War and Peace with English-French Dictionary by Leo Tolstoy (online free books)

Guerre et Paix avec un dictionnaire anglais-français pratique (best ebooks to read)

Table of Content

BOOK ONE: 1805
BOOK TWO: 1805
BOOK FIVE: 1806 - 07
BOOK SIX: 1808 - 10
BOOK SEVEN: 1810 - 11
BOOK EIGHT: 1811 - 12
BOOK TEN: 1812
BOOK FIFTEEN: 1812 - 13

War and Peace Text

Leo - leo, justau

BOOK ONE: 1805


"Well, Prince, so Genoa and Lucca are now just family estates of the Buonapartes. But I warn you, if you don't tell me that this means war, if you still try to defend the infamies and horrors perpetrated by that Antichrist"I really believe he is Antichrist"I will have nothing more to do with you and you are no longer my friend, no longer my ˜faithful slave,'as you call yourself! But how do you do?

Genoa - genes, Genes

estates - les successions, patrimoine, noblesse, proprieté, , biens-p

defend - défendre

infamies - infamies, infamie

perpetrated - perpétrés, perpétrer, commettre

Antichrist - l'antéchrist, antéchrist, antichrist

faithful - fidele, fidele, loyal

slave - esclave, serf, serve

I see I have frightened you"sit down and tell me all the news."

It was in July, 1805, and the speaker was the well-known Anna Pávlovna Schérer, maid of honor and favorite of the Empress Márya Fëdorovna. With these words she greeted Prince Vasíli Kurágin, a man of high rank and importance, who was the first to arrive at her reception. Anna Pávlovna had had a cough for some days.

maid - femme de ménage, demoiselle, jeune fille, bonne

honor - l'honneur, honneur, honorer

rank - rang, rangée, unie, standing

cough - tousser, toux

She was, as she said, suffering from la grippe; grippe being then a new word in St. Petersburg, used only by the elite.

la - La

grippe - grippe

Petersburg - Petersburg

elite - l'élite, élite, élitaire, d'élite

All her invitations without exception, written in French, and delivered by a scarlet-liveried footman that morning, ran as follows:

exception - exception

scarlet - écarlate

liveried - habillé

footman - valet de pied, laquais

"If you have nothing better to do, Count (or Prince), and if the prospect of spending an evening with a poor invalid is not too terrible, I shall be very charmed to see you tonight between 7 and 10"Annette Schérer."

prospect - prospect, perspective, prospecter

invalid - invalide, périmé

charmed - charmé, charme

"Heavens! what a virulent attack!" replied the prince, not in the least disconcerted by this reception. He had just entered, wearing an embroidered court uniform, knee breeches, and shoes, and had stars on his breast and a serene expression on his flat face.

heavens - les cieux, ciel, paradis, au-dela, cieux-p

virulent - virulent

disconcerted - déconcerté, déconcerter, fr

embroidered - brodée, broder

knee breeches - Haut-de-chause

breast - sein, poitrine, cour, poitrail, blanc

serene - serein, enjoué

He spoke in that refined French in which our grandfathers not only spoke but thought, and with the gentle, patronizing intonation natural to a man of importance who had grown old in society and at court. He went up to Anna Pávlovna, kissed her hand, presenting to her his bald, scented, and shining head, and complacently seated himself on the sofa.

refined - raffiné, raffiner, fr

patronizing - condescendant, fréquenter, patrociner, prendre de haut

intonation - l'intonation, intonation

grown old - vieilli

bald - chauve, lisse

scented - parfumée, odeur, odorat, sentir

complacently - avec complaisance

sofa - canapé, sofa

"First of all, dear friend, tell me how you are. Set your friend's mind at rest," said he without altering his tone, beneath the politeness and affected sympathy of which indifference and even irony could be discerned.

altering - modifier, transformer, changer, altérer

tone - ton, tonalité, tonale

beneath - dessous

politeness - la politesse, politesse

sympathy - compassion, sympathie, condoléance

indifference - l'indifférence, indifférence

irony - l'ironie, ironie

discerned - discernée, discerner

"Can one be well while suffering morally? Can one be calm in times like these if one has any feeling?" said Anna Pávlovna. "You are staying the whole evening, I hope?"

"And the fete at the English ambassador's? Today is Wednesday. I must put in an appearance there," said the prince. "My daughter is coming for me to take me there."

fete - fete, kermesse, feter

ambassador - ambassadeur, ambassadrice

"I thought today's fete had been canceled. I confess all these festivities and fireworks are becoming wearisome."

canceled - annulée, annuler, résilier ('a telephone contract

confess - avouer, confesser

festivities - festivités, festivité, réjouissances-p

fireworks - feux d'artifice, feu d'artifice

"If they had known that you wished it, the entertainment would have been put off," said the prince, who, like a wound-up clock, by force of habit said things he did not even wish to be believed.

wound - blessons, blessent, blessez, blessure, blesser

"Don't tease! Well, and what has been decided about NovosĂ­ltsev's dispatch? You know everything."

tease - taquiner

dispatch - l'envoi, dépeche

"What can one say about it?" replied the prince in a cold, listless tone. "What has been decided? They have decided that Buonaparte has burnt his boats, and I believe that we are ready to burn ours."

listless - sans voix, apathique, indolent

Prince Vasíli always spoke languidly, like an actor repeating a stale part. Anna Pávlovna Schérer on the contrary, despite her forty years, overflowed with animation and impulsiveness. To be an enthusiast had become her social vocation and, sometimes even when she did not feel like it, she became enthusiastic in order not to disappoint the expectations of those who knew her.

languidly - langoureusement

stale - périmé, rassis

contrary - contraire, contrepied

overflowed - débordé, débordement, déborder, fr

animation - animation, invigoration

impulsiveness - l'impulsivité, impulsivité

vocation - vocation

enthusiastic - enthousiaste

disappoint - décevoir, désappointer

expectations - attentes, attente

The subdued smile which, though it did not suit her faded features, always played round her lips expressed, as in a spoiled child, a continual consciousness of her charming defect, which she neither wished, nor could, nor considered it necessary, to correct.

subdued - atténué, soumettre, subjuguer, assujettir

faded - fanée, (s')affaiblir, diminuer

spoiled - gâté, gâter, gâcher, tourner, dévoiler, révéler

continual - continuelle

consciousness - la conscience, conscience

charming - charmant, (charm)

defect - défaut, déserter, passer a, rench: t-needed r

In the midst of a conversation on political matters Anna Pávlovna burst out:

midst - centre, milieu

burst - l'éclatement, éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser

"Oh, don't speak to me of Austria. Perhaps I don't understand things, but Austria never has wished, and does not wish, for war. She is betraying us! Russia alone must save Europe. Our gracious sovereign recognizes his high vocation and will be true to it. That is the one thing I have faith in!

Austria - autriche

I don't understand - Je ne comprends pas

betraying - trahir, livrer

Russia - la russie, Russie

sovereign - souveraine, souverain

Faith - la foi, foi, rench:, confiance

Our good and wonderful sovereign has to perform the noblest role on earth, and he is so virtuous and noble that God will not forsake him. He will fulfill his vocation and crush the hydra of revolution, which has become more terrible than ever in the person of this murderer and villain! We alone must avenge the blood of the just one.... Whom, I ask you, can we rely on?...

noblest - le plus noble, noble, aristocrate, aristocratique

virtuous - vertueux

forsake - abandonner, renoncer

fulfill - remplir, combler, satisfaire

crush - le coup de foudre, barricade, béguin, amourette, faible

hydra - hydre

revolution - révolution, coup d'état, tour

more terrible - plus terrible

murderer - meurtrier, meurtriere, assassin, assassine

villain - scélérat, méchant, vilain, paysan

avenge - venger, rench: t-needed r

rely - s'appuyer, compter sur

England with her commercial spirit will not and cannot understand the Emperor Alexander's loftiness of soul. She has refused to evacuate Malta. She wanted to find, and still seeks, some secret motive in our actions. What answer did NovosĂ­ltsev get? None.

Emperor - l'empereur, empereur

Alexander - alexandre

loftiness - sublimité

soul - âme

refused - refusé, refuser de

evacuate - évacuer

Malta - malte

seeks - cherche, chercher

motive - motif, mobile, theme, motiver, moteur, mouvant

The English have not understood and cannot understand the self-abnegation of our Emperor who wants nothing for himself, but only desires the good of mankind. And what have they promised? Nothing! And what little they have promised they will not perform! Prussia has always declared that Buonaparte is invincible, and that all Europe is powerless before him....

self - soi, soi-meme

abnegation - l'abnégation, abnégation

desires - désirs, désirer, désir

mankind - l'humanité, humanité, genre humain, hommes

Prussia - la prusse, Prusse

declared - déclarée, expliquer, déclarer

invincible - invincible

powerless - impuissante, impuissant

And I don't believe a word that Hardenburg says, or Haugwitz either. This famous Prussian neutrality is just a trap. I have faith only in God and the lofty destiny of our adored monarch. He will save Europe!"

Prussian - prussien, Prussienne

neutrality - la neutralité, neutralité

trap - piege

lofty - noble, haut

destiny - destin, destinée, sort

adored - adorée, adorer

monarch - monarque

She suddenly paused, smiling at her own impetuosity.

paused - en pause, pauser, pause

impetuosity - l'impétuosité

"I think," said the prince with a smile, "that if you had been sent instead of our dear Wintzingerode you would have captured the King of Prussia's consent by assault. You are so eloquent. Will you give me a cup of tea?"

captured - capturé, capture, prisonnier, saisir, capturer, enregistrer

consent - consentir, approuver, agréer, consentement, approbation

assault - d'agression, assaut, agression, attaquer, agresser

eloquent - éloquent

"In a moment. À propos," she added, becoming calm again, "I am expecting two very interesting men tonight, le Vicomte de Mortemart, who is connected with the Montmorencys through the Rohans, one of the best French families. He is one of the genuine émigrés, the good ones. And also the Abbé Morio. Do you know that profound thinker? He has been received by the Emperor. Had you heard?"

le - LE

vicomte - vicomte

genuine - authentique

profound - profond

thinker - penseur, penseuse, intellectuel

"I shall be delighted to meet them," said the prince. "But tell me," he added with studied carelessness as if it had only just occurred to him, though the question he was about to ask was the chief motive of his visit, "is it true that the Dowager Empress wants Baron Funke to be appointed first secretary at Vienna? The baron by all accounts is a poor creature."

delighted - ravie, plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

carelessness - l'insouciance, négligence, incurie

chief - chef

Dowager - douairiere, douairiere, dame

Baron - baron

appointed - nommés, fixer, gloss

Vienna - Vienne

creature - créature, etre

Prince Vasíli wished to obtain this post for his son, but others were trying through the Dowager Empress Márya Fëdorovna to secure it for the baron.

obtain - obtenir, se procurer, réussir, avoir succes, s'établir

secure - sécurisé, sur, sécuriser

Anna Pávlovna almost closed her eyes to indicate that neither she nor anyone else had a right to criticize what the Empress desired or was pleased with.

criticize - critiquer

desired - souhaitée, désirer, désir

"Baron Funke has been recommended to the Dowager Empress by her sister," was all she said, in a dry and mournful tone.

mournful - triste, affligé, éploré, mélancolique, lugubre

As she named the Empress, Anna Pávlovna's face suddenly assumed an expression of profound and sincere devotion and respect mingled with sadness, and this occurred every time she mentioned her illustrious patroness. She added that Her Majesty had deigned to show Baron Funke beaucoup d'estime, and again her face clouded over with sadness.

assumed - supposé, supposer, présupposer, présumer, assumer, adopter

sincere - sincere, sincere

devotion - la dévotion, dévouement, dévotion

mingled - mélangés, mélanger

sadness - tristesse, malheur

illustrious - illustre

patroness - patronne, dame patronesse

Majesty - majesté

deigned - conçu, daigner, condescendre

beaucoup - beaucoup

The prince was silent and looked indifferent. But, with the womanly and courtierlike quickness and tact habitual to her, Anna Pávlovna wished both to rebuke him (for daring to speak as he had done of a man recommended to the Empress) and at the same time to console him, so she said:

indifferent - indifférent

womanly - féminine, féminin

courtierlike - courtisan

quickness - la rapidité, rapidité

tact - tact

habitual - habituel

rebuke - la réprimande, reproche, réprimande, reprendre, réprimander

daring - audacieux, courageux, checktéméraire, checkhardi

console - console, consolons, consolent, consoler, consolez

"Now about your family. Do you know that since your daughter came out everyone has been enraptured by her? They say she is amazingly beautiful."

amazingly - étonnamment

The prince bowed to signify his respect and gratitude.

bowed - incliné, (s')incliner devant, saluer d'un signe de tete

signify - signifier

gratitude - la gratitude, gratitude

"I often think," she continued after a short pause, drawing nearer to the prince and smiling amiably at him as if to show that political and social topics were ended and the time had come for intimate conversation""I often think how unfairly sometimes the joys of life are distributed. Why has fate given you two such splendid children? I don't speak of Anatole, your youngest.

pause - pauser, pause

amiably - aimablement

intimate - intime

unfairly - injustement

joys - joies, joie

distributed - distribué, distribuer, répartir

fate - le destin, destin, destinée, sort

splendid - splendide, fameux

I don't like him," she added in a tone admitting of no rejoinder and raising her eyebrows. "Two such charming children. And really you appreciate them less than anyone, and so you don't deserve to have them."

rejoinder - réponse, réplique

eyebrows - sourcils, sourcil

deserve - mériter

And she smiled her ecstatic smile.

ecstatic - extatique

"I can't help it," said the prince. "Lavater would have said I lack the bump of paternity."

I can't help it - Je ne peux pas m'en empecher

bump - bump, bourrade, boum, bosse, saillie, ballon, heurter

paternity - paternité

"Don't joke; I mean to have a serious talk with you. Do you know I am dissatisfied with your younger son? Between ourselves" (and her face assumed its melancholy expression), "he was mentioned at Her Majesty's and you were pitied...."

dissatisfied - insatisfait, mécontenter

melancholy - mélancolie

pitied - pitié, compassion, dommage, honte, plaindre

The prince answered nothing, but she looked at him significantly, awaiting a reply. He frowned.

significantly - de maniere significative

awaiting - en attente, attendre, s'attendre a, servir, guetter

frowned - froncé les sourcils, froncer les sourcils

"What would you have me do?" he said at last. "You know I did all a father could for their education, and they have both turned out fools. Hippolyte is at least a quiet fool, but Anatole is an active one. That is the only difference between them.

fools - des imbéciles, dinde, fou, bouffon, mat, duper, tromper

" He said this smiling in a way more natural and animated than usual, so that the wrinkles round his mouth very clearly revealed something unexpectedly coarse and unpleasant.

animated - animée, animé, animer

wrinkles - rides, ride

revealed - révélée, révéler, laisser voir

unexpectedly - de maniere inattendue, surprenamment

coarse - grossier, brut, vulgaire

"And why are children born to such men as you? If you were not a father there would be nothing I could reproach you with," said Anna Pávlovna, looking up pensively.

reproach - des reproches, reproche, opprobre, reprocher

pensively - pensif

"I am your faithful slave and to you alone I can confess that my children are the bane of my life. It is the cross I have to bear. That is how I explain it to myself. It can't be helped!"

bane - bane

It can't be helped - On ne peut rien y faire

He said no more, but expressed his resignation to cruel fate by a gesture. Anna Pávlovna meditated.

resignation - démission, résignation

gesture - geste, signe

meditated - médité, méditer

"Have you never thought of marrying your prodigal son Anatole?" she asked. "They say old maids have a mania for matchmaking, and though I don't feel that weakness in myself as yet, I know a little person who is very unhappy with her father. She is a relation of yours, Princess Mary BolkĂłnskaya."

prodigal - prodigue

maids - servantes, demoiselle, jeune fille, bonne, bonne a tout faire

mania - la manie, manie

matchmaking - l'appariement, matchmaking

weakness - faiblesse, point faible

Mary - marie

Prince VasĂ­li did not reply, though, with the quickness of memory and perception befitting a man of the world, he indicated by a movement of the head that he was considering this information.

perception - perception

befitting - convenable, convenir a, etre approprié pour

"Do you know," he said at last, evidently unable to check the sad current of his thoughts, "that Anatole is costing me forty thousand rubles a year? And," he went on after a pause, "what will it be in five years, if he goes on like this?" Presently he added: "That's what we fathers have to put up with.... Is this princess of yours rich?"

evidently - évidemment, de toute évidence, manifestement

thoughts - réflexions, idée, pensée

rubles - roubles, rouble

"Her father is very rich and stingy. He lives in the country. He is the well-known Prince BolkĂłnski who had to retire from the army under the late Emperor, and was nicknamed ˜the King of Prussia.'He is very clever but eccentric, and a bore. The poor girl is very unhappy. She has a brother; I think you know him, he married Lise Meinen lately.

stingy - avare

nicknamed - surnommé, surnom, surnommer

eccentric - excentrique

lately - dernierement

He is an aide-de-camp of KutĂşzov's and will be here tonight."

aide - aide, assistant

"Listen, dear Annette," said the prince, suddenly taking Anna Pávlovna's hand and for some reason drawing it downwards. "Arrange that affair for me and I shall always be your most devoted slave-slafe with an f, as a village elder of mine writes in his reports. She is rich and of good family and that's all I want."

affair - affaire, aventure, liaison

most devoted - le plus dévoué

slafe - slafe

And with the familiarity and easy grace peculiar to him, he raised the maid of honor's hand to his lips, kissed it, and swung it to and fro as he lay back in his armchair, looking in another direction.

familiarity - familiarité

grace - bénédicité, grâces, grâce, miséricorde

peculiar - particulier, extraordinaire, bizarre, curieux

swung - balancé, osciller, se balancer, balancer, swinguer

fro - fro

armchair - fauteuil, chaise bourrée

"Attendez," said Anna Pávlovna, reflecting, "I'll speak to Lise, young Bolkónski's wife, this very evening, and perhaps the thing can be arranged. It shall be on your family's behalf that I'll start my apprenticeship as old maid."

apprenticeship - l'apprentissage, apprentissage

old maid - vieille fille


Anna Pávlovna's drawing room was gradually filling. The highest Petersburg society was assembled there: people differing widely in age and character but alike in the social circle to which they belonged. Prince Vasíli's daughter, the beautiful Hélène, came to take her father to the ambassador's entertainment; she wore a ball dress and her badge as maid of honor.

gradually - progressivement

assembled - assemblés, assembler, rassembler

differing - différant, différer (de)

widely - largement, généralement, fréquemment, communément

alike - comme, semblable, pareil, analogue, pareillement

ball dress - robe de bal

badge - badge, plaque, insigne, décoration, macaron, porte-nom

The youthful little Princess Bolkónskaya, known as la femme la plus séduisante de Pétersbourg, * was also there. She had been married during the previous winter, and being pregnant did not go to any large gatherings, but only to small receptions. Prince Vasíli's son, Hippolyte, had come with Mortemart, whom he introduced. The Abbé Morio and many others had also come.

youthful - juvénile, jeune

femme - femme

plus - plus, positif, positive

pregnant - enceinte, pleine

* The most fascinating woman in Petersburg.

most fascinating - le plus fascinant

To each new arrival Anna Pávlovna said, "You have not yet seen my aunt," or "You do not know my aunt?

new arrival - nouveau venu

" and very gravely conducted him or her to a little old lady, wearing large bows of ribbon in her cap, who had come sailing in from another room as soon as the guests began to arrive; and slowly turning her eyes from the visitor to her aunt, Anna Pávlovna mentioned each one's name and then left them.

gravely - gravement

conducted - conduite, comportement, se comporter, conduire, mener

bows - arcs, (bow) arcs

ribbon - ruban

Each visitor performed the ceremony of greeting this old aunt whom not one of them knew, not one of them wanted to know, and not one of them cared about; Anna Pávlovna observed these greetings with mournful and solemn interest and silent approval. The aunt spoke to each of them in the same words, about their health and her own, and the health of Her Majesty, "who, thank God, was better today.

observed - observée, observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

greetings - salutations, salutation, salut

solemn - solennel

approval - agrément, approbation

" And each visitor, though politeness prevented his showing impatience, left the old woman with a sense of relief at having performed a vexatious duty and did not return to her the whole evening.

Impatience - impatience

relief - secours, allégement, relief, soulagement

vexatious - vexatoire

The young Princess BolkĂłnskaya had brought some work in a gold-embroidered velvet bag. Her pretty little upper lip, on which a delicate dark down was just perceptible, was too short for her teeth, but it lifted all the more sweetly, and was especially charming when she occasionally drew it down to meet the lower lip.

velvet - du velours, velours, duvet (on skin), velours (on antlers)

delicate - délicate, délicat, délicat (1, 2)

perceptible - perceptible

sweetly - avec douceur, doucement

Occasionally - occasionnellement

As is always the case with a thoroughly attractive woman, her defect"the shortness of her upper lip and her half-open mouth"seemed to be her own special and peculiar form of beauty. Everyone brightened at the sight of this pretty young woman, so soon to become a mother, so full of life and health, and carrying her burden so lightly.

thoroughly - a fond, absolument, completement

shortness - manque de souffle, exiguité

half-open - (half-open) a moitié ouvert

burden - charge, accablement, alourdissons, alourdir, alourdissez

lightly - légerement, légerement

Old men and dull dispirited young ones who looked at her, after being in her company and talking to her a little while, felt as if they too were becoming, like her, full of life and health. All who talked to her, and at each word saw her bright smile and the constant gleam of her white teeth, thought that they were in a specially amiable mood that day.

dull - émoussé, ennuyeux, barbant, mat, terne, sot, obtus

dispirited - découragé, décourager

constant - constant, constante

gleam - briller, luisent, luisez, brillant, luisons

specially - particulierement, spécialement

amiable - aimable, avenant, affable

The little princess went round the table with quick, short, swaying steps, her workbag on her arm, and gaily spreading out her dress sat down on a sofa near the silver samovar, as if all she was doing was a pleasure to herself and to all around her. "I have brought my work," said she in French, displaying her bag and addressing all present.

swaying - se balancer, (sway), autorité, poids, influence, prépondérance

workbag - sac de travail

gaily - gaiement

samovar - samovar

displaying - l'affichage, représentation, spectacle, moniteur, écran

"Mind, Annette, I hope you have not played a wicked trick on me," she added, turning to her hostess. "You wrote that it was to be quite a small reception, and just see how badly I am dressed." And she spread out her arms to show her short-waisted, lace-trimmed, dainty gray dress, girdled with a broad ribbon just below the breast.

wicked - méchante, chicaneur, torve, (wick) méchante

hostess - hôtesse, maîtresse de maison, hôtesse de l'air

waisted - taille, ceinture

lace - dentelle, pointue

trimmed - rognée, tailler, compenser, compensation, compensateur, assiette

dainty - délicate, délicat, mignon

Gray - gris

girdled - ceinturé, ceinture

broad - large

"Soyez tranquille, Lise, you will always be prettier than anyone else," replied Anna Pávlovna.

"You know," said the princess in the same tone of voice and still in French, turning to a general, "my husband is deserting me? He is going to get himself killed. Tell me what this wretched war is for?" she added, addressing Prince Vasíli, and without waiting for an answer she turned to speak to his daughter, the beautiful Hélène.

wretched - misérable

"What a delightful woman this little princess is!" said Prince Vasíli to Anna Pávlovna.

delightful - délicieux

One of the next arrivals was a stout, heavily built young man with close-cropped hair, spectacles, the light-colored breeches fashionable at that time, a very high ruffle, and a brown dress coat. This stout young man was an illegitimate son of Count BezĂşkhov, a well-known grandee of Catherine's time who now lay dying in Moscow.

stout - stout, solide

cropped - recadré, récolte, produits agricoles

spectacles - lunettes, spectacle

breeches - culotte, culasse

ruffle - falbala, ébouriffer

dress coat - Manteau

illegitimate - illégitime

Catherine - catherine

dying - teignant, mourant, (dye) teignant

Moscow - moscou

The young man had not yet entered either the military or civil service, as he had only just returned from abroad where he had been educated, and this was his first appearance in society. Anna Pávlovna greeted him with the nod she accorded to the lowest hierarchy in her drawing room.

military - militaire (1, 2), armée, troupes

civil - civile, civil

nod - hochement de tete, dodeliner, hocher, hochement

accorded - accordé, entente, accorder

hierarchy - hiérarchie

But in spite of this lowest-grade greeting, a look of anxiety and fear, as at the sight of something too large and unsuited to the place, came over her face when she saw Pierre enter.

spite - dépit, rancune

anxiety - l'anxiété, anxiété, inquiétude, angoisse

Though he was certainly rather bigger than the other men in the room, her anxiety could only have reference to the clever though shy, but observant and natural, expression which distinguished him from everyone else in that drawing room.

distinguished - distingué, distinguer

"It is very good of you, Monsieur Pierre, to come and visit a poor invalid," said Anna Pávlovna, exchanging an alarmed glance with her aunt as she conducted him to her.

monsieur - Monsieur

glance - regard, jeter un coup d’oil

Pierre murmured something unintelligible, and continued to look round as if in search of something. On his way to the aunt he bowed to the little princess with a pleased smile, as to an intimate acquaintance.

murmured - murmuré, murmure, rumeur, souffle, murmurer

unintelligible - inintelligible

look round - regarder autour

acquaintance - une connaissance, relation

Anna Pávlovna's alarm was justified, for Pierre turned away from the aunt without waiting to hear her speech about Her Majesty's health. Anna Pávlovna in dismay detained him with the words: "Do you know the Abbé Morio? He is a most interesting man."

justified - justifiée, justifier

dismay - affliger, mortifier, avoir peur, désarroi, consternation

detained - détenu, détenir, arreter

"Yes, I have heard of his scheme for perpetual peace, and it is very interesting but hardly feasible."

scheme - le projet, plan, combine, machination, schéma, systeme

perpetual - perpétuel

feasible - faisable

"You think so?" rejoined Anna Pávlovna in order to say something and get away to attend to her duties as hostess. But Pierre now committed a reverse act of impoliteness. First he had left a lady before she had finished speaking to him, and now he continued to speak to another who wished to get away.

reverse - inverser, verso, inverse

impoliteness - l'impolitesse, impolitesse

With his head bent, and his big feet spread apart, he began explaining his reasons for thinking the abbé's plan chimerical.

chimerical - chimérique

"We will talk of it later," said Anna Pávlovna with a smile.

And having got rid of this young man who did not know how to behave, she resumed her duties as hostess and continued to listen and watch, ready to help at any point where the conversation might happen to flag.

rid - rid, débarrasser

resumed - reprise, reprendre

As the foreman of a spinning mill, when he has set the hands to work, goes round and notices here a spindle that has stopped or there one that creaks or makes more noise than it should, and hastens to check the machine or set it in proper motion, so Anna Pávlovna moved about her drawing room, approaching now a silent, now a too-noisy group, and by a word or slight rearrangement kept the conversational machine in steady, proper, and regular motion. But amid these cares her anxiety about Pierre was evident. She kept an anxious watch on him when he approached the group round Mortemart to listen to what was being said there, and again when he passed to another group whose center was the abbé.

foreman - chef, chef d'équipe, contremaître

spinning - la filature, filer, (spin) la filature

Mill - moulin, bahut, moulons, mouds, moulez, moulent

goes round - fait le tour

spindle - broche, fuseau, essieu

creaks - grincements, craquement, craquer

Hastens - hâte, dépecher

proper motion - une motion appropriée

approaching - en approche, (s')approcher (de)

Slight - insignifiant, léger

rearrangement - réarrangement

conversational - conversationnel

steady - stable, lisse, régulier

amid - amid, au milieu de, parmi, entre

evident - évidentes, évident

anxious - anxieux, désireux

approached - approché, (s')approcher (de)

center - centre, milieu, centre de masse, foyer, sujet, pivot, central

Pierre had been educated abroad, and this reception at Anna Pávlovna's was the first he had attended in Russia. He knew that all the intellectual lights of Petersburg were gathered there and, like a child in a toyshop, did not know which way to look, afraid of missing any clever conversation that was to be heard.

intellectual - intellectuel, intellectuelle, intello

toyshop - magasin de jouets

Seeing the self-confident and refined expression on the faces of those present he was always expecting to hear something very profound. At last he came up to Morio. Here the conversation seemed interesting and he stood waiting for an opportunity to express his own views, as young people are fond of doing.

self-confident - (self-confident) Confiance en soi

fond - fond, tendre, amoureux


Anna Pávlovna's reception was in full swing. The spindles hummed steadily and ceaselessly on all sides. With the exception of the aunt, beside whom sat only one elderly lady, who with her thin careworn face was rather out of place in this brilliant society, the whole company had settled into three groups. One, chiefly masculine, had formed round the abbé.

swing - swing, osciller, se balancer, swinguer, pendre, changer

spindles - fuseaux, fuseau, essieu

hummed - fredonné, fredonner, bourdonner, fourmiller

steadily - régulierement

ceaselessly - sans cesse

beside - a côté, aupres

elderly - personnes âgées, vieux, ancien, âgé

careworn - usé par le temps

settled - réglée, (s')installer

chiefly - principalement, surtout

masculine - masculin

Another, of young people, was grouped round the beautiful Princess Hélène, Prince Vasíli's daughter, and the little Princess Bolkónskaya, very pretty and rosy, though rather too plump for her age. The third group was gathered round Mortemart and Anna Pávlovna.

rosy - rose

plump - dodu, douillet

The vicomte was a nice-looking young man with soft features and polished manners, who evidently considered himself a celebrity but out of politeness modestly placed himself at the disposal of the circle in which he found himself. Anna Pávlovna was obviously serving him up as a treat to her guests.

polished - polie, polonais

modestly - modestement

disposal - l'élimination, disposition, élimination

treat to - Traiter a

As a clever maître d'hôtel serves up as a specially choice delicacy a piece of meat that no one who had seen it in the kitchen would have cared to eat, so Anna Pávlovna served up to her guests, first the vicomte and then the abbé, as peculiarly choice morsels. The group about Mortemart immediately began discussing the murder of the Duc d'Enghien.

delicacy - délicatesse, gourmandise

peculiarly - de façon particuliere

morsels - des bouchées, morceau

The vicomte said that the Duc d'Enghien had perished by his own magnanimity, and that there were particular reasons for Buonaparte's hatred of him.

perished - a péri, périr

magnanimity - la magnanimité, magnanimité

hatred - la haine, haine

"Ah, yes! Do tell us all about it, Vicomte," said Anna Pávlovna, with a pleasant feeling that there was something à la Louis XV in the sound of that sentence: "Contez nous çela, Vicomte."

Nous - nous

The vicomte bowed and smiled courteously in token of his willingness to comply. Anna Pávlovna arranged a group round him, inviting everyone to listen to his tale.

token - de jeton, symbole, jeton, symbolique

comply - se conformer, respecter, acquiescer

Tale - conte, récit

"The vicomte knew the duc personally," whispered Anna Pávlovna to one of the guests. "The vicomte is a wonderful raconteur," said she to another. "How evidently he belongs to the best society," said she to a third; and the vicomte was served up to the company in the choicest and most advantageous style, like a well-garnished joint of roast beef on a hot dish.

whispered - chuchoté, chuchotement, chuchoter, susurrer, murmurer

Raconteur - raconteur

most advantageous - le plus avantageux

garnished - garni, garnir, garniture

joint - conjoint, commun, articulation, rotule, jointure, assemblage

roast beef - du rosbif

The vicomte wished to begin his story and gave a subtle smile.

subtle - subtile, subtil, délicat, astucieux

"Come over here, Hélène, dear," said Anna Pávlovna to the beautiful young princess who was sitting some way off, the center of another group.

The princess smiled. She rose with the same unchanging smile with which she had first entered the room"the smile of a perfectly beautiful woman.

unchanging - immuable

With a slight rustle of her white dress trimmed with moss and ivy, with a gleam of white shoulders, glossy hair, and sparkling diamonds, she passed between the men who made way for her, not looking at any of them but smiling on all, as if graciously allowing each the privilege of admiring her beautiful figure and shapely shoulders, back, and bosom"which in the fashion of those days were very much exposed"and she seemed to bring the glamour of a ballroom with her as she moved toward Anna Pávlovna. Hélène was so lovely that not only did she not show any trace of coquetry, but on the contrary she even appeared shy of her unquestionable and all too victorious beauty. She seemed to wish, but to be unable, to diminish its effect.

rustle - bruissement, froufrou, froufrouter

moss - mousse

ivy - le lierre, lierre

glossy - luisant, brillant

sparkling - étincelante, pétillant

graciously - gracieusement

privilege - privilege, privilege, privilégier

bosom - poitrine, sein, intime

exposed - exposée, exposer, dénoncer

glamour - glamour, charme

ballroom - salle de bal, danse de salon

toward - vers, envers, pour, pres de

trace - trace, projection horizontale, décalquer

coquetry - coquetterie, coquetisme

unquestionable - incontestable

victorious - victorieux

diminish - réduire, rétrécir, rapetisser, diminuer, amincir

"How lovely!" said everyone who saw her; and the vicomte lifted his shoulders and dropped his eyes as if startled by something extraordinary when she took her seat opposite and beamed upon him also with her unchanging smile.

startled - surpris, sursauter, surprendre

extraordinary - extraordinaire

beamed - téléporté, madrier, poutre, merrain, perche, limon, timon, age

"Madame, I doubt my ability before such an audience," said he, smilingly inclining his head.

smilingly - en souriant

inclining - l'inclinaison, inclinant, (incline) l'inclinaison

The princess rested her bare round arm on a little table and considered a reply unnecessary. She smilingly waited. All the time the story was being told she sat upright, glancing now at her beautiful round arm, altered in shape by its pressure on the table, now at her still more beautiful bosom, on which she readjusted a diamond necklace.

bare - a nu, dénudé, dégarnir, nu

upright - debout, integre, montant

glancing - un coup d'oil, (glance), jeter un coup d’oil

altered - modifié, transformer, changer, altérer

readjusted - réajusté, (se) réadapter (a)

necklace - collier, supplice du pneu

From time to time she smoothed the folds of her dress, and whenever the story produced an effect she glanced at Anna Pávlovna, at once adopted just the expression she saw on the maid of honor's face, and again relapsed into her radiant smile.

glanced - a glissé, jeter un coup d’oil, coup d'oil

adopted - adoptée, adopter

relapsed - rechute, rechuter

The little princess had also left the tea table and followed Hélène.

"Wait a moment, I'll get my work.... now then, what are you thinking of?" she went on, turning to Prince Hippolyte. "Fetch me my workbag."

now then - maintenant alors

fetch - chercher, apporter, aveignez, amener, aveignent, apportons

There was a general movement as the princess, smiling and talking merrily to everyone at once, sat down and gaily arranged herself in her seat.

merrily - joyeusement, gaiement

"Now I am all right," she said, and asking the vicomte to begin, she took up her work.

Prince Hippolyte, having brought the workbag, joined the circle and moving a chair close to hers seated himself beside her.

Le charmant Hippolyte was surprising by his extraordinary resemblance to his beautiful sister, but yet more by the fact that in spite of this resemblance he was exceedingly ugly.

resemblance - ressemblance, comparaison, probabilité

exceedingly - excessivement, extremement, énormément

His features were like his sister's, but while in her case everything was lit up by a joyous, self-satisfied, youthful, and constant smile of animation, and by the wonderful classic beauty of her figure, his face on the contrary was dulled by imbecility and a constant expression of sullen self-confidence, while his body was thin and weak.

joyous - joyeux

satisfied - satisfaits, satisfaire

classic - classique

dulled - terni, émoussé, ennuyeux, barbant, mat, terne, sot, obtus

imbecility - l'imbécillité, imbécilité

sullen - maussade, morose, morne, lent

confidence - assurance, confiance en soi, confiance, confidence

His eyes, nose, and mouth all seemed puckered into a vacant, wearied grimace, and his arms and legs always fell into unnatural positions.

puckered - froncé, (se) plisser

vacant - vacant, vide, niais

wearied - fatigué, las, lasser

grimace - grimace, grimacer, faire des grimaces

unnatural - contre nature

"It's not going to be a ghost story?" said he, sitting down beside the princess and hastily adjusting his lorgnette, as if without this instrument he could not begin to speak.

ghost story - Une histoire de fantômes

hastily - hâtivement, précipitamment, a la hâte

adjusting - l'adaptation, ajuster

lorgnette - lorgnette, lorgnon, binocle

"Why no, my dear fellow," said the astonished narrator, shrugging his shoulders.

fellow - un camarade, ensemble, mâle

astonished - étonné, étonner, surprendre

narrator - narrateur, narratrice

shrugging - hausser les épaules, haussement d'épaules

"Because I hate ghost stories," said Prince Hippolyte in a tone which showed that he only understood the meaning of his words after he had uttered them.

ghost stories - des histoires de fantômes

uttered - prononcée, complet, total

He spoke with such self-confidence that his hearers could not be sure whether what he said was very witty or very stupid. He was dressed in a dark-green dress coat, knee breeches of the color of cuisse de nymphe effrayée, as he called it, shoes, and silk stockings.

witty - de l'esprit, fin

cuisse - cuisse

nymphe - nymphe

silk stockings - des bas de soie

The vicomte told his tale very neatly. It was an anecdote, then current, to the effect that the Duc d'Enghien had gone secretly to Paris to visit Mademoiselle George; that at her house he came upon Bonaparte, who also enjoyed the famous actress'favors, and that in his presence Napoleon happened to fall into one of the fainting fits to which he was subject, and was thus at the duc's mercy.

neatly - proprement, élégamment

anecdote - anecdote

secretly - secretement, secretement, en cachette

Mademoiselle - mademoiselle

George - george, Georges, Jorioz

presence - présence

Fainting - l'évanouissement, syncope

thus - donc, ainsi, tellement, pour cette raison, également

mercy - la pitié, miséricorde, pitié

The latter spared him, and this magnanimity Bonaparte subsequently repaid by death.

spared - épargnée, espar

repaid - remboursé, rembourser, rendre

The story was very pretty and interesting, especially at the point where the rivals suddenly recognized one another; and the ladies looked agitated.

rivals - rivaux, rival, rivale, rivaliser

"Charming!" said Anna Pávlovna with an inquiring glance at the little princess.

inquiring - en quete de renseignements, enqueter, renseigner

"Charming!" whispered the little princess, sticking the needle into her work as if to testify that the interest and fascination of the story prevented her from going on with it.

testify - témoigner, attester

The vicomte appreciated this silent praise and smiling gratefully prepared to continue, but just then Anna Pávlovna, who had kept a watchful eye on the young man who so alarmed her, noticed that he was talking too loudly and vehemently with the abbé, so she hurried to the rescue.

Praise - des louanges, louange, louer, féliciter, prôner, vénérer

gratefully - avec gratitude

watchful - attentif, vigilant

vehemently - avec véhémence

rescue - secours, délivrer, secourir, sauver, checksauver, sauvetage

Pierre had managed to start a conversation with the abbé about the balance of power, and the latter, evidently interested by the young man's simple-minded eagerness, was explaining his pet theory. Both were talking and listening too eagerly and too naturally, which was why Anna Pávlovna disapproved.

eagerly - avec empressement, avidement

disapproved - désapprouvé, désapprouver

"The means are ... the balance of power in Europe and the rights of the people," the abbé was saying. "It is only necessary for one powerful nation like Russia"barbaric as she is said to be"to place herself disinterestedly at the head of an alliance having for its object the maintenance of the balance of power of Europe, and it would save the world!"

barbaric - barbare

disinterestedly - de façon désintéressée

alliance - l'alliance, alliance

maintenance - entretien, maintenance

"But how are you to get that balance?" Pierre was beginning.

At that moment Anna Pávlovna came up and, looking severely at Pierre, asked the Italian how he stood Russian climate. The Italian's face instantly changed and assumed an offensively affected, sugary expression, evidently habitual to him when conversing with women.

severely - séverement

Russian - russe, ruthénien, langue russe, langue de Tolstoi

instantly - instantanément, instamment

offensively - sur le plan offensif

sugary - sucré, mielleux

conversing - en train de converser, converser

"I am so enchanted by the brilliancy of the wit and culture of the society, more especially of the feminine society, in which I have had the honor of being received, that I have not yet had time to think of the climate," said he.

enchanted - enchantée, enchanter

brilliancy - brillance

wit - wit, esprit

feminine - féminine, féminin, féminin (2)

Not letting the abbé and Pierre escape, Anna Pávlovna, the more conveniently to keep them under observation, brought them into the larger circle.

observation - observation, remarque


Just then another visitor entered the drawing room: Prince Andrew BolkĂłnski, the little princess'husband. He was a very handsome young man, of medium height, with firm, clearcut features. Everything about him, from his weary, bored expression to his quiet, measured step, offered a most striking contrast to his quiet, little wife.

handsome - beau

firm - ferme, social, robuste, maison de commerce, solide

clearcut - coupe a blanc

weary - fatigué, las, lasser

offered - proposé, offrir, proposer

striking - frappant, éclatant, (strike), biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper

It was evident that he not only knew everyone in the drawing room, but had found them to be so tiresome that it wearied him to look at or listen to them. And among all these faces that he found so tedious, none seemed to bore him so much as that of his pretty wife.

tiresome - lassant

tedious - fastidieux, laborieux

He turned away from her with a grimace that distorted his handsome face, kissed Anna Pávlovna's hand, and screwing up his eyes scanned the whole company.

distorted - déformé, déformer, distordre

screwing up - a faire des betises

"You are off to the war, Prince?" said Anna Pávlovna.

"General KutĂşzov," said BolkĂłnski, speaking French and stressing the last syllable of the general's name like a Frenchman, "has been pleased to take me as an aide-de-camp...."

syllable - syllabe

"And Lise, your wife?"

"She will go to the country."

"Are you not ashamed to deprive us of your charming wife?"

ashamed - honteux

deprive - priver

"André," said his wife, addressing her husband in the same coquettish manner in which she spoke to other men, "the vicomte has been telling us such a tale about Mademoiselle George and Buonaparte!"

coquettish - coquetterie

Prince Andrew screwed up his eyes and turned away. Pierre, who from the moment Prince Andrew entered the room had watched him with glad, affectionate eyes, now came up and took his arm. Before he looked round Prince Andrew frowned again, expressing his annoyance with whoever was touching his arm, but when he saw Pierre's beaming face he gave him an unexpectedly kind and pleasant smile.

screwed - vissé, vis, hélice, visser, baiser, coucher avec

affectionate - affectueux

annoyance - l'agacement, ennui, nuisance, irritation, checkagacement

Whoever - quiconque, qui que ce soit qui

beaming - la téléportation, (beam), madrier, poutre, merrain, perche

"There now!... So you, too, are in the great world?" said he to Pierre.

"I knew you would be here," replied Pierre. "I will come to supper with you. May I?" he added in a low voice so as not to disturb the vicomte who was continuing his story.

supper - dîner, souper

disturb - déranger, perturber, gener

"No, impossible!" said Prince Andrew, laughing and pressing Pierre's hand to show that there was no need to ask the question. He wished to say something more, but at that moment Prince VasĂ­li and his daughter got up to go and the two young men rose to let them pass.

"You must excuse me, dear Vicomte," said Prince Vasíli to the Frenchman, holding him down by the sleeve in a friendly way to prevent his rising. "This unfortunate fete at the ambassador's deprives me of a pleasure, and obliges me to interrupt you. I am very sorry to leave your enchanting party," said he, turning to Anna Pávlovna.

Excuse - pardon, excuser, pardonner, justifier, prétexte, excuse

sleeve - manche, chemise (inner), gaine (outer), manchon

unfortunate - malheureux, infortuné, malencontreux

deprives - prive, priver

obliges - oblige, imposer, obliger, rendre service

interrupt - interrompre, couper

enchanting - enchanteresse, enchanter

His daughter, Princess Hélène, passed between the chairs, lightly holding up the folds of her dress, and the smile shone still more radiantly on her beautiful face. Pierre gazed at her with rapturous, almost frightened, eyes as she passed him.

radiantly - de façon rayonnante

gazed - regardé, fixer

rapturous - ravie

"Very lovely," said Prince Andrew.

"Very," said Pierre.

In passing Prince Vasíli seized Pierre's hand and said to Anna Pávlovna: "Educate this bear for me! He has been staying with me a whole month and this is the first time I have seen him in society. Nothing is so necessary for a young man as the society of clever women."

seized - saisi, saisir

Anna Pávlovna smiled and promised to take Pierre in hand. She knew his father to be a connection of Prince Vasíli's. The elderly lady who had been sitting with the old aunt rose hurriedly and overtook Prince Vasíli in the anteroom. All the affectation of interest she had assumed had left her kindly and tear-worn face and it now expressed only anxiety and fear.

hurriedly - en toute hâte, a la hâte, a la sauvette, a la va-vite

overtook - dépasser, doubler, surprendre

anteroom - attente

affectation - affectation

"How about my son BorĂ­s, Prince?" said she, hurrying after him into the anteroom. "I can't remain any longer in Petersburg. Tell me what news I may take back to my poor boy."

Although Prince VasĂ­li listened reluctantly and not very politely to the elderly lady, even betraying some impatience, she gave him an ingratiating and appealing smile, and took his hand that he might not go away.

reluctantly - a contrecour

politely - poliment

ingratiating - l'ingratitude, se faire aimer

appealing - attrayante, en appeler (a), supplier

"What would it cost you to say a word to the Emperor, and then he would be transferred to the Guards at once?" said she.

transferred - transféré, transférer, transfert

"Believe me, Princess, I am ready to do all I can," answered Prince Vasíli, "but it is difficult for me to ask the Emperor. I should advise you to appeal to Rumyántsev through Prince Golítsyn. That would be the best way."

appeal - appel, manifeste, vocation, pourvoi

The elderly lady was a Princess Drubetskáya, belonging to one of the best families in Russia, but she was poor, and having long been out of society had lost her former influential connections. She had now come to Petersburg to procure an appointment in the Guards for her only son.

former - ancien, ancienne, ci devant

influential - influent

procure - se procurer, acquérir, obtenir, proxénétisme, procurer

It was, in fact, solely to meet Prince Vasíli that she had obtained an invitation to Anna Pávlovna's reception and had sat listening to the vicomte's story. Prince Vasíli's words frightened her, an embittered look clouded her once handsome face, but only for a moment; then she smiled again and clutched Prince Vasíli's arm more tightly.

solely - uniquement, exclusivement, seulement

obtained - obtenu, obtenir, se procurer, réussir, avoir succes, avoir

embittered - aigri, aigrir

clutched - serré, se raccrocher (a)

tightly - étanche, fermement

"Listen to me, Prince," said she. "I have never yet asked you for anything and I never will again, nor have I ever reminded you of my father's friendship for you; but now I entreat you For God's sake to do this for my son"and I shall always regard you as a benefactor," she added hurriedly. "No, don't be angry, but promise! I have asked GolĂ­tsyn and he has refused.

For God's sake - Pour l'amour de Dieu

regard - regard, considérer, égard, estime

benefactor - bienfaiteur, bienfaitrice

Be the kindhearted man you always were," she said, trying to smile though tears were in her eyes.

kindhearted - au cour tendre

"Papa, we shall be late," said Princess Hélène, turning her beautiful head and looking over her classically molded shoulder as she stood waiting by the door.

papa - papa

classically - classiquement

Influence in society, however, is a capital which has to be economized if it is to last. Prince Vasíli knew this, and having once realized that if he asked on behalf of all who begged of him, he would soon be unable to ask for himself, he became chary of using his influence. But in Princess Drubetskáya's case he felt, after her second appeal, something like qualms of conscience.

economized - économisé, économiser, épargner

begged - supplié, mendier

chary - chary, serré

qualms - des scrupules, scrupule

conscience - conscience

She had reminded him of what was quite true; he had been indebted to her father for the first steps in his career. Moreover, he could see by her manners that she was one of those women"mostly mothers"who, having once made up their minds, will not rest until they have gained their end, and are prepared if necessary to go on insisting day after day and hour after hour, and even to make scenes.

indebted - endetté

Moreover - de plus, en plus, au surplus, en outre

Gained - gagné, gagner

insisting - insister

This last consideration moved him.

consideration - considération, checkraison, checkmotif, checkrécompense

"My dear Anna Mikháylovna," said he with his usual familiarity and weariness of tone, "it is almost impossible for me to do what you ask; but to prove my devotion to you and how I respect your father's memory, I will do the impossible"your son shall be transferred to the Guards. Here is my hand on it. Are you satisfied?"

"My dear benefactor! This is what I expected from you"I knew your kindness!" He turned to go.

kindness - la gentillesse, bonté

"Wait"just a word! When he has been transferred to the Guards..." she faltered. "You are on good terms with Michael IlariĂłnovich KutĂşzov ... recommend BorĂ­s to him as adjutant! Then I shall be at rest, and then..."

faltered - a faibli, vaciller

adjutant - adjuvant, adjudant

Prince VasĂ­li smiled.

"No, I won't promise that. You don't know how KutĂşzov is pestered since his appointment as Commander in Chief. He told me himself that all the Moscow ladies have conspired to give him all their sons as adjutants."

commander - commandant, commandante, commandeur

adjutants - adjuvants, adjudant

"No, but do promise! I won't let you go! My dear benefactor..."

"Papa," said his beautiful daughter in the same tone as before, "we shall be late."

"Well, au revoir! Good-by! You hear her?"

au - au, SPL

good-by - (good-by) bien par

"Then tomorrow you will speak to the Emperor?"

"Certainly; but about KutĂşzov, I don't promise."

"Do promise, do promise, Vasíli!" cried Anna Mikháylovna as he went, with the smile of a coquettish girl, which at one time probably came naturally to her, but was now very ill-suited to her careworn face.

Apparently she had forgotten her age and by force of habit employed all the old feminine arts. But as soon as the prince had gone her face resumed its former cold, artificial expression. She returned to the group where the vicomte was still talking, and again pretended to listen, while waiting till it would be time to leave. Her task was accomplished.

apparently - apparemment, évidemment, en apparence

artificial - artificiels

accomplished - accompli, accomplir


"And what do you think of this latest comedy, the coronation at Milan?" asked Anna Pávlovna, "and of the comedy of the people of Genoa and Lucca laying their petitions before Monsieur Buonaparte, and Monsieur Buonaparte sitting on a throne and granting the petitions of the nations? Adorable! It is enough to make one's head whirl! It is as if the whole world had gone crazy."

coronation - couronnement

petitions - pétitions, pétition, pétitionner

throne - trône

granting - l'octroi, accorder, admettre

adorable - adorable

whirl - tourbillon, tourbillonner

Prince Andrew looked Anna Pávlovna straight in the face with a sarcastic smile.

sarcastic - sarcastique

"˜Dieu me la donne, gare Ă  qui la touche!''* They say he was very fine when he said that," he remarked, repeating the words in Italian: "˜Dio mi l'ha dato. Guai a chi la tocchi!''

donne - Donne

touche - touche

remarked - remarqué, remarque

Mi - lieue

ha - HA

dato - dato

chi - chi

* God has given it to me, let him who touches it beware!

Beware - méfiez-vous !, faire attention

"I hope this will prove the last drop that will make the glass run over," Anna Pávlovna continued. "The sovereigns will not be able to endure this man who is a menace to everything."

sovereigns - souverains, souverain

endure - endurer, perdurer, supporter

menace - menace, menacer

"The sovereigns? I do not speak of Russia," said the vicomte, polite but hopeless: "The sovereigns, madame... What have they done for Louis XVII, for the Queen, or for Madame Elizabeth? Nothing!" and he became more animated. "And believe me, they are reaping the reward of their betrayal of the Bourbon cause. The sovereigns! Why, they are sending ambassadors to compliment the usurper."

hopeless - sans espoir, désespéré

Elizabeth - elizabeth, Élisabeth

reaping - moissonner, faucher

Reward - récompense, récompenser

betrayal - trahison

Bourbon - le bourbon, bourbon

ambassadors - ambassadeurs, ambassadeur, ambassadrice

compliment - compliment, complimenter, faire un compliment

usurper - usurpateur, usurpatrice

And sighing disdainfully, he again changed his position.

sighing - soupirer

disdainfully - avec dédain

Prince Hippolyte, who had been gazing at the vicomte for some time through his lorgnette, suddenly turned completely round toward the little princess, and having asked for a needle began tracing the Condé coat of arms on the table. He explained this to her with as much gravity as if she had asked him to do it.

gazing - regarder, fixer

tracing - le traçage, (trace) le traçage

gravity - la gravité, gravité, pesanteur

"Bâton de gueules, engrêlé de gueules d'azur"maison Condé," said he.

The princess listened, smiling.

"If Buonaparte remains on the throne of France a year longer," the vicomte continued, with the air of a man who, in a matter with which he is better acquainted than anyone else, does not listen to others but follows the current of his own thoughts, "things will have gone too far.

By intrigues, violence, exile, and executions, French society"I mean good French society"will have been forever destroyed, and then...."

intrigues - intrigues, intrigue, intriguer, conspirer

violence - la violence, violence

exile - l'exil, exil, exilé, exiler

executions - exécutions, exécution

He shrugged his shoulders and spread out his hands. Pierre wished to make a remark, for the conversation interested him, but Anna Pávlovna, who had him under observation, interrupted:

shrugged - haussé les épaules, haussement d'épaules, hausser les épaules

remark - remarque, remarquent, remarquez, remarquons

interrupted - interrompu, interrompre, couper

"The Emperor Alexander," said she, with the melancholy which always accompanied any reference of hers to the Imperial family, "has declared that he will leave it to the French people themselves to choose their own form of government; and I believe that once free from the usurper, the whole nation will certainly throw itself into the arms of its rightful king," she concluded, trying to be amiable to the royalist emigrant.

accompanied - accompagné, accompagner

Imperial - impérial, royal

rightful - légitime

Royalist - royaliste

emigrant - émigré, émigrée, émigrant, émigrante

"That is doubtful," said Prince Andrew. "Monsieur le Vicomte quite rightly supposes that matters have already gone too far. I think it will be difficult to return to the old regime."

doubtful - douteux, douteuse

rightly - a juste titre

regime - régime

"From what I have heard," said Pierre, blushing and breaking into the conversation, "almost all the aristocracy has already gone over to Bonaparte's side."

blushing - rougir, (blush) rougir

aristocracy - l'aristocratie, aristocratie

"It is the Buonapartists who say that," replied the vicomte without looking at Pierre. "At the present time it is difficult to know the real state of French public opinion."

"Bonaparte has said so," remarked Prince Andrew with a sarcastic smile.

It was evident that he did not like the vicomte and was aiming his remarks at him, though without looking at him.

remarks - remarques, remarque

"˜I showed them the path to glory, but they did not follow it,'" Prince Andrew continued after a short silence, again quoting Napoleon's words. "˜I opened my antechambers and they crowded in.'I do not know how far he was justified in saying so."

glory - gloire

silence - le silence, silence

antechambers - antichambres, antichambre

"Not in the least," replied the vicomte. "After the murder of the duc even the most partial ceased to regard him as a hero. If to some people," he went on, turning to Anna Pávlovna, "he ever was a hero, after the murder of the duc there was one martyr more in heaven and one hero less on earth."

most partial - le plus partiel

ceased - cessé, cesser, s'arreter, cesser de + 'infinitive'

martyr - martyr, martyre, chahîd, chahid

Heaven - le paradis, ciel, paradis, au-dela, cieux

Before Anna Pávlovna and the others had time to smile their appreciation of the vicomte's epigram, Pierre again broke into the conversation, and though Anna Pávlovna felt sure he would say something inappropriate, she was unable to stop him.

appreciation - l'appréciation, appréciation, estimation, évaluation

epigram - épigramme

inappropriate - inapproprié

"The execution of the Duc d'Enghien," declared Monsieur Pierre, "was a political necessity, and it seems to me that Napoleon showed greatness of soul by not fearing to take on himself the whole responsibility of that deed."

execution - l'exécution, exécution

necessity - nécessité, besoin

greatness - la grandeur, grandeur

deed - acte, action, ouvre, exploit, haut fait, (dee)

"Dieu! Mon Dieu!" muttered Anna Pávlovna in a terrified whisper.

mon - Mon

muttered - marmonné, marmonner

whisper - chuchotement, chuchoter, susurrer, murmurer

"What, Monsieur Pierre... Do you consider that assassination shows greatness of soul?" said the little princess, smiling and drawing her work nearer to her.

assassination - assassinat

"Oh! Oh!" exclaimed several voices.

exclaimed - s'est exclamé, exclamer

"Capital!" said Prince Hippolyte in English, and began slapping his knee with the palm of his hand.

slapping - gifle, claque, gifler

palm - palmier, paume

The vicomte merely shrugged his shoulders. Pierre looked solemnly at his audience over his spectacles and continued.

merely - simplement, uniquement, seulement

"I say so," he continued desperately, "because the Bourbons fled from the Revolution leaving the people to anarchy, and Napoleon alone understood the Revolution and quelled it, and so for the general good, he could not stop short for the sake of one man's life."

desperately - désespérément

Bourbons - bourbons, bourbon

fled - fui, s'enfuir, prendre la fuite, fuir, échapper

anarchy - l'anarchie, anarchie

quelled - étouffée, réprimer

stop short - s'arreter court de

sake - du saké, dans l'intéret de qqn

"Won't you come over to the other table?" suggested Anna Pávlovna.

But Pierre continued his speech without heeding her.

heeding - l'écoute, attention, observer, surveiller, preter attention

"No," cried he, becoming more and more eager, "Napoleon is great because he rose superior to the Revolution, suppressed its abuses, preserved all that was good in it"equality of citizenship and freedom of speech and of the press"and only for that reason did he obtain power."

more eager - plus enthousiaste

superior - supérieur

suppressed - supprimée, contenir, fr

abuses - abus, abuser (de)

preserved - préservée, confiture, conserve, réserve naturelle

equality - l'égalité, égalité

citizenship - la citoyenneté, citoyenneté, nationalité

freedom - la liberté, liberté

"Yes, if having obtained power, without availing himself of it to commit murder he had restored it to the rightful king, I should have called him a great man," remarked the vicomte.

availing - disponible, profiter, saisir, servir

restored - restaurée, restaurer, rétablir, rendre, restituer

"He could not do that. The people only gave him power that he might rid them of the Bourbons and because they saw that he was a great man. The Revolution was a grand thing!" continued Monsieur Pierre, betraying by this desperate and provocative proposition his extreme youth and his wish to express all that was in his mind.

grand - grand, grandiose

desperate - désespérée, désespéré

provocative - provocateur, provocatrice

proposition - proposition

"What? Revolution and regicide a grand thing?... Well, after that... But won't you come to this other table?" repeated Anna Pávlovna.

regicide - régicide

"Rousseau's Contrat Social," said the vicomte with a tolerant smile.

