The Withered Arm with English-French Dictionary by Thomas Hardy (online free books)

avec un dictionnaire anglais-français pratique (best ebooks to read)

Table of Content

Chapter 1. A Lorn Milkmaid
Chapter 2. The Young Wife
Chapter 3. A Vision
Chapter 4. A Suggestion
Chapter 5. Conjuror Trendle
Chapter 6. A Second Attempt
Chapter 7. A Water-Side Hermit
Chapter 8. A Re-encounter

The Withered Arm Text

withered - flétrie, (se) faner

hardy - robuste, rustique

Chapter 1. A Lorn Milkmaid

Chapter - chapitre, branche, section

Lorn - lorn

Milkmaid - le laitier, laitiere, trayeuse, fille de laiterie

It was an eighty-cow dairy, and the troop of milkers, regular and supernumerary, were all at work; for, though the time of year was as yet but early April, the feed lay entirely in water-meadows, and the cows were "in full pail." The hour was about six in the evening, and three-fourths of the large, red, rectangular animals having been finished off, there was opportunity for a little conversation.

dairy - laiterie, cremerie, alimentation générale

troop - troupe

supernumerary - surnuméraire, suppléant, en surnombre, en trop

though - mais, néanmoins, cependant, malgré, bien que

lay - laique, pondre, pose

entirely - entierement, entierement, entierement (1)

meadows - prairies, pré

pail - seau

rectangular - rectangulaire

"He do bring home his bride tomorrow, I hear. They've come as far as Anglebury today."

bride - mariée, fiancée, prétendu

The voice seemed to proceed from the belly of the cow called Cherry, but the speaker was a milking-woman, whose face was buried in the flank of that motionless beast.

proceed - avancer, procéder

belly - ventre

cherry - cerise

buried - enterré, enterrer

flank - flanc, flanchet

motionless - immobile

beast - bete, bete, bete sauvage

"Hav'anybody seen her?" said another.

There was a negative response from the first. "Though they say she's a rosy-cheeked, tisty-tosty little body enough," she added; and as the milkmaid spoke she turned her face so that she could glance past her cow's tail to the other side of the barton, where a thin, fading woman of thirty milked somewhat apart from the rest.

rosy - rose

cheeked - joufflu, joue, fesse, culot, toupet, potence de bringuebale

glance - regard, jeter un coup d’oil

tail - queue

fading - s'estomper, déteignant, (fad), mode, lubie

somewhat - en quelque sorte, assez, quelque peu

apart - a part, séparé, séparément, a part, en morceaux, en pieces

"Years younger than he, they say," continued the second, with also a glance of reflectiveness in the same direction.

reflectiveness - la capacité de réflexion

Nothing more was said publicly about Farmer Lodge's wedding, but the first woman murmured under her cow to her next neighbour, "'Tis hard for she," signifying the thin worn milkmaid aforesaid.

publicly - publiquement

Lodge - cabane, maison du portier, loge, rench: t-needed r, loger

murmured - murmuré, murmure, rumeur, souffle, murmurer

Tis - tis, (Ti) tis

signifying - signifiant, (signify), signifier

aforesaid - précité

"O no," said the second. "He ha'n't spoke to Rhoda Brook for years."

ha - HA

brook - ruisseau

When the milking was done they washed their pails and hung them on a many-forked stand made of the peeled limb of an oak-tree, set upright in the earth, and resembling a colossal antlered horn. The majority then dispersed in various directions homeward. The thin woman who had not spoken was joined by a boy of twelve or thereabout, and the twain went away up the field also.

pails - seaux, seau

hung - accroché, suspendre, etre accroché

peeled - pelé, peler

limb - membre

oak - chene, chene, chenes

set - set, Seth

upright - debout, integre, montant

resembling - ressemblant, ressembler

colossal - colossal

antlered - avec des bois

horn - corne, cor, klaxon, cuivres

majority - majorité

dispersed - dispersé, disperser, qualifier

various - divers

homeward - en direction de la maison

twain - twain

Their course lay apart from that of the others, to a lonely spot high above the water-meads, and not far from the border of Egdon Heath, whose dark countenance was visible in the distance as they drew nigh to their home.

lonely - solitaire, seul, désert, abandonné

spot - spot, tache, bouton, peu, endroit, zone, détecter, trouver

border - frontiere, frontiere, bord, bordure, délimiter, border

Heath - heath, lande, bruyere

countenance - visage, approuver

visible - visible

nigh - nuit, proche, pres

"They've just been saying down in barton that your father brings his young wife home from Anglebury tomorrow," the woman observed. "I shall want to send you for a few things to market, and you'll be pretty sure to meet 'em."

observed - observée, observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

"Yes, mother," said the boy. "Is father married then?"

"Yes.... You can give her a look, and tell me what's she's like, if you do see her."

"Yes, mother."

"If she's dark or fair, and if she's tall-as tall as I. And if she seems like a woman who has ever worked for a living, or one that has been always well off, and has never done anything, and shows marks of the lady on her, as I expect she do."


They crept up the hill in the twilight, and entered the cottage. It was built of mud-walls, the surface of which had been washed by many rains into channels and depressions that left none of the original flat face visible; while here and there in the thatch above a rafter showed like a bone protruding through the skin.

crept - rampé, ramper, rampement, fatigue, fluage, reptation

twilight - demi-jour, crépuscule, entre chien et loup, pénombre, brumes

cottage - chalet, cottage

mud - de la boue, boue, bourbe, vase

surface - surface, faire surface

channels - chaînes, chenal

depressions - dépressions, dépression

thatch - le chaume, chaume

rafter - chevron

protruding - en saillie, dépasser, saillir

She was kneeling down in the chimney-corner, before two pieces of turf laid together with the heather inwards, blowing at the red-hot ashes with her breath till the turves flamed. The radiance lit her pale cheek, and made her dark eyes, that had once been handsome, seem handsome anew.

kneeling - a genoux, (kneel)

chimney - cheminée

turf - gazon, motte de gazon, hippodrome, champ de courses, gazonner

laid - posé, poser

heather - bruyere, bruyere, callune, éricacée

inwards - vers l'intérieur, intérieur

blowing at - Souffler a

ashes - des cendres, cendre

breath - respiration, souffle, haleine

turves - turves

flamed - flambé, flamme, polémique

pale - pâle, hâve

cheek - joue, fesse, culot, toupet, potence de bringuebale

handsome - beau

anew - a nouveau, a nouveau, derechef

"Yes," she resumed, "see if she is dark or fair, and if you can, notice if her hands be white; if not, see if they look as though she had ever done housework, or are milker's hands like mine."

resumed - reprise, reprendre

housework - les tâches ménageres, ménage

The boy again promised, inattentively this time, his mother not observing that he was cutting a notch with his pocket-knife in the beech-backed chair.

inattentively - de maniere inattentive

observing - l'observation, observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

notch - entaille, encoche, cran

pocket-knife - (pocket-knife) couteau de poche

beech - hetre, hetre

Chapter 2. The Young Wife

The road from Anglebury to Holmstoke is in general level; but there is one place where a sharp ascent breaks its monotony. Farmers homeward-bound from the former market-town, who trot all the rest of the way, walk their horses up this short incline.

sharp - pointu, affilé, coupant, affuté, tranchant

monotony - monotonie

farmers - agriculteurs, agriculteur, fermier

bound - lié, entrain, (bind), lier, attacher, nouer, connecter, coupler

former - ancien, ancienne, ci devant

trot - trot, trotter

The next evening, while the sun was yet bright, a handsome new gig, with a lemon-coloured body and red wheels, was spinning westward along the level highway at the heels of a powerful mare.

gig - gig, concert

heels - talons, talon

spinning - la filature, filer, (spin) la filature

highway - autoroute, grand chemin, grand’route, chaussée

powerful - puissant

mare - jument

The driver was a yeoman in the prime of life, cleanly shaven like an actor, his face being toned to that bluish-vermilion hue which so often graces a thriving farmer's features when returning home after successful dealings in the town. Beside him sat a woman, many years his junior-almost, indeed, a girl.

yeoman - yeoman, franc-tenancier, valet

prime - premier

cleanly - proprement

shaven - rasé, (shave)

toned - tonique, ton

bluish - bleuâtre, bleuté, légerement bleu

vermilion - vermillon, vermeil

hue - teinte, nuance

graces - Les grâces, (grace), bénédicité, grâces, grâce, miséricorde

thriving - prospere, florissant, prospere, (thrive), prospérer

returning home - le retour a la maison

beside - a côté, aupres

junior - junior, jeune

indeed - certainement, vraiment, en effet, bien sur, certes

Her face too was fresh in colour, but it was of a totally different quality-soft and evanescent, like the light under a heap of rose-petals.

totally - totalement

evanescent - évanescent

heap - tas, pile, monceau

petals - pétales, pétale

Few people travelled this way, for it was not a main road; and the long white riband of gravel that stretched before them was empty, save of one small scarce-moving speck, which presently resolved itself into the figure of a boy, who was creeping on at a snail's pace, and continually looking behind him-the heavy bundle he carried being some excuse for, if not the reason of, his dilatoriness.

riband - riband

gravel - graviers, gravillons, gravier

stretched - étiré, étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

scarce - rare

speck - tache, petite tache

resolved - résolu, prendre la résolution de

creeping - rampant, ramper, rampement, fatigue, fluage, reptation

snail - escargot, limaçon

pace - rythme, pas

bundle - bundle, faisceau, fagot, paquet, ballot (of goods)

