story.'

tame - apprivoisé, dresser

sweetheart - chéri, amante, chérie, amour

Palace - le palais, palais

whenever - chaque fois que

Of course his sweetheart was a crow, for 'birds of a feather flock together,'and one crow always chooses another. The newspapers all came out immediately with borders of hearts and the Princess's initials. They gave notice that any young man who was handsome enough might go up to the Palace to speak to the Princess.

feather - plume, fanon, mettre en drapeau, emplumer, checkempenner

flock together - se regrouper

immediately - immédiatement, tout de suite, aussitôt

borders - frontieres, frontiere, bord, bordure, délimiter, border

initials - initiales, initial, lettrine, initiale

gave notice - Donner un préavis

handsome - beau

The one who spoke as if he were quite at home, and spoke well, would be chosen by the Princess as her husband. Yes, yes, you may believe me, it's as true as I sit here,'said the crow. 'The people came crowding in; there was such running, and crushing, but no one was fortunate enough to be chosen, either on the first day, or on the second.

crowding - l'encombrement, foule

crushing - l'écrasement, barricade, béguin, amourette, faible

They could all of them talk well enough in the street, but when they entered the castle gates, and saw the guard in silver uniforms, and when they went up the stairs through rows of lackeys in gold embroidered liveries, their courage forsook them.

entered - a pénétré, entrer, rench: -neededr, taper, saisir

guard - garde, protection, gardien, arriere, défense, garder

silver - l'argent, argent

uniforms - uniformes, uniforme

rows - rangées, rang(ée)

lackeys - laquais

embroidered - brodée, broder

courage - bravoure, courage, cour, vaillance

forsook - abandonné, abandonner, renoncer

When they reached the brilliantly lighted reception-rooms, and stood in front of the throne where the Princess was seated, they could think of nothing to say, they only echoed her last words, and of course that was not what she wanted.

reception - réception, accueil

echoed - en écho, écho

'It was just as if they had all taken some kind of sleeping-powder, which made them lethargic; they did not recover themselves until they got out into the street again, and then they had plenty to say. There was quite a long line of them, reaching from the town gates up to the Palace.

powder - poudre, réduire en poudre, pulvériser, poudrer

lethargic - léthargique

recover - récupérer, captons, capter, recouvrent, recouvrer, recouvrons

themselves - eux-memes, se, eux-memes, elles-memes

plenty - l'abondance, abondance

reaching - atteindre, arriver/parvenir a

'I went to see them myself,'said the crow. 'They were hungry and thirsty, but they got nothing at the Palace, not even as much as a glass of tepid water. Some of the wise ones had taken sandwiches with them, but they did not share them with their neighbours; they thought if the others went in to the Princess looking hungry, that there would be more chance for themselves.'

tepid - tiede, tiede, tiédasse, mou, indifférent

wise - sage, sensé, genre, raisonnable

chance - chance, hasard

'But Kay, little Kay!'asked Gerda; 'when did he come? was he amongst the crowd?'

amongst - entre, parmi

crowd - foule, acculer, amas, marée humaine

'Give me time, give me time! we are just coming to him. It was on the third day that a little personage came marching cheerfully along, without either carriage or horse. His eyes sparkled like yours, and he had beautiful long hair, but his clothes were very shabby.'

personage - personnage

cheerfully - réjouie

carriage - transport, rench: t-needed r, carrosse, port, chariot

sparkled - étincelait, étincellement

shabby - râpé, usé, élimé, miteux, minable

'Oh, that was Kay!'said Gerda gleefully; 'then I have found him!'and she clapped her hands.

gleefully - avec joie

clapped - applaudi, applaudir, battre des mains

'He had a little knapsack on his back!'said the crow.

knapsack - sac a dos, sac a dos

'No, it must have been his sledge; he had it with him when he went away!'said Gerda.

went away - est parti

'It may be so,'said the crow; 'I did not look very particularly; but I know from my sweetheart, that when he entered the Palace gates, and saw the life-guards in their silver uniforms, and the lackeys on the stairs in their gold-laced liveries, he was not the least bit abashed. He just nodded to them and said, "It must be very tiresome to stand upon the stairs. I am going inside!

particularly - en particulier

life-guards - (life-guards) Sauveteurs

laced - lacé, lacet

abashed - abasourdi, confondre

tiresome - lassant

" The rooms were blazing with lights. Privy councillors and excellencies without number were walking about barefoot carrying golden vessels; it was enough to make you solemn! His boots creaked fearfully too, but he wasn't a bit upset.'

blazing - flamboyant, feu, embrasement

Privy - privé, unique, exclusif, instruit, complice

councillors - conseillers, conseiller, conseillere

excellencies - excellences, Excellence

barefoot - pieds nus

vessels - navires, vaisseau, recipient

solemn - solennel

creaked - a grincé, craquement, craquer

fearfully - avec crainte

wasn - n'était

upset - fâché, dérangé, perturbé, bouleversé, remué, énerver

'Oh, I am sure that was Kay!'said Gerda; 'I know he had a pair of new boots, I heard them creaking in grandmother's room.'

creaking - grincement, craquement, craquer

'Yes, indeed they did creak!'said the crow. 'But nothing daunted, he went straight up to the Princess, who was sitting on a pearl as big as a spinning-wheel. Poor, simple boy! all the court ladies and their attendants; the courtiers, and their gentlemen, each attended by a page, were standing round.

creak - grincement, craquement, craquer

nothing daunted - rien d'intimidant

straight up - directement

pearl - perle, joyau, perlure, parisienne, sédanoise

spinning-wheel - (spinning-wheel) roue qui tourne

simple - simple

ladies - mesdames, dame, madame, lady

courtiers - courtisans, courtisan

gentlemen - messieurs, gentilhomme, monsieur, messieurs-p

attended - a assisté, assister a, suivre

The nearer the door they stood, so much the greater was their haughtiness; till the footman's boy, who always wore slippers and stood in the doorway, was almost too proud even to be looked at.'

