Leo - leo, justau
"Well, Prince, so Genoa and Lucca are now just family estates of the Buonapartes. But I warn you, if you don't tell me that this means war, if you still try to defend the infamies and horrors perpetrated by that Antichrist"I really believe he is Antichrist"I will have nothing more to do with you and you are no longer my friend, no longer my faithful slave,'as you call yourself! But how do you do?
Genoa - genes, Genes
infamies - infamies, infamie
perpetrated - perpétrés, perpétrer, commettre
Antichrist - l'antéchrist, antéchrist, antichrist
faithful - fidele, fidele, loyal
I see I have frightened you"sit down and tell me all the news."
It was in July, 1805, and the speaker was the well-known Anna PĂˇvlovna SchĂ©rer, maid of honor and favorite of the Empress MĂˇrya FĂ«dorovna. With these words she greeted Prince VasĂli KurĂˇgin, a man of high rank and importance, who was the first to arrive at her reception. Anna PĂˇvlovna had had a cough for some days.
maid - femme de ménage, demoiselle, jeune fille, bonne
cough - tousser, toux
She was, as she said, suffering from la grippe; grippe being then a new word in St. Petersburg, used only by the elite.
la - La
grippe - grippe
Petersburg - Petersburg
All her invitations without exception, written in French, and delivered by a scarlet-liveried footman that morning, ran as follows:
scarlet - écarlate
liveried - habillé
footman - valet de pied, laquais
"If you have nothing better to do, Count (or Prince), and if the prospect of spending an evening with a poor invalid is not too terrible, I shall be very charmed to see you tonight between 7 and 10"Annette SchĂ©rer."
invalid - invalide, périmé
"Heavens! what a virulent attack!" replied the prince, not in the least disconcerted by this reception. He had just entered, wearing an embroidered court uniform, knee breeches, and shoes, and had stars on his breast and a serene expression on his flat face.
virulent - virulent
disconcerted - déconcerté, déconcerter, fr
embroidered - brodée, broder
knee breeches - Haut-de-chause
serene - serein, enjoué
He spoke in that refined French in which our grandfathers not only spoke but thought, and with the gentle, patronizing intonation natural to a man of importance who had grown old in society and at court. He went up to Anna PĂˇvlovna, kissed her hand, presenting to her his bald, scented, and shining head, and complacently seated himself on the sofa.
refined - raffiné, raffiner, fr
patronizing - condescendant, fréquenter, patrociner, prendre de haut
intonation - l'intonation, intonation
grown old - vieilli
bald - chauve, lisse
scented - parfumée, odeur, odorat, sentir
complacently - avec complaisance
sofa - canapé, sofa
"First of all, dear friend, tell me how you are. Set your friend's mind at rest," said he without altering his tone, beneath the politeness and affected sympathy of which indifference and even irony could be discerned.
politeness - la politesse, politesse
indifference - l'indifférence, indifférence
discerned - discernée, discerner
"Can one be well while suffering morally? Can one be calm in times like these if one has any feeling?" said Anna PĂˇvlovna. "You are staying the whole evening, I hope?"
"And the fete at the English ambassador's? Today is Wednesday. I must put in an appearance there," said the prince. "My daughter is coming for me to take me there."
fete - fete, kermesse, feter
"I thought today's fete had been canceled. I confess all these festivities and fireworks are becoming wearisome."
festivities - festivités, festivité, réjouissances-p
"If they had known that you wished it, the entertainment would have been put off," said the prince, who, like a wound-up clock, by force of habit said things he did not even wish to be believed.
"Don't tease! Well, and what has been decided about NovosĂltsev's dispatch? You know everything."
tease - taquiner
dispatch - l'envoi, dépeche
"What can one say about it?" replied the prince in a cold, listless tone. "What has been decided? They have decided that Buonaparte has burnt his boats, and I believe that we are ready to burn ours."
listless - sans voix, apathique, indolent
Prince VasĂli always spoke languidly, like an actor repeating a stale part. Anna PĂˇvlovna SchĂ©rer on the contrary, despite her forty years, overflowed with animation and impulsiveness. To be an enthusiast had become her social vocation and, sometimes even when she did not feel like it, she became enthusiastic in order not to disappoint the expectations of those who knew her.
languidly - langoureusement
stale - périmé, rassis
overflowed - débordé, débordement, déborder, fr
impulsiveness - l'impulsivité, impulsivité
vocation - vocation
The subdued smile which, though it did not suit her faded features, always played round her lips expressed, as in a spoiled child, a continual consciousness of her charming defect, which she neither wished, nor could, nor considered it necessary, to correct.
subdued - atténué, soumettre, subjuguer, assujettir
continual - continuelle
In the midst of a conversation on political matters Anna PĂˇvlovna burst out:
"Oh, don't speak to me of Austria. Perhaps I don't understand things, but Austria never has wished, and does not wish, for war. She is betraying us! Russia alone must save Europe. Our gracious sovereign recognizes his high vocation and will be true to it. That is the one thing I have faith in!
Austria - autriche
I don't understand - Je ne comprends pas
Russia - la russie, Russie
sovereign - souveraine, souverain
Our good and wonderful sovereign has to perform the noblest role on earth, and he is so virtuous and noble that God will not forsake him. He will fulfill his vocation and crush the hydra of revolution, which has become more terrible than ever in the person of this murderer and villain! We alone must avenge the blood of the just one.... Whom, I ask you, can we rely on?...
virtuous - vertueux
forsake - abandonner, renoncer
fulfill - remplir, combler, satisfaire
hydra - hydre
more terrible - plus terrible
murderer - meurtrier, meurtriere, assassin, assassine
villain - scélérat, méchant, vilain, paysan
avenge - venger, rench: t-needed r
England with her commercial spirit will not and cannot understand the Emperor Alexander's loftiness of soul. She has refused to evacuate Malta. She wanted to find, and still seeks, some secret motive in our actions. What answer did NovosĂltsev get? None.
Emperor - l'empereur, empereur
Alexander - alexandre
loftiness - sublimité
refused - refusé, refuser de
Malta - malte
The English have not understood and cannot understand the self-abnegation of our Emperor who wants nothing for himself, but only desires the good of mankind. And what have they promised? Nothing! And what little they have promised they will not perform! Prussia has always declared that Buonaparte is invincible, and that all Europe is powerless before him....
abnegation - l'abnégation, abnégation
mankind - l'humanité, humanité, genre humain, hommes
Prussia - la prusse, Prusse
invincible - invincible
powerless - impuissante, impuissant
And I don't believe a word that Hardenburg says, or Haugwitz either. This famous Prussian neutrality is just a trap. I have faith only in God and the lofty destiny of our adored monarch. He will save Europe!"
Prussian - prussien, Prussienne
neutrality - la neutralité, neutralité
lofty - noble, haut
destiny - destin, destinée, sort
adored - adorée, adorer
monarch - monarque
She suddenly paused, smiling at her own impetuosity.
impetuosity - l'impétuosité
"I think," said the prince with a smile, "that if you had been sent instead of our dear Wintzingerode you would have captured the King of Prussia's consent by assault. You are so eloquent. Will you give me a cup of tea?"
eloquent - éloquent
"In a moment. Ă€ propos," she added, becoming calm again, "I am expecting two very interesting men tonight, le Vicomte de Mortemart, who is connected with the Montmorencys through the Rohans, one of the best French families. He is one of the genuine Ă©migrĂ©s, the good ones. And also the AbbĂ© Morio. Do you know that profound thinker? He has been received by the Emperor. Had you heard?"
le - LE
vicomte - vicomte
thinker - penseur, penseuse, intellectuel
"I shall be delighted to meet them," said the prince. "But tell me," he added with studied carelessness as if it had only just occurred to him, though the question he was about to ask was the chief motive of his visit, "is it true that the Dowager Empress wants Baron Funke to be appointed first secretary at Vienna? The baron by all accounts is a poor creature."
carelessness - l'insouciance, négligence, incurie
Dowager - douairiere, douairiere, dame
Baron - baron
Vienna - Vienne
Prince VasĂli wished to obtain this post for his son, but others were trying through the Dowager Empress MĂˇrya FĂ«dorovna to secure it for the baron.
Anna PĂˇvlovna almost closed her eyes to indicate that neither she nor anyone else had a right to criticize what the Empress desired or was pleased with.
"Baron Funke has been recommended to the Dowager Empress by her sister," was all she said, in a dry and mournful tone.
mournful - triste, affligé, éploré, mélancolique, lugubre
As she named the Empress, Anna PĂˇvlovna's face suddenly assumed an expression of profound and sincere devotion and respect mingled with sadness, and this occurred every time she mentioned her illustrious patroness. She added that Her Majesty had deigned to show Baron Funke beaucoup d'estime, and again her face clouded over with sadness.
devotion - la dévotion, dévouement, dévotion
mingled - mélangés, mélanger
sadness - tristesse, malheur
illustrious - illustre
patroness - patronne, dame patronesse
Majesty - majesté
deigned - conçu, daigner, condescendre
beaucoup - beaucoup
The prince was silent and looked indifferent. But, with the womanly and courtierlike quickness and tact habitual to her, Anna PĂˇvlovna wished both to rebuke him (for daring to speak as he had done of a man recommended to the Empress) and at the same time to console him, so she said:
indifferent - indifférent
womanly - féminine, féminin
courtierlike - courtisan
quickness - la rapidité, rapidité
tact - tact
habitual - habituel
rebuke - la réprimande, reproche, réprimande, reprendre, réprimander
console - console, consolons, consolent, consoler, consolez
"Now about your family. Do you know that since your daughter came out everyone has been enraptured by her? They say she is amazingly beautiful."
amazingly - étonnamment
The prince bowed to signify his respect and gratitude.
bowed - incliné, (s')incliner devant, saluer d'un signe de tete
signify - signifier
gratitude - la gratitude, gratitude
"I often think," she continued after a short pause, drawing nearer to the prince and smiling amiably at him as if to show that political and social topics were ended and the time had come for intimate conversation""I often think how unfairly sometimes the joys of life are distributed. Why has fate given you two such splendid children? I don't speak of Anatole, your youngest.
amiably - aimablement
unfairly - injustement
splendid - splendide, fameux
I don't like him," she added in a tone admitting of no rejoinder and raising her eyebrows. "Two such charming children. And really you appreciate them less than anyone, and so you don't deserve to have them."
rejoinder - réponse, réplique
eyebrows - sourcils, sourcil
And she smiled her ecstatic smile.
ecstatic - extatique
"I can't help it," said the prince. "Lavater would have said I lack the bump of paternity."
I can't help it - Je ne peux pas m'en empecher
bump - bump, bourrade, boum, bosse, saillie, ballon, heurter
paternity - paternité
"Don't joke; I mean to have a serious talk with you. Do you know I am dissatisfied with your younger son? Between ourselves" (and her face assumed its melancholy expression), "he was mentioned at Her Majesty's and you were pitied...."
dissatisfied - insatisfait, mécontenter
melancholy - mélancolie
The prince answered nothing, but she looked at him significantly, awaiting a reply. He frowned.
frowned - froncé les sourcils, froncer les sourcils
"What would you have me do?" he said at last. "You know I did all a father could for their education, and they have both turned out fools. Hippolyte is at least a quiet fool, but Anatole is an active one. That is the only difference between them.
" He said this smiling in a way more natural and animated than usual, so that the wrinkles round his mouth very clearly revealed something unexpectedly coarse and unpleasant.
animated - animée, animé, animer
wrinkles - rides, ride
unexpectedly - de maniere inattendue, surprenamment
coarse - grossier, brut, vulgaire
"And why are children born to such men as you? If you were not a father there would be nothing I could reproach you with," said Anna PĂˇvlovna, looking up pensively.
reproach - des reproches, reproche, opprobre, reprocher
pensively - pensif
"I am your faithful slave and to you alone I can confess that my children are the bane of my life. It is the cross I have to bear. That is how I explain it to myself. It can't be helped!"
bane - bane
It can't be helped - On ne peut rien y faire
He said no more, but expressed his resignation to cruel fate by a gesture. Anna PĂˇvlovna meditated.
meditated - médité, méditer
"Have you never thought of marrying your prodigal son Anatole?" she asked. "They say old maids have a mania for matchmaking, and though I don't feel that weakness in myself as yet, I know a little person who is very unhappy with her father. She is a relation of yours, Princess Mary BolkĂłnskaya."
prodigal - prodigue
maids - servantes, demoiselle, jeune fille, bonne, bonne a tout faire
mania - la manie, manie
matchmaking - l'appariement, matchmaking
Mary - marie
Prince VasĂli did not reply, though, with the quickness of memory and perception befitting a man of the world, he indicated by a movement of the head that he was considering this information.
befitting - convenable, convenir a, etre approprié pour
"Do you know," he said at last, evidently unable to check the sad current of his thoughts, "that Anatole is costing me forty thousand rubles a year? And," he went on after a pause, "what will it be in five years, if he goes on like this?" Presently he added: "That's what we fathers have to put up with.... Is this princess of yours rich?"
evidently - évidemment, de toute évidence, manifestement
thoughts - réflexions, idée, pensée
rubles - roubles, rouble
"Her father is very rich and stingy. He lives in the country. He is the well-known Prince BolkĂłnski who had to retire from the army under the late Emperor, and was nicknamed the King of Prussia.'He is very clever but eccentric, and a bore. The poor girl is very unhappy. She has a brother; I think you know him, he married Lise Meinen lately.
stingy - avare
nicknamed - surnommé, surnom, surnommer
eccentric - excentrique
He is an aide-de-camp of KutĂşzov's and will be here tonight."
"Listen, dear Annette," said the prince, suddenly taking Anna PĂˇvlovna's hand and for some reason drawing it downwards. "Arrange that affair for me and I shall always be your most devoted slave-slafe with an f, as a village elder of mine writes in his reports. She is rich and of good family and that's all I want."
most devoted - le plus dévoué
slafe - slafe
And with the familiarity and easy grace peculiar to him, he raised the maid of honor's hand to his lips, kissed it, and swung it to and fro as he lay back in his armchair, looking in another direction.
familiarity - familiarité
fro - fro
armchair - fauteuil, chaise bourrée
"Attendez," said Anna PĂˇvlovna, reflecting, "I'll speak to Lise, young BolkĂłnski's wife, this very evening, and perhaps the thing can be arranged. It shall be on your family's behalf that I'll start my apprenticeship as old maid."
apprenticeship - l'apprentissage, apprentissage
old maid - vieille fille
Anna PĂˇvlovna's drawing room was gradually filling. The highest Petersburg society was assembled there: people differing widely in age and character but alike in the social circle to which they belonged. Prince VasĂli's daughter, the beautiful HĂ©lĂ¨ne, came to take her father to the ambassador's entertainment; she wore a ball dress and her badge as maid of honor.
ball dress - robe de bal
The youthful little Princess BolkĂłnskaya, known as la femme la plus sĂ©duisante de PĂ©tersbourg, * was also there. She had been married during the previous winter, and being pregnant did not go to any large gatherings, but only to small receptions. Prince VasĂli's son, Hippolyte, had come with Mortemart, whom he introduced. The AbbĂ© Morio and many others had also come.
youthful - juvénile, jeune
femme - femme
plus - plus, positif, positive
* The most fascinating woman in Petersburg.
To each new arrival Anna PĂˇvlovna said, "You have not yet seen my aunt," or "You do not know my aunt?
new arrival - nouveau venu
" and very gravely conducted him or her to a little old lady, wearing large bows of ribbon in her cap, who had come sailing in from another room as soon as the guests began to arrive; and slowly turning her eyes from the visitor to her aunt, Anna PĂˇvlovna mentioned each one's name and then left them.
gravely - gravement
bows - arcs, (bow) arcs
ribbon - ruban
Each visitor performed the ceremony of greeting this old aunt whom not one of them knew, not one of them wanted to know, and not one of them cared about; Anna PĂˇvlovna observed these greetings with mournful and solemn interest and silent approval. The aunt spoke to each of them in the same words, about their health and her own, and the health of Her Majesty, "who, thank God, was better today.
greetings - salutations, salutation, salut
solemn - solennel
" And each visitor, though politeness prevented his showing impatience, left the old woman with a sense of relief at having performed a vexatious duty and did not return to her the whole evening.
Impatience - impatience
vexatious - vexatoire
The young Princess BolkĂłnskaya had brought some work in a gold-embroidered velvet bag. Her pretty little upper lip, on which a delicate dark down was just perceptible, was too short for her teeth, but it lifted all the more sweetly, and was especially charming when she occasionally drew it down to meet the lower lip.
velvet - du velours, velours, duvet (on skin), velours (on antlers)
perceptible - perceptible
sweetly - avec douceur, doucement
As is always the case with a thoroughly attractive woman, her defect"the shortness of her upper lip and her half-open mouth"seemed to be her own special and peculiar form of beauty. Everyone brightened at the sight of this pretty young woman, so soon to become a mother, so full of life and health, and carrying her burden so lightly.
shortness - manque de souffle, exiguité
half-open - (half-open) a moitié ouvert
lightly - légerement, légerement
Old men and dull dispirited young ones who looked at her, after being in her company and talking to her a little while, felt as if they too were becoming, like her, full of life and health. All who talked to her, and at each word saw her bright smile and the constant gleam of her white teeth, thought that they were in a specially amiable mood that day.
dispirited - découragé, décourager
gleam - briller, luisent, luisez, brillant, luisons
specially - particulierement, spécialement
amiable - aimable, avenant, affable
The little princess went round the table with quick, short, swaying steps, her workbag on her arm, and gaily spreading out her dress sat down on a sofa near the silver samovar, as if all she was doing was a pleasure to herself and to all around her. "I have brought my work," said she in French, displaying her bag and addressing all present.
swaying - se balancer, (sway), autorité, poids, influence, prépondérance
workbag - sac de travail
gaily - gaiement
samovar - samovar
"Mind, Annette, I hope you have not played a wicked trick on me," she added, turning to her hostess. "You wrote that it was to be quite a small reception, and just see how badly I am dressed." And she spread out her arms to show her short-waisted, lace-trimmed, dainty gray dress, girdled with a broad ribbon just below the breast.
wicked - méchante, chicaneur, torve, (wick) méchante
hostess - hôtesse, maîtresse de maison, hôtesse de l'air
waisted - taille, ceinture
lace - dentelle, pointue
trimmed - rognée, tailler, compenser, compensation, compensateur, assiette
dainty - délicate, délicat, mignon
girdled - ceinturé, ceinture
"Soyez tranquille, Lise, you will always be prettier than anyone else," replied Anna PĂˇvlovna.
"You know," said the princess in the same tone of voice and still in French, turning to a general, "my husband is deserting me? He is going to get himself killed. Tell me what this wretched war is for?" she added, addressing Prince VasĂli, and without waiting for an answer she turned to speak to his daughter, the beautiful HĂ©lĂ¨ne.
wretched - misérable
"What a delightful woman this little princess is!" said Prince VasĂli to Anna PĂˇvlovna.
delightful - délicieux
One of the next arrivals was a stout, heavily built young man with close-cropped hair, spectacles, the light-colored breeches fashionable at that time, a very high ruffle, and a brown dress coat. This stout young man was an illegitimate son of Count BezĂşkhov, a well-known grandee of Catherine's time who now lay dying in Moscow.
stout - stout, solide
breeches - culotte, culasse
ruffle - falbala, ébouriffer
dress coat - Manteau
illegitimate - illégitime
Catherine - catherine
dying - teignant, mourant, (dye) teignant
Moscow - moscou
The young man had not yet entered either the military or civil service, as he had only just returned from abroad where he had been educated, and this was his first appearance in society. Anna PĂˇvlovna greeted him with the nod she accorded to the lowest hierarchy in her drawing room.
accorded - accordé, entente, accorder
But in spite of this lowest-grade greeting, a look of anxiety and fear, as at the sight of something too large and unsuited to the place, came over her face when she saw Pierre enter.
Though he was certainly rather bigger than the other men in the room, her anxiety could only have reference to the clever though shy, but observant and natural, expression which distinguished him from everyone else in that drawing room.
"It is very good of you, Monsieur Pierre, to come and visit a poor invalid," said Anna PĂˇvlovna, exchanging an alarmed glance with her aunt as she conducted him to her.
monsieur - Monsieur
Pierre murmured something unintelligible, and continued to look round as if in search of something. On his way to the aunt he bowed to the little princess with a pleased smile, as to an intimate acquaintance.
murmured - murmuré, murmure, rumeur, souffle, murmurer
unintelligible - inintelligible
look round - regarder autour
acquaintance - une connaissance, relation
Anna PĂˇvlovna's alarm was justified, for Pierre turned away from the aunt without waiting to hear her speech about Her Majesty's health. Anna PĂˇvlovna in dismay detained him with the words: "Do you know the AbbĂ© Morio? He is a most interesting man."
dismay - affliger, mortifier, avoir peur, désarroi, consternation
"Yes, I have heard of his scheme for perpetual peace, and it is very interesting but hardly feasible."
perpetual - perpétuel
feasible - faisable
"You think so?" rejoined Anna PĂˇvlovna in order to say something and get away to attend to her duties as hostess. But Pierre now committed a reverse act of impoliteness. First he had left a lady before she had finished speaking to him, and now he continued to speak to another who wished to get away.
impoliteness - l'impolitesse, impolitesse
With his head bent, and his big feet spread apart, he began explaining his reasons for thinking the abbĂ©'s plan chimerical.
chimerical - chimérique
"We will talk of it later," said Anna PĂˇvlovna with a smile.
And having got rid of this young man who did not know how to behave, she resumed her duties as hostess and continued to listen and watch, ready to help at any point where the conversation might happen to flag.
As the foreman of a spinning mill, when he has set the hands to work, goes round and notices here a spindle that has stopped or there one that creaks or makes more noise than it should, and hastens to check the machine or set it in proper motion, so Anna PĂˇvlovna moved about her drawing room, approaching now a silent, now a too-noisy group, and by a word or slight rearrangement kept the conversational machine in steady, proper, and regular motion. But amid these cares her anxiety about Pierre was evident. She kept an anxious watch on him when he approached the group round Mortemart to listen to what was being said there, and again when he passed to another group whose center was the abbĂ©.
foreman - chef, chef d'équipe, contremaître
goes round - fait le tour
spindle - broche, fuseau, essieu
creaks - grincements, craquement, craquer
Hastens - hâte, dépecher
proper motion - une motion appropriée
rearrangement - réarrangement
conversational - conversationnel
center - centre, milieu, centre de masse, foyer, sujet, pivot, central
Pierre had been educated abroad, and this reception at Anna PĂˇvlovna's was the first he had attended in Russia. He knew that all the intellectual lights of Petersburg were gathered there and, like a child in a toyshop, did not know which way to look, afraid of missing any clever conversation that was to be heard.
toyshop - magasin de jouets
Seeing the self-confident and refined expression on the faces of those present he was always expecting to hear something very profound. At last he came up to Morio. Here the conversation seemed interesting and he stood waiting for an opportunity to express his own views, as young people are fond of doing.
self-confident - (self-confident) Confiance en soi
Anna PĂˇvlovna's reception was in full swing. The spindles hummed steadily and ceaselessly on all sides. With the exception of the aunt, beside whom sat only one elderly lady, who with her thin careworn face was rather out of place in this brilliant society, the whole company had settled into three groups. One, chiefly masculine, had formed round the abbĂ©.
spindles - fuseaux, fuseau, essieu
hummed - fredonné, fredonner, bourdonner, fourmiller
ceaselessly - sans cesse
careworn - usé par le temps
chiefly - principalement, surtout
masculine - masculin
Another, of young people, was grouped round the beautiful Princess HĂ©lĂ¨ne, Prince VasĂli's daughter, and the little Princess BolkĂłnskaya, very pretty and rosy, though rather too plump for her age. The third group was gathered round Mortemart and Anna PĂˇvlovna.
rosy - rose
plump - dodu, douillet
The vicomte was a nice-looking young man with soft features and polished manners, who evidently considered himself a celebrity but out of politeness modestly placed himself at the disposal of the circle in which he found himself. Anna PĂˇvlovna was obviously serving him up as a treat to her guests.
polished - polie, polonais
modestly - modestement
treat to - Traiter a
As a clever maĂ®tre d'hĂ´tel serves up as a specially choice delicacy a piece of meat that no one who had seen it in the kitchen would have cared to eat, so Anna PĂˇvlovna served up to her guests, first the vicomte and then the abbĂ©, as peculiarly choice morsels. The group about Mortemart immediately began discussing the murder of the Duc d'Enghien.
delicacy - délicatesse, gourmandise
peculiarly - de façon particuliere
morsels - des bouchées, morceau
The vicomte said that the Duc d'Enghien had perished by his own magnanimity, and that there were particular reasons for Buonaparte's hatred of him.
perished - a péri, périr
magnanimity - la magnanimité, magnanimité
"Ah, yes! Do tell us all about it, Vicomte," said Anna PĂˇvlovna, with a pleasant feeling that there was something Ă la Louis XV in the sound of that sentence: "Contez nous Ă§ela, Vicomte."
Nous - nous
The vicomte bowed and smiled courteously in token of his willingness to comply. Anna PĂˇvlovna arranged a group round him, inviting everyone to listen to his tale.
token - de jeton, symbole, jeton, symbolique
"The vicomte knew the duc personally," whispered Anna PĂˇvlovna to one of the guests. "The vicomte is a wonderful raconteur," said she to another. "How evidently he belongs to the best society," said she to a third; and the vicomte was served up to the company in the choicest and most advantageous style, like a well-garnished joint of roast beef on a hot dish.
Raconteur - raconteur
most advantageous - le plus avantageux
garnished - garni, garnir, garniture
roast - rôtir, incendier, rôti, bien-cuit
The vicomte wished to begin his story and gave a subtle smile.
"Come over here, HĂ©lĂ¨ne, dear," said Anna PĂˇvlovna to the beautiful young princess who was sitting some way off, the center of another group.
The princess smiled. She rose with the same unchanging smile with which she had first entered the room"the smile of a perfectly beautiful woman.
unchanging - immuable
With a slight rustle of her white dress trimmed with moss and ivy, with a gleam of white shoulders, glossy hair, and sparkling diamonds, she passed between the men who made way for her, not looking at any of them but smiling on all, as if graciously allowing each the privilege of admiring her beautiful figure and shapely shoulders, back, and bosom"which in the fashion of those days were very much exposed"and she seemed to bring the glamour of a ballroom with her as she moved toward Anna PĂˇvlovna. HĂ©lĂ¨ne was so lovely that not only did she not show any trace of coquetry, but on the contrary she even appeared shy of her unquestionable and all too victorious beauty. She seemed to wish, but to be unable, to diminish its effect.
rustle - bruissement, froufrou, froufrouter
moss - mousse
ivy - le lierre, lierre
glossy - luisant, brillant
sparkling - étincelante, pétillant
graciously - gracieusement
bosom - poitrine, sein, intime
glamour - glamour, charme
ballroom - salle de bal, danse de salon
toward - vers, envers, pour, pres de
coquetry - coquetterie, coquetisme
unquestionable - incontestable
victorious - victorieux
"How lovely!" said everyone who saw her; and the vicomte lifted his shoulders and dropped his eyes as if startled by something extraordinary when she took her seat opposite and beamed upon him also with her unchanging smile.
startled - surpris, sursauter, surprendre
"Madame, I doubt my ability before such an audience," said he, smilingly inclining his head.
smilingly - en souriant
inclining - l'inclinaison, inclinant, (incline) l'inclinaison
The princess rested her bare round arm on a little table and considered a reply unnecessary. She smilingly waited. All the time the story was being told she sat upright, glancing now at her beautiful round arm, altered in shape by its pressure on the table, now at her still more beautiful bosom, on which she readjusted a diamond necklace.
upright - debout, integre, montant
readjusted - réajusté, (se) réadapter (a)
necklace - collier, supplice du pneu
From time to time she smoothed the folds of her dress, and whenever the story produced an effect she glanced at Anna PĂˇvlovna, at once adopted just the expression she saw on the maid of honor's face, and again relapsed into her radiant smile.
relapsed - rechute, rechuter
The little princess had also left the tea table and followed HĂ©lĂ¨ne.
"Wait a moment, I'll get my work.... Now then, what are you thinking of?" she went on, turning to Prince Hippolyte. "Fetch me my workbag."
fetch - chercher, apporter, aveignez, amener, aveignent, apportons
There was a general movement as the princess, smiling and talking merrily to everyone at once, sat down and gaily arranged herself in her seat.
merrily - joyeusement, gaiement
"Now I am all right," she said, and asking the vicomte to begin, she took up her work.
Prince Hippolyte, having brought the workbag, joined the circle and moving a chair close to hers seated himself beside her.
Le charmant Hippolyte was surprising by his extraordinary resemblance to his beautiful sister, but yet more by the fact that in spite of this resemblance he was exceedingly ugly.
resemblance - ressemblance, comparaison, probabilité
exceedingly - excessivement, extremement, énormément
His features were like his sister's, but while in her case everything was lit up by a joyous, self-satisfied, youthful, and constant smile of animation, and by the wonderful classic beauty of her figure, his face on the contrary was dulled by imbecility and a constant expression of sullen self-confidence, while his body was thin and weak.
joyous - joyeux
imbecility - l'imbécillité, imbécilité
sullen - maussade, morose, morne, lent
His eyes, nose, and mouth all seemed puckered into a vacant, wearied grimace, and his arms and legs always fell into unnatural positions.
puckered - froncé, (se) plisser
vacant - vacant, vide, niais
wearied - fatigué, las, lasser
grimace - grimace, grimacer, faire des grimaces
unnatural - contre nature
"It's not going to be a ghost story?" said he, sitting down beside the princess and hastily adjusting his lorgnette, as if without this instrument he could not begin to speak.
ghost story - Une histoire de fantômes
hastily - hâtivement, précipitamment, a la hâte
lorgnette - lorgnette, lorgnon, binocle
"Why no, my dear fellow," said the astonished narrator, shrugging his shoulders.
astonished - étonné, étonner, surprendre
narrator - narrateur, narratrice
"Because I hate ghost stories," said Prince Hippolyte in a tone which showed that he only understood the meaning of his words after he had uttered them.
uttered - prononcée, complet, total
He spoke with such self-confidence that his hearers could not be sure whether what he said was very witty or very stupid. He was dressed in a dark-green dress coat, knee breeches of the color of cuisse de nymphe effrayĂ©e, as he called it, shoes, and silk stockings.
witty - de l'esprit, fin
cuisse - cuisse
nymphe - nymphe
silk stockings - des bas de soie
The vicomte told his tale very neatly. It was an anecdote, then current, to the effect that the Duc d'Enghien had gone secretly to Paris to visit Mademoiselle George; that at her house he came upon Bonaparte, who also enjoyed the famous actress'favors, and that in his presence Napoleon happened to fall into one of the fainting fits to which he was subject, and was thus at the duc's mercy.
neatly - proprement, élégamment
anecdote - anecdote
secretly - secretement, secretement, en cachette
Mademoiselle - mademoiselle
George - george, Georges, Jorioz
Fainting - l'évanouissement, syncope
The latter spared him, and this magnanimity Bonaparte subsequently repaid by death.
repaid - remboursé, rembourser, rendre
The story was very pretty and interesting, especially at the point where the rivals suddenly recognized one another; and the ladies looked agitated.
"Charming!" said Anna PĂˇvlovna with an inquiring glance at the little princess.
inquiring - en quete de renseignements, enqueter, renseigner
"Charming!" whispered the little princess, sticking the needle into her work as if to testify that the interest and fascination of the story prevented her from going on with it.
The vicomte appreciated this silent praise and smiling gratefully prepared to continue, but just then Anna PĂˇvlovna, who had kept a watchful eye on the young man who so alarmed her, noticed that he was talking too loudly and vehemently with the abbĂ©, so she hurried to the rescue.
gratefully - avec gratitude
watchful - attentif, vigilant
vehemently - avec véhémence
Pierre had managed to start a conversation with the abbĂ© about the balance of power, and the latter, evidently interested by the young man's simple-minded eagerness, was explaining his pet theory. Both were talking and listening too eagerly and too naturally, which was why Anna PĂˇvlovna disapproved.
eagerly - avec empressement, avidement
disapproved - désapprouvé, désapprouver
"The means are ... the balance of power in Europe and the rights of the people," the abbĂ© was saying. "It is only necessary for one powerful nation like Russia"barbaric as she is said to be"to place herself disinterestedly at the head of an alliance having for its object the maintenance of the balance of power of Europe, and it would save the world!"
barbaric - barbare
disinterestedly - de façon désintéressée
"But how are you to get that balance?" Pierre was beginning.
At that moment Anna PĂˇvlovna came up and, looking severely at Pierre, asked the Italian how he stood Russian climate. The Italian's face instantly changed and assumed an offensively affected, sugary expression, evidently habitual to him when conversing with women.
Russian - russe, ruthénien, langue russe, langue de Tolstoi
offensively - sur le plan offensif
sugary - sucré, mielleux
conversing - en train de converser, converser
"I am so enchanted by the brilliancy of the wit and culture of the society, more especially of the feminine society, in which I have had the honor of being received, that I have not yet had time to think of the climate," said he.
enchanted - enchantée, enchanter
brilliancy - brillance
feminine - féminine, féminin, féminin (2)
Not letting the abbĂ© and Pierre escape, Anna PĂˇvlovna, the more conveniently to keep them under observation, brought them into the larger circle.
Just then another visitor entered the drawing room: Prince Andrew BolkĂłnski, the little princess'husband. He was a very handsome young man, of medium height, with firm, clearcut features. Everything about him, from his weary, bored expression to his quiet, measured step, offered a most striking contrast to his quiet, little wife.
handsome - beau
clearcut - coupe a blanc
weary - fatigué, las, lasser
offered - proposé, offrir, proposer
It was evident that he not only knew everyone in the drawing room, but had found them to be so tiresome that it wearied him to look at or listen to them. And among all these faces that he found so tedious, none seemed to bore him so much as that of his pretty wife.
tiresome - lassant
tedious - fastidieux, laborieux
He turned away from her with a grimace that distorted his handsome face, kissed Anna PĂˇvlovna's hand, and screwing up his eyes scanned the whole company.
"You are off to the war, Prince?" said Anna PĂˇvlovna.
"General KutĂşzov," said BolkĂłnski, speaking French and stressing the last syllable of the general's name like a Frenchman, "has been pleased to take me as an aide-de-camp...."
syllable - syllabe
"And Lise, your wife?"
"She will go to the country."
"Are you not ashamed to deprive us of your charming wife?"
"AndrĂ©," said his wife, addressing her husband in the same coquettish manner in which she spoke to other men, "the vicomte has been telling us such a tale about Mademoiselle George and Buonaparte!"
coquettish - coquetterie
Prince Andrew screwed up his eyes and turned away. Pierre, who from the moment Prince Andrew entered the room had watched him with glad, affectionate eyes, now came up and took his arm. Before he looked round Prince Andrew frowned again, expressing his annoyance with whoever was touching his arm, but when he saw Pierre's beaming face he gave him an unexpectedly kind and pleasant smile.
affectionate - affectueux
annoyance - l'agacement, ennui, nuisance, irritation, checkagacement
"There now!... So you, too, are in the great world?" said he to Pierre.
"I knew you would be here," replied Pierre. "I will come to supper with you. May I?" he added in a low voice so as not to disturb the vicomte who was continuing his story.
supper - dîner, souper
"No, impossible!" said Prince Andrew, laughing and pressing Pierre's hand to show that there was no need to ask the question. He wished to say something more, but at that moment Prince VasĂli and his daughter got up to go and the two young men rose to let them pass.
"You must excuse me, dear Vicomte," said Prince VasĂli to the Frenchman, holding him down by the sleeve in a friendly way to prevent his rising. "This unfortunate fete at the ambassador's deprives me of a pleasure, and obliges me to interrupt you. I am very sorry to leave your enchanting party," said he, turning to Anna PĂˇvlovna.
sleeve - manche, chemise (inner), gaine (outer), manchon
enchanting - enchanteresse, enchanter
His daughter, Princess HĂ©lĂ¨ne, passed between the chairs, lightly holding up the folds of her dress, and the smile shone still more radiantly on her beautiful face. Pierre gazed at her with rapturous, almost frightened, eyes as she passed him.
radiantly - de façon rayonnante
rapturous - ravie
"Very lovely," said Prince Andrew.
"Very," said Pierre.
In passing Prince VasĂli seized Pierre's hand and said to Anna PĂˇvlovna: "Educate this bear for me! He has been staying with me a whole month and this is the first time I have seen him in society. Nothing is so necessary for a young man as the society of clever women."
Anna PĂˇvlovna smiled and promised to take Pierre in hand. She knew his father to be a connection of Prince VasĂli's. The elderly lady who had been sitting with the old aunt rose hurriedly and overtook Prince VasĂli in the anteroom. All the affectation of interest she had assumed had left her kindly and tear-worn face and it now expressed only anxiety and fear.
hurriedly - en toute hâte, a la hâte, a la sauvette, a la va-vite
overtook - dépasser, doubler, surprendre
anteroom - attente
affectation - affectation
"How about my son BorĂs, Prince?" said she, hurrying after him into the anteroom. "I can't remain any longer in Petersburg. Tell me what news I may take back to my poor boy."
Although Prince VasĂli listened reluctantly and not very politely to the elderly lady, even betraying some impatience, she gave him an ingratiating and appealing smile, and took his hand that he might not go away.
reluctantly - a contrecour
ingratiating - l'ingratitude, se faire aimer
"What would it cost you to say a word to the Emperor, and then he would be transferred to the Guards at once?" said she.
"Believe me, Princess, I am ready to do all I can," answered Prince VasĂli, "but it is difficult for me to ask the Emperor. I should advise you to appeal to RumyĂˇntsev through Prince GolĂtsyn. That would be the best way."
The elderly lady was a Princess DrubetskĂˇya, belonging to one of the best families in Russia, but she was poor, and having long been out of society had lost her former influential connections. She had now come to Petersburg to procure an appointment in the Guards for her only son.
procure - se procurer, acquérir, obtenir, proxénétisme, procurer
It was, in fact, solely to meet Prince VasĂli that she had obtained an invitation to Anna PĂˇvlovna's reception and had sat listening to the vicomte's story. Prince VasĂli's words frightened her, an embittered look clouded her once handsome face, but only for a moment; then she smiled again and clutched Prince VasĂli's arm more tightly.
embittered - aigri, aigrir
clutched - serré, se raccrocher (a)
tightly - étanche, fermement
"Listen to me, Prince," said she. "I have never yet asked you for anything and I never will again, nor have I ever reminded you of my father's friendship for you; but now I entreat you For God's sake to do this for my son"and I shall always regard you as a benefactor," she added hurriedly. "No, don't be angry, but promise! I have asked GolĂtsyn and he has refused.
For God's sake - Pour l'amour de Dieu
benefactor - bienfaiteur, bienfaitrice
Be the kindhearted man you always were," she said, trying to smile though tears were in her eyes.
kindhearted - au cour tendre
"Papa, we shall be late," said Princess HĂ©lĂ¨ne, turning her beautiful head and looking over her classically molded shoulder as she stood waiting by the door.
papa - papa
classically - classiquement
Influence in society, however, is a capital which has to be economized if it is to last. Prince VasĂli knew this, and having once realized that if he asked on behalf of all who begged of him, he would soon be unable to ask for himself, he became chary of using his influence. But in Princess DrubetskĂˇya's case he felt, after her second appeal, something like qualms of conscience.
economized - économisé, économiser, épargner
chary - chary, serré
qualms - des scrupules, scrupule
She had reminded him of what was quite true; he had been indebted to her father for the first steps in his career. Moreover, he could see by her manners that she was one of those women"mostly mothers"who, having once made up their minds, will not rest until they have gained their end, and are prepared if necessary to go on insisting day after day and hour after hour, and even to make scenes.
indebted - endetté
This last consideration moved him.
"My dear Anna MikhĂˇylovna," said he with his usual familiarity and weariness of tone, "it is almost impossible for me to do what you ask; but to prove my devotion to you and how I respect your father's memory, I will do the impossible"your son shall be transferred to the Guards. Here is my hand on it. Are you satisfied?"
"My dear benefactor! This is what I expected from you"I knew your kindness!" He turned to go.
kindness - la gentillesse, bonté
"Wait"just a word! When he has been transferred to the Guards..." she faltered. "You are on good terms with Michael IlariĂłnovich KutĂşzov ... recommend BorĂs to him as adjutant! Then I shall be at rest, and then..."
faltered - a faibli, vaciller
adjutant - adjuvant, adjudant
Prince VasĂli smiled.
"No, I won't promise that. You don't know how KutĂşzov is pestered since his appointment as Commander in Chief. He told me himself that all the Moscow ladies have conspired to give him all their sons as adjutants."
adjutants - adjuvants, adjudant
"No, but do promise! I won't let you go! My dear benefactor..."
"Papa," said his beautiful daughter in the same tone as before, "we shall be late."
"Well, au revoir! Good-by! You hear her?"
au - au, SPL
"Then tomorrow you will speak to the Emperor?"
"Certainly; but about KutĂşzov, I don't promise."
"Do promise, do promise, VasĂli!" cried Anna MikhĂˇylovna as he went, with the smile of a coquettish girl, which at one time probably came naturally to her, but was now very ill-suited to her careworn face.
Apparently she had forgotten her age and by force of habit employed all the old feminine arts. But as soon as the prince had gone her face resumed its former cold, artificial expression. She returned to the group where the vicomte was still talking, and again pretended to listen, while waiting till it would be time to leave. Her task was accomplished.
"And what do you think of this latest comedy, the coronation at Milan?" asked Anna PĂˇvlovna, "and of the comedy of the people of Genoa and Lucca laying their petitions before Monsieur Buonaparte, and Monsieur Buonaparte sitting on a throne and granting the petitions of the nations? Adorable! It is enough to make one's head whirl! It is as if the whole world had gone crazy."
coronation - couronnement
throne - trône
adorable - adorable
whirl - tourbillon, tourbillonner
Prince Andrew looked Anna PĂˇvlovna straight in the face with a sarcastic smile.
sarcastic - sarcastique
"Dieu me la donne, gare Ă qui la touche!''* They say he was very fine when he said that," he remarked, repeating the words in Italian: "Dio mi l'ha dato. Guai a chi la tocchi!''
donne - Donne
touche - touche
Mi - lieue
ha - HA
dato - dato
chi - chi
* God has given it to me, let him who touches it beware!
Beware - méfiez-vous !, faire attention
"I hope this will prove the last drop that will make the glass run over," Anna PĂˇvlovna continued. "The sovereigns will not be able to endure this man who is a menace to everything."
sovereigns - souverains, souverain
menace - menace, menacer
"The sovereigns? I do not speak of Russia," said the vicomte, polite but hopeless: "The sovereigns, madame... What have they done for Louis XVII, for the Queen, or for Madame Elizabeth? Nothing!" and he became more animated. "And believe me, they are reaping the reward of their betrayal of the Bourbon cause. The sovereigns! Why, they are sending ambassadors to compliment the usurper."
hopeless - sans espoir, désespéré
Elizabeth - elizabeth, Élisabeth
reaping - moissonner, faucher
betrayal - trahison
Bourbon - le bourbon, bourbon
compliment - compliment, complimenter, faire un compliment
usurper - usurpateur, usurpatrice
And sighing disdainfully, he again changed his position.
disdainfully - avec dédain
Prince Hippolyte, who had been gazing at the vicomte for some time through his lorgnette, suddenly turned completely round toward the little princess, and having asked for a needle began tracing the CondĂ© coat of arms on the table. He explained this to her with as much gravity as if she had asked him to do it.
"BĂ˘ton de gueules, engrĂŞlĂ© de gueules d'azur"maison CondĂ©," said he.
The princess listened, smiling.
"If Buonaparte remains on the throne of France a year longer," the vicomte continued, with the air of a man who, in a matter with which he is better acquainted than anyone else, does not listen to others but follows the current of his own thoughts, "things will have gone too far.
By intrigues, violence, exile, and executions, French society"I mean good French society"will have been forever destroyed, and then...."
intrigues - intrigues, intrigue, intriguer, conspirer
He shrugged his shoulders and spread out his hands. Pierre wished to make a remark, for the conversation interested him, but Anna PĂˇvlovna, who had him under observation, interrupted:
"The Emperor Alexander," said she, with the melancholy which always accompanied any reference of hers to the Imperial family, "has declared that he will leave it to the French people themselves to choose their own form of government; and I believe that once free from the usurper, the whole nation will certainly throw itself into the arms of its rightful king," she concluded, trying to be amiable to the royalist emigrant.
Imperial - impérial, royal
rightful - légitime
Royalist - royaliste
emigrant - émigré, émigrée, émigrant, émigrante
"That is doubtful," said Prince Andrew. "Monsieur le Vicomte quite rightly supposes that matters have already gone too far. I think it will be difficult to return to the old regime."
doubtful - douteux, douteuse
rightly - a juste titre
"From what I have heard," said Pierre, blushing and breaking into the conversation, "almost all the aristocracy has already gone over to Bonaparte's side."
blushing - rougir, (blush) rougir
aristocracy - l'aristocratie, aristocratie
"It is the Buonapartists who say that," replied the vicomte without looking at Pierre. "At the present time it is difficult to know the real state of French public opinion."
"Bonaparte has said so," remarked Prince Andrew with a sarcastic smile.
It was evident that he did not like the vicomte and was aiming his remarks at him, though without looking at him.
"I showed them the path to glory, but they did not follow it,'" Prince Andrew continued after a short silence, again quoting Napoleon's words. "I opened my antechambers and they crowded in.'I do not know how far he was justified in saying so."
antechambers - antichambres, antichambre
"Not in the least," replied the vicomte. "After the murder of the duc even the most partial ceased to regard him as a hero. If to some people," he went on, turning to Anna PĂˇvlovna, "he ever was a hero, after the murder of the duc there was one martyr more in heaven and one hero less on earth."
most partial - le plus partiel
martyr - martyr, martyre, chahîd, chahid
Before Anna PĂˇvlovna and the others had time to smile their appreciation of the vicomte's epigram, Pierre again broke into the conversation, and though Anna PĂˇvlovna felt sure he would say something inappropriate, she was unable to stop him.
epigram - épigramme
"The execution of the Duc d'Enghien," declared Monsieur Pierre, "was a political necessity, and it seems to me that Napoleon showed greatness of soul by not fearing to take on himself the whole responsibility of that deed."
greatness - la grandeur, grandeur
"Dieu! Mon Dieu!" muttered Anna PĂˇvlovna in a terrified whisper.
mon - Mon
muttered - marmonné, marmonner
"What, Monsieur Pierre... Do you consider that assassination shows greatness of soul?" said the little princess, smiling and drawing her work nearer to her.
"Oh! Oh!" exclaimed several voices.
exclaimed - s'est exclamé, exclamer
"Capital!" said Prince Hippolyte in English, and began slapping his knee with the palm of his hand.
The vicomte merely shrugged his shoulders. Pierre looked solemnly at his audience over his spectacles and continued.
"I say so," he continued desperately, "because the Bourbons fled from the Revolution leaving the people to anarchy, and Napoleon alone understood the Revolution and quelled it, and so for the general good, he could not stop short for the sake of one man's life."
Bourbons - bourbons, bourbon
anarchy - l'anarchie, anarchie
quelled - étouffée, réprimer
stop short - s'arreter court de
"Won't you come over to the other table?" suggested Anna PĂˇvlovna.
But Pierre continued his speech without heeding her.
heeding - l'écoute, attention, observer, surveiller, preter attention
"No," cried he, becoming more and more eager, "Napoleon is great because he rose superior to the Revolution, suppressed its abuses, preserved all that was good in it"equality of citizenship and freedom of speech and of the press"and only for that reason did he obtain power."
more eager - plus enthousiaste
"Yes, if having obtained power, without availing himself of it to commit murder he had restored it to the rightful king, I should have called him a great man," remarked the vicomte.
availing - disponible, profiter, saisir, servir
"He could not do that. The people only gave him power that he might rid them of the Bourbons and because they saw that he was a great man. The Revolution was a grand thing!" continued Monsieur Pierre, betraying by this desperate and provocative proposition his extreme youth and his wish to express all that was in his mind.
provocative - provocateur, provocatrice
"What? Revolution and regicide a grand thing?... Well, after that... But won't you come to this other table?" repeated Anna PĂˇvlovna.
regicide - régicide
"Rousseau's Contrat Social," said the vicomte with a tolerant smile.
Rousseau - rousseau
"I am not speaking of regicide, I am speaking about ideas."
"Yes: ideas of robbery, murder, and regicide," again interjected an ironical voice.
interjected - s'est interposé, intervenir
ironical - ironique
"Those were extremes, no doubt, but they are not what is most important. What is important are the rights of man, emancipation from prejudices, and equality of citizenship, and all these ideas Napoleon has retained in full force."
Emancipation - l'émancipation, émancipation
"Liberty and equality," said the vicomte contemptuously, as if at last deciding seriously to prove to this youth how foolish his words were, "high-sounding words which have long been discredited. Who does not love liberty and equality? Even our Saviour preached liberty and equality. Have people since the Revolution become happier? On the contrary.
contemptuously - avec mépris
foolish - sot, stupide, bete, idiot
discredited - discrédité, discréditer, discrédit
saviour - sauveur
We wanted liberty, but Buonaparte has destroyed it."
Prince Andrew kept looking with an amused smile from Pierre to the vicomte and from the vicomte to their hostess. In the first moment of Pierre's outburst Anna PĂˇvlovna, despite her social experience, was horror-struck.
amused - amusé, amuser
outburst - explosion, transport
But when she saw that Pierre's sacrilegious words had not exasperated the vicomte, and had convinced herself that it was impossible to stop him, she rallied her forces and joined the vicomte in a vigorous attack on the orator.
sacrilegious - sacrilege
exasperated - exaspéré, exaspérer
orator - orateur, oratrice
"But, my dear Monsieur Pierre," said she, "how do you explain the fact of a great man executing a duc"or even an ordinary man who"is innocent and untried?"
untried - non testé
"I should like," said the vicomte, "to ask how monsieur explains the 18th Brumaire; was not that an imposture? It was a swindle, and not at all like the conduct of a great man!"
Brumaire - brumaire
imposture - imposture
swindle - escroquer, entourlouper, escroquerie
"And the prisoners he killed in Africa? That was horrible!" said the little princess, shrugging her shoulders.
Africa - l'afrique, l’Afrique
"He's a low fellow, say what you will," remarked Prince Hippolyte.
Pierre, not knowing whom to answer, looked at them all and smiled. His smile was unlike the half-smile of other people. When he smiled, his grave, even rather gloomy, look was instantaneously replaced by another"a childlike, kindly, even rather silly look, which seemed to ask forgiveness.
gloomy - morose, lugubre, sombre, terne, maussade
instantaneously - instantanément
forgiveness - le pardon, pardon
The vicomte who was meeting him for the first time saw clearly that this young Jacobin was not so terrible as his words suggested. All were silent.
Jacobin - jacobin
"How do you expect him to answer you all at once?" said Prince Andrew. "Besides, in the actions of a statesman one has to distinguish between his acts as a private person, as a general, and as an emperor. So it seems to me."
statesman - homme d'État
"Yes, yes, of course!" Pierre chimed in, pleased at the arrival of this reinforcement.
chimed - carillonné, carillon
reinforcement - renforcement, renfort
"One must admit," continued Prince Andrew, "that Napoleon as a man was great on the bridge of Arcola, and in the hospital at Jaffa where he gave his hand to the plague-stricken; but ... but there are other acts which it is difficult to justify."
Jaffa - Jaffa
plague - peste, fléau, plaie, calamité, affliger
Prince Andrew, who had evidently wished to tone down the awkwardness of Pierre's remarks, rose and made a sign to his wife that it was time to go.
awkwardness - maladresse
Suddenly Prince Hippolyte started up making signs to everyone to attend, and asking them all to be seated began:
"I was told a charming Moscow story today and must treat you to it. Excuse me, Vicomte"I must tell it in Russian or the point will be lost...." And Prince Hippolyte began to tell his story in such Russian as a Frenchman would speak after spending about a year in Russia. Everyone waited, so emphatically and eagerly did he demand their attention to his story.
emphatically - avec insistance
"There is in Moscow a lady, une dame, and she is very stingy. She must have two footmen behind her carriage, and very big ones. That was her taste. And she had a lady's maid, also big. She said...."
une - une
footmen - les valets de pied, laquais
Here Prince Hippolyte paused, evidently collecting his ideas with difficulty.
"She said.... Oh yes! She said, Girl,'to the maid, put on a livery, get up behind the carriage, and come with me while I make some calls.'"
livery - la livrée
Here Prince Hippolyte spluttered and burst out laughing long before his audience, which produced an effect unfavorable to the narrator. Several persons, among them the elderly lady and Anna PĂˇvlovna, did however smile.
unfavorable - défavorable
"She went. Suddenly there was a great wind. The girl lost her hat and her long hair came down...." Here he could contain himself no longer and went on, between gasps of laughter: "And the whole world knew...."
wind - vent, emmailloter, détortiller, langer, enrouler
gasps - haletements, retenir son souffle, haleter, ahaner, haletement
And so the anecdote ended. Though it was unintelligible why he had told it, or why it had to be told in Russian, still Anna PĂˇvlovna and the others appreciated Prince Hippolyte's social tact in so agreeably ending Pierre's unpleasant and unamiable outburst.
agreeably - a l'aise, agréablement
unamiable - inamissible
After the anecdote the conversation broke up into insignificant small talk about the last and next balls, about theatricals, and who would meet whom, and when and where.
insignificant - insignifiante
Having thanked Anna PĂˇvlovna for her charming soiree, the guests began to take their leave.
soiree - soirée
Pierre was ungainly. Stout, about the average height, broad, with huge red hands; he did not know, as the saying is, how to enter a drawing room and still less how to leave one; that is, how to say something particularly agreeable before going away. Besides this he was absent-minded.
ungainly - disgracieux, gauche
agreeable - agréable, complaisant
When he rose to go, he took up instead of his own, the general's three-cornered hat, and held it, pulling at the plume, till the general asked him to restore it. All his absent-mindedness and inability to enter a room and converse in it was, however, redeemed by his kindly, simple, and modest expression.
plume - plume, plume(t)
mindedness - l'esprit
converse - converser, conversez, conversons, conversent
redeemed - rachetés, racheter, libérer, secourir, soulager
Anna PĂˇvlovna turned toward him and, with a Christian mildness that expressed forgiveness of his indiscretion, nodded and said: "I hope to see you again, but I also hope you will change your opinions, my dear Monsieur Pierre."
Christian - chrétien, chrétienne, Christian
indiscretion - indiscrétion
When she said this, he did not reply and only bowed, but again everybody saw his smile, which said nothing, unless perhaps, "Opinions are opinions, but you see what a capital, good-natured fellow I am." And everyone, including Anna PĂˇvlovna, felt this.
good-natured - (good-natured) Bonne humeur
Prince Andrew had gone out into the hall, and, turning his shoulders to the footman who was helping him on with his cloak, listened indifferently to his wife's chatter with Prince Hippolyte who had also come into the hall. Prince Hippolyte stood close to the pretty, pregnant princess, and stared fixedly at her through his eyeglass.
cloak - cape, pelisse, pelerine
indifferently - avec indifférence
chatter - bavardage, bavarder, babil, cacarder
fixedly - fixement
eyeglass - lunettes, monocle
"Go in, Annette, or you will catch cold," said the little princess, taking leave of Anna PĂˇvlovna. "It is settled," she added in a low voice.
Anna PĂˇvlovna had already managed to speak to Lise about the match she contemplated between Anatole and the little princess'sister-in-law.
"I rely on you, my dear," said Anna PĂˇvlovna, also in a low tone. "Write to her and let me know how her father looks at the matter. Au revoir! ""and she left the hall.
Prince Hippolyte approached the little princess and, bending his face close to her, began to whisper something.
Two footmen, the princess'and his own, stood holding a shawl and a cloak, waiting for the conversation to finish. They listened to the French sentences which to them were meaningless, with an air of understanding but not wishing to appear to do so. The princess as usual spoke smilingly and listened with a laugh.
shawl - châle
meaningless - sans signification, dénué de sens, dépourvu de sens
"I am very glad I did not go to the ambassador's," said Prince Hippolyte ""so dull". It has been a delightful evening, has it not? Delightful!"
"They say the ball will be very good," replied the princess, drawing up her downy little lip. "All the pretty women in society will be there."
downy - duveteux
"Not all, for you will not be there; not all," said Prince Hippolyte smiling joyfully; and snatching the shawl from the footman, whom he even pushed aside, he began wrapping it round the princess. Either from awkwardness or intentionally (no one could have said which) after the shawl had been adjusted he kept his arm around her for a long time, as though embracing her.
snatching - vol a l'arraché, empoigner, happer, saisir, arracher, enlever
intentionally - intentionnellement
Still smiling, she gracefully moved away, turning and glancing at her husband. Prince Andrew's eyes were closed, so weary and sleepy did he seem.
gracefully - gracieusement
sleepy - somnolent, ensommeillé, ensuqué, endormi
"Are you ready?" he asked his wife, looking past her.
Prince Hippolyte hurriedly put on his cloak, which in the latest fashion reached to his very heels, and, stumbling in it, ran out into the porch following the princess, whom a footman was helping into the carriage.
porch - porche, véranda, portique
"Princesse, au revoir," cried he, stumbling with his tongue as well as with his feet.
princesse - princesse
The princess, picking up her dress, was taking her seat in the dark carriage, her husband was adjusting his saber; Prince Hippolyte, under pretense of helping, was in everyone's way.
saber - sabrer
"Allow me, sir," said Prince Andrew in Russian in a cold, disagreeable tone to Prince Hippolyte who was blocking his path.
disagreeable - incompatible, désagréable
"I am expecting you, Pierre," said the same voice, but gently and affectionately.
affectionately - affectueusement
The postilion started, the carriage wheels rattled. Prince Hippolyte laughed spasmodically as he stood in the porch waiting for the vicomte whom he had promised to take home.
postilion - postilion, postillon
rattled - secouée, (faire) cliqueter
spasmodically - spasmodiquement
"Well, mon cher," said the vicomte, having seated himself beside Hippolyte in the carriage, "your little princess is very nice, very nice indeed, quite French," and he kissed the tips of his fingers. Hippolyte burst out laughing.
"Do you know, you are a terrible chap for all your innocent airs," continued the vicomte. "I pity the poor husband, that little officer who gives himself the airs of a monarch."
chap - chap, fissure
Hippolyte spluttered again, and amid his laughter said, "And you were saying that the Russian ladies are not equal to the French? One has to know how to deal with them."
