Christian - chrétien; chrétien, chrétienne, Christian, chrétien
Now we are about to begin, and you must attend; and when we get to the end of the story, you will know more than you do now about a very wicked hobgoblin. He was one of the worst kind; in fact he was a real demon. One day he was in a high state of delight because he had invented a mirror with this peculiarity, that every good and pretty thing reflected in it shrank away to almost nothing. On the other hand, every bad and good-for-nothing thing stood out and looked its worst. The most beautiful landscapes reflected in it looked like boiled spinach, and the best people became hideous, or else they were upside down and had no bodies. Their faces were distorted beyond recognition, and if they had even one freckle it appeared to spread all over the nose and mouth. The demon thought this immensely amusing. If a good thought passed through any one's mind, it turned to a grin in the mirror, and this caused real delight to the demon. All the scholars in the demon's school, for he kept a school, reported that a miracle had taken place: now for the first time it had become possible to see what the world and mankind were really like. They ran about all over with the mirror, till at last there was not a country or a person which had not been seen in this distorting mirror.
wicked - méchante; chicaneur, torve; (wick) méchante; chicaneur, torve
hobgoblin - hobgobelin; ; lutin
peculiarity - singularité, bizarrerie, étrangeté, particularité, distinction
spinach - épinards
hideous - hideux, strident, atroce, répugnant
freckle - tache de rousseur
immensely - immensément
mankind - l'humanité; ; humanité, genre humain, hommes
distorting mirror - miroir déformant
They even wanted to fly up to heaven with it to mock the angels; but the higher they flew, the more it grinned, so much so that they could hardly hold it, and at last it slipped out of their hands and fell to the earth, shivered into hundreds of millions and billions of bits. Even then it did more harm than ever. Some of these bits were not as big as a grain of sand, and these flew about all over the world, getting into people's eyes, and, once in, they stuck there, and distorted everything they looked at, or made them see everything that was amiss. Each tiniest grain of glass kept the same power as that possessed by the whole mirror. Some people even got a bit of the glass into their hearts, and that was terrible, for the heart became like a lump of ice. Some of the fragments were so big that they were used for window panes, but it was not advisable to look at one's friends through these panes. Other bits were made into spectacles, and it was a bad business when people put on these spectacles meaning to be just. The bad demon laughed till he split his sides; it tickled him to see the mischief he had done. But some of these fragments were still left floating about the world, and you shall hear what happened to them.
Mock - se moquer; ; imitation, succédané, moquerie, examen blanc
shivered - frissonné; frissonner
billions - milliards; milliard, qualifier
lump - lump; ; masse, tas, protubérance, renflement
panes - vitres; vitre
advisable - est-il souhaitable
tickled - chatouillé; chatouiller, chatouiller
mischief - méfaits; ; espieglerie, betise, polissonnerie, méfait
In a big town crowded with houses and people, where there is no room for gardens, people have to be content with flowers in pots instead. In one of these towns lived two children who managed to have something bigger than a flower pot for a garden. They were not brother and sister, but they were just as fond of each other as if they had been. Their parents lived opposite each other in two attic rooms. The roof of one house just touched the roof of the next one, with only a rain-water gutter between them. They each had a little dormer window, and one only had to step over the gutter to get from one house to the other. Each of the parents had a large window-box, in which they grew pot herbs and a little rose-tree. There was one in each box, and they both grew splendidly. Then it occurred to the parents to put the boxes across the gutter, from house to house, and they looked just like two banks of flowers. The pea vines hung down over the edges of the boxes, and the roses threw out long creepers which twined round the windows.
content - contenu; satisfait, contentement
flower pot - pot de fleurs
attic - grenier, combles, mansarde
gutter - gouttiere; gouttiere, rigole
dormer window - lucarne
rose-tree - (rose-tree) un rosier
splendidly - magnifiquement
pea - pois; pois
vines - vignes; grimpante
roses - des roses; Rose
creepers - des lianes; plante grimpante
It was almost like a green triumphal arch. The boxes were high, and the children knew they must not climb up on to them, but they were often allowed to have their little stools out under the rose-trees, and there they had delightful games. Of course in the winter there was an end to these amusements. The windows were often covered with hoar-frost; then they would warm coppers on the stove and stick them on the frozen panes, where they made lovely peep-holes, as round as possible. Then a bright eye would peep through these holes, one from each window. The little boy's name was Kay, and the little girl's Gerda.
triumphal - triomphal, de triomphe
arch - arch; dôme
stools - tabourets; tabouret
delightful - délicieux
amusements - divertissements; amusement
hoar - le chaume; ; blanc-gris
frost - givre, gel
stove - poele; fourneau, poele, cuisiniere; (stave); douve, fuseau
peep through - regarder a travers
boy's name - Le nom du garçon
Kay - kay; ka
In the summer they could reach each other with one bound, but in the winter they had to go down all the stairs in one house and up all the stairs in the other, and outside there were snowdrifts.
snowdrifts - des congeres; congere
'Look! the white bees are swarming,'said the old grandmother.
swarming - l'essaimage; (swarm); essaim (flying insects)
'Have they a queen bee, too?'asked the little boy, for he knew that there was a queen among the real bees.
queen bee - reine des abeilles
'Yes, indeed they have,'said the grandmother. 'She flies where the swarm is thickest. She is biggest of them all, and she never remains on the ground. She always flies up again to the sky. Many a winter's night she flies through the streets and peeps in at the windows, and then the ice freezes on the panes into wonderful patterns like flowers.'
swarm - essaim (flying insects), grouillement (crawling insects), nuée
peeps - des personnes; regarder qqch a la dérobée
'Oh yes, we have seen that,'said both children, and then they knew it was true.
'Can the Snow Queen come in here?'asked the little girl.
'Just let her come,'said the boy, 'and I will put her on the stove, where she will melt.'
But the grandmother smoothed his hair and told him more stories.
In the evening when little Kay was at home and half undressed, he crept up on to the chair by the window, and peeped out of the little hole. A few snow-flakes were falling, and one of these, the biggest, remained on the edge of the window-box. It grew bigger and bigger, till it became the figure of a woman, dressed in the finest white gauze, which appeared to be made of millions of starry flakes.
undressed - déshabillé; déshabiller
peeped - épié; regarder qqch a la dérobée
snow-flakes - (snow-flakes) des flocons de neige
gauze - gaze, gaze
starry - étoilé
She was delicately lovely, but all ice, glittering, dazzling ice. Still she was alive, her eyes shone like two bright stars, but there was no rest or peace in them. She nodded to the window and waved her hand. The little boy was frightened and jumped down off the chair, and then he fancied that a big bird flew past the window.
delicately - délicatement
glittering - scintillant; ; étincelant; (glitter); étincellement, paillette
The next day was bright and frosty, and then came the thaw-and after that the spring. The sun shone, green buds began to appear, the swallows built their nests, and people began to open their windows. The little children began to play in their garden on the roof again.
frosty - froid, gelé, givré, glacial
thaw - dégeler, dégel
buds - bourgeons; bourgeon
The roses were in splendid bloom that summer; the little girl had learnt a hymn, and there was something in it about roses, and that made her think of her own. She sang it to the little boy, and then he sang it with her-
splendid - splendide, fameux
bloom - fleurir; fleur
hymn - hymne
'Where roses deck the flowery vale,
flowery - fleuri
vale - vale; vallée
There, Infant Jesus, we thee hail!'
thee - toi; toi
The children took each other by the hands, kissed the roses, and rejoiced in God's bright sunshine, and spoke to it as if the Child Jesus were there. What lovely summer days they were, and how delightful it was to sit out under the fresh rose-trees, which seemed never tired of blooming.
rejoiced - s'est réjoui; réjouir
sunshine - soleil, lumiere du soleil
blooming - la floraison; fleur
Kay and Gerda were looking at a picture book of birds and animals one day-it had just struck five by the church clock-when Kay said, 'Oh, something struck my heart, and I have got something in my eye!'
The little girl put her arms round his neck, he blinked his eye; there was nothing to be seen.
blinked - clignoté; ciller, cligner des yeux, clignoter
'I believe it is gone,'he said; but it was not gone. It was one of those very grains of glass from the mirror, the magic mirror. You remember that horrid mirror, in which all good and great things reflected in it became small and mean, while the bad things were magnified, and every flaw became very apparent.
horrid - horribles; ; affreux, horrible, exécrable, désagréable
magnified - amplifié; agrandir
Poor Kay! a grain of it had gone straight to his heart, and would soon turn it to a lump of ice. He did not feel it any more, but it was still there.