haughtiness - l'arrogance, orgueil, hautaineté

footman - valet de pied, laquais

slippers - des pantoufles, chausson, pantoufle

doorway - l'embrasure de la porte, embrasure de la porte

proud - fiers, fier, orgueilleux

'It must be awful!'said little Gerda, 'and yet Kay has won the Princess!'

awful - terrible, épouvantable, horrible

'If I had not been a crow, I should have taken her myself, notwithstanding that I am engaged. They say he spoke as well as I could have done myself, when I speak crow-language; at least so my sweetheart says. He was a picture of good looks and gallantry, and then, he had not come with any idea of wooing the Princess, but simply to hear her wisdom. He admired her just as much as she admired him!'

notwithstanding - nonobstant

engaged - engagé, attirer l'attention, engager, embrayer

gallantry - la galanterie, courage, galanterie

wooing - courtiser, (woo) courtiser

Simply - tout simplement, simplement

wisdom - la sagesse, sagesse

admired - admiré, admirer

'Indeed it was Kay then,'said Gerda; 'he was so clever he could do mental arithmetic up to fractions. Oh, won't you take me to the Palace?'

mental - mentale, affectif, mental

Arithmetic - l'arithmétique, arithmétique, d'arithmétique

'It's easy enough to talk,'said the crow; 'but how are we to manage it? I will talk to my tame sweetheart about it; she will have some advice to give us I daresay, but I am bound to tell you that a little girl like you will never be admitted!'

manage - gérer, ménager, diriger, manier, parvenir, réussir, accomplir

admitted - admis, admettre, avouer, reconnaître

'Oh, indeed I shall,'said Gerda; 'when Kay hears that I am here, he will come out at once to fetch me.'

fetch - chercher, apporter, aveignez, amener, aveignent, apportons

'Wait here for me by the stile,'said the crow, then he wagged his head and flew off.

stile - stile, échalier

wagged - remué, frétiller, remuer, sécher, faire l’école buissonniere

The evening had darkened in before he came back. 'Caw, caw,'he said, 'she sends you greeting. And here is a little roll for you; she got it out of the kitchen where there is bread enough, and I daresay you are hungry! It is not possible for you to get into the Palace; you have bare feet; the guards in silver and the lackeys in gold would never allow you to pass.

darkened - assombri, obscurcir, assombrir, foncer

greeting - l'accueil, salutation, salut, (greet) l'accueil

roll - rouler, petit pain, enroulez, roulons, enroulent, roulez

guards - gardiens, garde, protection, gardien, arriere

allow - laisser, accorder, permettre

pass - passer, doubler, passe, dépasser, passez, passons, passage

But don't cry, we shall get you in somehow; my sweetheart knows a little back staircase which leads up to the bedroom, and she knows where the key is kept.'

don't cry - ne pas pleurer

somehow - d'une maniere ou d'une autre

staircase - escalier

leads - des pistes, conduire, mener

Then they went into the garden, into the great avenue where the leaves were dropping, softly one by one; and when the Palace lights went out, one after the other, the crow led little Gerda to the back door, which was ajar.

avenue - avenue

dropping - de la chute, crotte, fiente, (drop) de la chute

led - dirigé, DEL, LED, (lead) dirigé

ajar - entrouverte, entrouvert

Oh, how Gerda's heart beat with fear and longing! It was just as if she was about to do something wrong, and yet she only wanted to know if this really was little Kay. Oh, it must be him, she thought, picturing to herself his clever eyes and his long hair. She could see his very smile when they used to sit under the rose-trees at home.

beat - battre

fear - peur, angoisse, craignent, crainte, crains, craignons

smile - sourire

She thought he would be very glad to see her, and to hear what a long way she had come to find him, and to hear how sad they had all been at home when he did not come back. Oh, it was joy mingled with fear.

Glad - heureux, heureuse

mingled - mélangés, mélanger

They had now reached the stairs, where a little lamp was burning on a shelf. There stood the tame sweetheart, twisting and turning her head to look at Gerda, who made a curtsy, as grandmother had taught her.

burning - bruler, brulant, ardent, brulage, (burn) bruler

shelf - étagere, rayon, étagere, tablard, rayonnage

twisting - torsion, (twist), twist, entortiller, tordre

curtsy - la révérence, révérence

'My betrothed has spoken so charmingly to me about you, my little miss!'she said; 'your life, "Vita," as it is called, is most touching! If you will take the lamp, I will go on in front. We shall take the straight road here, and we shall meet no one.'

betrothed - fiancés, fiancé, fiancée, (betroth), fiancer

charmingly - avec charme, irritant

touching - toucher, attendrissant, (touch), émouvoir

'It seems to me that some one is coming behind us,'said Gerda, as she fancied something rushed past her, throwing a shadow on the walls; horses with flowing manes and slender legs; huntsmen, ladies and gentlemen on horseback.

Seems - semble-t-il, sembler, paraître, avoir l'air

throwing - jetant, (throw) jetant

shadow - l'ombre, ombre, prendre en filature, filer

flowing - en cours d'exécution, couler

manes - manes, criniere

slender - svelte, mince

on horseback - a cheval

'Oh, those are only the dreams!'said the crow; 'they come to take the thoughts of the noble ladies and gentlemen out hunting. That's a good thing, for you will be able to see them all the better in bed. But don't forget, when you are taken into favour, to show a grateful spirit.'

thoughts - réflexions, idée, pensée

noble - noble, aristocrate, aristocratique

hunting - la chasse, (hunt), chasser, chercher, chasse

favour - favorable, faveur, complaisance, favoriser

grateful - reconnaissant

spirit - l'esprit, esprit, moral, élan, spiritueux

'Now, there's no need to talk about that,'said the crow from the woods.