Rousseau - rousseau

"I am not speaking of regicide, I am speaking about ideas."

"Yes: ideas of robbery, murder, and regicide," again interjected an ironical voice.

robbery - brigandage, vol a main armée, banditisme, braquage

interjected - s'est interposé, intervenir

ironical - ironique

"Those were extremes, no doubt, but they are not what is most important. What is important are the rights of man, emancipation from prejudices, and equality of citizenship, and all these ideas Napoleon has retained in full force."

Emancipation - l'émancipation, émancipation

prejudices - préjugés, préjugé, idée préconçue, préjudice

retained - retenue, retenir, conserver, maintenir

"Liberty and equality," said the vicomte contemptuously, as if at last deciding seriously to prove to this youth how foolish his words were, "high-sounding words which have long been discredited. Who does not love liberty and equality? Even our Saviour preached liberty and equality. Have people since the Revolution become happier? On the contrary.

liberty - liberté

contemptuously - avec mépris

foolish - sot, stupide, bete, idiot

discredited - discrédité, discréditer, discrédit

saviour - sauveur

preached - preché, precher, proclamer

We wanted liberty, but Buonaparte has destroyed it."

Prince Andrew kept looking with an amused smile from Pierre to the vicomte and from the vicomte to their hostess. In the first moment of Pierre's outburst Anna Pávlovna, despite her social experience, was horror-struck.

amused - amusé, amuser

outburst - explosion, transport

struck - frappé, biffer, rayer, barrer, frapper, battre

But when she saw that Pierre's sacrilegious words had not exasperated the vicomte, and had convinced herself that it was impossible to stop him, she rallied her forces and joined the vicomte in a vigorous attack on the orator.

sacrilegious - sacrilege

exasperated - exaspéré, exaspérer

rallied - rallié, (se) rallier

orator - orateur, oratrice

"But, my dear Monsieur Pierre," said she, "how do you explain the fact of a great man executing a duc"or even an ordinary man who"is innocent and untried?"

executing - en cours d'exécution, exécuter, mettre a mort

untried - non testé

"I should like," said the vicomte, "to ask how monsieur explains the 18th Brumaire; was not that an imposture? It was a swindle, and not at all like the conduct of a great man!"

Brumaire - brumaire

imposture - imposture

swindle - escroquer, entourlouper, escroquerie

conduct - comportement, conduite, se comporter, conduire, mener

"And the prisoners he killed in Africa? That was horrible!" said the little princess, shrugging her shoulders.

Africa - l'afrique, l’Afrique

"He's a low fellow, say what you will," remarked Prince Hippolyte.

Pierre, not knowing whom to answer, looked at them all and smiled. His smile was unlike the half-smile of other people. When he smiled, his grave, even rather gloomy, look was instantaneously replaced by another"a childlike, kindly, even rather silly look, which seemed to ask forgiveness.

grave - tombe

gloomy - morose, lugubre, sombre, terne, maussade

instantaneously - instantanément

forgiveness - le pardon, pardon

The vicomte who was meeting him for the first time saw clearly that this young Jacobin was not so terrible as his words suggested. All were silent.

Jacobin - jacobin

"How do you expect him to answer you all at once?" said Prince Andrew. "Besides, in the actions of a statesman one has to distinguish between his acts as a private person, as a general, and as an emperor. So it seems to me."

besides - d'ailleurs, aupres

statesman - homme d'État

distinguish - distinguer

"Yes, yes, of course!" Pierre chimed in, pleased at the arrival of this reinforcement.

chimed - carillonné, carillon

reinforcement - renforcement, renfort

"One must admit," continued Prince Andrew, "that Napoleon as a man was great on the bridge of Arcola, and in the hospital at Jaffa where he gave his hand to the plague-stricken; but ... but there are other acts which it is difficult to justify."

Jaffa - Jaffa

plague - peste, fléau, plaie, calamité, affliger

justify - justifier

Prince Andrew, who had evidently wished to tone down the awkwardness of Pierre's remarks, rose and made a sign to his wife that it was time to go.

awkwardness - maladresse

Suddenly Prince Hippolyte started up making signs to everyone to attend, and asking them all to be seated began:

"I was told a charming Moscow story today and must treat you to it. Excuse me, Vicomte"I must tell it in Russian or the point will be lost...." And Prince Hippolyte began to tell his story in such Russian as a Frenchman would speak after spending about a year in Russia. Everyone waited, so emphatically and eagerly did he demand their attention to his story.

emphatically - avec insistance

demand - demande, exigence, exiger

"There is in Moscow a lady, une dame, and she is very stingy. She must have two footmen behind her carriage, and very big ones. That was her taste. And she had a lady's maid, also big. She said...."

une - une

footmen - les valets de pied, laquais

carriage - transport, rench: t-needed r, carrosse, port, chariot

Here Prince Hippolyte paused, evidently collecting his ideas with difficulty.

"She said.... Oh yes! She said, ˜Girl,'to the maid, ˜put on a livery, get up behind the carriage, and come with me while I make some calls.'"

livery - la livrée

Here Prince Hippolyte spluttered and burst out laughing long before his audience, which produced an effect unfavorable to the narrator. Several persons, among them the elderly lady and Anna Pávlovna, did however smile.

unfavorable - défavorable

"She went. Suddenly there was a great wind. The girl lost her hat and her long hair came down...." Here he could contain himself no longer and went on, between gasps of laughter: "And the whole world knew...."

wind - vent, emmailloter, détortiller, langer, enrouler

gasps - haletements, retenir son souffle, haleter, ahaner, haletement

And so the anecdote ended. Though it was unintelligible why he had told it, or why it had to be told in Russian, still Anna Pávlovna and the others appreciated Prince Hippolyte's social tact in so agreeably ending Pierre's unpleasant and unamiable outburst.

agreeably - a l'aise, agréablement

unamiable - inamissible

After the anecdote the conversation broke up into insignificant small talk about the last and next balls, about theatricals, and who would meet whom, and when and where.

insignificant - insignifiante

theatricals - théâtrales, théâtral


Having thanked Anna Pávlovna for her charming soiree, the guests began to take their leave.

soiree - soirée

Pierre was ungainly. Stout, about the average height, broad, with huge red hands; he did not know, as the saying is, how to enter a drawing room and still less how to leave one; that is, how to say something particularly agreeable before going away. Besides this he was absent-minded.

ungainly - disgracieux, gauche

agreeable - agréable, complaisant

absent - absente, absent

When he rose to go, he took up instead of his own, the general's three-cornered hat, and held it, pulling at the plume, till the general asked him to restore it. All his absent-mindedness and inability to enter a room and converse in it was, however, redeemed by his kindly, simple, and modest expression.

plume - plume, plume(t)

restore - restaurer, rétablir, rendre, restituer

mindedness - l'esprit

inability - l'incapacité, incapacité

converse - converser, conversez, conversons, conversent

redeemed - rachetés, racheter, libérer, secourir, soulager

modest - modeste, (mod)

Anna Pávlovna turned toward him and, with a Christian mildness that expressed forgiveness of his indiscretion, nodded and said: "I hope to see you again, but I also hope you will change your opinions, my dear Monsieur Pierre."

Christian - chrétien, chrétienne, Christian

indiscretion - indiscrétion

nodded - hoché la tete, dodeliner, hocher, hochement

When she said this, he did not reply and only bowed, but again everybody saw his smile, which said nothing, unless perhaps, "Opinions are opinions, but you see what a capital, good-natured fellow I am." And everyone, including Anna Pávlovna, felt this.

good-natured - (good-natured) Bonne humeur

Prince Andrew had gone out into the hall, and, turning his shoulders to the footman who was helping him on with his cloak, listened indifferently to his wife's chatter with Prince Hippolyte who had also come into the hall. Prince Hippolyte stood close to the pretty, pregnant princess, and stared fixedly at her through his eyeglass.

cloak - cape, pelisse, pelerine

indifferently - avec indifférence

chatter - bavardage, bavarder, babil, cacarder

fixedly - fixement

eyeglass - lunettes, monocle

"Go in, Annette, or you will catch cold," said the little princess, taking leave of Anna Pávlovna. "It is settled," she added in a low voice.

Anna Pávlovna had already managed to speak to Lise about the match she contemplated between Anatole and the little princess'sister-in-law.

contemplated - envisagée, envisager, étudier, contempler

"I rely on you, my dear," said Anna Pávlovna, also in a low tone. "Write to her and let me know how her father looks at the matter. Au revoir! ""and she left the hall.

Prince Hippolyte approached the little princess and, bending his face close to her, began to whisper something.

Two footmen, the princess'and his own, stood holding a shawl and a cloak, waiting for the conversation to finish. They listened to the French sentences which to them were meaningless, with an air of understanding but not wishing to appear to do so. The princess as usual spoke smilingly and listened with a laugh.

shawl - châle

meaningless - sans signification, dénué de sens, dépourvu de sens

"I am very glad I did not go to the ambassador's," said Prince Hippolyte ""so dull". It has been a delightful evening, has it not? Delightful!"

"They say the ball will be very good," replied the princess, drawing up her downy little lip. "All the pretty women in society will be there."

downy - duveteux

"Not all, for you will not be there; not all," said Prince Hippolyte smiling joyfully; and snatching the shawl from the footman, whom he even pushed aside, he began wrapping it round the princess. Either from awkwardness or intentionally (no one could have said which) after the shawl had been adjusted he kept his arm around her for a long time, as though embracing her.

snatching - vol a l'arraché, empoigner, happer, saisir, arracher, enlever

aside - a part, a côté, en passant, aparté

wrapping - l'emballage, (wrap) l'emballage

intentionally - intentionnellement

adjusted - ajustée, ajuster

embracing - embrasser, étreindre, accolade

Still smiling, she gracefully moved away, turning and glancing at her husband. Prince Andrew's eyes were closed, so weary and sleepy did he seem.

gracefully - gracieusement

sleepy - somnolent, ensommeillé, ensuqué, endormi

"Are you ready?" he asked his wife, looking past her.

Prince Hippolyte hurriedly put on his cloak, which in the latest fashion reached to his very heels, and, stumbling in it, ran out into the porch following the princess, whom a footman was helping into the carriage.

heels - talons, talon

stumbling - trébucher, chute, faux pas, bourde

porch - porche, véranda, portique

"Princesse, au revoir," cried he, stumbling with his tongue as well as with his feet.

princesse - princesse

The princess, picking up her dress, was taking her seat in the dark carriage, her husband was adjusting his saber; Prince Hippolyte, under pretense of helping, was in everyone's way.

saber - sabrer

"Allow me, sir," said Prince Andrew in Russian in a cold, disagreeable tone to Prince Hippolyte who was blocking his path.

disagreeable - incompatible, désagréable

"I am expecting you, Pierre," said the same voice, but gently and affectionately.

affectionately - affectueusement

The postilion started, the carriage wheels rattled. Prince Hippolyte laughed spasmodically as he stood in the porch waiting for the vicomte whom he had promised to take home.

postilion - postilion, postillon

rattled - secouée, (faire) cliqueter

spasmodically - spasmodiquement

"Well, mon cher," said the vicomte, having seated himself beside Hippolyte in the carriage, "your little princess is very nice, very nice indeed, quite French," and he kissed the tips of his fingers. Hippolyte burst out laughing.

"Do you know, you are a terrible chap for all your innocent airs," continued the vicomte. "I pity the poor husband, that little officer who gives himself the airs of a monarch."

chap - chap, fissure

pity - compassion, pitié, dommage, honte, plaindre, avoir pitié de

Hippolyte spluttered again, and amid his laughter said, "And you were saying that the Russian ladies are not equal to the French? One has to know how to deal with them."

Pierre reaching the house first went into Prince Andrew's study like one quite at home, and from habit immediately lay down on the sofa, took from the shelf the first book that came to his hand (it was Caesar's Commentaries), and resting on his elbow, began reading it in the middle.

Caesar - césar

elbow - coude, coup de coude, jouer des coudes

"What have you done to Mlle Schérer? She will be quite ill now," said Prince Andrew, as he entered the study, rubbing his small white hands.

rubbing - le frottement, frottage, froissement, lessivage

Pierre turned his whole body, making the sofa creak. He lifted his eager face to Prince Andrew, smiled, and waved his hand.

creak - grincement, craquement, craquer

eager - enthousiaste, désireux

"That abbé is very interesting but he does not see the thing in the right light.... In my opinion perpetual peace is possible but"I do not know how to express it ... not by a balance of political power...."

It was evident that Prince Andrew was not interested in such abstract conversation.

abstract - résumé, abstrait, abstraire, distiller, se retirer

"One can't everywhere say all one thinks, mon cher. Well, have you at last decided on anything? Are you going to be a guardsman or a diplomatist?" asked Prince Andrew after a momentary silence.

diplomatist - diplomate

momentary - momentanée

Pierre sat up on the sofa, with his legs tucked under him.

tucked - tucked, rempli

"Really, I don't yet know. I don't like either the one or the other."

"But you must decide on something! Your father expects it."

Pierre at the age of ten had been sent abroad with an abbé as tutor, and had remained away till he was twenty. When he returned to Moscow his father dismissed the abbé and said to the young man, "Now go to Petersburg, look round, and choose your profession. I will agree to anything. Here is a letter to Prince Vasíli, and here is money.

tutor - tuteur, chargé/-e de classe

dismissed - licencié, renvoyer, limoger, licencier, démettre

Write to me all about it, and I will help you in everything." Pierre had already been choosing a career for three months, and had not decided on anything. It was about this choice that Prince Andrew was speaking. Pierre rubbed his forehead.

rubbed - frotté, friction, hic, frotter, polir

forehead - front

"But he must be a Freemason," said he, referring to the abbé whom he had met that evening.

Freemason - franc-maçon

"That is all nonsense." Prince Andrew again interrupted him, "let us talk business. Have you been to the Horse Guards?"

nonsense - des absurdités, betise, absurdité, sottise (s)

talk business - parler affaires

"No, I have not; but this is what I have been thinking and wanted to tell you. There is a war now against Napoleon. If it were a war for freedom I could understand it and should be the first to enter the army; but to help England and Austria against the greatest man in the world is not right."

Prince Andrew only shrugged his shoulders at Pierre's childish words. He put on the air of one who finds it impossible to reply to such nonsense, but it would in fact have been difficult to give any other answer than the one Prince Andrew gave to this naĂŻve question.

childish - enfantin, puéril, gamin

"If no one fought except on his own conviction, there would be no wars," he said.

"And that would be splendid," said Pierre.

Prince Andrew smiled ironically.

ironically - ironiquement

"Very likely it would be splendid, but it will never come about...."

"Well, why are you going to the war?" asked Pierre.

"What for? I don't know. I must. Besides that I am going...." He paused. "I am going because the life I am leading here does not suit me!"


The rustle of a woman's dress was heard in the next room. Prince Andrew shook himself as if waking up, and his face assumed the look it had had in Anna Pávlovna's drawing room. Pierre removed his feet from the sofa. The princess came in. She had changed her gown for a house dress as fresh and elegant as the other. Prince Andrew rose and politely placed a chair for her.

"How is it," she began, as usual in French, settling down briskly and fussily in the easy chair, "how is it Annette never got married? How stupid you men all are not to have married her! Excuse me for saying so, but you have no sense about women. What an argumentative fellow you are, Monsieur Pierre!"

settling down - s'installer

briskly - rapidement, vivement

fussily - avec agitation

argumentative - argumentatif

"And I am still arguing with your husband. I can't understand why he wants to go to the war," replied Pierre, addressing the princess with none of the embarrassment so commonly shown by young men in their intercourse with young women.

embarrassment - de l'embarras, embarras, (etre la) honte (de)

commonly - communément, fréquemment

intercourse - les rapports sexuels, relation sexuelle

The princess started. Evidently Pierre's words touched her to the quick.

"Ah, that is just what I tell him!" said she. "I don't understand it; I don't in the least understand why men can't live without wars. How is it that we women don't want anything of the kind, don't need it? Now you shall judge between us. I always tell him: Here he is Uncle's aide-de-camp, a most brilliant position. He is so well known, so much appreciated by everyone.

most brilliant - le plus brillant

The other day at the Apráksins'I heard a lady asking, ˜Is that the famous Prince Andrew?'I did indeed." She laughed. "He is so well received everywhere. He might easily become aide-de-camp to the Emperor. You know the Emperor spoke to him most graciously. Annette and I were speaking of how to arrange it. What do you think?"

Pierre looked at his friend and, noticing that he did not like the conversation, gave no reply.

"When are you starting?" he asked.

"Oh, don't speak of his going, don't! I won't hear it spoken of," said the princess in the same petulantly playful tone in which she had spoken to Hippolyte in the drawing room and which was so plainly ill-suited to the family circle of which Pierre was almost a member. "Today when I remembered that all these delightful associations must be broken off ... and then you know, André...

petulantly - avec pétulance

playful - ludique, folâtre, enjoué, joueur

plainly - en toute clarté, simplement, clairement

family circle - le cercle familial

associations - associations, association

broken off - Rompu

" (she looked significantly at her husband) "I'm afraid, I'm afraid!" she whispered, and a shudder ran down her back.

I'm afraid - J'ai peur

shudder - frémir, tremblement, frisson, frissonner, trembler

Her husband looked at her as if surprised to notice that someone besides Pierre and himself was in the room, and addressed her in a tone of frigid politeness.

frigid - frigide

"What is it you are afraid of, Lise? I don't understand," said he.

"There, what egotists men all are: all, all egotists! Just for a whim of his own, goodness only knows why, he leaves me and locks me up alone in the country."

egotists - égoistes, égoiste

whim - caprice

goodness - la bonté, bonté, bonté divine, corbleu, crebleu, jarnibleu

"With my father and sister, remember," said Prince Andrew gently.

"Alone all the same, without my friends.... And he expects me not to be afraid."

Her tone was now querulous and her lip drawn up, giving her not a joyful, but an animal, squirrel-like expression. She paused as if she felt it indecorous to speak of her pregnancy before Pierre, though the gist of the matter lay in that.

querulous - querelleur

joyful - allegre, joyeux

squirrel - écureuil

indecorous - indécent

pregnancy - grossesse, gestation

the gist of the matter - l'essentiel de la question

"I still can't understand what you are afraid of," said Prince Andrew slowly, not taking his eyes off his wife.

The princess blushed, and raised her arms with a gesture of despair.

blushed - rougi, rougeur

despair - le désespoir, désespérer, désespoir

"No, Andrew, I must say you have changed. Oh, how you have...."

"Your doctor tells you to go to bed earlier," said Prince Andrew. "You had better go."

The princess said nothing, but suddenly her short downy lip quivered. Prince Andrew rose, shrugged his shoulders, and walked about the room.

quivered - a tremblé, frémir

Pierre looked over his spectacles with naĂŻve surprise, now at him and now at her, moved as if about to rise too, but changed his mind.

"Why should I mind Monsieur Pierre being here?" exclaimed the little princess suddenly, her pretty face all at once distorted by a tearful grimace. "I have long wanted to ask you, Andrew, why you have changed so to me? What have I done to you? You are going to the war and have no pity for me. Why is it?"

tearful - en larmes, au bord des larmes, larmoyant

"Lise!" was all Prince Andrew said. But that one word expressed an entreaty, a threat, and above all conviction that she would herself regret her words. But she went on hurriedly:

entreaty - demande, supplication

threat - menace

regret - regretter, regret

"You treat me like an invalid or a child. I see it all! Did you behave like that six months ago?"

"Lise, I beg you to desist," said Prince Andrew still more emphatically.

beg - mendier, implorer, prier

Pierre, who had been growing more and more agitated as he listened to all this, rose and approached the princess. He seemed unable to bear the sight of tears and was ready to cry himself.

"Calm yourself, Princess! It seems so to you because.... I assure you I myself have experienced ... and so ... because ... No, excuse me! An outsider is out of place here.... No, don't distress yourself.... Good-by!"

assure - assurer, rassurer

distress - la détresse, détresse

Prince Andrew caught him by the hand.

"No, wait, Pierre! The princess is too kind to wish to deprive me of the pleasure of spending the evening with you."

"No, he thinks only of himself," muttered the princess without restraining her angry tears.

restraining - de contention, (se) contenir/retenir

"Lise!" said Prince Andrew dryly, raising his voice to the pitch which indicates that patience is exhausted.

pitch - de l'emplacement, dresser

patience - la patience, patience

exhausted - épuisé, épuiser, échappement

Suddenly the angry, squirrel-like expression of the princess'pretty face changed into a winning and piteous look of fear. Her beautiful eyes glanced askance at her husband's face, and her own assumed the timid, deprecating expression of a dog when it rapidly but feebly wags its drooping tail.

piteous - piteux, pitoyable

askance - l'interrogation, avec méfiance, de travers

timid - timide, craintif

deprecating - dépréciation, désapprouver de

rapidly - rapidement

feebly - faiblement

wags - wags, frétiller, remuer, sécher, faire l’école buissonniere

drooping - en train de tomber, tomber, s'affaisser, bec

"Mon Dieu, mon Dieu!" she muttered, and lifting her dress with one hand she went up to her husband and kissed him on the forehead.

"Good night, Lise," said he, rising and courteously kissing her hand as he would have done to a stranger.


The friends were silent. Neither cared to begin talking. Pierre continually glanced at Prince Andrew; Prince Andrew rubbed his forehead with his small hand.

"Let us go and have supper," he said with a sigh, going to the door.

sigh - soupir

They entered the elegant, newly decorated, and luxurious dining room. Everything from the table napkins to the silver, china, and glass bore that imprint of newness found in the households of the newly married.

newly - nouvellement, récemment

luxurious - luxueux, de luxe

dining - dîner, vacarme

napkins - serviettes de table, serviette

imprint - impression, empreinte

newness - nouveauté

households - ménages, foyer, ménage, maisonnée, domestique

Halfway through supper Prince Andrew leaned his elbows on the table and, with a look of nervous agitation such as Pierre had never before seen on his face, began to talk"as one who has long had something on his mind and suddenly determines to speak out.

halfway - a mi-chemin, mi-chemin

leaned - penché, pencher

elbows - coudes, coude, coup de coude, jouer des coudes

agitation - l'agitation, agitation

"Never, never marry, my dear fellow! That's my advice: never marry till you can say to yourself that you have done all you are capable of, and until you have ceased to love the woman of your choice and have seen her plainly as she is, or else you will make a cruel and irrevocable mistake. Marry when you are old and good for nothing"or all that is good and noble in you will be lost.

capable - capable

irrevocable - irrévocable

noble - noble, aristocrate, aristocratique

It will all be wasted on trifles. Yes! Yes! Yes! Don't look at me with such surprise. If you marry expecting anything from yourself in the future, you will feel at every step that for you all is ended, all is closed except the drawing room, where you will be ranged side by side with a court lackey and an idiot!... But what's the good?..." and he waved his arm.

trifles - des broutilles, bagatelle, broutille, babiole, bricole

lackey - laquais

idiot - idiot, idiote

Pierre took off his spectacles, which made his face seem different and the good-natured expression still more apparent, and gazed at his friend in amazement.

apparent - apparente, apparent, visible, manifeste, criant, évident

amazement - l'étonnement, stupéfaction, stupeur

"My wife," continued Prince Andrew, "is an excellent woman, one of those rare women with whom a man's honor is safe; but, O God, what would I not give now to be unmarried! You are the first and only one to whom I mention this, because I like you."

unmarried - célibataire, (unmarry)

As he said this Prince Andrew was less than ever like that Bolkónski who had lolled in Anna Pávlovna's easy chairs and with half-closed eyes had uttered French phrases between his teeth. Every muscle of his thin face was now quivering with nervous excitement; his eyes, in which the fire of life had seemed extinguished, now flashed with brilliant light.

quivering - tremblant, frémir

extinguished - éteinte, éteindre

flashed - flashé, éclair, lueur

It was evident that the more lifeless he seemed at ordinary times, the more impassioned he became in these moments of almost morbid irritation.

lifeless - sans vie

morbid - morbide, checkmacabre, checkmalsain, checkpathologique

irritation - l'irritation, irritation

"You don't understand why I say this," he continued, "but it is the whole story of life. You talk of Bonaparte and his career," said he (though Pierre had not mentioned Bonaparte), "but Bonaparte when he worked went step by step toward his goal. He was free, he had nothing but his aim to consider, and he reached it.

But tie yourself up with a woman and, like a chained convict, you lose all freedom! And all you have of hope and strength merely weighs you down and torments you with regret. Drawing rooms, gossip, balls, vanity, and triviality"these are the enchanted circle I cannot escape from. I am now going to the war, the greatest war there ever was, and I know nothing and am fit for nothing.

chained convict - un détenu enchaîné

torments - tourments, tourment, tourmenter

gossip - des ragots, commere, commérage, ragot, cancan

vanity - la vanité, vanité

I am very amiable and have a caustic wit," continued Prince Andrew, "and at Anna Pávlovna's they listen to me. And that stupid set without whom my wife cannot exist, and those women.... If you only knew what those society women are, and women in general! My father is right. Selfish, vain, stupid, trivial in everything"that's what women are when you see them in their true colors!

Selfish - égoiste, égoiste

vain - vaine, rench: vaniteux, frivole, vain, futile

trivial - insignifiante, trivial, anodin, banal

When you meet them in society it seems as if there were something in them, but there's nothing, nothing, nothing! No, don't marry, my dear fellow; don't marry!" concluded Prince Andrew.

"It seems funny to me," said Pierre, "that you, you should consider yourself incapable and your life a spoiled life. You have everything before you, everything. And you...."

incapable - incapable

He did not finish his sentence, but his tone showed how highly he thought of his friend and how much he expected of him in the future.

"How can he talk like that?" thought Pierre. He considered his friend a model of perfection because Prince Andrew possessed in the highest degree just the very qualities Pierre lacked, and which might be best described as strength of will.

perfection - la perfection, perfection

possessed - possédé, posséder, s'emparer de

Pierre was always astonished at Prince Andrew's calm manner of treating everybody, his extraordinary memory, his extensive reading (he had read everything, knew everything, and had an opinion about everything), but above all at his capacity for work and study.

extensive - étendu

capacity - capacité

And if Pierre was often struck by Andrew's lack of capacity for philosophical meditation (to which he himself was particularly addicted), he regarded even this not as a defect but as a sign of strength.

philosophical - philosophique

meditation - méditation

addicted - dépendants, dépendant, dépendante, intoxiqué, intoxiquée g

regarded - considérée, considérer

Even in the best, most friendly and simplest relations of life, praise and commendation are essential, just as grease is necessary to wheels that they may run smoothly.

grease - graisse, graisser, graisser la patte, corrompre, lubrifier

smoothly - en douceur, souplement, doucement

"My part is played out," said Prince Andrew. "What's the use of talking about me? Let us talk about you," he added after a silence, smiling at his reassuring thoughts.

reassuring - rassurant, tranquilliser, rassurer, réassurer

That smile was immediately reflected on Pierre's face.

"But what is there to say about me?" said Pierre, his face relaxing into a careless, merry smile. "What am I? An illegitimate son!" He suddenly blushed crimson, and it was plain that he had made a great effort to say this. "Without a name and without means... And it really..." But he did not say what "it really" was. "For the present I am free and am all right.

merry - joyeux, gai, heureuse, jovial

crimson - cramoisi, carmin, pourpre

plain - simple, unie, net, plaine

Only I haven't the least idea what I am to do; I wanted to consult you seriously."

consult - consulter

Prince Andrew looked kindly at him, yet his glance"friendly and affectionate as it was"expressed a sense of his own superiority.

superiority - supériorité

"I am fond of you, especially as you are the one live man among our whole set. Yes, you're all right! Choose what you will; it's all the same. You'll be all right anywhere. But look here: give up visiting those Kurágins and leading that sort of life. It suits you so badly"all this debauchery, dissipation, and the rest of it!"

debauchery - la débauche, débauche, dévergondage, débaucherie

dissipation - dissipation, débauche

"What would you have, my dear fellow?" answered Pierre, shrugging his shoulders. "Women, my dear fellow; women!"

"I don't understand it," replied Prince Andrew. "Women who are comme il faut, that's a different matter; but the Kurágins'set of women, ˜women and wine'I don't understand!"

Pierre was staying at Prince Vasíli Kurágin's and sharing the dissipated life of his son Anatole, the son whom they were planning to reform by marrying him to Prince Andrew's sister.

dissipated - dissipée, dissiper

Reform - la réforme, réforme, réformer

"Do you know?" said Pierre, as if suddenly struck by a happy thought, "seriously, I have long been thinking of it.... Leading such a life I can't decide or think properly about anything. One's head aches, and one spends all one's money. He asked me for tonight, but I won't go."

aches - douleurs, douleur

"You give me your word of honor not to go?"

"On my honor!"


It was past one o'clock when Pierre left his friend. It was a cloudless, northern, summer night. Pierre took an open cab intending to drive straight home. But the nearer he drew to the house the more he felt the impossibility of going to sleep on such a night. It was light enough to see a long way in the deserted street and it seemed more like morning or evening than night.

cab - cab, fiacre

impossibility - l'impossibilité, impossibilité

On the way Pierre remembered that Anatole Kurágin was expecting the usual set for cards that evening, after which there was generally a drinking bout, finishing with visits of a kind Pierre was very fond of.

drinking bout - Beuverie

"I should like to go to Kurágin's," thought he.

But he immediately recalled his promise to Prince Andrew not to go there. Then, as happens to people of weak character, he desired so passionately once more to enjoy that dissipation he was so accustomed to that he decided to go.

recalled - rappelée, rappeler, souvenir

passionately - passionnément

accustomed - habitué, accoutumer

The thought immediately occurred to him that his promise to Prince Andrew was of no account, because before he gave it he had already promised Prince Anatole to come to his gathering; "besides," thought he, "all such ˜words of honor'are conventional things with no definite meaning, especially if one considers that by tomorrow one may be dead, or something so extraordinary may happen to one that honor and dishonor will be all the same!" Pierre often indulged in reflections of this sort, nullifying all his decisions and intentions. He went to Kurágin's.

conventional - conventionnelle

dishonor - déshonneur

indulged in - s'est laissé aller

reflections - réflexions, réflexion, reflet, qualifiereaning 4

nullifying - annuler, nullifier

Reaching the large house near the Horse Guards'barracks, in which Anatole lived, Pierre entered the lighted porch, ascended the stairs, and went in at the open door. There was no one in the anteroom; empty bottles, cloaks, and overshoes were lying about; there was a smell of alcohol, and sounds of voices and shouting in the distance.

Barracks - les casernes, caserne, (barrack) les casernes

ascended - ascensionné, monter

cloaks - les manteaux, pelisse, pelerine

overshoes - des surchaussures, surchaussure, claque

Cards and supper were over, but the visitors had not yet dispersed. Pierre threw off his cloak and entered the first room, in which were the remains of supper. A footman, thinking no one saw him, was drinking on the sly what was left in the glasses. From the third room came sounds of laughter, the shouting of familiar voices, the growling of a bear, and general commotion.

dispersed - dispersé, disperser, qualifier

sly - sly, sournois, malin, rusé, matois, espiegle

growling - grognement, (growl), feulement, borborygme

Some eight or nine young men were crowding anxiously round an open window. Three others were romping with a young bear, one pulling him by the chain and trying to set him at the others.

anxiously - avec anxiété, anxieusement

romping - des ébats, s'ébattre

"I bet a hundred on Stevens!" shouted one.

bet - parier, paria, pariai, pari, parié, parions, pariez

"Mind, no holding on!" cried another.

"I bet on Dólokhov!" cried a third. "Kurágin, you part our hands."

"There, leave Bruin alone; here's a bet on."

"At one draught, or he loses!" shouted a fourth.

"Jacob, bring a bottle!" shouted the host, a tall, handsome fellow who stood in the midst of the group, without a coat, and with his fine linen shirt unfastened in front. "Wait a bit, you fellows.... Here is PĂ©tya! Good man!" cried he, addressing Pierre.

Jacob - jacob, Jacques

linen - le linge, toile, lin, linge

unfastened - non fermé, défaire

fellows - des camarades, homme, type

Another voice, from a man of medium height with clear blue eyes, particularly striking among all these drunken voices by its sober ring, cried from the window: "Come here; part the bets!" This was Dólokhov, an officer of the Semënov regiment, a notorious gambler and duelist, who was living with Anatole. Pierre smiled, looking about him merrily.

drunken - ivre

sober - sobre, cuver

ring - anneau, cerne, ring, tinter

bets - paris, parier (sur)

regiment - régiment

notorious - notoire

gambler - joueur, parieur

"I don't understand. What's it all about?"

What's it all about? - De quoi s'agit-il ?

"Wait a bit, he is not drunk yet! A bottle here," said Anatole, and taking a glass from the table he went up to Pierre.

"First of all you must drink!"

Pierre drank one glass after another, looking from under his brows at the tipsy guests who were again crowding round the window, and listening to their chatter.

brows - les sourcils, (brow), andouiller d'oil, maître andouiller

tipsy - éméché, égayé, gris, pompette

Anatole kept on refilling Pierre's glass while explaining that DĂłlokhov was betting with Stevens, an English naval officer, that he would drink a bottle of rum sitting on the outer ledge of the third floor window with his legs hanging out.

refilling - remplissage, recharge

naval officer - officier de marine

rum - le rhum, rhum

ledge - la corniche, rebord

"Go on, you must drink it all," said Anatole, giving Pierre the last glass, "or I won't let you go!"

"No, I won't," said Pierre, pushing Anatole aside, and he went up to the window.

DĂłlokhov was holding the Englishman's hand and clearly and distinctly repeating the terms of the bet, addressing himself particularly to Anatole and Pierre.

Englishman - Anglais

distinctly - distinctement

DĂłlokhov was of medium height, with curly hair and light-blue eyes. He was about twenty-five. Like all infantry officers he wore no mustache, so that his mouth, the most striking feature of his face, was clearly seen. The lines of that mouth were remarkably finely curved.

light-blue - (light-blue) bleu clair

infantry - l'infanterie, infanterie, fantassins, régiment d'infanterie

mustache - moustache

remarkably - remarquablement

finely - finement

curved - courbé, courbe, courbes, courber

The middle of the upper lip formed a sharp wedge and closed firmly on the firm lower one, and something like two distinct smiles played continually round the two corners of the mouth; this, together with the resolute, insolent intelligence of his eyes, produced an effect which made it impossible not to notice his face. DĂłlokhov was a man of small means and no connections.

wedge - coin, cale, toquade

distinct - distinct, intelligible, reconnaissable

resolute - résolu, résolue, ferme, déterminé

insolent - insolent

Yet, though Anatole spent tens of thousands of rubles, DĂłlokhov lived with him and had placed himself on such a footing that all who knew them, including Anatole himself, respected him more than they did Anatole. DĂłlokhov could play all games and nearly always won. However much he drank, he never lost his clearheadedness.

clearheadedness - la lucidité

Both Kurágin and Dólokhov were at that time notorious among the rakes and scapegraces of Petersburg.

rakes - râteaux, râteau

The bottle of rum was brought. The window frame which prevented anyone from sitting on the outer sill was being forced out by two footmen, who were evidently flurried and intimidated by the directions and shouts of the gentlemen around.

sill - sill, bille, seuil

intimidated - intimidés, intimider

Anatole with his swaggering air strode up to the window. He wanted to smash something. pushing away the footmen he tugged at the frame, but could not move it. He smashed a pane.

swaggering - en train de plastronner, (swagger) en train de plastronner

strode - strode, marcher a grands pas

pushing away - repousser

tugged - tiré, tirer, remorquer, tirement

smashed - écrasé, smash, fracasser, percuter, écraser

pane - panneau, vitre

"You have a try, Hercules," said he, turning to Pierre.

Hercules - hercule

Pierre seized the crossbeam, tugged, and wrenched the oak frame out with a crash.

crossbeam - traverse, bau

wrenched - arraché, arracher

oak - chene, chene, chenes

crash - crash, fracas

"Take it right out, or they'll think I'm holding on," said DĂłlokhov.

"Is the Englishman bragging?... Eh? Is it all right?" said Anatole.

bragging - se vanter, fanfaronnade, (brag), brag, fanfaronner

eh - eh

"First-rate," said Pierre, looking at DĂłlokhov, who with a bottle of rum in his hand was approaching the window, from which the light of the sky, the dawn merging with the afterglow of sunset, was visible.

first-rate - (first-rate) de premier ordre

dawn - l'aube, se lever, naître, aube, lever du soleil, aurore

merging - fusionner, (merge), amalgamer

sunset - coucher de soleil, crépuscule

visible - visible

DĂłlokhov, the bottle of rum still in his hand, jumped onto the window sill. "Listen!" cried he, standing there and addressing those in the room. All were silent.

"I bet fifty imperials""he spoke French that the Englishman might understand him, but he did not speak it very well""I bet fifty imperials ... or do you wish to make it a hundred?" added he, addressing the Englishman.

imperials - impériaux, impérial, royal

"No, fifty," replied the latter.

"All right. Fifty imperials ... that I will drink a whole bottle of rum without taking it from my mouth, sitting outside the window on this spot" (he stooped and pointed to the sloping ledge outside the window) "and without holding on to anything. Is that right?"

stooped - vouté, se baisser

sloping - en pente, renverser, déborder

"Quite right," said the Englishman.

Anatole turned to the Englishman and taking him by one of the buttons of his coat and looking down at him"the Englishman was short"began repeating the terms of the wager to him in English.

wager - pari, parier

"Wait!" cried Dólokhov, hammering with the bottle on the window sill to attract attention. "Wait a bit, Kurágin. Listen! If anyone else does the same, I will pay him a hundred imperials. Do you understand?"

hammering - martelage, martelant, (hammer), marteau, chien

attract attention - attirer l'attention

The Englishman nodded, but gave no indication whether he intended to accept this challenge or not. Anatole did not release him, and though he kept nodding to show that he understood, Anatole went on translating DĂłlokhov's words into English. A thin young lad, an hussar of the life guards, who had been losing that evening, climbed on the window sill, leaned over, and looked down.

indication - indication

nodding to - en faisant un signe de tete

lad - lad, garçon, gars, jeune homme, palefrenier

Hussar - hussard

life guards - Sauveteurs

"Oh! Oh! Oh!" he muttered, looking down from the window at the stones of the pavement.

pavement - revetement, chaussée, pavement

"Shut up!" cried DĂłlokhov, pushing him away from the window. The lad jumped awkwardly back into the room, tripping over his spurs.

spurs - les éperons, éperon

Placing the bottle on the window sill where he could reach it easily, DĂłlokhov climbed carefully and slowly through the window and lowered his legs. Pressing against both sides of the window, he adjusted himself on his seat, lowered his hands, moved a little to the right and then to the left, and took up the bottle.

lowered - abaissé, (s')assombrir

Anatole brought two candles and placed them on the window sill, though it was already quite light. DĂłlokhov's back in his white shirt, and his curly head, were lit up from both sides. Everyone crowded to the window, the Englishman in front. Pierre stood smiling but silent.

candles - bougies, bougie, chandelle

One man, older than the others present, suddenly pushed forward with a scared and angry look and wanted to seize hold of DĂłlokhov's shirt.

pushed forward - poussé en avant

seize - saisir, emparer

"I say, this is folly! He'll be killed," said this more sensible man.

folly - folie, sottise

Anatole stopped him.

"Don't touch him! You'll startle him and then he'll be killed. Eh?... What then?... Eh?"

startle - sursauter, surprendre

DĂłlokhov turned round and, again holding on with both hands, arranged himself on his seat.

"If anyone comes meddling again," said he, emitting the words separately through his thin compressed lips, "I will throw him down there. Now then!"

meddling - l'ingérence, s'ingérer, se meler

emitting - émettant, émettre

separately - séparément

compressed - comprimée, comprimer, condenser

Saying this he again turned round, dropped his hands, took the bottle and lifted it to his lips, threw back his head, and raised his free hand to balance himself. One of the footmen who had stooped to pick up some broken glass remained in that position without taking his eyes from the window and from DĂłlokhov's back. Anatole stood erect with staring eyes.

erect - en érection, fonder, érigeons, érigent, érigez, arborer, ériger

The Englishman looked on sideways, pursing up his lips. The man who had wished to stop the affair ran to a corner of the room and threw himself on a sofa with his face to the wall. Pierre hid his face, from which a faint smile forgot to fade though his features now expressed horror and fear. All were still. Pierre took his hands from his eyes.

pursing - poursuivre, bourse, portemonnaie, portefeuille, sac a main

faint - évanouissement, s'évanouir, défailles, défaillez, défaillir

fade - s'estomper, déteignez, déteindre, déteins, déteignons

DĂłlokhov still sat in the same position, only his head was thrown further back till his curly hair touched his shirt collar, and the hand holding the bottle was lifted higher and higher and trembled with the effort. The bottle was emptying perceptibly and rising still higher and his head tilting yet further back. "Why is it so long?" thought Pierre.

collar - col, collier

trembled - tremblait, trembler, vibrer, tremblement, vibration

perceptibly - de maniere perceptible

tilting - basculement, (tilt) basculement

It seemed to him that more than half an hour had elapsed. Suddenly DĂłlokhov made a backward movement with his spine, and his arm trembled nervously; this was sufficient to cause his whole body to slip as he sat on the sloping ledge. As he began slipping down, his head and arm wavered still more with the strain. One hand moved as if to clutch the window sill, but refrained from touching it.

elapsed - s'est écoulé, passer

backward - a l'envers, arriéré, en arriere, a reculons

spine - la colonne vertébrale, colonne vertébrale, échine, dos, épine

nervously - nerveusement

sufficient - suffisante, suffisant

sloping - en pente, pente, inclinaison

slipping - glissement, glisser

wavered - a vacillé, hésiter

strain - souche, accablement

clutch - embrayage, agriffons, couplage, saisir, agriffez, agriffent

refrained - s'est abstenu, refrain

Pierre again covered his eyes and thought he would never open them again. Suddenly he was aware of a stir all around. He looked up: DĂłlokhov was standing on the window sill, with a pale but radiant face.

stir - remuer, affecter

"It's empty."

He threw the bottle to the Englishman, who caught it neatly. DĂłlokhov jumped down. He smelt strongly of rum.

"Well done!... Fine fellow!... There's a bet for you!... Devil take you!" came from different sides.

devil - Diable, Satan, type

The Englishman took out his purse and began counting out the money. DĂłlokhov stood frowning and did not speak. Pierre jumped upon the window sill.

purse - sac a main, bourse, portemonnaie, portefeuille, sac a main

frowning - froncer les sourcils

"Gentlemen, who wishes to bet with me? I'll do the same thing!" he suddenly cried. "Even without a bet, there! Tell them to bring me a bottle. I'll do it.... Bring a bottle!"

I'll do it - Je vais le faire

"Let him do it, let him do it," said DĂłlokhov, smiling.

"What next? Have you gone mad?... No one would let you!... Why, you go giddy even on a staircase," exclaimed several voices.

What next? - Et ensuite ?

giddy - étourdi, étourdissant

staircase - escalier

"I'll drink it! Let's have a bottle of rum!" shouted Pierre, banging the table with a determined and drunken gesture and preparing to climb out of the window.

banging - banging, détonation

They seized him by his arms; but he was so strong that everyone who touched him was sent flying.

"No, you'll never manage him that way," said Anatole. "Wait a bit and I'll get round him.... Listen! I'll take your bet tomorrow, but now we are all going to ""'s."

"Come on then," cried Pierre. "Come on!... And we'll take Bruin with us."

And he caught the bear, took it in his arms, lifted it from the ground, and began dancing round the room with it.


Prince Vasíli kept the promise he had given to Princess Drubetskáya who had spoken to him on behalf of her only son Borís on the evening of Anna Pávlovna's soiree. The matter was mentioned to the Emperor, an exception made, and Borís transferred into the regiment of Semënov Guards with the rank of cornet.

cornet - cornet (a pistons)

He received, however, no appointment to Kutúzov's staff despite all Anna Mikháylovna's endeavors and entreaties.

endeavors - des entreprises, effort, entreprise, tenter, s’efforcer

entreaties - des supplications, supplication

Soon after Anna Pávlovna's reception Anna Mikháylovna returned to Moscow and went straight to her rich relations, the Rostóvs, with whom she stayed when in the town and where her darling Bóry, who had only just entered a regiment of the line and was being at once transferred to the Guards as a cornet, had been educated from childhood and lived for years at a time.

darling - chéri, chérie

The Guards had already left Petersburg on the tenth of August, and her son, who had remained in Moscow for his equipment, was to join them on the march to RadzivĂ­lov.

tenth - dixieme, dixieme ('before the noun'), ('in names of monarchs and popes') dix ('after the name') ('abbreviation' X)

It was St. Natalia's day and the name day of two of the Rostóvs"the mother and the youngest daughter"both named Nataly. Ever since the morning, carriages with six horses had been coming and going continually, bringing visitors to the Countess Rostóva's big house on the Povarskáya, so well known to all Moscow.

carriages - les wagons, rench: -neededr, carrosse, port, chariot

Countess - comtesse

The countess herself and her handsome eldest daughter were in the drawing room with the visitors who came to congratulate, and who constantly succeeded one another in relays.

congratulate - féliciter

constantly - constamment, en boucle

relays - relais, retransmettre

The countess was a woman of about forty-five, with a thin Oriental type of face, evidently worn out with childbearing"she had had twelve. A languor of motion and speech, resulting from weakness, gave her a distinguished air which inspired respect.

childbearing - la procréation

languor - langueur

motion - mouvement, motion

inspired - inspirée, inspirer

Princess Anna Mikháylovna Drubetskáya, who as a member of the household was also seated in the drawing room, helped to receive and entertain the visitors. The young people were in one of the inner rooms, not considering it necessary to take part in receiving the visitors. The count met the guests and saw them off, inviting them all to dinner.

household - foyer, ménage, maisonnée, domestique

"I am very, very grateful to you, mon cher," or "ma chère""he called everyone without exception and without the slightest variation in his tone, "my dear," whether they were above or below him in rank""I thank you for myself and for our two dear ones whose name day we are keeping. But mind you come to dinner or I shall be offended, ma chère!

slightest - le moins du monde, insignifiant, léger

variation - variation, variante, déclinaison

offended - offensée, offenser, déplaire, blesser, fr

On behalf of the whole family I beg you to come, mon cher!" These words he repeated to everyone without exception or variation, and with the same expression on his full, cheerful, clean-shaven face, the same firm pressure of the hand and the same quick, repeated bows.

As soon as he had seen a visitor off he returned to one of those who were still in the drawing room, drew a chair toward him or her, and jauntily spreading out his legs and putting his hands on his knees with the air of a man who enjoys life and knows how to live, he swayed to and fro with dignity, offered surmises about the weather, or touched on questions of health, sometimes in Russian and sometimes in very bad but self-confident French; then again, like a man weary but unflinching in the fulfillment of duty, he rose to see some visitors off and, stroking his scanty gray hairs over his bald patch, also asked them to dinner. Sometimes on his way back from the anteroom he would pass through the conservatory and pantry into the large marble dining hall, where tables were being set out for eighty people; and looking at the footmen, who were bringing in silver and china, moving tables, and unfolding damask table linen, he would call DmĂ­tri VasĂ­levich, a man of good family and the manager of all his affairs, and while looking with pleasure at the enormous table would say: "Well, DmĂ­tri, you'll see that things are all as they should be? that's right! The great thing is the serving, that's it." And with a complacent sigh he would return to the drawing room.

swayed - balancés, autorité, poids, influence, prépondérance, balancer

dignity - dignité, forme, rang

surmises - des suppositions, présumer, supposer, suspecter

unflinching - inébranlable

fulfillment - l'accomplissement

stroking - la caresse, (stroke) la caresse

scanty - maigre, insuffisant

patch - patch, rapiécer

conservatory - jardin d'hiver, serre

pantry - garde-manger

marble - marbre, bille, grillot, marbrer

dining hall - le réfectoire

unfolding - en cours, (unfold), déplier, dérouler, checkdéplier

damask - damas, lie-de-vin

affairs - affaires, aventure, liaison

that's right - c'est bien ça

complacent - complaisant

"Márya Lvóvna Karágina and her daughter!" announced the countess'gigantic footman in his bass voice, entering the drawing room. The countess reflected a moment and took a pinch from a gold snuffbox with her husband's portrait on it.

gigantic - gigantesque, colossal

bass voice - voix de basse

pinch - pincer, chiper, pincement, pincée

snuffbox - tabatiere, tabatiere

"I'm quite worn out by these callers. However, I'll see her and no more. She is so affected. Ask her in," she said to the footman in a sad voice, as if saying: "Very well, finish me off."

callers - les appelants, téléphoneur, appelant

A tall, stout, and proud-looking woman, with a round-faced smiling daughter, entered the drawing room, their dresses rustling.

rustling - bruissement, (rustle), froufrou, froufrouter

"Dear Countess, what an age... She has been laid up, poor child ... at the Razumóvski's ball ... and Countess Apráksina ... I was so delighted..." came the sounds of animated feminine voices, interrupting one another and mingling with the rustling of dresses and the scraping of chairs.

interrupting - interrompre, couper

mingling - se meler, (mingle), mélanger

scraping - grattant, (scrap) grattant

Then one of those conversations began which last out until, at the first pause, the guests rise with a rustle of dresses and say, "I am so delighted... Mamma's health... and Countess Apráksina..." and then, again rustling, pass into the anteroom, put on cloaks or mantles, and drive away.

mamma - mamma, maman

pass into - passer dans

mantles - les manchons, manteau, les renes, manchon

The conversation was on the chief topic of the day: the illness of the wealthy and celebrated beau of Catherine's day, Count Bezúkhov, and about his illegitimate son Pierre, the one who had behaved so improperly at Anna Pávlovna's reception.

wealthy - riches, riche, nanti

improperly - de maniere inappropriée

"I am so sorry for the poor count," said the visitor. "He is in such bad health, and now this vexation about his son is enough to kill him!"

vexation - vexation, tracas, tracasserie, contrariété

"What is that?" asked the countess as if she did not know what the visitor alluded to, though she had already heard about the cause of Count BezĂşkhov's distress some fifteen times.

alluded - allusion, alluder, faire allusion, suggérer

"That's what comes of a modern education," exclaimed the visitor. "It seems that while he was abroad this young man was allowed to do as he liked, now in Petersburg I hear he has been doing such terrible things that he has been expelled by the police."

expelled - expulsé, expulser, éjecter, déporter

"You don't say so!" replied the countess.

You don't say so - Vous ne le dites pas

"He chose his friends badly," interposed Anna Mikháylovna. "Prince Vasíli's son, he, and a certain Dólokhov have, it is said, been up to heaven only knows what! And they have had to suffer for it. Dólokhov has been degraded to the ranks and Bezúkhov's son sent back to Moscow.

interposed - interposée, interposer, intercaler, interrompre, couper

ranks - rangs, rang

Anatole Kurágin's father managed somehow to get his son's affair hushed up, but even he was ordered out of Petersburg."

somehow - d'une maniere ou d'une autre

hushed up - étouffé

"But what have they been up to?" asked the countess.

"They are regular brigands, especially Dólokhov," replied the visitor. "He is a son of Márya Ivánovna Dólokhova, such a worthy woman, but there, just fancy! Those three got hold of a bear somewhere, put it in a carriage, and set off with it to visit some actresses! The police tried to interfere, and what did the young men do?

brigands - des brigands, brigand, bandit

worthy - digne

interfere - meler

They tied a policeman and the bear back to back and put the bear into the Moyka Canal. And there was the bear swimming about with the policeman on his back!"

Canal - canal

"What a nice figure the policeman must have cut, my dear!" shouted the count, dying with laughter.

"Oh, how dreadful! How can you laugh at it, Count?"

dreadful - épouvantable, redoutable, affreux, terrible

Yet the ladies themselves could not help laughing.

"It was all they could do to rescue the poor man," continued the visitor. "And to think it is Cyril VladĂ­mirovich BezĂşkhov's son who amuses himself in this sensible manner! And he was said to be so well educated and clever. This is all that his foreign education has done for him! I hope that here in Moscow no one will receive him, in spite of his money.

amuses - amuse, amuser

They wanted to introduce him to me, but I quite declined: I have my daughters to consider."

declined - refusé, déclin

"Why do you say this young man is so rich?" asked the countess, turning away from the girls, who at once assumed an air of inattention. "His children are all illegitimate. I think Pierre also is illegitimate."

inattention - l'inattention, inattention, décourtoisie, discourtoisie

The visitor made a gesture with her hand.

"I should think he has a score of them."

Princess Anna Mikháylovna intervened in the conversation, evidently wishing to show her connections and knowledge of what went on in society.

intervened - est-elle intervenue, intervenir

"The fact of the matter is," said she significantly, and also in a half whisper, "everyone knows Count Cyril's reputation.... He has lost count of his children, but this Pierre was his favorite."

reputation - réputation, renommée (more slang)

"How handsome the old man still was only a year ago!" remarked the countess. "I have never seen a handsomer man."

handsomer - plus beau, beau

"He is very much altered now," said Anna Mikháylovna. "Well, as I was saying, Prince Vasíli is the next heir through his wife, but the count is very fond of Pierre, looked after his education, and wrote to the Emperor about him; so that in the case of his death"and he is so ill that he may die at any moment, and Dr.

heir - héritier, héritiere, successeur, successeuse

Lorrain has come from Petersburg"no one knows who will inherit his immense fortune, Pierre or Prince VasĂ­li. Forty thousand serfs and millions of rubles! I know it all very well for Prince VasĂ­li told me himself. Besides, Cyril VladĂ­mirovich is my mother's second cousin. He's also my BĂłry's godfather," she added, as if she attached no importance at all to the fact.

inherit - hériter

immense - immense

Fortune - la fortune, destin, bonne chance, fortune

serfs - serfs, serf

godfather - parrain

"Prince VasĂ­li arrived in Moscow yesterday. I hear he has come on some inspection business," remarked the visitor.

inspection - l'inspection, inspection, rench: t-needed r

"Yes, but between ourselves," said the princess, "that is a pretext. The fact is he has come to see Count Cyril VladĂ­mirovich, hearing how ill he is."

pretext - prétexte

"But do you know, my dear, that was a capital joke," said the count; and seeing that the elder visitor was not listening, he turned to the young ladies. "I can just imagine what a funny figure that policeman cut!"

And as he waved his arms to impersonate the policeman, his portly form again shook with a deep ringing laugh, the laugh of one who always eats well and, in particular, drinks well. "So do come and dine with us!" he said.

impersonate - se faire passer pour quelqu'un d'autre, imiter

portly - portante, fort, corpulent

dine - dîner


Silence ensued. The countess looked at her callers, smiling affably, but not concealing the fact that she would not be distressed if they now rose and took their leave.

ensued - s'ensuivit, résulter, découler

concealing - dissimuler, cacher

distressed - en détresse, détresse

The visitor's daughter was already smoothing down her dress with an inquiring look at her mother, when suddenly from the next room were heard the footsteps of boys and girls running to the door and the noise of a chair falling over, and a girl of thirteen, hiding something in the folds of her short muslin frock, darted in and stopped short in the middle of the room.

Footsteps - des pas, empreinte, trace de pas, pas, bruit de pas, marche

muslin - mousseline

frock - robe de chambre, robe

darted - dardé, dard, fleche

It was evident that she had not intended her flight to bring her so far. Behind her in the doorway appeared a student with a crimson coat collar, an officer of the Guards, a girl of fifteen, and a plump rosy-faced boy in a short jacket.

doorway - l'embrasure de la porte, embrasure de la porte

The count jumped up and, swaying from side to side, spread his arms wide and threw them round the little girl who had run in.

"Ah, here she is!" he exclaimed laughing. "My pet, whose name day it is. My dear pet!"

"Ma chère, there is a time for everything," said the countess with feigned severity. "You spoil her, Ilyá," she added, turning to her husband.

feigned - feint, feindre

severity - la sévérité, sévérité, gravité

spoil - gâter, gâcher, tourner, dévoiler, révéler

"How do you do, my dear? I wish you many happy returns of your name day," said the visitor. "What a charming child," she added, addressing the mother.

This black-eyed, wide-mouthed girl, not pretty but full of life"with childish bare shoulders which after her run heaved and shook her bodice, with black curls tossed backward, thin bare arms, little legs in lace-frilled drawers, and feet in low slippers"was just at that charming age when a girl is no longer a child, though the child is not yet a young woman.

heaved - heaved, hisser

bodice - corsage

curls - boucles, boucle, rotationnel, boucler

tossed - ballotté, jet, au pile ou face, tirage au sort, pile ou face

frilled - a collerettes, volant

drawers - tiroirs, tiroir

slippers - des pantoufles, chausson, pantoufle

Escaping from her father she ran to hide her flushed face in the lace of her mother's mantilla"not paying the least attention to her severe remark"and began to laugh. She laughed, and in fragmentary sentences tried to explain about a doll which she produced from the folds of her frock.

flushed - rincé, rougeur

severe - sévere, grave, sévere

doll - poupée, marionnette, guignol

"Do you see?... My doll... Mimi... You see..." was all Natásha managed to utter (to her everything seemed funny). She leaned against her mother and burst into such a loud, ringing fit of laughter that even the prim visitor could not help joining in.

utter - l'utérus, émettre

prim - prim, guindé

joining in - se joindre a nous

"Now then, go away and take your monstrosity with you," said the mother, pushing away her daughter with pretended sternness, and turning to the visitor she added: "She is my youngest girl."

monstrosity - monstruosité

Natásha, raising her face for a moment from her mother's mantilla, glanced up at her through tears of laughter, and again hid her face.