Pierre reaching the house first went into Prince Andrew's study like one quite at home, and from habit immediately lay down on the sofa, took from the shelf the first book that came to his hand (it was Caesar's Commentaries), and resting on his elbow, began reading it in the middle.
Caesar - césar
"What have you done to Mlle SchĂ©rer? She will be quite ill now," said Prince Andrew, as he entered the study, rubbing his small white hands.
Pierre turned his whole body, making the sofa creak. He lifted his eager face to Prince Andrew, smiled, and waved his hand.
creak - grincement, craquement, craquer
"That abbĂ© is very interesting but he does not see the thing in the right light.... In my opinion perpetual peace is possible but"I do not know how to express it ... not by a balance of political power...."
It was evident that Prince Andrew was not interested in such abstract conversation.
"One can't everywhere say all one thinks, mon cher. Well, have you at last decided on anything? Are you going to be a guardsman or a diplomatist?" asked Prince Andrew after a momentary silence.
diplomatist - diplomate
momentary - momentanée
Pierre sat up on the sofa, with his legs tucked under him.
tucked - tucked, rempli
"Really, I don't yet know. I don't like either the one or the other."
"But you must decide on something! Your father expects it."
Pierre at the age of ten had been sent abroad with an abbĂ© as tutor, and had remained away till he was twenty. When he returned to Moscow his father dismissed the abbĂ© and said to the young man, "Now go to Petersburg, look round, and choose your profession. I will agree to anything. Here is a letter to Prince VasĂli, and here is money.
tutor - tuteur, chargé/-e de classe
Write to me all about it, and I will help you in everything." Pierre had already been choosing a career for three months, and had not decided on anything. It was about this choice that Prince Andrew was speaking. Pierre rubbed his forehead.
"But he must be a Freemason," said he, referring to the abbĂ© whom he had met that evening.
Freemason - franc-maçon
"That is all nonsense." Prince Andrew again interrupted him, "let us talk business. Have you been to the Horse Guards?"
talk business - parler affaires
"No, I have not; but this is what I have been thinking and wanted to tell you. There is a war now against Napoleon. If it were a war for freedom I could understand it and should be the first to enter the army; but to help England and Austria against the greatest man in the world is not right."
Prince Andrew only shrugged his shoulders at Pierre's childish words. He put on the air of one who finds it impossible to reply to such nonsense, but it would in fact have been difficult to give any other answer than the one Prince Andrew gave to this naĂŻve question.
childish - enfantin, puéril, gamin
"If no one fought except on his own conviction, there would be no wars," he said.
"And that would be splendid," said Pierre.
Prince Andrew smiled ironically.
"Very likely it would be splendid, but it will never come about...."
"Well, why are you going to the war?" asked Pierre.
"What for? I don't know. I must. Besides that I am going...." He paused. "I am going because the life I am leading here does not suit me!"
The rustle of a woman's dress was heard in the next room. Prince Andrew shook himself as if waking up, and his face assumed the look it had had in Anna PĂˇvlovna's drawing room. Pierre removed his feet from the sofa. The princess came in. She had changed her gown for a house dress as fresh and elegant as the other. Prince Andrew rose and politely placed a chair for her.
"How is it," she began, as usual in French, settling down briskly and fussily in the easy chair, "how is it Annette never got married? How stupid you men all are not to have married her! Excuse me for saying so, but you have no sense about women. What an argumentative fellow you are, Monsieur Pierre!"
briskly - rapidement, vivement
fussily - avec agitation
argumentative - argumentatif
"And I am still arguing with your husband. I can't understand why he wants to go to the war," replied Pierre, addressing the princess with none of the embarrassment so commonly shown by young men in their intercourse with young women.
intercourse - les rapports sexuels, relation sexuelle
The princess started. Evidently Pierre's words touched her to the quick.
"Ah, that is just what I tell him!" said she. "I don't understand it; I don't in the least understand why men can't live without wars. How is it that we women don't want anything of the kind, don't need it? Now you shall judge between us. I always tell him: Here he is Uncle's aide-de-camp, a most brilliant position. He is so well known, so much appreciated by everyone.
The other day at the AprĂˇksins'I heard a lady asking, Is that the famous Prince Andrew?'I did indeed." She laughed. "He is so well received everywhere. He might easily become aide-de-camp to the Emperor. You know the Emperor spoke to him most graciously. Annette and I were speaking of how to arrange it. What do you think?"
Pierre looked at his friend and, noticing that he did not like the conversation, gave no reply.
"When are you starting?" he asked.
"Oh, don't speak of his going, don't! I won't hear it spoken of," said the princess in the same petulantly playful tone in which she had spoken to Hippolyte in the drawing room and which was so plainly ill-suited to the family circle of which Pierre was almost a member. "Today when I remembered that all these delightful associations must be broken off ... and then you know, AndrĂ©...
petulantly - avec pétulance
playful - ludique, folâtre, enjoué, joueur
plainly - en toute clarté, simplement, clairement
family circle - le cercle familial
" (she looked significantly at her husband) "I'm afraid, I'm afraid!" she whispered, and a shudder ran down her back.
I'm afraid - J'ai peur
shudder - frémir, tremblement, frisson, frissonner, trembler
Her husband looked at her as if surprised to notice that someone besides Pierre and himself was in the room, and addressed her in a tone of frigid politeness.
frigid - frigide
"What is it you are afraid of, Lise? I don't understand," said he.
"There, what egotists men all are: all, all egotists! Just for a whim of his own, goodness only knows why, he leaves me and locks me up alone in the country."
egotists - égoistes, égoiste
whim - caprice
"With my father and sister, remember," said Prince Andrew gently.
"Alone all the same, without my friends.... And he expects me not to be afraid."
Her tone was now querulous and her lip drawn up, giving her not a joyful, but an animal, squirrel-like expression. She paused as if she felt it indecorous to speak of her pregnancy before Pierre, though the gist of the matter lay in that.
querulous - querelleur
joyful - allegre, joyeux
squirrel - écureuil
indecorous - indécent
the gist of the matter - l'essentiel de la question
"I still can't understand what you are afraid of," said Prince Andrew slowly, not taking his eyes off his wife.
The princess blushed, and raised her arms with a gesture of despair.
blushed - rougi, rougeur
despair - le désespoir, désespérer, désespoir
"No, Andrew, I must say you have changed. Oh, how you have...."
"Your doctor tells you to go to bed earlier," said Prince Andrew. "You had better go."
The princess said nothing, but suddenly her short downy lip quivered. Prince Andrew rose, shrugged his shoulders, and walked about the room.
quivered - a tremblé, frémir
Pierre looked over his spectacles with naĂŻve surprise, now at him and now at her, moved as if about to rise too, but changed his mind.
"Why should I mind Monsieur Pierre being here?" exclaimed the little princess suddenly, her pretty face all at once distorted by a tearful grimace. "I have long wanted to ask you, Andrew, why you have changed so to me? What have I done to you? You are going to the war and have no pity for me. Why is it?"
tearful - en larmes, au bord des larmes, larmoyant
"Lise!" was all Prince Andrew said. But that one word expressed an entreaty, a threat, and above all conviction that she would herself regret her words. But she went on hurriedly:
entreaty - demande, supplication
"You treat me like an invalid or a child. I see it all! Did you behave like that six months ago?"
"Lise, I beg you to desist," said Prince Andrew still more emphatically.
Pierre, who had been growing more and more agitated as he listened to all this, rose and approached the princess. He seemed unable to bear the sight of tears and was ready to cry himself.
"Calm yourself, Princess! It seems so to you because.... I assure you I myself have experienced ... and so ... because ... No, excuse me! An outsider is out of place here.... No, don't distress yourself.... Good-by!"
Prince Andrew caught him by the hand.
"No, wait, Pierre! The princess is too kind to wish to deprive me of the pleasure of spending the evening with you."
"No, he thinks only of himself," muttered the princess without restraining her angry tears.
restraining - de contention, (se) contenir/retenir
"Lise!" said Prince Andrew dryly, raising his voice to the pitch which indicates that patience is exhausted.
exhausted - épuisé, épuiser, échappement
Suddenly the angry, squirrel-like expression of the princess'pretty face changed into a winning and piteous look of fear. Her beautiful eyes glanced askance at her husband's face, and her own assumed the timid, deprecating expression of a dog when it rapidly but feebly wags its drooping tail.
piteous - piteux, pitoyable
askance - l'interrogation, avec méfiance, de travers
timid - timide, craintif
deprecating - dépréciation, désapprouver de
feebly - faiblement
wags - wags, frétiller, remuer, sécher, faire l’école buissonniere
drooping - en train de tomber, tomber, s'affaisser, bec
"Mon Dieu, mon Dieu!" she muttered, and lifting her dress with one hand she went up to her husband and kissed him on the forehead.
"Good night, Lise," said he, rising and courteously kissing her hand as he would have done to a stranger.
The friends were silent. Neither cared to begin talking. Pierre continually glanced at Prince Andrew; Prince Andrew rubbed his forehead with his small hand.
"Let us go and have supper," he said with a sigh, going to the door.
They entered the elegant, newly decorated, and luxurious dining room. Everything from the table napkins to the silver, china, and glass bore that imprint of newness found in the households of the newly married.
luxurious - luxueux, de luxe
dining - dîner, vacarme
napkins - serviettes de table, serviette
imprint - impression, empreinte
newness - nouveauté
Halfway through supper Prince Andrew leaned his elbows on the table and, with a look of nervous agitation such as Pierre had never before seen on his face, began to talk"as one who has long had something on his mind and suddenly determines to speak out.
agitation - l'agitation, agitation
"Never, never marry, my dear fellow! That's my advice: never marry till you can say to yourself that you have done all you are capable of, and until you have ceased to love the woman of your choice and have seen her plainly as she is, or else you will make a cruel and irrevocable mistake. Marry when you are old and good for nothing"or all that is good and noble in you will be lost.
irrevocable - irrévocable
It will all be wasted on trifles. Yes! Yes! Yes! Don't look at me with such surprise. If you marry expecting anything from yourself in the future, you will feel at every step that for you all is ended, all is closed except the drawing room, where you will be ranged side by side with a court lackey and an idiot!... But what's the good?..." and he waved his arm.
trifles - des broutilles, bagatelle, broutille, babiole, bricole
lackey - laquais
Pierre took off his spectacles, which made his face seem different and the good-natured expression still more apparent, and gazed at his friend in amazement.
amazement - l'étonnement, stupéfaction, stupeur
"My wife," continued Prince Andrew, "is an excellent woman, one of those rare women with whom a man's honor is safe; but, O God, what would I not give now to be unmarried! You are the first and only one to whom I mention this, because I like you."
unmarried - célibataire, (unmarry)
As he said this Prince Andrew was less than ever like that BolkĂłnski who had lolled in Anna PĂˇvlovna's easy chairs and with half-closed eyes had uttered French phrases between his teeth. Every muscle of his thin face was now quivering with nervous excitement; his eyes, in which the fire of life had seemed extinguished, now flashed with brilliant light.
quivering - tremblant, frémir
extinguished - éteinte, éteindre
It was evident that the more lifeless he seemed at ordinary times, the more impassioned he became in these moments of almost morbid irritation.
lifeless - sans vie
morbid - morbide, checkmacabre, checkmalsain, checkpathologique
irritation - l'irritation, irritation
"You don't understand why I say this," he continued, "but it is the whole story of life. You talk of Bonaparte and his career," said he (though Pierre had not mentioned Bonaparte), "but Bonaparte when he worked went step by step toward his goal. He was free, he had nothing but his aim to consider, and he reached it.
But tie yourself up with a woman and, like a chained convict, you lose all freedom! And all you have of hope and strength merely weighs you down and torments you with regret. Drawing rooms, gossip, balls, vanity, and triviality"these are the enchanted circle I cannot escape from. I am now going to the war, the greatest war there ever was, and I know nothing and am fit for nothing.
chained convict - un détenu enchaîné
torments - tourments, tourment, tourmenter
gossip - des ragots, commere, commérage, ragot, cancan
vanity - la vanité, vanité
I am very amiable and have a caustic wit," continued Prince Andrew, "and at Anna PĂˇvlovna's they listen to me. And that stupid set without whom my wife cannot exist, and those women.... If you only knew what those society women are, and women in general! My father is right. Selfish, vain, stupid, trivial in everything"that's what women are when you see them in their true colors!
Selfish - égoiste, égoiste
vain - vaine, rench: vaniteux, frivole, vain, futile
trivial - insignifiante, trivial, anodin, banal
When you meet them in society it seems as if there were something in them, but there's nothing, nothing, nothing! No, don't marry, my dear fellow; don't marry!" concluded Prince Andrew.
"It seems funny to me," said Pierre, "that you, you should consider yourself incapable and your life a spoiled life. You have everything before you, everything. And you...."
incapable - incapable
He did not finish his sentence, but his tone showed how highly he thought of his friend and how much he expected of him in the future.
"How can he talk like that?" thought Pierre. He considered his friend a model of perfection because Prince Andrew possessed in the highest degree just the very qualities Pierre lacked, and which might be best described as strength of will.
perfection - la perfection, perfection
Pierre was always astonished at Prince Andrew's calm manner of treating everybody, his extraordinary memory, his extensive reading (he had read everything, knew everything, and had an opinion about everything), but above all at his capacity for work and study.
And if Pierre was often struck by Andrew's lack of capacity for philosophical meditation (to which he himself was particularly addicted), he regarded even this not as a defect but as a sign of strength.
addicted - dépendants, dépendant, dépendante, intoxiqué, intoxiquée g
Even in the best, most friendly and simplest relations of life, praise and commendation are essential, just as grease is necessary to wheels that they may run smoothly.
grease - graisse, graisser, graisser la patte, corrompre, lubrifier
smoothly - en douceur, souplement, doucement
"My part is played out," said Prince Andrew. "What's the use of talking about me? Let us talk about you," he added after a silence, smiling at his reassuring thoughts.
That smile was immediately reflected on Pierre's face.
"But what is there to say about me?" said Pierre, his face relaxing into a careless, merry smile. "What am I? An illegitimate son!" He suddenly blushed crimson, and it was plain that he had made a great effort to say this. "Without a name and without means... And it really..." But he did not say what "it really" was. "For the present I am free and am all right.
merry - joyeux, gai, heureuse, jovial
crimson - cramoisi, carmin, pourpre
Only I haven't the least idea what I am to do; I wanted to consult you seriously."
Prince Andrew looked kindly at him, yet his glance"friendly and affectionate as it was"expressed a sense of his own superiority.
superiority - supériorité
"I am fond of you, especially as you are the one live man among our whole set. Yes, you're all right! Choose what you will; it's all the same. You'll be all right anywhere. But look here: give up visiting those KurĂˇgins and leading that sort of life. It suits you so badly"all this debauchery, dissipation, and the rest of it!"
debauchery - la débauche, débauche, dévergondage, débaucherie
dissipation - dissipation, débauche
"What would you have, my dear fellow?" answered Pierre, shrugging his shoulders. "Women, my dear fellow; women!"
"I don't understand it," replied Prince Andrew. "Women who are comme il faut, that's a different matter; but the KurĂˇgins'set of women, women and wine'I don't understand!"
Pierre was staying at Prince VasĂli KurĂˇgin's and sharing the dissipated life of his son Anatole, the son whom they were planning to reform by marrying him to Prince Andrew's sister.
dissipated - dissipée, dissiper
"Do you know?" said Pierre, as if suddenly struck by a happy thought, "seriously, I have long been thinking of it.... Leading such a life I can't decide or think properly about anything. One's head aches, and one spends all one's money. He asked me for tonight, but I won't go."
aches - douleurs, douleur
"You give me your word of honor not to go?"
"On my honor!"
It was past one o'clock when Pierre left his friend. It was a cloudless, northern, summer night. Pierre took an open cab intending to drive straight home. But the nearer he drew to the house the more he felt the impossibility of going to sleep on such a night. It was light enough to see a long way in the deserted street and it seemed more like morning or evening than night.
cab - cab, fiacre
impossibility - l'impossibilité, impossibilité
On the way Pierre remembered that Anatole KurĂˇgin was expecting the usual set for cards that evening, after which there was generally a drinking bout, finishing with visits of a kind Pierre was very fond of.
drinking bout - Beuverie
"I should like to go to KurĂˇgin's," thought he.
But he immediately recalled his promise to Prince Andrew not to go there. Then, as happens to people of weak character, he desired so passionately once more to enjoy that dissipation he was so accustomed to that he decided to go.
passionately - passionnément
accustomed - habitué, accoutumer
The thought immediately occurred to him that his promise to Prince Andrew was of no account, because before he gave it he had already promised Prince Anatole to come to his gathering; "besides," thought he, "all such words of honor'are conventional things with no definite meaning, especially if one considers that by tomorrow one may be dead, or something so extraordinary may happen to one that honor and dishonor will be all the same!" Pierre often indulged in reflections of this sort, nullifying all his decisions and intentions. He went to KurĂˇgin's.
dishonor - déshonneur
nullifying - annuler, nullifier
Reaching the large house near the Horse Guards'barracks, in which Anatole lived, Pierre entered the lighted porch, ascended the stairs, and went in at the open door. There was no one in the anteroom; empty bottles, cloaks, and overshoes were lying about; there was a smell of alcohol, and sounds of voices and shouting in the distance.
Barracks - les casernes, caserne, (barrack) les casernes
ascended - ascensionné, monter
cloaks - les manteaux, pelisse, pelerine
overshoes - des surchaussures, surchaussure, claque
Cards and supper were over, but the visitors had not yet dispersed. Pierre threw off his cloak and entered the first room, in which were the remains of supper. A footman, thinking no one saw him, was drinking on the sly what was left in the glasses. From the third room came sounds of laughter, the shouting of familiar voices, the growling of a bear, and general commotion.
dispersed - dispersé, disperser, qualifier
sly - sly, sournois, malin, rusé, matois, espiegle
growling - grognement, (growl), feulement, borborygme
Some eight or nine young men were crowding anxiously round an open window. Three others were romping with a young bear, one pulling him by the chain and trying to set him at the others.
anxiously - avec anxiété, anxieusement
romping - des ébats, s'ébattre
"I bet a hundred on Stevens!" shouted one.
"Mind, no holding on!" cried another.
"I bet on DĂłlokhov!" cried a third. "KurĂˇgin, you part our hands."
"There, leave Bruin alone; here's a bet on."
"At one draught, or he loses!" shouted a fourth.
"Jacob, bring a bottle!" shouted the host, a tall, handsome fellow who stood in the midst of the group, without a coat, and with his fine linen shirt unfastened in front. "Wait a bit, you fellows.... Here is PĂ©tya! Good man!" cried he, addressing Pierre.
Jacob - jacob, Jacques
linen - le linge, toile, lin, linge
unfastened - non fermé, défaire
Another voice, from a man of medium height with clear blue eyes, particularly striking among all these drunken voices by its sober ring, cried from the window: "Come here; part the bets!" This was DĂłlokhov, an officer of the SemĂ«nov regiment, a notorious gambler and duelist, who was living with Anatole. Pierre smiled, looking about him merrily.
drunken - ivre
sober - sobre, cuver
ring - anneau, cerne, ring, tinter
regiment - régiment
gambler - joueur, parieur
"I don't understand. What's it all about?"
What's it all about? - De quoi s'agit-il ?
"Wait a bit, he is not drunk yet! A bottle here," said Anatole, and taking a glass from the table he went up to Pierre.
"First of all you must drink!"
Pierre drank one glass after another, looking from under his brows at the tipsy guests who were again crowding round the window, and listening to their chatter.
brows - les sourcils, (brow), andouiller d'oil, maître andouiller
tipsy - éméché, égayé, gris, pompette
Anatole kept on refilling Pierre's glass while explaining that DĂłlokhov was betting with Stevens, an English naval officer, that he would drink a bottle of rum sitting on the outer ledge of the third floor window with his legs hanging out.
refilling - remplissage, recharge
naval officer - officier de marine
rum - le rhum, rhum
ledge - la corniche, rebord
"Go on, you must drink it all," said Anatole, giving Pierre the last glass, "or I won't let you go!"
"No, I won't," said Pierre, pushing Anatole aside, and he went up to the window.
DĂłlokhov was holding the Englishman's hand and clearly and distinctly repeating the terms of the bet, addressing himself particularly to Anatole and Pierre.
Englishman - Anglais
distinctly - distinctement
DĂłlokhov was of medium height, with curly hair and light-blue eyes. He was about twenty-five. Like all infantry officers he wore no mustache, so that his mouth, the most striking feature of his face, was clearly seen. The lines of that mouth were remarkably finely curved.
infantry - l'infanterie, infanterie, fantassins, régiment d'infanterie
mustache - moustache
finely - finement
The middle of the upper lip formed a sharp wedge and closed firmly on the firm lower one, and something like two distinct smiles played continually round the two corners of the mouth; this, together with the resolute, insolent intelligence of his eyes, produced an effect which made it impossible not to notice his face. DĂłlokhov was a man of small means and no connections.
wedge - coin, cale, toquade
resolute - résolu, résolue, ferme, déterminé
insolent - insolent
Yet, though Anatole spent tens of thousands of rubles, DĂłlokhov lived with him and had placed himself on such a footing that all who knew them, including Anatole himself, respected him more than they did Anatole. DĂłlokhov could play all games and nearly always won. However much he drank, he never lost his clearheadedness.
clearheadedness - la lucidité
Both KurĂˇgin and DĂłlokhov were at that time notorious among the rakes and scapegraces of Petersburg.
rakes - râteaux, râteau
The bottle of rum was brought. The window frame which prevented anyone from sitting on the outer sill was being forced out by two footmen, who were evidently flurried and intimidated by the directions and shouts of the gentlemen around.
sill - sill, bille, seuil
intimidated - intimidés, intimider
Anatole with his swaggering air strode up to the window. He wanted to smash something. pushing away the footmen he tugged at the frame, but could not move it. He smashed a pane.
swaggering - en train de plastronner, (swagger) en train de plastronner
strode - strode, marcher a grands pas
pushing away - repousser
tugged - tiré, tirer, remorquer, tirement
pane - panneau, vitre
"You have a try, Hercules," said he, turning to Pierre.
Hercules - hercule
Pierre seized the crossbeam, tugged, and wrenched the oak frame out with a crash.
crossbeam - traverse, bau
wrenched - arraché, arracher
oak - chene, chene, chenes
"Take it right out, or they'll think I'm holding on," said DĂłlokhov.
"Is the Englishman bragging?... Eh? Is it all right?" said Anatole.
bragging - se vanter, fanfaronnade, (brag), brag, fanfaronner
eh - eh
"First-rate," said Pierre, looking at DĂłlokhov, who with a bottle of rum in his hand was approaching the window, from which the light of the sky, the dawn merging with the afterglow of sunset, was visible.
first-rate - (first-rate) de premier ordre
sunset - coucher de soleil, crépuscule
DĂłlokhov, the bottle of rum still in his hand, jumped onto the window sill. "Listen!" cried he, standing there and addressing those in the room. All were silent.
"I bet fifty imperials""he spoke French that the Englishman might understand him, but he did not speak it very well""I bet fifty imperials ... or do you wish to make it a hundred?" added he, addressing the Englishman.
imperials - impériaux, impérial, royal
"No, fifty," replied the latter.
"All right. Fifty imperials ... that I will drink a whole bottle of rum without taking it from my mouth, sitting outside the window on this spot" (he stooped and pointed to the sloping ledge outside the window) "and without holding on to anything. Is that right?"
stooped - vouté, se baisser
"Quite right," said the Englishman.
Anatole turned to the Englishman and taking him by one of the buttons of his coat and looking down at him"the Englishman was short"began repeating the terms of the wager to him in English.
wager - pari, parier
"Wait!" cried DĂłlokhov, hammering with the bottle on the window sill to attract attention. "Wait a bit, KurĂˇgin. Listen! If anyone else does the same, I will pay him a hundred imperials. Do you understand?"
hammering - martelage, martelant, (hammer), marteau, chien
The Englishman nodded, but gave no indication whether he intended to accept this challenge or not. Anatole did not release him, and though he kept nodding to show that he understood, Anatole went on translating DĂłlokhov's words into English. A thin young lad, an hussar of the life guards, who had been losing that evening, climbed on the window sill, leaned over, and looked down.
nodding to - en faisant un signe de tete
Hussar - hussard
life guards - Sauveteurs
"Oh! Oh! Oh!" he muttered, looking down from the window at the stones of the pavement.
pavement - revetement, chaussée, pavement
"Shut up!" cried DĂłlokhov, pushing him away from the window. The lad jumped awkwardly back into the room, tripping over his spurs.
spurs - les éperons, éperon
Placing the bottle on the window sill where he could reach it easily, DĂłlokhov climbed carefully and slowly through the window and lowered his legs. Pressing against both sides of the window, he adjusted himself on his seat, lowered his hands, moved a little to the right and then to the left, and took up the bottle.
lowered - abaissé, (s')assombrir
Anatole brought two candles and placed them on the window sill, though it was already quite light. DĂłlokhov's back in his white shirt, and his curly head, were lit up from both sides. Everyone crowded to the window, the Englishman in front. Pierre stood smiling but silent.
One man, older than the others present, suddenly pushed forward with a scared and angry look and wanted to seize hold of DĂłlokhov's shirt.
pushed forward - poussé en avant
"I say, this is folly! He'll be killed," said this more sensible man.
folly - folie, sottise
Anatole stopped him.
"Don't touch him! You'll startle him and then he'll be killed. Eh?... What then?... Eh?"
startle - sursauter, surprendre
DĂłlokhov turned round and, again holding on with both hands, arranged himself on his seat.
"If anyone comes meddling again," said he, emitting the words separately through his thin compressed lips, "I will throw him down there. Now then!"
meddling - l'ingérence, s'ingérer, se meler
emitting - émettant, émettre
separately - séparément
compressed - comprimée, comprimer, condenser
Saying this he again turned round, dropped his hands, took the bottle and lifted it to his lips, threw back his head, and raised his free hand to balance himself. One of the footmen who had stooped to pick up some broken glass remained in that position without taking his eyes from the window and from DĂłlokhov's back. Anatole stood erect with staring eyes.
The Englishman looked on sideways, pursing up his lips. The man who had wished to stop the affair ran to a corner of the room and threw himself on a sofa with his face to the wall. Pierre hid his face, from which a faint smile forgot to fade though his features now expressed horror and fear. All were still. Pierre took his hands from his eyes.
pursing - poursuivre, bourse, portemonnaie, portefeuille, sac a main
faint - évanouissement, s'évanouir, défailles, défaillez, défaillir
DĂłlokhov still sat in the same position, only his head was thrown further back till his curly hair touched his shirt collar, and the hand holding the bottle was lifted higher and higher and trembled with the effort. The bottle was emptying perceptibly and rising still higher and his head tilting yet further back. "Why is it so long?" thought Pierre.
collar - col, collier
trembled - tremblait, trembler, vibrer, tremblement, vibration
perceptibly - de maniere perceptible
tilting - basculement, (tilt) basculement
It seemed to him that more than half an hour had elapsed. Suddenly DĂłlokhov made a backward movement with his spine, and his arm trembled nervously; this was sufficient to cause his whole body to slip as he sat on the sloping ledge. As he began slipping down, his head and arm wavered still more with the strain. One hand moved as if to clutch the window sill, but refrained from touching it.
elapsed - s'est écoulé, passer
backward - a l'envers, arriéré, en arriere, a reculons
nervously - nerveusement
wavered - a vacillé, hésiter
clutch - embrayage, agriffons, couplage, saisir, agriffez, agriffent
refrained - s'est abstenu, refrain
Pierre again covered his eyes and thought he would never open them again. Suddenly he was aware of a stir all around. He looked up: DĂłlokhov was standing on the window sill, with a pale but radiant face.
He threw the bottle to the Englishman, who caught it neatly. DĂłlokhov jumped down. He smelt strongly of rum.
"Well done!... Fine fellow!... There's a bet for you!... Devil take you!" came from different sides.
The Englishman took out his purse and began counting out the money. DĂłlokhov stood frowning and did not speak. Pierre jumped upon the window sill.
purse - sac a main, bourse, portemonnaie, portefeuille, sac a main
frowning - froncer les sourcils
"Gentlemen, who wishes to bet with me? I'll do the same thing!" he suddenly cried. "Even without a bet, there! Tell them to bring me a bottle. I'll do it.... Bring a bottle!"
I'll do it - Je vais le faire
"Let him do it, let him do it," said DĂłlokhov, smiling.
"What next? Have you gone mad?... No one would let you!... Why, you go giddy even on a staircase," exclaimed several voices.
giddy - étourdi, étourdissant
staircase - escalier
"I'll drink it! Let's have a bottle of rum!" shouted Pierre, banging the table with a determined and drunken gesture and preparing to climb out of the window.
banging - banging, détonation
They seized him by his arms; but he was so strong that everyone who touched him was sent flying.
"No, you'll never manage him that way," said Anatole. "Wait a bit and I'll get round him.... Listen! I'll take your bet tomorrow, but now we are all going to ""'s."
"Come on then," cried Pierre. "Come on!... And we'll take Bruin with us."
And he caught the bear, took it in his arms, lifted it from the ground, and began dancing round the room with it.
Prince VasĂli kept the promise he had given to Princess DrubetskĂˇya who had spoken to him on behalf of her only son BorĂs on the evening of Anna PĂˇvlovna's soiree. The matter was mentioned to the Emperor, an exception made, and BorĂs transferred into the regiment of SemĂ«nov Guards with the rank of cornet.
cornet - cornet (a pistons)
He received, however, no appointment to KutĂşzov's staff despite all Anna MikhĂˇylovna's endeavors and entreaties.
endeavors - des entreprises, effort, entreprise, tenter, s’efforcer
entreaties - des supplications, supplication
Soon after Anna PĂˇvlovna's reception Anna MikhĂˇylovna returned to Moscow and went straight to her rich relations, the RostĂłvs, with whom she stayed when in the town and where her darling BĂłry, who had only just entered a regiment of the line and was being at once transferred to the Guards as a cornet, had been educated from childhood and lived for years at a time.
darling - chéri, chérie
The Guards had already left Petersburg on the tenth of August, and her son, who had remained in Moscow for his equipment, was to join them on the march to RadzivĂlov.
tenth - dixieme, dixieme ('before the noun'), ('in names of monarchs and popes') dix ('after the name') ('abbreviation' X)
It was St. Natalia's day and the name day of two of the RostĂłvs"the mother and the youngest daughter"both named Nataly. Ever since the morning, carriages with six horses had been coming and going continually, bringing visitors to the Countess RostĂłva's big house on the PovarskĂˇya, so well known to all Moscow.
Countess - comtesse
The countess herself and her handsome eldest daughter were in the drawing room with the visitors who came to congratulate, and who constantly succeeded one another in relays.
relays - relais, retransmettre
The countess was a woman of about forty-five, with a thin Oriental type of face, evidently worn out with childbearing"she had had twelve. A languor of motion and speech, resulting from weakness, gave her a distinguished air which inspired respect.
childbearing - la procréation
languor - langueur
Princess Anna MikhĂˇylovna DrubetskĂˇya, who as a member of the household was also seated in the drawing room, helped to receive and entertain the visitors. The young people were in one of the inner rooms, not considering it necessary to take part in receiving the visitors. The count met the guests and saw them off, inviting them all to dinner.
"I am very, very grateful to you, mon cher," or "ma chĂ¨re""he called everyone without exception and without the slightest variation in his tone, "my dear," whether they were above or below him in rank""I thank you for myself and for our two dear ones whose name day we are keeping. But mind you come to dinner or I shall be offended, ma chĂ¨re!
On behalf of the whole family I beg you to come, mon cher!" These words he repeated to everyone without exception or variation, and with the same expression on his full, cheerful, clean-shaven face, the same firm pressure of the hand and the same quick, repeated bows.
As soon as he had seen a visitor off he returned to one of those who were still in the drawing room, drew a chair toward him or her, and jauntily spreading out his legs and putting his hands on his knees with the air of a man who enjoys life and knows how to live, he swayed to and fro with dignity, offered surmises about the weather, or touched on questions of health, sometimes in Russian and sometimes in very bad but self-confident French; then again, like a man weary but unflinching in the fulfillment of duty, he rose to see some visitors off and, stroking his scanty gray hairs over his bald patch, also asked them to dinner. Sometimes on his way back from the anteroom he would pass through the conservatory and pantry into the large marble dining hall, where tables were being set out for eighty people; and looking at the footmen, who were bringing in silver and china, moving tables, and unfolding damask table linen, he would call DmĂtri VasĂlevich, a man of good family and the manager of all his affairs, and while looking with pleasure at the enormous table would say: "Well, DmĂtri, you'll see that things are all as they should be? That's right! The great thing is the serving, that's it." And with a complacent sigh he would return to the drawing room.
swayed - balancés, autorité, poids, influence, prépondérance, balancer
surmises - des suppositions, présumer, supposer, suspecter
unflinching - inébranlable
fulfillment - l'accomplissement
scanty - maigre, insuffisant
conservatory - jardin d'hiver, serre
pantry - garde-manger
marble - marbre, bille, grillot, marbrer
dining - dîner
damask - damas, lie-de-vin
complacent - complaisant
"MĂˇrya LvĂłvna KarĂˇgina and her daughter!" announced the countess'gigantic footman in his bass voice, entering the drawing room. The countess reflected a moment and took a pinch from a gold snuffbox with her husband's portrait on it.
gigantic - gigantesque, colossal
bass voice - voix de basse
pinch - pincer, chiper, pincement, pincée
snuffbox - tabatiere, tabatiere
"I'm quite worn out by these callers. However, I'll see her and no more. She is so affected. Ask her in," she said to the footman in a sad voice, as if saying: "Very well, finish me off."
callers - les appelants, téléphoneur, appelant
A tall, stout, and proud-looking woman, with a round-faced smiling daughter, entered the drawing room, their dresses rustling.
rustling - bruissement, (rustle), froufrou, froufrouter
"Dear Countess, what an age... She has been laid up, poor child ... at the RazumĂłvski's ball ... and Countess AprĂˇksina ... I was so delighted..." came the sounds of animated feminine voices, interrupting one another and mingling with the rustling of dresses and the scraping of chairs.
mingling - se meler, (mingle), mélanger
scraping - grattant, (scrap) grattant
Then one of those conversations began which last out until, at the first pause, the guests rise with a rustle of dresses and say, "I am so delighted... Mamma's health... and Countess AprĂˇksina..." and then, again rustling, pass into the anteroom, put on cloaks or mantles, and drive away.
mamma - mamma, maman
mantles - les manchons, manteau, les renes, manchon
The conversation was on the chief topic of the day: the illness of the wealthy and celebrated beau of Catherine's day, Count BezĂşkhov, and about his illegitimate son Pierre, the one who had behaved so improperly at Anna PĂˇvlovna's reception.
improperly - de maniere inappropriée
"I am so sorry for the poor count," said the visitor. "He is in such bad health, and now this vexation about his son is enough to kill him!"
vexation - vexation, tracas, tracasserie, contrariété
"What is that?" asked the countess as if she did not know what the visitor alluded to, though she had already heard about the cause of Count BezĂşkhov's distress some fifteen times.
alluded - allusion, alluder, faire allusion, suggérer
"That's what comes of a modern education," exclaimed the visitor. "It seems that while he was abroad this young man was allowed to do as he liked, now in Petersburg I hear he has been doing such terrible things that he has been expelled by the police."
expelled - expulsé, expulser, éjecter, déporter
"You don't say so!" replied the countess.
You don't say so - Vous ne le dites pas
"He chose his friends badly," interposed Anna MikhĂˇylovna. "Prince VasĂli's son, he, and a certain DĂłlokhov have, it is said, been up to heaven only knows what! And they have had to suffer for it. DĂłlokhov has been degraded to the ranks and BezĂşkhov's son sent back to Moscow.
interposed - interposée, interposer, intercaler, interrompre, couper
Anatole KurĂˇgin's father managed somehow to get his son's affair hushed up, but even he was ordered out of Petersburg."
hushed up - étouffé
"But what have they been up to?" asked the countess.
"They are regular brigands, especially DĂłlokhov," replied the visitor. "He is a son of MĂˇrya IvĂˇnovna DĂłlokhova, such a worthy woman, but there, just fancy! Those three got hold of a bear somewhere, put it in a carriage, and set off with it to visit some actresses! The police tried to interfere, and what did the young men do?
brigands - des brigands, brigand, bandit
They tied a policeman and the bear back to back and put the bear into the Moyka Canal. And there was the bear swimming about with the policeman on his back!"
"What a nice figure the policeman must have cut, my dear!" shouted the count, dying with laughter.
"Oh, how dreadful! How can you laugh at it, Count?"
dreadful - épouvantable, redoutable, affreux, terrible
Yet the ladies themselves could not help laughing.
"It was all they could do to rescue the poor man," continued the visitor. "And to think it is Cyril VladĂmirovich BezĂşkhov's son who amuses himself in this sensible manner! And he was said to be so well educated and clever. This is all that his foreign education has done for him! I hope that here in Moscow no one will receive him, in spite of his money.
amuses - amuse, amuser
They wanted to introduce him to me, but I quite declined: I have my daughters to consider."
"Why do you say this young man is so rich?" asked the countess, turning away from the girls, who at once assumed an air of inattention. "His children are all illegitimate. I think Pierre also is illegitimate."
inattention - l'inattention, inattention, décourtoisie, discourtoisie
The visitor made a gesture with her hand.
"I should think he has a score of them."
Princess Anna MikhĂˇylovna intervened in the conversation, evidently wishing to show her connections and knowledge of what went on in society.
"The fact of the matter is," said she significantly, and also in a half whisper, "everyone knows Count Cyril's reputation.... He has lost count of his children, but this Pierre was his favorite."
"How handsome the old man still was only a year ago!" remarked the countess. "I have never seen a handsomer man."
handsomer - plus beau, beau
"He is very much altered now," said Anna MikhĂˇylovna. "Well, as I was saying, Prince VasĂli is the next heir through his wife, but the count is very fond of Pierre, looked after his education, and wrote to the Emperor about him; so that in the case of his death"and he is so ill that he may die at any moment, and Dr.
heir - héritier, héritiere, successeur, successeuse
Lorrain has come from Petersburg"no one knows who will inherit his immense fortune, Pierre or Prince VasĂli. Forty thousand serfs and millions of rubles! I know it all very well for Prince VasĂli told me himself. Besides, Cyril VladĂmirovich is my mother's second cousin. He's also my BĂłry's godfather," she added, as if she attached no importance at all to the fact.
serfs - serfs, serf
godfather - parrain
"Prince VasĂli arrived in Moscow yesterday. I hear he has come on some inspection business," remarked the visitor.
"Yes, but between ourselves," said the princess, "that is a pretext. The fact is he has come to see Count Cyril VladĂmirovich, hearing how ill he is."
pretext - prétexte
"But do you know, my dear, that was a capital joke," said the count; and seeing that the elder visitor was not listening, he turned to the young ladies. "I can just imagine what a funny figure that policeman cut!"
And as he waved his arms to impersonate the policeman, his portly form again shook with a deep ringing laugh, the laugh of one who always eats well and, in particular, drinks well. "So do come and dine with us!" he said.
impersonate - se faire passer pour quelqu'un d'autre, imiter
portly - portante, fort, corpulent
dine - dîner
Silence ensued. The countess looked at her callers, smiling affably, but not concealing the fact that she would not be distressed if they now rose and took their leave.
The visitor's daughter was already smoothing down her dress with an inquiring look at her mother, when suddenly from the next room were heard the footsteps of boys and girls running to the door and the noise of a chair falling over, and a girl of thirteen, hiding something in the folds of her short muslin frock, darted in and stopped short in the middle of the room.
Footsteps - des pas, empreinte, trace de pas, pas, bruit de pas, marche
muslin - mousseline
frock - robe de chambre, robe
darted - dardé, dard, fleche
It was evident that she had not intended her flight to bring her so far. Behind her in the doorway appeared a student with a crimson coat collar, an officer of the Guards, a girl of fifteen, and a plump rosy-faced boy in a short jacket.
doorway - l'embrasure de la porte, embrasure de la porte
The count jumped up and, swaying from side to side, spread his arms wide and threw them round the little girl who had run in.
"Ah, here she is!" he exclaimed laughing. "My pet, whose name day it is. My dear pet!"
"Ma chĂ¨re, there is a time for everything," said the countess with feigned severity. "You spoil her, IlyĂˇ," she added, turning to her husband.
feigned - feint, feindre
severity - la sévérité, sévérité, gravité
"How do you do, my dear? I wish you many happy returns of your name day," said the visitor. "What a charming child," she added, addressing the mother.
This black-eyed, wide-mouthed girl, not pretty but full of life"with childish bare shoulders which after her run heaved and shook her bodice, with black curls tossed backward, thin bare arms, little legs in lace-frilled drawers, and feet in low slippers"was just at that charming age when a girl is no longer a child, though the child is not yet a young woman.
heaved - heaved, hisser
bodice - corsage
curls - boucles, boucle, rotationnel, boucler
frilled - a collerettes, volant
drawers - tiroirs, tiroir
slippers - des pantoufles, chausson, pantoufle
Escaping from her father she ran to hide her flushed face in the lace of her mother's mantilla"not paying the least attention to her severe remark"and began to laugh. She laughed, and in fragmentary sentences tried to explain about a doll which she produced from the folds of her frock.
flushed - rincé, rougeur
doll - poupée, marionnette, guignol
"Do you see?... My doll... Mimi... You see..." was all NatĂˇsha managed to utter (to her everything seemed funny). She leaned against her mother and burst into such a loud, ringing fit of laughter that even the prim visitor could not help joining in.
utter - l'utérus, émettre
prim - prim, guindé
"Now then, go away and take your monstrosity with you," said the mother, pushing away her daughter with pretended sternness, and turning to the visitor she added: "She is my youngest girl."
monstrosity - monstruosité
NatĂˇsha, raising her face for a moment from her mother's mantilla, glanced up at her through tears of laughter, and again hid her face.
The visitor, compelled to look on at this family scene, thought it necessary to take some part in it.
"Tell me, my dear," said she to NatĂˇsha, "is Mimi a relation of yours? A daughter, I suppose?"
NatĂˇsha did not like the visitor's tone of condescension to childish things. She did not reply, but looked at her seriously.
condescension - condescendance
Meanwhile the younger generation: BorĂs, the officer, Anna MikhĂˇylovna's son; Nicholas, the undergraduate, the count's eldest son; SĂłnya, the count's fifteen-year-old niece, and little PĂ©tya, his youngest boy, had all settled down in the drawing room and were obviously trying to restrain within the bounds of decorum the excitement and mirth that shone in all their faces.
niece - niece, niece
restrain - retenir, contraignez, contraignons, gouverner, contrains
decorum - le décorum, décorum
mirth - l'humour, gaieté
Evidently in the back rooms, from which they had dashed out so impetuously, the conversation had been more amusing than the drawing room talk of society scandals, the weather, and Countess AprĂˇksina. Now and then they glanced at one another, hardly able to suppress their laughter.
dashed - en pointillés, tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter
impetuously - impétueusement
more amusing - plus amusant
The two young men, the student and the officer, friends from childhood, were of the same age and both handsome fellows, though not alike. BorĂs was tall and fair, and his calm and handsome face had regular, delicate features. Nicholas was short with curly hair and an open expression. Dark hairs were already showing on his upper lip, and his whole face expressed impetuosity and enthusiasm.
Nicholas blushed when he entered the drawing room. He evidently tried to find something to say, but failed.
BorĂs on the contrary at once found his footing, and related quietly and humorously how he had known that doll Mimi when she was still quite a young lady, before her nose was broken; how she had aged during the five years he had known her, and how her head had cracked right across the skull. Having said this he glanced at NatĂˇsha.
humorously - avec humour
She turned away from him and glanced at her younger brother, who was screwing up his eyes and shaking with suppressed laughter, and unable to control herself any longer, she jumped up and rushed from the room as fast as her nimble little feet would carry her. BorĂs did not laugh.
nimble - agile, fulgurant, preste, leste, vif
"You were meaning to go out, weren't you, Mamma? Do you want the carriage?" he asked his mother with a smile.
weren - n'était
"Yes, yes, go and tell them to get it ready," she answered, returning his smile.
BorĂs quietly left the room and went in search of NatĂˇsha. The plump boy ran after them angrily, as if vexed that their program had been disturbed.
vexed - contrarié, ennuyer, énerver, vexer 'informal', tourmenter, vexer
The only young people remaining in the drawing room, not counting the young lady visitor and the countess'eldest daughter (who was four years older than her sister and behaved already like a grown-up person), were Nicholas and SĂłnya, the niece.
lady visitor - Une visiteuse
SĂłnya was a slender little brunette with a tender look in her eyes which were veiled by long lashes, thick black plaits coiling twice round her head, and a tawny tint in her complexion and especially in the color of her slender but graceful and muscular arms and neck.
slender - svelte, mince
brunette - brun, brune
veiled - voilée, voile, voiler
lashes - cils, cil
plaits - tresses, pli
coiling - enroulement, enrouler
tawny - fauve
tint - teinte, nuance, teindre
complexion - le teint, teint, complexion
graceful - gracieux
muscular - musculaire, musclé, musculeux
By the grace of her movements, by the softness and flexibility of her small limbs, and by a certain coyness and reserve of manner, she reminded one of a pretty, half-grown kitten which promises to become a beautiful little cat.
softness - la douceur, douceur
kitten - chaton, blaireautin
She evidently considered it proper to show an interest in the general conversation by smiling, but in spite of herself her eyes under their thick long lashes watched her cousin who was going to join the army, with such passionate girlish adoration that her smile could not for a single instant impose upon anyone, and it was clear that the kitten had settled down only to spring up with more energy and again play with her cousin as soon as they too could, like NatĂˇsha and BorĂs, escape from the drawing room.
girlish - fillette
adoration - l'adoration, adoration
"Ah yes, my dear," said the count, addressing the visitor and pointing to Nicholas, "his friend BorĂs has become an officer, and so for friendship's sake he is leaving the university and me, his old father, and entering the military service, my dear. And there was a place and everything waiting for him in the Archives Department! Isn't that friendship?" remarked the count in an inquiring tone.
"But they say that war has been declared," replied the visitor.
"They've been saying so a long while," said the count, "and they'll say so again and again, and that will be the end of it. My dear, there's friendship for you," he repeated. "He's joining the hussars."
hussars - hussards, hussard
The visitor, not knowing what to say, shook her head.
"It's not at all from friendship," declared Nicholas, flaring up and turning away as if from a shameful aspersion. "It is not from friendship at all; I simply feel that the army is my vocation."
flaring up - Eclater
shameful - honteux, scandaleux
He glanced at his cousin and the young lady visitor; and they were both regarding him with a smile of approbation.
approbation - approbation
"Schubert, the colonel of the PĂˇvlograd Hussars, is dining with us today. He has been here on leave and is taking Nicholas back with him. It can't be helped!" said the count, shrugging his shoulders and speaking playfully of a matter that evidently distressed him.
Colonel - colonel
playfully - de façon ludique
"I have already told you, Papa," said his son, "that if you don't wish to let me go, I'll stay. But I know I am no use anywhere except in the army; I am not a diplomat or a government clerk."I don't know how to hide what I feel." As he spoke he kept glancing with the flirtatiousness of a handsome youth at SĂłnya and the young lady visitor.
The little kitten, feasting her eyes on him, seemed ready at any moment to start her gambols again and display her kittenish nature.
feasting - festoyer, (feast) festoyer
gambols - gambades, gambader, gambade
kittenish - chaton
"All right, all right!" said the old count. "He always flares up! This Buonaparte has turned all their heads; they all think of how he rose from an ensign and became Emperor. Well, well, God grant it," he added, not noticing his visitor's sarcastic smile.
flares up - Eclater
ensign - enseigne, aspirant, pavillon
The elders began talking about Bonaparte. Julie KarĂˇgina turned to young RostĂłv.
elders - les aînés, aîné
"What a pity you weren't at the ArkhĂˇrovs'on Thursday. It was so dull without you," said she, giving him a tender smile.
The young man, flattered, sat down nearer to her with a coquettish smile, and engaged the smiling Julie in a confidential conversation without at all noticing that his involuntary smile had stabbed the heart of SĂłnya, who blushed and smiled unnaturally. In the midst of his talk he glanced round at her.
flattered - flattée, flatter
confidential - confidentiel
involuntary - involontaire
unnaturally - de façon non naturelle
She gave him a passionately angry glance, and hardly able to restrain her tears and maintain the artificial smile on her lips, she got up and left the room. All Nicholas'animation vanished. He waited for the first pause in the conversation, and then with a distressed face left the room to find SĂłnya.
"How plainly all these young people wear their hearts on their sleeves!" said Anna MikhĂˇylovna, pointing to Nicholas as he went out. "Cousinage"dangereux voisinage," * she added.
sleeves - manches, manche, chemise (inner), gaine (outer), manchon
Cousinage - cousinage
* Cousinhood is a dangerous neighborhood.
cousinhood - cousinage
neighborhood - voisinage, environs, quartier, checkvoisinage
"Yes," said the countess when the brightness these young people had brought into the room had vanished; and as if answering a question no one had put but which was always in her mind, "and how much suffering, how much anxiety one has had to go through that we might rejoice in them now! And yet really the anxiety is greater now than the joy. One is always, always anxious!
brightness - brillance, luminosité, intelligence
rejoice - se réjouir, réjouir
Especially just at this age, so dangerous both for girls and boys."
"It all depends on the bringing up," remarked the visitor.
"Yes, you're quite right," continued the countess. "Till now I have always, thank God, been my children's friend and had their full confidence," said she, repeating the mistake of so many parents who imagine that their children have no secrets from them.
"I know I shall always be my daughters'first confidante, and that if Nicholas, with his impulsive nature, does get into mischief (a boy can't help it), he will all the same never be like those Petersburg young men."
impulsive - impulsif
mischief - méfaits, espieglerie, betise, polissonnerie, méfait
"Yes, they are splendid, splendid youngsters," chimed in the count, who always solved questions that seemed to him perplexing by deciding that everything was splendid. "Just fancy: wants to be an hussar. What's one to do, my dear?"
perplexing - perplexe, déconcerter, troubler, dérouter
"What a charming creature your younger girl is," said the visitor; "a little volcano!"
volcano - volcan
"Yes, a regular volcano," said the count. "takes after me! And what a voice she has; though she's my daughter, I tell the truth when I say she'll be a singer, a second Salomoni! We have engaged an Italian to give her lessons."
takes after - prend apres
"Isn't she too young? I have heard that it harms the voice to train it at that age."
"Oh no, not at all too young!" replied the count. "Why, our mothers used to be married at twelve or thirteen."
"And she's in love with BorĂs already. Just fancy!" said the countess with a gentle smile, looking at BorĂs and went on, evidently concerned with a thought that always occupied her: "Now you see if I were to be severe with her and to forbid it ... goodness knows what they might be up to on the sly" (she meant that they would be kissing), "but as it is, I know every word she utters.
utters - prononce-t-il, complet, total
She will come running to me of her own accord in the evening and tell me everything. Perhaps I spoil her, but really that seems the best plan. With her elder sister I was stricter."
accord - accord, entente, accorder
"Yes, I was brought up quite differently," remarked the handsome elder daughter, Countess VĂ©ra, with a smile.
But the smile did not enhance VĂ©ra's beauty as smiles generally do; on the contrary it gave her an unnatural, and therefore unpleasant, expression.
VĂ©ra was good-looking, not at all stupid, quick at learning, was well brought up, and had a pleasant voice; what she said was true and appropriate, yet, strange to say, everyone"the visitors and countess alike"turned to look at her as if wondering why she had said it, and they all felt awkward.
"People are always too clever with their eldest children and try to make something exceptional of them," said the visitor.
"What's the good of denying it, my dear? Our dear countess was too clever with VĂ©ra," said the count. "Well, what of that? She's turned out splendidly all the same," he added, winking at VĂ©ra.
splendidly - magnifiquement
winking - clin d'oil, (wink) clin d'oil
The guests got up and took their leave, promising to return to dinner.
"What manners! I thought they would never go," said the countess, when she had seen her guests out.
When NatĂˇsha ran out of the drawing room she only went as far as the conservatory. There she paused and stood listening to the conversation in the drawing room, waiting for BorĂs to come out. She was already growing impatient, and stamped her foot, ready to cry at his not coming at once, when she heard the young man's discreet steps approaching neither quickly nor slowly.
discreet - discret
At this NatĂˇsha dashed swiftly among the flower tubs and hid there.
tubs - baignoires, bassine, rafiot
BorĂs paused in the middle of the room, looked round, brushed a little dust from the sleeve of his uniform, and going up to a mirror examined his handsome face. NatĂˇsha, very still, peered out from her ambush, waiting to see what he would do. He stood a little while before the glass, smiled, and walked toward the other door. NatĂˇsha was about to call him but changed her mind.
ambush - embuscade
"Let him look for me," thought she. Hardly had BorĂs gone than SĂłnya, flushed, in tears, and muttering angrily, came in at the other door. NatĂˇsha checked her first impulse to run out to her, and remained in her hiding place, watching"as under an invisible cap"to see what went on in the world. She was experiencing a new and peculiar pleasure.
muttering - marmonner, grommellement, (mutter) marmonner
impulse - impulsion
SĂłnya, muttering to herself, kept looking round toward the drawing room door. It opened and Nicholas came in.
"SĂłnya, what is the matter with you? How can you?" said he, running up to her.
"It's nothing, nothing; leave me alone!" sobbed SĂłnya.
sobbed - sangloté, fdp-p
"Ah, I know what it is."
"Well, if you do, so much the better, and you can go back to her!"
"SĂł-o-onya! Look here! How can you torture me and yourself like that, for a mere fancy?" said Nicholas taking her hand.
SĂłnya did not pull it away, and left off crying. NatĂˇsha, not stirring and scarcely breathing, watched from her ambush with sparkling eyes. "What will happen now?" thought she.
scarcely - a peine, a peine, guere
"SĂłnya! What is anyone in the world to me? You alone are everything!" said Nicholas. "And I will prove it to you."
"I don't like you to talk like that."
"Well, then, I won't; only forgive me, SĂłnya!" He drew her to him and kissed her.
"Oh, how nice," thought NatĂˇsha; and when SĂłnya and Nicholas had gone out of the conservatory she followed and called BorĂs to her.
"BorĂs, come here," said she with a sly and significant look. "I have something to tell you. Here, here!" and she led him into the conservatory to the place among the tubs where she had been hiding.
BorĂs followed her, smiling.
"What is the something?" asked he.
She grew confused, glanced round, and, seeing the doll she had thrown down on one of the tubs, picked it up.
thrown down - jeté a terre
"Kiss the doll," said she.
BorĂs looked attentively and kindly at her eager face, but did not reply.
attentively - attentivement
"Don't you want to? Well, then, come here," said she, and went further in among the plants and threw down the doll. "Closer, closer!" she whispered.
She caught the young officer by his cuffs, and a look of solemnity and fear appeared on her flushed face.
cuffs - manchettes, manchette
solemnity - solennité
"And me? Would you like to kiss me?" she whispered almost inaudibly, glancing up at him from under her brows, smiling, and almost crying from excitement.
inaudibly - inaudible
"How funny you are!" he said, bending down to her and blushing still more, but he waited and did nothing.
bending down - en se baissant
Suddenly she jumped up onto a tub to be higher than he, embraced him so that both her slender bare arms clasped him above his neck, and, tossing back her hair, kissed him full on the lips.
tub - baignoire, bassine, rafiot
clasped - serré, fermoir, serrer
Then she slipped down among the flowerpots on the other side of the tubs and stood, hanging her head.
flowerpots - pots de fleurs, pot de fleur
"NatĂˇsha," he said, "you know that I love you, but...."
"You are in love with me?" NatĂˇsha broke in.
"Yes, I am, but please don't let us do like that.... In another four years ... then I will ask for your hand."
"Thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen," she counted on her slender little fingers. "All right! Then it's settled?"
A smile of joy and satisfaction lit up her eager face.
"Settled!" replied BorĂs.
"Forever?" said the little girl. "Till death itself?"
She took his arm and with a happy face went with him into the adjoining sitting room.
adjoining - adjacente, adjoindre, toucher
After receiving her visitors, the countess was so tired that she gave orders to admit no more, but the porter was told to be sure to invite to dinner all who came "to congratulate." The countess wished to have a tĂŞte-Ă -tĂŞte talk with the friend of her childhood, Princess Anna MikhĂˇylovna, whom she had not seen properly since she returned from Petersburg.
Anna MikhĂˇylovna, with her tear-worn but pleasant face, drew her chair nearer to that of the countess.
"With you I will be quite frank," said Anna MikhĂˇylovna. "There are not many left of us old friends! That's why I so value your friendship."
frank - franche, franc
Anna MikhĂˇylovna looked at VĂ©ra and paused. The countess pressed her friend's hand.
"VĂ©ra," she said to her eldest daughter who was evidently not a favorite, "how is it you have so little tact? Don't you see you are not wanted here? Go to the other girls, or..."
The handsome VĂ©ra smiled contemptuously but did not seem at all hurt.
"If you had told me sooner, Mamma, I would have gone," she replied as she rose to go to her own room.
But as she passed the sitting room she noticed two couples sitting, one pair at each window. She stopped and smiled scornfully. SĂłnya was sitting close to Nicholas who was copying out some verses for her, the first he had ever written. BorĂs and NatĂˇsha were at the other window and ceased talking when VĂ©ra entered. SĂłnya and NatĂˇsha looked at VĂ©ra with guilty, happy faces.
It was pleasant and touching to see these little girls in love; but apparently the sight of them roused no pleasant feeling in VĂ©ra.
roused - réveillé, réveiller
"How often have I asked you not to take my things?" she said. "You have a room of your own," and she took the inkstand from Nicholas.
"In a minute, in a minute," he said, dipping his pen.
"You always manage to do things at the wrong time," continued VĂ©ra. "You came rushing into the drawing room so that everyone felt ashamed of you."
felt ashamed - a eu honte
Though what she said was quite just, perhaps for that very reason no one replied, and the four simply looked at one another. She lingered in the room with the inkstand in her hand.
"And at your age what secrets can there be between NatĂˇsha and BorĂs, or between you two? It's all nonsense!"
"Now, VĂ©ra, what does it matter to you?" said NatĂˇsha in defense, speaking very gently.
defense - la défense, défense
She seemed that day to be more than ever kind and affectionate to everyone.
"Very silly," said VĂ©ra. "I am ashamed of you. Secrets indeed!"