They came now into the first apartment; it was hung with rose-coloured satin embroidered with flowers. Here again the dreams overtook them, but they flitted by so quickly that Gerda could not distinguish them. The apartments became one more beautiful than the other; they were enough to bewilder anybody. They now reached the bedroom.

satin - satin, satiné

overtook - dépasser, doubler, surprendre

flitted - flotté, voltiger, voleter, papillonner, virevolter

distinguish - distinguer

bewilder - abasourdir, confondre, déconcerter, dérouter

Anybody - quelqu'un, n’importe qui (1), checkn’importe qui (2

The ceiling was like a great palm with crystal leaves, and in the middle of the room two beds, each like a lily hung from a golden stem. One was white, and in it lay the Princess; the other was red, and there lay he whom Gerda had come to seek-little Kay! She bent aside one of the crimson leaves, and she saw a little brown neck. It was Kay.

ceiling - plafond, (ceil) plafond

palm - palmier, paume

crystal - cristal, de cristal, en cristal

whom - que, qui

seek - chercher

bent - plié, courba, courbai, courbés, courbé, cambrai

aside - a part, a côté, en passant, aparté

She called his name aloud, and held the lamp close to him. Again the dreams rushed through the room on horseback-he awoke, turned his head-and it was not little Kay.

rushed through - précipitée

horseback - a cheval, a cheval

awoke - s'est réveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller

It was only the Prince's neck which was like his; but he was young and handsome. The Princess peeped out of her lily-white bed, and asked what was the matter. Then little Gerda cried and told them all her story, and what the crows had done to help her.

prince - prince

'You poor little thing!'said the Prince and Princess. And they praised the crows, and said that they were not at all angry with them, but they must not do it again. Then they gave them a reward.

Praised - loué, louange, louer, féliciter, prôner, vénérer

Reward - récompense, récompenser

'Would you like your liberty?'said the Princess, 'or would you prefer permanent posts about the court as court crows, with perquisites from the kitchen?'

liberty - liberté

permanent - permanent, permanente

perquisites - des avantages indirects, gratification, émolument, don, cadeau

Both crows curtsied and begged for the permanent posts, for they thought of their old age, and said 'it was so good to have something for the old man,'as they called it.

curtsied - a fait une révérence, révérence

begged - supplié, mendier

The Prince got up and allowed Gerda to sleep in his bed, and he could not have done more. She folded her little hands, and thought 'how good the people and the animals are'; then she shut her eyes and fell fast asleep. All the dreams came flying back again; this time they looked like angels, and they were dragging a little sledge with Kay sitting on it, and he nodded.

folded - plié, plier

shut - fermé, fermer

dragging - traînant, tirer, entraîner

But it was only a dream; so it all vanished when she woke.

Next day she was dressed in silk and velvet from head to foot; they asked her to stay at the Palace and have a good time, but she only begged them to give her a little carriage and horse, and a little pair of boots, so that she might drive out into the wide world to look for Kay.

silk - soie

velvet - du velours, velours, duvet (on skin), velours (on antlers)

drive out - sortir en voiture

They gave her a pair of boots and a muff. She was beautifully dressed, and when she was ready to start, there before the door stood a new chariot of pure gold. The Prince's and Princess's coat of arms were emblazoned on it, and shone like a star. Coachman, footman, and outrider, for there was even an outrider, all wore golden crowns.

muff - muff

chariot - chariot, char (de guerre), charriot

coachman - cocher

outrider - outrider

crowns - couronnes, couronne

The Prince and Princess themselves helped her into the carriage and wished her joy. The wood crow, who was now married, accompanied her for the first three miles; he sat beside Gerda, for he could not ride with his back to the horses.

wished - souhaité, souhait, souhaiter, espérer

accompanied - accompagné, accompagner

beside - a côté, aupres

The other crow stood at the door and flapped her wings; she did not go with them, for she suffered from headache since she had become a kitchen pensioner-the consequence of eating too much. The chariot was stored with sugar biscuits, and there were fruit and ginger nuts under the seat. 'Good-bye, good-bye,'cried the Prince and Princess; little Gerda wept, and the crow wept too.

flapped - battu, pan

wings - des ailes, aile, ailier

suffered - souffert, souffrir, souffrir de, pâtir de, endurer

headache - maux de tete, mal de tete, casse-tete

pensioner - pensionné, retraité, retraitée

stored - stockée, entrepôt, stock, stocker, conserver

biscuits - des biscuits, biscuit

ginger - gingembre

nuts - des noix, noix(literally walnut noix but often used generically)

seat - siege, place, siege, assise, séant, fond

Good-bye - (Good-bye) Au revoir

wept - pleuré, pleurer

At the end of the first few miles the crow said good-bye, and this was the hardest parting of all. It flew up into a tree and flapped its big black wings as long as it could see the chariot, which shone like the brightest sunshine.

brightest - les plus brillants, brillant, éclatant

1 Children have a kind of language, or gibberish, formed by adding letters or syllables to every word, which is called 'crow's language.'

gibberish - du charabia, baragouin, charabia, galimatias, chinois

syllables - syllabes, syllabe


robber - voleur, brigand, bandit

They drove on through a dark wood, where the chariot lighted up the way and blinded the robbers by its glare; it was more than they could bear.

lighted up - allumé

blinded - aveuglé, aveugle, mal-voyant, mal-voyante, store, blind

robbers - des voleurs, brigand, bandit

glare - éblouissement, éclat

bear - ours, endurer, naîs, produire, souffrir, subir

'It is gold, it is gold!'they cried, and darting forward, seized the horses, and killed the postilions, the coachman, and footman. They then dragged little Gerda out of the carriage.

darting - darting, dard, fleche

forward - avant, acheminent, acheminer, avanten, acheminons

seized - saisi, saisir

killed - tué, tuer

postilions - postilions, postillon

dragged - traîné, tirer, entraîner

'She is fat, and she is pretty; she has been fattened on nuts!'said the old robber woman, who had a long beard, and eyebrows that hung down over her eyes. 'She is as good as a fat lamb, and how nice she will taste!'She drew out her sharp knife as she said this; it glittered horribly. 'Oh!

fattened - engraissé, engraisser, grossir

beard - barbe

eyebrows - sourcils, sourcil

lamb - agneau, agnelle, mettre bas

sharp - pointu, affilé, coupant, affuté, tranchant

knife - couteau, frapper d'un coup de couteau

glittered - pailleté, étincellement, paillette, briller

horribly - horriblement

'screamed the old woman at the same moment, for her little daughter had come up behind her, and she was biting her ear. She hung on her back, as wild and as savage a little animal as you could wish to find. 'You bad, wicked child!'said her mother, but she was prevented from killing Gerda on this occasion.