Excuse - pardon, excuser, pardonner, justifier, prétexte, excuse

When the bouncing gig-party slowed at the bottom of the incline above mentioned, the pedestrian was only a few yards in front. Supporting the large bundle by putting one hand on his hip, he turned and looked straight at the farmer's wife as though he would read her through and through, pacing along abreast of the horse.

bouncing - rebondir, rebond

above mentioned - mentionné ci-dessus

pedestrian - piétons, piéton, piétonnier, pédestre, banal, ordinaire

Hip - hip, hanche, sciatique

pacing - le rythme, pas

abreast - dans le meme sens, côte a côte, au courant

The low sun was full in her face, rendering every feature, shade, and contour distinct, from the curve of her little nostril to the colour of her eyes.

shade - ombre, store, nuance, ton, esprit, ombrager, faire de l'ombre

contour - contour, ligne de niveau

distinct - distinct, intelligible, reconnaissable

curve - courbe, courbes, courber

nostril - narine

The farmer, though he seemed annoyed at the boy's persistent presence, did not order him to get out of the way; and thus the lad preceded them, his hard gaze never leaving her, till they reached the top of the ascent, when the farmer trotted on with relief in his lineaments-having taken no outward notice of the boy whatever.

annoyed - agacé, gener, ennuyer, embeter, agacer, asticoter

persistent - persistante, persistant, tenace

presence - présence

thus - donc, ainsi, tellement, pour cette raison, également

lad - lad, garçon, gars, jeune homme, palefrenier

preceded - précédé, précéder

gaze - regard, fixer

trotted - trotté, trotter

relief - secours, allégement, relief, soulagement

lineaments - des linéaments, linéament

outward - externe

whatever - quoi qu'il en soit, quel que soit, n'importe quel

"How that poor lad stared at me!" said the young wife.

"Yes, dear; I saw that he did."

"He is one of the village, I suppose?"

"One of the neighbourhood. I think he lives with his mother a mile or two off."

neighbourhood - quartier

"He knows who we are, no doubt?"

doubt - des doutes, douter, doute

"O yes. You must expect to be stared at just at first, my pretty Gertrude."

"I do,-though I think the poor boy may have looked at us in the hope we might relieve him of his heavy load, rather than from curiosity."

relieve - soulager, relayer, faire ses besoins, se soulager

load - charge, chargement, fardeau

curiosity - curiosité

"O no," said her husband off-handedly. "These country lads will carry a hundredweight once they get it on their backs; besides his pack had more size than weight in it. Now, then, another mile and I shall be able to show you our house in the distance-if it is not too dark before we get there.

handedly - a mains nues

lads - les gars, garçon, gars, jeune homme, palefrenier

hundredweight - poids cent, quintal

besides - d'ailleurs, aupres

" The wheels spun round, and particles flew from their periphery as before, till a white house of ample dimensions revealed itself, with farm-buildings and ricks at the back.

spun round - tourner en rond

particles - particules, particule

periphery - la périphérie, périphérie

ample - ample

dimensions - dimensions, dimension

revealed - révélée, révéler, laisser voir

Meanwhile the boy had quickened his pace, and turning up a by-lane some mile and half short of the white farmstead, ascended towards the leaner pastures, and so on to the cottage of his mother.

Meanwhile - pendant ce temps

turning up - apparaitre

lane - chemin

ascended - ascensionné, monter

leaner - plus maigre, (lean) plus maigre

pastures - pâturages, pâture, pâturage, pré, prairie

She had reached home after her day's milking at the outlying dairy, and was washing cabbage at the door-way in the declining light. "Hold up the net a moment," she said, without preface, as the boy came up.

cabbage - choux, chou

declining - en déclin, déclin

net - net, réseau, filet

preface - préface, préfacer

He flung down his bundle, held the edge of the cabbage-net, and as she filled its meshes with the dripping leaves she went on, "Well, did you see her?"

flung - jeté, lancer

edge - bord, côté, arete, carre

meshes - mailles, maillage, maille, engrenage, concorder

dripping - goutte a goutte, dégoulinade

"Yes; quite plain."

plain - simple, unie, net, plaine

"Is she ladylike?"

"Yes; and more. A lady complete."

"Is she young?"

"Well, she's growed up, and her ways be quite a woman's."

growed - cultivé

"Of course. What colour is her hair and face?"

"Her hair is lightish, and her face as comely as a live doll's."

lightish - léger

comely - agréable, avenant

doll - poupée, marionnette, guignol

"Her eyes, then, are not dark like mine?"

"No-of a bluish turn, and her mouth is very nice and red; and when she smiles, her teeth show white."

"Is she tall?" said the woman sharply.

sharply - brusquement

"I couldn't see. She was sitting down."

"Then do you go to Holmstoke church tomorrow morning: she's sure to be there. Go early and notice her walking in, and come home and tell me if she's taller than I."

"Very well, mother. But why don't you go and see for yourself?"

"I go to see her! I wouldn't look up at her if she were to pass my window this instant. She was with Mr. Lodge, of course. What did he say or do?"

instant - instantanée, moment

"Just the same as usual."

"Took no notice of you?"


Next day the mother put a clean shirt on the boy, and started him off for Holmstoke church. He reached the ancient little pile when the door was just being opened, and he was the first to enter. Taking his seat by the front, he watched all the parishioners file in.

pile - pile, tapée, pilotis, foule, amas

parishioners - paroissiens, paroissien, paroissienne

file - fichier, ranger, dossier, classement, limer, lime, rangée

The well-to-do Farmer Lodge came nearly last; and his young wife, who accompanied him, walked up the aisle with the shyness natural to a modest woman who had appeared thus for the first time. As all other eyes were fixed upon her, the youth's stare was not noticed now.

accompanied - accompagné, accompagner

aisle - l'allée, allée, rayon, couloir, côté couloir

shyness - timidité

modest - modeste, (mod)

upon - sur, a

youth - la jeunesse, jeunesse, jeune, jeune homme, les jeunes

stare - fixer, regarder (fixement), dévisager

When he reached home his mother said, "Well?" before he had entered the room.

"She is not tall. She is rather short," he replied.

"Ah!" said his mother, with satisfaction.

satisfaction - satisfaction

"But she's very pretty-very. In fact, she's lovely." The youthful freshness of the yeoman's wife had evidently made an impression even on the somewhat hard nature of the boy.

youthful - juvénile, jeune

freshness - fraîcheur

evidently - évidemment, de toute évidence, manifestement

impression - impression

"That's all I want to hear," said his mother quickly. "Now, spread the table-cloth. The hare you caught is very tender; but mind that nobody catches you.-You've never told me what sort of hands she had."

spread - se propager, étaler, écarter, disperser, répandre, éparpiller

table-cloth - (table-cloth) une nappe

Hare - le lievre, lievre

tender - l'appel d'offres, doux, adjudication, affectieux

"I have never seen 'em. She never took off her gloves."

gloves - gants, gant

"What did she wear this morning?"

"A white bonnet and a silver-coloured gown. It whewed and whistled so loud when it rubbed against the pews that the lady coloured up more than ever for very shame at the noise, and pulled it in to keep it from touching; but when she pushed into her seat, it whewed more than ever. Mr.

bonnet - bonnet, orth America, casquette, béret, capot

gown - robe, toge (general term, especially Roman Antiquity)

whistled - sifflé, sifflet, siffler, sifflement, sifflements-p

rubbed - frotté, friction, hic, frotter, polir

pews - bancs, banc (d'église)

shame - la honte, honte, vergogne

Lodge, he seemed pleased, and his waistcoat stuck out, and his great golden seals hung like a lord's; but she seemed to wish her noisy gown anywhere but on her."

waistcoat - gilet

stuck out - coincé

Seals - sceaux, sceau

Lord - châtelain, seigneur, monsieur

"Not she! However, that will do now."

These descriptions of the newly-married couple were continued from time to time by the boy at his mother's request, after any chance encounter he had had with them. But Rhoda Brook, though she might easily have seen young Mrs. Lodge for herself by walking a couple of miles, would never attempt an excursion towards the quarter where the farmhouse lay.

newly - nouvellement, récemment

encounter - rencontre

attempt - tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat

excursion - excursion, randonnée

Neither did she, at the daily milking in the dairyman's yard on Lodge's outlying second farm, ever speak on the subject of the recent marriage. The dairyman, who rented the cows of Lodge and knew perfectly the tall milkmaid's history, with manly kindliness always kept the gossip in the cow-barton from annoying Rhoda.

dairyman - laitier

marriage - mariage, noces

rented - loué, loyer

perfectly - parfaitement

manly - viril

kindliness - la gentillesse

gossip - des ragots, commere, commérage, ragot, cancan

annoying - ennuyeux, gener, ennuyer, embeter, agacer, asticoter

But the atmosphere thereabout was full of the subject during the first days of Mrs. Lodge's arrival; and from her boy's description and the casual words of the other milkers, Rhoda Brook could raise a mental image of the unconscious Mrs. Lodge that was realistic as a photograph.

atmosphere - atmosphere, atmosphere, ambience, ambiance

arrival - arrivée, arrivant, arrivante

casual - fortuit, accidentel, de hasard, occasionnel, désinvolte, sport

mental - mentale, affectif, mental

unconscious - inconscient, subconscient

realistic - réaliste

Chapter 3. A Vision

vision - vision, vue, aspiration, apparition

One night, two or three weeks after the bridal return, when the boy was gone to bed, Rhoda sat a long time over the turf ashes that she had raked out in front of her to extinguish them. She contemplated so intently the new wife, as presented to her in her mind's eye over the embers, that she forgot the lapse of time. At last, wearied with her day's work, she too retired.