"All have secrets of their own," answered NatĂˇsha, getting warmer. "We don't interfere with you and Berg."
berg - berg
"I should think not," said VĂ©ra, "because there can never be anything wrong in my behavior. But I'll just tell Mamma how you are behaving with BorĂs."
behavior - comportement, conduite
"NatĂˇlya IlynĂchna behaves very well to me," remarked BorĂs. "I have nothing to complain of."
"Don't, BorĂs! You are such a diplomat that it is really tiresome," said NatĂˇsha in a mortified voice that trembled slightly. (She used the word "diplomat," which was just then much in vogue among the children, in the special sense they attached to it.) "Why does she bother me?" And she added, turning to VĂ©ra, "You'll never understand it, because you've never loved anyone. You have no heart!
mortified - mortifié, mortifier, macérer, tuer
vogue - vogue, mode
You are a Madame de Genlis and nothing more" (this nickname, bestowed on VĂ©ra by Nicholas, was considered very stinging), "and your greatest pleasure is to be unpleasant to people! Go and flirt with Berg as much as you please," she finished quickly.
nickname - surnom, surnommer
bestowed - accordé, disposer de, accorder, remettre, conférer
stinging - des piqures, (sting) des piqures
flirt - flirt, draguer, flirter
"I shall at any rate not run after a young man before visitors..."
"Well, now you've done what you wanted," put in Nicholas""said unpleasant things to everyone and upset them. Let's go to the nursery."
All four, like a flock of scared birds, got up and left the room.
flock - troupeau
"The unpleasant things were said to me," remarked VĂ©ra, "I said none to anyone."
"Madame de Genlis! Madame de Genlis!" shouted laughing voices through the door.
The handsome VĂ©ra, who produced such an irritating and unpleasant effect on everyone, smiled and, evidently unmoved by what had been said to her, went to the looking glass and arranged her hair and scarf. Looking at her own handsome face she seemed to become still colder and calmer.
irritating - irritant, agacer (displeasure)
unmoved - indifférent, insensible
scarf - écharpe, cache nez, éventé, fichu, foulard
In the drawing room the conversation was still going on.
"Ah, my dear," said the countess, "my life is not all roses either. Don't I know that at the rate we are living our means won't last long? It's all the Club and his easygoing nature. Even in the country do we get any rest? Theatricals, hunting, and heaven knows what besides! But don't let's talk about me; tell me how you managed everything.
roses - des roses, Rose
easygoing - facile a vivre, sympathique
I often wonder at you, Annette"how at your age you can rush off alone in a carriage to Moscow, to Petersburg, to those ministers and great people, and know how to deal with them all! It's quite astonishing. How did you get things settled? I couldn't possibly do it."
"Ah, my love," answered Anna MikhĂˇylovna, "God grant you never know what it is to be left a widow without means and with a son you love to distraction! One learns many things then," she added with a certain pride. "That lawsuit taught me much.
Distraction - distraction, folie
When I want to see one of those big people I write a note: Princess So-and-So desires an interview with So and-So,'and then I take a cab and go myself two, three, or four times"till I get what I want. I don't mind what they think of me."
I don't mind - Ça ne me dérange pas
"Well, and to whom did you apply about BĂłry?" asked the countess. "You see yours is already an officer in the Guards, while my Nicholas is going as a cadet. There's no one to interest himself for him. To whom did you apply?"
cadet - cadet, puîné
"To Prince VasĂli. He was so kind. He at once agreed to everything, and put the matter before the Emperor," said Princess Anna MikhĂˇylovna enthusiastically, quite forgetting all the humiliation she had endured to gain her end.
enthusiastically - avec enthousiasme
humiliation - l'humiliation, humiliation
"Has Prince VasĂli aged much?" asked the countess. "I have not seen him since we acted together at the RumyĂˇntsovs'theatricals. I expect he has forgotten me. He paid me attentions in those days," said the countess, with a smile.
"He is just the same as ever," replied Anna MikhĂˇylovna, "overflowing with amiability. His position has not turned his head at all. He said to me, I am sorry I can do so little for you, dear Princess. I am at your command.'Yes, he is a fine fellow and a very kind relation. But, Nataly, you know my love for my son: I would do anything for his happiness!
overflowing - débordant, (overflow), débordement, déborder, checktransborder
amiability - l'amabilité
And my affairs are in such a bad way that my position is now a terrible one," continued Anna MikhĂˇylovna, sadly, dropping her voice. "My wretched lawsuit takes all I have and makes no progress. Would you believe it, I have literally not a penny and don't know how to equip BorĂs." She took out her handkerchief and began to cry.
handkerchief - mouchoir
"I need five hundred rubles, and have only one twenty-five-ruble note. I am in such a state.... My only hope now is in Count Cyril VladĂmirovich BezĂşkhov. If he will not assist his godson"you know he is BĂłry's godfather"and allow him something for his maintenance, all my trouble will have been thrown away.... I shall not be able to equip him."
ruble - rouble
godson - filleul
The countess'eyes filled with tears and she pondered in silence.
pondered - réfléchi, songer, réfléchir, interroger
"I often think, though, perhaps it's a sin," said the princess, "that here lives Count Cyril VladĂmirovich BezĂşkhov so rich, all alone... that tremendous fortune... and what is his life worth? It's a burden to him, and BĂłry's life is only just beginning...."
"Surely he will leave something to BorĂs," said the countess.
"Heaven only knows, my dear! These rich grandees are so selfish. Still, I will take BorĂs and go to see him at once, and I shall speak to him straight out. Let people think what they will of me, it's really all the same to me when my son's fate is at stake." The princess rose. "It's now two o'clock and you dine at four. There will just be time."
And like a practical Petersburg lady who knows how to make the most of time, Anna MikhĂˇylovna sent someone to call her son, and went into the anteroom with him.
"Good-by, my dear," said she to the countess who saw her to the door, and added in a whisper so that her son should not hear, "Wish me good luck."
"Are you going to Count Cyril VladĂmirovich, my dear?" said the count coming out from the dining hall into the anteroom, and he added: "If he is better, ask Pierre to dine with us. He has been to the house, you know, and danced with the children. Be sure to invite him, my dear. We will see how TarĂˇs distinguishes himself today. He says Count OrlĂłv never gave such a dinner as ours will be!"
"My dear BorĂs," said Princess Anna MikhĂˇylovna to her son as Countess RostĂłva's carriage in which they were seated drove over the straw covered street and turned into the wide courtyard of Count Cyril VladĂmirovich BezĂşkhov's house.
straw - paille, fétu, jaune paille
courtyard - cour
"My dear BorĂs," said the mother, drawing her hand from beneath her old mantle and laying it timidly and tenderly on her son's arm, "be affectionate and attentive to him. Count Cyril VladĂmirovich is your godfather after all, and your future depends on him. Remember that, my dear, and be nice to him, as you so well know how to be."
mantle - manteau, les renes, manchon
timidly - timidement
tenderly - tendrement
attentive - attentif
"If only I knew that anything besides humiliation would come of it..." answered her son coldly. "But I have promised and will do it for your sake."
coldly - froidement
Although the hall porter saw someone's carriage standing at the entrance, after scrutinizing the mother and son (who without asking to be announced had passed straight through the glass porch between the rows of statues in niches) and looking significantly at the lady's old cloak, he asked whether they wanted the count or the princesses, and, hearing that they wished to see the count, said his excellency was worse today, and that his excellency was not receiving anyone.
scrutinizing - l'examen minutieux, scruter, dépouiller
rows - rangées, rang(ée)
excellency - Excellence
"We may as well go back," said the son in French.
"My dear!" exclaimed his mother imploringly, again laying her hand on his arm as if that touch might soothe or rouse him.
imploringly - de maniere implorante
soothe - apaiser, calmer, soulager
rouse - rouse, ameutez, ameutent, évocation, irriter, ameutons
BorĂs said no more, but looked inquiringly at his mother without taking off his cloak.
inquiringly - avec curiosité
"My friend," said Anna MikhĂˇylovna in gentle tones, addressing the hall porter, "I know Count Cyril VladĂmirovich is very ill... that's why I have come... I am a relation. I shall not disturb him, my friend... I only need see Prince VasĂli SergĂ©evich: he is staying here, is he not? Please announce me."
The hall porter sullenly pulled a bell that rang upstairs, and turned away.
sullenly - maussade
"Princess DrubetskĂˇya to see Prince VasĂli SergĂ©evich," he called to a footman dressed in knee breeches, shoes, and a swallow-tail coat, who ran downstairs and looked over from the halfway landing.
The mother smoothed the folds of her dyed silk dress before a large Venetian mirror in the wall, and in her trodden-down shoes briskly ascended the carpeted stairs.
dyed - teintée, (se) teindre
venetian - vénitien, Vénitienne
trodden - foulée, marcher (sur)
"My dear," she said to her son, once more stimulating him by a touch, "you promised me!"
The son, lowering his eyes, followed her quietly.
lowering - baissant, (lower) baissant
They entered the large hall, from which one of the doors led to the apartments assigned to Prince VasĂli.
Just as the mother and son, having reached the middle of the hall, were about to ask their way of an elderly footman who had sprung up as they entered, the bronze handle of one of the doors turned and Prince VasĂli came out"wearing a velvet coat with a single star on his breast, as was his custom when at home"taking leave of a good-looking, dark-haired man.
bronze - le bronze, bronze, airain, hâlé, bronzé, tanné (par le soleil)
haired - cheveux
This was the celebrated Petersburg doctor, Lorrain.
"Then it is certain?" said the prince.
"Prince, humanum est errare, * but..." replied the doctor, swallowing his r's, and pronouncing the Latin words with a French accent.
est - est, HNE, STA
Latin - latine
* To err is human.
err - err, errons, errez, errent
"Very well, very well..."
Seeing Anna MikhĂˇylovna and her son, Prince VasĂli dismissed the doctor with a bow and approached them silently and with a look of inquiry. The son noticed that an expression of profound sorrow suddenly clouded his mother's face, and he smiled slightly.
bow - l'arc, arc
silently - en silence, silencieusement
inquiry - demande, enquete
sorrow - peine, chagrin
"Ah, Prince! In what sad circumstances we meet again! And how is our dear invalid?" said she, as though unaware of the cold offensive look fixed on her.
Prince VasĂli stared at her and at BorĂs questioningly and perplexed. BorĂs bowed politely. Prince VasĂli without acknowledging the bow turned to Anna MikhĂˇylovna, answering her query by a movement of the head and lips indicating very little hope for the patient.
questioningly - en posant des questions
perplexed - perplexe, déconcerter, troubler, dérouter
"Is it possible?" exclaimed Anna MikhĂˇylovna. "Oh, how awful! It is terrible to think.... This is my son," she added, indicating BorĂs. "He wanted to thank you himself."
BorĂs bowed again politely.
"Believe me, Prince, a mother's heart will never forget what you have done for us."
mother's heart - le cour d'une mere
"I am glad I was able to do you a service, my dear Anna MikhĂˇylovna," said Prince VasĂli, arranging his lace frill, and in tone and manner, here in Moscow to Anna MikhĂˇylovna whom he had placed under an obligation, assuming an air of much greater importance than he had done in Petersburg at Anna SchĂ©rer's reception.
frill - fioritures, friser
"Try to serve well and show yourself worthy," added he, addressing BorĂs with severity. "I am glad.... Are you here on leave?" he went on in his usual tone of indifference.
"I am awaiting orders to join my new regiment, Your Excellency," replied BorĂs, betraying neither annoyance at the prince's brusque manner nor a desire to enter into conversation, but speaking so quietly and respectfully that the prince gave him a searching glance.
Your Excellency - Votre Excellence
brusque - brusque
respectfully - respectueusement
"Are you living with your mother?"
"I am living at Countess RostĂłva's," replied BorĂs, again adding, "your excellency."
"That is, with IlyĂˇ RostĂłv who married Nataly ShinshinĂˇ," said Anna MikhĂˇylovna.
"I know, I know," answered Prince VasĂli in his monotonous voice. "I never could understand how Nataly made up her mind to marry that unlicked bear! A perfectly absurd and stupid fellow, and a gambler too, I am told."
monotonous - monotone
unlicked - déverrouillé
"But a very kind man, Prince," said Anna MikhĂˇylovna with a pathetic smile, as though she too knew that Count RostĂłv deserved this censure, but asked him not to be too hard on the poor old man. "What do the doctors say?" asked the princess after a pause, her worn face again expressing deep sorrow.
pathetic - pathétique
censure - censure, décrier, checkcensurer
"They give little hope," replied the prince.
"And I should so like to thank Uncle once for all his kindness to me and BorĂs. He is his godson," she added, her tone suggesting that this fact ought to give Prince VasĂli much satisfaction.
Prince VasĂli became thoughtful and frowned. Anna MikhĂˇylovna saw that he was afraid of finding in her a rival for Count BezĂşkhov's fortune, and hastened to reassure him.
hastened to - s'est empressé de faire
"If it were not for my sincere affection and devotion to Uncle," said she, uttering the word with peculiar assurance and unconcern, "I know his character: noble, upright ... but you see he has no one with him except the young princesses.... They are still young...." She bent her head and continued in a whisper: "Has he performed his final duty, Prince? How priceless are those last moments!
uttering - prononcer, (utter) prononcer
priceless - inestimable
It can make things no worse, and it is absolutely necessary to prepare him if he is so ill. We women, Prince," and she smiled tenderly, "always know how to say these things. I absolutely must see him, however painful it may be for me. I am used to suffering."
Evidently the prince understood her, and also understood, as he had done at Anna PĂˇvlovna's, that it would be difficult to get rid of Anna MikhĂˇylovna.
"Would not such a meeting be too trying for him, dear Anna MikhĂˇylovna?" said he. "Let us wait until evening. The doctors are expecting a crisis."
"But one cannot delay, Prince, at such a moment! Consider that the welfare of his soul is at stake. Ah, it is awful: the duties of a Christian..."
A door of one of the inner rooms opened and one of the princesses, the count's niece, entered with a cold, stern face. The length of her body was strikingly out of proportion to her short legs. Prince VasĂli turned to her.
stern - sévere, poupe
"Well, how is he?"
"Still the same; but what can you expect, this noise..." said the princess, looking at Anna MikhĂˇylovna as at a stranger.
"Ah, my dear, I hardly knew you," said Anna MikhĂˇylovna with a happy smile, ambling lightly up to the count's niece. "I have come, and am at your service to help you nurse my uncle. I imagine what you have gone through," and she sympathetically turned up her eyes.
ambling - en train de marcher, (amble), amble, déambuler, ambler
sympathetically - avec bienveillance
The princess gave no reply and did not even smile, but left the room as Anna MikhĂˇylovna took off her gloves and, occupying the position she had conquered, settled down in an armchair, inviting Prince VasĂli to take a seat beside her.
"BorĂs," she said to her son with a smile, "I shall go in to see the count, my uncle; but you, my dear, had better go to Pierre meanwhile and don't forget to give him the RostĂłvs'invitation. They ask him to dinner. I suppose he won't go?" she continued, turning to the prince.
"On the contrary," replied the prince, who had plainly become depressed, "I shall be only too glad if you relieve me of that young man.... Here he is, and the count has not once asked for him."
He shrugged his shoulders. A footman conducted BorĂs down one flight of stairs and up another, to Pierre's rooms.
Pierre, after all, had not managed to choose a career for himself in Petersburg, and had been expelled from there for riotous conduct and sent to Moscow. The story told about him at Count RostĂłv's was true. Pierre had taken part in tying a policeman to a bear. He had now been for some days in Moscow and was staying as usual at his father's house.
riotous - émeutiers
Though he expected that the story of his escapade would be already known in Moscow and that the ladies about his father"who were never favorably disposed toward him"would have used it to turn the count against him, he nevertheless on the day of his arrival went to his father's part of the house.
escapade - escapade
favorably - favorablement
Entering the drawing room, where the princesses spent most of their time, he greeted the ladies, two of whom were sitting at embroidery frames while a third read aloud. It was the eldest who was reading"the one who had met Anna MikhĂˇylovna.
embroidery - la broderie, broderie
aloud - a haute voix, a voix haute, a haute voix, fort
The two younger ones were embroidering: both were rosy and pretty and they differed only in that one had a little mole on her lip which made her much prettier. Pierre was received as if he were a corpse or a leper.
embroidering - la broderie, broder
mole - taupe
corpse - cadavre, corps, corps sans vie
leper - léprosé, lépreux
The eldest princess paused in her reading and silently stared at him with frightened eyes; the second assumed precisely the same expression; while the youngest, the one with the mole, who was of a cheerful and lively disposition, bent over her frame to hide a smile probably evoked by the amusing scene she foresaw.
disposition - disposition, tempérament
foresaw - prévoyait, prévoir, anticiper
She drew her wool down through the canvas and, scarcely able to refrain from laughing, stooped as if trying to make out the pattern.
refrain - refrain
"How do you do, cousin?" said Pierre. "You don't recognize me?"
"I recognize you only too well, too well."
"How is the count? Can I see him?" asked Pierre, awkwardly as usual, but unabashed.
unabashed - sans complexe
"The count is suffering physically and mentally, and apparently you have done your best to increase his mental sufferings."
physically - physiquement
mentally - mentalement
sufferings - souffrances, souffrance, douleur
"Can I see the count?" Pierre again asked.
"Hm.... If you wish to kill him, to kill him outright, you can see him... Olga, go and see whether Uncle's beef tea is ready"it is almost time," she added, giving Pierre to understand that they were busy, and busy making his father comfortable, while evidently he, Pierre, was only busy causing him annoyance.
outright - carrément, completement, ouvertement, immédiatement
beef tea - Bouillon de viande
Olga went out. Pierre stood looking at the sisters; then he bowed and said: "Then I will go to my rooms. You will let me know when I can see him."
And he left the room, followed by the low but ringing laughter of the sister with the mole.
Next day Prince VasĂli had arrived and settled in the count's house. He sent for Pierre and said to him: "My dear fellow, if you are going to behave here as you did in Petersburg, you will end very badly; that is all I have to say to you. The count is very, very ill, and you must not see him at all."
Since then Pierre had not been disturbed and had spent the whole time in his rooms upstairs.
When BorĂs appeared at his door Pierre was pacing up and down his room, stopping occasionally at a corner to make menacing gestures at the wall, as if running a sword through an invisible foe, and glaring savagely over his spectacles, and then again resuming his walk, muttering indistinct words, shrugging his shoulders and gesticulating.
menacing - menaçante, menace
foe - ennemi, ennemi/-ie
glaring - éblouissant, éclat
savagely - sauvagement
indistinct - indistinct
gesticulating - gesticuler
"England is done for," said he, scowling and pointing his finger at someone unseen. "Mr. Pitt, as a traitor to the nation and to the rights of man, is sentenced to...
scowling - se renfrogner, (scowl) se renfrogner
unseen - invisible
traitor - traître, traîtresse, trahir
" But before Pierre"who at that moment imagined himself to be Napoleon in person and to have just effected the dangerous crossing of the Straits of Dover and captured London"could pronounce Pitt's sentence, he saw a well-built and handsome young officer entering his room. Pierre paused.
straits - de l'eau, détroit
Dover - douvres
He had left Moscow when BorĂs was a boy of fourteen, and had quite forgotten him, but in his usual impulsive and hearty way he took BorĂs by the hand with a friendly smile.
hearty - cordial, copieux
"Do you remember me?" asked BorĂs quietly with a pleasant smile. "I have come with my mother to see the count, but it seems he is not well."
"Yes, it seems he is ill. People are always disturbing him," answered Pierre, trying to remember who this young man was.
BorĂs felt that Pierre did not recognize him but did not consider it necessary to introduce himself, and without experiencing the least embarrassment looked Pierre straight in the face.
"Count RostĂłv asks you to come to dinner today," said he, after a considerable pause which made Pierre feel uncomfortable.
"Ah, Count RostĂłv!" exclaimed Pierre joyfully. "Then you are his son, IlyĂˇ? Only fancy, I didn't know you at first. Do you remember how we went to the Sparrow Hills with Madame Jacquot?... It's such an age..."
sparrow - moineau, bruant, piaf
"You are mistaken," said BorĂs deliberately, with a bold and slightly sarcastic smile. "I am BorĂs, son of Princess Anna MikhĂˇylovna DrubetskĂˇya. RostĂłv, the father, is IlyĂˇ, and his son is Nicholas. I never knew any Madame Jacquot."
Pierre shook his head and arms as if attacked by mosquitoes or bees.
mosquitoes - les moustiques, (de) moustique
"Oh dear, what am I thinking about? I've mixed everything up. One has so many relatives in Moscow! So you are BorĂs? Of course. Well, now we know where we are. And what do you think of the Boulogne expedition? The English will come off badly, you know, if Napoleon gets across the Channel. I think the expedition is quite feasible. If only Villeneuve doesn't make a mess of things!"
BorĂs knew nothing about the Boulogne expedition; he did not read the papers and it was the first time he had heard Villeneuve's name.
"We here in Moscow are more occupied with dinner parties and scandal than with politics," said he in his quiet ironical tone. "I know nothing about it and have not thought about it. Moscow is chiefly busy with gossip," he continued. "Just now they are talking about you and your father."
Pierre smiled in his good-natured way as if afraid for his companion's sake that the latter might say something he would afterwards regret. But BorĂs spoke distinctly, clearly, and dryly, looking straight into Pierre's eyes.
"Moscow has nothing else to do but gossip," BorĂs went on. "Everybody is wondering to whom the count will leave his fortune, though he may perhaps outlive us all, as I sincerely hope he will..."
outlive - survivre
sincerely - sincerement
"Yes, it is all very horrid," interrupted Pierre, "very horrid."
horrid - horribles, affreux, horrible, exécrable, désagréable
Pierre was still afraid that this officer might inadvertently say something disconcerting to himself.
inadvertently - par inadvertance
disconcerting - déconcertant, déconcerter, fr
"And it must seem to you," said BorĂs flushing slightly, but not changing his tone or attitude, "it must seem to you that everyone is trying to get something out of the rich man?"
flushing - la chasse d'eau, (flush) la chasse d'eau
"So it does," thought Pierre.
"But I just wish to say, to avoid misunderstandings, that you are quite mistaken if you reckon me or my mother among such people. We are very poor, but for my own part at any rate, for the very reason that your father is rich, I don't regard myself as a relation of his, and neither I nor my mother would ever ask or take anything from him."
misunderstandings - des malentendus, malentendu, quiproquo
For a long time Pierre could not understand, but when he did, he jumped up from the sofa, seized BorĂs under the elbow in his quick, clumsy way, and, blushing far more than BorĂs, began to speak with a feeling of mingled shame and vexation.
clumsy - empoté, gauche, lourd, maladroit
"Well, this is strange! Do you suppose I... who could think?... I know very well..."
But BorĂs again interrupted him.
"I am glad I have spoken out fully. Perhaps you did not like it? You must excuse me," said he, putting Pierre at ease instead of being put at ease by him, "but I hope I have not offended you. I always make it a rule to speak out... Well, what answer am I to take? Will you come to dinner at the RostĂłvs'?"
And BorĂs, having apparently relieved himself of an onerous duty and extricated himself from an awkward situation and placed another in it, became quite pleasant again.
onerous - onéreux
extricated - extirpée, extirper
awkward situation - situation embarrassante
"No, but I say," said Pierre, calming down, "you are a wonderful fellow! What you have just said is good, very good. Of course you don't know me. We have not met for such a long time... not since we were children. You might think that I... I understand, quite understand. I could not have done it myself, I should not have had the courage, but it's splendid.
calming down - se calmer
I am very glad to have made your acquaintance. It's queer," he added after a pause, "that you should have suspected me!" He began to laugh. "Well, what of it! I hope we'll get better acquainted," and he pressed BorĂs'hand. "Do you know, I have not once been in to see the count. He has not sent for me.... I am sorry for him as a man, but what can one do?"
queer - pédé, étrange, bizarre
"And so you think Napoleon will manage to get an army across?" asked BorĂs with a smile.
Pierre saw that BorĂs wished to change the subject, and being of the same mind he began explaining the advantages and disadvantages of the Boulogne expedition.
A footman came in to summon BorĂs"the princess was going. Pierre, in order to make BorĂs'better acquaintance, promised to come to dinner, and warmly pressing his hand looked affectionately over his spectacles into BorĂs'eyes.
summon - convoquer, appeler, convoquez, convoquons
warmly - chaleureusement, chaudement
After he had gone Pierre continued pacing up and down the room for a long time, no longer piercing an imaginary foe with his imaginary sword, but smiling at the remembrance of that pleasant, intelligent, and resolute young man.
piercing - piercing, perçant, (pierce)
As often happens in early youth, especially to one who leads a lonely life, he felt an unaccountable tenderness for this young man and made up his mind that they would be friends.
unaccountable - sans avoir a rendre de comptes
tenderness - tendresse
Prince VasĂli saw the princess off. She held a handkerchief to her eyes and her face was tearful.
"It is dreadful, dreadful!" she was saying, "but cost me what it may I shall do my duty. I will come and spend the night. He must not be left like this. Every moment is precious. I can't think why his nieces put it off. Perhaps God will help me to find a way to prepare him!... Adieu, Prince! May God support you..."
nieces - nieces, niece
adieu - adieu, farewell
"Adieu, ma bonne," answered Prince VasĂli turning away from her.
bonne - bonne
"Oh, he is in a dreadful state," said the mother to her son when they were in the carriage. "He hardly recognizes anybody."
"I don't understand, Mamma"what is his attitude to Pierre?" asked the son.
"The will will show that, my dear; our fate also depends on it."
"But why do you expect that he will leave us anything?"
"Ah, my dear! He is so rich, and we are so poor!"
"Well, that is hardly a sufficient reason, Mamma..."
"Oh, Heaven! How ill he is!" exclaimed the mother.
After Anna MikhĂˇylovna had driven off with her son to visit Count Cyril VladĂmirovich BezĂşkhov, Countess RostĂłva sat for a long time all alone applying her handkerchief to her eyes. At last she rang.
"What is the matter with you, my dear?" she said crossly to the maid who kept her waiting some minutes. "Don't you wish to serve me? Then I'll find you another place."
crossly - croisé
The countess was upset by her friend's sorrow and humiliating poverty, and was therefore out of sorts, a state of mind which with her always found expression in calling her maid "my dear" and speaking to her with exaggerated politeness.
humiliating - humiliant, humilier
"I am very sorry, ma'am," answered the maid.
"Ask the count to come to me."
The count came waddling in to see his wife with a rather guilty look as usual.
waddling - se dandiner
"Well, little countess? What a sautĂ© of game au madĂ¨re we are to have, my dear! I tasted it. The thousand rubles I paid for TarĂˇs were not ill-spent. He is worth it!"
He sat down by his wife, his elbows on his knees and his hands ruffling his gray hair.
ruffling - ébouriffement, ébouriffer, (ruffle), falbala
"What are your commands, little countess?"
"You see, my dear... What's that mess?" she said, pointing to his waistcoat. "It's the sautĂ©, most likely," she added with a smile. "Well, you see, Count, I want some money."
waistcoat - gilet
Her face became sad.
"Oh, little countess!" ... and the count began bustling to get out his pocketbook.
bustling - en pleine effervescence, animé
pocketbook - portefeuille, livre de poche, pocket
"I want a great deal, Count! I want five hundred rubles," and taking out her cambric handkerchief she began wiping her husband's waistcoat.
cambric - cambric
"Yes, immediately, immediately! Hey, who's there?" he called out in a tone only used by persons who are certain that those they call will rush to obey the summons. "Send DmĂtri to me!"
summons - convoque, convocation, (summon) convoque
DmĂtri, a man of good family who had been brought up in the count's house and now managed all his affairs, stepped softly into the room.
softly - en douceur, doucement
"This is what I want, my dear fellow," said the count to the deferential young man who had entered. "Bring me..." he reflected a moment, "yes, bring me seven hundred rubles, yes! But mind, don't bring me such tattered and dirty notes as last time, but nice clean ones for the countess."
deferential - déférent
"Yes, DmĂtri, clean ones, please," said the countess, sighing deeply.
"When would you like them, your excellency?" asked DmĂtri. "Allow me to inform you... But, don't be uneasy," he added, noticing that the count was beginning to breathe heavily and quickly which was always a sign of approaching anger. "I was forgetting... Do you wish it brought at once?"
uneasy - mal a l'aise, inquiet
"Yes, yes; just so! Bring it. Give it to the countess."
"What a treasure that DmĂtri is," added the count with a smile when the young man had departed. "There is never any impossible'with him. That's a thing I hate! Everything is possible."
"Ah, money, Count, money! How much sorrow it causes in the world," said the countess. "But I am in great need of this sum."
"You, my little countess, are a notorious spendthrift," said the count, and having kissed his wife's hand he went back to his study.
spendthrift - dépensier, prodigue, gaspilleur
When Anna MikhĂˇylovna returned from Count BezĂşkhov's the money, all in clean notes, was lying ready under a handkerchief on the countess'little table, and Anna MikhĂˇylovna noticed that something was agitating her.
"Well, my dear?" asked the countess.
"Oh, what a terrible state he is in! One would not know him, he is so ill! I was only there a few moments and hardly said a word..."
"Annette, For heaven's sake don't refuse me," the countess began, with a blush that looked very strange on her thin, dignified, elderly face, and she took the money from under the handkerchief.
For heaven's sake - Pour l'amour du ciel
refuse - refuser, refusons, refusent, refusez
blush - rougir
dignified - digne, honorer
Anna MikhĂˇylovna instantly guessed her intention and stooped to be ready to embrace the countess at the appropriate moment.
"This is for BorĂs from me, for his outfit."
Anna MikhĂˇylovna was already embracing her and weeping. The countess wept too. They wept because they were friends, and because they were kindhearted, and because they"friends from childhood"had to think about such a base thing as money, and because their youth was over.... But those tears were pleasant to them both.
weeping - pleurant, (weep) pleurant
wept - pleuré, pleurer
Countess RostĂłva, with her daughters and a large number of guests, was already seated in the drawing room. The count took the gentlemen into his study and showed them his choice collection of Turkish pipes. From time to time he went out to ask: "Hasn't she come yet?
Turkish - turque, turc
" They were expecting MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna AkhrosĂmova, known in society as le terrible dragon, a lady distinguished not for wealth or rank, but for common sense and frank plainness of speech.
Dragon - le dragon, dragon
MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna was known to the Imperial family as well as to all Moscow and Petersburg, and both cities wondered at her, laughed privately at her rudenesses, and told good stories about her, while none the less all without exception respected and feared her.
privately - en privé
rudenesses - impolitesses, impolitesse
In the count's room, which was full of tobacco smoke, they talked of the war that had been announced in a manifesto, and about the recruiting. None of them had yet seen the manifesto, but they all knew it had appeared. The count sat on the sofa between two guests who were smoking and talking.
manifesto - manifeste
He neither smoked nor talked, but bending his head first to one side and then to the other watched the smokers with evident pleasure and listened to the conversation of his two neighbors, whom he egged on against each other.
smokers - fumeurs, fumeur, fumeuse
One of them was a sallow, clean-shaven civilian with a thin and wrinkled face, already growing old, though he was dressed like a most fashionable young man. He sat with his legs up on the sofa as if quite at home and, having stuck an amber mouthpiece far into his mouth, was inhaling the smoke spasmodically and screwing up his eyes.
sallow - pâle, incolore, pâlot, blafard
wrinkled - ridé, ride
most fashionable - le plus a la mode
amber - l'ambre, ambre, ambre jaune, couleur d'ambre, feu orange
mouthpiece - microphone, micro, embouchure, portearole
inhaling - l'inhalation, inspirer, aspirer, inhaler, ingurgiter
This was an old bachelor, ShinshĂn, a cousin of the countess', a man with "a sharp tongue" as they said in Moscow society. He seemed to be condescending to his companion.
bachelor - célibataire, licence
condescending to - avec condescendance
The latter, a fresh, rosy officer of the Guards, irreproachably washed, brushed, and buttoned, held his pipe in the middle of his mouth and with red lips gently inhaled the smoke, letting it escape from his handsome mouth in rings.
irreproachably - de maniere irréprochable
inhaled - inhalé, inspirer, aspirer, inhaler, ingurgiter
rings - anneaux, anneau, bague
This was Lieutenant Berg, an officer in the SemĂ«nov regiment with whom BorĂs was to travel to join the army, and about whom NatĂˇsha had teased her elder sister VĂ©ra, speaking of Berg as her "intended." The count sat between them and listened attentively.
lieutenant - lieutenant
teased - taquiné, taquiner
listened attentively - écouté attentivement
His favorite occupation when not playing boston, a card game he was very fond of, was that of listener, especially when he succeeded in setting two loquacious talkers at one another.
Boston - boston
loquacious - loquace
"Well, then, old chap, mon trĂ¨s honorable Alphonse KĂˇrlovich," said ShinshĂn, laughing ironically and mixing the most ordinary Russian expressions with the choicest French phrases"which was a peculiarity of his speech. "Vous comptez vous faire des rentes sur l'Ă©tat; * you want to make something out of your company?"
honorable - honorable
most ordinary - le plus ordinaire
peculiarity - singularité, bizarrerie, étrangeté, particularité, distinction
faire - faire
des - DES
* You expect to make an income out of the government.
"No, Peter NikolĂˇevich; I only want to show that in the cavalry the advantages are far less than in the infantry. Just consider my own position now, Peter NikolĂˇevich..."
Peter - peter, Pierre, P
cavalry - la cavalerie, cavalerie
Berg always spoke quietly, politely, and with great precision. His conversation always related entirely to himself; he would remain calm and silent when the talk related to any topic that had no direct bearing on himself.
He could remain silent for hours without being at all put out of countenance himself or making others uncomfortable, but as soon as the conversation concerned himself he would begin to talk circumstantially and with evident satisfaction.
countenance - visage, approuver
circumstantially - de maniere circonstancielle
"Consider my position, Peter NikolĂˇevich. Were I in the cavalry I should get not more than two hundred rubles every four months, even with the rank of lieutenant; but as it is I receive two hundred and thirty," said he, looking at ShinshĂn and the count with a joyful, pleasant smile, as if it were obvious to him that his success must always be the chief desire of everyone else.
"Besides that, Peter NikolĂˇevich, by exchanging into the Guards I shall be in a more prominent position," continued Berg, "and vacancies occur much more frequently in the Foot Guards. Then just think what can be done with two hundred and thirty rubles! I even manage to put a little aside and to send something to my father," he went on, emitting a smoke ring.
vacancies - les postes vacants, vacance, chambre libre
"La balance y est... * A German knows how to skin a flint, as the proverb says," remarked ShinshĂn, moving his pipe to the other side of his mouth and winking at the count.
German - Allemand, Allemande, Germain, Germaine
Flint - flint, silex, pierre a fusil, pierre a briquet
proverb - proverbe
* So that squares matters.
The count burst out laughing. The other guests seeing that ShinshĂn was talking came up to listen.
Berg, oblivious of irony or indifference, continued to explain how by exchanging into the Guards he had already gained a step on his old comrades of the Cadet Corps; how in wartime the company commander might get killed and he, as senior in the company, might easily succeed to the post; how popular he was with everyone in the regiment, and how satisfied his father was with him.
oblivious - inconscient
comrades - camarades, camaradef, camarade
corps - corps, (corp) corps
wartime - en temps de guerre, temps de guerre
Berg evidently enjoyed narrating all this, and did not seem to suspect that others, too, might have their own interests. But all he said was so prettily sedate, and the naĂŻvetĂ© of his youthful egotism was so obvious, that he disarmed his hearers.
narrating - raconter, conter, narrer, rapporter, relater
prettily - joliment
disarmed - désarmé, désarmer
"Well, my boy, you'll get along wherever you go"foot or horse"that I'll warrant," said ShinshĂn, patting him on the shoulder and taking his feet off the sofa.
patting - la caresse, petite tape
Berg smiled joyously. The count, followed by his guests, went into the drawing room.
joyously - joyeusement
It was just the moment before a big dinner when the assembled guests, expecting the summons to zakĂşska, * avoid engaging in any long conversation but think it necessary to move about and talk, in order to show that they are not at all impatient for their food.
The host and hostess look toward the door, and now and then glance at one another, and the visitors try to guess from these glances who, or what, they are waiting for"some important relation who has not yet arrived, or a dish that is not yet ready.
* Hors d'oeuvres.
hors - hors
oeuvres - ouvres, ouvre, ouvres-p
Pierre had come just at dinnertime and was sitting awkwardly in the middle of the drawing room on the first chair he had come across, blocking the way for everyone. The countess tried to make him talk, but he went on naĂŻvely looking around through his spectacles as if in search of somebody and answered all her questions in monosyllables.
dinnertime - l'heure du dîner
monosyllables - monosyllabes, monosyllabe
He was in the way and was the only one who did not notice the fact. Most of the guests, knowing of the affair with the bear, looked with curiosity at this big, stout, quiet man, wondering how such a clumsy, modest fellow could have played such a prank on a policeman.
prank - farce, tour
"You have only lately arrived?" the countess asked him.
"Oui, madame," replied he, looking around him.
"You have not yet seen my husband?"
"Non, madame." He smiled quite inappropriately.
non - non
inappropriately - de maniere inappropriée
"You have been in Paris recently, I believe? I suppose it's very interesting."
The countess exchanged glances with Anna MikhĂˇylovna. The latter understood that she was being asked to entertain this young man, and sitting down beside him she began to speak about his father; but he answered her, as he had the countess, only in monosyllables. The other guests were all conversing with one another. "The RazumĂłvskis... It was charming... You are very kind... Countess AprĂˇksina.
.." was heard on all sides. The countess rose and went into the ballroom.
"MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna?" came her voice from there.
"Herself," came the answer in a rough voice, and MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna entered the room.
All the unmarried ladies and even the married ones except the very oldest rose. MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna paused at the door. Tall and stout, holding high her fifty-year-old head with its gray curls, she stood surveying the guests, and leisurely arranged her wide sleeves as if rolling them up. MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna always spoke in Russian.
leisurely - tranquillement
"Health and happiness to her whose name day we are keeping and to her children," she said, in her loud, full-toned voice which drowned all others. "Well, you old sinner," she went on, turning to the count who was kissing her hand, "you're feeling dull in Moscow, I daresay? Nowhere to hunt with your dogs? But what is to be done, old man?
sinner - pécheur, pécheresse
daresay - oserait-on dire
Just see how these nestlings are growing up," and she pointed to the girls. "You must look for husbands for them whether you like it or not...."
nestlings - des oisillons
"Well," said she, "how's my Cossack?" (MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna always called NatĂˇsha a Cossack) and she stroked the child's arm as she came up fearless and gay to kiss her hand. "I know she's a scamp of a girl, but I like her."
cossack - Cosaque f
fearless - sans peur, courageux, brave, intrépide
scamp - scamp
She took a pair of pear-shaped ruby earrings from her huge reticule and, having given them to the rosy NatĂˇsha, who beamed with the pleasure of her saint's-day fete, turned away at once and addressed herself to Pierre.
pear - poire, poirier
ruby - rubis
earrings - boucles d'oreilles, boucle d'oreille
reticule - réticule
"Eh, eh, friend! Come here a bit," said she, assuming a soft high tone of voice. "Come here, my friend..." and she ominously tucked up her sleeves still higher. Pierre approached, looking at her in a childlike way through his spectacles.
ominously - de mauvais augure
tucked up - rentré
"Come nearer, come nearer, friend! I used to be the only one to tell your father the truth when he was in favor, and in your case it's my evident duty." She paused. All were silent, expectant of what was to follow, for this was clearly only a prelude.
expectant - en attente, expectatif
Prelude - prélude
"A fine lad! My word! A fine lad!... His father lies on his deathbed and he amuses himself setting a policeman astride a bear! For shame, sir, for shame! It would be better if you went to the war."
deathbed - lit de mort
astride - a califourchon, a califourchon, a califourchon sur
She turned away and gave her hand to the count, who could hardly keep from laughing.
"Well, I suppose it is time we were at table?" said MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna.
The count went in first with MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna, the countess followed on the arm of a colonel of hussars, a man of importance to them because Nicholas was to go with him to the regiment; then came Anna MikhĂˇylovna with ShinshĂn. Berg gave his arm to VĂ©ra. The smiling Julie KarĂˇgina went in with Nicholas.
After them other couples followed, filling the whole dining hall, and last of all the children, tutors, and governesses followed singly. The footmen began moving about, chairs scraped, the band struck up in the gallery, and the guests settled down in their places.
tutors - tuteurs, chargé/-e de classe
governesses - gouvernantes, gouvernante, gouverneuse
singly - un a un
scraped - grattée, gratter, racler, effleurer
Then the strains of the count's household band were replaced by the clatter of knives and forks, the voices of visitors, and the soft steps of the footmen. At one end of the table sat the countess with MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna on her right and Anna MikhĂˇylovna on her left, the other lady visitors were farther down.
clatter - claquer, craquer, claquement, craquement, vacarme
At the other end sat the count, with the hussar colonel on his left and ShinshĂn and the other male visitors on his right. Midway down the long table on one side sat the grown-up young people: VĂ©ra beside Berg, and Pierre beside BorĂs; and on the other side, the children, tutors, and governesses.
midway - a mi-parcours, a mi-chemin
From behind the crystal decanters and fruit vases, the count kept glancing at his wife and her tall cap with its light-blue ribbons, and busily filled his neighbors'glasses, not neglecting his own.
decanters - des carafes, décanteur
vases - vases, vase
ribbons - rubans, ruban
busily - avec activité
The countess in turn, without omitting her duties as hostess, threw significant glances from behind the pineapples at her husband whose face and bald head seemed by their redness to contrast more than usual with his gray hair.
omitting - omettre
pineapples - ananas
redness - rougeur
At the ladies'end an even chatter of voices was heard all the time, at the men's end the voices sounded louder and louder, especially that of the colonel of hussars who, growing more and more flushed, ate and drank so much that the count held him up as a pattern to the other guests. Berg with tender smiles was saying to VĂ©ra that love is not an earthly but a heavenly feeling.
earthly - terrestre
heavenly - paradisiaque, céleste
BorĂs was telling his new friend Pierre who the guests were and exchanging glances with NatĂˇsha, who was sitting opposite. Pierre spoke little but examined the new faces, and ate a great deal. Of the two soups he chose turtle with savory patties and went on to the game without omitting a single dish or one of the wines.
Turtle - tortue de mer
savory - savoureux, sarriette
These latter the butler thrust mysteriously forward, wrapped in a napkin, from behind the next man's shoulders and whispered: "Dry Madeira"... "Hungarian"... or "Rhine wine" as the case might be.
butler - sommelier, majordome
thrust - estocade, poussée, propulser
napkin - serviette de table, serviette
Madeira - madere, Madere
Hungarian - hongrois, Hongroise
Rhine - le rhin, Rhin
Of the four crystal glasses engraved with the count's monogram that stood before his plate, Pierre held out one at random and drank with enjoyment, gazing with ever-increasing amiability at the other guests. NatĂˇsha, who sat opposite, was looking at BorĂs as girls of thirteen look at the boy they are in love with and have just kissed for the first time.
engraved - gravé, graver
monogram - monogramme
enjoyment - jouissance, plaisir
Sometimes that same look fell on Pierre, and that funny lively little girl's look made him inclined to laugh without knowing why.
Nicholas sat at some distance from SĂłnya, beside Julie KarĂˇgina, to whom he was again talking with the same involuntary smile. SĂłnya wore a company smile but was evidently tormented by jealousy; now she turned pale, now blushed and strained every nerve to overhear what Nicholas and Julie were saying to one another.
tormented - tourmenté, tourment, tourmenter
jealousy - jalousie, envie
The governess kept looking round uneasily as if preparing to resent any slight that might be put upon the children. The German tutor was trying to remember all the dishes, wines, and kinds of dessert, in order to send a full description of the dinner to his people in Germany; and he felt greatly offended when the butler with a bottle wrapped in a napkin passed him by.
governess - gouvernante, gouverneuse
uneasily - mal a l'aise
resent - résentent, ressentons, ressentent, ressentez, (resend), renvoyer
dessert - dessert
He frowned, trying to appear as if he did not want any of that wine, but was mortified because no one would understand that it was not to quench his thirst or from greediness that he wanted it, but simply from a conscientious desire for knowledge.
quench - apaiser, étancher, rassasier, désaltérer, éteindre, tremper
thirst - soif, avoir soif, désirer
greediness - l'avidité
conscientious - consciencieux
At the men's end of the table the talk grew more and more animated. The colonel told them that the declaration of war had already appeared in Petersburg and that a copy, which he had himself seen, had that day been forwarded by courier to the commander in chief.
courier - coursier, messager
"And why the deuce are we going to fight Bonaparte?" remarked ShinshĂn. "He has stopped Austria's cackle and I fear it will be our turn next."
deuce - deux
cackle - caquet, ricanement, gloussement, caqueter
The colonel was a stout, tall, plethoric German, evidently devoted to the service and patriotically Russian. He resented ShinshĂn's remark.
plethoric - pléthorique
patriotically - patriotiquement
resented - s'est fait remarquer, s'offenser de qqch
"It is for the reasson, my goot sir," said he, speaking with a German accent, "for the reasson zat ze Emperor knows zat. He declares in ze manifessto zat he cannot fiew wiz indifference ze danger vreatening Russia and zat ze safety and dignity of ze Empire as vell as ze sanctity of its alliances..." he spoke this last word with particular emphasis as if in it lay the gist of the matter.
wiz - wiz
vreatening - menace
vell - vell
sanctity - sainteté
gist - gist, essentiel, gîte
Then with the unerring official memory that characterized him he repeated from the opening words of the manifesto:
unerring - infaillible
... and the wish, which constitutes the Emperor's sole and absolute aim"to establish peace in Europe on firm foundations"has now decided him to despatch part of the army abroad and to create a new condition for the attainment of that purpose.
despatch - expédition
"Zat, my dear sir, is vy..." he concluded, drinking a tumbler of wine with dignity and looking to the count for approval.
tumbler - gobelet, tumbler
"Connaissez-vous le Proverbe:* Jerome, Jerome, do not roam, but turn spindles at home!'?" said ShinshĂn, puckering his brows and smiling. "Cela nous convient Ă merveille.*(2) SuvĂłrov now"he knew what he was about; yet they beat him Ă plate couture,*(3) and where are we to find SuvĂłrovs now? Je vous demande un peu," *(4) said he, continually changing from French to Russian.
roam - errer
puckering - des froncements de sourcils, (se) plisser
convient - convenable
couture - couture
un - un, ONU
* Do you know the proverb?
*(2) That suits us down to the ground.
*(4) I just ask you that.
"Ve must vight to the last tr-r-op of our plood!" said the colonel, thumping the table; "and ve must tie for our Emperor, and zen all vill pe vell. And ve must discuss it as little as po-o-ossible"... he dwelt particularly on the word possible... "as po-o-ossible," he ended, again turning to the count. "Zat is how ve old hussars look at it, and zere's an end of it!
vight - vight
op - op
thumping - le bruit sourd, coup sourd, tambouriner
Zen - zen
vill - vill
pe - pe, pé
Po - po, Pô
dwelt - a habité, résider, s'appesantir sur
And how do you, a young man and a young hussar, how do you judge of it?" he added, addressing Nicholas, who when he heard that the war was being discussed had turned from his partner with eyes and ears intent on the colonel.
"I am quite of your opinion," replied Nicholas, flaming up, turning his plate round and moving his wineglasses about with as much decision and desperation as though he were at that moment facing some great danger.
flaming up - S'enflammer
desperation - le désespoir, désespoir
"I am convinced that we Russians must die or conquer," he concluded, conscious"as were others"after the words were uttered that his remarks were too enthusiastic and emphatic for the occasion and were therefore awkward.
Russians - les russes, russe, ruthénien, langue russe
emphatic - emphatique
"What you said just now was splendid!" said his partner Julie.
SĂłnya trembled all over and blushed to her ears and behind them and down to her neck and shoulders while Nicholas was speaking.
Pierre listened to the colonel's speech and nodded approvingly.
approvingly - avec approbation
"That's fine," said he.
"The young man's a real hussar!" shouted the colonel, again thumping the table.
"What are you making such a noise about over there?" MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna's deep voice suddenly inquired from the other end of the table. "What are you thumping the table for?" she demanded of the hussar, "and why are you exciting yourself? Do you think the French are here?"
inquired - a demandé, enqueter, renseigner
"I am speaking ze truce," replied the hussar with a smile.
truce - treve, treve, cessez-le-feu
"It's all about the war," the count shouted down the table. "You know my son's going, MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna? My son is going."
"I have four sons in the army but still I don't fret. It is all in God's hands. You may die in your bed or God may spare you in a battle," replied MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna's deep voice, which easily carried the whole length of the table.
fret - fret, (se) tracasser (pour)
That's true - C'est vrai
Once more the conversations concentrated, the ladies'at the one end and the men's at the other.
"You won't ask," NatĂˇsha's little brother was saying; "I know you won't ask!"
"I will," replied NatĂˇsha.
Her face suddenly flushed with reckless and joyous resolution. She half rose, by a glance inviting Pierre, who sat opposite, to listen to what was coming, and turning to her mother:
reckless - irresponsable, insouciant, téméraire, branque
"Mamma!" rang out the clear contralto notes of her childish voice, audible the whole length of the table.
Contralto - contralto
audible - audible
"What is it?" asked the countess, startled; but seeing by her daughter's face that it was only mischief, she shook a finger at her sternly with a threatening and forbidding movement of her head.
sternly - séverement
The conversation was hushed.
hushed - étouffé, silence
"Mamma! What sweets are we going to have?" and NatĂˇsha's voice sounded still more firm and resolute.
The countess tried to frown, but could not. MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna shook her fat finger.
frown - froncer les sourcils
"Cossack!" she said threateningly.
threateningly - de façon menaçante
Most of the guests, uncertain how to regard this sally, looked at the elders.
uncertain - incertaine
sally - sally, sortie
"You had better take care!" said the countess.
"Mamma! What sweets are we going to have?" NatĂˇsha again cried boldly, with saucy gaiety, confident that her prank would be taken in good part.
boldly - hardiment
Saucy - en sauce, effronté, impertinent, osé
SĂłnya and fat little PĂ©tya doubled up with laughter.
"You see! I have asked," whispered NatĂˇsha to her little brother and to Pierre, glancing at him again.
"Ice pudding, but you won't get any," said MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna.
pudding - du pudding, boudin, pudding
NatĂˇsha saw there was nothing to be afraid of and so she braved even MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna.
"MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna! What kind of ice pudding? I don't like ice cream."
"No! What kind, MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna? What kind?" she almost screamed; "I want to know!"
MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna and the countess burst out laughing, and all the guests joined in. Everyone laughed, not at MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna's answer but at the incredible boldness and smartness of this little girl who had dared to treat MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna in this fashion.
boldness - l'audace, audace
smartness - l'intelligence
NatĂˇsha only desisted when she had been told that there would be pineapple ice. Before the ices, champagne was served round. The band again struck up, the count and countess kissed, and the guests, leaving their seats, went up to "congratulate" the countess, and reached across the table to clink glasses with the count, with the children, and with one another.
Pineapple - ananas
champagne - du champagne, Champagne
clink - clink, cliquetis, de terre, taule
Again the footmen rushed about, chairs scraped, and in the same order in which they had entered but with redder faces, the guests returned to the drawing room and to the count's study.
scraped - grattée, bout
The card tables were drawn out, sets made up for boston, and the count's visitors settled themselves, some in the two drawing rooms, some in the sitting room, some in the library.
The count, holding his cards fanwise, kept himself with difficulty from dropping into his usual after-dinner nap, and laughed at everything. The young people, at the countess'instigation, gathered round the clavichord and harp. Julie by general request played first.
fanwise - en ce qui concerne les fans
nap - sieste, petit somme
instigation - l'instigation
clavichord - clavicorde, manicordion
harp - harpe
After she had played a little air with variations on the harp, she joined the other young ladies in begging NatĂˇsha and Nicholas, who were noted for their musical talent, to sing something. NatĂˇsha, who was treated as though she were grown up, was evidently very proud of this but at the same time felt shy.
"What shall we sing?" she said.
"The Brook,'" suggested Nicholas.
brook - ruisseau
"Well, then, let's be quick. BorĂs, come here," said NatĂˇsha. "But where is SĂłnya?"
She looked round and seeing that her friend was not in the room ran to look for her.
Running into SĂłnya's room and not finding her there, NatĂˇsha ran to the nursery, but SĂłnya was not there either. NatĂˇsha concluded that she must be on the chest in the passage. The chest in the passage was the place of mourning for the younger female generation in the RostĂłv household.
mourning - le deuil, deuil, (mourn), déplorer, porter le deuil
And there in fact was SĂłnya lying face downward on Nurse's dirty feather bed on the top of the chest, crumpling her gauzy pink dress under her, hiding her face with her slender fingers, and sobbing so convulsively that her bare little shoulders shook.
feather bed - Un lit de plumes
crumpling - froisser, (crumple), chiffonner, se froisser
sobbing - sanglots, sanglotement, sanglotant, sanglotante, (sob), fdp
convulsively - convulsivement
NatĂˇsha's face, which had been so radiantly happy all that saint's day, suddenly changed: her eyes became fixed, and then a shiver passed down her broad neck and the corners of her mouth drooped.
shiver - frisson, trembler, frissonner
drooped - s'est affaissée, tomber, s'affaisser, bec
"SĂłnya! What is it? What is the matter?... Oo... Oo... Oo...!" And NatĂˇsha's large mouth widened, making her look quite ugly, and she began to wail like a baby without knowing why, except that SĂłnya was crying. SĂłnya tried to lift her head to answer but could not, and hid her face still deeper in the bed. NatĂˇsha wept, sitting on the blue-striped feather bed and hugging her friend.
wail - gémir, se lamenter
striped - rayé, rayure, galon, rayer
hugging - étreinte, embrassade, câlin, accolade, étreindre
With an effort SĂłnya sat up and began wiping her eyes and explaining.
"Nicholas is going away in a week's time, his... papers... have come... he told me himself... but still I should not cry," and she showed a paper she held in her hand"with the verses Nicholas had written, "still, I should not cry, but you can't... no one can understand... what a soul he has!"
And she began to cry again because he had such a noble soul.
"It's all very well for you... I am not envious... I love you and BorĂs also," she went on, gaining a little strength; "he is nice... there are no difficulties in your way.... But Nicholas is my cousin... one would have to... the Metropolitan himself... and even then it can't be done.
envious - envieux
metropolitan - métropolitain, urbain
And besides, if she tells Mamma" (SĂłnya looked upon the countess as her mother and called her so) "that I am spoiling Nicholas'career and am heartless and ungrateful, while truly... God is my witness," and she made the sign of the cross, "I love her so much, and all of you, only VĂ©ra... And what for? What have I done to her?
heartless - sans cour, sans-cour
ungrateful - ingrat
I am so grateful to you that I would willingly sacrifice everything, only I have nothing...."
willingly - volontairement, volontiers
SĂłnya could not continue, and again hid her face in her hands and in the feather bed. NatĂˇsha began consoling her, but her face showed that she understood all the gravity of her friend's trouble.
consoling - consoler
"SĂłnya," she suddenly exclaimed, as if she had guessed the true reason of her friend's sorrow, "I'm sure VĂ©ra has said something to you since dinner? Hasn't she?"
"Yes, these verses Nicholas wrote himself and I copied some others, and she found them on my table and said she'd show them to Mamma, and that I was ungrateful, and that Mamma would never allow him to marry me, but that he'll marry Julie. You see how he's been with her all day... NatĂˇsha, what have I done to deserve it?..."
And again she began to sob, more bitterly than before. NatĂˇsha lifted her up, hugged her, and, smiling through her tears, began comforting her.
sob - sanglot, fdp
bitterly - amerement, amerement
hugged - étreint, embrassade, étreinte, câlin, accolade, étreindre
"SĂłnya, don't believe her, darling! Don't believe her! Do you remember how we and Nicholas, all three of us, talked in the sitting room after supper? Why, we settled how everything was to be. I don't quite remember how, but don't you remember that it could all be arranged and how nice it all was? There's Uncle ShinshĂn's brother has married his first cousin.
And we are only second cousins, you know. And BorĂs says it is quite possible. You know I have told him all about it. And he is so clever and so good!" said NatĂˇsha. "Don't you cry, SĂłnya, dear love, darling SĂłnya!" and she kissed her and laughed. "VĂ©ra's spiteful; never mind her! And all will come right and she won't say anything to Mamma.
spiteful - rancunier
she won't - elle ne le fera pas
Nicholas will tell her himself, and he doesn't care at all for Julie."
NatĂˇsha kissed her on the hair.
SĂłnya sat up. The little kitten brightened, its eyes shone, and it seemed ready to lift its tail, jump down on its soft paws, and begin playing with the ball of worsted as a kitten should.
paws - pattes, patte
worsted - worsted, peigné, (worst), pire
"Do you think so?... Really? Truly?" she said, quickly smoothing her frock and hair.
"Really, truly!" answered NatĂˇsha, pushing in a crisp lock that had strayed from under her friend's plaits.
pushing in - en poussant
crisp - net, croustillant, croquant
strayed - égaré, s'écarter de
"Well, let's go and sing The Brook.'"
"Do you know, that fat Pierre who sat opposite me is so funny!" said NatĂˇsha, stopping suddenly. "I feel so happy!"
And she set off at a run along the passage.
SĂłnya, shaking off some down which clung to her and tucking away the verses in the bosom of her dress close to her bony little chest, ran after NatĂˇsha down the passage into the sitting room with flushed face and light, joyous steps. At the visitors'request the young people sang the quartette, "The Brook," with which everyone was delighted. Then Nicholas sang a song he had just learned:
shaking off - Secouer
tucking - le repli sur soi, rempli
bony - osseux
quartette - quartette
At nighttime in the moon's fair glow
nighttime - la nuit, nuit
glow - l'éclat, briller, luire, irradier, lueur, éclat
How sweet, as fancies wander free,
To feel that in this world there's one
Who still is thinking but of thee!
thee - toi
That while her fingers touch the harp
Wafting sweet music o'er the lea,
Wafting - wafting, (waft) wafting
er - er, euh
lea - vestibule
It is for thee thus swells her heart,
swells - la houle, enfler, gonfler
Sighing its message out to thee...
A day or two, then bliss unspoilt,
bliss - bonheur, béatitude, félicité
unspoilt - préservée
But oh! till then I cannot live!...