'Why do you cry?'he asked; 'it makes you look ugly; there's nothing the matter with me. How horrid!'he suddenly cried; 'there's a worm in that rose, and that one is quite crooked; after all, they are nasty roses, and so are the boxes they are growing in!'He kicked the box and broke off two of the roses.
crooked - tortu; (crook) tortu
'What are you doing, Kay?'cried the little girl. When he saw her alarm, he broke off another rose, and then ran in by his own window, and left dear little Gerda alone.
When she next got out the picture book he said it was only fit for babies in long clothes. When his grandmother told them stories he always had a but-, and if he could manage it, he liked to get behind her chair, put on her spectacles and imitate her. He did it very well and people laughed at him. He was soon able to imitate every one in the street; he could make fun of all their peculiarities and failings. 'He will turn out a clever fellow,'said people.
imitate - imiter
peculiarities - particularités; singularité, bizarrerie, étrangeté
But it was all that bit of glass in his heart, that bit of glass in his eye, and it made him tease little Gerda who was so devoted to him. He played quite different games now; he seemed to have grown older. One winter's day, when the snow was falling fast, he brought in a big magnifying glass; he held out the tail of his blue coat, and let the snow flakes fall upon it.
tease - taquiner
magnifying - grossissant; agrandir
flakes - flocons; flocon
'Now look through the glass, Gerda!'he said; every snowflake was magnified, and looked like a lovely flower, or a sharply pointed star.
snowflake - rench: flocon de neige g
sharply - brusquement
'Do you see how cleverly they are made?'said Kay. 'Much more interesting than looking at real flowers. And there is not a single flaw in them; they are perfect, if only they would not melt.'
cleverly - intelligemment
Shortly after, he appeared in his thick gloves, with his sledge on his back. He shouted right into Gerda's ear, 'I have got leave to drive in the big square where the other boys play!'and away he went.
sledge - luge; luge, patiner
In the big square the bolder boys used to tie their little sledges to the farm carts and go a long way in this fashion. They had no end of fun over it. Just in the middle of their games a big sledge came along; it was painted white, and the occupant wore a white fur coat and cap. The sledge drove twice round the square, and Kay quickly tied his sledge on behind. Then off they went, faster, and faster, into the next street. The driver turned round and nodded to Kay in the most friendly way, just as if they knew each other. Every time Kay wanted to loose his sledge the person nodded again, and Kay stayed where he was, and they drove right out through the town gates.
sledges - traîneaux; luge, traîneau
carts - chariots; charrette
occupant - l'occupant; ; occupant, habitant
Then the snow began to fall so heavily that the little boy could not see a hand before him as they rushed along. He undid the cords and tried to get away from the big sledge, but it was no use, his little sledge stuck fast, and on they rushed, faster than the wind. He shouted aloud, but nobody heard him, and the sledge tore on through the snow-drifts. Every now and then it gave a bound, as if they were jumping over hedges and ditches. He was very frightened, and he wanted to say his prayers, but he could only remember the multiplication tables.
undid - défait; défaire
cords - cordons; corde, cordon, corde
wind - vent; emmailloter, détortiller, langer, enrouler, vent
aloud - a haute voix; ; a voix haute, a haute voix, fort
tore - a la déchirure
jumping over - en sautant par-dessus
hedges - des haies; haie
ditches - fossés; fossé
Multiplication - multiplication
The snow-flakes grew bigger and bigger, till at last they looked like big white chickens. All at once they sprang on one side, the big sledge stopped and the person who drove got up, coat and cap smothered in snow. It was a tall and upright lady all shining white, the Snow Queen herself.
smothered - étouffé; étouffer
upright - debout; ; integre, montant
'We have come along at a good pace,'she said; 'but it's cold enough to kill one; creep inside my bearskin coat.'
She took him into the sledge by her, wrapped him in her furs, and he felt as if he were sinking into a snowdrift.
snowdrift - congeres; ; congere
'Are you still cold?'she asked, and she kissed him on the forehead. Ugh! it was colder than ice, it went to his very heart, which was already more than half ice; he felt as if he were dying, but only for a moment, and then it seemed to have done him good; he no longer felt the cold.
Ugh - ugh; ; beurk
dying - teignant, mourant; (dye) teignant, mourant
'My sledge! don't forget my sledge!'He only remembered it now; it was tied to one of the white chickens which flew along behind them. The Snow Queen kissed Kay again, and then he forgot all about little Gerda, Grandmother, and all the others at home.
'Now I mustn't kiss you any more,'she said, 'or I should kiss you to death!'
mustn - ne doit pas
Kay looked at her, she was so pretty; a cleverer, more beautiful face could hardly be imagined. She did not seem to be made of ice now, as she was outside the window when she waved her hand to him. In his eyes she was quite perfect, and he was not a bit afraid of her; he told her that he could do mental arithmetic, as far as fractions, and that he knew the number of square miles and the number of inhabitants of the country.
mental arithmetic - le calcul mental
She always smiled at him, and he then thought that he surely did not know enough, and he looked up into the wide expanse of heaven, into which they rose higher and higher as she flew with him on a dark cloud, while the storm surged around them, the wind ringing in their ears like well-known old songs.
They flew over woods and lakes, over oceans and islands; the cold wind whistled down below them, the wolves howled, the black crows flew screaming over the sparkling snow, but up above, the moon shone bright and clear-and Kay looked at it all the long, long winter nights; in the day he slept at the Snow Queen's feet.
whistled - sifflé; sifflet, siffler, sifflet, sifflement, sifflements-p
wolves - loups; loup, tombeur, loup, dévorer, engloutir
howled - hurlé; hurlement, hurler
crows - des corbeaux; corneille
sparkling - étincelante; ; pétillant
But how was little Gerda getting on all this long time since Kay left her? Where could he be? Nobody knew, nobody could say anything about him. All that the other boys knew was, that they had seen him tie his little sledge to a splendid big one which drove away down the street and out of the town gates.
Nobody knew where he was, and many tears were shed; little Gerda cried long and bitterly. At last, people said he was dead; he must have fallen into the river which ran close by the town. Oh, what long, dark, winter days those were!
bitterly - amerement; ; amerement
At last the spring came and the sunshine.
'Kay is dead and gone,'said little Gerda.
'I don't believe it,'said the sunshine.
'He is dead and gone,'she said to the swallows.
'We don't believe it,'said the swallows; and at last little Gerda did not believe it either.
'I will put on my new red shoes,'she said one morning; 'those Kay never saw; and then I will go down to the river and ask it about him!'
It was very early in the morning; she kissed the old grandmother, who was still asleep, put on the red shoes, and went quite alone, out by the gate to the river.
'Is it true that you have taken my little playfellow? I will give you my red shoes if you will bring him back to me again.'
playfellow - camarade de jeu
She thought the little ripples nodded in such a curious way, so she took off her red shoes, her most cherished possessions, and threw them both into the river. They fell close by the shore, and were carried straight back to her by the little wavelets; it seemed as if the river would not accept her offering, as it had not taken little Kay.
ripples - ondulations; ondulation
cherished - chérie; chérir, tenir
wavelets - ondelettes; vaguelette, ondelette
She only thought she had not thrown them far enough; so she climbed into a boat which lay among the rushes, then she went right out to the further end of it, and threw the shoes into the water again.
But the boat was loose, and her movements started it off, and it floated away from the shore: she felt it moving and tried to get out, but before she reached the other end the boat was more than a yard from the shore, and was floating away quite quickly.
Little Gerda was terribly frightened, and began to cry, but nobody heard her except the sparrows, and they could not carry her ashore, but they flew alongside twittering, as if to cheer her, 'We are here, we are here.'The boat floated rapidly away with the current; little Gerda sat quite still with only her stockings on; her little red shoes floated behind, but they could not catch up the boat, which drifted away faster and faster.
sparrows - moineaux; moineau, bruant, piaf
ashore - a terre; a terre
twittering - twitter; (twitter) twitter
stockings - bas; bas
The banks on both sides were very pretty with beautiful flowers, fine old trees, and slopes dotted with sheep and cattle, but not a single person.
banks on - des banques
'Perhaps the river is taking me to little Kay,'thought Gerda, and that cheered her; she sat up and looked at the beautiful green banks for hours.
Then they came to a big cherry garden; there was a little house in it, with curious blue and red windows, it had a thatched roof, and two wooden soldiers stood outside, who presented arms as she sailed past. Gerda called out to them; she thought they were alive, but of course they did not answer; she was quite close to them, for the current drove the boat close to the bank.
cherry - cerise
thatched roof - Un toit de chaume
Gerda called out again, louder than before, and then an old, old woman came out of the house; she was leaning upon a big, hooked stick, and she wore a big sun hat, which was covered with beautiful painted flowers.
sun hat - chapeau de soleil
'You poor little child,'said the old woman, 'how ever were you driven out on this big, strong river into the wide, wide world alone?'Then she walked right into the water, and caught hold of the boat with her hooked stick; she drew it ashore, and lifted little Gerda out.