raked - ratissé, râteau

extinguish - éteindre

contemplated - envisagée, envisager, étudier, contempler

intently - attentivement

lapse - laps de temps, erreur, faute

wearied - fatigué, las, lasser

retired - a la retraite, prendre sa retraite

But the figure which had occupied her so much during this and the previous days was not to be banished at night. For the first time Gertrude Lodge visited the supplanted woman in her dreams.

occupied - occupée, occuper, habiter

previous - précédente, préalable

banished - banni, bannir

supplanted - supplanté, supplanter, détrôner, déposer, dézinguer, renverser

Rhoda Brook dreamed-since her assertion that she really saw, before falling asleep, was not to be believed-that the young wife, in the pale silk dress and white bonnet, but with features shockingly distorted, and wrinkled as by age, was sitting upon her chest as she lay. The pressure of Mrs.

assertion - assertion

falling asleep - s'endormir

silk - soie

shockingly - de maniere choquante

distorted - déformé, déformer, distordre

wrinkled - ridé, ride

chest - poitrine, sein, commode, coffre

pressure - pression

Lodge's person grew heavier; the blue eyes peered cruelly into her face; and then the figure thrust forward its left hand mockingly, so as to make the wedding-ring it wore glitter in Rhoda's eyes.

peered - regardé, pair

cruelly - cruellement

thrust - estocade, poussée, propulser

mockingly - en se moquant

ring - anneau, cerne, ring, tinter

glitter - paillettes, étincellement, paillette, briller

Maddened mentally, and nearly suffocated by pressure, the sleeper struggled; the incubus, still regarding her, withdrew to the foot of the bed, only, however, to come forward by degrees, resume her seat, and flash her left hand as before.

mentally - mentalement

suffocated - étouffé, suffoquer, étouffer

sleeper - wagon lit, dormant

struggled - en difficulté, lutte, lutter, s'efforcer, combattre

incubus - incube, cauchemar, terreurs nocturnes, fardeau, boulet

regarding - concernant, considérer

withdrew - s'est retiré, (se) retirer

by degrees - par degrés

resume - cv, resume, reprendent, reprends, reprenez, reprenons

flash - flash, clignoter

Gasping for breath, Rhoda, in a last desperate effort, swung out her right hand, seized the confronting spectre by its obtrusive left arm, and whirled it backward to the floor, starting up herself as she did so with a low cry.

gasping - haletant, (gasp), retenir son souffle, haleter, ahaner

desperate - désespérée, désespéré

effort - l'effort, effort

swung - balancé, osciller, se balancer, balancer, swinguer

seized - saisi, saisir

confronting - confrontant, confronter

spectre - spectre

obtrusive - genante

whirled - tourbillonné, tourbillonner

backward - a l'envers, arriéré, en arriere, a reculons

"O, merciful heaven!" she cried, sitting on the edge of the bed in a cold sweat; "that was not a dream-she was here!"

merciful - miséricordieux

Heaven - le paradis, ciel, paradis, au-dela, cieux

cold sweat - des sueurs froides

She could feel her antagonist's arm within her grasp even now-the very flesh and bone of it, as it seemed. She looked on the floor whither she had whirled the spectre, but there was nothing to be seen.

antagonist - antagoniste

within - a l'intérieur, dedans, avant, d'ici

grasp - saisir, agripper, comprendre

flesh - de la chair, chair, peau, viande, corps, pulpe

whither - ou

Rhoda Brook slept no more that night, and when she went milking at the next dawn they noticed how pale and haggard she looked. The milk that she drew quivered into the pail; her hand had not calmed even yet, and still retained the feel of the arm. She came home to breakfast as wearily as if it had been supper-time.

dawn - l'aube, se lever, naître, aube, lever du soleil, aurore

haggard - hagard, émacié

quivered - a tremblé, frémir

calmed - calmé, calme, tranquille, calme plat, calmer

retained - retenue, retenir, conserver, maintenir

wearily - avec lassitude

supper - dîner, souper

"What was that noise in your chimmer, mother, last night?" said her son. "You fell off the bed, surely?"

chimmer - chimere

surely - surement, surement, assurément

"Did you hear anything fall? At what time?"

"Just when the clock struck two."

struck - frappé, biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre

She could not explain, and when the meal was done went silently about her household work, the boy going afield on the farms. Between eleven and twelve the garden-gate clicked, and she lifted her eyes to the window. At the bottom of the garden, within the gate, stood the woman of her vision. Rhoda seemed transfixed.

silently - en silence, silencieusement

household - foyer, ménage, maisonnée, domestique

clicked - cliqué, clic, bruit sec

The impression remaining from the night's experience was still strong. Brook had almost expected to see the wrinkles, the scorn, and the cruelty on her visitor's face. She would have escaped an interview, had escape been possible.

remaining - restant, reste, rester, demeurer

wrinkles - rides, ride

scorn - mépriser, dédaigner, mépris, dédain

cruelty - la cruauté, cruauté

escaped - s'est échappé, échapper, s'échapper, éviter, tirer

"I see I have come to the right house," said Mrs. Lodge, smiling. "But I was not sure till you opened the door."

The figure and action were those of the phantom; but her voice was so indescribably sweet, her glance so winning, her smile so tender, so unlike that of Rhoda's midnight visitant, that the latter could hardly believe the evidence of her senses. She was truly glad that she had not hidden away in sheer aversion, as she had been inclined to do.

phantom - fantôme

indescribably - de maniere indescriptible

unlike - contrairement a, différent

visitant - visiteur

hardly - a peine, dur, durement, guere, a peine

truly - vraiment

Glad - heureux, heureuse

sheer - transparent, pur

aversion - l'aversion, aversion

"I walk a good deal," said Mrs. Lodge, "and your house is the nearest outside our own parish. I hope you are well. You don't look quite well."

parish - paroisse

Rhoda said she was well enough; and, indeed, though the paler of the two, there was more of the strength that endures in her well-defined features and large frame, than in the soft-cheeked young woman before her. The conversation became quite confidential as regarded their powers and weaknesses; and when Mrs.

paler - plus pâle, copain/-ine

strength - la force, force, vigueur, effectif, point fort

endures - perdure, endurer, perdurer, supporter

defined - défini, déterminer, définir

frame - encadrer, cadre, armature, ossature, image, manche, frame, trame

confidential - confidentiel

regarded - considérée, considérer

weaknesses - les faiblesses, faiblesse, point faible, faible

Lodge was leaving, Rhoda said, "I hope you will find this air agree with you, ma'am, and not suffer from the damp of the water-meads."

suffer - souffrir, souffrir de, pâtir de, endurer, supporter, subir

damp - humide, moite, mouillé, humidité, grisou, amortir

The younger one replied that there was not much doubt of it, her general health being usually good. "Though, now you remind me," she added, "I have one little ailment which puzzles me. It is nothing serious, but I cannot make it out."

remind - rappeler

ailment - maladie

puzzles - casse-tete, mystere, énigme, puzzle, casse-tete

She uncovered her left hand and arm; and their outline confronted Rhoda's gaze as the exact original of the limb she had beheld and seized in her dream. Upon the pink round surface of the arm were faint marks of an unhealthy colour, as if produced by a rough grasp. Rhoda's eyes became riveted on the discolorations; she fancied that she discerned in them the shape of her own four fingers.

uncovered - a découvert, découvrir

outline - les grandes lignes, contour, silhouette, esquisse, aperçu

confronted - confronté, confronter

beheld - a été observée, regarder, voir, observer, voici, voila

faint - évanouissement, s'évanouir, défailles, défaillez, défaillir

unhealthy - malsain, mauvais pour la santé

rough - rude, rugueux, brut, approximatif, difficile, brutal, ébaucher

riveted - rivetés, rivet, riveter

discolorations - des décolorations, décoloration

fancied - aimée, envie, caprice

discerned - discernée, discerner

"How did it happen?" she said mechanically.

mechanically - mécaniquement

"I cannot tell," replied Mrs. Lodge, shaking her head. "One night when I was sound asleep, dreaming I was away in some strange place, a pain suddenly shot into my arm there, and was so keen as to awaken me. I must have struck it in the daytime, I suppose, though I don't remember doing so.

shot - tir, tirai, tiré, tirâmes, tirerent, tira

keen - enthousiaste, désireux, poivré, vif

awaken - réveiller, se réveiller

daytime - journée, jour

" She added, laughing, "I tell my dear husband that it looks just as if he had flown into a rage and struck me there. O, I daresay it will soon disappear."

rage - rage, furie, fureur, courroux, rager, faire rage

daresay - oserait-on dire

"Ha, ha! Yes.... On what night did it come?"