The visitor, compelled to look on at this family scene, thought it necessary to take some part in it.

compelled - contraint, contraindre, forcer, obliger

"Tell me, my dear," said she to Natásha, "is Mimi a relation of yours? A daughter, I suppose?"

Natásha did not like the visitor's tone of condescension to childish things. She did not reply, but looked at her seriously.

condescension - condescendance

Meanwhile the younger generation: Borís, the officer, Anna Mikháylovna's son; Nicholas, the undergraduate, the count's eldest son; Sónya, the count's fifteen-year-old niece, and little Pétya, his youngest boy, had all settled down in the drawing room and were obviously trying to restrain within the bounds of decorum the excitement and mirth that shone in all their faces.

undergraduate - de premier cycle, étudiant de licence

niece - niece, niece

restrain - retenir, contraignez, contraignons, gouverner, contrains

decorum - le décorum, décorum

mirth - l'humour, gaieté

Evidently in the back rooms, from which they had dashed out so impetuously, the conversation had been more amusing than the drawing room talk of society scandals, the weather, and Countess Apráksina. Now and then they glanced at one another, hardly able to suppress their laughter.

dashed - en pointillés, tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter

impetuously - impétueusement

more amusing - plus amusant

scandals - des scandales, scandale, esclandre

Suppress - contenir, checkréduire, checksupprimer, checkréprimer

The two young men, the student and the officer, friends from childhood, were of the same age and both handsome fellows, though not alike. BorĂ­s was tall and fair, and his calm and handsome face had regular, delicate features. Nicholas was short with curly hair and an open expression. Dark hairs were already showing on his upper lip, and his whole face expressed impetuosity and enthusiasm.

enthusiasm - l'enthousiasme, enthousiasme, passion

Nicholas blushed when he entered the drawing room. He evidently tried to find something to say, but failed.

Borís on the contrary at once found his footing, and related quietly and humorously how he had known that doll Mimi when she was still quite a young lady, before her nose was broken; how she had aged during the five years he had known her, and how her head had cracked right across the skull. Having said this he glanced at Natásha.

humorously - avec humour

cracked - fissuré, (se) feler

skull - crâne, crane

She turned away from him and glanced at her younger brother, who was screwing up his eyes and shaking with suppressed laughter, and unable to control herself any longer, she jumped up and rushed from the room as fast as her nimble little feet would carry her. BorĂ­s did not laugh.

screwing - baiser, vissant, vissage, (screw), vis, hélice, visser

rushed - précipité, se précipiter, emmener d'urgence

nimble - agile, fulgurant, preste, leste, vif

"You were meaning to go out, weren't you, Mamma? Do you want the carriage?" he asked his mother with a smile.

weren - n'était

"Yes, yes, go and tell them to get it ready," she answered, returning his smile.

Borís quietly left the room and went in search of Natásha. The plump boy ran after them angrily, as if vexed that their program had been disturbed.

vexed - contrarié, ennuyer, énerver, vexer 'informal', tourmenter, vexer

disturbed - perturbé, déranger, perturber, gener


The only young people remaining in the drawing room, not counting the young lady visitor and the countess'eldest daughter (who was four years older than her sister and behaved already like a grown-up person), were Nicholas and SĂłnya, the niece.

lady visitor - Une visiteuse

SĂłnya was a slender little brunette with a tender look in her eyes which were veiled by long lashes, thick black plaits coiling twice round her head, and a tawny tint in her complexion and especially in the color of her slender but graceful and muscular arms and neck.

slender - svelte, mince

brunette - brun, brune

tender - l'appel d'offres, doux, adjudication, affectieux

veiled - voilée, voile, voiler

lashes - cils, cil

plaits - tresses, pli

coiling - enroulement, enrouler

tawny - fauve

tint - teinte, nuance, teindre

complexion - le teint, teint, complexion

graceful - gracieux

muscular - musculaire, musclé, musculeux

By the grace of her movements, by the softness and flexibility of her small limbs, and by a certain coyness and reserve of manner, she reminded one of a pretty, half-grown kitten which promises to become a beautiful little cat.

softness - la douceur, douceur

flexibility - souplesse, flexibilité

limbs - membres, membre

reserve - réservation, réserve, réserves, remplaçant

kitten - chaton, blaireautin

She evidently considered it proper to show an interest in the general conversation by smiling, but in spite of herself her eyes under their thick long lashes watched her cousin who was going to join the army, with such passionate girlish adoration that her smile could not for a single instant impose upon anyone, and it was clear that the kitten had settled down only to spring up with more energy and again play with her cousin as soon as they too could, like Natásha and Borís, escape from the drawing room.

passionate - passionné

girlish - fillette

adoration - l'adoration, adoration

instant - instantanée, moment

impose - imposer

spring up - le printemps

"Ah yes, my dear," said the count, addressing the visitor and pointing to Nicholas, "his friend BorĂ­s has become an officer, and so for friendship's sake he is leaving the university and me, his old father, and entering the military service, my dear. And there was a place and everything waiting for him in the Archives Department! Isn't that friendship?" remarked the count in an inquiring tone.

archives - archives, archives-p, archiver

"But they say that war has been declared," replied the visitor.

"They've been saying so a long while," said the count, "and they'll say so again and again, and that will be the end of it. My dear, there's friendship for you," he repeated. "He's joining the hussars."

hussars - hussards, hussard

The visitor, not knowing what to say, shook her head.

"It's not at all from friendship," declared Nicholas, flaring up and turning away as if from a shameful aspersion. "It is not from friendship at all; I simply feel that the army is my vocation."

flaring up - Eclater

shameful - honteux, scandaleux

He glanced at his cousin and the young lady visitor; and they were both regarding him with a smile of approbation.

regarding - concernant, considérer

approbation - approbation

"Schubert, the colonel of the Pávlograd Hussars, is dining with us today. He has been here on leave and is taking Nicholas back with him. It can't be helped!" said the count, shrugging his shoulders and speaking playfully of a matter that evidently distressed him.

Colonel - colonel

dining - dîner

playfully - de façon ludique

"I have already told you, Papa," said his son, "that if you don't wish to let me go, I'll stay. But I know I am no use anywhere except in the army; I am not a diplomat or a government clerk."I don't know how to hide what I feel." As he spoke he kept glancing with the flirtatiousness of a handsome youth at SĂłnya and the young lady visitor.

diplomat - diplomate

clerk - greffier

The little kitten, feasting her eyes on him, seemed ready at any moment to start her gambols again and display her kittenish nature.

feasting - festoyer, (feast) festoyer

gambols - gambades, gambader, gambade

display - l'affichage, représentation, spectacle, moniteur, écran

kittenish - chaton

"All right, all right!" said the old count. "He always flares up! This Buonaparte has turned all their heads; they all think of how he rose from an ensign and became Emperor. Well, well, God grant it," he added, not noticing his visitor's sarcastic smile.

flares up - Eclater

ensign - enseigne, aspirant, pavillon

Grant - la subvention, accorder, admettre

The elders began talking about Bonaparte. Julie Karágina turned to young Rostóv.

elders - les aînés, aîné

"What a pity you weren't at the Arkhárovs'on Thursday. It was so dull without you," said she, giving him a tender smile.

The young man, flattered, sat down nearer to her with a coquettish smile, and engaged the smiling Julie in a confidential conversation without at all noticing that his involuntary smile had stabbed the heart of SĂłnya, who blushed and smiled unnaturally. In the midst of his talk he glanced round at her.

flattered - flattée, flatter

confidential - confidentiel

involuntary - involontaire

stabbed - poignardé, poignarder

unnaturally - de façon non naturelle

She gave him a passionately angry glance, and hardly able to restrain her tears and maintain the artificial smile on her lips, she got up and left the room. All Nicholas'animation vanished. He waited for the first pause in the conversation, and then with a distressed face left the room to find SĂłnya.

maintain - entretenir, maintenir

vanished - disparue, disparaître, s'évanouir, s'annuler

"How plainly all these young people wear their hearts on their sleeves!" said Anna Mikháylovna, pointing to Nicholas as he went out. "Cousinage"dangereux voisinage," * she added.

sleeves - manches, manche, chemise (inner), gaine (outer), manchon

Cousinage - cousinage

* Cousinhood is a dangerous neighborhood.

cousinhood - cousinage

neighborhood - voisinage, environs, quartier, checkvoisinage

"Yes," said the countess when the brightness these young people had brought into the room had vanished; and as if answering a question no one had put but which was always in her mind, "and how much suffering, how much anxiety one has had to go through that we might rejoice in them now! And yet really the anxiety is greater now than the joy. One is always, always anxious!

brightness - brillance, luminosité, intelligence

rejoice - se réjouir, réjouir

joy - joie

Especially just at this age, so dangerous both for girls and boys."

"It all depends on the bringing up," remarked the visitor.

"Yes, you're quite right," continued the countess. "till now I have always, thank God, been my children's friend and had their full confidence," said she, repeating the mistake of so many parents who imagine that their children have no secrets from them.

till now - jusqu'a maintenant

"I know I shall always be my daughters'first confidante, and that if Nicholas, with his impulsive nature, does get into mischief (a boy can't help it), he will all the same never be like those Petersburg young men."

impulsive - impulsif

mischief - méfaits, espieglerie, betise, polissonnerie, méfait

"Yes, they are splendid, splendid youngsters," chimed in the count, who always solved questions that seemed to him perplexing by deciding that everything was splendid. "Just fancy: wants to be an hussar. What's one to do, my dear?"

youngsters - les jeunes, ado, enfant

perplexing - perplexe, déconcerter, troubler, dérouter

"What a charming creature your younger girl is," said the visitor; "a little volcano!"

volcano - volcan

"Yes, a regular volcano," said the count. "takes after me! And what a voice she has; though she's my daughter, I tell the truth when I say she'll be a singer, a second Salomoni! We have engaged an Italian to give her lessons."

takes after - prend apres

"Isn't she too young? I have heard that it harms the voice to train it at that age."

harms - des préjudices, mal, tort, dommage, nuire a, faire du mal a

"Oh no, not at all too young!" replied the count. "Why, our mothers used to be married at twelve or thirteen."

"And she's in love with BorĂ­s already. Just fancy!" said the countess with a gentle smile, looking at BorĂ­s and went on, evidently concerned with a thought that always occupied her: "Now you see if I were to be severe with her and to forbid it ... goodness knows what they might be up to on the sly" (she meant that they would be kissing), "but as it is, I know every word she utters.

concerned - préoccupé, inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation

occupied - occupée, occuper, habiter

forbid - interdire, nier, dénier

utters - prononce-t-il, complet, total

She will come running to me of her own accord in the evening and tell me everything. Perhaps I spoil her, but really that seems the best plan. With her elder sister I was stricter."

come running - venir courir

accord - accord, entente, accorder

stricter - plus stricte, strict

"Yes, I was brought up quite differently," remarked the handsome elder daughter, Countess VĂ©ra, with a smile.

But the smile did not enhance VĂ©ra's beauty as smiles generally do; on the contrary it gave her an unnatural, and therefore unpleasant, expression.

enhance - augmenter, accroître, améliorer

VĂ©ra was good-looking, not at all stupid, quick at learning, was well brought up, and had a pleasant voice; what she said was true and appropriate, yet, strange to say, everyone"the visitors and countess alike"turned to look at her as if wondering why she had said it, and they all felt awkward.

appropriate - approprié, idoine, approprier

awkward - maladroit, gauche, embarrassant, inconvenant

"People are always too clever with their eldest children and try to make something exceptional of them," said the visitor.

exceptional - exceptionnel

"What's the good of denying it, my dear? Our dear countess was too clever with VĂ©ra," said the count. "Well, what of that? She's turned out splendidly all the same," he added, winking at VĂ©ra.

denying - refusant, nier, démentir, refuser

splendidly - magnifiquement

winking - clin d'oil, (wink) clin d'oil

The guests got up and took their leave, promising to return to dinner.

"What manners! I thought they would never go," said the countess, when she had seen her guests out.


When Natásha ran out of the drawing room she only went as far as the conservatory. There she paused and stood listening to the conversation in the drawing room, waiting for Borís to come out. She was already growing impatient, and stamped her foot, ready to cry at his not coming at once, when she heard the young man's discreet steps approaching neither quickly nor slowly.

impatient - impatient

discreet - discret

At this Natásha dashed swiftly among the flower tubs and hid there.

tubs - baignoires, bassine, rafiot

Borís paused in the middle of the room, looked round, brushed a little dust from the sleeve of his uniform, and going up to a mirror examined his handsome face. Natásha, very still, peered out from her ambush, waiting to see what he would do. He stood a little while before the glass, smiled, and walked toward the other door. Natásha was about to call him but changed her mind.

peered - regardé, pair

ambush - embuscade

"Let him look for me," thought she. Hardly had Borís gone than Sónya, flushed, in tears, and muttering angrily, came in at the other door. Natásha checked her first impulse to run out to her, and remained in her hiding place, watching"as under an invisible cap"to see what went on in the world. She was experiencing a new and peculiar pleasure.

muttering - marmonner, grommellement, (mutter) marmonner

impulse - impulsion

invisible - invisible, caché

SĂłnya, muttering to herself, kept looking round toward the drawing room door. It opened and Nicholas came in.

"SĂłnya, what is the matter with you? How can you?" said he, running up to her.

"It's nothing, nothing; leave me alone!" sobbed SĂłnya.

sobbed - sangloté, fdp-p

"Ah, I know what it is."

"Well, if you do, so much the better, and you can go back to her!"

"SĂł-o-onya! Look here! How can you torture me and yourself like that, for a mere fancy?" said Nicholas taking her hand.

torture - la torture, torture, torturer

mere - simple

Sónya did not pull it away, and left off crying. Natásha, not stirring and scarcely breathing, watched from her ambush with sparkling eyes. "What will happen now?" thought she.

stirring - l'agitation, passionnant

scarcely - a peine, a peine, guere

"SĂłnya! What is anyone in the world to me? You alone are everything!" said Nicholas. "And I will prove it to you."

"I don't like you to talk like that."

"Well, then, I won't; only forgive me, SĂłnya!" He drew her to him and kissed her.

forgive - pardonner

"Oh, how nice," thought Natásha; and when Sónya and Nicholas had gone out of the conservatory she followed and called Borís to her.

"BorĂ­s, come here," said she with a sly and significant look. "I have something to tell you. Here, here!" and she led him into the conservatory to the place among the tubs where she had been hiding.

significant - significative, significatif

BorĂ­s followed her, smiling.

"What is the something?" asked he.

She grew confused, glanced round, and, seeing the doll she had thrown down on one of the tubs, picked it up.

thrown down - jeté a terre

"Kiss the doll," said she.

BorĂ­s looked attentively and kindly at her eager face, but did not reply.

attentively - attentivement

"Don't you want to? Well, then, come here," said she, and went further in among the plants and threw down the doll. "Closer, closer!" she whispered.

She caught the young officer by his cuffs, and a look of solemnity and fear appeared on her flushed face.

cuffs - manchettes, manchette

solemnity - solennité

"And me? Would you like to kiss me?" she whispered almost inaudibly, glancing up at him from under her brows, smiling, and almost crying from excitement.

inaudibly - inaudible

BorĂ­s blushed.

"How funny you are!" he said, bending down to her and blushing still more, but he waited and did nothing.

bending down - en se baissant

Suddenly she jumped up onto a tub to be higher than he, embraced him so that both her slender bare arms clasped him above his neck, and, tossing back her hair, kissed him full on the lips.

tub - baignoire, bassine, rafiot

embraced - embrassée, étreindre, embrasser, accolade

clasped - serré, fermoir, serrer

tossing - le lancer, (toss), jet, au pile ou face, tirage au sort, lancer

Then she slipped down among the flowerpots on the other side of the tubs and stood, hanging her head.

slipped - a glissé, glisser

flowerpots - pots de fleurs, pot de fleur

"Natásha," he said, "you know that I love you, but...."

"You are in love with me?" Natásha broke in.

"Yes, I am, but please don't let us do like that.... In another four years ... then I will ask for your hand."

Natásha considered.

"Thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen," she counted on her slender little fingers. "All right! Then it's settled?"

A smile of joy and satisfaction lit up her eager face.

satisfaction - satisfaction

"Settled!" replied BorĂ­s.

"Forever?" said the little girl. "till death itself?"

till death - jusqu'a la mort

She took his arm and with a happy face went with him into the adjoining sitting room.

adjoining - adjacente, adjoindre, toucher


After receiving her visitors, the countess was so tired that she gave orders to admit no more, but the porter was told to be sure to invite to dinner all who came "to congratulate." The countess wished to have a tête-à-tête talk with the friend of her childhood, Princess Anna Mikháylovna, whom she had not seen properly since she returned from Petersburg.

Anna Mikháylovna, with her tear-worn but pleasant face, drew her chair nearer to that of the countess.

"With you I will be quite frank," said Anna Mikháylovna. "There are not many left of us old friends! That's why I so value your friendship."

frank - franche, franc

Anna Mikháylovna looked at Véra and paused. The countess pressed her friend's hand.

"VĂ©ra," she said to her eldest daughter who was evidently not a favorite, "how is it you have so little tact? Don't you see you are not wanted here? Go to the other girls, or..."

The handsome VĂ©ra smiled contemptuously but did not seem at all hurt.

"If you had told me sooner, Mamma, I would have gone," she replied as she rose to go to her own room.

But as she passed the sitting room she noticed two couples sitting, one pair at each window. She stopped and smiled scornfully. Sónya was sitting close to Nicholas who was copying out some verses for her, the first he had ever written. Borís and Natásha were at the other window and ceased talking when Véra entered. Sónya and Natásha looked at Véra with guilty, happy faces.

verses - versets, strophe

It was pleasant and touching to see these little girls in love; but apparently the sight of them roused no pleasant feeling in VĂ©ra.

roused - réveillé, réveiller

"How often have I asked you not to take my things?" she said. "You have a room of your own," and she took the inkstand from Nicholas.

"In a minute, in a minute," he said, dipping his pen.

dipping - trempage, tremper

"You always manage to do things at the wrong time," continued VĂ©ra. "You came rushing into the drawing room so that everyone felt ashamed of you."

rushing - se précipiter, (rush) se précipiter

felt ashamed - a eu honte

Though what she said was quite just, perhaps for that very reason no one replied, and the four simply looked at one another. She lingered in the room with the inkstand in her hand.

lingered - s'est attardé, s'installer, stagner, s'incruster, s'éteindre

"And at your age what secrets can there be between Natásha and Borís, or between you two? It's all nonsense!"

"Now, Véra, what does it matter to you?" said Natásha in defense, speaking very gently.

defense - la défense, défense

She seemed that day to be more than ever kind and affectionate to everyone.

"Very silly," said VĂ©ra. "I am ashamed of you. Secrets indeed!"

"All have secrets of their own," answered Natásha, getting warmer. "We don't interfere with you and Berg."

berg - berg

"I should think not," said VĂ©ra, "because there can never be anything wrong in my behavior. But I'll just tell Mamma how you are behaving with BorĂ­s."

behavior - comportement, conduite

"Natálya Ilyníchna behaves very well to me," remarked Borís. "I have nothing to complain of."

"Don't, Borís! You are such a diplomat that it is really tiresome," said Natásha in a mortified voice that trembled slightly. (She used the word "diplomat," which was just then much in vogue among the children, in the special sense they attached to it.) "Why does she bother me?" And she added, turning to Véra, "You'll never understand it, because you've never loved anyone. You have no heart!

mortified - mortifié, mortifier, macérer, tuer

vogue - vogue, mode

You are a Madame de Genlis and nothing more" (this nickname, bestowed on VĂ©ra by Nicholas, was considered very stinging), "and your greatest pleasure is to be unpleasant to people! Go and flirt with Berg as much as you please," she finished quickly.

nickname - surnom, surnommer

bestowed - accordé, disposer de, accorder, remettre, conférer

stinging - des piqures, (sting) des piqures

flirt - flirt, draguer, flirter

"I shall at any rate not run after a young man before visitors..."

run after - courir apres

"Well, now you've done what you wanted," put in Nicholas""said unpleasant things to everyone and upset them. let's go to the nursery."

let's go - On y va

nursery - pépiniere, creche, pouponniere, pépiniere

All four, like a flock of scared birds, got up and left the room.

flock - troupeau

"The unpleasant things were said to me," remarked VĂ©ra, "I said none to anyone."

"Madame de Genlis! Madame de Genlis!" shouted laughing voices through the door.

The handsome VĂ©ra, who produced such an irritating and unpleasant effect on everyone, smiled and, evidently unmoved by what had been said to her, went to the looking glass and arranged her hair and scarf. Looking at her own handsome face she seemed to become still colder and calmer.

irritating - irritant, agacer (displeasure)

unmoved - indifférent, insensible

scarf - écharpe, cache nez, éventé, fichu, foulard

In the drawing room the conversation was still going on.

"Ah, my dear," said the countess, "my life is not all roses either. Don't I know that at the rate we are living our means won't last long? It's all the Club and his easygoing nature. Even in the country do we get any rest? Theatricals, hunting, and heaven knows what besides! But don't let's talk about me; tell me how you managed everything.

roses - des roses, Rose

easygoing - facile a vivre, sympathique

I often wonder at you, Annette"how at your age you can rush off alone in a carriage to Moscow, to Petersburg, to those ministers and great people, and know how to deal with them all! It's quite astonishing. How did you get things settled? I couldn't possibly do it."

rush - rush, ruée, affluence, gazer, galoper, bousculer

ministers - ministres, ministre

astonishing - étonnante, étonner, surprendre

"Ah, my love," answered Anna Mikháylovna, "God grant you never know what it is to be left a widow without means and with a son you love to distraction! One learns many things then," she added with a certain pride. "That lawsuit taught me much.

widow - veuve

Distraction - distraction, folie

pride - l'orgueil, orgueil, fierté

lawsuit - proces, poursuite judiciaire, proces, poursuite

When I want to see one of those big people I write a note: ˜Princess So-and-So desires an interview with So and-So,'and then I take a cab and go myself two, three, or four times"till I get what I want. I don't mind what they think of me."

I don't mind - Ça ne me dérange pas

"Well, and to whom did you apply about BĂłry?" asked the countess. "You see yours is already an officer in the Guards, while my Nicholas is going as a cadet. There's no one to interest himself for him. To whom did you apply?"

cadet - cadet, puîné

"To Prince Vasíli. He was so kind. He at once agreed to everything, and put the matter before the Emperor," said Princess Anna Mikháylovna enthusiastically, quite forgetting all the humiliation she had endured to gain her end.

enthusiastically - avec enthousiasme

humiliation - l'humiliation, humiliation

endured - enduré, endurer, perdurer, supporter

gain - gain, gagner, produit

"Has Prince Vasíli aged much?" asked the countess. "I have not seen him since we acted together at the Rumyántsovs'theatricals. I expect he has forgotten me. He paid me attentions in those days," said the countess, with a smile.

"He is just the same as ever," replied Anna Mikháylovna, "overflowing with amiability. His position has not turned his head at all. He said to me, ˜I am sorry I can do so little for you, dear Princess. I am at your command.'Yes, he is a fine fellow and a very kind relation. But, Nataly, you know my love for my son: I would do anything for his happiness!

overflowing - débordant, (overflow), débordement, déborder, checktransborder

amiability - l'amabilité

Command - commandement, ordre, maîtrise, commande, commander, ordonner

And my affairs are in such a bad way that my position is now a terrible one," continued Anna Mikháylovna, sadly, dropping her voice. "My wretched lawsuit takes all I have and makes no progress. Would you believe it, I have literally not a penny and don't know how to equip Borís." She took out her handkerchief and began to cry.

literally - littéralement

handkerchief - mouchoir

"I need five hundred rubles, and have only one twenty-five-ruble note. I am in such a state.... My only hope now is in Count Cyril VladĂ­mirovich BezĂşkhov. If he will not assist his godson"you know he is BĂłry's godfather"and allow him something for his maintenance, all my trouble will have been thrown away.... I shall not be able to equip him."

ruble - rouble

godson - filleul

The countess'eyes filled with tears and she pondered in silence.

pondered - réfléchi, songer, réfléchir, interroger

"I often think, though, perhaps it's a sin," said the princess, "that here lives Count Cyril VladĂ­mirovich BezĂşkhov so rich, all alone... that tremendous fortune... and what is his life worth? It's a burden to him, and BĂłry's life is only just beginning...."

sin - péché, mal

tremendous - formidable

"Surely he will leave something to BorĂ­s," said the countess.

"Heaven only knows, my dear! These rich grandees are so selfish. Still, I will take BorĂ­s and go to see him at once, and I shall speak to him straight out. Let people think what they will of me, it's really all the same to me when my son's fate is at stake." The princess rose. "It's now two o'clock and you dine at four. There will just be time."

stake - enjeu, pieu, pal, tuteur, jalon

And like a practical Petersburg lady who knows how to make the most of time, Anna Mikháylovna sent someone to call her son, and went into the anteroom with him.

"Good-by, my dear," said she to the countess who saw her to the door, and added in a whisper so that her son should not hear, "Wish me good luck."

"Are you going to Count Cyril Vladímirovich, my dear?" said the count coming out from the dining hall into the anteroom, and he added: "If he is better, ask Pierre to dine with us. He has been to the house, you know, and danced with the children. Be sure to invite him, my dear. We will see how Tarás distinguishes himself today. He says Count Orlóv never gave such a dinner as ours will be!"

distinguishes - distingue, distinguer


"My dear Borís," said Princess Anna Mikháylovna to her son as Countess Rostóva's carriage in which they were seated drove over the straw covered street and turned into the wide courtyard of Count Cyril Vladímirovich Bezúkhov's house.

straw - paille, fétu, jaune paille

courtyard - cour

"My dear BorĂ­s," said the mother, drawing her hand from beneath her old mantle and laying it timidly and tenderly on her son's arm, "be affectionate and attentive to him. Count Cyril VladĂ­mirovich is your godfather after all, and your future depends on him. Remember that, my dear, and be nice to him, as you so well know how to be."

mantle - manteau, les renes, manchon

timidly - timidement

tenderly - tendrement

attentive - attentif

"If only I knew that anything besides humiliation would come of it..." answered her son coldly. "But I have promised and will do it for your sake."

coldly - froidement

Although the hall porter saw someone's carriage standing at the entrance, after scrutinizing the mother and son (who without asking to be announced had passed straight through the glass porch between the rows of statues in niches) and looking significantly at the lady's old cloak, he asked whether they wanted the count or the princesses, and, hearing that they wished to see the count, said his excellency was worse today, and that his excellency was not receiving anyone.

scrutinizing - l'examen minutieux, scruter, dépouiller

rows - rangées, rang(ée)

niches - niches, niche

excellency - Excellence

"We may as well go back," said the son in French.

"My dear!" exclaimed his mother imploringly, again laying her hand on his arm as if that touch might soothe or rouse him.

imploringly - de maniere implorante

soothe - apaiser, calmer, soulager

rouse - rouse, ameutez, ameutent, évocation, irriter, ameutons

BorĂ­s said no more, but looked inquiringly at his mother without taking off his cloak.

inquiringly - avec curiosité

"My friend," said Anna Mikháylovna in gentle tones, addressing the hall porter, "I know Count Cyril Vladímirovich is very ill... that's why I have come... I am a relation. I shall not disturb him, my friend... I only need see Prince Vasíli Sergéevich: he is staying here, is he not? Please announce me."

tones - tons, ton

The hall porter sullenly pulled a bell that rang upstairs, and turned away.

sullenly - maussade

"Princess Drubetskáya to see Prince Vasíli Sergéevich," he called to a footman dressed in knee breeches, shoes, and a swallow-tail coat, who ran downstairs and looked over from the halfway landing.

swallow - avaler, avalons, empiffrer, hirondelle, avalez

The mother smoothed the folds of her dyed silk dress before a large Venetian mirror in the wall, and in her trodden-down shoes briskly ascended the carpeted stairs.

dyed - teintée, (se) teindre

silk - soie

venetian - vénitien, Vénitienne

trodden - foulée, marcher (sur)

"My dear," she said to her son, once more stimulating him by a touch, "you promised me!"

stimulating - stimulant, stimuler

The son, lowering his eyes, followed her quietly.

lowering - baissant, (lower) baissant

They entered the large hall, from which one of the doors led to the apartments assigned to Prince VasĂ­li.

assigned - assigné, désigner, assigner, attribuer

Just as the mother and son, having reached the middle of the hall, were about to ask their way of an elderly footman who had sprung up as they entered, the bronze handle of one of the doors turned and Prince VasĂ­li came out"wearing a velvet coat with a single star on his breast, as was his custom when at home"taking leave of a good-looking, dark-haired man.

bronze - le bronze, bronze, airain, hâlé, bronzé, tanné (par le soleil)

handle - poignée, crosse, manions, traiter, manient, maniez

haired - cheveux

This was the celebrated Petersburg doctor, Lorrain.

"Then it is certain?" said the prince.

"Prince, humanum est errare, * but..." replied the doctor, swallowing his r's, and pronouncing the Latin words with a French accent.

est - est, HNE, STA

swallowing - avaler

Latin - latine

accent - accent, emphase, souligner, accentuer

* To err is human.

err - err, errons, errez, errent

"Very well, very well..."

Seeing Anna Mikháylovna and her son, Prince Vasíli dismissed the doctor with a bow and approached them silently and with a look of inquiry. The son noticed that an expression of profound sorrow suddenly clouded his mother's face, and he smiled slightly.

bow - l'arc, arc

silently - en silence, silencieusement

inquiry - demande, enquete

sorrow - peine, chagrin

"Ah, Prince! In what sad circumstances we meet again! And how is our dear invalid?" said she, as though unaware of the cold offensive look fixed on her.

circumstances - circonstances, circonstance

offensive - offensant, offensif, offensive

Prince Vasíli stared at her and at Borís questioningly and perplexed. Borís bowed politely. Prince Vasíli without acknowledging the bow turned to Anna Mikháylovna, answering her query by a movement of the head and lips indicating very little hope for the patient.

questioningly - en posant des questions

perplexed - perplexe, déconcerter, troubler, dérouter

acknowledging - reconnaître, accuser réception, certifier

query - demande, question, requete

"Is it possible?" exclaimed Anna Mikháylovna. "Oh, how awful! It is terrible to think.... This is my son," she added, indicating Borís. "He wanted to thank you himself."

BorĂ­s bowed again politely.

"Believe me, Prince, a mother's heart will never forget what you have done for us."

mother's heart - le cour d'une mere

"I am glad I was able to do you a service, my dear Anna Mikháylovna," said Prince Vasíli, arranging his lace frill, and in tone and manner, here in Moscow to Anna Mikháylovna whom he had placed under an obligation, assuming an air of much greater importance than he had done in Petersburg at Anna Schérer's reception.

frill - fioritures, friser

obligation - obligation, engagement, checkobligation

assuming - en supposant, assumant, (assume), supposer, présupposer

"Try to serve well and show yourself worthy," added he, addressing BorĂ­s with severity. "I am glad.... Are you here on leave?" he went on in his usual tone of indifference.

"I am awaiting orders to join my new regiment, Your Excellency," replied BorĂ­s, betraying neither annoyance at the prince's brusque manner nor a desire to enter into conversation, but speaking so quietly and respectfully that the prince gave him a searching glance.

Your Excellency - Votre Excellence

brusque - brusque

desire - désirer, désir

respectfully - respectueusement

"Are you living with your mother?"

"I am living at Countess RostĂłva's," replied BorĂ­s, again adding, "your excellency."

"That is, with Ilyá Rostóv who married Nataly Shinshiná," said Anna Mikháylovna.

"I know, I know," answered Prince VasĂ­li in his monotonous voice. "I never could understand how Nataly made up her mind to marry that unlicked bear! A perfectly absurd and stupid fellow, and a gambler too, I am told."

monotonous - monotone

unlicked - déverrouillé

absurd - absurde

"But a very kind man, Prince," said Anna Mikháylovna with a pathetic smile, as though she too knew that Count Rostóv deserved this censure, but asked him not to be too hard on the poor old man. "What do the doctors say?" asked the princess after a pause, her worn face again expressing deep sorrow.

pathetic - pathétique

deserved - mérité, mériter

censure - censure, décrier, checkcensurer

"They give little hope," replied the prince.

"And I should so like to thank Uncle once for all his kindness to me and BorĂ­s. He is his godson," she added, her tone suggesting that this fact ought to give Prince VasĂ­li much satisfaction.

Prince Vasíli became thoughtful and frowned. Anna Mikháylovna saw that he was afraid of finding in her a rival for Count Bezúkhov's fortune, and hastened to reassure him.

thoughtful - réfléchie, réfléchi, attentionné

rival - rival, rivale, rivaliser

hastened to - s'est empressé de faire

reassure - tranquilliser, rassurer, réassurer

"If it were not for my sincere affection and devotion to Uncle," said she, uttering the word with peculiar assurance and unconcern, "I know his character: noble, upright ... but you see he has no one with him except the young princesses.... They are still young...." She bent her head and continued in a whisper: "Has he performed his final duty, Prince? How priceless are those last moments!

uttering - prononcer, (utter) prononcer

assurance - l'assurance, assurance, culot

priceless - inestimable

It can make things no worse, and it is absolutely necessary to prepare him if he is so ill. We women, Prince," and she smiled tenderly, "always know how to say these things. I absolutely must see him, however painful it may be for me. I am used to suffering."

Evidently the prince understood her, and also understood, as he had done at Anna Pávlovna's, that it would be difficult to get rid of Anna Mikháylovna.

"Would not such a meeting be too trying for him, dear Anna Mikháylovna?" said he. "Let us wait until evening. The doctors are expecting a crisis."

crisis - crise

"But one cannot delay, Prince, at such a moment! Consider that the welfare of his soul is at stake. Ah, it is awful: the duties of a Christian..."

delay - délai, ajourner, décélération, surseoir, retard, retarder

welfare - l'aide sociale, bien-etre, aide sociale

A door of one of the inner rooms opened and one of the princesses, the count's niece, entered with a cold, stern face. The length of her body was strikingly out of proportion to her short legs. Prince VasĂ­li turned to her.

stern - sévere, poupe

proportion - proportion

"Well, how is he?"

"Still the same; but what can you expect, this noise..." said the princess, looking at Anna Mikháylovna as at a stranger.

"Ah, my dear, I hardly knew you," said Anna Mikháylovna with a happy smile, ambling lightly up to the count's niece. "I have come, and am at your service to help you nurse my uncle. I imagine what you have gone through," and she sympathetically turned up her eyes.

ambling - en train de marcher, (amble), amble, déambuler, ambler

sympathetically - avec bienveillance

The princess gave no reply and did not even smile, but left the room as Anna Mikháylovna took off her gloves and, occupying the position she had conquered, settled down in an armchair, inviting Prince Vasíli to take a seat beside her.

occupying - l'occupation, occuper, habiter

conquered - conquis, conquérir

"BorĂ­s," she said to her son with a smile, "I shall go in to see the count, my uncle; but you, my dear, had better go to Pierre meanwhile and don't forget to give him the RostĂłvs'invitation. They ask him to dinner. I suppose he won't go?" she continued, turning to the prince.

"On the contrary," replied the prince, who had plainly become depressed, "I shall be only too glad if you relieve me of that young man.... Here he is, and the count has not once asked for him."

depressed - déprimé, appuyer

relieve - soulager, relayer, faire ses besoins, se soulager

He shrugged his shoulders. A footman conducted BorĂ­s down one flight of stairs and up another, to Pierre's rooms.


Pierre, after all, had not managed to choose a career for himself in Petersburg, and had been expelled from there for riotous conduct and sent to Moscow. The story told about him at Count RostĂłv's was true. Pierre had taken part in tying a policeman to a bear. He had now been for some days in Moscow and was staying as usual at his father's house.

riotous - émeutiers

Though he expected that the story of his escapade would be already known in Moscow and that the ladies about his father"who were never favorably disposed toward him"would have used it to turn the count against him, he nevertheless on the day of his arrival went to his father's part of the house.

escapade - escapade

favorably - favorablement

disposed - disposé, débarrasser

nevertheless - néanmoins, toutefois, pourtant, malgré tout

Entering the drawing room, where the princesses spent most of their time, he greeted the ladies, two of whom were sitting at embroidery frames while a third read aloud. It was the eldest who was reading"the one who had met Anna Mikháylovna.

embroidery - la broderie, broderie

aloud - a haute voix, a voix haute, a haute voix, fort

The two younger ones were embroidering: both were rosy and pretty and they differed only in that one had a little mole on her lip which made her much prettier. Pierre was received as if he were a corpse or a leper.

embroidering - la broderie, broder

differed - différaient, différer (de)

mole - taupe

corpse - cadavre, corps, corps sans vie

leper - léprosé, lépreux

The eldest princess paused in her reading and silently stared at him with frightened eyes; the second assumed precisely the same expression; while the youngest, the one with the mole, who was of a cheerful and lively disposition, bent over her frame to hide a smile probably evoked by the amusing scene she foresaw.

precisely - précisément

lively - fringant, spirituel

disposition - disposition, tempérament

evoked - évoquée, évoquer, remémorer

amusing - amusant, amuser

foresaw - prévoyait, prévoir, anticiper

She drew her wool down through the canvas and, scarcely able to refrain from laughing, stooped as if trying to make out the pattern.

canvas - toile, canevas

refrain from laughing - se retenir de rire

"How do you do, cousin?" said Pierre. "You don't recognize me?"

"I recognize you only too well, too well."

"How is the count? Can I see him?" asked Pierre, awkwardly as usual, but unabashed.

unabashed - sans complexe

"The count is suffering physically and mentally, and apparently you have done your best to increase his mental sufferings."

physically - physiquement

mentally - mentalement

sufferings - souffrances, souffrance, douleur

"Can I see the count?" Pierre again asked.

"Hm.... If you wish to kill him, to kill him outright, you can see him... Olga, go and see whether Uncle's beef tea is ready"it is almost time," she added, giving Pierre to understand that they were busy, and busy making his father comfortable, while evidently he, Pierre, was only busy causing him annoyance.

outright - carrément, completement, ouvertement, immédiatement

beef tea - Bouillon de viande

Olga went out. Pierre stood looking at the sisters; then he bowed and said: "Then I will go to my rooms. You will let me know when I can see him."

And he left the room, followed by the low but ringing laughter of the sister with the mole.

Next day Prince VasĂ­li had arrived and settled in the count's house. He sent for Pierre and said to him: "My dear fellow, if you are going to behave here as you did in Petersburg, you will end very badly; that is all I have to say to you. The count is very, very ill, and you must not see him at all."

Since then Pierre had not been disturbed and had spent the whole time in his rooms upstairs.

When BorĂ­s appeared at his door Pierre was pacing up and down his room, stopping occasionally at a corner to make menacing gestures at the wall, as if running a sword through an invisible foe, and glaring savagely over his spectacles, and then again resuming his walk, muttering indistinct words, shrugging his shoulders and gesticulating.

pacing - le rythme, pas

menacing - menaçante, menace

gestures - gestes, geste, signe

sword - l'épée, épée, glaive, épéiste

foe - ennemi, ennemi/-ie

glaring - éblouissant, éclat

savagely - sauvagement

resuming - la reprise, reprendre

indistinct - indistinct

gesticulating - gesticuler

"England is done for," said he, scowling and pointing his finger at someone unseen. "Mr. Pitt, as a traitor to the nation and to the rights of man, is sentenced to...

scowling - se renfrogner, (scowl) se renfrogner

unseen - invisible

traitor - traître, traîtresse, trahir

" But before Pierre"who at that moment imagined himself to be Napoleon in person and to have just effected the dangerous crossing of the Straits of Dover and captured London"could pronounce Pitt's sentence, he saw a well-built and handsome young officer entering his room. Pierre paused.

straits - de l'eau, détroit

Dover - douvres

He had left Moscow when BorĂ­s was a boy of fourteen, and had quite forgotten him, but in his usual impulsive and hearty way he took BorĂ­s by the hand with a friendly smile.

hearty - cordial, copieux

"Do you remember me?" asked BorĂ­s quietly with a pleasant smile. "I have come with my mother to see the count, but it seems he is not well."

"Yes, it seems he is ill. People are always disturbing him," answered Pierre, trying to remember who this young man was.

disturbing - dérangeant, déranger, perturber, gener

BorĂ­s felt that Pierre did not recognize him but did not consider it necessary to introduce himself, and without experiencing the least embarrassment looked Pierre straight in the face.

"Count RostĂłv asks you to come to dinner today," said he, after a considerable pause which made Pierre feel uncomfortable.

considerable - considérable

"Ah, Count Rostóv!" exclaimed Pierre joyfully. "Then you are his son, Ilyá? Only fancy, I didn't know you at first. Do you remember how we went to the Sparrow Hills with Madame Jacquot?... It's such an age..."

sparrow - moineau, bruant, piaf

"You are mistaken," said Borís deliberately, with a bold and slightly sarcastic smile. "I am Borís, son of Princess Anna Mikháylovna Drubetskáya. Rostóv, the father, is Ilyá, and his son is Nicholas. I never knew any Madame Jacquot."

are mistaken - Se tromper

deliberately - délibérément

bold - audacieux, gros, épais

Pierre shook his head and arms as if attacked by mosquitoes or bees.

mosquitoes - les moustiques, (de) moustique

"Oh dear, what am I thinking about? I've mixed everything up. One has so many relatives in Moscow! So you are BorĂ­s? Of course. Well, now we know where we are. And what do you think of the Boulogne expedition? The English will come off badly, you know, if Napoleon gets across the Channel. I think the expedition is quite feasible. If only Villeneuve doesn't make a mess of things!"

BorĂ­s knew nothing about the Boulogne expedition; he did not read the papers and it was the first time he had heard Villeneuve's name.

"We here in Moscow are more occupied with dinner parties and scandal than with politics," said he in his quiet ironical tone. "I know nothing about it and have not thought about it. Moscow is chiefly busy with gossip," he continued. "Just now they are talking about you and your father."

occupied with - occupés par

Scandal - scandale, esclandre

Pierre smiled in his good-natured way as if afraid for his companion's sake that the latter might say something he would afterwards regret. But BorĂ­s spoke distinctly, clearly, and dryly, looking straight into Pierre's eyes.

companion - compagnon, compagne

"Moscow has nothing else to do but gossip," BorĂ­s went on. "Everybody is wondering to whom the count will leave his fortune, though he may perhaps outlive us all, as I sincerely hope he will..."

outlive - survivre

sincerely - sincerement

"Yes, it is all very horrid," interrupted Pierre, "very horrid."

horrid - horribles, affreux, horrible, exécrable, désagréable

Pierre was still afraid that this officer might inadvertently say something disconcerting to himself.

inadvertently - par inadvertance

disconcerting - déconcertant, déconcerter, fr

"And it must seem to you," said BorĂ­s flushing slightly, but not changing his tone or attitude, "it must seem to you that everyone is trying to get something out of the rich man?"

flushing - la chasse d'eau, (flush) la chasse d'eau

"So it does," thought Pierre.

"But I just wish to say, to avoid misunderstandings, that you are quite mistaken if you reckon me or my mother among such people. We are very poor, but for my own part at any rate, for the very reason that your father is rich, I don't regard myself as a relation of his, and neither I nor my mother would ever ask or take anything from him."

misunderstandings - des malentendus, malentendu, quiproquo

reckon - le reconnaître, considérer

For a long time Pierre could not understand, but when he did, he jumped up from the sofa, seized BorĂ­s under the elbow in his quick, clumsy way, and, blushing far more than BorĂ­s, began to speak with a feeling of mingled shame and vexation.

clumsy - empoté, gauche, lourd, maladroit

shame - la honte, honte, vergogne

"Well, this is strange! Do you suppose I... who could think?... I know very well..."

But BorĂ­s again interrupted him.

"I am glad I have spoken out fully. Perhaps you did not like it? You must excuse me," said he, putting Pierre at ease instead of being put at ease by him, "but I hope I have not offended you. I always make it a rule to speak out... Well, what answer am I to take? Will you come to dinner at the RostĂłvs'?"

fully - pleinement, entierement, completement

ease - l'aisance, facilité, repos, abaisser, abréger, amoindrir

And BorĂ­s, having apparently relieved himself of an onerous duty and extricated himself from an awkward situation and placed another in it, became quite pleasant again.

relieved - soulagé, soulager, relayer, faire ses besoins, se soulager

onerous - onéreux

extricated - extirpée, extirper

awkward situation - situation embarrassante

"No, but I say," said Pierre, calming down, "you are a wonderful fellow! What you have just said is good, very good. Of course you don't know me. We have not met for such a long time... not since we were children. You might think that I... I understand, quite understand. I could not have done it myself, I should not have had the courage, but it's splendid.

calming down - se calmer

courage - bravoure, courage, cour, vaillance

I am very glad to have made your acquaintance. It's queer," he added after a pause, "that you should have suspected me!" He began to laugh. "Well, what of it! I hope we'll get better acquainted," and he pressed BorĂ­s'hand. "Do you know, I have not once been in to see the count. He has not sent for me.... I am sorry for him as a man, but what can one do?"

queer - pédé, étrange, bizarre

suspected - soupçonné, suspecter, soupçonner

"And so you think Napoleon will manage to get an army across?" asked BorĂ­s with a smile.

Pierre saw that BorĂ­s wished to change the subject, and being of the same mind he began explaining the advantages and disadvantages of the Boulogne expedition.

A footman came in to summon BorĂ­s"the princess was going. Pierre, in order to make BorĂ­s'better acquaintance, promised to come to dinner, and warmly pressing his hand looked affectionately over his spectacles into BorĂ­s'eyes.

summon - convoquer, appeler, convoquez, convoquons

warmly - chaleureusement, chaudement

After he had gone Pierre continued pacing up and down the room for a long time, no longer piercing an imaginary foe with his imaginary sword, but smiling at the remembrance of that pleasant, intelligent, and resolute young man.

piercing - piercing, perçant, (pierce)

As often happens in early youth, especially to one who leads a lonely life, he felt an unaccountable tenderness for this young man and made up his mind that they would be friends.

unaccountable - sans avoir a rendre de comptes

tenderness - tendresse

Prince VasĂ­li saw the princess off. She held a handkerchief to her eyes and her face was tearful.

"It is dreadful, dreadful!" she was saying, "but cost me what it may I shall do my duty. I will come and spend the night. He must not be left like this. Every moment is precious. I can't think why his nieces put it off. Perhaps God will help me to find a way to prepare him!... Adieu, Prince! May God support you..."

precious - précieux

nieces - nieces, niece

adieu - adieu, farewell

"Adieu, ma bonne," answered Prince VasĂ­li turning away from her.

bonne - bonne

"Oh, he is in a dreadful state," said the mother to her son when they were in the carriage. "He hardly recognizes anybody."

"I don't understand, Mamma"what is his attitude to Pierre?" asked the son.

"The will will show that, my dear; our fate also depends on it."

"But why do you expect that he will leave us anything?"

"Ah, my dear! He is so rich, and we are so poor!"

"Well, that is hardly a sufficient reason, Mamma..."

"Oh, Heaven! How ill he is!" exclaimed the mother.


After Anna Mikháylovna had driven off with her son to visit Count Cyril Vladímirovich Bezúkhov, Countess Rostóva sat for a long time all alone applying her handkerchief to her eyes. At last she rang.

"What is the matter with you, my dear?" she said crossly to the maid who kept her waiting some minutes. "Don't you wish to serve me? Then I'll find you another place."

crossly - croisé

The countess was upset by her friend's sorrow and humiliating poverty, and was therefore out of sorts, a state of mind which with her always found expression in calling her maid "my dear" and speaking to her with exaggerated politeness.

humiliating - humiliant, humilier

exaggerated - exagéré, exagérer, outrer

"I am very sorry, ma'am," answered the maid.

"Ask the count to come to me."

The count came waddling in to see his wife with a rather guilty look as usual.

waddling - se dandiner

"Well, little countess? What a sauté of game au madère we are to have, my dear! I tasted it. The thousand rubles I paid for Tarás were not ill-spent. He is worth it!"

He sat down by his wife, his elbows on his knees and his hands ruffling his gray hair.

ruffling - ébouriffement, ébouriffer, (ruffle), falbala

"What are your commands, little countess?"

commands - des commandes, commandement, ordre, maîtrise

"You see, my dear... What's that mess?" she said, pointing to his waistcoat. "It's the sauté, most likely," she added with a smile. "Well, you see, Count, I want some money."

waistcoat - gilet

Her face became sad.

"Oh, little countess!" ... and the count began bustling to get out his pocketbook.

bustling - en pleine effervescence, animé

pocketbook - portefeuille, livre de poche, pocket

"I want a great deal, Count! I want five hundred rubles," and taking out her cambric handkerchief she began wiping her husband's waistcoat.

cambric - cambric

wiping - essuyant, (wipe) essuyant

"Yes, immediately, immediately! Hey, who's there?" he called out in a tone only used by persons who are certain that those they call will rush to obey the summons. "Send DmĂ­tri to me!"

obey - obéir, obtempérer

summons - convoque, convocation, (summon) convoque

DmĂ­tri, a man of good family who had been brought up in the count's house and now managed all his affairs, stepped softly into the room.

softly - en douceur, doucement

"This is what I want, my dear fellow," said the count to the deferential young man who had entered. "Bring me..." he reflected a moment, "yes, bring me seven hundred rubles, yes! But mind, don't bring me such tattered and dirty notes as last time, but nice clean ones for the countess."

deferential - déférent

"Yes, DmĂ­tri, clean ones, please," said the countess, sighing deeply.

deeply - profondément

"When would you like them, your excellency?" asked DmĂ­tri. "Allow me to inform you... But, don't be uneasy," he added, noticing that the count was beginning to breathe heavily and quickly which was always a sign of approaching anger. "I was forgetting... Do you wish it brought at once?"

inform - informer, renseignent, faire savoir, renseignons, informez

uneasy - mal a l'aise, inquiet

anger - la colere, colere, ire, courroux, rage

"Yes, yes; just so! Bring it. Give it to the countess."

"What a treasure that DmĂ­tri is," added the count with a smile when the young man had departed. "There is never any ˜impossible'with him. That's a thing I hate! Everything is possible."

treasure - trésor, garder précieusement

departed - parti, partir, s’en aller, dévier, quitter

"Ah, money, Count, money! How much sorrow it causes in the world," said the countess. "But I am in great need of this sum."

sum - somme

"You, my little countess, are a notorious spendthrift," said the count, and having kissed his wife's hand he went back to his study.

spendthrift - dépensier, prodigue, gaspilleur

When Anna Mikháylovna returned from Count Bezúkhov's the money, all in clean notes, was lying ready under a handkerchief on the countess'little table, and Anna Mikháylovna noticed that something was agitating her.

"Well, my dear?" asked the countess.

"Oh, what a terrible state he is in! One would not know him, he is so ill! I was only there a few moments and hardly said a word..."

"Annette, For heaven's sake don't refuse me," the countess began, with a blush that looked very strange on her thin, dignified, elderly face, and she took the money from under the handkerchief.

For heaven's sake - Pour l'amour du ciel

refuse - refuser, refusons, refusent, refusez

blush - rougir

dignified - digne, honorer

Anna Mikháylovna instantly guessed her intention and stooped to be ready to embrace the countess at the appropriate moment.

Embrace - étreindre, embrasser, accolade, embrassement, embrassade

"This is for BorĂ­s from me, for his outfit."

outfit - la tenue, complet, costume, tenue, nécessaire, maison

Anna Mikháylovna was already embracing her and weeping. The countess wept too. They wept because they were friends, and because they were kindhearted, and because they"friends from childhood"had to think about such a base thing as money, and because their youth was over.... But those tears were pleasant to them both.

weeping - pleurant, (weep) pleurant

wept - pleuré, pleurer


Countess RostĂłva, with her daughters and a large number of guests, was already seated in the drawing room. The count took the gentlemen into his study and showed them his choice collection of Turkish pipes. From time to time he went out to ask: "Hasn't she come yet?

Turkish - turque, turc

" They were expecting Márya Dmítrievna Akhrosímova, known in society as le terrible dragon, a lady distinguished not for wealth or rank, but for common sense and frank plainness of speech.

Dragon - le dragon, dragon

wealth - la richesse, richesse, profusion, abondance, checkfortune

Márya Dmítrievna was known to the Imperial family as well as to all Moscow and Petersburg, and both cities wondered at her, laughed privately at her rudenesses, and told good stories about her, while none the less all without exception respected and feared her.

privately - en privé

rudenesses - impolitesses, impolitesse

In the count's room, which was full of tobacco smoke, they talked of the war that had been announced in a manifesto, and about the recruiting. None of them had yet seen the manifesto, but they all knew it had appeared. The count sat on the sofa between two guests who were smoking and talking.

tobacco smoke - la fumée de tabac

manifesto - manifeste

recruiting - le recrutement, recrue, recruter, enrôler

He neither smoked nor talked, but bending his head first to one side and then to the other watched the smokers with evident pleasure and listened to the conversation of his two neighbors, whom he egged on against each other.

head first - la tete la premiere

smokers - fumeurs, fumeur, fumeuse

One of them was a sallow, clean-shaven civilian with a thin and wrinkled face, already growing old, though he was dressed like a most fashionable young man. He sat with his legs up on the sofa as if quite at home and, having stuck an amber mouthpiece far into his mouth, was inhaling the smoke spasmodically and screwing up his eyes.

sallow - pâle, incolore, pâlot, blafard

civilian - civil, civile

wrinkled - ridé, ride

growing old - de vieillir

most fashionable - le plus a la mode

amber - l'ambre, ambre, ambre jaune, couleur d'ambre, feu orange

mouthpiece - microphone, micro, embouchure, portearole

inhaling - l'inhalation, inspirer, aspirer, inhaler, ingurgiter

This was an old bachelor, ShinshĂ­n, a cousin of the countess', a man with "a sharp tongue" as they said in Moscow society. He seemed to be condescending to his companion.

bachelor - célibataire, licence

condescending to - avec condescendance

The latter, a fresh, rosy officer of the Guards, irreproachably washed, brushed, and buttoned, held his pipe in the middle of his mouth and with red lips gently inhaled the smoke, letting it escape from his handsome mouth in rings.

irreproachably - de maniere irréprochable

inhaled - inhalé, inspirer, aspirer, inhaler, ingurgiter

rings - anneaux, anneau, bague

This was Lieutenant Berg, an officer in the Semënov regiment with whom Borís was to travel to join the army, and about whom Natásha had teased her elder sister Véra, speaking of Berg as her "intended." The count sat between them and listened attentively.

lieutenant - lieutenant

teased - taquiné, taquiner

listened attentively - écouté attentivement

His favorite occupation when not playing boston, a card game he was very fond of, was that of listener, especially when he succeeded in setting two loquacious talkers at one another.

occupation - profession, occupation

Boston - boston

loquacious - loquace

"Well, then, old chap, mon très honorable Alphonse Kárlovich," said Shinshín, laughing ironically and mixing the most ordinary Russian expressions with the choicest French phrases"which was a peculiarity of his speech. "Vous comptez vous faire des rentes sur l'état; * you want to make something out of your company?"

honorable - honorable

most ordinary - le plus ordinaire

peculiarity - singularité, bizarrerie, étrangeté, particularité, distinction

faire - faire

des - DES

* You expect to make an income out of the government.

income - revenus, revenu, recette

"No, Peter Nikoláevich; I only want to show that in the cavalry the advantages are far less than in the infantry. Just consider my own position now, Peter Nikoláevich..."

Peter - peter, Pierre, P

cavalry - la cavalerie, cavalerie

Berg always spoke quietly, politely, and with great precision. His conversation always related entirely to himself; he would remain calm and silent when the talk related to any topic that had no direct bearing on himself.

precision - précision

entirely - entierement, entierement, entierement (1)

He could remain silent for hours without being at all put out of countenance himself or making others uncomfortable, but as soon as the conversation concerned himself he would begin to talk circumstantially and with evident satisfaction.

countenance - visage, approuver

circumstantially - de maniere circonstancielle

"Consider my position, Peter Nikoláevich. Were I in the cavalry I should get not more than two hundred rubles every four months, even with the rank of lieutenant; but as it is I receive two hundred and thirty," said he, looking at Shinshín and the count with a joyful, pleasant smile, as if it were obvious to him that his success must always be the chief desire of everyone else.

"Besides that, Peter Nikoláevich, by exchanging into the Guards I shall be in a more prominent position," continued Berg, "and vacancies occur much more frequently in the Foot Guards. Then just think what can be done with two hundred and thirty rubles! I even manage to put a little aside and to send something to my father," he went on, emitting a smoke ring.

vacancies - les postes vacants, vacance, chambre libre

"La balance y est... * A German knows how to skin a flint, as the proverb says," remarked ShinshĂ­n, moving his pipe to the other side of his mouth and winking at the count.

German - Allemand, Allemande, Germain, Germaine

Flint - flint, silex, pierre a fusil, pierre a briquet

proverb - proverbe

* So that squares matters.

The count burst out laughing. The other guests seeing that ShinshĂ­n was talking came up to listen.