screamed - crié, cri, crier

little daughter - petite fille

wild - sauvage, pétulant, grose

savage - barbare, féroce, sauvage

wish - souhait, souhaiter, espérer

prevented - empeché, empecher

killing - tuer, meurtre, (kill) tuer

Occasion - occasion

'She shall play with me,'said the little robber girl; 'she shall give me her muff, and her pretty dress, and she shall sleep in my bed.'Then she bit her mother again and made her dance. All the robbers laughed and said, 'Look at her dancing with her cub!'

cub - cub, petit (d'un animal)

'I want to get into the carriage,'said the little robber girl, and she always had her own way because she was so spoilt and stubborn. She and Gerda got into the carriage, and then they drove over stubble and stones further and further into the wood.

spoilt - gâté, pourri, (spoil), gâter, gâcher, tourner, dévoiler

stubborn - tetu, tetu, enteté, borné

stubble - chaume, barbe de trois jours, éteule

stones - des pierres, pierre, t+roche, t+caillou, t+roc

The little robber girl was as big as Gerda, but much stronger; she had broader shoulders, and darker skin, her eyes were quite black, with almost a melancholy expression. She put her arm round Gerda's waist and said-

broader - plus large, large

skin - la peau, peau, apparence, écorcher, égratigner, dépouiller

melancholy - mélancolie

expression - expression

waist - taille, ceinture

'They shan't kill you as long as I don't get angry with you; you must surely be a Princess!'

shan - Shan

'No,'said little Gerda, and then she told her all her adventures, and how fond she was of Kay.

The robber girl looked earnestly at her, gave a little nod, and said, 'They shan't kill you even if I am angry with you. I will do it myself.'Then she dried Gerda's eyes, and stuck her own hands into the pretty muff, which was so soft and warm.

earnestly - sincerement, sérieusement

nod - hochement de tete, dodeliner, hocher, hochement

soft - souple, moelleux, alcoolsans, mou, doux

At last the chariot stopped: they were in the courtyard of a robber's castle, the walls of which were cracked from top to bottom. Ravens and crows flew in and out of every hole, and big bulldogs, which each looked ready to devour somebody, jumped about as high as they could, but they did not bark, for it was not allowed.

courtyard - cour

cracked - fissuré, (se) feler

top - haut, dessus, sommet, couvercle, hune, premiere demi-manche

bottom - fond, bas, dessous, arriere-train, cul

ravens - les corbeaux, corbeau

bulldogs - des bouledogues, bouledogue

devour - dévorer

A big fire was burning in the middle of the stone floor of the smoky old hall. The smoke all went up to the ceiling, where it had to find a way out for itself. Soup was boiling in a big caldron over the fire, and hares and rabbits were roasting on the spits.

stone floor - sol en pierre

smoky - enfumé

hall - couloir, corridor, salle, salon, manoir, foyer

smoke - la fumée, fumons, griller, fumer, fument, fumée, fumez

itself - elle-meme, se, soi-meme

boiling - en ébullition, ébullition, bouillonnement

caldron - chaudron

hares - lievres, lievre

rabbits - des lapins, lapin/-ine

roasting - la torréfaction, rôtissant, rôtissage, (roast), rôtir

'You shall sleep with me and all my little pets to-night,'said the robber girl.

pets - animaux domestiques, animal familier, apprivoisé

When they had something to eat and drink they went along to one corner which was spread with straw and rugs. There were nearly a hundred pigeons roosting overhead on the rafters and beams. They seemed to be asleep, but they fluttered about a little when the children came in.

corner - coin, rencogner, piéger, acculer, négocier un prix de gros

straw - paille, fétu, jaune paille

rugs - tapis, couverture

pigeons - pigeons, pigeon

roosting - se percher, perchoir

overhead - des frais généraux, dessus, sur, au dessus, aérien, grippage

rafters - des chevrons, chevron

fluttered - flotté, faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement

'They are all mine,'said the little robber girl, seizing one of the nearest. She held it by the legs and shook it till it flapped its wings. 'Kiss it,'she cried, dashing it at Gerda's face. 'Those are the wood pigeons,'she added, pointing to some laths fixed across a big hole high up on the walls; 'they are a regular rabble; they would fly away directly if they were not locked in.

mine - la mienne, mienne, miniere

seizing - la saisie, emparant, (seize), saisir, emparer

shook - secoué, (shake), secouer, agiter, se serrer la main, secousse

dashing - fringant, tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter

laths - lattes, liteau, volige, latte

fixed - fixé, réparer, fixer, préparer, truquer, tricher, réparation

regular - réguliere, régulier, habitué, habituée, habitués, habituées

rabble - la populace, cohue

fly away - s'envoler

directly - directement, checktout droit

And here is my old sweetheart Be,'dragging forward a reindeer by the horn; it was tied up, and it had a bright copper ring round its neck. 'We have to keep him close too, or he would run off. Every single night I tickle his neck with my bright knife, he is so frightened of it.'The little girl produced a long knife out of a hole in the wall and drew it across the reindeer's neck.

reindeer - des rennes, renne, caribou

horn - corne, cor, klaxon, cuivres

copper - cuivre

ring - anneau, cerne, ring, tinter

tickle - chatouiller

produced - produit, produire, produits-p

The poor animal laughed and kicked, and the robber girl laughed and pulled Gerda down into the bed with her.

pulled - tiré, tirer, retirer, tirer un coup, influence

'Do you have that knife by you while you are asleep?'asked Gerda, looking rather frightened.