Mrs. Lodge considered, and said it would be a fortnight ago on the morrow. "When I awoke I could not remember where I was," she added "till the clock striking two reminded me."

fortnight - quinze jours, deux semaines, quinzaine

morrow - lendemain, matin

awoke - s'est réveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller

striking - frappant, éclatant, (strike), biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper

reminded - rappelée, rappeler

She had named the night and the hour of Rhoda's spectral encounter and Brook felt like a guilty thing. The artless disclosure startled her; she did not reason on the freaks of coincidence; and all the scenery of that ghastly night returned with double vividness to her mind.

spectral - spectrale, spectral, spectral?

encounter - rencontrer, rencontre

guilty - coupable

artless - sans art

disclosure - la divulgation, révélation, divulgation, propagation

startled - surpris, sursauter, surprendre

freaks - des monstres, monstre, anormal

coincidence - coincidence, coincidence

scenery - décor naturel, paysage, décor

ghastly - épouvantable, effrayant, affreux, horrible

"O, can it be," she said to herself, when her visitor had departed, "that I exercise a malignant power over people against my own will?" She knew that she had been slily called a witch since her fall; but never having understood why that particular stigma had been attached to her, it had passed disregarded. Could this be the explanation, and had such things as this ever happened before?

departed - parti, partir, s’en aller, dévier, quitter

malignant - maligne, malin, malveillant

slily - slily

witch - sorciere, ensorceleurse, sorcierere

stigma - stigmatisation, stigmate

attached - attachée, attacher

disregarded - ignorée, mépris, ignorer, mépriser

Chapter 4. A Suggestion

The summer drew on, and Rhoda Brook almost dreaded to meet Mrs. Lodge again, notwithstanding that her feeling for the young wife amounted wellnigh to affection. Something in her own individuality seemed to convict Rhoda of crime.

dreaded - redouté, redouter, craindre, crainte

notwithstanding - nonobstant

wellnigh - bien

individuality - l'individualité

convict - condamner, criminel, bagnard

Yet a fatality sometimes would direct the steps of the latter to the outskirts of Holmstoke whenever she left her house for any other purpose than her daily work; and hence it happened that their next encounter was out of doors. Rhoda could not avoid the subject which had so mystified her, and after the first few words she stammered, "I hope your-arm is well again, ma'am?

fatality - fatalité, accident mortel

outskirts - périphérie, banlieue

whenever - chaque fois que

hence - d'ou, d'ici, ainsi, donc, d'ou

stammered - balbutié, balbutier, bégayer, bégaiement

" She had perceived with consternation that Gertrude Lodge carried her left arm stiffly.

perceived - perçue, percevoir

consternation - consternation, sidération, accablement, prostration

stiffly - avec raideur, rigidement

"No; it is not quite well. Indeed it is no better at all; it is rather worse. It pains me dreadfully sometimes."

dreadfully - terriblement

"Will you let me see it?" said the milkwoman.

milkwoman - laitiere

Mrs. Lodge pushed up her sleeve and disclosed the place, which was a few inches above the wrist. As soon as Rhoda Brook saw it, she could hardly preserve her composure. There was nothing of the nature of a wound, but the arm at that point had a shrivelled look, and the outline of the four fingers appeared more distinct than at the former time.

sleeve - manche, chemise (inner), gaine (outer), manchon

disclosed - divulguée, découvrir, laisser voir, révéler, divulguer

inches - pouces, pouce

wrist - poignet

preserve - confiture, conserve, réserve naturelle, domaine réservé

composure - le sang-froid, calme, quiétude

wound - blessons, blessent, blessez, blessure, blesser

shrivelled - ratatiné, se flétrir, se rider

Moreover, she fancied that they were imprinted in precisely the relative position of her clutch upon the arm in the trance; the first finger towards Gertrude's wrist, and the fourth towards her elbow.

Moreover - de plus, en plus, au surplus, en outre

imprinted - imprimée, empreinte

precisely - précisément

relative - relative, relatif, parent, géniteur, génitrice

clutch - embrayage, agriffons, couplage, saisir, agriffez, agriffent

trance - transe

elbow - coude, coup de coude, jouer des coudes

What the impress resembled seemed to have struck Gertrude herself since their last meeting. "It looks almost like finger-marks," she said; adding with a faint laugh, "my husband says it is as if some witch, or the devil himself, had taken hold of me there, and blasted the flesh."

impress - impressionner

resembled - ressemblait, ressembler

devil - Diable, Satan, type

taken hold - s'est installé

blasted - blasté, souffle

Rhoda shivered. "That's fancy," she said hurriedly. "I wouldn't mind it, if I were you."

shivered - frissonné, frissonner

fancy - fantaisie, imaginer, songer

hurriedly - en toute hâte, a la hâte, a la sauvette, a la va-vite

"I shouldn't so much mind it," said the younger, with hesitation, "if-if I hadn't a notion that it makes my husband-dislike me-no, love me less. Men think so much of personal appearance."

shouldn - devrait

hesitation - hésitation

notion - notion

dislike - l'aversion, antipathie, ne pas aimer

"Some do-he for one."

"Yes; and he was very proud of mine, at first."

proud - fiers, fier, orgueilleux

"Keep your arm covered from his sight."

sight - vue, quelque chose a voir, truc a voir, mire, viseur

"Ah-he knows the disfigurement is there!" She tried to hide the tears that filled her eyes.

disfigurement - déformation

Tears - des larmes, larme

"Well, ma'am, I earnestly hope it will go away soon."

earnestly - sincerement, sérieusement

In her secret heart Rhoda did not altogether object to a slight diminution of her successor's beauty, by whatever means it had come about; but she did not wish to inflict upon her physical pain.

altogether - tout a fait, completement, en meme temps, quoi qu'il en soit

Slight - insignifiant, léger

successor - successeur, successeuse, successrice

beauty - la beauté, beauté

inflict - infliger

For though this pretty young woman had rendered impossible any reparation which Lodge might have made Rhoda for his past conduct, everything like resentment at the unconscious usurpation had quite passed away.

rendered - rendu, rendre

reparation - réparation

conduct - comportement, conduite, se comporter, conduire, mener

resentment - le ressentiment, ressentiment, agacement, rancune

usurpation - l'usurpation, usurpation

"They tell me there is possibly one way by which I might be able to find out the cause, and so perhaps the cure, of it," replied the other anxiously. "It is by going to some clever man over in Egdon Heath.

Possibly - peut-etre, possiblement, peut-etre

cure - guérir, guérissez, guérissent, cicatriser, guérison

anxiously - avec anxiété, anxieusement

They did not know if he was still alive-and I cannot remember his name at this moment; but they said that you knew more of his movements than anybody else hereabout, and could tell me if he were still to be consulted. Dear me-what was his name? But you know."

hereabout - ici

consulted - consultée, concerter

"Not Conjuror Trendle?" said her thin companion, turning pale.

Conjuror - conjurateur

companion - compagnon, compagne

turning pale - pâlir

"Trendle-yes. Is he alive?"

"I believe so," said Rhoda, with reluctance.

reluctance - réticence, réluctance

"Why do you call him conjuror?"

"Well-they say-they used to say he was a-he had powers other folks have not."

folks - des gens, populaire, peuple

The milkwoman had inwardly seen, from the moment she heard of her having been mentioned as a reference for this man, that there must exist a sarcastic feeling among the work-folk that a sorceress would know the whereabouts of the exorcist. They suspected her, then. A short time ago this would have given no concern to a woman of her common-sense.

inwardly - intérieurement

reference - référence, recommandation, faire référence a, référencer

sarcastic - sarcastique

folk - folklorique, populaire, peuple

Sorceress - sorciere, sorciere

whereabouts - ou se trouve-t-il, jusque la

exorcist - l'exorciste, exorciste

suspected - soupçonné, suspecter, soupçonner

concern - inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation, concerner

But she had a haunting reason to be superstitious now; and she had been seized with sudden dread that this Conjuror Trendle might name her as the malignant influence which was blasting the fair person of Gertrude, and so lead her friend to hate her for ever, and to treat her as some fiend in human shape.

haunting - la hantise, hantise, (haunt), hanter, demeurer

superstitious - superstitieux

seized with - saisir

sudden - soudain, soudaine, subit

dread - peur, redouter, craindre, crainte

influence - influence, influencer, influer

blasting - dynamitage, (blast) dynamitage

lead - du plomb

treat - négocier, traiter, régaler, guérir, soigner

fiend - fieffé, démon, monstre, addict

"The place on my arm is so mysterious! I don't really believe in such men, but I should not mind just visiting him, from curiosity-though on no account must my husband know. Is it far to where he lives?"

mysterious - mystérieux

on no account - a aucun prix

"Yes-five miles," said Rhoda backwardly. "In the heart of Egdon."

backwardly - passéiste

"Well, I should have to walk. Could not you go with me to show me the way-say tomorrow afternoon?"

"O, not I-that is," the milkwoman murmured, with a start of dismay. Again the dread seized her that something to do with her fierce act in the dream might be revealed, and her character in the eyes of the most useful friend she had ever had be ruined irretrievably.

dismay - affliger, mortifier, avoir peur, désarroi, consternation

fierce - féroce

ruined - ruiné, ruine, ruiner, abîmer, foutre en l'air

irretrievably - irrémédiablement

Mrs. Lodge urged, and Rhoda finally assented, though with much misgiving. Sad as the journey would be to her, she could not conscientiously stand in the way of a possible remedy for her patron's strange affliction.

urged - pressé, pulsion, pousser, inciter, provoquer, insister

assented - a donné son assentiment, assentiment

misgiving - des doutes, état d'âme, (misgive) des doutes

conscientiously - consciencieusement

remedy for - remede pour

patron - patron, mécene, client

affliction - affliction, détresse

It was agreed that, to escape suspicion of their mystic intent, they should meet at the edge of the heath at the corner of a plantation which was visible from the spot where they now stood.

escape - échapper, s'échapper, éviter, échapper (a quelqu'un), évasion

suspicion - suspicion, soupçon

mystic - mystique

intent - l'intention, intention, résolu, déterminé, buté

plantation - plantation

Chapter 5. Conjuror Trendle

Rhoda started just before the time of day mentioned between them, and half-an-hour's brisk walking brought her to the south-eastern extension of the Egdon tract of country, where the fir plantation was. A slight figure, cloaked and veiled, was already there. Rhoda recognized, almost with a shudder, that Mrs. Lodge bore her left arm in a sling.