Berg, oblivious of irony or indifference, continued to explain how by exchanging into the Guards he had already gained a step on his old comrades of the Cadet Corps; how in wartime the company commander might get killed and he, as senior in the company, might easily succeed to the post; how popular he was with everyone in the regiment, and how satisfied his father was with him.

oblivious - inconscient

comrades - camarades, camaradef, camarade

corps - corps, (corp) corps

wartime - en temps de guerre, temps de guerre

senior - senior, aîné, supérieur

Berg evidently enjoyed narrating all this, and did not seem to suspect that others, too, might have their own interests. But all he said was so prettily sedate, and the naïveté of his youthful egotism was so obvious, that he disarmed his hearers.

narrating - raconter, conter, narrer, rapporter, relater

suspect - suspecter, soupçonner, suspect

prettily - joliment

disarmed - désarmé, désarmer

"Well, my boy, you'll get along wherever you go"foot or horse"that I'll warrant," said ShinshĂ­n, patting him on the shoulder and taking his feet off the sofa.

wherever - ou

warrant - garantie, mandat, mandat de conformité

patting - la caresse, petite tape

Berg smiled joyously. The count, followed by his guests, went into the drawing room.

joyously - joyeusement

It was just the moment before a big dinner when the assembled guests, expecting the summons to zakĂşska, * avoid engaging in any long conversation but think it necessary to move about and talk, in order to show that they are not at all impatient for their food.

engaging - engageant, attirer l'attention, engager, embrayer

The host and hostess look toward the door, and now and then glance at one another, and the visitors try to guess from these glances who, or what, they are waiting for"some important relation who has not yet arrived, or a dish that is not yet ready.

glances - regards, jeter un coup d’oil, coup d'oil

* Hors d'oeuvres.

hors - hors

oeuvres - ouvres, ouvre, ouvres-p

Pierre had come just at dinnertime and was sitting awkwardly in the middle of the drawing room on the first chair he had come across, blocking the way for everyone. The countess tried to make him talk, but he went on naĂŻvely looking around through his spectacles as if in search of somebody and answered all her questions in monosyllables.

dinnertime - l'heure du dîner

monosyllables - monosyllabes, monosyllabe

He was in the way and was the only one who did not notice the fact. Most of the guests, knowing of the affair with the bear, looked with curiosity at this big, stout, quiet man, wondering how such a clumsy, modest fellow could have played such a prank on a policeman.

curiosity - curiosité

prank - farce, tour

"You have only lately arrived?" the countess asked him.

"Oui, madame," replied he, looking around him.

"You have not yet seen my husband?"

"Non, madame." He smiled quite inappropriately.

non - non

inappropriately - de maniere inappropriée

"You have been in Paris recently, I believe? I suppose it's very interesting."

"Very interesting."

The countess exchanged glances with Anna Mikháylovna. The latter understood that she was being asked to entertain this young man, and sitting down beside him she began to speak about his father; but he answered her, as he had the countess, only in monosyllables. The other guests were all conversing with one another. "The Razumóvskis... It was charming... You are very kind... Countess Apráksina.

.." was heard on all sides. The countess rose and went into the ballroom.

"Márya Dmítrievna?" came her voice from there.

"Herself," came the answer in a rough voice, and Márya Dmítrievna entered the room.

All the unmarried ladies and even the married ones except the very oldest rose. Márya Dmítrievna paused at the door. Tall and stout, holding high her fifty-year-old head with its gray curls, she stood surveying the guests, and leisurely arranged her wide sleeves as if rolling them up. Márya Dmítrievna always spoke in Russian.

leisurely - tranquillement

"Health and happiness to her whose name day we are keeping and to her children," she said, in her loud, full-toned voice which drowned all others. "Well, you old sinner," she went on, turning to the count who was kissing her hand, "you're feeling dull in Moscow, I daresay? Nowhere to hunt with your dogs? But what is to be done, old man?

toned - tonique, ton

drowned - noyé, noyer

sinner - pécheur, pécheresse

daresay - oserait-on dire

Just see how these nestlings are growing up," and she pointed to the girls. "You must look for husbands for them whether you like it or not...."

nestlings - des oisillons

"Well," said she, "how's my Cossack?" (Márya Dmítrievna always called Natásha a Cossack) and she stroked the child's arm as she came up fearless and gay to kiss her hand. "I know she's a scamp of a girl, but I like her."

cossack - Cosaque f

stroked - caressé, coup

fearless - sans peur, courageux, brave, intrépide

gay - gay, gai

scamp - scamp

She took a pair of pear-shaped ruby earrings from her huge reticule and, having given them to the rosy Natásha, who beamed with the pleasure of her saint's-day fete, turned away at once and addressed herself to Pierre.

pear - poire, poirier

ruby - rubis

earrings - boucles d'oreilles, boucle d'oreille

reticule - réticule

saint - Saint

"Eh, eh, friend! Come here a bit," said she, assuming a soft high tone of voice. "Come here, my friend..." and she ominously tucked up her sleeves still higher. Pierre approached, looking at her in a childlike way through his spectacles.

ominously - de mauvais augure

tucked up - rentré

"Come nearer, come nearer, friend! I used to be the only one to tell your father the truth when he was in favor, and in your case it's my evident duty." She paused. All were silent, expectant of what was to follow, for this was clearly only a prelude.

expectant - en attente, expectatif

Prelude - prélude

"A fine lad! My word! A fine lad!... His father lies on his deathbed and he amuses himself setting a policeman astride a bear! For shame, sir, for shame! It would be better if you went to the war."

deathbed - lit de mort

astride - a califourchon, a califourchon, a califourchon sur

She turned away and gave her hand to the count, who could hardly keep from laughing.

"Well, I suppose it is time we were at table?" said Márya Dmítrievna.

The count went in first with Márya Dmítrievna, the countess followed on the arm of a colonel of hussars, a man of importance to them because Nicholas was to go with him to the regiment; then came Anna Mikháylovna with Shinshín. Berg gave his arm to Véra. The smiling Julie Karágina went in with Nicholas.

After them other couples followed, filling the whole dining hall, and last of all the children, tutors, and governesses followed singly. The footmen began moving about, chairs scraped, the band struck up in the gallery, and the guests settled down in their places.

tutors - tuteurs, chargé/-e de classe

governesses - gouvernantes, gouvernante, gouverneuse

singly - un a un

scraped - grattée, gratter, racler, effleurer

Then the strains of the count's household band were replaced by the clatter of knives and forks, the voices of visitors, and the soft steps of the footmen. At one end of the table sat the countess with Márya Dmítrievna on her right and Anna Mikháylovna on her left, the other lady visitors were farther down.

strains - les souches, tendre fortement

clatter - claquer, craquer, claquement, craquement, vacarme

At the other end sat the count, with the hussar colonel on his left and ShinshĂ­n and the other male visitors on his right. Midway down the long table on one side sat the grown-up young people: VĂ©ra beside Berg, and Pierre beside BorĂ­s; and on the other side, the children, tutors, and governesses.

midway - a mi-parcours, a mi-chemin

From behind the crystal decanters and fruit vases, the count kept glancing at his wife and her tall cap with its light-blue ribbons, and busily filled his neighbors'glasses, not neglecting his own.

crystal - cristal, de cristal, en cristal

decanters - des carafes, décanteur

vases - vases, vase

ribbons - rubans, ruban

busily - avec activité

neglecting - négliger, négligence

The countess in turn, without omitting her duties as hostess, threw significant glances from behind the pineapples at her husband whose face and bald head seemed by their redness to contrast more than usual with his gray hair.

omitting - omettre

pineapples - ananas

bald head - tete chauve

redness - rougeur

At the ladies'end an even chatter of voices was heard all the time, at the men's end the voices sounded louder and louder, especially that of the colonel of hussars who, growing more and more flushed, ate and drank so much that the count held him up as a pattern to the other guests. Berg with tender smiles was saying to VĂ©ra that love is not an earthly but a heavenly feeling.

earthly - terrestre

heavenly - paradisiaque, céleste

Borís was telling his new friend Pierre who the guests were and exchanging glances with Natásha, who was sitting opposite. Pierre spoke little but examined the new faces, and ate a great deal. Of the two soups he chose turtle with savory patties and went on to the game without omitting a single dish or one of the wines.

Turtle - tortue de mer

savory - savoureux, sarriette

These latter the butler thrust mysteriously forward, wrapped in a napkin, from behind the next man's shoulders and whispered: "Dry Madeira"... "Hungarian"... or "Rhine wine" as the case might be.

butler - sommelier, majordome

thrust - estocade, poussée, propulser

wrapped - enveloppé, enrouler (autour de)

napkin - serviette de table, serviette

Madeira - madere, Madere

Hungarian - hongrois, Hongroise

Rhine - le rhin, Rhin

Of the four crystal glasses engraved with the count's monogram that stood before his plate, Pierre held out one at random and drank with enjoyment, gazing with ever-increasing amiability at the other guests. Natásha, who sat opposite, was looking at Borís as girls of thirteen look at the boy they are in love with and have just kissed for the first time.

engraved - gravé, graver

monogram - monogramme

random - au hasard, inconnu, aléatoire, stochastique, pseudo-aléatoire

enjoyment - jouissance, plaisir

Sometimes that same look fell on Pierre, and that funny lively little girl's look made him inclined to laugh without knowing why.

Nicholas sat at some distance from Sónya, beside Julie Karágina, to whom he was again talking with the same involuntary smile. Sónya wore a company smile but was evidently tormented by jealousy; now she turned pale, now blushed and strained every nerve to overhear what Nicholas and Julie were saying to one another.

tormented - tourmenté, tourment, tourmenter

jealousy - jalousie, envie

strained - tendu, tendre fortement

nerve - nerf, nervure, toupet, culot, cran

The governess kept looking round uneasily as if preparing to resent any slight that might be put upon the children. The German tutor was trying to remember all the dishes, wines, and kinds of dessert, in order to send a full description of the dinner to his people in Germany; and he felt greatly offended when the butler with a bottle wrapped in a napkin passed him by.

governess - gouvernante, gouverneuse

uneasily - mal a l'aise

resent - résentent, ressentons, ressentent, ressentez, (resend), renvoyer

dessert - dessert

greatly - grandement

He frowned, trying to appear as if he did not want any of that wine, but was mortified because no one would understand that it was not to quench his thirst or from greediness that he wanted it, but simply from a conscientious desire for knowledge.

quench - apaiser, étancher, rassasier, désaltérer, éteindre, tremper

thirst - soif, avoir soif, désirer

greediness - l'avidité

conscientious - consciencieux


At the men's end of the table the talk grew more and more animated. The colonel told them that the declaration of war had already appeared in Petersburg and that a copy, which he had himself seen, had that day been forwarded by courier to the commander in chief.

declaration - déclaration

courier - coursier, messager

"And why the deuce are we going to fight Bonaparte?" remarked ShinshĂ­n. "He has stopped Austria's cackle and I fear it will be our turn next."

deuce - deux

cackle - caquet, ricanement, gloussement, caqueter

The colonel was a stout, tall, plethoric German, evidently devoted to the service and patriotically Russian. He resented ShinshĂ­n's remark.

plethoric - pléthorique

devoted - dévouée, consacrer, vouer

patriotically - patriotiquement

resented - s'est fait remarquer, s'offenser de qqch

"It is for the reasson, my goot sir," said he, speaking with a German accent, "for the reasson zat ze Emperor knows zat. He declares in ze manifessto zat he cannot fiew wiz indifference ze danger vreatening Russia and zat ze safety and dignity of ze Empire as vell as ze sanctity of its alliances..." he spoke this last word with particular emphasis as if in it lay the gist of the matter.

declares - déclare, expliquer, déclarer

wiz - wiz

vreatening - menace

Empire - l'empire, empire

vell - vell

sanctity - sainteté

alliances - alliances, alliance

emphasis - l'accent, accent, emphase, graisse (4)

gist - gist, essentiel, gîte

Then with the unerring official memory that characterized him he repeated from the opening words of the manifesto:

unerring - infaillible

characterized - caractérisé, caractériser, dépeindre

... and the wish, which constitutes the Emperor's sole and absolute aim"to establish peace in Europe on firm foundations"has now decided him to despatch part of the army abroad and to create a new condition for the attainment of that purpose.

constitutes - constitue, constituer

sole - unique, seul, semelle, plante, sole

absolute - absolue, absolu

establish - affermir, établir

foundations - des fondations, fondation, fondement

despatch - expédition

"Zat, my dear sir, is vy..." he concluded, drinking a tumbler of wine with dignity and looking to the count for approval.

tumbler - gobelet, tumbler

"Connaissez-vous le Proverbe:* ˜Jerome, Jerome, do not roam, but turn spindles at home!'?" said ShinshĂ­n, puckering his brows and smiling. "Cela nous convient Ă  merveille.*(2) SuvĂłrov now"he knew what he was about; yet they beat him Ă  plate couture,*(3) and where are we to find SuvĂłrovs now? Je vous demande un peu," *(4) said he, continually changing from French to Russian.

roam - errer

puckering - des froncements de sourcils, (se) plisser

convient - convenable

couture - couture

un - un, ONU

* Do you know the proverb?

*(2) That suits us down to the ground.

*(3) Hollow.

hollow - creux, cavez, caver, cavent, cavons

*(4) I just ask you that.

"Ve must vight to the last tr-r-op of our plood!" said the colonel, thumping the table; "and ve must tie for our Emperor, and zen all vill pe vell. And ve must discuss it as little as po-o-ossible"... he dwelt particularly on the word possible... "as po-o-ossible," he ended, again turning to the count. "Zat is how ve old hussars look at it, and zere's an end of it!

vight - vight

op - op

thumping - le bruit sourd, coup sourd, tambouriner

Zen - zen

vill - vill

pe - pe, pé

Po - po, Pô

dwelt - a habité, résider, s'appesantir sur

And how do you, a young man and a young hussar, how do you judge of it?" he added, addressing Nicholas, who when he heard that the war was being discussed had turned from his partner with eyes and ears intent on the colonel.

intent - l'intention, intention, résolu, déterminé, buté

"I am quite of your opinion," replied Nicholas, flaming up, turning his plate round and moving his wineglasses about with as much decision and desperation as though he were at that moment facing some great danger.

flaming up - S'enflammer

desperation - le désespoir, désespoir

"I am convinced that we Russians must die or conquer," he concluded, conscious"as were others"after the words were uttered that his remarks were too enthusiastic and emphatic for the occasion and were therefore awkward.

Russians - les russes, russe, ruthénien, langue russe

conquer - conquérir

conscious - conscient

emphatic - emphatique

"What you said just now was splendid!" said his partner Julie.

SĂłnya trembled all over and blushed to her ears and behind them and down to her neck and shoulders while Nicholas was speaking.

Pierre listened to the colonel's speech and nodded approvingly.

approvingly - avec approbation

"That's fine," said he.

"The young man's a real hussar!" shouted the colonel, again thumping the table.

"What are you making such a noise about over there?" Márya Dmítrievna's deep voice suddenly inquired from the other end of the table. "What are you thumping the table for?" she demanded of the hussar, "and why are you exciting yourself? Do you think the French are here?"

inquired - a demandé, enqueter, renseigner

demanded - demandée, demande, exigence, exiger

"I am speaking ze truce," replied the hussar with a smile.

truce - treve, treve, cessez-le-feu

"It's all about the war," the count shouted down the table. "You know my son's going, Márya Dmítrievna? My son is going."

"I have four sons in the army but still I don't fret. It is all in God's hands. You may die in your bed or God may spare you in a battle," replied Márya Dmítrievna's deep voice, which easily carried the whole length of the table.

fret - fret, (se) tracasser (pour)

spare - de rechange, épargner, loisirs, économiser

"That's true!"

That's true - C'est vrai

Once more the conversations concentrated, the ladies'at the one end and the men's at the other.

"You won't ask," Natásha's little brother was saying; "I know you won't ask!"

"I will," replied Natásha.

Her face suddenly flushed with reckless and joyous resolution. She half rose, by a glance inviting Pierre, who sat opposite, to listen to what was coming, and turning to her mother:

reckless - irresponsable, insouciant, téméraire, branque

resolution - conviction, résolution, détermination

"Mamma!" rang out the clear contralto notes of her childish voice, audible the whole length of the table.

Contralto - contralto

audible - audible

"What is it?" asked the countess, startled; but seeing by her daughter's face that it was only mischief, she shook a finger at her sternly with a threatening and forbidding movement of her head.

sternly - séverement

threatening - menaçante, menaçant, (threaten), menacer

The conversation was hushed.

hushed - étouffé, silence

"Mamma! What sweets are we going to have?" and Natásha's voice sounded still more firm and resolute.

The countess tried to frown, but could not. Márya Dmítrievna shook her fat finger.

frown - froncer les sourcils

"Cossack!" she said threateningly.

threateningly - de façon menaçante

Most of the guests, uncertain how to regard this sally, looked at the elders.

uncertain - incertaine

sally - sally, sortie

"You had better take care!" said the countess.

"Mamma! What sweets are we going to have?" Natásha again cried boldly, with saucy gaiety, confident that her prank would be taken in good part.

boldly - hardiment

Saucy - en sauce, effronté, impertinent, osé

SĂłnya and fat little PĂ©tya doubled up with laughter.

"You see! I have asked," whispered Natásha to her little brother and to Pierre, glancing at him again.

"Ice pudding, but you won't get any," said Márya Dmítrievna.

pudding - du pudding, boudin, pudding

Natásha saw there was nothing to be afraid of and so she braved even Márya Dmítrievna.

"Márya Dmítrievna! What kind of ice pudding? I don't like ice cream."

"Carrot ices."

"No! What kind, Márya Dmítrievna? What kind?" she almost screamed; "I want to know!"

screamed - crié, cri, crier

Márya Dmítrievna and the countess burst out laughing, and all the guests joined in. Everyone laughed, not at Márya Dmítrievna's answer but at the incredible boldness and smartness of this little girl who had dared to treat Márya Dmítrievna in this fashion.

boldness - l'audace, audace

smartness - l'intelligence

dared - osé, oser

Natásha only desisted when she had been told that there would be pineapple ice. Before the ices, champagne was served round. The band again struck up, the count and countess kissed, and the guests, leaving their seats, went up to "congratulate" the countess, and reached across the table to clink glasses with the count, with the children, and with one another.

Pineapple - ananas

champagne - du champagne, Champagne

clink - clink, cliquetis, de terre, taule

Again the footmen rushed about, chairs scraped, and in the same order in which they had entered but with redder faces, the guests returned to the drawing room and to the count's study.

scraped - grattée, bout


The card tables were drawn out, sets made up for boston, and the count's visitors settled themselves, some in the two drawing rooms, some in the sitting room, some in the library.

The count, holding his cards fanwise, kept himself with difficulty from dropping into his usual after-dinner nap, and laughed at everything. The young people, at the countess'instigation, gathered round the clavichord and harp. Julie by general request played first.

fanwise - en ce qui concerne les fans

nap - sieste, petit somme

instigation - l'instigation

clavichord - clavicorde, manicordion

harp - harpe

After she had played a little air with variations on the harp, she joined the other young ladies in begging Natásha and Nicholas, who were noted for their musical talent, to sing something. Natásha, who was treated as though she were grown up, was evidently very proud of this but at the same time felt shy.

variations - variations, variation, variante, déclinaison

begging - la mendicité, (beg) la mendicité

"What shall we sing?" she said.

"˜The Brook,'" suggested Nicholas.

brook - ruisseau

"Well, then, let's be quick. Borís, come here," said Natásha. "But where is Sónya?"

She looked round and seeing that her friend was not in the room ran to look for her.

Running into Sónya's room and not finding her there, Natásha ran to the nursery, but Sónya was not there either. Natásha concluded that she must be on the chest in the passage. The chest in the passage was the place of mourning for the younger female generation in the Rostóv household.

passage - passage, corridoir, couloir

mourning - le deuil, deuil, (mourn), déplorer, porter le deuil

And there in fact was SĂłnya lying face downward on Nurse's dirty feather bed on the top of the chest, crumpling her gauzy pink dress under her, hiding her face with her slender fingers, and sobbing so convulsively that her bare little shoulders shook.

feather bed - Un lit de plumes

crumpling - froisser, (crumple), chiffonner, se froisser

sobbing - sanglots, sanglotement, sanglotant, sanglotante, (sob), fdp

convulsively - convulsivement

Natásha's face, which had been so radiantly happy all that saint's day, suddenly changed: her eyes became fixed, and then a shiver passed down her broad neck and the corners of her mouth drooped.

Saint - Saint

shiver - frisson, trembler, frissonner

drooped - s'est affaissée, tomber, s'affaisser, bec

"Sónya! What is it? What is the matter?... Oo... Oo... Oo...!" And Natásha's large mouth widened, making her look quite ugly, and she began to wail like a baby without knowing why, except that Sónya was crying. Sónya tried to lift her head to answer but could not, and hid her face still deeper in the bed. Natásha wept, sitting on the blue-striped feather bed and hugging her friend.

widened - élargi, s’élargir, élargir

wail - gémir, se lamenter

striped - rayé, rayure, galon, rayer

feather - plume, fanon, mettre en drapeau, emplumer, checkempenner

hugging - étreinte, embrassade, câlin, accolade, étreindre

With an effort SĂłnya sat up and began wiping her eyes and explaining.

"Nicholas is going away in a week's time, his... papers... have come... he told me himself... but still I should not cry," and she showed a paper she held in her hand"with the verses Nicholas had written, "still, I should not cry, but you can't... no one can understand... what a soul he has!"

And she began to cry again because he had such a noble soul.

"It's all very well for you... I am not envious... I love you and BorĂ­s also," she went on, gaining a little strength; "he is nice... there are no difficulties in your way.... But Nicholas is my cousin... one would have to... the Metropolitan himself... and even then it can't be done.

envious - envieux

gaining - l'acquisition, (gain) l'acquisition

metropolitan - métropolitain, urbain

And besides, if she tells Mamma" (SĂłnya looked upon the countess as her mother and called her so) "that I am spoiling Nicholas'career and am heartless and ungrateful, while truly... God is my witness," and she made the sign of the cross, "I love her so much, and all of you, only VĂ©ra... And what for? What have I done to her?

spoiling - gâcher, gâter, tourner, dévoiler, révéler

heartless - sans cour, sans-cour

ungrateful - ingrat

truly - vraiment

witness - témoin

I am so grateful to you that I would willingly sacrifice everything, only I have nothing...."

willingly - volontairement, volontiers

sacrifice - sacrifier, sacrifice, offrande

Sónya could not continue, and again hid her face in her hands and in the feather bed. Natásha began consoling her, but her face showed that she understood all the gravity of her friend's trouble.

consoling - consoler

"SĂłnya," she suddenly exclaimed, as if she had guessed the true reason of her friend's sorrow, "I'm sure VĂ©ra has said something to you since dinner? Hasn't she?"

"Yes, these verses Nicholas wrote himself and I copied some others, and she found them on my table and said she'd show them to Mamma, and that I was ungrateful, and that Mamma would never allow him to marry me, but that he'll marry Julie. You see how he's been with her all day... Natásha, what have I done to deserve it?..."

And again she began to sob, more bitterly than before. Natásha lifted her up, hugged her, and, smiling through her tears, began comforting her.

sob - sanglot, fdp

bitterly - amerement, amerement

hugged - étreint, embrassade, étreinte, câlin, accolade, étreindre

comforting - réconfortant, confort, consoler

"SĂłnya, don't believe her, darling! Don't believe her! Do you remember how we and Nicholas, all three of us, talked in the sitting room after supper? Why, we settled how everything was to be. I don't quite remember how, but don't you remember that it could all be arranged and how nice it all was? There's Uncle ShinshĂ­n's brother has married his first cousin.

And we are only second cousins, you know. And Borís says it is quite possible. You know I have told him all about it. And he is so clever and so good!" said Natásha. "Don't you cry, Sónya, dear love, darling Sónya!" and she kissed her and laughed. "Véra's spiteful; never mind her! And all will come right and she won't say anything to Mamma.

spiteful - rancunier

she won't - elle ne le fera pas

Nicholas will tell her himself, and he doesn't care at all for Julie."

Natásha kissed her on the hair.

SĂłnya sat up. The little kitten brightened, its eyes shone, and it seemed ready to lift its tail, jump down on its soft paws, and begin playing with the ball of worsted as a kitten should.

paws - pattes, patte

worsted - worsted, peigné, (worst), pire

"Do you think so?... Really? Truly?" she said, quickly smoothing her frock and hair.

"Really, truly!" answered Natásha, pushing in a crisp lock that had strayed from under her friend's plaits.

pushing in - en poussant

crisp - net, croustillant, croquant

strayed - égaré, s'écarter de

Both laughed.

"Well, let's go and sing ˜The Brook.'"

"Come along!"

"Do you know, that fat Pierre who sat opposite me is so funny!" said Natásha, stopping suddenly. "I feel so happy!"

And she set off at a run along the passage.

Sónya, shaking off some down which clung to her and tucking away the verses in the bosom of her dress close to her bony little chest, ran after Natásha down the passage into the sitting room with flushed face and light, joyous steps. At the visitors'request the young people sang the quartette, "The Brook," with which everyone was delighted. Then Nicholas sang a song he had just learned:

shaking off - Secouer

clung - s'est accroché, s'accrocher (a)

tucking - le repli sur soi, rempli

bony - osseux

quartette - quartette

At nighttime in the moon's fair glow

nighttime - la nuit, nuit

glow - l'éclat, briller, luire, irradier, lueur, éclat

How sweet, as fancies wander free,

wander - errer, vaguer, divaguer

To feel that in this world there's one

Who still is thinking but of thee!

thee - toi

That while her fingers touch the harp

Wafting sweet music o'er the lea,

Wafting - wafting, (waft) wafting

er - er, euh

lea - vestibule

It is for thee thus swells her heart,

swells - la houle, enfler, gonfler

Sighing its message out to thee...

A day or two, then bliss unspoilt,

bliss - bonheur, béatitude, félicité

unspoilt - préservée

But oh! till then I cannot live!...

till then - jusqu'a ce moment-la

He had not finished the last verse before the young people began to get ready to dance in the large hall, and the sound of the feet and the coughing of the musicians were heard from the gallery.

verse - vers, strophe

coughing - toux, toussant, (cough), tousser

Pierre was sitting in the drawing room where Shinshín had engaged him, as a man recently returned from abroad, in a political conversation in which several others joined but which bored Pierre. When the music began Natásha came in and walking straight up to Pierre said, laughing and blushing:

"Mamma told me to ask you to join the dancers."

"I am afraid of mixing the figures," Pierre replied; "but if you will be my teacher..." And lowering his big arm he offered it to the slender little girl.

While the couples were arranging themselves and the musicians tuning up, Pierre sat down with his little partner. Natásha was perfectly happy; she was dancing with a grown-up man, who had been abroad. She was sitting in a conspicuous place and talking to him like a grown-up lady. She had a fan in her hand that one of the ladies had given her to hold.

tuning - l'accord, réglage, accordage, paramétrage

perfectly happy - parfaitement heureux

conspicuous - qui se remarque aisément, visible, voyant, remarquable

Assuming quite the pose of a society woman (heaven knows when and where she had learned it) she talked with her partner, fanning herself and smiling over the fan.

pose - poser, posez, posent, posons

"Dear, dear! Just look at her!" exclaimed the countess as she crossed the ballroom, pointing to Natásha.

Natásha blushed and laughed.

"Well, really, Mamma! Why should you? What is there to be surprised at?"

In the midst of the third écossaise there was a clatter of chairs being pushed back in the sitting room where the count and Márya Dmítrievna had been playing cards with the majority of the more distinguished and older visitors. They now, stretching themselves after sitting so long, and replacing their purses and pocketbooks, entered the ballroom.

majority - majorité

more distinguished - plus distingué

stretching - l'étirement, étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

purses - sacs a main, bourse, portemonnaie, portefeuille, sac a main

pocketbooks - les portefeuilles, livre de poche, pocket

First came Márya Dmítrievna and the count, both with merry countenances. The count, with playful ceremony somewhat in ballet style, offered his bent arm to Márya Dmítrievna.

countenances - des visages, visage, approuver

somewhat - en quelque sorte, assez, quelque peu

ballet - ballet

He drew himself up, a smile of debonair gallantry lit up his face and as soon as the last figure of the Ă©cossaise was ended, he clapped his hands to the musicians and shouted up to their gallery, addressing the first violin:

gallantry - la galanterie, courage, galanterie

clapped - applaudi, applaudir, battre des mains

violin - violon

"Semën! Do you know the Daniel Cooper?"

Daniel - daniel

This was the count's favorite dance, which he had danced in his youth. (Strictly speaking, Daniel Cooper was one figure of the anglaise.)

strictly - strictement

"Look at Papa!" shouted Natásha to the whole company, and quite forgetting that she was dancing with a grown-up partner she bent her curly head to her knees and made the whole room ring with her laughter.

And indeed everybody in the room looked with a smile of pleasure at the jovial old gentleman, who standing beside his tall and stout partner, Márya Dmítrievna, curved his arms, beat time, straightened his shoulders, turned out his toes, tapped gently with his foot, and, by a smile that broadened his round face more and more, prepared the onlookers for what was to follow.

jovial - jovial

beat time - temps de battement

straightened - redressé, redresser

tapped - taraudé, petit coup

broadened - élargi, élargir

onlookers - des badauds, spectateur/-trice

As soon as the provocatively gay strains of Daniel Cooper (somewhat resembling those of a merry peasant dance) began to sound, all the doorways of the ballroom were suddenly filled by the domestic serfs"the men on one side and the women on the other"who with beaming faces had come to see their master making merry.

provocatively - de maniere provocante

resembling - ressemblant, ressembler

peasant - paysan, paysanne, rustique

doorways - les portes, embrasure de la porte

domestic - domestique, amily, intérieur

Master - maître, patron, maîtriser, maitre, maîtrisent

"Just look at the master! A regular eagle he is!" loudly remarked the nurse, as she stood in one of the doorways.

eagle - aigle, eagle, réussir un aigle

The count danced well and knew it. But his partner could not and did not want to dance well. Her enormous figure stood erect, her powerful arms hanging down (she had handed her reticule to the countess), and only her stern but handsome face really joined in the dance.

What was expressed by the whole of the count's plump figure, in Márya Dmítrievna found expression only in her more and more beaming face and quivering nose.

But if the count, getting more and more into the swing of it, charmed the spectators by the unexpectedness of his adroit maneuvers and the agility with which he capered about on his light feet, Márya Dmítrievna produced no less impression by slight exertions"the least effort to move her shoulders or bend her arms when turning, or stamp her foot"which everyone appreciated in view of her size and habitual severity. The dance grew livelier and livelier. The other couples could not attract a moment's attention to their own evolutions and did not even try to do so. All were watching the count and Márya Dmítrievna. Natásha kept pulling everyone by sleeve or dress, urging them to "look at Papa!" though as it was they never took their eyes off the couple. In the intervals of the dance the count, breathing deeply, waved and shouted to the musicians to play faster. Faster, faster, and faster; lightly, more lightly, and yet more lightly whirled the count, flying round Márya Dmítrievna, now on his toes, now on his heels; until, turning his partner round to her seat, he executed the final pas, raising his soft foot backwards, bowing his perspiring head, smiling and making a wide sweep with his arm, amid a thunder of applause and laughter led by Natásha. Both partners stood still, breathing heavily and wiping their faces with their cambric handkerchiefs.

spectators - spectateurs, spectateur, spectatrice, badaud, badaude

unexpectedness - soudaineté

adroit - adroit

maneuvers - manouvres, manouvre, exercice, manouvrer

agility - l'agilité, agilité

capered - capé, gambader

exertions - des efforts, effort, dépense

evolutions - évolutions, évolution

urging - l'exhortation, exhortant, (urge), pulsion, pousser, inciter

intervals - intervalles, intervalle

whirled - tourbillonné, tourbillonner

flying round - Voler autour

executed - exécuté, exécuter, mettre a mort

pas - pas, (PA), papa, pépé

bowing - s'incliner, (bow) s'incliner

perspiring - transpirer

sweep - balayer, balayage

thunder - le tonnerre, tonnerre, tonitruer

applause - applaudissements, applaudissement, acclamation

handkerchiefs - des mouchoirs, mouchoir

"That's how we used to dance in our time, ma chère," said the count.

"That was a Daniel Cooper!" exclaimed Márya Dmítrievna, tucking up her sleeves and puffing heavily.

tucking up - Ranger

puffing - souffler, (puff) souffler


While in the RostĂłvs'ballroom the sixth anglaise was being danced, to a tune in which the weary musicians blundered, and while tired footmen and cooks were getting the supper, Count BezĂşkhov had a sixth stroke. The doctors pronounced recovery impossible.

tune - l'accord, mélodie, air, tube, accorder, syntoniser

blundered - gaffe, qualifier

stroke - accident vasculaire cérébral, caresser

recovery - récupération, rétablissement, recouvrement, guérison

After a mute confession, communion was administered to the dying man, preparations made for the sacrament of unction, and in his house there was the bustle and thrill of suspense usual at such moments. Outside the house, beyond the gates, a group of undertakers, who hid whenever a carriage drove up, waited in expectation of an important order for an expensive funeral.

mute - muet

confession - confession

communion - la communion, communion

administered - administré, administrer, gérer

preparations - préparations, préparation, concoction

sacrament - sacrement

unction - l'onction, onction

bustle - l'agitation, affairement, branlebas, remue-ménage, agitation

thrill - l'excitation, exciter

suspense - suspension, suspense, angoisse, anxiété, appréhension

beyond - au-dela, au-dela, par-dela

undertakers - les pompes funebres, croque-mort, directeur de funérailles

expectation - attentes, attente

funeral - funérailles, obseques

The Military Governor of Moscow, who had been assiduous in sending aides-de-camp to inquire after the count's health, came himself that evening to bid a last farewell to the celebrated grandee of Catherine's court, Count BezĂşkhov.

governor - gouverneur, gouverneure

assiduous - assidu

aides - Aides, (aid) Aides

inquire after - demander apres

bid - offre, impératifs, prier

Farewell - adieu, prendre congé, dire adieu, faire ses adieux

The magnificent reception room was crowded. Everyone stood up respectfully when the Military Governor, having stayed about half an hour alone with the dying man, passed out, slightly acknowledging their bows and trying to escape as quickly as possible from the glances fixed on him by the doctors, clergy, and relatives of the family.

magnificent - magnifique

reception room - la salle de réception

clergy - le clergé, clergé

Prince VasĂ­li, who had grown thinner and paler during the last few days, escorted him to the door, repeating something to him several times in low tones.

escorted - escorté, escorte, escorter

When the Military Governor had gone, Prince VasĂ­li sat down all alone on a chair in the ballroom, crossing one leg high over the other, leaning his elbow on his knee and covering his face with his hand.

leaning - penchant, adossant, (lean) penchant

After sitting so for a while he rose, and, looking about him with frightened eyes, went with unusually hurried steps down the long corridor leading to the back of the house, to the room of the eldest princess.

unusually - de façon inhabituelle

corridor - couloir, corridor, couloir aérien

Those who were in the dimly lit reception room spoke in nervous whispers, and, whenever anyone went into or came from the dying man's room, grew silent and gazed with eyes full of curiosity or expectancy at his door, which creaked slightly when opened.

dimly - faiblement, obscurément, vaguement, confusément

whispers - chuchotements, chuchotement, chuchoter, susurrer, murmurer

expectancy - l'espérance de vie, attente, espérance, expectative

creaked - a grincé, craquement, craquer

"The limits of human life ... are fixed and may not be o'erpassed," said an old priest to a lady who had taken a seat beside him and was listening naĂŻvely to his words.

erpassed - erpassé

"I wonder, is it not too late to administer unction?" asked the lady, adding the priest's clerical title, as if she had no opinion of her own on the subject.

administer - administrer, gérer

clerical - administratif, clérical

"Ah, madam, it is a great sacrament," replied the priest, passing his hand over the thin grizzled strands of hair combed back across his bald head.

madam - madame, mere maquerelle, tenanciere

strands - brins, etre échoué

combed - peigné, combe

"Who was that? The Military Governor himself?" was being asked at the other side of the room. "How young-looking he is!"

"Yes, and he is over sixty. I hear the count no longer recognizes anyone. They wished to administer the sacrament of unction."

"I knew someone who received that sacrament seven times."

The second princess had just come from the sickroom with her eyes red from weeping and sat down beside Dr. Lorrain, who was sitting in a graceful pose under a portrait of Catherine, leaning his elbow on a table.

"Beautiful," said the doctor in answer to a remark about the weather. "The weather is beautiful, Princess; and besides, in Moscow one feels as if one were in the country."

"Yes, indeed," replied the princess with a sigh. "So he may have something to drink?"

Lorrain considered.

"Has he taken his medicine?"


The doctor glanced at his watch.

"Take a glass of boiled water and put a pinch of cream of tartar," and he indicated with his delicate fingers what he meant by a pinch.

Tartar - tartare, Tatare

"Dere has neffer been a gase," a German doctor was saying to an aide-de-camp, "dat one liffs after de sird stroke."

gase - gaz

"And what a well-preserved man he was!" remarked the aide-de-camp. "And who will inherit his wealth?" he added in a whisper.

"It von't go begging," replied the German with a smile.

go begging - aller mendier

Everyone again looked toward the door, which creaked as the second princess went in with the drink she had prepared according to Lorrain's instructions. The German doctor went up to Lorrain.

"Do you think he can last till morning?" asked the German, addressing Lorrain in French which he pronounced badly.

Lorrain, pursing up his lips, waved a severely negative finger before his nose.

"Tonight, not later," said he in a low voice, and he moved away with a decorous smile of self-satisfaction at being able clearly to understand and state the patient's condition.

decorous - décoratif

Meanwhile Prince VasĂ­li had opened the door into the princess'room.

In this room it was almost dark; only two tiny lamps were burning before the icons and there was a pleasant scent of flowers and burnt pastilles. The room was crowded with small pieces of furniture, whatnots, cupboards, and little tables. The quilt of a high, white feather bed was just visible behind a screen. A small dog began to bark.

icons - des icônes, icône

scent - parfum, odeur, odorat, sentir

pastilles - pastilles, pastille

whatnots - quoi, étagere

quilt - l'édredon, édredon, couette, courtepointe, matelasser, ouater

bark - l'écorce, écorce, coque, aboyer

"Ah, is it you, cousin?"

She rose and smoothed her hair, which was as usual so extremely smooth that it seemed to be made of one piece with her head and covered with varnish.

varnish - vernis, vernir

"Has anything happened?" she asked. "I am so terrified."

"No, there is no change. I only came to have a talk about business, Catiche," * muttered the prince, seating himself wearily on the chair she had just vacated. "You have made the place warm, I must say," he remarked. "Well, sit down: let's have a talk."

wearily - avec lassitude

vacated - libéré, vider, fr

* Catherine.

"I thought perhaps something had happened," she said with her unchanging stonily severe expression; and, sitting down opposite the prince, she prepared to listen.

stonily - stonily

"I wished to get a nap, mon cousin, but I can't."

"Well, my dear?" said Prince VasĂ­li, taking her hand and bending it downwards as was his habit.

It was plain that this "well?" referred to much that they both understood without naming.

The princess, who had a straight, rigid body, abnormally long for her legs, looked directly at Prince VasĂ­li with no sign of emotion in her prominent gray eyes. Then she shook her head and glanced up at the icons with a sigh. This might have been taken as an expression of sorrow and devotion, or of weariness and hope of resting before long.

rigid - rigide

abnormally - anormalement

Prince VasĂ­li understood it as an expression of weariness.

"And I?" he said; "do you think it is easier for me? I am as worn out as a post horse, but still I must have a talk with you, Catiche, a very serious talk."

Prince VasĂ­li said no more and his cheeks began to twitch nervously, now on one side, now on the other, giving his face an unpleasant expression which was never to be seen on it in a drawing room. His eyes too seemed strange; at one moment they looked impudently sly and at the next glanced round in alarm.

cheeks - joues, joue, fesse, culot, toupet, potence de bringuebale

twitch - twitch, donner, avoir un mouvement convulsif

impudently - impudemment

The princess, holding her little dog on her lap with her thin bony hands, looked attentively into Prince VasĂ­li's eyes evidently resolved not to be the first to break silence, if she had to wait till morning.

lap - tour, clapoter

resolved - résolu, prendre la résolution de

"Well, you see, my dear princess and cousin, Catherine Semënovna," continued Prince Vasíli, returning to his theme, apparently not without an inner struggle; "at such a moment as this one must think of everything. One must think of the future, of all of you... I love you all, like children of my own, as you know."

Struggle - lutte, lutter, s'efforcer, combattre

The princess continued to look at him without moving, and with the same dull expression.

"And then of course my family has also to be considered," Prince Vasíli went on, testily pushing away a little table without looking at her. "You know, Catiche, that we"you three sisters, Mámontov, and my wife"are the count's only direct heirs. I know, I know how hard it is for you to talk or think of such matters.

testily - de façon provocante

heirs - héritiers, héritier, héritiere, successeur, successeuse

It is no easier for me; but, my dear, I am getting on for sixty and must be prepared for anything. Do you know I have sent for Pierre? The count," pointing to his portrait, "definitely demanded that he should be called."

Prince VasĂ­li looked questioningly at the princess, but could not make out whether she was considering what he had just said or whether she was simply looking at him.

"There is one thing I constantly pray God to grant, mon cousin," she replied, "and it is that He would be merciful to him and would allow his noble soul peacefully to leave this..."

merciful - miséricordieux

peacefully - pacifiquement

"Yes, yes, of course," interrupted Prince VasĂ­li impatiently, rubbing his bald head and angrily pulling back toward him the little table that he had pushed away. "But... in short, the fact is... you know yourself that last winter the count made a will by which he left all his property, not to us his direct heirs, but to Pierre."

impatiently - avec impatience

pushed away - repoussé

made a will - a fait un testament

"He has made wills enough!" quietly remarked the princess. "But he cannot leave the estate to Pierre. Pierre is illegitimate."

estate - patrimoine, noblesse, proprieté, biens, domaine, propriété

"But, my dear," said Prince VasĂ­li suddenly, clutching the little table and becoming more animated and talking more rapidly: "what if a letter has been written to the Emperor in which the count asks for Pierre's legitimation? Do you understand that in consideration of the count's services, his request would be granted?..."

clutching - l'embrayage, se raccrocher (a)

legitimation - légitimation

granted - accordée, accorder, admettre

The princess smiled as people do who think they know more about the subject under discussion than those they are talking with.

"I can tell you more," continued Prince VasĂ­li, seizing her hand, "that letter was written, though it was not sent, and the Emperor knew of it. The only question is, has it been destroyed or not?

seizing - la saisie, emparant, (seize), saisir, emparer

If not, then as soon as all is over," and Prince VasĂ­li sighed to intimate what he meant by the words all is over, "and the count's papers are opened, the will and letter will be delivered to the Emperor, and the petition will certainly be granted. Pierre will get everything as the legitimate son."

sighed - soupiré, soupirer

petition - pétition, pétitionner

"And our share?" asked the princess smiling ironically, as if anything might happen, only not that.

"But, my poor Catiche, it is as clear as daylight! He will then be the legal heir to everything and you won't get anything. You must know, my dear, whether the will and letter were written, and whether they have been destroyed or not. And if they have somehow been overlooked, you ought to know where they are, and must find them, because..."

clear as daylight - clair comme de l'eau de roche

overlooked - négligé, vue, panorama, surplomber, négliger, louper

"What next?" the princess interrupted, smiling sardonically and not changing the expression of her eyes. "I am a woman, and you think we are all stupid; but I know this: an illegitimate son cannot inherit... un bâtard!"* she added, as if supposing that this translation of the word would effectively prove to Prince Vasíli the invalidity of his contention.

sardonically - sardoniquement

contention - contention, dispute, discorde, litige

* A bastard.

bastard - bâtard, bâtarde, croisé, fils de pute, salopard

"Well, really, Catiche! Can't you understand! You are so intelligent, how is it you don't see that if the count has written a letter to the Emperor begging him to recognize Pierre as legitimate, it follows that Pierre will not be Pierre but will become Count BezĂşkhov, and will then inherit everything under the will?

And if the will and letter are not destroyed, then you will have nothing but the consolation of having been dutiful et tout ce qui s'ensuit!* That's certain."

consolation - consoler, consolation

dutiful - consciencieux

et - et

tout - tout, racoler

ce - ce, EC (ere commune)

* And all that follows therefrom.

therefrom - de cette façon

"I know the will was made, but I also know that it is invalid; and you, mon cousin, seem to consider me a perfect fool," said the princess with the expression women assume when they suppose they are saying something witty and stinging.

fool - idiot, dinde, fou, bouffon, mat, duper, tromper

assume - supposer, présupposer, présumer, assumer, adopter, prendre

"My dear Princess Catherine Semënovna," began Prince Vasíli impatiently, "I came here not to wrangle with you, but to talk about your interests as with a kinswoman, a good, kind, true relation. And I tell you for the tenth time that if the letter to the Emperor and the will in Pierre's favor are among the count's papers, then, my dear girl, you and your sisters are not heiresses!

wrangle - se disputer, disputer, quereller

heiresses - héritieres, héritiere, successeuse, successrice

If you don't believe me, then believe an expert. I have just been talking to DmĂ­tri OnĂşfrich" (the family solicitor) "and he says the same."

solicitor - avocat, avoué

At this a sudden change evidently took place in the princess'ideas; her thin lips grew white, though her eyes did not change, and her voice when she began to speak passed through such transitions as she herself evidently did not expect.

transitions - transitions, transition

"That would be a fine thing!" said she. "I never wanted anything and I don't now."

She pushed the little dog off her lap and smoothed her dress.

"And this is gratitude"this is recognition for those who have sacrificed everything for his sake!" she cried. "It's splendid! Fine! I don't want anything, Prince."

recognition - reconnaissance

sacrificed - sacrifié, sacrifier, sacrifice, offrande

"Yes, but you are not the only one. There are your sisters..." replied Prince VasĂ­li.

But the princess did not listen to him.

"Yes, I knew it long ago but had forgotten. I knew that I could expect nothing but meanness, deceit, envy, intrigue, and ingratitude"the blackest ingratitude"in this house..."

meanness - la méchanceté, abjection

deceit - la tromperie, tromperie, ruse, fraude

envy - l'envie, envie, jalousie, convoitise, envier

intrigue - intrigue, intriguer, conspirer

ingratitude - l'ingratitude, ingratitude

"Do you or do you not know where that will is?" insisted Prince VasĂ­li, his cheeks twitching more than ever.

insisted - insisté, insister

twitching - twitching, (twitch) twitching

"Yes, I was a fool! I still believed in people, loved them, and sacrificed myself. But only the base, the vile succeed! I know who has been intriguing!"

vile - vil

intriguing - intriguant, intrigue, intriguer, conspirer

The princess wished to rise, but the prince held her by the hand. She had the air of one who has suddenly lost faith in the whole human race. She gave her companion an angry glance.

"There is still time, my dear. You must remember, Catiche, that it was all done casually in a moment of anger, of illness, and was afterwards forgotten. Our duty, my dear, is to rectify his mistake, to ease his last moments by not letting him commit this injustice, and not to let him die feeling that he is rendering unhappy those who..."

casually - de rencontre

rectify - rectifier

injustice - l'injustice, injustice

"Who sacrificed everything for him," chimed in the princess, who would again have risen had not the prince still held her fast, "though he never could appreciate it. No, mon cousin," she added with a sigh, "I shall always remember that in this world one must expect no reward, that in this world there is neither honor nor justice. In this world one has to be cunning and cruel."

justice - justice, équité, conseiller

cunning - astucieux, rusé

"Now come, come! Be reasonable. I know your excellent heart."

reasonable - raisonnable

"No, I have a wicked heart."

"I know your heart," repeated the prince. "I value your friendship and wish you to have as good an opinion of me. Don't upset yourself, and let us talk sensibly while there is still time, be it a day or be it but an hour.... Tell me all you know about the will, and above all where it is. You must know. We will take it at once and show it to the count.

sensibly - raisonnablement

He has, no doubt, forgotten it and will wish to destroy it. You understand that my sole desire is conscientiously to carry out his wishes; that is my only reason for being here. I came simply to help him and you."

conscientiously - consciencieusement

"Now I see it all! I know who has been intriguing"I know!" cried the princess.

"that's not the point, my dear."

that's not the point - ce n'est pas la question

"It's that protégé of yours, that sweet Princess Drubetskáya, that Anna Mikháylovna whom I would not take for a housemaid... the infamous, vile woman!"

housemaid - femme de ménage

infamous - infâme

"Do not let us lose any time..."

"Ah, don't talk to me! Last winter she wheedled herself in here and told the count such vile, disgraceful things about us, especially about Sophie"I can't repeat them"that it made the count quite ill and he would not see us for a whole fortnight. I know it was then he wrote this vile, infamous paper, but I thought the thing was invalid."

wheedled - wheedled, rench: -neededr

disgraceful - honteux

fortnight - quinze jours, deux semaines, quinzaine

"We've got to it at last"why did you not tell me about it sooner?"

"It's in the inlaid portfolio that he keeps under his pillow," said the princess, ignoring his question. "Now I know! Yes; if I have a sin, a great sin, it is hatred of that vile woman!" almost shrieked the princess, now quite changed. "And what does she come worming herself in here for? But I will give her a piece of my mind. The time will come!"

inlaid - incrusté, incrustation

portfolio - portefeuille, portfolio

pillow - oreiller, tetiere

shrieked - a crié, hurlement, crier

worming - vermifuge, ver, vermine, scarabée, vis sans fin, dragon


While these conversations were going on in the reception room and the princess'room, a carriage containing Pierre (who had been sent for) and Anna Mikháylovna (who found it necessary to accompany him) was driving into the court of Count Bezúkhov's house.

accompany - accompagner

driving into - dans lequel vous conduisez

As the wheels rolled softly over the straw beneath the windows, Anna Mikháylovna, having turned with words of comfort to her companion, realized that he was asleep in his corner and woke him up. Rousing himself, Pierre followed Anna Mikháylovna out of the carriage, and only then began to think of the interview with his dying father which awaited him.

comfort - le confort, confort, consoler

rousing - l'enthousiasme, réveiller

awaited - attendue, attendre, s'attendre a, servir, guetter

He noticed that they had not come to the front entrance but to the back door. While he was getting down from the carriage steps two men, who looked like tradespeople, ran hurriedly from the entrance and hid in the shadow of the wall. Pausing for a moment, Pierre noticed several other men of the same kind hiding in the shadow of the house on both sides.

getting down - a descendre

shadow - l'ombre, ombre, prendre en filature, filer

pausing - une pause, (pause), pauser, pause

But neither Anna Mikháylovna nor the footman nor the coachman, who could not help seeing these people, took any notice of them. "It seems to be all right," Pierre concluded, and followed Anna Mikháylovna. She hurriedly ascended the narrow dimly lit stone staircase, calling to Pierre, who was lagging behind, to follow.

coachman - cocher

lagging - a la traîne, (lag), rester en arriere, etre en retard

Though he did not see why it was necessary for him to go to the count at all, still less why he had to go by the back stairs, yet judging by Anna Mikháylovna's air of assurance and haste, Pierre concluded that it was all absolutely necessary. Halfway up the stairs they were almost knocked over by some men who, carrying pails, came running downstairs, their boots clattering.

haste - hâte

knocked over - renversé

pails - seaux, seau

clattering - cliquetis, claquer, craquer, claquement, craquement, vacarme

These men pressed close to the wall to let Pierre and Anna Mikháylovna pass and did not evince the least surprise at seeing them there.

evince - evince, montrer, prouver

"Is this the way to the princesses'apartments?" asked Anna Mikháylovna of one of them.

"Yes," replied a footman in a bold loud voice, as if anything were now permissible; "the door to the left, ma'am."

permissible - admissible

"Perhaps the count did not ask for me," said Pierre when he reached the landing. "I'd better go to my own room."

Anna Mikháylovna paused and waited for him to come up.

"Ah, my friend!" she said, touching his arm as she had done her son's when speaking to him that afternoon, "believe me I suffer no less than you do, but be a man!"

"But really, hadn't I better go away?" he asked, looking kindly at her over his spectacles.

"Ah, my dear friend! Forget the wrongs that may have been done you. Think that he is your father ... perhaps in the agony of death." She sighed. "I have loved you like a son from the first. Trust yourself to me, Pierre. I shall not forget your interests."

agony - l'agonie, agonie, angoisse

trust - confiance, trust, faire confiance, avoir foi en quelqu’un

Pierre did not understand a word, but the conviction that all this had to be grew stronger, and he meekly followed Anna Mikháylovna who was already opening a door.

meekly - docilement, humblement

This door led into a back anteroom. An old man, a servant of the princesses, sat in a corner knitting a stocking. Pierre had never been in this part of the house and did not even know of the existence of these rooms.

knitting - tricotage, tricot, (knit), tricoter, souder, unir, se souder

stocking - bas, collante, (stock) bas

existence - l'existence, existence

Anna Mikháylovna, addressing a maid who was hurrying past with a decanter on a tray as "my dear" and "my sweet," asked about the princess'health and then led Pierre along a stone passage. The first door on the left led into the princesses'apartments.

decanter - carafe, décanteur

tray - plateau

The maid with the decanter in her haste had not closed the door (everything in the house was done in haste at that time), and Pierre and Anna Mikháylovna in passing instinctively glanced into the room, where Prince Vasíli and the eldest princess were sitting close together talking.

Seeing them pass, Prince VasĂ­li drew back with obvious impatience, while the princess jumped up and with a gesture of desperation slammed the door with all her might.

slammed - claquée, claquer

This action was so unlike her usual composure and the fear depicted on Prince Vasíli's face so out of keeping with his dignity that Pierre stopped and glanced inquiringly over his spectacles at his guide. Anna Mikháylovna evinced no surprise, she only smiled faintly and sighed, as if to say that this was no more than she had expected.

composure - le sang-froid, calme, quiétude

depicted - représenté, représenter, décrire

evinced - évincé, montrer, prouver

faintly - faiblement

"Be a man, my friend. I will look after your interests," said she in reply to his look, and went still faster along the passage.

Pierre could not make out what it was all about, and still less what "watching over his interests" meant, but he decided that all these things had to be. From the passage they went into a large, dimly lit room adjoining the count's reception room.

It was one of those sumptuous but cold apartments known to Pierre only from the front approach, but even in this room there now stood an empty bath, and water had been spilled on the carpet. They were met by a deacon with a censer and by a servant who passed out on tiptoe without heeding them.

sumptuous - somptueux

approach - approche, approchons, abordent, abordez, rapprochons

spilled - déversé, déverser, répandre, renverser, déversement

Deacon - diacre, diaconesse

censer - encensoir

on tiptoe - sur la pointe des pieds

They went into the reception room familiar to Pierre, with two Italian windows opening into the conservatory, with its large bust and full length portrait of Catherine the Great. The same people were still sitting here in almost the same positions as before, whispering to one another.

bust - buste

full length - pleine longueur

whispering - chuchotement, (whisper), chuchoter, susurrer

All became silent and turned to look at the pale tear-worn Anna Mikháylovna as she entered, and at the big stout figure of Pierre who, hanging his head, meekly followed her.

became silent - est devenu silencieux

Anna Mikháylovna's face expressed a consciousness that the decisive moment had arrived. With the air of a practical Petersburg lady she now, keeping Pierre close beside her, entered the room even more boldly than that afternoon. She felt that as she brought with her the person the dying man wished to see, her own admission was assured.

decisive - décisif

admission - l'admission, admission

assured - assurée, assurerent, assura, assurai

Casting a rapid glance at all those in the room and noticing the count's confessor there, she glided up to him with a sort of amble, not exactly bowing yet seeming to grow suddenly smaller, and respectfully received the blessing first of one and then of another priest.

casting - casting, moulage, (cast), jeter, diriger, lancer, additionner

rapid - rapide, rapides

confessor - confesseur

glided - glissé, glisser, planer

amble - amble, déambuler, ambler

blessing - la bénédiction, bénédiction, grâce, troupeau, harde

"God be thanked that you are in time," said she to one of the priests; "all we relatives have been in such anxiety. This young man is the count's son," she added more softly. "What a terrible moment!"

Having said this she went up to the doctor.

"Dear doctor," said she, "this young man is the count's son. Is there any hope?"

The doctor cast a rapid glance upwards and silently shrugged his shoulders. Anna Mikháylovna with just the same movement raised her shoulders and eyes, almost closing the latter, sighed, and moved away from the doctor to Pierre. To him, in a particularly respectful and tenderly sad voice, she said:

cast - casting, jeter, diriger, lancer, additionner, sommer, muer

respectful - respectueux

"Trust in His mercy!" and pointing out a small sofa for him to sit and wait for her, she went silently toward the door that everyone was watching and it creaked very slightly as she disappeared behind it.

Pierre, having made up his mind to obey his monitress implicitly, moved toward the sofa she had indicated. As soon as Anna Mikháylovna had disappeared he noticed that the eyes of all in the room turned to him with something more than curiosity and sympathy. He noticed that they whispered to one another, casting significant looks at him with a kind of awe and even servility.

monitress - monitrice

implicitly - implicitement

awe - la stupeur, crainte, révérence, admiration

A deference such as he had never before received was shown him. A strange lady, the one who had been talking to the priests, rose and offered him her seat; an aide-de-camp picked up and returned a glove Pierre had dropped; the doctors became respectfully silent as he passed by, and moved to make way for him.

deference - respect, déférence

At first Pierre wished to take another seat so as not to trouble the lady, and also to pick up the glove himself and to pass round the doctors who were not even in his way; but all at once he felt that this would not do, and that tonight he was a person obliged to perform some sort of awful rite which everyone expected of him, and that he was therefore bound to accept their services.

obliged - obligée, imposer, obliger, rendre service

rite - rite

bound - lié, entrain, (bind), lier, attacher, nouer, connecter, coupler

He took the glove in silence from the aide-de-camp, and sat down in the lady's chair, placing his huge hands symmetrically on his knees in the naĂŻve attitude of an Egyptian statue, and decided in his own mind that all was as it should be, and that in order not to lose his head and do foolish things he must not act on his own ideas tonight, but must yield himself up entirely to the will of those who were guiding him.

symmetrically - symétriquement

yield - le rendement, rends, produit, rendement, rendons, rendent

Not two minutes had passed before Prince VasĂ­li with head erect majestically entered the room. He was wearing his long coat with three stars on his breast. He seemed to have grown thinner since the morning; his eyes seemed larger than usual when he glanced round and noticed Pierre.

majestically - majestueusement

He went up to him, took his hand (a thing he never used to do), and drew it downwards as if wishing to ascertain whether it was firmly fixed on.

ascertain - vérification, constater, définir

"Courage, courage, my friend! He has asked to see you. That is well!" and he turned to go.

But Pierre thought it necessary to ask: "How is..." and hesitated, not knowing whether it would be proper to call the dying man "the count," yet ashamed to call him "father."

hesitated - hésité, hésiter

"He had another stroke about half an hour ago. Courage, my friend..."