Gerda was delighted to be on dry land again, but she was a little bit frightened of the strange old woman.
'Come, tell me who you are, and how you got here,'said she.
When Gerda had told her the whole story and asked her if she had seen Kay, the woman said she had not seen him, but that she expected him. Gerda must not be sad, she was to come and taste her cherries and see her flowers, which were more beautiful than any picture-book; each one had a story to tell. Then she took Gerda by the hand, they went into the little house, and the old woman locked the door.
cherries - des cerises; cerise, qualifier
The windows were very high up, and they were red, blue, and yellow; they threw a very curious light into the room. On the table were quantities of the most delicious cherries, of which Gerda had leave to eat as many as ever she liked. While she was eating, the old woman combed her hair with a golden comb, so that the hair curled, and shone like gold round the pretty little face, which was as sweet as a rose.
most delicious - le plus délicieux
combed - peigné; combe
curled - frisé; boucle, rotationnel, rotationnel, boucler
'I have long wanted a little girl like you!'said the old woman. 'You will see how well we shall get on together.'While she combed her hair Gerda had forgotten all about Kay, for the old woman was learned in the magic art; but she was not a bad witch, she only cast spells over people for a little amusement, and she wanted to keep Gerda. She therefore went into the garden and waved her hooked stick over all the rose-bushes, and however beautifully they were flowering, all sank down into the rich black earth without leaving a trace behind them. The old woman was afraid that if Gerda saw the roses she would be reminded of Kay, and would want to run away.
combed - peigné; peigne
magic art - de l'art magique
witch - sorciere; sorciere, ensorceleurse, sorcierere
amusement - l'amusement; ; amusement
beautifully - magnifique
Then she took Gerda into the flower garden. What a delicious scent there was! and every imaginable flower for every season was in that lovely garden; no picture-book could be brighter or more beautiful. Gerda jumped for joy and played till the sun went down behind the tall cherry trees. Then she was put into a lovely bed with rose-coloured silken coverings stuffed with violets; she slept and dreamt as lovely dreams as any queen on her wedding day.
flower garden - jardin de fleurs
scent - parfum; ; odeur, odorat, sentir
imaginable - imaginable
silken - en soie; ; soyeux
violets - des violettes; violet, violette, violet
The next day she played with the flowers in the garden again-and many days passed in the same way. Gerda knew every flower, but however many there were, she always thought there was one missing, but which it was she did not know.
One day she was sitting looking at the old woman's sun hat with its painted flowers, and the very prettiest one of them all was a rose. The old woman had forgotten her hat when she charmed the others away. This is the consequence of being absent-minded.
'What!'said Gerda, 'are there no roses here?'and she sprang in among the flower-beds and sought, but in vain! Her hot tears fell on the very places where the roses used to be; when the warm drops moistened the earth the rose-trees shot up again, just as full of bloom as when they sank. Gerda embraced the roses and kissed them, and then she thought of the lovely roses at home, and this brought the thought of little Kay.
vain - vaine; ; rench: vaniteux, frivole, vain, futile
moistened - humidifié; humidifier, mouiller
'Oh, how I have been delayed,'said the little girl, 'I ought to have been looking for Kay! Don't you know where he is?'she asked the roses. 'Do you think he is dead and gone?'
'He is not dead,'said the roses. 'For we have been down underground, you know, and all the dead people are there, but Kay is not among them.'
'Oh, thank you!'said little Gerda, and then she went to the other flowers and looked into their cups and said, 'Do you know where Kay is?'
But each flower stood in the sun and dreamt its own dreams. Little Gerda heard many of these, but never anything about Kay.
And what said the Tiger lilies?
tiger - tigre; tigre, tigresse
lilies - des lys; lys
'Do you hear the drum? rub-a-dub, it has only two notes, rub-a-dub, always the same. The wailing of women and the cry of the preacher. The Hindu woman in her long red garment stands on the pile, while the flames surround her and her dead husband.
wailing - gémissements; (wail) gémissements
preacher - precheur; ; prédicateur, precheur
Hindu - hindous; ; hindou, hindoue
garment - de l'habillement; ; vetement
But the woman is only thinking of the living man in the circle round, whose eyes burn with a fiercer fire than that of the flames which consume the body. Do the flames of the heart die in the fire?'
'I understand nothing about that,'said little Gerda.
'That is my story,'said the Tiger lily.
Lily - lily; ; lys
'What does the convolvulus say?'
convolvulus - convolvulus
'An old castle is perched high over a narrow mountain path, it is closely covered with ivy, almost hiding the old red walls, and creeping up leaf upon leaf right round the balcony where stands a beautiful maiden. She bends over the balustrade and looks eagerly up the road.
perched - perché; perchoir
ivy - le lierre; ; lierre
balcony - balcon
maiden - jeune fille, jeune femme, demoiselle, pucelle, vierge
balustrade - balustrade
eagerly - avec empressement; ; avidement
No rose on its stem is fresher than she; no apple blossom wafted by the wind moves more lightly. Her silken robes rustle softly as she bends over and says, 'Will he never come?''
blossom - fleur, floraison, fleurir, s'épanouir
lightly - légerement; ; légerement
robes - robes; robe
rustle - bruissement, froufrou, froufrouter
softly - en douceur; ; doucement
'Is it Kay you mean?'asked Gerda.
'I am only talking about my own story, my dream,'answered the convolvulus.
What said the little snowdrop?
Snowdrop - perce-neige
'Between two trees a rope with a board is hanging; it is a swing. Two pretty little girls in snowy frocks and green ribbons fluttering on their hats are seated on it. Their brother, who is bigger than they are, stands up behind them; he has his arms round the ropes for supports, and holds in one hand a little bowl and in the other a clay pipe. He is blowing soap-bubbles. As the swing moves the bubbles fly upwards in all their changing colours, the last one still hangs from the pipe swayed by the wind, and the swing goes on. A little black dog runs up, he is almost as light as the bubbles, he stands up on his hind legs and wants to be taken into the swing, but it does not stop. The little dog falls with an angry bark; they jeer at it; the bubble bursts.
snowy - enneigée; ; neigeux
frocks - des robes de chambre; robe
ribbons - rubans; ruban, ruban, ruban
fluttering - flottement; faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement
hind - biche; biche
clay pipe - un tuyau en argile
swayed - balancés; autorité, poids, influence, prépondérance, balancer
bark - l'écorce; écorce, coque, aboyer
jeer - jeer; huer
A swinging plank, a fluttering foam picture-that is my story!'
plank - planche, gainage
foam - écume, mousse, écumer, mousser
'I daresay what you tell me is very pretty, but you speak so sadly and you never mention little Kay.'
daresay - oserait-on dire
What says the hyacinth?
hyacinth - jacinthe
'They were three beautiful sisters, all most delicate, and quite transparent. One wore a crimson robe, the other a blue, and the third was pure white. These three danced hand-in-hand, by the edge of the lake in the moonlight. They were human beings, not fairies of the wood. The fragrant air attracted them, and they vanished into the wood; here the fragrance was stronger still. Three coffins glide out of the wood towards the lake, and in them lie the maidens.
most delicate - le plus délicat
crimson - cramoisi, carmin, pourpre
robe - robe de chambre; ; robe
moonlight - le clair de lune; ; clair de lune, travailler au noir
beings - etres; etre, créature, existence, etre
fairies - des fées; fée, tapette, folle
fragrant - parfumée; ; odorant, aromatique
fragrance - parfum, fragrance
coffins - cercueils; cercueil
glide - glisser, planer
maidens - vierges; jeune fille, jeune femme, demoiselle, pucelle, vierge
The fire-flies flutter lightly round them with their little flickering torches. Do these dancing maidens sleep, or are they dead? The scent of the flower says that they are corpses. The evening bell tolls their knell.'
flutter - flottement; ; faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement
flickering - clignotement; vaciller
torches - torches; torche, flambeau, incendier
corpses - des cadavres; cadavre, corps, corps sans vie
knell - s'écrie-t-il; ; sonner le glas, glas
'You make me quite sad,'said little Gerda; 'your perfume is so strong it makes me think of those dead maidens. Oh, is little Kay really dead? The roses have been down underground, and they say no.'
perfume - parfum, fragrance, parfumer
'Ding, dong,'tolled the hyacinth bells; 'we are not tolling for little Kay; we know nothing about him. We sing our song, the only one we know.'
dong - dong
And Gerda went on to the buttercups shining among their dark green leaves.
buttercups - des boutons d'or; bouton-d'or, renoncule, grenouillette
'You are a bright little sun,'said Gerda. 'Tell me if you know where I shall find my playfellow.'