brisk - animé, vif, stimulant

eastern - orientale, oriental

extension - extension

tract - tract, étendue

fir - sapin

cloaked - occulté, pelisse, pelerine

veiled - voilée, voile, voiler

shudder - frémir, tremblement, frisson, frissonner, trembler

sling - fronde, dérapage

They hardly spoke to each other, and immediately set out on their climb into the interior of this solemn country, which stood high above the rich alluvial soil they had left half-an-hour before. It was a long walk; thick clouds made the atmosphere dark, though it was as yet only early afternoon; and the wind howled dismally over the hills of the heath.

interior - intérieur

solemn - solennel

alluvial - alluvionnaire, alluvial

soil - sol, terre, barbouillons, barbouiller, foncierere

wind - vent, emmailloter, détortiller, langer, enrouler

howled - hurlé, hurlement, hurler

dismally - grise

Rhoda had a strange dislike to walking on the side of her companion where hung the afflicted arm, moving round to the other when inadvertently near it.

inadvertently - par inadvertance

Conjuror Trendle was at home when they arrived, having in fact seen them descending into his valley. He was a grey-bearded man, with a reddish face, and he looked singularly at Rhoda the first moment he beheld her. Mrs. Lodge told him her errand; and then with words of self-disparagement he examined her arm.

descending - descendant, descendre

bearded - barbu, barbe

reddish - rougeâtre

singularly - singulierement

errand - course, commission

self - soi, soi-meme

examined - examinés, examiner

"Medicine can't cure it," he said promptly. "'Tis the work of an enemy."

promptly - rapidement

enemy - l'ennemi, ennemi, ennemie

Rhoda shrank into herself, and drew back.

shrank - s'est rétréci, se réduire, rétrécir, se resserrer

"An enemy? What enemy?" asked Mrs. Lodge.

He shook his head. "That's best known to yourself," he said. "If you like, I can show the person to you, though I shall not myself know who it is. I can do no more; and don't wish to do that."

She pressed him; on which he told Rhoda to wait outside where she stood, and took Mrs. Lodge into the room. It opened immediately from the door; and, as the latter remained ajar, Rhoda Brook could see the proceedings without taking part in them.

pressed - pressé, appuyer sur, presser

remained - est restée, reste, rester, demeurer

ajar - entrouverte, entrouvert

proceedings - procédures, acte

He brought a tumbler from the dresser, nearly filled it with water, and fetching an egg, prepared it in some private way; after which he broke it on the edge of the glass, so that the white went in and the yolk remained. As it was getting gloomy, he took the glass and its contents to the window, and told Gertrude to watch them closely.

tumbler - gobelet, tumbler

fetching - fetching, aller chercher

private - personnel, personnelle, privé, privée

yolk - jaune d'ouf

gloomy - morose, lugubre, sombre, terne, maussade

Contents - contenu, satisfait

closely - de pres, étroitement, pres

They leant over the table together, and the milkwoman could see the opaline hue of the egg-fluid changing form as it sank in the water, but she was not near enough to define the shape that it assumed.

leant - leant, pencher

opaline - opaline

fluid - fluide, liquide

sank - a coulé, couler, s'enfoncer, évier, lavabo

define - déterminer, définir

assumed - supposé, supposer, présupposer, présumer, assumer, adopter

"Do you catch the likeness of any face or figure as you look?" demanded the conjuror of the young woman.

demanded - demandée, demande, exigence, exiger

She murmured a reply, in tones so low as to be inaudible to Rhoda, and continued to gaze intently into the glass. Rhoda turned, and walked a few steps away.

tones - tons, ton

inaudible - inaudible

When Mrs. Lodge came out, and her face was met by the light, it appeared exceedingly pale-as pale as Rhoda's-against the sad dun shades of the upland's garniture. Trendle shut the door behind her, and they at once started homeward together. But Rhoda perceived that her companion had quite changed.

exceedingly - excessivement, extremement, énormément

dun - dun

shades - nuances, alose

upland - des hautes terres

garniture - la saisie-arret, garniture

"Did he charge much?" she asked tentatively.

charge - frais, charge, chef d’accusation, chef d’inculpation, meuble

tentatively - provisoirement

"O no-nothing. He would not take a farthing," said Gertrude.

farthing - farthing

"And what did you see?" inquired Rhoda.

inquired - a demandé, enqueter, renseigner

"Nothing I-care to speak of." The constraint in her manner was remarkable; her face was so rigid as to wear an oldened aspect, faintly suggestive of the face in Rhoda's bed-chamber.

constraint - contrainte

remarkable - remarquable

rigid - rigide

aspect - aspect, rench: t-needed r

faintly - faiblement

suggestive - suggestif

chamber - chambre, piece, salle

"Was it you who first proposed coming here?" Mrs. Lodge suddenly inquired, after a long pause. "How very odd, if you did!"

proposed - proposée, proposer, demander en mariage

pause - pauser, pause

odd - rench: t-needed r, bizarre, étrange, impair, a peu pres

"No. But I am not sorry we have come, all things considered," she replied. For the first time a sense of triumph possessed her, and she did not altogether deplore that the young thing at her side should learn that their lives had been antagonized by other influences than their own.

triumph - triomphe, triomphal

possessed - possédé, posséder, s'emparer de

deplore - déplorer

antagonized - contrarié, contrarier, antagoniser

influences - influences, influence, influencer, influer

The subject was no more alluded to during the long and dreary walk home. But in some way or other a story was whispered about the many-dairied lowland that winter that Mrs. Lodge's gradual loss of the use of her left arm was owing to her being "overlooked" by Rhoda Brook.

alluded - allusion, alluder, faire allusion, suggérer

dreary - lugubre, terne, insipide, maussade

whispered - chuchoté, chuchotement, chuchoter, susurrer, murmurer

dairied - laitiere

Lowland - les basses terres, plaine, basse terre

gradual - graduelle, graduel

Loss - perte, déperdition, perdition, déchet, coulage

owing - owing, devoir

overlooked - négligé, vue, panorama, surplomber, négliger, louper

The latter kept her own counsel about the incubus, but her face grew sadder and thinner; and in the spring she and her boy disappeared from the neighbourhood of Holmstoke.

counsel - conseil, expertise, plan, projet, conseiller

Chapter 6. A Second Attempt

Half-a-dozen years passed away, and Mr. and Mrs. Lodge's married experience sank into prosiness, and worse.

dozen - douzaine, dizaine

prosiness - la prospérité

The farmer was usually gloomy and silent: the woman whom he had wooed for her grace and beauty was contorted and disfigured in the left limb; moreover, she had brought him no child, which rendered it likely that he would be the last of a family who had occupied that valley for some two hundred years. He thought of Rhoda Brook and her son; and feared this might be a judgment from heaven upon him.

silent - silencieux

whom - que, qui

wooed - courtisé, faire la cour (a)

grace - bénédicité, grâces, grâce, miséricorde

contorted - déformé, se contorsionner

disfigured - défiguré, défigurer

judgment - jugement, sentence, verdict, jugement dernier

"You want somebody to cheer you," he observed. "I once thought of adopting a boy; but he is too old now. And he is gone away I don't know where."

cheer - applaudir, jubiler

adopting - l'adoption, adopter

gone away - est parti

Gertrude guessed to whom he alluded; for Rhoda Brook's story had in the course of years become known to her; though not a word had ever passed between her husband and herself on the subject. Neither had she ever spoken to him of her visit to Conjuror Trendle, and of what was revealed to her, or she thought was revealed to her, by that solitary heath-man.

solitary - solitaire, seul, un a un

She had never revisited Trendle since she had been conducted to the house of the solitary by Rhoda against her will; but it now suddenly occurred to Gertrude that she would, in a last desperate effort at deliverance from this seeming curse, again seek out the man, if he yet lived.

revisited - revisité, revoir

conducted - conduite, comportement, se comporter, conduire, mener

occurred - s'est produite, produire

deliverance - la délivrance, délivrance

curse - malédiction, maudire, maudisent, maudisons, blasphémer

seek - chercher

He was entitled to a certain credence, for the indistinct form he had raised in the glass had undoubtedly resembled the only woman in the world who-as she now knew, though not then-could have a reason for bearing her ill-will. The visit should be paid.

entitled - habilité, intituler

credence - crédibilité, crédit

indistinct - indistinct

Undoubtedly - sans doute

ill-will - (ill-will) mauvaise volonté

This time she went alone, though she nearly got lost on the heath, and roamed a considerable distance out of her way.

got lost - se perdre

roamed - a erré, errer

considerable - considérable

"You can send away warts and other excrescences, I know," she said; "why can't you send away this?" And the arm was uncovered.

send away - envoyer

warts - verrues, verrue

excrescences - excroissances, exces, excroissance

"You think too much of my powers!" said Trendle. "This is of the nature of a blight, not of the nature of a wound; and if you ever do throw it off, it will be all at once."

blight - le mildiou, fléau, rouille, cloque, abîmer, abîmé

"If I only could!"

"There is only one chance of doing it known to me. It has never failed in kindred afflictions,-that I can declare. But it is hard to carry out, and especially for a woman."

kindred - apparentés, tribu

afflictions - afflictions, affliction, détresse

declare - expliquer, déclarer

"Tell me!" said she.

"You must touch with the limb the neck of a man who's been hanged."

hanged - pendu

She started a little at the image he had raised.

"Before he's cold-just after he's cut down," continued the conjuror impassively.

impassively - impassible

"How can that do good?"