Pierre's mind was in such a confused state that the word "stroke" suggested to him a blow from something. He looked at Prince VasĂ­li in perplexity, and only later grasped that a stroke was an attack of illness. Prince VasĂ­li said something to Lorrain in passing and went through the door on tiptoe. He could not walk well on tiptoe and his whole body jerked at each step.

perplexity - perplexité

grasped - saisi, saisir, agripper, comprendre

tiptoe - pointe des pied ieds, marcher sur la pointe des pieds

jerked - secoué, secousse

The eldest princess followed him, and the priests and deacons and some servants also went in at the door. Through that door was heard a noise of things being moved about, and at last Anna Mikháylovna, still with the same expression, pale but resolute in the discharge of duty, ran out and touching Pierre lightly on the arm said:

deacons - diacres, diacre, diaconesse

discharge - décharge, licenciement, débit

"The divine mercy is inexhaustible! Unction is about to be administered. Come."

divine - divine, divin

inexhaustible - inépuisable

Pierre went in at the door, stepping on the soft carpet, and noticed that the strange lady, the aide-de-camp, and some of the servants, all followed him in, as if there were now no further need for permission to enter that room.


Pierre well knew this large room divided by columns and an arch, its walls hung round with Persian carpets. The part of the room behind the columns, with a high silk-curtained mahogany bedstead on one side and on the other an immense case containing icons, was brightly illuminated with red light like a Russian church during evening service.

arch - arch, dôme

Persian - Persan

mahogany - acajou, mahagoni

bedstead - le sommier, châlit

brightly - brillante, clairement, précisément

illuminated - éclairé, illuminer

Under the gleaming icons stood a long invalid chair, and in that chair on snowy-white smooth pillows, evidently freshly changed, Pierre saw"covered to the waist by a bright green quilt"the familiar, majestic figure of his father, Count Bezúkhov, with that gray mane of hair above his broad forehead which reminded one of a lion, and the deep characteristically noble wrinkles of his handsome, ruddy face. He lay just under the icons; his large thick hands outside the quilt. Into the right hand, which was lying palm downwards, a wax taper had been thrust between forefinger and thumb, and an old servant, bending over from behind the chair, held it in position. By the chair stood the priests, their long hair falling over their magnificent glittering vestments, with lighted tapers in their hands, slowly and solemnly conducting the service. A little behind them stood the two younger princesses holding handkerchiefs to their eyes, and just in front of them their eldest sister, Catiche, with a vicious and determined look steadily fixed on the icons, as though declaring to all that she could not answer for herself should she glance round. Anna Mikháylovna, with a meek, sorrowful, and all-forgiving expression on her face, stood by the door near the strange lady. Prince Vasíli in front of the door, near the invalid chair, a wax taper in his left hand, was leaning his left arm on the carved back of a velvet chair he had turned round for the purpose, and was crossing himself with his right hand, turning his eyes upward each time he touched his forehead. His face wore a calm look of piety and resignation to the will of God. "If you do not understand these sentiments," he seemed to be saying, "so much the worse for you!"

gleaming - étincelante, brillant, (gleam) étincelante

snowy - enneigée, neigeux

pillows - oreillers, oreiller, tetiere

freshly - fraîchement, froidement

waist - taille, ceinture

majestic - majestueux

mane - criniere, criniere

characteristically - de façon caractéristique

ruddy - ruddy, rougeâtre

wax - la cire, cirons, cirez, cire, cirer, cirent

forefinger - l'index, index

thumb - pouce, feuilleter

glittering - scintillant, étincelant, (glitter), étincellement, paillette

tapers - les cônes, cierge

conducting - la conduite, comportement, conduite, se comporter, conduire

vicious - rench: t-needed r, vicieux

declaring - déclarer, expliquer

meek - doux, humble, modeste, soumis, faible

sorrowful - chagrin

forgiving - pardonner

upward - a la hausse

piety - la piété, piété

sentiments - sentiments, sentiment

Behind him stood the aide-de-camp, the doctors, and the menservants; the men and women had separated as in church. All were silently crossing themselves, and the reading of the church service, the subdued chanting of deep bass voices, and in the intervals sighs and the shuffling of feet were the only sounds that could be heard.

menservants - serviteurs, serviteur

church service - service religieux

chanting - chanter, psalmodier

bass voices - des voix de basse

sighs - soupirs, soupirer

shuffling - le brassage, (shuffle), battage, battre, mélanger

Anna Mikháylovna, with an air of importance that showed that she felt she quite knew what she was about, went across the room to where Pierre was standing and gave him a taper. He lit it and, distracted by observing those around him, began crossing himself with the hand that held the taper.

distracted - distraits, distraire

observing - l'observation, observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

Sophie, the rosy, laughter-loving, youngest princess with the mole, watched him. She smiled, hid her face in her handkerchief, and remained with it hidden for awhile; then looking up and seeing Pierre she again began to laugh. She evidently felt unable to look at him without laughing, but could not resist looking at him: so to be out of temptation she slipped quietly behind one of the columns.

awhile - pendant ce temps, un moment, un peu, un instant

resist - résister

temptation - la tentation, tentation

In the midst of the service the voices of the priests suddenly ceased, they whispered to one another, and the old servant who was holding the count's hand got up and said something to the ladies. Anna Mikháylovna stepped forward and, stooping over the dying man, beckoned to Lorrain from behind her back.

stooping - se baisser

beckoned - fait signe, faire signe

The French doctor held no taper; he was leaning against one of the columns in a respectful attitude implying that he, a foreigner, in spite of all differences of faith, understood the full importance of the rite now being performed and even approved of it.

implying - sous-entendu, impliquer, insinuer, sous-entendre

approved - approuvée, approuver

He now approached the sick man with the noiseless step of one in full vigor of life, with his delicate white fingers raised from the green quilt the hand that was free, and turning sideways felt the pulse and reflected a moment. The sick man was given something to drink, there was a stir around him, then the people resumed their places and the service continued.

noiseless - sans bruit, silencieux

vigor - vigueur

pulse - l'impulsion, pouls

During this interval Pierre noticed that Prince VasĂ­li left the chair on which he had been leaning, and"with an air which intimated that he knew what he was about and if others did not understand him it was so much the worse for them"did not go up to the dying man, but passed by him, joined the eldest princess, and moved with her to the side of the room where stood the high bedstead with its silken hangings. On leaving the bed both Prince VasĂ­li and the princess passed out by a back door, but returned to their places one after the other before the service was concluded. Pierre paid no more attention to this occurrence than to the rest of what went on, having made up his mind once for all that what he saw happening around him that evening was in some way essential.

interval - intervalle

intimated - intimidée, intime

silken - en soie, soyeux

Occurrence - occurrence

The chanting of the service ceased, and the voice of the priest was heard respectfully congratulating the dying man on having received the sacrament. The dying man lay as lifeless and immovable as before. Around him everyone began to stir: steps were audible and whispers, among which Anna Mikháylovna's was the most distinct.

congratulating - féliciter

immovable - inamovible, immeuble

Pierre heard her say:

"Certainly he must be moved onto the bed; here it will be impossible..."

The sick man was so surrounded by doctors, princesses, and servants that Pierre could no longer see the reddish-yellow face with its gray mane"which, though he saw other faces as well, he had not lost sight of for a single moment during the whole service. He judged by the cautious movements of those who crowded round the invalid chair that they had lifted the dying man and were moving him.

surrounded - entouré, entourer, enceindre

reddish - rougeâtre

cautious - prudent

"Catch hold of my arm or you'll drop him!" he heard one of the servants say in a frightened whisper. "Catch hold from underneath. Here!" exclaimed different voices; and the heavy breathing of the bearers and the shuffling of their feet grew more hurried, as if the weight they were carrying were too much for them.

underneath - dessous, en dessous, du dessous, d'en dessous

bearers - porteurs, porteur, porteuse

As the bearers, among whom was Anna Mikháylovna, passed the young man he caught a momentary glimpse between their heads and backs of the dying man's high, stout, uncovered chest and powerful shoulders, raised by those who were holding him under the armpits, and of his gray, curly, leonine head.

Glimpse - aperçu, entrevoir

uncovered - a découvert, découvrir

armpits - aisselles, aisselle

leonine - léonine

This head, with its remarkably broad brow and cheekbones, its handsome, sensual mouth, and its cold, majestic expression, was not disfigured by the approach of death. It was the same as Pierre remembered it three months before, when the count had sent him to Petersburg.

brow - sourcils, andouiller d'oil, maître andouiller

cheekbones - pommettes, pommette, zygoma

sensual - sensuel, voluptueux

disfigured - défiguré, défigurer

But now this head was swaying helplessly with the uneven movements of the bearers, and the cold listless gaze fixed itself upon nothing.

uneven - inégale, inégal

gaze - regard, fixer

After a few minutes'bustle beside the high bedstead, those who had carried the sick man dispersed. Anna Mikháylovna touched Pierre's hand and said, "Come." Pierre went with her to the bed on which the sick man had been laid in a stately pose in keeping with the ceremony just completed. He lay with his head propped high on the pillows.

laid in - mis en place

stately - majestueux, imposant

propped - étayé, support

His hands were symmetrically placed on the green silk quilt, the palms downward. When Pierre came up the count was gazing straight at him, but with a look the significance of which could not be understood by mortal man. Either this look meant nothing but that as long as one has eyes they must look somewhere, or it meant too much.

palms - des palmiers, paume

significance - importance (1), signification (2)

mortal - mortel, mortelle

Pierre hesitated, not knowing what to do, and glanced inquiringly at his guide. Anna Mikháylovna made a hurried sign with her eyes, glancing at the sick man's hand and moving her lips as if to send it a kiss. Pierre, carefully stretching his neck so as not to touch the quilt, followed her suggestion and pressed his lips to the large boned, fleshy hand.

fleshy - charnue, carné, pulpeux, viandeux, charnu

Neither the hand nor a single muscle of the count's face stirred. Once more Pierre looked questioningly at Anna Mikháylovna to see what he was to do next. Anna Mikháylovna with her eyes indicated a chair that stood beside the bed. Pierre obediently sat down, his eyes asking if he were doing right. Anna Mikháylovna nodded approvingly.

stirred - remué, brasser, agiter

obediently - avec obéissance

Again Pierre fell into the naĂŻvely symmetrical pose of an Egyptian statue, evidently distressed that his stout and clumsy body took up so much room and doing his utmost to look as small as possible. He looked at the count, who still gazed at the spot where Pierre's face had been before he sat down.

symmetrical - symétrique

utmost - le plus important, extreme, plus grand, supreme, maximum

Anna Mikháylovna indicated by her attitude her consciousness of the pathetic importance of these last moments of meeting between the father and son. This lasted about two minutes, which to Pierre seemed an hour. Suddenly the broad muscles and lines of the count's face began to twitch.

The twitching increased, the handsome mouth was drawn to one side (only now did Pierre realize how near death his father was), and from that distorted mouth issued an indistinct, hoarse sound.

hoarse - rauque, rugueux

Anna Mikháylovna looked attentively at the sick man's eyes, trying to guess what he wanted; she pointed first to Pierre, then to some drink, then named Prince Vasíli in an inquiring whisper, then pointed to the quilt. The eyes and face of the sick man showed impatience. He made an effort to look at the servant who stood constantly at the head of the bed.

"Wants to turn on the other side," whispered the servant, and got up to turn the count's heavy body toward the wall.

Pierre rose to help him.

While the count was being turned over, one of his arms fell back helplessly and he made a fruitless effort to pull it forward.

fruitless - infructueux, abortif, abortive, vain

Whether he noticed the look of terror with which Pierre regarded that lifeless arm, or whether some other thought flitted across his dying brain, at any rate he glanced at the refractory arm, at Pierre's terror-stricken face, and again at the arm, and on his face a feeble, piteous smile appeared, quite out of keeping with his features, that seemed to deride his own helplessness.

terror - la terreur, terreur, effroi, terrorisme

flitted - flotté, voltiger, voleter, papillonner, virevolter

refractory - réfractaire

feeble - faible

deride - se moquer, bafouer, railler

at sight of this smile Pierre felt an unexpected quivering in his breast and a tickling in his nose, and tears dimmed his eyes. The sick man was turned on to his side with his face to the wall. He sighed.

at sight - a vue

unexpected - inattendu

tickling - des chatouilles, (tickle), chatouiller

dimmed - diminué, faible, vague

"He is dozing," said Anna Mikháylovna, observing that one of the princesses was coming to take her turn at watching. "Let us go."

dozing - s'assoupir, (doze) s'assoupir

Pierre went out.


There was now no one in the reception room except Prince VasĂ­li and the eldest princess, who were sitting under the portrait of Catherine the Great and talking eagerly. As soon as they saw Pierre and his companion they became silent, and Pierre thought he saw the princess hide something as she whispered:

"I can't bear the sight of that woman."

"Catiche has had tea served in the small drawing room," said Prince Vasíli to Anna Mikháylovna. "Go and take something, my poor Anna Mikháylovna, or you will not hold out."

To Pierre he said nothing, merely giving his arm a sympathetic squeeze below the shoulder. Pierre went with Anna Mikháylovna into the small drawing room.

sympathetic - sympathique

squeeze - de la compression, presser, comprimer, tasser, serrer

"There is nothing so refreshing after a sleepless night as a cup of this delicious Russian tea," Lorrain was saying with an air of restrained animation as he stood sipping tea from a delicate Chinese handleless cup before a table on which tea and a cold supper were laid in the small circular room.

refreshing - rafraîchissant, revigorer, rafraîchir

sleepless - l'insomnie, insomniaque

restrained - retenue, (se) contenir/retenir

sipping - siroter, gorgée

handleless - sans poignée

circular - circulaire, rond

Around the table all who were at Count BezĂşkhov's house that night had gathered to fortify themselves. Pierre well remembered this small circular drawing room with its mirrors and little tables.

fortify - fortifier, renforcer, supplémenter

During balls given at the house Pierre, who did not know how to dance, had liked sitting in this room to watch the ladies who, as they passed through in their ball dresses with diamonds and pearls on their bare shoulders, looked at themselves in the brilliantly lighted mirrors which repeated their reflections several times. Now this same room was dimly lighted by two candles.

ball dresses - des robes de bal

pearls - perles, perle, joyau, perlure, parisienne, sédanoise

On one small table tea things and supper dishes stood in disorder, and in the middle of the night a motley throng of people sat there, not merrymaking, but somberly whispering, and betraying by every word and movement that they none of them forgot what was happening and what was about to happen in the bedroom. Pierre did not eat anything though he would very much have liked to.

disorder - désordre, trouble

motley - motley, hétéroclite, bigarré

throng - essaim, foule

somberly - sombrement

He looked inquiringly at his monitress and saw that she was again going on tiptoe to the reception room where they had left Prince Vasíli and the eldest princess. Pierre concluded that this also was essential, and after a short interval followed her. Anna Mikháylovna was standing beside the princess, and they were both speaking in excited whispers.

"Permit me, Princess, to know what is necessary and what is not necessary," said the younger of the two speakers, evidently in the same state of excitement as when she had slammed the door of her room.

permit - permis, permettre, permets, permettons, permettez

"But, my dear princess," answered Anna Mikháylovna blandly but impressively, blocking the way to the bedroom and preventing the other from passing, "won't this be too much for poor Uncle at a moment when he needs repose? Worldly conversation at a moment when his soul is already prepared..."

impressively - de maniere impressionnante

repose - repos

worldly - laique

Prince VasĂ­li was seated in an easy chair in his familiar attitude, with one leg crossed high above the other. His cheeks, which were so flabby that they looked heavier below, were twitching violently; but he wore the air of a man little concerned in what the two ladies were saying.

flabby - flasque, ramolli

violently - violemment

"Come, my dear Anna Mikháylovna, let Catiche do as she pleases. You know how fond the count is of her."

"I don't even know what is in this paper," said the younger of the two ladies, addressing Prince VasĂ­li and pointing to an inlaid portfolio she held in her hand. "All I know is that his real will is in his writing table, and this is a paper he has forgotten...."

She tried to pass Anna Mikháylovna, but the latter sprang so as to bar her path.

"I know, my dear, kind princess," said Anna Mikháylovna, seizing the portfolio so firmly that it was plain she would not let go easily. "Dear princess, I beg and implore you, have some pity on him! Je vous en conjure..."

en - en

The princess did not reply. Their efforts in the struggle for the portfolio were the only sounds audible, but it was evident that if the princess did speak, her words would not be flattering to Anna Mikháylovna. Though the latter held on tenaciously, her voice lost none of its honeyed firmness and softness.

flattering - flatteur, flatter

tenaciously - avec ténacité

honeyed - mielleux, miel

firmness - la fermeté, fermeté

"Pierre, my dear, come here. I think he will not be out of place in a family consultation; is it not so, Prince?"

consultation - consultation

"Why don't you speak, cousin?" suddenly shrieked the princess so loud that those in the drawing room heard her and were startled. "Why do you remain silent when heaven knows who permits herself to interfere, making a scene on the very threshold of a dying man's room? Intriguer!" she hissed viciously, and tugged with all her might at the portfolio.

permits - des permis, permettre

threshold - seuil, seuil de tolérance

Intriguer - intrigant

viciously - vicieusement, pernicieuxse

But Anna Mikháylovna went forward a step or two to keep her hold on the portfolio, and changed her grip.

grip - poignée, ballot, grippe, saisir, agripper, préhension

Prince VasĂ­li rose. "Oh!" said he with reproach and surprise, "this is absurd! Come, let go I tell you."

The princess let go.

"And you too!"

But Anna Mikháylovna did not obey him.

"Let go, I tell you! I will take the responsibility. I myself will go and ask him, I!... does that satisfy you?"

satisfy - satisfaire

"But, Prince," said Anna Mikháylovna, "after such a solemn sacrament, allow him a moment's peace! Here, Pierre, tell them your opinion," said she, turning to the young man who, having come quite close, was gazing with astonishment at the angry face of the princess which had lost all dignity, and at the twitching cheeks of Prince Vasíli.

astonishment - l'étonnement, étonnement

"Remember that you will answer for the consequences," said Prince VasĂ­li severely. "You don't know what you are doing."

"Vile woman!" shouted the princess, darting unexpectedly at Anna Mikháylovna and snatching the portfolio from her.

darting - darting, dard, fleche

Prince VasĂ­li bent his head and spread out his hands.

At this moment that terrible door, which Pierre had watched so long and which had always opened so quietly, burst noisily open and banged against the wall, and the second of the three sisters rushed out wringing her hands.

noisily - bruyamment

banged - cogné, détonation

wringing - tordant, (wring) tordant

"What are you doing!" she cried vehemently. "He is dying and you leave me alone with him!"

Her sister dropped the portfolio. Anna Mikháylovna, stooping, quickly caught up the object of contention and ran into the bedroom. The eldest princess and Prince Vasíli, recovering themselves, followed her. A few minutes later the eldest sister came out with a pale hard face, again biting her underlip. At sight of Pierre her expression showed an irrepressible hatred.

recovering - en cours de rétablissement, recouvrer (la santé)

irrepressible - irrépressible

"Yes, now you may be glad!" said she; "this is what you have been waiting for." And bursting into tears she hid her face in her handkerchief and rushed from the room.

bursting - l'éclatement, éclater, faire éclater, rompre, briser

Prince VasĂ­li came next. He staggered to the sofa on which Pierre was sitting and dropped onto it, covering his face with his hand. Pierre noticed that he was pale and that his jaw quivered and shook as if in an ague.

staggered - en décalé, tituber

jaw - mâchoire

ague - ague, fievre

"Ah, my friend!" said he, taking Pierre by the elbow; and there was in his voice a sincerity and weakness Pierre had never observed in it before. "How often we sin, how much we deceive, and all for what? I am near sixty, dear friend... I too... All will end in death, all! Death is awful..." and he burst into tears.

sincerity - la sincérité, sincérité

deceive - tromper, leurrer, séduire

Anna Mikháylovna came out last. She approached Pierre with slow, quiet steps.

"Pierre!" she said.

Pierre gave her an inquiring look. She kissed the young man on his forehead, wetting him with her tears. Then after a pause she said:

"He is no more...."

Pierre looked at her over his spectacles.

"Come, I will go with you. Try to weep, nothing gives such relief as tears."

weep - pleurer, pleurez, pleurons, pleurent

She led him into the dark drawing room and Pierre was glad no one could see his face. Anna Mikháylovna left him, and when she returned he was fast asleep with his head on his arm.

In the morning Anna Mikháylovna said to Pierre:

"Yes, my dear, this is a great loss for us all, not to speak of you. But God will support you: you are young, and are now, I hope, in command of an immense fortune. The will has not yet been opened. I know you well enough to be sure that this will not turn your head, but it imposes duties on you, and you must be a man."

imposes - impose, imposer

Pierre was silent.

"Perhaps later on I may tell you, my dear boy, that if I had not been there, God only knows what would have happened! You know, Uncle promised me only the day before yesterday not to forget BorĂ­s. But he had no time. I hope, my dear friend, you will carry out your father's wish?"

Pierre understood nothing of all this and coloring shyly looked in silence at Princess Anna Mikháylovna. After her talk with Pierre, Anna Mikháylovna returned to the Rostóvs'and went to bed. On waking in the morning she told the Rostóvs and all her acquaintances the details of Count Bezúkhov's death.

shyly - timidement

acquaintances - des connaissances, relation, qualifier

She said the count had died as she would herself wish to die, that his end was not only touching but edifying.

edifying - édifiant, édifier

As to the last meeting between father and son, it was so touching that she could not think of it without tears, and did not know which had behaved better during those awful moments"the father who so remembered everything and everybody at last and had spoken such pathetic words to the son, or Pierre, whom it had been pitiful to see, so stricken was he with grief, though he tried hard to hide it in order not to sadden his dying father. "It is painful, but it does one good. It uplifts the soul to see such men as the old count and his worthy son," said she. Of the behavior of the eldest princess and Prince VasĂ­li she spoke disapprovingly, but in whispers and as a great secret.

pitiful - pitoyable

grief - le chagrin, douleur, peine

sadden - attristé, attrister

uplifts - s'éleve, élever, transcender, promouvoir, exalter, soulevement

disapprovingly - avec désapprobation


At Bald Hills, Prince Nicholas Andréevich Bolkónski's estate, the arrival of young Prince Andrew and his wife was daily expected, but this expectation did not upset the regular routine of life in the old prince's household.

General in Chief Prince Nicholas Andréevich (nicknamed in society, "the King of Prussia") ever since the Emperor Paul had exiled him to his country estate had lived there continuously with his daughter, Princess Mary, and her companion, Mademoiselle Bourienne.

Paul - paul

exiled - exilé, exil, exiler

continuously - en continu

Though in the new reign he was free to return to the capitals, he still continued to live in the country, remarking that anyone who wanted to see him could come the hundred miles from Moscow to Bald Hills, while he himself needed no one and nothing. He used to say that there are only two sources of human vice"idleness and superstition, and only two virtues"activity and intelligence.

reign - regne, regne, régner

remarking - remarque

vice - vice, vertu

idleness - l'oisiveté, oisiveté, inactivité, indolence, inutilité

superstition - superstition

virtues - vertus, vertu

He himself undertook his daughter's education, and to develop these two cardinal virtues in her gave her lessons in algebra and geometry till she was twenty, and arranged her life so that her whole time was occupied.

undertook - a entrepris, entreprendre

cardinal - cardinal, rouge cardinal

algebra - l'algebre, algebre

geometry - géométrie

He was himself always occupied: writing his memoirs, solving problems in higher mathematics, turning snuffboxes on a lathe, working in the garden, or superintending the building that was always going on at his estate. As regularity is a prime condition facilitating activity, regularity in his household was carried to the highest point of exactitude.

Memoirs - mémoires, mémoires-p

snuffboxes - tabatieres, tabatiere

lathe - tour

superintending - surintendante, surveiller, diriger

regularity - régularité

prime - premier

facilitating - faciliter

exactitude - l'exactitude, exactitude

He always came to table under precisely the same conditions, and not only at the same hour but at the same minute. With those about him, from his daughter to his serfs, the prince was sharp and invariably exacting, so that without being a hardhearted man he inspired such fear and respect as few hardhearted men would have aroused.

invariably - invariablement

hardhearted - au cour dur

aroused - excité, émoustiller, exciter

Although he was in retirement and had now no influence in political affairs, every high official appointed to the province in which the prince's estate lay considered it his duty to visit him and waited in the lofty antechamber just as the architect, gardener, or Princess Mary did, till the prince appeared punctually to the appointed hour.

retirement - la retraite, retraite

high official - haut fonctionnaire

province - province

antechamber - antichambre

gardener - jardinier, jardiniere

punctually - ponctuellement

Everyone sitting in this antechamber experienced the same feeling of respect and even fear when the enormously high study door opened and showed the figure of a rather small old man, with powdered wig, small withered hands, and bushy gray eyebrows which, when he frowned, sometimes hid the gleam of his shrewd, youthfully glittering eyes.

enormously - énormément

wig - perruque

withered - flétrie, (se) faner

shrewd - astucieux, perspicace, sagace, habile, roublard, futé

youthfully - jeunes, juvénilement

On the morning of the day that the young couple were to arrive, Princess Mary entered the antechamber as usual at the time appointed for the morning greeting, crossing herself with trepidation and repeating a silent prayer. Every morning she came in like that, and every morning prayed that the daily interview might pass off well.

trepidation - inquiétude, crainte, appréhension, trépidation

pass off - passer

An old powdered manservant who was sitting in the antechamber rose quietly and said in a whisper: "Please walk in."

manservant - serviteur

Through the door came the regular hum of a lathe. The princess timidly opened the door which moved noiselessly and easily. She paused at the entrance. The prince was working at the lathe and after glancing round continued his work.

Hum - hum, fredonner, bourdonner, fourmiller

noiselessly - sans bruit

The enormous study was full of things evidently in constant use. The large table covered with books and plans, the tall glass-fronted bookcases with keys in the locks, the high desk for writing while standing up, on which lay an open exercise book, and the lathe with tools laid ready to hand and shavings scattered around"all indicated continuous, varied, and orderly activity.

bookcases - bibliotheques, bibliotheque

high desk - bureau haut

exercise book - cahier d'exercices

scattered - dispersé, disperser, se disperser, éparpiller, parsemer

varied - varié, varier

orderly - ordonné, planton

The motion of the small foot shod in a Tartar boot embroidered with silver, and the firm pressure of the lean sinewy hand, showed that the prince still possessed the tenacious endurance and vigor of hardy old age.

lean - maigre, adossons, adossent, appuyer, adossez

tenacious - tenace

endurance - l'endurance, endurance

hardy - robuste, rustique

After a few more turns of the lathe he removed his foot from the pedal, wiped his chisel, dropped it into a leather pouch attached to the lathe, and, approaching the table, summoned his daughter. He never gave his children a blessing, so he simply held out his bristly cheek (as yet unshaven) and, regarding her tenderly and attentively, said severely:

pedal - pédale, pédaler

wiped - essuyé, essuyer

chisel - ciseau, ciseler, buriner

pouch - pochette, sachet, petit sac, or tobacco, poche, marsupium

summoned - convoqué, convoquer

bristly - hirsute, embroussaillé

cheek - joue, fesse, culot, toupet, potence de bringuebale

unshaven - mal rasé

"Quite well? All right then, sit down." He took the exercise book containing lessons in geometry written by himself and drew up a chair with his foot.

"For tomorrow!" said he, quickly finding the page and making a scratch from one paragraph to another with his hard nail.

scratch - gratter, égratigner, piquer, rayer, biffer, oblitérer

The princess bent over the exercise book on the table.

"Wait a bit, here's a letter for you," said the old man suddenly, taking a letter addressed in a woman's hand from a bag hanging above the table, onto which he threw it.

At the sight of the letter red patches showed themselves on the princess'face. She took it quickly and bent her head over it.

patches - des correctifs, piece, rustine

"From HĂ©loĂŻse?" asked the prince with a cold smile that showed his still sound, yellowish teeth.

yellowish - jaunâtre

"Yes, it's from Julie," replied the princess with a timid glance and a timid smile.

"I'll let two more letters pass, but the third I'll read," said the prince sternly; "I'm afraid you write much nonsense. I'll read the third!"

"Read this if you like, Father," said the princess, blushing still more and holding out the letter.

"The third, I said the third!" cried the prince abruptly, pushing the letter away, and leaning his elbows on the table he drew toward him the exercise book containing geometrical figures.

abruptly - brusquement, abruptement, tout d'un coup, précipitamment

geometrical - géométrique

"Well, madam," he began, stooping over the book close to his daughter and placing an arm on the back of the chair on which she sat, so that she felt herself surrounded on all sides by the acrid scent of old age and tobacco, which she had known so long. "Now, madam, these triangles are equal; please note that the angle ABC..."

acrid - âcre

tobacco - le tabac, tabac

triangles - triangles, triangle

Abc - alphabet

The princess looked in a scared way at her father's eyes glittering close to her; the red patches on her face came and went, and it was plain that she understood nothing and was so frightened that her fear would prevent her understanding any of her father's further explanations, however clear they might be.

Whether it was the teacher's fault or the pupil's, this same thing happened every day: the princess'eyes grew dim, she could not see and could not hear anything, but was only conscious of her stern father's withered face close to her, of his breath and the smell of him, and could think only of how to get away quickly to her own room to make out the problem in peace.

fault - défaut, faute, faille

pupil - éleve, pupille, éléve

dim - dim, faible, vague

The old man was beside himself: moved the chair on which he was sitting noisily backward and forward, made efforts to control himself and not become vehement, but almost always did become vehement, scolded, and sometimes flung the exercise book away.

scolded - grondé, chipie, furie, mégere, gronder, réprimander, tancer

flung - jeté, lancer

The princess gave a wrong answer.

"Well now, isn't she a fool!" shouted the prince, pushing the book aside and turning sharply away; but rising immediately, he paced up and down, lightly touched his daughter's hair and sat down again.

sharply - brusquement

paced - rythmée, pas

He drew up his chair, and continued to explain.

"This won't do, Princess; it won't do," said he, when Princess Mary, having taken and closed the exercise book with the next day's lesson, was about to leave: "Mathematics are most important, madam! I don't want to have you like our silly ladies. Get used to it and you'll like it," and he patted her cheek. "It will drive all the nonsense out of your head."

This won't do - Ceci ne suffira pas

patted - tapoté, petite tape

She turned to go, but he stopped her with a gesture and took an uncut book from the high desk.

uncut - non coupé

"Here is some sort of Key to the Mysteries that your HĂ©loĂŻse has sent you. Religious! I don't interfere with anyone's belief... I have looked at it. Take it. Well, now go. Go."

He patted her on the shoulder and himself closed the door after her.

Princess Mary went back to her room with the sad, scared expression that rarely left her and which made her plain, sickly face yet plainer. She sat down at her writing table, on which stood miniature portraits and which was littered with books and papers. The princess was as untidy as her father was tidy. She put down the geometry book and eagerly broke the seal of her letter.

sickly - malade, maladif, souffreteux, chétif, valétudinaire, douçâtre

plainer - plus simple, simple

miniature - miniature, enluminure, figurine

littered - jonché, litiere, portée, détritus

untidy - débraillé, négligé, désordonné, bordélique

seal - sceau

It was from her most intimate friend from childhood; that same Julie Karágina who had been at the Rostóvs'name-day party.

most intimate - le plus intime

Julie wrote in French:

Dear and precious Friend, How terrible and frightful a thing is separation!

frightful - effrayante, effrayant

separation - la séparation, séparation

Though I tell myself that half my life and half my happiness are wrapped up in you, and that in spite of the distance separating us our hearts are united by indissoluble bonds, my heart rebels against fate and in spite of the pleasures and distractions around me I cannot overcome a certain secret sorrow that has been in my heart ever since we parted.

indissoluble - indissoluble

Bonds - les obligations, lien

rebels - rebelles, rebelle

distractions - des distractions, distraction, folie

overcome - vaincre, surmonter, envahir

Why are we not together as we were last summer, in your big study, on the blue sofa, the confidential sofa? Why cannot I now, as three months ago, draw fresh moral strength from your look, so gentle, calm, and penetrating, a look I loved so well and seem to see before me as I write?

moral - moral, moralité, morale

penetrating - pénétrant, pénétrer

Having read thus far, Princess Mary sighed and glanced into the mirror which stood on her right. It reflected a weak, ungraceful figure and thin face. Her eyes, always sad, now looked with particular hopelessness at her reflection in the glass. "She flatters me," thought the princess, turning away and continuing to read.

ungraceful - ingrate

hopelessness - le désespoir, désespérance

reflection - réflexion, reflet, eaning 4

Flatters - flatters, flatter

But Julie did not flatter her friend, the princess'eyes"large, deep and luminous (it seemed as if at times there radiated from them shafts of warm light)"were so beautiful that very often in spite of the plainness of her face they gave her an attraction more powerful than that of beauty.

luminous - lumineux

radiated - rayonné, irradier

shafts - arbres, hampe, rachis, cage, entuber

But the princess never saw the beautiful expression of her own eyes"the look they had when she was not thinking of herself. As with everyone, her face assumed a forced unnatural expression as soon as she looked in a glass. She went on reading:

All Moscow talks of nothing but war. One of my two brothers is already abroad, the other is with the Guards, who are starting on their march to the frontier. Our dear Emperor has left Petersburg and it is thought intends to expose his precious person to the chances of war.

frontier - frontiere, frontiere

expose - exposer, dénoncer

God grant that the Corsican monster who is destroying the peace of Europe may be overthrown by the angel whom it has pleased the Almighty, in His goodness, to give us as sovereign! To say nothing of my brothers, this war has deprived me of one of the associations nearest my heart.

Corsican - la corse, corse

monster - monstre, bete, monstrueux

overthrown - renversé, renverser

angel - ange

Almighty - tout-puissant, toutuissant

deprived - privés, priver

I mean young Nicholas RostĂłv, who with his enthusiasm could not bear to remain inactive and has left the university to join the army. I will confess to you, dear Mary, that in spite of his extreme youth his departure for the army was a great grief to me.

inactive - inactif

This young man, of whom I spoke to you last summer, is so noble-minded and full of that real youthfulness which one seldom finds nowadays among our old men of twenty and, particularly, he is so frank and has so much heart. He is so pure and poetic that my relations with him, transient as they were, have been one of the sweetest comforts to my poor heart, which has already suffered so much.

youthfulness - la jeunesse

seldom - rarement

nowadays - actuellement, de nos jours, aujourd'hui, présentement

pure - pure, pur, pudique

poetic - poétique

transient - passager, provisoire, transitoire, temporaire, bref

comforts - le confort, confort, consoler

Someday I will tell you about our parting and all that was said then. That is still too fresh. Ah, dear friend, you are happy not to know these poignant joys and sorrows. You are fortunate, for the latter are generally the stronger!

someday - un jour

sorrows - chagrins, peine, chagrin

I know very well that Count Nicholas is too young ever to be more to me than a friend, but this sweet friendship, this poetic and pure intimacy, were what my heart needed. But enough of this! The chief news, about which all Moscow gossips, is the death of old Count BezĂşkhov, and his inheritance. Fancy!

intimacy - l'intimité, intimité

gossips - des ragots, commere, commérage, ragot, cancan, qu'en-dira-t-on

inheritance - l'héritage, héritage

The three princesses have received very little, Prince VasĂ­li nothing, and it is Monsieur Pierre who has inherited all the property and has besides been recognized as legitimate; so that he is now Count BezĂşkhov and possessor of the finest fortune in Russia. It is rumored that Prince VasĂ­li played a very despicable part in this affair and that he returned to Petersburg quite crestfallen.

inherited - hérité, hériter

possessor - possesseur, possessrice

rumored - rumeur, bruit

despicable - abject, détestable, méprisable

crestfallen - effondré

I confess I understand very little about all these matters of wills and inheritance; but I do know that since this young man, whom we all used to know as plain Monsieur Pierre, has become Count Bezúkhov and the owner of one of the largest fortunes in Russia, I am much amused to watch the change in the tone and manners of the mammas burdened by marriageable daughters, and of the young ladies themselves, toward him, though, between you and me, he always seemed to me a poor sort of fellow. As for the past two years people have amused themselves by finding husbands for me (most of whom I don't even know), the matchmaking chronicles of Moscow now speak of me as the future Countess Bezúkhova. But you will understand that I have no desire for the post. À propos of marriages: do you know that a while ago that universal auntie Anna Mikháylovna told me, under the seal of strict secrecy, of a plan of marriage for you. It is neither more nor less than with Prince Vasíli's son Anatole, whom they wish to reform by marrying him to someone rich and distinguée, and it is on you that his relations'choice has fallen. I don't know what you will think of it, but I consider it my duty to let you know of it. He is said to be very handsome and a terrible scapegrace. That is all I have been able to find out about him.

fortunes - fortune, destin, bonne chance

mammas - mammas, maman

burdened - accablés, poids écrasant

marriageable - mariable

Chronicles - chroniques, chronique

universal - universel

auntie - tante, tantine, tata, tatie

seal - sceau, scellez, phoque, cacheter, scellent

strict - stricte, strict

secrecy - le secret, secret, secrétisme

scapegrace - scapegrace

But enough of gossip. I am at the end of my second sheet of paper, and Mamma has sent for me to go and dine at the Apráksins'. Read the mystical book I am sending you; it has an enormous success here. Though there are things in it difficult for the feeble human mind to grasp, it is an admirable book which calms and elevates the soul. Adieu!

mystical - mystique

grasp - saisir, agripper, comprendre

admirable - admirable

elevates - s'éleve, élever, augmenter

Give my respects to monsieur your father and my compliments to Mademoiselle Bourienne. I embrace you as I love you.

compliments - des compliments, compliment, complimenter, faire un compliment


P.S. Let me have news of your brother and his charming little wife.

The princess pondered awhile with a thoughtful smile and her luminous eyes lit up so that her face was entirely transformed. Then she suddenly rose and with her heavy tread went up to the table. She took a sheet of paper and her hand moved rapidly over it. This is the reply she wrote, also in French:

transformed - transformé, transformer, transformée

tread - la bande de roulement, piétiner, escabeau

Dear and precious Friend, Your letter of the 13th has given me great delight. So you still love me, my romantic Julie? Separation, of which you say so much that is bad, does not seem to have had its usual effect on you. You complain of our separation. What then should I say, if I dared complain, I who am deprived of all who are dear to me?

delight - plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

Ah, if we had not religion to console us life would be very sad. Why do you suppose that I should look severely on your affection for that young man? On such matters I am only severe with myself. I understand such feelings in others, and if never having felt them I cannot approve of them, neither do I condemn them.

feelings - sentiments

approve - approuver, éprouvé, approuvent, approuvez

condemn - condamner, déclarer coupable

Only it seems to me that Christian love, love of one's neighbor, love of one's enemy, is worthier, sweeter, and better than the feelings which the beautiful eyes of a young man can inspire in a romantic and loving young girl like yourself.

inspire - inspirer

The news of Count BezĂşkhov's death reached us before your letter and my father was much affected by it. He says the count was the last representative but one of the great century, and that it is his own turn now, but that he will do all he can to let his turn come as late as possible. God preserve us from that terrible misfortune!

representative - typique, représentatif, représentant, représentante, délégué

preserve - confiture, conserve, réserve naturelle, domaine réservé

misfortune - malchance, mésaventure, malheur

I cannot agree with you about Pierre, whom I knew as a child. He always seemed to me to have an excellent heart, and that is the quality I value most in people. As to his inheritance and the part played by Prince VasĂ­li, it is very sad for both.

Ah, my dear friend, our divine Saviour's words, that it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of God, are terribly true. I pity Prince VasĂ­li but am still more sorry for Pierre. So young, and burdened with such riches"to what temptations he will be exposed!

camel - chameau

Kingdom - royaume, regne

Terribly - terriblement

temptations - tentations, tentation

If I were asked what I desire most on earth, it would be to be poorer than the poorest beggar. A thousand thanks, dear friend, for the volume you have sent me and which has such success in Moscow.

beggar - gueux, mendiant, mendiante, queteux

volume - volume, tome

Yet since you tell me that among some good things it contains others which our weak human understanding cannot grasp, it seems to me rather useless to spend time in reading what is unintelligible and can therefore bear no fruit.

useless - inutile, inutilisable, bon a rien

I never could understand the fondness some people have for confusing their minds by dwelling on mystical books that merely awaken their doubts and excite their imagination, giving them a bent for exaggeration quite contrary to Christian simplicity. Let us rather read the Epistles and Gospels.

fondness - l'affection, affection

dwelling - logement, demeure, (dwell), résider, s'appesantir sur

awaken - réveiller, se réveiller

imagination - l'imagination, imagination

exaggeration - exagération

simplicity - la simplicité, simplicité

epistles - épîtres, épître, épitre

Gospels - les évangiles, évangile

Let us not seek to penetrate what mysteries they contain; for how can we, miserable sinners that we are, know the terrible and holy secrets of Providence while we remain in this flesh which forms an impenetrable veil between us and the Eternal? Let us rather confine ourselves to studying those sublime rules which our divine Saviour has left for our guidance here below.

seek - chercher

penetrate - pénétrer

miserable - misérable

sinners - pécheurs, pécheur, pécheresse

holy - saint, sacré, bénit, checksainte

Providence - la providence, Providence

flesh - de la chair, chair, peau, viande, corps, pulpe

impenetrable - impénétrable

veil - voile, voiler

eternal - éternelle, éternel

confine - enfermer, confiner, limite

sublime - sublime, auguste

guidance - d'orientation, guidage, conseils, direction

Let us try to conform to them and follow them, and let us be persuaded that the less we let our feeble human minds roam, the better we shall please God, who rejects all knowledge that does not come from Him; and the less we seek to fathom what He has been pleased to conceal from us, the sooner will He vouchsafe its revelation to us through His divine Spirit.

conform - conforme, s'aligner, se conformer (a)

fathom - sonder, brasse

conceal - dissimuler, cacher

vouchsafe - garantie, accorder de maniere clémente

revelation - révélation

My father has not spoken to me of a suitor, but has only told me that he has received a letter and is expecting a visit from Prince VasĂ­li. In regard to this project of marriage for me, I will tell you, dear sweet friend, that I look on marriage as a divine institution to which we must conform.

suitor - plaideur, prétendant, soupirant

Institution - l'institution, institution

However painful it may be to me, should the Almighty lay the duties of wife and mother upon me I shall try to perform them as faithfully as I can, without disquieting myself by examining my feelings toward him whom He may give me for husband.

I have had a letter from my brother, who announces his speedy arrival at Bald Hills with his wife. This pleasure will be but a brief one, however, for he will leave us again to take part in this unhappy war into which we have been drawn, God knows how or why.

speedy - prompt, rapide

brief - bref, court

Not only where you are"at the heart of affairs and of the world"is the talk all of war, even here amid fieldwork and the calm of nature"which townsfolk consider characteristic of the country"rumors of war are heard and painfully felt.

fieldwork - travail sur le terrain, travaux des champs

townsfolk - les habitants de la ville

characteristic - caractéristique

Rumors - rumeurs, rumeur, bruit

painfully - douloureusement

My father talks of nothing but marches and countermarches, things of which I understand nothing; and the day before yesterday during my daily walk through the village I witnessed a heartrending scene.... It was a convoy of conscripts enrolled from our people and starting to join the army.

witnessed - témoins, témoignage, témoin, preuve, témoigner

heartrending - déchirant

convoy - convoi, convoyer

conscripts - les conscrits, conscrit/-ite, appelé/-ée

enrolled - inscrits, inscrire

You should have seen the state of the mothers, wives, and children of the men who were going and should have heard the sobs. It seems as though mankind has forgotten the laws of its divine Saviour, Who preached love and forgiveness of injuries"and that men attribute the greatest merit to skill in killing one another.

sobs - sanglots, fdp-p

attribute - attribut, épithete or déterminant

merit - mérite, mériter

Adieu, dear and kind friend; may our divine Saviour and His most Holy Mother keep you in their holy and all-powerful care!

all-powerful - (all-powerful) tout puissant


"Ah, you are sending off a letter, Princess? I have already dispatched mine. I have written to my poor mother," said the smiling Mademoiselle Bourienne rapidly, in her pleasant mellow tones and with guttural r's. She brought into Princess Mary's strenuous, mournful, and gloomy world a quite different atmosphere, careless, lighthearted, and self-satisfied.

dispatched - expédié, dépeche

mellow - moelleux

guttural - guttural

strenuous - pénible, vigoureux, acharné, ardu, éprouvant

lighthearted - léger

"Princess, I must warn you," she added, lowering her voice and evidently listening to herself with pleasure, and speaking with exaggerated grasseyement, "the prince has been scolding Michael Ivánovich. He is in a very bad humor, very morose. Be prepared."

scolding - gronder, grognant, (scold), chipie, furie, mégere

humor - l'humour, humour, humeur

morose - morose, sombre

"Ah, dear friend," replied Princess Mary, "I have asked you never to warn me of the humor my father is in. I do not allow myself to judge him and would not have others do so."

The princess glanced at her watch and, seeing that she was five minutes late in starting her practice on the clavichord, went into the sitting room with a look of alarm. Between twelve and two o'clock, as the day was mapped out, the prince rested and the princess played the clavichord.


The gray-haired valet was sitting drowsily listening to the snoring of the prince, who was in his large study. From the far side of the house through the closed doors came the sound of difficult passages"twenty times repeated"of a sonata by Dussek.

valet - valet, valet de chambre, majordome, chaperon, duegne

drowsily - somnolent

snoring - ronflement, (snore), ronfler

passages - passages, passage

Sonata - sonata, sonate

Just then a closed carriage and another with a hood drove up to the porch. Prince Andrew got out of the carriage, helped his little wife to alight, and let her pass into the house before him. Old TĂ­khon, wearing a wig, put his head out of the door of the antechamber, reported in a whisper that the prince was sleeping, and hastily closed the door.

hood - capot, capuchon, couverture

alight - s'enflammer, amerrissent, amerris, amerrissons, amerrissez

TĂ­khon knew that neither the son's arrival nor any other unusual event must be allowed to disturb the appointed order of the day. Prince Andrew apparently knew this as well as TĂ­khon; he looked at his watch as if to ascertain whether his father's habits had changed since he was at home last, and, having assured himself that they had not, he turned to his wife.

"He will get up in twenty minutes. Let us go across to Mary's room," he said.

The little princess had grown stouter during this time, but her eyes and her short, downy, smiling lip lifted when she began to speak just as merrily and prettily as ever.

stouter - plus corpulente, solide

"Why, this is a palace!" she said to her husband, looking around with the expression with which people compliment their host at a ball. "Let's come, quick, quick!" And with a glance round, she smiled at TĂ­khon, at her husband, and at the footman who accompanied them.

"Is that Mary practicing? Let's go quietly and take her by surprise."

Prince Andrew followed her with a courteous but sad expression.

courteous - courtois, poli

"You've grown older, TĂ­khon," he said in passing to the old man, who kissed his hand.

Before they reached the room from which the sounds of the clavichord came, the pretty, fair-haired Frenchwoman, Mademoiselle Bourienne, rushed out apparently beside herself with delight.

Frenchwoman - Française

"Ah! what joy for the princess!" exclaimed she: "At last! I must let her know."

"No, no, please not... You are Mademoiselle Bourienne," said the little princess, kissing her. "I know you already through my sister-in-law's friendship for you. She was not expecting us?"

They went up to the door of the sitting room from which came the sound of the oft-repeated passage of the sonata. Prince Andrew stopped and made a grimace, as if expecting something unpleasant.

oft - de l'art, souvent

The little princess entered the room. The passage broke off in the middle, a cry was heard, then Princess Mary's heavy tread and the sound of kissing. When Prince Andrew went in the two princesses, who had only met once before for a short time at his wedding, were in each other's arms warmly pressing their lips to whatever place they happened to touch.

Mademoiselle Bourienne stood near them pressing her hand to her heart, with a beatific smile and obviously equally ready to cry or to laugh. Prince Andrew shrugged his shoulders and frowned, as lovers of music do when they hear a false note.

beatific - béatifique

The two women let go of one another, and then, as if afraid of being too late, seized each other's hands, kissing them and pulling them away, and again began kissing each other on the face, and then to Prince Andrew's surprise both began to cry and kissed again. Mademoiselle Bourienne also began to cry.

Prince Andrew evidently felt ill at ease, but to the two women it seemed quite natural that they should cry, and apparently it never entered their heads that it could have been otherwise at this meeting.

otherwise - autrement

"Ah! my dear!... Ah! Mary!..." they suddenly exclaimed, and then laughed. "I dreamed last night..."""You were not expecting us?..." "Ah! Mary, you have got thinner?..." "And you have grown stouter!..."

"I knew the princess at once," put in Mademoiselle Bourienne.

"And I had no idea!..." exclaimed Princess Mary. "Ah, Andrew, I did not see you."

Prince Andrew and his sister, hand in hand, kissed one another, and he told her she was still the same crybaby as ever. Princess Mary had turned toward her brother, and through her tears the loving, warm, gentle look of her large luminous eyes, very beautiful at that moment, rested on Prince Andrew's face.

crybaby - pleurnicheur, pleurnicheuse, pleurnichard

The little princess talked incessantly, her short, downy upper lip continually and rapidly touching her rosy nether lip when necessary and drawing up again next moment when her face broke into a smile of glittering teeth and sparkling eyes.

incessantly - sans cesse

nether - nether

She told of an accident they had had on the Spásski Hill which might have been serious for her in her condition, and immediately after that informed them that she had left all her clothes in Petersburg and that heaven knew what she would have to dress in here; and that Andrew had quite changed, and that Kitty Odýntsova had married an old man, and that there was a suitor for Mary, a real one, but that they would talk of that later. Princess Mary was still looking silently at her brother and her beautiful eyes were full of love and sadness. It was plain that she was following a train of thought independent of her sister-in-law's words. In the midst of a description of the last Petersburg fete she addressed her brother:

informed - informé, informer, avertir (de)

Kitty - kitty, minet, chaton, mimi, cagnotte

"So you are really going to the war, Andrew?" she said sighing.

Lise sighed too.

"Yes, and even tomorrow," replied her brother.

"He is leaving me here, God knows why, when he might have had promotion..."

promotion - promotion

Princess Mary did not listen to the end, but continuing her train of thought turned to her sister-in-law with a tender glance at her figure.

"Is it certain?" she said.

The face of the little princess changed. She sighed and said: "Yes, quite certain. Ah! it is very dreadful..."

Her lip descended. She brought her face close to her sister-in-law's and unexpectedly again began to cry.

descended - descendu, descendre

"She needs rest," said Prince Andrew with a frown. "Don't you, Lise? Take her to your room and I'll go to Father. How is he? Just the same?"

"Yes, just the same. Though I don't know what your opinion will be," answered the princess joyfully.

"And are the hours the same? And the walks in the avenues? And the lathe?" asked Prince Andrew with a scarcely perceptible smile which showed that, in spite of all his love and respect for his father, he was aware of his weaknesses.

avenues - voies, avenue

weaknesses - les faiblesses, faiblesse, point faible, faible

"The hours are the same, and the lathe, and also the mathematics and my geometry lessons," said Princess Mary gleefully, as if her lessons in geometry were among the greatest delights of her life.

gleefully - avec joie

delights - des délices, plaisir, délice, joie, enchanter, ravir

When the twenty minutes had elapsed and the time had come for the old prince to get up, TĂ­khon came to call the young prince to his father. The old man made a departure from his usual routine in honor of his son's arrival: he gave orders to admit him to his apartments while he dressed for dinner.

The old prince always dressed in old-fashioned style, wearing an antique coat and powdered hair; and when Prince Andrew entered his father's dressing room (not with the contemptuous look and manner he wore in drawing rooms, but with the animated face with which he talked to Pierre), the old man was sitting on a large leather-covered chair, wrapped in a powdering mantle, entrusting his head to TĂ­khon.

antique - ancien, antique

contemptuous - méprisante, méprisant, dédaigneux, contempteur

entrusting - confier

"Ah! here's the warrior! Wants to vanquish Buonaparte?" said the old man, shaking his powdered head as much as the tail, which TĂ­khon was holding fast to plait, would allow.

warrior - guerrier, guerriere

vanquish - vaincre

plait - plier, pli

"You at least must tackle him properly, or else if he goes on like this he'll soon have us, too, for his subjects! How are you?" And he held out his cheek.

tackle - tacle, combattre, affronter, tacler, plaquer

The old man was in a good temper after his nap before dinner. (He used to say that a nap "after dinner was silver"before dinner, golden.") He cast happy, sidelong glances at his son from under his thick, bushy eyebrows. Prince Andrew went up and kissed his father on the spot indicated to him.

in a good temper - de bonne humeur

sidelong - de côté

He made no reply on his father's favorite topic"making fun of the military men of the day, and more particularly of Bonaparte.

"Yes, Father, I have come to you and brought my wife who is pregnant," said Prince Andrew, following every movement of his father's face with an eager and respectful look. "How is your health?"

"Only fools and rakes fall ill, my boy. You know me: I am busy from morning till night and abstemious, so of course I am well."

fall ill - tomber malade

abstemious - absurde

"Thank God," said his son smiling.

"God has nothing to do with it! Well, go on," he continued, returning to his hobby; "tell me how the Germans have taught you to fight Bonaparte by this new science you call ˜strategy.'"

Germans - les allemands, Allemand, Allemande

Prince Andrew smiled.

"Give me time to collect my wits, Father," said he, with a smile that showed that his father's foibles did not prevent his son from loving and honoring him. "Why, I have not yet had time to settle down!"

wits - l'esprit, esprit

foibles - des faiblesses, travers, faiblesse, faible

honoring - honorer, honneur

settle - régler, décréter

"Nonsense, nonsense!" cried the old man, shaking his pigtail to see whether it was firmly plaited, and grasping his by the hand. "The house for your wife is ready. Princess Mary will take her there and show her over, and they'll talk nineteen to the dozen. That's their woman's way! I am glad to have her. Sit down and talk. About Mikhelson's army I understand"TolstĂły˜s too...

pigtail - queue de cochon, tresse, natte, couette

plaited - tressé, pli

grasping - saisir, agripper, comprendre

dozen - douzaine, dizaine

a simultaneous expedition.... But what's the southern army to do? Prussia is neutral... I know that. What about Austria?" said he, rising from his chair and pacing up and down the room followed by TĂ­khon, who ran after him, handing him different articles of clothing. "What of Sweden? How will they cross Pomerania?"

simultaneous - simultanées

neutral - neutre, point mort

Sweden - la suede, Suede

Prince Andrew, seeing that his father insisted, began"at first reluctantly, but gradually with more and more animation, and from habit changing unconsciously from Russian to French as he went on"to explain the plan of operation for the coming campaign.

unconsciously - inconsciemment

He explained how an army, ninety thousand strong, was to threaten Prussia so as to bring her out of her neutrality and draw her into the war; how part of that army was to join some Swedish forces at Stralsund; how two hundred and twenty thousand Austrians, with a hundred thousand Russians, were to operate in Italy and on the Rhine; how fifty thousand Russians and as many English were to land at Naples, and how a total force of five hundred thousand men was to attack the French from different sides. The old prince did not evince the least interest during this explanation, but as if he were not listening to it continued to dress while walking about, and three times unexpectedly interrupted. Once he stopped it by shouting: "The white one, the white one!"

threaten - menacer

Swedish - suédois

Austrians - les autrichiens, autrichien, Autrichienne

operate - fonctionner, opérer, ouvrer

Italy - l'italie, Italie

Naples - naples

This meant that TĂ­khon was not handing him the waistcoat he wanted. Another time he interrupted, saying:

"And will she soon be confined?" and shaking his head reproachfully said: "That's bad! Go on, go on."

confined - confiné, confiner, limite

reproachfully - des reproches

The third interruption came when Prince Andrew was finishing his description. The old man began to sing, in the cracked voice of old age: "Malbrook s'en va-t-en guerre. Dieu sait quand reviendra." *

interruption - interruption

* "Marlborough is going to the wars; God knows when he'll return."

His son only smiled.

"I don't say it's a plan I approve of," said the son; "I am only telling you what it is. Napoleon has also formed his plan by now, not worse than this one."

"Well, you've told me nothing new," and the old man repeated, meditatively and rapidly:

meditatively - de maniere méditative

"Dieu sait quand reviendra. Go to the dining room."


At the appointed hour the prince, powdered and shaven, entered the dining room where his daughter-in-law, Princess Mary, and Mademoiselle Bourienne were already awaiting him together with his architect, who by a strange caprice of his employer's was admitted to table though the position of that insignificant individual was such as could certainly not have caused him to expect that honor.

caprice - caprice

The prince, who generally kept very strictly to social distinctions and rarely admitted even important government officials to his table, had unexpectedly selected Michael Ivánovich (who always went into a corner to blow his nose on his checked handkerchief) to illustrate the theory that all men are equals, and had more than once impressed on his daughter that Michael Ivánovich was "not a whit worse than you or I." At dinner the prince usually spoke to the taciturn Michael Ivánovich more often than to anyone else.

distinctions - distinctions, distinction, différence

selected - sélectionné, sélect, choisir, sélectionner

illustrate - illustrer

impressed - impressionné, impressionner

whit - whit

taciturn - taciturne

In the dining room, which like all the rooms in the house was exceedingly lofty, the members of the household and the footmen"one behind each chair"stood waiting for the prince to enter. The head butler, napkin on arm, was scanning the setting of the table, making signs to the footmen, and anxiously glancing from the clock to the door by which the prince was to enter.

Prince Andrew was looking at a large gilt frame, new to him, containing the genealogical tree of the Princes BolkĂłnski, opposite which hung another such frame with a badly painted portrait (evidently by the hand of the artist belonging to the estate) of a ruling prince, in a crown"an alleged descendant of RĂşrik and ancestor of the BolkĂłnskis.

gilt - doré, dorure, (gild) doré

genealogical - généalogique

crown - couronne, couronner

alleged - allégué, prétendre, alléguer

descendant - descendant, descendante

ancestor - ancetre, ancetre

Prince Andrew, looking again at that genealogical tree, shook his head, laughing as a man laughs who looks at a portrait so characteristic of the original as to be amusing.