The buttercup shone brightly and returned Gerda's glance. What song could the buttercup sing? It would not be about Kay.
buttercup - bouton d'or; ; bouton-d'or, renoncule, grenouillette
brightly - brillante; ; clairement, précisément
'God's bright sun shone into a little court on the first day of spring. The sunbeams stole down the neighbouring white wall, close to which bloomed the first yellow flower of the season; it shone like burnished gold in the sun. An old woman had brought her arm-chair out into the sun; her granddaughter, a poor and pretty little maid-servant, had come to pay her a short visit, and she kissed her. There was gold, heart's gold, in the kiss.
sunbeams - rayons de soleil; rayon de soleil
bloomed - fleuri; fleur
burnished - bruni; polir
arm-chair - (arm-chair) fauteuil
granddaughter - petite-fille
maid - femme de ménage; ; demoiselle, jeune fille, bonne
Gold on the lips, gold on the ground, and gold above, in the early morning beams! Now that is my little story,'said the buttercup.
'Oh, my poor old grandmother!'sighed Gerda. 'She will be longing to see me, and grieving about me, as she did about Kay. But I shall soon go home again and take Kay with me. It is useless for me to ask the flowers about him. They only know their own stories, and have no information to give me.'
grieving - le deuil; avoir du chagrin
Then she tucked up her little dress, so that she might run the faster; but the narcissus blossoms struck her on the legs as she jumped over them, so she stopped and said, 'Perhaps you can tell me something.'
tucked up - rentré
narcissus - narcisse
blossoms - fleurs; fleur, floraison, fleurir, s'épanouir
jumped over - a sauté
She stooped down close to the flower and listened. What did it say?
stooped - vouté; se baisser
'I can see myself, I can see myself,'said the narcissus. 'Oh, how sweet is my scent. Up there in an attic window stands a little dancing girl half dressed; first she stands on one leg, then on the other, and looks as if she would tread the whole world under her feet. She is only a delusion. She pours some water out of a teapot on to a bit of stuff that she is holding; it is her bodice.
tread - la bande de roulement; piétiner, escabeau
delusion - illusion, délire
teapot - théiere; ; théiere
bodice - corsage
"Cleanliness is a good thing," she says. Her white dress hangs on a peg; it has been washed in the teapot, too, and dried on the roof. She puts it on, and wraps a saffron-coloured scarf round her neck, which makes the dress look whiter. See how high she carries her head, and all upon one stem. I see myself, I see myself!'
cleanliness - la propreté; ; propreté
peg - piquet; ; cheville, porte-manteau, patere, cheviller, épingler
saffron - le safran; ; safran
scarf - écharpe; cache nez, éventé, fichu, foulard
'I don't care a bit about all that,'said Gerda; 'It's no use telling me such stuff.'
It's no use - Ça ne sert a rien
And then she ran to the end of the garden. The door was fastened, but she pressed the rusty latch, and it gave way. The door sprang open, and little Gerda ran out with bare feet into the wide world. She looked back three times, but nobody came after her. At last she could run no further, and she sat down on a big stone.
rusty - rubigineux
latch - le loquet; loquet
When she looked round she saw that the summer was over; it was quite late autumn. She would never have known it inside the beautiful garden, where the sun always shone, and the flowers of every season were always in bloom.
late autumn - la fin de l'automne
'Oh, how I have wasted my time,'said little Gerda. 'It is autumn. I must not rest any longer,'and she got up to go on.
Oh, how weary and sore were her little feet, and everything round looked so cold and dreary. The long willow leaves were quite yellow. The damp mist fell off the trees like rain, one leaf dropped after another from the trees, and only the sloe-thorn still bore its fruit; but the sloes were sour and set one's teeth on edge. Oh, how grey and sad it looked, out in the wide world.
weary - fatigué; ; las, lasser
sore - douloureux; ulcere
dreary - lugubre; ; terne, insipide, maussade
willow - le saule; ; saule
damp - humide, moite, mouillé, humidité, grisou, amortir
mist - brouillard; brouillard, brume
thorn - épine, thorn
sloes - prunelles; prunelle
sour - aigre, sur, rance, tourné, acerbe, acariâtre
Gerda was soon obliged to rest again. A big crow hopped on to the snow, just in front of her. It had been sitting looking at her for a long time and wagging its head. Now it said, 'Caw, caw; good-day, good-day,'as well as it could; it meant to be kind to the little girl, and asked her where she was going, alone in the wide world.
crow - corbeau; corneille
hopped - sautée; sauter a cloche-pied
wagging - en train de s'agiter; frétiller, remuer, sécher
caw - caw; ; croassement, croasser
Gerda understood the word 'alone'and knew how much there was in it, and she told the crow the whole story of her life and adventures, and asked if it had seen Kay.
The crow nodded its head gravely and said, 'May be I have, may be I have.'
gravely - gravement
'What, do you really think you have?'cried the little girl, nearly smothering him with her kisses.
smothering - l'étouffement; étouffer
'Gently, gently!'said the crow. 'I believe it may have been Kay, but he has forgotten you by this time, I expect, for the Princess.'
'Does he live with a Princess?'asked Gerda.
'Yes, listen,'said the crow; 'but it is so difficult to speak your language. If you understand "crow's language,"1 I can tell you about it much better.'
'No, I have never learnt it,'said Gerda; 'but grandmother knew it, and used to speak it. If only I had learnt it!'
'It doesn't matter,'said the crow. 'I will tell you as well as I can, although I may do it rather badly.'
It doesn't matter - Ça n'a pas d'importance
Then he told her what he had heard.
'In this kingdom where we are now,'said he, 'there lives a Princess who is very clever. She has read all the newspapers in the world, and forgotten them again, so clever is she. One day she was sitting on her throne, which is not such an amusing thing to do either, they say; and she began humming a tune, which happened to be
throne - trône
humming - fredonner; (hum); fredonner, bourdonner, fourmiller
"Why should I not be married, oh why?"
"Why not indeed?" said she. And she made up her mind to marry, if she could find a husband who had an answer ready when a question was put to him. She called all the court ladies together, and when they heard what she wanted they were delighted.
court ladies - des dames de cour
'"I like that now," they said. "I was thinking the same thing myself the other day."
'Every word I say is true,'said the crow, 'for I have a tame sweetheart who goes about the palace whenever she likes. She told me the whole story.'
tame - apprivoisé; dresser
sweetheart - chéri, amante, chérie, amour
Of course his sweetheart was a crow, for 'birds of a feather flock together,'and one crow always chooses another. The newspapers all came out immediately with borders of hearts and the Princess's initials. They gave notice that any young man who was handsome enough might go up to the Palace to speak to the Princess. The one who spoke as if he were quite at home, and spoke well, would be chosen by the Princess as her husband. Yes, yes, you may believe me, it's as true as I sit here,'said the crow. 'The people came crowding in; there was such running, and crushing, but no one was fortunate enough to be chosen, either on the first day, or on the second.
flock together - se regrouper
gave notice - a donné son avis
handsome - beau
They could all of them talk well enough in the street, but when they entered the castle gates, and saw the guard in silver uniforms, and when they went up the stairs through rows of lackeys in gold embroidered liveries, their courage forsook them. When they reached the brilliantly lighted reception-rooms, and stood in front of the throne where the Princess was seated, they could think of nothing to say, they only echoed her last words, and of course that was not what she wanted.
rows - rangées; rang(ée)
lackeys - laquais; laquais, laquais
embroidered - brodée; broder, broder
forsook - abandonné; abandonner, renoncer
'It was just as if they had all taken some kind of sleeping-powder, which made them lethargic; they did not recover themselves until they got out into the street again, and then they had plenty to say. There was quite a long line of them, reaching from the town gates up to the Palace.
lethargic - léthargique
'I went to see them myself,'said the crow. 'They were hungry and thirsty, but they got nothing at the Palace, not even as much as a glass of tepid water. Some of the wise ones had taken sandwiches with them, but they did not share them with their neighbours; they thought if the others went in to the Princess looking hungry, that there would be more chance for themselves.'
tepid - tiede; ; tiede, tiédasse, mou, indifférent
'But Kay, little Kay!'asked Gerda; 'when did he come? was he amongst the crowd?'
amongst - entre; ; parmi
'Give me time, give me time! we are just coming to him. It was on the third day that a little personage came marching cheerfully along, without either carriage or horse. His eyes sparkled like yours, and he had beautiful long hair, but his clothes were very shabby.'
personage - personnage
cheerfully - réjouie
sparkled - étincelait; étincellement
shabby - râpé, usé, élimé, miteux, minable
'Oh, that was Kay!'said Gerda gleefully; 'then I have found him!'and she clapped her hands.
gleefully - avec joie
clapped - applaudi; applaudir, battre des mains
'He had a little knapsack on his back!'said the crow.
knapsack - sac a dos; ; sac a dos
'No, it must have been his sledge; he had it with him when he went away!'said Gerda.