"It will turn the blood and change the constitution. But, as I say, to do it is hard. You must get into jail, and wait for him when he's brought off the gallows. Lots have done it, though perhaps not such pretty women as you. I used to send dozens for skin complaints. But that was in former times. The last I sent was in '13-near twenty years ago."

constitution - constitution

jail - prison, geôle

gallows - la potence, potence, (gallow) la potence

dozens - douzaines, douzaine, dizaine

complaints - plaintes, plainte, réclamation, porter plainte

He had no more to tell her; and, when he had put her into a straight track homeward, turned and left her, refusing all money as at first.

straight track - une piste droite

refusing - refusant, refuser de

A Ride

The communication sank deep into Gertrude's mind. Her nature was rather a timid one; and probably of all remedies that the white wizard could have suggested there was not one which would have filled her with so much aversion as this, not to speak of the immense obstacles in the way of its adoption.

communication - la communication, communication, message

timid - timide, craintif

remedies - des remedes, remede, recours, remédier

wizard - mage, sorcier, assistant

immense - immense

obstacles - obstacles, obstacle

adoption - l'adoption, adoption

Casterbridge, the county-town, was a dozen or fifteen miles off; and though in those days, when men were executed for horse-stealing, arson, and burglary, an assize seldom passed without a hanging, it was not likely that she could get access to the body of the criminal unaided.

county - comté

executed - exécuté, exécuter, mettre a mort

arson - incendie criminel, incendiaire

burglary - cambriolage

assize - assiettes

seldom - rarement

hanging - suspension, (hang) suspension

access - l'acces, attaque, accéder, intelligence, entrée, accés

unaided - sans aide

And the fear of her husband's anger made her reluctant to breathe a word of Trendle's suggestion to him or to anybody about him.

anger - la colere, colere, ire, courroux, rage

reluctant - a contrecour

breathe - respirer, inspirer, expirer, reprendre son souffle

She did nothing for months, and patiently bore her disfigurement as before. But her woman's nature, craving for renewed love, through the medium of renewed beauty (she was but twenty-five), was ever stimulating her to try what, at any rate, could hardly do her any harm. "What came by a spell will go by a spell surely," she would say.

patiently - patiemment

craving - envie, (crave), souhaiter, désirer, implorer

renewed - renouvelée, renouveler

medium - milieu, médium, support, média, moyen, demi-anglais

stimulating - stimulant, stimuler

harm - le mal, mal, tort, dommage, nuire a, faire du mal a

Whenever her imagination pictured the act she shrank in terror from the possibility of it: then the words of the conjuror, "it will turn your blood," were seen to be capable of a scientific no less than a ghastly interpretation; the mastering desire returned, and urged her on again.

imagination - l'imagination, imagination

terror - la terreur, terreur, effroi, terrorisme

capable - capable

scientific - scientifique

interpretation - l'interprétation, interprétation

desire - désirer, désir

Her determination received a fillip from learning that two epileptic children had attended from this very village of Holmstoke many years before with beneficial results, though the experiment had been strongly condemned by the neighbouring clergy.

determination - détermination

fillip - un coup de pouce, chiquenaude, pichenette

epileptic - épileptique

beneficial - bénéfique

strongly - fort, fortement

condemned - condamnée, condamner, déclarer coupable

clergy - le clergé, clergé

April, May, June, passed; and it is no overstatement to say that by the end of the last-named month Gertrude wellnigh longed for the death of a fellow-creature. Instead of her formal prayers each night, her unconscious prayer was, "O Lord, hang some guilty or innocent person soon!"

overstatement - extravagance

longed for - désiré

fellow - un camarade, ensemble, mâle

creature - créature, etre

prayer - oraison, priere

hang - pendre, planement

innocent - innocent

The assizes were in July and there was to be one execution-only one-for arson; Her greatest problem was not how to get to Casterbridge, but what means she should adopt for obtaining admission to the jail.

execution - l'exécution, exécution

adopt - adopter

obtaining - l'obtention, obtenir, se procurer, réussir, avoir succes, avoir

admission - l'admission, admission

Though access for such purposes had formerly never been denied, the custom had fallen into desuetude; and in contemplating her possible difficulties, she was again almost driven to fall back upon her husband. But, on sounding him about the assizes, he was so uncommunicative, so more than usually cold, that she did not proceed, and decided that whatever she did she would do alone.

Formerly - auparavant, autrefois, anciennement

denied - refusée, nier, démentir, refuser

custom - coutume, us, connaissance, droit de douane, sur mesure

desuetude - la désuétude, désuétude, abandon, oubli

contemplating - contempler, envisager, étudier

difficulties - des difficultés, difficulté

uncommunicative - peu communicatif

Fortune, obdurate hitherto, showed her unexpected favour. On the Thursday before the Saturday fixed for the execution, Lodge remarked to her that he was going away from home for another day or two on business at a fair, and that he was sorry he could not take her with him.

Fortune - la fortune, destin, bonne chance, fortune

obdurate - obstiné, opiniâtre, tetu, dur comme un roc

hitherto - jusqu'a présent, jusqu'ici, jusqu'alors, jusqu'a maintenant

unexpected - inattendu

favour - favorable, faveur, complaisance, favoriser

remarked - remarqué, remarque

She exhibited on this occasion so much readiness to stay at home that he looked at her in surprise. Time had been when she would have shown deep disappointment at the loss of such a jaunt. However, he lapsed into his usual taciturnity, and on the day named left Holmstoke.

exhibited - exposée, exposer, exposition, piece a conviction

Occasion - occasion

readiness - l'état de préparation, préparation

disappointment - déception

jaunt - escapade, balade, promenade

lapsed - caduque, erreur, faute

It was now her turn. She at first had thought of driving, but on reflection held that driving would not do, since it would necessitate her keeping to the turnpike-road, and so increase by tenfold the risk of her ghastly errand being found out.

reflection - réflexion, reflet, eaning 4

necessitate - nécessaire, nécessiter, requérir, demander, exiger

turnpike - l'autoroute, route a péage

increase by - augmenter de

tenfold - décuplé, décuple, décupler

Risk - risque

She decided to ride, and avoid the beaten track, notwithstanding that in her husband's stables there was no animal just at present which by any stretch of imagination could be considered a lady's mount, in spite of his promise before marriage to always keep a mare for her.

stretch - étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

mount - monter, montent, montez, montons

spite - dépit, rancune

He had, however, many cart-horses, fine ones of their kind; and among the rest was a serviceable creature, an equine Amazon, with a back as broad as a sofa, on which Gertrude had occasionally taken an airing when unwell. This horse she chose.

cart - chariot, charrette

serviceable - entretenable, serviable, réparable, pret a l'emploi, utilisable

equine - équine, chevalin, équin, hippique

Amazon - amazon, amazone

broad - large

sofa - canapé, sofa

Occasionally - occasionnellement

unwell - malaise, souffrant

On Friday afternoon one of the men brought it round. She was dressed, and before going down looked at her shrivelled arm. "Ah!" she said to it, "if it had not been for you this terrible ordeal would have been saved me!"

ordeal - épreuve, calvaire, ordalie

When strapping up the bundle in which she carried a few articles of clothing, she took occasion to say to the servant, "I take these in case I should not get back tonight from the person I am going to visit. Don't be alarmed if I am not in by ten, and close up the house as usual. I shall be at home tomorrow for certain.

strapping - le cerclage, (strap), sangle, courroie, laniere, bandouliere

servant - serviteur, domestique, servante, checkserviteur

be alarmed - etre alarmé

" She meant then to privately tell her husband: the deed accomplished was not like the deed projected. He would almost certainly forgive her.

privately - en privé

deed - acte, action, ouvre, exploit, haut fait, (dee)

accomplished - accompli, accomplir

forgive - pardonner

And then the pretty palpitating Gertrude Lodge went from her husband's homestead; but though her goal was Casterbridge she did not take the direct route thither through Stickleford. Her cunning course at first was in precisely the opposite direction.

palpitating - des palpitations, palpiter

homestead - la propriété familiale, propriété, foyer, demeure

thither - la, la, d'ici la

cunning - astucieux, rusé

As soon as she was out of sight, however, she turned to the left, by a road which led into Egdon, and on entering the heath wheeled round, and set out in the true course, due westerly. When it was almost dusk, Gertrude reached the White Hart, the first inn of the town on that side.

led - dirigé, DEL, LED, (lead) dirigé

due - due, du

dusk - crépuscule

Inn - l'auberge, auberge

Little surprise was excited by her arrival; farmers'wives rode on horseback then more than they do now; though, for that matter, Mrs. Lodge was not imagined to be a wife at all; the innkeeper supposed her some harum-skarum young woman who had come to attend "hang-fair" next day. Neither her husband nor herself ever dealt in Casterbridge market, so that she was unknown.

on horseback - a cheval

innkeeper - l'aubergiste, tavernier, hôtelier, aubergiste

nor - ni, NON-OU

unknown - inconnu, inconnue

While dismounting she beheld a crowd of boys standing at the door of a harness-maker's shop just above the inn, looking inside it with deep interest.

dismounting - le démontage, démonter, descendre

harness - harnais, harnacher

Maker - le fabricant, faiseur, fabricant, créateur

"What is going on there?" she asked of the ostler.

ostler - ostler

"Making the rope for tomorrow."

rope - corde, funiculaire

She throbbed responsively, and contracted her arm.

throbbed - a palpité, battre, palpiter, vibrer, résonner

responsively - de maniere réactive

contracted - sous contrat, contracter

"'Tis sold by the inch afterwards," the man continued. "I could get you a bit, miss, for nothing, if you'd like?"

inch - pouce

She hastily repudiated any such wish, all the more from a curious creeping feeling that the condemned wretch's destiny was becoming interwoven with her own; and having engaged a room for the night, sat down to think.