"How thoroughly like him that is!" he said to Princess Mary, who had come up to him.

Princess Mary looked at her brother in surprise. She did not understand what he was laughing at. Everything her father did inspired her with reverence and was beyond question.

reverence - révérence

beyond question - incontestable

"Everyone has his Achilles'heel," continued Prince Andrew. "Fancy, with his powerful mind, indulging in such nonsense!"

Achilles - achille

heel - talon, alinéa

indulging in - se faire plaisir

Princess Mary could not understand the boldness of her brother's criticism and was about to reply, when the expected footsteps were heard coming from the study. The prince walked in quickly and jauntily as was his wont, as if intentionally contrasting the briskness of his manners with the strict formality of his house.

criticism - critiques, critique

wont - de la volonté

briskness - brillance

formality - formalité

At that moment the great clock struck two and another with a shrill tone joined in from the drawing room. The prince stood still; his lively glittering eyes from under their thick, bushy eyebrows sternly scanned all present and rested on the little princess. She felt, as courtiers do when the Tsar enters, the sensation of fear and respect which the old man inspired in all around him.

shrill - strident, criard

courtiers - courtisans, courtisan

Tsar - tsar, tzar

sensation - sensation

He stroked her hair and then patted her awkwardly on the back of her neck.

"I'm glad, glad, to see you," he said, looking attentively into her eyes, and then quickly went to his place and sat down. "Sit down, sit down! Sit down, Michael Ivánovich!"

He indicated a place beside him to his daughter-in-law. A footman moved the chair for her.

"Ho, ho!" said the old man, casting his eyes on her rounded figure. "You've been in a hurry. That's bad!"

He laughed in his usual dry, cold, unpleasant way, with his lips only and not with his eyes.

"You must walk, walk as much as possible, as much as possible," he said.

The little princess did not, or did not wish to, hear his words. She was silent and seemed confused. The prince asked her about her father, and she began to smile and talk. He asked about mutual acquaintances, and she became still more animated and chattered away giving him greetings from various people and retelling the town gossip.

mutual - mutuelle, mutuel

chattered - bavardé, jacasser, bavarder

retelling - retelling, (retell), raconter de nouveau, redire

"Countess Apráksina, poor thing, has lost her husband and she has cried her eyes out," she said, growing more and more lively.

As she became animated the prince looked at her more and more sternly, and suddenly, as if he had studied her sufficiently and had formed a definite idea of her, he turned away and addressed Michael Ivánovich.

sufficiently - suffisamment

"Well, Michael Ivánovich, our Bonaparte will be having a bad time of it. Prince Andrew" (he always spoke thus of his son) "has been telling me what forces are being collected against him! While you and I never thought much of him."

Michael Ivánovich did not at all know when "you and I" had said such things about Bonaparte, but understanding that he was wanted as a peg on which to hang the prince's favorite topic, he looked inquiringly at the young prince, wondering what would follow.

peg - piquet, cheville, porte-manteau, patere, cheviller, épingler

"He is a great tactician!" said the prince to his son, pointing to the architect.

tactician - tacticien

And the conversation again turned on the war, on Bonaparte, and the generals and statesmen of the day.

statesmen - des hommes d'état, homme d'État

The old prince seemed convinced not only that all the men of the day were mere babies who did not know the A B C of war or of politics, and that Bonaparte was an insignificant little Frenchy, successful only because there were no longer any Potëmkins or Suvórovs left to oppose him; but he was also convinced that there were no political difficulties in Europe and no real war, but only a sort of puppet show at which the men of the day were playing, pretending to do something real. Prince Andrew gaily bore with his father's ridicule of the new men, and drew him on and listened to him with evident pleasure.

oppose - s'opposer a

puppet - marionnette

ridicule - ridiculiser, bafouer, ridicule

"The past always seems good," said he, "but did not SuvĂłrov himself fall into a trap Moreau set him, and from which he did not know how to escape?"

"Who told you that? Who?" cried the prince. "SuvĂłrov!" And he jerked away his plate, which TĂ­khon briskly caught. "SuvĂłrov!... Consider, Prince Andrew. Two... Frederick and SuvĂłrov; Moreau!... Moreau would have been a prisoner if SuvĂłrov had had a free hand; but he had the Hofs-kriegs-wurst-schnapps-Rath on his hands. It would have puzzled the devil himself!

kriegs - kriegs

wurst - wurst

schnapps - schnaps, eau-de-vie

rath - rath

puzzled - perplexe, mystere, énigme, puzzle, casse-tete, jeu de patience

When you get there you'll find out what those Hofs-kriegs-wurst-Raths are! SuvĂłrov couldn't manage them so what chance has Michael KutĂşzov? No, my dear boy," he continued, "you and your generals won't get on against Buonaparte; you'll have to call in the French, so that birds of a feather may fight together.

The German, Pahlen, has been sent to New York in America, to fetch the Frenchman, Moreau," he said, alluding to the invitation made that year to Moreau to enter the Russian service.... "Wonderful!... Were the Potëmkins, Suvórovs, and Orlóvs Germans? No, lad, either you fellows have all lost your wits, or I have outlived mine. May God help you, but we'll see what will happen.

York - york, Yorck, Yorque

alluding - allusion, alluder, faire allusion, suggérer

outlived - survécu, survivre

Buonaparte has become a great commander among them! Hm!..."

"I don't at all say that all the plans are good," said Prince Andrew, "I am only surprised at your opinion of Bonaparte. You may laugh as much as you like, but all the same Bonaparte is a great general!"

"Michael Ivánovich!" cried the old prince to the architect who, busy with his roast meat, hoped he had been forgotten: "didn't I tell you Buonaparte was a great tactician? Here, he says the same thing."

roast - rôtir, incendier, rôti, bien-cuit

didn't I - n'est-ce pas?

"To be sure, your excellency," replied the architect.

The prince again laughed his frigid laugh.

"Buonaparte was born with a silver spoon in his mouth. He has got splendid soldiers. Besides he began by attacking Germans. And only idlers have failed to beat the Germans. Since the world began everybody has beaten the Germans. They beat no one"except one another. He made his reputation fighting them."

idlers - les roues folles, fainéant, fainéante

And the prince began explaining all the blunders which, according to him, Bonaparte had made in his campaigns and even in politics. His son made no rejoinder, but it was evident that whatever arguments were presented he was as little able as his father to change his opinion.

blunders - des bévues, gaffe, qualifier

He listened, refraining from a reply, and involuntarily wondered how this old man, living alone in the country for so many years, could know and discuss so minutely and acutely all the recent European military and political events.

refraining - s'abstenir, refrain

involuntarily - involontairement

minutely - minutieusement

acutely - avec acuité

"You think I'm an old man and don't understand the present state of affairs?" concluded his father. "But it troubles me. I don't sleep at night. Come now, where has this great commander of yours shown his skill?" he concluded.

Come now - viens/venez maintenant

"That would take too long to tell," answered the son.

"Well, then go off to your Buonaparte! Mademoiselle Bourienne, here's another admirer of that powder-monkey emperor of yours," he exclaimed in excellent French.

admirer - admirateur, admiratrice

"You know, Prince, I am not a Bonapartist!"

Bonapartist - Bonapartiste

"Dieu sait quand reviendra." hummed the prince out of tune and, with a laugh still more so, he quitted the table.

The little princess during the whole discussion and the rest of the dinner sat silent, glancing with a frightened look now at her father-in-law and now at Princess Mary. When they left the table she took her sister-in-law's arm and drew her into another room.

"What a clever man your father is," said she; "perhaps that is why I am afraid of him."

"Oh, he is so kind!" answered Princess Mary.


Prince Andrew was to leave next evening. The old prince, not altering his routine, retired as usual after dinner. The little princess was in her sister-in-law's room. Prince Andrew in a traveling coat without epaulettes had been packing with his valet in the rooms assigned to him. After inspecting the carriage himself and seeing the trunks put in, he ordered the horses to be harnessed.

epaulettes - épaulettes, épaulette

trunks - troncs d'arbre, tronc, malle, coffre, trompe

harnessed - harnaché, harnais, harnacher

Only those things he always kept with him remained in his room; a small box, a large canteen fitted with silver plate, two Turkish pistols and a saber"a present from his father who had brought it from the siege of Ochákov. All these traveling effects of Prince Andrew's were in very good order: new, clean, and in cloth covers carefully tied with tapes.

small box - petite boîte

canteen - la cantine, cantine, cafétéria, cafet’, gourde, bidon

silver plate - Plateau d'argent

pistols - pistolets, pistolet

siege - siege, siege

When starting on a journey or changing their mode of life, men capable of reflection are generally in a serious frame of mind. At such moments one reviews the past and plans for the future. Prince Andrew's face looked very thoughtful and tender. With his hands behind him he paced briskly from corner to corner of the room, looking straight before him and thoughtfully shaking his head.

mode - mode, maniere

thoughtfully - de maniere réfléchie

Did he fear going to the war, or was he sad at leaving his wife?"perhaps both, but evidently he did not wish to be seen in that mood, for hearing footsteps in the passage he hurriedly unclasped his hands, stopped at a table as if tying the cover of the small box, and assumed his usual tranquil and impenetrable expression. It was the heavy tread of Princess Mary that he heard.

unclasped - sans fermoir, dégrafer

tranquil - tranquille

"I hear you have given orders to harness," she cried, panting (she had apparently been running), "and I did so wish to have another talk with you alone! God knows how long we may again be parted. You are not angry with me for coming? You have changed so, AndrĂşsha," she added, as if to explain such a question.

harness - harnais, harnacher

panting - haletant, (pant) haletant

She smiled as she uttered his pet name, "AndrĂşsha." It was obviously strange to her to think that this stern handsome man should be AndrĂşsha"the slender mischievous boy who had been her playfellow in childhood.

pet name - nom d'animal de compagnie

mischievous - espiegle

playfellow - camarade de jeu

"And where is Lise?" he asked, answering her question only by a smile.

"She was so tired that she has fallen asleep on the sofa in my room. Oh, Andrew! What a treasure of a wife you have," said she, sitting down on the sofa, facing her brother. "She is quite a child: such a dear, merry child. I have grown so fond of her."

Prince Andrew was silent, but the princess noticed the ironical and contemptuous look that showed itself on his face.

"One must be indulgent to little weaknesses; who is free from them, Andrew? Don't forget that she has grown up and been educated in society, and so her position now is not a rosy one. We should enter into everyone's situation. Tout comprendre, c'est tout pardonner.

indulgent - indulgent

pardonner - pardonner

* Think what it must be for her, poor thing, after what she has been used to, to be parted from her husband and be left alone in the country, in her condition! It's very hard."

* To understand all is to forgive all.

Prince Andrew smiled as he looked at his sister, as we smile at those we think we thoroughly understand.

"You live in the country and don't think the life terrible," he replied.

"I... that's different. Why speak of me? I don't want any other life, and can't, for I know no other. But think, Andrew: for a young society woman to be buried in the country during the best years of her life, all alone"for Papa is always busy, and I... well, you know what poor resources I have for entertaining a woman used to the best society. There is only Mademoiselle Bourienne...."

that's different - Cest différent

"I don't like your Mademoiselle Bourienne at all," said Prince Andrew.

"No? She is very nice and kind and, above all, she's much to be pitied. She has no one, no one. To tell the truth, I don't need her, and she's even in my way. You know I always was a savage, and now am even more so. I like being alone.... Father likes her very much. She and Michael Ivánovich are the two people to whom he is always gentle and kind, because he has been a benefactor to them both.

savage - barbare, féroce, sauvage

As Sterne says: ˜We don't love people so much for the good they have done us, as for the good we have done them.'Father took her when she was homeless after losing her own father. She is very good-natured, and my father likes her way of reading. She reads to him in the evenings and reads splendidly."

homeless - sans-abri, SDF (sans domicile fixe), itinérant

"To be quite frank, Mary, I expect Father's character sometimes makes things trying for you, doesn't it?" Prince Andrew asked suddenly.

Princess Mary was first surprised and then aghast at this question.

aghast - consterné, effaré, stupéfait, épouvanté, paniqué

"For me? For me?... Trying for me!..." said she.

"He always was rather harsh; and now I should think he's getting very trying," said Prince Andrew, apparently speaking lightly of their father in order to puzzle or test his sister.

harsh - sévere, sévere, rude, cruel, dur, checkdure

puzzle - mystere, énigme, puzzle, casse-tete, jeu de patience, devinette

"You are good in every way, Andrew, but you have a kind of intellectual pride," said the princess, following the train of her own thoughts rather than the trend of the conversation""and that's a great sin. How can one judge Father? But even if one might, what feeling except veneration could such a man as my father evoke? And I am so contented and happy with him.

veneration - vénération

evoke - évoquer, remémorer

contented - satisfait

I only wish you were all as happy as I am."

Her brother shook his head incredulously.

incredulously - avec incrédulité

"The only thing that is hard for me... I will tell you the truth, Andrew... is Father's way of treating religious subjects. I don't understand how a man of his immense intellect can fail to see what is as clear as day, and can go so far astray. That is the only thing that makes me unhappy. But even in this I can see lately a shade of improvement.

shade - ombre, store, nuance, ton, esprit, ombrager, faire de l'ombre

His satire has been less bitter of late, and there was a monk he received and had a long talk with."

satire - satire

Bitter - amere, amer, saumâtre

monk - moine, religieux

"Ah! my dear, I am afraid you and your monk are wasting your powder," said Prince Andrew banteringly yet tenderly.

banteringly - de maniere badine

"Ah! mon ami, I only pray, and hope that God will hear me. Andrew..." she said timidly after a moment's silence, "I have a great favor to ask of you."

ami - ami

"What is it, dear?"

"No"promise that you will not refuse! It will give you no trouble and is nothing unworthy of you, but it will comfort me. Promise, AndrĂşsha!..." said she, putting her hand in her reticule but not yet taking out what she was holding inside it, as if what she held were the subject of her request and must not be shown before the request was granted.

unworthy - indigne

She looked timidly at her brother.

"Even if it were a great deal of trouble..." answered Prince Andrew, as if guessing what it was about.

"Think what you please! I know you are just like Father. Think as you please, but do this for my sake! Please do! Father's father, our grandfather, wore it in all his wars." (She still did not take out what she was holding in her reticule.) "So you promise?"

"Of course. What is it?"

"Andrew, I bless you with this icon and you must promise me you will never take it off. Do you promise?"

bless - bénir, bénis, bénissez, bénissent, bénissons

icon - icône

"If it does not weigh a hundredweight and won't break my neck... To please you..." said Prince Andrew. But immediately, noticing the pained expression his joke had brought to his sister's face, he repented and added: "I am glad; really, dear, I am very glad."

hundredweight - poids cent, quintal

repented - repentie, se repentir

"Against your will He will save and have mercy on you and bring you to Himself, for in Him alone is truth and peace," said she in a voice trembling with emotion, solemnly holding up in both hands before her brother a small, oval, antique, dark-faced icon of the Saviour in a gold setting, on a finely wrought silver chain.

oval - ovale

She crossed herself, kissed the icon, and handed it to Andrew.

"Please, Andrew, for my sake!..."

Rays of gentle light shone from her large, timid eyes. Those eyes lit up the whole of her thin, sickly face and made it beautiful. Her brother would have taken the icon, but she stopped him. Andrew understood, crossed himself and kissed the icon. There was a look of tenderness, for he was touched, but also a gleam of irony on his face.

rays - rayons, rayon

"Thank you, my dear." She kissed him on the forehead and sat down again on the sofa. They were silent for a while.

"As I was saying to you, Andrew, be kind and generous as you always used to be. Don't judge Lise harshly," she began. "She is so sweet, so good-natured, and her position now is a very hard one."

"I do not think I have complained of my wife to you, Másha, or blamed her. Why do you say all this to me?"

blamed - blâmé, blâmer

Red patches appeared on Princess Mary's face and she was silent as if she felt guilty.

"I have said nothing to you, but you have already been talked to. And I am sorry for that," he went on.

The patches grew deeper on her forehead, neck, and cheeks. She tried to say something but could not. Her brother had guessed right: the little princess had been crying after dinner and had spoken of her forebodings about her confinement, and how she dreaded it, and had complained of her fate, her father-in-law, and her husband. After crying she had fallen asleep.

forebodings - des pressentiments, mauvais pressentiment

confinement - l'enfermement, confinement

dreaded - redouté, redouter, craindre, crainte

Prince Andrew felt sorry for his sister.

"Know this, Másha: I can't reproach, have not reproached, and never shall reproach my wife with anything, and I cannot reproach myself with anything in regard to her; and that always will be so in whatever circumstances I may be placed. But if you want to know the truth... if you want to know whether I am happy? No! Is she happy? No! But why this is so I don't know..."

reproached - des reproches, reproche, opprobre, reprocher

As he said this he rose, went to his sister, and, stooping, kissed her forehead. His fine eyes lit up with a thoughtful, kindly, and unaccustomed brightness, but he was looking not at his sister but over her head toward the darkness of the open doorway.

unaccustomed - pas habitué

darkness - l'obscurité, obscurité, ténebres

"Let us go to her, I must say good-by. Or"go and wake and I'll come in a moment. PetrĂşshka!" he called to his valet: "Come here, take these away. Put this on the seat and this to the right."

Princess Mary rose and moved to the door, then stopped and said: "Andrew, if you had faith you would have turned to God and asked Him to give you the love you do not feel, and your prayer would have been answered."

"Well, maybe!" said Prince Andrew. "Go, Másha; I'll come immediately."

On the way to his sister's room, in the passage which connected one wing with the other, Prince Andrew met Mademoiselle Bourienne smiling sweetly. It was the third time that day that, with an ecstatic and artless smile, she had met him in secluded passages.

artless - sans art

"Oh! I thought you were in your room," she said, for some reason blushing and dropping her eyes.

Prince Andrew looked sternly at her and an expression of anger suddenly came over his face. He said nothing to her but looked at her forehead and hair, without looking at her eyes, with such contempt that the Frenchwoman blushed and went away without a word.

contempt - le mépris, mépris, outrage

When he reached his sister's room his wife was already awake and her merry voice, hurrying one word after another, came through the open door. She was speaking as usual in French, and as if after long self-restraint she wished to make up for lost time.

awake - éveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller

restraint - la retenue, contention, frein, retenue

"No, but imagine the old Countess ZĂşbova, with false curls and her mouth full of false teeth, as if she were trying to cheat old age.... Ha, ha, ha! Mary!"

This very sentence about Countess ZĂşbova and this same laugh Prince Andrew had already heard from his wife in the presence of others some five times. He entered the room softly. The little princess, plump and rosy, was sitting in an easy chair with her work in her hands, talking incessantly, repeating Petersburg reminiscences and even phrases.

reminiscences - des réminiscences, réminiscence

Prince Andrew came up, stroked her hair, and asked if she felt rested after their journey. She answered him and continued her chatter.

The coach with six horses was waiting at the porch. It was an autumn night, so dark that the coachman could not see the carriage pole. Servants with lanterns were bustling about in the porch. The immense house was brilliant with lights shining through its lofty windows. The domestic serfs were crowding in the hall, waiting to bid good-by to the young prince.

pole - pôle, poteau, pieu, Gaule, pole

lanterns - lanternes, lanterne

shining through - qui brille a travers

The members of the household were all gathered in the reception hall: Michael Ivánovich, Mademoiselle Bourienne, Princess Mary, and the little princess. Prince Andrew had been called to his father's study as the latter wished to say good-by to him alone. All were waiting for them to come out.

When Prince Andrew entered the study the old man in his old-age spectacles and white dressing gown, in which he received no one but his son, sat at the table writing. He glanced round.

dressing gown - robe de chambre

"Going?" And he went on writing.

"I've come to say good-by."

"Kiss me here," and he touched his cheek: "Thanks, thanks!"

"What do you thank me for?"

"For not dilly-dallying and not hanging to a woman's apron strings. The Service before everything. Thanks, thanks!" And he went on writing, so that his quill spluttered and squeaked. "If you have anything to say, say it. These two things can be done together," he added.

dilly - dilly

dallying - de la flânerie, lambiner

apron - tablier, tarmac, piste

quill - plume d'oie, plume, piquant, épine

squeaked - a grincé, grincement, crissement, craquement, craquer, crisser

"About my wife... I am ashamed as it is to leave her on your hands...."

"Why talk nonsense? Say what you want."

"When her confinement is due, send to Moscow for an accoucheur.... Let him be here...."

accoucheur - sage-femme homme, accoucheur

The old prince stopped writing and, as if not understanding, fixed his stern eyes on his son.

"I know that no one can help if nature does not do her work," said Prince Andrew, evidently confused. "I know that out of a million cases only one goes wrong, but it is her fancy and mine. They have been telling her things. She has had a dream and is frightened."

"Hm... Hm..." muttered the old prince to himself, finishing what he was writing. "I'll do it."

He signed with a flourish and suddenly turning to his son began to laugh.

flourish - s'épanouir, fleurir, brandir, gesticulation, fioriture

"It's a bad business, eh?"

"What is bad, Father?"

"The wife!" said the old prince, briefly and significantly.

briefly - brievement, brievement, concisément

"I don't understand!" said Prince Andrew.

"No, it can't be helped, lad," said the prince. "They're all like that; one can't unmarry. Don't be afraid; I won't tell anyone, but you know it yourself."

unmarry - se démarier

He seized his son by the hand with small bony fingers, shook it, looked straight into his son's face with keen eyes which seemed to see through him, and again laughed his frigid laugh.

The son sighed, thus admitting that his father had understood him. The old man continued to fold and seal his letter, snatching up and throwing down the wax, the seal, and the paper, with his accustomed rapidity.

snatching up - arraché

throwing down - a se jeter par terre

rapidity - rapidité, célérité

"What's to be done? She's pretty! I will do everything. Make your mind easy," said he in abrupt sentences while sealing his letter.

abrupt - abrupt, brusque, precipité

sealing - scellant, (seal) scellant

Andrew did not speak; he was both pleased and displeased that his father understood him. The old man got up and gave the letter to his son.

"Listen!" said he; "Don't worry about your wife: what can be done shall be. Now listen! Give this letter to Michael IlariĂłnovich. * I have written that he should make use of you in proper places and not keep you long as an adjutant: a bad position! Tell him I remember and like him. Write and tell me how he receives you. If he is all right"serve him.

Don't worry - Ne pas s'inquiéter

Nicholas BolkĂłnski's son need not serve under anyone if he is in disfavor. Now come here."

disfavor - défavorable, défaveur

* KutĂşzov.

He spoke so rapidly that he did not finish half his words, but his son was accustomed to understand him. He led him to the desk, raised the lid, drew out a drawer, and took out an exercise book filled with his bold, tall, close handwriting.

lid - couvercle

drawer - tiroir, souscripteur

handwriting - l'écriture, écriture de main

"I shall probably die before you. So remember, these are my memoirs; hand them to the Emperor after my death. Now here is a Lombard bond and a letter; it is a premium for the man who writes a history of SuvĂłrov's wars. Send it to the Academy. Here are some jottings for you to read when I am gone. You will find them useful."

Lombard - lombard, longobard

bond - lien, sautiller

Premium - la prime, haut de gamme, prix, prime, cotisation

Academy - académie

Andrew did not tell his father that he would no doubt live a long time yet. He felt that he must not say it.

"I will do it all, Father," he said.

"Well, now, good-by!" He gave his son his hand to kiss, and embraced him. "Remember this, Prince Andrew, if they kill you it will hurt me, your old father..." he paused unexpectedly, and then in a querulous voice suddenly shrieked: "but if I hear that you have not behaved like a son of Nicholas BolkĂłnski, I shall be ashamed!"

"You need not have said that to me, Father," said the son with a smile.

The old man was silent.

"I also wanted to ask you," continued Prince Andrew, "if I'm killed and if I have a son, do not let him be taken away from you"as I said yesterday... let him grow up with you.... Please."

"Not let the wife have him?" said the old man, and laughed.

They stood silent, facing one another. The old man's sharp eyes were fixed straight on his son's. Something twitched in the lower part of the old prince's face.

sharp eyes - des yeux vifs

straight on - directement

twitched - a tressailli, donner, avoir un mouvement convulsif

lower part - la partie inférieure

"We've said good-by. Go!" he suddenly shouted in a loud, angry voice, opening his door.

"What is it? What?" asked both princesses when they saw for a moment at the door Prince Andrew and the figure of the old man in a white dressing gown, spectacled and wigless, shouting in an angry voice.

spectacled - a lunettes

wigless - sans perruque

Prince Andrew sighed and made no reply.

"Well!" he said, turning to his wife.

And this "Well!" sounded coldly ironic, as if he were saying: "Now go through your performance."

ironic - ironique

"Andrew, already!" said the little princess, turning pale and looking with dismay at her husband.

turning pale - pâlir

He embraced her. She screamed and fell unconscious on his shoulder.

unconscious - inconscient, subconscient

He cautiously released the shoulder she leaned on, looked into her face, and carefully placed her in an easy chair.

cautiously - avec prudence, précautionneusement

"Adieu, Mary," said he gently to his sister, taking her by the hand and kissing her, and then he left the room with rapid steps.

The little princess lay in the armchair, Mademoiselle Bourienne chafing her temples. Princess Mary, supporting her sister-in-law, still looked with her beautiful eyes full of tears at the door through which Prince Andrew had gone and made the sign of the cross in his direction. From the study, like pistol shots, came the frequent sound of the old man angrily blowing his nose.

chafing - les frottements, chauffer en frictionnant, inflammation

temples - temples, temple

pistol - pistolet

shots - tirs, coup

frequent - fréquents, fréquenter

Hardly had Prince Andrew gone when the study door opened quickly and the stern figure of the old man in the white dressing gown looked out.

"Gone? That's all right!" said he; and looking angrily at the unconscious little princess, he shook his head reprovingly and slammed the door.

That's all right - C'est d'accord

reprovingly - de maniere réprobatrice

BOOK TWO: 1805


In October, 1805, a Russian army was occupying the villages and towns of the Archduchy of Austria, and yet other regiments freshly arriving from Russia were settling near the fortress of Braunau and burdening the inhabitants on whom they were quartered. Braunau was the headquarters of the commander in chief, KutĂşzov.

Archduchy - archiduchesse, archiduché

regiments - régiments, régiment

settling - la décantation, sédimentation

fortress - forteresse

burdening - pesant, poids écrasant

inhabitants - habitants, habitant, habitante, résident, résidente

On October 11, 1805, one of the infantry regiments that had just reached Braunau had halted half a mile from the town, waiting to be inspected by the commander in chief.

halted - arreté, (s')arreter

Despite the un-Russian appearance of the locality and surroundings"fruit gardens, stone fences, tiled roofs, and hills in the distance"and despite the fact that the inhabitants (who gazed with curiosity at the soldiers) were not Russians, the regiment had just the appearance of any Russian regiment preparing for an inspection anywhere in the heart of Russia.

locality - région, quartier, voisinage, localité

tiled roofs - les toits en tuiles

On the evening of the last day's march an order had been received that the commander in chief would inspect the regiment on the march.

Though the words of the order were not clear to the regimental commander, and the question arose whether the troops were to be in marching order or not, it was decided at a consultation between the battalion commanders to present the regiment in parade order, on the principle that it is always better to "bow too low than not bow low enough.

regimental - régimentaire

arose - s'est élevé, se lever, relever

troops - troupes, troupe-p

battalion - bataillon

commanders - commandants, commandant, commandante, commandeur

parade - défilé, parader, parade

principle - principe

bow low - Prosterner

" So the soldiers, after a twenty-mile march, were kept mending and cleaning all night long without closing their eyes, while the adjutants and company commanders calculated and reckoned, and by morning the regiment"instead of the straggling, disorderly crowd it had been on its last march the day before"presented a well-ordered array of two thousand men each of whom knew his place and his duty, had every button and every strap in place, and shone with cleanliness. And not only externally was all in order, but had it pleased the commander in chief to look under the uniforms he would have found on every man a clean shirt, and in every knapsack the appointed number of articles, "awl, soap, and all," as the soldiers say. There was only one circumstance concerning which no one could be at ease. It was the state of the soldiers'boots. More than half the men's boots were in holes. But this defect was not due to any fault of the regimental commander, for in spite of repeated demands boots had not been issued by the Austrian commissariat, and the regiment had marched some seven hundred miles.

mending - raccommodage, (mend), réparer, raccommoder, rapiécer

calculated - calculée, calculer

reckoned - a calculé, considérer

straggling - en retard, (straggle) en retard

disorderly - désordonné

array - gamme, kyrielle, ribambelle, éventail, tableau

strap in - s'attacher

cleanliness - la propreté, propreté

externally - a l'extérieur

knapsack - sac a dos, sac a dos

awl - l'alene, alene

circumstance - circonstances, circonstance

concerning - concernant, inquiétude, souci, soin, préoccupation

demands - demandes, demande, exigence, exiger

Austrian - autrichien, Autrichienne

Commissariat - commissariat

The commander of the regiment was an elderly, choleric, stout, and thick-set general with grizzled eyebrows and whiskers, and wider from chest to back than across the shoulders. He had on a brand-new uniform showing the creases where it had been folded and thick gold epaulettes which seemed to stand rather than lie down on his massive shoulders.

choleric - colérique

whiskers - moustaches, favoris-p, poil de barbe, moustache, vibrisse

creases - des plis, pli

massive - massive, massif

He had the air of a man happily performing one of the most solemn duties of his life. He walked about in front of the line and at every step pulled himself up, slightly arching his back.

most solemn - le plus solennel

arching - l'arche, (arch) l'arche

It was plain that the commander admired his regiment, rejoiced in it, and that his whole mind was engrossed by it, yet his strut seemed to indicate that, besides military matters, social interests and the fair sex occupied no small part of his thoughts.

rejoiced - s'est réjoui, réjouir

engrossed - absorbé, grossoyer, accaparer, rafler, s'emparer de

strut - jambe de force, se pavaner

"Well, Michael MĂ­trich, sir?" he said, addressing one of the battalion commanders who smilingly pressed forward (it was plain that they both felt happy). "We had our hands full last night. However, I think the regiment is not a bad one, eh?"

pressed forward - pressé en avant

The battalion commander perceived the jovial irony and laughed.

perceived - perçue, percevoir

"It would not be turned off the field even on the TsarĂ­tsin Meadow."

meadow - prairie, pré

"What?" asked the commander.

At that moment, on the road from the town on which signalers had been posted, two men appeared on horse back. They were an aide-de-camp followed by a Cossack.

The aide-de-camp was sent to confirm the order which had not been clearly worded the day before, namely, that the commander in chief wished to see the regiment just in the state in which it had been on the march: in their greatcoats, and packs, and without any preparation whatever.

namely - a savoir, nommément, c'est-a-dire, a savoir

greatcoats - grands manteaux, pardessus, paletot, capote

preparation - préparation, concoction

A member of the Hofkriegsrath from Vienna had come to KutĂşzov the day before with proposals and demands for him to join up with the army of the Archduke Ferdinand and Mack, and KutĂşzov, not considering this junction advisable, meant, among other arguments in support of his view, to show the Austrian general the wretched state in which the troops arrived from Russia.

proposals - propositions, proposition, demande en mariage

archduke - archiduc

junction - jonction

advisable - est-il souhaitable

With this object he intended to meet the regiment; so the worse the condition it was in, the better pleased the commander in chief would be. Though the aide-de-camp did not know these circumstances, he nevertheless delivered the definite order that the men should be in their greatcoats and in marching order, and that the commander in chief would otherwise be dissatisfied.

On hearing this the regimental commander hung his head, silently shrugged his shoulders, and spread out his arms with a choleric gesture.

"A fine mess we've made of it!" he remarked.

"There now! Didn't I tell you, Michael MĂ­trich, that if it was said ˜on the march'it meant in greatcoats?" said he reproachfully to the battalion commander. "Oh, my God!" he added, stepping resolutely forward. "Company commanders!" he shouted in a voice accustomed to command. "Sergeants major!... How soon will he be here?

resolutely - résolument

sergeants - sergents, sergent

" he asked the aide-de-camp with a respectful politeness evidently relating to the personage he was referring to.

personage - personnage

"In an hour's time, I should say."

"Shall we have time to change clothes?"

change clothes - changer de vetements

"I don't know, General...."

The regimental commander, going up to the line himself, ordered the soldiers to change into their greatcoats. The company commanders ran off to their companies, the sergeants major began bustling (the greatcoats were not in very good condition), and instantly the squares that had up to then been in regular order and silent began to sway and stretch and hum with voices.

sway - se balancer, autorité, poids, influence, prépondérance

stretch - étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

On all sides soldiers were running to and fro, throwing up their knapsacks with a jerk of their shoulders and pulling the straps over their heads, unstrapping their overcoats and drawing the sleeves on with upraised arms.

knapsacks - des sacs a dos, sac a dos

jerk - con, par secousse, soubresaut

straps - sangles, sangle, courroie, laniere, bandouliere

unstrapping - le détachement, défaire la courroie de

overcoats - les manteaux, pardessus, manteau

In half an hour all was again in order, only the squares had become gray instead of black. The regimental commander walked with his jerky steps to the front of the regiment and examined it from a distance.

jerky - de la viande séchée

"Whatever is this? This!" he shouted and stood still. "Commander of the third company!"

"Commander of the third company wanted by the general!... commander to the general... third company to the commander." The words passed along the lines and an adjutant ran to look for the missing officer.

When the eager but misrepeated words had reached their destination in a cry of: "The general to the third company," the missing officer appeared from behind his company and, though he was a middle-aged man and not in the habit of running, trotted awkwardly stumbling on his toes toward the general.

misrepeated - mal répété

trotted - trotté, trotter

The captain's face showed the uneasiness of a schoolboy who is told to repeat a lesson he has not learned. Spots appeared on his nose, the redness of which was evidently due to intemperance, and his mouth twitched nervously. The general looked the captain up and down as he came up panting, slackening his pace as he approached.

schoolboy - éleve, écolier

intemperance - l'intempérance, intempérance

slackening - un ralentissement, (slacken) un ralentissement

pace - rythme, pas

"You will soon be dressing your men in petticoats! What is this?" shouted the regimental commander, thrusting forward his jaw and pointing at a soldier in the ranks of the third company in a greatcoat of bluish cloth, which contrasted with the others. "What have you been after? The commander in chief is expected and you leave your place? Eh?

petticoats - jupons, cotillon, jupon, combinaison

thrusting - poussée, (thrust), estocade, propulser

greatcoat - manteau, pardessus, paletot, capote

bluish - bleuâtre, bleuté, légerement bleu

contrasted with - contrasté avec

I'll teach you to dress the men in fancy coats for a parade.... Eh...?"

The commander of the company, with his eyes fixed on his superior, pressed two fingers more and more rigidly to his cap, as if in this pressure lay his only hope of salvation.

rigidly - de maniere rigide, rigidement

Salvation - le salut, salut

"Well, why don't you speak? Whom have you got there dressed up as a Hungarian?" said the commander with an austere gibe.

austere - austere, austere

gibe - gibe

"Your excellency..."

"Well, your excellency, what? Your excellency! But what about your excellency?... nobody knows."

"Your excellency, it's the officer DĂłlokhov, who has been reduced to the ranks," said the captain softly.

"Well? Has he been degraded into a field marshal, or into a soldier? If a soldier, he should be dressed in regulation uniform like the others."

field marshal - maréchal des logis

regulation - reglement, reglement, réglementation, régulation

"Your excellency, you gave him leave yourself, on the march."

"Gave him leave? Leave? That's just like you young men," said the regimental commander cooling down a little. "Leave indeed.... One says a word to you and you... What?" he added with renewed irritation, "I beg you to dress your men decently."

cooling down - le refroidissement

renewed - renouvelée, renouveler

decently - convenablement

And the commander, turning to look at the adjutant, directed his jerky steps down the line. He was evidently pleased at his own display of anger and walking up to the regiment wished to find a further excuse for wrath. Having snapped at an officer for an unpolished badge, at another because his line was not straight, he reached the third company.

wrath - colere, fureur, courroux, ire, colere

snapped - cassé, claquer, claquement de doigts, photographie, photo

"H-o-o-w are you standing? Where's your leg? Your leg?" shouted the commander with a tone of suffering in his voice, while there were still five men between him and DĂłlokhov with his bluish-gray uniform.

DĂłlokhov slowly straightened his bent knee, looking straight with his clear, insolent eyes in the general's face.

"Why a blue coat? Off with it... Sergeant major! Change his coat... the ras..." he did not finish.

sergeant - sergent

ras - ras, (RA) ras

"General, I must obey orders, but I am not bound to endure..." DĂłlokhov hurriedly interrupted.

"No talking in the ranks!... No talking, no talking!"

"Not bound to endure insults," DĂłlokhov concluded in loud, ringing tones.

insults - des insultes, insulter, insulte

The eyes of the general and the soldier met. The general became silent, angrily pulling down his tight scarf.

pulling down - a tirer vers le bas

"I request you to have the goodness to change your coat," he said as he turned away.


"He's coming!" shouted the signaler at that moment.

The regimental commander, flushing, ran to his horse, seized the stirrup with trembling hands, threw his body across the saddle, righted himself, drew his saber, and with a happy and resolute countenance, opening his mouth awry, prepared to shout. The regiment fluttered like a bird preening its plumage and became motionless.

stirrup - étrier

saddle - selle, ensellement

awry - mal, de travers, de guingois, de traviole

fluttered - flotté, faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement

preening - se prévaloir, lisser (ses plumes)

plumage - plumage, plume (pars pro toto), plumée, pennage

motionless - immobile

"Att-ention!" shouted the regimental commander in a soul-shaking voice which expressed joy for himself, severity for the regiment, and welcome for the approaching chief.

Along the broad country road, edged on both sides by trees, came a high, light blue Viennese calèche, slightly creaking on its springs and drawn by six horses at a smart trot. Behind the calèche galloped the suite and a convoy of Croats. Beside Kutúzov sat an Austrian general, in a white uniform that looked strange among the Russian black ones. The calèche stopped in front of the regiment.

country road - route de campagne

Viennese - Viennois, Viennoise

creaking - grincement, craquement, craquer

trot - trot, trotter

galloped - galopé, galop, galoper

suite - suite

KutĂşzov and the Austrian general were talking in low voices and KutĂşzov smiled slightly as treading heavily he stepped down from the carriage just as if those two thousand men breathlessly gazing at him and the regimental commander did not exist.

treading - le piétinement, (tread) le piétinement

breathlessly - a bout de souffle

The word of command rang out, and again the regiment quivered, as with a jingling sound it presented arms. Then amidst a dead silence the feeble voice of the commander in chief was heard. The regiment roared, "Health to your ex... len... len... lency!" and again all became silent.

amidst - au milieu

roared - a rugi, rugir, hurler, s'esclaffer, rire aux éclats

ex - ex

lency - lence

At first KutĂşzov stood still while the regiment moved; then he and the general in white, accompanied by the suite, walked between the ranks.

From the way the regimental commander saluted the commander in chief and devoured him with his eyes, drawing himself up obsequiously, and from the way he walked through the ranks behind the generals, bending forward and hardly able to restrain his jerky movements, and from the way he darted forward at every word or gesture of the commander in chief, it was evident that he performed his duty as a subordinate with even greater zeal than his duty as a commander. Thanks to the strictness and assiduity of its commander the regiment, in comparison with others that had reached Braunau at the same time, was in splendid condition. There were only 217 sick and stragglers. Everything was in good order except the boots.

saluted - salué, saluer, faire un salut

devoured - dévorée, dévorer

obsequiously - avec obséquiosité

subordinate - subordonné, subordonnée, subordonnés, subordonnées

zeal - le zele, zele, assiduité

strictness - la rigueur

assiduity - l'assiduité

stragglers - des retardataires, traînard

KutĂşzov walked through the ranks, sometimes stopping to say a few friendly words to officers he had known in the Turkish war, sometimes also to the soldiers. Looking at their boots he several times shook his head sadly, pointing them out to the Austrian general with an expression which seemed to say that he was not blaming anyone, but could not help noticing what a bad state of things it was.

blaming - blâmer

The regimental commander ran forward on each such occasion, fearing to miss a single word of the commander in chief's regarding the regiment. Behind KutĂşzov, at a distance that allowed every softly spoken word to be heard, followed some twenty men of his suite. These gentlemen talked among themselves and sometimes laughed. Nearest of all to the commander in chief walked a handsome adjutant.

This was Prince BolkĂłnski. Beside him was his comrade NesvĂ­tski, a tall staff officer, extremely stout, with a kindly, smiling, handsome face and moist eyes. NesvĂ­tski could hardly keep from laughter provoked by a swarthy hussar officer who walked beside him.

comrade - camarade f, camarade

moist - humide, moite

provoked - provoquée, provoquer

swarthy - basané

This hussar, with a grave face and without a smile or a change in the expression of his fixed eyes, watched the regimental commander's back and mimicked his every movement. Each time the commander started and bent forward, the hussar started and bent forward in exactly the same manner. NesvĂ­tski laughed and nudged the others to make them look at the wag.

nudged - poussé, petit coup de coude, petite tape amicale, nudge

wag - wag, frétiller, remuer, sécher, faire l’école buissonniere

KutĂşzov walked slowly and languidly past thousands of eyes which were starting from their sockets to watch their chief. On reaching the third company he suddenly stopped. His suite, not having expected this, involuntarily came closer to him.

sockets - des prises, prise, douille, orbite (for the eye), cavité

"Ah, TimĂłkhin!" said he, recognizing the red-nosed captain who had been reprimanded on account of the blue greatcoat.

reprimanded - réprimandé, réprimande, semonce, réprimander, qualifier

One would have thought it impossible for a man to stretch himself more than TimĂłkhin had done when he was reprimanded by the regimental commander, but now that the commander in chief addressed him he drew himself up to such an extent that it seemed he could not have sustained it had the commander in chief continued to look at him, and so KutĂşzov, who evidently understood his case and wished him nothing but good, quickly turned away, a scarcely perceptible smile flitting over his scarred and puffy face.

extent - mesure, étendue

sustained - soutenue, maintenir, subvenir

flitting - flottement, (flit), voltiger, voleter, papillonner, virevolter

scarred - cicatrisé, cicatrice

puffy - bouffi, enflé, rebondi, boursouflé

"Another Ismail comrade," said he. "A brave officer! Are you satisfied with him?" he asked the regimental commander.

And the latter"unconscious that he was being reflected in the hussar officer as in a looking glass"started, moved forward, and answered: "Highly satisfied, your excellency!"

"We all have our weaknesses," said KutĂşzov smiling and walking away from him. "He used to have a predilection for Bacchus."

predilection - prédilection

Bacchus - bacchus

The regimental commander was afraid he might be blamed for this and did not answer. The hussar at that moment noticed the face of the red-nosed captain and his drawn-in stomach, and mimicked his expression and pose with such exactitude that NesvĂ­tski could not help laughing. KutĂşzov turned round.

The officer evidently had complete control of his face, and while KutĂşzov was turning managed to make a grimace and then assume a most serious, deferential, and innocent expression.

The third company was the last, and KutĂşzov pondered, apparently trying to recollect something. Prince Andrew stepped forward from among the suite and said in French:

recollect - se souvenir, se ressaisir

"You told me to remind you of the officer DĂłlokhov, reduced to the ranks in this regiment."

"Where is DĂłlokhov?" asked KutĂşzov.

DĂłlokhov, who had already changed into a soldier's gray greatcoat, did not wait to be called. The shapely figure of the fair-haired soldier, with his clear blue eyes, stepped forward from the ranks, went up to the commander in chief, and presented arms.

"Have you a complaint to make?" KutĂşzov asked with a slight frown.

"This is DĂłlokhov," said Prince Andrew.

"Ah!" said KutĂşzov. "I hope this will be a lesson to you. Do your duty. The Emperor is gracious, and I shan't forget you if you deserve well."

shan - Shan

The clear blue eyes looked at the commander in chief just as boldly as they had looked at the regimental commander, seeming by their expression to tear open the veil of convention that separates a commander in chief so widely from a private.

tear open - déchirer

convention - convention

"One thing I ask of your excellency," DĂłlokhov said in his firm, ringing, deliberate voice. "I ask an opportunity to atone for my fault and prove my devotion to His Majesty the Emperor and to Russia!"

deliberate - délibérée, délibéré, concerté, délibérer

atone - expier

KutĂşzov turned away. The same smile of the eyes with which he had turned from Captain TimĂłkhin again flitted over his face. He turned away with a grimace as if to say that everything DĂłlokhov had said to him and everything he could say had long been known to him, that he was weary of it and it was not at all what he wanted. He turned away and went to the carriage.

The regiment broke up into companies, which went to their appointed quarters near Braunau, where they hoped to receive boots and clothes and to rest after their hard marches.

"You won't bear me a grudge, Prokhór Ignátych?" said the regimental commander, overtaking the third company on its way to its quarters and riding up to Captain Timókhin who was walking in front. (The regimental commander's face now that the inspection was happily over beamed with irrepressible delight.) "It's in the Emperor's service... it can't be helped...

grudge - rancune

overtaking - le dépassement, dépasser, doubler, surprendre

one is sometimes a bit hasty on parade... I am the first to apologize, you know me!... He was very pleased!" And he held out his hand to the captain.

hasty - hâtive, hâtif

"Don't mention it, General, as if I'd be so bold!" replied the captain, his nose growing redder as he gave a smile which showed where two front teeth were missing that had been knocked out by the butt end of a gun at Ismail.

Don't mention it - Ne pas le mentionner

front teeth - des dents de devant

butt - de fesses, crosse

"And tell Mr. DĂłlokhov that I won't forget him"he may be quite easy. And tell me, please"I've been meaning to ask"how is he behaving himself, and in general..."

"As far as the service goes he is quite punctilious, your excellency; but his character..." said TimĂłkhin.

punctilious - punctilien

"And what about his character?" asked the regimental commander.

"It's different on different days," answered the captain. "One day he is sensible, well educated, and good-natured, and the next he's a wild beast.... In Poland, if you please, he nearly killed a Jew."

beast - bete, bete, bete sauvage

Poland - la pologne, Pologne

"Oh, well, well!" remarked the regimental commander. "Still, one must have pity on a young man in misfortune. You know he has important connections... Well, then, you just..."

"I will, your excellency," said TimĂłkhin, showing by his smile that he understood his commander's wish.

"Well, of course, of course!"

The regimental commander sought out DĂłlokhov in the ranks and, reining in his horse, said to him:

sought - recherchée, chercher

reining - le reining, rene

"After the next affair... epaulettes."

DĂłlokhov looked round but did not say anything, nor did the mocking smile on his lips change.

mocking - se moquer, (moc) se moquer

"Well, that's all right," continued the regimental commander. "A cup of vodka for the men from me," he added so that the soldiers could hear. "I thank you all! God be praised!" and he rode past that company and overtook the next one.

vodka - vodka

Praised - loué, louange, louer, féliciter, prôner, vénérer

"Well, he's really a good fellow, one can serve under him," said TimĂłkhin to the subaltern beside him.

subaltern - subalterne

"In a word, a hearty one..." said the subaltern, laughing (the regimental commander was nicknamed King of Hearts).

The cheerful mood of their officers after the inspection infected the soldiers. The company marched on gaily. The soldiers'voices could be heard on every side.

infected - infecté, infecter

"And they said KutĂşzov was blind of one eye?"

blind - aveugle, mal-voyant, mal-voyante, store, blind, aveugler

"And so he is! Quite blind!"

"No, friend, he is sharper-eyed than you are. Boots and leg bands... he noticed everything..."

"When he looked at my feet, friend... well, thinks I..."

"And that other one with him, the Austrian, looked as if he were smeared with chalk"as white as flour! I suppose they polish him up as they do the guns."

smeared - étalé, badigeonner, couvrir, diffamer, trace, traînée

chalk - craie, magnésie

polish - polish, polonais

"I say, FĂ©deshon!... Did he say when the battles are to begin? You were near him. Everybody said that Buonaparte himself was at Braunau."

"Buonaparte himself!... Just listen to the fool, what he doesn't know! The Prussians are up in arms now. The Austrians, you see, are putting them down. When they've been put down, the war with Buonaparte will begin. And he says Buonaparte is in Braunau! Shows you're a fool. You'd better listen more carefully!"

Prussians - les prussiens, prussien, Prussienne

"What devils these quartermasters are! See, the fifth company is turning into the village already... they will have their buckwheat cooked before we reach our quarters."

devils - diables, Diable, Satan, type

quartermasters - les quartiers-maîtres, quartier-maître

buckwheat - le sarrasin, sarrasin, blé sarrasin, blé noir

"Give me a biscuit, you devil!"

"And did you give me tobacco yesterday? That's just it, friend! Ah, well, never mind, here you are."

"They might call a halt here or we'll have to do another four miles without eating."

halt - halte, s'arreter, stop, stopper

"Wasn't it fine when those Germans gave us lifts! You just sit still and are drawn along."

wasn - n'était

"And here, friend, the people are quite beggarly. There they all seemed to be Poles"all under the Russian crown"but here they're all regular Germans."

beggarly - mendiant

poles - poteaux, pôle

"Singers to the front" came the captain's order.

And from the different ranks some twenty men ran to the front. A drummer, their leader, turned round facing the singers, and flourishing his arm, began a long-drawn-out soldiers'song, commencing with the words: "Morning dawned, the sun was rising," and concluding: "On then, brothers, on to glory, led by Father Kámenski.

drummer - batteur

flourishing - l'épanouissement, fleurir, brandir

commencing - débutant, commencer

dawned - s'est levé, se lever, naître, aube, lever du soleil

" This song had been composed in the Turkish campaign and now being sung in Austria, the only change being that the words "Father Kámenski" were replaced by "Father Kutúzov."

composed - composé, composer

Having jerked out these last words as soldiers do and waved his arms as if flinging something to the ground, the drummer"a lean, handsome soldier of forty"looked sternly at the singers and screwed up his eyes.

flinging - flingage, lancer

Then having satisfied himself that all eyes were fixed on him, he raised both arms as if carefully lifting some invisible but precious object above his head and, holding it there for some seconds, suddenly flung it down and began:

precious object - objet précieux

"Oh, my bower, oh, my bower...!"

bower - bower, (bow) bower

"Oh, my bower new...!" chimed in twenty voices, and the castanet player, in spite of the burden of his equipment, rushed out to the front and, walking backwards before the company, jerked his shoulders and flourished his castanets as if threatening someone. The soldiers, swinging their arms and keeping time spontaneously, marched with long steps.

flourished - a prospéré, fleurir, brandir, gesticulation

castanets - castagnettes, castagnette

swinging - l'échangisme, pivotant, (swing), osciller, se balancer

spontaneously - spontanément

Behind the company the sound of wheels, the creaking of springs, and the tramp of horses'hoofs were heard. KutĂşzov and his suite were returning to the town. The commander in chief made a sign that the men should continue to march at ease, and he and all his suite showed pleasure at the sound of the singing and the sight of the dancing soldier and the gay and smartly marching men.

tramp - piéton, clochard, va-nuieds, traînée, garce

hoofs - sabots, sabot

smartly - roublard

In the second file from the right flank, beside which the carriage passed the company, a blue-eyed soldier involuntarily attracted notice. It was DĂłlokhov marching with particular grace and boldness in time to the song and looking at those driving past as if he pitied all who were not at that moment marching with the company.

flank - flanc, flanchet

The hussar cornet of KutĂşzov's suite who had mimicked the regimental commander, fell back from the carriage and rode up to DĂłlokhov.

Hussar cornet ZherkĂłv had at one time, in Petersburg, belonged to the wild set led by DĂłlokhov. ZherkĂłv had met DĂłlokhov abroad as a private and had not seen fit to recognize him. But now that KutĂşzov had spoken to the gentleman ranker, he addressed him with the cordiality of an old friend.

ranker - classer, (rank) classer

cordiality - cordialité

"My dear fellow, how are you?" said he through the singing, making his horse keep pace with the company.

"How am I?" DĂłlokhov answered coldly. "I am as you see."

The lively song gave a special flavor to the tone of free and easy gaiety with which ZherkĂłv spoke, and to the intentional coldness of DĂłlokhov's reply.

flavor - gout, saveur, style, assaisonner

intentional - intentionnelle

coldness - froideur, froid

"And how do you get on with the officers?" inquired ZherkĂłv.

"All right. They are good fellows. And how have you wriggled onto the staff?"

wriggled - s'est tortillé, remuer, se tortiller

"I was attached; I'm on duty."

Both were silent.

"She let the hawk fly upward from her wide right sleeve," went the song, arousing an involuntary sensation of courage and cheerfulness. Their conversation would probably have been different but for the effect of that song.

hawk - faucon, autour

arousing - excitante, émoustiller, exciter

cheerfulness - gaieté

"Is it true that Austrians have been beaten?" asked DĂłlokhov.

"The devil only knows! They say so."

"I'm glad," answered DĂłlokhov briefly and clearly, as the song demanded.

"I say, come round some evening and we'll have a game of faro!" said ZherkĂłv.

faro - faro, pharaon

"Why, have you too much money?"

"Do come."

"I can't. I've sworn not to. I won't drink and won't play till I get reinstated."

sworn - assermenté, jurer

reinstated - réintégrée, rétablir, réintégrer, réactiver

"Well, that's only till the first engagement."

engagement - l'engagement, fiançailles

"We shall see."

They were again silent.

"Come if you need anything. One can at least be of use on the staff..."

DĂłlokhov smiled. "Don't trouble. If I want anything, I won't beg"I'll take it!"

"Well, never mind; I only..."

"And I only..."


"Good health..."

"It's a long, long way.

To my native land..."

native land - la terre natale

ZherkĂłv touched his horse with the spurs; it pranced excitedly from foot to foot uncertain with which to start, then settled down, galloped past the company, and overtook the carriage, still keeping time to the song.

pranced - se pavaner, caracoler

excitedly - avec enthousiasme


On returning from the review, KutĂşzov took the Austrian general into his private room and, calling his adjutant, asked for some papers relating to the condition of the troops on their arrival, and the letters that had come from the Archduke Ferdinand, who was in command of the advanced army. Prince Andrew BolkĂłnski came into the room with the required papers.

KutĂşzov and the Austrian member of the Hofkriegsrath were sitting at the table on which a plan was spread out.

"Ah!..." said KutĂşzov glancing at BolkĂłnski as if by this exclamation he was asking the adjutant to wait, and he went on with the conversation in French.

exclamation - exclamation

"All I can say, General," said he with a pleasant elegance of expression and intonation that obliged one to listen to each deliberately spoken word. It was evident that KutĂşzov himself listened with pleasure to his own voice. "All I can say, General, is that if the matter depended on my personal wishes, the will of His Majesty the Emperor Francis would have been fulfilled long ago.

elegance - l'élégance, élégance, grâce, finesse

Francis - francis, François

fulfilled - satisfaits, accomplir

I should long ago have joined the archduke. And believe me on my honour that to me personally it would be a pleasure to hand over the supreme command of the army into the hands of a better informed and more skillful general"of whom Austria has so many"and to lay down all this heavy responsibility. But circumstances are sometimes too strong for us, General."

honour - l'honneur, honorer

supreme command - le commandement supreme

better informed - mieux informés

Skillful - habile, adroit

And KutĂşzov smiled in a way that seemed to say, "You are quite at liberty not to believe me and I don't even care whether you do or not, but you have no grounds for telling me so. And that is the whole point."

The Austrian general looked dissatisfied, but had no option but to reply in the same tone.

"On the contrary," he said, in a querulous and angry tone that contrasted with his flattering words, "on the contrary, your excellency's participation in the common action is highly valued by His Majesty; but we think the present delay is depriving the splendid Russian troops and their commander of the laurels they have been accustomed to win in their battles," he concluded his evidently prearranged sentence.

participation - participation

depriving - priver

laurels - des lauriers, laurier, couronne de laurier

KutĂşzov bowed with the same smile.

"But that is my conviction, and judging by the last letter with which His Highness the Archduke Ferdinand has honored me, I imagine that the Austrian troops, under the direction of so skillful a leader as General Mack, have by now already gained a decisive victory and no longer need our aid," said KutĂşzov.

Highness - altesse

honored - honoré, honneur, honorer

victory - victoire

aid - l'aide, aider, aide, assister, secourir

The general frowned. Though there was no definite news of an Austrian defeat, there were many circumstances confirming the unfavorable rumors that were afloat, and so KutĂşzov's suggestion of an Austrian victory sounded much like irony. But KutĂşzov went on blandly smiling with the same expression, which seemed to say that he had a right to suppose so.

defeat - la défaite, vainqent, vainquez, défaite, vaincre, vainqons

afloat - a flot, a flot

And, in fact, the last letter he had received from Mack's army informed him of a victory and stated strategically the position of the army was very favorable.

strategically - stratégiquement

favorable - favorable

"Give me that letter," said KutĂşzov turning to Prince Andrew. "Please have a look at it""and KutĂşzov with an ironical smile about the corners of his mouth read to the Austrian general the following passage, in German, from the Archduke Ferdinand's letter:

We have fully concentrated forces of nearly seventy thousand men with which to attack and defeat the enemy should he cross the Lech.

Also, as we are masters of Ulm, we cannot be deprived of the advantage of commanding both sides of the Danube, so that should the enemy not cross the Lech, we can cross the Danube, throw ourselves on his line of communications, recross the river lower down, and frustrate his intention should he try to direct his whole force against our faithful ally.

masters - maîtres, maître/-tresse

commanding - commander, commandement, ordre, maîtrise

Danube - le danube, Danube

recross - recroiser

frustrate - frustrer

ally - allié, alliée, allions, alliez, se liguer, allient

We shall therefore confidently await the moment when the Imperial Russian army will be fully equipped, and shall then, in conjunction with it, easily find a way to prepare for the enemy the fate he deserves.

confidently - en toute confiance

await - attendre, s'attendre a, servir, guetter

conjunction - conjonction

deserves - mérite, mériter

KutĂşzov sighed deeply on finishing this paragraph and looked at the member of the Hofkriegsrath mildly and attentively.

mildly - légerement

"But you know the wise maxim your excellency, advising one to expect the worst," said the Austrian general, evidently wishing to have done with jests and to come to business. He involuntarily looked round at the aide-de-camp.

wise - sage, sensé, genre, raisonnable

maxim - maxime, sentence

jests - jests, plaisanterie

come to business - venir aux affaires

"Excuse me, General," interrupted KutĂşzov, also turning to Prince Andrew. "Look here, my dear fellow, get from KozlĂłvski all the reports from our scouts.

scouts - scouts, éclaireur/-euse

Here are two letters from Count Nostitz and here is one from His Highness the Archduke Ferdinand and here are these," he said, handing him several papers, "make a neat memorandum in French out of all this, showing all the news we have had of the movements of the Austrian army, and then give it to his excellency."

neat - soigné, parure

memorandum - mémorandum

Prince Andrew bowed his head in token of having understood from the first not only what had been said but also what KutĂşzov would have liked to tell him. He gathered up the papers and with a bow to both, stepped softly over the carpet and went out into the waiting room.