'I always sleep with a knife,'said the little robber girl. 'You never know what will happen. But now tell me again what you told me before about little Kay, and why you went out into the world.'So Gerda told her all about it again, and the wood pigeons cooed up in their cage above them; the other pigeons were asleep.

cage - cage, encager

The little robber girl put her arm round Gerda's neck and went to sleep with the knife in her other hand, and she was soon snoring. But Gerda would not close her eyes; she did not know whether she was to live or to die. The robbers sat round the fire, eating and drinking, and the old woman was turning somersaults. This sight terrified the poor little girl.

snoring - ronflement, (snore), ronfler

whether - si, que, soit, si oui ou non

somersaults - des sauts périlleux, salto, saut périlleux, galipette

sight - vue, quelque chose a voir, truc a voir, mire, viseur

Then the wood pigeons said, 'Coo, coo, we have seen little Kay; his sledge was drawn by a white chicken, and he was sitting in the Snow Queen's sledge; it was floating low down over the trees, while we were in our nests. She blew upon us young ones, and they all died except we two; coo, coo.'

Coo - coo

low - faible, inférieure

blew - soufflé, coup

'What are you saying up there?'asked Gerda. 'Where was the Snow Queen going? Do you know anything about it?'

'She was most likely going to Lapland, because there is always snow and ice there! Ask the reindeer who is tied up there.'

Likely - probable

Lapland - la laponie, Laponie

'There is ice and snow, and it's a splendid place,'said the reindeer. 'You can run and jump about where you like on those big glittering plains. The Snow Queen has her summer tent there, but her permanent castle is up at the North Pole, on the island which is called Spitzbergen!'

jump - sauter, sautent, sautiller, sautons, félure

plains - plaines, simple

tent - tente

North Pole - Le pôle Nord

'Oh Kay, little Kay!'sighed Gerda.

'Lie still, or I shall stick the knife into you!'said the robber girl.

In the morning Gerda told her all that the wood pigeons had said, and the little robber girl looked quite solemn, but she nodded her head and said, 'No matter, no matter! Do you know where Lapland is?'she asked the reindeer.

'Who should know better than I,'said the animal, its eyes dancing. 'I was born and brought up there, and I used to leap about on the snowfields.'

leap - saut, sauter

'Listen,'said the robber girl. 'You see that all our men folks are away, but mother is still here, and she will stay; but later on in the morning she will take a drink out of the big bottle there, and after that she will have a nap-then I will do something for you.'Then she jumped out of bed, ran along to her mother and pulled her beard, and said, 'Good morning, my own dear nanny-goat!

folks - des gens, populaire, peuple

nap - sieste, petit somme

jumped out - a sauté

nanny - nounou, nourrice, bonne d'enfants

goat - chevre, chevre, bouc, bique

'And her mother filliped her nose till it was red and blue; but it was all affection.

filliped - filliped, chiquenaude, pichenette

As soon as her mother had had her draught from the bottle and had dropped asleep, the little robber girl went along to the reindeer, and said, 'I should have the greatest pleasure in the world in keeping you here, to tickle you with my knife, because you are such fun then; however, it does not matter.

pleasure - plaisir, volupté, désir

I will untie your halter and help you outside so that you may run away to Lapland, but you must put your best foot foremost, and take this little girl for me to the Snow Queen's palace, where her playfellow is. I have no doubt you heard what she was telling me, for she spoke loud enough, and you are generally eavesdropping!'

Untie - détacher, délier

halter - licou, (halt) licou

foremost - avant tout

doubt - des doutes, douter, doute

loud - bruyante, fort

generally - en général

eavesdropping - écouter aux portes, etre aux écoutes, écouter secretement

The reindeer jumped into the air for joy. The robber girl lifted little Gerda up, and had the forethought to tie her on, nay, even to give her a little cushion to sit upon. 'Here, after all, I will give you your fur boots back, for it will be very cold, but I will keep your muff, it is too pretty to part with. Still you shan't be cold.

forethought - la prévoyance, prévoyance, (forethink) la prévoyance

Nay - nay, ou plutôt, voire, que dis-je

cushion - coussin, amortir

fur - fourrure, peau

be cold - etre froid

Here are my mother's big mittens for you, they will reach up to your elbows; here, stick your hands in! Now your hands look just like my nasty mother's!'

mittens - des moufles, moufle, mitaine

elbows - coudes, coude, coup de coude, jouer des coudes

Gerda shed tears of joy.

shed tears - verser des larmes

'I don't like you to whimper!'said the little robber girl. 'You ought to be looking delighted; and here are two loaves and a ham for you, so that you shan't starve.'

whimper - gémissement, gémir, pleurnicher

loaves - pains, pain, miche (de pain)

Ham - le jambon, jambon

starve - mourir de faim, crever de faim, crever la dalle, affamer

These things were tied on to the back of the reindeer; the little robber girl opened the door, called in all the big dogs, and then she cut the halter with her knife, and said to the reindeer, 'Now run, but take care of my little girl!'

Gerda stretched out her hands in the big mittens to the robber girl and said good-bye; and then the reindeer darted off over briars and bushes, through the big wood, over swamps and plains, as fast as it could go. The wolves howled and the ravens screamed, while the red lights quivered up in the sky.

stretched - étiré, étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

darted - dardé, dard, fleche

swamps - marécages, marécage, marais, submerger

quivered - a tremblé, frémir

'There are my old northern lights,'said the reindeer; 'see how they flash!'and on it rushed faster than ever, day and night. The loaves were eaten, and the ham too, and then they were in Lapland.

northern lights - Aurores boréales

flash - flash, clignoter


sixth - sixieme, sixieme ('before the noun'), ('in names of monarchs and popes') six ('after the name') ('abbreviation' VI)

They stopped by a little hut, a very poverty-stricken one; the roof sloped right down to the ground, and the door was so low that the people had to creep on hands and knees when they wanted to go in or out. There was nobody at home here but an old Lapp woman, who was frying fish over a train-oil lamp.

hut - hutte, chaumiere, cabane

poverty - la pauvreté, pauvreté

sloped - en pente, pente, inclinaison

frying - la friture, (fry) la friture

train-oil - (train-oil) Huile de train

The reindeer told her all Gerda's story, but it told its own first; for it thought it was much the most important. Gerda was so overcome by the cold that she could not speak at all.