'It may be so,'said the crow; 'I did not look very particularly; but I know from my sweetheart, that when he entered the Palace gates, and saw the life-guards in their silver uniforms, and the lackeys on the stairs in their gold-laced liveries, he was not the least bit abashed. He just nodded to them and said, "It must be very tiresome to stand upon the stairs. I am going inside!
life-guards - (life-guards) des sauveteurs
laced - lacé; lacet
abashed - abasourdi; confondre
tiresome - lassant
The rooms were blazing with lights. Privy councillors and excellencies without number were walking about barefoot carrying golden vessels; it was enough to make you solemn! His boots creaked fearfully too, but he wasn't a bit upset.'
blazing - flamboyant; feu, embrasement
Privy - privé, unique, exclusif, instruit, complice
excellencies - excellences; Excellence
barefoot - pieds nus
solemn - solennel
creaked - a grincé; craquement, craquer
fearfully - avec crainte
wasn - n'était
'Oh, I am sure that was Kay!'said Gerda; 'I know he had a pair of new boots, I heard them creaking in grandmother's room.'
creaking - grincement; craquement, craquer
'Yes, indeed they did creak!'said the crow. 'But nothing daunted, he went straight up to the Princess, who was sitting on a pearl as big as a spinning-wheel. Poor, simple boy! all the court ladies and their attendants; the courtiers, and their gentlemen, each attended by a page, were standing round.
creak - grincement; ; craquement, craquer
nothing daunted - rien d'intimidant
pearl - perle, joyau, perlure, parisienne, sédanoise
spinning-wheel - (spinning-wheel) roue qui tourne
courtiers - courtisans; courtisan
The nearer the door they stood, so much the greater was their haughtiness; till the footman's boy, who always wore slippers and stood in the doorway, was almost too proud even to be looked at.'
haughtiness - l'arrogance; ; orgueil, hautaineté
footman - valet de pied; ; laquais
slippers - des pantoufles; chausson, pantoufle
doorway - l'embrasure de la porte; ; embrasure de la porte
'It must be awful!'said little Gerda, 'and yet Kay has won the Princess!'
'If I had not been a crow, I should have taken her myself, notwithstanding that I am engaged. They say he spoke as well as I could have done myself, when I speak crow-language; at least so my sweetheart says. He was a picture of good looks and gallantry, and then, he had not come with any idea of wooing the Princess, but simply to hear her wisdom. He admired her just as much as she admired him!'
notwithstanding - nonobstant
gallantry - la galanterie; ; courage, galanterie
wooing - courtiser; (woo) courtiser
'Indeed it was Kay then,'said Gerda; 'he was so clever he could do mental arithmetic up to fractions. Oh, won't you take me to the Palace?'
Arithmetic - l'arithmétique; ; arithmétique, d'arithmétique
'It's easy enough to talk,'said the crow; 'but how are we to manage it? I will talk to my tame sweetheart about it; she will have some advice to give us I daresay, but I am bound to tell you that a little girl like you will never be admitted!'
'Oh, indeed I shall,'said Gerda; 'when Kay hears that I am here, he will come out at once to fetch me.'
fetch - chercher; apporter, aveignez, amener, aveignent, apportons
'Wait here for me by the stile,'said the crow, then he wagged his head and flew off.
stile - stile; échalier
wagged - remué; frétiller, remuer, sécher, faire l’école buissonniere
The evening had darkened in before he came back. 'Caw, caw,'he said, 'she sends you greeting. And here is a little roll for you; she got it out of the kitchen where there is bread enough, and I daresay you are hungry! It is not possible for you to get into the Palace; you have bare feet; the guards in silver and the lackeys in gold would never allow you to pass.
darkened - assombri; obscurcir, assombrir, obscurcir, foncer, foncer
But don't cry, we shall get you in somehow; my sweetheart knows a little back staircase which leads up to the bedroom, and she knows where the key is kept.'
don't cry - ne pas pleurer
staircase - escalier
Then they went into the garden, into the great avenue where the leaves were dropping, softly one by one; and when the Palace lights went out, one after the other, the crow led little Gerda to the back door, which was ajar.
avenue - avenue
ajar - entrouverte; entrouvert
Oh, how Gerda's heart beat with fear and longing! It was just as if she was about to do something wrong, and yet she only wanted to know if this really was little Kay. Oh, it must be him, she thought, picturing to herself his clever eyes and his long hair. She could see his very smile when they used to sit under the rose-trees at home.
She thought he would be very glad to see her, and to hear what a long way she had come to find him, and to hear how sad they had all been at home when he did not come back. Oh, it was joy mingled with fear.
mingled - mélangés; mélanger
They had now reached the stairs, where a little lamp was burning on a shelf. There stood the tame sweetheart, twisting and turning her head to look at Gerda, who made a curtsy, as grandmother had taught her.
curtsy - la révérence; révérence
'My betrothed has spoken so charmingly to me about you, my little miss!'she said; 'your life, "Vita," as it is called, is most touching! If you will take the lamp, I will go on in front. We shall take the straight road here, and we shall meet no one.'
betrothed - fiancés; ; fiancé, fiancée; (betroth); fiancer
charmingly - avec charme; irritant
'It seems to me that some one is coming behind us,'said Gerda, as she fancied something rushed past her, throwing a shadow on the walls; horses with flowing manes and slender legs; huntsmen, ladies and gentlemen on horseback.
manes - manes; criniere, criniere
slender - svelte, mince
horseback - a cheval; ; a cheval
'Oh, those are only the dreams!'said the crow; 'they come to take the thoughts of the noble ladies and gentlemen out hunting. That's a good thing, for you will be able to see them all the better in bed. But don't forget, when you are taken into favour, to show a grateful spirit.'
thoughts - réflexions; idée, pensée, pensée
'Now, there's no need to talk about that,'said the crow from the woods.
They came now into the first apartment; it was hung with rose-coloured satin embroidered with flowers. Here again the dreams overtook them, but they flitted by so quickly that Gerda could not distinguish them. The apartments became one more beautiful than the other; they were enough to bewilder anybody. They now reached the bedroom. The ceiling was like a great palm with crystal leaves, and in the middle of the room two beds, each like a lily hung from a golden stem. One was white, and in it lay the Princess; the other was red, and there lay he whom Gerda had come to seek-little Kay!
satin - satin; satin, satiné
overtook - dépasser; dépasser, doubler, surprendre
flitted - flotté; voltiger, voleter, papillonner, virevolter
bewilder - abasourdir, confondre, déconcerter, dérouter
She bent aside one of the crimson leaves, and she saw a little brown neck. It was Kay. She called his name aloud, and held the lamp close to him. Again the dreams rushed through the room on horseback-he awoke, turned his head-and it was not little Kay.
rushed through - précipitée
awoke - s'est réveillé; (se) réveiller; (s'')éveiller
It was only the Prince's neck which was like his; but he was young and handsome. The Princess peeped out of her lily-white bed, and asked what was the matter. Then little Gerda cried and told them all her story, and what the crows had done to help her.
'You poor little thing!'said the Prince and Princess. And they praised the crows, and said that they were not at all angry with them, but they must not do it again. Then they gave them a reward.
'Would you like your liberty?'said the Princess, 'or would you prefer permanent posts about the court as court crows, with perquisites from the kitchen?'
perquisites - des avantages indirects; gratification, émolument, don, cadeau
Both crows curtsied and begged for the permanent posts, for they thought of their old age, and said 'it was so good to have something for the old man,'as they called it.
curtsied - a fait une révérence; révérence
The Prince got up and allowed Gerda to sleep in his bed, and he could not have done more. She folded her little hands, and thought 'how good the people and the animals are'; then she shut her eyes and fell fast asleep. All the dreams came flying back again; this time they looked like angels, and they were dragging a little sledge with Kay sitting on it, and he nodded. But it was only a dream; so it all vanished when she woke.