Though not much time had passed since Prince Andrew had left Russia, he had changed greatly during that period. In the expression of his face, in his movements, in his walk, scarcely a trace was left of his former affected languor and indolence. He now looked like a man who has time to think of the impression he makes on others, but is occupied with agreeable and interesting work.

indolence - l'indolence, indolence, oisiveté

His face expressed more satisfaction with himself and those around him, his smile and glance were brighter and more attractive.

KutĂşzov, whom he had overtaken in Poland, had received him very kindly, promised not to forget him, distinguished him above the other adjutants, and had taken him to Vienna and given him the more serious commissions. From Vienna KutĂşzov wrote to his old comrade, Prince Andrew's father.

overtaken - dépassé, dépasser, doubler, surprendre

commissions - des commissions, commission, fr

Your son bids fair to become an officer distinguished by his industry, firmness, and expedition. I consider myself fortunate to have such a subordinate by me.

bids - offres, faire une enchere (de)

On KutĂşzov's staff, among his fellow officers and in the army generally, Prince Andrew had, as he had had in Petersburg society, two quite opposite reputations. Some, a minority, acknowledged him to be different from themselves and from everyone else, expected great things of him, listened to him, admired, and imitated him, and with them Prince Andrew was natural and pleasant.

reputations - réputation, renommée (more slang)

minority - minorité, minoritaire

acknowledged - reconnu, reconnaître, accuser réception, certifier

imitated - imité, imiter

Others, the majority, disliked him and considered him conceited, cold, and disagreeable. But among these people Prince Andrew knew how to take his stand so that they respected and even feared him.

conceited - prétentieux, vanité, orgueil, concept

Coming out of KutĂşzov's room into the waiting room with the papers in his hand Prince Andrew came up to his comrade, the aide-de-camp on duty, KozlĂłvski, who was sitting at the window with a book.

"Well, Prince?" asked KozlĂłvski.

"I am ordered to write a memorandum explaining why we are not advancing."

advancing - l'avancement, élever, avancer, avancée, progression

"And why is it?"

Prince Andrew shrugged his shoulders.

"Any news from Mack?"


"If it were true that he has been beaten, news would have come."

"Probably," said Prince Andrew moving toward the outer door.

But at that instant a tall Austrian general in a greatcoat, with the order of Maria Theresa on his neck and a black bandage round his head, who had evidently just arrived, entered quickly, slamming the door. Prince Andrew stopped short.

bandage - bandage, pansement, panser

slamming - claquer, (slam) claquer

"Commander in Chief KutĂşzov?" said the newly arrived general speaking quickly with a harsh German accent, looking to both sides and advancing straight toward the inner door.

"The commander in chief is engaged," said KozlĂłvski, going hurriedly up to the unknown general and blocking his way to the door. "Whom shall I announce?"

unknown - inconnu, inconnue

The unknown general looked disdainfully down at KozlĂłvski, who was rather short, as if surprised that anyone should not know him.

"The commander in chief is engaged," repeated KozlĂłvski calmly.

calmly - calmement, paisiblement

The general's face clouded, his lips quivered and trembled. He took out a notebook, hurriedly scribbled something in pencil, tore out the leaf, gave it to KozlĂłvski, stepped quickly to the window, and threw himself into a chair, gazing at those in the room as if asking, "Why do they look at me?

notebook - cahier, calepin, notebook, laptop, ordinateur portatif

scribbled - griffonné, griffonner

tore - a la déchirure

" Then he lifted his head, stretched his neck as if he intended to say something, but immediately, with affected indifference, began to hum to himself, producing a queer sound which immediately broke off. The door of the private room opened and KutĂşzov appeared in the doorway.

stretched - étiré, étendre, s'étendre, s'étirer, étirement

The general with the bandaged head bent forward as though running away from some danger, and, making long, quick strides with his thin legs, went up to KutĂşzov.

bandaged - bandé, bandage, pansement, panser

strides - foulées, marcher a grands pas

"Vous voyez le malheureux Mack," he uttered in a broken voice.

KutĂşzov's face as he stood in the open doorway remained perfectly immobile for a few moments. Then wrinkles ran over his face like a wave and his forehead became smooth again, he bowed his head respectfully, closed his eyes, silently let Mack enter his room before him, and closed the door himself behind him.

immobile - immobile

The report which had been circulated that the Austrians had been beaten and that the whole army had surrendered at Ulm proved to be correct. Within half an hour adjutants had been sent in various directions with orders which showed that the Russian troops, who had hitherto been inactive, would also soon have to meet the enemy.

circulated - diffusée, circuler

surrendered - s'est rendu, capituler, rendre

hitherto - jusqu'a présent, jusqu'ici, jusqu'alors, jusqu'a maintenant

Prince Andrew was one of those rare staff officers whose chief interest lay in the general progress of the war. When he saw Mack and heard the details of his disaster he understood that half the campaign was lost, understood all the difficulties of the Russian army's position, and vividly imagined what awaited it and the part he would have to play.

vividly - précise

Involuntarily he felt a joyful agitation at the thought of the humiliation of arrogant Austria and that in a week's time he might, perhaps, see and take part in the first Russian encounter with the French since SuvĂłrov met them. He feared that Bonaparte's genius might outweigh all the courage of the Russian troops, and at the same time could not admit the idea of his hero being disgraced.

encounter - rencontre

genius - génie

disgraced - déshonorée, honte, disgrâce, ignominie

Excited and irritated by these thoughts Prince Andrew went toward his room to write to his father, to whom he wrote every day. In the corridor he met NesvĂ­tski, with whom he shared a room, and the wag ZherkĂłv; they were as usual laughing.

irritated by - irrité par

"Why are you so glum?" asked NesvĂ­tski noticing Prince Andrew's pale face and glittering eyes.

glum - morose, maussade

"There's nothing to be gay about," answered BolkĂłnski.

Just as Prince Andrew met NesvĂ­tski and ZherkĂłv, there came toward them from the other end of the corridor, Strauch, an Austrian general who was on KutĂşzov's staff in charge of the provisioning of the Russian army, and the member of the Hofkriegsrath who had arrived the previous evening.

provisioning - le provisionnement, provision, provisionner

There was room enough in the wide corridor for the generals to pass the three officers quite easily, but ZherkĂłv, pushing NesvĂ­tski aside with his arm, said in a breathless voice,

"They're coming!... they're coming!... stand aside, make way, please make way!"

stand aside - s'écarter

The generals were passing by, looking as if they wished to avoid embarrassing attentions. On the face of the wag ZherkĂłv there suddenly appeared a stupid smile of glee which he seemed unable to suppress.

glee - glee, joie, jubilation

"Your excellency," said he in German, stepping forward and addressing the Austrian general, "I have the honor to congratulate you."

stepping forward - qui s'avancent

He bowed his head and scraped first with one foot and then with the other, awkwardly, like a child at a dancing lesson.

dancing lesson - une leçon de danse

The member of the Hofkriegsrath looked at him severely but, seeing the seriousness of his stupid smile, could not but give him a moment's attention. He screwed up his eyes showing that he was listening.

seriousness - sérieux, sériosité, gravité

"I have the honor to congratulate you. General Mack has arrived, quite well, only a little bruised just here," he added, pointing with a beaming smile to his head.

bruised - contusionné, contusionner, meurtrir, taler, cotir, se taler

The general frowned, turned away, and went on.

"Gott, wie naiv!" * said he angrily, after he had gone a few steps.

* "Good God, what simplicity!"

NesvĂ­tski with a laugh threw his arms round Prince Andrew, but BolkĂłnski, turning still paler, pushed him away with an angry look and turned to ZherkĂłv. The nervous irritation aroused by the appearance of Mack, the news of his defeat, and the thought of what lay before the Russian army found vent in anger at ZherkĂłv's untimely jest.

vent - évent

untimely - inopportun, intempestif, vert

jest - jest, plaisanter

"If you, sir, choose to make a buffoon of yourself," he said sharply, with a slight trembling of the lower jaw, "I can't prevent your doing so; but I warn you that if you dare to play the fool in my presence, I will teach you to Behave yourself."

buffoon - bouffon, rench: t-needed r

lower jaw - la mâchoire inférieure

dare - oser, aventurer

Behave yourself - bien se comporter

NesvĂ­tski and ZherkĂłv were so surprised by this outburst that they gazed at BolkĂłnski silently with wide-open eyes.

"What's the matter? I only congratulated them," said ZherkĂłv.

congratulated - félicité, féliciter

"I am not jesting with you; please be silent!" cried BolkĂłnski, and taking NesvĂ­tski's arm he left ZherkĂłv, who did not know what to say.

jesting - plaisanterie, (jest) plaisanterie

be silent - se taire

"Come, what's the matter, old fellow?" said NesvĂ­tski trying to soothe him.

"What's the matter?" exclaimed Prince Andrew standing still in his excitement. "Don't you understand that either we are officers serving our Tsar and our country, rejoicing in the successes and grieving at the misfortunes of our common cause, or we are merely lackeys who care nothing for their master's business.

rejoicing - se réjouir, réjouissant, gaieté, (rejoice), réjouir

grieving - le deuil, avoir du chagrin

misfortunes - malheurs, malchance, mésaventure, malheur

lackeys - laquais

Quarante mille hommes massacrés et l'armée de nos alliés détruite, et vous trouvez là le mot pour rire," * he said, as if strengthening his views by this French sentence. "C'est bien pour un garçon de rien comme cet individu dont vous avez fait un ami, mais pas pour vous, pas pour vous.

mille - mille

Mot - mot

strengthening - le renforcement, renforcer, affermir, raffermir, fortifier

dont - dont

*(2) Only a hobbledehoy could amuse himself in this way," he added in Russian"but pronouncing the word with a French accent"having noticed that ZherkĂłv could still hear him.

amuse - amuser

* "Forty thousand men massacred and the army of our allies destroyed, and you find that a cause for jesting!"

massacred - massacrés, massacre, massacrer

allies - alliés, s'allier (a, avec)

* (2) "It is all very well for that good-for-nothing fellow of whom you have made a friend, but not for you, not for you."

He waited a moment to see whether the cornet would answer, but he turned and went out of the corridor.


The Pávlograd Hussars were stationed two miles from Braunau. The squadron in which Nicholas Rostóv served as a cadet was quartered in the German village of Salzeneck. The best quarters in the village were assigned to cavalry-captain Denísov, the squadron commander, known throughout the whole cavalry division as Váska Denísov.

squadron - escadron, escadre

cavalry-captain - (cavalry-captain) capitaine de cavalerie

Division - la division, division

Cadet RostĂłv, ever since he had overtaken the regiment in Poland, had lived with the squadron commander.

On October 11, the day when all was astir at headquarters over the news of Mack's defeat, the camp life of the officers of this squadron was proceeding as usual. DenĂ­sov, who had been losing at cards all night, had not yet come home when RostĂłv rode back early in the morning from a foraging expedition.

astir - en éveil

proceeding - la poursuite de la procédure, acte, (proceed), avancer

Foraging - la recherche de nourriture, fourrage, fourrager

RostĂłv in his cadet uniform, with a jerk to his horse, rode up to the porch, swung his leg over the saddle with a supple youthful movement, stood for a moment in the stirrup as if loathe to part from his horse, and at last sprang down and called to his orderly.

supple - souple

loathe - exécrer, détester, hair

"Ah, Bondarénko, dear friend!" said he to the hussar who rushed up headlong to the horse. "Walk him up and down, my dear fellow," he continued, with that gay brotherly cordiality which goodhearted young people show to everyone when they are happy.

headlong - tete baissée, la tete la premiere

brotherly - fraternel

goodhearted - de bon cour

"Yes, your excellency," answered the Ukrainian gaily, tossing his head.

Ukrainian - ukrainien, ukrainienne

"Mind, walk him up and down well!"

Another hussar also rushed toward the horse, but Bondarénko had already thrown the reins of the snaffle bridle over the horse's head. It was evident that the cadet was liberal with his tips and that it paid to serve him. Rostóv patted the horse's neck and then his flank, and lingered for a moment.

reins - les renes, rene

snaffle - bridon

bridle - bride, brider, refréner, etre susceptible

liberal - libéral, large, généreux, de gauche

"Splendid! What a horse he will be!" he thought with a smile, and holding up his saber, his spurs jingling, he ran up the steps of the porch. His landlord, who in a waistcoat and a pointed cap, pitchfork in hand, was clearing manure from the cowhouse, looked out, and his face immediately brightened on seeing Rostóv. "Schön gut Morgen! Schön gut Morgen!

landlord - propriétaire, patron

pitchfork - fourche

manure - du fumier, fumier, purin

cowhouse - la vacherie

Gut - les tripes, panse, boyaux, cordes de boyau, vider, éviscérer

morgen - morgen

" * he said winking with a merry smile, evidently pleased to greet the young man.

* "A very good morning! A very good morning!"

"Schon fleissig?" * said RostĂłv with the same gay brotherly smile which did not leave his eager face. "Hoch Oestreicher! Hoch Russen! Kaiser Alexander hoch!" *(2) said he, quoting words often repeated by the German landlord.

Kaiser - kaiser, empereur

often repeated - souvent répétées

* "Busy already?"

* (2) "Hurrah for the Austrians! Hurrah for the Russians! Hurrah for Emperor Alexander!"

The German laughed, came out of the cowshed, pulled off his cap, and waving it above his head cried:

cowshed - étable

"Und die ganze Welt hoch!" *

welt - welt, bordure

* "And hurrah for the whole world!"

RostĂłv waved his cap above his head like the German and cried laughing, "Und vivat die ganze Welt!

" Though neither the German cleaning his cowshed nor RostĂłv back with his platoon from foraging for hay had any reason for rejoicing, they looked at each other with joyful delight and brotherly love, wagged their heads in token of their mutual affection, and parted smiling, the German returning to his cowshed and RostĂłv going to the cottage he occupied with DenĂ­sov.

platoon - peloton

Hay - foin

wagged - remué, frétiller, remuer, sécher, faire l’école buissonniere

"What about your master?" he asked LavrĂşshka, DenĂ­sov's orderly, whom all the regiment knew for a rogue.

rogue - canaille, fripouille, coquin, voyou, garnement, vagabond

"Hasn't been in since the evening. Must have been losing," answered LavrĂşshka. "I know by now, if he wins he comes back early to brag about it, but if he stays out till morning it means he's lost and will come back in a rage. Will you have coffee?"

Brag - brag, fanfaronner, se vanter

rage - rage, furie, fureur, courroux, rager, faire rage

"Yes, bring some."

Ten minutes later LavrĂşshka brought the coffee. "He's coming!" said he. "Now for trouble!" RostĂłv looked out of the window and saw DenĂ­sov coming home. DenĂ­sov was a small man with a red face, sparkling black eyes, and black tousled mustache and hair. He wore an unfastened cloak, wide breeches hanging down in creases, and a crumpled shako on the back of his head.

crumpled - froissé, chiffonner, froisser, se froisser, s'effondrer

shako - shako

He came up to the porch gloomily, hanging his head.

"LavwĂşska!" he shouted loudly and angrily, "take it off, blockhead!"

blockhead - tete de noeud, imbécile, cancre

"Well, I am taking it off," replied LavrĂşshka's voice.

"Ah, you're up already," said DenĂ­sov, entering the room.

"Long ago," answered Rostóv, "I have already been for the hay, and have seen Fräulein Mathilde."

"Weally! And I've been losing, bwother. I lost yesterday like a damned fool!" cried DenĂ­sov, not pronouncing his r's. "Such ill luck! Such ill luck. As soon as you left, it began and went on. Hullo there! Tea!"

damned - foutu, maudit, condamné, (damn), condamner, réprouver

Hullo - bonjour, salut !

Puckering up his face though smiling, and showing his short strong teeth, he began with stubby fingers of both hands to ruffle up his thick tangled black hair.

ruffle up - ébouriffer

tangled - enchevetrés, désordre, enchevetrement

"And what devil made me go to that wat?" (an officer nicknamed "the rat") he said, rubbing his forehead and whole face with both hands. "Just fancy, he didn't let me win a single cahd, not one cahd."

wat - quoi

rat - rat

He took the lighted pipe that was offered to him, gripped it in his fist, and tapped it on the floor, making the sparks fly, while he continued to shout.

gripped - saisi, empoigner

fist - poing

sparks - des étincelles, étincelle

"He lets one win the singles and collahs it as soon as one doubles it; gives the singles and snatches the doubles!"

snatches - des arrachages de dents, empoigner, happer, saisir, arracher

He scattered the burning tobacco, smashed the pipe, and threw it away. Then he remained silent for a while, and all at once looked cheerfully with his glittering, black eyes at RostĂłv.

cheerfully - réjouie

"If at least we had some women here; but there's nothing foh one to do but dwink. If we could only get to fighting soon. Hullo, who's there?" he said, turning to the door as he heard a tread of heavy boots and the clinking of spurs that came to a stop, and a respectful cough.

foh - foh

dwink - dwink

clinking - clinking, tintement

"The squadron quartermaster!" said LavrĂşshka.

quartermaster - l'intendant, quartier-maître

DenĂ­sov's face puckered still more.

"Wetched!" he muttered, throwing down a purse with some gold in it. "WostĂłv, deah fellow, just see how much there is left and shove the purse undah the pillow," he said, and went out to the quartermaster.

shove - pousser, enfoncer

RostĂłv took the money and, mechanically arranging the old and new coins in separate piles, began counting them.

mechanically - mécaniquement

piles - piles, pile, tas

"Ah! Telyánin! How d'ye do? They plucked me last night," came Denísov's voice from the next room.

ye - ou, lequel

plucked - plumé, tirer, pincer, plumer, voler, abats-p, persévérance

"Where? At Bykov's, at the rat's... I knew it," replied a piping voice, and Lieutenant Telyánin, a small officer of the same squadron, entered the room.

Rostóv thrust the purse under the pillow and shook the damp little hand which was offered him. Telyánin for some reason had been transferred from the Guards just before this campaign. He behaved very well in the regiment but was not liked; Rostóv especially detested him and was unable to overcome or conceal his groundless antipathy to the man.

damp - humide, moite, mouillé, humidité, grisou, amortir

detested - détesté, détester, mépriser

groundless - sans fondement, infondé

antipathy - l'antipathie, antipathie

"Well, young cavalryman, how is my Rook behaving?" he asked. (Rook was a young horse Telyánin had sold to Rostóv.)

cavalryman - cavalier

rook - tour, frauder

The lieutenant never looked the man he was speaking to straight in the face; his eyes continually wandered from one object to another.

wandered - erré, errer, vaguer, divaguer

"I saw you riding this morning..." he added.

"Oh, he's all right, a good horse," answered RostĂłv, though the horse for which he had paid seven hundred rubbles was not worth half that sum. "He's begun to go a little lame on the left foreleg," he added.

rubbles - des gravats, décombres-p, débris, gravats-p

lame - boiteux

foreleg - rench: patte de devant g, patte avant g

"The hoof's cracked! That's nothing. I'll teach you what to do and show you what kind of rivet to use."

hoof - sabot

That's nothing - Ce n'est rien

Rivet - rivet, riveter

"Yes, please do," said RostĂłv.

"I'll show you, I'll show you! It's not a secret. And it's a horse you'll thank me for."

"Then I'll have it brought round," said Rostóv wishing to avoid Telyánin, and he went out to give the order.

In the passage Denísov, with a pipe, was squatting on the threshold facing the quartermaster who was reporting to him. On seeing Rostóv, Denísov screwed up his face and pointing over his shoulder with his thumb to the room where Telyánin was sitting, he frowned and gave a shudder of disgust.

squatting - le squat, s'accroupir

disgust - dégout, dégouter, dégout

"Ugh! I don't like that fellow," he said, regardless of the quartermaster's presence.

Ugh - ugh, beurk

regardless - sans pour autant s'en préoccuper, malgré tout, malgré cela

Rostóv shrugged his shoulders as much as to say: "Nor do I, but what's one to do?" and, having given his order, he returned to Telyánin.

Telyánin was sitting in the same indolent pose in which Rostóv had left him, rubbing his small white hands.

"Well there certainly are disgusting people," thought RostĂłv as he entered.

disgusting - dégoutant, dégouter, dégout

"Have you told them to bring the horse?" asked Telyánin, getting up and looking carelessly about him.

carelessly - négligemment

"I have."

"Let us go ourselves. I only came round to ask DenĂ­sov about yesterday's order. Have you got it, DenĂ­sov?"

"Not yet. But where are you off to?"

"I want to teach this young man how to shoe a horse," said Telyánin.

They went through the porch and into the stable. The lieutenant explained how to rivet the hoof and went away to his own quarters.

stable - étable, écurie, stable, ferme

When RostĂłv went back there was a bottle of vodka and a sausage on the table. DenĂ­sov was sitting there scratching with his pen on a sheet of paper. He looked gloomily in RostĂłv's face and said: "I am witing to her."

sausage - saucisse, saucisson

scratching - grattage, éraflant, (scratch), gratter, égratigner, piquer

He leaned his elbows on the table with his pen in his hand and, evidently glad of a chance to say quicker in words what he wanted to write, told RostĂłv the contents of his letter.

Contents - contenu, satisfait

"You see, my fwiend," he said, "we sleep when we don't love. We are childwen of the dust... but one falls in love and one is a God, one is pua'as on the fihst day of cweation... Who's that now? Send him to the devil, I'm busy!" he shouted to LavrĂşshka, who went up to him not in the least abashed.

childwen - childwen

cweation - cweation

abashed - abasourdi, confondre

"Who should it be? You yourself told him to come. It's the quartermaster for the money."

DenĂ­sov frowned and was about to shout some reply but stopped.

"Wetched business," he muttered to himself. "How much is left in the puhse?" he asked, turning to RostĂłv.

"Seven new and three old imperials."

"Oh, it's wetched! Well, what are you standing there for, you sca'cwow? Call the quahtehmasteh," he shouted to LavrĂşshka.

"Please, DenĂ­sov, let me lend you some: I have some, you know," said RostĂłv, blushing.

"Don't like bowwowing from my own fellows, I don't," growled DenĂ­sov.

growled - a grogné, feulement, grognement, borborygme, gargouillement

"But if you won't accept money from me like a comrade, you will offend me. Really I have some," RostĂłv repeated.

offend - offenser, déplaire, blesser, checkblesser, checkinsulter

"No, I tell you."

And DenĂ­sov went to the bed to get the purse from under the pillow.

"Where have you put it, WostĂłv?"

"Under the lower pillow."

"It's not there."

DenĂ­sov threw both pillows on the floor. The purse was not there.

"That's a miwacle."

"Wait, haven't you dropped it?" said RostĂłv, picking up the pillows one at a time and shaking them.

He pulled off the quilt and shook it. The purse was not there.

"Dear me, can I have forgotten? No, I remember thinking that you kept it under your head like a treasure," said RostĂłv. "I put it just here. Where is it?" he asked, turning to LavrĂşshka.

Dear me - Cher moi

"I haven't been in the room. It must be where you put it."

"But it isn't?..."

"You're always like that; you thwow a thing down anywhere and forget it. Feel in your pockets."

thwow - comment

"No, if I hadn't thought of it being a treasure," said RostĂłv, "but I remember putting it there."

LavrĂşshka turned all the bedding over, looked under the bed and under the table, searched everywhere, and stood still in the middle of the room. DenĂ­sov silently watched LavrĂşshka's movements, and when the latter threw up his arms in surprise saying it was nowhere to be found DenĂ­sov glanced at RostĂłv.

"WostĂłv, you've not been playing schoolboy twicks..."

RostĂłv felt DenĂ­sov's gaze fixed on him, raised his eyes, and instantly dropped them again. All the blood which had seemed congested somewhere below his throat rushed to his face and eyes. He could not draw breath.

"And there hasn't been anyone in the room except the lieutenant and yourselves. It must be here somewhere," said LavrĂşshka.

"Now then, you devil's puppet, look alive and hunt for it!" shouted DenĂ­sov, suddenly, turning purple and rushing at the man with a threatening gesture. "If the purse isn't found I'll flog you, I'll flog you all."

threatening gesture - Un geste menaçant

flog - flog, fouetter

RostĂłv, his eyes avoiding DenĂ­sov, began buttoning his coat, buckled on his saber, and put on his cap.

buckled - bouclé, boucle

"I must have that purse, I tell you," shouted DenĂ­sov, shaking his orderly by the shoulders and knocking him against the wall.

"DenĂ­sov, let him alone, I know who has taken it," said RostĂłv, going toward the door without raising his eyes. DenĂ­sov paused, thought a moment, and, evidently understanding what RostĂłv hinted at, seized his arm.

hinted - a fait allusion, indication, soupçon, faire allusion

"Nonsense!" he cried, and the veins on his forehead and neck stood out like cords. "You are mad, I tell you. I won't allow it. The purse is here! I'll flay this scoundwel alive, and it will be found."

veins - veines, veine

cords - cordons, corde, cordon

flay - écorces

scoundwel - scélératesse

"I know who has taken it," repeated RostĂłv in an unsteady voice, and went to the door.

unsteady - instable, branlant, fébrile

"And I tell you, don't you dahe to do it!" shouted DenĂ­sov, rushing at the cadet to restrain him.

But RostĂłv pulled away his arm and, with as much anger as though DenĂ­sov were his worst enemy, firmly fixed his eyes directly on his face.

"Do you understand what you're saying?" he said in a trembling voice. "There was no one else in the room except myself. So that if it is not so, then..."

He could not finish, and ran out of the room.

"Ah, may the devil take you and evewybody," were the last words RostĂłv heard.

evewybody - tout le monde

Rostóv went to Telyánin's quarters.

"The master is not in, he's gone to headquarters," said Telyánin's orderly. "Has something happened?" he added, surprised at the cadet's troubled face.

"No, nothing."

"You've only just missed him," said the orderly.

The headquarters were situated two miles away from Salzeneck, and Rostóv, without returning home, took a horse and rode there. There was an inn in the village which the officers frequented. Rostóv rode up to it and saw Telyánin's horse at the porch.

situated - situé, situer

Inn - l'auberge, auberge

frequented - fréquenté, fréquent

In the second room of the inn the lieutenant was sitting over a dish of sausages and a bottle of wine.

sausages - saucisses, saucisse, saucisson

"Ah, you've come here too, young man!" he said, smiling and raising his eyebrows.

"Yes," said RostĂłv as if it cost him a great deal to utter the word; and he sat down at the nearest table.

Both were silent. There were two Germans and a Russian officer in the room. No one spoke and the only sounds heard were the clatter of knives and the munching of the lieutenant.

When Telyánin had finished his lunch he took out of his pocket a double purse and, drawing its rings aside with his small, white, turned-up fingers, drew out a gold imperial, and lifting his eyebrows gave it to the waiter.

"Please be quick," he said.

The coin was a new one. Rostóv rose and went up to Telyánin.

"Allow me to look at your purse," he said in a low, almost inaudible, voice.

inaudible - inaudible

With shifting eyes but eyebrows still raised, Telyánin handed him the purse.

"Yes, it's a nice purse. Yes, yes," he said, growing suddenly pale, and added, "Look at it, young man."

Rostóv took the purse in his hand, examined it and the money in it, and looked at Telyánin. The lieutenant was looking about in his usual way and suddenly seemed to grow very merry.

"If we get to Vienna I'll get rid of it there but in these wretched little towns there's nowhere to spend it," said he. "Well, let me have it, young man, I'm going."

RostĂłv did not speak.

"And you? Are you going to have lunch too? They feed you quite decently here," continued Telyánin. "Now then, let me have it."

He stretched out his hand to take hold of the purse. Rostóv let go of it. Telyánin took the purse and began carelessly slipping it into the pocket of his riding breeches, with his eyebrows lifted and his mouth slightly open, as if to say, "Yes, yes, I am putting my purse in my pocket and that's quite simple and is no one else's business."

"Well, young man?" he said with a sigh, and from under his lifted brows he glanced into RostĂłv's eyes.

Some flash as of an electric spark shot from Telyánin's eyes to Rostóv's and back, and back again and again in an instant.

flash - flash, clignoter

spark - l'étincelle, flammeche, étincelle

"Come here," said Rostóv, catching hold of Telyánin's arm and almost dragging him to the window. "That money is Denísov's; you took it..." he whispered just above Telyánin's ear.

dragging - traînant, tirer, entraîner

"What? What? How dare you? What?" said Telyánin.

But these words came like a piteous, despairing cry and an entreaty for pardon. As soon as RostĂłv heard them, an enormous load of doubt fell from him. He was glad, and at the same instant began to pity the miserable man who stood before him, but the task he had begun had to be completed.

despairing - désespéré, désespérer, désespoir

load - charge, chargement, fardeau

"Heaven only knows what the people here may imagine," muttered Telyánin, taking up his cap and moving toward a small empty room. "We must have an explanation..."

"I know it and shall prove it," said RostĂłv.


Every muscle of Telyánin's pale, terrified face began to quiver, his eyes still shifted from side to side but with a downward look not rising to Rostóv's face, and his sobs were audible.

quiver - carquois, trembler

"Count!... Don't ruin a young fellow... here is this wretched money, take it..." He threw it on the table. "I have an old father and mother!..."

ruin - la ruine, ruine, ruiner, abîmer, foutre en l'air

Rostóv took the money, avoiding Telyánin's eyes, and went out of the room without a word. But at the door he stopped and then retraced his steps. "O God," he said with tears in his eyes, "how could you do it?"

"Count..." said Telyánin drawing nearer to him.

"Don't touch me," said RostĂłv, drawing back. "If you need it, take the money," and he threw the purse to him and ran out of the inn.


That same evening there was an animated discussion among the squadron's officers in DenĂ­sov's quarters.

"And I tell you, RostĂłv, that you must apologize to the colonel!" said a tall, grizzly-haired staff captain, with enormous mustaches and many wrinkles on his large features, to RostĂłv who was crimson with excitement.

grizzly - grizzli, grisâtre

The staff captain, KĂ­rsten, had twice been reduced to the ranks for affairs of honor and had twice regained his commission.

regained - retrouvée, reconquérir, reprendre

commission - commission, commission d'agent immobilier, courtage, charger

"I will allow no one to call me a liar!" cried RostĂłv. "He told me I lied, and I told him he lied. And there it rests. He may keep me on duty every day, or may place me under arrest, but no one can make me apologize, because if he, as commander of this regiment, thinks it beneath his dignity to give me satisfaction, then..."

liar - menteur, menteuse

lied - menties, gésîmes, gési, gésie, gésirent, menti

"You just wait a moment, my dear fellow, and listen," interrupted the staff captain in his deep bass, calmly stroking his long mustache. "You tell the colonel in the presence of other officers that an officer has stolen..."

bass - basse, perche

"I'm not to blame that the conversation began in the presence of other officers. Perhaps I ought not to have spoken before them, but I am not a diplomatist. That's why I joined the hussars, thinking that here one would not need finesse; and he tells me that I am lying"so let him give me satisfaction..."

blame - blâme, gronder, blâment, blâmons, blâmez, blâmer

finesse - finesse, impasse, finasser

"That's all right. No one thinks you a coward, but that's not the point. Ask DenĂ­sov whether it is not out of the question for a cadet to demand satisfaction of his regimental commander?"

coward - lâche, couard, couarde, poltron, poltronne

DenĂ­sov sat gloomily biting his mustache and listening to the conversation, evidently with no wish to take part in it. He answered the staff captain's question by a disapproving shake of his head.

disapproving - désapprobateur, désapprouver

"You speak to the colonel about this nasty business before other officers," continued the staff captain, "and Bogdánich" (the colonel was called Bogdánich) "shuts you up."

"He did not shut me up, he said I was telling an untruth."

untruth - contre-vérité, mensonge, menterie, contrevérité

"Well, have it so, and you talked a lot of nonsense to him and must apologize."

"Not on any account!" exclaimed RostĂłv.

"I did not expect this of you," said the staff captain seriously and severely. "You don't wish to apologize, but, man, it's not only to him but to the whole regiment"all of us"you're to blame all round. The case is this: you ought to have thought the matter over and taken advice; but no, you go and blurt it all straight out before the officers. Now what was the colonel to do?

blurt - blurt, lâcher, laisser échapper

Have the officer tried and disgrace the whole regiment? Disgrace the whole regiment because of one scoundrel? Is that how you look at it? We don't see it like that. And Bogdánich was a brick: he told you you were saying what was not true. It's not pleasant, but what's to be done, my dear fellow? You landed yourself in it.

disgrace - la disgrâce, honte, disgrâce, ignominie

scoundrel - canaille, scélérat, scélérate, gredin, gredine

brick - brique, soutien, rouge brique, en brique, briquer

And now, when one wants to smooth the thing over, some conceit prevents your apologizing, and you wish to make the whole affair public. You are offended at being put on duty a bit, but why not apologize to an old and honorable officer? Whatever Bogdánich may be, anyway he is an honorable and brave old colonel! You're quick at taking offense, but you don't mind disgracing the whole regiment!

conceit - la vanité, vanité, orgueil, concept

offense - l'offense, attaque, offensive, attaquants, offense

disgracing - déshonorant, honte, disgrâce, ignominie

" The staff captain's voice began to tremble. "You have been in the regiment next to no time, my lad, you're here today and tomorrow you'll be appointed adjutant somewhere and can snap your fingers when it is said ˜There are thieves among the Pávlograd officers!'But it's not all the same to us! Am I not right, DenĂ­sov? It's not the same!"

tremble - trembler, vibrer, tremblement, vibration

snap - snap, claquer, claquement de doigts, photographie, photo

DenĂ­sov remained silent and did not move, but occasionally looked with his glittering black eyes at RostĂłv.

"You value your own pride and don't wish to apologize," continued the staff captain, "but we old fellows, who have grown up in and, God willing, are going to die in the regiment, we prize the honor of the regiment, and Bogdánich knows it. Oh, we do prize it, old fellow! And all this is not right, it's not right! You may take offense or not but I always stick to mother truth. It's not right!"

And the staff captain rose and turned away from RostĂłv.

"That's twue, devil take it!" shouted DenĂ­sov, jumping up. "Now then, WostĂłv, now then!"

jumping up - en sautant

RostĂłv, growing red and pale alternately, looked first at one officer and then at the other.

alternately - en alternance

"No, gentlemen, no... you mustn't think... I quite understand. You're wrong to think that of me... I... for me... for the honor of the regiment I'd... Ah well, I'll show that in action, and for me the honor of the flag... Well, never mind, it's true I'm to blame, to blame all round. Well, what else do you want?..."

mustn - ne doit pas

"Come, that's right, Count!" cried the staff captain, turning round and clapping RostĂłv on the shoulder with his big hand.

turning round - faire demi-tour

"I tell you," shouted DenĂ­sov, "he's a fine fellow."

"That's better, Count," said the staff captain, beginning to address RostĂłv by his title, as if in recognition of his confession. "Go and apologize, your excellency. Yes, go!"

"Gentlemen, I'll do anything. No one shall hear a word from me," said RostĂłv in an imploring voice, "but I can't apologize, by God I can't, do what you will! How can I go and apologize like a little boy asking forgiveness?"

DenĂ­sov began to laugh.

"It'll be worse for you. Bogdánich is vindictive and you'll pay for your obstinacy," said Kírsten.

vindictive - vindicatif

obstinacy - l'obstination, entetement, obstination

"No, on my word it's not obstinacy! I can't describe the feeling. I can't..."

"Well, it's as you like," said the staff captain. "And what has become of that scoundrel?" he asked DenĂ­sov.

"He has weported himself sick, he's to be stwuck off the list tomowwow," muttered DenĂ­sov.

tomowwow - demain

"It is an illness, there's no other way of explaining it," said the staff captain.

"Illness or not, he'd better not cwoss my path. I'd kill him!" shouted DenĂ­sov in a bloodthirsty tone.

bloodthirsty - assoiffé de sang, sanguinaire

Just then ZherkĂłv entered the room.

"What brings you here?" cried the officers turning to the newcomer.

newcomer - nouveau venu, nouvel arrivé, débutant, débutante

"We're to go into action, gentlemen! Mack has surrendered with his whole army."

"It's not true!"

"I've seen him myself!"

"What? Saw the real Mack? With hands and feet?"

"Into action! Into action! Bring him a bottle for such news! But how did you come here?"

"I've been sent back to the regiment all on account of that devil, Mack. An Austrian general complained of me. I congratulated him on Mack's arrival... What's the matter, RostĂłv? You look as if you'd just come out of a hot bath."

"Oh, my dear fellow, we're in such a stew here these last two days."

stew - ragout, ragout

The regimental adjutant came in and confirmed the news brought by ZherkĂłv. They were under orders to advance next day.

advance - élever, avancer, avancée, progression, avance, souscription

"We're going into action, gentlemen!"

"Well, thank God! We've been sitting here too long!"


KutĂşzov fell back toward Vienna, destroying behind him the bridges over the rivers Inn (at Braunau) and Traun (near Linz). On October 23 the Russian troops were crossing the river Enns. At midday the Russian baggage train, the artillery, and columns of troops were defiling through the town of Enns on both sides of the bridge.

midday - midi, (de) midi

baggage - bagages, effets, colis

Artillery - l'artillerie, artillerie

defiling - la souillure, (defile) la souillure

It was a warm, rainy, autumnal day. The wide expanse that opened out before the heights on which the Russian batteries stood guarding the bridge was at times veiled by a diaphanous curtain of slanting rain, and then, suddenly spread out in the sunlight, far-distant objects could be clearly seen glittering as though freshly varnished.

rainy - pluvieux

autumnal - automnale

diaphanous - diaphane

slanting - en biais, biais, connotation, bridé, qualifier

sunlight - la lumiere du soleil, lumiere du soleil

distant - distante, distant, lointain, éloigné

varnished - vernis, vernir

Down below, the little town could be seen with its white, red-roofed houses, its cathedral, and its bridge, on both sides of which streamed jostling masses of Russian troops.

cathedral - cathédrale, coupole

streamed - en streaming, ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant, torrent

jostling - bousculade, (jostle), bousculer

masses - masses, amas

At the bend of the Danube, vessels, an island, and a castle with a park surrounded by the waters of the confluence of the Enns and the Danube became visible, and the rocky left bank of the Danube covered with pine forests, with a mystic background of green treetops and bluish gorges.

vessels - navires, vaisseau, recipient

confluence - confluent, confluence, convergence

Rocky - rocheux, rocheuxse

pine - pin

mystic - mystique

treetops - la cime des arbres, cime des arbres

gorges - gorges, gorge

The turrets of a convent stood out beyond a wild virgin pine forest, and far away on the other side of the Enns the enemy's horse patrols could be discerned.

turrets - tourelles, tourelle

convent - couvent

Virgin - vierge

patrols - patrouilles, patrouiller

Among the field guns on the brow of the hill the general in command of the rearguard stood with a staff officer, scanning the country through his fieldglass. A little behind them NesvĂ­tski, who had been sent to the rearguard by the commander in chief, was sitting on the trail of a gun carriage.

rearguard - l'arriere-garde, arriere-garde

fieldglass - verre de champ

trail - pister, suivre, traîner, piste, traces, sentier, chasse

gun carriage - Affut (artillerie)

A Cossack who accompanied him had handed him a knapsack and a flask, and NesvĂ­tski was treating some officers to pies and real doppelkĂĽmmel. The officers gladly gathered round him, some on their knees, some squatting Turkish fashion on the wet grass.

flask - flacon, flasque, fiole

pies - tartes, tarte

gladly - heureusement, volontiers

"Yes, the Austrian prince who built that castle was no fool. It's a fine place! Why are you not eating anything, gentlemen?" NesvĂ­tski was saying.

"Thank you very much, Prince," answered one of the officers, pleased to be talking to a staff officer of such importance. "It's a lovely place! We passed close to the park and saw two deer... and what a splendid house!"

deer - cerf, chevreuil

"Look, Prince," said another, who would have dearly liked to take another pie but felt shy, and therefore pretended to be examining the countryside""See, our infantrymen have already got there. look there in the meadow behind the village, three of them are dragging something. They'll ransack that castle," he remarked with evident approval.

pie - tarte, saccager, pâte, pâté

infantrymen - fantassins, fantassin

look there - regarde la

ransack - mettre a sac, saccager, fouiller

"So they will," said NesvĂ­tski. "No, but what I should like," added he, munching a pie in his moist-lipped handsome mouth, "would be to slip in over there."

slip in - se glisser dedans

He pointed with a smile to a turreted nunnery, and his eyes narrowed and gleamed.

turreted - turré

nunnery - couvent

gleamed - brillait, luire

"That would be fine, gentlemen!"

The officers laughed.

"Just to flutter the nuns a bit. They say there are Italian girls among them. On my word I'd give five years of my life for it!"

flutter - flottement, faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement

Nuns - les religieuses, religieuse, nonne

"They must be feeling dull, too," said one of the bolder officers, laughing.

bolder - plus audacieux, hardi, audacieux

Meanwhile the staff officer standing in front pointed out something to the general, who looked through his field glass.

field glass - Longue-vue

"Yes, so it is, so it is," said the general angrily, lowering the field glass and shrugging his shoulders, "so it is! They'll be fired on at the crossing. And why are they dawdling there?"

dawdling - la flânerie, (dawdle), flâner, lambiner, musarder

On the opposite side the enemy could be seen by the naked eye, and from their battery a milk-white cloud arose. Then came the distant report of a shot, and our troops could be seen hurrying to the crossing.

naked - nue, nu, a poil, dénudé

NesvĂ­tski rose, puffing, and went up to the general, smiling.

"Would not your excellency like a little refreshment?" he said.

refreshment - un rafraîchissement, rafraîchissement

"It's a bad business," said the general without answering him, "our men have been wasting time."

"Hadn't I better ride over, your excellency?" asked NesvĂ­tski.

"Yes, please do," answered the general, and he repeated the order that had already once been given in detail: "and tell the hussars that they are to cross last and to fire the bridge as I ordered; and the inflammable material on the bridge must be reinspected."

inflammable - inflammable

"Very good," answered NesvĂ­tski.

He called the Cossack with his horse, told him to put away the knapsack and flask, and swung his heavy person easily into the saddle.

"I'll really call in on the nuns," he said to the officers who watched him smilingly, and he rode off by the winding path down the hill.

winding - bobinage, (wind) bobinage

"Now then, let's see how far it will carry, Captain. Just try!" said the general, turning to an artillery officer. "Have a little fun to pass the time."

"Crew, to your guns!" commanded the officer.

crew - l'équipage, équipage

commanded - commandée, commandement, ordre, maîtrise

In a moment the men came running gaily from their campfires and began loading.

campfires - feux de camp, feu de camp

loading - chargement, charge, rench: t-needed r, (load)

"One!" came the command.

Number one jumped briskly aside. The gun rang out with a deafening metallic roar, and a whistling grenade flew above the heads of our troops below the hill and fell far short of the enemy, a little smoke showing the spot where it burst.

deafening - assourdissante, assourdissant, (deafen), assourdir

metallic - métallique, métalisé

roar - rugir, hurler, s'esclaffer, rire aux éclats

whistling - siffler, (whistle), sifflet, sifflement, sifflements

grenade - grenade, grenader

The faces of officers and men brightened up at the sound. Everyone got up and began watching the movements of our troops below, as plainly visible as if but a stone's throw away, and the movements of the approaching enemy farther off.

At the same instant the sun came fully out from behind the clouds, and the clear sound of the solitary shot and the brilliance of the bright sunshine merged in a single joyous and spirited impression.

solitary - solitaire, seul, un a un

sunshine - soleil, lumiere du soleil

merged - fusionné, fusionner, amalgamer


Two of the enemy's shots had already flown across the bridge, where there was a crush. Halfway across stood Prince NesvĂ­tski, who had alighted from his horse and whose big body was jammed against the railings. He looked back laughing to the Cossack who stood a few steps behind him holding two horses by their bridles.

alighted - descendus, descendre (de)

railings - les garde-corps

bridles - brides, bride, brider, refréner, etre susceptible

Each time Prince NesvĂ­tski tried to move on, soldiers and carts pushed him back again and pressed him against the railings, and all he could do was to smile.

carts - chariots, charrette

"What a fine fellow you are, friend!" said the Cossack to a convoy soldier with a wagon, who was pressing onto the infantrymen who were crowded together close to his wheels and his horses. "What a fellow! You can't wait a moment! Don't you see the general wants to pass?"

wagon - wagon, charrette

But the convoyman took no notice of the word "general" and shouted at the soldiers who were blocking his way. "Hi there, boys! Keep to the left! Wait a bit." But the soldiers, crowded together shoulder to shoulder, their bayonets interlocking, moved over the bridge in a dense mass.

convoyman - convoyeur

bayonets - baionnettes, baionnette

dense - dense, obscur, bouché

mass - masse, foule, amas

Looking down over the rails Prince NesvĂ­tski saw the rapid, noisy little waves of the Enns, which rippling and eddying round the piles of the bridge chased each other along.

rails - rails, barre, tringle

rippling - ondulation, (ripple) ondulation

eddying - eddying, tourbillon

chased - poursuivis, poursuivre, courir apres

Looking on the bridge he saw equally uniform living waves of soldiers, shoulder straps, covered shakos, knapsacks, bayonets, long muskets, and, under the shakos, faces with broad cheekbones, sunken cheeks, and listless tired expressions, and feet that moved through the sticky mud that covered the planks of the bridge.

shoulder straps - des bretelles

muskets - mousquets, mousquet

sticky - collant, gluant

planks - des planches, planche, gainage

Sometimes through the monotonous waves of men, like a fleck of white foam on the waves of the Enns, an officer, in a cloak and with a type of face different from that of the men, squeezed his way along; sometimes like a chip of wood whirling in the river, an hussar on foot, an orderly, or a townsman was carried through the waves of infantry; and sometimes like a log floating down the river, an officers'or company's baggage wagon, piled high, leather covered, and hemmed in on all sides, moved across the bridge.

fleck - fleck, tache, flocon, checkparticule (1), checkmoucheture

foam - écume, mousse, écumer, mousser

squeezed - pressé, presser, comprimer, tasser, serrer

whirling - tourbillonnant, (whirl), tourbillonner

townsman - homme de la ville, citadin

log - log, rondin, buche

floating - flottant, (float), flotter, flotteur, taloche, char

piled - empilés, pile, tas

hemmed - ourlé, ourlet

"It's as if a dam had burst," said the Cossack hopelessly. "Are there many more of you to come?"

dam - barrage

hopelessly - sans espoir

"A million all but one!" replied a waggish soldier in a torn coat, with a wink, and passed on followed by another, an old man.

waggish - waggish

wink - clin d'oil, ciller

"If he" (he meant the enemy) "begins popping at the bridge now," said the old soldier dismally to a comrade, "you'll forget to scratch yourself."

dismally - grise

That soldier passed on, and after him came another sitting on a cart.

cart - chariot, charrette

"Where the devil have the leg bands been shoved to?" said an orderly, running behind the cart and fumbling in the back of it.

shoved - poussé, enfoncer, pousser

fumbling - le tâtonnement, tâtonner

And he also passed on with the wagon. Then came some merry soldiers who had evidently been drinking.

"And then, old fellow, he gives him one in the teeth with the butt end of his gun..." a soldier whose greatcoat was well tucked up said gaily, with a wide swing of his arm.

"Yes, the ham was just delicious..." answered another with a loud laugh. And they, too, passed on, so that NesvĂ­tski did not learn who had been struck on the teeth, or what the ham had to do with it.

Ham - le jambon, jambon

"Bah! How they scurry. He just sends a ball and they think they'll all be killed," a sergeant was saying angrily and reproachfully.

Bah - bah

scurry - se précipiter, détaler, se sauver

"As it flies past me, Daddy, the ball I mean," said a young soldier with an enormous mouth, hardly refraining from laughing, "I felt like dying of fright. I did, ˜pon my word, I got that frightened!" said he, as if bragging of having been frightened.

daddy - papa

fright - d'effroi, anxiété, peur, frayeur

That one also passed. Then followed a cart unlike any that had gone before. It was a German cart with a pair of horses led by a German, and seemed loaded with a whole houseful of effects. A fine brindled cow with a large udder was attached to the cart behind. A woman with an unweaned baby, an old woman, and a healthy German girl with bright red cheeks were sitting on some feather beds.

loaded - chargé, charge, chargement

houseful - maison pleine

brindled - Brindé

udder - pis, tétine, mamelle

unweaned - non sevré

feather beds - des lits de plumes

Evidently these fugitives were allowed to pass by special permission. The eyes of all the soldiers turned toward the women, and while the vehicle was passing at foot pace all the soldiers'remarks related to the two young ones. Every face bore almost the same smile, expressing unseemly thoughts about the women.

fugitives - fugitifs, fugitif, fugitive, éphémere, fuyant

unseemly - inconvenante, malséant

"Just see, the German sausage is making tracks, too!"

"Sell me the missis," said another soldier, addressing the German, who, angry and frightened, strode energetically along with downcast eyes.

missis - missis

energetically - énergétiquement

"See how smart she's made herself! Oh, the devils!"

"There, FedĂłtov, you should be quartered on them!"

"I have seen as much before now, mate!"

mate - compagnon, appareiller

"Where are you going?" asked an infantry officer who was eating an apple, also half smiling as he looked at the handsome girl.

The German closed his eyes, signifying that he did not understand.

signifying - signifiant, (signify), signifier

"Take it if you like," said the officer, giving the girl an apple.

The girl smiled and took it. NesvĂ­tski like the rest of the men on the bridge did not take his eyes off the women till they had passed. When they had gone by, the same stream of soldiers followed, with the same kind of talk, and at last all stopped. As often happens, the horses of a convoy wagon became restive at the end of the bridge, and the whole crowd had to wait.

stream - flux, ruisseau, ru, rupt, filet, flot, courant

restive - rétive, rétif

"And why are they stopping? There's no proper order!" said the soldiers. "Where are you shoving to? Devil take you! Can't you wait? It'll be worse if he fires the bridge. See, here's an officer jammed in too""different voices were saying in the crowd, as the men looked at one another, and all pressed toward the exit from the bridge.

shoving - bousculade, enfoncer, pousser

exit - sortie, débouché, trémie de sortie

Looking down at the waters of the Enns under the bridge, NesvĂ­tski suddenly heard a sound new to him, of something swiftly approaching... something big, that splashed into the water.

splashed - éclaboussé, plouf, bruit, éclaboussure, éclabousser, asperger

"Just see where it carries to!" a soldier near by said sternly, looking round at the sound.

near by - a proximité

"Encouraging us to get along quicker," said another uneasily.

The crowd moved on again. NesvĂ­tski realized that it was a cannon ball.

cannon ball - Un boulet de canon

"Hey, Cossack, my horse!" he said. "Now, then, you there! get out of the way! Make way!"

With great difficulty he managed to get to his horse, and shouting continually he moved on. The soldiers squeezed themselves to make way for him, but again pressed on him so that they jammed his leg, and those nearest him were not to blame for they were themselves pressed still harder from behind.

"NesvĂ­tski, NesvĂ­tski! you numskull!" came a hoarse voice from behind him.

numskull - numskull

Nesvítski looked round and saw, some fifteen paces away but separated by the living mass of moving infantry, Váska Denísov, red and shaggy, with his cap on the back of his black head and a cloak hanging jauntily over his shoulder.

paces - des allures, pas

shaggy - hirsute

"Tell these devils, these fiends, to let me pass!" shouted DenĂ­sov evidently in a fit of rage, his coal-black eyes with their bloodshot whites glittering and rolling as he waved his sheathed saber in a small bare hand as red as his face.

fiends - des amis, démon, monstre, addict, qualifier

bloodshot - des yeux injectés de sang, injecté

sheathed - gainé, fourreau

"Ah, Váska!" joyfully replied Nesvítski. "What's up with you?"

"The squadwon can't pass," shouted Váska Denísov, showing his white teeth fiercely and spurring his black thoroughbred Arab, which twitched its ears as the bayonets touched it, and snorted, spurting white foam from his bit, tramping the planks of the bridge with his hoofs, and apparently ready to jump over the railings had his rider let him. "What is this? They're like sheep! Just like sheep!

fiercely - férocement, âprement, farouchement

spurring - l'éperonnage, (spur) l'éperonnage

thoroughbred - Pur-sang

snorted - reniflé, reniflement, renifler, sniffer

spurting - jaillir

tramping - le tramping, (tramp), clochard, va-nuieds, traînée, garce

jump over - sauter par-dessus

rider - cavalier, cavaliere

Out of the way!... Let us pass!... Stop there, you devil with the cart! I'll hack you with my saber!" he shouted, actually drawing his saber from its scabbard and flourishing it.

hack - hack, pic, hacher

scabbard - fourreau

The soldiers crowded against one another with terrified faces, and DenĂ­sov joined NesvĂ­tski.

"How's it you're not drunk today?" said NesvĂ­tski when the other had ridden up to him.

"They don't even give one time to dwink!" answered Váska Denísov. "They keep dwagging the wegiment to and fwo all day. If they mean to fight, let's fight. But the devil knows what this is."

dwagging - Le dwagging

"What a dandy you are today!" said NesvĂ­tski, looking at DenĂ­sov's new cloak and saddlecloth.

dandy - dandy, tres bien

saddlecloth - le tapis de selle, chabraque

DenĂ­sov smiled, took out of his sabretache a handkerchief that diffused a smell of perfume, and put it to NesvĂ­tski's nose.

sabretache - sabretache

diffused - diffusée, (se) diffuser, (se) répandre

perfume - parfum, fragrance, parfumer

"Of course. I'm going into action! I've shaved, bwushed my teeth, and scented myself."

The imposing figure of NesvĂ­tski followed by his Cossack, and the determination of DenĂ­sov who flourished his sword and shouted frantically, had such an effect that they managed to squeeze through to the farther side of the bridge and stopped the infantry. Beside the bridge NesvĂ­tski found the colonel to whom he had to deliver the order, and having done this he rode back.

imposing - imposant, imposer

determination - détermination

frantically - frénétiquement

squeeze through - se faufiler

Having cleared the way DenĂ­sov stopped at the end of the bridge. Carelessly holding in his stallion that was neighing and pawing the ground, eager to rejoin its fellows, he watched his squadron draw nearer.

stallion - étalon

neighing - hennissement, hennir

pawing - pattes, patte

rejoin - rejoins, rejoignons, rejoignez, rejoignent

Then the clang of hoofs, as of several horses galloping, resounded on the planks of the bridge, and the squadron, officers in front and men four abreast, spread across the bridge and began to emerge on his side of it.

clang - clang, rench: ('of crane') glapissement g, ('of goose') criaillement g

galloping - au galop, galop, galoper

resounded - a retenti, retentir

abreast - dans le meme sens, côte a côte, au courant

emerge - émerger, sortir

The infantry who had been stopped crowded near the bridge in the trampled mud and gazed with that particular feeling of ill-will, estrangement, and ridicule with which troops of different arms usually encounter one another at the clean, smart hussars who moved past them in regular order.

trampled - piétiné, fouler, piétiner

ill-will - (ill-will) mauvaise volonté

estrangement - l'éloignement, éloignement

encounter - rencontrer, rencontre

"Smart lads! Only fit for a fair!" said one.

lads - les gars, garçon, gars, jeune homme, palefrenier

"What good are they? They're led about just for show!" remarked another.

"Don't kick up the dust, you infantry!" jested an hussar whose prancing horse had splashed mud over some foot soldiers.

jested - jested, plaisanterie

prancing - se pavaner, (prance), se cabrer, parader

"I'd like to put you on a two days'march with a knapsack! Your fine cords would soon get a bit rubbed," said an infantryman, wiping the mud off his face with his sleeve. "Perched up there, you're more like a bird than a man."

infantryman - fantassin

perched - perché, perchoir

"There now, ZĂ­kin, they ought to put you on a horse. You'd look fine," said a corporal, chaffing a thin little soldier who bent under the weight of his knapsack.

corporal - caporal, cabot

chaffing - les paillettes, (chaff), balle, bale

"Take a stick between your legs, that'll suit you for a horse!" the hussar shouted back.