overcome - vaincre, surmonter, envahir

'Oh, you poor creatures!'said the Lapp woman; 'you've got a long way to go yet; you will have to go hundreds of miles into Finmark, for the Snow Queen is paying a country visit there, and she burns blue lights every night. I will write a few words on a dried stock-fish, for I have no paper. I will give it to you to take to the Finn woman up there. She will be better able to direct you than I can.

creatures - créatures, créature, etre

Finmark - finmark

burns - brulures, bruler

stock - stock, provision, stockage

Direct - direct, mettre en scene, ordonner


So when Gerda was warmed, and had eaten and drunk something, the Lapp woman wrote a few words on a dried stock-fish and gave it to her, bidding her take good care of it. Then she tied her on to the reindeer again, and off they flew.

bidding - impératifs, (bid) impératifs

Flicker, flicker, went the beautiful blue northern lights up in the sky all night long;-at last they came to Finmark, and knocked on the Finn woman's chimney, for she had no door at all.

flicker - scintillement, flottge

Northern - nord, septentrional, boréal, bise

lights up - s'allume

knocked - frappé, coup, frapper

chimney - cheminée

There was such a heat inside that the Finn woman went about almost naked; she was little and very grubby. She at once loosened Gerda's things, and took off the mittens and the boots, or she would have been too hot. Then she put a piece of ice on the reindeer's head, and after that she read what was written on the stock-fish.

heat - chaleur, ardeur, chauffer

naked - nue, nu, a poil, dénudé

grubby - grubby, crasseux, véreux

loosened - desserré, desserrer

She read it three times, and then she knew it by heart, and put the fish into the pot for dinner; there was no reason why it should not be eaten, and she never wasted anything.

by heart - par cour

Again the reindeer told his own story first, and then little Gerda's. The Finn woman blinked with her wise eyes, but she said nothing.

'You are so clever,'said the reindeer, 'I know you can bind all the winds of the world with a bit of sewing cotton. When a skipper unties one knot he gets a good wind, when he unties two it blows hard, and if he undoes the third and the fourth he brings a storm about his head wild enough to blow down the forest trees.

bind - lier, attacher, nouer, connecter, coupler

winds - vents, vent

sewing cotton - Coton pour la couture

skipper - skipper, capitaine

unties - se détache, détacher, délier

knot - noud, nodale

blows - coups, (blow) coups

undoes - annule, défaire

brings a - Apporter un / une

blow down - Renverser

forest - foret, foret, brousse, sylve, bois, (fore) foret

Won't you give the little girl a drink, so that she may have the strength of twelve men to overcome the Snow Queen?'

strength - la force, force, vigueur, effectif, point fort

'The strength of twelve men,'said the Finn woman. 'Yes, that will be about enough.'

She went along to a shelf and took down a big folded skin, which she unrolled. There were curious characters written on it, and the Finn woman read till the perspiration poured down her forehead.

unrolled - déroulé, (se) dérouler

characters - des personnages, personnage, caractere

perspiration - la transpiration, transpiration

poured - versé, verser, se déverser

But the reindeer again implored her to give Gerda something, and Gerda looked at her with such beseeching eyes, full of tears, that the Finn woman began blinking again, and drew the reindeer along into a corner, where she whispered to it, at the same time putting fresh ice on its head.

beseeching - l'imploration, adjurant, (beseech), prier, implorer, supplier

blinking - clignotant, ciller, cligner des yeux, clignoter

whispered - chuchoté, chuchotement, chuchoter, susurrer, murmurer

'Little Kay is certainly with the Snow Queen, and he is delighted with everything there. He thinks it is the best place in the world, but that is because he has got a splinter of glass in his heart and a grain of glass in his eye. They will have to come out first, or he will never be human again, and the Snow Queen will keep him in her power!'

Certainly - certainement, surement, sans nul doute, sans aucun doute

splinter - écharde, éclat

'But can't you give little Gerda something to take which will give her power to conquer it all?'

conquer - conquérir

'I can't give her greater power than she already has. Don't you see how great it is? Don't you see how both man and beast have to serve her? How she has got on as well as she has on her bare feet? We must not tell her what power she has; it is in her heart, because she is such a sweet innocent child. If she can't reach the Snow Queen herself, then we can't help her.

man and beast - l'homme et la bete

serve - service, servir, signifier, purger

has on - a sur

innocent - innocent

The Snow Queen's gardens begin just two miles from here; you can carry the little girl as far as that. Put her down by the big bush standing there in the snow covered with red berries. Don't stand gossiping, but hurry back to me!'Then the Finn woman lifted Gerda on the reindeer's back, and it rushed off as hard as it could.

bush - buisson, arbuste, brousse

snow covered - couvert de neige

berries - baies, baie

gossiping - des ragots, bavardage, (gossip), commere, commérage, ragot

hurry - se dépecher, précipitation, hâte

'Oh, I have not got my boots, and I have not got my mittens!'cried little Gerda.

She soon felt the want of them in that cutting wind, but the reindeer did not dare to stop. It ran on till it came to the bush with the red berries. There it put Gerda down, and kissed her on the mouth, while big shining tears trickled down its face. Then it ran back again as fast as ever it could. There stood poor little Gerda, without shoes or gloves, in the middle of freezing icebound Finmark.

dare - oser, aventurer

trickled - au compte-gouttes, filet, dégoulinade, verser goutte a goutte

freezing - la congélation, polaire, solidification, anesthésie

icebound - glaçons

She ran forward as quickly as she could. A whole regiment of snow-flakes came towards her; they did not fall from the sky, for it was quite clear, with the northern lights shining brightly. No; these snow-flakes ran along the ground, and the nearer they came the bigger they grew. Gerda remembered well how big and ingenious they looked under the magnifying glass.

regiment - régiment

ingenious - ingénieux

magnifying - grossissant, agrandir

But the size of these was monstrous. They were alive; they were the Snow Queen's advanced guard, and they took the most curious shapes. Some looked like big, horrid porcupines, some like bundles of knotted snakes with their heads sticking out. Others, again, were like fat little bears with bristling hair, but all were dazzling white and living snow-flakes.