Next day she was dressed in silk and velvet from head to foot; they asked her to stay at the Palace and have a good time, but she only begged them to give her a little carriage and horse, and a little pair of boots, so that she might drive out into the wide world to look for Kay.
velvet - du velours; ; velours, duvet (on skin), velours (on antlers)
They gave her a pair of boots and a muff. She was beautifully dressed, and when she was ready to start, there before the door stood a new chariot of pure gold. The Prince's and Princess's coat of arms were emblazoned on it, and shone like a star. Coachman, footman, and outrider, for there was even an outrider, all wore golden crowns. The Prince and Princess themselves helped her into the carriage and wished her joy. The wood crow, who was now married, accompanied her for the first three miles; he sat beside Gerda, for he could not ride with his back to the horses. The other crow stood at the door and flapped her wings; she did not go with them, for she suffered from headache since she had become a kitchen pensioner-the consequence of eating too much.
muff - muff
chariot - chariot; ; char (de guerre), charriot
coachman - cocher
outrider - outrider
flapped - battu; pan
pensioner - pensionné; ; retraité, retraitée
The chariot was stored with sugar biscuits, and there were fruit and ginger nuts under the seat. 'Good-bye, good-bye,'cried the Prince and Princess; little Gerda wept, and the crow wept too. At the end of the first few miles the crow said good-bye, and this was the hardest parting of all. It flew up into a tree and flapped its big black wings as long as it could see the chariot, which shone like the brightest sunshine.
ginger - gingembre; gingembre
wept - pleuré; pleurer
1 Children have a kind of language, or gibberish, formed by adding letters or syllables to every word, which is called 'crow's language.'
gibberish - du charabia; ; baragouin, charabia, galimatias, chinois
syllables - syllabes; syllabe
They drove on through a dark wood, where the chariot lighted up the way and blinded the robbers by its glare; it was more than they could bear.
lighted up - allumé
robbers - des voleurs; brigand, bandit
glare - éblouissement; ; éclat
'It is gold, it is gold!'they cried, and darting forward, seized the horses, and killed the postilions, the coachman, and footman. They then dragged little Gerda out of the carriage.
darting - darting; dard, fleche
postilions - postilions; postillon
'She is fat, and she is pretty; she has been fattened on nuts!'said the old robber woman, who had a long beard, and eyebrows that hung down over her eyes. 'She is as good as a fat lamb, and how nice she will taste!'She drew out her sharp knife as she said this; it glittered horribly. 'Oh!'screamed the old woman at the same moment, for her little daughter had come up behind her, and she was biting her ear.
fattened - engraissé; engraisser, grossir
beard - barbe
eyebrows - sourcils; sourcil
lamb - agneau, agnelle, mettre bas
glittered - pailleté; étincellement, paillette, briller
horribly - horriblement
little daughter - petite fille
She hung on her back, as wild and as savage a little animal as you could wish to find. 'You bad, wicked child!'said her mother, but she was prevented from killing Gerda on this occasion.
savage - barbare, féroce, sauvage
'She shall play with me,'said the little robber girl; 'she shall give me her muff, and her pretty dress, and she shall sleep in my bed.'Then she bit her mother again and made her dance. All the robbers laughed and said, 'Look at her dancing with her cub!'
cub - cub; petit (d''un animal)
'I want to get into the carriage,'said the little robber girl, and she always had her own way because she was so spoilt and stubborn. She and Gerda got into the carriage, and then they drove over stubble and stones further and further into the wood.
stubborn - tetu; ; tetu, enteté, borné
stubble - chaume; ; barbe de trois jours, éteule
The little robber girl was as big as Gerda, but much stronger; she had broader shoulders, and darker skin, her eyes were quite black, with almost a melancholy expression. She put her arm round Gerda's waist and said-
melancholy - mélancolie
waist - taille, ceinture
'They shan't kill you as long as I don't get angry with you; you must surely be a Princess!'
shan - Shan
'No,'said little Gerda, and then she told her all her adventures, and how fond she was of Kay.
The robber girl looked earnestly at her, gave a little nod, and said, 'They shan't kill you even if I am angry with you. I will do it myself.'Then she dried Gerda's eyes, and stuck her own hands into the pretty muff, which was so soft and warm.
earnestly - sincerement; ; sérieusement
At last the chariot stopped: they were in the courtyard of a robber's castle, the walls of which were cracked from top to bottom. Ravens and crows flew in and out of every hole, and big bulldogs, which each looked ready to devour somebody, jumped about as high as they could, but they did not bark, for it was not allowed.
courtyard - cour
ravens - les corbeaux; corbeau
bulldogs - des bouledogues; bouledogue
devour - dévorer
A big fire was burning in the middle of the stone floor of the smoky old hall. The smoke all went up to the ceiling, where it had to find a way out for itself. Soup was boiling in a big caldron over the fire, and hares and rabbits were roasting on the spits.
stone floor - sol en pierre
smoky - enfumé
caldron - chaudron
hares - lievres; lievre
rabbits - des lapins; lapin/-ine
roasting - la torréfaction; rôtissant, rôtissage; (roast); rôtir
'You shall sleep with me and all my little pets to-night,'said the robber girl.
When they had something to eat and drink they went along to one corner which was spread with straw and rugs. There were nearly a hundred pigeons roosting overhead on the rafters and beams. They seemed to be asleep, but they fluttered about a little when the children came in.
straw - paille, fétu, jaune paille
rugs - tapis; tapis, couverture
pigeons - pigeons; pigeon
roosting - se percher; perchoir
overhead - des frais généraux; dessus, sur, au dessus, aérien, grippage
rafters - des chevrons; chevron
fluttered - flotté; faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement
'They are all mine,'said the little robber girl, seizing one of the nearest. She held it by the legs and shook it till it flapped its wings. 'Kiss it,'she cried, dashing it at Gerda's face. 'Those are the wood pigeons,'she added, pointing to some laths fixed across a big hole high up on the walls; 'they are a regular rabble; they would fly away directly if they were not locked in. And here is my old sweetheart Be,'dragging forward a reindeer by the horn; it was tied up, and it had a bright copper ring round its neck.
dashing - fringant; tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter
laths - lattes; liteau, volige, latte
rabble - la populace; cohue
reindeer - des rennes; ; renne, caribou
ring - anneau; cerne, ring, anneau, tinter
'We have to keep him close too, or he would run off. Every single night I tickle his neck with my bright knife, he is so frightened of it.'The little girl produced a long knife out of a hole in the wall and drew it across the reindeer's neck. The poor animal laughed and kicked, and the robber girl laughed and pulled Gerda down into the bed with her.
tickle - chatouiller
'Do you have that knife by you while you are asleep?'asked Gerda, looking rather frightened.
'I always sleep with a knife,'said the little robber girl. 'You never know what will happen. But now tell me again what you told me before about little Kay, and why you went out into the world.'So Gerda told her all about it again, and the wood pigeons cooed up in their cage above them; the other pigeons were asleep. The little robber girl put her arm round Gerda's neck and went to sleep with the knife in her other hand, and she was soon snoring. But Gerda would not close her eyes; she did not know whether she was to live or to die.
cage - cage, encager
snoring - ronflement; (snore); ronfler, ronflement
The robbers sat round the fire, eating and drinking, and the old woman was turning somersaults. This sight terrified the poor little girl. Then the wood pigeons said, 'Coo, coo, we have seen little Kay; his sledge was drawn by a white chicken, and he was sitting in the Snow Queen's sledge; it was floating low down over the trees, while we were in our nests. She blew upon us young ones, and they all died except we two; coo, coo.'
somersaults - des sauts périlleux; salto, saut périlleux, galipette
Coo - coo
'What are you saying up there?'asked Gerda. 'Where was the Snow Queen going? Do you know anything about it?'
'She was most likely going to Lapland, because there is always snow and ice there! Ask the reindeer who is tied up there.'
Lapland - la laponie; ; Laponie
'There is ice and snow, and it's a splendid place,'said the reindeer. 'You can run and jump about where you like on those big glittering plains. The Snow Queen has her summer tent there, but her permanent castle is up at the North Pole, on the island which is called Spitzbergen!'
'Oh Kay, little Kay!'sighed Gerda.
'Lie still, or I shall stick the knife into you!'said the robber girl.
In the morning Gerda told her all that the wood pigeons had said, and the little robber girl looked quite solemn, but she nodded her head and said, 'No matter, no matter! Do you know where Lapland is?'she asked the reindeer.
'Who should know better than I,'said the animal, its eyes dancing. 'I was born and brought up there, and I used to leap about on the snowfields.'