He had not finished the last verse before the young people began to get ready to dance in the large hall, and the sound of the feet and the coughing of the musicians were heard from the gallery.
coughing - toux, toussant, (cough), tousser
Pierre was sitting in the drawing room where ShinshĂn had engaged him, as a man recently returned from abroad, in a political conversation in which several others joined but which bored Pierre. When the music began NatĂˇsha came in and walking straight up to Pierre said, laughing and blushing:
"Mamma told me to ask you to join the dancers."
"I am afraid of mixing the figures," Pierre replied; "but if you will be my teacher..." And lowering his big arm he offered it to the slender little girl.
While the couples were arranging themselves and the musicians tuning up, Pierre sat down with his little partner. NatĂˇsha was perfectly happy; she was dancing with a grown-up man, who had been abroad. She was sitting in a conspicuous place and talking to him like a grown-up lady. She had a fan in her hand that one of the ladies had given her to hold.
conspicuous - qui se remarque aisément, visible, voyant, remarquable
Assuming quite the pose of a society woman (heaven knows when and where she had learned it) she talked with her partner, fanning herself and smiling over the fan.
"Dear, dear! Just look at her!" exclaimed the countess as she crossed the ballroom, pointing to NatĂˇsha.
NatĂˇsha blushed and laughed.
"Well, really, Mamma! Why should you? What is there to be surprised at?"
In the midst of the third Ă©cossaise there was a clatter of chairs being pushed back in the sitting room where the count and MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna had been playing cards with the majority of the more distinguished and older visitors. They now, stretching themselves after sitting so long, and replacing their purses and pocketbooks, entered the ballroom.
more distinguished - plus distingué
purses - sacs a main, bourse, portemonnaie, portefeuille, sac a main
pocketbooks - les portefeuilles, livre de poche, pocket
First came MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna and the count, both with merry countenances. The count, with playful ceremony somewhat in ballet style, offered his bent arm to MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna.
countenances - des visages, visage, approuver
He drew himself up, a smile of debonair gallantry lit up his face and as soon as the last figure of the Ă©cossaise was ended, he clapped his hands to the musicians and shouted up to their gallery, addressing the first violin:
gallantry - la galanterie, courage, galanterie
clapped - applaudi, applaudir, battre des mains
violin - violon
"SemĂ«n! Do you know the Daniel Cooper?"
Daniel - daniel
This was the count's favorite dance, which he had danced in his youth. (Strictly speaking, Daniel Cooper was one figure of the anglaise.)
"Look at Papa!" shouted NatĂˇsha to the whole company, and quite forgetting that she was dancing with a grown-up partner she bent her curly head to her knees and made the whole room ring with her laughter.
And indeed everybody in the room looked with a smile of pleasure at the jovial old gentleman, who standing beside his tall and stout partner, MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna, curved his arms, beat time, straightened his shoulders, turned out his toes, tapped gently with his foot, and, by a smile that broadened his round face more and more, prepared the onlookers for what was to follow.
jovial - jovial
beat time - temps de battement
straightened - redressé, redresser
broadened - élargi, élargir
onlookers - des badauds, spectateur/-trice
As soon as the provocatively gay strains of Daniel Cooper (somewhat resembling those of a merry peasant dance) began to sound, all the doorways of the ballroom were suddenly filled by the domestic serfs"the men on one side and the women on the other"who with beaming faces had come to see their master making merry.
provocatively - de maniere provocante
doorways - les portes, embrasure de la porte
"Just look at the master! A regular eagle he is!" loudly remarked the nurse, as she stood in one of the doorways.
eagle - aigle, eagle, réussir un aigle
The count danced well and knew it. But his partner could not and did not want to dance well. Her enormous figure stood erect, her powerful arms hanging down (she had handed her reticule to the countess), and only her stern but handsome face really joined in the dance.
What was expressed by the whole of the count's plump figure, in MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna found expression only in her more and more beaming face and quivering nose.
But if the count, getting more and more into the swing of it, charmed the spectators by the unexpectedness of his adroit maneuvers and the agility with which he capered about on his light feet, MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna produced no less impression by slight exertions"the least effort to move her shoulders or bend her arms when turning, or stamp her foot"which everyone appreciated in view of her size and habitual severity. The dance grew livelier and livelier. The other couples could not attract a moment's attention to their own evolutions and did not even try to do so. All were watching the count and MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna. NatĂˇsha kept pulling everyone by sleeve or dress, urging them to "look at Papa!" though as it was they never took their eyes off the couple. In the intervals of the dance the count, breathing deeply, waved and shouted to the musicians to play faster. Faster, faster, and faster; lightly, more lightly, and yet more lightly whirled the count, flying round MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna, now on his toes, now on his heels; until, turning his partner round to her seat, he executed the final pas, raising his soft foot backwards, bowing his perspiring head, smiling and making a wide sweep with his arm, amid a thunder of applause and laughter led by NatĂˇsha. Both partners stood still, breathing heavily and wiping their faces with their cambric handkerchiefs.
unexpectedness - soudaineté
adroit - adroit
maneuvers - manouvres, manouvre, exercice, manouvrer
agility - l'agilité, agilité
capered - capé, gambader
exertions - des efforts, effort, dépense
whirled - tourbillonné, tourbillonner
flying round - Voler autour
pas - pas, (PA), papa, pépé
bowing - s'incliner, (bow) s'incliner
perspiring - transpirer
thunder - le tonnerre, tonnerre, tonitruer
applause - applaudissements, applaudissement, acclamation
handkerchiefs - des mouchoirs, mouchoir
"That's how we used to dance in our time, ma chĂ¨re," said the count.
"That was a Daniel Cooper!" exclaimed MĂˇrya DmĂtrievna, tucking up her sleeves and puffing heavily.
tucking up - Ranger
puffing - souffler, (puff) souffler
While in the RostĂłvs'ballroom the sixth anglaise was being danced, to a tune in which the weary musicians blundered, and while tired footmen and cooks were getting the supper, Count BezĂşkhov had a sixth stroke. The doctors pronounced recovery impossible.
blundered - gaffe, qualifier
After a mute confession, communion was administered to the dying man, preparations made for the sacrament of unction, and in his house there was the bustle and thrill of suspense usual at such moments. Outside the house, beyond the gates, a group of undertakers, who hid whenever a carriage drove up, waited in expectation of an important order for an expensive funeral.
mute - muet
communion - la communion, communion
sacrament - sacrement
unction - l'onction, onction
bustle - l'agitation, affairement, branlebas, remue-ménage, agitation
thrill - l'excitation, exciter
suspense - suspension, suspense, angoisse, anxiété, appréhension
undertakers - les pompes funebres, croque-mort, directeur de funérailles
The Military Governor of Moscow, who had been assiduous in sending aides-de-camp to inquire after the count's health, came himself that evening to bid a last farewell to the celebrated grandee of Catherine's court, Count BezĂşkhov.
assiduous - assidu
inquire after - demander apres
Farewell - adieu, prendre congé, dire adieu, faire ses adieux
The magnificent reception room was crowded. Everyone stood up respectfully when the Military Governor, having stayed about half an hour alone with the dying man, passed out, slightly acknowledging their bows and trying to escape as quickly as possible from the glances fixed on him by the doctors, clergy, and relatives of the family.
reception room - la salle de réception
clergy - le clergé, clergé
Prince VasĂli, who had grown thinner and paler during the last few days, escorted him to the door, repeating something to him several times in low tones.
escorted - escorté, escorte, escorter
When the Military Governor had gone, Prince VasĂli sat down all alone on a chair in the ballroom, crossing one leg high over the other, leaning his elbow on his knee and covering his face with his hand.
After sitting so for a while he rose, and, looking about him with frightened eyes, went with unusually hurried steps down the long corridor leading to the back of the house, to the room of the eldest princess.
unusually - de façon inhabituelle
Those who were in the dimly lit reception room spoke in nervous whispers, and, whenever anyone went into or came from the dying man's room, grew silent and gazed with eyes full of curiosity or expectancy at his door, which creaked slightly when opened.
dimly - faiblement, obscurément, vaguement, confusément
expectancy - l'espérance de vie, attente, espérance, expectative
creaked - a grincé, craquement, craquer
"The limits of human life ... are fixed and may not be o'erpassed," said an old priest to a lady who had taken a seat beside him and was listening naĂŻvely to his words.
erpassed - erpassé
"I wonder, is it not too late to administer unction?" asked the lady, adding the priest's clerical title, as if she had no opinion of her own on the subject.
clerical - administratif, clérical
"Ah, madam, it is a great sacrament," replied the priest, passing his hand over the thin grizzled strands of hair combed back across his bald head.
madam - madame, mere maquerelle, tenanciere
combed - peigné, combe
"Who was that? The Military Governor himself?" was being asked at the other side of the room. "How young-looking he is!"
"Yes, and he is over sixty. I hear the count no longer recognizes anyone. They wished to administer the sacrament of unction."
"I knew someone who received that sacrament seven times."
The second princess had just come from the sickroom with her eyes red from weeping and sat down beside Dr. Lorrain, who was sitting in a graceful pose under a portrait of Catherine, leaning his elbow on a table.
"Beautiful," said the doctor in answer to a remark about the weather. "The weather is beautiful, Princess; and besides, in Moscow one feels as if one were in the country."
"Yes, indeed," replied the princess with a sigh. "So he may have something to drink?"
"Has he taken his medicine?"
The doctor glanced at his watch.
"Take a glass of boiled water and put a pinch of cream of tartar," and he indicated with his delicate fingers what he meant by a pinch.
Tartar - tartare, Tatare
"Dere has neffer been a gase," a German doctor was saying to an aide-de-camp, "dat one liffs after de sird stroke."
gase - gaz
"And what a well-preserved man he was!" remarked the aide-de-camp. "And who will inherit his wealth?" he added in a whisper.
"It von't go begging," replied the German with a smile.
go begging - aller mendier
Everyone again looked toward the door, which creaked as the second princess went in with the drink she had prepared according to Lorrain's instructions. The German doctor went up to Lorrain.
"Do you think he can last till morning?" asked the German, addressing Lorrain in French which he pronounced badly.
Lorrain, pursing up his lips, waved a severely negative finger before his nose.
"Tonight, not later," said he in a low voice, and he moved away with a decorous smile of self-satisfaction at being able clearly to understand and state the patient's condition.
decorous - décoratif
Meanwhile Prince VasĂli had opened the door into the princess'room.
In this room it was almost dark; only two tiny lamps were burning before the icons and there was a pleasant scent of flowers and burnt pastilles. The room was crowded with small pieces of furniture, whatnots, cupboards, and little tables. The quilt of a high, white feather bed was just visible behind a screen. A small dog began to bark.
scent - parfum, odeur, odorat, sentir
pastilles - pastilles, pastille
whatnots - quoi, étagere
quilt - l'édredon, édredon, couette, courtepointe, matelasser, ouater
bark - l'écorce, écorce, coque, aboyer
"Ah, is it you, cousin?"
She rose and smoothed her hair, which was as usual so extremely smooth that it seemed to be made of one piece with her head and covered with varnish.
varnish - vernis, vernir
"Has anything happened?" she asked. "I am so terrified."
"No, there is no change. I only came to have a talk about business, Catiche," * muttered the prince, seating himself wearily on the chair she had just vacated. "You have made the place warm, I must say," he remarked. "Well, sit down: let's have a talk."
wearily - avec lassitude
vacated - libéré, vider, fr
"I thought perhaps something had happened," she said with her unchanging stonily severe expression; and, sitting down opposite the prince, she prepared to listen.
stonily - stonily
"I wished to get a nap, mon cousin, but I can't."
"Well, my dear?" said Prince VasĂli, taking her hand and bending it downwards as was his habit.
It was plain that this "well?" referred to much that they both understood without naming.
The princess, who had a straight, rigid body, abnormally long for her legs, looked directly at Prince VasĂli with no sign of emotion in her prominent gray eyes. Then she shook her head and glanced up at the icons with a sigh. This might have been taken as an expression of sorrow and devotion, or of weariness and hope of resting before long.
rigid - rigide
abnormally - anormalement
Prince VasĂli understood it as an expression of weariness.
"And I?" he said; "do you think it is easier for me? I am as worn out as a post horse, but still I must have a talk with you, Catiche, a very serious talk."
Prince VasĂli said no more and his cheeks began to twitch nervously, now on one side, now on the other, giving his face an unpleasant expression which was never to be seen on it in a drawing room. His eyes too seemed strange; at one moment they looked impudently sly and at the next glanced round in alarm.
twitch - twitch, donner, avoir un mouvement convulsif
impudently - impudemment
The princess, holding her little dog on her lap with her thin bony hands, looked attentively into Prince VasĂli's eyes evidently resolved not to be the first to break silence, if she had to wait till morning.
"Well, you see, my dear princess and cousin, Catherine SemĂ«novna," continued Prince VasĂli, returning to his theme, apparently not without an inner struggle; "at such a moment as this one must think of everything. One must think of the future, of all of you... I love you all, like children of my own, as you know."
The princess continued to look at him without moving, and with the same dull expression.
"And then of course my family has also to be considered," Prince VasĂli went on, testily pushing away a little table without looking at her. "You know, Catiche, that we"you three sisters, MĂˇmontov, and my wife"are the count's only direct heirs. I know, I know how hard it is for you to talk or think of such matters.
testily - de façon provocante
heirs - héritiers, héritier, héritiere, successeur, successeuse
It is no easier for me; but, my dear, I am getting on for sixty and must be prepared for anything. Do you know I have sent for Pierre? The count," pointing to his portrait, "definitely demanded that he should be called."
Prince VasĂli looked questioningly at the princess, but could not make out whether she was considering what he had just said or whether she was simply looking at him.
"There is one thing I constantly pray God to grant, mon cousin," she replied, "and it is that He would be merciful to him and would allow his noble soul peacefully to leave this..."
merciful - miséricordieux
peacefully - pacifiquement
"Yes, yes, of course," interrupted Prince VasĂli impatiently, rubbing his bald head and angrily pulling back toward him the little table that he had pushed away. "But... in short, the fact is... you know yourself that last winter the count made a will by which he left all his property, not to us his direct heirs, but to Pierre."
impatiently - avec impatience
"He has made wills enough!" quietly remarked the princess. "But he cannot leave the estate to Pierre. Pierre is illegitimate."
"But, my dear," said Prince VasĂli suddenly, clutching the little table and becoming more animated and talking more rapidly: "what if a letter has been written to the Emperor in which the count asks for Pierre's legitimation? Do you understand that in consideration of the count's services, his request would be granted?..."
clutching - l'embrayage, se raccrocher (a)
legitimation - légitimation
The princess smiled as people do who think they know more about the subject under discussion than those they are talking with.
"I can tell you more," continued Prince VasĂli, seizing her hand, "that letter was written, though it was not sent, and the Emperor knew of it. The only question is, has it been destroyed or not?
If not, then as soon as all is over," and Prince VasĂli sighed to intimate what he meant by the words all is over, "and the count's papers are opened, the will and letter will be delivered to the Emperor, and the petition will certainly be granted. Pierre will get everything as the legitimate son."
"And our share?" asked the princess smiling ironically, as if anything might happen, only not that.
"But, my poor Catiche, it is as clear as daylight! He will then be the legal heir to everything and you won't get anything. You must know, my dear, whether the will and letter were written, and whether they have been destroyed or not. And if they have somehow been overlooked, you ought to know where they are, and must find them, because..."
daylight - la lumiere du jour, jour, lumiere du jour
"What next?" the princess interrupted, smiling sardonically and not changing the expression of her eyes. "I am a woman, and you think we are all stupid; but I know this: an illegitimate son cannot inherit... un bĂ˘tard!"* she added, as if supposing that this translation of the word would effectively prove to Prince VasĂli the invalidity of his contention.
sardonically - sardoniquement
* A bastard.
bastard - bâtard, bâtarde, croisé, fils de pute, salopard
"Well, really, Catiche! Can't you understand! You are so intelligent, how is it you don't see that if the count has written a letter to the Emperor begging him to recognize Pierre as legitimate, it follows that Pierre will not be Pierre but will become Count BezĂşkhov, and will then inherit everything under the will?
And if the will and letter are not destroyed, then you will have nothing but the consolation of having been dutiful et tout ce qui s'ensuit!* That's certain."
consolation - consoler, consolation
dutiful - consciencieux
et - et
tout - tout, racoler
ce - ce, EC (ere commune)
* And all that follows therefrom.
therefrom - de cette façon
"I know the will was made, but I also know that it is invalid; and you, mon cousin, seem to consider me a perfect fool," said the princess with the expression women assume when they suppose they are saying something witty and stinging.
"My dear Princess Catherine SemĂ«novna," began Prince VasĂli impatiently, "I came here not to wrangle with you, but to talk about your interests as with a kinswoman, a good, kind, true relation. And I tell you for the tenth time that if the letter to the Emperor and the will in Pierre's favor are among the count's papers, then, my dear girl, you and your sisters are not heiresses!
wrangle - se disputer, disputer, quereller
heiresses - héritieres, héritiere, successeuse, successrice
If you don't believe me, then believe an expert. I have just been talking to DmĂtri OnĂşfrich" (the family solicitor) "and he says the same."
At this a sudden change evidently took place in the princess'ideas; her thin lips grew white, though her eyes did not change, and her voice when she began to speak passed through such transitions as she herself evidently did not expect.
"That would be a fine thing!" said she. "I never wanted anything and I don't now."
She pushed the little dog off her lap and smoothed her dress.
"And this is gratitude"this is recognition for those who have sacrificed everything for his sake!" she cried. "It's splendid! Fine! I don't want anything, Prince."
"Yes, but you are not the only one. There are your sisters..." replied Prince VasĂli.
But the princess did not listen to him.
"Yes, I knew it long ago but had forgotten. I knew that I could expect nothing but meanness, deceit, envy, intrigue, and ingratitude"the blackest ingratitude"in this house..."
meanness - la méchanceté, abjection
deceit - la tromperie, tromperie, ruse, fraude
envy - l'envie, envie, jalousie, convoitise, envier
intrigue - intrigue, intriguer, conspirer
ingratitude - l'ingratitude, ingratitude
"Do you or do you not know where that will is?" insisted Prince VasĂli, his cheeks twitching more than ever.
twitching - twitching, (twitch) twitching
"Yes, I was a fool! I still believed in people, loved them, and sacrificed myself. But only the base, the vile succeed! I know who has been intriguing!"
vile - vil
The princess wished to rise, but the prince held her by the hand. She had the air of one who has suddenly lost faith in the whole human race. She gave her companion an angry glance.
"There is still time, my dear. You must remember, Catiche, that it was all done casually in a moment of anger, of illness, and was afterwards forgotten. Our duty, my dear, is to rectify his mistake, to ease his last moments by not letting him commit this injustice, and not to let him die feeling that he is rendering unhappy those who..."
casually - de rencontre
rectify - rectifier
"Who sacrificed everything for him," chimed in the princess, who would again have risen had not the prince still held her fast, "though he never could appreciate it. No, mon cousin," she added with a sigh, "I shall always remember that in this world one must expect no reward, that in this world there is neither honor nor justice. In this world one has to be cunning and cruel."
cunning - astucieux, rusé
"Now come, come! Be reasonable. I know your excellent heart."
"No, I have a wicked heart."
"I know your heart," repeated the prince. "I value your friendship and wish you to have as good an opinion of me. Don't upset yourself, and let us talk sensibly while there is still time, be it a day or be it but an hour.... Tell me all you know about the will, and above all where it is. You must know. We will take it at once and show it to the count.
sensibly - raisonnablement
He has, no doubt, forgotten it and will wish to destroy it. You understand that my sole desire is conscientiously to carry out his wishes; that is my only reason for being here. I came simply to help him and you."
conscientiously - consciencieusement
"Now I see it all! I know who has been intriguing"I know!" cried the princess.
"that's not the point, my dear."
that's not the point - ce n'est pas la question
"It's that protĂ©gĂ© of yours, that sweet Princess DrubetskĂˇya, that Anna MikhĂˇylovna whom I would not take for a housemaid... the infamous, vile woman!"
housemaid - femme de ménage
"Do not let us lose any time..."
"Ah, don't talk to me! Last winter she wheedled herself in here and told the count such vile, disgraceful things about us, especially about Sophie"I can't repeat them"that it made the count quite ill and he would not see us for a whole fortnight. I know it was then he wrote this vile, infamous paper, but I thought the thing was invalid."
wheedled - wheedled, rench: -neededr
disgraceful - honteux
fortnight - quinze jours, deux semaines, quinzaine
"We've got to it at last"why did you not tell me about it sooner?"
"It's in the inlaid portfolio that he keeps under his pillow," said the princess, ignoring his question. "Now I know! Yes; if I have a sin, a great sin, it is hatred of that vile woman!" almost shrieked the princess, now quite changed. "And what does she come worming herself in here for? But I will give her a piece of my mind. The time will come!"
inlaid - incrusté, incrustation
pillow - oreiller, tetiere
shrieked - a crié, hurlement, crier
While these conversations were going on in the reception room and the princess'room, a carriage containing Pierre (who had been sent for) and Anna MikhĂˇylovna (who found it necessary to accompany him) was driving into the court of Count BezĂşkhov's house.
driving into - dans lequel vous conduisez
As the wheels rolled softly over the straw beneath the windows, Anna MikhĂˇylovna, having turned with words of comfort to her companion, realized that he was asleep in his corner and woke him up. Rousing himself, Pierre followed Anna MikhĂˇylovna out of the carriage, and only then began to think of the interview with his dying father which awaited him.
rousing - l'enthousiasme, réveiller
He noticed that they had not come to the front entrance but to the back door. While he was getting down from the carriage steps two men, who looked like tradespeople, ran hurriedly from the entrance and hid in the shadow of the wall. Pausing for a moment, Pierre noticed several other men of the same kind hiding in the shadow of the house on both sides.
But neither Anna MikhĂˇylovna nor the footman nor the coachman, who could not help seeing these people, took any notice of them. "It seems to be all right," Pierre concluded, and followed Anna MikhĂˇylovna. She hurriedly ascended the narrow dimly lit stone staircase, calling to Pierre, who was lagging behind, to follow.
coachman - cocher
lagging - a la traîne, (lag), rester en arriere, etre en retard
Though he did not see why it was necessary for him to go to the count at all, still less why he had to go by the back stairs, yet judging by Anna MikhĂˇylovna's air of assurance and haste, Pierre concluded that it was all absolutely necessary. Halfway up the stairs they were almost knocked over by some men who, carrying pails, came running downstairs, their boots clattering.
haste - hâte
pails - seaux, seau
clattering - cliquetis, claquer, craquer, claquement, craquement, vacarme
These men pressed close to the wall to let Pierre and Anna MikhĂˇylovna pass and did not evince the least surprise at seeing them there.
evince - evince, montrer, prouver
"Is this the way to the princesses'apartments?" asked Anna MikhĂˇylovna of one of them.
"Yes," replied a footman in a bold loud voice, as if anything were now permissible; "the door to the left, ma'am."
permissible - admissible
"Perhaps the count did not ask for me," said Pierre when he reached the landing. "I'd better go to my own room."
Anna MikhĂˇylovna paused and waited for him to come up.
"Ah, my friend!" she said, touching his arm as she had done her son's when speaking to him that afternoon, "believe me I suffer no less than you do, but be a man!"
"But really, hadn't I better go away?" he asked, looking kindly at her over his spectacles.
"Ah, my dear friend! Forget the wrongs that may have been done you. Think that he is your father ... perhaps in the agony of death." She sighed. "I have loved you like a son from the first. Trust yourself to me, Pierre. I shall not forget your interests."
agony - l'agonie, agonie, angoisse
Pierre did not understand a word, but the conviction that all this had to be grew stronger, and he meekly followed Anna MikhĂˇylovna who was already opening a door.
meekly - docilement, humblement
This door led into a back anteroom. An old man, a servant of the princesses, sat in a corner knitting a stocking. Pierre had never been in this part of the house and did not even know of the existence of these rooms.
knitting - tricotage, tricot, (knit), tricoter, souder, unir, se souder
Anna MikhĂˇylovna, addressing a maid who was hurrying past with a decanter on a tray as "my dear" and "my sweet," asked about the princess'health and then led Pierre along a stone passage. The first door on the left led into the princesses'apartments.
decanter - carafe, décanteur
tray - plateau
The maid with the decanter in her haste had not closed the door (everything in the house was done in haste at that time), and Pierre and Anna MikhĂˇylovna in passing instinctively glanced into the room, where Prince VasĂli and the eldest princess were sitting close together talking.
Seeing them pass, Prince VasĂli drew back with obvious impatience, while the princess jumped up and with a gesture of desperation slammed the door with all her might.
This action was so unlike her usual composure and the fear depicted on Prince VasĂli's face so out of keeping with his dignity that Pierre stopped and glanced inquiringly over his spectacles at his guide. Anna MikhĂˇylovna evinced no surprise, she only smiled faintly and sighed, as if to say that this was no more than she had expected.
composure - le sang-froid, calme, quiétude
evinced - évincé, montrer, prouver
faintly - faiblement
"Be a man, my friend. I will look after your interests," said she in reply to his look, and went still faster along the passage.
Pierre could not make out what it was all about, and still less what "watching over his interests" meant, but he decided that all these things had to be. From the passage they went into a large, dimly lit room adjoining the count's reception room.
It was one of those sumptuous but cold apartments known to Pierre only from the front approach, but even in this room there now stood an empty bath, and water had been spilled on the carpet. They were met by a deacon with a censer and by a servant who passed out on tiptoe without heeding them.
sumptuous - somptueux
Deacon - diacre, diaconesse
censer - encensoir
on tiptoe - sur la pointe des pieds
They went into the reception room familiar to Pierre, with two Italian windows opening into the conservatory, with its large bust and full length portrait of Catherine the Great. The same people were still sitting here in almost the same positions as before, whispering to one another.
bust - buste
All became silent and turned to look at the pale tear-worn Anna MikhĂˇylovna as she entered, and at the big stout figure of Pierre who, hanging his head, meekly followed her.
became silent - est devenu silencieux
Anna MikhĂˇylovna's face expressed a consciousness that the decisive moment had arrived. With the air of a practical Petersburg lady she now, keeping Pierre close beside her, entered the room even more boldly than that afternoon. She felt that as she brought with her the person the dying man wished to see, her own admission was assured.
Casting a rapid glance at all those in the room and noticing the count's confessor there, she glided up to him with a sort of amble, not exactly bowing yet seeming to grow suddenly smaller, and respectfully received the blessing first of one and then of another priest.
confessor - confesseur
glided - glissé, glisser, planer
amble - amble, déambuler, ambler
"God be thanked that you are in time," said she to one of the priests; "all we relatives have been in such anxiety. This young man is the count's son," she added more softly. "What a terrible moment!"
priests - pretres, pretre, pretresse, sacrificateur, sacrificatrice
Having said this she went up to the doctor.
"Dear doctor," said she, "this young man is the count's son. Is there any hope?"
The doctor cast a rapid glance upwards and silently shrugged his shoulders. Anna MikhĂˇylovna with just the same movement raised her shoulders and eyes, almost closing the latter, sighed, and moved away from the doctor to Pierre. To him, in a particularly respectful and tenderly sad voice, she said:
respectful - respectueux
"Trust in His mercy!" and pointing out a small sofa for him to sit and wait for her, she went silently toward the door that everyone was watching and it creaked very slightly as she disappeared behind it.
Pierre, having made up his mind to obey his monitress implicitly, moved toward the sofa she had indicated. As soon as Anna MikhĂˇylovna had disappeared he noticed that the eyes of all in the room turned to him with something more than curiosity and sympathy. He noticed that they whispered to one another, casting significant looks at him with a kind of awe and even servility.
monitress - monitrice
implicitly - implicitement
awe - la stupeur, crainte, révérence, admiration
A deference such as he had never before received was shown him. A strange lady, the one who had been talking to the priests, rose and offered him her seat; an aide-de-camp picked up and returned a glove Pierre had dropped; the doctors became respectfully silent as he passed by, and moved to make way for him.
deference - respect, déférence
At first Pierre wished to take another seat so as not to trouble the lady, and also to pick up the glove himself and to pass round the doctors who were not even in his way; but all at once he felt that this would not do, and that tonight he was a person obliged to perform some sort of awful rite which everyone expected of him, and that he was therefore bound to accept their services.
rite - rite
He took the glove in silence from the aide-de-camp, and sat down in the lady's chair, placing his huge hands symmetrically on his knees in the naĂŻve attitude of an Egyptian statue, and decided in his own mind that all was as it should be, and that in order not to lose his head and do foolish things he must not act on his own ideas tonight, but must yield himself up entirely to the will of those who were guiding him.
symmetrically - symétriquement
Not two minutes had passed before Prince VasĂli with head erect majestically entered the room. He was wearing his long coat with three stars on his breast. He seemed to have grown thinner since the morning; his eyes seemed larger than usual when he glanced round and noticed Pierre.
majestically - majestueusement
He went up to him, took his hand (a thing he never used to do), and drew it downwards as if wishing to ascertain whether it was firmly fixed on.
ascertain - vérification, constater, définir
"Courage, courage, my friend! He has asked to see you. That is well!" and he turned to go.
But Pierre thought it necessary to ask: "How is..." and hesitated, not knowing whether it would be proper to call the dying man "the count," yet ashamed to call him "father."
"He had another stroke about half an hour ago. Courage, my friend..."
Pierre's mind was in such a confused state that the word "stroke" suggested to him a blow from something. He looked at Prince VasĂli in perplexity, and only later grasped that a stroke was an attack of illness. Prince VasĂli said something to Lorrain in passing and went through the door on tiptoe. He could not walk well on tiptoe and his whole body jerked at each step.
perplexity - perplexité
tiptoe - pointe des pied ieds, marcher sur la pointe des pieds
jerked - secoué, secousse
The eldest princess followed him, and the priests and deacons and some servants also went in at the door. Through that door was heard a noise of things being moved about, and at last Anna MikhĂˇylovna, still with the same expression, pale but resolute in the discharge of duty, ran out and touching Pierre lightly on the arm said:
deacons - diacres, diacre, diaconesse
"The divine mercy is inexhaustible! Unction is about to be administered. Come."
inexhaustible - inépuisable
Pierre went in at the door, stepping on the soft carpet, and noticed that the strange lady, the aide-de-camp, and some of the servants, all followed him in, as if there were now no further need for permission to enter that room.
Pierre well knew this large room divided by columns and an arch, its walls hung round with Persian carpets. The part of the room behind the columns, with a high silk-curtained mahogany bedstead on one side and on the other an immense case containing icons, was brightly illuminated with red light like a Russian church during evening service.
arch - arch, dôme
Persian - Persan
mahogany - acajou, mahagoni
bedstead - le sommier, châlit
brightly - brillante, clairement, précisément
illuminated - éclairé, illuminer
Under the gleaming icons stood a long invalid chair, and in that chair on snowy-white smooth pillows, evidently freshly changed, Pierre saw"covered to the waist by a bright green quilt"the familiar, majestic figure of his father, Count BezĂşkhov, with that gray mane of hair above his broad forehead which reminded one of a lion, and the deep characteristically noble wrinkles of his handsome, ruddy face. He lay just under the icons; his large thick hands outside the quilt. Into the right hand, which was lying palm downwards, a wax taper had been thrust between forefinger and thumb, and an old servant, bending over from behind the chair, held it in position. By the chair stood the priests, their long hair falling over their magnificent glittering vestments, with lighted tapers in their hands, slowly and solemnly conducting the service. A little behind them stood the two younger princesses holding handkerchiefs to their eyes, and just in front of them their eldest sister, Catiche, with a vicious and determined look steadily fixed on the icons, as though declaring to all that she could not answer for herself should she glance round. Anna MikhĂˇylovna, with a meek, sorrowful, and all-forgiving expression on her face, stood by the door near the strange lady. Prince VasĂli in front of the door, near the invalid chair, a wax taper in his left hand, was leaning his left arm on the carved back of a velvet chair he had turned round for the purpose, and was crossing himself with his right hand, turning his eyes upward each time he touched his forehead. His face wore a calm look of piety and resignation to the will of God. "If you do not understand these sentiments," he seemed to be saying, "so much the worse for you!"
gleaming - étincelante, brillant, (gleam) étincelante
snowy - enneigée, neigeux
pillows - oreillers, oreiller, tetiere
freshly - fraîchement, froidement
waist - taille, ceinture
majestic - majestueux
mane - criniere, criniere
characteristically - de façon caractéristique
ruddy - ruddy, rougeâtre
wax - la cire, cirons, cirez, cire, cirer, cirent
forefinger - l'index, index
glittering - scintillant, étincelant, (glitter), étincellement, paillette
tapers - les cônes, cierge
meek - doux, humble, modeste, soumis, faible
sorrowful - chagrin
upward - a la hausse
piety - la piété, piété
Behind him stood the aide-de-camp, the doctors, and the menservants; the men and women had separated as in church. All were silently crossing themselves, and the reading of the church service, the subdued chanting of deep bass voices, and in the intervals sighs and the shuffling of feet were the only sounds that could be heard.
menservants - serviteurs, serviteur
church service - service religieux
chanting - chanter, psalmodier
bass voices - des voix de basse
shuffling - le brassage, (shuffle), battage, battre, mélanger
Anna MikhĂˇylovna, with an air of importance that showed that she felt she quite knew what she was about, went across the room to where Pierre was standing and gave him a taper. He lit it and, distracted by observing those around him, began crossing himself with the hand that held the taper.
Sophie, the rosy, laughter-loving, youngest princess with the mole, watched him. She smiled, hid her face in her handkerchief, and remained with it hidden for awhile; then looking up and seeing Pierre she again began to laugh. She evidently felt unable to look at him without laughing, but could not resist looking at him: so to be out of temptation she slipped quietly behind one of the columns.
awhile - pendant ce temps, un moment, un peu, un instant
temptation - la tentation, tentation
In the midst of the service the voices of the priests suddenly ceased, they whispered to one another, and the old servant who was holding the count's hand got up and said something to the ladies. Anna MikhĂˇylovna stepped forward and, stooping over the dying man, beckoned to Lorrain from behind her back.
stooping - se baisser
beckoned - fait signe, faire signe
The French doctor held no taper; he was leaning against one of the columns in a respectful attitude implying that he, a foreigner, in spite of all differences of faith, understood the full importance of the rite now being performed and even approved of it.
He now approached the sick man with the noiseless step of one in full vigor of life, with his delicate white fingers raised from the green quilt the hand that was free, and turning sideways felt the pulse and reflected a moment. The sick man was given something to drink, there was a stir around him, then the people resumed their places and the service continued.
noiseless - sans bruit, silencieux
vigor - vigueur
During this interval Pierre noticed that Prince VasĂli left the chair on which he had been leaning, and"with an air which intimated that he knew what he was about and if others did not understand him it was so much the worse for them"did not go up to the dying man, but passed by him, joined the eldest princess, and moved with her to the side of the room where stood the high bedstead with its silken hangings. On leaving the bed both Prince VasĂli and the princess passed out by a back door, but returned to their places one after the other before the service was concluded. Pierre paid no more attention to this occurrence than to the rest of what went on, having made up his mind once for all that what he saw happening around him that evening was in some way essential.
silken - en soie, soyeux
The chanting of the service ceased, and the voice of the priest was heard respectfully congratulating the dying man on having received the sacrament. The dying man lay as lifeless and immovable as before. Around him everyone began to stir: steps were audible and whispers, among which Anna MikhĂˇylovna's was the most distinct.
immovable - inamovible, immeuble
Pierre heard her say:
"Certainly he must be moved onto the bed; here it will be impossible..."
The sick man was so surrounded by doctors, princesses, and servants that Pierre could no longer see the reddish-yellow face with its gray mane"which, though he saw other faces as well, he had not lost sight of for a single moment during the whole service. He judged by the cautious movements of those who crowded round the invalid chair that they had lifted the dying man and were moving him.
reddish - rougeâtre
"Catch hold of my arm or you'll drop him!" he heard one of the servants say in a frightened whisper. "Catch hold from underneath. Here!" exclaimed different voices; and the heavy breathing of the bearers and the shuffling of their feet grew more hurried, as if the weight they were carrying were too much for them.
underneath - dessous, en dessous, du dessous, d'en dessous
bearers - porteurs, porteur, porteuse
As the bearers, among whom was Anna MikhĂˇylovna, passed the young man he caught a momentary glimpse between their heads and backs of the dying man's high, stout, uncovered chest and powerful shoulders, raised by those who were holding him under the armpits, and of his gray, curly, leonine head.
uncovered - a découvert, découvrir
armpits - aisselles, aisselle
leonine - léonine
This head, with its remarkably broad brow and cheekbones, its handsome, sensual mouth, and its cold, majestic expression, was not disfigured by the approach of death. It was the same as Pierre remembered it three months before, when the count had sent him to Petersburg.
brow - sourcils, andouiller d'oil, maître andouiller
cheekbones - pommettes, pommette, zygoma
sensual - sensuel, voluptueux
disfigured - défiguré, défigurer
But now this head was swaying helplessly with the uneven movements of the bearers, and the cold listless gaze fixed itself upon nothing.
uneven - inégale, inégal
After a few minutes'bustle beside the high bedstead, those who had carried the sick man dispersed. Anna MikhĂˇylovna touched Pierre's hand and said, "Come." Pierre went with her to the bed on which the sick man had been laid in a stately pose in keeping with the ceremony just completed. He lay with his head propped high on the pillows.
stately - majestueux, imposant
propped - étayé, support
His hands were symmetrically placed on the green silk quilt, the palms downward. When Pierre came up the count was gazing straight at him, but with a look the significance of which could not be understood by mortal man. Either this look meant nothing but that as long as one has eyes they must look somewhere, or it meant too much.
mortal - mortel, mortelle
Pierre hesitated, not knowing what to do, and glanced inquiringly at his guide. Anna MikhĂˇylovna made a hurried sign with her eyes, glancing at the sick man's hand and moving her lips as if to send it a kiss. Pierre, carefully stretching his neck so as not to touch the quilt, followed her suggestion and pressed his lips to the large boned, fleshy hand.
fleshy - charnue, carné, pulpeux, viandeux, charnu
Neither the hand nor a single muscle of the count's face stirred. Once more Pierre looked questioningly at Anna MikhĂˇylovna to see what he was to do next. Anna MikhĂˇylovna with her eyes indicated a chair that stood beside the bed. Pierre obediently sat down, his eyes asking if he were doing right. Anna MikhĂˇylovna nodded approvingly.
obediently - avec obéissance
Again Pierre fell into the naĂŻvely symmetrical pose of an Egyptian statue, evidently distressed that his stout and clumsy body took up so much room and doing his utmost to look as small as possible. He looked at the count, who still gazed at the spot where Pierre's face had been before he sat down.
symmetrical - symétrique
utmost - le plus important, extreme, plus grand, supreme, maximum
Anna MikhĂˇylovna indicated by her attitude her consciousness of the pathetic importance of these last moments of meeting between the father and son. This lasted about two minutes, which to Pierre seemed an hour. Suddenly the broad muscles and lines of the count's face began to twitch.
The twitching increased, the handsome mouth was drawn to one side (only now did Pierre realize how near death his father was), and from that distorted mouth issued an indistinct, hoarse sound.
hoarse - rauque, rugueux
Anna MikhĂˇylovna looked attentively at the sick man's eyes, trying to guess what he wanted; she pointed first to Pierre, then to some drink, then named Prince VasĂli in an inquiring whisper, then pointed to the quilt. The eyes and face of the sick man showed impatience. He made an effort to look at the servant who stood constantly at the head of the bed.
"Wants to turn on the other side," whispered the servant, and got up to turn the count's heavy body toward the wall.
Pierre rose to help him.
While the count was being turned over, one of his arms fell back helplessly and he made a fruitless effort to pull it forward.
fruitless - infructueux, abortif, abortive, vain
Whether he noticed the look of terror with which Pierre regarded that lifeless arm, or whether some other thought flitted across his dying brain, at any rate he glanced at the refractory arm, at Pierre's terror-stricken face, and again at the arm, and on his face a feeble, piteous smile appeared, quite out of keeping with his features, that seemed to deride his own helplessness.
flitted - flotté, voltiger, voleter, papillonner, virevolter
refractory - réfractaire
feeble - faible
deride - se moquer, bafouer, railler
at sight of this smile Pierre felt an unexpected quivering in his breast and a tickling in his nose, and tears dimmed his eyes. The sick man was turned on to his side with his face to the wall. He sighed.
at sight - a vue
tickling - des chatouilles, (tickle), chatouiller
dimmed - diminué, faible, vague
"He is dozing," said Anna MikhĂˇylovna, observing that one of the princesses was coming to take her turn at watching. "Let us go."
dozing - s'assoupir, (doze) s'assoupir
Pierre went out.
There was now no one in the reception room except Prince VasĂli and the eldest princess, who were sitting under the portrait of Catherine the Great and talking eagerly. As soon as they saw Pierre and his companion they became silent, and Pierre thought he saw the princess hide something as she whispered:
"I can't bear the sight of that woman."
"Catiche has had tea served in the small drawing room," said Prince VasĂli to Anna MikhĂˇylovna. "Go and take something, my poor Anna MikhĂˇylovna, or you will not hold out."
To Pierre he said nothing, merely giving his arm a sympathetic squeeze below the shoulder. Pierre went with Anna MikhĂˇylovna into the small drawing room.
"There is nothing so refreshing after a sleepless night as a cup of this delicious Russian tea," Lorrain was saying with an air of restrained animation as he stood sipping tea from a delicate Chinese handleless cup before a table on which tea and a cold supper were laid in the small circular room.
refreshing - rafraîchissant, revigorer, rafraîchir
sleepless - l'insomnie, insomniaque
restrained - retenue, (se) contenir/retenir
sipping - siroter, gorgée
handleless - sans poignée
circular - circulaire, rond
Around the table all who were at Count BezĂşkhov's house that night had gathered to fortify themselves. Pierre well remembered this small circular drawing room with its mirrors and little tables.
fortify - fortifier, renforcer, supplémenter
During balls given at the house Pierre, who did not know how to dance, had liked sitting in this room to watch the ladies who, as they passed through in their ball dresses with diamonds and pearls on their bare shoulders, looked at themselves in the brilliantly lighted mirrors which repeated their reflections several times. Now this same room was dimly lighted by two candles.
ball dresses - des robes de bal
pearls - perles, perle, joyau, perlure, parisienne, sédanoise
On one small table tea things and supper dishes stood in disorder, and in the middle of the night a motley throng of people sat there, not merrymaking, but somberly whispering, and betraying by every word and movement that they none of them forgot what was happening and what was about to happen in the bedroom. Pierre did not eat anything though he would very much have liked to.
motley - motley, hétéroclite, bigarré
throng - essaim, foule
somberly - sombrement
He looked inquiringly at his monitress and saw that she was again going on tiptoe to the reception room where they had left Prince VasĂli and the eldest princess. Pierre concluded that this also was essential, and after a short interval followed her. Anna MikhĂˇylovna was standing beside the princess, and they were both speaking in excited whispers.
"Permit me, Princess, to know what is necessary and what is not necessary," said the younger of the two speakers, evidently in the same state of excitement as when she had slammed the door of her room.
"But, my dear princess," answered Anna MikhĂˇylovna blandly but impressively, blocking the way to the bedroom and preventing the other from passing, "won't this be too much for poor Uncle at a moment when he needs repose? Worldly conversation at a moment when his soul is already prepared..."
impressively - de maniere impressionnante
repose - repos
worldly - laique
Prince VasĂli was seated in an easy chair in his familiar attitude, with one leg crossed high above the other. His cheeks, which were so flabby that they looked heavier below, were twitching violently; but he wore the air of a man little concerned in what the two ladies were saying.
flabby - flasque, ramolli
violently - violemment
"Come, my dear Anna MikhĂˇylovna, let Catiche do as she pleases. You know how fond the count is of her."
"I don't even know what is in this paper," said the younger of the two ladies, addressing Prince VasĂli and pointing to an inlaid portfolio she held in her hand. "All I know is that his real will is in his writing table, and this is a paper he has forgotten...."
She tried to pass Anna MikhĂˇylovna, but the latter sprang so as to bar her path.
"I know, my dear, kind princess," said Anna MikhĂˇylovna, seizing the portfolio so firmly that it was plain she would not let go easily. "Dear princess, I beg and implore you, have some pity on him! Je vous en conjure..."
en - en
The princess did not reply. Their efforts in the struggle for the portfolio were the only sounds audible, but it was evident that if the princess did speak, her words would not be flattering to Anna MikhĂˇylovna. Though the latter held on tenaciously, her voice lost none of its honeyed firmness and softness.
flattering - flatteur, flatter
tenaciously - avec ténacité
honeyed - mielleux, miel
firmness - la fermeté, fermeté
"Pierre, my dear, come here. I think he will not be out of place in a family consultation; is it not so, Prince?"
"Why don't you speak, cousin?" suddenly shrieked the princess so loud that those in the drawing room heard her and were startled. "Why do you remain silent when heaven knows who permits herself to interfere, making a scene on the very threshold of a dying man's room? Intriguer!" she hissed viciously, and tugged with all her might at the portfolio.
Intriguer - intrigant
viciously - vicieusement, pernicieuxse
But Anna MikhĂˇylovna went forward a step or two to keep her hold on the portfolio, and changed her grip.
Prince VasĂli rose. "Oh!" said he with reproach and surprise, "this is absurd! Come, let go I tell you."
The princess let go.
"And you too!"
But Anna MikhĂˇylovna did not obey him.
"Let go, I tell you! I will take the responsibility. I myself will go and ask him, I!... does that satisfy you?"
"But, Prince," said Anna MikhĂˇylovna, "after such a solemn sacrament, allow him a moment's peace! Here, Pierre, tell them your opinion," said she, turning to the young man who, having come quite close, was gazing with astonishment at the angry face of the princess which had lost all dignity, and at the twitching cheeks of Prince VasĂli.
astonishment - l'étonnement, étonnement
"Remember that you will answer for the consequences," said Prince VasĂli severely. "You don't know what you are doing."
"Vile woman!" shouted the princess, darting unexpectedly at Anna MikhĂˇylovna and snatching the portfolio from her.
darting - darting, dard, fleche
Prince VasĂli bent his head and spread out his hands.
At this moment that terrible door, which Pierre had watched so long and which had always opened so quietly, burst noisily open and banged against the wall, and the second of the three sisters rushed out wringing her hands.
noisily - bruyamment
banged - cogné, détonation
wringing - tordant, (wring) tordant
"What are you doing!" she cried vehemently. "He is dying and you leave me alone with him!"
Her sister dropped the portfolio. Anna MikhĂˇylovna, stooping, quickly caught up the object of contention and ran into the bedroom. The eldest princess and Prince VasĂli, recovering themselves, followed her. A few minutes later the eldest sister came out with a pale hard face, again biting her underlip. At sight of Pierre her expression showed an irrepressible hatred.
irrepressible - irrépressible
"Yes, now you may be glad!" said she; "this is what you have been waiting for." And bursting into tears she hid her face in her handkerchief and rushed from the room.
Prince VasĂli came next. He staggered to the sofa on which Pierre was sitting and dropped onto it, covering his face with his hand. Pierre noticed that he was pale and that his jaw quivered and shook as if in an ague.
staggered - en décalé, tituber
jaw - mâchoire
ague - ague, fievre
"Ah, my friend!" said he, taking Pierre by the elbow; and there was in his voice a sincerity and weakness Pierre had never observed in it before. "How often we sin, how much we deceive, and all for what? I am near sixty, dear friend... I too... All will end in death, all! Death is awful..." and he burst into tears.
sincerity - la sincérité, sincérité
deceive - tromper, leurrer, séduire
Anna MikhĂˇylovna came out last. She approached Pierre with slow, quiet steps.
"Pierre!" she said.
Pierre gave her an inquiring look. She kissed the young man on his forehead, wetting him with her tears. Then after a pause she said:
"He is no more...."
Pierre looked at her over his spectacles.
"Come, I will go with you. Try to weep, nothing gives such relief as tears."
weep - pleurer, pleurez, pleurons, pleurent
She led him into the dark drawing room and Pierre was glad no one could see his face. Anna MikhĂˇylovna left him, and when she returned he was fast asleep with his head on his arm.
In the morning Anna MikhĂˇylovna said to Pierre:
"Yes, my dear, this is a great loss for us all, not to speak of you. But God will support you: you are young, and are now, I hope, in command of an immense fortune. The will has not yet been opened. I know you well enough to be sure that this will not turn your head, but it imposes duties on you, and you must be a man."
Pierre was silent.
"Perhaps later on I may tell you, my dear boy, that if I had not been there, God only knows what would have happened! You know, Uncle promised me only the day before yesterday not to forget BorĂs. But he had no time. I hope, my dear friend, you will carry out your father's wish?"
Pierre understood nothing of all this and coloring shyly looked in silence at Princess Anna MikhĂˇylovna. After her talk with Pierre, Anna MikhĂˇylovna returned to the RostĂłvs'and went to bed. On waking in the morning she told the RostĂłvs and all her acquaintances the details of Count BezĂşkhov's death.
shyly - timidement
acquaintances - des connaissances, relation, qualifier
She said the count had died as she would herself wish to die, that his end was not only touching but edifying.
edifying - édifiant, édifier
As to the last meeting between father and son, it was so touching that she could not think of it without tears, and did not know which had behaved better during those awful moments"the father who so remembered everything and everybody at last and had spoken such pathetic words to the son, or Pierre, whom it had been pitiful to see, so stricken was he with grief, though he tried hard to hide it in order not to sadden his dying father. "It is painful, but it does one good. It uplifts the soul to see such men as the old count and his worthy son," said she. Of the behavior of the eldest princess and Prince VasĂli she spoke disapprovingly, but in whispers and as a great secret.
pitiful - pitoyable
sadden - attristé, attrister
uplifts - s'éleve, élever, transcender, promouvoir, exalter, soulevement
disapprovingly - avec désapprobation
At Bald Hills, Prince Nicholas AndrĂ©evich BolkĂłnski's estate, the arrival of young Prince Andrew and his wife was daily expected, but this expectation did not upset the regular routine of life in the old prince's household.
General in Chief Prince Nicholas AndrĂ©evich (nicknamed in society, "the King of Prussia") ever since the Emperor Paul had exiled him to his country estate had lived there continuously with his daughter, Princess Mary, and her companion, Mademoiselle Bourienne.
Paul - paul
continuously - en continu
Though in the new reign he was free to return to the capitals, he still continued to live in the country, remarking that anyone who wanted to see him could come the hundred miles from Moscow to Bald Hills, while he himself needed no one and nothing. He used to say that there are only two sources of human vice"idleness and superstition, and only two virtues"activity and intelligence.
idleness - l'oisiveté, oisiveté, inactivité, indolence, inutilité
superstition - superstition
He himself undertook his daughter's education, and to develop these two cardinal virtues in her gave her lessons in algebra and geometry till she was twenty, and arranged her life so that her whole time was occupied.
cardinal - cardinal, rouge cardinal
algebra - l'algebre, algebre
geometry - géométrie
He was himself always occupied: writing his memoirs, solving problems in higher mathematics, turning snuffboxes on a lathe, working in the garden, or superintending the building that was always going on at his estate. As regularity is a prime condition facilitating activity, regularity in his household was carried to the highest point of exactitude.
snuffboxes - tabatieres, tabatiere
lathe - tour
superintending - surintendante, surveiller, diriger
regularity - régularité
exactitude - l'exactitude, exactitude
He always came to table under precisely the same conditions, and not only at the same hour but at the same minute. With those about him, from his daughter to his serfs, the prince was sharp and invariably exacting, so that without being a hardhearted man he inspired such fear and respect as few hardhearted men would have aroused.
invariably - invariablement
hardhearted - au cour dur
aroused - excité, émoustiller, exciter
Although he was in retirement and had now no influence in political affairs, every high official appointed to the province in which the prince's estate lay considered it his duty to visit him and waited in the lofty antechamber just as the architect, gardener, or Princess Mary did, till the prince appeared punctually to the appointed hour.
high official - haut fonctionnaire
antechamber - antichambre
gardener - jardinier, jardiniere
punctually - ponctuellement
Everyone sitting in this antechamber experienced the same feeling of respect and even fear when the enormously high study door opened and showed the figure of a rather small old man, with powdered wig, small withered hands, and bushy gray eyebrows which, when he frowned, sometimes hid the gleam of his shrewd, youthfully glittering eyes.
enormously - énormément
wig - perruque
withered - flétrie, (se) faner
shrewd - astucieux, perspicace, sagace, habile, roublard, futé
youthfully - jeunes, juvénilement
On the morning of the day that the young couple were to arrive, Princess Mary entered the antechamber as usual at the time appointed for the morning greeting, crossing herself with trepidation and repeating a silent prayer. Every morning she came in like that, and every morning prayed that the daily interview might pass off well.
trepidation - inquiétude, crainte, appréhension, trépidation
pass off - passer
An old powdered manservant who was sitting in the antechamber rose quietly and said in a whisper: "Please walk in."
manservant - serviteur
Through the door came the regular hum of a lathe. The princess timidly opened the door which moved noiselessly and easily. She paused at the entrance. The prince was working at the lathe and after glancing round continued his work.
Hum - hum, fredonner, bourdonner, fourmiller
noiselessly - sans bruit
The enormous study was full of things evidently in constant use. The large table covered with books and plans, the tall glass-fronted bookcases with keys in the locks, the high desk for writing while standing up, on which lay an open exercise book, and the lathe with tools laid ready to hand and shavings scattered around"all indicated continuous, varied, and orderly activity.
bookcases - bibliotheques, bibliotheque
high desk - bureau haut
exercise book - cahier d'exercices
orderly - ordonné, planton
The motion of the small foot shod in a Tartar boot embroidered with silver, and the firm pressure of the lean sinewy hand, showed that the prince still possessed the tenacious endurance and vigor of hardy old age.
tenacious - tenace
endurance - l'endurance, endurance
hardy - robuste, rustique
After a few more turns of the lathe he removed his foot from the pedal, wiped his chisel, dropped it into a leather pouch attached to the lathe, and, approaching the table, summoned his daughter. He never gave his children a blessing, so he simply held out his bristly cheek (as yet unshaven) and, regarding her tenderly and attentively, said severely:
pedal - pédale, pédaler
chisel - ciseau, ciseler, buriner
pouch - pochette, sachet, petit sac, or tobacco, poche, marsupium
summoned - convoqué, convoquer
bristly - hirsute, embroussaillé
unshaven - mal rasé
"Quite well? All right then, sit down." He took the exercise book containing lessons in geometry written by himself and drew up a chair with his foot.
"For tomorrow!" said he, quickly finding the page and making a scratch from one paragraph to another with his hard nail.
The princess bent over the exercise book on the table.
"Wait a bit, here's a letter for you," said the old man suddenly, taking a letter addressed in a woman's hand from a bag hanging above the table, onto which he threw it.
At the sight of the letter red patches showed themselves on the princess'face. She took it quickly and bent her head over it.
"From HĂ©loĂŻse?" asked the prince with a cold smile that showed his still sound, yellowish teeth.
yellowish - jaunâtre
"Yes, it's from Julie," replied the princess with a timid glance and a timid smile.
"I'll let two more letters pass, but the third I'll read," said the prince sternly; "I'm afraid you write much nonsense. I'll read the third!"
"Read this if you like, Father," said the princess, blushing still more and holding out the letter.
"The third, I said the third!" cried the prince abruptly, pushing the letter away, and leaning his elbows on the table he drew toward him the exercise book containing geometrical figures.
abruptly - brusquement, abruptement, tout d'un coup, précipitamment
geometrical - géométrique
"Well, madam," he began, stooping over the book close to his daughter and placing an arm on the back of the chair on which she sat, so that she felt herself surrounded on all sides by the acrid scent of old age and tobacco, which she had known so long. "Now, madam, these triangles are equal; please note that the angle ABC..."
acrid - âcre
triangles - triangles, triangle
Abc - alphabet
The princess looked in a scared way at her father's eyes glittering close to her; the red patches on her face came and went, and it was plain that she understood nothing and was so frightened that her fear would prevent her understanding any of her father's further explanations, however clear they might be.
Whether it was the teacher's fault or the pupil's, this same thing happened every day: the princess'eyes grew dim, she could not see and could not hear anything, but was only conscious of her stern father's withered face close to her, of his breath and the smell of him, and could think only of how to get away quickly to her own room to make out the problem in peace.
dim - dim, faible, vague
The old man was beside himself: moved the chair on which he was sitting noisily backward and forward, made efforts to control himself and not become vehement, but almost always did become vehement, scolded, and sometimes flung the exercise book away.
scolded - grondé, chipie, furie, mégere, gronder, réprimander, tancer
flung - jeté, lancer
The princess gave a wrong answer.
"Well now, isn't she a fool!" shouted the prince, pushing the book aside and turning sharply away; but rising immediately, he paced up and down, lightly touched his daughter's hair and sat down again.
sharply - brusquement
He drew up his chair, and continued to explain.
"This won't do, Princess; it won't do," said he, when Princess Mary, having taken and closed the exercise book with the next day's lesson, was about to leave: "Mathematics are most important, madam! I don't want to have you like our silly ladies. Get used to it and you'll like it," and he patted her cheek. "It will drive all the nonsense out of your head."
This won't do - Ceci ne suffira pas
patted - tapoté, petite tape
She turned to go, but he stopped her with a gesture and took an uncut book from the high desk.
uncut - non coupé
"Here is some sort of Key to the Mysteries that your HĂ©loĂŻse has sent you. Religious! I don't interfere with anyone's belief... I have looked at it. Take it. Well, now go. Go."
He patted her on the shoulder and himself closed the door after her.
Princess Mary went back to her room with the sad, scared expression that rarely left her and which made her plain, sickly face yet plainer. She sat down at her writing table, on which stood miniature portraits and which was littered with books and papers. The princess was as untidy as her father was tidy. She put down the geometry book and eagerly broke the seal of her letter.
sickly - malade, maladif, souffreteux, chétif, valétudinaire, douçâtre
miniature - miniature, enluminure, figurine
untidy - débraillé, négligé, désordonné, bordélique
It was from her most intimate friend from childhood; that same Julie KarĂˇgina who had been at the RostĂłvs'name-day party.