size - taille, ampleur, pointure

monstrous - monstrueux

advanced - avancé, élever, avancer, avancée, progression, progres

most curious - le plus curieux

shapes - formes, forme

porcupines - des porcs-épics, porc-épic

bundles - des liasses, faisceau, fagot, paquet, ballot (of goods)

knotted - noué, noeud

sticking out - qui dépassent

bears - ours, supporter

bristling - se hérisser, soie, poil

Then little Gerda said the Lord's Prayer, and the cold was so great that her breath froze as it came out of her mouth, and she could see it like a cloud of smoke in front of her. It grew thicker and thicker, till it formed itself into bright little angels, who grew bigger and bigger when they touched the ground. They all wore helmets, and carried shields and spears in their hands.

the Lord's Prayer - le Notre Pere

breath - respiration, souffle, haleine

froze - gelé, geler

cloud of smoke - nuage de fumée

thicker - plus épais, épais, gros, dense

helmets - casques, casque

shields - boucliers, bouclier

spears - lances, lance

More and more of them appeared, and when Gerda had finished her prayer she was surrounded by a whole legion. They pierced the snow-flakes with their spears and shivered them into a hundred pieces, and little Gerda walked fearlessly and undauntedly through them.

prayer - oraison, priere

surrounded - entouré, entourer, enceindre

legion - légion

pierced - percé, percer

fearlessly - sans crainte

undauntedly - sans relâche

The angels touched her hands and her feet, and then she hardly felt how cold it was, but walked quickly on towards the Palace of the Snow Queen.

Now we must see what Kay was about. He was not thinking about Gerda at all, least of all that she was just outside the Palace.


seventh - septieme, septieme ('before the noun'), ('in names of monarchs and popes') sept ('after the name') ('abbreviation' VII)

The Palace walls were made of drifted snow, and the windows and doors of the biting winds. There were over a hundred rooms in it, shaped just as the snow had drifted. The biggest one stretched for many miles. They were all lighted by the strongest northern lights. All the rooms were immensely big and empty, and glittering in their iciness.

shaped - en forme, forme

empty - vide, vider, cadavre

iciness - glacial

There was never any gaiety in them; not even so much as a ball for the little bears, when the storms might have turned up as the orchestra, and the polar bears might have walked about on their hind legs and shown off their grand manners.

storms - tempetes, orage, tempete

orchestra - l'orchestre, orchestre

polar - polaire

shown off - montré

grand - grand, grandiose

manners - les bonnes manieres, maniere, façon, mode

There was never even a little game-playing party, for such games as 'touch last'or 'the biter bit'-no, not even a little gossip over the coffee cups for the white fox misses. Immense, vast, and cold were the Snow Queen's halls. The northern lights came and went with such regularity that you could count the seconds between their coming and going.

touch - toucher, émouvoir, contact

biter - mordeur

gossip - des ragots, commere, commérage, ragot, cancan

fox - renard, goupil, rench: t-needed r, roublard, retors, bombe

immense - immense

vast - vaste

halls - salles, couloir, corridor, salle, salon, manoir, foyer

regularity - régularité

count - compter, comptent, comptez, comptons, comte

In the midst of these never-ending snow-halls was a frozen lake. It was broken up on the surface into a thousand bits, but each piece was so exactly like the others that the whole formed a perfect work of art. The Snow Queen sat in the very middle of it when she sat at home. She then said that she was sitting on 'The Mirror of Reason,'and that it was the best and only one in the world.

midst - centre, milieu

broken up - rompu

surface - surface, faire surface

exactly - exactement

Little Kay was blue with cold, nay, almost black; but he did not know it, for the Snow Queen had kissed away the icy shiverings, and his heart was little better than a lump of ice.

icy - glacé, glacial, gelé

He went about dragging some sharp, flat pieces of ice, which he placed in all sorts of patterns, trying to make something out of them; just as when we at home have little tablets of wood, with which we make patterns, and call them a 'Chinese puzzle.'

sorts - sortes, sorte

Chinese - chinois, langue chinoise

puzzle - mystere, énigme, puzzle, casse-tete, jeu de patience, devinette

Kay's patterns were most ingenious, because they were the 'Ice Puzzles of Reason.'In his eyes they were first-rate and of the greatest importance: this was because of the grain of glass still in his eye. He made many patterns forming words, but he never could find out the right way to place them for one particular word, a word he was most anxious to make. It was 'Eternity.

most ingenious - le plus ingénieux

puzzles - casse-tete, mystere, énigme, puzzle, casse-tete

first-rate - (first-rate) de premier ordre

importance - importance

particular - particulier

anxious - anxieux, désireux

eternity - l'éternité, éternité

'The Snow Queen had said to him that if he could find out this word he should be his own master, and she would give him the whole world and a new pair of skates. But he could not discover it.

Master - maître, patron, maîtriser, maitre, maîtrisent

skates - patins, patin

discover - découvrir

'Now I am going to fly away to the warm countries,'said the Snow Queen. 'I want to go and peep into the black caldrons!'She meant the volcanoes Etna and Vesuvius by this. 'I must whiten them a little; it does them good, and the lemons and the grapes too!'And away she flew.

peep - peep, gazouiller, pépier

volcanoes - volcans, volcan

Etna - L'Etna

Vesuvius - le vésuve, Vésuve

whiten - blanchir

lemons - des citrons, citron, citronnier, chiotte, qualifier

grapes - le raisin, raisin

Kay sat quite alone in all those many miles of empty ice halls. He looked at his bits of ice, and thought and thought, till something gave way within him. He sat so stiff and immovable that one might have thought he was frozen to death.

within - a l'intérieur, dedans, avant, d'ici

stiff - rigide, raide, macchabée

immovable - inamovible, immeuble

frozen to death - Mort de froid

Then it was that little Gerda walked into the Palace, through the great gates in a biting wind. She said her evening prayer, and the wind dropped as if lulled to sleep, and she walked on into the big empty hall. She saw Kay, and knew him at once; she flung her arms round his neck, held him fast, and cried, 'Kay, little Kay, have I found you at last?'

lulled to sleep - bercé

flung - jeté, lancer

But he sat still, rigid and cold.