'Listen,'said the robber girl. 'You see that all our men folks are away, but mother is still here, and she will stay; but later on in the morning she will take a drink out of the big bottle there, and after that she will have a nap-then I will do something for you.'Then she jumped out of bed, ran along to her mother and pulled her beard, and said, 'Good morning, my own dear nanny-goat!
nap - sieste; sieste, petit somme
nanny - nounou, nourrice, bonne d'enfants
goat - chevre; ; chevre, bouc, bique
And her mother filliped her nose till it was red and blue; but it was all affection.
filliped - filliped; chiquenaude, pichenette
As soon as her mother had had her draught from the bottle and had dropped asleep, the little robber girl went along to the reindeer, and said, 'I should have the greatest pleasure in the world in keeping you here, to tickle you with my knife, because you are such fun then; however, it does not matter. I will untie your halter and help you outside so that you may run away to Lapland, but you must put your best foot foremost, and take this little girl for me to the Snow Queen's palace, where her playfellow is. I have no doubt you heard what she was telling me, for she spoke loud enough, and you are generally eavesdropping!
Untie - détacher, délier
foremost - avant tout
eavesdropping - écouter aux portes; etre aux écoutes, écouter secretement
The reindeer jumped into the air for joy. The robber girl lifted little Gerda up, and had the forethought to tie her on, nay, even to give her a little cushion to sit upon. 'Here, after all, I will give you your fur boots back, for it will be very cold, but I will keep your muff, it is too pretty to part with. Still you shan't be cold. Here are my mother's big mittens for you, they will reach up to your elbows; here, stick your hands in! Now your hands look just like my nasty mother's!
forethought - la prévoyance; prévoyance; (forethink) la prévoyance; prévoyance
Nay - nay; ou plutôt, voire, que dis-je
cushion - coussin, amortir
mittens - des moufles; moufle, mitaine
Gerda shed tears of joy.
shed tears - verser des larmes
'I don't like you to whimper!'said the little robber girl. 'You ought to be looking delighted; and here are two loaves and a ham for you, so that you shan't starve.'
whimper - gémissement, gémir, pleurnicher
loaves - pains; pain, miche (de pain)
Ham - le jambon; jambon
These things were tied on to the back of the reindeer; the little robber girl opened the door, called in all the big dogs, and then she cut the halter with her knife, and said to the reindeer, 'Now run, but take care of my little girl!'
Gerda stretched out her hands in the big mittens to the robber girl and said good-bye; and then the reindeer darted off over briars and bushes, through the big wood, over swamps and plains, as fast as it could go. The wolves howled and the ravens screamed, while the red lights quivered up in the sky.
darted - dardé; dard, fleche
swamps - marécages; marécage, marais, submerger
quivered - a tremblé; frémir
'There are my old northern lights,'said the reindeer; 'see how they flash!'and on it rushed faster than ever, day and night. The loaves were eaten, and the ham too, and then they were in Lapland.
They stopped by a little hut, a very poverty-stricken one; the roof sloped right down to the ground, and the door was so low that the people had to creep on hands and knees when they wanted to go in or out. There was nobody at home here but an old Lapp woman, who was frying fish over a train-oil lamp.
hut - hutte; hutte, chaumiere, cabane
train-oil - (train-oil) le pétrole des trains
The reindeer told her all Gerda's story, but it told its own first; for it thought it was much the most important. Gerda was so overcome by the cold that she could not speak at all.
'Oh, you poor creatures!'said the Lapp woman; 'you've got a long way to go yet; you will have to go hundreds of miles into Finmark, for the Snow Queen is paying a country visit there, and she burns blue lights every night. I will write a few words on a dried stock-fish, for I have no paper. I will give it to you to take to the Finn woman up there. She will be better able to direct you than I can.'
Finmark - finmark
So when Gerda was warmed, and had eaten and drunk something, the Lapp woman wrote a few words on a dried stock-fish and gave it to her, bidding her take good care of it. Then she tied her on to the reindeer again, and off they flew. Flicker, flicker, went the beautiful blue northern lights up in the sky all night long;-at last they came to Finmark, and knocked on the Finn woman's chimney, for she had no door at all.
flicker - scintillement; flottge
chimney - cheminée
There was such a heat inside that the Finn woman went about almost naked; she was little and very grubby. She at once loosened Gerda's things, and took off the mittens and the boots, or she would have been too hot. Then she put a piece of ice on the reindeer's head, and after that she read what was written on the stock-fish.
grubby - grubby; ; crasseux, véreux
loosened - desserré; desserrer
She read it three times, and then she knew it by heart, and put the fish into the pot for dinner; there was no reason why it should not be eaten, and she never wasted anything.
Again the reindeer told his own story first, and then little Gerda's. The Finn woman blinked with her wise eyes, but she said nothing.
'You are so clever,'said the reindeer, 'I know you can bind all the winds of the world with a bit of sewing cotton. When a skipper unties one knot he gets a good wind, when he unties two it blows hard, and if he undoes the third and the fourth he brings a storm about his head wild enough to blow down the forest trees. Won't you give the little girl a drink, so that she may have the strength of twelve men to overcome the Snow Queen?'
winds - vents; vent
sewing cotton - la couture du coton
skipper - skipper; capitaine
unties - se détache; détacher, délier, détacher, détacher
knot - noud; nodale, noeud
undoes - annule; défaire
blow down - a la baisse
'The strength of twelve men,'said the Finn woman. 'Yes, that will be about enough.'
She went along to a shelf and took down a big folded skin, which she unrolled. There were curious characters written on it, and the Finn woman read till the perspiration poured down her forehead.
unrolled - déroulé; (se) dérouler
perspiration - la transpiration; ; transpiration
But the reindeer again implored her to give Gerda something, and Gerda looked at her with such beseeching eyes, full of tears, that the Finn woman began blinking again, and drew the reindeer along into a corner, where she whispered to it, at the same time putting fresh ice on its head.
beseeching - l'imploration; adjurant; (beseech); prier, implorer, supplier
blinking - clignotant; ciller, cligner des yeux, clignoter
'Little Kay is certainly with the Snow Queen, and he is delighted with everything there. He thinks it is the best place in the world, but that is because he has got a splinter of glass in his heart and a grain of glass in his eye. They will have to come out first, or he will never be human again, and the Snow Queen will keep him in her power!'
splinter - écharde, éclat
'But can't you give little Gerda something to take which will give her power to conquer it all?'
'I can't give her greater power than she already has. Don't you see how great it is? Don't you see how both man and beast have to serve her? How she has got on as well as she has on her bare feet? We must not tell her what power she has; it is in her heart, because she is such a sweet innocent child. If she can't reach the Snow Queen herself, then we can't help her.
The Snow Queen's gardens begin just two miles from here; you can carry the little girl as far as that. Put her down by the big bush standing there in the snow covered with red berries. Don't stand gossiping, but hurry back to me!'Then the Finn woman lifted Gerda on the reindeer's back, and it rushed off as hard as it could.
snow covered - couvert de neige
berries - baies; baie
gossiping - des ragots; ; bavardage; (gossip); commere, commérage, ragot
'Oh, I have not got my boots, and I have not got my mittens!'cried little Gerda.
She soon felt the want of them in that cutting wind, but the reindeer did not dare to stop. It ran on till it came to the bush with the red berries. There it put Gerda down, and kissed her on the mouth, while big shining tears trickled down its face. Then it ran back again as fast as ever it could. There stood poor little Gerda, without shoes or gloves, in the middle of freezing icebound Finmark.
trickled - au compte-gouttes; filet, dégoulinade, verser goutte a goutte
icebound - glaçons
She ran forward as quickly as she could. A whole regiment of snow-flakes came towards her; they did not fall from the sky, for it was quite clear, with the northern lights shining brightly. No; these snow-flakes ran along the ground, and the nearer they came the bigger they grew. Gerda remembered well how big and ingenious they looked under the magnifying glass.
regiment - régiment
ingenious - ingénieux
But the size of these was monstrous. They were alive; they were the Snow Queen's advanced guard, and they took the most curious shapes. Some looked like big, horrid porcupines, some like bundles of knotted snakes with their heads sticking out. Others, again, were like fat little bears with bristling hair, but all were dazzling white and living snow-flakes.
monstrous - monstrueux
most curious - le plus curieux
porcupines - des porcs-épics; porc-épic
bundles - des liasses; faisceau, fagot, paquet, paquet, ballot (of goods)
knotted - noué; noeud
bristling - se hérisser; soie, poil, se hérisser
Then little Gerda said the Lord's Prayer, and the cold was so great that her breath froze as it came out of her mouth, and she could see it like a cloud of smoke in front of her. It grew thicker and thicker, till it formed itself into bright little angels, who grew bigger and bigger when they touched the ground. They all wore helmets, and carried shields and spears in their hands. More and more of them appeared, and when Gerda had finished her prayer she was surrounded by a whole legion.
the Lord's Prayer - le Notre Pere
shields - boucliers; bouclier
spears - lances; lance
legion - légion
They pierced the snow-flakes with their spears and shivered them into a hundred pieces, and little Gerda walked fearlessly and undauntedly through them. The angels touched her hands and her feet, and then she hardly felt how cold it was, but walked quickly on towards the Palace of the Snow Queen.
pierced - percé; percer
fearlessly - sans crainte
undauntedly - sans relâche
Now we must see what Kay was about. He was not thinking about Gerda at all, least of all that she was just outside the Palace.