Julie wrote in French:
Dear and precious Friend, How terrible and frightful a thing is separation!
frightful - effrayante, effrayant
Though I tell myself that half my life and half my happiness are wrapped up in you, and that in spite of the distance separating us our hearts are united by indissoluble bonds, my heart rebels against fate and in spite of the pleasures and distractions around me I cannot overcome a certain secret sorrow that has been in my heart ever since we parted.
indissoluble - indissoluble
distractions - des distractions, distraction, folie
Why are we not together as we were last summer, in your big study, on the blue sofa, the confidential sofa? Why cannot I now, as three months ago, draw fresh moral strength from your look, so gentle, calm, and penetrating, a look I loved so well and seem to see before me as I write?
penetrating - pénétrant, pénétrer
Having read thus far, Princess Mary sighed and glanced into the mirror which stood on her right. It reflected a weak, ungraceful figure and thin face. Her eyes, always sad, now looked with particular hopelessness at her reflection in the glass. "She flatters me," thought the princess, turning away and continuing to read.
ungraceful - ingrate
hopelessness - le désespoir, désespérance
Flatters - flatters, flatter
But Julie did not flatter her friend, the princess'eyes"large, deep and luminous (it seemed as if at times there radiated from them shafts of warm light)"were so beautiful that very often in spite of the plainness of her face they gave her an attraction more powerful than that of beauty.
luminous - lumineux
radiated - rayonné, irradier
shafts - arbres, hampe, rachis, cage, entuber
But the princess never saw the beautiful expression of her own eyes"the look they had when she was not thinking of herself. As with everyone, her face assumed a forced unnatural expression as soon as she looked in a glass. She went on reading:
All Moscow talks of nothing but war. One of my two brothers is already abroad, the other is with the Guards, who are starting on their march to the frontier. Our dear Emperor has left Petersburg and it is thought intends to expose his precious person to the chances of war.
frontier - frontiere, frontiere
God grant that the Corsican monster who is destroying the peace of Europe may be overthrown by the angel whom it has pleased the Almighty, in His goodness, to give us as sovereign! To say nothing of my brothers, this war has deprived me of one of the associations nearest my heart.
Corsican - la corse, corse
overthrown - renversé, renverser
Almighty - tout-puissant, toutuissant
I mean young Nicholas RostĂłv, who with his enthusiasm could not bear to remain inactive and has left the university to join the army. I will confess to you, dear Mary, that in spite of his extreme youth his departure for the army was a great grief to me.
inactive - inactif
This young man, of whom I spoke to you last summer, is so noble-minded and full of that real youthfulness which one seldom finds nowadays among our old men of twenty and, particularly, he is so frank and has so much heart. He is so pure and poetic that my relations with him, transient as they were, have been one of the sweetest comforts to my poor heart, which has already suffered so much.
youthfulness - la jeunesse
poetic - poétique
transient - passager, provisoire, transitoire, temporaire, bref
Someday I will tell you about our parting and all that was said then. That is still too fresh. Ah, dear friend, you are happy not to know these poignant joys and sorrows. You are fortunate, for the latter are generally the stronger!
someday - un jour
sorrows - chagrins, peine, chagrin
I know very well that Count Nicholas is too young ever to be more to me than a friend, but this sweet friendship, this poetic and pure intimacy, were what my heart needed. But enough of this! The chief news, about which all Moscow gossips, is the death of old Count BezĂşkhov, and his inheritance. Fancy!
intimacy - l'intimité, intimité
gossips - des ragots, commere, commérage, ragot, cancan, qu'en-dira-t-on
inheritance - l'héritage, héritage
The three princesses have received very little, Prince VasĂli nothing, and it is Monsieur Pierre who has inherited all the property and has besides been recognized as legitimate; so that he is now Count BezĂşkhov and possessor of the finest fortune in Russia. It is rumored that Prince VasĂli played a very despicable part in this affair and that he returned to Petersburg quite crestfallen.
possessor - possesseur, possessrice
rumored - rumeur, bruit
despicable - abject, détestable, méprisable
crestfallen - effondré
I confess I understand very little about all these matters of wills and inheritance; but I do know that since this young man, whom we all used to know as plain Monsieur Pierre, has become Count BezĂşkhov and the owner of one of the largest fortunes in Russia, I am much amused to watch the change in the tone and manners of the mammas burdened by marriageable daughters, and of the young ladies themselves, toward him, though, between you and me, he always seemed to me a poor sort of fellow. As for the past two years people have amused themselves by finding husbands for me (most of whom I don't even know), the matchmaking chronicles of Moscow now speak of me as the future Countess BezĂşkhova. But you will understand that I have no desire for the post. Ă€ propos of marriages: do you know that a while ago that universal auntie Anna MikhĂˇylovna told me, under the seal of strict secrecy, of a plan of marriage for you. It is neither more nor less than with Prince VasĂli's son Anatole, whom they wish to reform by marrying him to someone rich and distinguĂ©e, and it is on you that his relations'choice has fallen. I don't know what you will think of it, but I consider it my duty to let you know of it. He is said to be very handsome and a terrible scapegrace. That is all I have been able to find out about him.
mammas - mammas, maman
marriageable - mariable
Chronicles - chroniques, chronique
auntie - tante, tantine, tata, tatie
secrecy - le secret, secret, secrétisme
scapegrace - scapegrace
But enough of gossip. I am at the end of my second sheet of paper, and Mamma has sent for me to go and dine at the AprĂˇksins'. Read the mystical book I am sending you; it has an enormous success here. Though there are things in it difficult for the feeble human mind to grasp, it is an admirable book which calms and elevates the soul. Adieu!
mystical - mystique
admirable - admirable
Give my respects to monsieur your father and my compliments to Mademoiselle Bourienne. I embrace you as I love you.
compliments - des compliments, compliment, complimenter, faire un compliment
P.S. Let me have news of your brother and his charming little wife.
The princess pondered awhile with a thoughtful smile and her luminous eyes lit up so that her face was entirely transformed. Then she suddenly rose and with her heavy tread went up to the table. She took a sheet of paper and her hand moved rapidly over it. This is the reply she wrote, also in French:
tread - la bande de roulement, piétiner, escabeau
Dear and precious Friend, Your letter of the 13th has given me great delight. So you still love me, my romantic Julie? Separation, of which you say so much that is bad, does not seem to have had its usual effect on you. You complain of our separation. What then should I say, if I dared complain, I who am deprived of all who are dear to me?
Ah, if we had not religion to console us life would be very sad. Why do you suppose that I should look severely on your affection for that young man? On such matters I am only severe with myself. I understand such feelings in others, and if never having felt them I cannot approve of them, neither do I condemn them.
feelings - sentiments
Only it seems to me that Christian love, love of one's neighbor, love of one's enemy, is worthier, sweeter, and better than the feelings which the beautiful eyes of a young man can inspire in a romantic and loving young girl like yourself.
The news of Count BezĂşkhov's death reached us before your letter and my father was much affected by it. He says the count was the last representative but one of the great century, and that it is his own turn now, but that he will do all he can to let his turn come as late as possible. God preserve us from that terrible misfortune!
misfortune - malchance, mésaventure, malheur
I cannot agree with you about Pierre, whom I knew as a child. He always seemed to me to have an excellent heart, and that is the quality I value most in people. As to his inheritance and the part played by Prince VasĂli, it is very sad for both.
Ah, my dear friend, our divine Saviour's words, that it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of God, are terribly true. I pity Prince VasĂli but am still more sorry for Pierre. So young, and burdened with such riches"to what temptations he will be exposed!
camel - chameau
temptations - tentations, tentation
If I were asked what I desire most on earth, it would be to be poorer than the poorest beggar. A thousand thanks, dear friend, for the volume you have sent me and which has such success in Moscow.
beggar - gueux, mendiant, mendiante, queteux
Yet since you tell me that among some good things it contains others which our weak human understanding cannot grasp, it seems to me rather useless to spend time in reading what is unintelligible and can therefore bear no fruit.
I never could understand the fondness some people have for confusing their minds by dwelling on mystical books that merely awaken their doubts and excite their imagination, giving them a bent for exaggeration quite contrary to Christian simplicity. Let us rather read the Epistles and Gospels.
fondness - l'affection, affection
dwelling - logement, demeure, (dwell), résider, s'appesantir sur
awaken - réveiller, se réveiller
exaggeration - exagération
simplicity - la simplicité, simplicité
epistles - épîtres, épître, épitre
Gospels - les évangiles, évangile
Let us not seek to penetrate what mysteries they contain; for how can we, miserable sinners that we are, know the terrible and holy secrets of Providence while we remain in this flesh which forms an impenetrable veil between us and the Eternal? Let us rather confine ourselves to studying those sublime rules which our divine Saviour has left for our guidance here below.
penetrate - pénétrer
sinners - pécheurs, pécheur, pécheresse
Providence - la providence, Providence
impenetrable - impénétrable
veil - voile, voiler
sublime - sublime, auguste
Let us try to conform to them and follow them, and let us be persuaded that the less we let our feeble human minds roam, the better we shall please God, who rejects all knowledge that does not come from Him; and the less we seek to fathom what He has been pleased to conceal from us, the sooner will He vouchsafe its revelation to us through His divine Spirit.
conform - conforme, s'aligner, se conformer (a)
fathom - sonder, brasse
vouchsafe - garantie, accorder de maniere clémente
My father has not spoken to me of a suitor, but has only told me that he has received a letter and is expecting a visit from Prince VasĂli. In regard to this project of marriage for me, I will tell you, dear sweet friend, that I look on marriage as a divine institution to which we must conform.
suitor - plaideur, prétendant, soupirant
However painful it may be to me, should the Almighty lay the duties of wife and mother upon me I shall try to perform them as faithfully as I can, without disquieting myself by examining my feelings toward him whom He may give me for husband.
I have had a letter from my brother, who announces his speedy arrival at Bald Hills with his wife. This pleasure will be but a brief one, however, for he will leave us again to take part in this unhappy war into which we have been drawn, God knows how or why.
speedy - prompt, rapide
Not only where you are"at the heart of affairs and of the world"is the talk all of war, even here amid fieldwork and the calm of nature"which townsfolk consider characteristic of the country"rumors of war are heard and painfully felt.
fieldwork - travail sur le terrain, travaux des champs
townsfolk - les habitants de la ville
Rumors - rumeurs, rumeur, bruit
painfully - douloureusement
My father talks of nothing but marches and countermarches, things of which I understand nothing; and the day before yesterday during my daily walk through the village I witnessed a heartrending scene.... It was a convoy of conscripts enrolled from our people and starting to join the army.
heartrending - déchirant
convoy - convoi, convoyer
conscripts - les conscrits, conscrit/-ite, appelé/-ée
You should have seen the state of the mothers, wives, and children of the men who were going and should have heard the sobs. It seems as though mankind has forgotten the laws of its divine Saviour, Who preached love and forgiveness of injuries"and that men attribute the greatest merit to skill in killing one another.
sobs - sanglots, fdp-p
Adieu, dear and kind friend; may our divine Saviour and His most Holy Mother keep you in their holy and all-powerful care!
all-powerful - (all-powerful) tout puissant
"Ah, you are sending off a letter, Princess? I have already dispatched mine. I have written to my poor mother," said the smiling Mademoiselle Bourienne rapidly, in her pleasant mellow tones and with guttural r's. She brought into Princess Mary's strenuous, mournful, and gloomy world a quite different atmosphere, careless, lighthearted, and self-satisfied.
dispatched - expédié, dépeche
mellow - moelleux
guttural - guttural
strenuous - pénible, vigoureux, acharné, ardu, éprouvant
lighthearted - léger
"Princess, I must warn you," she added, lowering her voice and evidently listening to herself with pleasure, and speaking with exaggerated grasseyement, "the prince has been scolding Michael IvĂˇnovich. He is in a very bad humor, very morose. Be prepared."
scolding - gronder, grognant, (scold), chipie, furie, mégere
humor - l'humour, humour, humeur
morose - morose, sombre
"Ah, dear friend," replied Princess Mary, "I have asked you never to warn me of the humor my father is in. I do not allow myself to judge him and would not have others do so."
The princess glanced at her watch and, seeing that she was five minutes late in starting her practice on the clavichord, went into the sitting room with a look of alarm. Between twelve and two o'clock, as the day was mapped out, the prince rested and the princess played the clavichord.
The gray-haired valet was sitting drowsily listening to the snoring of the prince, who was in his large study. From the far side of the house through the closed doors came the sound of difficult passages"twenty times repeated"of a sonata by Dussek.
valet - valet, valet de chambre, majordome, chaperon, duegne
drowsily - somnolent
snoring - ronflement, (snore), ronfler
Sonata - sonata, sonate
Just then a closed carriage and another with a hood drove up to the porch. Prince Andrew got out of the carriage, helped his little wife to alight, and let her pass into the house before him. Old TĂkhon, wearing a wig, put his head out of the door of the antechamber, reported in a whisper that the prince was sleeping, and hastily closed the door.
hood - capot, capuchon, couverture
alight - s'enflammer, amerrissent, amerris, amerrissons, amerrissez
TĂkhon knew that neither the son's arrival nor any other unusual event must be allowed to disturb the appointed order of the day. Prince Andrew apparently knew this as well as TĂkhon; he looked at his watch as if to ascertain whether his father's habits had changed since he was at home last, and, having assured himself that they had not, he turned to his wife.
"He will get up in twenty minutes. Let us go across to Mary's room," he said.
The little princess had grown stouter during this time, but her eyes and her short, downy, smiling lip lifted when she began to speak just as merrily and prettily as ever.
stouter - plus corpulente, solide
"Why, this is a palace!" she said to her husband, looking around with the expression with which people compliment their host at a ball. "Let's come, quick, quick!" And with a glance round, she smiled at TĂkhon, at her husband, and at the footman who accompanied them.
"Is that Mary practicing? Let's go quietly and take her by surprise."
Prince Andrew followed her with a courteous but sad expression.
courteous - courtois, poli
"You've grown older, TĂkhon," he said in passing to the old man, who kissed his hand.
Before they reached the room from which the sounds of the clavichord came, the pretty, fair-haired Frenchwoman, Mademoiselle Bourienne, rushed out apparently beside herself with delight.
Frenchwoman - Française
"Ah! what joy for the princess!" exclaimed she: "At last! I must let her know."
"No, no, please not... You are Mademoiselle Bourienne," said the little princess, kissing her. "I know you already through my sister-in-law's friendship for you. She was not expecting us?"
They went up to the door of the sitting room from which came the sound of the oft-repeated passage of the sonata. Prince Andrew stopped and made a grimace, as if expecting something unpleasant.
oft - de l'art, souvent
The little princess entered the room. The passage broke off in the middle, a cry was heard, then Princess Mary's heavy tread and the sound of kissing. When Prince Andrew went in the two princesses, who had only met once before for a short time at his wedding, were in each other's arms warmly pressing their lips to whatever place they happened to touch.
Mademoiselle Bourienne stood near them pressing her hand to her heart, with a beatific smile and obviously equally ready to cry or to laugh. Prince Andrew shrugged his shoulders and frowned, as lovers of music do when they hear a false note.
beatific - béatifique
The two women let go of one another, and then, as if afraid of being too late, seized each other's hands, kissing them and pulling them away, and again began kissing each other on the face, and then to Prince Andrew's surprise both began to cry and kissed again. Mademoiselle Bourienne also began to cry.
Prince Andrew evidently felt ill at ease, but to the two women it seemed quite natural that they should cry, and apparently it never entered their heads that it could have been otherwise at this meeting.
"Ah! my dear!... Ah! Mary!..." they suddenly exclaimed, and then laughed. "I dreamed last night..."""You were not expecting us?..." "Ah! Mary, you have got thinner?..." "And you have grown stouter!..."
"I knew the princess at once," put in Mademoiselle Bourienne.
"And I had no idea!..." exclaimed Princess Mary. "Ah, Andrew, I did not see you."
Prince Andrew and his sister, hand in hand, kissed one another, and he told her she was still the same crybaby as ever. Princess Mary had turned toward her brother, and through her tears the loving, warm, gentle look of her large luminous eyes, very beautiful at that moment, rested on Prince Andrew's face.
crybaby - pleurnicheur, pleurnicheuse, pleurnichard
The little princess talked incessantly, her short, downy upper lip continually and rapidly touching her rosy nether lip when necessary and drawing up again next moment when her face broke into a smile of glittering teeth and sparkling eyes.
incessantly - sans cesse
nether - nether
She told of an accident they had had on the SpĂˇsski Hill which might have been serious for her in her condition, and immediately after that informed them that she had left all her clothes in Petersburg and that heaven knew what she would have to dress in here; and that Andrew had quite changed, and that Kitty OdĂ˝ntsova had married an old man, and that there was a suitor for Mary, a real one, but that they would talk of that later. Princess Mary was still looking silently at her brother and her beautiful eyes were full of love and sadness. It was plain that she was following a train of thought independent of her sister-in-law's words. In the midst of a description of the last Petersburg fete she addressed her brother:
Kitty - kitty, minet, chaton, mimi, cagnotte
"So you are really going to the war, Andrew?" she said sighing.
Lise sighed too.
"Yes, and even tomorrow," replied her brother.
"He is leaving me here, God knows why, when he might have had promotion..."
Princess Mary did not listen to the end, but continuing her train of thought turned to her sister-in-law with a tender glance at her figure.
"Is it certain?" she said.
The face of the little princess changed. She sighed and said: "Yes, quite certain. Ah! it is very dreadful..."
Her lip descended. She brought her face close to her sister-in-law's and unexpectedly again began to cry.
"She needs rest," said Prince Andrew with a frown. "Don't you, Lise? Take her to your room and I'll go to Father. How is he? Just the same?"
"Yes, just the same. Though I don't know what your opinion will be," answered the princess joyfully.
"And are the hours the same? And the walks in the avenues? And the lathe?" asked Prince Andrew with a scarcely perceptible smile which showed that, in spite of all his love and respect for his father, he was aware of his weaknesses.
avenues - voies, avenue
"The hours are the same, and the lathe, and also the mathematics and my geometry lessons," said Princess Mary gleefully, as if her lessons in geometry were among the greatest delights of her life.
gleefully - avec joie
When the twenty minutes had elapsed and the time had come for the old prince to get up, TĂkhon came to call the young prince to his father. The old man made a departure from his usual routine in honor of his son's arrival: he gave orders to admit him to his apartments while he dressed for dinner.
The old prince always dressed in old-fashioned style, wearing an antique coat and powdered hair; and when Prince Andrew entered his father's dressing room (not with the contemptuous look and manner he wore in drawing rooms, but with the animated face with which he talked to Pierre), the old man was sitting on a large leather-covered chair, wrapped in a powdering mantle, entrusting his head to TĂkhon.
antique - ancien, antique
contemptuous - méprisante, méprisant, dédaigneux, contempteur
entrusting - confier
"Ah! here's the warrior! Wants to vanquish Buonaparte?" said the old man, shaking his powdered head as much as the tail, which TĂkhon was holding fast to plait, would allow.
vanquish - vaincre
plait - plier, pli
"You at least must tackle him properly, or else if he goes on like this he'll soon have us, too, for his subjects! How are you?" And he held out his cheek.
The old man was in a good temper after his nap before dinner. (He used to say that a nap "after dinner was silver"before dinner, golden.") He cast happy, sidelong glances at his son from under his thick, bushy eyebrows. Prince Andrew went up and kissed his father on the spot indicated to him.
in a good temper - de bonne humeur
sidelong - de côté
He made no reply on his father's favorite topic"making fun of the military men of the day, and more particularly of Bonaparte.
"Yes, Father, I have come to you and brought my wife who is pregnant," said Prince Andrew, following every movement of his father's face with an eager and respectful look. "How is your health?"
"Only fools and rakes fall ill, my boy. You know me: I am busy from morning till night and abstemious, so of course I am well."
fall ill - tomber malade
abstemious - absurde
"Thank God," said his son smiling.
"God has nothing to do with it! Well, go on," he continued, returning to his hobby; "tell me how the Germans have taught you to fight Bonaparte by this new science you call strategy.'"
Germans - les allemands, Allemand, Allemande
Prince Andrew smiled.
"Give me time to collect my wits, Father," said he, with a smile that showed that his father's foibles did not prevent his son from loving and honoring him. "Why, I have not yet had time to settle down!"
foibles - des faiblesses, travers, faiblesse, faible
"Nonsense, nonsense!" cried the old man, shaking his pigtail to see whether it was firmly plaited, and grasping his by the hand. "The house for your wife is ready. Princess Mary will take her there and show her over, and they'll talk nineteen to the dozen. That's their woman's way! I am glad to have her. Sit down and talk. About Mikhelson's army I understand"TolstĂłys too...
pigtail - queue de cochon, tresse, natte, couette
plaited - tressé, pli
a simultaneous expedition.... But what's the southern army to do? Prussia is neutral... I know that. What about Austria?" said he, rising from his chair and pacing up and down the room followed by TĂkhon, who ran after him, handing him different articles of clothing. "What of Sweden? How will they cross Pomerania?"
simultaneous - simultanées
Sweden - la suede, Suede
Prince Andrew, seeing that his father insisted, began"at first reluctantly, but gradually with more and more animation, and from habit changing unconsciously from Russian to French as he went on"to explain the plan of operation for the coming campaign.
unconsciously - inconsciemment
He explained how an army, ninety thousand strong, was to threaten Prussia so as to bring her out of her neutrality and draw her into the war; how part of that army was to join some Swedish forces at Stralsund; how two hundred and twenty thousand Austrians, with a hundred thousand Russians, were to operate in Italy and on the Rhine; how fifty thousand Russians and as many English were to land at Naples, and how a total force of five hundred thousand men was to attack the French from different sides. The old prince did not evince the least interest during this explanation, but as if he were not listening to it continued to dress while walking about, and three times unexpectedly interrupted. Once he stopped it by shouting: "The white one, the white one!"
Swedish - suédois
Austrians - les autrichiens, autrichien, Autrichienne
Italy - l'italie, Italie
Naples - naples
This meant that TĂkhon was not handing him the waistcoat he wanted. Another time he interrupted, saying:
"And will she soon be confined?" and shaking his head reproachfully said: "That's bad! Go on, go on."
reproachfully - des reproches
The third interruption came when Prince Andrew was finishing his description. The old man began to sing, in the cracked voice of old age: "Malbrook s'en va-t-en guerre. Dieu sait quand reviendra." *
interruption - interruption
* "Marlborough is going to the wars; God knows when he'll return."
His son only smiled.
"I don't say it's a plan I approve of," said the son; "I am only telling you what it is. Napoleon has also formed his plan by now, not worse than this one."
"Well, you've told me nothing new," and the old man repeated, meditatively and rapidly:
meditatively - de maniere méditative
"Dieu sait quand reviendra. Go to the dining room."
At the appointed hour the prince, powdered and shaven, entered the dining room where his daughter-in-law, Princess Mary, and Mademoiselle Bourienne were already awaiting him together with his architect, who by a strange caprice of his employer's was admitted to table though the position of that insignificant individual was such as could certainly not have caused him to expect that honor.
caprice - caprice
The prince, who generally kept very strictly to social distinctions and rarely admitted even important government officials to his table, had unexpectedly selected Michael IvĂˇnovich (who always went into a corner to blow his nose on his checked handkerchief) to illustrate the theory that all men are equals, and had more than once impressed on his daughter that Michael IvĂˇnovich was "not a whit worse than you or I." At dinner the prince usually spoke to the taciturn Michael IvĂˇnovich more often than to anyone else.
whit - whit
taciturn - taciturne
In the dining room, which like all the rooms in the house was exceedingly lofty, the members of the household and the footmen"one behind each chair"stood waiting for the prince to enter. The head butler, napkin on arm, was scanning the setting of the table, making signs to the footmen, and anxiously glancing from the clock to the door by which the prince was to enter.
Prince Andrew was looking at a large gilt frame, new to him, containing the genealogical tree of the Princes BolkĂłnski, opposite which hung another such frame with a badly painted portrait (evidently by the hand of the artist belonging to the estate) of a ruling prince, in a crown"an alleged descendant of RĂşrik and ancestor of the BolkĂłnskis.
gilt - doré, dorure, (gild) doré
genealogical - généalogique
descendant - descendant, descendante
Prince Andrew, looking again at that genealogical tree, shook his head, laughing as a man laughs who looks at a portrait so characteristic of the original as to be amusing.
"How thoroughly like him that is!" he said to Princess Mary, who had come up to him.
Princess Mary looked at her brother in surprise. She did not understand what he was laughing at. Everything her father did inspired her with reverence and was beyond question.
reverence - révérence
beyond question - incontestable
"Everyone has his Achilles'heel," continued Prince Andrew. "Fancy, with his powerful mind, indulging in such nonsense!"
Achilles - achille
Princess Mary could not understand the boldness of her brother's criticism and was about to reply, when the expected footsteps were heard coming from the study. The prince walked in quickly and jauntily as was his wont, as if intentionally contrasting the briskness of his manners with the strict formality of his house.
wont - de la volonté
briskness - brillance
formality - formalité
At that moment the great clock struck two and another with a shrill tone joined in from the drawing room. The prince stood still; his lively glittering eyes from under their thick, bushy eyebrows sternly scanned all present and rested on the little princess. She felt, as courtiers do when the Tsar enters, the sensation of fear and respect which the old man inspired in all around him.
shrill - strident, criard
courtiers - courtisans, courtisan
Tsar - tsar, tzar
He stroked her hair and then patted her awkwardly on the back of her neck.
"I'm glad, glad, to see you," he said, looking attentively into her eyes, and then quickly went to his place and sat down. "Sit down, sit down! Sit down, Michael IvĂˇnovich!"
He indicated a place beside him to his daughter-in-law. A footman moved the chair for her.
"Ho, ho!" said the old man, casting his eyes on her rounded figure. "You've been in a hurry. That's bad!"
He laughed in his usual dry, cold, unpleasant way, with his lips only and not with his eyes.
"You must walk, walk as much as possible, as much as possible," he said.
The little princess did not, or did not wish to, hear his words. She was silent and seemed confused. The prince asked her about her father, and she began to smile and talk. He asked about mutual acquaintances, and she became still more animated and chattered away giving him greetings from various people and retelling the town gossip.
chattered - bavardé, jacasser, bavarder
retelling - retelling, (retell), raconter de nouveau, redire
"Countess AprĂˇksina, poor thing, has lost her husband and she has cried her eyes out," she said, growing more and more lively.
As she became animated the prince looked at her more and more sternly, and suddenly, as if he had studied her sufficiently and had formed a definite idea of her, he turned away and addressed Michael IvĂˇnovich.
"Well, Michael IvĂˇnovich, our Bonaparte will be having a bad time of it. Prince Andrew" (he always spoke thus of his son) "has been telling me what forces are being collected against him! While you and I never thought much of him."
Michael IvĂˇnovich did not at all know when "you and I" had said such things about Bonaparte, but understanding that he was wanted as a peg on which to hang the prince's favorite topic, he looked inquiringly at the young prince, wondering what would follow.
peg - piquet, cheville, porte-manteau, patere, cheviller, épingler
"He is a great tactician!" said the prince to his son, pointing to the architect.
tactician - tacticien
And the conversation again turned on the war, on Bonaparte, and the generals and statesmen of the day.
statesmen - des hommes d'état, homme d'État
The old prince seemed convinced not only that all the men of the day were mere babies who did not know the A B C of war or of politics, and that Bonaparte was an insignificant little Frenchy, successful only because there were no longer any PotĂ«mkins or SuvĂłrovs left to oppose him; but he was also convinced that there were no political difficulties in Europe and no real war, but only a sort of puppet show at which the men of the day were playing, pretending to do something real. Prince Andrew gaily bore with his father's ridicule of the new men, and drew him on and listened to him with evident pleasure.
puppet - marionnette
ridicule - ridiculiser, bafouer, ridicule
"The past always seems good," said he, "but did not SuvĂłrov himself fall into a trap Moreau set him, and from which he did not know how to escape?"
"Who told you that? Who?" cried the prince. "SuvĂłrov!" And he jerked away his plate, which TĂkhon briskly caught. "SuvĂłrov!... Consider, Prince Andrew. Two... Frederick and SuvĂłrov; Moreau!... Moreau would have been a prisoner if SuvĂłrov had had a free hand; but he had the Hofs-kriegs-wurst-schnapps-Rath on his hands. It would have puzzled the devil himself!
kriegs - kriegs
wurst - wurst
schnapps - schnaps, eau-de-vie
rath - rath
When you get there you'll find out what those Hofs-kriegs-wurst-Raths are! SuvĂłrov couldn't manage them so what chance has Michael KutĂşzov? No, my dear boy," he continued, "you and your generals won't get on against Buonaparte; you'll have to call in the French, so that birds of a feather may fight together.
The German, Pahlen, has been sent to New York in America, to fetch the Frenchman, Moreau," he said, alluding to the invitation made that year to Moreau to enter the Russian service.... "Wonderful!... Were the PotĂ«mkins, SuvĂłrovs, and OrlĂłvs Germans? No, lad, either you fellows have all lost your wits, or I have outlived mine. May God help you, but we'll see what will happen.
York - york, Yorck, Yorque
alluding - allusion, alluder, faire allusion, suggérer
outlived - survécu, survivre
Buonaparte has become a great commander among them! Hm!..."
"I don't at all say that all the plans are good," said Prince Andrew, "I am only surprised at your opinion of Bonaparte. You may laugh as much as you like, but all the same Bonaparte is a great general!"
"Michael IvĂˇnovich!" cried the old prince to the architect who, busy with his roast meat, hoped he had been forgotten: "Didn't I tell you Buonaparte was a great tactician? Here, he says the same thing."
"To be sure, your excellency," replied the architect.
The prince again laughed his frigid laugh.
"Buonaparte was born with a silver spoon in his mouth. He has got splendid soldiers. Besides he began by attacking Germans. And only idlers have failed to beat the Germans. Since the world began everybody has beaten the Germans. They beat no one"except one another. He made his reputation fighting them."
idlers - les roues folles, fainéant, fainéante
And the prince began explaining all the blunders which, according to him, Bonaparte had made in his campaigns and even in politics. His son made no rejoinder, but it was evident that whatever arguments were presented he was as little able as his father to change his opinion.
blunders - des bévues, gaffe, qualifier
He listened, refraining from a reply, and involuntarily wondered how this old man, living alone in the country for so many years, could know and discuss so minutely and acutely all the recent European military and political events.
refraining - s'abstenir, refrain
involuntarily - involontairement
minutely - minutieusement
acutely - avec acuité
"You think I'm an old man and don't understand the present state of affairs?" concluded his father. "But it troubles me. I don't sleep at night. Come now, where has this great commander of yours shown his skill?" he concluded.
"That would take too long to tell," answered the son.
"Well, then go off to your Buonaparte! Mademoiselle Bourienne, here's another admirer of that powder-monkey emperor of yours," he exclaimed in excellent French.
admirer - admirateur, admiratrice
"You know, Prince, I am not a Bonapartist!"
Bonapartist - Bonapartiste
"Dieu sait quand reviendra." hummed the prince out of tune and, with a laugh still more so, he quitted the table.
The little princess during the whole discussion and the rest of the dinner sat silent, glancing with a frightened look now at her father-in-law and now at Princess Mary. When they left the table she took her sister-in-law's arm and drew her into another room.
"What a clever man your father is," said she; "perhaps that is why I am afraid of him."
"Oh, he is so kind!" answered Princess Mary.
Prince Andrew was to leave next evening. The old prince, not altering his routine, retired as usual after dinner. The little princess was in her sister-in-law's room. Prince Andrew in a traveling coat without epaulettes had been packing with his valet in the rooms assigned to him. After inspecting the carriage himself and seeing the trunks put in, he ordered the horses to be harnessed.
epaulettes - épaulettes, épaulette
trunks - troncs d'arbre, tronc, malle, coffre, trompe
harnessed - harnaché, harnais, harnacher
Only those things he always kept with him remained in his room; a small box, a large canteen fitted with silver plate, two Turkish pistols and a saber"a present from his father who had brought it from the siege of OchĂˇkov. All these traveling effects of Prince Andrew's were in very good order: new, clean, and in cloth covers carefully tied with tapes.
small box - petite boîte
canteen - la cantine, cantine, cafétéria, cafet’, gourde, bidon
silver plate - Plateau d'argent
pistols - pistolets, pistolet
siege - siege, siege
When starting on a journey or changing their mode of life, men capable of reflection are generally in a serious frame of mind. At such moments one reviews the past and plans for the future. Prince Andrew's face looked very thoughtful and tender. With his hands behind him he paced briskly from corner to corner of the room, looking straight before him and thoughtfully shaking his head.
thoughtfully - de maniere réfléchie
Did he fear going to the war, or was he sad at leaving his wife?"perhaps both, but evidently he did not wish to be seen in that mood, for hearing footsteps in the passage he hurriedly unclasped his hands, stopped at a table as if tying the cover of the small box, and assumed his usual tranquil and impenetrable expression. It was the heavy tread of Princess Mary that he heard.
unclasped - sans fermoir, dégrafer
tranquil - tranquille
"I hear you have given orders to harness," she cried, panting (she had apparently been running), "and I did so wish to have another talk with you alone! God knows how long we may again be parted. You are not angry with me for coming? You have changed so, AndrĂşsha," she added, as if to explain such a question.
harness - harnais, harnacher
panting - haletant, (pant) haletant
She smiled as she uttered his pet name, "AndrĂşsha." It was obviously strange to her to think that this stern handsome man should be AndrĂşsha"the slender mischievous boy who had been her playfellow in childhood.
pet name - nom d'animal de compagnie
mischievous - espiegle
playfellow - camarade de jeu
"And where is Lise?" he asked, answering her question only by a smile.
"She was so tired that she has fallen asleep on the sofa in my room. Oh, Andrew! What a treasure of a wife you have," said she, sitting down on the sofa, facing her brother. "She is quite a child: such a dear, merry child. I have grown so fond of her."
Prince Andrew was silent, but the princess noticed the ironical and contemptuous look that showed itself on his face.
"One must be indulgent to little weaknesses; who is free from them, Andrew? Don't forget that she has grown up and been educated in society, and so her position now is not a rosy one. We should enter into everyone's situation. Tout comprendre, c'est tout pardonner.
indulgent - indulgent
pardonner - pardonner
* Think what it must be for her, poor thing, after what she has been used to, to be parted from her husband and be left alone in the country, in her condition! It's very hard."
* To understand all is to forgive all.
Prince Andrew smiled as he looked at his sister, as we smile at those we think we thoroughly understand.
"You live in the country and don't think the life terrible," he replied.
"I... that's different. Why speak of me? I don't want any other life, and can't, for I know no other. But think, Andrew: for a young society woman to be buried in the country during the best years of her life, all alone"for Papa is always busy, and I... well, you know what poor resources I have for entertaining a woman used to the best society. There is only Mademoiselle Bourienne...."
that's different - Cest différent
"I don't like your Mademoiselle Bourienne at all," said Prince Andrew.
"No? She is very nice and kind and, above all, she's much to be pitied. She has no one, no one. To tell the truth, I don't need her, and she's even in my way. You know I always was a savage, and now am even more so. I like being alone.... Father likes her very much. She and Michael IvĂˇnovich are the two people to whom he is always gentle and kind, because he has been a benefactor to them both.
savage - barbare, féroce, sauvage
As Sterne says: We don't love people so much for the good they have done us, as for the good we have done them.'Father took her when she was homeless after losing her own father. She is very good-natured, and my father likes her way of reading. She reads to him in the evenings and reads splendidly."
"To be quite frank, Mary, I expect Father's character sometimes makes things trying for you, doesn't it?" Prince Andrew asked suddenly.
Princess Mary was first surprised and then aghast at this question.
aghast - consterné, effaré, stupéfait, épouvanté, paniqué
"For me? For me?... Trying for me!..." said she.
"He always was rather harsh; and now I should think he's getting very trying," said Prince Andrew, apparently speaking lightly of their father in order to puzzle or test his sister.
"You are good in every way, Andrew, but you have a kind of intellectual pride," said the princess, following the train of her own thoughts rather than the trend of the conversation""and that's a great sin. How can one judge Father? But even if one might, what feeling except veneration could such a man as my father evoke? And I am so contented and happy with him.
veneration - vénération
contented - satisfait
I only wish you were all as happy as I am."
Her brother shook his head incredulously.
incredulously - avec incrédulité
"The only thing that is hard for me... I will tell you the truth, Andrew... is Father's way of treating religious subjects. I don't understand how a man of his immense intellect can fail to see what is as clear as day, and can go so far astray. That is the only thing that makes me unhappy. But even in this I can see lately a shade of improvement.
His satire has been less bitter of late, and there was a monk he received and had a long talk with."
satire - satire
"Ah! my dear, I am afraid you and your monk are wasting your powder," said Prince Andrew banteringly yet tenderly.
banteringly - de maniere badine
"Ah! mon ami, I only pray, and hope that God will hear me. Andrew..." she said timidly after a moment's silence, "I have a great favor to ask of you."
ami - ami
"What is it, dear?"
"No"promise that you will not refuse! It will give you no trouble and is nothing unworthy of you, but it will comfort me. Promise, AndrĂşsha!..." said she, putting her hand in her reticule but not yet taking out what she was holding inside it, as if what she held were the subject of her request and must not be shown before the request was granted.
unworthy - indigne
She looked timidly at her brother.
"Even if it were a great deal of trouble..." answered Prince Andrew, as if guessing what it was about.
"Think what you please! I know you are just like Father. Think as you please, but do this for my sake! Please do! Father's father, our grandfather, wore it in all his wars." (She still did not take out what she was holding in her reticule.) "So you promise?"
"Of course. What is it?"
"Andrew, I bless you with this icon and you must promise me you will never take it off. Do you promise?"
"If it does not weigh a hundredweight and won't break my neck... To please you..." said Prince Andrew. But immediately, noticing the pained expression his joke had brought to his sister's face, he repented and added: "I am glad; really, dear, I am very glad."
hundredweight - poids cent, quintal
repented - repentie, se repentir
"Against your will He will save and have mercy on you and bring you to Himself, for in Him alone is truth and peace," said she in a voice trembling with emotion, solemnly holding up in both hands before her brother a small, oval, antique, dark-faced icon of the Saviour in a gold setting, on a finely wrought silver chain.
oval - ovale
She crossed herself, kissed the icon, and handed it to Andrew.
"Please, Andrew, for my sake!..."
Rays of gentle light shone from her large, timid eyes. Those eyes lit up the whole of her thin, sickly face and made it beautiful. Her brother would have taken the icon, but she stopped him. Andrew understood, crossed himself and kissed the icon. There was a look of tenderness, for he was touched, but also a gleam of irony on his face.
"Thank you, my dear." She kissed him on the forehead and sat down again on the sofa. They were silent for a while.
"As I was saying to you, Andrew, be kind and generous as you always used to be. Don't judge Lise harshly," she began. "She is so sweet, so good-natured, and her position now is a very hard one."
"I do not think I have complained of my wife to you, MĂˇsha, or blamed her. Why do you say all this to me?"
Red patches appeared on Princess Mary's face and she was silent as if she felt guilty.
"I have said nothing to you, but you have already been talked to. And I am sorry for that," he went on.
The patches grew deeper on her forehead, neck, and cheeks. She tried to say something but could not. Her brother had guessed right: the little princess had been crying after dinner and had spoken of her forebodings about her confinement, and how she dreaded it, and had complained of her fate, her father-in-law, and her husband. After crying she had fallen asleep.
forebodings - des pressentiments, mauvais pressentiment
confinement - l'enfermement, confinement
dreaded - redouté, redouter, craindre, crainte
Prince Andrew felt sorry for his sister.
"Know this, MĂˇsha: I can't reproach, have not reproached, and never shall reproach my wife with anything, and I cannot reproach myself with anything in regard to her; and that always will be so in whatever circumstances I may be placed. But if you want to know the truth... if you want to know whether I am happy? No! Is she happy? No! But why this is so I don't know..."
reproached - des reproches, reproche, opprobre, reprocher
As he said this he rose, went to his sister, and, stooping, kissed her forehead. His fine eyes lit up with a thoughtful, kindly, and unaccustomed brightness, but he was looking not at his sister but over her head toward the darkness of the open doorway.
unaccustomed - pas habitué
"Let us go to her, I must say good-by. Or"go and wake and I'll come in a moment. PetrĂşshka!" he called to his valet: "Come here, take these away. Put this on the seat and this to the right."
Princess Mary rose and moved to the door, then stopped and said: "Andrew, if you had faith you would have turned to God and asked Him to give you the love you do not feel, and your prayer would have been answered."
"Well, maybe!" said Prince Andrew. "Go, MĂˇsha; I'll come immediately."
On the way to his sister's room, in the passage which connected one wing with the other, Prince Andrew met Mademoiselle Bourienne smiling sweetly. It was the third time that day that, with an ecstatic and artless smile, she had met him in secluded passages.
artless - sans art
"Oh! I thought you were in your room," she said, for some reason blushing and dropping her eyes.
Prince Andrew looked sternly at her and an expression of anger suddenly came over his face. He said nothing to her but looked at her forehead and hair, without looking at her eyes, with such contempt that the Frenchwoman blushed and went away without a word.
When he reached his sister's room his wife was already awake and her merry voice, hurrying one word after another, came through the open door. She was speaking as usual in French, and as if after long self-restraint she wished to make up for lost time.
awake - éveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller
"No, but imagine the old Countess ZĂşbova, with false curls and her mouth full of false teeth, as if she were trying to cheat old age.... Ha, ha, ha! Mary!"
This very sentence about Countess ZĂşbova and this same laugh Prince Andrew had already heard from his wife in the presence of others some five times. He entered the room softly. The little princess, plump and rosy, was sitting in an easy chair with her work in her hands, talking incessantly, repeating Petersburg reminiscences and even phrases.
reminiscences - des réminiscences, réminiscence
Prince Andrew came up, stroked her hair, and asked if she felt rested after their journey. She answered him and continued her chatter.
The coach with six horses was waiting at the porch. It was an autumn night, so dark that the coachman could not see the carriage pole. Servants with lanterns were bustling about in the porch. The immense house was brilliant with lights shining through its lofty windows. The domestic serfs were crowding in the hall, waiting to bid good-by to the young prince.
lanterns - lanternes, lanterne
shining through - qui brille a travers
The members of the household were all gathered in the reception hall: Michael IvĂˇnovich, Mademoiselle Bourienne, Princess Mary, and the little princess. Prince Andrew had been called to his father's study as the latter wished to say good-by to him alone. All were waiting for them to come out.
When Prince Andrew entered the study the old man in his old-age spectacles and white dressing gown, in which he received no one but his son, sat at the table writing. He glanced round.
dressing gown - robe de chambre
"Going?" And he went on writing.
"I've come to say good-by."
"Kiss me here," and he touched his cheek: "Thanks, thanks!"
"What do you thank me for?"
"For not dilly-dallying and not hanging to a woman's apron strings. The Service before everything. Thanks, thanks!" And he went on writing, so that his quill spluttered and squeaked. "If you have anything to say, say it. These two things can be done together," he added.
dilly - dilly
dallying - de la flânerie, lambiner
apron - tablier, tarmac, piste
quill - plume d'oie, plume, piquant, épine
squeaked - a grincé, grincement, crissement, craquement, craquer, crisser
"About my wife... I am ashamed as it is to leave her on your hands...."
"Why talk nonsense? Say what you want."
"When her confinement is due, send to Moscow for an accoucheur.... Let him be here...."
accoucheur - sage-femme homme, accoucheur
The old prince stopped writing and, as if not understanding, fixed his stern eyes on his son.
"I know that no one can help if nature does not do her work," said Prince Andrew, evidently confused. "I know that out of a million cases only one goes wrong, but it is her fancy and mine. They have been telling her things. She has had a dream and is frightened."
"Hm... Hm..." muttered the old prince to himself, finishing what he was writing. "I'll do it."
He signed with a flourish and suddenly turning to his son began to laugh.
"It's a bad business, eh?"
"What is bad, Father?"
"The wife!" said the old prince, briefly and significantly.
"I don't understand!" said Prince Andrew.
"No, it can't be helped, lad," said the prince. "They're all like that; one can't unmarry. Don't be afraid; I won't tell anyone, but you know it yourself."
unmarry - se démarier
He seized his son by the hand with small bony fingers, shook it, looked straight into his son's face with keen eyes which seemed to see through him, and again laughed his frigid laugh.
The son sighed, thus admitting that his father had understood him. The old man continued to fold and seal his letter, snatching up and throwing down the wax, the seal, and the paper, with his accustomed rapidity.
snatching up - arraché
throwing down - a se jeter par terre
rapidity - rapidité, célérité
"What's to be done? She's pretty! I will do everything. Make your mind easy," said he in abrupt sentences while sealing his letter.
abrupt - abrupt, brusque, precipité
Andrew did not speak; he was both pleased and displeased that his father understood him. The old man got up and gave the letter to his son.
"Listen!" said he; "don't worry about your wife: what can be done shall be. Now listen! Give this letter to Michael IlariĂłnovich. * I have written that he should make use of you in proper places and not keep you long as an adjutant: a bad position! Tell him I remember and like him. Write and tell me how he receives you. If he is all right"serve him.
Nicholas BolkĂłnski's son need not serve under anyone if he is in disfavor. Now come here."
disfavor - défavorable, défaveur
He spoke so rapidly that he did not finish half his words, but his son was accustomed to understand him. He led him to the desk, raised the lid, drew out a drawer, and took out an exercise book filled with his bold, tall, close handwriting.
lid - couvercle
drawer - tiroir, souscripteur
handwriting - l'écriture, écriture de main
"I shall probably die before you. So remember, these are my memoirs; hand them to the Emperor after my death. Now here is a Lombard bond and a letter; it is a premium for the man who writes a history of SuvĂłrov's wars. Send it to the Academy. Here are some jottings for you to read when I am gone. You will find them useful."
Lombard - lombard, longobard
Andrew did not tell his father that he would no doubt live a long time yet. He felt that he must not say it.
"I will do it all, Father," he said.
"Well, now, good-by!" He gave his son his hand to kiss, and embraced him. "Remember this, Prince Andrew, if they kill you it will hurt me, your old father..." he paused unexpectedly, and then in a querulous voice suddenly shrieked: "but if I hear that you have not behaved like a son of Nicholas BolkĂłnski, I shall be ashamed!"
"You need not have said that to me, Father," said the son with a smile.
The old man was silent.
"I also wanted to ask you," continued Prince Andrew, "if I'm killed and if I have a son, do not let him be taken away from you"as I said yesterday... let him grow up with you.... Please."
"Not let the wife have him?" said the old man, and laughed.
They stood silent, facing one another. The old man's sharp eyes were fixed straight on his son's. Something twitched in the lower part of the old prince's face.
sharp eyes - des yeux vifs
twitched - a tressailli, donner, avoir un mouvement convulsif
"We've said good-by. Go!" he suddenly shouted in a loud, angry voice, opening his door.
"What is it? What?" asked both princesses when they saw for a moment at the door Prince Andrew and the figure of the old man in a white dressing gown, spectacled and wigless, shouting in an angry voice.
spectacled - a lunettes
wigless - sans perruque
Prince Andrew sighed and made no reply.
"Well!" he said, turning to his wife.
And this "Well!" sounded coldly ironic, as if he were saying: "Now go through your performance."
"Andrew, already!" said the little princess, turning pale and looking with dismay at her husband.
turning pale - pâlir
He embraced her. She screamed and fell unconscious on his shoulder.
He cautiously released the shoulder she leaned on, looked into her face, and carefully placed her in an easy chair.
cautiously - avec prudence, précautionneusement
"Adieu, Mary," said he gently to his sister, taking her by the hand and kissing her, and then he left the room with rapid steps.
The little princess lay in the armchair, Mademoiselle Bourienne chafing her temples. Princess Mary, supporting her sister-in-law, still looked with her beautiful eyes full of tears at the door through which Prince Andrew had gone and made the sign of the cross in his direction. From the study, like pistol shots, came the frequent sound of the old man angrily blowing his nose.
chafing - les frottements, chauffer en frictionnant, inflammation
pistol - pistolet
shots - tirs, coup
Hardly had Prince Andrew gone when the study door opened quickly and the stern figure of the old man in the white dressing gown looked out.
"Gone? That's all right!" said he; and looking angrily at the unconscious little princess, he shook his head reprovingly and slammed the door.
That's all right - C'est d'accord
reprovingly - de maniere réprobatrice
In October, 1805, a Russian army was occupying the villages and towns of the Archduchy of Austria, and yet other regiments freshly arriving from Russia were settling near the fortress of Braunau and burdening the inhabitants on whom they were quartered. Braunau was the headquarters of the commander in chief, KutĂşzov.
Archduchy - archiduchesse, archiduché
regiments - régiments, régiment
fortress - forteresse
On October 11, 1805, one of the infantry regiments that had just reached Braunau had halted half a mile from the town, waiting to be inspected by the commander in chief.
Despite the un-Russian appearance of the locality and surroundings"fruit gardens, stone fences, tiled roofs, and hills in the distance"and despite the fact that the inhabitants (who gazed with curiosity at the soldiers) were not Russians, the regiment had just the appearance of any Russian regiment preparing for an inspection anywhere in the heart of Russia.
locality - région, quartier, voisinage, localité
tiled roofs - les toits en tuiles
On the evening of the last day's march an order had been received that the commander in chief would inspect the regiment on the march.
Though the words of the order were not clear to the regimental commander, and the question arose whether the troops were to be in marching order or not, it was decided at a consultation between the battalion commanders to present the regiment in parade order, on the principle that it is always better to "bow too low than not bow low enough.
regimental - régimentaire
battalion - bataillon
bow low - Prosterner
" So the soldiers, after a twenty-mile march, were kept mending and cleaning all night long without closing their eyes, while the adjutants and company commanders calculated and reckoned, and by morning the regiment"instead of the straggling, disorderly crowd it had been on its last march the day before"presented a well-ordered array of two thousand men each of whom knew his place and his duty, had every button and every strap in place, and shone with cleanliness. And not only externally was all in order, but had it pleased the commander in chief to look under the uniforms he would have found on every man a clean shirt, and in every knapsack the appointed number of articles, "awl, soap, and all," as the soldiers say. There was only one circumstance concerning which no one could be at ease. It was the state of the soldiers'boots. More than half the men's boots were in holes. But this defect was not due to any fault of the regimental commander, for in spite of repeated demands boots had not been issued by the Austrian commissariat, and the regiment had marched some seven hundred miles.
mending - raccommodage, (mend), réparer, raccommoder, rapiécer
straggling - en retard, (straggle) en retard
disorderly - désordonné
strap in - s'attacher
cleanliness - la propreté, propreté
externally - a l'extérieur
knapsack - sac a dos, sac a dos
awl - l'alene, alene
Austrian - autrichien, Autrichienne
Commissariat - commissariat
The commander of the regiment was an elderly, choleric, stout, and thick-set general with grizzled eyebrows and whiskers, and wider from chest to back than across the shoulders. He had on a brand-new uniform showing the creases where it had been folded and thick gold epaulettes which seemed to stand rather than lie down on his massive shoulders.
choleric - colérique
whiskers - moustaches, favoris-p, poil de barbe, moustache, vibrisse
creases - des plis, pli
He had the air of a man happily performing one of the most solemn duties of his life. He walked about in front of the line and at every step pulled himself up, slightly arching his back.
most solemn - le plus solennel
arching - l'arche, (arch) l'arche
It was plain that the commander admired his regiment, rejoiced in it, and that his whole mind was engrossed by it, yet his strut seemed to indicate that, besides military matters, social interests and the fair sex occupied no small part of his thoughts.
rejoiced - s'est réjoui, réjouir
engrossed - absorbé, grossoyer, accaparer, rafler, s'emparer de
strut - jambe de force, se pavaner
"Well, Michael MĂtrich, sir?" he said, addressing one of the battalion commanders who smilingly pressed forward (it was plain that they both felt happy). "We had our hands full last night. However, I think the regiment is not a bad one, eh?"
pressed forward - pressé en avant
The battalion commander perceived the jovial irony and laughed.
"It would not be turned off the field even on the TsarĂtsin Meadow."
meadow - prairie, pré
"What?" asked the commander.
At that moment, on the road from the town on which signalers had been posted, two men appeared on horse back. They were an aide-de-camp followed by a Cossack.
The aide-de-camp was sent to confirm the order which had not been clearly worded the day before, namely, that the commander in chief wished to see the regiment just in the state in which it had been on the march: in their greatcoats, and packs, and without any preparation whatever.
greatcoats - grands manteaux, pardessus, paletot, capote
A member of the Hofkriegsrath from Vienna had come to KutĂşzov the day before with proposals and demands for him to join up with the army of the Archduke Ferdinand and Mack, and KutĂşzov, not considering this junction advisable, meant, among other arguments in support of his view, to show the Austrian general the wretched state in which the troops arrived from Russia.
archduke - archiduc
advisable - est-il souhaitable
With this object he intended to meet the regiment; so the worse the condition it was in, the better pleased the commander in chief would be. Though the aide-de-camp did not know these circumstances, he nevertheless delivered the definite order that the men should be in their greatcoats and in marching order, and that the commander in chief would otherwise be dissatisfied.
On hearing this the regimental commander hung his head, silently shrugged his shoulders, and spread out his arms with a choleric gesture.
"A fine mess we've made of it!" he remarked.
"There now! Didn't I tell you, Michael MĂtrich, that if it was said on the march'it meant in greatcoats?" said he reproachfully to the battalion commander. "Oh, my God!" he added, stepping resolutely forward. "Company commanders!" he shouted in a voice accustomed to command. "Sergeants major!... How soon will he be here?
resolutely - résolument
sergeants - sergents, sergent
" he asked the aide-de-camp with a respectful politeness evidently relating to the personage he was referring to.
personage - personnage
"In an hour's time, I should say."
"Shall we have time to change clothes?"
change clothes - changer de vetements
"I don't know, General...."
The regimental commander, going up to the line himself, ordered the soldiers to change into their greatcoats. The company commanders ran off to their companies, the sergeants major began bustling (the greatcoats were not in very good condition), and instantly the squares that had up to then been in regular order and silent began to sway and stretch and hum with voices.
sway - se balancer, autorité, poids, influence, prépondérance
On all sides soldiers were running to and fro, throwing up their knapsacks with a jerk of their shoulders and pulling the straps over their heads, unstrapping their overcoats and drawing the sleeves on with upraised arms.
knapsacks - des sacs a dos, sac a dos
jerk - con, par secousse, soubresaut
straps - sangles, sangle, courroie, laniere, bandouliere
unstrapping - le détachement, défaire la courroie de
overcoats - les manteaux, pardessus, manteau
In half an hour all was again in order, only the squares had become gray instead of black. The regimental commander walked with his jerky steps to the front of the regiment and examined it from a distance.
jerky - de la viande séchée
"Whatever is this? This!" he shouted and stood still. "Commander of the third company!"
"Commander of the third company wanted by the general!... commander to the general... third company to the commander." The words passed along the lines and an adjutant ran to look for the missing officer.
When the eager but misrepeated words had reached their destination in a cry of: "The general to the third company," the missing officer appeared from behind his company and, though he was a middle-aged man and not in the habit of running, trotted awkwardly stumbling on his toes toward the general.
misrepeated - mal répété
trotted - trotté, trotter
The captain's face showed the uneasiness of a schoolboy who is told to repeat a lesson he has not learned. Spots appeared on his nose, the redness of which was evidently due to intemperance, and his mouth twitched nervously. The general looked the captain up and down as he came up panting, slackening his pace as he approached.
schoolboy - éleve, écolier
intemperance - l'intempérance, intempérance
slackening - un ralentissement, (slacken) un ralentissement
"You will soon be dressing your men in petticoats! What is this?" shouted the regimental commander, thrusting forward his jaw and pointing at a soldier in the ranks of the third company in a greatcoat of bluish cloth, which contrasted with the others. "What have you been after? The commander in chief is expected and you leave your place? Eh?
petticoats - jupons, cotillon, jupon, combinaison
thrusting - poussée, (thrust), estocade, propulser
greatcoat - manteau, pardessus, paletot, capote
bluish - bleuâtre, bleuté, légerement bleu
I'll teach you to dress the men in fancy coats for a parade.... Eh...?"
The commander of the company, with his eyes fixed on his superior, pressed two fingers more and more rigidly to his cap, as if in this pressure lay his only hope of salvation.
rigidly - de maniere rigide, rigidement
Salvation - le salut, salut
"Well, why don't you speak? Whom have you got there dressed up as a Hungarian?" said the commander with an austere gibe.
austere - austere, austere
gibe - gibe
"Well, your excellency, what? Your excellency! But what about your excellency?... nobody knows."
"Your excellency, it's the officer DĂłlokhov, who has been reduced to the ranks," said the captain softly.
"Well? Has he been degraded into a field marshal, or into a soldier? If a soldier, he should be dressed in regulation uniform like the others."
field marshal - maréchal des logis
"Your excellency, you gave him leave yourself, on the march."
"Gave him leave? Leave? That's just like you young men," said the regimental commander cooling down a little. "Leave indeed.... One says a word to you and you... What?" he added with renewed irritation, "I beg you to dress your men decently."
cooling down - le refroidissement
decently - convenablement
And the commander, turning to look at the adjutant, directed his jerky steps down the line. He was evidently pleased at his own display of anger and walking up to the regiment wished to find a further excuse for wrath. Having snapped at an officer for an unpolished badge, at another because his line was not straight, he reached the third company.
wrath - colere, fureur, courroux, ire, colere
"H-o-o-w are you standing? Where's your leg? Your leg?" shouted the commander with a tone of suffering in his voice, while there were still five men between him and DĂłlokhov with his bluish-gray uniform.
DĂłlokhov slowly straightened his bent knee, looking straight with his clear, insolent eyes in the general's face.
"Why a blue coat? Off with it... Sergeant major! Change his coat... the ras..." he did not finish.
sergeant - sergent
ras - ras, (RA) ras
"General, I must obey orders, but I am not bound to endure..." DĂłlokhov hurriedly interrupted.
"No talking in the ranks!... No talking, no talking!"
"Not bound to endure insults," DĂłlokhov concluded in loud, ringing tones.
The eyes of the general and the soldier met. The general became silent, angrily pulling down his tight scarf.
"I request you to have the goodness to change your coat," he said as he turned away.
"He's coming!" shouted the signaler at that moment.
The regimental commander, flushing, ran to his horse, seized the stirrup with trembling hands, threw his body across the saddle, righted himself, drew his saber, and with a happy and resolute countenance, opening his mouth awry, prepared to shout. The regiment fluttered like a bird preening its plumage and became motionless.
stirrup - étrier
saddle - selle, ensellement
awry - mal, de travers, de guingois, de traviole
fluttered - flotté, faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement
preening - se prévaloir, lisser (ses plumes)
plumage - plumage, plume (pars pro toto), plumée, pennage
motionless - immobile
"Att-ention!" shouted the regimental commander in a soul-shaking voice which expressed joy for himself, severity for the regiment, and welcome for the approaching chief.