The last of the infantry hurriedly crossed the bridge, squeezing together as they approached it as if passing through a funnel. At last the baggage wagons had all crossed, the crush was less, and the last battalion came onto the bridge.

squeezing - presser, (squeeze), comprimer, tasser, serrer

funnel - entonnoir

wagons - wagons, charrette

Only DenĂ­sov's squadron of hussars remained on the farther side of the bridge facing the enemy, who could be seen from the hill on the opposite bank but was not yet visible from the bridge, for the horizon as seen from the valley through which the river flowed was formed by the rising ground only half a mile away.

horizon - horizon

At the foot of the hill lay wasteland over which a few groups of our Cossack scouts were moving. Suddenly on the road at the top of the high ground, artillery and troops in blue uniform were seen. These were the French. A group of Cossack scouts retired down the hill at a trot.

wasteland - un terrain en friche, désert, friche

All the officers and men of DenĂ­sov's squadron, though they tried to talk of other things and to look in other directions, thought only of what was there on the hilltop, and kept constantly looking at the patches appearing on the skyline, which they knew to be the enemy's troops.

hilltop - sommet de colline

skyline - l'horizon, horizon, ligne d'horizon

The weather had cleared again since noon and the sun was descending brightly upon the Danube and the dark hills around it. It was calm, and at intervals the bugle calls and the shouts of the enemy could be heard from the hill. There was no one now between the squadron and the enemy except a few scattered skirmishers. An empty space of some seven hundred yards was all that separated them.

noon - midi

descending - descendant, descendre

bugle - clairon

skirmishers - tirailleurs, escarmoucheur

The enemy ceased firing, and that stern, threatening, inaccessible, and intangible line which separates two hostile armies was all the more clearly felt.

inaccessible - inaccessible

intangible - intangible

hostile - hostile

"One step beyond that boundary line which resembles the line dividing the living from the dead lies uncertainty, suffering, and death. And what is there? Who is there?"there beyond that field, that tree, that roof lit up by the sun? No one knows, but one wants to know.

boundary - frontiere, frontiere, limite, limites

resembles - ressemble, ressembler

uncertainty - l'incertitude, incertitude

You fear and yet long to cross that line, and know that sooner or later it must be crossed and you will have to find out what is there, just as you will inevitably have to learn what lies the other side of death. But you are strong, healthy, cheerful, and excited, and are surrounded by other such excitedly animated and healthy men.

inevitably - inévitablement

" So thinks, or at any rate feels, anyone who comes in sight of the enemy, and that feeling gives a particular glamour and glad keenness of impression to everything that takes place at such moments.

keenness - l'ardeur

On the high ground where the enemy was, the smoke of a cannon rose, and a ball flew whistling over the heads of the hussar squadron. The officers who had been standing together rode off to their places. The hussars began carefully aligning their horses. Silence fell on the whole squadron. All were looking at the enemy in front and at the squadron commander, awaiting the word of command.

cannon - canon

standing together - debout ensemble

aligning - l'alignement, aligner

A second and a third cannon ball flew past. Evidently they were firing at the hussars, but the balls with rapid rhythmic whistle flew over the heads of the horsemen and fell somewhere beyond them.

firing at - tirant sur

whistle - sifflet, siffler, sifflement, sifflements

flew over - survoler

horsemen - cavaliers, cavalier

The hussars did not look round, but at the sound of each shot, as at the word of command, the whole squadron with its rows of faces so alike yet so different, holding its breath while the ball flew past, rose in the stirrups and sank back again. The soldiers without turning their heads glanced at one another, curious to see their comrades'impression.

stirrups - étriers, étrier

Curious - vous etes curieux, curieux, intéressant, singulier

Every face, from DenĂ­sov's to that of the bugler, showed one common expression of conflict, irritation, and excitement, around chin and mouth. The quartermaster frowned, looking at the soldiers as if threatening to punish them. Cadet MirĂłnov ducked every time a ball flew past.

bugler - clairon

conflict - conflit, incompatibilité

chin - menton

ducked - esquivé, plonger (dans l'eau)

RostĂłv on the left flank, mounted on his Rook"a handsome horse despite its game leg"had the happy air of a schoolboy called up before a large audience for an examination in which he feels sure he will distinguish himself. He was glancing at everyone with a clear, bright expression, as if asking them to notice how calmly he sat under fire.

mounted - monté, monter

examination - l'examen, examen

But despite himself, on his face too that same indication of something new and stern showed round the mouth.

"Who's that curtseying there? Cadet MiwĂłnov! That's not wight! Look at me," cried DenĂ­sov who, unable to keep still on one spot, kept turning his horse in front of the squadron.

curtseying - la révérence, révérence, faire la révérence, révérencier

keep still - rester immobile

The black, hairy, snub-nosed face of Váska Denísov, and his whole short sturdy figure with the sinewy hairy hand and stumpy fingers in which he held the hilt of his naked saber, looked just as it usually did, especially toward evening when he had emptied his second bottle; he was only redder than usual.

hairy - poilu

snub - snub, snober, repousser

sturdy - solide, costaud, robuste

stumpy - trapue

hilt - hilt, poignée

With his shaggy head thrown back like birds when they drink, pressing his spurs mercilessly into the sides of his good horse, Bedouin, and sitting as though falling backwards in the saddle, he galloped to the other flank of the squadron and shouted in a hoarse voice to the men to look to their pistols. He rode up to KĂ­rsten.

thrown back - jeté en arriere

mercilessly - sans pitié

Bedouin - Bédouin, Bédouine

The staff captain on his broad-backed, steady mare came at a walk to meet him. His face with its long mustache was serious as always, only his eyes were brighter than usual.

mare - jument

"Well, what about it?" said he to DenĂ­sov. "It won't come to a fight. You'll see"we shall retire."

"The devil only knows what they're about!" muttered DenĂ­sov. "Ah, WostĂłv," he cried noticing the cadet's bright face, "you've got it at last."

And he smiled approvingly, evidently pleased with the cadet. RostĂłv felt perfectly happy. Just then the commander appeared on the bridge. DenĂ­sov galloped up to him.

"Your excellency! Let us attack them! I'll dwive them off."

"Attack indeed!" said the colonel in a bored voice, puckering up his face as if driving off a troublesome fly. "And why are you stopping here? Don't you see the skirmishers are retreating? Lead the squadron back."

troublesome - genants

retreating - se retirer, battre en retraite

The squadron crossed the bridge and drew out of range of fire without having lost a single man. The second squadron that had been in the front line followed them across and the last Cossacks quitted the farther side of the river.

Cossacks - les cosaques, Cosaquef

The two Pávlograd squadrons, having crossed the bridge, retired up the hill one after the other. Their colonel, Karl Bogdánich Schubert, came up to Denísov's squadron and rode at a footpace not far from Rostóv, without taking any notice of him although they were now meeting for the first time since their encounter concerning Telyánin.

squadrons - escadrons, escadron, escadre

footpace - espace pieds

RostĂłv, feeling that he was at the front and in the power of a man toward whom he now admitted that he had been to blame, did not lift his eyes from the colonel's athletic back, his nape covered with light hair, and his red neck.

athletic - athlétique, sportif

nape - nuque

It seemed to Rostóv that Bogdánich was only pretending not to notice him, and that his whole aim now was to test the cadet's courage, so he drew himself up and looked around him merrily; then it seemed to him that Bogdánich rode so near in order to show him his courage. Next he thought that his enemy would send the squadron on a desperate attack just to punish him"Rostóv.

Then he imagined how, after the attack, Bogdánich would come up to him as he lay wounded and would magnanimously extend the hand of reconciliation.

magnanimously - avec magnanimité

extend - étendre, prolonger

reconciliation - réconciliation, raccommodement, rapprochement

The high-shouldered figure of Zherkóv, familiar to the Pávlograds as he had but recently left their regiment, rode up to the colonel.

After his dismissal from headquarters ZherkĂłv had not remained in the regiment, saying he was not such a fool as to slave at the front when he could get more rewards by doing nothing on the staff, and had succeeded in attaching himself as an orderly officer to Prince BagratiĂłn. He now came to his former chief with an order from the commander of the rear guard.

dismissal - limogeage, licenciement, non-lieu

rewards - des récompenses, récompense

rear - arriere, verso, élever

"Colonel," he said, addressing RostĂłv's enemy with an air of gloomy gravity and glancing round at his comrades, "there is an order to stop and fire the bridge."

"An order to who?" asked the colonel morosely.

morosely - morose

"I don't myself know ˜to who,'" replied the cornet in a serious tone, "but the prince told me to ˜go and tell the colonel that the hussars must return quickly and fire the bridge.'"

ZherkĂłv was followed by an officer of the suite who rode up to the colonel of hussars with the same order. After him the stout NesvĂ­tski came galloping up on a Cossack horse that could scarcely carry his weight.

"How's this, Colonel?" he shouted as he approached. "I told you to fire the bridge, and now someone has gone and blundered; they are all beside themselves over there and one can't make anything out."

The colonel deliberately stopped the regiment and turned to NesvĂ­tski.

"You spoke to me of inflammable material," said he, "but you said nothing about firing it."

"But, my dear sir," said NesvĂ­tski as he drew up, taking off his cap and smoothing his hair wet with perspiration with his plump hand, "wasn't I telling you to fire the bridge, when inflammable material had been put in position?"

perspiration - la transpiration, transpiration

"I am not your ˜dear sir,'Mr. Staff Officer, and you did not tell me to burn the bridge! I know the service, and it is my habit orders strictly to obey. You said the bridge would be burned, but who would burn it, I could not know by the holy spirit!"

"Ah, that's always the way!" said NesvĂ­tski with a wave of the hand. "How did you get here?" said he, turning to ZherkĂłv.

"On the same business. But you are damp! Let me wring you out!"

wring - tordre, tords, tordons, tordez, tordent

"You were saying, Mr. Staff Officer..." continued the colonel in an offended tone.

"Colonel," interrupted the officer of the suite, "You must be quick or the enemy will bring up his guns to use grapeshot."

grapeshot - la grenaille de plomb, mitraille

The colonel looked silently at the officer of the suite, at the stout staff officer, and at ZherkĂłv, and he frowned.

"I will the bridge fire," he said in a solemn tone as if to announce that in spite of all the unpleasantness he had to endure he would still do the right thing.

Striking his horse with his long muscular legs as if it were to blame for everything, the colonel moved forward and ordered the second squadron, that in which RostĂłv was serving under DenĂ­sov, to return to the bridge.

"There, it's just as I thought," said RostĂłv to himself. "He wishes to test me!" His heart contracted and the blood rushed to his face. "Let him see whether I am a coward!" he thought.

contracted - sous contrat, contracter

Again on all the bright faces of the squadron the serious expression appeared that they had worn when under fire. RostĂłv watched his enemy, the colonel, closely"to find in his face confirmation of his own conjecture, but the colonel did not once glance at RostĂłv, and looked as he always did when at the front, solemn and stern. Then came the word of command.

closely - de pres, étroitement, pres

confirmation - confirmation, vérification

conjecture - conjecture, conjecturer

"Look sharp! Look sharp!" several voices repeated around him.

Look sharp - avoir fiere allure

Their sabers catching in the bridles and their spurs jingling, the hussars hastily dismounted, not knowing what they were to do. The men were crossing themselves. RostĂłv no longer looked at the colonel, he had no time. He was afraid of falling behind the hussars, so much afraid that his heart stood still.

dismounted - a pied, démonter, descendre

falling behind - a la traîne

His hand trembled as he gave his horse into an orderly's charge, and he felt the blood rush to his heart with a thud. DenĂ­sov rode past him, leaning back and shouting something. RostĂłv saw nothing but the hussars running all around him, their spurs catching and their sabers clattering.

thud - bruit sourd, martelement, marteler

"Stretchers!" shouted someone behind him.

stretchers - des brancards, civiere, brancard, châssis, panneresse

RostĂłv did not think what this call for stretchers meant; he ran on, trying only to be ahead of the others; but just at the bridge, not looking at the ground, he came on some sticky, trodden mud, stumbled, and fell on his hands. The others outstripped him.

stumbled - en état de choc, chute, faux pas, bourde, trébucher

outstripped - dépassé, devancer

"At boss zides, Captain," he heard the voice of the colonel, who, having ridden ahead, had pulled up his horse near the bridge, with a triumphant, cheerful face.

triumphant - triomphant, triomphal

Rostóv wiping his muddy hands on his breeches looked at his enemy and was about to run on, thinking that the farther he went to the front the better. But Bogdánich, without looking at or recognizing Rostóv, shouted to him:

Muddy - morne

"Who's that running on the middle of the bridge? To the right! Come back, Cadet!" he cried angrily; and turning to DenĂ­sov, who, showing off his courage, had ridden on to the planks of the bridge:

"Why run risks, Captain? You should dismount," he said.

dismount - démonter, descendre

"Oh, every bullet has its billet," answered Váska Denísov, turning in his saddle.

bullet - balle, projectile

billet - billettes, logement (chez l'habitant)

Meanwhile NesvĂ­tski, ZherkĂłv, and the officer of the suite were standing together out of range of the shots, watching, now the small group of men with yellow shakos, dark-green jackets braided with cord, and blue riding breeches, who were swarming near the bridge, and then at what was approaching in the distance from the opposite side"the blue uniforms and groups with horses, easily recognizable as artillery.

braided - tressé, tresser

cord - corde, cordon

swarming - l'essaimage, (swarm), essaim (flying insects)

recognizable - reconnaissable

"Will they burn the bridge or not? Who'll get there first? Will they get there and fire the bridge or will the French get within grapeshot range and wipe them out?

wipe - essuyer, essuyez, essuyent, essuyons

" These were the questions each man of the troops on the high ground above the bridge involuntarily asked himself with a sinking heart"watching the bridge and the hussars in the bright evening light and the blue tunics advancing from the other side with their bayonets and guns.

tunics - tuniques, tunique

"Ugh. The hussars will get it hot!" said NesvĂ­tski; "they are within grapeshot range now."

"He shouldn't have taken so many men," said the officer of the suite.

shouldn - devrait

"True enough," answered NesvĂ­tski; "two smart fellows could have done the job just as well."

"Ah, your excellency," put in ZherkĂłv, his eyes fixed on the hussars, but still with that naĂŻve air that made it impossible to know whether he was speaking in jest or in earnest. "Ah, your excellency! How you look at things! Send two men? And who then would give us the VladĂ­mir medal and ribbon?

medal - médaille

But now, even if they do get peppered, the squadron may be recommended for honors and he may get a ribbon. Our Bogdánich knows how things are done."

honors - les honneurs, honneur, honorer

"There now!" said the officer of the suite, "that's grapeshot."

He pointed to the French guns, the limbers of which were being detached and hurriedly removed.

limbers - les boxeurs, s'échauffer

detached - détaché, détacher

On the French side, amid the groups with cannon, a cloud of smoke appeared, then a second and a third almost simultaneously, and at the moment when the first report was heard a fourth was seen. Then two reports one after another, and a third.

simultaneously - simultanément

"Oh! Oh!" groaned NesvĂ­tski as if in fierce pain, seizing the officer of the suite by the arm. "Look! A man has fallen! Fallen, fallen!"

groaned - gémi, râle, râlement, gémissement, grognement, grondement

fierce - féroce

"Two, I think."

"If I were Tsar I would never go to war," said NesvĂ­tski, turning away.

The French guns were hastily reloaded. The infantry in their blue uniforms advanced toward the bridge at a run. Smoke appeared again but at irregular intervals, and grapeshot cracked and rattled onto the bridge. But this time NesvĂ­tski could not see what was happening there, as a dense cloud of smoke arose from it.

reloaded - rechargé, recharger, rafraîchir

arose from - est née de

The hussars had succeeded in setting it on fire and the French batteries were now firing at them, no longer to hinder them but because the guns were trained and there was someone to fire at.

hinder - entraver, gener, embarrasser, (hind) entraver

The French had time to fire three rounds of grapeshot before the hussars got back to their horses. Two were misdirected and the shot went too high, but the last round fell in the midst of a group of hussars and knocked three of them over.

misdirected - mal orienté, mal renseigner

Rostóv, absorbed by his relations with Bogdánich, had paused on the bridge not knowing what to do. There was no one to hew down (as he had always imagined battles to himself), nor could he help to fire the bridge because he had not brought any burning straw with him like the other soldiers.

absorbed - absorbé, absorber, éponger

hew - hew, ouvrer

He stood looking about him, when suddenly he heard a rattle on the bridge as if nuts were being spilt, and the hussar nearest to him fell against the rails with a groan. RostĂłv ran up to him with the others. Again someone shouted, "Stretchers!" Four men seized the hussar and began lifting him.

rattle - cliquetis, claquer, pétarade, ferrailler

spilt - renversé, déverser, répandre, renverser, déversement

groan - gémir, râle, râlement, gémissement, grognement, grondement

"Oooh! For Christ's sake let me alone!" cried the wounded man, but still he was lifted and laid on the stretcher.

Christ - le christ, Christ, Messie, bon Dieu de merde

stretcher - civiere, civiere, brancard, châssis, panneresse

Nicholas RostĂłv turned away and, as if searching for something, gazed into the distance, at the waters of the Danube, at the sky, and at the sun. How beautiful the sky looked; how blue, how calm, and how deep! How bright and glorious was the setting sun! With what soft glitter the waters of the distant Danube shone.

glorious - glorieux, splendide

setting sun - le soleil couchant

glitter - paillettes, étincellement, paillette, briller

And fairer still were the faraway blue mountains beyond the river, the nunnery, the mysterious gorges, and the pine forests veiled in the mist of their summits... There was peace and happiness... "I should wish for nothing else, nothing, if only I were there," thought RostĂłv. "In myself alone and in that sunshine there is so much happiness; but here...

faraway - lointain

mysterious - mystérieux

mist - brouillard, brume

summits - sommets, sommet

groans, suffering, fear, and this uncertainty and hurry... There"they are shouting again, and again are all running back somewhere, and I shall run with them, and it, death, is here above me and around... Another instant and I shall never again see the sun, this water, that gorge!..."

groans - gémissements, râle, râlement, gémissement, grognement

gorge - gorge, ravin

At that instant the sun began to hide behind the clouds, and other stretchers came into view before RostĂłv. And the fear of death and of the stretchers, and love of the sun and of life, all merged into one feeling of sickening agitation.

sickening - écourant, a s’en rendre malade

"O Lord God! Thou who art in that heaven, save, forgive, and protect me!" RostĂłv whispered.

Lord - châtelain, seigneur, monsieur

thou - tu

The hussars ran back to the men who held their horses; their voices sounded louder and calmer, the stretchers disappeared from sight.

"Well, fwiend? So you've smelt powdah!" shouted Váska Denísov just above his ear.

"It's all over; but I am a coward"yes, a coward!" thought RostĂłv, and sighing deeply he took Rook, his horse, which stood resting one foot, from the orderly and began to mount.

It's all over - C'est fini

mount - monter, montent, montez, montons

"Was that grapeshot?" he asked DenĂ­sov.

"Yes and no mistake!" cried DenĂ­sov. "You worked like wegular bwicks and it's nasty work! An attack's pleasant work! Hacking away at the dogs! But this sort of thing is the very devil, with them shooting at you like a target."

wegular - wegular

hacking - le piratage, (hack) le piratage

And DenĂ­sov rode up to a group that had stopped near RostĂłv, composed of the colonel, NesvĂ­tski, ZherkĂłv, and the officer from the suite.

"Well, it seems that no one has noticed," thought RostĂłv. And this was true. No one had taken any notice, for everyone knew the sensation which the cadet under fire for the first time had experienced.

"Here's something for you to report," said ZherkĂłv. "See if I don't get promoted to a sublieutenancy."

sublieutenancy - sous-lieutenance

"Inform the prince that I the bridge fired!" said the colonel triumphantly and gaily.

"And if he asks about the losses?"

"A trifle," said the colonel in his bass voice: "two hussars wounded, and one knocked out," he added, unable to restrain a happy smile, and pronouncing the phrase "knocked out" with ringing distinctness.

trifle - bagatelle, broutille, babiole, bricole

distinctness - distinction


Pursued by the French army of a hundred thousand men under the command of Bonaparte, encountering a population that was unfriendly to it, losing confidence in its allies, suffering from shortness of supplies, and compelled to act under conditions of war unlike anything that had been foreseen, the Russian army of thirty-five thousand men commanded by KutĂşzov was hurriedly retreating along the Danube, stopping where overtaken by the enemy and fighting rearguard actions only as far as necessary to enable it to retreat without losing its heavy equipment. There had been actions at Lambach, Amstetten, and Melk; but despite the courage and endurance"acknowledged even by the enemy"with which the Russians fought, the only consequence of these actions was a yet more rapid retreat. Austrian troops that had escaped capture at Ulm and had joined KutĂşzov at Braunau now separated from the Russian army, and KutĂşzov was left with only his own weak and exhausted forces. The defense of Vienna was no longer to be thought of. Instead of an offensive, the plan of which, carefully prepared in accord with the modern science of strategics, had been handed to KutĂşzov when he was in Vienna by the Austrian Hofkriegsrath, the sole and almost unattainable aim remaining for him was to effect a junction with the forces that were advancing from Russia, without losing his army as Mack had done at Ulm.

pursued - poursuivie, poursuivre, rechercher

encountering - rencontre, rencontrer

unfriendly - inamicale, déplaisant

foreseen - prévue, prévoir, anticiper

enable - autoriser, permettre, activer

retreat - retraite

capture - capture, prisonnier, saisir, capturer, enregistrer, prendre

strategics - des stratégies, stratégique

unattainable - inaccessible, inatteignable

On the twenty-eighth of October KutĂşzov with his army crossed to the left bank of the Danube and took up a position for the first time with the river between himself and the main body of the French. On the thirtieth he attacked Mortier's division, which was on the left bank, and broke it up. In this action for the first time trophies were taken: banners, cannon, and two enemy generals.

Eighth - huitieme, huitieme

main body - le corps principal

thirtieth - trentieme, trentieme

trophies - trophées, trophée

banners - bannieres, banniere

For the first time, after a fortnight's retreat, the Russian troops had halted and after a fight had not only held the field but had repulsed the French.

repulsed - repoussé, repousser

Though the troops were ill-clad, exhausted, and had lost a third of their number in killed, wounded, sick, and stragglers; though a number of sick and wounded had been abandoned on the other side of the Danube with a letter in which KutĂşzov entrusted them to the humanity of the enemy; and though the big hospitals and the houses in Krems converted into military hospitals could no longer accommodate all the sick and wounded, yet the stand made at Krems and the victory over Mortier raised the spirits of the army considerably. Throughout the whole army and at headquarters most joyful though erroneous rumors were rife of the imaginary approach of columns from Russia, of some victory gained by the Austrians, and of the retreat of the frightened Bonaparte.

abandoned - abandonnée, abandonner

entrusted - confiés, confier

humanity - l'humanité, humanité

converted - converti, convertir

accommodate - d'accueil, héberger, accommoder, s'accommoder

Considerably - considérablement, largement

most joyful - le plus joyeux

erroneous - erroné

rife - rife, abondant

Prince Andrew during the battle had been in attendance on the Austrian General Schmidt, who was killed in the action. His horse had been wounded under him and his own arm slightly grazed by a bullet. As a mark of the commander in chief's special favor he was sent with the news of this victory to the Austrian court, now no longer at Vienna (which was threatened by the French) but at BrĂĽnn.

attendance - l'assiduité, présence

grazed - pâturé, éraflure, faire paître, brouter, paître, pâturer

threatened - menacé, menacer

Despite his apparently delicate build Prince Andrew could endure physical fatigue far better than many very muscular men, and on the night of the battle, having arrived at Krems excited but not weary, with dispatches from DokhtĂşrov to KutĂşzov, he was sent immediately with a special dispatch to BrĂĽnn. To be so sent meant not only a reward but an important step toward promotion.

fatigue - la fatigue, fatigue, épuisement, corvée, fatiguer

dispatches - des dépeches, dépeche

The night was dark but starry, the road showed black in the snow that had fallen the previous day"the day of the battle.

starry - étoilé

previous day - le jour précédent

Reviewing his impressions of the recent battle, picturing pleasantly to himself the impression his news of a victory would create, or recalling the send-off given him by the commander in chief and his fellow officers, Prince Andrew was galloping along in a post chaise enjoying the feelings of a man who has at length begun to attain a long-desired happiness.

pleasantly - agréablement

recalling - rappelant, rappeler, souvenir

send-off - (send-off) dire au revoir

attain - atteindre

As soon as he closed his eyes his ears seemed filled with the rattle of the wheels and the sensation of victory. Then he began to imagine that the Russians were running away and that he himself was killed, but he quickly roused himself with a feeling of joy, as if learning afresh that this was not so but that on the contrary the French had run away.

afresh - nouveau, a nouveau

He again recalled all the details of the victory and his own calm courage during the battle, and feeling reassured he dozed off.... The dark starry night was followed by a bright cheerful morning. The snow was thawing in the sunshine, the horses galloped quickly, and on both sides of the road were forests of different kinds, fields, and villages.

reassured - rassuré, tranquilliser, rassurer, réassurer

dozed - s'est assoupi, sommeiller

thawing - décongélation, (thaw), dégeler, dégel

At one of the post stations he overtook a convoy of Russian wounded. The Russian officer in charge of the transport lolled back in the front cart, shouting and scolding a soldier with coarse abuse. In each of the long German carts six or more pale, dirty, bandaged men were being jolted over the stony road.

abuse - abus, défaut, abuser, insulter, tourmenter, abusons

jolted - secoué, ballotter, cahoter, secouer, soubresaut, secousse

stony - pierreux, froid, sec

Some of them were talking (he heard Russian words), others were eating bread; the more severely wounded looked silently, with the languid interest of sick children, at the envoy hurrying past them.

languid - langoureux, languissant

envoy - envoyé, émissaire

Prince Andrew told his driver to stop, and asked a soldier in what action they had been wounded. "Day before yesterday, on the Danube," answered the soldier. Prince Andrew took out his purse and gave the soldier three gold pieces.

"That's for them all," he said to the officer who came up.

"Get well soon, lads!" he continued, turning to the soldiers. "There's plenty to do still."

"What news, sir?" asked the officer, evidently anxious to start a conversation.

"Good news!... Go on!" he shouted to the driver, and they galloped on.

It was already quite dark when Prince Andrew rattled over the paved streets of BrĂĽnn and found himself surrounded by high buildings, the lights of shops, houses, and street lamps, fine carriages, and all that atmosphere of a large and active town which is always so attractive to a soldier after camp life.

paved - pavé, paver

Despite his rapid journey and sleepless night, Prince Andrew when he drove up to the palace felt even more vigorous and alert than he had done the day before. Only his eyes gleamed feverishly and his thoughts followed one another with extraordinary clearness and rapidity.

more vigorous - plus vigoureux

alert - alerte, alarme, vif

feverishly - fébrilement

clearness - clarté

He again vividly recalled the details of the battle, no longer dim, but definite and in the concise form in which he imagined himself stating them to the Emperor Francis. He vividly imagined the casual questions that might be put to him and the answers he would give. He expected to be at once presented to the Emperor.

concise - concis

casual - fortuit, accidentel, de hasard, occasionnel, désinvolte, sport

At the chief entrance to the palace, however, an official came running out to meet him, and learning that he was a special messenger led him to another entrance.

messenger - messager, coursier

"To the right from the corridor, Euer Hochgeboren! There you will find the adjutant on duty," said the official. "He will conduct you to the Minister of War."

minister - ministre, ministériel

The adjutant on duty, meeting Prince Andrew, asked him to wait, and went in to the Minister of War. Five minutes later he returned and bowing with particular courtesy ushered Prince Andrew before him along a corridor to the cabinet where the Minister of War was at work.

courtesy - courtoisie, politesse, indulgence

ushered - huissier, ouvreur, escorte, garçon d'honneur, escorter

cabinet - armoire, cabinet

The adjutant by his elaborate courtesy appeared to wish to ward off any attempt at familiarity on the part of the Russian messenger.

elaborate - élaborer, approfondir

ward - la pupille, salle

attempt - tenter, essayer, tentative, attentat

Prince Andrew's joyous feeling was considerably weakened as he approached the door of the minister's room. He felt offended, and without his noticing it the feeling of offense immediately turned into one of disdain which was quite uncalled for. His fertile mind instantly suggested to him a point of view which gave him a right to despise the adjutant and the minister.

weakened - affaibli, affaiblir

disdain - dédain, mépris, dédaigner, mépriser

uncalled - sans appel

fertile - fertile

despise - mépriser, dédaigner

"Away from the smell of powder, they probably think it easy to gain victories!" he thought. His eyes narrowed disdainfully, he entered the room of the Minister of War with peculiarly deliberate steps.

This feeling of disdain was heightened when he saw the minister seated at a large table reading some papers and making pencil notes on them, and for the first two or three minutes taking no notice of his arrival. A wax candle stood at each side of the minister's bent bald head with its gray temples.

heightened - renforcée, hausser

candle - bougie, chandelle

He went on reading to the end, without raising his eyes at the opening of the door and the sound of footsteps.

"Take this and deliver it," said he to his adjutant, handing him the papers and still taking no notice of the special messenger.

Prince Andrew felt that either the actions of KutĂşzov's army interested the Minister of War less than any of the other matters he was concerned with, or he wanted to give the Russian special messenger that impression. "But that is a matter of perfect indifference to me," he thought. The minister drew the remaining papers together, arranged them evenly, and then raised his head.

evenly - de maniere uniforme, uniformément, également, équitablement

He had an intellectual and distinctive head, but the instant he turned to Prince Andrew the firm, intelligent expression on his face changed in a way evidently deliberate and habitual to him. His face took on the stupid artificial smile (which does not even attempt to hide its artificiality) of a man who is continually receiving many petitioners one after another.

distinctive - distinctif

petitioners - les pétitionnaires, pétitionnaire

"From General Field Marshal KutĂşzov?" he asked. "I hope it is good news? There has been an encounter with Mortier? A victory? It was high time!"

Marshal - maréchal, marshal, canaliser

He took the dispatch which was addressed to him and began to read it with a mournful expression.

mournful expression - expression de tristesse

"Oh, my God! My God! Schmidt!" he exclaimed in German. "What a calamity! What a calamity!"

calamity - calamité

Having glanced through the dispatch he laid it on the table and looked at Prince Andrew, evidently considering something.

"Ah what a calamity! You say the affair was decisive? But Mortier is not captured." Again he pondered. "I am very glad you have brought good news, though Schmidt's death is a heavy price to pay for the victory. His Majesty will no doubt wish to see you, but not today. I thank you! You must have a rest. Be at the levee tomorrow after the parade. However, I will let you know."

levee - la digue

The stupid smile, which had left his face while he was speaking, reappeared.

reappeared - réapparaît, réapparaître

"Au revoir! Thank you very much. His Majesty will probably desire to see you," he added, bowing his head.

When Prince Andrew left the palace he felt that all the interest and happiness the victory had afforded him had been now left in the indifferent hands of the Minister of War and the polite adjutant. The whole tenor of his thoughts instantaneously changed; the battle seemed the memory of a remote event long past.

tenor - ténor


Prince Andrew stayed at BrĂĽnn with BilĂ­bin, a Russian acquaintance of his in the diplomatic service.

diplomatic - diplomatique

"Ah, my dear prince! I could not have a more welcome visitor," said BilĂ­bin as he came out to meet Prince Andrew. "Franz, put the prince's things in my bedroom," said he to the servant who was ushering BolkĂłnski in. "So you're a messenger of victory, eh? Splendid! And I am sitting here ill, as you see."

more welcome - plus bienvenue

ushering - l'huissier, ouvreur, escorte, garçon d'honneur, huissier

After washing and dressing, Prince Andrew came into the diplomat's luxurious study and sat down to the dinner prepared for him. BilĂ­bin settled down comfortably beside the fire.

comfortably - confortablement, agréablement

After his journey and the campaign during which he had been deprived of all the comforts of cleanliness and all the refinements of life, Prince Andrew felt a pleasant sense of repose among luxurious surroundings such as he had been accustomed to from childhood.

refinements - raffinements, raffinement

Besides it was pleasant, after his reception by the Austrians, to speak if not in Russian (for they were speaking French) at least with a Russian who would, he supposed, share the general Russian antipathy to the Austrians which was then particularly strong.

BilĂ­bin was a man of thirty-five, a bachelor, and of the same circle as Prince Andrew. They had known each other previously in Petersburg, but had become more intimate when Prince Andrew was in Vienna with KutĂşzov.

Just as Prince Andrew was a young man who gave promise of rising high in the military profession, so to an even greater extent BilĂ­bin gave promise of rising in his diplomatic career. He was still a young man but no longer a young diplomat, as he had entered the service at the age of sixteen, had been in Paris and Copenhagen, and now held a rather important post in Vienna.

Copenhagen - copenhague

Both the foreign minister and our ambassador in Vienna knew him and valued him. He was not one of those many diplomats who are esteemed because they have certain negative qualities, avoid doing certain things, and speak French. He was one of those, who, liking work, knew how to do it, and despite his indolence would sometimes spend a whole night at his writing table.

diplomats - diplomates, diplomate

esteemed - estimé, estime, respect, respecter

He worked well whatever the import of his work. It was not the question "What for?" but the question "How?" that interested him. What the diplomatic matter might be he did not care, but it gave him great pleasure to prepare a circular, memorandum, or report, skillfully, pointedly, and elegantly.

pointedly - avec insistance

BilĂ­bin's services were valued not only for what he wrote, but also for his skill in dealing and conversing with those in the highest spheres.

spheres - spheres, sphere, boule

BilĂ­bin liked conversation as he liked work, only when it could be made elegantly witty. In society he always awaited an opportunity to say something striking and took part in a conversation only when that was possible. His conversation was always sprinkled with wittily original, finished phrases of general interest.

sprinkled - saupoudré, saupoudrer, asperger

wittily - avec esprit

These sayings were prepared in the inner laboratory of his mind in a portable form as if intentionally, so that insignificant society people might carry them from drawing room to drawing room. And, in fact, BilĂ­bin's witticisms were hawked about in the Viennese drawing rooms and often had an influence on matters considered important.

sayings - des dictons, dicton

Portable - portable, portatif

witticisms - des traits d'esprit, mot d'esprit, trait d'esprit

hawked - colporté, faucon

His thin, worn, sallow face was covered with deep wrinkles, which always looked as clean and well washed as the tips of one's fingers after a Russian bath. The movement of these wrinkles formed the principal play of expression on his face. Now his forehead would pucker into deep folds and his eyebrows were lifted, then his eyebrows would descend and deep wrinkles would crease his cheeks.

principal - principal, directeur, directrice

descend - descendre

crease - pli, froisser

His small, deep-set eyes always twinkled and looked out straight.

twinkled - a scintillé, briller, cligner, virevolter

"Well, now tell me about your exploits," said he.

exploits - des exploits, exploit, exploiter

BolkĂłnski, very modestly without once mentioning himself, described the engagement and his reception by the Minister of War.

"They received me and my news as one receives a dog in a game of skittles," said he in conclusion.

skittles - des quilles, quille

BilĂ­bin smiled and the wrinkles on his face disappeared.

"Cependant, mon cher," he remarked, examining his nails from a distance and puckering the skin above his left eye, "malgré la haute estime que je professe pour the Orthodox Russian army, j'avoue que votre victoire n'est pas des plus victorieuses." *

orthodox - orthodoxe

victorieuses - victorieuses

* "But my dear fellow, with all my respect for the Orthodox Russian army, I must say that your victory was not particularly victorious."

He went on talking in this way in French, uttering only those words in Russian on which he wished to put a contemptuous emphasis.

"Come now! You with all your forces fall on the unfortunate Mortier and his one division, and even then Mortier slips through your fingers! Where's the victory?"

slips - glisse, glisser

"But seriously," said Prince Andrew, "we can at any rate say without boasting that it was a little better than at Ulm..."

"Why didn't you capture one, just one, marshal for us?"

"Because not everything happens as one expects or with the smoothness of a parade. We had expected, as I told you, to get at their rear by seven in the morning but had not reached it by five in the afternoon."

"And why didn't you do it at seven in the morning? You ought to have been there at seven in the morning," returned BilĂ­bin with a smile. "You ought to have been there at seven in the morning."

"Why did you not succeed in impressing on Bonaparte by diplomatic methods that he had better leave Genoa alone?" retorted Prince Andrew in the same tone.

impressing - impressionner

retorted - a rétorqué, rétorquer

"I know," interrupted BilĂ­bin, "you're thinking it's very easy to take marshals, sitting on a sofa by the fire! That is true, but still why didn't you capture him? So don't be surprised if not only the Minister of War but also his Most August Majesty the Emperor and King Francis is not much delighted by your victory.

marshals - marshals, maréchal, marshal, canaliser

Even I, a poor secretary of the Russian Embassy, do not feel any need in token of my joy to give my Franz a thaler, or let him go with his Liebchen to the Prater... True, we have no Prater here..."

embassy - ambassade

He looked straight at Prince Andrew and suddenly unwrinkled his forehead.

"It is now my turn to ask you ˜why?'mon cher," said BolkĂłnski. "I confess I do not understand: perhaps there are diplomatic subtleties here beyond my feeble intelligence, but I can't make it out. Mack loses a whole army, the Archduke Ferdinand and the Archduke Karl give no signs of life and make blunder after blunder.

subtleties - subtilités, subtilité, entremets

blunder - une bévue, gaffe

KutĂşzov alone at last gains a real victory, destroying the spell of the invincibility of the French, and the Minister of War does not even care to hear the details."

gains - gains, gagner

invincibility - l'invincibilité, invincibilité

"That's just it, my dear fellow. You see it's hurrah for the Tsar, for Russia, for the Orthodox Greek faith! All that is beautiful, but what do we, I mean the Austrian court, care for your victories?

Greek - grec, grecque, grecques

Bring us nice news of a victory by the Archduke Karl or Ferdinand (one archduke's as good as another, as you know) and even if it is only over a fire brigade of Bonaparte's, that will be another story and we'll fire off some cannon! But this sort of thing seems done on purpose to vex us. The Archduke Karl does nothing, the Archduke Ferdinand disgraces himself.

fire brigade - les pompiers

fire off - tirer

vex - vex, ennuyer, énerver, vexer 'informal', tourmenter

disgraces - des déshonneurs, honte, disgrâce, ignominie

You abandon Vienna, give up its defense"as much as to say: ˜Heaven is with us, but heaven help you and your capital!'The one general whom we all loved, Schmidt, you expose to a bullet, and then you congratulate us on the victory! Admit that more irritating news than yours could not have been conceived. It's as if it had been done on purpose, on purpose.

abandon - abandonner, renoncer, abandonnent, abandonnons, délaisser

conceived - conçu, concevoir, tomber enceinte

Besides, suppose you did gain a brilliant victory, if even the Archduke Karl gained a victory, what effect would that have on the general course of events? It's too late now when Vienna is occupied by the French army!"

"What? Occupied? Vienna occupied?"

"Not only occupied, but Bonaparte is at Schönbrunn, and the count, our dear Count Vrbna, goes to him for orders."

After the fatigues and impressions of the journey, his reception, and especially after having dined, BolkĂłnski felt that he could not take in the full significance of the words he heard.

fatigues - le treillis, fatigue, épuisement, corvée, fatiguer

dined - dîné, vacarme

"Count Lichtenfels was here this morning," BilĂ­bin continued, "and showed me a letter in which the parade of the French in Vienna was fully described: Prince Murat et tout le tremblement... You see that your victory is not a matter for great rejoicing and that you can't be received as a savior."

tremblement - tremblement

Savior - le sauveur, sauveur, sauveuse

"Really I don't care about that, I don't care at all," said Prince Andrew, beginning to understand that his news of the battle before Krems was really of small importance in view of such events as the fall of Austria's capital. "How is it Vienna was taken? What of the bridge and its celebrated bridgehead and Prince Auersperg? We heard reports that Prince Auersperg was defending Vienna?" he said.

bridgehead - tete de pont, tete de pont

defending - défendre

"Prince Auersperg is on this, on our side of the river, and is defending us"doing it very badly, I think, but still he is defending us. But Vienna is on the other side. No, the bridge has not yet been taken and I hope it will not be, for it is mined and orders have been given to blow it up.

Otherwise we should long ago have been in the mountains of Bohemia, and you and your army would have spent a bad quarter of an hour between two fires."

Bohemia - bohemia, Boheme

"But still this does not mean that the campaign is over," said Prince Andrew.

"Well, I think it is. The bigwigs here think so too, but they daren't say so. It will be as I said at the beginning of the campaign, it won't be your skirmishing at DĂĽrrenstein, or gunpowder at all, that will decide the matter, but those who devised it," said BilĂ­bin quoting one of his own mots, releasing the wrinkles on his forehead, and pausing.

bigwigs - les gros bonnets, grosse légume, huile, gros bonnet

skirmishing - l'escarmouche, (skirmish), escarmouche, échauffourée

gunpowder - la poudre a canon

devised - conçu, concevoir, élaborer

"The only question is what will come of the meeting between the Emperor Alexander and the King of Prussia in Berlin? If Prussia joins the Allies, Austria's hand will be forced and there will be war. If not it is merely a question of settling where the preliminaries of the new Campo Formio are to be drawn up."

Berlin - berlin

preliminaries - préliminaires, préliminaire

"What an extraordinary genius!" Prince Andrew suddenly exclaimed, clenching his small hand and striking the table with it, "and what luck the man has!"

clenching - la crispation, serrer, prise (en main) ferme, poigne ferme

"Buonaparte?" said Bilíbin inquiringly, puckering up his forehead to indicate that he was about to say something witty. "Buonaparte?" he repeated, accentuating the u: "I think, however, now that he lays down laws for Austria at Schönbrunn, il faut lui faire grâce de l'u! * I shall certainly adopt an innovation and call him simply Bonaparte!"

accentuating - accentuer

adopt - adopter

innovation - l'innovation, innovation

* "We must let him off the u!"

"But joking apart," said Prince Andrew, "do you really think the campaign is over?"

"This is what I think. Austria has been made a fool of, and she is not used to it. She will retaliate. And she has been fooled in the first place because her provinces have been pillaged"they say the Holy Russian army loots terribly"her army is destroyed, her capital taken, and all this for the beaux yeux * of His Sardinian Majesty.

retaliate - de représailles, riposter

fooled - trompés, dinde, fou, bouffon, mat, duper, tromper

provinces - provinces, province, qualifier

pillaged - pillés, piller, pillage

loots - des lots, butin

Sardinian - sarde

And therefore"this is between ourselves"I instinctively feel that we are being deceived, my instinct tells me of negotiations with France and projects for peace, a secret peace concluded separately."

deceived - trompé, tromper, leurrer, séduire

instinct - l'instinct, instinct

negotiations - négociations, négociation

* Fine eyes.

"Impossible!" cried Prince Andrew. "That would be too base."

"If we live we shall see," replied BilĂ­bin, his face again becoming smooth as a sign that the conversation was at an end.

When Prince Andrew reached the room prepared for him and lay down in a clean shirt on the feather bed with its warmed and fragrant pillows, he felt that the battle of which he had brought tidings was far, far away from him. The alliance with Prussia, Austria's treachery, Bonaparte's new triumph, tomorrow's levee and parade, and the audience with the Emperor Francis occupied his thoughts.

fragrant - parfumée, odorant, aromatique

tidings - des nouvelles, nouvelle

treachery - trahison, traîtrise

triumph - triomphe, triomphal

He closed his eyes, and immediately a sound of cannonading, of musketry and the rattling of carriage wheels seemed to fill his ears, and now again drawn out in a thin line the musketeers were descending the hill, the French were firing, and he felt his heart palpitating as he rode forward beside Schmidt with the bullets merrily whistling all around, and he experienced tenfold the joy of living, as he had not done since childhood.

cannonading - canonnade

musketry - mousqueterie

rattling - le cliquetis, (rattle) le cliquetis

musketeers - mousquetaires, mousquetaire

palpitating - des palpitations, palpiter

bullets - balles, balle

tenfold - décuplé, décuple, décupler

He woke up...

"Yes, that all happened!" he said, and, smiling happily to himself like a child, he fell into a deep, youthful slumber.

slumber - sommeil, somnolence, somnoler


Next day he woke late. Recalling his recent impressions, the first thought that came into his mind was that today he had to be presented to the Emperor Francis; he remembered the Minister of War, the polite Austrian adjutant, BilĂ­bin, and last night's conversation.

Having dressed for his attendance at court in full parade uniform, which he had not worn for a long time, he went into Bilíbin's study fresh, animated, and handsome, with his hand bandaged. In the study were four gentlemen of the diplomatic corps. With Prince Hippolyte Kurágin, who was a secretary to the embassy, Bolkónski was already acquainted. Bilíbin introduced him to the others.

The gentlemen assembled at BilĂ­bin's were young, wealthy, gay society men, who here, as in Vienna, formed a special set which BilĂ­bin, their leader, called les nĂ´tres. * This set, consisting almost exclusively of diplomats, evidently had its own interests which had nothing to do with war or politics but related to high society, to certain women, and to the official side of the service.

les - les, (LE) les

exclusively - exclusivement, uniquement

These gentlemen received Prince Andrew as one of themselves, an honor they did not extend to many. From politeness and to start conversation, they asked him a few questions about the army and the battle, and then the talk went off into merry jests and gossip.

* Ours.

"But the best of it was," said one, telling of the misfortune of a fellow diplomat, "that the Chancellor told him flatly that his appointment to London was a promotion and that he was so to regard it. Can you fancy the figure he cut?..."

Chancellor - le chancelier, chancelier, chanceliere, contremaître de jury

"But the worst of it, gentlemen"I am giving Kurágin away to you"is that that man suffers, and this Don Juan, wicked fellow, is taking advantage of it!"

Prince Hippolyte was lolling in a lounge chair with his legs over its arm. He began to laugh.

lounge chair - chaise longue

"Tell me about that!" he said.

"Oh, you Don Juan! You serpent!" cried several voices.

serpent - serpent

"You, BolkĂłnski, don't know," said BilĂ­bin turning to Prince Andrew, "that all the atrocities of the French army (I nearly said of the Russian army) are nothing compared to what this man has been doing among the women!"

atrocities - atrocités, atrocité

"La femme est la compagne de l'homme," * announced Prince Hippolyte, and began looking through a lorgnette at his elevated legs.

homme - homme

elevated - élevé, (elevate), élever, augmenter

* "Woman is man's companion."

BilĂ­bin and the rest of "ours" burst out laughing in Hippolyte's face, and Prince Andrew saw that Hippolyte, of whom"he had to admit"he had almost been jealous on his wife's account, was the butt of this set.

jealous - jaloux, jalouse, envieux, rench:

"Oh, I must give you a treat," Bilíbin whispered to Bolkónski. "Kurágin is exquisite when he discusses politics"you should see his gravity!"

exquisite - exquis

He sat down beside Hippolyte and wrinkling his forehead began talking to him about politics. Prince Andrew and the others gathered round these two.

wrinkling - les rides, ride

"The Berlin cabinet cannot express a feeling of alliance," began Hippolyte gazing round with importance at the others, "without expressing... as in its last note... you understand... Besides, unless His Majesty the Emperor derogates from the principle of our alliance...

"Wait, I have not finished..." he said to Prince Andrew, seizing him by the arm, "I believe that intervention will be stronger than nonintervention. And..." he paused. "Finally one cannot impute the nonreceipt of our dispatch of November 18. That is how it will end." And he released BolkĂłnski's arm to indicate that he had now quite finished.

nonintervention - la non-intervention

impute - imputer

nonreceipt - non-réception

"Demosthenes, I know thee by the pebble thou secretest in thy golden mouth!" said BilĂ­bin, and the mop of hair on his head moved with satisfaction.

pebble - galet, gravillon

thy - de l'homme, ton/ta, tes

mop - vadrouille, serpilliere

Everybody laughed, and Hippolyte louder than anyone. He was evidently distressed, and breathed painfully, but could not restrain the wild laughter that convulsed his usually impassive features.

convulsed - convulsé, convulser

impassive - impassible

"Well now, gentlemen," said BilĂ­bin, "BolkĂłnski is my guest in this house and in BrĂĽnn itself. I want to entertain him as far as I can, with all the pleasures of life here. If we were in Vienna it would be easy, but here, in this wretched Moravian hole, it is more difficult, and I beg you all to help me. BrĂĽnn's attractions must be shown him.

Moravian - Moravien

You can undertake the theater, I society, and you, Hippolyte, of course the women."

undertake - entreprendre

theater - théâtre

"We must let him see Amelie, she's exquisite!" said one of "ours," kissing his finger tips.

finger tips - le bout des doigts

"In general we must turn this bloodthirsty soldier to more humane interests," said BilĂ­bin.

more humane - plus humaine

"I shall scarcely be able to avail myself of your hospitality, gentlemen, it is already time for me to go," replied Prince Andrew looking at his watch.

avail - avail, profiter, saisir, servir

hospitality - l'hospitalité, hospitalité, hôtellerie-restauration

"Where to?"

"To the Emperor."

"Oh! Oh! Oh!"

"Well, au revoir, BolkĂłnski! Au revoir, Prince! Come back early to dinner," cried several voices. "We'll take you in hand."

"When speaking to the Emperor, try as far as you can to praise the way that provisions are supplied and the routes indicated," said BilĂ­bin, accompanying him to the hall.

Provisions - dispositions, provision, provisionner

accompanying - accompagnant, accompagner

"I should like to speak well of them, but as far as I know the facts, I can't," replied BolkĂłnski, smiling.

"Well, talk as much as you can, anyway. He has a passion for giving audiences, but he does not like talking himself and can't do it, as you will see."


At the levee Prince Andrew stood among the Austrian officers as he had been told to, and the Emperor Francis merely looked fixedly into his face and just nodded to him with his long head. But after it was over, the adjutant he had seen the previous day ceremoniously informed BolkĂłnski that the Emperor desired to give him an audience.

ceremoniously - cérémonieusement

The Emperor Francis received him standing in the middle of the room. Before the conversation began Prince Andrew was struck by the fact that the Emperor seemed confused and blushed as if not knowing what to say.

"Tell me, when did the battle begin?" he asked hurriedly.

Prince Andrew replied. Then followed other questions just as simple: "Was KutĂşzov well? When had he left Krems?" and so on. The Emperor spoke as if his sole aim were to put a given number of questions"the answers to these questions, as was only too evident, did not interest him.

"At what o'clock did the battle begin?" asked the Emperor.

"I cannot inform Your Majesty at what o'clock the battle began at the front, but at DĂĽrrenstein, where I was, our attack began after five in the afternoon," replied BolkĂłnski growing more animated and expecting that he would have a chance to give a reliable account, which he had ready in his mind, of all he knew and had seen. But the Emperor smiled and interrupted him.

"How many miles?"

"From where to where, Your Majesty?"

"From DĂĽrrenstein to Krems."

"Three and a half miles, Your Majesty."

"The French have abandoned the left bank?"

"According to the scouts the last of them crossed on rafts during the night."

rafts - radeaux, radeau

"Is there sufficient forage in Krems?"

forage - fourrage, fourrager, fouiller

"Forage has not been supplied to the extent..."

The Emperor interrupted him.

"At what o'clock was General Schmidt killed?"

"At seven o'clock, I believe."

"At seven o'clock? It's very sad, very sad!"

The Emperor thanked Prince Andrew and bowed. Prince Andrew withdrew and was immediately surrounded by courtiers on all sides. Everywhere he saw friendly looks and heard friendly words. Yesterday's adjutant reproached him for not having stayed at the palace, and offered him his own house.

withdrew - s'est retiré, (se) retirer

The Minister of War came up and congratulated him on the Maria Theresa Order of the third grade, which the Emperor was conferring on him. The Empress'chamberlain invited him to see Her Majesty. The archduchess also wished to see him. He did not know whom to answer, and for a few seconds collected his thoughts.

conferring - se concerter, conférer, accorder, décerner

chamberlain - chamberlain, chambellan

archduchess - archiduchesse

Then the Russian ambassador took him by the shoulder, led him to the window, and began to talk to him.

Contrary to BilĂ­bin's forecast the news he had brought was joyfully received. A thanksgiving service was arranged, KutĂşzov was awarded the Grand Cross of Maria Theresa, and the whole army received rewards. BolkĂłnski was invited everywhere, and had to spend the whole morning calling on the principal Austrian dignitaries.

forecast - prévisions, prévoir, prévision, prévision météorologique

thanksgiving service - le service de Thanksgiving

dignitaries - dignitaires, dignitaire

Between four and five in the afternoon, having made all his calls, he was returning to BilĂ­bin's house thinking out a letter to his father about the battle and his visit to BrĂĽnn. At the door he found a vehicle half full of luggage. Franz, BilĂ­bin's man, was dragging a portmanteau with some difficulty out of the front door.

luggage - bagages, bagage

portmanteau - portmanteau

Before returning to BilĂ­bin's Prince Andrew had gone to a bookshop to provide himself with some books for the campaign, and had spent some time in the shop.

bookshop - librairie

"What is it?" he asked.

"Oh, your excellency!" said Franz, with difficulty rolling the portmanteau into the vehicle, "we are to move on still farther. The scoundrel is again at our heels!"

"Eh? What?" asked Prince Andrew.

BilĂ­bin came out to meet him. His usually calm face showed excitement.

"There now! Confess that this is delightful," said he. "This affair of the Thabor Bridge, at Vienna.... They have crossed without striking a blow!"

Prince Andrew could not understand.

"But where do you come from not to know what every coachman in the town knows?"

"I come from the archduchess'. I heard nothing there."

"And you didn't see that everybody is packing up?"

packing up - Emballer

"I did not... What is it all about?" inquired Prince Andrew impatiently.

"What's it all about? Why, the French have crossed the bridge that Auersperg was defending, and the bridge was not blown up: so Murat is now rushing along the road to BrĂĽnn and will be here in a day or two."

"What? Here? But why did they not blow up the bridge, if it was mined?"

"That is what I ask you. No one, not even Bonaparte, knows why."

BolkĂłnski shrugged his shoulders.

"But if the bridge is crossed it means that the army too is lost? It will be cut off," said he.

"That's just it," answered Bilíbin. "Listen! The French entered Vienna as I told you. Very well. Next day, which was yesterday, those gentlemen, messieurs les maréchaux, * Murat, Lannes, and Belliard, mount and ride to the bridge. (Observe that all three are Gascons.

observe - observer, remarquer, respecter, garder

Gascons - gascons, Gascon, gasconne

) ˜Gentlemen,'says one of them, ˜you know the Thabor Bridge is mined and doubly mined and that there are menacing fortifications at its head and an army of fifteen thousand men has been ordered to blow up the bridge and not let us cross? But it will please our sovereign the Emperor Napoleon if we take this bridge, so let us three go and take it!'˜Yes, let's!'say the others.

doubly - doublement

fortifications - des fortifications, fortification, renforcement

And off they go and take the bridge, cross it, and now with their whole army are on this side of the Danube, marching on us, you, and your lines of communication."

* The marshalls.

"Stop jesting," said Prince Andrew sadly and seriously. This news grieved him and yet he was pleased.

grieved - en deuil, avoir du chagrin

As soon as he learned that the Russian army was in such a hopeless situation it occurred to him that it was he who was destined to lead it out of this position; that here was the Toulon that would lift him from the ranks of obscure officers and offer him the first step to fame!

obscure - obscure, obscur, sibyllin, obscurcir

fame - la notoriété, gloire, célébrité

Listening to BilĂ­bin he was already imagining how on reaching the army he would give an opinion at the war council which would be the only one that could save the army, and how he alone would be entrusted with the executing of the plan.

Council - le conseil, conseil

"Stop this jesting," he said.

"I am not jesting," BilĂ­bin went on. "Nothing is truer or sadder. These gentlemen ride onto the bridge alone and wave white handkerchiefs; they assure the officer on duty that they, the marshals, are on their way to negotiate with Prince Auersperg. He lets them enter the tĂŞte-de-pont.

negotiate - négocier

* They spin him a thousand gasconades, saying that the war is over, that the Emperor Francis is arranging a meeting with Bonaparte, that they desire to see Prince Auersperg, and so on.

spin - l'essorage, tournoyer, (faire) tourner

Gasconades - gasconades, gasconnade, gasconner

The officer sends for Auersperg; these gentlemen embrace the officers, crack jokes, sit on the cannon, and meanwhile a French battalion gets to the bridge unobserved, flings the bags of incendiary material into the water, and approaches the tĂŞte-de-pont. At length appears the lieutenant general, our dear Prince Auersperg von Mautern himself. ˜Dearest foe!

crack - crack, croustiller, fissure, craquement, fracas, craquer

unobserved - non observée

flings - flings, lancer

incendiary material - du matériel incendiaire

approaches - approches, (s')approcher (de)

Flower of the Austrian army, hero of the Turkish wars! Hostilities are ended, we can shake one another's hand.... The Emperor Napoleon burns with impatience to make Prince Auersperg's acquaintance.

hostilities - hostilités, hostilité

'In a word, those gentlemen, Gascons indeed, so bewildered him with fine words, and he is so flattered by his rapidly established intimacy with the French marshals, and so dazzled by the sight of Murat's mantle and ostrich plumes, qu'il n'y voit que du feu, et oublie celui qu'il devait faire faire sur l'ennemi!

bewildered - déconcertés, abasourdir, confondre, déconcerter, dérouter

established - établie, affermir, établir

dazzled - éblouie, éblouir

ostrich - autruche

plumes - les panaches, plume(t)

feu - feu

" *(2) In spite of the animation of his speech, BilĂ­bin did not forget to pause after this mot to give time for its due appreciation. "The French battalion rushes to the bridgehead, spikes the guns, and the bridge is taken!

rushes - des joncs, se précipiter, emmener d'urgence

spikes - des pointes, clou, pointe, pieu, pic, pique, épi, crampons-p

But what is best of all," he went on, his excitement subsiding under the delightful interest of his own story, "is that the sergeant in charge of the cannon which was to give the signal to fire the mines and blow up the bridge, this sergeant, seeing that the French troops were running onto the bridge, was about to fire, but Lannes stayed his hand.

subsiding - s'affaisser, tomber, calmer

The sergeant, who was evidently wiser than his general, goes up to Auersperg and says: ˜Prince, you are being deceived, here are the French!'Murat, seeing that all is lost if the sergeant is allowed to speak, turns to Auersperg with feigned astonishment (he is a true Gascon) and says: ˜I don't recognize the world-famous Austrian discipline, if you allow a subordinate to address you like that!

wiser - plus sage, sage

Gascon - Gascon, gasconne

discipline - discipline, pénalité, branche

'It was a stroke of genius. Prince Auersperg feels his dignity at stake and orders the sergeant to be arrested. Come, you must own that this affair of the Thabor Bridge is delightful! It is not exactly stupidity, nor rascality...."

stupidity - stupidité, idiotie, ânerie, sottise

rascality - la racaille

* Bridgehead.

* (2) That their fire gets into his eyes and he forgets that he ought to be firing at the enemy.

"It may be treachery," said Prince Andrew, vividly imagining the gray overcoats, wounds, the smoke of gunpowder, the sounds of firing, and the glory that awaited him.

"Not that either. That puts the court in too bad a light," replied BilĂ­bin. "It's not treachery nor rascality nor stupidity: it is just as at Ulm... it is...""he seemed to be t