hastily - hâtivement, précipitamment, a la hâte

repudiated - répudié, répudier, nier

Curious - vous etes curieux, curieux, intéressant, singulier

wretch - malheureux, malheureux/-euse

destiny - destin, destinée, sort

interwoven - entrelacés, entrelacer

engaged - engagé, attirer l'attention, engager, embrayer

Up to this time she had formed but the vaguest notions about her means of obtaining access to the prison. The words of the cunning-man returned to her mind. He had implied that she should use her beauty, impaired though it was, as a pass-key. In her inexperience she knew little about jail functionaries; she had heard of a high-sheriff and an under-sheriff, but dimly only.

vaguest - le plus vague, vague

notions - notions, notion

implied - implicite, impliquer, insinuer, sous-entendre

impaired - altérée, détériorer, abîmer, affaiblir, affecter, altérer

inexperience - l'inexpérience, inexpérience

functionaries - fonctionnaires, fonctionnaire

sheriff - shérif

dimly - faiblement, obscurément, vaguement, confusément

She knew, however, that there must be a hangman, and to the hangman she determined to apply.

hangman - bourreau, bourrelle, pendu

determined - déterminé, déterminer

Chapter 7. A Water-Side Hermit

Hermit - l'ermite, ermite, ermitane

At this date, and for several years after, there was a hangman to almost every jail. Gertrude found, on inquiry, that the Casterbridge official dwelt in a lonely cottage by a deep slow river flowing under the cliff on which the prison buildings were situate-the stream being the self-same one, though she did not know it, which watered the Stickleford and Holmstoke meads lower down in its course.

inquiry - demande, enquete

official - officielle, officiel, cadre, fonctionnaire

dwelt - a habité, résider, s'appesantir sur

flowing - en cours d'exécution, couler

cliff - falaise, escarpé

situate - situer

stream - flux, ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant

Having changed her dress, and before she had eaten or drunk-for she could not take her ease till she had ascertained some particulars-Gertrude pursued her way by a path along the water-side to the cottage indicated.

ease - l'aisance, facilité, repos, abaisser, abréger, amoindrir

ascertained - vérifié, constater, définir

pursued - poursuivie, poursuivre, rechercher

path - chemin, sentier

indicated - indiqué, indiquer, signaler

Passing thus the outskirts of the jail, she discerned on the level roof over the gateway three rectangular lines against the sky, where the specks had been moving in her distant view; she recognized what the erection was, and passed quickly on. Another hundred yards brought her to the executioner's house, which a boy pointed out.

gateway - porte, passerelle, gateway, checkpasserelle

specks - taches, petite tache

distant - distante, distant, lointain, éloigné

erection - érection, bandaison

executioner - exécuteur des hautes ouvres, bourreau

It stood close to the same stream, and was hard by a weir, the waters of which emitted a steady roar.

weir - weir, seuil, écrille, bordigue

emitted - émis, émettre

steady - stable, lisse, régulier

roar - rugir, hurler, s'esclaffer, rire aux éclats

While she stood hesitating the door opened, and an old man came forth shading a candle with one hand. Locking the door on the outside, he turned to a flight of wooden steps fixed against the end of the cottage, and began to ascend them, this being evidently the staircase to his bedroom. Gertrude hastened forward, but by the time she reached the foot of the ladder he was at the top.

hesitating - hésitant, hésiter

forth - avant, en avant

shading - ombrage, (shad), alose

candle - bougie, chandelle

ascend - s'élever, monter

staircase - escalier

hastened - s'est hâté, dépecher

ladder - l'échelle, échelle

She called to him loudly enough to be heard above the roar of the weir; he looked down and said, "What d'ye want here?"

ye - ou, lequel

"To speak to you a minute."

The candle-light, such as it was, fell upon her imploring, pale, upturned face, and Davies (as the hangman was called) backed down the ladder. "I was just going to bed," he said; "'Early to bed and early to rise,'but I don't mind stopping a minute for such a one as you. Come into house." He reopened the door, and preceded her to the room within.

I don't mind - Ça ne me dérange pas

reopened - rouvert, rouvrir, réouvrir, rench: se rouvrir

The implements of his daily work, which was that of a jobbing gardener, stood in a corner, and seeing probably that she looked rural, he said, "If you want me to undertake country work I can't come, for I never leave Casterbridge for gentle nor simple-not I. My real calling is officer of justice," he added formally.

implements - met en ouvre, instrument, appliquer, exécuter, établir

gardener - jardinier, jardiniere

rural - rural

undertake - entreprendre

gentle - gentil, doux

justice - justice, équité, conseiller

formally - officiellement, formellement

"Yes, yes! That's it. Tomorrow!"

"Ah! I thought so. Well, what's the matter about that? 'Tis no use to come here about the knot-folks Do come continually, but I tell 'em one knot is as merciful as another if ye keep it under the ear. Is the unfortunate man a relation; or, I should say, perhaps" (looking at her dress) "a person who's been in your employ?"

knot - noud, nodale

Do come - Venir

unfortunate - malheureux, infortuné, malencontreux

relation - relation, parent, parente

"No. What time is the execution?"

"The same as usual-twelve o'clock, or as soon after as the London mail-coach gets in. We always wait for that, in case of a reprieve."

reprieve - sursis, grâce

"O-a reprieve-I hope not!" she said involuntarily.

involuntarily - involontairement

"Well,-hee, hee!-as a matter of business, so do I! But still, if ever a young fellow deserved to be let off, this one does; only just turned eighteen, and only present by chance when the rick was fired. Howsomever, there's not much risk of it, as they are obliged to make an example of him, there having been so much destruction of property that way lately."

deserved - mérité, mériter

let off - Laisser partir

rick - rick

obliged - obligée, imposer, obliger, rendre service

destruction - la destruction, destruction

property - propriété, accessoire

lately - dernierement

"I mean," she explained, "that I want to touch him for a charm, a cure of an affliction, by the advice of a man who has proved the virtue of the remedy."

charm - charme, excitation, grâce

proved - prouvé, prouver

virtue - la vertu, vertu

remedy - remede, remede, recours, remédier

"O yes, miss! Now I understand. I've had such people come in past years. But it didn't strike me that you looked of a sort to require blood-turning. What's the complaint? The wrong kind for this, I'll be bound."

strike - greve, biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre, faire greve

require - exiger, demander, avoir besoin de, requérir, nécessiter

complaint - plainte, réclamation, porter plainte

"My arm." She reluctantly showed the withered skin.

reluctantly - a contrecour

"Ah!-'tis all a-scram!" said the hangman, examining it.

scram - calter

examining - l'examen, examiner

"Yes," said she.

"Well," he continued, with interest, "that is the class o'subject, I'm bound to admit. I like the look of the place; it is truly as suitable for the cure as any I ever saw. 'Twas a knowing-man that sent 'ee, whoever he was."

admit - admettre, avouer, reconnaître

suitable - adapté, approprié, convenable, opportun, idoine

ee - EE

Whoever - quiconque, qui que ce soit qui

"You can contrive for me all that's necessary?" she said breathlessly.

contrive - de l'argent, combiner, inventer

breathlessly - a bout de souffle

"You should really have gone to the governor of the jail, and your doctor with 'ee, and given your name and address-that's how it used to be done, if I recollect. Still, perhaps, I can manage it for a trifling fee."

governor - gouverneur, gouverneure

recollect - se souvenir, se ressaisir

manage it - le gérer

trifling - insignifiant, futile, (trifle), bagatelle, broutille, babiole

fee - frais, honoraires, tarif

"O, thank you! I would rather do it this way, as I should like it kept private."

"Lover not to know, eh?"

lover - amante, amant, maîtresse

eh - eh


"Aha! Very well. I'll get 'ee a touch of the corpse."

Aha - aha, tiens donc

corpse - cadavre, corps, corps sans vie

"Where is it now?" she said, shuddering.

shuddering - tremblant, (shudder), tremblement, frisson, frissonner, trembler

"It?-he, you mean; he's living yet. Just inside that little small winder up there in the glum." He signified the jail on the cliff above.

winder - enrouleur

glum - morose, maussade

signified - signifié, (signify), signifier

She thought of her husband and her friends. "Yes, of course," she said; "and how am I to proceed?"

He took her to the door. "Now, do you be waiting at the little wicket in the wall, that you'll find up there in the lane, not later than one o'clock. I will open it from the inside, as I shan't come home to dinner till he's cut down. Good-night. Be punctual; and if you don't want anybody to know 'ee, wear a veil. Ah-once I had such a daughter as you!"

wicket - guichet

shan - Shan

punctual - ponctuel

veil - voile, voiler

She went away, and climbed the path above, to assure herself that she would be able to find the wicket next day. Its outline was soon visible to her-a narrow opening in the outer wall of the prison precincts. The steep was so great that, having reached the wicket, she stopped a moment to breathe; and, looking back upon the water-side cot, saw the hangman again ascending his outdoor staircase.

assure - assurer, rassurer

outer wall - le mur extérieur

precincts - circonscriptions, enceinte, district, arrondissement de commune

steep - raide

cot - lit d'enfant, couchette

ascending - ascendante, monter

outdoor - a l'extérieur, de plein air, d’extérieur, en plein air

He entered the loft or chamber to which it led, and in a few minutes extinguished his light.

loft - loft, grenier

extinguished - éteinte, éteindre

The town clock struck ten, and she returned to the White Hart as she had come.