Along the broad country road, edged on both sides by trees, came a high, light blue Viennese calĂ¨che, slightly creaking on its springs and drawn by six horses at a smart trot. Behind the calĂ¨che galloped the suite and a convoy of Croats. Beside KutĂşzov sat an Austrian general, in a white uniform that looked strange among the Russian black ones. The calĂ¨che stopped in front of the regiment.
Viennese - Viennois, Viennoise
creaking - grincement, craquement, craquer
trot - trot, trotter
galloped - galopé, galop, galoper
KutĂşzov and the Austrian general were talking in low voices and KutĂşzov smiled slightly as treading heavily he stepped down from the carriage just as if those two thousand men breathlessly gazing at him and the regimental commander did not exist.
treading - le piétinement, (tread) le piétinement
breathlessly - a bout de souffle
The word of command rang out, and again the regiment quivered, as with a jingling sound it presented arms. Then amidst a dead silence the feeble voice of the commander in chief was heard. The regiment roared, "Health to your ex... len... len... lency!" and again all became silent.
amidst - au milieu
roared - a rugi, rugir, hurler, s'esclaffer, rire aux éclats
lency - lence
At first KutĂşzov stood still while the regiment moved; then he and the general in white, accompanied by the suite, walked between the ranks.
From the way the regimental commander saluted the commander in chief and devoured him with his eyes, drawing himself up obsequiously, and from the way he walked through the ranks behind the generals, bending forward and hardly able to restrain his jerky movements, and from the way he darted forward at every word or gesture of the commander in chief, it was evident that he performed his duty as a subordinate with even greater zeal than his duty as a commander. Thanks to the strictness and assiduity of its commander the regiment, in comparison with others that had reached Braunau at the same time, was in splendid condition. There were only 217 sick and stragglers. Everything was in good order except the boots.
saluted - salué, saluer, faire un salut
devoured - dévorée, dévorer
obsequiously - avec obséquiosité
subordinate - subordonné, subordonnée, subordonnés, subordonnées
zeal - le zele, zele, assiduité
strictness - la rigueur
assiduity - l'assiduité
stragglers - des retardataires, traînard
KutĂşzov walked through the ranks, sometimes stopping to say a few friendly words to officers he had known in the Turkish war, sometimes also to the soldiers. Looking at their boots he several times shook his head sadly, pointing them out to the Austrian general with an expression which seemed to say that he was not blaming anyone, but could not help noticing what a bad state of things it was.
The regimental commander ran forward on each such occasion, fearing to miss a single word of the commander in chief's regarding the regiment. Behind KutĂşzov, at a distance that allowed every softly spoken word to be heard, followed some twenty men of his suite. These gentlemen talked among themselves and sometimes laughed. Nearest of all to the commander in chief walked a handsome adjutant.
This was Prince BolkĂłnski. Beside him was his comrade NesvĂtski, a tall staff officer, extremely stout, with a kindly, smiling, handsome face and moist eyes. NesvĂtski could hardly keep from laughter provoked by a swarthy hussar officer who walked beside him.
comrade - camarade f, camarade
moist - humide, moite
swarthy - basané
This hussar, with a grave face and without a smile or a change in the expression of his fixed eyes, watched the regimental commander's back and mimicked his every movement. Each time the commander started and bent forward, the hussar started and bent forward in exactly the same manner. NesvĂtski laughed and nudged the others to make them look at the wag.
nudged - poussé, petit coup de coude, petite tape amicale, nudge
wag - wag, frétiller, remuer, sécher, faire l’école buissonniere
KutĂşzov walked slowly and languidly past thousands of eyes which were starting from their sockets to watch their chief. On reaching the third company he suddenly stopped. His suite, not having expected this, involuntarily came closer to him.
sockets - des prises, prise, douille, orbite (for the eye), cavité
"Ah, TimĂłkhin!" said he, recognizing the red-nosed captain who had been reprimanded on account of the blue greatcoat.
reprimanded - réprimandé, réprimande, semonce, réprimander, qualifier
One would have thought it impossible for a man to stretch himself more than TimĂłkhin had done when he was reprimanded by the regimental commander, but now that the commander in chief addressed him he drew himself up to such an extent that it seemed he could not have sustained it had the commander in chief continued to look at him, and so KutĂşzov, who evidently understood his case and wished him nothing but good, quickly turned away, a scarcely perceptible smile flitting over his scarred and puffy face.
flitting - flottement, (flit), voltiger, voleter, papillonner, virevolter
scarred - cicatrisé, cicatrice
puffy - bouffi, enflé, rebondi, boursouflé
"Another Ismail comrade," said he. "A brave officer! Are you satisfied with him?" he asked the regimental commander.
And the latter"unconscious that he was being reflected in the hussar officer as in a looking glass"started, moved forward, and answered: "Highly satisfied, your excellency!"
"We all have our weaknesses," said KutĂşzov smiling and walking away from him. "He used to have a predilection for Bacchus."
predilection - prédilection
Bacchus - bacchus
The regimental commander was afraid he might be blamed for this and did not answer. The hussar at that moment noticed the face of the red-nosed captain and his drawn-in stomach, and mimicked his expression and pose with such exactitude that NesvĂtski could not help laughing. KutĂşzov turned round.
The officer evidently had complete control of his face, and while KutĂşzov was turning managed to make a grimace and then assume a most serious, deferential, and innocent expression.
The third company was the last, and KutĂşzov pondered, apparently trying to recollect something. Prince Andrew stepped forward from among the suite and said in French:
recollect - se souvenir, se ressaisir
"You told me to remind you of the officer DĂłlokhov, reduced to the ranks in this regiment."
"Where is DĂłlokhov?" asked KutĂşzov.
DĂłlokhov, who had already changed into a soldier's gray greatcoat, did not wait to be called. The shapely figure of the fair-haired soldier, with his clear blue eyes, stepped forward from the ranks, went up to the commander in chief, and presented arms.
"Have you a complaint to make?" KutĂşzov asked with a slight frown.
"This is DĂłlokhov," said Prince Andrew.
"Ah!" said KutĂşzov. "I hope this will be a lesson to you. Do your duty. The Emperor is gracious, and I shan't forget you if you deserve well."
shan - Shan
The clear blue eyes looked at the commander in chief just as boldly as they had looked at the regimental commander, seeming by their expression to tear open the veil of convention that separates a commander in chief so widely from a private.
tear open - déchirer
"One thing I ask of your excellency," DĂłlokhov said in his firm, ringing, deliberate voice. "I ask an opportunity to atone for my fault and prove my devotion to His Majesty the Emperor and to Russia!"
atone - expier
KutĂşzov turned away. The same smile of the eyes with which he had turned from Captain TimĂłkhin again flitted over his face. He turned away with a grimace as if to say that everything DĂłlokhov had said to him and everything he could say had long been known to him, that he was weary of it and it was not at all what he wanted. He turned away and went to the carriage.
The regiment broke up into companies, which went to their appointed quarters near Braunau, where they hoped to receive boots and clothes and to rest after their hard marches.
"You won't bear me a grudge, ProkhĂłr IgnĂˇtych?" said the regimental commander, overtaking the third company on its way to its quarters and riding up to Captain TimĂłkhin who was walking in front. (The regimental commander's face now that the inspection was happily over beamed with irrepressible delight.) "It's in the Emperor's service... it can't be helped...
grudge - rancune
overtaking - le dépassement, dépasser, doubler, surprendre
one is sometimes a bit hasty on parade... I am the first to apologize, you know me!... He was very pleased!" And he held out his hand to the captain.
hasty - hâtive, hâtif
"Don't mention it, General, as if I'd be so bold!" replied the captain, his nose growing redder as he gave a smile which showed where two front teeth were missing that had been knocked out by the butt end of a gun at Ismail.
Don't mention it - Ne pas le mentionner
butt - de fesses, crosse
"And tell Mr. DĂłlokhov that I won't forget him"he may be quite easy. And tell me, please"I've been meaning to ask"how is he behaving himself, and in general..."
"As far as the service goes he is quite punctilious, your excellency; but his character..." said TimĂłkhin.
punctilious - punctilien
"And what about his character?" asked the regimental commander.
"It's different on different days," answered the captain. "One day he is sensible, well educated, and good-natured, and the next he's a wild beast.... In Poland, if you please, he nearly killed a Jew."
Poland - la pologne, Pologne
"Oh, well, well!" remarked the regimental commander. "Still, one must have pity on a young man in misfortune. You know he has important connections... Well, then, you just..."
"I will, your excellency," said TimĂłkhin, showing by his smile that he understood his commander's wish.
"Well, of course, of course!"
The regimental commander sought out DĂłlokhov in the ranks and, reining in his horse, said to him:
reining - le reining, rene
"After the next affair... epaulettes."
DĂłlokhov looked round but did not say anything, nor did the mocking smile on his lips change.
mocking - se moquer, (moc) se moquer
"Well, that's all right," continued the regimental commander. "A cup of vodka for the men from me," he added so that the soldiers could hear. "I thank you all! God be praised!" and he rode past that company and overtook the next one.
vodka - vodka
"Well, he's really a good fellow, one can serve under him," said TimĂłkhin to the subaltern beside him.
subaltern - subalterne
"In a word, a hearty one..." said the subaltern, laughing (the regimental commander was nicknamed King of Hearts).
The cheerful mood of their officers after the inspection infected the soldiers. The company marched on gaily. The soldiers'voices could be heard on every side.
"And they said KutĂşzov was blind of one eye?"
"And so he is! Quite blind!"
"No, friend, he is sharper-eyed than you are. Boots and leg bands... he noticed everything..."
"When he looked at my feet, friend... well, thinks I..."
"And that other one with him, the Austrian, looked as if he were smeared with chalk"as white as flour! I suppose they polish him up as they do the guns."
smeared - étalé, badigeonner, couvrir, diffamer, trace, traînée
chalk - craie, magnésie
polish - polish, polonais
"I say, FĂ©deshon!... Did he say when the battles are to begin? You were near him. Everybody said that Buonaparte himself was at Braunau."
"Buonaparte himself!... Just listen to the fool, what he doesn't know! The Prussians are up in arms now. The Austrians, you see, are putting them down. When they've been put down, the war with Buonaparte will begin. And he says Buonaparte is in Braunau! Shows you're a fool. You'd better listen more carefully!"
Prussians - les prussiens, prussien, Prussienne
"What devils these quartermasters are! See, the fifth company is turning into the village already... they will have their buckwheat cooked before we reach our quarters."
quartermasters - les quartiers-maîtres, quartier-maître
buckwheat - le sarrasin, sarrasin, blé sarrasin, blé noir
"Give me a biscuit, you devil!"
"And did you give me tobacco yesterday? That's just it, friend! Ah, well, never mind, here you are."
"They might call a halt here or we'll have to do another four miles without eating."
"Wasn't it fine when those Germans gave us lifts! You just sit still and are drawn along."
wasn - n'était
"And here, friend, the people are quite beggarly. There they all seemed to be Poles"all under the Russian crown"but here they're all regular Germans."
beggarly - mendiant
"Singers to the front" came the captain's order.
And from the different ranks some twenty men ran to the front. A drummer, their leader, turned round facing the singers, and flourishing his arm, began a long-drawn-out soldiers'song, commencing with the words: "Morning dawned, the sun was rising," and concluding: "On then, brothers, on to glory, led by Father KĂˇmenski.
drummer - batteur
" This song had been composed in the Turkish campaign and now being sung in Austria, the only change being that the words "Father KĂˇmenski" were replaced by "Father KutĂşzov."
Having jerked out these last words as soldiers do and waved his arms as if flinging something to the ground, the drummer"a lean, handsome soldier of forty"looked sternly at the singers and screwed up his eyes.
flinging - flingage, lancer
Then having satisfied himself that all eyes were fixed on him, he raised both arms as if carefully lifting some invisible but precious object above his head and, holding it there for some seconds, suddenly flung it down and began:
precious object - objet précieux
"Oh, my bower, oh, my bower...!"
bower - bower, (bow) bower
"Oh, my bower new...!" chimed in twenty voices, and the castanet player, in spite of the burden of his equipment, rushed out to the front and, walking backwards before the company, jerked his shoulders and flourished his castanets as if threatening someone. The soldiers, swinging their arms and keeping time spontaneously, marched with long steps.
castanets - castagnettes, castagnette
spontaneously - spontanément
Behind the company the sound of wheels, the creaking of springs, and the tramp of horses'hoofs were heard. KutĂşzov and his suite were returning to the town. The commander in chief made a sign that the men should continue to march at ease, and he and all his suite showed pleasure at the sound of the singing and the sight of the dancing soldier and the gay and smartly marching men.
tramp - piéton, clochard, va-nuieds, traînée, garce
hoofs - sabots, sabot
smartly - roublard
In the second file from the right flank, beside which the carriage passed the company, a blue-eyed soldier involuntarily attracted notice. It was DĂłlokhov marching with particular grace and boldness in time to the song and looking at those driving past as if he pitied all who were not at that moment marching with the company.
flank - flanc, flanchet
The hussar cornet of KutĂşzov's suite who had mimicked the regimental commander, fell back from the carriage and rode up to DĂłlokhov.
Hussar cornet ZherkĂłv had at one time, in Petersburg, belonged to the wild set led by DĂłlokhov. ZherkĂłv had met DĂłlokhov abroad as a private and had not seen fit to recognize him. But now that KutĂşzov had spoken to the gentleman ranker, he addressed him with the cordiality of an old friend.
cordiality - cordialité
"My dear fellow, how are you?" said he through the singing, making his horse keep pace with the company.
"How am I?" DĂłlokhov answered coldly. "I am as you see."
The lively song gave a special flavor to the tone of free and easy gaiety with which ZherkĂłv spoke, and to the intentional coldness of DĂłlokhov's reply.
flavor - gout, saveur, style, assaisonner
intentional - intentionnelle
coldness - froideur, froid
"And how do you get on with the officers?" inquired ZherkĂłv.
"All right. They are good fellows. And how have you wriggled onto the staff?"
wriggled - s'est tortillé, remuer, se tortiller
"I was attached; I'm on duty."
Both were silent.
"She let the hawk fly upward from her wide right sleeve," went the song, arousing an involuntary sensation of courage and cheerfulness. Their conversation would probably have been different but for the effect of that song.
hawk - faucon, autour
arousing - excitante, émoustiller, exciter
cheerfulness - gaieté
"Is it true that Austrians have been beaten?" asked DĂłlokhov.
"The devil only knows! They say so."
"I'm glad," answered DĂłlokhov briefly and clearly, as the song demanded.
"I say, come round some evening and we'll have a game of faro!" said ZherkĂłv.
faro - faro, pharaon
"Why, have you too much money?"
"I can't. I've sworn not to. I won't drink and won't play till I get reinstated."
reinstated - réintégrée, rétablir, réintégrer, réactiver
"Well, that's only till the first engagement."
"We shall see."
They were again silent.
"Come if you need anything. One can at least be of use on the staff..."
DĂłlokhov smiled. "Don't trouble. If I want anything, I won't beg"I'll take it!"
"Well, never mind; I only..."
"And I only..."
"It's a long, long way.
To my native land..."
ZherkĂłv touched his horse with the spurs; it pranced excitedly from foot to foot uncertain with which to start, then settled down, galloped past the company, and overtook the carriage, still keeping time to the song.
pranced - se pavaner, caracoler
excitedly - avec enthousiasme
On returning from the review, KutĂşzov took the Austrian general into his private room and, calling his adjutant, asked for some papers relating to the condition of the troops on their arrival, and the letters that had come from the Archduke Ferdinand, who was in command of the advanced army. Prince Andrew BolkĂłnski came into the room with the required papers.
KutĂşzov and the Austrian member of the Hofkriegsrath were sitting at the table on which a plan was spread out.
"Ah!..." said KutĂşzov glancing at BolkĂłnski as if by this exclamation he was asking the adjutant to wait, and he went on with the conversation in French.
exclamation - exclamation
"All I can say, General," said he with a pleasant elegance of expression and intonation that obliged one to listen to each deliberately spoken word. It was evident that KutĂşzov himself listened with pleasure to his own voice. "All I can say, General, is that if the matter depended on my personal wishes, the will of His Majesty the Emperor Francis would have been fulfilled long ago.
elegance - l'élégance, élégance, grâce, finesse
Francis - francis, François
I should long ago have joined the archduke. And believe me on my honour that to me personally it would be a pleasure to hand over the supreme command of the army into the hands of a better informed and more skillful general"of whom Austria has so many"and to lay down all this heavy responsibility. But circumstances are sometimes too strong for us, General."
supreme command - le commandement supreme
Skillful - habile, adroit
And KutĂşzov smiled in a way that seemed to say, "You are quite at liberty not to believe me and I don't even care whether you do or not, but you have no grounds for telling me so. And that is the whole point."
The Austrian general looked dissatisfied, but had no option but to reply in the same tone.
"On the contrary," he said, in a querulous and angry tone that contrasted with his flattering words, "on the contrary, your excellency's participation in the common action is highly valued by His Majesty; but we think the present delay is depriving the splendid Russian troops and their commander of the laurels they have been accustomed to win in their battles," he concluded his evidently prearranged sentence.
laurels - des lauriers, laurier, couronne de laurier
KutĂşzov bowed with the same smile.
"But that is my conviction, and judging by the last letter with which His Highness the Archduke Ferdinand has honored me, I imagine that the Austrian troops, under the direction of so skillful a leader as General Mack, have by now already gained a decisive victory and no longer need our aid," said KutĂşzov.
Highness - altesse
The general frowned. Though there was no definite news of an Austrian defeat, there were many circumstances confirming the unfavorable rumors that were afloat, and so KutĂşzov's suggestion of an Austrian victory sounded much like irony. But KutĂşzov went on blandly smiling with the same expression, which seemed to say that he had a right to suppose so.
afloat - a flot, a flot
And, in fact, the last letter he had received from Mack's army informed him of a victory and stated strategically the position of the army was very favorable.
strategically - stratégiquement
favorable - favorable
"Give me that letter," said KutĂşzov turning to Prince Andrew. "Please have a look at it""and KutĂşzov with an ironical smile about the corners of his mouth read to the Austrian general the following passage, in German, from the Archduke Ferdinand's letter:
We have fully concentrated forces of nearly seventy thousand men with which to attack and defeat the enemy should he cross the Lech.
Also, as we are masters of Ulm, we cannot be deprived of the advantage of commanding both sides of the Danube, so that should the enemy not cross the Lech, we can cross the Danube, throw ourselves on his line of communications, recross the river lower down, and frustrate his intention should he try to direct his whole force against our faithful ally.
Danube - le danube, Danube
recross - recroiser
frustrate - frustrer
We shall therefore confidently await the moment when the Imperial Russian army will be fully equipped, and shall then, in conjunction with it, easily find a way to prepare for the enemy the fate he deserves.
confidently - en toute confiance
conjunction - conjonction
KutĂşzov sighed deeply on finishing this paragraph and looked at the member of the Hofkriegsrath mildly and attentively.
mildly - légerement
"But you know the wise maxim your excellency, advising one to expect the worst," said the Austrian general, evidently wishing to have done with jests and to come to business. He involuntarily looked round at the aide-de-camp.
maxim - maxime, sentence
jests - jests, plaisanterie
come to business - venir aux affaires
"Excuse me, General," interrupted KutĂşzov, also turning to Prince Andrew. "Look here, my dear fellow, get from KozlĂłvski all the reports from our scouts.
scouts - scouts, éclaireur/-euse
Here are two letters from Count Nostitz and here is one from His Highness the Archduke Ferdinand and here are these," he said, handing him several papers, "make a neat memorandum in French out of all this, showing all the news we have had of the movements of the Austrian army, and then give it to his excellency."
memorandum - mémorandum
Prince Andrew bowed his head in token of having understood from the first not only what had been said but also what KutĂşzov would have liked to tell him. He gathered up the papers and with a bow to both, stepped softly over the carpet and went out into the waiting room.
Though not much time had passed since Prince Andrew had left Russia, he had changed greatly during that period. In the expression of his face, in his movements, in his walk, scarcely a trace was left of his former affected languor and indolence. He now looked like a man who has time to think of the impression he makes on others, but is occupied with agreeable and interesting work.
indolence - l'indolence, indolence, oisiveté
His face expressed more satisfaction with himself and those around him, his smile and glance were brighter and more attractive.
KutĂşzov, whom he had overtaken in Poland, had received him very kindly, promised not to forget him, distinguished him above the other adjutants, and had taken him to Vienna and given him the more serious commissions. From Vienna KutĂşzov wrote to his old comrade, Prince Andrew's father.
overtaken - dépassé, dépasser, doubler, surprendre
Your son bids fair to become an officer distinguished by his industry, firmness, and expedition. I consider myself fortunate to have such a subordinate by me.
On KutĂşzov's staff, among his fellow officers and in the army generally, Prince Andrew had, as he had had in Petersburg society, two quite opposite reputations. Some, a minority, acknowledged him to be different from themselves and from everyone else, expected great things of him, listened to him, admired, and imitated him, and with them Prince Andrew was natural and pleasant.
imitated - imité, imiter
Others, the majority, disliked him and considered him conceited, cold, and disagreeable. But among these people Prince Andrew knew how to take his stand so that they respected and even feared him.
conceited - prétentieux, vanité, orgueil, concept
Coming out of KutĂşzov's room into the waiting room with the papers in his hand Prince Andrew came up to his comrade, the aide-de-camp on duty, KozlĂłvski, who was sitting at the window with a book.
"Well, Prince?" asked KozlĂłvski.
"I am ordered to write a memorandum explaining why we are not advancing."
"And why is it?"
Prince Andrew shrugged his shoulders.
"Any news from Mack?"
"If it were true that he has been beaten, news would have come."
"Probably," said Prince Andrew moving toward the outer door.
But at that instant a tall Austrian general in a greatcoat, with the order of Maria Theresa on his neck and a black bandage round his head, who had evidently just arrived, entered quickly, slamming the door. Prince Andrew stopped short.
bandage - bandage, pansement, panser
"Commander in Chief KutĂşzov?" said the newly arrived general speaking quickly with a harsh German accent, looking to both sides and advancing straight toward the inner door.
"The commander in chief is engaged," said KozlĂłvski, going hurriedly up to the unknown general and blocking his way to the door. "Whom shall I announce?"
The unknown general looked disdainfully down at KozlĂłvski, who was rather short, as if surprised that anyone should not know him.
"The commander in chief is engaged," repeated KozlĂłvski calmly.
calmly - calmement, paisiblement
The general's face clouded, his lips quivered and trembled. He took out a notebook, hurriedly scribbled something in pencil, tore out the leaf, gave it to KozlĂłvski, stepped quickly to the window, and threw himself into a chair, gazing at those in the room as if asking, "Why do they look at me?
scribbled - griffonné, griffonner
tore - a la déchirure
" Then he lifted his head, stretched his neck as if he intended to say something, but immediately, with affected indifference, began to hum to himself, producing a queer sound which immediately broke off. The door of the private room opened and KutĂşzov appeared in the doorway.
The general with the bandaged head bent forward as though running away from some danger, and, making long, quick strides with his thin legs, went up to KutĂşzov.
bandaged - bandé, bandage, pansement, panser
strides - foulées, marcher a grands pas
"Vous voyez le malheureux Mack," he uttered in a broken voice.
KutĂşzov's face as he stood in the open doorway remained perfectly immobile for a few moments. Then wrinkles ran over his face like a wave and his forehead became smooth again, he bowed his head respectfully, closed his eyes, silently let Mack enter his room before him, and closed the door himself behind him.
immobile - immobile
The report which had been circulated that the Austrians had been beaten and that the whole army had surrendered at Ulm proved to be correct. Within half an hour adjutants had been sent in various directions with orders which showed that the Russian troops, who had hitherto been inactive, would also soon have to meet the enemy.
hitherto - jusqu'a présent, jusqu'ici, jusqu'alors, jusqu'a maintenant
Prince Andrew was one of those rare staff officers whose chief interest lay in the general progress of the war. When he saw Mack and heard the details of his disaster he understood that half the campaign was lost, understood all the difficulties of the Russian army's position, and vividly imagined what awaited it and the part he would have to play.
vividly - précise
Involuntarily he felt a joyful agitation at the thought of the humiliation of arrogant Austria and that in a week's time he might, perhaps, see and take part in the first Russian encounter with the French since SuvĂłrov met them. He feared that Bonaparte's genius might outweigh all the courage of the Russian troops, and at the same time could not admit the idea of his hero being disgraced.
disgraced - déshonorée, honte, disgrâce, ignominie
Excited and irritated by these thoughts Prince Andrew went toward his room to write to his father, to whom he wrote every day. In the corridor he met NesvĂtski, with whom he shared a room, and the wag ZherkĂłv; they were as usual laughing.
irritated by - irrité par
"Why are you so glum?" asked NesvĂtski noticing Prince Andrew's pale face and glittering eyes.
glum - morose, maussade
"There's nothing to be gay about," answered BolkĂłnski.
Just as Prince Andrew met NesvĂtski and ZherkĂłv, there came toward them from the other end of the corridor, Strauch, an Austrian general who was on KutĂşzov's staff in charge of the provisioning of the Russian army, and the member of the Hofkriegsrath who had arrived the previous evening.
There was room enough in the wide corridor for the generals to pass the three officers quite easily, but ZherkĂłv, pushing NesvĂtski aside with his arm, said in a breathless voice,
"They're coming!... they're coming!... stand aside, make way, please make way!"
stand aside - s'écarter
The generals were passing by, looking as if they wished to avoid embarrassing attentions. On the face of the wag ZherkĂłv there suddenly appeared a stupid smile of glee which he seemed unable to suppress.
glee - glee, joie, jubilation
"Your excellency," said he in German, stepping forward and addressing the Austrian general, "I have the honor to congratulate you."
stepping forward - qui s'avancent
He bowed his head and scraped first with one foot and then with the other, awkwardly, like a child at a dancing lesson.
dancing lesson - une leçon de danse
The member of the Hofkriegsrath looked at him severely but, seeing the seriousness of his stupid smile, could not but give him a moment's attention. He screwed up his eyes showing that he was listening.
seriousness - sérieux, sériosité, gravité
"I have the honor to congratulate you. General Mack has arrived, quite well, only a little bruised just here," he added, pointing with a beaming smile to his head.
bruised - contusionné, contusionner, meurtrir, taler, cotir, se taler
The general frowned, turned away, and went on.
"Gott, wie naiv!" * said he angrily, after he had gone a few steps.
* "Good God, what simplicity!"
NesvĂtski with a laugh threw his arms round Prince Andrew, but BolkĂłnski, turning still paler, pushed him away with an angry look and turned to ZherkĂłv. The nervous irritation aroused by the appearance of Mack, the news of his defeat, and the thought of what lay before the Russian army found vent in anger at ZherkĂłv's untimely jest.
vent - évent
untimely - inopportun, intempestif, vert
jest - jest, plaisanter
"If you, sir, choose to make a buffoon of yourself," he said sharply, with a slight trembling of the lower jaw, "I can't prevent your doing so; but I warn you that if you dare to play the fool in my presence, I will teach you to Behave yourself."
buffoon - bouffon, rench: t-needed r
lower jaw - la mâchoire inférieure
Behave yourself - bien se comporter
NesvĂtski and ZherkĂłv were so surprised by this outburst that they gazed at BolkĂłnski silently with wide-open eyes.
"What's the matter? I only congratulated them," said ZherkĂłv.
"I am not jesting with you; please be silent!" cried BolkĂłnski, and taking NesvĂtski's arm he left ZherkĂłv, who did not know what to say.
jesting - plaisanterie, (jest) plaisanterie
"Come, what's the matter, old fellow?" said NesvĂtski trying to soothe him.
"What's the matter?" exclaimed Prince Andrew standing still in his excitement. "Don't you understand that either we are officers serving our Tsar and our country, rejoicing in the successes and grieving at the misfortunes of our common cause, or we are merely lackeys who care nothing for their master's business.
rejoicing - se réjouir, réjouissant, gaieté, (rejoice), réjouir
grieving - le deuil, avoir du chagrin
misfortunes - malheurs, malchance, mésaventure, malheur
lackeys - laquais
Quarante mille hommes massacrĂ©s et l'armĂ©e de nos alliĂ©s dĂ©truite, et vous trouvez lĂ le mot pour rire," * he said, as if strengthening his views by this French sentence. "C'est bien pour un garĂ§on de rien comme cet individu dont vous avez fait un ami, mais pas pour vous, pas pour vous.
mille - mille
Mot - mot
dont - dont
*(2) Only a hobbledehoy could amuse himself in this way," he added in Russian"but pronouncing the word with a French accent"having noticed that ZherkĂłv could still hear him.
amuse - amuser
* "Forty thousand men massacred and the army of our allies destroyed, and you find that a cause for jesting!"
* (2) "It is all very well for that good-for-nothing fellow of whom you have made a friend, but not for you, not for you."
He waited a moment to see whether the cornet would answer, but he turned and went out of the corridor.
The PĂˇvlograd Hussars were stationed two miles from Braunau. The squadron in which Nicholas RostĂłv served as a cadet was quartered in the German village of Salzeneck. The best quarters in the village were assigned to cavalry-captain DenĂsov, the squadron commander, known throughout the whole cavalry division as VĂˇska DenĂsov.
squadron - escadron, escadre
cavalry-captain - (cavalry-captain) capitaine de cavalerie
Cadet RostĂłv, ever since he had overtaken the regiment in Poland, had lived with the squadron commander.
On October 11, the day when all was astir at headquarters over the news of Mack's defeat, the camp life of the officers of this squadron was proceeding as usual. DenĂsov, who had been losing at cards all night, had not yet come home when RostĂłv rode back early in the morning from a foraging expedition.
astir - en éveil
Foraging - la recherche de nourriture, fourrage, fourrager
RostĂłv in his cadet uniform, with a jerk to his horse, rode up to the porch, swung his leg over the saddle with a supple youthful movement, stood for a moment in the stirrup as if loathe to part from his horse, and at last sprang down and called to his orderly.
supple - souple
loathe - exécrer, détester, hair
"Ah, BondarĂ©nko, dear friend!" said he to the hussar who rushed up headlong to the horse. "Walk him up and down, my dear fellow," he continued, with that gay brotherly cordiality which goodhearted young people show to everyone when they are happy.
headlong - tete baissée, la tete la premiere
brotherly - fraternel
goodhearted - de bon cour
"Yes, your excellency," answered the Ukrainian gaily, tossing his head.
Ukrainian - ukrainien, ukrainienne
"Mind, walk him up and down well!"
Another hussar also rushed toward the horse, but BondarĂ©nko had already thrown the reins of the snaffle bridle over the horse's head. It was evident that the cadet was liberal with his tips and that it paid to serve him. RostĂłv patted the horse's neck and then his flank, and lingered for a moment.
reins - les renes, rene
snaffle - bridon
bridle - bride, brider, refréner, etre susceptible
"Splendid! What a horse he will be!" he thought with a smile, and holding up his saber, his spurs jingling, he ran up the steps of the porch. His landlord, who in a waistcoat and a pointed cap, pitchfork in hand, was clearing manure from the cowhouse, looked out, and his face immediately brightened on seeing RostĂłv. "SchĂ¶n gut Morgen! SchĂ¶n gut Morgen!
pitchfork - fourche
manure - du fumier, fumier, purin
cowhouse - la vacherie
morgen - morgen
" * he said winking with a merry smile, evidently pleased to greet the young man.
* "A very good morning! A very good morning!"
"Schon fleissig?" * said RostĂłv with the same gay brotherly smile which did not leave his eager face. "Hoch Oestreicher! Hoch Russen! Kaiser Alexander hoch!" *(2) said he, quoting words often repeated by the German landlord.
Kaiser - kaiser, empereur
often repeated - souvent répétées
* "Busy already?"
* (2) "Hurrah for the Austrians! Hurrah for the Russians! Hurrah for Emperor Alexander!"
The German laughed, came out of the cowshed, pulled off his cap, and waving it above his head cried:
cowshed - étable
"Und die ganze Welt hoch!" *
welt - welt, bordure
* "And hurrah for the whole world!"
RostĂłv waved his cap above his head like the German and cried laughing, "Und vivat die ganze Welt!
" Though neither the German cleaning his cowshed nor RostĂłv back with his platoon from foraging for hay had any reason for rejoicing, they looked at each other with joyful delight and brotherly love, wagged their heads in token of their mutual affection, and parted smiling, the German returning to his cowshed and RostĂłv going to the cottage he occupied with DenĂsov.
platoon - peloton
Hay - foin
wagged - remué, frétiller, remuer, sécher, faire l’école buissonniere
"What about your master?" he asked LavrĂşshka, DenĂsov's orderly, whom all the regiment knew for a rogue.
rogue - canaille, fripouille, coquin, voyou, garnement, vagabond
"Hasn't been in since the evening. Must have been losing," answered LavrĂşshka. "I know by now, if he wins he comes back early to brag about it, but if he stays out till morning it means he's lost and will come back in a rage. Will you have coffee?"
Brag - brag, fanfaronner, se vanter
"Yes, bring some."
Ten minutes later LavrĂşshka brought the coffee. "He's coming!" said he. "Now for trouble!" RostĂłv looked out of the window and saw DenĂsov coming home. DenĂsov was a small man with a red face, sparkling black eyes, and black tousled mustache and hair. He wore an unfastened cloak, wide breeches hanging down in creases, and a crumpled shako on the back of his head.
crumpled - froissé, chiffonner, froisser, se froisser, s'effondrer
shako - shako
He came up to the porch gloomily, hanging his head.
"LavwĂşska!" he shouted loudly and angrily, "take it off, blockhead!"
blockhead - tete de noeud, imbécile, cancre
"Well, I am taking it off," replied LavrĂşshka's voice.
"Ah, you're up already," said DenĂsov, entering the room.
"Long ago," answered RostĂłv, "I have already been for the hay, and have seen FrĂ¤ulein Mathilde."
"Weally! And I've been losing, bwother. I lost yesterday like a damned fool!" cried DenĂsov, not pronouncing his r's. "Such ill luck! Such ill luck. As soon as you left, it began and went on. Hullo there! Tea!"
damned - foutu, maudit, condamné, (damn), condamner, réprouver
Hullo - bonjour, salut !
Puckering up his face though smiling, and showing his short strong teeth, he began with stubby fingers of both hands to ruffle up his thick tangled black hair.
ruffle up - ébouriffer
tangled - enchevetrés, désordre, enchevetrement
"And what devil made me go to that wat?" (an officer nicknamed "the rat") he said, rubbing his forehead and whole face with both hands. "Just fancy, he didn't let me win a single cahd, not one cahd."
wat - quoi
He took the lighted pipe that was offered to him, gripped it in his fist, and tapped it on the floor, making the sparks fly, while he continued to shout.
"He lets one win the singles and collahs it as soon as one doubles it; gives the singles and snatches the doubles!"
snatches - des arrachages de dents, empoigner, happer, saisir, arracher
He scattered the burning tobacco, smashed the pipe, and threw it away. Then he remained silent for a while, and all at once looked cheerfully with his glittering, black eyes at RostĂłv.
cheerfully - réjouie
"If at least we had some women here; but there's nothing foh one to do but dwink. If we could only get to fighting soon. Hullo, who's there?" he said, turning to the door as he heard a tread of heavy boots and the clinking of spurs that came to a stop, and a respectful cough.
foh - foh
dwink - dwink
clinking - clinking, tintement
"The squadron quartermaster!" said LavrĂşshka.
quartermaster - l'intendant, quartier-maître
DenĂsov's face puckered still more.
"Wetched!" he muttered, throwing down a purse with some gold in it. "WostĂłv, deah fellow, just see how much there is left and shove the purse undah the pillow," he said, and went out to the quartermaster.
shove - pousser, enfoncer
RostĂłv took the money and, mechanically arranging the old and new coins in separate piles, began counting them.
mechanically - mécaniquement
"Ah! TelyĂˇnin! How d'ye do? They plucked me last night," came DenĂsov's voice from the next room.
ye - ou, lequel
plucked - plumé, tirer, pincer, plumer, voler, abats-p, persévérance
"Where? At Bykov's, at the rat's... I knew it," replied a piping voice, and Lieutenant TelyĂˇnin, a small officer of the same squadron, entered the room.
RostĂłv thrust the purse under the pillow and shook the damp little hand which was offered him. TelyĂˇnin for some reason had been transferred from the Guards just before this campaign. He behaved very well in the regiment but was not liked; RostĂłv especially detested him and was unable to overcome or conceal his groundless antipathy to the man.
damp - humide, moite, mouillé, humidité, grisou, amortir
detested - détesté, détester, mépriser
groundless - sans fondement, infondé
antipathy - l'antipathie, antipathie
"Well, young cavalryman, how is my Rook behaving?" he asked. (Rook was a young horse TelyĂˇnin had sold to RostĂłv.)
cavalryman - cavalier
rook - tour, frauder
The lieutenant never looked the man he was speaking to straight in the face; his eyes continually wandered from one object to another.
"I saw you riding this morning..." he added.
"Oh, he's all right, a good horse," answered RostĂłv, though the horse for which he had paid seven hundred rubbles was not worth half that sum. "He's begun to go a little lame on the left foreleg," he added.
rubbles - des gravats, décombres-p, débris, gravats-p
lame - boiteux
foreleg - rench: patte de devant g, patte avant g
"The hoof's cracked! That's nothing. I'll teach you what to do and show you what kind of rivet to use."
hoof - sabot
That's nothing - Ce n'est rien
Rivet - rivet, riveter
"Yes, please do," said RostĂłv.
"I'll show you, I'll show you! It's not a secret. And it's a horse you'll thank me for."
"Then I'll have it brought round," said RostĂłv wishing to avoid TelyĂˇnin, and he went out to give the order.
In the passage DenĂsov, with a pipe, was squatting on the threshold facing the quartermaster who was reporting to him. On seeing RostĂłv, DenĂsov screwed up his face and pointing over his shoulder with his thumb to the room where TelyĂˇnin was sitting, he frowned and gave a shudder of disgust.
squatting - le squat, s'accroupir
disgust - dégout, dégouter, dégout
"Ugh! I don't like that fellow," he said, regardless of the quartermaster's presence.
Ugh - ugh, beurk
RostĂłv shrugged his shoulders as much as to say: "Nor do I, but what's one to do?" and, having given his order, he returned to TelyĂˇnin.
TelyĂˇnin was sitting in the same indolent pose in which RostĂłv had left him, rubbing his small white hands.
"Well there certainly are disgusting people," thought RostĂłv as he entered.
disgusting - dégoutant, dégouter, dégout
"Have you told them to bring the horse?" asked TelyĂˇnin, getting up and looking carelessly about him.
carelessly - négligemment
"Let us go ourselves. I only came round to ask DenĂsov about yesterday's order. Have you got it, DenĂsov?"
"Not yet. But where are you off to?"
"I want to teach this young man how to shoe a horse," said TelyĂˇnin.
They went through the porch and into the stable. The lieutenant explained how to rivet the hoof and went away to his own quarters.
When RostĂłv went back there was a bottle of vodka and a sausage on the table. DenĂsov was sitting there scratching with his pen on a sheet of paper. He looked gloomily in RostĂłv's face and said: "I am witing to her."
sausage - saucisse, saucisson
He leaned his elbows on the table with his pen in his hand and, evidently glad of a chance to say quicker in words what he wanted to write, told RostĂłv the contents of his letter.
Contents - contenu, satisfait
"You see, my fwiend," he said, "we sleep when we don't love. We are childwen of the dust... but one falls in love and one is a God, one is pua'as on the fihst day of cweation... Who's that now? Send him to the devil, I'm busy!" he shouted to LavrĂşshka, who went up to him not in the least abashed.
childwen - childwen
cweation - cweation
abashed - abasourdi, confondre
"Who should it be? You yourself told him to come. It's the quartermaster for the money."
DenĂsov frowned and was about to shout some reply but stopped.
"Wetched business," he muttered to himself. "How much is left in the puhse?" he asked, turning to RostĂłv.
"Seven new and three old imperials."
"Oh, it's wetched! Well, what are you standing there for, you sca'cwow? Call the quahtehmasteh," he shouted to LavrĂşshka.
"Please, DenĂsov, let me lend you some: I have some, you know," said RostĂłv, blushing.
"Don't like bowwowing from my own fellows, I don't," growled DenĂsov.
growled - a grogné, feulement, grognement, borborygme, gargouillement
"But if you won't accept money from me like a comrade, you will offend me. Really I have some," RostĂłv repeated.
"No, I tell you."
And DenĂsov went to the bed to get the purse from under the pillow.
"Where have you put it, WostĂłv?"
"Under the lower pillow."
"It's not there."
DenĂsov threw both pillows on the floor. The purse was not there.
"That's a miwacle."
"Wait, haven't you dropped it?" said RostĂłv, picking up the pillows one at a time and shaking them.
He pulled off the quilt and shook it. The purse was not there.
"Dear me, can I have forgotten? No, I remember thinking that you kept it under your head like a treasure," said RostĂłv. "I put it just here. Where is it?" he asked, turning to LavrĂşshka.
Dear me - Cher moi
"I haven't been in the room. It must be where you put it."
"But it isn't?..."
"You're always like that; you thwow a thing down anywhere and forget it. Feel in your pockets."
thwow - comment
"No, if I hadn't thought of it being a treasure," said RostĂłv, "but I remember putting it there."
LavrĂşshka turned all the bedding over, looked under the bed and under the table, searched everywhere, and stood still in the middle of the room. DenĂsov silently watched LavrĂşshka's movements, and when the latter threw up his arms in surprise saying it was nowhere to be found DenĂsov glanced at RostĂłv.
"WostĂłv, you've not been playing schoolboy twicks..."
RostĂłv felt DenĂsov's gaze fixed on him, raised his eyes, and instantly dropped them again. All the blood which had seemed congested somewhere below his throat rushed to his face and eyes. He could not draw breath.
"And there hasn't been anyone in the room except the lieutenant and yourselves. It must be here somewhere," said LavrĂşshka.
"Now then, you devil's puppet, look alive and hunt for it!" shouted DenĂsov, suddenly, turning purple and rushing at the man with a threatening gesture. "If the purse isn't found I'll flog you, I'll flog you all."
threatening gesture - Un geste menaçant
flog - flog, fouetter
RostĂłv, his eyes avoiding DenĂsov, began buttoning his coat, buckled on his saber, and put on his cap.
buckled - bouclé, boucle
"I must have that purse, I tell you," shouted DenĂsov, shaking his orderly by the shoulders and knocking him against the wall.
"DenĂsov, let him alone, I know who has taken it," said RostĂłv, going toward the door without raising his eyes. DenĂsov paused, thought a moment, and, evidently understanding what RostĂłv hinted at, seized his arm.
"Nonsense!" he cried, and the veins on his forehead and neck stood out like cords. "You are mad, I tell you. I won't allow it. The purse is here! I'll flay this scoundwel alive, and it will be found."
cords - cordons, corde, cordon
flay - écorces
scoundwel - scélératesse
"I know who has taken it," repeated RostĂłv in an unsteady voice, and went to the door.
unsteady - instable, branlant, fébrile
"And I tell you, don't you dahe to do it!" shouted DenĂsov, rushing at the cadet to restrain him.
But RostĂłv pulled away his arm and, with as much anger as though DenĂsov were his worst enemy, firmly fixed his eyes directly on his face.
"Do you understand what you're saying?" he said in a trembling voice. "There was no one else in the room except myself. So that if it is not so, then..."
He could not finish, and ran out of the room.
"Ah, may the devil take you and evewybody," were the last words RostĂłv heard.
evewybody - tout le monde
RostĂłv went to TelyĂˇnin's quarters.
"The master is not in, he's gone to headquarters," said TelyĂˇnin's orderly. "Has something happened?" he added, surprised at the cadet's troubled face.
"You've only just missed him," said the orderly.
The headquarters were situated two miles away from Salzeneck, and RostĂłv, without returning home, took a horse and rode there. There was an inn in the village which the officers frequented. RostĂłv rode up to it and saw TelyĂˇnin's horse at the porch.
Inn - l'auberge, auberge
In the second room of the inn the lieutenant was sitting over a dish of sausages and a bottle of wine.
sausages - saucisses, saucisse, saucisson
"Ah, you've come here too, young man!" he said, smiling and raising his eyebrows.
"Yes," said RostĂłv as if it cost him a great deal to utter the word; and he sat down at the nearest table.
Both were silent. There were two Germans and a Russian officer in the room. No one spoke and the only sounds heard were the clatter of knives and the munching of the lieutenant.
When TelyĂˇnin had finished his lunch he took out of his pocket a double purse and, drawing its rings aside with his small, white, turned-up fingers, drew out a gold imperial, and lifting his eyebrows gave it to the waiter.
"Please be quick," he said.
The coin was a new one. RostĂłv rose and went up to TelyĂˇnin.
"Allow me to look at your purse," he said in a low, almost inaudible, voice.
inaudible - inaudible
With shifting eyes but eyebrows still raised, TelyĂˇnin handed him the purse.
"Yes, it's a nice purse. Yes, yes," he said, growing suddenly pale, and added, "Look at it, young man."
RostĂłv took the purse in his hand, examined it and the money in it, and looked at TelyĂˇnin. The lieutenant was looking about in his usual way and suddenly seemed to grow very merry.
"If we get to Vienna I'll get rid of it there but in these wretched little towns there's nowhere to spend it," said he. "Well, let me have it, young man, I'm going."
RostĂłv did not speak.
"And you? Are you going to have lunch too? They feed you quite decently here," continued TelyĂˇnin. "Now then, let me have it."
He stretched out his hand to take hold of the purse. RostĂłv let go of it. TelyĂˇnin took the purse and began carelessly slipping it into the pocket of his riding breeches, with his eyebrows lifted and his mouth slightly open, as if to say, "Yes, yes, I am putting my purse in my pocket and that's quite simple and is no one else's business."
"Well, young man?" he said with a sigh, and from under his lifted brows he glanced into RostĂłv's eyes.
Some flash as of an electric spark shot from TelyĂˇnin's eyes to RostĂłv's and back, and back again and again in an instant.
"Come here," said RostĂłv, catching hold of TelyĂˇnin's arm and almost dragging him to the window. "That money is DenĂsov's; you took it..." he whispered just above TelyĂˇnin's ear.
"What? What? How dare you? What?" said TelyĂˇnin.
But these words came like a piteous, despairing cry and an entreaty for pardon. As soon as RostĂłv heard them, an enormous load of doubt fell from him. He was glad, and at the same instant began to pity the miserable man who stood before him, but the task he had begun had to be completed.
despairing - désespéré, désespérer, désespoir
"Heaven only knows what the people here may imagine," muttered TelyĂˇnin, taking up his cap and moving toward a small empty room. "We must have an explanation..."
"I know it and shall prove it," said RostĂłv.
Every muscle of TelyĂˇnin's pale, terrified face began to quiver, his eyes still shifted from side to side but with a downward look not rising to RostĂłv's face, and his sobs were audible.
quiver - carquois, trembler
"Count!... Don't ruin a young fellow... here is this wretched money, take it..." He threw it on the table. "I have an old father and mother!..."
RostĂłv took the money, avoiding TelyĂˇnin's eyes, and went out of the room without a word. But at the door he stopped and then retraced his steps. "O God," he said with tears in his eyes, "how could you do it?"
"Count..." said TelyĂˇnin drawing nearer to him.
"Don't touch me," said RostĂłv, drawing back. "If you need it, take the money," and he threw the purse to him and ran out of the inn.
That same evening there was an animated discussion among the squadron's officers in DenĂsov's quarters.
"And I tell you, RostĂłv, that you must apologize to the colonel!" said a tall, grizzly-haired staff captain, with enormous mustaches and many wrinkles on his large features, to RostĂłv who was crimson with excitement.
grizzly - grizzli, grisâtre
The staff captain, KĂrsten, had twice been reduced to the ranks for affairs of honor and had twice regained his commission.
"I will allow no one to call me a liar!" cried RostĂłv. "He told me I lied, and I told him he lied. And there it rests. He may keep me on duty every day, or may place me under arrest, but no one can make me apologize, because if he, as commander of this regiment, thinks it beneath his dignity to give me satisfaction, then..."
liar - menteur, menteuse
lied - menties, gésîmes, gési, gésie, gésirent, menti
"You just wait a moment, my dear fellow, and listen," interrupted the staff captain in his deep bass, calmly stroking his long mustache. "You tell the colonel in the presence of other officers that an officer has stolen..."
bass - basse, perche
"I'm not to blame that the conversation began in the presence of other officers. Perhaps I ought not to have spoken before them, but I am not a diplomatist. That's why I joined the hussars, thinking that here one would not need finesse; and he tells me that I am lying"so let him give me satisfaction..."
finesse - finesse, impasse, finasser
"That's all right. No one thinks you a coward, but that's not the point. Ask DenĂsov whether it is not out of the question for a cadet to demand satisfaction of his regimental commander?"
coward - lâche, couard, couarde, poltron, poltronne
DenĂsov sat gloomily biting his mustache and listening to the conversation, evidently with no wish to take part in it. He answered the staff captain's question by a disapproving shake of his head.
disapproving - désapprobateur, désapprouver
"You speak to the colonel about this nasty business before other officers," continued the staff captain, "and BogdĂˇnich" (the colonel was called BogdĂˇnich) "shuts you up."
"He did not shut me up, he said I was telling an untruth."
untruth - contre-vérité, mensonge, menterie, contrevérité
"Well, have it so, and you talked a lot of nonsense to him and must apologize."
"Not on any account!" exclaimed RostĂłv.
"I did not expect this of you," said the staff captain seriously and severely. "You don't wish to apologize, but, man, it's not only to him but to the whole regiment"all of us"you're to blame all round. The case is this: you ought to have thought the matter over and taken advice; but no, you go and blurt it all straight out before the officers. Now what was the colonel to do?
blurt - blurt, lâcher, laisser échapper
Have the officer tried and disgrace the whole regiment? Disgrace the whole regiment because of one scoundrel? Is that how you look at it? We don't see it like that. And BogdĂˇnich was a brick: he told you you were saying what was not true. It's not pleasant, but what's to be done, my dear fellow? You landed yourself in it.
disgrace - la disgrâce, honte, disgrâce, ignominie
scoundrel - canaille, scélérat, scélérate, gredin, gredine
And now, when one wants to smooth the thing over, some conceit prevents your apologizing, and you wish to make the whole affair public. You are offended at being put on duty a bit, but why not apologize to an old and honorable officer? Whatever BogdĂˇnich may be, anyway he is an honorable and brave old colonel! You're quick at taking offense, but you don't mind disgracing the whole regiment!
conceit - la vanité, vanité, orgueil, concept
offense - l'offense, attaque, offensive, attaquants, offense
disgracing - déshonorant, honte, disgrâce, ignominie
" The staff captain's voice began to tremble. "You have been in the regiment next to no time, my lad, you're here today and tomorrow you'll be appointed adjutant somewhere and can snap your fingers when it is said There are thieves among the PĂˇvlograd officers!'But it's not all the same to us! Am I not right, DenĂsov? It's not the same!"
tremble - trembler, vibrer, tremblement, vibration
DenĂsov remained silent and did not move, but occasionally looked with his glittering black eyes at RostĂłv.
"You value your own pride and don't wish to apologize," continued the staff captain, "but we old fellows, who have grown up in and, God willing, are going to die in the regiment, we prize the honor of the regiment, and BogdĂˇnich knows it. Oh, we do prize it, old fellow! And all this is not right, it's not right! You may take offense or not but I always stick to mother truth. It's not right!"
And the staff captain rose and turned away from RostĂłv.
"That's twue, devil take it!" shouted DenĂsov, jumping up. "Now then, WostĂłv, now then!"
RostĂłv, growing red and pale alternately, looked first at one officer and then at the other.
alternately - en alternance
"No, gentlemen, no... you mustn't think... I quite understand. You're wrong to think that of me... I... for me... for the honor of the regiment I'd... Ah well, I'll show that in action, and for me the honor of the flag... Well, never mind, it's true I'm to blame, to blame all round. Well, what else do you want?..."
mustn - ne doit pas
"Come, that's right, Count!" cried the staff captain, turning round and clapping RostĂłv on the shoulder with his big hand.
turning round - faire demi-tour
"I tell you," shouted DenĂsov, "he's a fine fellow."
"That's better, Count," said the staff captain, beginning to address RostĂłv by his title, as if in recognition of his confession. "Go and apologize, your excellency. Yes, go!"
"Gentlemen, I'll do anything. No one shall hear a word from me," said RostĂłv in an imploring voice, "but I can't apologize, by God I can't, do what you will! How can I go and apologize like a little boy asking forgiveness?"
DenĂsov began to laugh.
"It'll be worse for you. BogdĂˇnich is vindictive and you'll pay for your obstinacy," said KĂrsten.
vindictive - vindicatif
obstinacy - l'obstination, entetement, obstination
"No, on my word it's not obstinacy! I can't describe the feeling. I can't..."
"Well, it's as you like," said the staff captain. "And what has become of that scoundrel?" he asked DenĂsov.
"He has weported himself sick, he's to be stwuck off the list tomowwow," muttered DenĂsov.
tomowwow - demain
"It is an illness, there's no other way of explaining it," said the staff captain.
"Illness or not, he'd better not cwoss my path. I'd kill him!" shouted DenĂsov in a bloodthirsty tone.
bloodthirsty - assoiffé de sang, sanguinaire
Just then ZherkĂłv entered the room.
"What brings you here?" cried the officers turning to the newcomer.
newcomer - nouveau venu, nouvel arrivé, débutant, débutante
"We're to go into action, gentlemen! Mack has surrendered with his whole army."
"It's not true!"
"I've seen him myself!"
"What? Saw the real Mack? With hands and feet?"
"Into action! Into action! Bring him a bottle for such news! But how did you come here?"
"I've been sent back to the regiment all on account of that devil, Mack. An Austrian general complained of me. I congratulated him on Mack's arrival... What's the matter, RostĂłv? You look as if you'd just come out of a hot bath."
"Oh, my dear fellow, we're in such a stew here these last two days."
stew - ragout, ragout
The regimental adjutant came in and confirmed the news brought by ZherkĂłv. They were under orders to advance next day.
"We're going into action, gentlemen!"
"Well, thank God! We've been sitting here too long!"
KutĂşzov fell back toward Vienna, destroying behind him the bridges over the rivers Inn (at Braunau) and Traun (near Linz). On October 23 the Russian troops were crossing the river Enns. At midday the Russian baggage train, the artillery, and columns of troops were defiling through the town of Enns on both sides of the bridge.
midday - midi, (de) midi
baggage - bagages, effets, colis
Artillery - l'artillerie, artillerie
defiling - la souillure, (defile) la souillure
It was a warm, rainy, autumnal day. The wide expanse that opened out before the heights on which the Russian batteries stood guarding the bridge was at times veiled by a diaphanous curtain of slanting rain, and then, suddenly spread out in the sunlight, far-distant objects could be clearly seen glittering as though freshly varnished.
rainy - pluvieux
autumnal - automnale
diaphanous - diaphane
slanting - en biais, biais, connotation, bridé, qualifier
sunlight - la lumiere du soleil, lumiere du soleil
varnished - vernis, vernir
Down below, the little town could be seen with its white, red-roofed houses, its cathedral, and its bridge, on both sides of which streamed jostling masses of Russian troops.
cathedral - cathédrale, coupole
jostling - bousculade, (jostle), bousculer
At the bend of the Danube, vessels, an island, and a castle with a park surrounded by the waters of the confluence of the Enns and the Danube became visible, and the rocky left bank of the Danube covered with pine forests, with a mystic background of green treetops and bluish gorges.
confluence - confluent, confluence, convergence
Rocky - rocheux, rocheuxse
pine - pin
mystic - mystique
treetops - la cime des arbres, cime des arbres
gorges - gorges, gorge
The turrets of a convent stood out beyond a wild virgin pine forest, and far away on the other side of the Enns the enemy's horse patrols could be discerned.
turrets - tourelles, tourelle
convent - couvent
Virgin - vierge
Among the field guns on the brow of the hill the general in command of the rearguard stood with a staff officer, scanning the country through his fieldglass. A little behind them NesvĂtski, who had been sent to the rearguard by the commander in chief, was sitting on the trail of a gun carriage.
rearguard - l'arriere-garde, arriere-garde
fieldglass - verre de champ
gun carriage - Affut (artillerie)
A Cossack who accompanied him had handed him a knapsack and a flask, and NesvĂtski was treating some officers to pies and real doppelkĂĽmmel. The officers gladly gathered round him, some on their knees, some squatting Turkish fashion on the wet grass.
flask - flacon, flasque, fiole
pies - tartes, tarte
gladly - heureusement, volontiers
"Yes, the Austrian prince who built that castle was no fool. It's a fine place! Why are you not eating anything, gentlemen?" NesvĂtski was saying.
"Thank you very much, Prince," answered one of the officers, pleased to be talking to a staff officer of such importance. "It's a lovely place! We passed close to the park and saw two deer... and what a splendid house!"
deer - cerf, chevreuil
"Look, Prince," said another, who would have dearly liked to take another pie but felt shy, and therefore pretended to be examining the countryside""See, our infantrymen have already got there. Look there in the meadow behind the village, three of them are dragging something. They'll ransack that castle," he remarked with evident approval.
pie - tarte, saccager, pâte, pâté
infantrymen - fantassins, fantassin
ransack - mettre a sac, saccager, fouiller
"So they will," said NesvĂtski. "No, but what I should like," added he, munching a pie in his moist-lipped handsome mouth, "would be to slip in over there."
He pointed with a smile to a turreted nunnery, and his eyes narrowed and gleamed.
turreted - turré
nunnery - couvent
gleamed - brillait, luire
"That would be fine, gentlemen!"
The officers laughed.
"Just to flutter the nuns a bit. They say there are Italian girls among them. On my word I'd give five years of my life for it!"
flutter - flottement, faséyer, voleter, voltiger, battement
Nuns - les religieuses, religieuse, nonne
"They must be feeling dull, too," said one of the bolder officers, laughing.
Meanwhile the staff officer standing in front pointed out something to the general, who looked through his field glass.
field glass - Longue-vue
"Yes, so it is, so it is," said the general angrily, lowering the field glass and shrugging his shoulders, "so it is! They'll be fired on at the crossing. And why are they dawdling there?"
dawdling - la flânerie, (dawdle), flâner, lambiner, musarder
On the opposite side the enemy could be seen by the naked eye, and from their battery a milk-white cloud arose. Then came the distant report of a shot, and our troops could be seen hurrying to the crossing.
NesvĂtski rose, puffing, and went up to the general, smiling.