The Palace walls were made of drifted snow, and the windows and doors of the biting winds. There were over a hundred rooms in it, shaped just as the snow had drifted. The biggest one stretched for many miles. They were all lighted by the strongest northern lights. All the rooms were immensely big and empty, and glittering in their iciness. There was never any gaiety in them; not even so much as a ball for the little bears, when the storms might have turned up as the orchestra, and the polar bears might have walked about on their hind legs and shown off their grand manners. There was never even a little game-playing party, for such games as 'touch last'or 'the biter bit'-no, not even a little gossip over the coffee cups for the white fox misses.
iciness - glacial
polar - polaire
shown off - montré
biter - mordeur
gossip - des ragots; ; commere, commérage, ragot, cancan
fox - renard, goupil, rench: t-needed r, roublard, retors, bombe
Immense, vast, and cold were the Snow Queen's halls. The northern lights came and went with such regularity that you could count the seconds between their coming and going. In the midst of these never-ending snow-halls was a frozen lake. It was broken up on the surface into a thousand bits, but each piece was so exactly like the others that the whole formed a perfect work of art. The Snow Queen sat in the very middle of it when she sat at home. She then said that she was sitting on 'The Mirror of Reason,'and that it was the best and only one in the world.
regularity - régularité
Little Kay was blue with cold, nay, almost black; but he did not know it, for the Snow Queen had kissed away the icy shiverings, and his heart was little better than a lump of ice. He went about dragging some sharp, flat pieces of ice, which he placed in all sorts of patterns, trying to make something out of them; just as when we at home have little tablets of wood, with which we make patterns, and call them a 'Chinese puzzle.'
icy - glacé, glacial, gelé
Kay's patterns were most ingenious, because they were the 'Ice Puzzles of Reason.'In his eyes they were first-rate and of the greatest importance: this was because of the grain of glass still in his eye. He made many patterns forming words, but he never could find out the right way to place them for one particular word, a word he was most anxious to make.
most ingenious - le plus ingénieux
first-rate - (first-rate) de premier ordre
It was 'Eternity.'The Snow Queen had said to him that if he could find out this word he should be his own master, and she would give him the whole world and a new pair of skates. But he could not discover it.
eternity - l'éternité; ; éternité
skates - patins; patin
'Now I am going to fly away to the warm countries,'said the Snow Queen. 'I want to go and peep into the black caldrons!'She meant the volcanoes Etna and Vesuvius by this. 'I must whiten them a little; it does them good, and the lemons and the grapes too!'And away she flew.
peep - peep; gazouiller, pépier
volcanoes - volcans; volcan
Etna - L'Etna
Vesuvius - le vésuve; ; Vésuve
whiten - blanchir
grapes - le raisin; raisin
Kay sat quite alone in all those many miles of empty ice halls. He looked at his bits of ice, and thought and thought, till something gave way within him. He sat so stiff and immovable that one might have thought he was frozen to death.
immovable - inamovible; ; immeuble
Then it was that little Gerda walked into the Palace, through the great gates in a biting wind. She said her evening prayer, and the wind dropped as if lulled to sleep, and she walked on into the big empty hall. She saw Kay, and knew him at once; she flung her arms round his neck, held him fast, and cried, 'Kay, little Kay, have I found you at last?'
lulled - bercé; pause, bonace, calme, apaiser, bercer, calmer
flung - jeté; lancer
But he sat still, rigid and cold.
rigid - rigide
Then little Gerda shed hot tears; they fell upon his breast and penetrated to his heart. Here they thawed the lump of ice, and melted the little bit of the mirror which was in it. He looked at her, and she sang:
penetrated - pénétré; pénétrer
thawed - décongelé; dégeler, dégel, dégel, dégel
'Where roses deck the flowery vale,
There, Infant Jesus, we thee hail!'
Then Kay burst into tears; he cried so much that the grain of glass was washed out of his eye. He knew her, and shouted with joy, 'Gerda, dear little Gerda! where have you been for such a long time?
And where have I been?'He looked round and said, 'How cold it is here; how empty and vast!'He kept tight hold of Gerda, who laughed and cried for joy. Their happiness was so heavenly that even the bits of ice danced for joy around them; and when they settled down, there they lay! just in the very position the Snow Queen had told Kay he must find out, if he was to become his own master and have the whole world and a new pair of skates.
heavenly - paradisiaque; ; céleste
Gerda kissed his cheeks and they grew rosy, she kissed his eyes and they shone like hers, she kissed his hands and his feet, and he became well and strong. The Snow Queen might come home whenever she liked, his order of release was written there in shining letters of ice.
rosy - rose
They took hold of each other's hands and wandered out of the big Palace. They talked about grandmother, and about the roses upon the roof. Wherever they went the winds lay still and the sun broke through the clouds. When they reached the bush with the red berries they found the reindeer waiting for them, and he had brought another young reindeer with him, whose udders were full. The children drank her warm milk and kissed her on the mouth. Then they carried Kay and Gerda, first to the Finn woman, in whose heated hut they warmed themselves and received directions about the homeward journey. Then they went on to the Lapp woman; she had made new clothes for them and prepared her sledge.
udders - pis; pis, tétine, mamelle
homeward journey - le retour a la maison
Both the reindeer ran by their side, to the boundaries of the country; here the first green buds appeared, and they said 'Good-bye'to the reindeer and the Lapp woman. They heard the first little birds twittering and saw the buds in the forest. Out of it came riding a young girl on a beautiful horse, which Gerda knew, for it had drawn the golden chariot. She had a scarlet cap on her head and pistols in her belt; it was the little robber girl, who was tired of being at home. She was riding northwards to see how she liked it before she tried some other part of the world. She knew them again, and Gerda recognised her with delight.
scarlet - écarlate
pistols - pistolets; pistolet
'You are a nice fellow to go tramping off!'she said to little Kay. 'I should like to know if you deserve to have somebody running to the end of the world for your sake!'
tramping - le tramping; (tramp); clochard, va-nuieds, traînée, garce
But Gerda patted her cheek, and asked about the Prince and Princess.
patted - tapoté; petite tape
'They are travelling in foreign countries,'said the robber girl.
'But the crow?'asked Gerda.
'Oh, the crow is dead!'she answered. 'The tame sweetheart is a widow, and goes about with a bit of black wool tied round her leg. She pities herself bitterly, but it's all nonsense! But tell me how you got on yourself, and where you found him.'
tied round - un tour de piste
Gerda and Kay both told her all about it.
'Snip, snap, snurre, it's all right at last then!'she said, and she took hold of their hands and promised that if she ever passed through their town she would pay them a visit. Then she rode off into the wide world. But Kay and Gerda walked on, hand in hand, and wherever they went they found the most delightful spring and blooming flowers. Soon they recognised the big town where they lived, with its tall towers, in which the bells still rang their merry peals. They went straight on to grandmother's door, up the stairs and into her room.
Snip - snip; ; découper, cisailler, tchac
snurre - snurre
most delightful - le plus délicieux
merry - joyeux; gai, heureuse, jovial
peals - peaux; carillon
Everything was just as they had left it, and the old clock ticked in the corner, and the hands pointed to the time. As they went through the door into the room they perceived that they were grown up. The roses clustered round the open window, and there stood their two little chairs. Kay and Gerda sat down upon them, still holding each other by the hand. All the cold empty grandeur of the Snow Queen's palace had passed from their memory like a bad dream. Grandmother sat in God's warm sunshine reading from her Bible.
ticked - tiquée; tic-tac
grandeur - grandeur; ; splendeur
Bible - la bible; ; Bible
'Without ye become as little children ye cannot enter into the Kingdom of Heaven.'
ye - ou; lequel
Kay and Gerda looked into each other's eyes, and then all at once the meaning of the old hymn came to them.
'Where roses deck the flowery vale,
There, Infant Jesus, we thee hail!'
And there they both sat, grown up and yet children, children at heart; and it was summer-warm, beautiful summer.