Chapter 8. A Re-encounter

It was one o'clock on Saturday. Gertrude Lodge, having been admitted to the jail as above described, was sitting in a waiting-room within the second gate, which stood under a classic archway of ashlar, then comparatively modern, and bearing the inscription, "County Jail: 1793." This had been the façade she saw from the heath the day before.

admitted - admis, admettre, avouer, reconnaître

classic - classique

archway - arcade

ashlar - pierre de taille

comparatively - comparativement

inscription - inscription, légende, dédicace

façade - façade

Near at hand was a passage to the roof on which the gallows stood.

passage - passage, corridoir, couloir

The town was thronged, and the market suspended; but Gertrude had seen scarcely a soul.

thronged - se pressent, essaim, foule

suspended - suspendue, suspendre

scarcely - a peine, a peine, guere

soul - âme

Having kept her room till the hour of the appointment, she had proceeded to the spot by a way which avoided the open space below the cliff where the spectators had gathered; but she could, even now, hear the multitudinous babble of their voices, out of which rose at intervals the hoarse croak of a single voice uttering the words, "Last dying speech and confession!

appointment - nomination, rendez-vous, rance

proceeded - a procédé, avancer, procéder

spectators - spectateurs, spectateur, spectatrice, badaud, badaude

gathered - rassemblés, rassembler, ramasser, recueillir

multitudinous - multitudinaire

babble - babillage, marmonner, marmotter, jargonner, bavarder, papoter

intervals - intervalles, intervalle

hoarse - rauque, rugueux

croak - coassement, coasser, croasser, crever, clamser, buter

uttering - prononcer, (utter) prononcer

dying - teignant, mourant, (dye) teignant

confession - confession

" There had been no reprieve, and the execution was over; but the crowd still waited to see the body taken down.

taken down - enlevé

Soon the persistent girl heard a trampling overhead, then a hand beckoned to her, and, following directions, she went out and crossed the inner paved court beyond the gatehouse, her knees trembling so that she could scarcely walk. One of her arms was out of its sleeve, and only covered by her shawl.

trampling - le piétinement, (trample), fouler, piétiner

overhead - des frais généraux, dessus, sur, au dessus, aérien, grippage

beckoned - fait signe, faire signe

paved - pavé, paver

Court - la cour, cour, tribunal, court de tennis, court, courtiser

beyond - au-dela, au-dela, par-dela

gatehouse - maison de gardien

shawl - châle

On the spot at which she had now arrived were two trestles, and before she could think of their purpose she heard heavy feet descending stairs somewhere at her back. Turn her head she would not, or could not, and, rigid in this position, she was conscious of a rough coffin passing her shoulder, borne by four men.

trestles - tréteaux, tréteau

conscious - conscient

coffin - cercueil

It was open, and in it lay the body of a young man, wearing the smockfrock of a rustic, and fustian breeches. The corpse had been thrown into the coffin so hastily that the skirt of the smockfrock was hanging over. The burden was temporarily deposited on the trestles.

fustian - fustian, futaine

breeches - culotte, culasse

hanging over - en suspens

burden - charge, accablement, alourdissons, alourdir, alourdissez

temporarily - temporairement

deposited - déposé, dépôt, gisement, acompte, arrhes-p

By this time the young woman's state was such that a grey mist seemed to float before her eyes, on account of which, and the veil she wore, she could scarcely discern anything: it was as though she had nearly died, but was held up by a sort of galvanism.

mist - brouillard, brume

float - flotter, flotteur, taloche, char, flottant, float

account - compte, supputation, demande

discern - discerner

galvanism - le galvanisme, galvanisme

"Now!" said a voice close at hand, and she was just conscious that the word had been addressed to her.

By a last strenuous effort she advanced, at the same time hearing persons approaching behind her. She bared her poor cursed arm; and Davies, uncovering the face of the corpse, took Gertrude's hand, and held it so that her arm lay across the dead man's neck, upon a line the colour of an unripe blackberry, which surrounded it.

strenuous - pénible, vigoureux, acharné, ardu, éprouvant

advanced - avancé, élever, avancer, avancée, progression, progres

approaching - en approche, (s')approcher (de)

cursed - maudis, maudite, maudites, maudits, maudit, (curs) maudis

uncovering - a découvert, découvrir

blackberry - blackberry, ronce, roncier, murier, mure, mure sauvage

surrounded - entouré, entourer, enceindre

Gertrude shrieked: "the turn o'the blood," predicted by the conjuror, had taken place. But at that moment a second shriek rent the air of the enclosure: it was not Gertrude's, and its effect upon her was to make her start round.

shrieked - a crié, hurlement, crier

rent - loyer, louez, louons, arrentez, accensons

enclosure - l'enfermement, piece jointe, encloitrer, encloîtrer, enclos

Immediately behind her stood Rhoda Brook, her face drawn, and her eyes red with weeping. Behind Rhoda stood Gertrude's own husband; his countenance lined, his eyes dim, but without a tear.

weeping - pleurant, (weep) pleurant

dim - dim, faible, vague

tear - déchirure, déchirer, fissure, larme, pleur

"D-n you! what are you doing here?" he said hoarsely.

hoarsely - rauque, sechement

"Hussy-to come between us and our child now!" cried Rhoda. "This is the meaning of what Satan showed me in the vision! You are like her at last!" And clutching the bare arm of the younger woman, she pulled her unresistingly back against the wall. Immediately Brook had loosened her hold the fragile young Gertrude slid down against the feet of her husband. When he lifted her up she was unconscious.

Hussy - hussy, traînée, pimbeche, pécore

Satan - Satan

clutching - l'embrayage, se raccrocher (a)

bare - a nu, dénudé, dégarnir, nu

unresistingly - sans résistance

loosened - desserré, desserrer

fragile - fragile

slid - glissée, (slide), glisser, déraper, toboggan, glissoire

The mere sight of the twain had been enough to suggest to her that the dead young man was Rhoda's son. At that time the relatives of an executed convict had the privilege of claiming the body for burial, if they chose to do so; and it was for this purpose that Lodge was awaiting the inquest with Rhoda.

mere - simple

relatives - parents, relatif, parent, géniteur, génitrice

privilege - privilege, privilege, privilégier

claiming - réclamer, réclamation, titre, affirmation

burial - l'enterrement, enterrement, inhumation, sépulture

awaiting - en attente, attendre, s'attendre a, servir, guetter

inquest - enquete (criminelle)

He had been summoned by her as soon as the young man was taken in the crime, and at different times since; and he had attended in court during the trial. This was the "holiday" he had been indulging in of late. The two wretched parents had wished to avoid exposure; and hence had come themselves for the body, a wagon and sheet for its conveyance and covering being in waiting outside.

summoned - convoqué, convoquer

trial - proces, manipulation

indulging in - se faire plaisir

wretched - misérable

exposure - l'exposition, exposition

wagon - wagon, charrette

Gertrude's case was so serious that it was deemed advisable to call to her the surgeon who was at hand. She was taken out of the jail into the town; but she never reached home alive.

deemed - jugée, estimer, croire, considérer

advisable - est-il souhaitable

surgeon - chirurgien, chirurgienne

Her delicate vitality, sapped perhaps by the paralysed arm, collapsed under the double shock that followed the severe strain, physical and mental, to which she had subjected herself during the previous twenty-four hours. Her blood had been "turned" indeed-too far. Her death took place in the town three days after.

delicate - délicate, délicat, délicat (1, 2)

vitality - vitalité

sapped - sappé, seve

paralysed - paralysé, paralyser

collapsed - effondré, s'effondrer, effondrement

shock - choc, choquons, offusquer, choquez, choquer, secouer

severe - sévere, grave, sévere

strain - souche, accablement

Her husband was never seen in Casterbridge again; once only in the old market-place at Anglebury, which he had so much frequented, and very seldom in public anywhere. Burdened at first with moodiness and remorse, he eventually changed for the better, and appeared as a chastened and thoughtful man.

frequented - fréquenté, fréquent

burdened - accablés, poids écrasant

moodiness - l'humeur

remorse - des remords, remords, componction

chastened - châtié, chatier

thoughtful - réfléchie, réfléchi, attentionné

Soon after attending the funeral of his poor young wife he took steps towards giving up the farms in Holmstoke and the adjoining parish, and, having sold every head of his stock, he went away to Port-Bredy, at the other end of the county, living there in solitary lodgings till his death two years later of a painless decline.

funeral - funérailles, obseques

adjoining - adjacente, adjoindre, toucher

stock - stock, provision, stockage

port - port, connexion

lodgings - logements, logement, hébergement, verse

painless - sans douleur, indolore

decline - déclin

It was then found that he had bequeathed the whole of his not inconsiderable property to a reformatory for boys, subject to the payment of a small annuity to Rhoda Brook, if she could be found to claim it.

bequeathed - légué, léguer, transmettre, passer, donner, offrir

inconsiderable - insignifiante

reformatory - maison de redressement

payment - paiement, payement

annuity - rente, annuité

claim - réclamation, titre, affirmation, revendication, demande

For some time she could not be found; but eventually she reappeared in her old parish,-absolutely refusing, however, to have anything to do with the provision made for her. Her monotonous milking at the dairy was resumed, and followed for many long years, till her form became bent, and her once abundant dark hair white and worn away at the forehead-perhaps by long pressure against the cows.

reappeared - réapparaît, réapparaître

absolutely - absolument

provision - disposition, provision, provisionner

monotonous - monotone

bent - plié, courba, courbai, courbés, courbé, cambrai

abundant - abondante

forehead - front

Here, sometimes, those who knew her experience would stand and observe her, and wonder what sombre thoughts were beating inside that impassive, wrinkled brow, to the rhythm of the alternating milk-streams.

observe - observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

wonder - merveille, se demander, conjecturer

sombre - sombre

thoughts - réflexions, idée, pensée

impassive - impassible

brow - sourcils, andouiller d'oil, maître andouiller

rhythm - rythme

alternating - en alternance, alternatif, alternative, alterner

streams - flux, ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant, torrent

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