"Would not your excellency like a little refreshment?" he said.
refreshment - un rafraîchissement, rafraîchissement
"It's a bad business," said the general without answering him, "our men have been wasting time."
"Hadn't I better ride over, your excellency?" asked NesvĂtski.
"Yes, please do," answered the general, and he repeated the order that had already once been given in detail: "and tell the hussars that they are to cross last and to fire the bridge as I ordered; and the inflammable material on the bridge must be reinspected."
inflammable - inflammable
"Very good," answered NesvĂtski.
He called the Cossack with his horse, told him to put away the knapsack and flask, and swung his heavy person easily into the saddle.
"I'll really call in on the nuns," he said to the officers who watched him smilingly, and he rode off by the winding path down the hill.
winding - bobinage, (wind) bobinage
"Now then, let's see how far it will carry, Captain. Just try!" said the general, turning to an artillery officer. "Have a little fun to pass the time."
"Crew, to your guns!" commanded the officer.
In a moment the men came running gaily from their campfires and began loading.
campfires - feux de camp, feu de camp
"One!" came the command.
Number one jumped briskly aside. The gun rang out with a deafening metallic roar, and a whistling grenade flew above the heads of our troops below the hill and fell far short of the enemy, a little smoke showing the spot where it burst.
deafening - assourdissante, assourdissant, (deafen), assourdir
metallic - métallique, métalisé
roar - rugir, hurler, s'esclaffer, rire aux éclats
whistling - siffler, (whistle), sifflet, sifflement, sifflements
grenade - grenade, grenader
The faces of officers and men brightened up at the sound. Everyone got up and began watching the movements of our troops below, as plainly visible as if but a stone's throw away, and the movements of the approaching enemy farther off.
At the same instant the sun came fully out from behind the clouds, and the clear sound of the solitary shot and the brilliance of the bright sunshine merged in a single joyous and spirited impression.
solitary - solitaire, seul, un a un
sunshine - soleil, lumiere du soleil
Two of the enemy's shots had already flown across the bridge, where there was a crush. Halfway across stood Prince NesvĂtski, who had alighted from his horse and whose big body was jammed against the railings. He looked back laughing to the Cossack who stood a few steps behind him holding two horses by their bridles.
alighted - descendus, descendre (de)
railings - les garde-corps
bridles - brides, bride, brider, refréner, etre susceptible
Each time Prince NesvĂtski tried to move on, soldiers and carts pushed him back again and pressed him against the railings, and all he could do was to smile.
carts - chariots, charrette
"What a fine fellow you are, friend!" said the Cossack to a convoy soldier with a wagon, who was pressing onto the infantrymen who were crowded together close to his wheels and his horses. "What a fellow! You can't wait a moment! Don't you see the general wants to pass?"
wagon - wagon, charrette
But the convoyman took no notice of the word "general" and shouted at the soldiers who were blocking his way. "Hi there, boys! Keep to the left! Wait a bit." But the soldiers, crowded together shoulder to shoulder, their bayonets interlocking, moved over the bridge in a dense mass.
convoyman - convoyeur
bayonets - baionnettes, baionnette
Looking down over the rails Prince NesvĂtski saw the rapid, noisy little waves of the Enns, which rippling and eddying round the piles of the bridge chased each other along.
rippling - ondulation, (ripple) ondulation
eddying - eddying, tourbillon
Looking on the bridge he saw equally uniform living waves of soldiers, shoulder straps, covered shakos, knapsacks, bayonets, long muskets, and, under the shakos, faces with broad cheekbones, sunken cheeks, and listless tired expressions, and feet that moved through the sticky mud that covered the planks of the bridge.
shoulder straps - des bretelles
muskets - mousquets, mousquet
planks - des planches, planche, gainage
Sometimes through the monotonous waves of men, like a fleck of white foam on the waves of the Enns, an officer, in a cloak and with a type of face different from that of the men, squeezed his way along; sometimes like a chip of wood whirling in the river, an hussar on foot, an orderly, or a townsman was carried through the waves of infantry; and sometimes like a log floating down the river, an officers'or company's baggage wagon, piled high, leather covered, and hemmed in on all sides, moved across the bridge.
fleck - fleck, tache, flocon, checkparticule (1), checkmoucheture
foam - écume, mousse, écumer, mousser
whirling - tourbillonnant, (whirl), tourbillonner
townsman - homme de la ville, citadin
hemmed - ourlé, ourlet
"It's as if a dam had burst," said the Cossack hopelessly. "Are there many more of you to come?"
hopelessly - sans espoir
"A million all but one!" replied a waggish soldier in a torn coat, with a wink, and passed on followed by another, an old man.
waggish - waggish
wink - clin d'oil, ciller
"If he" (he meant the enemy) "begins popping at the bridge now," said the old soldier dismally to a comrade, "you'll forget to scratch yourself."
dismally - grise
That soldier passed on, and after him came another sitting on a cart.
cart - chariot, charrette
"Where the devil have the leg bands been shoved to?" said an orderly, running behind the cart and fumbling in the back of it.
shoved - poussé, enfoncer, pousser
fumbling - le tâtonnement, tâtonner
And he also passed on with the wagon. Then came some merry soldiers who had evidently been drinking.
"And then, old fellow, he gives him one in the teeth with the butt end of his gun..." a soldier whose greatcoat was well tucked up said gaily, with a wide swing of his arm.
"Yes, the ham was just delicious..." answered another with a loud laugh. And they, too, passed on, so that NesvĂtski did not learn who had been struck on the teeth, or what the ham had to do with it.
Ham - le jambon, jambon
"Bah! How they scurry. He just sends a ball and they think they'll all be killed," a sergeant was saying angrily and reproachfully.
Bah - bah
scurry - se précipiter, détaler, se sauver
"As it flies past me, Daddy, the ball I mean," said a young soldier with an enormous mouth, hardly refraining from laughing, "I felt like dying of fright. I did, pon my word, I got that frightened!" said he, as if bragging of having been frightened.
daddy - papa
fright - d'effroi, anxiété, peur, frayeur
That one also passed. Then followed a cart unlike any that had gone before. It was a German cart with a pair of horses led by a German, and seemed loaded with a whole houseful of effects. A fine brindled cow with a large udder was attached to the cart behind. A woman with an unweaned baby, an old woman, and a healthy German girl with bright red cheeks were sitting on some feather beds.
houseful - maison pleine
brindled - Brindé
udder - pis, tétine, mamelle
unweaned - non sevré
feather beds - des lits de plumes
Evidently these fugitives were allowed to pass by special permission. The eyes of all the soldiers turned toward the women, and while the vehicle was passing at foot pace all the soldiers'remarks related to the two young ones. Every face bore almost the same smile, expressing unseemly thoughts about the women.
fugitives - fugitifs, fugitif, fugitive, éphémere, fuyant
unseemly - inconvenante, malséant
"Just see, the German sausage is making tracks, too!"
"Sell me the missis," said another soldier, addressing the German, who, angry and frightened, strode energetically along with downcast eyes.
missis - missis
energetically - énergétiquement
"See how smart she's made herself! Oh, the devils!"
"There, FedĂłtov, you should be quartered on them!"
"I have seen as much before now, mate!"
"Where are you going?" asked an infantry officer who was eating an apple, also half smiling as he looked at the handsome girl.
The German closed his eyes, signifying that he did not understand.
signifying - signifiant, (signify), signifier
"Take it if you like," said the officer, giving the girl an apple.
The girl smiled and took it. NesvĂtski like the rest of the men on the bridge did not take his eyes off the women till they had passed. When they had gone by, the same stream of soldiers followed, with the same kind of talk, and at last all stopped. As often happens, the horses of a convoy wagon became restive at the end of the bridge, and the whole crowd had to wait.
restive - rétive, rétif
"And why are they stopping? There's no proper order!" said the soldiers. "Where are you shoving to? Devil take you! Can't you wait? It'll be worse if he fires the bridge. See, here's an officer jammed in too""different voices were saying in the crowd, as the men looked at one another, and all pressed toward the exit from the bridge.
shoving - bousculade, enfoncer, pousser
Looking down at the waters of the Enns under the bridge, NesvĂtski suddenly heard a sound new to him, of something swiftly approaching... something big, that splashed into the water.
splashed - éclaboussé, plouf, bruit, éclaboussure, éclabousser, asperger
"Just see where it carries to!" a soldier near by said sternly, looking round at the sound.
near by - a proximité
"Encouraging us to get along quicker," said another uneasily.
The crowd moved on again. NesvĂtski realized that it was a cannon ball.
cannon ball - Un boulet de canon
"Hey, Cossack, my horse!" he said. "Now, then, you there! get out of the way! Make way!"
With great difficulty he managed to get to his horse, and shouting continually he moved on. The soldiers squeezed themselves to make way for him, but again pressed on him so that they jammed his leg, and those nearest him were not to blame for they were themselves pressed still harder from behind.
"NesvĂtski, NesvĂtski! you numskull!" came a hoarse voice from behind him.
numskull - numskull
NesvĂtski looked round and saw, some fifteen paces away but separated by the living mass of moving infantry, VĂˇska DenĂsov, red and shaggy, with his cap on the back of his black head and a cloak hanging jauntily over his shoulder.
shaggy - hirsute
"Tell these devils, these fiends, to let me pass!" shouted DenĂsov evidently in a fit of rage, his coal-black eyes with their bloodshot whites glittering and rolling as he waved his sheathed saber in a small bare hand as red as his face.
fiends - des amis, démon, monstre, addict, qualifier
bloodshot - des yeux injectés de sang, injecté
sheathed - gainé, fourreau
"Ah, VĂˇska!" joyfully replied NesvĂtski. "What's up with you?"
"The squadwon can't pass," shouted VĂˇska DenĂsov, showing his white teeth fiercely and spurring his black thoroughbred Arab, which twitched its ears as the bayonets touched it, and snorted, spurting white foam from his bit, tramping the planks of the bridge with his hoofs, and apparently ready to jump over the railings had his rider let him. "What is this? They're like sheep! Just like sheep!
fiercely - férocement, âprement, farouchement
spurring - l'éperonnage, (spur) l'éperonnage
thoroughbred - Pur-sang
snorted - reniflé, reniflement, renifler, sniffer
spurting - jaillir
tramping - le tramping, (tramp), clochard, va-nuieds, traînée, garce
rider - cavalier, cavaliere
Out of the way!... Let us pass!... Stop there, you devil with the cart! I'll hack you with my saber!" he shouted, actually drawing his saber from its scabbard and flourishing it.
hack - hack, pic, hacher
scabbard - fourreau
The soldiers crowded against one another with terrified faces, and DenĂsov joined NesvĂtski.
"How's it you're not drunk today?" said NesvĂtski when the other had ridden up to him.
"They don't even give one time to dwink!" answered VĂˇska DenĂsov. "They keep dwagging the wegiment to and fwo all day. If they mean to fight, let's fight. But the devil knows what this is."
dwagging - Le dwagging
"What a dandy you are today!" said NesvĂtski, looking at DenĂsov's new cloak and saddlecloth.
dandy - dandy, tres bien
saddlecloth - le tapis de selle, chabraque
DenĂsov smiled, took out of his sabretache a handkerchief that diffused a smell of perfume, and put it to NesvĂtski's nose.
sabretache - sabretache
diffused - diffusée, (se) diffuser, (se) répandre
perfume - parfum, fragrance, parfumer
"Of course. I'm going into action! I've shaved, bwushed my teeth, and scented myself."
The imposing figure of NesvĂtski followed by his Cossack, and the determination of DenĂsov who flourished his sword and shouted frantically, had such an effect that they managed to squeeze through to the farther side of the bridge and stopped the infantry. Beside the bridge NesvĂtski found the colonel to whom he had to deliver the order, and having done this he rode back.
frantically - frénétiquement
squeeze through - se faufiler
Having cleared the way DenĂsov stopped at the end of the bridge. Carelessly holding in his stallion that was neighing and pawing the ground, eager to rejoin its fellows, he watched his squadron draw nearer.
stallion - étalon
neighing - hennissement, hennir
pawing - pattes, patte
rejoin - rejoins, rejoignons, rejoignez, rejoignent
Then the clang of hoofs, as of several horses galloping, resounded on the planks of the bridge, and the squadron, officers in front and men four abreast, spread across the bridge and began to emerge on his side of it.
clang - clang, rench: ('of crane') glapissement g, ('of goose') criaillement g
galloping - au galop, galop, galoper
resounded - a retenti, retentir
abreast - dans le meme sens, côte a côte, au courant
The infantry who had been stopped crowded near the bridge in the trampled mud and gazed with that particular feeling of ill-will, estrangement, and ridicule with which troops of different arms usually encounter one another at the clean, smart hussars who moved past them in regular order.
trampled - piétiné, fouler, piétiner
estrangement - l'éloignement, éloignement
"Smart lads! Only fit for a fair!" said one.
"What good are they? They're led about just for show!" remarked another.
"Don't kick up the dust, you infantry!" jested an hussar whose prancing horse had splashed mud over some foot soldiers.
jested - jested, plaisanterie
prancing - se pavaner, (prance), se cabrer, parader
"I'd like to put you on a two days'march with a knapsack! Your fine cords would soon get a bit rubbed," said an infantryman, wiping the mud off his face with his sleeve. "Perched up there, you're more like a bird than a man."
infantryman - fantassin
perched - perché, perchoir
"There now, ZĂkin, they ought to put you on a horse. You'd look fine," said a corporal, chaffing a thin little soldier who bent under the weight of his knapsack.
corporal - caporal, cabot
chaffing - les paillettes, (chaff), balle, bale
"Take a stick between your legs, that'll suit you for a horse!" the hussar shouted back.
The last of the infantry hurriedly crossed the bridge, squeezing together as they approached it as if passing through a funnel. At last the baggage wagons had all crossed, the crush was less, and the last battalion came onto the bridge.
funnel - entonnoir
wagons - wagons, charrette
Only DenĂsov's squadron of hussars remained on the farther side of the bridge facing the enemy, who could be seen from the hill on the opposite bank but was not yet visible from the bridge, for the horizon as seen from the valley through which the river flowed was formed by the rising ground only half a mile away.
At the foot of the hill lay wasteland over which a few groups of our Cossack scouts were moving. Suddenly on the road at the top of the high ground, artillery and troops in blue uniform were seen. These were the French. A group of Cossack scouts retired down the hill at a trot.
wasteland - un terrain en friche, désert, friche
All the officers and men of DenĂsov's squadron, though they tried to talk of other things and to look in other directions, thought only of what was there on the hilltop, and kept constantly looking at the patches appearing on the skyline, which they knew to be the enemy's troops.
hilltop - sommet de colline
skyline - l'horizon, horizon, ligne d'horizon
The weather had cleared again since noon and the sun was descending brightly upon the Danube and the dark hills around it. It was calm, and at intervals the bugle calls and the shouts of the enemy could be heard from the hill. There was no one now between the squadron and the enemy except a few scattered skirmishers. An empty space of some seven hundred yards was all that separated them.
bugle - clairon
skirmishers - tirailleurs, escarmoucheur
The enemy ceased firing, and that stern, threatening, inaccessible, and intangible line which separates two hostile armies was all the more clearly felt.
inaccessible - inaccessible
intangible - intangible
"One step beyond that boundary line which resembles the line dividing the living from the dead lies uncertainty, suffering, and death. And what is there? Who is there?"there beyond that field, that tree, that roof lit up by the sun? No one knows, but one wants to know.
You fear and yet long to cross that line, and know that sooner or later it must be crossed and you will have to find out what is there, just as you will inevitably have to learn what lies the other side of death. But you are strong, healthy, cheerful, and excited, and are surrounded by other such excitedly animated and healthy men.
" So thinks, or at any rate feels, anyone who comes in sight of the enemy, and that feeling gives a particular glamour and glad keenness of impression to everything that takes place at such moments.
keenness - l'ardeur
On the high ground where the enemy was, the smoke of a cannon rose, and a ball flew whistling over the heads of the hussar squadron. The officers who had been standing together rode off to their places. The hussars began carefully aligning their horses. Silence fell on the whole squadron. All were looking at the enemy in front and at the squadron commander, awaiting the word of command.
cannon - canon
standing together - debout ensemble
A second and a third cannon ball flew past. Evidently they were firing at the hussars, but the balls with rapid rhythmic whistle flew over the heads of the horsemen and fell somewhere beyond them.
whistle - sifflet, siffler, sifflement, sifflements
horsemen - cavaliers, cavalier
The hussars did not look round, but at the sound of each shot, as at the word of command, the whole squadron with its rows of faces so alike yet so different, holding its breath while the ball flew past, rose in the stirrups and sank back again. The soldiers without turning their heads glanced at one another, curious to see their comrades'impression.
stirrups - étriers, étrier
Every face, from DenĂsov's to that of the bugler, showed one common expression of conflict, irritation, and excitement, around chin and mouth. The quartermaster frowned, looking at the soldiers as if threatening to punish them. Cadet MirĂłnov ducked every time a ball flew past.
bugler - clairon
chin - menton
ducked - esquivé, plonger (dans l'eau)
RostĂłv on the left flank, mounted on his Rook"a handsome horse despite its game leg"had the happy air of a schoolboy called up before a large audience for an examination in which he feels sure he will distinguish himself. He was glancing at everyone with a clear, bright expression, as if asking them to notice how calmly he sat under fire.
But despite himself, on his face too that same indication of something new and stern showed round the mouth.
"Who's that curtseying there? Cadet MiwĂłnov! That's not wight! Look at me," cried DenĂsov who, unable to keep still on one spot, kept turning his horse in front of the squadron.
curtseying - la révérence, révérence, faire la révérence, révérencier
keep still - rester immobile
The black, hairy, snub-nosed face of VĂˇska DenĂsov, and his whole short sturdy figure with the sinewy hairy hand and stumpy fingers in which he held the hilt of his naked saber, looked just as it usually did, especially toward evening when he had emptied his second bottle; he was only redder than usual.
hairy - poilu
snub - snub, snober, repousser
sturdy - solide, costaud, robuste
stumpy - trapue
hilt - hilt, poignée
With his shaggy head thrown back like birds when they drink, pressing his spurs mercilessly into the sides of his good horse, Bedouin, and sitting as though falling backwards in the saddle, he galloped to the other flank of the squadron and shouted in a hoarse voice to the men to look to their pistols. He rode up to KĂrsten.
mercilessly - sans pitié
Bedouin - Bédouin, Bédouine
The staff captain on his broad-backed, steady mare came at a walk to meet him. His face with its long mustache was serious as always, only his eyes were brighter than usual.
mare - jument
"Well, what about it?" said he to DenĂsov. "It won't come to a fight. You'll see"we shall retire."
"The devil only knows what they're about!" muttered DenĂsov. "Ah, WostĂłv," he cried noticing the cadet's bright face, "you've got it at last."
And he smiled approvingly, evidently pleased with the cadet. RostĂłv felt perfectly happy. Just then the commander appeared on the bridge. DenĂsov galloped up to him.
"Your excellency! Let us attack them! I'll dwive them off."
"Attack indeed!" said the colonel in a bored voice, puckering up his face as if driving off a troublesome fly. "And why are you stopping here? Don't you see the skirmishers are retreating? Lead the squadron back."
troublesome - genants
The squadron crossed the bridge and drew out of range of fire without having lost a single man. The second squadron that had been in the front line followed them across and the last Cossacks quitted the farther side of the river.
Cossacks - les cosaques, Cosaquef
The two PĂˇvlograd squadrons, having crossed the bridge, retired up the hill one after the other. Their colonel, Karl BogdĂˇnich Schubert, came up to DenĂsov's squadron and rode at a footpace not far from RostĂłv, without taking any notice of him although they were now meeting for the first time since their encounter concerning TelyĂˇnin.
squadrons - escadrons, escadron, escadre
footpace - espace pieds
RostĂłv, feeling that he was at the front and in the power of a man toward whom he now admitted that he had been to blame, did not lift his eyes from the colonel's athletic back, his nape covered with light hair, and his red neck.
athletic - athlétique, sportif
nape - nuque
It seemed to RostĂłv that BogdĂˇnich was only pretending not to notice him, and that his whole aim now was to test the cadet's courage, so he drew himself up and looked around him merrily; then it seemed to him that BogdĂˇnich rode so near in order to show him his courage. Next he thought that his enemy would send the squadron on a desperate attack just to punish him"RostĂłv.
Then he imagined how, after the attack, BogdĂˇnich would come up to him as he lay wounded and would magnanimously extend the hand of reconciliation.
magnanimously - avec magnanimité
reconciliation - réconciliation, raccommodement, rapprochement
The high-shouldered figure of ZherkĂłv, familiar to the PĂˇvlograds as he had but recently left their regiment, rode up to the colonel.
After his dismissal from headquarters ZherkĂłv had not remained in the regiment, saying he was not such a fool as to slave at the front when he could get more rewards by doing nothing on the staff, and had succeeded in attaching himself as an orderly officer to Prince BagratiĂłn. He now came to his former chief with an order from the commander of the rear guard.
"Colonel," he said, addressing RostĂłv's enemy with an air of gloomy gravity and glancing round at his comrades, "there is an order to stop and fire the bridge."
"An order to who?" asked the colonel morosely.
morosely - morose
"I don't myself know to who,'" replied the cornet in a serious tone, "but the prince told me to go and tell the colonel that the hussars must return quickly and fire the bridge.'"
ZherkĂłv was followed by an officer of the suite who rode up to the colonel of hussars with the same order. After him the stout NesvĂtski came galloping up on a Cossack horse that could scarcely carry his weight.
"How's this, Colonel?" he shouted as he approached. "I told you to fire the bridge, and now someone has gone and blundered; they are all beside themselves over there and one can't make anything out."
The colonel deliberately stopped the regiment and turned to NesvĂtski.
"You spoke to me of inflammable material," said he, "but you said nothing about firing it."
"But, my dear sir," said NesvĂtski as he drew up, taking off his cap and smoothing his hair wet with perspiration with his plump hand, "wasn't I telling you to fire the bridge, when inflammable material had been put in position?"
perspiration - la transpiration, transpiration
"I am not your dear sir,'Mr. Staff Officer, and you did not tell me to burn the bridge! I know the service, and it is my habit orders strictly to obey. You said the bridge would be burned, but who would burn it, I could not know by the holy spirit!"
"Ah, that's always the way!" said NesvĂtski with a wave of the hand. "How did you get here?" said he, turning to ZherkĂłv.
"On the same business. But you are damp! Let me wring you out!"
wring - tordre, tords, tordons, tordez, tordent
"You were saying, Mr. Staff Officer..." continued the colonel in an offended tone.
"Colonel," interrupted the officer of the suite, "You must be quick or the enemy will bring up his guns to use grapeshot."
grapeshot - la grenaille de plomb, mitraille
The colonel looked silently at the officer of the suite, at the stout staff officer, and at ZherkĂłv, and he frowned.
"I will the bridge fire," he said in a solemn tone as if to announce that in spite of all the unpleasantness he had to endure he would still do the right thing.
Striking his horse with his long muscular legs as if it were to blame for everything, the colonel moved forward and ordered the second squadron, that in which RostĂłv was serving under DenĂsov, to return to the bridge.
"There, it's just as I thought," said RostĂłv to himself. "He wishes to test me!" His heart contracted and the blood rushed to his face. "Let him see whether I am a coward!" he thought.
Again on all the bright faces of the squadron the serious expression appeared that they had worn when under fire. RostĂłv watched his enemy, the colonel, closely"to find in his face confirmation of his own conjecture, but the colonel did not once glance at RostĂłv, and looked as he always did when at the front, solemn and stern. Then came the word of command.
conjecture - conjecture, conjecturer
"Look sharp! Look sharp!" several voices repeated around him.
Look sharp - avoir fiere allure
Their sabers catching in the bridles and their spurs jingling, the hussars hastily dismounted, not knowing what they were to do. The men were crossing themselves. RostĂłv no longer looked at the colonel, he had no time. He was afraid of falling behind the hussars, so much afraid that his heart stood still.
dismounted - a pied, démonter, descendre
His hand trembled as he gave his horse into an orderly's charge, and he felt the blood rush to his heart with a thud. DenĂsov rode past him, leaning back and shouting something. RostĂłv saw nothing but the hussars running all around him, their spurs catching and their sabers clattering.
thud - bruit sourd, martelement, marteler
"Stretchers!" shouted someone behind him.
stretchers - des brancards, civiere, brancard, châssis, panneresse
RostĂłv did not think what this call for stretchers meant; he ran on, trying only to be ahead of the others; but just at the bridge, not looking at the ground, he came on some sticky, trodden mud, stumbled, and fell on his hands. The others outstripped him.
outstripped - dépassé, devancer
"At boss zides, Captain," he heard the voice of the colonel, who, having ridden ahead, had pulled up his horse near the bridge, with a triumphant, cheerful face.
triumphant - triomphant, triomphal
RostĂłv wiping his muddy hands on his breeches looked at his enemy and was about to run on, thinking that the farther he went to the front the better. But BogdĂˇnich, without looking at or recognizing RostĂłv, shouted to him:
Muddy - morne
"Who's that running on the middle of the bridge? To the right! Come back, Cadet!" he cried angrily; and turning to DenĂsov, who, showing off his courage, had ridden on to the planks of the bridge:
"Why run risks, Captain? You should dismount," he said.
dismount - démonter, descendre
"Oh, every bullet has its billet," answered VĂˇska DenĂsov, turning in his saddle.
billet - billettes, logement (chez l'habitant)
Meanwhile NesvĂtski, ZherkĂłv, and the officer of the suite were standing together out of range of the shots, watching, now the small group of men with yellow shakos, dark-green jackets braided with cord, and blue riding breeches, who were swarming near the bridge, and then at what was approaching in the distance from the opposite side"the blue uniforms and groups with horses, easily recognizable as artillery.
braided - tressé, tresser
cord - corde, cordon
swarming - l'essaimage, (swarm), essaim (flying insects)
recognizable - reconnaissable
"Will they burn the bridge or not? Who'll get there first? Will they get there and fire the bridge or will the French get within grapeshot range and wipe them out?
" These were the questions each man of the troops on the high ground above the bridge involuntarily asked himself with a sinking heart"watching the bridge and the hussars in the bright evening light and the blue tunics advancing from the other side with their bayonets and guns.
tunics - tuniques, tunique
"Ugh. The hussars will get it hot!" said NesvĂtski; "they are within grapeshot range now."
"He shouldn't have taken so many men," said the officer of the suite.
shouldn - devrait
"True enough," answered NesvĂtski; "two smart fellows could have done the job just as well."
"Ah, your excellency," put in ZherkĂłv, his eyes fixed on the hussars, but still with that naĂŻve air that made it impossible to know whether he was speaking in jest or in earnest. "Ah, your excellency! How you look at things! Send two men? And who then would give us the VladĂmir medal and ribbon?
But now, even if they do get peppered, the squadron may be recommended for honors and he may get a ribbon. Our BogdĂˇnich knows how things are done."
"There now!" said the officer of the suite, "that's grapeshot."
He pointed to the French guns, the limbers of which were being detached and hurriedly removed.
limbers - les boxeurs, s'échauffer
detached - détaché, détacher
On the French side, amid the groups with cannon, a cloud of smoke appeared, then a second and a third almost simultaneously, and at the moment when the first report was heard a fourth was seen. Then two reports one after another, and a third.
"Oh! Oh!" groaned NesvĂtski as if in fierce pain, seizing the officer of the suite by the arm. "Look! A man has fallen! Fallen, fallen!"
groaned - gémi, râle, râlement, gémissement, grognement, grondement
"Two, I think."
"If I were Tsar I would never go to war," said NesvĂtski, turning away.
The French guns were hastily reloaded. The infantry in their blue uniforms advanced toward the bridge at a run. Smoke appeared again but at irregular intervals, and grapeshot cracked and rattled onto the bridge. But this time NesvĂtski could not see what was happening there, as a dense cloud of smoke arose from it.
reloaded - rechargé, recharger, rafraîchir
The hussars had succeeded in setting it on fire and the French batteries were now firing at them, no longer to hinder them but because the guns were trained and there was someone to fire at.
hinder - entraver, gener, embarrasser, (hind) entraver
The French had time to fire three rounds of grapeshot before the hussars got back to their horses. Two were misdirected and the shot went too high, but the last round fell in the midst of a group of hussars and knocked three of them over.
misdirected - mal orienté, mal renseigner
RostĂłv, absorbed by his relations with BogdĂˇnich, had paused on the bridge not knowing what to do. There was no one to hew down (as he had always imagined battles to himself), nor could he help to fire the bridge because he had not brought any burning straw with him like the other soldiers.
hew - hew, ouvrer
He stood looking about him, when suddenly he heard a rattle on the bridge as if nuts were being spilt, and the hussar nearest to him fell against the rails with a groan. RostĂłv ran up to him with the others. Again someone shouted, "Stretchers!" Four men seized the hussar and began lifting him.
rattle - cliquetis, claquer, pétarade, ferrailler
groan - gémir, râle, râlement, gémissement, grognement, grondement
"Oooh! For Christ's sake let me alone!" cried the wounded man, but still he was lifted and laid on the stretcher.
Christ - le christ, Christ, Messie, bon Dieu de merde
Nicholas RostĂłv turned away and, as if searching for something, gazed into the distance, at the waters of the Danube, at the sky, and at the sun. How beautiful the sky looked; how blue, how calm, and how deep! How bright and glorious was the setting sun! With what soft glitter the waters of the distant Danube shone.
glitter - paillettes, étincellement, paillette, briller
And fairer still were the faraway blue mountains beyond the river, the nunnery, the mysterious gorges, and the pine forests veiled in the mist of their summits... There was peace and happiness... "I should wish for nothing else, nothing, if only I were there," thought RostĂłv. "In myself alone and in that sunshine there is so much happiness; but here...
faraway - lointain
mist - brouillard, brume
groans, suffering, fear, and this uncertainty and hurry... There"they are shouting again, and again are all running back somewhere, and I shall run with them, and it, death, is here above me and around... Another instant and I shall never again see the sun, this water, that gorge!..."
groans - gémissements, râle, râlement, gémissement, grognement
gorge - gorge, ravin
At that instant the sun began to hide behind the clouds, and other stretchers came into view before RostĂłv. And the fear of death and of the stretchers, and love of the sun and of life, all merged into one feeling of sickening agitation.
sickening - écourant, a s’en rendre malade
"O Lord God! Thou who art in that heaven, save, forgive, and protect me!" RostĂłv whispered.
thou - tu
The hussars ran back to the men who held their horses; their voices sounded louder and calmer, the stretchers disappeared from sight.
"Well, fwiend? So you've smelt powdah!" shouted VĂˇska DenĂsov just above his ear.
"It's all over; but I am a coward"yes, a coward!" thought RostĂłv, and sighing deeply he took Rook, his horse, which stood resting one foot, from the orderly and began to mount.
It's all over - C'est fini
"Was that grapeshot?" he asked DenĂsov.
"Yes and no mistake!" cried DenĂsov. "You worked like wegular bwicks and it's nasty work! An attack's pleasant work! Hacking away at the dogs! But this sort of thing is the very devil, with them shooting at you like a target."
wegular - wegular
hacking - le piratage, (hack) le piratage
And DenĂsov rode up to a group that had stopped near RostĂłv, composed of the colonel, NesvĂtski, ZherkĂłv, and the officer from the suite.
"Well, it seems that no one has noticed," thought RostĂłv. And this was true. No one had taken any notice, for everyone knew the sensation which the cadet under fire for the first time had experienced.
"Here's something for you to report," said ZherkĂłv. "See if I don't get promoted to a sublieutenancy."
sublieutenancy - sous-lieutenance
"Inform the prince that I the bridge fired!" said the colonel triumphantly and gaily.
"And if he asks about the losses?"
"A trifle," said the colonel in his bass voice: "two hussars wounded, and one knocked out," he added, unable to restrain a happy smile, and pronouncing the phrase "knocked out" with ringing distinctness.
trifle - bagatelle, broutille, babiole, bricole
distinctness - distinction
Pursued by the French army of a hundred thousand men under the command of Bonaparte, encountering a population that was unfriendly to it, losing confidence in its allies, suffering from shortness of supplies, and compelled to act under conditions of war unlike anything that had been foreseen, the Russian army of thirty-five thousand men commanded by KutĂşzov was hurriedly retreating along the Danube, stopping where overtaken by the enemy and fighting rearguard actions only as far as necessary to enable it to retreat without losing its heavy equipment. There had been actions at Lambach, Amstetten, and Melk; but despite the courage and endurance"acknowledged even by the enemy"with which the Russians fought, the only consequence of these actions was a yet more rapid retreat. Austrian troops that had escaped capture at Ulm and had joined KutĂşzov at Braunau now separated from the Russian army, and KutĂşzov was left with only his own weak and exhausted forces. The defense of Vienna was no longer to be thought of. Instead of an offensive, the plan of which, carefully prepared in accord with the modern science of strategics, had been handed to KutĂşzov when he was in Vienna by the Austrian Hofkriegsrath, the sole and almost unattainable aim remaining for him was to effect a junction with the forces that were advancing from Russia, without losing his army as Mack had done at Ulm.
unfriendly - inamicale, déplaisant
foreseen - prévue, prévoir, anticiper
unattainable - inaccessible, inatteignable
On the twenty-eighth of October KutĂşzov with his army crossed to the left bank of the Danube and took up a position for the first time with the river between himself and the main body of the French. On the thirtieth he attacked Mortier's division, which was on the left bank, and broke it up. In this action for the first time trophies were taken: banners, cannon, and two enemy generals.
Eighth - huitieme, huitieme
thirtieth - trentieme, trentieme
For the first time, after a fortnight's retreat, the Russian troops had halted and after a fight had not only held the field but had repulsed the French.
repulsed - repoussé, repousser
Though the troops were ill-clad, exhausted, and had lost a third of their number in killed, wounded, sick, and stragglers; though a number of sick and wounded had been abandoned on the other side of the Danube with a letter in which KutĂşzov entrusted them to the humanity of the enemy; and though the big hospitals and the houses in Krems converted into military hospitals could no longer accommodate all the sick and wounded, yet the stand made at Krems and the victory over Mortier raised the spirits of the army considerably. Throughout the whole army and at headquarters most joyful though erroneous rumors were rife of the imaginary approach of columns from Russia, of some victory gained by the Austrians, and of the retreat of the frightened Bonaparte.
entrusted - confiés, confier
most joyful - le plus joyeux
erroneous - erroné
rife - rife, abondant
Prince Andrew during the battle had been in attendance on the Austrian General Schmidt, who was killed in the action. His horse had been wounded under him and his own arm slightly grazed by a bullet. As a mark of the commander in chief's special favor he was sent with the news of this victory to the Austrian court, now no longer at Vienna (which was threatened by the French) but at BrĂĽnn.
grazed - pâturé, éraflure, faire paître, brouter, paître, pâturer
Despite his apparently delicate build Prince Andrew could endure physical fatigue far better than many very muscular men, and on the night of the battle, having arrived at Krems excited but not weary, with dispatches from DokhtĂşrov to KutĂşzov, he was sent immediately with a special dispatch to BrĂĽnn. To be so sent meant not only a reward but an important step toward promotion.
fatigue - la fatigue, fatigue, épuisement, corvée, fatiguer
dispatches - des dépeches, dépeche
The night was dark but starry, the road showed black in the snow that had fallen the previous day"the day of the battle.
starry - étoilé
Reviewing his impressions of the recent battle, picturing pleasantly to himself the impression his news of a victory would create, or recalling the send-off given him by the commander in chief and his fellow officers, Prince Andrew was galloping along in a post chaise enjoying the feelings of a man who has at length begun to attain a long-desired happiness.
pleasantly - agréablement
send-off - (send-off) dire au revoir
As soon as he closed his eyes his ears seemed filled with the rattle of the wheels and the sensation of victory. Then he began to imagine that the Russians were running away and that he himself was killed, but he quickly roused himself with a feeling of joy, as if learning afresh that this was not so but that on the contrary the French had run away.
afresh - nouveau, a nouveau
He again recalled all the details of the victory and his own calm courage during the battle, and feeling reassured he dozed off.... The dark starry night was followed by a bright cheerful morning. The snow was thawing in the sunshine, the horses galloped quickly, and on both sides of the road were forests of different kinds, fields, and villages.
dozed - s'est assoupi, sommeiller
thawing - décongélation, (thaw), dégeler, dégel
At one of the post stations he overtook a convoy of Russian wounded. The Russian officer in charge of the transport lolled back in the front cart, shouting and scolding a soldier with coarse abuse. In each of the long German carts six or more pale, dirty, bandaged men were being jolted over the stony road.
jolted - secoué, ballotter, cahoter, secouer, soubresaut, secousse
stony - pierreux, froid, sec
Some of them were talking (he heard Russian words), others were eating bread; the more severely wounded looked silently, with the languid interest of sick children, at the envoy hurrying past them.
languid - langoureux, languissant
envoy - envoyé, émissaire
Prince Andrew told his driver to stop, and asked a soldier in what action they had been wounded. "Day before yesterday, on the Danube," answered the soldier. Prince Andrew took out his purse and gave the soldier three gold pieces.
"That's for them all," he said to the officer who came up.
"Get well soon, lads!" he continued, turning to the soldiers. "There's plenty to do still."
"What news, sir?" asked the officer, evidently anxious to start a conversation.
"Good news!... Go on!" he shouted to the driver, and they galloped on.
It was already quite dark when Prince Andrew rattled over the paved streets of BrĂĽnn and found himself surrounded by high buildings, the lights of shops, houses, and street lamps, fine carriages, and all that atmosphere of a large and active town which is always so attractive to a soldier after camp life.
paved - pavé, paver
Despite his rapid journey and sleepless night, Prince Andrew when he drove up to the palace felt even more vigorous and alert than he had done the day before. Only his eyes gleamed feverishly and his thoughts followed one another with extraordinary clearness and rapidity.
more vigorous - plus vigoureux
feverishly - fébrilement
clearness - clarté
He again vividly recalled the details of the battle, no longer dim, but definite and in the concise form in which he imagined himself stating them to the Emperor Francis. He vividly imagined the casual questions that might be put to him and the answers he would give. He expected to be at once presented to the Emperor.
concise - concis
At the chief entrance to the palace, however, an official came running out to meet him, and learning that he was a special messenger led him to another entrance.
messenger - messager, coursier
"To the right from the corridor, Euer Hochgeboren! There you will find the adjutant on duty," said the official. "He will conduct you to the Minister of War."
The adjutant on duty, meeting Prince Andrew, asked him to wait, and went in to the Minister of War. Five minutes later he returned and bowing with particular courtesy ushered Prince Andrew before him along a corridor to the cabinet where the Minister of War was at work.
ushered - huissier, ouvreur, escorte, garçon d'honneur, escorter
The adjutant by his elaborate courtesy appeared to wish to ward off any attempt at familiarity on the part of the Russian messenger.
Prince Andrew's joyous feeling was considerably weakened as he approached the door of the minister's room. He felt offended, and without his noticing it the feeling of offense immediately turned into one of disdain which was quite uncalled for. His fertile mind instantly suggested to him a point of view which gave him a right to despise the adjutant and the minister.
disdain - dédain, mépris, dédaigner, mépriser
uncalled - sans appel
fertile - fertile
despise - mépriser, dédaigner
"Away from the smell of powder, they probably think it easy to gain victories!" he thought. His eyes narrowed disdainfully, he entered the room of the Minister of War with peculiarly deliberate steps.
This feeling of disdain was heightened when he saw the minister seated at a large table reading some papers and making pencil notes on them, and for the first two or three minutes taking no notice of his arrival. A wax candle stood at each side of the minister's bent bald head with its gray temples.
He went on reading to the end, without raising his eyes at the opening of the door and the sound of footsteps.
"Take this and deliver it," said he to his adjutant, handing him the papers and still taking no notice of the special messenger.
Prince Andrew felt that either the actions of KutĂşzov's army interested the Minister of War less than any of the other matters he was concerned with, or he wanted to give the Russian special messenger that impression. "But that is a matter of perfect indifference to me," he thought. The minister drew the remaining papers together, arranged them evenly, and then raised his head.
evenly - de maniere uniforme, uniformément, également, équitablement
He had an intellectual and distinctive head, but the instant he turned to Prince Andrew the firm, intelligent expression on his face changed in a way evidently deliberate and habitual to him. His face took on the stupid artificial smile (which does not even attempt to hide its artificiality) of a man who is continually receiving many petitioners one after another.
petitioners - les pétitionnaires, pétitionnaire
"From General Field Marshal KutĂşzov?" he asked. "I hope it is good news? There has been an encounter with Mortier? A victory? It was high time!"
Marshal - maréchal, marshal, canaliser
He took the dispatch which was addressed to him and began to read it with a mournful expression.
mournful expression - expression de tristesse
"Oh, my God! My God! Schmidt!" he exclaimed in German. "What a calamity! What a calamity!"
calamity - calamité
Having glanced through the dispatch he laid it on the table and looked at Prince Andrew, evidently considering something.
"Ah what a calamity! You say the affair was decisive? But Mortier is not captured." Again he pondered. "I am very glad you have brought good news, though Schmidt's death is a heavy price to pay for the victory. His Majesty will no doubt wish to see you, but not today. I thank you! You must have a rest. Be at the levee tomorrow after the parade. However, I will let you know."
levee - la digue
The stupid smile, which had left his face while he was speaking, reappeared.
reappeared - réapparaît, réapparaître
"Au revoir! Thank you very much. His Majesty will probably desire to see you," he added, bowing his head.
When Prince Andrew left the palace he felt that all the interest and happiness the victory had afforded him had been now left in the indifferent hands of the Minister of War and the polite adjutant. The whole tenor of his thoughts instantaneously changed; the battle seemed the memory of a remote event long past.
tenor - ténor
Prince Andrew stayed at BrĂĽnn with BilĂbin, a Russian acquaintance of his in the diplomatic service.
"Ah, my dear prince! I could not have a more welcome visitor," said BilĂbin as he came out to meet Prince Andrew. "Franz, put the prince's things in my bedroom," said he to the servant who was ushering BolkĂłnski in. "So you're a messenger of victory, eh? Splendid! And I am sitting here ill, as you see."
more welcome - plus bienvenue
ushering - l'huissier, ouvreur, escorte, garçon d'honneur, huissier
After washing and dressing, Prince Andrew came into the diplomat's luxurious study and sat down to the dinner prepared for him. BilĂbin settled down comfortably beside the fire.
comfortably - confortablement, agréablement
After his journey and the campaign during which he had been deprived of all the comforts of cleanliness and all the refinements of life, Prince Andrew felt a pleasant sense of repose among luxurious surroundings such as he had been accustomed to from childhood.
refinements - raffinements, raffinement
Besides it was pleasant, after his reception by the Austrians, to speak if not in Russian (for they were speaking French) at least with a Russian who would, he supposed, share the general Russian antipathy to the Austrians which was then particularly strong.
BilĂbin was a man of thirty-five, a bachelor, and of the same circle as Prince Andrew. They had known each other previously in Petersburg, but had become more intimate when Prince Andrew was in Vienna with KutĂşzov.
Just as Prince Andrew was a young man who gave promise of rising high in the military profession, so to an even greater extent BilĂbin gave promise of rising in his diplomatic career. He was still a young man but no longer a young diplomat, as he had entered the service at the age of sixteen, had been in Paris and Copenhagen, and now held a rather important post in Vienna.
Copenhagen - copenhague
Both the foreign minister and our ambassador in Vienna knew him and valued him. He was not one of those many diplomats who are esteemed because they have certain negative qualities, avoid doing certain things, and speak French. He was one of those, who, liking work, knew how to do it, and despite his indolence would sometimes spend a whole night at his writing table.
esteemed - estimé, estime, respect, respecter
He worked well whatever the import of his work. It was not the question "What for?" but the question "How?" that interested him. What the diplomatic matter might be he did not care, but it gave him great pleasure to prepare a circular, memorandum, or report, skillfully, pointedly, and elegantly.
pointedly - avec insistance
BilĂbin's services were valued not only for what he wrote, but also for his skill in dealing and conversing with those in the highest spheres.
BilĂbin liked conversation as he liked work, only when it could be made elegantly witty. In society he always awaited an opportunity to say something striking and took part in a conversation only when that was possible. His conversation was always sprinkled with wittily original, finished phrases of general interest.
sprinkled - saupoudré, saupoudrer, asperger
wittily - avec esprit
These sayings were prepared in the inner laboratory of his mind in a portable form as if intentionally, so that insignificant society people might carry them from drawing room to drawing room. And, in fact, BilĂbin's witticisms were hawked about in the Viennese drawing rooms and often had an influence on matters considered important.
sayings - des dictons, dicton
Portable - portable, portatif
witticisms - des traits d'esprit, mot d'esprit, trait d'esprit
hawked - colporté, faucon
His thin, worn, sallow face was covered with deep wrinkles, which always looked as clean and well washed as the tips of one's fingers after a Russian bath. The movement of these wrinkles formed the principal play of expression on his face. Now his forehead would pucker into deep folds and his eyebrows were lifted, then his eyebrows would descend and deep wrinkles would crease his cheeks.
crease - pli, froisser
His small, deep-set eyes always twinkled and looked out straight.
twinkled - a scintillé, briller, cligner, virevolter
"Well, now tell me about your exploits," said he.
BolkĂłnski, very modestly without once mentioning himself, described the engagement and his reception by the Minister of War.
"They received me and my news as one receives a dog in a game of skittles," said he in conclusion.
skittles - des quilles, quille
BilĂbin smiled and the wrinkles on his face disappeared.
"Cependant, mon cher," he remarked, examining his nails from a distance and puckering the skin above his left eye, "malgrĂ© la haute estime que je professe pour the Orthodox Russian army, j'avoue que votre victoire n'est pas des plus victorieuses." *
orthodox - orthodoxe
victorieuses - victorieuses
* "But my dear fellow, with all my respect for the Orthodox Russian army, I must say that your victory was not particularly victorious."
He went on talking in this way in French, uttering only those words in Russian on which he wished to put a contemptuous emphasis.
"Come now! You with all your forces fall on the unfortunate Mortier and his one division, and even then Mortier slips through your fingers! Where's the victory?"
"But seriously," said Prince Andrew, "we can at any rate say without boasting that it was a little better than at Ulm..."
"Why didn't you capture one, just one, marshal for us?"
"Because not everything happens as one expects or with the smoothness of a parade. We had expected, as I told you, to get at their rear by seven in the morning but had not reached it by five in the afternoon."
"And why didn't you do it at seven in the morning? You ought to have been there at seven in the morning," returned BilĂbin with a smile. "You ought to have been there at seven in the morning."
"Why did you not succeed in impressing on Bonaparte by diplomatic methods that he had better leave Genoa alone?" retorted Prince Andrew in the same tone.
retorted - a rétorqué, rétorquer
"I know," interrupted BilĂbin, "you're thinking it's very easy to take marshals, sitting on a sofa by the fire! That is true, but still why didn't you capture him? So don't be surprised if not only the Minister of War but also his Most August Majesty the Emperor and King Francis is not much delighted by your victory.
marshals - marshals, maréchal, marshal, canaliser
Even I, a poor secretary of the Russian Embassy, do not feel any need in token of my joy to give my Franz a thaler, or let him go with his Liebchen to the Prater... True, we have no Prater here..."
He looked straight at Prince Andrew and suddenly unwrinkled his forehead.
"It is now my turn to ask you why?'mon cher," said BolkĂłnski. "I confess I do not understand: perhaps there are diplomatic subtleties here beyond my feeble intelligence, but I can't make it out. Mack loses a whole army, the Archduke Ferdinand and the Archduke Karl give no signs of life and make blunder after blunder.
subtleties - subtilités, subtilité, entremets
blunder - une bévue, gaffe
KutĂşzov alone at last gains a real victory, destroying the spell of the invincibility of the French, and the Minister of War does not even care to hear the details."
invincibility - l'invincibilité, invincibilité
"That's just it, my dear fellow. You see it's hurrah for the Tsar, for Russia, for the Orthodox Greek faith! All that is beautiful, but what do we, I mean the Austrian court, care for your victories?
Greek - grec, grecque, grecques
Bring us nice news of a victory by the Archduke Karl or Ferdinand (one archduke's as good as another, as you know) and even if it is only over a fire brigade of Bonaparte's, that will be another story and we'll fire off some cannon! But this sort of thing seems done on purpose to vex us. The Archduke Karl does nothing, the Archduke Ferdinand disgraces himself.
fire brigade - les pompiers
fire off - tirer
vex - vex, ennuyer, énerver, vexer 'informal', tourmenter
disgraces - des déshonneurs, honte, disgrâce, ignominie
You abandon Vienna, give up its defense"as much as to say: Heaven is with us, but heaven help you and your capital!'The one general whom we all loved, Schmidt, you expose to a bullet, and then you congratulate us on the victory! Admit that more irritating news than yours could not have been conceived. It's as if it had been done on purpose, on purpose.
Besides, suppose you did gain a brilliant victory, if even the Archduke Karl gained a victory, what effect would that have on the general course of events? It's too late now when Vienna is occupied by the French army!"
"What? Occupied? Vienna occupied?"
"Not only occupied, but Bonaparte is at SchĂ¶nbrunn, and the count, our dear Count Vrbna, goes to him for orders."
After the fatigues and impressions of the journey, his reception, and especially after having dined, BolkĂłnski felt that he could not take in the full significance of the words he heard.
fatigues - le treillis, fatigue, épuisement, corvée, fatiguer
dined - dîné, vacarme
"Count Lichtenfels was here this morning," BilĂbin continued, "and showed me a letter in which the parade of the French in Vienna was fully described: Prince Murat et tout le tremblement... You see that your victory is not a matter for great rejoicing and that you can't be received as a savior."
tremblement - tremblement
Savior - le sauveur, sauveur, sauveuse
"Really I don't care about that, I don't care at all," said Prince Andrew, beginning to understand that his news of the battle before Krems was really of small importance in view of such events as the fall of Austria's capital. "How is it Vienna was taken? What of the bridge and its celebrated bridgehead and Prince Auersperg? We heard reports that Prince Auersperg was defending Vienna?" he said.
bridgehead - tete de pont, tete de pont
"Prince Auersperg is on this, on our side of the river, and is defending us"doing it very badly, I think, but still he is defending us. But Vienna is on the other side. No, the bridge has not yet been taken and I hope it will not be, for it is mined and orders have been given to blow it up.
Otherwise we should long ago have been in the mountains of Bohemia, and you and your army would have spent a bad quarter of an hour between two fires."
Bohemia - bohemia, Boheme
"But still this does not mean that the campaign is over," said Prince Andrew.
"Well, I think it is. The bigwigs here think so too, but they daren't say so. It will be as I said at the beginning of the campaign, it won't be your skirmishing at DĂĽrrenstein, or gunpowder at all, that will decide the matter, but those who devised it," said BilĂbin quoting one of his own mots, releasing the wrinkles on his forehead, and pausing.
bigwigs - les gros bonnets, grosse légume, huile, gros bonnet
skirmishing - l'escarmouche, (skirmish), escarmouche, échauffourée
gunpowder - la poudre a canon
"The only question is what will come of the meeting between the Emperor Alexander and the King of Prussia in Berlin? If Prussia joins the Allies, Austria's hand will be forced and there will be war. If not it is merely a question of settling where the preliminaries of the new Campo Formio are to be drawn up."
Berlin - berlin
"What an extraordinary genius!" Prince Andrew suddenly exclaimed, clenching his small hand and striking the table with it, "and what luck the man has!"
clenching - la crispation, serrer, prise (en main) ferme, poigne ferme
"Buonaparte?" said BilĂbin inquiringly, puckering up his forehead to indicate that he was about to say something witty. "Buonaparte?" he repeated, accentuating the u: "I think, however, now that he lays down laws for Austria at SchĂ¶nbrunn, il faut lui faire grĂ˘ce de l'u! * I shall certainly adopt an innovation and call him simply Bonaparte!"
accentuating - accentuer
* "We must let him off the u!"
"But joking apart," said Prince Andrew, "do you really think the campaign is over?"
"This is what I think. Austria has been made a fool of, and she is not used to it. She will retaliate. And she has been fooled in the first place because her provinces have been pillaged"they say the Holy Russian army loots terribly"her army is destroyed, her capital taken, and all this for the beaux yeux * of His Sardinian Majesty.
retaliate - de représailles, riposter
pillaged - pillés, piller, pillage
loots - des lots, butin
Sardinian - sarde
And therefore"this is between ourselves"I instinctively feel that we are being deceived, my instinct tells me of negotiations with France and projects for peace, a secret peace concluded separately."
deceived - trompé, tromper, leurrer, séduire
* Fine eyes.
"Impossible!" cried Prince Andrew. "That would be too base."
"If we live we shall see," replied BilĂbin, his face again becoming smooth as a sign that the conversation was at an end.
When Prince Andrew reached the room prepared for him and lay down in a clean shirt on the feather bed with its warmed and fragrant pillows, he felt that the battle of which he had brought tidings was far, far away from him. The alliance with Prussia, Austria's treachery, Bonaparte's new triumph, tomorrow's levee and parade, and the audience with the Emperor Francis occupied his thoughts.
fragrant - parfumée, odorant, aromatique
tidings - des nouvelles, nouvelle
treachery - trahison, traîtrise
He closed his eyes, and immediately a sound of cannonading, of musketry and the rattling of carriage wheels seemed to fill his ears, and now again drawn out in a thin line the musketeers were descending the hill, the French were firing, and he felt his heart palpitating as he rode forward beside Schmidt with the bullets merrily whistling all around, and he experienced tenfold the joy of living, as he had not done since childhood.
cannonading - canonnade
musketry - mousqueterie
rattling - le cliquetis, (rattle) le cliquetis
musketeers - mousquetaires, mousquetaire
palpitating - des palpitations, palpiter
tenfold - décuplé, décuple, décupler
He woke up...
"Yes, that all happened!" he said, and, smiling happily to himself like a child, he fell into a deep, youthful slumber.
slumber - sommeil, somnolence, somnoler
Next day he woke late. Recalling his recent impressions, the first thought that came into his mind was that today he had to be presented to the Emperor Francis; he remembered the Minister of War, the polite Austrian adjutant, BilĂbin, and last night's conversation.
Having dressed for his attendance at court in full parade uniform, which he had not worn for a long time, he went into BilĂbin's study fresh, animated, and handsome, with his hand bandaged. In the study were four gentlemen of the diplomatic corps. With Prince Hippolyte KurĂˇgin, who was a secretary to the embassy, BolkĂłnski was already acquainted. BilĂbin introduced him to the others.
The gentlemen assembled at BilĂbin's were young, wealthy, gay society men, who here, as in Vienna, formed a special set which BilĂbin, their leader, called les nĂ´tres. * This set, consisting almost exclusively of diplomats, evidently had its own interests which had nothing to do with war or politics but related to high society, to certain women, and to the official side of the service.
les - les, (LE) les
These gentlemen received Prince Andrew as one of themselves, an honor they did not extend to many. From politeness and to start conversation, they asked him a few questions about the army and the battle, and then the talk went off into merry jests and gossip.
"But the best of it was," said one, telling of the misfortune of a fellow diplomat, "that the Chancellor told him flatly that his appointment to London was a promotion and that he was so to regard it. Can you fancy the figure he cut?..."
Chancellor - le chancelier, chancelier, chanceliere, contremaître de jury
"But the worst of it, gentlemen"I am giving KurĂˇgin away to you"is that that man suffers, and this Don Juan, wicked fellow, is taking advantage of it!"
Prince Hippolyte was lolling in a lounge chair with his legs over its arm. He began to laugh.
lounge chair - chaise longue
"Tell me about that!" he said.
"Oh, you Don Juan! You serpent!" cried several voices.
serpent - serpent
"You, BolkĂłnski, don't know," said BilĂbin turning to Prince Andrew, "that all the atrocities of the French army (I nearly said of the Russian army) are nothing compared to what this man has been doing among the women!"
"La femme est la compagne de l'homme," * announced Prince Hippolyte, and began looking through a lorgnette at his elevated legs.
homme - homme
* "Woman is man's companion."
BilĂbin and the rest of "ours" burst out laughing in Hippolyte's face, and Prince Andrew saw that Hippolyte, of whom"he had to admit"he had almost been jealous on his wife's account, was the butt of this set.
jealous - jaloux, jalouse, envieux, rench:
"Oh, I must give you a treat," BilĂbin whispered to BolkĂłnski. "KurĂˇgin is exquisite when he discusses politics"you should see his gravity!"
exquisite - exquis
He sat down beside Hippolyte and wrinkling his forehead began talking to him about politics. Prince Andrew and the others gathered round these two.
wrinkling - les rides, ride
"The Berlin cabinet cannot express a feeling of alliance," began Hippolyte gazing round with importance at the others, "without expressing... as in its last note... you understand... Besides, unless His Majesty the Emperor derogates from the principle of our alliance...
"Wait, I have not finished..." he said to Prince Andrew, seizing him by the arm, "I believe that intervention will be stronger than nonintervention. And..." he paused. "Finally one cannot impute the nonreceipt of our dispatch of November 18. That is how it will end." And he released BolkĂłnski's arm to indicate that he had now quite finished.
nonintervention - la non-intervention
impute - imputer
nonreceipt - non-réception
"Demosthenes, I know thee by the pebble thou secretest in thy golden mouth!" said BilĂbin, and the mop of hair on his head moved with satisfaction.
pebble - galet, gravillon
thy - de l'homme, ton/ta, tes
mop - vadrouille, serpilliere
Everybody laughed, and Hippolyte louder than anyone. He was evidently distressed, and breathed painfully, but could not restrain the wild laughter that convulsed his usually impassive features.
convulsed - convulsé, convulser
impassive - impassible
"Well now, gentlemen," said BilĂbin, "BolkĂłnski is my guest in this house and in BrĂĽnn itself. I want to entertain him as far as I can, with all the pleasures of life here. If we were in Vienna it would be easy, but here, in this wretched Moravian hole, it is more difficult, and I beg you all to help me. BrĂĽnn's attractions must be shown him.
Moravian - Moravien
You can undertake the theater, I society, and you, Hippolyte, of course the women."
theater - théâtre
"We must let him see Amelie, she's exquisite!" said one of "ours," kissing his finger tips.
finger tips - le bout des doigts
"In general we must turn this bloodthirsty soldier to more humane interests," said BilĂbin.
humane - humaine, humain
"I shall scarcely be able to avail myself of your hospitality, gentlemen, it is already time for me to go," replied Prince Andrew looking at his watch.
avail - avail, profiter, saisir, servir
hospitality - l'hospitalité, hospitalité, hôtellerie-restauration
"To the Emperor."