rigid - rigide

Then little Gerda shed hot tears; they fell upon his breast and penetrated to his heart. Here they thawed the lump of ice, and melted the little bit of the mirror which was in it. He looked at her, and she sang:

breast - sein, poitrine, cour, poitrail, blanc

penetrated - pénétré, pénétrer

thawed - décongelé, dégeler, dégel

melted - fondu, fondre (1), se dissoudre (2)

'Where roses deck the flowery vale,

deck - pont

There, Infant Jesus, we thee hail!'

hail - grele, charretée, greler

Then Kay burst into tears; he cried so much that the grain of glass was washed out of his eye. He knew her, and shouted with joy, 'Gerda, dear little Gerda! where have you been for such a long time? And where have I been?'He looked round and said, 'How cold it is here; how empty and vast!'He kept tight hold of Gerda, who laughed and cried for joy.

burst - l'éclatement, éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser

tight - serré, tendu, ivre, bien

Their happiness was so heavenly that even the bits of ice danced for joy around them; and when they settled down, there they lay! just in the very position the Snow Queen had told Kay he must find out, if he was to become his own master and have the whole world and a new pair of skates.

Happiness - le bonheur, bonheur

heavenly - paradisiaque, céleste

settled - réglée, (s')installer

position - position, poste

Gerda kissed his cheeks and they grew rosy, she kissed his eyes and they shone like hers, she kissed his hands and his feet, and he became well and strong. The Snow Queen might come home whenever she liked, his order of release was written there in shining letters of ice.

cheeks - joues, joue, fesse, culot, toupet, potence de bringuebale

rosy - rose

release - libération, lâcher, laisser, acquitement, libérent

They took hold of each other's hands and wandered out of the big Palace. They talked about grandmother, and about the roses upon the roof. Wherever they went the winds lay still and the sun broke through the clouds. When they reached the bush with the red berries they found the reindeer waiting for them, and he had brought another young reindeer with him, whose udders were full.

wandered - erré, errer, vaguer, divaguer

wherever - ou

broke through - Franchir

clouds - nuages, s'obscurcir

udders - pis, tétine, mamelle

The children drank her warm milk and kissed her on the mouth. Then they carried Kay and Gerda, first to the Finn woman, in whose heated hut they warmed themselves and received directions about the homeward journey. Then they went on to the Lapp woman; she had made new clothes for them and prepared her sledge.

heated - chauffé, température

received - reçu, recevoir

directions - des directions, direction

homeward journey - Voyage de retour

Both the reindeer ran by their side, to the boundaries of the country; here the first green buds appeared, and they said 'Good-bye'to the reindeer and the Lapp woman. They heard the first little birds twittering and saw the buds in the forest. Out of it came riding a young girl on a beautiful horse, which Gerda knew, for it had drawn the golden chariot.

boundaries - des limites, frontiere, limite, limites-p

She had a scarlet cap on her head and pistols in her belt; it was the little robber girl, who was tired of being at home. She was riding northwards to see how she liked it before she tried some other part of the world. She knew them again, and Gerda recognised her with delight.

scarlet - écarlate

pistols - pistolets, pistolet

belt - ceinture, courroie, région

'You are a nice fellow to go tramping off!'she said to little Kay. 'I should like to know if you deserve to have somebody running to the end of the world for your sake!'

tramping - le tramping, (tramp), clochard, va-nuieds, traînée, garce

deserve - mériter

sake - du saké, dans l'intéret de qqn

But Gerda patted her cheek, and asked about the Prince and Princess.

patted - tapoté, petite tape

cheek - joue, fesse, culot, toupet, potence de bringuebale

'They are travelling in foreign countries,'said the robber girl.

foreign countries - des pays étrangers

'But the crow?'asked Gerda.

'Oh, the crow is dead!'she answered. 'The tame sweetheart is a widow, and goes about with a bit of black wool tied round her leg. She pities herself bitterly, but it's all nonsense! But tell me how you got on yourself, and where you found him.'

widow - veuve

Wool - laine

tied round - un tour de piste

pities - pités, compassion, pitié, dommage, honte, plaindre

nonsense - des absurdités, betise, absurdité, sottise (s)

Gerda and Kay both told her all about it.

'Snip, snap, snurre, it's all right at last then!'she said, and she took hold of their hands and promised that if she ever passed through their town she would pay them a visit. Then she rode off into the wide world. But Kay and Gerda walked on, hand in hand, and wherever they went they found the most delightful spring and blooming flowers.

Snip - snip, découper, cisailler, tchac

snap - snap, claquer, claquement de doigts, photographie, photo

snurre - snurre

promised - promis, vou, promesse, promettre

most delightful - le plus délicieux

Soon they recognised the big town where they lived, with its tall towers, in which the bells still rang their merry peals. They went straight on to grandmother's door, up the stairs and into her room. Everything was just as they had left it, and the old clock ticked in the corner, and the hands pointed to the time.

towers - tours, tour

merry - joyeux, gai, heureuse, jovial

peals - peaux, carillon

straight on - directement

ticked - tiquée, tic-tac

As they went through the door into the room they perceived that they were grown up. The roses clustered round the open window, and there stood their two little chairs. Kay and Gerda sat down upon them, still holding each other by the hand. All the cold empty grandeur of the Snow Queen's palace had passed from their memory like a bad dream.

perceived - perçue, percevoir

clustered - en grappe, groupe, grappe, régime, amas, rench: -neededr

grandeur - grandeur, splendeur

memory - mémoire, souvenir

Grandmother sat in God's warm sunshine reading from her Bible.

Bible - la bible, Bible

'Without ye become as little children ye cannot enter into the Kingdom of Heaven.'

ye - ou, lequel

enter into - entrer

Kay and Gerda looked into each other's eyes, and then all at once the meaning of the old hymn came to them.

'Where roses deck the flowery vale,

There, Infant Jesus, we thee hail!'

And there they both sat, grown up and yet children, children at heart; and it was summer-warm, beautiful summer.

at heart - au cour

You are reading thanks to developer of Go to Glivia! Chatbot. Your best friend in English learning!

Back to the Main Page Back to the beggining Download Flashcards