"Oh! Oh! Oh!"
"Well, au revoir, BolkĂłnski! Au revoir, Prince! Come back early to dinner," cried several voices. "We'll take you in hand."
"When speaking to the Emperor, try as far as you can to praise the way that provisions are supplied and the routes indicated," said BilĂbin, accompanying him to the hall.
"I should like to speak well of them, but as far as I know the facts, I can't," replied BolkĂłnski, smiling.
"Well, talk as much as you can, anyway. He has a passion for giving audiences, but he does not like talking himself and can't do it, as you will see."
At the levee Prince Andrew stood among the Austrian officers as he had been told to, and the Emperor Francis merely looked fixedly into his face and just nodded to him with his long head. But after it was over, the adjutant he had seen the previous day ceremoniously informed BolkĂłnski that the Emperor desired to give him an audience.
ceremoniously - cérémonieusement
The Emperor Francis received him standing in the middle of the room. Before the conversation began Prince Andrew was struck by the fact that the Emperor seemed confused and blushed as if not knowing what to say.
"Tell me, when did the battle begin?" he asked hurriedly.
Prince Andrew replied. Then followed other questions just as simple: "Was KutĂşzov well? When had he left Krems?" and so on. The Emperor spoke as if his sole aim were to put a given number of questions"the answers to these questions, as was only too evident, did not interest him.
"At what o'clock did the battle begin?" asked the Emperor.
"I cannot inform Your Majesty at what o'clock the battle began at the front, but at DĂĽrrenstein, where I was, our attack began after five in the afternoon," replied BolkĂłnski growing more animated and expecting that he would have a chance to give a reliable account, which he had ready in his mind, of all he knew and had seen. But the Emperor smiled and interrupted him.
"How many miles?"
"From where to where, Your Majesty?"
"From DĂĽrrenstein to Krems."
"Three and a half miles, Your Majesty."
"The French have abandoned the left bank?"
"According to the scouts the last of them crossed on rafts during the night."
rafts - radeaux, radeau
"Is there sufficient forage in Krems?"
forage - fourrage, fourrager, fouiller
"Forage has not been supplied to the extent..."
The Emperor interrupted him.
"At what o'clock was General Schmidt killed?"
"At seven o'clock, I believe."
"At seven o'clock? It's very sad, very sad!"
The Emperor thanked Prince Andrew and bowed. Prince Andrew withdrew and was immediately surrounded by courtiers on all sides. Everywhere he saw friendly looks and heard friendly words. Yesterday's adjutant reproached him for not having stayed at the palace, and offered him his own house.
The Minister of War came up and congratulated him on the Maria Theresa Order of the third grade, which the Emperor was conferring on him. The Empress'chamberlain invited him to see Her Majesty. The archduchess also wished to see him. He did not know whom to answer, and for a few seconds collected his thoughts.
chamberlain - chamberlain, chambellan
archduchess - archiduchesse
Then the Russian ambassador took him by the shoulder, led him to the window, and began to talk to him.
Contrary to BilĂbin's forecast the news he had brought was joyfully received. A thanksgiving service was arranged, KutĂşzov was awarded the Grand Cross of Maria Theresa, and the whole army received rewards. BolkĂłnski was invited everywhere, and had to spend the whole morning calling on the principal Austrian dignitaries.
thanksgiving service - le service de Thanksgiving
dignitaries - dignitaires, dignitaire
Between four and five in the afternoon, having made all his calls, he was returning to BilĂbin's house thinking out a letter to his father about the battle and his visit to BrĂĽnn. At the door he found a vehicle half full of luggage. Franz, BilĂbin's man, was dragging a portmanteau with some difficulty out of the front door.
luggage - bagages, bagage
portmanteau - portmanteau
Before returning to BilĂbin's Prince Andrew had gone to a bookshop to provide himself with some books for the campaign, and had spent some time in the shop.
bookshop - librairie
"What is it?" he asked.
"Oh, your excellency!" said Franz, with difficulty rolling the portmanteau into the vehicle, "we are to move on still farther. The scoundrel is again at our heels!"
"Eh? What?" asked Prince Andrew.
BilĂbin came out to meet him. His usually calm face showed excitement.
"There now! Confess that this is delightful," said he. "This affair of the Thabor Bridge, at Vienna.... They have crossed without striking a blow!"
Prince Andrew could not understand.
"But where do you come from not to know what every coachman in the town knows?"
"I come from the archduchess'. I heard nothing there."
"And you didn't see that everybody is packing up?"
"I did not... What is it all about?" inquired Prince Andrew impatiently.
"What's it all about? Why, the French have crossed the bridge that Auersperg was defending, and the bridge was not blown up: so Murat is now rushing along the road to BrĂĽnn and will be here in a day or two."
"What? Here? But why did they not blow up the bridge, if it was mined?"
"That is what I ask you. No one, not even Bonaparte, knows why."
BolkĂłnski shrugged his shoulders.
"But if the bridge is crossed it means that the army too is lost? It will be cut off," said he.
"That's just it," answered BilĂbin. "Listen! The French entered Vienna as I told you. Very well. Next day, which was yesterday, those gentlemen, messieurs les marĂ©chaux, * Murat, Lannes, and Belliard, mount and ride to the bridge. (Observe that all three are Gascons.
Gascons - gascons, Gascon, gasconne
) Gentlemen,'says one of them, you know the Thabor Bridge is mined and doubly mined and that there are menacing fortifications at its head and an army of fifteen thousand men has been ordered to blow up the bridge and not let us cross? But it will please our sovereign the Emperor Napoleon if we take this bridge, so let us three go and take it!'Yes, let's!'say the others.
doubly - doublement
fortifications - des fortifications, fortification, renforcement
And off they go and take the bridge, cross it, and now with their whole army are on this side of the Danube, marching on us, you, and your lines of communication."
* The marshalls.
"Stop jesting," said Prince Andrew sadly and seriously. This news grieved him and yet he was pleased.
grieved - en deuil, avoir du chagrin
As soon as he learned that the Russian army was in such a hopeless situation it occurred to him that it was he who was destined to lead it out of this position; that here was the Toulon that would lift him from the ranks of obscure officers and offer him the first step to fame!
obscure - obscure, obscur, sibyllin, obscurcir
Listening to BilĂbin he was already imagining how on reaching the army he would give an opinion at the war council which would be the only one that could save the army, and how he alone would be entrusted with the executing of the plan.
"Stop this jesting," he said.
"I am not jesting," BilĂbin went on. "Nothing is truer or sadder. These gentlemen ride onto the bridge alone and wave white handkerchiefs; they assure the officer on duty that they, the marshals, are on their way to negotiate with Prince Auersperg. He lets them enter the tĂŞte-de-pont.
* They spin him a thousand gasconades, saying that the war is over, that the Emperor Francis is arranging a meeting with Bonaparte, that they desire to see Prince Auersperg, and so on.
Gasconades - gasconades, gasconnade, gasconner
The officer sends for Auersperg; these gentlemen embrace the officers, crack jokes, sit on the cannon, and meanwhile a French battalion gets to the bridge unobserved, flings the bags of incendiary material into the water, and approaches the tĂŞte-de-pont. At length appears the lieutenant general, our dear Prince Auersperg von Mautern himself. Dearest foe!
unobserved - non observée
flings - flings, lancer
incendiary material - du matériel incendiaire
Flower of the Austrian army, hero of the Turkish wars! Hostilities are ended, we can shake one another's hand.... The Emperor Napoleon burns with impatience to make Prince Auersperg's acquaintance.
'In a word, those gentlemen, Gascons indeed, so bewildered him with fine words, and he is so flattered by his rapidly established intimacy with the French marshals, and so dazzled by the sight of Murat's mantle and ostrich plumes, qu'il n'y voit que du feu, et oublie celui qu'il devait faire faire sur l'ennemi!
bewildered - déconcertés, abasourdir, confondre, déconcerter, dérouter
dazzled - éblouie, éblouir
ostrich - autruche
plumes - les panaches, plume(t)
feu - feu
" *(2) In spite of the animation of his speech, BilĂbin did not forget to pause after this mot to give time for its due appreciation. "The French battalion rushes to the bridgehead, spikes the guns, and the bridge is taken!
spikes - des pointes, clou, pointe, pieu, pic, pique, épi, crampons-p
But what is best of all," he went on, his excitement subsiding under the delightful interest of his own story, "is that the sergeant in charge of the cannon which was to give the signal to fire the mines and blow up the bridge, this sergeant, seeing that the French troops were running onto the bridge, was about to fire, but Lannes stayed his hand.
subsiding - s'affaisser, tomber, calmer
The sergeant, who was evidently wiser than his general, goes up to Auersperg and says: Prince, you are being deceived, here are the French!'Murat, seeing that all is lost if the sergeant is allowed to speak, turns to Auersperg with feigned astonishment (he is a true Gascon) and says: I don't recognize the world-famous Austrian discipline, if you allow a subordinate to address you like that!
Gascon - Gascon, gasconne
'It was a stroke of genius. Prince Auersperg feels his dignity at stake and orders the sergeant to be arrested. Come, you must own that this affair of the Thabor Bridge is delightful! It is not exactly stupidity, nor rascality...."
stupidity - stupidité, idiotie, ânerie, sottise
rascality - la racaille
* (2) That their fire gets into his eyes and he forgets that he ought to be firing at the enemy.
"It may be treachery," said Prince Andrew, vividly imagining the gray overcoats, wounds, the smoke of gunpowder, the sounds of firing, and the glory that awaited him.
"Not that either. That puts the court in too bad a light," replied BilĂbin. "It's not treachery nor rascality nor stupidity: it is just as at Ulm... it is...""he seemed to be trying to find the right expression. "C'est... c'est du Mack. Nous sommes mackĂ©s (It is... it is a bit of Mack. We are Macked)," he concluded, feeling that he had produced a good epigram, a fresh one that would be repeated.
His hitherto puckered brow became smooth as a sign of pleasure, and with a slight smile he began to examine his nails.
"Where are you off to?" he said suddenly to Prince Andrew who had risen and was going toward his room.
"I am going away."
"To the army."
"But you meant to stay another two days?"
"But now I am off at once."
And Prince Andrew after giving directions about his departure went to his room.
"Do you know, mon cher," said BilĂbin following him, "I have been thinking about you. Why are you going?"
And in proof of the conclusiveness of his opinion all the wrinkles vanished from his face.
conclusiveness - des conclusions
Prince Andrew looked inquiringly at him and gave no reply.
"Why are you going? I know you think it your duty to gallop back to the army now that it is in danger. I understand that. Mon cher, it is heroism!"
gallop - galop, galoper
heroism - l'héroisme, héroisme
"Not at all," said Prince Andrew.
"But as you are a philosopher, be a consistent one, look at the other side of the question and you will see that your duty, on the contrary, is to take care of yourself. Leave it to those who are no longer fit for anything else.... You have not been ordered to return and have not been dismissed from here; therefore, you can stay and go with us wherever our ill luck takes us.
They say we are going to OlmĂĽtz, and OlmĂĽtz is a very decent town. You and I will travel comfortably in my calĂ¨che."
"Do Stop joking, BilĂbin," cried BolkĂłnski.
Stop joking - Arrete de plaisanter
"I am speaking sincerely as a friend! Consider! Where and why are you going, when you might remain here? You are faced by one of two things," and the skin over his left temple puckered, "either you will not reach your regiment before peace is concluded, or you will share defeat and disgrace with KutĂşzov's whole army."
And BilĂbin unwrinkled his temple, feeling that the dilemma was insoluble.
"I cannot argue about it," replied Prince Andrew coldly, but he thought: "I am going to save the army."
"My dear fellow, you are a hero!" said BilĂbin.
That same night, having taken leave of the Minister of War, BolkĂłnski set off to rejoin the army, not knowing where he would find it and fearing to be captured by the French on the way to Krems.
In BrĂĽnn everybody attached to the court was packing up, and the heavy baggage was already being dispatched to OlmĂĽtz. Near Hetzelsdorf Prince Andrew struck the high road along which the Russian army was moving with great haste and in the greatest disorder. The road was so obstructed with carts that it was impossible to get by in a carriage.
obstructed - obstrué, obstruer, bloquer, retarder, interférer
Prince Andrew took a horse and a Cossack from a Cossack commander, and hungry and weary, making his way past the baggage wagons, rode in search of the commander in chief and of his own luggage. Very sinister reports of the position of the army reached him as he went along, and the appearance of the troops in their disorderly flight confirmed these rumors.
sinister - sinistre
"Cette armĂ©e russe que l'or de l'Angleterre a transportĂ©e des extrĂ©mitĂ©s de l'univers, nous allons lui faire Ă©prouver le mĂŞme sort"(le sort de l'armĂ©e d'Ulm)." * He remembered these words in Bonaparte's address to his army at the beginning of the campaign, and they awoke in him astonishment at the genius of his hero, a feeling of wounded pride, and a hope of glory.
russe - russe
awoke - s'est réveillé, (se) réveiller, (s')éveiller
"And should there be nothing left but to die?" he thought. "Well, if need be, I shall do it no worse than others."
* "That Russian army which has been brought from the ends of the earth by English gold, we shall cause to share the same fate"(the fate of the army at Ulm)."
He looked with disdain at the endless confused mass of detachments, carts, guns, artillery, and again baggage wagons and vehicles of all kinds overtaking one another and blocking the muddy road, three and sometimes four abreast.
detachments - les détachements, détachement, impartialité
From all sides, behind and before, as far as ear could reach, there were the rattle of wheels, the creaking of carts and gun carriages, the tramp of horses, the crack of whips, shouts, the urging of horses, and the swearing of soldiers, orderlies, and officers.
orderlies - les aides-soignants, ordonné, planton
All along the sides of the road fallen horses were to be seen, some flayed, some not, and broken-down carts beside which solitary soldiers sat waiting for something, and again soldiers straggling from their companies, crowds of whom set off to the neighboring villages, or returned from them dragging sheep, fowls, hay, and bulging sacks.
fowls - volailles, volaille, oiseau de basse-cour
bulging - gonflement, bombement, bosse, protubérance, bomber, déformer
At each ascent or descent of the road the crowds were yet denser and the din of shouting more incessant. Soldiers floundering knee-deep in mud pushed the guns and wagons themselves. Whips cracked, hoofs slipped, traces broke, and lungs were strained with shouting. The officers directing the march rode backward and forward between the carts.
din - din, vacarme
incessant - incessant
floundering - en perdition, patauger (péniblement)
Their voices were but feebly heard amid the uproar and one saw by their faces that they despaired of the possibility of checking this disorder.
uproar - le tumulte, clameur
despaired - désespéré, désespérer, désespoir
"Here is our dear Orthodox Russian army," thought BolkĂłnski, recalling BilĂbin's words.
Wishing to find out where the commander in chief was, he rode up to a convoy. Directly opposite to him came a strange one-horse vehicle, evidently rigged up by soldiers out of any available materials and looking like something between a cart, a cabriolet, and a calĂ¨che. A soldier was driving, and a woman enveloped in shawls sat behind the apron under the leather hood of the vehicle.
rigged up - truquées
cabriolet - cabriolet
shawls - châles, châle
Prince Andrew rode up and was just putting his question to a soldier when his attention was diverted by the desperate shrieks of the woman in the vehicle. An officer in charge of transport was beating the soldier who was driving the woman's vehicle for trying to get ahead of others, and the strokes of his whip fell on the apron of the equipage. The woman screamed piercingly.
shrieks - des cris, hurlement, crier
equipage - l'équipement, bagages, fourgons, train des équipages
piercingly - de façon percutante
Seeing Prince Andrew she leaned out from behind the apron and, waving her thin arms from under the woolen shawl, cried:
woolen - laine, lainage
"Mr. Aide-de-camp! Mr. Aide-de-camp!... For heaven's sake... Protect me! What will become of us? I am the wife of the doctor of the Seventh Chasseurs.... They won't let us pass, we are left behind and have lost our people..."
"I'll flatten you into a pancake!" shouted the angry officer to the soldier. "Turn back with your slut!"
flatten - aplatir
pancake - crepe, crepe, pancake
slut - salope, trainée, garce, pute, truie
"Mr. Aide-de-camp! Help me!... What does it all mean?" screamed the doctor's wife.
"Kindly let this cart pass. Don't you see it's a woman?" said Prince Andrew riding up to the officer.
The officer glanced at him, and without replying turned again to the soldier. "I'll teach you to push on!... Back!"
"Let them pass, I tell you!" repeated Prince Andrew, compressing his lips.
compressing - la compression, comprimer, condenser
"And who are you?" cried the officer, turning on him with tipsy rage, "who are you? Are you in command here? Eh? I am commander here, not you! Go back or I'll flatten you into a pancake," repeated he. This expression evidently pleased him.
"That was a nice snub for the little aide-de-camp," came a voice from behind.
Prince Andrew saw that the officer was in that state of senseless, tipsy rage when a man does not know what he is saying. He saw that his championship of the doctor's wife in her queer trap might expose him to what he dreaded more than anything in the world"to ridicule; but his instinct urged him on.
Before the officer finished his sentence Prince Andrew, his face distorted with fury, rode up to him and raised his riding whip.
riding whip - cravache
ly - ly, al, a.l
The officer flourished his arm and hastily rode away.
"It's all the fault of these fellows on the staff that there's this disorder," he muttered. "Do as you like."
Prince Andrew without lifting his eyes rode hastily away from the doctor's wife, who was calling him her deliverer, and recalling with a sense of disgust the minutest details of this humiliating scene he galloped on to the village where he was told who the commander in chief was.
deliverer - le livreur
On reaching the village he dismounted and went to the nearest house, intending to rest if but for a moment, eat something, and try to sort out the stinging and tormenting thoughts that confused his mind. "This is a mob of scoundrels and not an army," he was thinking as he went up to the window of the first house, when a familiar voice called him by name.
tormenting - tourmenter, (torment), tourment
scoundrels - canailles, scélérat, scélérate, gredin, gredine, canaille
He turned round. NesvĂtski's handsome face looked out of the little window. NesvĂtski, moving his moist lips as he chewed something, and flourishing his arm, called him to enter.
chewed - mâché, mâcher, mordiller, mastiquer
"BolkĂłnski! BolkĂłnski!... Don't you hear? Eh? Come quick..." he shouted.
Entering the house, Prince Andrew saw NesvĂtski and another adjutant having something to eat. They hastily turned round to him asking if he had any news. On their familiar faces he read agitation and alarm. This was particularly noticeable on NesvĂtski's usually laughing countenance.
noticeable - perceptible, repérable, détectable, remarquable
"Where is the commander in chief?" asked BolkĂłnski.
"Here, in that house," answered the adjutant.
"Well, is it true that it's peace and capitulation?" asked NesvĂtski.
capitulation - capitulation
"I was going to ask you. I know nothing except that it was all I could do to get here."
"And we, my dear boy! It's terrible! I was wrong to laugh at Mack, we're getting it still worse," said NesvĂtski. "But sit down and have something to eat."
"You won't be able to find either your baggage or anything else now, Prince. And God only knows where your man Peter is," said the other adjutant.
"Where are headquarters?"
"We are to spend the night in Znaim."
"Well, I have got all I need into packs for two horses," said NesvĂtski. "They've made up splendid packs for me"fit to cross the Bohemian mountains with. It's a bad lookout, old fellow! But What's the matter with you? You must be ill to shiver like that," he added, noticing that Prince Andrew winced as at an electric shock.
lookout - poste de guet, sentinelle, guetteur
What's the matter with you? - C'est quoi ton probleme ?
winced - a fait un clin d'oil, grimacer
electric shock - un choc électrique
"It's nothing," replied Prince Andrew.
He had just remembered his recent encounter with the doctor's wife and the convoy officer.
"What is the commander in chief doing here?" he asked.
"I can't make out at all," said NesvĂtski.
"Well, all I can make out is that everything is abominable, abominable, quite abominable!" said Prince Andrew, and he went off to the house where the commander in chief was.
abominable - abominable
Passing by KutĂşzov's carriage and the exhausted saddle horses of his suite, with their Cossacks who were talking loudly together, Prince Andrew entered the passage. KutĂşzov himself, he was told, was in the house with Prince BagratiĂłn and Weyrother. Weyrother was the Austrian general who had succeeded Schmidt. In the passage little KozlĂłvski was squatting on his heels in front of a clerk.
The clerk, with cuffs turned up, was hastily writing at a tub turned bottom upwards. KozlĂłvski's face looked worn"he too had evidently not slept all night. He glanced at Prince Andrew and did not even nod to him.
"Second line... have you written it?" he continued dictating to the clerk. "The Kiev Grenadiers, Podolian..."
Kiev - kiev
Grenadiers - grenadiers, grenadier
"One can't write so fast, your honor," said the clerk, glancing angrily and disrespectfully at KozlĂłvski.
disrespectfully - de maniere irrespectueuse
Through the door came the sounds of KutĂşzov's voice, excited and dissatisfied, interrupted by another, an unfamiliar voice.
unfamiliar - peu familier
From the sound of these voices, the inattentive way KozlĂłvski looked at him, the disrespectful manner of the exhausted clerk, the fact that the clerk and KozlĂłvski were squatting on the floor by a tub so near to the commander in chief, and from the noisy laughter of the Cossacks holding the horses near the window, Prince Andrew felt that something important and disastrous was about to happen.
inattentive - inattentif
disrespectful - irrespectueux
He turned to KozlĂłvski with urgent questions.
"Immediately, Prince," said KozlĂłvski. "Dispositions for BagratiĂłn."
dispositions - dispositions, disposition, tempérament
"What about capitulation?"
"Nothing of the sort. Orders are issued for a battle."
Prince Andrew moved toward the door from whence voices were heard. Just as he was going to open it the sounds ceased, the door opened, and KutĂşzov with his eagle nose and puffy face appeared in the doorway.
whence - pourquoi, d'ou
Prince Andrew stood right in front of KutĂşzov but the expression of the commander in chief's one sound eye showed him to be so preoccupied with thoughts and anxieties as to be oblivious of his presence. He looked straight at his adjutant's face without recognizing him.
preoccupied - préoccupé, préoccuper
"Well, have you finished?" said he to KozlĂłvski.
"One moment, your excellency."
BagratiĂłn, a gaunt middle-aged man of medium height with a firm, impassive face of Oriental type, came out after the commander in chief.
gaunt - décharné, maigre, osseux, anguleux, émacié
"I have the honor to present myself," repeated Prince Andrew rather loudly, handing KutĂşzov an envelope.
"Ah, from Vienna? Very good. Later, later!"
KutĂşzov went out into the porch with BagratiĂłn.
"Well, good-by, Prince," said he to BagratiĂłn. "My blessing, and may Christ be with you in your great endeavor!"
endeavor - effort, entreprise, tenter, s’efforcer, tâcher
His face suddenly softened and tears came into his eyes. With his left hand he drew BagratiĂłn toward him, and with his right, on which he wore a ring, he made the sign of the cross over him with a gesture evidently habitual, offering his puffy cheek, but BagratiĂłn kissed him on the neck instead.
softened - adoucie, adoucir
"Christ be with you!" KutĂşzov repeated and went toward his carriage. "Get in with me," said he to BolkĂłnski.
"Your excellency, I should like to be of use here. Allow me to remain with Prince BagratiĂłn's detachment."
detachment - le détachement, détachement, impartialité
"Get in," said KutĂşzov, and noticing that BolkĂłnski still delayed, he added: "I need good officers myself, need them myself!"
They got into the carriage and drove for a few minutes in silence.
"There is still much, much before us," he said, as if with an old man's penetration he understood all that was passing in BolkĂłnski's mind. "If a tenth part of his detachment returns I shall thank God," he added as if speaking to himself.
penetration - pénétration
tenth part - dixieme partie
Prince Andrew glanced at KutĂşzov's face only a foot distant from him and involuntarily noticed the carefully washed seams of the scar near his temple, where an Ismail bullet had pierced his skull, and the empty eye socket. "Yes, he has a right to speak so calmly of those men's death," thought BolkĂłnski.
seams - les coutures, couture
scar - cicatrice, stigmate
pierced - percé, percer
eye socket - orbite oculaire
"That is why I beg to be sent to that detachment," he said.
KutĂşzov did not reply. He seemed to have forgotten what he had been saying, and sat plunged in thought. Five minutes later, gently swaying on the soft springs of the carriage, he turned to Prince Andrew. There was not a trace of agitation on his face.
With delicate irony he questioned Prince Andrew about the details of his interview with the Emperor, about the remarks he had heard at court concerning the Krems affair, and about some ladies they both knew.
On November 1 KutĂşzov had received, through a spy, news that the army he commanded was in an almost hopeless position. The spy reported that the French, after crossing the bridge at Vienna, were advancing in immense force upon KutĂşzov's line of communication with the troops that were arriving from Russia.
If KutĂşzov decided to remain at Krems, Napoleon's army of one hundred and fifty thousand men would cut him off completely and surround his exhausted army of forty thousand, and he would find himself in the position of Mack at Ulm.
If KutĂşzov decided to abandon the road connecting him with the troops arriving from Russia, he would have to march with no road into unknown parts of the Bohemian mountains, defending himself against superior forces of the enemy and abandoning all hope of a junction with BuxhĂ¶wden.
If KutĂşzov decided to retreat along the road from Krems to OlmĂĽtz, to unite with the troops arriving from Russia, he risked being forestalled on that road by the French who had crossed the Vienna bridge, and encumbered by his baggage and transport, having to accept battle on the march against an enemy three times as strong, who would hem him in from two sides.
hem - l'ourlet, ourlet
KutĂşzov chose this latter course.
The French, the spy reported, having crossed the Vienna bridge, were advancing by forced marches toward Znaim, which lay sixty-six miles off on the line of KutĂşzov's retreat. If he reached Znaim before the French, there would be great hope of saving the army; to let the French forestall him at Znaim meant the exposure of his whole army to a disgrace such as that of Ulm, or to utter destruction.
forestall - prévenir
But to forestall the French with his whole army was impossible. The road for the French from Vienna to Znaim was shorter and better than the road for the Russians from Krems to Znaim.
The night he received the news, KutĂşzov sent BagratiĂłn's vanguard, four thousand strong, to the right across the hills from the Krems-Znaim to the Vienna-Znaim road. BagratiĂłn was to make this march without resting, and to halt facing Vienna with Znaim to his rear, and if he succeeded in forestalling the French he was to delay them as long as possible.
vanguard - l'avant-garde, avant-garde
forestalling - la prévention, (forestall) la prévention
KutĂşzov himself with all his transport took the road to Znaim.
Marching thirty miles that stormy night across roadless hills, with his hungry, ill-shod soldiers, and losing a third of his men as stragglers by the way, BagratiĂłn came out on the Vienna-Znaim road at HollabrĂĽnn a few hours ahead of the French who were approaching HollabrĂĽnn from Vienna. KutĂşzov with his transport had still to march for some days before he could reach Znaim.
stormy - orageux
roadless - sans route
Hence BagratiĂłn with his four thousand hungry, exhausted men would have to detain for days the whole enemy army that came upon him at HollabrĂĽnn, which was clearly impossible. But a freak of fate made the impossible possible. The success of the trick that had placed the Vienna bridge in the hands of the French without a fight led Murat to try to deceive KutĂşzov in a similar way.
freak - monstre, anormal
Meeting BagratiĂłn's weak detachment on the Znaim road he supposed it to be KutĂşzov's whole army. To be able to crush it absolutely he awaited the arrival of the rest of the troops who were on their way from Vienna, and with this object offered a three days'truce on condition that both armies should remain in position without moving.
Murat declared that negotiations for peace were already proceeding, and that he therefore offered this truce to avoid unnecessary bloodshed. Count Nostitz, the Austrian general occupying the advanced posts, believed Murat's emissary and retired, leaving BagratiĂłn's division exposed.
bloodshed - l'effusion de sang, effusion de sang, carnage
emissary - émissaire
Another emissary rode to the Russian line to announce the peace negotiations and to offer the Russian army the three days'truce. BagratiĂłn replied that he was not authorized either to accept or refuse a truce and sent his adjutant to KutĂşzov to report the offer he had received.
A truce was KutĂşzov's sole chance of gaining time, giving BagratiĂłn's exhausted troops some rest, and letting the transport and heavy convoys (whose movements were concealed from the French) advance if but one stage nearer Znaim. The offer of a truce gave the only, and a quite unexpected, chance of saving the army.
convoys - convois, convoi, convoyer
On receiving the news he immediately dispatched Adjutant General Wintzingerode, who was in attendance on him, to the enemy camp. Wintzingerode was not merely to agree to the truce but also to offer terms of capitulation, and meanwhile KutĂşzov sent his adjutants back to hasten to the utmost the movements of the baggage trains of the entire army along the Krems-Znaim road.
hasten to - se hâter
BagratiĂłn's exhausted and hungry detachment, which alone covered this movement of the transport and of the whole army, had to remain stationary in face of an enemy eight times as strong as itself.
stationary - stationnaire
KutĂşzov's expectations that the proposals of capitulation (which were in no way binding) might give time for part of the transport to pass, and also that Murat's mistake would very soon be discovered, proved correct.
As soon as Bonaparte (who was at SchĂ¶nbrunn, sixteen miles from HollabrĂĽnn) received Murat's dispatch with the proposal of a truce and a capitulation, he detected a ruse and wrote the following letter to Murat:
ruse - ruse, finasserie
SchĂ¶nbrunn, 25th Brumaire, 1805,
at eight o'clock in the morning
To PRINCE MURAT,
I cannot find words to express to you my displeasure. You command only my advance guard, and have no right to arrange an armistice without my order. You are causing me to lose the fruits of a campaign. Break the armistice immediately and march on the enemy. Inform him that the general who signed that capitulation had no right to do so, and that no one but the Emperor of Russia has that right.
displeasure - mécontentement, dépncisir, courroux
Armistice - armistice, treve
If, however, the Emperor of Russia ratifies that convention, I will ratify it; but it is only a trick. March on, destroy the Russian army.... You are in a position to seize its baggage and artillery.
ratifies - ratifie, ratifier
ratify - ratifier
The Russian Emperor's aide-de-camp is an impostor. Officers are nothing when they have no powers; this one had none.... The Austrians let themselves be tricked at the crossing of the Vienna bridge, you are letting yourself be tricked by an aide-de-camp of the Emperor.
impostor - imposteur, imposteuse
Bonaparte's adjutant rode full gallop with this menacing letter to Murat.
Bonaparte himself, not trusting to his generals, moved with all the Guards to the field of battle, afraid of letting a ready victim escape, and BagratiĂłn's four thousand men merrily lighted campfires, dried and warmed themselves, cooked their porridge for the first time for three days, and not one of them knew or imagined what was in store for him.
porridge - bouillie, porridge, gruau
Between three and four o'clock in the afternoon Prince Andrew, who had persisted in his request to KutĂşzov, arrived at Grunth and reported himself to BagratiĂłn. Bonaparte's adjutant had not yet reached Murat's detachment and the battle had not yet begun. In BagratiĂłn's detachment no one knew anything of the general position of affairs.
They talked of peace but did not believe in its possibility; others talked of a battle but also disbelieved in the nearness of an engagement.
disbelieved - incrédules, croire
nearness - la proximité
BagratiĂłn, knowing BolkĂłnski to be a favorite and trusted adjutant, received him with distinction and special marks of favor, explaining to him that there would probably be an engagement that day or the next, and giving him full liberty to remain with him during the battle or to join the rearguard and have an eye on the order of retreat, "which is also very important."
"However, there will hardly be an engagement today," said BagratiĂłn as if to reassure Prince Andrew.
"If he is one of the ordinary little staff dandies sent to earn a medal he can get his reward just as well in the rearguard, but if he wishes to stay with me, let him... he'll be of use here if he's a brave officer," thought BagratiĂłn.
dandies - dandys, dandy, tres bien
Prince Andrew, without replying, asked the prince's permission to ride round the position to see the disposition of the forces, so as to know his bearings should he be sent to execute an order. The officer on duty, a handsome, elegantly dressed man with a diamond ring on his forefinger, who was fond of speaking French though he spoke it badly, offered to conduct Prince Andrew.
On all sides they saw rain-soaked officers with dejected faces who seemed to be seeking something, and soldiers dragging doors, benches, and fencing from the village.
"There now, Prince! We can't stop those fellows," said the staff officer pointing to the soldiers. "The officers don't keep them in hand. And there," he pointed to a sutler's tent, "they crowd in and sit. This morning I turned them all out and now look, it's full again. I must go there, Prince, and scare them a bit. It won't take a moment."
sutler - sutler, cantinier, vivandier
"Yes, let's go in and I will get myself a roll and some cheese," said Prince Andrew who had not yet had time to eat anything.
"Why didn't you mention it, Prince? I would have offered you something."
They dismounted and entered the tent. Several officers, with flushed and weary faces, were sitting at the table eating and drinking.
"Now what does this mean, gentlemen?" said the staff officer, in the reproachful tone of a man who has repeated the same thing more than once. "You know it won't do to leave your posts like this. The prince gave orders that no one should leave his post.
reproachful - des reproches
Now you, Captain," and he turned to a thin, dirty little artillery officer who without his boots (he had given them to the canteen keeper to dry), in only his stockings, rose when they entered, smiling not altogether comfortably.
keeper - gardien, gardienne, perle, conservateur, conservatrice
stockings - bas
"Well, aren't you ashamed of yourself, Captain TĂşshin?" he continued. "One would think that as an artillery officer you would set a good example, yet here you are without your boots! The alarm will be sounded and you'll be in a pretty position without your boots!" (The staff officer smiled.) "Kindly return to your posts, gentlemen, all of you, all!" he added in a tone of command.
Prince Andrew smiled involuntarily as he looked at the artillery officer TĂşshin, who silent and smiling, shifting from one stockinged foot to the other, glanced inquiringly with his large, intelligent, kindly eyes from Prince Andrew to the staff officer.
stockinged - stocké
"The soldiers say it feels easier without boots," said Captain TĂşshin smiling shyly in his uncomfortable position, evidently wishing to adopt a jocular tone. But before he had finished he felt that his jest was unacceptable and had not come off. He grew confused.
jocular - joculaire
"Kindly return to your posts," said the staff officer trying to preserve his gravity.
Prince Andrew glanced again at the artillery officer's small figure. There was something peculiar about it, quite unsoldierly, rather comic, but extremely attractive.
unsoldierly - non militaire
The staff officer and Prince Andrew mounted their horses and rode on.
Having ridden beyond the village, continually meeting and overtaking soldiers and officers of various regiments, they saw on their left some entrenchments being thrown up, the freshly dug clay of which showed up red.
clay - l'argile, argile, terre battue
Several battalions of soldiers, in their shirt sleeves despite the cold wind, swarmed in these earthworks like a host of white ants; spadefuls of red clay were continually being thrown up from behind the bank by unseen hands. Prince Andrew and the officer rode up, looked at the entrenchment, and went on again.
battalions - bataillons, bataillon
swarmed - essaimé, essaim (flying insects)
earthworks - travaux de terrassement, rench: -neededr
Ants - fourmis, fourmi
entrenchment - l'enracinement
Just behind it they came upon some dozens of soldiers, continually replaced by others, who ran from the entrenchment. They had to hold their noses and put their horses to a trot to escape from the poisoned atmosphere of these latrines.
latrines - latrines, latrine, latrines-p
"VoilĂ l'agrĂ©ment des camps, monsieur le prince," * said the staff officer.
* "This is a pleasure one gets in camp, Prince."
They rode up the opposite hill. From there the French could already be seen. Prince Andrew stopped and began examining the position.
"That's our battery," said the staff officer indicating the highest point. "It's in charge of the queer fellow we saw without his boots. You can see everything from there; let's go there, Prince."
"Thank you very much, I will go on alone," said Prince Andrew, wishing to rid himself of this staff officer's company, "please don't trouble yourself further."
The staff officer remained behind and Prince Andrew rode on alone.
The farther forward and nearer the enemy he went, the more orderly and cheerful were the troops. The greatest disorder and depression had been in the baggage train he had passed that morning on the Znaim road seven miles away from the French.
more orderly - plus ordonnée
At Grunth also some apprehension and alarm could be felt, but the nearer Prince Andrew came to the French lines the more confident was the appearance of our troops. The soldiers in their greatcoats were ranged in lines, the sergeants major and company officers were counting the men, poking the last man in each section in the ribs and telling him to hold his hand up.
poking - le piquage, enfoncer (dans)
ribs - des côtes, côte
Soldiers scattered over the whole place were dragging logs and brushwood and were building shelters with merry chatter and laughter; around the fires sat others, dressed and undressed, drying their shirts and leg bands or mending boots or overcoats and crowding round the boilers and porridge cookers.
brushwood - des broussailles, brindilles
undressed - déshabillé, déshabiller
In one company dinner was ready, and the soldiers were gazing eagerly at the steaming boiler, waiting till the sample, which a quartermaster sergeant was carrying in a wooden bowl to an officer who sat on a log before his shelter, had been tasted.
boiler - chaudron
Another company, a lucky one for not all the companies had vodka, crowded round a pockmarked, broad-shouldered sergeant major who, tilting a keg, filled one after another the canteen lids held out to him.
pockmarked - pockmarked, marque de petitetite vérole
keg - tonneau, tonnelet, baril
lids - couvercles, couvercle
The soldiers lifted the canteen lids to their lips with reverential faces, emptied them, rolling the vodka in their mouths, and walked away from the sergeant major with brightened expressions, licking their lips and wiping them on the sleeves of their greatcoats.
reverential - révérencieux
licking - lécher, léchage, (lick) lécher
All their faces were as serene as if all this were happening at home awaiting peaceful encampment, and not within sight of the enemy before an action in which at least half of them would be left on the field.
encampment - campement
After passing a chasseur regiment and in the lines of the Kiev grenadiers"fine fellows busy with similar peaceful affairs"near the shelter of the regimental commander, higher than and different from the others, Prince Andrew came out in front of a platoon of grenadiers before whom lay a naked man.
chasseur - chasseur
Two soldiers held him while two others were flourishing their switches and striking him regularly on his bare back. The man shrieked unnaturally. A stout major was pacing up and down the line, and regardless of the screams kept repeating:
"It's a shame for a soldier to steal; a soldier must be honest, honorable, and brave, but if he robs his fellows there is no honor in him, he's a scoundrel. Go on! Go on!"
It's a shame - C'est une honte
So the swishing sound of the strokes, and the desperate but unnatural screams, continued.
swishing - l'hirondelle, (swish), chic, doux, en vogue, lisse, bruisser
"Go on, go on!" said the major.
A young officer with a bewildered and pained expression on his face stepped away from the man and looked round inquiringly at the adjutant as he rode by.
Prince Andrew, having reached the front line, rode along it. Our front line and that of the enemy were far apart on the right and left flanks, but in the center where the men with a flag of truce had passed that morning, the lines were so near together that the men could see one another's faces and speak to one another.
flanks - les flancs, flanc, flanchet
Besides the soldiers who formed the picket line on either side, there were many curious onlookers who, jesting and laughing, stared at their strange foreign enemies.
picket - le piquet de greve, piquet
Since early morning"despite an injunction not to approach the picket line"the officers had been unable to keep sight-seers away. The soldiers forming the picket line, like showmen exhibiting a curiosity, no longer looked at the French but paid attention to the sight-seers and grew weary waiting to be relieved. Prince Andrew halted to have a look at the French.
injunction - injonction
seers - voyants, prophete/-tesse
showmen - les forains, showman
"Look! Look there!" one soldier was saying to another, pointing to a Russian musketeer who had gone up to the picket line with an officer and was rapidly and excitedly talking to a French grenadier. "Hark to him jabbering! Fine, isn't it? It's all the Frenchy can do to keep up with him. There now, SĂdorov!"
musketeer - mousquetaire
grenadier - grenadier
Hark - hark
jabbering - jacasser, (jabber) jacasser
"Wait a bit and listen. It's fine!" answered SĂdorov, who was considered an adept at French.
adept - adepte, expert
The soldier to whom the laughers referred was DĂłlokhov. Prince Andrew recognized him and stopped to listen to what he was saying. DĂłlokhov had come from the left flank where their regiment was stationed, with his captain.
"Now then, go on, go on!" incited the officer, bending forward and trying not to lose a word of the speech which was incomprehensible to him. "More, please: more! What's he saying?"
incited - incité, inciter
incomprehensible - incompréhensible
DĂłlokhov did not answer the captain; he had been drawn into a hot dispute with the French grenadier. They were naturally talking about the campaign. The Frenchman, confusing the Austrians with the Russians, was trying to prove that the Russians had surrendered and had fled all the way from Ulm, while DĂłlokhov maintained that the Russians had not surrendered but had beaten the French.
"We have orders to drive you off here, and we shall drive you off," said DĂłlokhov.
"Only take care you and your Cossacks are not all captured!" said the French grenadier.
The French onlookers and listeners laughed.
"We'll make you dance as we did under SuvĂłrov...," * said DĂłlokhov.
* "On vous fera danser."
"Qu'est-ce qu'il chante?" * asked a Frenchman.
* "What's he singing about?"
"It's ancient history," said another, guessing that it referred to a former war. "The Emperor will teach your Suvara as he has taught the others..."
"Bonaparte..." began DĂłlokhov, but the Frenchman interrupted him.
"Not Bonaparte. He is the Emperor! SacrĂ© nom...!" cried he angrily.
nom - nom
"The devil skin your Emperor."
And DĂłlokhov swore at him in coarse soldier's Russian and shouldering his musket walked away.
musket - mousquet
"Let us go, IvĂˇn LukĂch," he said to the captain.
"Ah, that's the way to talk French," said the picket soldiers. "Now, SĂdorov, you have a try!"
SĂdorov, turning to the French, winked, and began to jabber meaningless sounds very fast: "Kari, mala, tafa, safi, muter, KaskĂˇ," he said, trying to give an expressive intonation to his voice.
winked - clin d'oil, faire un clin d'oil (a)
jabber - jabber, bredouiller
mala - mala
muter - muter, muet
expressive - expressif
"Ho! ho! ho! Ha! ha! ha! ha! Ouh! ouh!" came peals of such healthy and good-humored laughter from the soldiers that it infected the French involuntarily, so much so that the only thing left to do seemed to be to unload the muskets, explode the ammunition, and all return home as quickly as possible.
peals - peaux, carillon
humored - humilié, humour
unload - décharger
ammunition - munitions
But the guns remained loaded, the loopholes in blockhouses and entrenchments looked out just as menacingly, and the unlimbered cannon confronted one another as before.
loopholes - des lacunes, meurtriere, échappatoire, breche
blockhouses - les blockhaus, casemate
menacingly - de façon menaçante
Having ridden round the whole line from right flank to left, Prince Andrew made his way up to the battery from which the staff officer had told him the whole field could be seen. Here he dismounted, and stopped beside the farthest of the four unlimbered cannon.
Before the guns an artillery sentry was pacing up and down; he stood at attention when the officer arrived, but at a sign resumed his measured, monotonous pacing. Behind the guns were their limbers and still farther back picket ropes and artillerymen's bonfires.
sentry - sentinelle
artillerymen - des artilleurs, artilleur
bonfires - des feux de joie, feu de joie, bucher
To the left, not far from the farthest cannon, was a small, newly constructed wattle shed from which came the sound of officers'voices in eager conversation.
wattle - le bois de chauffe, clayonnage, barbillon, pampille
It was true that a view over nearly the whole Russian position and the greater part of the enemy's opened out from this battery. Just facing it, on the crest of the opposite hill, the village of SchĂ¶n Grabern could be seen, and in three places to left and right the French troops amid the smoke of their campfires, the greater part of whom were evidently in the village itself and behind the hill.
crest - l'écusson, crete, huppe, aigrette, cimier, criniere
To the left from that village, amid the smoke, was something resembling a battery, but it was impossible to see it clearly with the naked eye. Our right flank was posted on a rather steep incline which dominated the French position. Our infantry were stationed there, and at the farthest point the dragoons.
steep incline - une forte inclinaison
Dragoons - les dragons, dragon, pigeon dragon
In the center, where TĂşshin's battery stood and from which Prince Andrew was surveying the position, was the easiest and most direct descent and ascent to the brook separating us from SchĂ¶n Grabern. On the left our troops were close to a copse, in which smoked the bonfires of our infantry who were felling wood.
copse - bosquet, fourré
The French line was wider than ours, and it was plain that they could easily outflank us on both sides. Behind our position was a steep and deep dip, making it difficult for artillery and cavalry to retire. Prince Andrew took out his notebook and, leaning on the cannon, sketched a plan of the position. He made some notes on two points, intending to mention them to BagratiĂłn.
outflank - distancer
His idea was, first, to concentrate all the artillery in the center, and secondly, to withdraw the cavalry to the other side of the dip.
Prince Andrew, being always near the commander in chief, closely following the mass movements and general orders, and constantly studying historical accounts of battles, involuntarily pictured to himself the course of events in the forthcoming action in broad outline.
He imagined only important possibilities: "If the enemy attacks the right flank," he said to himself, "the Kiev grenadiers and the PodĂłlsk chasseurs must hold their position till reserves from the center come up. In that case the dragoons could successfully make a flank counterattack.
counterattack - contre-attaque
If they attack our center we, having the center battery on this high ground, shall withdraw the left flank under its cover, and retreat to the dip by echelons." So he reasoned.... All the time he had been beside the gun, he had heard the voices of the officers distinctly, but as often happens had not understood a word of what they were saying.
echelons - échelons, échelon, échelonner
Suddenly, however, he was struck by a voice coming from the shed, and its tone was so sincere that he could not but listen.
"No, friend," said a pleasant and, as it seemed to Prince Andrew, a familiar voice, "what I say is that if it were possible to know what is beyond death, none of us would be afraid of it. That's so, friend."
Another, a younger voice, interrupted him: "Afraid or not, you can't escape it anyhow."
anyhow - d'une maniere ou d'une autre, de toute maniere
"All the same, one is afraid! Oh, you clever people," said a third manly voice interrupting them both. "Of course you artillery men are very wise, because you can take everything along with you"vodka and snacks."
manly - viril
snacks - des collations, casse-croute
And the owner of the manly voice, evidently an infantry officer, laughed.
"Yes, one is afraid," continued the first speaker, he of the familiar voice. "One is afraid of the unknown, that's what it is. Whatever we may say about the soul going to the sky... we know there is no sky but only an atmosphere."
The manly voice again interrupted the artillery officer.
"Well, stand us some of your herb vodka, TĂşshin," it said.
"Why," thought Prince Andrew, "that's the captain who stood up in the sutler's hut without his boots." He recognized the agreeable, philosophizing voice with pleasure.
hut - hutte, chaumiere, cabane
"Some herb vodka? Certainly!" said TĂşshin. "But still, to conceive a future life..."
He did not finish. Just then there was a whistle in the air; nearer and nearer, faster and louder, louder and faster, a cannon ball, as if it had not finished saying what was necessary, thudded into the ground near the shed with super human force, throwing up a mass of earth. The ground seemed to groan at the terrible impact.
thudded - thudded, martelement, marteler
And immediately TĂşshin, with a short pipe in the corner of his mouth and his kind, intelligent face rather pale, rushed out of the shed followed by the owner of the manly voice, a dashing infantry officer who hurried off to his company, buttoning up his coat as he ran.
dashing - fringant, tiret, trait, ta, sprint, soupçon, se précipiter
buttoning up - a boutonner
Mounting his horse again Prince Andrew lingered with the battery, looking at the puff from the gun that had sent the ball. His eyes ran rapidly over the wide space, but he only saw that the hitherto motionless masses of the French now swayed and that there really was a battery to their left. The smoke above it had not yet dispersed.
puff - bouffée, souffle
Two mounted Frenchmen, probably adjutants, were galloping up the hill. A small but distinctly visible enemy column was moving down the hill, probably to strengthen the front line. The smoke of the first shot had not yet dispersed before another puff appeared, followed by a report. The battle had begun! Prince Andrew turned his horse and galloped back to Grunth to find Prince BagratiĂłn.
He heard the cannonade behind him growing louder and more frequent. Evidently our guns had begun to reply. From the bottom of the slope, where the parleys had taken place, came the report of musketry.
cannonade - canonnade
parleys - parlements, pourparlers
Lemarrois had just arrived at a gallop with Bonaparte's stern letter, and Murat, humiliated and anxious to expiate his fault, had at once moved his forces to attack the center and outflank both the Russian wings, hoping before evening and before the arrival of the Emperor to crush the contemptible detachment that stood before him.
humiliated - humilié, humilier
contemptible - méprisable
"It has begun. Here it is!" thought Prince Andrew, feeling the blood rush to his heart. "But where and how will my Toulon present itself?"
Passing between the companies that had been eating porridge and drinking vodka a quarter of an hour before, he saw everywhere the same rapid movement of soldiers forming ranks and getting their muskets ready, and on all their faces he recognized the same eagerness that filled his heart. "It has begun! Here it is, dreadful but enjoyable!
" was what the face of each soldier and each officer seemed to say.
Before he had reached the embankments that were being thrown up, he saw, in the light of the dull autumn evening, mounted men coming toward him. The foremost, wearing a Cossack cloak and lambskin cap and riding a white horse, was Prince BagratiĂłn. Prince Andrew stopped, waiting for him to come up; Prince BagratiĂłn reined in his horse and recognizing Prince Andrew nodded to him.
embankments - les remblais, chaussée, talus
foremost - avant tout
reined - en ligne, rene
He still looked ahead while Prince Andrew told him what he had seen.
The feeling, "It has begun! Here it is!" was seen even on Prince BagratiĂłn's hard brown face with its half-closed, dull, sleepy eyes. Prince Andrew gazed with anxious curiosity at that impassive face and wished he could tell what, if anything, this man was thinking and feeling at that moment. "Is there anything at all behind that impassive face?" Prince Andrew asked himself as he looked.
Prince BagratiĂłn bent his head in sign of agreement with what Prince Andrew told him, and said, "Very good!" in a tone that seemed to imply that everything that took place and was reported to him was exactly what he had foreseen. Prince Andrew, out of breath with his rapid ride, spoke quickly.
Prince BagratiĂłn, uttering his words with an Oriental accent, spoke particularly slowly, as if to impress the fact that there was no need to hurry. However, he put his horse to a trot in the direction of TĂşshin's battery. Prince Andrew followed with the suite.
Behind Prince BagratiĂłn rode an officer of the suite, the prince's personal adjutant, ZherkĂłv, an orderly officer, the staff officer on duty, riding a fine bobtailed horse, and a civilian"an accountant who had asked permission to be present at the battle out of curiosity.
The accountant, a stout, full-faced man, looked around him with a naĂŻve smile of satisfaction and presented a strange appearance among the hussars, Cossacks, and adjutants, in his camlet coat, as he jolted on his horse with a convoy officer's saddle.
"He wants to see a battle," said ZherkĂłv to BolkĂłnski, pointing to the accountant, "but he feels a pain in the pit of his stomach already."
"Oh, leave off!" said the accountant with a beaming but rather cunning smile, as if flattered at being made the subject of ZherkĂłv's joke, and purposely trying to appear stupider than he really was.
purposely - a dessein, expres
"It is very strange, mon Monsieur Prince," said the staff officer. (He remembered that in French there is some peculiar way of addressing a prince, but could not get it quite right.)
By this time they were all approaching TĂşshin's battery, and a ball struck the ground in front of them.
"What's that that has fallen?" asked the accountant with a naĂŻve smile.
"A French pancake," answered ZherkĂłv.
"So that's what they hit with?" asked the accountant. "How awful!"
He seemed to swell with satisfaction. He had hardly finished speaking when they again heard an unexpectedly violent whistling which suddenly ended with a thud into something soft... f-f-flop! and a Cossack, riding a little to their right and behind the accountant, crashed to earth with his horse. ZherkĂłv and the staff officer bent over their saddles and turned their horses away.
swell - gonfler, déferlement, se tuméfier
Flop - un flop, fruit sec, avatar
saddles - selles, selle
The accountant stopped, facing the Cossack, and examined him with attentive curiosity. The Cossack was dead, but the horse still struggled.
Prince BagratiĂłn screwed up his eyes, looked round, and, seeing the cause of the confusion, turned away with indifference, as if to say, "Is it worth while noticing trifles?" He reined in his horse with the care of a skillful rider and, slightly bending over, disengaged his saber which had caught in his cloak. It was an old-fashioned saber of a kind no longer in general use.
disengaged - désengagé, désengager
Prince Andrew remembered the story of SuvĂłrov giving his saber to BagratiĂłn in Italy, and the recollection was particularly pleasant at that moment. They had reached the battery at which Prince Andrew had been when he examined the battlefield.
recollection - mémoire
"Whose company?" asked Prince BagratiĂłn of an artilleryman standing by the ammunition wagon.
artilleryman - artilleur
He asked, "Whose company?" but he really meant, "Are you frightened here?" and the artilleryman understood him.
"Captain TĂşshin's, your excellency!" shouted the red-haired, freckled gunner in a merry voice, standing to attention.
freckled - des taches de rousseur, tache de rousseur
Gunner - canonnier
"Yes, yes," muttered BagratiĂłn as if considering something, and he rode past the limbers to the farthest cannon.
As he approached, a ringing shot issued from it deafening him and his suite, and in the smoke that suddenly surrounded the gun they could see the gunners who had seized it straining to roll it quickly back to its former position.
A huge, broad-shouldered gunner, Number One, holding a mop, his legs far apart, sprang to the wheel; while Number Two with a trembling hand placed a charge in the cannon's mouth. The short, round-shouldered Captain TĂşshin, stumbling over the tail of the gun carriage, moved forward and, not noticing the general, looked out shading his eyes with his small hand.
"Lift it two lines more and it will be just right," cried he in a feeble voice to which he tried to impart a dashing note, ill-suited to his weak figure. "Number Two!" he squeaked. "Fire, MedvĂ©dev!"
impart - donner, communiquer, transmettre
BagratiĂłn called to him, and TĂşshin, raising three fingers to his cap with a bashful and awkward gesture not at all like a military salute but like a priest's benediction, approached the general.
bashful - timide
salute - saluer, faire un salut
benediction - bénédiction
Though TĂşshin's guns had been intended to cannonade the valley, he was firing incendiary balls at the village of SchĂ¶n Grabern visible just opposite, in front of which large masses of French were advancing.
incendiary - incendiaire
No one had given TĂşshin orders where and at what to fire, but after consulting his sergeant major, ZakharchĂ©nko, for whom he had great respect, he had decided that it would be a good thing to set fire to the village. "Very good!" said BagratiĂłn in reply to the officer's report, and began deliberately to examine the whole battlefield extended before him.
after consulting - apres la consultation
The French had advanced nearest on our right. Below the height on which the Kiev regiment was stationed, in the hollow where the rivulet flowed, the soul-stirring rolling and crackling of musketry was heard, and much farther to the right beyond the dragoons, the officer of the suite pointed out to BagratiĂłn a French column that was outflanking us.
rivulet - rivulet, ruisselet, ru, rivelet
crackling - crépitement, couenne rissolee, (crackle)
To the left the horizon bounded by the adjacent wood. Prince BagratiĂłn ordered two battalions from the center to be sent to reinforce the right flank. The officer of the suite ventured to remark to the prince that if these battalions went away, the guns would remain without support. Prince BagratiĂłn turned to the officer and with his dull eyes looked at him in silence.
It seemed to Prince Andrew that the officer's remark was just and that really no answer could be made to it. But at that moment an adjutant galloped up with a message from the commander of the regiment in the hollow and news that immense masses of the French were coming down upon them and that his regiment was in disorder and was retreating upon the Kiev grenadiers.
Prince BagratiĂłn bowed his head in sign of assent and approval. He rode off at a walk to the right and sent an adjutant to the dragoons with orders to attack the French.
assent - l'assentiment, assentir, assentiment
But this adjutant returned half an hour later with the news that the commander of the dragoons had already retreated beyond the dip in the ground, as a heavy fire had been opened on him and he was losing men uselessly, and so had hastened to throw some sharpshooters into the wood.
uselessly - inutilement
hastened - s'est hâté, dépecher
sharpshooters - des tireurs d'élite, tireur d'élite
"Very good!" said BagratiĂłn.
As he was leaving the battery, firing was heard on the left also, and as it was too far to the left flank for him to have time to go there himself, Prince BagratiĂłn sent ZherkĂłv to tell the general in command (the one who had paraded his regiment before KutĂşzov at Braunau) that he must retreat as quickly as possible behind the hollow in the rear, as the right flank would probably not be able to withstand the enemy's attack very long. About TĂşshin and the battalion that had been in support of his battery all was forgotten. Prince Andrew listened attentively to BagratiĂłn's colloquies with the commanding officers and the orders he gave them and, to his surprise, found that no orders were really given, but that Prince BagratiĂłn tried to make it appear that everything done by necessity, by accident, or by the will of subordinate commanders was done, if not by his direct command, at least in accord with his intentions. Prince Andrew noticed, however, that though what happened was due to chance and was independent of the commander's will, owing to the tact BagratiĂłn showed, his presence was very valuable. Officers who approached him with disturbed countenances became calm; soldiers and officers greeted him gaily, grew more cheerful in his presence, and were evidently anxious to display their courage before him.
withstand - résister
colloquies - colloques, colloque, conversation
more cheerful - plus joyeux
Prince BagratiĂłn, having reached the highest point of our right flank, began riding downhill to where the roll of musketry was heard but where on account of the smoke nothing could be seen. The nearer they got to the hollow the less they could see but the more they felt the nearness of the actual battlefield. They began to meet wounded men.
downhill - en descente, en aval, descente
One with a bleeding head and no cap was being dragged along by two soldiers who supported him under the arms. There was a gurgle in his throat and he was spitting blood. A bullet had evidently hit him in the throat or mouth.
gurgle - gargouiller, gargouillis
spitting - cracher, (spit) cracher
Another was walking sturdily by himself but without his musket, groaning aloud and swinging his arm which had just been hurt, while blood from it was streaming over his greatcoat as from a bottle. He had that moment been wounded and his face showed fear rather than suffering.
sturdily - solidement
Crossing a road they descended a steep incline and saw several men lying on the ground; they also met a crowd of soldiers some of whom were unwounded. The soldiers were ascending the hill breathing heavily, and despite the general's presence were talking loudly and gesticulating.
unwounded - non blessé
ascending - ascendante, monter
In front of them rows of gray cloaks were already visible through the smoke, and an officer catching sight of BagratiĂłn rushed shouting after the crowd of retreating soldiers, ordering them back. BagratiĂłn rode up to the ranks along which shots crackled now here and now there, drowning the sound of voices and the shouts of command. The whole air reeked with smoke.
crackled - crépité, crépitement, crépiter
reeked - empesté, puanteur